The Scranton tribune. (Scranton, Pa.) 1891-1910, July 06, 1895, Page 9, Image 9

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Facts., of -'Interest
To Women Readers..
Symposium of Information, Partly Grave,
Partly Gossipy and . Partly Gay.
Woman's status In ancient civiliza
tion has been entertainingly explained
by Mrs. Sara Tork Stevenson In a lec
ture recently delivered in Philadelphia.
From the Times' excellent report ot
that lecture e extract the following
; parag-raphs: "In ancient Babylonia, as
Is vhuvn by the contract tablets pre
served to us, woman was before the
mercantile law the equal of man. She
could testify (n court and took part In
legal transactions. She could own and
bequeath property and could enter Into
a contract. It would seem that In early
times she may In other ways have oc
cupied a higher position than she did
after the Semites overran the valley.
Generally, however. In the historical
documents she plays a subordinate, as
It were, an unofficial role. Among the
Semitic races marriage was an eminent
ly 'business-like transaction. The dow
ry is always carefully mentioned. It
must be returned In case of divorce,
which was recognized by the Babyloni
an as well as by the Egyptian law. In
ordinary rases man was the recognized
master of his own household. He owned
his family, the members of which could
undertake nothing without his sanc
tion. No marriage was valid without
the father's consent laughtera were,
as It were, sold under contract. The
Semitic marriage has been aptly com
pared to a transaction in which the wo
man 1 hired to the man."
Taking; up the question of woman's
position among- he Hebrews the lec
turer said. woman's testimony, accord
ing to Josepbus, wa9 considered un
worthy of credence and was not ad
mitted to court. Polygamy was almost
unlimited. Four legitimate wives were
admitted by interpreters of the Mosaic
law, as well as later by the Koran.
while hardly any restriction was
brought on divorce. Renan regards
the Semitic woman of patriarchal times
as occupying a far more dignified posi
tion than she later did. The Inaugura
tion of harem Bfe would mark, accord
ing to him, the second period and the
debasement ot women. "Among the
Hindoos the legislator ILanu- put an
end to marriage by sale," the lecturer
continued. "Only one legitimate wife
was recognized by Jilm. But although
he wished woman no harm, and even
forbade heif being hurt, Ms respect for
her was slim. "Women. he says, "have
for their share the love of. their bed,
and o( their seati (I. e. laziness), of adorn
ment (1. ;e.,' vanity), sensuality, wrath,
evil Inclinations, perverseness. Let
hupbands watch them with vigilance.
Day and night they should be kept In
. dependence. .Young and old they, should
ever, even in their own, house, follow
their own," will.' Elsewhere he says of
woman "she Is falseness itself.' "
The post sings in glowing rapture pent
While the white clouds In airy grace
"Now is ttm Winter of our
discontent ,
Made glorious Summer by
the Summer girl! " . .'
- Taking-up the condition of the wife
In the early Indo-European family, a
more worthy one resting upon the rec
ognition by the husband of certain
rights more or less Ignored by the poly-
. famous people of Asia, 'Mrs. Stevenson
said that the women of Homer seem
to be Inspired by a higher condition
than those of a later period. The posi
tion of women from the time of Homer
-to the Persian war varied among the
different Greek communities. The lit
erary career of Sappho, of Corinna and
of Telesllla and others seem to point
to her freedom In the sixth century, B.
C but by the middle of the fifth cen
tury the restriction of the liberty of the
free-born citizen women, which had be
gun some time earlier, attained to Its
full development In Northern Greece
and in the Ionia communities. The
wife now lived In the gyneceum. She
'might eat with her husband when
alone, but she never appeared before
his friends. Only old women were al
lowed to walk out without comment
and even they must have attendants.
In the Graeco-Roman epoch woman
became much freer and the family life
became far . closer. Matrimonial Joys
became a favorite nterary theme. In
the Dorian settlements the status of
woman before the law was far higher
than In the Ionian communities. At
Sparta woman had a favored position.
Girls were brought up on an equal foot
ing with boys. In the state she wield
ed an Influence to a great extent equal
to that of the tnen. Not only could
Spartan women inherit property, but
Aristotle states that two-fifths of the
soli of Laconla-was held . by women,
whereas the Average proportion of the
real estate held by women in Philadel
phia In 1893 seetris only to be something
like one-fiffh. In the old Roman law,
the free woman, the legitimate wife,
seems to have been regarded an the
mater families, in honor the equal of
her husband. The nuTlage tie was a
sacred one In early Rome. The prin-
. ciple of monogamy was firmly rooted.
'; It Is only after the revolt of the piebe-
vUnsIn setting up.alonslde of the old
sacred law a civil code uniform In Its
dealing with alt that woman lost
much of her position. . Notwithstand
ing legal discrimination against her,
however, the Roman matron seems to
have claimed and substantially won no
mall degree of respect. Tradition in
forms us that to her ,we owe the street
courtesy, which causes. a, man. to step
aside, and give' way to woman.
.''i I ,
At midnight In his guarded tent
The Turk was dreaming of the hour
When Greece, her knee in-suppllanoe bent,'
' . . Would tremble at his power.
And In his-dreams the foeman fell
, Before his blade's fell stroke,
And everything had come his way
And then, the baby woke.
. -Detroit Tribune.
' . ... .
-t . Sirs. Stevenson then turned to an ex
haustive and critical discussion of the
conditlan-of Abe Egyptian woman in an
tiquity, which was the main section of
i Mf paper. One of the most remark
fble signs ot the high degree of ethical
development reached, by the ancient
...Egyptians was the position occupied
V; among them b women. There Is ev-
7 ery reason to betleve that the Egyptian.
! woman was from earliest times treated,
under the law, as man' equal. It is
.'wot alone M a mother daughter, sls
,. er or wlfethat woman took rank. In
' . "''Egypt, bui(i"'ae'A woman. At no time
, ';'.fBd nowhere eta hs the legal equality
. Vrwomawbteh so broadly and so un-
S romlsincly ; recognise as ' ta
. t " t-ni .Womats absolute
liberty, legal equality and her control
over the household was in striking con
trast with her condition under the
Greek and Roman law. Marriage in
Egypt was a frea act on the part of
both contracting parties and based on
love. Polygamy was practiced but fidel
ity was recommended. Inifldellty was
punished as severely In the guilty (nan
as in the married woman whose love
he had won. One of Egypt's great
sages warned men against flirting 2,500
B. C. Woman In Egypt was free to ln
'herlt, to contract, to endow, to admin
ister. She used these privileges to her
own advantage on equal terms with
men In making agreements. "It may
be broadly given as the fundamental
basis of the Egyptian law," said Mrs.
Stevenson, "that the wife was the legal
equal ot the hu-'buncl, the daughter the
legal, equal of the son, the sister 'the
legal equal of ithe brother."
In bifurcated skirts they shriek and
Their taste for garb grotesque is quite
From all reformers who would thus re
form We do most humbly pray "Good Lord,
deliver us!"
San Francisco News Letter.
In the course of a strong plea for
more economical housekeeping, a writer
In one ot the household magazines
points out that the two chief articles
ot food which are most commonly
wasted are bread and fat. Few ot our
cooks recognize the value of either of
it'.Vsv, although the French cooks know
the value of the former, under Its more
Imposing name of chapelure. In plain
English this Is stale bread dried in the
oven and broken down, or nearly pul
verized, by being rolled with a heavy
stone bottle; not on any account with
the rolling pin that Is used for pastry,
becauiae the hard crusts Indent the
wooden rolling pins, and even scratch
the marble ones, and this Is apt to make
the pastry heavy. These crumbs should
be assorted and kept In bottles, brown
and white bread (separately, and coarse
and fine crumbs also separately, and
they are then ready for use when need
ed. The preparation Is an easy matte
when the cook gets Into the habit of
collecting .them to dry In the oven over
night, and any leisure moment can be
spent In pulverizing and sifting the
crumbs. They are used In many ways
for fried fish, for hams, for puddings.
It Is a vexation to prepare crumbs ev
ery time they are needed; while, If bot
tles of chapelure are at hand, of various
degrees of fineness, the dishes that re
quire crumbs can be prepared at very
short notice.
They live In a house so cozy and nice.
With flowrs and birds and cats, but no
Two old maids!
One has had lovers and romances many.
The other says frankly she's never had
Honest old maids I
They believe In calling a spade a spade.
And reolce la the time-honored title, Old
Mice old maids!
They' bo useful and happy, 10 what does
it matter
If they hear not the end-ot-the-century
Quiet Old maids I
They say they prefer to marital strife
Their own Independent and feminine life.
Truthful old maids I
Long life to these cheerful, contented old
They heed not how swiftly the universe
Peaceful old maids!
An amusing example of Queen Vic
toria's precocious wit is going the
rounds of the English press. It ap
pears that while but a mere child she
used to delight George IV. by her quaint
remarks. One day, when staying at the
royal lodge, the king entered the draw
ing room leading his niece by the hand.
The band was stationed as usual In the
adjoining conservatory. "Now, Victo
ria," said his majesty, "the band Is In
the next room and shall play any tune
you please; what shall it be?" "Oh,
uncle," replied the princess, with great
readiness, "I should like 'God Save the
King better than anything else." The
little princess at that time; It must be
remembered, was but once removed In
the line of succession.
8he If I should take my pen In
To write whole realms on
Woman's wrongs.
To libel men, like Sarah
" .Or scribble naughty song;
If I should don my brother's
. coat,
And skirts not much below
the knee;
i If I should claim ths right to
' to vote,
Would you, be true to met
1 swear
Dear Jack I
I swear my heart
Would love that girl, per
haps an hour!
She (rising) You Thank you, slrl We
two will part!
- Your rlngl Consider our
Engagement t-
Solid as the sunt
. Ton shake your head?. I'll
. tell you how.
My constant heart can love
but one, - ,i
" a The girl that you are now!
: f , - -.; .-, i u ' ""-Truth.
For the relief of perspiring hands wash
them with alcohol and water, equal parts
of each. When dry rub with a powder
composed of sallcylle add, thirty grains,
and precipitated chalk, one ounce. Use
several times dally for three or four weeks.
To Remove Freckles. Wash the face and
hands .In buttermilk or sour milk every
night on going to bed permit the milk to
dry on the skin without wiping; wear
loose kid gloves to bed; always wear a
vett and gloves when out of doors.
, To Remove Tartar from the Teeth. Get
some powdered pumice, a match stick and
vinegar; Dip the sharpened end of the
stick Into the vinegar, then Into the pum
ice and very gently rub on the tartar.
After the tartar is removed brush the
teeth after mealsand at bedtime, and
thoroughly rinse ths teeth and mouth with'
a mixture of creolln drops of oreolln
to a glass of water. .'
To Reduos nesh, Abstsln from M
soups, broths, chocolate, butter, sacchar-
rlne material, pastry and any fatty or dl-1
rectly fat forming foods. Meat may be
taken, but It should be lean, and vegeta
bles and fruit way be taken. Wines must
be light and cold water the best drink.
The old remedy of exercising must be
adopted. It need not be great at first.
If one has been unaccustomed to use his
legs for some time, although not abso
lutely Incapable of doing so, he may com
mence by walking 200 yards, either In the
bouse or out of doors, although the latter
Is preferable. This particular should be
rwaUd dally, being Increased every time
fifty yards. Exercise the muscles by use
of dumb bells, walking up and down stairs,
and, In tact, by taking all possible exer
cise A tepid bath should be taken every
day, followed by a good rubbing with a
coarse towel.
Seeds and fruits are unquestionably the
most highly elaborated products of the
vegetable kingdom. Vegetables are much
coarser In character and much less per
fectly elaborated. Nearly all vegotablcs
contuln a large amount of woody matter,
which requires the action of very powerful
digestive Juices and of strong muscular ac
tion on the part of the digestive orguus
to reduce them to a fluid state, and to
ivx tract from them the comparatively
small amount ot nourishment which they
contain, To a much less degree Is this
the case with fruits and grains, while in
the case of fruit we llnd food substances
more nearly prepared for assimilation
and In a form' more easily attacked by the
digestive organs ot mun than uny other.
It follows, therefore, that persons with
weak stomachs should prefer fruits to
cereals and cereals to vegetables, -
To Purify the Breath. The freshest of
fresh egga and lemon Juice, sugar, almond
oil and rose water, mixed with the utmost
cure and cleanliness, stirred and benten
for hours upon hours, smelling dullcutely,
as It a rose had been dipped Into It some
ttnc should make a tempting cosmetic to
create beauty or to restore It to itself.
We all feel the charm of "balmy breath
Ithat doth almost persuade Justice to
sheath her sword," and this bottle of clear
red liquid, with a few drops poured Into
a glass of water, will so purify the breuth
and all within the ltis that one neJd not
mind how closely the hearer's attention
hangs upon them. The same liquid Is
sovereign for dyspepsia, and reduces the
interior to an amiable state very quickly.
Ladies' Every Saturday.
Mr. Ktchman You have a handsome
young mun named De Ribbon In your em
ploy, I understand. He Is engaged to my
daughter, and I'd like you to do me a
Merchant Certainly, my old friend.
Want him advanced, eh?
"No. I want him kept Just where he Is
until my daughter gets tired waiting for
him to be able to marry."
"Urn how long will that be?"
"About six weeks." New York Weekly.
"Darling," said the soulful young man,
"sometimes when I fall to thinking of
what a wondrous Joy there Is In possessing
your love I feel that the gods may bo
led to wreak some injury on me In sheer
"See here, young man," remarked the
practical girl, "if you think I am a hoo
doo the beet thing you can do Is to quit
me while there Is yet time." Philadelphia
"I hear that you are engaged to a girl
with an ideal. You are likely to And that
sort of girl pretty hard to get along
"Oh, I guess I am all right. You see, I
am the ideal." Cincinnati Tribune,
Old Gentleman Do you think, sir, that
you are able to support my daughter
without continually hovering on the verge
of bankruptcy?
Suitor Oh, yes, sir; I am sure I can.
Old Gentleman Well, that's more than
I can do. Take her and be happy. Lon
don Tld-Blts.
Maud That stupid fellow proposed to
me last night. He ought to have known
before hand that I would refuse him.
MariePerhaps he dld.-Brooklyn Life.
Turnips boiled like beets, with their
Jackets on, are of better flavor and less
watery. A small bit of sugar added while
the vegetable Is boiling corrects the bitter
ness often found In them.
To clean knives without soiling the
hands use a good-sized piece of cork,
which can be manipulated on the knife,
and In a little while It will have all the
brightness and cleanliness desired.
Water alone can be used in cooking any
of the cereals, but they are found to be
much richer and finer flavored If half
water and half milk la used. A great deal
of stirring makes them starchy, therefore,
they should be Invariably cooked In a
double boiler.
If a last spring hat saw a little wear
and can be made Into a smart shape
(which Is easy to do, considering how ev
ery low-crowned, shape Is worn), then fix
It over. Wipe the straw olt thoroughly
with a damp cloth dipped In kerosene,
noticing carefully that every particle of
dust is removed. Place another damp
cloth over it and press it lightly with a
hot Iron. ,
At the towel counters In the Urge shops
are now sold scrub cloths ot loosely woven
hemp, excellent for mattings and oilcloths.
Cotton dust cloths of yellow cotton flannel
are also purchaseablo nowadays. These
are better than even than the muek-valued
chamois skin, which thoy considerably
resemble. An admirable dust cloth Is one
of the large gray squares of bandanna
cloth, whioh a few of the large shops keep
for occasional purchase by a dusky
"aunty" or "marm" who still uses the
plantation headdress.
The best kind of a laundry apron Is
made of rubber cloth or of blue or brown
denim. The former Is to be preferred,
because it protects the dress the best
against a wetting. Some one suggested
a desirable out-of-doi r wrap for (he house
wtrker not long r.go, to he made large and
loose In Jacket shape with very big sleeves
and hood attached. This can be slipped
over the dress whon there are windows to
wash, lotna to be ?uing on the line, or
any otner out-or-door service to be done
In oold or chilly weather.
Hackett (furiously) Do you know, I've
married a young woman through a matri
monial agency which claimed her to e a
countess, whereas I find she ta only a
Backet (Interestedly) A cook? You lucky
aogi juage.
"Look me In the face, sir."
He raised hls'eyes timorously until they
were directed to her countenance.
"Now, sir, deny If you dare, that you
married me for my money."
"It must have been your money," he
faltered. Detroit Tribune.
A day or two after Me marriage Bar.
rlcolettl met his friend Oelsomlnl on the
English promenade at Nice. "What! You
"Yes: I am on my wadding tour," -"And
your wife?"
"She has stayed at Milan to mind the
house," II Carllno.
Jaspar Caesar and his wife are con
stantly quarreling.
Jumpuppe Yes, they have different 'the
ories as to what each should do to make
the other happy. Boston Post.
"Doctor," cried the distracted woman,
"I gave my husband (ho wrong Medicine,
and-hedledl" .
"TerrHrte, terrible!"
"Yes, yesi I shall never forgive myself,
Ho bad only $1,000 insurance en hit life,
and he was going to Increase It on Wednes
day !" Atlanta Constitution.
- -
Rico and Turnip Tops. Wash one pound
of the latter and two ounces of the former,
place the greeus In boiling water well
salted, and boll quickly one-half hour or
until tender; drain from the water and
drain very dry, turn onto a board and
chop finely. Boll the two ounces of rice
twenty minutes, drutn and stand by the
lira a few minutes to absorb the moluture;
mix rice and greens together with one
ounce of butter, pepper and salt to taste,
and a tublespoonful ot milk; stir over the
Are until quite hot. Pile high on a hot
dish, sprinkle grated cheese over top, and
garnish with croutons of fried bread; or.
If intended for breakfust, the mixture
may be served on a round ot buttered
Curried Rice. Roll one-half pound of
rice in the usual manner, and let It dry
a little before the tire. Tuke one-half pint
ot stock. If you have It. Chop an onion
(small) and a bit of apple very finely, fry
these In one ounce ot butter, add two tea
epoonfuls curry powder, a pinch of salt,
one-half teaspoonful flour; when these are
well mixed, stir In the. stock and let It
boll. In ths meantime mix enough to
mato sauce with the rice to make It a
pinkish color, then add It to the curry
sauce, and serve In a mound on a hot
dish. It may be garnished with a hard
boiled egg cut Into eight pieces.
Itlce and Tomatoes. Boll one-half
pound rice as before, only place In the wa
ter un onion stuck with four cloves, a
bunch of herbs, a blade of mace, some
peppercorns, two bay leaves, and a bit
each of turnip, carrot and celery. When
rice Is tender remove the vegetables and
spices, and let It drain and dry before the
lire. Cut an onion in slices as thinly as
possible, and fry until tender In a llttlo
butter; mix this with the rice, together
with a part of a tin of tomatoes mashed
up and made hot. If liked, sprinkle the
dish also with grated cheese. If not hot
enough It must be returned to the sauce
pan and stirred over the lire after the to
matoes are In.
IMee and lied Haricots. Rice and red
haricots mnko a very substantial dish, or
the white haricots can be used If preferred,
take one-half pint of them and soak In
cold water over night, drain oft the water,
place In a saucepan with plenty of cold
water, and boll them gently three hours.
Now add two onions peeled and cut in
rings, and three ounces well washed rice,
boll another twenty minutes to cook the
rice, druln and add two ounces butter,
pepper and suit to taste, and serve very
Pasty. Cut tip into small pieces two
pounds of beef or game. Put a large piece
of butter into the stewpan, add a minced
onion and the meat, salt, pepper, a few
teaspoonfuls of soup, and leava the whole
to stew a little. When 'It Is cool ugaln add
tho whites and yolks of three eggs and
put the whole on the paste, which should
be rolled out ready to recelvo It. Then
tuke half a dozen hard-boiled eggs, cut
them Into small pieces and place them on
the meat. Cover the pasty, brush it over
with the white of egg and bake.
Raspberry Pudding. Put a pound of
fresh or bottled raspberries Into a small
pie dish and let them stand In the oven
until they are quite hot, whon they must
be taken out. Beat up a teacupful of
good, thick, sour cream with two eggs,
one tablespoonful of flour and one spoon
ful of white moist sugar. When this Is all
well beaten together, pour over the rasp
berries and buke the pudding In a very
slow oven tilt It Is firm. It should be of a
light brown color.
Seed Cake. Beat one pound of sugar and
one pound of butter to a cream, add twelve
eggs, one at a time, beating each egg Into
the mixture very thoroughly; then mix in
gently one pound sifted and dried flour,
one-half pound of orange peel, one pound
of citron peel, and one-half pound of
blanched almonds. These three latter In
gredients should be cut Into small pieces
previously. Stir as little as possible. Bake
two hours in a moderate oven.
Fish Pasty. Make a round of good puff
pasto the size of a large plato; on half of
this put a layer of boiled rice which has
had two ounces of butter mixed with It and
is seasoned with pepper and salt; on tho
rice put a thick layer of boiled fish, care
fully taking out all the bones first. On
the fish place hard boiled eggs chopped
small, sprinkle a little popper and salt over
these, fold the other half of the paste over
this, pressing the edges well together.
Brush over the top with some beaten egg
and strew bread crumbs over It, then bake
It till It Is a good brown color.
Omelet. A nice omelet Is made) from flvo
eggs, one cup of milk, one tablespoonful
of butter, and one tablespoonful of flour.
Melt the butter, beat the yolks of tho
eggs and add the milk, a little salt and the
flour; beat the whites and lastly (see that
the butter Is melted, but not browned, as
that would spoil the omelet), pour In
spider and cook on top of stove until near
ly, done, then set In oven to brown. Take
out with a pancake turner on a warm
plate.Serve as soon as done If you wish
them prime.
Grated Cheese. Grated cheese mixed
with about half its weight of fine bread
crumbs, and sufficient egg to form a con
sistency, dropped in small cakes into
boiling butter, and fried on both sides.
makce a nice llttlo savory. The cakes must
be served very hot, piled up high on a
napkin. Ladles' Every Saturday,
"Know Colonel Trotter? Well, I should
hope sol He Usod to be an old flame of
mine, said Mrs. Norrls.
"Humph! why didn't you marry him,
then?" snorted her husband.
Mrs. Norrls smiled one of her sweet.
womanly smiles. "Bccauso I was looking
ror something easier," sho observed, elm
ply. Puck.
Freddy I told Mr. Lovemani that you
said you were going to kiss him next
time he came to the house.
Maud You horrid boy. What did ho
Freddy Said he wouldn't believe It till
he had tit from your own lips. Truth.
Willie What does a still, small voice
menn, papa?
Wlllkd's Father That's what any one
Hears, W illie, when they hove done wrong.
WHIIe But when you've done wrong
the voice you hear Isn't still and small.
New York Herald.
"I object, my dear, to your asking that
woman' to dinner. Sbe'sl the greatest
gossip in town," said Mr. Perkins.
"I know that, John, but wo can't Invite
the reporters, and I don't know how else
to get an account of our dinner In the
papers," replied Mrs. P. Harper's Bazar,
Ot the new-fashioned woman there's much
being said
Of her wanting to vote and a' that.
And of her desire to wear man's attire.
His coat, and his vest and a' that.
And a' that and a' that.
She may wear trousers, and a' that!
She may even ride a horse astride
But a woman's a woman for a' that
Bee yonder damsel passing by
She's up to date and a' that.
She wears a man's hat, likewise his cra
vat. His shirt and collar and a that
And a' that and a' that.
His suspenders and cuffs and a' that
But do what sho can to Imitate man
A woman's a woman for a' that.. - i
The modern maid, her form arrayed
In sweater and bloomers and a' that
Rides a "bike" exsctly like
Her brother does and a' that
Bhe may wear bloomers for iklrta and a'
Wear men's collars and shirts and a' that
May wear vesta If she will, but the faot
A woman's a woman for a that ,
Where Freedom Is
A Word Ueknowo.
Novel Observations and. Experiences of a
Recent Traveler in the Turkish Empire.
Written for The Tribune. l
.The first introduction one has to the
customs of a country la at the custom
house Itself. The heart of the most
ardent Protectionist fails him during
such an ordeal, and woe to any one
who boa contraband articles. The late
Income tax was scarcely as inquisitorial
an that law which gives license to the
overturning of a carefully packed
trunk, locked with difficulty by the
combined efforts of the luggage man,
the bell-boy and the owner.
Every country has its own tariff list,
but Turkey can boast ot the longest.
Preyed upon by all the powers of Eur
ope for the interest on an enormous
dt'M; with an income far below her lia
bilities, Turkey taxes the stranger
who enters her gate mercilessly, and
the Is very careful and exacting, for
to France he must jmy tho duty on
every piece of silk, every gramme of
tobacco that cornea t or goes out; to
England ehe .must yield enjough of
custom-gleaned wool-tax to go toward
the balance of tho interent debt; to
Austria this; to Germany that. Beside
all this she has granted the stationing
of postal centers for each of these gov
ernments in Constantinople; the char
ter to the Imperial Ottoman bank; the
Regie, and the steamboat Monoioly.
Vlfat wonder is it, then, that her
officials search with closest scrutiny or
since they know of the widespread
accounts of their rlfjor will at times
accept a votive offering to be careful
and not disturb Kffendl'R clothes,
liigid Censorship of Books.
One thing Is, however, never over
looked. That Is a book. Every book
Is scrutinized as to title, binding, pic
tures and if It contains so much as one
word, one deep-seated and covert refer
ence detrimental to his imperial majes
ty's kingdom, or the religion, that book
is veized or the word, idea, sentence,
page or chapter la at once and forever
obliterated. This Is true not only
coming Into the country, but also going
Atlases and maps are especially ex
amined. I had two atlases, and seven
maps in one trunk; these and two in
the other will forever beat the trace
of the Turkish censor. The maps
mutilated were those of Asia Minor.
Strange, Is It not, that Glnm &
Co. and Mr. Gardner did not
know that there was, is and never
shall be any Armenia? They could
learn from those of their atlases which
have been through the censor's hand
here that euch is the case. For wher
ever the above word occurs the knife
has either furrowed the country or
changed the typography by making
numerous square or oblong basins In
the endeavor to obliterate any trace of
such a people.
An Inspired Inspection.
Illustrations of the profound InBlght,
the wonderful power of analysis which
really reaches divination of these cen
sors are numberless. On one occasion
a publishing house sent copies of one of
the best works on chemistry for distrib
ution and sale. In due time they ar
rived at the customs. Tho censor,
falcon-eyed, turned the pages. Sud
denly his eye was attracted by' the
formula II 2 O. He paused, he stopped
smoking and no doubt he trembled as
the awful truth begam to dawn upon
"What treason Is this? Has Rloham
med made me the guardian of the lit
erature of his realm for nought? May
the shadow of God on earth the usual
mode of address to the Sultan never
grow less! My keen eye, my massive
brain have not been trained in vain.
The Galours should come to me to
learn stealth and craftiness." And
thereupon he analyzes the formula in
the following manner:
He means his Imperial majesty Abdul
Ilnmld II. O means, he Is nought In
other words the pearl of the east, the
dewdrop of the morning, the guardian
of the faithful, Is nought.
No doubt ho draws his breath with
difficulty as he thinks of the terrible
consequences of letting such a truth
Immediately the executor la brought
In and the book no longer shows a trace
of such a horrible suggestion, but a
blank appears to blot out each and
every similar statement.
So the books arrive at their destina
tion weighing much below normal be
'cause after a few copies had been care
fully expurgated It used up the time
and his effendlshlp could not work, and
smoke, and drink coffee at the same
time. It was quicker to tear a whole
page out. It was a wise thought. It
was done.
Oh for such keen Insight! Zeus, nay,
even prying Juno could no detect and
Interpret such occult signs. But tho
eennora at the customs are far sur
passed by their brothers, the censors
ot the press. ,
Mutiling the Press.
Every printed paper or slip must have
had permission to appear from one of
this bureau or the editor Is severely
punished. The office there of these men
is to read tho proof of every column of
every newspaper or circular printed In
Constantinople and to cut out any nml
every word or sentence which they
think too suggestive, and they do most
effectually tamper with editorials, ar
ticles and telegrams.
The editor of a paper In Constanti
nople has hard time to get a success
ful issue of his paper out. All the
editorials, Articles and telegrams must
be ready, set up and a proof taken
when the censor calls at the office, and
a large assortment of harmless articles
must be on hand to All all spaces left
after the terrible butchery of the cen
sor. His effendlshlp arrives and takes
tho proof sheet and reads each article.
Every thing which is forbidden or
which tie may Interpret as some un
safe word or clause Is cros&ed out In
blue pencil. If en article is satisfac
tory the censor signs It and the correc
tions are made and spaces filled up.
If, however, anything In a paper
comes out and seems to bear a revolu
tionary word or Idea to any one of
the bureau, notice is -sent to the edi
tor that "'because of disobedience to
rules your paper is suspended Indefi
nitely." Then the proprietor must go
and beg and beseech for. permission to
tart tils paper Again. Sometimes fines
and imprisonment are also imposed.
Fate of Luekless Translator.
A story is told of a man who began
the translation of a novel In one of the
Turkish paper. While working In his
office one day, and only partly through
with till task, he was startled by tho
appearance ot an officer with a com
mand that ho was wanted at tho palace.
Ho btgred leavt to say good4y to bin
wife and little ones but he was hurried
off with all the witnesses of bis work,
lexicons, manuscript and nover, In a
carriage to the palace. There he was
taken before the sultan himself who
asked: "Are you the man who is
translating this novel?" Receiving a
trembling affirmative. His Majesty or
dered that he be kept In the palace and
every effort put forth to finish the
translation as he was anxious to know-
how the tale ended.
Words which are expeolally forbid
den are those which express "freedom,"
"happiness," "revolution." Positives
are eradicated sometimes, comparatives
occur to some extent but superlatives
The word "star" is never allowed
nor are any astronomical works or ar
ticles permitted because they treat of
stars, while there is and can be only
one star and that Is "Yildtz," the resi
dence of Ills Imperial Majesty, .and
that must never be mentioned. t
Murad, meaning, "desire," Is never
allowed 03 It is or was the name of the
brother whom Abdul Hamid II deposed
and of whom nothing is known, al
though there Is a palace on the west
shore of the liosphorus always under
a double guard, where It is reported the
unfortunate brother is kept, a royal
How Telegrsms are Watched.
An Instance of the limitations on tele
grams can be illustrated in the news
of the aBasslnatlon of President Car
not. The papers were only allowed, to
print a corrected telegram, and all that
appeared was the despatch: "Presi
dent Carnot died suddenly and unex
pectedly." No account, no reasons
were given.
The following are some of the sub
stitutions for words: "Persecution"
never occurs, but in Its place "difficul
ties;" "reformation" becomes "public
affairs," and "democracy" appears as
"domestic life."
A very careful writer and a very fre
quent writer for the papers told me,
In conversation, of the manner in which
some of his articles had been curtailed
and changed.
At one time he gave an account of
the destruction of a hotel In' Switzer
land, by a landslide, and spoke ot the
What is
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. '3 A . w
shortness of the warning of death. He
added: ''Man cannot be sure of his
life." The censor was very wroth and
struck the sentence out Immediately,
assuring him It was treason- to suggest
such a thing under the ."Guard and
Protector ot the Faithful." .
During the trouble In gypt every
mention of the trouble or country was
forbidden, and at this time the samo
writer was printing an article on vege
tation as affected by climatic change,
and spoke of the influence of the "hot
wind which blew across the Mediter
ranean from Africa," and which went
even as far as Switzerland. The cen
sor blue-penciled that sentience and
conveyed a warning in his gesture.
Uymnologists Have Difficulties.
Great difficulty Is experienced In edit
ing hymns or translating hymns. The
translation of "Onward Christian Sol
diers" almost caused a panic, and was
immediately called the "Revolutionary
Hymn." .
Another office of this bureau la to
forbid or stop the entrance of any
newspapers or periodicals which con
tain any article which gives any ac
count of any troubles here.
The representatives of the govern
ment, at the different capitals, send on
word that the London Mall or The
(Nineteenth Century or some other pa
per has an article on "The Armenian
Question" or "The Press in Turkey."
Word is accordingly sent to the -m-bassy
that all the papers of such a date
and issue must be stopped, and the
British postmaster at ftalata is also
informed of the Interdict Nothing,
however, is done about the hundred
and one other papers of the same day
which have bad the same news, and
so In they come and the Turks, wise In
their own conceit, thinks how effectu
ally they have stopped all news.
I cannot resist, in closing thle article,
telling a story of an instance which oc
curred shortly ago. As our minister
was retiring one night, bis kavas ap
peared, saying that one of the chamber
lains of the palace must see him im
mediately. The Judge sent word that
It was late and after business hours
and he would ask to let the matter
rest till morning, but the attendant ap
peared himself and said he must have
an answer to the question which he
bore from the Sultan (himself. Our
minister finally agreed to hear him.
The chamberlain raid: "His imperial
majesty would like to know the names
of the few American newspapers that
are 'making euch a row about the Ar
menians end In their behalf, in order
that he may stop them."
The answer he received was terse
and to the point: "Good Lord, tell hin
there are 200,000 of them." Viator.
Providence, June 20.
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UxrrsD Hosnrifc avo Dispxssirt,
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Atxsa C Sam, Pro.,
array Street, Hew York City.
Also a large stock ot arstelass
can, w aesa.
ca ,
PX. W. C01.UNO, M'tfrV