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THE SCRANTON TRIBUNE "WEDNESDAY MORNlNGr, FEBRUARY G, 1895.
pOSLaHIS DAItT IN 8CHANT0M PA . BYTMTBJBOItt
t. KINOMUHV, Ptic.. no Gin'i Man,
C. H. RICPtC, Sie-y Tmi.
LIVV S. RICHARD, Cbitor.
W. W. DAVIS. Buirnm MHfH.
W. W. VOUNOS, Aov. Man'
Rw Tore omai : tribuns buildmq.
0 RAY, MANAGER
Rntirid at Tilt posrorrios at scrantoh, ml, Al
BIOOND-OLABS HAIL UATTXR.
"Printers' Ink," the recognized Jotirnol
for advertisers, rutos THE 8CKAN TON
TRIBUNE as the best advertising medium
In Northeastora Pennsylvania. "Printers'
BCRANTON, FEBRUARY 0, 1895.
THE SCRANTON OF TODAY.
Come and Inspect our city.
Elevation above the tide, 710 feet.
Estimated population, 18t, 103,00
Registered voters, 20,599.
Value of school property, 1750,000.
Number of school children, 12,000.
Average amount of bank deposits, $10,
It's the metropolis of northeastern Penn
sylvania. Can produce electric power cheaper than
No better iolnt in the United States at
Which to establish new industries.
Bee how we Brow:
Population In 1860
Population in 1870 85 000
Population In 1880 45 S
Population In 1890 TC.215
Population in ISM (estimated) MS.WI1
And the end Is not yet.
It will be time to appoint a I.exow
committee for Philadelphia when the
people of Philadelphia clearly express
to the legislature at Harrinburs their
Inability to govern themselves. Until
such confession shall be authoritative
ly made, the 'legislature of Pennsylva
nia would do well to keep hands off.
Where Does It Stand ?
One of the demands formulated by
the so-called labor combine at Harrls
tiurg calls for the statutory irohib!tlon
of the employment of persons fifteen
years of age or under. The factory
law at present prohibits the employ
ment of persons under twelve years and
In some Instances under thirteen years.
The mine law3 pursu? the same course
with reference to the employment of
rhlldren In and about the mines. It Is
now proposed to raise the age limit at
least two and in some cases three years.
What has the Scranton Truth to say to
this? Does It favor the change, In the
Fame earnest manner that It favored
the enactment of the original laws?
We ask these questions because they
have an important bearing upon tha
subject of compulsory education, now
under discussion In this state. It the
law Is. to say, with the esteemed Truth'
approval, that no boy or girl win is
less than fifteen years old shall work
for a living; that no such boy or girl
dare contribute to the support cf a
widowed mother or help to eke out the
scant Income of a father who lias been
crippled In the mines; we shall feel Im
pelled to ask the Truth why It Is so
violently opposed tn requiring these
boys and girls, thus made Idle by legal
compulsion, to go to school a total of
(sixteen week? euch year between the
ages of 8 and 13 years, or to acquiro the
fame amount of education by means of
home instruction. To be sure, the pro
posed compulsory education law would
not deprive either widowed mothers ur
crippled fathers of the eurnlngx of their
children during thirty-six weeks In the
year; and if such earnings were reilly
necessary to the support of either
parent, It would not deprive such parent
of them at all, inasmuch as the law
iwould be waived In such extreme caser.
But the Truth has made this false cry
the basis of Its opposition, and now we
want to hear what It has to say on
this other subject of the downright and
unqualified prohibition of all child
labor undt-r fifteen years of age. We
want to know whether or not It Is pre
pared this time to be consistent In this
We should be pleased, In addition, If
our contemporary would have the
frankness to point out In what locality
In Pennsylvania there would exist the
possibility, under the provisions of the
1'arr bill should that moderate bill be
come the law, of a repetition of the
cruelty which It recently noted as hav
ing occurred in an Kngllsli city, during
the enforcement of the compulsory edu
cation law In vogue In that country.
If there in anything whntever in the
I''urr bill likely to lead to Buch instances
of official barbarity, now Is the time to
call attention to It. If there Is not,
the Truthyln common fairness should
not Insinuate that there Is; nor should
It, unless it can make good Its claims,
harrow up ithe anxieties of Its readers
by raising mythical objections to a
measure the only purpose of which Is
to stimulate a better respect, among the
people, for the schools of our state
ind for the rights of our growlng-up
There Is little doubt that Senntor
Penrose has Btrengthened his hold
tipon the people by deciding, after his
recent display of power In the Henate,
to hereafter consider bills of his col
league, Senator Porter, upon their
merlts, -without reference to any per
sonal feeding which may exist between
the two men; as Individuals.
Not the Right Method.
The Pittsburg Dispatch, commenting
tn Representative Snlvcly'a bill appro
prla-tlng $5,000,000 of state money to the
parlous counties and townships for the
construction of good roads, opportunely
points out a fatal defect In the measure,
which consists of an omission to specify
the conditions' which shall govern the
character of the roads to beconstructed,
The Dispatch accurately adds:
The trouble In the past 'has not been so
much that there was no money spent on
the roads, as that the methods of spend
ing it and working- on the roads made It
a dead waste. If the state funds so Into
local hands without restriction or guar
antee as to what work Is to be done with
ithem, the probability Is that the greater
ehare will be apent without securing what
I needed permanent and solid roadways.
The only purpose of state appropriation
Is to secure that sort of roads. The slate
can build roads itself, or it can appro
priate money to be given to the counties
on condition that they muko rouds of a
prescribed standard of durability. But to
give It to them unconditionally would be
a very slight Improvement on throwing
We see no reason to recede from the
conclusion, expressed at the beginning
of this legislative session, that the
proper method of road reform would be
for the' state to build, at its own ex
pense, model railways along routes
which now traverse two or more, coun
ties, and leave to the various counties
the work of building up the smaller,
and purely local, highways. It would
not be a bad Idea, as an incentive to
uniformity, for the state to offer a
premium or bounty for local roads con
structed up to a certain specified qual
ity, said premium to be, let us say, a
reimbursement for five or ten per cent
of the total cost, as gleaned from dupli
cate vouchers to; be filed with one of the
departments at Harrlsburg.
The state must help in the making of
good roads; but It must help Intelli
gently and not blindly.
If one cared to go to the requisite
trouble, we believe it could be proved
that Luzerne county would be better
off, In dollars and cents, with the
Hazleton district divorced from it than
It is now, with that district continually
dogging the court dockets with eases
of murder, riot, arson and general dis
order. Why do Wllkes-Barreans en
deavor to perpetuate such an anoma
The Situation in New York.
We do not need to apologize for de
voting, from time to time, some of out-
space to a consideration of the meas
ures whereby It is proposed to re
organize the municipal government of
New York city. Details of that re
organization are of Interest to Ameri
cans everywhere; ilrst because In the
Xew York struggle for better govern
men the entire fate of cleau city gov
ernment throughout the Union is In
volved to a noteworthy degree, inso
much that it we cannot have successful
government of the people In the me
tropolis of America, where all, the cur
rents of American civilization are
massed, the best as well as the worst,
we cannot reasonably expect to have it
elsewhere on this continent, where
those forces are weaker and fewer; and
secondly, because a clean New York
means a clean election In New York,
which in turn, In the majority of cases,
means a clean administration at Wash
ington und an end to hard times.
This will explain why we have de
voted time and room to Dr. Parkhurst
and to Messrs. Lexow and Piatt, those
three gentlemen being Just now the
most conspicuous representatives' of
the militant forces In that momentous
struggle. The battle at the polls hav
ing ended in the rout of the looters,
there is now In progress, nominally at
Albany, a second battle by which it is
to be decided whether a new set of
looters shall be Installed In the Gotham
offices, or whether those offices shall be
manned, non-partlsanly. in the . inter
ests of the property-holders and the
taxpayers. Senator Lexow has drawn
up a series of bills which create a bi
partisan police board, with power over
all election arrangements, as well as
over the general conduct of the police
force, which Is to be nominally under
the Jurisdiction of the superintendent
of police. This plan, it will be seen, i.-
simply the old one with a scratch or
Dr. Parkhurst, on the other hand, as
the recognized leader of the forces
which won the first victory, propose
that the government of the police force
nhall be vested In a single-headed com
mission to be appointed by the mayor,
with the aid of an advisory commis
sion of three, who may recommend dis
missals from the ranks and make new
appointments. Police trials, under this
plan, would be conducted by a board
consisting of three lawyers of five years'
standing, at a salary of J5.000 per an
num each; the police would have noth
ing whatever to do with election ar
rangements further than to keep the
peace while the polls are open, all other
details being put in the hunds of a
separate commission to be composed of
two Democrats and two Republicans.
With reference to the personnel of the
police force Itsalf, Dr. Parkhurst would
discharge every policeman now above
the rank of sergeant, and thus obviate
the necessity of trying to "reorganize
rot." The new head of the police de
partment, under the Parkhurst plan, Is
to be responsible directly to the mayor.
Thf present position of superintendent
Is to he filled by an official known as
the chief of police, who will also be
directly responsible to the mayor, who
can remove him from office for cause,
The chief, however, has the right of ap
peal to the courts. Complaint against
officers of lower rank are to be heard
by the trial board.
The situation may be briefly ei:
plained by saying thut Tammany and
Tom Piatt both favor the Lexow plan,
since It opens the door to new deals
for mutual profit, Just like the old ones;
whereas the conscience and the chnrac
ter of New York city and of the nation
are for a different kind of thing, one
that will render It posslblo for an lion
est mayor to choose honest subordin
ates and secure honest service undo'.'
penalty of Instant dismissal. Wo have
no doubt that the latter side will
It is reliably said concerning the
North Oerman Lloyd Steamship com
pany that after It had shipped nearly
400 passengers In a steamer with oiriy
three life boats, and these promptly ap
propriated by the ship's officers and
crew; and after 300 or more of their
passengers had been coolly drowned
it . took, the two score survivors to a
second-dlasH London restaurant and
gave them $30 apiece, with which to
feed, clothe and shelter themselves un
til they could get aboard the Umbrla
and start once more for home. No
wonder the Emperor of derma ny Is
disgusted with such a crew.
Labor Pensions and Insurance.
One of the problems which will some
day press for settlement In this coun
try is that of how to divert to the wage
earner a larger share of the profits of
his Industry without working injustice
to his employer. The efforts of Alfred
Dolge to arrive at an equitable settle
ment of this problem cover a score of
years, and after all that time he has
only partially succeeded. Yet It is
probable that he has advanced further
towards a wise solution than nine-
tenths of his fellow-employers, which
is a fact fully entitling him to generous
At the twenty-sixth annual reunion
of his employes, recently held in Dolge-
vllle, N. Y., there was read an instruc
tive report of the operations of the sys
tem of labor Insurance and pensions
which has been instituted among them.
The system offers double benefits to
those who are loyal to the firm that
employs them. It offers a means of
sustenance to thqse who are disabled
from work by accident or old age; and
it provides support for the families of
those who die or are killed in the line
of duty. Last year $1,199.80 was paid
to four superannuated workmen, and
the amount paid since the establish
ment of the fund was reported as $8,
372.36. Prom the beginning the contri
butions to the pension fund amount to
$30,1:11.07, and the interest is now large
enough to pay the present pensioners
without further contributions. In twen
ty years $34,595.27 lias beon paid for life
insurance policies, and the employes
now hold policies on which the firm
pays premiums to the amount of $172,-
000, and it ulso makes arrangements
for those whom the Insurance company
reject. An endowment account Is also
carried with $8,109.65 due employes at
maturity, but this last year nothing
was added to it because, as Mr. Dolge
says, "no one could earn any more than
These funds are kept up by a system
of bookkeeping which credits each man
In the Dolgevllle shops with a percent
age of the profits gained on the arti
cles of his labor. IuiBtead, however, of
giving to workmen a specified annual
dividend, the firm takes out from the
surplus earnings of the men enough to
sustain the insurance and pension
funds and then distributes the remain
der. We do not recall whether, since
this plan has been In operation, any
year has yet shown a net loss Instead
of a gain; but should such loss occur,
the men would be expected to bear their
proportion of It In the form of a pro
rata reduction In wages, sufficient to
meet the loss without sacrificing the
A number of adverse arguments In
stantly suggest themselves relative to
this system; Buch, for example, as that
It ties the men down to one employer,
under penalty, when changing, of sacri
ficing accumulated benefits. Hut apart
from the general unwisdom of frequent
changes, It Is practically impossible to
secure uniformity of benefits for wage
earners engaged in private business
enterprises. The plan pursued at
Dolgevllle is generally acceptable to
the men employed there and it offers
the basis of similar plans elsewhere,
with modifications suited to the vary
ing requirements of each Industry and
The fact that Mind Reader Baldwin
Intends to come again may explain the
secret of his willingness to be made the
beneficiary of any nmount of free ad
vertising. A shrewd man is Baldwin.
Tho New Dunking Law.
Pittsburg Commercial-Gazette: The act
creating a banking commissioner, which
has passed the legislature and Is now a
law, Is generally regarded as an import
ant stt-p forward In the regulation und
overnight of the bunking corporations of
the commonwealth. The new law cre
ates a department of bunking with a com
missioner at Its head, and provides, for the
iippolntment of such assistants us uie
deemed necessary to cany Its provisions
Into effect. It will he the duly of the
commissioner to see that the bunking luws
of the state are fully executed und the
depositors afforded due protection. He
must personally or by deputy inspect at
leHSt once u year, und oftener If he deems
proper, the books, impels und uffali'3 of
every bank, title Insurance, safe deposit.
trust, savings bunk and similar Institu
tions chartered by the state. He nv-iy
question under oath any officer, agent or
employe. The corporations subject to bis
control ure required to make two reports
each your vhowinv 111 detail their re
sources and nubilities. Foreign banking
corporations nro forbidden to recelvo de
posits unless they make similar returns to
the commissioner. I nlncorporatod hunks
ore not subject to the law, seemingly on
the principle that us they receive no
franchise from the stute they may be loft
to rogulute themselves, as other private
business concerns are permitted to do.
There Is provision for the appointment of
u supervisor of stute bunks, with larao
discretionary powers, and If tilled by a
comp(tent uud trustworthy person he will
exercise a very linportunt and wholesome
influence over ull the institutions subject
to his inspection. There Is no fault found
with the law. The salary of the commis
sioner is regarded by many as too high,
having been fixed at KW u yeur. If the
office Is filled by a flrst-clnss man, nble
and willing to do the work required of
him, the salary need not be criticised too
closely. The averting!' bank president In
the larger cities Is paid ubout as liberally,
and there Is no .doubt that the position
will be one uffordlng ample opportunity
for the Incumbent to earn his sulury. A
year or two will test the etllcucy of the
new department, and It will prove a great
disappointment If It does not show decid
edly better results than the old law,
Complete the Topographical Map.
Philadelphia Record: The legislators ut
Harrlsburg (nuve n clear duty before them
In the bill Introduced by Representative
J. L. Mattox, of Venango, for stale co
operation with the federal government In
the completion of the Pennsylvania
topographical map. The practical value
of this work" Is too well recognized to cull
for an exposition of Its Importance In
great mutters of public works, forestry
and geological Jirolilems, eunul and rail
road engineering, and Innumerable cases
affecting deeply the general welfare of the
corporate commonwealth and Its Individ
ual citizens. The United States geological
survey, under the Intelligent guidance of
Director Walrott, has already surveyed
U.fiOO of the 38,t00 square miles of Pennsyl
vania; but state aid means the shorten
ing of the half century of remaining work
under the existing resources to about ten
years. New York, Massachusetts, Con
necticut and little Rhode, Island have net
the Keystone state a wise precedent. It
will cost Pennsylvania scarcely more than
$25,000 annually for seven years, and by
this timely expenditure enormous sums
would be saved In the future.
To Enforce tho Giimo Law.
Senator McCarrell's bill creating game
commissioners to look after the enforce
ment of the game law has reuched the
second reading calendar In the senate.
It provides for the appointment "of six
game commissioners by the governor, who
are to serve without pay, but are to re
ceive all legitimate expenses. The com
missioners ahull have tho power of ap
pointing ten game protectors, one of
whom 'Is to be designated chief protector
and act as secretary of the commissioners.
His salary is to be $900, and those of the
others $300 each, with one-hnlt of all the
lines and penalties.
Pass the Lyttlo Bill.
Philadelphia Press: "There is no sort of
return for the waste of our forest wealth
by fire. It Is total loss, When the heat
Is not so great as to destroy, the roots and
seeds In the ground a new growth Is usual,
but often the destruction is total,, the
humus Is burned and the land left black
and barren. If a hillside the rains soon
begin to wnsh the soil away, destroying
the possibility of any .future growth.
Large sections of country once heavily
wooded have been made permanently bar
ren by this means in Europe and Asia.
We know -that the same danger threatens
our own wooded hillsides, besides the
annual loss of timber by fires, and only
hopeless stupidity will prevent us from ap
plying a remedy. The Lytle bill furnishes
the remedy. Let the house put tne Drake
upon the disposition to amend It, lest Its
efficiency and value are destroyed.
To Examine Law Studonts.
A bill creating a Btate board of examin
ers has been Introduced la the senate, and
Is now being considered by the commtttue
on Judiciary general. The members are
to be appointed by the governor arter con
sultation with the members of the su
preme court, and are to examine all stu
dents at law and others applying for ad
mission to practice In the various courts
of the commonwealth except the supreme
court. All those applying for examina
tion must previously pay a fee of $25
Into the state treasury, which will be
maintained as a separate fund for the pay
ment of the members of the board and all
necessary expenses and mileage.
Lengthen the School Year.
Philadelphia Press: The school year in
the rural districts of this state is disgrace
fully short, shorter than in any other east
ern state. Senator Landts' bill, now fa
vorably reported, requiring seven months,
deservesprompt pussuge and It is no credit
to this wealthy stute that it Is deemed
necessary to provide for less than seven
months where the maximum amount of
tax allowed by law .to be levied for school
purposes shall be found Insufficient to
keep the schools open a greater length of
DO not be deceived.
The following brands of
White Lead are still made by the
" Old Dutch" process of slow cor
rosion. They are standard, and
The recommendation of
"Fnhnestoclc," "Armstrong aMcKalvyy
to you by your merchant is an
evidence of his reliability, as he can
sell you cheap ready-mixed paint9
and bogus White Lead and make a
larger profit. Many short-sighted
dealers do so.
For Colors. National Lead Co.'i Pure
While Lead Tuning Colon, a one-pound can to
a 25-pound keg of Lead and mix your own
paints. Saves timo and annoyance in matching
shades, und insures the best paint that it ii
possible to put on wood.
Send us a postal card and get our book on
paints and color-curd, free; it will probably
save you a good many dollars.
NATIONAL, LEAD CO., New York,
LADIES' DRESSING TABLES.
TEA TABLES AND LIBRARY
TABLES, BRASS AND ONYX
TABLES AND CABINETS (OP A
AN ELEGANT STOCK OP PIC.
TURES AT MODERATE COST.
FANCY BASKETS AND LAMPS.
CALL EARLY AND MAKE YOUR
SELECTIONS WHILE OUR AS
SORTMENT IS COMPLETE.
131 IND 133
Win. Linn Allen
Buy and eel) Stocks, Bonda and Grain
on New York Exchange and Chicago
Board of Trade, either for cosh or on
412 Spmcc Street.
LOCAL STOCKS A SPECIALTY.
G. doB. DIMMICK, Manager.
The secret is out ' Not only do they
lay we do washing for a living, but
thut we do It well. So keep it uolng.
Tell everybody you see, but Ull then
not to tell.
Only about 75 Desirable Jackets left. We have put such a very low
price upon them that they surely will go very quickly.
$12 Ladies and Misses' Jackets, Closing Price, $6.98
$15 Ladies' and Misses' Jackets, Closing Price, $7.98
$20 Ladies' Jackets and Capes, '. $998
The above garments are only the best of New Winter Styles.
In a few days we will secure our first lot of Separate Skirts, made from
Crepon, Silk and Serges, and lined with Haircloth and Fibre Chamois.
DRESS GOODS DEPARTMENT
The Latest and Newest Effects just received, such as Oudule, Tricotine,
Crocodile and .other weaves, ranging from $1.00 to $2.25 per yard.
IS THE MOUTH M
IK ODD AND EXDH OP
422 LACKA. AVE.
Inks of All Rinds
Leon Isaac Pens
Stationers and Engiavers,
317 LACKAWANNA AVE.
DR. HILL & SON
Set teeth, IV 60; bent net, 18: for gold copi
ml teeth without platen, called orown and
brldgo work, call for piieen nd refer
ences. TONAXU1A, for extracting tcotlr
Without pain. No ether. No gas.
OVER FIRST NATIONAL. BANK.
4 TONE IS FOUND ONLY IN THE
' WEBER PIMO
SCKAKT0X OPTICAL INSTITUTE.
305 Spruce Street
Bedroom Suits very cheap.
Feb. (i, 1895.
Hull & Co.
205 Wyoming Ave.
We Move Next Month.
THE 0 YEAR RIGHT
And keep going right
by buj'ing and carry
ing one of
423 LACKA. AVE.
YENISON, PRAIRIE CHICKEN,
Partridges, Quail, Rabbits,
All Kinds of Poultry,
Mushrooms, Green Beans,
Cncumbers, Head Lettuce,
Salsify Radishes, Etc.
EYES EXAMINED FREE.
Glosses fitted to remedy nil defects of vision,
llenduvlie and Nervousness relieved. Ar
tificial eye fitted. If you have failed to get
suitable glasses, consult til about your eye
sight. VvV will grind special glasses to tit your
eyes, making; your eyesight as perfoct as in
youth. The value of auectaclea depend uina
the skill, of the optician. Hnperlor facilities,
combined with years of experience, enable
me to guarantee to fit your eyos perfectly,
t'orrect Work: Honest Prices: Elexant Style;
the Most Complete Onticul Establishment lu
I the state. i
DR. E. GREWER,
The Philadelphia. Specialist, and his asso
elated staff of English and German
physicians, are now permanently
Old Postoffice Building, Corner Penn
Avenue and Spruce Street
The dortor Is a gruduaa of the Unlver
slty of Pennsylvania, formerly demon
strator of physiology and surgery at the
Medico-t'hlrurgical college of PhliadeU
phlu. His specialties are Chronic, Ner
vous, Skin, Heart, Womb and Blood dis
eases. DISEASES OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM
The symptoms of which are dlzziness.laclc
of confidence, sexual weakness in men
and women, ball rising in throat, spots
floating before the eyes, loss of memory,
unable to concentrate the mind on on
subject, easily startled when suddenly
spoken to, and dull distressed mind. which
unfits them for performing tho actual du
ties of life, making happiness impossible
dlstresAlni; the action of the heart, caus
ing flush of heat, depression of spirits. evil
forebodings, cowardice, fear, dreams, mel
ancholy, tire easy of company, feeling as
tired In the morning as when retiring,
lack of enerpy, nervousness, trembling,
confusion of thought, depression, constipa
tion, weakness of the limbs, etc. Those so
affected should consult us immedlatelji
ard be restored to perfect health.
Lost Manhood Restored.
Wcakuess of Young Men Cured.
If you have been given up by your phy
slclan call upon the doctor and be exam
"d. He cures the worst rases of Ner
vous lblllty, Scrofula, Old Sores, Ca
tarrh, Piles, Female Weakness, Affec
tions of the Eye. Kar, Nose and Throat,
Asthma, Deafness, Tumors. Cancers ana
Cripples of every description.
Consultations free and strictly sacred
and conlldcniK". Olllce hours daily frra
9 a.m. to 9 p.m. Sunday. 9 to 2.
Km lose five 2-cent stumps for symtpom
blanks and my book called "New Life "
1 will pay one thousand dollars in gohl
to anyone whom I cannot cure of EPI
LEPTIC CONVULSIONS or FITS
PR. E. OREWER.
Old Post Office Building, corner Penal
avenue and Spruce street.
EVERY 1 BUYS HARDWARE.
The question Is, where can the best be
obtained? Where tho lowest prices for
the good kind? Listen! Let us speak to
you confidentially. Most people say ours.
We know and you know that they know,
what Is what It ought to be in Hardware,
We have shaved our prices with Knives,
Chisels and Shaves, and planed them with
our planes. They are now below the level
of others as our Levels show.
We remove to our large new store, 119
Washington avenue, April 1,
FOOTE J SHEAR GO.
IF YOUR OLD BOO ICS NEED FIX.
INO, SEND TliKll TO
Tkl Scranton Tribune