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THE SCRAXTOX TEI31TNE---SATUBDAY MOIiXDsG, NOVEMBER 24, .1894.
Health Hints and
- Riiles o! Hvsiene
Suggestions That May Save You Many
a Doctor's Bill.
tvicnnu Fnif'THP Hffi'SFHOLD ,nS 10. cents worth of tincture of .ben-ISD0-H
FOK K nuiscnyuui Dlswlve u lu a plnt of winei and
Thi.c Hints Tlnn't Cost Much. Are Not
Copyrighted, and If They Don't Do
You Any Good, They'll Not
Do You Any Harm.
With la grippe again mildly In evi
dence In certain quarters lt may be well
to' bear In mind the following cautions
prescribed by Dr. Judson Daland, of the
University of Pennsylvania, a famous
authority: "One cannot be over-care
ful In avoiding colds at this season of
the year.' Their effect Is always de
pressing, hence one's resisting powers
are lessened and the system Is rendered
more liable to shock. When pneumo
nla attacks the aged it Is particularly
fa'tal and' they especially should avoid
exposure In cold weather. As I tell my
Etadehts the aged are ready to; die
that Is, I mean that their system Is In
a condition to be attacked by disease
and pneumonia Is a favorite form of
death. La grippe, or influenza, or, as lt
Is sometimes called, catarrhal fever, Is
prevalent now to a considerable extent
also. The best and only way to escape
these diseases Is by keeping the system
toned up to its fullest resisting ca
paclty; dress warmly and avoid expo
Bure. Many colds are contracted by
people walking rapidly, thereby get
ting Into a warm perspiration and then
getting on a car and sitting in a
draught. The open trolley cars are par
tlcularly dangerous for that very rea'
sdn, and" are to be avoided." Hut the
some Is true of draughts of any kind.
Keep warm, keep clean and keep
If lt be profitable for New York,
Philadelphia and Chicago to establish
municipal Institutions for the study of
disease germs and the manufacture of
antl-toxltie, the new cure for diphtheria,
why would lt not be profitable for
Scranton to do this, also? Lives are
Just as valuable here as elsewhere.
Speaking of this Improvement -the
Philadelphia Press recently said
"Diphtheria germs can be carried about
In a person's throat for days and yet
that person may be. Immunized from the
danger of suffering from the disease.
Some constitutions are able to repel the
disease. The healthful person may give
the germs to another, who will take the
disease and suffer. A child may recover
, irum uipninena anu yet the germs may
be In Us throat. Those germs may be
transmitted In. a 'school room soon the
Gisease may break out In families. By
.c um ui uiuou serum, me presence or
the germ can be detected. The child will
4urunuiieu,,, tnen, until all danger
is passeu. a sick room may be fuml
gated, and yet so imperfectly that dis
ease still lurks. A bacteriological ex
amination will prove whether germs re
main in the room. In New York the
bacteriological system has reduced the
danger to a mlnimumi Tho utmost care
is ianen. jjiphtheria is insidious. The
germ may be in Incubation a day or two
or a week or two. Pathologists say that
bacteriological examinations are . the
most effective precaution against epid
emics." It Is time to think of applying
uicsc iciuuma iocauy .
- . . ' " t
Pale-faced children and bilious-yellow,
cold-blooded women need sunshine
bathing. There are two ways of taking
it, facetiously remarks the Philadelphia
Record, on foot and horseback. The
best is the saddle, but unfortunatelv
horseflesh Is too precious for becenr in
Tide. Given thn rmnnrriinirv i,i
bodied child will ..play .Its little self
strong and pretty. . Any woman who
wishes can walk In beauty. It Is only
a question, or will. A walk from 0 a. m
to 7 a. m. will hurt the footwear and
the doctors. Many, many times to
walk home will do the tired bread-win
ner more good than her dinner, for the
physical fatigue will , produce deep'
Bleep, ana ;he prophets said, centuries
ago: "Sleep is as good as a fast."
Dr. Laura Liebhardt thinks wompn
bicyclist ride on Baddies that are too
low, and that this is responsible for
cramping of the chest, straining the
back, and Impeding full action of the
muscles of the leg. , There results a con
stant tension of the muscles above the
knee, whleli gives a short awkward
stroke, as the reach Is. too short. The
seat should be amply'high for the entire
leg to be extended, and give to these
muscles a second of relaxation on the
downward stroke of the pedal. . The
knee must have perfect freedom, and
In this respect a woman, finds herself
particularly handicapped, as Bhe Is un
able to make the entire Btroke with the
action, of the. knee limited by a dress
skirt. Wheelwomen also subject them
selves to needless Jars by Jumping In
stead of gilding from the wheel. . They
Should be taught to mount and dls
' mount from either side as men are
wont to 'do. . Corsets on the wheel, as
elsewhere, should, says Dr.. Liebhardt,
be denounced. In the strongest terms,
aitnougn nearly one-half of all wheel
women tie up their muscles In this bar
baric fashion. Two-thirds of all women
who ride wheels foolishly Incur great
risks by riding during certain periods,
even W "the extent of hill climbing,
when they should never mount a wheel.
except lor. short distances, or prefer
ably, not at all. .
HEALTH FOR THE MILLION:
Ten drops of- tha tincture of nux vonv
lea, In a wlneglassful of water after
each meal, for three or four weeks, will
often relieve dizziness.
The Bub-gallate of bismuth has given
excellent results in the treatment of fer
mentative dyspepsia; the dose is livu
grains after each meal.
CoSmolina rubbed into the scalp nlnht
and morning for a number of weeks will
thicken and promote the growth of the
hair. It sometimes darkens the color of
the hair. - .
' Dr. W. II. Thompson, an acknowledged
authority on dietetics, while advocating
a tnllk diet for people with impaired di
gestion, believes it should be diluted, par
ticularly for adults.
Bathe the chest with cold water nlftht
ana morning and rub dry with a rough
towel; this will prevent catching "cold
. onthebreaRt" and "harden" and strength'
en me muscles of the chest. ..
To be benefited by bathing with cold
water one must feel Invigorated after he
Is dried. He should 'be red and glowing,
If one be chilly ond look blue and feel
urea, cow bathing does him harm.
Often tight shoes 'cause the feet to be
come cold by Interfering with free circu
lation of the blood. 'Lack of outdoor ex
ercise is another very common cause. of
com rest, w aik two miles every day.
; ', How to Prceare Kldncta.
Kidney often have an unpleasant taste
because tney are not properly prepared.
When they come from the market tliev
Should have the white part and the tubus
. removed, then be scalded and skinned.
Afterward throw them Into cold water
and neat to tho boiling point. Repeat
this part or ins process three or tour
times, until tha water Is free from odor.
Do not let the kidney boll. Remember,
the direction ,1s: Bring the water to the
Some- Suggestions 'That tho Prudent
, Housewife Will Readily Appreciate end
Ladies wishing a smooth skin made
without harm can obtain It by purchas-
use on the-face at night. The face
should first be washed with pure and
fine soap, and then rinsed off In clear,
cold water. The benaoln' can be. dis
solved in water, but wine Is preferable.
Soft and flabby skin gains firmness of
texture by the use of cold water, to
which has been added a little common
salt. Vinegar and spirits of any kind
used as a wash about twice a week help
to keep the skin firm.
To remove moth patches wash them
with a solution of common bicarbonate
of soda and water several times during
the day for two days.or until the patches
are removed, which will usually be
in 48 hours. After this process wash
with some nice toilet soap, and the skin
will be left clean and free from patchs,
Peroxide of hydrogen rubbed on the
face two or three times a day for ten
days will also free the skin of any dis
Now that general house-cleaning time
Is at hand suggestions as to renovating
are of soeclal value. We all know how
leather will Rather 'mildew, ana u
chairs and lounges iii rooms that are
closed during summer are upholstered
in leather,, they art apt to bo mildew
stained, We are told that the best way
to remove such stains Is to rub the
leather well with a clean, soft and very
dry cloth, to remove any fungus that
may be on the surface of tha leather,
Then apply a rag Just moistened with
If the ton of your oven Insists on
being too hot for your pastry or ureau
nut a pan of water on the grate above
the bread that Is baking too brown. If
the. grate has been removed to muke
room, take a big sheet of the common
brown wrapping paper, fold It and lay
over the bread or pies or whatever lt
may be. If that Is not at hand' use a
newspaper. Fold It to as many thick
nesses as necessary. The thicker .it is
the more protection if will afford from
the too hot. oven. Of course, lt will
brown and crisp, but you have only
to be careful about slipping lt out when
It hus answered Its purpose.
Choice relishes for a Sunday night's
tea are pate de fol gras sandwiches
made from bread fried a light brown In
noep fat. Cut the bread in small slices
about half an Inch thick, trim off the
crust, hollow a little in the middle, and
fry; or put a little perfectly sweet
salad-oil over each slice and brown In a
quick oven. Fill the hpllow In . each
Blice with a teaspoonful of the meat
mixture. It comos In little earthen Jars
and also in small cans,
Mrs.-Ro.rer, It is evident, does not be
lieve In a Thanksgiving turkey filled
with bread stuffing,' as she says that
the bread acts as a sponge and draws
out the Juices and flavors. "Of course
It gives some taste to the bread," she
adds, "but the bread is 1he most indi
gestible thing one can eat; and the
turkey Itself would be delicious if it
were not stuffed.".
MENUS FOR BABY
First-Milk to drink. Half a saucer' of
oatmeal, with a little butter and salt.
Half a saucer of oatmeal, with cream and
sugar. A few teaspoonfuls of strained
prune Juice.- .......
Second Thoroughly mashed potato.
wfth a little butter, cream and salt, a
thick strip of rare beefsteak to suck
(should be allowed only the juice). A few
teaspoonfuls of finely scraped apple. Milk
to drink. . ,
Third-Half a isoft boiled egg. Milk
toast. Baby tea made of milk and warm
water In equal proportions, with sugar
and a drop of vanilla.
Fourlh Bread and milk. A few tea-
spooonfuls flue grained apple sauce. Half
slice of bread, with beefsteak gravy.
! if th Half saucer rice, with butter and
salt. Half saucer rice, with cream anil
sugar. Two or three teaspoonfuls of or
ange Juice. Milk to drink.
Sixth Half teacupful of beef tea
Crackers and milk. Third of a slice bread,
with pure maple syrup.
Seventh A little strained fig syrup (if
constipated), made by boiling tigs In wa
ter with sugar. Mush and milk. Small
slice of bread and butter without crust.
Eighth A teaspoonful of the breast of
chicken or turkey minced very fine. Toast
and milk. Small lump of sugar for des
Ninth Oatmeal, trackers and milk.
Baked potato, cream and suit. Whipped
cream, sweetened and flavored.
, DAYS GONE BY.
Oh, the days gone by! oh, the days gone
The apple In the orchard, and the path
way through the rye;
The chirrup of the robin and the whistle
of the quail,
As he piped across the meadows sweet as
' any nlghtlngnle;
.When tho bloom was on the clover, and
:.. tho blue was In the sky.
And my happy heart brimmed over, In
the days gone by,
In the days gone by, when my naked feet
By the honeysuckle's tangles, where the
water lilies dripped,
And the ripple Of the liver lipped the moss
along the brink
Where the plackl-cyed and lazy-footed
cattle came to drink. ;
And the tilting snipe stood fearlesa of the
truant s wayward cry,
And the sploshing of the swimmer. In the
days gone by. . .
Oh, the days gone by! Oh, the days gone
The music of the laughing lip, the lustrb
of the eye
The childish faith In fairies, and Aladdin's
The, simple, self-reposing, glad .belief In
When life was like a story, holding
neither sob nor sigh,
In tho olden, golden glory of the duys
James Whltcomb Riley:
Dreamer, say, will you dream for me
A wild, sweet dream of a foreign lund,
Whose border sips of a foaming sea
With lips of rcoul and silver sand;
Where warm winds lull on the shady
Or lave themselves In tho tearful mist,
The great wild wave of the breaker weeps
O'er crags of opal and amethyst?
Dreamer, say, will you dream a dream
Of tropic shades In a lund of shine,
Where the Illy leans o'er an amber stream
That flows like a rill of wasted wine;
Where the palm trees lift their shields of
green ' ....
'Against the shafts of the Indian nun,
Whose splintered vengeance falls be
tween The reeds below where the waters run?
Dreamer, say, will you dream of love ' :
i"hat lives In ft lund of sweet perfume,
Where the stars drip down from the skies
' above .
In molten spatters of bud and bloom;
Where never the weary eyes are wet,
And never a sob In the balmy air,
And only tho laugh of the paroquet
To break the sleep of the silence there?
James Whltcomb Riley,
Som? Facts flbolif
Famous in History and Interesting in
Its Natural Environment.
EARLY SETTLERS' STRUGGLES
Quaint Old Streets That Hocall Memories
of a Bloody Pioneer Time An Odd
but Characteristic Method
Quebec, Oct. 30.
Every American Bhould visit this old
and picturesque city; though quaint In
every aspect, It Is the most interesting
of all the cities of the hew world. , It is
called the "Gibraltar of America," the
Sentinel City of the St. Lawrence,
Its grim citadel and strong fortifications
have truly earned for lt these titles. It
guards the entrance of the great In
land waters of tho continent our great
American lakes and Is the stronghold
of British power in America.
There Is no spot on this western
hemisphere richer in historic treasure,
or more lavishly endowed by nature In
the beauty, grandeur and splendor of
its surroundings than the quaint old
walled City of Quebec. Every foot of
land here Is historic the very air
breathes of deeds of valor, which the now
peaceful aspect and business hum and
bustle of the city fall to remove. Que
bec has seen more war probably, than
any other one place on this continent,
up to the time of the great rebellion of
the Southern states. Deeds of heroism,
of rellglouB fervor, of obstinate defense
are her pride and glory. A brief his
tory of Its founding, its settlement, its
environs, Its fortresses, Its wars, Its
commanding views, its churches, con
vents, colleges and "habitants," may be
of Interest. . ,
Its Early History.
It is 359 years (September, 1535), Blnce
Jacques Cartier, the first European
who sailed up the St. Lawrence, an
chored off what was then an Indian vil
lage (Stadacona) and In the name of the
King of France, claimed this entire
territory for his sovereign. Ills three
small vessels the Grande Hermlne, 120
tons; the Petite Hermlne, CO tons; the
Emeiillon, 40 tons, a total of 220 tons
burden, formed his flotilla, a strong
fleet then, but how insignificant In com
parison to the English Leviathan, the
Great Eastern of 22,500 tons visiting
here In 1SC0 or Her Majesty's cruiser
lllake, now lying at anchor off Point
Levis, In Quebec's commodious harbor.
This was the first wave of foreign In
vaslon into the Indian wigwams of the
Iroquois, or Huron tribe, which occu
pled the plateau on which Quebec now
stands. Here Cartier spent the winter
at the base of these cliffs, and soon af
ter French fur companies established
headciunrters for trading. But It was
the dauntless and venerated leader,
Samuel de Champlaln, equally famous
as an exporer, discoverer and geog'
rapher, who in July 3,1008, with his little
but hardy band of Norman artificers
soldiers and farmers, amidst the oali
and maple groves of the lower town
laid the corner stone of the "Abltation
de Quebec." and founded the "Fortress
The French, th E gllsh, tht Amerl
can, and the aborignal Indian have all
played their parts In the stirring drama
whose scenes were laid around this
"fortress crowned rock." The first cen
tury and a half (1G0S-1759) was under
French rule, the final struggle for Can
ada, between the French and English
which closed Sept. 13, 1759, on the
heights of Abraham, (where stood the
writer) a little beyond the St. Louis
Gate, and where Wolf fell victorious,
saw the end of France In the northern
half of the continent, and commenced
the English regime, which has resulted
In the self-governing liberty which Can
ada now enjoys.
Its I'nlqiic Location.
Quebec occcuples a position naturally
created for the site of a great city,
Even the Indians seemed to appreciate
ts advantages centuries ago, long be'
fore the era of civilization. The city i
unique. a walled fortress of unrivalled
strength and of magnificent situation
It Is perched on a high terraced bluff,
or rocky promonotory, at the confluence
of the St. Lawrence and St. Charles
rvers, called Cape Diamond, so called
from the glittering crystals found on Its
summit, the rock being of dark slate,
in which are limpid quartz crystals.
On its highest point Is the Citadel
about 350 feet nea'iiy perpendicular
above the St. Lawrence river, say
some fifty feet higher than Irving Cliff,
Honesdale. From this bluff Is a length
ened stretch of elavatcd table lands,
stretching to the southwest. Every
where around are battlements, fort
ressses, cnstlcs, convents, monasteries
and towering walls.
This old fortress city, covering both
the base and summit of this lofty crag,
or precipitous promonotory, Is built in
the form of a triangle, bounded by the
two rivers, and the "Plains of Abra
ham." Nature no less than art has dl
vlded the city Into an Upper Town an
Lower ToWn--the latter on Its eastern
front being wedged between the base
of the cliffs and the St. Lawrence river,
On the west It Is flanked by thevalley
and river St. Charles, which forms
Junction here, making a commodious
harbor capable of receiving the largest
fleets of the world. The city has room
for expansion only to the southwest
ward, across the historic "Plains
Superior Water Front.
A wide range of wharves juts ou
from its water front and furnishes am
pie accommodation for its large ship
ping trade. The Lower Town Is given
up chiefly, to trade and commerce, and
since our first visit here In 1884, we find
It has Intruded Into the upper tow
where are the better class of stores, i
well as residences; .but owing to th
more progressive British and American
' Gilmore's Aromatic Wine
A tonic for ladies. If you
are suffering from weakness
and, feel exhausted and ner
vous; are getting thin and al
run down; Gilniore's Aro
matic Wine will bring roses
to your cheeks and restore
you to flesh and plumpness
JUotners, use it. ( tor your
daughters. ' It is the bes
regulator and. corrector for
ailments , peculiar to woman
hood. It promotes digestion
enriches the blood and gives
lasting strength. Sold , by
Matthews Bros., Scranton.
element In Montreal Us trade and com
merce have been seriously .encroached
upon py the latter city; and Blnce the
lumber and shipping trade of the city
have declined, many enterprising fac
tories have been established here,
The chief Interest of Quebec, how
ever, lies not in its commerce, but in its
historical attractions. . in passing
through the quaint and narrow streets
one: feels that he , Is treading . on a
strange and weird world, wholly at va
riance with the rest of our continent.
The streets are narrow, crooked and
ften very steep, winding up and down
almost mountainous declivities, and the
houses generally are built of cut stone
In a style of severe simplicity. These
quaint buildings crowding along the
water's. edge and penciling, on- the very
mountain side, its massive walls and
battlements rising, tier upon tier, to
the famous citadel, crowning the moun
tain top, dominating the magnificent
lundscape' for many miles around,
plainly tell of a place and a people with
All about this ancient stronghold,
first of the French and then of the
English, every height and hill side has
been the scene of desperately fought
battles. Here the French made their
last fight for empire In America In the
ever memorable battle in which Wolfe
and Montcalm fell. But peace has pre'
vailed for over a hundred years the
fortifications are giving place to ware
houses, manufactories, hotels and unl
versltles and the great new docks of
massive masonry, located on the St
Charles, and also opposite tho city at
Point Levis, besides other harbor Im
provements, Indicate that Quebec is
about to re-enter the contest with Mon
treal for commercial supremacy In Can
ada; and the capacious hotel, "The
Chateau Frontenac," built by the Can
adian Pacific railroad officials, occupy'
Ing on Dufferin terrace one of the most
magnificent sites in the world, is the
latest great step In this direction.
Entering the City. '
We have Bet before our readers the
special feature of Quebec, as seen from
the river and opposite shore before en
tering the city. Now let us land and
view In detail,, however brief, the most
striking monuments, military, ecclesi
astical and civil, of this matchless
Mecca of tourists. As one puts foot on
this historic soil, the ancient and for
elgn aspect of the city Impresses you.
One writer Says:
"The quaint, picturesque figures of
the Inhabitants, their alien speech
their primitive vehicles of locomotion,
thelrantlque French houses huddled to
gether and poised up high on the edge
of the cliff, the enwalled citadel and
menacing fortifications, the narrow
nrooked streets and winding steep as
cent to the Upper Town, recall some old
world capital; a survival of mediaeval
A visitor on landing by steamer, or
entering the city by rail, will be met by
that characteristic personage to be
found everywhere, the Caleche driver, if
not for much enlightenment, for the
means at least of getting to and fro In
Old Quebec,'" and ItA Interesting envi
rons, for without such or similar aid
slow progress would be made. Secur
lng a Caleche, whose driver cun talk
English, we commence to take In the
antiquities at the rate of $1 for the first
hour and a half dollar for each sue
Journeying In the Caleche.
A caleche is a Jaunty, one horse, two
wheeled, hooded vehicle, usually very
shabby looking and peculiar to Quebec
It reminds one of a covered buggy on
stilts, being perched, on two large
wheels at a height. difficult to enter and
alight from; but once located, the pns
senger finds the springs bo constructed
os to ride with ease, even for long dlst
ances. It is drawn by a homely, but
hardy little horse with a driver (or
"carter,", as he Is called,) sitting on a
narrow "ledge" In front, which Is aim
ply an extra heavy dashboard, of the
English design. These "carters" are
usually French Canadians, who diiv
up and down the-long, winding hills
at a break-neck speed, urging thel
horse forward by the sharp, dissyllabic
cry, "Marchedonc." The caleche Is not
adapted for carrying luggage, only In
tended to accommodate two persons be'
sides the driver.
After a winding passage of a half
hour through narrow streets and lanes,
at an elevation or grade, say, one foot
In four, from Lower Town to Upper
Town, we are landed first on Dufferl
terrace, at "The Chateau Frontenac,
a combination of an ancient castle and
moaern notei; nere we register our
names and enjoy Its comforts, Its court
esles, and the enchanting views
many days. This hotel Is one of the
handsomest and most convenient hotels
In America, worthy of special mention
In another letter.
John E. Richmond,
HER BEAUTIFUL EYES.
O her beautiful eyes! they are as blue as
as the dew
On the violet's bloom when the morning
And the light of their love Is the gleam of
tha sun ....
O er tho meadows of spring where the
- ' quick shadows run.
As t lie morn shifts tho mists and the
clouds from the skies- - ....
So I stand In the dawn of her beautiful
And her beautiful eyes are as midday to
When the llly-bell bends with the weight
or the bee,
And the throat of the thrush Is a pulse tn
the neat, .
And the senses are drugged with the
subtle and sweet . .
And delirious breaths of the air's lulla
Bo I swoon In the noon of her beautiful
O her beautiful eys! they. have smitten
i mine own
As a glory glanced down from the glare of
And I reel, and I falter and fall, as afar
Fell the shephtrd3 thut . looked on the
mystic Btar, .
And yet dazed In the tidings that bade
Bo I grope through the night of her beau
James Whltcomb Riley.
No sun no- moon!
No morn no noon-
dawn no dust no proper tlmo of
No sky no earthly vhw .
'No distance looking blue-
No road no street no "t'other side the
Ne end to any Row ,
No Indications where the Crescents go
No top to any steeple '
No recognition of familiar people.
Na courtesies for showing 'em
No knowing 'em! ...
No travelling at all no locomotion
No Inkling of the way no notion
"No go" by land or ocean
Na mal' no post
Nd news from any foreign coast-
No pork no rlng--no afternoon gentility
No company no nobility
No warmth, no cheerfulness, no health
No comfortable feel In any moniber
No shade, no shine; ho butterflies, no beoi
' No fruits, bo flowers, no leaves, no birds,
- ' November!
Neu) Use for the
' ' ' 'Phone Button
ou Press It and It Docs the Work
of a Tcltpfione Operator.
ARRANGEMENT IS AUTOMATIC
Description of tho Ingenious Method
Which Promises to Do Away with tho
Force of Employes Now Needed
at Telephone Exchanges.
A Philadelphia exchange contains the
following- concerning the manner in
hich the automatic telephones, which
are being introduced In this city, are
operated: , ,
The reporter was shown the automatic
telephone Instrument In the office of the
company, and saw that the receiver was
an ordinary one, but the transmitter
was of porcelain and metal and of dif
ferent shape from the ordinary one. Be
neath the transmitter box was a small
keyboard with four black keys above,
the first being designated by the word.
hundreds,"-the next "tens," the third,
units" and the last, "release."
"The system Is very simple'remarked
one of the company's officials. "You
make your own connection with this
keyboard, and are thus entirely Inde
pendent of any central exchange ope
rator. The first key here Is hundreds,
and you press lt once,. If the number
wanted Is of three figures. You press
the tens and units for the others. Ob
Berve now, I will call 1G4, which Is the
president's office. You see I press the
hundreds key once, the tens six times
and the unltB four times, and then
have the connection. Then I ring the
bell and call up the subscriber I want.
No delay and no possibility of mistake
unless I make it, and then lt Is InBtantly
corrected. Unless connected the bell
does not ring. That Is hew you can
know that the subscriber called Is busy.
You can then call him again and again
until you get him. Y'ou observe we have
only four keys here, but more can be
added. Thus for four figures we will
put on a 'thousands' key. Then you
would push thatonceand your hundreds
and other keys as many times as re
quired to get your connection.
Switchboards Are Automatic.
' "We have an exchange, but no ope
rators, as the switchboards are autom
atlc."' The switchboard differs mater
ially from that of the ordinary tele
phone, and perhaps the use of the word
board In connection with lt Is hardly
proper; but lt will do. In this system
there Is an automatic switch for each
subscriber. This Is operated by two
pairs of magnets and armatures and the
corresponding levers with one shaft
and raehet wheels. Tho essential part
of the switch is four and one half Inch
es long, four Inches high and one and
one-quarter Inches wide. There Is no
complicated machinery to get out of
order, and its action is sure and accu
rate. "Do you see the possibilities of this
automatic switch V" queried the electrl
clan, and added: "They are many.
and as I said before, we can give any
kind of service desired. Each subsciib
er has his own switch, which can only
be manipulated by his own telephone,
As you saw at the telephone there is a
'release' key. : This Is to disconnect, and
you see when the line Is In use the bell
does not ling. A subscriber who does
not wish to be bothered for any reason
can disconnect his telephone so that he
cannot be called until he so desires. He
can also talk as long as he pleases with
out any Interruption, for no one, cen
tral employer or others, can call him
until he connects again.
"If for any particular reason a sub
scrlber objects to any particular sub
scriber calling him he can be entirely
disconnected, while at the same time
keeping his other connections. Thus
each subscriber Is entirely Independent
of the company In the use of his tele
phone. He has his own keyboard on
his telephone and operates his own au
tomatic switch In the exchange. There
Is simply an attendant there to see that
the switches work all right
"In what does the transmitter you
use differ from that of the ordinary tele
Points of Difference.
"It Is a magneto telephone, similar to
the long-distance, and requires no bat
tery. The only battery used by the au
tomatic Is at the central In operating
the automatic switches. The transmit
tef Is the same all the time, and never
rattles like the Bell,-which uses the ml
crophone with a battery. In our tele
phone you can talk as loud or as close
as you please. The louder you talk the
better you can be heard, and every word
Is distinct, no matter what tone you use
You are not compelled to talk loud, you
understand, but what I moan Is that
you can't talk so loud that you cannot
be heard distinctly. Every telephone
has & metallic circuit, thus preventing
outside Induction, and can assure you
that the automatic is the coming sys
- ' ' Nut a Dozen Democrats,
From the Philadelphia Inquirer.
There will not be a doten Democrats In
the next house from all the north put to
got In-r Vtslde of Now York. Five un
known Democrats have pulled through
there, and these five will be eq ml to one
half the strength of the rest of the Demo
cratic representatives this side of Mason
and Dixon s line. "W hat a fall was there,
my countrymen!"- ;
Beecham's pills are for bili
ousness, bilious ' headache
dyspepsia, heartburn, torpi
liver, dizziness, sick headache
bad taste in the mouth, coated
tongue, loss of appetite, sal
low skin, when caused by con
stipationt and constipation is
the most frequent cause of al
Book free; . pills , 2 sc. At
drugstores, or write B. F. A!
leu Co., 365 Canal St., New
I FAT PEOPLE
YCU CRn reduce your weight psrms
iwntty from 10 to 10 pounds month
at home, secretly, without slinrlng, lickntst
or Injury, by the uteof
i DB. CLARKE'S HOUIE TPTPlfllT.
rerroctea in manTycanf pmctlce. Cause
no Wrinkles erPlsbbincn. Stent Abdoffltns,
imticult Breathing, relieved by sure Mlen
tiflo methods. No experiments. Guaran
teed. Bet Rcfaranees. rrlee within teach
ofalL Write today. PoelUv proofi and
DR. F. B. CLARKE,
OftAWt 193. CHICAOO, ILL.
Of Quaker Oats sold
and cheapest breakfast
Sold only In a
J. LAWRENCE STELLE,
134 Wyoming Avenue, Scranton,
That we WILL GIVE you beautiful new pat-
terns of Sterling SILVER SPOONS and
rORKS for an equal weight, ounce for ounce,
of your silver dollars. All elegantly en
graved free. A large variety of new pafr
terns to select from at
307 LACKAWANNA AVENUE. '
jtym Also a Full Line of
si - 1 WU IIS'
PI w-ST-"i I SUPPLIES.
II Hold Fast,. H
w Steel Cen- f , 4 rY An r rv Tl 7n
VI tered, Self- " M U J J Jf,
Sharpening, J 1 l It t V HI
Detachable ff j Ul IV UU UU U VU
We have the following supplies of lumber secured, at
prices tnat warrant
Pacific Coast Red Cedar Shingles.
"Victor" and other Michigan Brands of
White Pine and White Cedar Shingles,
Michigan White and Norway Pine Lum
ber and Bill Timber.
North Carolina Short and Long Leaf
Miscellaneous stocks of Mine Rails, Mine Ties, Mine
Props and Mine Supplies in general.
THE RICHARDS LUMBER COMPANY
COMMONWEALTH BUILDING, SCRANTON, PA.
fX The aroat remedy
iii' sumption and
nkniRK and Ai-i'KU LR1NU nte to euro or Kiunc fiiH tnoney. Hold at 81. oo per Dox, noxest
For Sale by C. M. HARKIS, Drucclak, 17 feuu Avenue.
8ometla needia. reliable, Bjonthlr,ro(niltlrjf medicine. Only haraltu
' the pureat drugs ifaould M naod. II you want th beat, get
Dr. Peal's Pennyroyal Pills
They are prompt, safe anil certain In remit The famine (Dr. Foal'i) oerer fuap-i
nolnt. Sent anwbere, f 1.00, Address tiuL Ulsiaucal C Clerelaod, O,
For Saleby JOHN H. PHELPS,
Spruce Street, Scranton, Pa.'
Eaooaaie y ths Hiamey Mseiett. Aurxeumte
lMHAMn will euro you. A
wonderful boon to aufferen
from !ldat SnreThrouc
or II A FEVER. Aftrtt
immtdiatirtlitf. An efficient
remedy, convenient to Mm?
In pocket, reaily to pe on flrt Indication at colli
Continued Ves Kfeate Permanent rare.
Sntlaf union mmrantocd or money re funded. Prle,
60 elm. Trial free nt lnint"ta. Kenlstered mall,
tu cents. H.B.CUSIail,Mr.,IrJmi,aiti., B.it
MrMTMOl Tn 'ret and aafeat remedy for
"I til I nillm all akin dUeeaesJCcaema, Itch.sir
Rheum,old Sores, Hums, Cuts. Wonderful re-jj.'
dy for PH. K. Price, t ote. t Ilrua-r f(
yiate or by ron.ll prepaid. Addreaaaaaboye. D.i.rrt
For sale by Matthews Bros. arv John
Complexion Presenratl .
Bemovei Ftw lei, Pimples, i
Liver Mores. Blackheads! ,
Sunburn ftr tf Ten, and ru
tnrea the akin ti Urn nrlrrt.
nal frcsWhesa. produoisg
clear' tad healthy com-
.l.lr.ri IwM.ln. n all f
rreparatloni and perfwlly harmlMi. At all
OruggUta, or mailed iur Sttcu. Beud lor Circular,
VIOLA SKIN 80AP la amply lew"!-" aa i
stia tmillflnt Ht-p, anitit and wllhonl a
rlial M Un emery, ifcwlawbr ear ana daltoetaly avU
, aaud. At snail Pripe J5 Cents.
G. C. BITTNavftA CO., Tot.ioo, O.
. For sale by Matthewe Broa. and John
in 1893. Why? Best
food in the wide world.
f CLOUGH & WARREN.
SUPERIOR TO ALL OTHERS.
us in expecting a large
the trade :
Juniata County, Pennsylvania, White
Sullivan County Hemlock Lumber and
Tioga County Dry Hemlock Stock
Elk County Dry Hemlock Joists and
RESTORED MANHOOD g
lornommn uroitratlon and nllnorrouadlseajca of
jjfm- "i0 fenoratlvo organs of cltliar iox. aurhna Nnrvona Fruitratk 11, fail
(TtvfV; In or I"t Manhood, Invjotcncj, Kleblly Kmlsalons, Youthful Krrcra
liiMnllj - . With erery SS order we ilTO a written xuar'
Pharmacist, Cor. Wyoming Avenuo and
Atlantic Refining Go
Manufacturers and Dealers In
Linseed 011, Napthas and Gaso
lines of all grades. Axle Oleosa,
Pinion Grease and Colliery Com
pound; also a large line of Par
alflnu Wax Candles.
We also handle the Famous CROWN
ACME OIL, the only family safety
burning oil In the market.
Wm. Mason, Manager.
Ofllce: Coat ExchaRiie, Wyoming Ave.
Works at Pine Brook.
HOW TO MAKE MONEY.
If jon wlab to be auceea.nil In PF.CU-
rain or etorae, write aur
j. 5. BKOWMNQ A CO.
BANKERS AND BROKERS,
la every State
It MONAPNOCK BUIkDINS