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Tim: SCl? ANTON TlilJJtTNE-SATURDAY MORNING. SEPTEMBER 15. 1894.
A GOOD CARRIAGE.
Why Oo Grandmother Held Themselves
An English writer, In spooking of the
Yaluo of currying oneself well,- rctiinrks
thnti when our grandmothers were ktU
ftad.stralglit lacked ohairu lustuud of ouih-
T4.II3Tl MADE GOWN,
ioned divans were the usual routing 'plneea
tbe young woinon bold thoniselves with a
Strulglituess that was almost stiffness.
Than when they "grew bid they still held'
themselves Ukeduchcxses, for it la the way
one Bits rather than tbe exerclso one takes
that determines the erectness of the figure.
A prominent physician says that the proper
lttlng position requires that the tplno
shall be kept straight, and that the sup
port needed for tho upper part shall be felt
In tho right place. Therefore It is noces
tary to sit as for back In the chair as pos
sible, so that the lower end of tho splno
shall be braced against tho back of the
eat. If this back is straight, the shoul
ders will also rest against it, Due even irtne
shoulders have no point of support It will
bo found that they do not noed it when
the base of the spine is supported properly.
This position mokes no strain upon the
ligaments of the spine. Every organ of
the body is properly fixed by this attitude.
The feet should rest squarely upon the
floor. The hands should rest lightly In
the lap, and thus perfect equilibrium and
rest are secured.
- A woman with a fine carriage, good
taste in dross and plenty of self confidence
requires neither beauty, wit nor talent to
be a social success. Her merits are obvious
at first sight, needing no long acquaint
ance in order to be appreciated. For wom
en of this type tho tailor made gown is
particularly appropriate, and the sketch
shows a pretty one of line checked oloth.
The bodice forms a blouse in front, but
has a basque behind. The stitched straps
are of white cloth and the buttons of moth
er of peorL J UDio CHOLLET.
EXERCISE FOR WOMEN.
Bicycling, Walking, Dumbbell and Horse
Since the Idea that women cannot bo
strong mentally and physically, too, is not
yet quite done away with, it behooves
them to take particular pains to disprove
All who can possibly enter a gymnasium
should do so, for publio gymnasiums are
now so conducted that by following the
directions of the Instructors it is almost
linpossl Me to exercise in such a way as will
be detrimental to health, but those who
are unable or unwilling to do this can by
simple means build up and improve the
body at home. For strengthening and de
veloping the legs nothing can bo bettor
than walking. A simple but most useful
exercise which all can practice is that of
breathing. When the breathing capacity
is increased, tho general health Is im
proved. For the breathing exercises throw
the head up, the shoulders back and tho
ebest out. Inflate the lungs through the
liose until full, then exhale quickly until
the lungs ore empty and finish with long
drawn inspirations. This should be dono,
If possible, out of doors. - For strengthen
ing and developing tho upper part of the
body a pair of light dumbbells Is all that
Horseback riding and fencing are excel
lent exercises, but for the majority of
women bicycling is more convenient, and
as a general amusement it bids fair to
rival the popularity of tennis. The long
Skirt has almost disappeared as a bicycling
garment, owing to the trouble it causes in
mounting and the danger of its becoming
wound up in tho gearing while the ma
chine is in motion. Short skirt or full
trousers are now the rule. A sketch is
given of a Frenoh bicycling costume modo
of waterproof serge. The gaiters are of
oloth to match, and tho hat Is of straw.
Ants and Aphides.
Tbe ants are on the leaf and walking
gently over the aphides, examining them
one by one, the latter remaining perfectly
motionless. One of them pauses for a long
time over an aphis; she appears to be ca
ressing it, bow stroking, now gently flagel
lating its body with her flexible antenna.
At length the insect responds, and from
pne of tbe pair of little funnels on the
back there issues a single drop of a clear
fluid, not expelled with force, as it often is
when the insects relieve themselves of it,
but gently exuded, the ant standing ready
to receive it and then proceeding leisurely
to suck it up. The ants go from one in
sect to another, sometimes receiving a
drop of liquid, but often having to pass on
disappointed, their benefactors having ap
parently none ready to give in many cases.
After a time they have exhausted the
whole colony, and they go around inquisi
tively stroking one after the other as U re
luctant to leave until they have made sure
that there is no more to be got.
These aphides are of a species distinct
from those on the rose tree, with which the
ants have been in all probability previously
engaged. They differ In shape, color, size,
and in the shape and length of the necta
ries, but the actions of both the giver and
the receiver show an Intuitive knowledge
of each other, which can only be accounted
for by uu ancestry on both sides stretching
back over an immense period, during which
an intimate relationship must have ex
isted between both classes of insects.
Cornhill Magazine. .
' A Hungry Man's llrcams.
One of tho worst evil attonding penal
servitude is said tube the hunger which
assails a man with u healthy appetite dur
ing the first few months or years of his im
prisonment. A lu.tu who has just done a
long term for foreery says: ' '
I used to go to hid every night pinched
bv hunger. I begun dreamingof bouquets,
and would have thought nothing strange
shout it had not the same drcuiu come to
me every night. The banquet was always
the sumo, in tho same place, and I always
bad the same place at the table.
The exasperating thing about it wni
that just as the first course was offered I
always awoke, so thut even in my dreams
I was not permitted to taste of the munifi
cent spread which was nightly presented
to me in my sleep.
I dreaded to go to bed because the
dream tortured me. It only made me the
hungrier, ami I then understood the agony
of Tantalus, the tabled hero who was tor
tured with thirst, and to whose lips the
waters were ever coming and receding just
as he was in the act of taking a drink.
GOWN3 FOR THE MIDDLE AGED.
Mothers and Grandmother May Be At
tired In Soft Bright Tints.
In color and In tho shape of dress mat
tors have altered very greatly to the ad
vantago of an elderly woman of Tate. years.
It need to bo an artlclo of faith with her
and her dressmaker that she must not be
too smart, and a sort of luraplness pervad
ed her general aspect. It is now, however,
tho young people who insist that their
mothers and their grandmothers shall not
give themselves up lu the matter of dress
and take on for their own wear tho hope
less habiliments to which they once would
have been doomed. Daughters now throw
sway their mothers' caps or give thera
to the housekeeper, and with a pretty tyr
anny insist that tho soft rolls of white
hnlr shall bo arranged In such fashion as
to set forth to the best advantage tbe fad
ing features that they love so well The
mother of CO protests and thinks she
ought to wear black or at the most dork
gray and fears that her now gown is too
fashionably cut. lint these objections are
generally overruled, and both sons and
daughters love to suo their mothers pretti
ly dressed in soft bright tints and wear
ing garments which do not obscure the
graceful figures that, many women man
ago to retain well on into old age. The
middlongpd woman of today is as smart
in dross as her prototype of 20 years ago
was dowdy and antique. That this free
dom Is occasionally, misused la an una
voidable thing; but, on the whole, it Is an
advantageous change, as the conscious
ness of looking well always improves the
spirits and manner.
The illustration shows a princess house
gown suitable for a middle aged woman.
It is of ophclia surah, lined with taffeta.
A flounce of lace, headed by pearl passe
monterie, simulates a deep yoke. The belt
Is of white satin ribbon, and a Jui'a ruche
surrounds tho neck.
MADE OVER GOWNS.
Bow to Make Them Attractive at Little
To romodol an old evening dress for or
dlnary nse ndd a deep basque, full if one
is slender, slightly gathered if the oppo
site. Such a basque is extremely pretty in
Iaco, plaited surah or plaited silk muslin,
and at once renews the youth of the toi
let. Laco blouses made with long basques
are also worn by the economical over old
gowns of a bright color and smarten them
up wonderfully. Over-skirts and blouses
of light jetted loos also renovate old silks,
whatever their hue. To successfully fill up
the decollHttage and turn a ball gown into
a serviceable domitoilet buy two lengths of
lace or of black or white guipure, according
to the color of tho gown. The first should
be about 1 4 fingers in Width, the second
still wider; Take the narrower, turn up
the edge to make a frill round the neck
and gather it into five parallel rows at the
throat The second piece, whiob should
be deep enough to fall to the waist, lsthon
gathered so as to form a point In the cen
ter, cut out over tho shoulders, gathered
and pointed similarly at the back, whore
it fastens invisibly. To keep nil In place
a Frenchwoman would sew a button on
to the evening dress and secure tho lace to
it. The junction of the two pieces Is bid
den by an .insertion of jet passementerie
that runs round like a yoke and Is crossed
at the shoulders by two semi braces of the
same, ending oil back and front with
heavy jot fringe. Ribbon to match one's
belt may be introduced, undor the inser
tion, and a gown available for theater
weer or for a small party IS thus construct
ed at but little tmnhln nr Arnnnon
. The sketch shows a simple chiffon i
Diouee, wolon may be made with an old
silk bodice as a foundation. The chiffon
Is gathered the throat agd belt and
smartened by tbe addition of lace about
the neck and on the elbow sleeesj.
o o o
BEGGING TO BE BOUGHT.
AH Sorts of Pretty Tottery and China Are
In That Posture.
Slnco tho Reneral business depression
oriental gocxls havo been selling at aiiton
i.shinejy low prices In comparison with
tneir former cost. Jnpnncso pnxluctfi, nl
ways a temptation to tho im-uutlous ob
server, nro additionally ensnaring now
that that they havo Ixicn so vigorously
"marked down." lllro 1c and gold screens
of various sizes are shown at a bai-gnln,
whllo all sorts of pretty pottery and china,
useful an well ns decorative, nro begging
to be bought. Ono of tho mont attractive
novelties is a pottery jar tho slzo and
shupo of a fraio fruit, curiously shaded
with yellow and green like a half rlpo
gourd and decorated with gold medallions.
There are also shown some new Japanese
pincushions made in tho form of an car
of maize, with the green husk still partly
enveloping it and a withered looking tas-
EMBROIDERED BAG. ,
sol of silk at the tip. The Jnpancso art!
flclal flowers sold for decorative purposes
are really wonderful. The blooming cher
ry branches are especially notieeablo for
tho fidelity of reproduction. Jupnnese art
ists have a particular fondness for fruit
blossoms, and tho cherry is a favorite, be
ing copied by thorn more frequently than
any other flower except the chrysanthe
A great many French and Vlcnncso glass
and metal novelties nro imported by estab
lishments making a specialty of them, and
things may often bo found tliero which
are never scon at the large fancy goods
liousos generally patronized. Somo bcauli
ful vases and row bowls of water green
glass are exhibited, both plain and deco
rated with embossed garlands la gold, be
sides a variety of cups and saucers, troys
and similar articles of fine china sprinkled
all over with tiny roses, pansles or forgot
menots. Also there nro marvelously life
like littio birds and animals made of metal
and enameled in tho natural colors. These
arc most artistically done.
A sketch is given of a fancy bag having
a square bottom and triangular sides, In
Blde of which Is tho gathered bag of silk.
The still bottom and sViiu, which are all
in ono piece and are bent into shape, are
covered with silk or plush, and the edge is
finished with a cord. Each triangle has a
sprig or liowers embroidered upon It, and
the lower corners are adorned with small
bows of ribbon. ' '.
Suggestion! About Gloves and Concerning
Parisian women are the best gloved in
tbe world, but most of them wear 0)4 or
6 gloves. These are Dot the smallest
sizes for a pretty hand, but are those worn
by many of the fairest of the sex neverthe
less, for a tight glovo Is a perfect abomi
nation. It makes the hand look larger in
stead of smaller.
When tired, warm and weary after a
day's outing, do not plunge the face in
cold water, expecting to be refreshed, or
you will bo more than disappointed. After
tho first cooling contact with the water tho
flesh will smart and burn more uncom
fortably than ever. Instead of soothing
the overheated skin, cold water acts as an
irritant, whereas tepid or hot water pro
duces a contrary and desirable effect.
After removing the dust And cleansing tho
pores thoroughly a buttermilk rub will
heal, whiten and keep tho skin tissues in
a healthy condition. The sun glaring on
hot brick and mortar and hot dusty pave
ments is very bard on tho eyes. Bathing
the eyes in tepid rulnwater and cpsom
salts or diluted extract of witch hazel will
allay inflammation and rest thein wonder
fully Tho Mario Antoinette fichu Is very pop
ular in Paris, especially with taffeta gowns.
It tics at tho back, with long ends falling
on tho skirt, and Is made either of net ami
edged with lnco or of glace silk and trim
med with rallies. .
A new sleeve Is sliowi in tho cut. The
lower part is of guipure, tho puff of accor
dion plaited goods. A guipure cap Is
placed over the puff, and that again is sur
mounted by a box plaited epaulet linod
With Silk. JCDIC CHOLLET,
wuby's First Step,
A well kept baby will walk when he
gots ready. He doesn't need any lessons.
Let him alone. Sec that his falls are bro
ken and his hurts kissed better, but don't
teach him to Iki a tramp. Urging a child
to stand alone- is an excellent way to crip
ple him for life. When the young bird's
wings are strung, ho knows it and files
off. As soon as the baby's legs are strong
enough to support him, ho, too, will stand
up and walk off. Give him A chance.
Sure to Ue Select.
Farmer Peavlok Bo you folks goln te
the church social at the Corners this even
lnr Mrs. Summerboard I think not. We
rarely go to affairs of thut klud unless
they are very select.
Farwor-Pcavlok Oh, this here'll be se
leot enough I The selectmen uv tbe vil
lage is all goln to be there. Boston Her
ald. . A Baying Transposed.
Wife Please set tin, John. The baby
is crying again, uud I'm too sick.
Husband Kothing but trouble in this
bouse! Never rains but it pours, and
Husband And as to the baby, it never
pains but it roars. Pittsburg Bulletin.
THEIR ! IS
TO BE F
Misguide! Korlals Who Q ill Llfa Simply to
Mike a Short Sensation,
SOUlc ODDITIES IN SUICIDES
One Feather Brained Couple in New
York Who Decided to Die Together
Fearing Lest They Should Bo
Parted In Life Other Pathetic In
stances Have Also a Ridiculous Side.
eitr Vie Saturday ly.luim
There nro all sort of motives for sui
cides, but tho most unworthy of all is to
quit lifo for tho sako of notoriety. Vat
tel, a cook for one of the great French es
tates, killed himself because the fish ar
rived too late for dinner At tho age of
98 years Zctio, the founder of Stoics, fell
and put his thumb out of joint. This was
a hint to him that he had lived long
enough, so ho went borne and hanged him-
JULIETTE FOURNIER. JULIUS DB MARCUS,
self. A German, trying to omulato an
Englishman who leaped Into Vesuvius,
dived Into a furnace. A Frenchman, not
to be outdone by olthcr, tied himself to an
enormous rocket and blow himself into a
t blnzo of glory.
Tho doublo suicide in Now Jfork a few
days ago by those two deluded feather
heads who shot themselves in Central
park was perhaps as ignoble an affair ol
tho kind as has recently occurred. Julius
de Marcus was S3 years old, end Juliette
Fournier was 17 years old. They went to
Central park together somo time in the
afternoon, and the next morning their
bodies woro found in tho ramble She had
promised to let him kill her, perhaps coax
ed him to die with her, and she faced his
pistol with bared breast. Thoy wore in
love and planned the crimes to make as
big a sensation ns possible. They left
many silly farewell letters, some of which
are given below.
Thero was ono in French addressed to
the authorities of tho city. It read:
We die in perfect health and with cleat
minds. Wedle for lovo. We are happy. It Is
our wish that no autopsies be made upon us,
aiid 11 Is our final request that no knife be
Used upon our bodies, and that we be buried
together in one grave, If possible. We are both
freethinkers and do not care in what Ceme
tery we are burled. I hope that my beloved
parents will favor me with my last request and
bury Juliette and myself in one grave. Idle
for her end she for me. We do not wish to be
parted in lifo or in death. We beg all for for
giveness and arc as happy as ever.
Julius de Marcus.
Then camo letters from tho woman.
Thero was only a line to the husband who
gave her a name, simply:
Pardon. I despair and prefer to die.
Another, to her father, J. Fournier:
BnooKLTH, Aug. 20, 1894.
Deaii Papa. I am bold enough to call you by
this name once more, for this is the last time
you will ever hear from me. When this reaches
you, I shall be dead. I die happy. It is no ono'i
fault. Forgive me all the misery I havo caused
you; also this last blow. Your little daughter,
who loves you, Juliette.
That to her mother was dated Monday
My Damjno Motmk-I beg your pardon
for the pain lam about to caugo you. When
you receive this I shall be dead. Pardon me
and think sometimes of your littio girl, who
loves you and cegrets all the trouble she has
Caused you. Adieu and pardon.
On the man there were nine photo
graphs, clippings from ono of the dally
papers wherein Robert Q. Ingorsoll is said
to favor suicide under certain conditions,
a pocket mirror, a little money and a gold
ring. Six of the photographs were of tho
Juliette was married about a year ago
to Henri Fournier, her father's brother,
who is 87 years old. In her pocket and on
her person wore found a pocketbook con
taining a bunch of keys and a bluck veil,
a sword scarfpin, a gold hatpin, a wed
ding ring, a small diamond ring, an em
erald ring, a gold baud ring, a wire
gold ring and a pair of diamond earrings.
These facts recall another case where a
young actress ond her artist lovor commit
ted suicide together In Now York some
three years ago. Uustare Koch was a
bright and handsome Austrian German
who had como to this country and mar
ried a woman who proved unfaithful. Ho
obtained a divorco and soon aftor formed
the acquaintance at his boarding house of
a young and hnndsomo girl, Emily Rossi.
Her fnthor was a well known singer in
Germany. Her -mother is still a well
known writer of short stories for maga
zines. Tho girl was educated with a View
of making her tho wife of somo noblo and
well to do Gorman, but she revolted and
beennio an actress ngnlnst the angry pro
tests of her mother. They were thus hope
lessly estranged, and as far as can be
known this was tho exciting causo of her
self destruction. Sho could not get tho
permission of hor parents to marry Koch,
and thon, as near as can be ascertained,
they decided upon the cowardly uctof sul-
EMILY IIOSSI. OCSTAVE KOCH.
cido together. Ono morning Just at day
light Koch ascended the steps to tho ele
vated railway station near where Miss
Rossi lodged. Ho passed through the gate
to tho end of tho platform and took his
stand about a dozen feet from tin win
dow, ut which a figure was seen to appear.
Then ho put tho pistol to his templo and
fired. His aim was true, and he fell dead.
At the same instant a pistol sounded in
tho room above, and when her lundludy
entered sho found Emily Rossi dead. A
small hole was in her breast, and a pistol
lay on tho Door beside tier. The pistols
were of the same mnko and had been
bought by Koch. When he Walked honCj
w 1th Emily the evening before, be carried
them in a paper candy box and alluded to
the contents in conversation with a friend
"those precious candles." The funerals
of tbe two suicides took place at the same
time. Their bodies were cremated.
Poisonous Fly IHtea,
We are wont to speak of slight disorders
as "flea bites'1 (which Arab;. no means to
be confounded with llebitis), but it now
appears that fly bites, at least, may be
very serious. It is not the gadfly we are
warned against, but the hitherto supposed
to be harmless (and "neccsnary") house
hold fly. It Is the old story cf living
germs again, "in the Inoculation of which
this little creature, notwithstanding the
weakness of its mandible, takes its share."
Another terror Is thus added to our daily
life. The true origin of the proverb, "He
would not hurt a fly," Is now made ap
parent; such Is tho mildness of his dis
position, it means thaOie would not even
tlestioy that enemy of the huuma race tho
I possess a little dog ngainrt whom two
reproaches have long been hurled first,
that he is not a sporting dog, and sec
ondly, that he is useless. It Is quite true
that his notions of sport aro restricted; he
will not tackle a rat nnd has somo appre
hension about tackling a mouse unless it
Is in a very fecblo condition. But to see
him in pursuit of a blucbottlo fly is to wit
ness n chase of the most enlivening de
scription, and half of it up in the air. I
confess that I often join with him on wet
days in this harmless recmatlon (fur he
never, by any accident, catches the blue
bottle). When left alone, however, he will pur
sue the common housefly with great suc
cess, especially when it is on the window
pane. Hitherto I have frowned on this
recreation as being cruel and even barbar
ous, for he not only kills but devours these
small deer, but I now perceive that he is
actuated by benevolence toward the human
race. London Illustrated News.
A Pair of Suspender.
"Did I understand you to say," inquired
the lively drummer as the train sped on
ward, "that you were In the suspends
"You did," was the reply; "I have been
a member of the regulators for a good
many years. Know of any one that needs
stringing up, do your"
But the drummer bad imperceptibly slid
Into the next car. St. Joseph News.
Tbe most lasting monuments of the cop
per art are the old grants written on cop
per plate and coins which are constantly
being discovered and stored up In the Ma
dras Central and other museums. Tho
only nation that possesses those imperisha
ble forms of documents is India,
Didn't Like Being a Gentleman.
Among Captain R. W. Eastwlck's recol
lections are some of Colonel Wellcsley, af
terward world renowned as the Duke of
Wellington, who told him a story of a ser
geant in Wellesley's regiment. After the
declaration of war with France, and when
an invasion of England was feared, many
Volunteer regiments were raised, ar.d this
sergeant was selected to drill one of them.
Later, through the influence of an officer
of the regiment, he received a cadctship iu
the Bengal forces.
The sergeant went to India, but being
quite unaccustomed to mingle with gen
tlemen, soon found himself out of place.
Some time afterward he heard that his old
commander, Colonel Wclleslcy, was in
Calcutta. He obtained leave at absence
and hastened to that city, where he called
upon the colonel and explained bis uncom
"Sir," he said, "I am tired of being a
gentleman, and desire to be degraded back
to my former post in fact, to become a
sergeant in the Thirty-third again would
be promotion to me."
Colonel Wellcsley was glad to have so
capable a man in his service, but felt iu
honor bound to remonstrate with him for
so mistaking his own interest.
"You have attained the position of a
gentleman," he said, "and should strive to
become worthy of it." He advised him
therefore to return to his duties.
The sergeant would not litien to him.
"Saving your presence, sir," he declared,
"a gentleman is a mighty poor thing to be.
It is like being tinder continunl arrest. A
man may not do that which he desires,
that which comes natural to him, but must
always be thinking of his behavior, and
whether whivt he does is in accordance
with his station. I would sooner be a pri
vate in the line, and master of my own ac
tions when off duty, than colonel of tbe
regiment and pestered with trying to act
The man returned to bis old place in
Colonel Wellesley's regiment.
Charlotte Cushman's Love Affair.
Charlotte Cnshman, the actress, was in
love but once in her life. She met in Cin
cinnati, whero she was playing, an actor
named Clark, with whom she full in love.
Through her efforts Clnrk was advanced
to leading man in the company, and the
course of true love ran smoothly.
One night the actress met a strange
woman behind the scenes between the acts.
The woman came up to her and addressed
"You are Charlotte Cushman, the great
actress. Haven't you got enough men to
admire you without coining between man
and wife and robbing me of my husband!'',
"Your husband 1" cried Miss Cushman,
"Yes, and you have taken or you are
trying to take him from me," continued the
ragged woman, looking Miss Cushmau full
in the face.
"Who is your husband?"
"Conrad Clark," replied the woman,
"the father of this child," pointing to a
half starved, thin little child iu ber arms.
Miss Cushmnn started as if Bhe had been
She went through her part that night
as usual acted it splendidly brought
down the house; thon, after the perform
ance, she sent for Clark to come to ber
dressing room. Clark knocked und then
opened the door. She brought forward to
him his wife and baby, who had been wait
ing In the dressing room to receive him.
Such a roceptlonl Charlotte Cushman
never looked or acted so grandly on the
Btage iu all her life as she did that nUfht
In her dressing room. She waved Clark
away with a greater majesty than ever as
Queen Catherino she waved away Cardi
nal Wolsey, nnd then going to her hotel
probably she hud a good crying spell.
But she never loved again. Philadel
A Strunzo Rtilliling Legend.
Nine master rnawns who were ehsrntred
In building a citadel in the time of the
Voivoid Neagoe found on returning to
their work each morning that the portion
of tho wall which tliey had completed the
day before had fallen to pieces during the
Dight and was lying in a heap of ruins in
the ditch. Munol, of Curtea, the head ma
son, informed his comrades cue morning
that a voice from heaven had warned him
in his sleep the night before thut their la
bors would continue to comu to naught
unless they all swore on that very morn
ing to immuru in the structure the first
woman, be it wife, mother, daughter or
sister, who should arrive with the morn
ing meal of ono or either of them. They
all took the outh, and the last man hod
hardly been sworn when Maud's own wife
appeared carrying her husband's break
fast. The oath was kept, and tbe woman,
known in the legend as "Flora of the
Fields," was murdered and ber blood nud
flesh incorporated with the wall of ma
sonry. A curious practice of the Bulgarian
masons (tbe above scene is laid in llu lgariu),
which survives to tills day, testifies to the
vitality of the legend. To Insure the solid
ity of the bouses tbey build they measure
with a reed the shadow of tho first person
who posses after the digging of the founda
tion has been completed. When the founda
tion is commenced this reed is buried under
the first rock, usually the cornerstone.
St. Louis Republic
SOMETHING ABOUT PROPELLERS.
And tho Different Cairn allies That Break
These Massive Castings.
The propeller of a steamer is a compara
tively Itisixniflcant object compared with
the huge body it propels ngnlnst the com
bined forces of wave and wind, but they
come to grief frequently in a variety of
ways. A few days ago the red D steamer
Venezuela, In a cairn sea, without a breath
of wind almost, suddenly lost one blade of
her screw, just ns suddenly and with as
little cause or liotico ns overripe fruit
drops from its parent hough.
Around the dry docks are numbers of
giyiuiljc propi-llen', all in ono stae or other
of dilapidation. Some are east in t lie solid
that is to say, the hiiltIiroii:,'h which the
shaft passes and tlie funs which extend
from it are one solid casting. Others aro
built or cast, rather, in sections; the hub is
one, and each fan or blade is another,
which lit into bases made for them in tlie
hub, where they are screwed on by huge
bolts that nee set in the hub c-astinn.
Where one fan' or blade is broken it is
easily replaced, as the makers retain the
models of nil wheels or propellers, as they
are Indifferently called, which they cast.
Then the entire wheel is not rendered use
less, as in tlie case when a solidly cast pro
peller like the Venezuela's comes to grief.
It is extraordinary to see the proportion
of vessels that arrive haviug received some
damage to their propellers. Occasionally
damage is done by the shaft racing, as it is
technically called. That is cuused by the
steamship plunging head on into the trough
of a big sea, and so elevating the stern and
the propeller that it is completely out of
water, and being suddenly rid of the re
sistance the engine runs away, so to speak,
just ns an ordinary engine will do when a
driving belt slips off or breaks. Occasion
ally propellers are broken by striking
floating logs or Ice, and rarely by striking
a whale or large fish, when it is so much
the worse for the fish.
Iiut there is one curious fact always
noticeable about propellers; that is, that
the extremities of the blades are eaten
away as though by some corrosive acid.
They are pierced with holes of greater or
lesser depth, which weaken the points of
the fans so that they snap off. These
corrosions are said to be caused by the
action of the water, but it seems strange
that the wearing should take the form of
honeycombing the metal instead of wear
ing It awuy smoothly, as the mere friction
of striking tho water might be supposed
Recently screws or propellers are made
of different combinations of brass and
other metals, especially for steam yachts,
and are very costly. A short time ago
Pierpout Morgan's yacht struck a rock in
tbe sound. Tlie force of the blow smashed
one blade clean off, although fasteued on
by eight or ten 2-lueh bolls secured by
massive nuts, und a second blade was curled
up by the blow Just like a sheet of lead.
This wheel was designed by Beaver Webb,
was only a three bladcd one and yet it
cost the comparatively enormous sum of
$2,800. It was mnde of a composition
metal resembling brass in color, called
In largo ocean steamships, if the pro
pellers are not one solid casting it is usual
to cover the nuts and bolt points which
fasten tl e fans to the hub with a cement.
This is so tenacious nnd becomes so hard
when once set that it rarely breaks until
its removal becomes necessary, when it
gives the workmen a hurd tussle tore
move it. Brooklyn Eagle.
Driving Two Kings.
The king of Denmark nnd his second son,
the king of Greece, were out for a walk
and went farther than they had Intended;
dinner time was close nt hand und they
were tired. Just in the nick of time up
came a cart driven by an old peasant; they
hailed the man, asked him to give them a
lift, and were soon seated upon some sacks
in the cart.
In reply to King Christian's inquiry, the
man said he was going to the castle of
Fredensburg to try and sell the two sacks
of carrots upon which they were sitting.
After a pause the king of Greece asked
the man, "Do you know us?" to which the
peasant made answer: "How should I? I
nave never seen vou."
"Well," said King George, "I will tell
you, so that you may know in future. You
are driving e kitig of Denmark and the
king of Greece."
The peasant roared with laughter at
what he considered to lie a good joke and,
not to be behindhand, proclaimed himself
to be Frederick VI, who had been dead
The man laughed and chuckled at the
joke until the castle was in sight, the two
uionarcbs sitting silent in the cart, but
when the soldiers on guard saluted the
kings and paid the usual honors the scene
changed. Tbe two monarchs, however,
thanked him cordially for the ride, and ten
minutes afterward the man was on bis
way back, his two sacks of carrots hav
ing been purchased at a most unexpected
price. Harper's Young People.
The Growth of the Umbrella.
For years umbrellas were made of only
such materials us existed, and consequently
most unsuitable substances. Its cover
soaked up moisture, and in drying cracked
or rotted, its whalebone ribs became brit
tle, and its stick was a ponderous club,
tiring to hand and arm.
The greatest modern improvement was
the invention of the steel frame, which
took the place of whalebone, about forty
years ago, up to which period umbrellas
were j-et so expensive that the masses did
not possess them. The tips used to lie
Hindu of bone or japaned metal and fast
ened on, and the runners were fully six
nclics long. The ferrules were also much
larger than uow. The umbrella was kept
closed by a metal ring fastened to it by u
Any one, by comparing these figures with
his own trim umbrella, will note the won
derful strides which huvesiuce been made.
One will hardly credit the fact that the
perfected umbrella of today represents up
ward of 4U0 patents for parts, alterations
and improvements in manufacturing proc
esses. Clothier und Furnisher.
AYhat l'oucault Did for Science
There was one discoverer whose name. I
thiuk, was Foucault, who added to scien
tific discoveries many new ami-useful in
ventions. Foucault discovered the inven
tion of a lamp to aid in scientific discovery.
He invented a mysteriously constructed
lamp which would feed tlio carlious in
electric batteries by clockwork. Tho
works of tho clock were kept in motion by
electricity. New York Telegram.
Women in lirlekjurds.
In some of the brickyards ut Spring
wells, Mich., scores of women, it is said,
dig in the pits and carry the molds. Tho
upper parts of their bodies are ulmost
mule and tho lower parts are hardly cov
ered by course cloth. SevenU carry naked
babies while they work. They come from
Poland. New York Sun.
A Posalble Case.
The patrolman was before his chief
for having slept ou his beat on Sunday
"I am surprised, Officer Sling," said the
chief regretfully, "thnt this churgu has
been brought against you."
"So am I, sir," responded the officer.
"You were never guilty of such an 'of
fense until you took your present boat."
"Have you any excuse to offer?"
"Yes, sir," said the officer confidently,
"there's two churches in every square of
my beat, and I can't get out of hearing of
tho sermons, slrJ)etrolt Free Press.
I'UYSU IAK AMJ NUUGKON
DB. a. KDUAB DKAN has removed to 018
Upruce street, fcicrantou, fa, (Just ou
poelte couri-bouso ttquare.)
It. A. J. t-ONNELL, Office 2U1 Waauington
. avenue, corner Bpruoa street, over
r rancUe s drug store, ltesiuenoe, KM Vine st.
Cllico bouts: iU.aitolSa. m. and U to and
jt ijfttij.au p. m. Buaday, 8 to 8 p. m.
DK. W."k" ALLEN. "GlUce coT LTcki
wanna and Wushiinrton aves.; ovor Leon
ard saoe store; office hours, 10 to 13 a. m. an i
J,'.0 ,P- in-; evuuiuua at ludueuce, 512 N.
' yl'jngton sve. .
Dli. C L. I'-'kEV, 1'iuctlm limited to Lis-ear.-,
of tho Ee, Ear, Nose aud Throat;
oiHco. li Wyoming avu. Kosidenoi), SO) Vine
1 ) li. L.M. OATES. 125 Wiwuliidton Avouuj.'
X' Olheo hours, S to a.m., l.iiU to 8 uud I
-T P-"'-Kl'leni!ii :m Madison avjnn
HIH.V I. wL'NXZ, iM. 7)., UffiCOM 52 aud f
I .uramonwu.-iltu building: residence 711
Jlmliwmavo; office hours. 10 to 12, 2 to i T to
Si Sundays 2.au to 4. evenius at residence. A
spiHjlaliy made of difens.is ot the eye, ear, nosa
and throat and gynecology.
K. KAY, 206 PennAve. ; 1 to8p.m ; coil 20(12.
Dm.of women, obwtetrios and din. of chil.
I M. C. HANCK'H Law and Collation of.
t . lice No. 817 SDruce St., opposite Forest
House. Beranton, to.; collectiutis a specialty
throughout Pennsylvania; reliable corrtapondr
ente in every county.
1 hssOfa ThaTvi3, Attorneys and Conn
'i lors at Law, Commonwealth bulldhub
Washington ave. W. H. Jenmup,
HnttAf!K K Riitn
W. H. Jbsbop, Jh.
Wtuunni. nAniiM x anArr, Attor
neys and Counselors at Law, Republican
Mlding,Wahhigton ave.. Beranton, Pa.
pATTEltSON & WlLCuXTAttorueys ond
1 Counsellors at Law; oUiues 0 aud o Library
building, bcrauton. Pa.
KOSWELIi H. PATT1RAO.
Ilril I tun 11, . nr. i.-vr i,tr . .... "I..""
WILLIAM A. WILCOX.
A LKKED HAND, WILLIAM J. HAND, At
V tnrueys and Counsellors, Commonwealth
building. Hooma 19, 20 and 21.
iy F. BoYLE, Attorney-at-Law,No.ll and
' ' 20, Burr building, Washington avenue.
HENHY M. SEELY - Law ouicea iu Price
building, 12V Washington avenue.
IRANK T. OKtLL. Attornoy at Law.
J 6. Coal Exchange. Scrnnton, Pa.
MlI.TflV W I DWUV i At,'.,., ori tat i
--2LY5 HT'it I ton ay., a H. square.,
TAMES W. OAKKOUD, Attorney at Law.
o rooms 63. 6t and &V (Vimninwatli h'l-o
OAMUEL W. EDGAR, Attorney at Law,
Ofnco, 317 Sprucest,, Beranton. Pa.
A. WATRE3, Attorney at Law, 423
I J. Lackawanna ane.. Beranton. Pa,
J P. HiilTH, Counsellor at Law. Office,
1 . rooms 54. 65, M Commonwealth building.
1 R. PITCHER. Attorney at Law. Com
V.juoiiwfaltli bnllqlng. Beranton, Pa.
C, COMKOYS. 321 Spruce st
H kKI'l.iilll.l.' a
. ..... -- u.wtinj-uuuj, UOI(!
Jiatod on real estate security. 40B Bprnoe.
V. KILL AM, Attarnev-at-Law, ) Wy
oniine Bvuntin. Hi-ranton.
CCUOOL OP THE LACKAWANNA, Boron
O ton. Pa., prepares boys and girls for college
or bu8inr thoroughly train vonng children.
Catalogue at request. t).ens Bopu-mber la
Rev. Thomas M. CAtrg,
WALTF.K a. UCEI.L.
f IBS WORCESTER'S KINDERGARTEN
I'L and Fcnool, 412 Adams avenue. Pupili
received at all timoa, Kext term will open
Ci C. LAUBACH, burgeon Dentist, No, 111
t Wvomlnir ave.
R. M. Kl'KA'iTo'N. offliv. Coal F.irhnnre.
'"PHIS REPUBLIC" Bavlngs and Loan Am
J. ciution will loan you money on easier terms
and pr.y you better on luvestment than any
other ussoclntion. Call on S. JS. CALL EN
PER. Dime Bank bnlldtnir
GR. CLARK ft CO., Seedsmen. Florists
and Nurserymen; store 14S Washington
avenne; green bouse.133 North Main avenue;
tore telephone 72.
Gli AND UNION TEA CO.. Jones Hroa
TOS. KUETTEL, 5i5 Lackawanna avenne,
f J Smtnton. Pn.. manrtf'r nf Wir Snrmn.
HOI I I S AM) It KSTAU RANTS.
rpilE ELK CAFE, IK and 127 Franklin ave
1 nue. Rates reasonable.
P. Zikomib, Proprietor.
W. G. SCHENCK. IfanaffM..
Sixteenth street, one block east of Broadway,
at Union Bquara, New York.
Amerlran plan, J3.5U per day and upward.
Ct'RANTON HOUSE, near L L. & VT. pa
O teugor depot. Conductd on the European
plan. Vir-TQR Kncn, Proprietor.
AVIS HOl'PT, Architects. Rooms 21
m ana 2 commonweaitu b id e, Beranton.
1 L. WALTER, Architect. Office, rear of
J. 600 Washington avenue.
1? L. BROWN. Arch B. Architect, Price
r , huilding.128 Washington AveScranton.
I JAUER'S ORCHESTRA MUSIO FOB
JJ tails, picnics, parties, receptions, wed
dings ana concert work furnished. For terms
tddrew R. J. Bauer, conductor, UT Wyoming
ave.. over Hnlbert's music store.
OKTON D. S WARTS- WHOLESALB
lumber, Price building, Beranton, Pa.
BUppliee, envelopes, paper bags, twin
UBSta AINU U K AMES hYlK KAI.
ut L'.u lapouse avenue.
D. L. FOOTE, Ant
l.RANK P. BROWN ft CO.. WHOLE
I sale dealers in Wood ware. Cordage and
Oil Cloth, 7'JO W. Lackawanna avenue.
E. Robinson's Sons'
Wannfacttiwrt of the Celebrattf
iUU.UUU UbiB. Per Annum,
AT THE OLD DEPOT HOTEL,
Is Drenared to receive summer . hnftt-dAra
. i.iou iilq iu, tuui isn ,u urn,uuuiuK sow
muu summer rusorcs.
n Handsome comtueim
I M one or me greatest charms a woman