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THE 6CRANTON TlllEUNE--SATtrKDAlr" SEPTEMBER 8, 1894.
IS A SON Of
General W. S. Rosencrins' Parents
Botb Native to Nsar-by SjU.
THE RECORD OF A FIGHTER
He Came from Colonial Stock, with
Warrior Blood in His Veins His
Early Struggles and Triumphs.
Generous Indorsement of Gallant
Phil Sheridan -A Biography Which
Will Be Read with Interest by Grand
For the talwday Tributu.
' In the war days when Rosecrans loomed
among the prominent and promising gen
erals, the millions, to whom he was a to
tal stranger, supposed that with Schnrz,
Sigel and others he was type of the mod
ern European soldier recently American
ized. On the contrary, he was.descended
from colonial stock. His maternal grand
father was a Revolutionary soldier, the
near kin of Timothy Hopkins, one of the
W. 8. ROSECRANS.
"signers." His father, Crandall Rose
crans, descended from early Dutch im
migrants from Amsterdam. The name
signifies in Dutch a wreath of roses.
The general's parents were both reared
in the renowned valley of Wyoming, in
Pennsylvania, and settled in Ohio in
1808. William Starke was born to them
in Kingston township, Delaware county,
0.. Sept. 0, 1810.
Young Rosecrans was a quick student
and at 15 years of age had exhausted the
sprin gs of learning within his reach. He
was an ardent searcher of the Bible, and
the religious tendency colored his whole
after life. He was also proficient in
mathematical and scientific studies and
of his own volition chose a West Point
course. He obtained an appointment as
cadet wholly unaided and unknown to
his family. At the academy he was a
hard student and something of a recluse
mid religious euthusiast. While at West
Point he embraced the Roman Catholic
faith, and that step induced his younger
brother, Sylvester Horton, afterward
bishop of Columbus, but then a student
at Kenyon college, Ohio, to become a
Catholic. . In the case of the general the
youth was the father of the man. He
would not tolerate an infidel in his mili
tary household. He declared that socie
ty has no security for the morals of a
man who refuses to bow to the Supreme
Being. He also held that all theologies
other than Roman Catholic are corrup
tions of the true doctrines of the mother
church. When the war broke out, Wil
liam, the soldier, and Sylvester, the
priest, both lived in Cincinnati Sylves
ter was bishop of the diocese, and it was
believed that a coalition of family inter
ests had a marked effect upon the patri
otic action of that border city.
Cadet Rosecrans was in the class of
1842. The class opened with 112 students,
and only 58 graduated. Among them
were the Confederates Longstreet, Van
Dorn, McLaws, Lovell, R. H. Anderson,
Uustavus W. Smith and Rains, and the
Union Generals Pope, Doubleday and
Newton. Rosecrans stood third in math
ematics and fifth in general merit
The future general began with the
rank of second lieutenant in the engi
neer corps. At the age of 28 he was ap
pointed assistant professor of engineer
ing at West Point About that time he
married Miss Hegeman, daughter of a
well known New York lawyer. Ten
years later he was only a first lieutenant
and was again in the engineer service,
detailed to the navy department Weary
of waiting for promotion and larger
emoluments 'few dying and none re
signing" in these "piping times of peace"
he set an example and loft the service in
1854 to become a consulting engineer and
architect in Cincinnati. There the war
found him poor, with a wide pro
fessional reputation And powerful church
connections. His first service in the war
was the organising and drilling of Cin
cinnati's home guards for the defense of
the city. Later McClellan chose him as
engineer of the Ohio militia, and within
two months from the fall of Sumter he
held three military appointments, the
last being a brigadier generalship in the
regular army. His first command was
four regiments of volunteers the Seven
teenth and Nineteenth Ohio and the
Eighth and Tenth Indiana. Two weeks
after he assumed the reins he fought an
Isolated battle on Rich Mountain, West
Virginia, making a successful flank at
tack that decided the first campaign of
Shortly after the victory at Rich Moun
tain McClellan was called to Washington
to organize the Grand Army, and Rose
crans succeeded him at the head of the
department of West Virginia. The Con
federates hailed the change as a good
omen and nicknamed their new oppo
nent the "Dutch general." Robert E. Lee
was the Confederate commander, and the
Washington authorities, holding Lee's
abilities in high respect, frequently ad
monished Rosecrans that there was cause
to fear that he might be outgeneraled.
To one caution of the kind Rosecrans re
plied: "Not at alL I know all about
Lee. He'll make a splendid plan of a
campaign, but I'll fight the campaign
before he gets through with planning it."
Bo it turned out Lee was outgeneraled
and compelled to abandon West Vir
ginia. Finished drawings of Lee's plans
wore filed in the war department at
Richmond, and the Confederate historian
Pollard charaoterieed them as "the best
laid plans that ever illustrated the con
summation of the rules of strategy or
ver went awry on aoconnt of practical
tailorea rn their execution," , .
As a result of Rosecrans' association
with McClellan in West Virginia the
former criticised the new general in
chief officially, and his action was the
beginning of frequent breaches of eti
quette that earned him disfavor at court
He was finally succeeded in command by
The turning point of Rosecrans' up
ward career was the Iuka-Corinth cam
paign of September and October, 1802.
Ho was then an army commander and
won two substantial victories. First,
commander of a wing of the Army of the
Mississippi under Popo, he naturally suc
ceeded to the head of the army. When
Pope was transferred to Virginia, Grant
was commander of the western depart
ment The Confederate Invasion of Ken
tucky under Bragg's leadership called
for detachments from Grant's force to
meet the crisis, and the Confederates
thought they had an opportunity to in
crease the panio by making a dash from
Mississippi for west Tennessee. The
movement was led by General Sterling
Price. Simultaneously a force of Con
federates lying on the lower Mississippi
was marshaled under Earl Van Dorn to
strike for the recapture of Corinth, where
Rosecrans was intrenched. Grant had
decided to throw 9,000 men under Rose
crans eastward from Corinth and 8,000
under General Ord from Memphis to in
tercept Price before he crossed the Ten
nessee river. Price had 12,000 men.
As usual the combination failed. Rose
crans was up to time with his part in
the programme, met Price at Iuka Sept
19 and boat him in a brilliant battle,
with Ord's army lying idle within four
miles of the fiold. Ord was under in
structions to march at the sound of Rose
cran's guns. Owing to an unfavorable
wind he did not hoar them, thus leaving
to Rosecrans the sole honor of visiting a
stunning blow upon Price and hastening
his retreat back to Mississippi. Van
Durn and Price then united to attack
Corinth. They mustered 40,000 men.
RosecranB had about 25,000. Corinth,
owing to Rosecrans' habitual restlessness
and foresight, was in a fair state of de
fense, although the scheme of fortifica
tions was not complete when Van Dorn
drew up his columns before the town on
Oct. 8. After developing the enemy's
strength and plans by a vigorous oppo
sition to the advance outside of the
works Rosecrans withdrew his army to
the fortified lines and batteries and
awaited attack. To novices those tactics
looked like a retreat Word was brought
to Rosecrans that the enemy was plant
ing a battery within 600 yards of his
main redoubt, Fort Robinett "Let
them plant it," said he in malicious
glee. Other weak hearts he encouraged
by quoting Barkis. "Things is workin,"
he would exclaim. In good time he or
dered several 80-pounder parrotts to
open on the sly Confederate battery. It
was knocked out in three minutes.
From first to last he maintained a mas
terly grip on his confidence that every
thing was working all right.
The battle opened at 8 o'clock on the
morning of the 4th. The Confederates,
under accomplished and dashing leaders,
moved forward in three and four lines,
undismayed by the pitiless fire that re
ceived them. One Union brigade lying
in an unfortunate position fell back be
fore the enemy and was followed through
the intrenchments into the streets of the
town by the reckless assailants. By
quickly ordering up reserves Rosecrans
expelled the intruders, and for the rest the
fight was all one way. Rosecrans was
everywhere when needed, and his men for
the first time learned that they were
commanded by a fighting man. His saber
strap was cut by a bullet and his hands
reddened by the blood of a staff officer
wounded at his side. The rumor spread
that he was killed, and in order to dispel
apprehension he showed himself all along
The result of the fight was a Waterloo
for Van Dorn and Price. They loft be
hind over 4,000 men killed, wounded
and prisoners. Rosecrans immediately
threw out a pursuing column and har
assed the retreat at every step until re
called by an order from General Grant
on the 8th. The termination of the af
fair gave rise to the endless differences
between Grant and Rosecrans. Corinth,
the key to the railroad system of the
west, had been saved, but Rosecrans was
anxious to push on toward the interior
and the gulf. In a series of dispatches
sent to Grant within three days after the
battle he used these aggressive phrases:
"I propose to push the enemy," "I most
deeply dissent from your views as to the
manner of pursuing," "All that is need
ful is to continue pursuing and whip
them," and "We have whipped and should
now push them to the wall."
To two dispatches from Grant order
ing him to return to Corinth he re
mained deaf, but on receipt of a third
yielded. His explanation afterward was:
"If Grant had not stopped ns, we could
have gone toVicksburg. We
were abont six days' march from Vicks
burg, and Grant could have put his force
through to it with my column as the cen
ter one of pursuit."
The victory at Corinth at once lifted
Rosecrans into prominence. He was a
new light in the west, where an unequiv
ocal Union victory had not been gained
since Donelson, nine months before. A
new commander was wanted for tho
Army of the Cumberland, in front of
which in middle Tennessee lay the ag
gressive strength of the Confederacy in
the west the combined forces of Bragg
and Kirby Smith. . Rosecrans was given
the place. With the rise of Rosecrans'
fortunes the fortunes of Phil Sheridan
were identified, for Rosecrans was the
discoverer of that officer's ability. Sheri
dan was colonel of the Second Michigan
cavalry when Rosecrans assumed com-'
mand of the army at Corinth. On July!
1 he fought even handed for eight hours'
with Chalmers' noted troopers and came
off viotor. Rosecrans complimented him
in a general order and telegraphed to
General Halleck, his superior at that'
time, saying: "More cavalry massed un-'
der such a leader would be of great use to
us. Sheridan ought to be made a briga
dier. He would not be a stampeding
Soon after, when Halleck became gen-'
tral in chief in Washington, Rosecrans'
and several of his subordinate generals
joined in the indorsement of a recom
mendation then before the president
They wrote: "The undersigned respect
fully beg that yon will obtain the promo
tion of Sheridan. He is worth his woight
in gold." This persistency in pushing
Sheridan was all the more remarkable
coming from Rosecrans, who, according
t his critics, was at a disadvantags
throughout his military career because
he was a poor Judge of human nature.
Sheridan might have made his mark any
way, but chance is everything to a sol
dier. ( His promotion, when finally he got
it, dated from July 1,1802,'the day of His
battle with Chalmers. He was not placed
at the head of a cavalry brigade, how
ever, but was given a division of infantry
in the Army of the Cumberland, where
he soon again came under the immediate
command of Rosecrans. Rosecrans suc
ceeded General Buell at the head of the
Army of the Cumberland Oct. 20, 1802.
That army was the main reliance of the
west for the defense of the border and
for the capture of Chattanooga, and great
hopes were centered upon its new gener
al, the hero of Corinth. The forces as
signed him were concentrated at Nash
ville, and he set to work vigorously to
organize them on a fighting basis. There
was no cavalry division or corps, the
eight mounted regiments in the depart
ment being attached to infantry divi
sions. After persistent urging he suc
ceeded in uniting them in one division
under General D. M. Stanley, who had
served with him at Corinth.
At the end of six weeks the army was
still at Nashville, and the administration
began to mistrust the new commander.
General Halleck wroto to him on Dec. 4
that he (Halleck) had twice been asked to
designate some one else for the place,
adding, "If you remain one week more at
Nashville, I cannot prevent your remov
al." Rosecrans replied to the effect that
he had delayed no longer than was nec
essary, naming the obstacle encountered
and closing with a spirited rejoinder. "If
the government which ordered me here
confides in my judgment," he wrote, "it
may rely on my continuing to do what I
have been trying to do that is, my whole
duty. If my superiors have lost confi
dence in me, they had better put some
one else in my place and let the future
test the propriety of the chargo.
To threats of removal I must be permit
ted to say that I am insensible."
Three weeks later he marched south
ward to attack the enemy under Bragg
at Murfreesboro, on Stone river. On
the 80th tho armies were in collision on
the banks of the river, and on the 81st
Rosecrans set his columns in motion to at
tack. At 6 o'clock that morning he sat on
his horse on a knoll overlooking the field,
surrounded by his staff, ready to super
intend the execution of his plan, which
was to thrustouthis extreme left, support
the movement by advancing his center
and let the right -wing hold fast. While
listening for the sound of the guns from
hs left heavy guns opened on the right,
followed speedily by the roar of heavy
musketry. In a few moments staff offi
cers began to come in with stories of a
terrible disaster on the right, and whole
regiments of soldiers flying in panic to
the rear confirraod the news. The sud
den turn of affairs, instead of unman
ning the general, nerved him with lion
hearted courage. To an aid bringing a
message from General McCook, com
manding the right wing, pleading for re
enforcements he said, "Tell General Mc
Cook to contest every inch of the
ground," and threw himself into the
work of saving tho line. Tho reserves
of the center were moved to the right
The advancing columns of the left, hav
ing waded the river to attack according
to programme, were recalled, and they
came back dripping with water to take
their places in anew line of buttle formed
in rear of McCook.
The result at Stone River was a third
triumph for Rosecrans. It was called the
Confederates' Bull Run of the west and
decided the fate of Kontucky and Ten
nessee. The June following, after much
urging from Washington, Rosecrans be
gan a campaign of maneuvers which re
sulted in the abandonment of Tennessee,
including the key at Chattanooga by
Bragg. On Sept. 19 and 20 the armies
of Brngg and Rosecrans fought at Chick
amauga for the possession of Chattanoo
ga. Bragg was the stronger in numbers
by 20,000 men. On the 20th the Confed
erates repoated thoir Stone River tactics
and fell upon Rosecrans' right wing,
crushing thatand the center and driving
the greater portion of the troops back
into Chattanooga. The left, under Thom
as, remained firm, but it was separated
from the rest of the army. Rosccraus
fought heroically to recover his ground,
but the odds were heavy against him.
He retired to Chattanooga with the dis
comfited soldiers, supposing that Thomas
also had retreated. His apologists assert
that had he joined Thomas instead his
soldiers would havo ralliod around him,
and the Confederates, who had suffered
enormous slaughter, would have aban
doned the field, as they had done at
Stone River, and Rosecrans would have
scored another victory. As it was, Bragg
followed up his success and besieged
Rosecrans in Chattanooga. The latter
was superseded by Thomas and held no
important command afterward. He re
signed in 1867 and engaged in commer
cial enterprises in Mexico and California.
He served one term in congress from
California and was appointed registrar
of the treasury under Cleveland in 1888.
Wat a 'lrl in the Caatf
A local photographer tells a itory of a
young mau who cuine into his studio one
day and asked nervously if he might have
a little conversation with him. The visitor
was painfully ugly, and after some awk
ward blushing and Indefinite allusions he
asked the artist if he supposed he had
among his samples a picture of any youog
man who looked like him, bat was better
looking. Bangor Commercial.
Reason for Doubt.
"He is a sterling fellow in spite of his
"Can't see it Can't sea it at nil. How
a man can be sterling and I is at the
same time is Incomprehensible.'' Man
Au innovation Is an electric railway ex
press service established in a western town,
by means of which, for a small charge, all
the packages bound outward for the sub
urbs are gathered up at the depots and
then delivered along the route.
In addition to its employment for cool
ing water and other beverages, la the
course of time the value of ice as an agoiit
for preserving meats, fruit, etc., was recog
nised, and as a consequence the demand
for it was greatly Increased,
They Are SU11 Popular and Did Fair to Be
Bo For a Long Time.
Waists of soparate material still hold
their place-, and there are modifications
that show a tendency toward making skirts
to them. Before tho yoar closes we will
see long basques of fancy material worn
With plain skirts. An advanced style sent
out as a sortV)f feeler in the foHhlonalilo
world shows a fitted basque of brocade
with a skirt about 10 inobes deep. This Is
smooth at the front and sides and slightly
full in the buck, not nearly as much so,
however, as some of tho blazer skirts have
been. The fronts are out away from the
waist line and filled in with plain mate
rial, forming a vest with small pockets.
Thore are very wldo rovers of tho brocade
edged with the plain goods. The whole Is
piped with satin, velvet or with a fancy
The round silk bodice is as great a fa
vorite as ever and will probalby continue
to be In fashion for some time to come, as
it Is a convenient garment in every re
spect In a dark color, simply made, it
may bo used for street and general wear,
While In a light tint, with the addition of
a little laoo and ribbon, it is suitable for
the theater. Now tlint contrasting sleeves
are adinlssiblo the best parts of an old silk
gown may bo made over Into a bodice,
moire being employed for sleeves and col
lur or revere. A black silk bodice is ex
tromoly useful, as it may bo worn with
any skirt and on any occasion and docs
not easily become defaced. Narrow ruffles
or plaltlngs will serve to keep It from look
ing too somber, and a broad collar of
white or ecru lace, such as is now In vogue,
will smarten it for partioular occasions.
The sketch shows a full round bodloe
of straw colored silk trimmed with van
dykes of Irish guipuro, which form a col
lar and corsolet. The full elbow sleeves
are gathered Into guipure oufLV ...
The French Say There Are Several Ages
and Kindt of Ueauty.
For full dress occasions low cut slippers,
with the Louis Qulnzo hucl, embroidered
with pearls or ornamented simply with a
buckle, are preferred at present.
A great deal has been said about black
hosiery going out of fashion, but It seems
to bold its own yet and Is still considered
the correct style unless the hosiery matches
the gown in color.
The French say there are several "ages"
as well as kinds of beauty tho beauty of
mere youthfulness, wbloh they call ''la
beaute du ulnblo;" also a beauty of "ugll
ness," of "old ago," and of "thinness,'1
called "la beauto du singe." Frcderika
Bremer, tho Swedish novelist, had the
beauty of "plainness." Sho was so very
plain oi face that her expression of trust
fulness, as though appealing to you to find
6omo othor qualities In her than mere
"looks," shono outwlth aperfect radiance
that ennobled her face and drew friends
to her, becauso sho had no other beauty.
But Miss Bremer took pleasure In her well
kept hands, of which she used to say,
"Even hands have their moments of
Frenchwomen have a fancy for serving
bread in baskets, and one of the latest bits
of fancy work Is a fitted cover for tho
bread basket ruado of heavy white cotton
or linen, oiiibroidored with red or blue
working cotton. The cover is fastened
under tho bvttoin of the basket bo It may
bo removed and washed.
A very pretty walking gown for early
autumn Is shown in the accompanying
sketch. The upper Bklrt, flgaro, belt and
sleeves, are of bluo and white checked
wool, while the lower skirt, blouse and
revers are of bluo moire to match. Moiro
folds and gold buttons trim tho Costume.
Here Is ono woman's way of removing
rosin, tor or nxlo grease from clothing.
She says that she never found a stain so
obstreperous that It would not yield to hor
efforts, though tho fabric will bo apt to
fade If it is at all high colored. It works
to a charm on will to goods: Apply any
kind of grease to the stuin and then soap
it well with good washing soap and let it
stand awhile. Thon drench It well with
turpentine and wash With warm water.
It may take several applications.
The smallest bird now eaten in England
is the wheatear, an exquisite little white
floshed bird liko a miniature psrtrldgo In
flavor. The smallest quadruped that was
once a dainty, but Is only remembered In
Roman tradition, Is tho dormouse. There
are those who have tried the bat and
found it tnstcs liko a house mouse, only
wousler. Iiondon Spectator.
The New llaU and Bonnet
Felt and satin cut in narrow strips and
braided together precisely as summer
straws havo been plnlted are among Im
ported autumn bats and bonnets noted by
Harper's Bazar. The dull felt, brightened
by lustrous satin of the same shade, pro
duces an excellent effect in tobacco brown,
black, ruby and other win try colors. Plain
smooth foil and gjotsy beaver vsmaln in
favor for bata fat general vew, whjja far
tf s Fancies
more elaborate dross are those of mirolr
velvet and satin. As usual, jot bonnets
ore offored for the demisoason and prom
ise to be le s eccentric than those worn at
present. Thoy aro mostly small crowns,
formed of iut suamzlni cntlrnlv nr nf In
and steel spangles together, and aro great
ly eniorgeu ny trimmings, satin ribbons,
birds, long pins of Jot and full aigrots.
Something Pleading About the Styles of
Many Years Ago.
For tho past two years llttlo girls' fash
ions, liko those of their mothers, have
siiowu an approach to those of 40 years
ago, but tho approach has not been near
enough, fortunately, to warrant the odious
pantolot In thrusting itself into tho oyo of
the public So far only tho more attract
ive features of that earlier period have
been revived short stockings,short sleeves
and sunbonnets. There Is something very
pleasing about tho baby waists, full skirts
und ankle tics that our mothers wore when
they were children, a simple and Infantile
look that tHo clothing of tho little girl of
today seldom has. Too often sho seems
like a young lady cut down in a costume
the elaboration of which rivals that of the
attire of hor grown sister.
Tho dimity and lawn gowns In which
llttlo people have been keeping so fresh
and cool this summer must soon give place
to hoalver clothing. Ulnghum, pique ana
duck, such as little boys' suits aro often
made of, can be worn fur into tho fall, but
muslins are on the eve of disappearing un
til another year. In woolen goods, cloak
ing and china silk, rod bids fair to bo as
popular as ever, whilo golden brown is
also much liked. A full coat for a girl
from 8 to 19 years old vis of this shade,
with turnover collar and cuffs of darker
velvet. The coat, which is half length, is
fitted behind, but has a straight double
breasted front closed with two rows of
buttons. The seams aro double stitched.
LITTLE OinL'S GOWN.
and stitched pockets are sewed on outsiao.
A thin cloth suit for a very little boy is
mode with three box plaits back and front
from neck to hem and is confined at the
waist by a leather belt. The puffed sleeves
have a deep cloth cuff, whilo a broad white
linen collar covers the shoulders.
The llttlo girl's gown illustrated of
china silk accordion plaited. It is shirred
at the nock and shoulders to form a puffed
yoke, whloh is outlined by a guipure col
lar. Tho full elbow sleoves are gathered
into a ribbon band, and ribbons trim the
shoulders and cross the bodice of jhe frock.
CARE OF THE HAIR.
Dressing! That Are Neither Untidy Nor
1 The use of oils on the hair has gone out
of fashion, but thore ore many persons to
whom something of this sort is almost a
necessity. The hair becomes so dry that
its beauty is gone, and in addition it is so
badly nourished that it loses its strength
and luster. . In such caes a little flno oil
is the proper remedy. Those who have
very dry and rough hair, especially if sub
ject to pain and fovorishness in the head,
will do well to try some softening applica
tion, at loast as an exporlmont.
It is sold that an ounce of glycerin to a
pint of rosowatcr, with two or three
grains of quinine, thoroughly shaken to
gether, makes an excellent hair ton la Tho
trille of glycerin gives it softness and
moisture and a vory pretty gloss. Care
must bo taken, howovcr, to keep tho head
away from dust as much as posslblo, for
the glycerin will hold It and soon mako
the most beautiful braid dull and grimy
looking. It Is a question Indeed if dry
ness is not proforablo to the moisture given
by most dressings, at least in tho city,
where the atmosphere Is fall of minute
cinders, and where frequent washings aro
necessary in order to keep the hair clean,
even when no sticky or oily halrdresslng
is used. Hair should be neat to tho touch
as woll as to the eye, and excessive dry
ness would seem to Indicate the need of a
tonic for tho general health rather than
local trcatmonts. Quassia water is con
sidered by some persons to bo beneficial to
tho hair, and It has at least tho negative
virtues of being neither untidy nor harm
ful. Tho Illustration shows an evening coif
fure in which the hair Is lightly waved
ana drawn to tho crown of tho head, where
It Is Coiled. A few light locks fall over tho
To Obtain a Perfect Figure.
Few women know how to laoo a corsot
so as to obtain a pcrfcot figure. Tho idea
of a corset Is support and not a harness.
A big corset that squeeics In and com
presses tho flosh gives a false impression of
the French Ideal. A characteristic of the
true French llguro is its soft, graceful
lines. Tho wnlst is as tlgntly laced as pos
sible, but there Is llttlo corset below and
less abovo tho waist lino, and so tho beau
tiful lines of the female form are given
freedom. Pittsburg Dispatch.
"We Hold Thee Safe."
Mrs. Coupons Thomas says that we
must economize; all his securities are drop
ping lower every day.
Mrs. Van Gelt (a rich young widow)
Mine are all right, I know. I keep them
in a safe deposit vault. Fuck.
0 0 0
THE BIRD SLAUGHTER.
Judlo Chollet Calls the Truffle Wicked and
the Work Cruel.
At an auction room in London not long
since were sold 404,000 blrdskins from
the West Indies and Brazil as well as Hot), -000
from tho East Indies. All theso were
of choico and brilliant colors and designed
for millinery purposes. This wholesale
slaughter is bclna continually carried on
at homo and abroad by blrdcatchers, some
so called sporting men and thousands of
other nondescripts regularly engaged In
tho wicked traffic, and who ore woll paid
for their work. Birds' wings ore In groat
demand for ladies' bonnets, and as a con-
sequence- myriads of these living gems of
nature are barbarously hunted to their
Ono of the numerous trifles that make
up a fashionably trimmed bonnet is a
slender spiral feather of tho most fragile
appearance, which waves und nods with
tho slightest waft of wind. It is worn,
too, in the evonlng and may be seen In
every tint, surmounting algrets of roses
or a group of butterflies which seem to re
pose on folds of airy net or tullo. Tho or
nament is willed on osprey. The original
owners are tho egrets and tho smaller sort
of heron, who wear them In tho spring
and tho breeding season. The cruolty
practiced in obtaining them, If gonerally
known, would surely put an end to tho
traffic in theso plumes, however graceful
and becoming they may be. Tho old birds
are deliberately killed off in scores whilo
employed In feeding their young, who aro
left to starve to death in their nests In
hundreds. Thoir dying cries aro described
A pretty hat, mado so without tho aid
of wings or aigrots, is shown In the sketch.
It Is of mixed green und white straw and
is trimmed with green ribbons and red
cherries, with their loaves.
TAILOR MADE AND OTHER GOWNS.
Fall Fashloni In Colors, Qualities, Styles
The Mario Antoinette fichu, especially
when mado of tho same goods as tho thin
gown with which it is to be worn, is as
dainty an accessory as could bo doviscd
and makes a charming finish to a costume
of muslin, taffeta or moussullno do solo.
Tho frills or full lace with which It is
trimmed renders it as becoming to slender
women as the boa.
Most of tlio really pretty fashions seem
to be meant for slender women, the tailor
styles alone being left as the special van
tage ground of full rounded nmnnrtlnna.
It Is rather a pity that tailor made gowns
aro not universally becoming, as they are
extremely siniplo and convonieiit and
stand a great deal of rough usage without
snowintMMiy 111 effects, whereas frills, puffs
and ruffles aro soon dusty or draggled, and
When they havo OIICO lost thn r.risnnnsa
and flufflnoss that wcro their chief beauty
ore very llttlo moro than untidy wisps of
Speaking of tailor mado fashions, envort
cloth Is as fashionable, this fall as it was
last spring, and In tan, mode or gray
shades makes most snrvlnenhln
coats. Tho skirt of tho gown requires no
lining, dui snouiu no worn over a silk
yuiuuuuu una poiiicoat or SOTOO SOTVlce
able shado mav thus tabu thn nlnm nt i
separate fining to a number of skirts and
tll U. M l - M , ..... . .
v in uo louiia a useiui aauicion TO ono or
dinary wnrdrnho Tl.irb Anil miull,m
shades aro suitable for street uso, while
dollcate tones should bo reserved for Indoor
nna evening wear, being oaslly defacod and
always getting tho worst of theduebratsod
1 1 V. I
The sketch shows a gown of black. mous
sollno do soie. The skirt laccordlon plait
ed. Whilo tho hod I on la ohlrrorl h fnmi t
yoke. The upper part of tho puffod olbow
sleoves is shirred to fit the round of the
shoulder. A full fichu surrounds the open
neck, and a black molro ribbon Is tied
arounu tne waist. Judic Chollet.
Lavender Toilet Vinegar. ,
A simple yet delightful toilet vinegar
van uo inane mils: aiacerato oiie-lourtn
pound of fresh lavender for a fortnight In
about a quart of vinegar. A fow drops In
water form an admirable lotion for tho
skin. It nllovlnrita licjiduclin nrhlln It la
strongly antiseptic, cooling and refresh
iiir in mo sicKrooin. a llttlo may bo
ploced j a saucer or sprinkled about noar
tho bed, and a few drops In wator used
for bathing tho hoad, face and hands.
First Girl I liko a man with a past. A
man with a post is always Interesting.
Second Girl That's true, but I don't
think ho's nearly as Interesting as a man
with a future.
Third Girl Tho man who Interests mo
Is tho man with a present, and tho more
expensive tho present is tho mow Interest
I tnko in It. Boston Budget
A Good Laundry Bag.
Striped awning cloth makes a good
strong laundry bag. If it 1s to bo much
In evidonoo, make it square and put a ruf
flo around It. Let tho flap bo nearly half
as deep as the bag and pointed, fastening
with a big pearl button, and ruffled.
Across tho back of the bag, at the top,
SOW a bund nf thn fwvwla Anil tn Mo ,,f
I four loops to hang up by.
I'H YSK 1ANS AM bUKGtsON,
DR. a. EDOAB DEAN hu removed to SIS
Klk.niw Bti-anfr L...I.I Ii I I
HJ8lte coarl-house Bquare.)
K. A. J. CON NELL, Office !M WMningtoa
XJ avenue, corner Snrune aliui nu
F rancke drug ora Kesidenoo, ZSi Vine st.
OlUce hunra: lQ.il) to 12 a. m. and S to 4 anil
S.W to 7.au p. m. Sunday, to 3 p. m.
DP- w. E. ALLEN. Office cor. Lacka.
wanna and Washington aves. : over Leon
ard cbue tore; office hours, 10 to 12 a. m. ani
otO 4 D. in.! eveniliini Rt rtmlrinnrn r,i2 v
)H.CL. Fills Y, Practice limited to Dii
office, m Wyoming ave. Residence, 6JV Vine
D1'- L.M. GATES. 12fi Washington Avenue.
Ofllce tiuurs. 8 to 9 a.m.. 1.30 to 8 and f
to 8 p.m. Residence 8H8 Msdlson avenue
JOHN U WEiNTZ, M. U. Olllcos bt and 31
O Commonweal th hntliKno. o.ian tii
Madisonave; offlos hours, 10 to 12, ii to i T to
B; Sundays 2.30 to 4. eveulnm at residence. A
SDeeililtV marin nf lllvaoaaa ..f , -...... A-H nnaA
and throat and gynecology. '
K.KAY. 2US PennAve.;l to 3p.m j call 2063
Dm.ot women, obstetrics and dis. of chil
JM. a RANCH'S Law and Collection of.
. flee. No. 117 Spruce st., opposite Forest
House. Bcranton, Pa,; collection a speoialty
throughout Pennsylvania; reliable correspond
ents In every conn ty.
1E&ISOPS& HAWU, Attorneys and Counsel.
l lors at Lav, Commonwealth building
aehington ave. W. H. Jesscp,
Horace E. Hard.
W. a. jEBSUP, JR.
W1LLARD. WARREN & KNAPP, Attor
neys and Counselors at Law, Republican
building. Washington ave.. Scrantoa, Pa.
pATTEHSON A WlLCOX, Attorneys and
X Counsellors at Law; offices 0 and 8 Librarr
building, Boranton, Pa.
RoswEtL H. PArrsnnoa,
A LFREDHAND, WILLIAM J. HAND, At.
Ii. torneys and Counsellors, Comnionwealtll
building. Rooms lfl, ga and 21.
WF. BOYLE, Attoruey.at-Uw,No.19 and
. 20, Burr building, Washington avenue.
ENRY M. SEELY -Law oiBoei in' Pries?
building, 116 Washington avenue.
MRANK T. OKELL, Attorney at Law. Koont
I Ii. Coal Exchange. Borsnton. Pa,
MILTON W. LOWRV, I Att'ys, H! Washing
1AA1ESW. OAKrOkD, Attorney at Law,'
tJ rooms 63, 64 and 08, Commonwealth VT'g.
OAMUEL W. EDUaR, Attorney at Law.
11 Olnnn 91 T Un.Mn, u n
A. WATRE3, Attorney at Law, 2
. Larbavanna ana sw T
PP. SMITH. Counsellor at Law. Office,
. rooms 64, M, M Commonwealth building.
1 R. PITCHER Attorney at Law. Con-
Vy monwealth blillnlnir Rr.ro.nt.nt. Pa
C. COMEGY8. 321 Sprnce st
DB. KEPLOQLE, Attorney Loans neio-
tlated on real estate security. 40S Bpmca.
BF. KILLAM. Attornev at-Law. VOl Wy-
opting avenue, Scranton.
CCHOOL OP THE LACKAWANNA, Bcraa-'
IJ ton. Pa., prepares boys and girls forcoUen
or business: thoroughly trains voting children.
Catalogue at reQUest. Opens September la
Kbv. TnOMAS M. CAB
WlI.TIB H RriKr.
M- . .......... j u.., uanuAa i Gill
and School, Hi Adams avenue. Pupils
received st all timm. 't form ill ,;..,
1S3 WORCESTER KINDERGARTEN
CC. LAUBACH, Surgeon Dentist, No, 111
. Wyoming ave.
R. M. STKATTON. nfflc. ( nnl KTi-hnnge.
THE REPUBLIC Savings and Loan Asso
ciation will loan you money on easier terms
nnd pay you better on Investment than any
other association. Call on S. N. CALLEN
PER. DlniP Panii building
GR- CLARK & CO., Seedsmen, Florists
and Nurserymen: store 148 Washington
svenne; green house, Wjij North Main avenue;
store telephone TH2.
GRAND UNION TEA CO.. Jones Bros.
TOS. KUETTEL, 6iS Lackawanna avenue,
U Wcranton. Pa . mannf'r of Wire Screens.
HOTELS AND HKSTA UUANTS.
rpHE ELK CAFE, 125 and 127 KrttnkUn are
X nue. Kates reasonable.
P. 7,1 iVMr.rn Pfnnrta
EbXMXxSbTER HOTEL -
V n wuvvrnrrfv
Sixteenth street, one block east of Broadwajt
an uuwu cMjuttru, now xora.
American plan, til M per day and upward.
SCRANTON HOUSE, near D., L. & W. pas
tenger depot. Conducted on the European
P'"". Vim-on Koon. Proprietor.
AVIS HOUPT, Architects. Rooms 24."
2f and 28 Commonwealth b'ld''g, Scranton.
P L. WALtER, Architect. Office, rear ot
J2j. 808 Washington avenue.
1 L. BROWN. Arch & Arehiteot, Pries
buHding.l&l Washington Ave., Scranton.
BAUER'S ORCHKSTltA - ifusiO FOR
balls, picnics, parties, receptions, wed
dings and ooncert work furnished. For terms
addrena R. J. Bauer, conductor. 117 Wyoming
ave., over Hulbert'g music store.
ORTON IX 8WART8 WH0LE8AL8
mm oer, rnce ouiiamg, Boranton, Pa,
UEE BROTHERS, PRINTERS'
UnnMM UtV. nnM ha.ua Iuum l
warehouse, 130 Washington ave, Scranton,
HORSES AND CARRIAGES FOB SALE,
at 1533 Capouse avenue.
v. u. yuoTKi, Agent.
I RANK P. BROWN A 00, WHOLE
sale deslors in Wondware, Oordaga and
Oil Cloth, 720 W. Lackawaima mm,
Et Robinson's Sons'
Vannfaetnrtra ot the Celobratai
100.000 Bblt Per Annum.
AT THE OLD DEPOT HOTEL,
is prepared to receive summer boarders and
furnish rigs for tourists to surrounding towns
and summer resort.
A Handsome Comnlevlon
I b one of the greatest charms a woman can
I possess. Pomojti's CoamaxioaT PoWDna