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THE SCHANTON KRiBUNE, SAWKDAY MOKjS1.NO, MAKCH 17, 18JH.
BRAVEST DEEDS OF THE WAR.
Recollections of Heroism by Land
TOLD BY MEN WHO WERE PRESENT.
Mli-rlng Contributions trom t'aptnin
Robert Gates, Colonel .11. L. Little
field, Minor It. .11. Flint, Dr. E. T.
Billings and Major J. R.
it is vrooosed in the series of pavers, of
WMah the JTlfloWtltg fornu the tenth number
to ijive to the public for the first time ami in
authentic form, "by a large number of dift in
yuishtd contributors, tke stories of the most
et'jinul deals of individual heroium and self-i
sacrifice oecuring under their personal O&MTMM
Hon while in the service, either by lend or sea'
.iuriny the tear of tSSt The collection, tchen
:omple'.td, trill form a sjdendut monument to
the proiress, patriotism attd chivalrous may
lanioiity of the American soldier. Thus those
luroes ickn, by tin ir indivittttal deeds of during,
added hutrt ami nthutiastn to the eonfiiet -tome
in ilistinguished cm! others m humble
role Iffifl find thru- true place in the lovimj and
cdiniriii'j hearts of a united nation.
TOLD BY CAPTAIN ROBERT li ATE".
I know the story bM been toM before, iut
as one who knew the little hero I venture to
tell it again. We aaaoelate timidity with
childhood, yet one oi the moat gallant sol
dlera I ever met with waa a private in the
Second Florida. I have forgotten the youth's
name, but ho whs only fourteen, and we found
tliu instant and dashed forward. He wad by
the sido of the gallant young Colonel Shaw
I when bo leaped the diteh, little thinking that
It wus so soon to bo his grave.
Vseless to tell hero of how the black men
swarmed up the earthwall, only to Ikj swept
away by the ceaseless point blank flro from
the brigade in poiBOBBioil.
Carney was shot In the head and n bullet
ptSSad through bis leg below the knee,
smashing and tearing it in u horrible way. Ho
luooeeded In getting out of the ditch carry
ing the colors with htm.
When our beaten and demoralized forces
reached their original lines, they saw a United
States flag now and then rising above the
swaying sou grass, and u9 it came nearer and
nearer they knew that the man who boro It
The firing from Wagnor rendered it unsafe
raised to stop him, the Illinoisan sprung
lightly over the earthwork uud ran fur the
house like u deer.
The act was so sudden that we supposed
I the enemy could not tire before he was under
cover, but we knew they were on the lookout
now, and that he would be sure to eaten it
When he tried to make his way buck.
We with in hopes that he would not return,
but after a few minutes of serious waiting,
we could see the tall form In the door of tho
house, his arms piled up with something that
at the distance looked like stove wood.
The man was too heuvlly burdened to run
on his return. Hack ho came, uud his up
peurunee was the signal for the rattle and
roar ol musketey from the enemy.
How the man eaoaped is one of those
miracles never seen in these days outside I
battle Held. Ho nine over the works with
out u scratch, ami us he luid his loud of grape
and caso shot down in the midst of the
cheering gunners he said with a drawl :
"That aint a very big mess of food for
cannon, boys ; but us soon us she's used up,
I'll go out uud git you a lot more rations of
the same kind." It. M. Flint.
RWD HE LOE, SAB, I KKBBBB LET 1AT
FLAG TBTCB i 'i' QBOUHD.
nun rou pracay, tnougn wounuea, trying 10 (or , to Vl.n(u,. , mn noaror iim,
load bis piece alter Ins older comrades hud
lied from the crest of Missionary Ridge.
Johnny Olem Is the hero ol whom I write.
When I first saw him In the full of 1803
he was a drummer in the Twenty-second
Michigan, frequently, when there was no
drumming to do, currying the guidon and blood that it
nearer came the colors, now rising, now full
ing, but never out of sight for long.
At length, out on the road in front of the
Union works, the color bearer appeared. He
was on one knee, dragging hit
after him, and bis face was so .
TOLD lit EZRA T. BILLING.
I agree with one of your writers who snys
it is easy to DS brave in a crowd, and Intim
ate-, that the true test of
one is thrown entirely on his own resources
The undergrowth about Port Suunders had
been cut down, uud along the ground over
which tho Confederates must iuss in charg
ing, telegraph wires bad been interwoven
and spread, about six or ten inches Irom the
The object of this was t j throw Into eon
fusion tho 111011 assaulting the works, and to
hold them under the lire of our artillery
and riflemen as long as possible.
To clear the way for the assault, Long
street's gUUS Opened a terrltle Ore on the fort,
the artillery of which was In the command of
Captain Benjamin, who to my mind, exhib
ited on this occasion more coolness and
nerve than any man I ever met.
There whs not in either army a more
gallant body of men than Longsl root's old
corps; this much justice compels ono to
say. I hud seen them in action many u
time, but never before did they display such
reoklosa gallantry as distinguished them on
On the edge of the timber they formed, 08
if f01 review, though out guns begun to roar
us soon as tlie grey ranks came a sight.
Over the slashed space with the meshes of
telegraph wiies, they oame in gallant style.
They wei vidently unprepared for this
OUrage is where kind 01 obstruction, for they tell m rank",
but only to lean to their feet, slouch their
GENERAL HOWARD TO RETIRE.
One of the Last of the Great
Military Leaders of the War.
HE IS STILL STURDY AND VIGOROUS.
Ills Duties as Commander ot One ol
i tie Departments ot the Army
Little Mention is Hade of mm in
These Days, but He Is Mill
an Interesting Figure.
uud his nerve is tile outcome of deliberate
Anson Watts was a private in tin' Klevelitb
Kentucky Union Oavalry. He was of good
family in Hardin County, and might have hud
a commission, when the regiment was raised
in IMS had be been so inclined, but he chose
to serve in the ranks.
Waiis was well-educated, a good horseman,
and as brave US they make them. Hut I he
incident in oonsldoraUon'shows an amount of
nerve that appalls When one considers that
there was really mi good reason for running i
Into such a danger.
Watts was captured at CampfeH's Station in
East rennessee, and had be not boon wounded
broken leg I he might have been s-'ut directly on to Belle
nered With Iele With the two or three hundred men
acting as marker.
At this time bo was thirteen and small
enough for his age; indeed, I never before
nor since saw such a mite of u boy In uniform
and attached to a command that was ready
It was understood that he was an orphan,
born In Ohio, and that in some way he
drifted off till he fell in with the gallant
Klchlganders, who fairly idolized him,
The boy must have come of good stock, for
id was gentle in his manners, very affection-
. was impossible to tell if he was taken In that action bv Longstn
for the blood of all heroes has
l b. a '
white or black, tor the blood of all heroes has n October Wtit
the same hue. Like many of the other prisoners, Watts
Men of his own regiment by this time NO- bad been despoiled ol hi-bo,,(s, hut ami tunic,
ognlzed the Beg, which they supposed had and compelled to attire himself In tho grey
been left in the hands of the enemy, and but dolapldatod olothlng ot his captors,
hurrying out, they bore buck the sergeant. j He was wounded In the head. and, affecting
It was not till an officer appeared that he J tt greater illness than he felt, he was left nt
could bo made to loose his hold on the flag. I the houso of a miller named Murdoch, bo
ThOD, weak from torture and loss of blood, tween Ringgold and Tunnel Hill. This man
he handed tho colors to his captain and was originally from Ohio, and a cousin of
gasped : James Murdoch the famous actor, whose
Before do Lor', sab, I nebbcr let dat flag
totcb do ground ! "
m. s. Ltmvmun
TOLD 111 MAJOR R. It, FLINT.
I have spoken with Confederate and Union
jldiers who took purt in the desperate bat-1
no oi .luaiooua raw in v.eorg.a, on me ,uu Secret, and they soon provided him with u
of October. lSfiL and all are agreed that for . nlform. The m,
.numbers engaged and t be bloody L-nroved. the sicker he pretended to be, and
oi me wors. n DBS no parauel in me uisiory , ,. ., , k i L
- HO na ui ui ill ."I'm ui ii.iutc... niwui
1 OU1 1W .
bids, and dash on again, with their levelled
bayonets and fierce yells.
Only Longsl reef s men could hnvu kept on
under that destroying lire. Xow and then
they were cheeked, like men pushing on in
tlte teeth of un awful storm, but they gave
nol ll font buck.
At length they poured Into the diteh,
hoping to foroe their way through tho em
brasures, but though the guns could not bo
Hired, ihev were kept in position, and so
blocked tho way.
There were only a few hundred men Inside
Hie fort, for the space was limited, and the
coolest fidt that if the enemy could get over
the earthwall we would have to surrender
or abandon th" place,
From the firs!. Captain Benjamin whs con
spicuous for his coolness, 1 recall that In.'
smoked cigars all the time When it was found
that the guns could not be depressed so ns to
reach lie" men In the ditch, he nt once short
ened the fuses with his knife, lit them
with his cigar and us fa t as he did so ho
tossed thorn over tho parapet into the
This he kept up till voices from the outside
shouted: "We surrender I " when the guns
were run back and they oame in.
Tfft shells lit by Captain Benjamin were
put down so that tho fuses burned not more
than five see, ads, and a slip in throwing one
Confederate officers going between Atlanta would have meant death. Bui that young
and Brsgg's Army at Missionary Bldge. officer kept bis cigar going as if he enjoyed
Almost trom the first. Watts WHS regarded it, and hurled tho shells ns coolly as ii
as a Confederate, but the family knew bis bowling ten pins.
James n, uoyle.
Ono of the lenders of our civil war of whom
little mention is made those days, but who is
none thu less un Interesting man witb an
enviable record l General 0. 0. Howard, com
mander of the department of the East and
successor to the gallant Hancock.
I saw the General the other day on lower
Broadway and later at his headquarters on
Governor's Island overlooking Now York Bay.
Looking at him striding down Broadway,
head well up, ebeSt out and with military step,
or seeing him at his desk ill undress uniform
attending to the thousand and one details
that h a must pass upon, writing easily with
his left hand, his empty right sleeve pinned
across his breast, one would scarce think the
man old enough to have commanded the lelt
Wing Of Sherman S army on its march Irom
Atlanta to the Bet,
ins REuray lonu Dears no mare oi age. ms .
heavy beard is not yet fully gray nor is his j
hair. His bee Is that of a man who has lived
temperately, and his eye Is as keen as when
he fought with Sherman mid Slocum und
Logan and flehofleld and McPhersnn over
debatable ground from Dalton, Georgiu to
a, somewhat singular fact was recalled by
pose of receiving some advice Unit bethought
to bo good for them. In every case tho Gen-
ral wus genial but none the less firm, kindly
and dignified. There wus nothing of the
martinet ubout him so far as I could see. In
each cuso too, bo seemed to make a distinct
impression, and u good uue, on ) man with
whom ho wus dealing.
' I do not find It necessary to he harsh with
tho iftHii" said the General. "You soe lu
these duys all sorts of men drift Into tin. ser
vice, and tact Is needed. In time ol warit Is
different A.s matters stand uow it Is well to
temper justice with common sense und kind
ness. I find such a policy to be the best at
The duties of a gunorul in commund of an
uriny department l:i these duys though multi
farious are not interesting to thu ordinary
person. Passing upon the reports of Subor
dinates, approving of flndmgi of unimportant
courts martial, reviewing parades on special
occasions, keeping a morO Or less sharp eye
upon quarterpiasters, dictating huisscs of cor
respondence to his superior ut Washington
or to subordinates ill foits and stations In
the East, South and West, these routine and
clerical duties are not calculated to stir tin
blood. Yet General Howard suvs be likes his
The social sid.s of General Howard's" life In
these times is less monotonous than Is his
official. He is a distinct (uuntity in New
York society and is much sought efter by
those leaders who make It u point to have
wmesortots lion to roar gently nt their
KWlsJ functions. General Howard lives quietly
THEY WADE fWlOR BV TUB PANIC
How Ike Loan tinkers Reaped n Rieli
Harvest During the Hunt Times.
The men of Now York who make loans
in Wall Street have rcwicit a harvest sir..'.'
the hard times began, early last summer.
Union sentiments he shared, though.it was
prudent to keep them to himself. He had
three pretty daughters all good cooks, so
that his place was a popular resort for the
A d RAISED THE MCSKET AND F1T.ED.
ate, and without any of the self-assumption
that is apt to distinguish boys who are
thrown much into contact with men.
There may have been more desperate bat
tles than Chieamauga, but I must confess I
was nevertn one. It is particularly mem
orable to me on another account, and that is.
that for tho first timo I felt that we were
badly licked, something that had not hap
pened to the Army of the Cumberland up to
'.his time, and which was destined not to be
At the ft&le. ot Chieanuuga Johnny Clem
lost his guidon, but instead of going to the
'ear, as sjas told, he picked up a musket,
there w 'JThousands scattered about that
awful summer day, and bravely took his place
in Uio ranks.
Johnny's regiment did a good deal of firin
lying down that day. and he followed the
fashion of his comrades and loaded and fired
as rapidly as the best.
Late in the afternoon the regiment fell back
to the hill which Thomas made immortal, but
Johnny did not hear the order. He was left
almost alone in th.. whirl of the battle, and
did not discover his danger till he heard th
well-known yells of the enemy about him.
Johnny had his piece loaded, when he
sprang to his feet and started to run for the
lull, which was BOWaoone of lire. A mounted
Confederate officer, who must have been sur
prised and amused at sight of this littl- mite
of a soldier in blue, reined In and shouted:
"Surrender ! you little son of a 1"
Ah Johnny looked up ho brought hi? piece
to an '-order arms," slipped his hand to the
hammer, eflflthd it and as quickly raised the
musket uniCfired, and the officer reeled and
fell from the saddle.
The next minute the boy, with n hundred
ithers, was scooped up a prisoner, but before
'ie had gone back a hundred yards be was re
oaptured by his own regiment, as were his
companions, and carried up tho hill amid
After the buttle General Itosoerans made
the hoy a sergeant, and he wore the chevrons
with ntfmuoh prldo as ever a general felt in
his stars. Secretary Chaso forwarded him a
Bllver medal, and the boy would have been
sent to West Point, but ho lacked four years
of the legal age.
After this Jobuny Clem became an orderly
at hnadnjiartors. und ho performed his duties
as welland modestly ns when be beat tho
drum for the Twenty-socond Michigan.
He is now, 1 believe, a captain in the regu
lar army, and it is safe to say lie Is the young
est veteran In tho service. If it be truo that
tho boy Is the father of tho man, Captain
Clem is as gentle and modest as an officer as
when he carried the guidon and stood fearless
amid the varnagu of tbut hell at Chicamuiigu.
General John M. Corse, late a resident of
Boston, with about two thousand men, was
pressed in bv General French, of Hood's
command, with a force estimated at nine
thousand, all trained and tried veterans.
Although hardly one-fourth the enemy in
numbers, we bad vastly tho advantugo in
position, and thanks to Colonel, afterwards
General Tourtlette, who had had command
before we come down from Atlanta, tho place
was well fortified, though it was deficient in
artilery and particularly in artillery amuni
tion. The hymn " Held the Fort For I Am Com
ing," had its origin in this light. Knowing
that Corse was pressed in. Sherman twonty
miles away, signalled, for tho telegraph lines
wore destroyed, " Can you hold out, help Is
coming? " To which It is said Corse signalled
back tho confident but rather profane re
sponse, " I'll hold out till h 1 freezes over! "
Soon after sunrise the enomy appeared on
the hills and in tho woods all about the fort,
and a flag of true:) was sent in by General
French demanding by virtue of his superior
forco, an Immediate surrendor. Corse re
plied in effect that he was thero to fight, and
that ho was ready.
At once, six batteries opened on our works
and from tho encircling lines of men in grey,
such a storm of lead was poured In that
nothing could stand exposed against it.
Young's Texans and Sear's Georgians charged
again and again on our works, but the ad
mirable disposition of our men made every
ffort at dislodgement futile.
Here and thero the skeletons of regiments
n the advance works were driven back on
the main Imdv, and by noon one-half of
Corse's garrison was killed or wounded.
From the first rt seemed a hopeless fight,
but never before nor afterwards did I see
men so resolved to hold out or din as were
those who defended the Allntoonn Pass that
lay. I distinctly recall that it was not the
frenzied vulor that distinguishes men in a
:harge, but tho oalm resolution of men who
determine to die rather than yield.
On such an occasion, whero every man
does tho full measure of his duty and so
shows himself to lie tho equal of tho bravest,
il would seem to be impossible that any one
uld particularly distinguish himself above
the rest. Yet such was the case, and unfor-
wcek utter reaching Murdoch's a young man
from Bragg's army stopped there. He was a
Texan named Boll, und he had transportation
and papers from General Bragg authorizing
him to go on to Uiclimond. and gel the en
dorsement of the War Department there to
his transfer, on account of ill health, to the
command of General Magruder in Texas,
where h;s parents lived.
The young Texan hud a burning fever when
nE chaSoed clothes witu the dead man.
ho reached Murdoch's, and forty eight hours
afterwards he died. Watts did not make his
Purpose known to Mr. Murdoch or his family
TOLD BY GENERAL T. L. WT.iT.
I have been told that the word "Chic.".
manga" in the language ot tho Cherokees
who oneo owned and lived In that country,
means " the river of blood." If this tie so, it
is certainly very appropriate, for no matter
the reason for tho aboriginal name, it is no
longer a misnomer.
OENEIUL Bowls!) AT THE PBESENT DAT.
General Howard. It was that while Sherman
Grunt. Sheridan, Baooock and most of the
great leaders of the civil war are dead, the
three men who commanded the two wings of
Sherman's nrmy are still alive. One was Gen
eral Henry W. Bloucum, whoso hair and cavalry
mustache are now as white as tho driven
snow, but who otherwise does not show his
age. He is now in civil life. Since leaving
the army he has come into control of a syndi
cate of electric railroads and is a rich man.
General Howard baa fallen upon pleasant
days in the afternoon of his life, but he Is as
haul und energetic n worker ns ever, for
besides his duties us eommandorofanlmport-
V... I:.-. "r,,.,l I m1 11., l,.o,.,iin .ln.il.t If
. ., , , ,. , .. , ., ant army department, which even in times of
is the most vivid in the memorv of the i , , , , , a
peace are arduous, ho is a voluminous and
,o,u.,. ,.,, ....,,"... mm us w.e uwuro , ,,,,,,. wrilor (or )itomry papers and .syndi-
lUUKUbBUU IIIom ueBUOruW, UU1 I UllUK v. Ilea- ' , n
manga is an exception, and to those who par
ticipated in it, no matter their subsequent
experience, it must always stand out as the
bloodiest, and fiercest contest in ull their ex
perience. It was Sunday, September 30th, 1868, and
the Union army was represented on the field
by tho Fourteenth Corps, and thy broken
fragments of regiments, brigades and even
divisions of the Wrecked corps of Crittenden
and Mcf'ool;, under the command of that
splendid soldier, whose ability on this trying
occasion saved our cause from irreparable
disaster and won for himself the proud name
of "the Book of OhloamaugB."
The irregular elevations, the tortuous
.our-' of the shallow river, with its red,
precipitous banks, nnd the jungle of bind:
jack and stunted cedars, besides forests of
larger growth, made it difficult for moving
but they must have understood it. He troops to maintain direction, white order in
changed clothes with the dead man, took bis I advance or retreat, was simply out of the
papers, and started for Atluntn as Joshua j question. To these difficulties should be
Bell. added the condition of tlieut mosphere, whie'n
He had changed characters from a prison, r k(.)( , mjst frm ,n waf, ,r am (h(, snlok(,
of war to a spy, and he knew that detection I fnm th burning timber und guns hanging
low over tho field, nnd which often brought
friend and foe into unexpected collision.
vmt!KL n. h. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 fii ti.
The nest evldenco of valor men can give on
the battlefield, or any place else, is their
readiness to die for a principle, or at the
command of a superior.
I am about to bring a negro forward ns a
hero, and in doing so I am aware thut it may
bo call Ml bad taste, but truth is truth, and
lustico justice, without regard to color.
Willlrtin H. Carney, nged twenty-three and
n iimfsunlly Intelligent negro, was color
sergeant of the Fifty-fourth Massachusetts,
regiment made up, with the exception of
ttio commissioned officers, of men of bis roc
On the 18th of July, 1H6H, an attempt was
made to curry Fort Wagner, near Charleston,
by assault. That the attempt was a failure
;wd resulted in disaster to the assailants,
ioes not in tho loss dim the glory ot tho men
vho made it.
Tho colored brigado was boaton, but not
ill ItjJmd planted its flags on tho walls of tho
brvlnd In the assault and retreat one-half
Ihn forco wus killed or wounded.
Sergeant Carney regurded tho colors In
.rustod to his chargii much as ono of his an
;estnrs on the Congo regarded bis tribal
feUsh. Disgrace to Uiat would mean unpar
donable profanity to film.
Tho assault began, nnd when wiUiin one
hundred yards of Wagner the man carrying
flag lull, und Sergeant Carney soizod it on
meant death. He avoided observation as
much us possible, but not so much us to excite
When ho reached Richmond, he examined
his papers, or rather Bell's papers, carefully,
md he wes shocked to learn that the man
whom he represented had an uncle, a colonel
in the Wur Department, whownsu waiting his
arrival, and wn ready to help him through.
To meet this man would be disastrous, so
he changed ids mind, and determined to
examine the ground und make nil way
through as soon us possible to the Union
He put up at a retired hotel, when? ho re
mained quietly for a week, und then, one
stormy night In curly November, he started
to make his way through to Fortress Monroe.
The story of his adventures on this trying
journey would make a most liiteresUng book.
At length, after being out ten days und nights,
ho ran into the Union pickets near Williams
burg on the peninsula.
He was taken in as u deserter, but after a
time he succeeded in establishing his identity,
and wus sent on to Washington, from which
point he subsequently rejoined Ids command.
Sad to relate he was killed u few months
Efou T. Brumal, M. D.
THAT AIN'T A tWXt BIO MESS.
tunately the name of the hero of this Inci
dent could not be leurned. and it Is supposed
that ho subsequently went down in tho strug
gle, to lie numbered with the heroic, but
The. Twelfth Wisconsin battery had ex
boosted Ita ammunition, and this when it was
most needed. Thero was an abundance of
grape und case shot in a house about n hun
dred yarJs outside our lines, but it looked
liko courting death for any man to Irnverse
tho Intervening space, Swept by the tiro of
thu onomy's vigilant sharp-shooters.
I'olntlng to the house, and without any
thought of exciting any one to inukn tho at
tempt, General Corse said :
" The ammunition In that building is worth
to us Its weight in gold ; I wish we hnd some
of It lioro."
On hearing this, a tall young man, n private
In the Twelfth Illinois Infantry, stepped out,
and saluting said':
" Aro we 'blocged to have tho ammunition,
" Yes, but It Is work I can order no man
on," was tho roply.
" No noed to order, Genlral," Baid the sol
dier, " in such d d tight times as these we'd
orter to bo uccomsiodatin'."
Thou before a hand or a voico could bo
TOLD BV MAJOIt J. It. D0YLK.
I think the old Ninth corps did Its full
share of fighting during the war. iiml more
than Its share of travelling. We were with
the Army of the Potomac, taking an active
part in every great battle up to the spring
of 1HC.1, when orders came to pack up anil
go West, though not to carry out Horace
In the Bummer Ol isr,3, one division was
sent down to Join Grant before Vlcksburg,
ami two divisions under Bumsldii himself,
were sent Into (,'entrnl Kentucky to prepare
for the Invasion of Fjist Tennessee, then
and since the beginning Ol the win, ul the
mercy of t he enemy.
In November of that year, we had forced
our way through to Knoxville, but we had
hnrflly reached them when our scouts
brought lu word that l.ougstreet, with his
whole corps and a lurge force of cavalry, WBI
pushing north to destroy or capture us.
liuriisiue, ir not a great MluWr, was
unsurpassed as a corps commander, and
nover boforo nor afterwards did ho show
more ability than in preparing Knoxville
for the siege that followed and in keeping
Fort Suuiiders, named after u brave soldi
who had fallen in this camiaigu, was the
key to our position. The enemy knew this
as wollau did we, and as a consequence a
I terrific strugglo for its possession took pluce,
I was witli some Wisconsin troops behind
extemporized breast works in a dense under
growth on the left. Twice the enemy under
Breckenridge, and again, us we understood
from prisoners under Polk, nlso charged on
our thin lines and tWiOS were Hung buck
towards the river.
It wus still early in the afternoon, und the
firing in our front censed, but It Increased In
the direction of tho bill to the right. We
were beginning to feel that we were to have
a rest, when suddenly tho men, lying down in
my vicinity, opened again, but I could see no
enemy. While 1 wus wondering as to tho
cause, n voice called out angrily from the
clouded woods :
' You d d buds! Don 1 you know you are
firing on your own men? "
Accompanying this, a grey horse leaped
into sight from the direction of the enemy,
ami on his buck wus it handsome young officer,
With grey eyes ,o,. the shadow of a coming
moustache., n his upper lip. I shouted to the
men about me not to lire, and then invited
the handsome cavalier to come in und be
Instead of complying with my request, he
ihortened bis bold on the rein with bis left
hand, waved his hat in his right, and called
"You're mighty kind, but I'll see you dend
first I "
The next Instant, he hnd wheeled, leaped
out of sight, und we could hour bis horse
crushing through the timber.
As soon as our men could recover from
this umiizeinent, they llred in the direction
Inked by the young Confederate. But even
till this day. it delights me to think that bo
was not hit, for conduct more daring and
audaciously coesseforver beewtnet dn I ,ol
nor since, and 1 doubt if it will be ever re
peated. T. L. Wkst.
There Is a railroad now in construction
In Africa, from Lake Victoria Nyunzii, that
will be completed ill four years uud will be
(;."," miles long.
" I wonder why Balden doesn't keep up his
life insurance policy? "
" He knows his wife Is perfectly able to take
care of liersolf."
" Teach, I suppose."
" No, a freak, Bhe never stepped off a car
on the wrong side."
atcs, and he is also in a measure interested
in one or two business enterprises.
To see him at his best ono should visit him
at his hondquarters on Governor's Island.
There is little difficulty about this. A ten
minute ride on the Government tug from the
battery and you are on the Island. A short
walk across the parade ground and you come
to tho largo building overlooking the bay
whero General Howard has his office. Unlike
many regular army officers, ho is neither a
martinet nor a lover of red tape. A single
guard stands at the entrance to the General's
quarters, and there is a messenger in an ante
room who at one takes your name and m a
moment returns, and ushers you into the
large room in which the commander sits with
his secretary near him.
The room is u large light one and from it
yon can see the highlands of the Nnvesink
Btrdtchlnit awav to the southeast. The hills
of Stnteti Island rise rough and brown in the
distance and further away yon may just see
the outer end of Fort Hamilton and the white
buildings of quarantine, past which vessels
are making their way out to sea. From these
windows too you may see some fifty yards
away, the dingy Uttle chapel lq which Grant,
Lee. Sherman, "Joo" Johnson, Phil, Kearny,
Lee, Oustpr and other military heroes knelt
liefore Sampler had been fired on and where
those men who were to light each other so
fiercely used to worship.
The walls of the General's office arc covered
by maps of battle fields, famous In history.
and the General smiles us he notes tho visi
tor's look of surprise nt the collection.
They cover a good bit of ground," the
General snvs with a smile. "I can remember
when every inch of that ground seemed to bo
red hot with hornets' nests over every inch
It might be thought that the commanding
general ot a department of an army which in
waa only uccewury to loan and he will
. to loan and a form no WSJ yours,
re was plenty of spore cash all through
panto, but Its owners were nearly se-;red
ot their senses ami locked it up in safe
posit vault, or bought gilt-odced bonds and
! 'iked them uy. They were a'raid to take
idtantago Oi the situation. The; wen sure to
Increase their resources very materially, for
inwioy was rjjvur so Iwlty needed mid it never
brought such rates c.f laterttt. Nobody
thought of ii-ury. There was nothing of the
Bbylock about the current transactions of last
year. The nu'.:i in need of money eagerly
offered terms that even Shnkespenre's char
acter would never have dreamed of demand
ing. But all the men Of means were not fright-
"nod. S hi I them had bcn through panics
before and knew how the WOSR of the many
could become a bonanca for the few. These
shrewd dcalert took advantageof the situation.
They got togethorall the ready cash they could
and either put it out In loons themselves or
hired a loan broker to negotiate for them,
Of course tho leans were only madfl for tin rt
time in mo'-t cases, and the collateral had to
i bO the best, there was ill ti.. i. .i. Ve: and it
on uovornor s i.iann ana entertains out note bad to be In exorbitant
himself, but he is to be met almost every wh':re
luring the wlntei Mouths when society in
New York la In a constant w hirl. Now you
nuiv sec him at the opera with his wife and
laughter, or again you will meet him at an
afternoon tea exchanging courtesies with
lames who take an admiring interest in the
lid warrior. His faculty (or enjoying himself
is remarkable, it Is sometimes a nuzsle to
his friends bow the veteran ' an seem to enjoy
with about equal vim a small social affair or
a dry lecture upon a more dry subject before
the Now York Historical Society, for that is
running the gauntlet wth a vengeance, But
he does It.
General Howard i-1 also u club man of re
nown. He is prominent in the Union League
Club, and in others less prominent. He is
also a member of the Authoi s Club, and of
several literary organisations. In a goneral
way be cultivates the Society Ot literary men
rather than that of army men, and what i."
more, he is popular with them. He at times
seems more proud of his work as a writ! r
than of his achievements in the West with
Sherman, und he said to me on one occasion
that lie had the satisfaction of knowing llC
wus not altogether dependent upon his pay
for he, made as much by writing as he receiv
ed as sulury. He bus in his library carefully
cherished a collection of wur maps that is al
most invaluable. These are not copies, but
originals drawn by such men as Sherman,
Slocum, the brilliant uud Ill-fated Mcpherson,
Grant, Sheridan und others. In omeCBSei
these are copies Uiat were laid before coun
cils of generals and there deluded. Her.- and
there in some of them you may see where the
strong hand of some man now dead has cor
rected or amended the original plans, until
thoy look more like a tanele of lines an out
and out Chinese puzzle than an intelligent
guide to important military operations. To
mo thev were interesting in the extreme
though I utterly failed to understand them.
I venture l to suggest t .ioie r.il Howard
that right here he hud materia) for an inter
esting book upon war. He smiled signifi
' flint is but n very small portion of the
mnlerial I have and t hat has come into un
hands during and since the war," he said.
" Then you contemplated u war book." I
"I did not say so," replied the General
warily, and with this reply 1 was fain to be
The friends ot the General lay, however.
" Jlmmle, where did you gto this Hvo
" Its the money you gave mo lor the heathen,
" Then why did you keop it?" i
" My teacher said 1 was a hoathen." W
GENEcAI. FOWAKD IX WAr. TIME.
that he is and has been torn longtime pre
paring a work, not necessarily a history ol
the ordinary tyie, treating of the wer, but
rather a (orieB of sketches ol seenesth.it he
SOW and toek part In. It i- Ciener.il How
ard's opinion that ho is in u position to cor
reet some false impressions into which setiv
writers have tailed, Ono at least of these er
rors hus to do with General Howard himself,
and his old commander Sherman. The latter
wus often criticised for appointing Howard
to succeed Mel'hcrson when the latter was
killed before Atlanta, and Shonnan WU
charged with injustice in not appointing
Logan to tho vacancy. General Howard lias
the material to set this mutter right.
In speaking of it to the writer be said:
General John A. Logan was a magnificent
soldier, brave and capable. But he was also
a force In polities and General Sherman al
ways hud net exactly a prejudice against
volunteer officers, but he did feel that he
could depend mofC on men who, like himself,
were educated at West Point About the
tune Sherman was preparing for bis great
raid through Georgia the political campaign
between Lincoln and McClellan was on. It
was believed that Mr. Lincoln's success was
ns essential at this time lis the triumph oi
our armies in the held, and so General Lo
gan, who was mi excellent stump-speaker,
went back to Illinois, where for a few months
he gave his eloquence to the cause.
"As n matter of fact, however. General
Hooker was even more disappointed than
Logan, for he felt that he should have had the
position. It will be reniemlvrcl that after
the lighting before Atlanta he coma hoineand
did not serve again during the wur.
But it is due Logan nnd Hooker tosav that
if Sherman bad selected either of them the
work would have been as thoroughly done as
It was by myself.
General Howard is as modest as be is able.
He knows that be did the full measure of his
duty and so Is satisfied, but he is ever ready
to Sve the fullrst praise to every officer a 180
olated with him in the serve-'.
He is, us ever, a deeply religious man and
u worker in Boon mis-on worn us no iiiuyruke
part in. He is truly culled "the Christian
Soldier. Gen Oral Howard moves quietly und
without any blowing of trumpets. Ho some
times remarks whimsii allv that one of the
IB hiB department, Tills is a largo dopurl- 'greatest obstacles In his puth to sucess with
Dent and Is the most Important lu our nrmy, ! the rank and 111" was the prejudice that the
hkins in ns it does ihe New Fneian.i slates, i common soldier bad BgolnM roilgiou8mlnded
the Atlantic and Gulf states, tho District of
, OENEKAI. IOWABD AT HIS PKSK. TT
ill lime of peace is limited in numbers, would
not be an over busy man since be tins a lurge
staff of officers to assist him. Hut General
Howard says that there Is no luck of work for
him to do. Besides it bus always been his
i habit to keep in touch with every movement
Columbia und stub's as far west und south
inland us Ohio, Kentucky nnd Tennessee.
F.very fort, or recruiting station, In ull this
district is under his direct commund. Every
thing must come to him for llniil endorsement
or disapproval, and while his jiowcrs aro not
absolute, since he hus superiors at Washing
ton, they lire well nigh so, und If his decisions
are over reversed tho fact is not known.
The day I saw him on Governor's Island,
General Howard was less busy thiin usual,
yet while I was with him fully a score of men.
petty officers und privates cunio tn him, either
for advice or to seek some favor. In some
easosn leave of absence was wanted; In others
tho men desired advice as to tho investment
of their pay In such a way that they would not
squundor It off hand, and In yet other cases
Uio muu woro before tho General for tho pur-
"They utterly refused for n lime" he said
"to believe Unit a mun could be a good
soldier and h good Christian. I think I over
came this prejudice, and by a good deal of
hard work and hard lighting, but I imagine
some of my old boys, who survive, look upon
me us more of n praying than a lighting man.
The time for (leu! Howard's retirement Is
yet some months away, but he Is looking for
wiird to that event with equanimity.
It is now Uilioved that General Howard will
be granted u leave of absence in Miiyllll his
retirement in November, and that General
Miles will be ordered to take coiuiiiand of
this department. Fostf.ii Goates.
"Sis," said a bright Hutlem youth to his
sister, who was putting the finishing touches
on her toilet. " you ought to marry a bur-
Mar. " What do vou mean nv sunn non
sonsc?" "I moan that you and a burghir
would get along well together; you have go;
tho false locks and ho has got tho (also keyf "
quantities. A great
(leal of i' was loaned to b ..s.-s tbut laid to
have it and give security worth five times the
amount advanced. The security,' no matter
how good it wus. could not be disposed ..f on
the exohangO except at ii ruinous saerlfloe.
It WBB deemed bettor to pay for money und
retain the socuritb s than sacrifloa the collat
eral for money nnd afterwards lack both
money and securities.
It would be bind to tell just what rates
were paid tor loans' in the darkest hours of
the panic. For the use of money for a very
few duys, interest ut tin; rate of one hundred
per cent, a year was frequently given. It even
iuu higher than that some times. Hauliers
were carrying valuable customers and needed
money, rnoir vaults were mil ol first class
COlkvteml and they time and again emptied
their vaults in order to r-itaiu their standing
ou tho Stock Exchange and save themselves
from failure. It ir.uy seem an outrage that
money lenders should have leourod such
tremendous rates, but as the cloud of depres
sion gradually lifts it discloses hundreds of
concerns that would have gone down With a
crash but tor the help of the COSh ruis-t at
such expensive figures.
Of the individuals . n the street who made
fortune-, or rather added to the fortune? al
ready possessed, two stand out prominently.
Russell Sage and Mrs. Hetty Green bad ;..iii-
Ior.s on tap nnd they turned their bonk ac- '
counts over and over ogain and every tine i
increased the figures in the Kink booka. Sage
spent tho busiest summer ( f his life, T.'Lile
most of his loans were made directly by
tho shrewd old financier m his i oop-like
offices on Broadway, he Severn! times allowed
reliable broken to tot f r him. Jr..kcre
flocked arourd Sago's office very day and
through even- ..,..jt;s hour of the day. U
is not true that Sag" will not talk t broker.
Ho is always ready to make a trade, but it
takes a clever broker to meet him in trade
and cme , .ut whole. How much Sage leaned
when the sums wore all added up. is guess
work. He is reputed to keep from S5,00e.O9O
to S15.CKW.00li, where he can lay his haiids on it
at any minute. Probably $10,000,000 would bo
a fair estimate of the amount he kept shifting
from loan to loan throughout the panic.
Now and then the loan would not Is? met ut
the period appointed. Occasionally, owing
to tho rc'li return in the sliapo of interest,
tho loan would be renewed. But more often
as the clock struck the hour when the mo-.cy
was to be repaid and it failed to appear, the
securities that were taken as collateral pass 1
into the possession and become the property
oi Mr. Sage, He kept them and in met has
many ot then; yet. But tli-ir vnlf - has
mostly increased n hundred fold arid one of
these davs tic sngaeiuits .id manipulator
will dispose of them .niietly.it big figures and
rake another load of shekels into his private
Mrs. Hetty Green muue fewer loans than
her rani., financial oounterport, but she got
higher rate- on thowi sic made. This mys-
rious woman of the flnanclol realm abso
lutely and actually aquootod tho rich men
who had to have Caah and have it nt once.
The tele oi the way in which she cornered
nd compressed x-Judge Bitten Is a pai I .'
contompenuMOUi history, Then arc tome ,
twtenaotthattnuisaeHoni i which the publl
is igr.orent however. The firm of Hilti e.
Hughes Co., was in t raits. Business
dull. Collections wwe frightful. Cash had
to be used constantly for purchase- and (uy
rolls. Hilton could not moke a loan en any
securities he had. Government bond- wen
refused as collateral. The distress signal
WoS about to bo dlB laved, when Mr. Green
was applied to. She bad the money and sho
would loan it on certain conditions. The
conditions v. ere something unheard of. The
groat marble building at the comer of Broad
way mid Chambers street, was the only cell.-.'
6nl She WOUM take. She loaned on less than
one-third of its panic value ami if the i sm
win nor met promptly in the instalments
agreed upon, the palace of which Alexander
T. Stewart was so proud was to Instantly
puss Into her bunds. She made Hilton pay
the Title Guarantee Co. a big sum for a cast
iron guaranty of the title. The day the deal
was closed and the richest woman in tho
land took a certified eheok on the Chemical
Nntioniil Bank to the Trust Co., where (hi
papers were finally signed, she made Judge
Hilton pay live dollars for a cub to take her 0
distance ol live blocks ur.d also give her ten
cents for a sandwich, out of which she made
her lunch. Bhe doubtless made other exten
sive deals of Uie same description and on tho
same rigorous and exacting terms, but
the details have not been disclosed. It is
onb known, on good authority, that tho nan e
up to date, has been worth t3,MO,000 to tier,
l'rebabiy the outside broker who mode the
most mouev on loans during the stiingcnt
tunes, wus Howard 1'. Frothinghom. He bus
been in the bUSlMM forye.irs. He acts foros-
tates.trusi oomponieaand bonkingiiisUtqtions
ui the placing of money. He Startled, wan
street one dav in the midst oi the panic by
appearing on the floor of the steel; Exchange
and offering to loan 11,000,000 at a fairly
high rate of interest on the be.-! sc. unties.
The street was looking for siu.li a savior nnd
every cent of the money Was taken in less
than an hour nnd commission enough was
earned by Frethinchinn to make him com
fortable for lid-. Too next day be appeared
ot the Exchange with ftroinei million mid be
repeated the operation for several days. All
his loans were gtrt-odgeti and hc turned in a
very bandsome profit to the people whom he
represented, besides making a lortune him
self. While he is very proud ol this achieve
ment, he is really more proud of tic fact that
ht is mayor ol Lake Hopotoong, N. J. He
ban a beautiful house on the shores of thai
hike and the citizens of the borough there
aboute appreciated his residence amoni
them and madohlffl the chief functionary t
the vicinity. He is greatly delighted und i,
addition fools honored be -uuse jiis skill as nu
angler led the governor of NOW Jersey to
make him one of the fish wardens of the
state. Frothiiighum Is short., a tnlle stoat
uud a full Hedged blonde.
. Laweexce S. Mott.