Newspaper Page Text
THE SCTRANTON TR1BTNBSATURTAY MORNING MARCH 10, 1894.
8upenntendont Byrnes Talks About
Crime and Criminate.
Eduction and Law-brtaks?. Tho Criminal
iVit.'--.. ! of Difleient Nationalities.
Women mora Inclined to Vico than
to Crime. -Tho Physiognomy
of Habitual Criminals
Clue to Thoir Char
actcr. There, seems to Is' a pretty general im
pression, oven among those who know
Superintendent llyrnos -head of Uio Now
York police IhTOi Mil J well, that hu is it
largo man. Thoso who know ot him, and
vIid does not, but who have never noon
him, imagine him to ho a stern implacable
EMII, capable oi i ttl Isiag a hypnotic In
BaHMN over tin' criminal with whom ho is
brought Into oontset, sad with a power,
well nigh luperaatora of reading tho
thoughts of men.
Although not a large man. Superintendent
J'.yrne.s would at fact moro than a second
giumv from a stranger pasaing him lu tho
Street, Ba is about llvo fe vt algM Inches lu
height, and weighs not loss than MO pounds,
and this without IllllkiaMlJg any superfluous
Hosh. He should wear a seven and uu eighth
hat and measure thirty uino inches round
tho breast and tho sumo above the hips.
Hia head slightly bald and well covered ou
the sides with short gray hair, is OattJe in
oatUae, but then is a mill tar mi to it, whleh
taken in connection with the heavy, iron
grey moustache, the tlrm chin and ivaibutivo
nose, reminds the traveller of a French
,hlnk that tho law, in self-dofonoo should
reveal such unions ?"
" At the first glance, it docs look as i( sueh
a course would bo prudent, yet, if such a law
wen- passed to-uiorrow, I am satisfied that i!
would not only bo inoperative, hufthat il
would defeat its own pu.-nHo by making
the numbor of murders or homloldos, in this
State, for Instance, with tho number of casus
in which tho death poiuilty Is onforood. Ow
ing to this habit of carrying murderous
knives and their readiness t use thorn when
their in flammable tempers are uroitied, there
nrn mora homicides among the iguoruut
thing?- worse. So long as tho law sanctions j Italians than In any other class. The once
cotesel of oavabrv, and lies in it a
such unions, there is a oirliin t.art of loyalty
between tha men and women, and the law
may be able to compel them to eiirc for their
offspring. ' But to liar the marriage ot the
criminal classes would not prevent their as
suinitig the relations of hustvind and wife,
nor stop tin- birth of children. Soth.il bid us
thing - are now, and shocking ns it is to think
of a race ot criminals propagating ihelr own
ktad this would continue under circumstances
tar mora revolting and criminal, It we took
legal measures to suppress it." The Super
intendent spoke with uu earnestness o! man
ner that showed this was not the tiist lime
he had had this importoiit subject under BOB'
"As compared with (lie foreign born, how
do the American rauk as criminals? "
" Do you mean in proportiou to their num
bers, or In shrewdness?"
" Both," 1 replied.
"Iu proportion to number there U no
comparison. I tlnd not a little comfort aud
pride iu tho knowledge thut our American
DOTS oit.zeiis ari not nearly so vicious nor so
criminal as tho of foreign birth. Iu the
(ace of this thoughtless runt about tUSBOBSSt)
iii hwtilnoaa ami immorality in private life, I
know ot no people, it statistic nrv to lie
truatad, a ho at alt oompan with the Amu
loons. Uuf whan an American get 'crooked,'
to use the slang ot the outlaw, he is so much
shrewder and orookeder than the ordinary
criminal, thut thcro la no comparison. With
all their tricks and cunning, tile criminal
classes are at all times puerile in their moth
oils and frequently idiotic. It is well for i.s
that this Is so, for the dourer of the criminal
i-: proportioned to bia hrewtinoM and Intel-
tjgeaOa, Now, these are the qualities that
pro uailnuntly distinguish the American,
whether ha starts in to build a dying machine
or to rob u bunk. He docs the head work,
the generalship, and so baoonaa a leader,
using other men as his tools.
" It is a curious tact that ivrtaia uu'.iouull-
Uaa shew a peculiar leaning to wards aud
aptitude tor certain kinds ot crime. The Gar
mans are excellent mtilianlcs and draughts
raen, with gnat patlaaaa in working out de
tails. And, as might be expected Wl Bad
men of their ruce th-- most skilful forgers and
aoontarMtaro The meobaalos still of the
Garroan makes him an expert in ois-uitig a
-a!' , but he seems to lack the ihrewdneai or
THE TRDB JOHN Y. McKANE
OnUMO habit of oarrytng concealed weapons
Inn ceased to a grout extent, except among
our southern and western visitors, as lint
also the habit of drunken orgies, to which
tho pistol carrleii) were almost invariably ad
dicted, and these improvements have reduced
the death into from homicide. Alter all, it
we hunt vtee and crime back to thoir lairs we
will be pretty sine to Hud them In the glu
mill. Drunkenness is the prolific mother of
most of tho evil doing."
" But don't you think, superintendent
Bynaa, that poverty and the vile Hiirrouud
tngii ol w i niched tenement ottiiotid men to
tha gin mill?" 1 asked.
"Thut Is undoubtedly true. Totlieuiau
oi women living In u fetid air ol tha aver
uge East side tenement, tlieaveiuge liur, with
Its mirrors and gildings, uud its wiirm lire
on u cold day, Is a comparative u nulls '.
Then, too, it would seem that the Kmrly
nurtured bodies cruvo for a stimulant of
some kind, and then the shivering wretch
can't hang about the bur very long Without
ordering something. But this (act does not
dostro) my llrst pro.Hwitlon, and that is that
drunkannas i li the prime oauM ol ail the
" loe-s erimo keep iu"e with tin increase
of iHipaluliou, or is it on (Id wane?"
" 1 think. It Would bo sul'c to say that It Is
de lei in,;. The study ot the statistic! of
The Inner life of the Great Gravesen i
A Temperance Man, Who Itutainal Giu Mills
A Virtuous Han, Who hi censed BrotheU
A Penoefnl Han, Who Enoouragod Priio
FighU A Church Member, Who Fa
cilitated Sabbath Breaking, and
on Honest Man In Private
Who Openly Plundered
'TCB STl'UV 0$ .
IllUiaillllllaaa Ot tha lute Marshal JlacMahou. I audaeity to plan tho plund W ot a bunk, or the
II it is added that tho Superintendent's eyes ! odroitnoi to maka hLs plundsr protituble
are so light a browu as to swai nearly when he has MOUrod it. Wherever these
grey, and that the expression is shrewd and ' men or.' .oucerned in safs opaoiagi you may
kindly rather than sean-liing and aggress- j be very sure there is an Irishman orm . mer
iTf. a fair Idea of the personnel of the greatest ' lean K'hir.d the Job, usually th lortncr.
living detective may be had.
Very suave and approachable, when ho
wants to be, is Superintendent Byrnes. He
places a comfortable chair br cue near the
desk in his private office at Poliae Head
iiuarters. and sitting down on the arm of
another chair facing me, he talks with an
e:isy fluency, ind with so much aorcTsd
sclso that the rratest stickier for grammati
cal purity of speech finds that his colloquia
lisms give a decided force and pi iunncy to
what he says.
"Busy!" repeats the Superintendent, in
response to my inquiry, " I always find
plenty to do, but have time to give you."
Do you llnd from your experience." I asi
"that tho tendency of edinatioa such as Is
to be had in the 'ommon schools of this
:ity for instance i.s to reduce crime?"
crime is most interesting. Indeed, there I.s
so little variation In thu numbur of certain
crimes from you to year, that one can come
near tailing what it will be for the Doming
year." Superintendent Byrnes reaohad uadar
his desk, touched un tdaotrlo button, uud a
police clerk. i:i uniform came m. He was told
to fetch a certain pap.'r. When it was
br. oght, tha Bopartntandant rood off long
lists' oi Bgima in proof of his statoment, ns
to lac number of offenses from year to year
iu New York city. Here are a few :
Larceny. Kobbery. Shooting. Suspicion
1ST, 198, :i,0"u.
237. 103. 4,225.
tttU. 109. 4,')i8.
188. 119. MOT.
From his own country the Irish luw-breaker
hM also brought with him a natural funiuosj
f r illicit whiskey, aud un unswerving belie!
that it la sweeter to taste and more profitable
to sell, If disposed of in detlaaoe or tho law
g warning licenses.
' Somc'f our most expert pickpockets and I
sceak thieves are Englishmen, and since long j
befor" the ds.ys
a tine art, the
purse or watch without arousing his suspic
l -,ns. Ta t.i?li-n imiww is also un cxma c i
With cards, but whoa it comes to this kind of I frie!,w w,ml1' 'ou tlut 18 "'
of arrests lor all the other
( of Fagm, tbvv had rslu.H'd to v """" "
,e skiU to relieve a man of his r"4med' '""bn'sl th.. same uniformity.
"aup'rintonuent, you have soon as many
arimlaala as any man living; from your c-
wiingas u (listine! eriuiinal physiognomy?
" Peoph) can always see the crime in thu
faoc after they know Uio nun is u criiuinnl ;
I and I will eoueed I that there are villanous
I faces which even a child could not mistake.
I But the lac., alone does not mean so much.
! Show tho a Tenure man or woman a lot of
photographs, and tell them that some ot them
cheating the American takes the eake. or
would it one were offered for such question
abla dexterity. It is, howevor, in the line of
swindles that the American c riminal excels.
His green-g'sxls dodga varies a little in Its
' methods, but it la still worked principally in
Yes, and no. Mark you. lam a strong j Jersey now and mil continue to be
,iwrt.M,t. r.f mm alia ..n:, k !.., miMUm worked so lorn? as tho lllltlilli farmer vrrns
to rel and write is now so general! pa'ni-u- ! to swap off the good greenback ha has atowrf " er" f! ouw,a"t out
larly among young criuinals, that it 7d,ffi- away in tho old woman's stocking for the sup- lnvariaWy P' out u"s '
cult I reason, when they -e nearly iw bad Pd coonteneits w.th which he hopes to " . 1
take in bus neighbors. Pogirs banks, awlnd- '
ling insurance and st,, !: npanies, grand ! mlhtthmk ha'"'"'"- ''" yon take tha
cnterpri.scs that promi. ' fortunes tor ,iuie j whole ,mraon of tho habitu il criminal, that is
mor.ev and no ..(Tort all are meth.sls of nlun- , " W"t. manners and so on and
,t,.r at.ral nowerfullv to the inennitv of I 'ou "ndnrstand your tm
BlBM the llrift on Kort Humter in till,
no event has no nr.. I the Indignation id the
people of New York Stab., and Ui none ex.
tent of the whole country, us John Y. Mu
Kane's open detluiu'e of tin, writ of tint
Hupruine Court last November, and his un
blushing roglnlrat ion of over 11,000 names tn
a district ol barely B.OUil inlmhitutits. Tho
history of this mini's iudi' tmoiit, trial uud
conviction hits become well known to the
loading puhllo from one end of the lund to
the other, uud, outside his tiiiiucdiute follow
lag and tha boa SOS of the same stamp In dlf
tereiit parts of the country, tho verdict id
tha Jury that bund hhn guilty has been
A v si: ir Brooklyn gentleman, who owns
a gnat dial of property id Hlavpahoad Day,
uud who lives th to In the summer Una,
communicates tho fulloivuig lnterestiiii; pal
Uouiara of the notorious boss's inner life,
with the UDdarotandJng that his name shall
hot be usim! :
"I hale known John Y. BfoKane since I was
eleven yOKI ot uge, that Is forty yiurs. He
u just six weeks my aanlor, Evan us u boy
he manlfaitrd tho bo spirit, uud wus oon
slderad a lighter, though i iriUny, I never
knew him to Jump on a boy younger or
sjnallar than nlniaslf. bul i bavo often known
bin to dafan ' th itu.
"John was bom Iii Ireland and was only
about a yanroM, whan his Fathar oamo over
aiel Mttiad a' BhwpabOad Buy. Here llvo
more children i.ere bOrn,all but ono of whom
uro living. Tim oldar KaJFjuia was hard
ivorking market gardanar, And the f.ict thai
he Was u staunch Methodist diatlogul du d hiin
iu u notloaahle way from the many catholio
Irishman about him. lie was u sober, hard
handed, hard-working man w ho died only a
few years uge, I saving his wife, who still Uvea
with bat son John, though all the other
children ure in comfortable circumstances.
"As u wh le the population "f Hboi iph 'a I
Buy ut this time and partioniarly in the
summer sauson, In not what might be aallad
Salaot, but it is eultiir 1 and high -tola . I eom
iiared w ith what it was when John and I were
I boys. Then my father moved into the Oity
every winter, in I do now, and I recall that
John Y. MeXane - it was spelled "MoKnln"
then -was the only boy in the neighborhood
he eared for mo to play with, for John did not
swear, nor 0M tobneeo, nor drink, and alter
all these yenrs, amid ussix'iations a', times the
vilest, he never contracted any of these
"Whan about fifteen, John gave up aohool
and never wen! Uiek, and from that duy to
this, I doubt If be has over loud u book
through. He was apprenticed to a eurp utcr
and builder about this time, and M might be
that boy's shortly beeoining a voter did not
lessen his Interest,
" Early In his polltioa.1 career, ScKuuo ba
eanio tho friend of an older and abler bons
than himself; this was a mn:i or tho sumo
not, and who, though a Oathollo, had rnuoh
thl sumo habits-tlie tfotoriOUl Hugh 11c
Iltlghliu of Brooklyn. Dp to Ids n. il
with this man. .MoKaiie seeim 10 le vel
moderate in his aspiratioufl, and certain it II
that his connection with the BOlltlOl ot tho j
town wus nn expense i.-.iher than a giln. lu
IHHHhe quurridled with KoLaUghlln, tad iots
eonsnqunnce was fired out of the Bu!M ol
(Supervisors for Kings County. How well ho
avenged himself nil know who understand
how New York State went for Harrison.
" After this HttKanti oaaaad to be a looal
pTlHtintarii His voice beOaalS potanl in Wash
ington and men, who ut heart despised him,
like QaMml Traoy than Baantary of the
Navy, anil who wus chief comncl IgafalSt
him, were glail to see him In private, and
to respect his wishes as to tho distribution of
Uio Federal utroiiugo In New York.
" KaddtMd at whtt tic y ragarded ai tha
porlldy mill trnnson ot John Y. M' Kuno in
tho I'rcrtidetituii ekwttoB, tha Democratic
Leglalatun at Albany , In the winter ot iw,
dcUirmliiisl to clip his wings by curtailing his
power. A bin was paesod amending the
election law as applied tOOOUntry towns, by
providing thai there should be no election
district with more than loo votes, The pur-
I the law was to wisikeli the power Ol
McKunii who, up to tbl time had voted all
his folloWari at the town hall.
"Any man but John Y. Mi Kimo would have
bean ptusrJod to defeat the porpoaaaof this
bill, but he had the two gnat re pii iles for
luoaan audacity and cunning. Be dieoov
and, or his lawyers did for him. that the
bill was not mandatory, but oontalned the
word may' instead ot ' shall,' and BO he paid
lio hee l to It. but continued In his own S'.vee'
"The uuxt year the ballot reform law, for
which McKane's opponents worked so hard
came Into os:ratlon, aud It required a war
ato polling place for every 800 voters. Every
goodoldten hailed this ballot law hs anion
lu tic right direction, but the superintendent
of the Bheepshcud Bay Sunday school laughed
in derision and at one" prboeedod to defeut
"There are six election dlatricta in the town
of Qravasend, and KoXane at mice divided
tho town mi . six sections of u coa , e.ch one
of which had its ii!k:v or nUTOWeai point in
tho very canter of the tOWO hall. Alj")jt the
place where these points converged, h ; oaoaad
all Hilling booths to be erected, ull under on"
roof, and us we know, directed by one hand.
"In 1892 pcae.. was again made betweaa
le ss MoLuughiin and Boss MeXane, and in
tiieeicctiop of 1888, tho Latter determined to
snow his rani for the alii fUUN by easting
nearly us many vot:-. lor tiie Democratic
ticket as there were residents in the town;
but the Indignation oaoaad by such Infamous
registration induced him to cast only about
one halt, though that was mora by several
hundred than the town was entitled to. Hit
refusal to let the lists be oopied on an order
ot the court, and the cruel treatment and
arbitrary arrest of many nepootabte inn,
by his creatures, oappefl the Clin ol public
wrath, and his present unenviable position
Ik the conseauon v.
"In the comic opera of the Klk&do there is
a character, Poo Bah, who centers in himself
WILL THE BLACK WIN?
Tho Coining fight Between CarbeU
and Jackson, the Bier Anptralian.
n l a Vary Evtn M...:oh, say the E-tsru Tht
Fightine Styles of the Hen Contrastetl
Corbett's Peppery Temper and Jf.ck
Eon's Hnifonn 3?lf-contrcl- 810,
000 and the Champirnahip
to the Victor.
It has imoii rcisvibidly usscrted by a certain
ota . oi wiaeaona that pi lie lighting must
soon IcHiome ii thing ot the jiast, In America
at least. If one may judge fpm up)arui:ccs
however, this Is very far from being thu case.
TIid prizes of th j staked arena urn to day
greater than ever. Another greet interuu-
Uone onnteet tor the ahanxptoBghlp will own
Ixi ilc'dd id, the prluciptls being Juan, , .1.
Oorbett, the present ohasnpion, and Peter
JnikHDii, the Australian. The cinb-st wdl ts.
for IO,(mOa side and the championship ot
the World. Already tho Impending meeting
hi tween those fuiojii esponenti of the fistic
art is Isiing dlBOQMed by the ssjrting man of
two oontinentf. Bevenl cities am nuglBg
Offera of big purse:; for the light. It is as yet
uncertain whether the battle will ! fought
on American or Engliah soil, us ird i.ris-
:, ... . ;
I AKiCS J. t'0'.HETT.
dale Is using his InllueBea with admireri; of
pugilism In Loudon to induce them to sub
seriis. liberally toward a big pone, torefigbt
next June. He says he is coaOdert ttiut
neither Jackaon nor (,'orbott vould obleetto
meeting in the ring under thjl auspices of one
of the leading clubs, providing u purse satis-
blows, ho dooj not lose his temper but coolly
fights on, biding his ohanco fir retaliation.
It may be, that in future contests Corbott
will light with more judgment and not loso
control of his teuior, as was tho ca .u in but
light with Mitchell. One would sooner r i
oil faith uisiii a cautious boxer than n
hothaadad slugger, whoso aombativen,
is tio hrgely doveloped for good ,.
Neither f.'orbett nor Jackson havuanymin ,
In common with the bis;tlo-browed, heav.
jawil style of pugilist. Oorbett, however,
has the more excitable temperament .-.ml un
ions he schools himself to a less effervescent
bearing, when acting us a principal here
after, he may be at fault in this particular
connection when he fuces the "ebony
sphinx" as Jackson has been called.
Willi regard to the outcome of tho conttsl,
it Is iiii'.ucstionable that Cornell . with youta
and agility on his side, should will.
Jackson, in his light with I' rank 1'. Slav! i
at the National Kjioiliiig Club In London,
was bo badly punished that he took six
weeks to recover from the effects of tho
encounter. Still, as far IS physique II con
earned, the men may Is) said to bo ubout
ouuully matched, Jockson's extra weight
being b some c.xt';nt offset by Corbett's
elasticity oi lrame. Itlng experience and
temperament must enter largely into Urn
qneetton and tiicsij would be in Jackson s
favor. He has fought many battles and has
met with but one dates! which wan at th'i
ontset of his pugilistic oereer.
On tic other bend Oorbett has had but omj
trying 8C00B liter tint with Joe (."hojski.
and no inatb-i how clever he nmy be In the.
ute of nature's wiipoiis, he must cecessa--ily
Iw considered to be handlcappiid in
the matter of experianeu, when compared
witii Jacksoti. In their battie in San Fran
cisco on May 21, 1891, no line could be drawn
as to their relative ubiiHies, for bott proved
thu. tiiey prjssijgsed wonderful leienoe,
sumlna and pluck. 'I'hey fought ever four
hourj without either sijerlng a victory.
Jackson was cot in the bust condition for a
battle, having ixx:i recently injured by
being tiirovrn from a wag n. But Oorbett s
eonaeoottve vletorjesj over suihvan und
Mitchell, the great impvement he has
made since he fought Jacks-jn. and tin
i fact that the latter is probably not as for
midable an opponent as he was in 1S91,
must ull be couBiderod .
Jackson II a native of the Yi Mt Indies and
was born in UNI. Votreinnd. he weighs
atxiut iio pounds, trained ubijut Ui pound1-.
By tradt; he it, a macidmstatid l--gau to box
at Sydney. V S. Y.. liuriLg the eerly purt of
18M. Jaeksrm's first battle was with Jaci:
Hayes, which after i: stubborn light, ended in
a dra a. A new match WU arrairei and
fie-biry V; both il offered, boau9o they are Jackaon proved that he war. a tremendous
M they can be. that but for the schooling
they might, he worse. The tendency of
dneation is to sharpen all the faculties, ln
luding the criminal tendencies. Eut there
hi eriacation and eiiucation. and that i.s what
.retead to learning myself, but I still riMlllll
vhat most of our teachers and professors
atirely overlook, and that is the great
llfference betwe'ii learning tad wlsVlhai.
Ken learning, that is a knowledge of things, j
may tend to make more dangerous a char- i
Host people not understand. I do not fthe high cltss American Criminal,
"Bar glare I well, you tlnd them of al
nationalit.es and d"gri'cs of InuIUgenoeel
curiously enough, some of the most daring
have be;ii nes;roe. it Is very hard to tell
where Vice ends and crime b'glns, for the I
horderland between them is far from !ing!
icter that is naturaily vicious. But thcro sharply Oaatoed, They Men to be relatin),
are many well adnoitod men who arc not
learned. Such an education as I understand
it means the proper development of the
head, the hand and tho heart , and of course,
its tendency Is to draw out all that Is best
and to suppress all that, is worst. But ns
we do not llnd this sort of training, even
among the children of the respectable and
well-to-do, we should hardly expect It among
liiose less forturjitely born.
" I hove known cases, and I have one In
mini now, where schooling to nso the
gengnl term, proved nkeiem of what might
have been a decent, hard-A'orking family.
iicss, you will be
..!! to -i, r., them i -very line. 1 will iiii.I'T
Uke that if twenty men, all strangers to iv.oh
Other and to me, and all equally well drussed.
are brought Into this room ami OKI of them
Is an habitual criminal, to pick him out
Within ten minutes. A man may act for u
time a part different from his true oheraeter
and assume to be what ho is not, but sooner
IO. ,K .,. o llf ... ..K... nil n.l n.lt.nla u yit I IHO'I III) 1,111 Ill.lKO II BUkl UU'I TOMMI IIOU-
more orless vicious, though I have known a
few whose habits as to temperance were ex- " OrUYflJJKdOgl is ipute as Interesting as the
ardent Women incline to vice rather than to I ,;"'l' "' fT " " """ Un-
iRi.m.iv.,.i(n,j,i,,,f ri.,,,,. I '"rtiml I" society. When the tiiue uomes
ure, or the natural timidity that would make
t hem hMtate before running into danger.
Some of th"m develop Int'r skilful pick-
cally, that it is the culmination of a erimliuil
lit... thai it N lie last, step taken by tho
. BpeOSjte w r' tch who tKigao his career by
MM act ot petty larceny. As a matttr of
tact, the murderer, une where the crime Is
pocket.-, and their dres enables them b be
lOOC sjefll ai ihOpllfllCt. I need not re
mind von that as hlenkraalleri women m
more audacious and succssful than men.
Mtirflcr Is the highest crime known to
I thf Uw, and there Is n belief, uiaxig tho"'1
This man was a thrifty laborer, and his wife i wh" n"1 wi the (paction practl
a shrewd, saving woman -kept a boarding
house for men of the same class. This
:ouple had two children, a boy and a girl.
These iMMien became the Idols ol their
fcrents, the one object for whieh they Hfggj
They edncatcd them well, according to their
notions, under the Imprsion that that was
all that was necessary to keep thorn from
nard work and enablo them to fight tho
tattle of life to advantage. As thoy grew
up with a contempt forlaUir, they soon be
came ashamed of the old people who had
doae so much for them, and whenever viirori
earne, the old man und his wife ssjeiked off
to thokitflhen. ft Is iinncccr.s-iryUi till In the
story ; tho girl went to the bad, and the boy Is
now In the penitentiary, victims of mls
" Ilavu you noticsl.Siiperinti ndent Byrnes,
gggd the tendency to vice or crime runs in
" I have, and it is no new discovery. To bo
sure, the children of the lower class of crim
inals, are brought up in such nn atmosphere
of vice, sueh a conntant contempt for, aud
wiich a ceaseless struggle against the law, that
'.hey may bo said to know nothing else. Un
der proper eireumstanccis, such children
might bo trained Into good clti.cni; I say
under proper circumsbincee, hut this Is only
A guess. As u mutter of fact, the children of
criminals Inherit a dlsjiosll Ion toeriine. Cer
tain (pinlities in the horse, dog, and other
animals are Increase! hy breeding, and It.
would Men that man Is no exception to the
rule. I know of criminals whose fathers aud
mothers wero criminals, and If we could traco
them hock to their graiuliuf tier's und gTMt
grandlathcrs, the chances arc we should find
tho samo tendency, but growing stronger
with each IgntlNllllHI generation. Kainllles
with several members In the p'eiitenfiary at
the same time have become so common as to
excite no comment. I have known u latiier
aud his two sons to bo iu tho same peniten
tiary for dlffereut offences ; uud mothers and
their dii'ightenJ nro often to be. found in the
"As tho Inlormurrlugo of tun criminal
(flosses tends to propagate crime, do you nut
, . I that i lorn! di aviso Is made the subiect of true
' sclentille investigation, thoro will bo less of
It. to believe that, crime must Increase
with population Is to lose faiih in human ad
vancement anr the jriwnrd pr'sjrcss of the
ages." Ai.rwiii It. OautOOV.
ail the lucrative and bribable positions in tho
exoectcd. he b;came a oklllful W Tkman. Bv ! Empire; UU th i; . iry er.ar..cti.r is
uiodosty itself flom pared with John Y. Mc- j ''r
l, "ml ituhouM -i'liil th.it v.h..re lio ili.i thl
not hold an cflice, he eontroll-d it throuirli
ono of his many cringing and despicable
"Until his conviction a few days ago, Ho- j
KaTiH rnnresented Oravsssnd iu the Baaed of i
. . . nn'TMiiiu isuu uiidi inc. inu.ciiueiit ,
ho had the temerity to control the Board and ,
muko himself president through the voto of a
man whom he knew to be fraudulently si ted,
and who has since bean busted by the Court.
McKaue is the head of the lire department '
Orateaand, and be i- the Chief of Police, iritn
thirty men under him In tho winter, and ihr."
or four time; that number win n Coney Island
is in full hi ist. He is tha town t.; assess. n ,
collector and treasurer, lie hasciuirgeol the
town lands, though theae have been growing
lose as bis own possession! hive Inareeeod.
While running the ohunh, hi has fostered
tiie Coney Islam! Athletic Club, an organise- i
tioti of toughs uud sharpen, who have mad
much money b) exhibiting in tie- rise ring,
otiier tough ( who are no! 10 sharp.
While he does not drink himself and his
private life la believed to io entlrot) motel,
ho has Hrirmied buiulndi of liquor plac m
gambling 'fakes,' low concert belle, vulgar I
dance houses, and lanctioned their being
kept open on Sunday, when tin- working
'i AI..VWS i v.il njnjrrt voHm,'
commilled to Have himself from dntecfJon,
is rarely a mini of riruirinl aub eedeiits. 'I lei
burglar, bank robber, or highwayuian may
go out armed, Imt It Is that be may defend
himself from Injury or arrest. Ho Is after
plunder not 'blood, aud It Is only WhM
cornered that he stabs or shoots. You min t
not Infer from thin that the fellow hot) any
ruKpeot fur human life; ho may bo ready to
siind-liug a man or u dollar, but. he has al
ways un eye t I he conseipienneH to himself.
It he is detected.
" In proportion to the number of hotnloldas
or murders, very low are premeditated, ami
it is premeditation that constitutes th os-
iiouco of Ihe crime In the sight of tho law.
Two men get Into a drunken brawlatul onu Is
killed, und the next instant thu slayer would
glvo his own life If he conld recall tho act.
Love and Jealousy are rcloiiHiblo (or many
ot these sudden deaths, and this Is almost
invariably thu case whore a woman Is tho as
sailant. That thu law takes this view of tho
cum ou can readily sue, It you comuuro
HE CAN TELL A GOOD STORY.
One of tits Cleverest of Raw York's Clever AfUr
NbwVokk. Mar, II. -The nswnt marriag" of
Hx-Judgn Henry I'.. Howbind of this city ton
prornim nt widow of iloston, nails attention
to a man who Is nesuudng proiniiienivi as an
after dinner sjieaker. Judge llowland has
long been reoognlnsl ns an utile lawyer and
learned jurist. Some of his urgumeiltK at the
harlmva attracbid the ftetrw of the legal
profession of the mctrools.
Only within a yisr or two, however, has he
blossomed forth as a clever talker on post
prandial ivcasions. lie Ih a graduata of Yale
College uud is President of the Yale Ahiiuul
Association. He suec.ssled tthuuuoey M.
Dipett, who has been a sort of pereuulal presl
dent, of the organiratlou. in that iiV!0lty,
the ISedge Is eslliil upon to attend the
dinners of other college a In mill and lepresent
His Hn'och at the Prlneeton dinner, held at
the Hot -1 lb uns tick u tew wisjks ago, was a
i; in It evoked the loiidusl uppluusii from
the ill' den - und euiissl gnvit merriment.
While II possibly IuuIuhI the eiisy, graceful
eloqiience of llepi'W, It. abounded lu clever
hits und In the best type ot witticism. It is
wife to say there never were more tunny
stories crowded into a speech of llfteon mln
uU'S dttratjon. They were especially bright
mid new stories. If the Judge keeps a eel
lection of current humorous biles, ns llepcw
mid Porter are reputed to do, It must be M
iiini'knbly well collated.
Judg" llowland Is bottt H yeurs of uge.
His hulr and moustache are iron gray. HIh
voice Is smooth and his emiuiilation very
distinct, lie tells Ids stories as though they
were spontaneous und hud Just occurred to
him. At the Princeton dinner, the funny
narratives were so frequent tiiul they fiillowisl
one another In rapid huccumhIou. Kvery
point tluit was inudu was IllusliaUsl by a
Itory. Ono of the oldest and most regular of
the diners out In tho city, who happened to
bo preueut, remarked Unit lu all his experience
Im had never beard so many clever stories
and so well told, snd not one of them uld nor
the time he was twenty-two- -Ills', was along
In 184, he was not only out of his time, but
hl had been a Journeyman long enough to
lay by some money, nII( with this he, started
on his own account, the llrst planing null
over seen on the Island south of Brooklyn.
He made more money and then began to
branch mit as u contractor and builder. He
put up many of the Hull houaee iii und !
about Shis'pshcnd Hay, and he had a hand In
many of the large etruoturea In thl wei epd
of Coney Isliuul. Although his religion for
bade his hotting Im was ever an ardent
Mothodlet -he made a great dealol none)
out of gambling ventures. He buiK the
9 labial and grand stand ot the Conoy Island
Jockey Club, the Brooklyn Jockey Club, and
ulaothoseof tho Brighton l!ach Hieing As-o-Olatldn.
About ten years ago h i discovered
that more money was to be made in easier
work, uud so he Surrendered tho building
business to his hroUict n, and branched out as
a political boss and lain) IpeOUiator,
" About tc time he started in as a build t.
ha married Miss FannlcNintmnd.au exe-1-lent
woman whoso family was d lOOOnded
from the New Ainsterilam Dotoh, and after
whom one of the most important streets in
Brooklyn is naai'-l. 'rhmiehililren, twnUiys
and n girl, were horn of this union, anil
one of the former, u most nv lent young
man, hai been blind alibis life, en aflUction
that endeared him Ihe more to his doting
"John, although not more than live fed our.
Is heavily built, und thanks to his SMMtrj
and his temperate habits, he Is a model of
health, and but few man of half his age could
ii . 'ni In 'n While incapable ot comprehend
inn whut the word 'statesman' means, to
my ntind John Y. MoKane Is a peffMI typeo!
the district imllticlau ami Im.sm. a position
Unit fortunately has no Mrsntorpifk in any
otiier country under the sun. Keen us a briar
Slid .nn hi as a fox. he hue that self control
which is the llrst essential quality of lender
hip, and that tld-lity lu his friends which
whether real or assumed Is one secret of his
autocratic sway nt llrsvesenil. He is down
now, and I am glad ol It ; yet it Is only a tew
years since th" rival candidates for the pre i
den.-, thought thin i' i" ii i power to In' courted,
snd It Is a matter of history that his desertion
of his own party, owing ton pique In lHstt.
gave New York State, nnrl with II. the 1'resi
deney, to QeUOfSj Harrison.
" About tiie time McKsne married, und that
was soon after his coming of age, In. mode
his tlrst nntrsnen Into polities by rtitUtltnj for
constable of the bwii of llruvcsend. lie was
elected, and from that time on, he sivms to
have led a double life. In tho little church,
which Ids fnther helped to found, h" contlnu'yl
to he a worshipper and an officer; and no
member ot the congregation woe so liberal as
Im wliuu the plate was pasHed, or a sulwcrlp
MM hud to Im headed. Why. at the very
time when 1 know his lltical associates to
bo of tiie lowest kind, and that he was plan
nlng wltii them to make the ballot. Ikix a
sliuiii and a deluslou, 1 have soon him lend
lug iu prayer meeting, and exhorting sinners
to righteousness with uu energy of maimer
Uiat there was no need to assume, and which
If uestnnqd. simply made him the mosl pel
foot sutor I ever saw on or olf the stage. Hut,
us I suld, thle woe one phase of the man's
dual life. From ourly childhood tho fervor
of Methodist worship, It not the tenets of the
church, attracted his strong domonstrulivo
Suture. And then there Is, I think something
in the fact that ut the prayer meeting, us lu
the politic! caucus, he liked to load, he
v. ant ml to be boss, and he won boss. Tho
Huuday school of whloh he wus superintend
out, was to him a sort ot religious primary,
und while he was no doubt eager to auvu tiie
souls of every hoy present, tho possibility ut
uware they will meet with u hrst-ciaes men
tion nnd lair play. They ca:i also brii.g IT
the contest without any risk of legal iuter
ference or trouble after the hutUeis ended,
t was through the energy and influence of
Lord Lonsdale that the Sght between Joe
HcAullCa and Frank V. Slaviri was held ut the
Ormonde Club, and after both men were ar-
retted betook up the cudgels on behalf of i feeble re-istanc
the I "i"rs, employed Sir Ch .rles Russell and roundi-.
Won thecuse, which has mad" glove contests
in England legal ever si! c
a oomparleon ot the proportions of Jackaon
and Corbott will show that, iu most points
they arc eseoediugly well matched. They
are of exactly thl sucie height, each nit:,
s-anding six feet and one-half inch iu stock -
feat. The Australia:), however, has much
b itte? devel ued shoulders of tiie two. A
tipo en"ircling Should ers and chest would
prove Jackson to have the more expansive
driving machinery. Here are the oiact dimensions;
hitter, for after Mvetttn d puate rouuua
he knonlred Bayei Masel m. Hi was then
niat.-t -d to tight Sam brittos lor $500: Juc
SOn won this battle by knocking his burly
opponent out in twenty minutes. Peter wus
subsequi ntly matched to light Jar:... .
Melbourne, for Uu) ehampionsliip i 1 RlW
Booth Wales aud jsto, but be offered n very
to Farnaii. who won In seven
Jeekson and Furn&ti again reel for tb
champianahip. and whu Farnen wot winning
the ring was broken Into and a draw : ... .
Jackson next dsfeotad Jack Doolcy ! : 11,00
in three rounds, putting bis opponent to
sii'ep b9 34 miLatci'. His ni-xt mutch was
with Lees fr r S2.0JD und the chamjiionship of
Australia. Thirty rounds were ioUffht in one
' Onrbetti Jackson.
Keaetirement of chu 43 1-2 in 42 1-2 in.
Kejeeurement of waist us in. 881Sin.
Il aidi in In, So In.
M asun men! of Hugh 25 In. to 1-2 In.
Width of shoulders M in. 2(1 In,
Circumferenoo of neck is in it 1-2 in.
kleaiurement of calf i" in. 1" 1-2 in.
Jleasurementof bioepl IS 1-4 in. 16 in.
Measurement ot forearm 14 1-2 in. 14 S-4 in.
Weight 184 lbs. 199 lbs.
Age 23 years lltyeais
It II clear from thOM figures that Oorl t:
hr.s the advantage in age and Jicksoa In
Weight ;:inl slightly in length of reach Oor-
beti is younger and praeumably itixuxger
than Jaokaon,end he is probably quite as
clever, although (rom. the difTcivaee in their
stiles of lighting it would be difllrult to de
alare which is the more effective. On his sid:
Jm k,.n has weight r.iid experience and he
naa aemonanrana neyona onapunwai m is ogaibM him. He also .."teate.1 i .ergot e.i
not oeally " rattled" In the ring. As regardi j trey, Ooa XeAulifle, Pktey OartUff and othera,
abtlitj in the ring, which ir.o.ludes in this ' SoaM time after hi arrival Jackson leeured
'I m i
1 Si -arv ess.- "S
';V;e -5 ; ;.'
rinses Dames. Jacks.x s Bvcscr..
h at end 39 minuU-s. w him ffiflkfOT was
elan d the winner. In 1S!':I. he lame to San
rrauciseo pr?pimd to any one brdnght
I connection clever fiKit-vvork. Jackson lias few
! ejuels. He is a h,.vr of the Mac sch.s.l
man and Ids family go down to the democratic J and uses both har.ds and arms in on ca-. . ru
west end of Con 'y Island for a bneth of salt
air. Ho tins added to the facilities for de
moralisation by supporting the r. onrsae.
which tm (daims would go som piece else,
taking the money with them if hi did not
keep then near Corny island.
"When John Y. KoSsni lurrandered the
building busiiuws to bis brothers, ten years
ago ho was not worth $75,000, to-dsy he
Is worth over 1800,000, und his largo holdings
Of nhl estate are yearly increasing In VSluO.
Kroin the one Item of rentals he rivcvc
gll'i.tmo a year. This shows the shndy side of
the man's character, und It certainly is black
enough, though he stoutly maintains that he
got honestly every cent he owns. Of course,
the word 'honest' Is very elastic with such
men, uud It mttll bSOOUfSSOOd John's ethical
standard is fur bOloW hll nllgloUl pretoD
Ions, liven in Jail. 1 urn told he aks n
blessing before meeis, snd l believe it.
"There Is, however, something to lx said on
IheotherHlde. The hoer and WlltSkoj selleis.
and the fakirs and the kseperi ol dance hOttMl
aresll iniide to xi license thut wo'ild be sim
ply prohibitory In s less protl able field tb.in
Coney Island. These lcens" lire assessed
In the moit urtletie way, deissiding on the
licensee's ospsolt) to pay. and the aggregate
goes, to swell the town treasury, kepi by
oXani Mrnsell but he pointi with pud" to
the gnmt Inipt'oveiiieiits he has made uud the
foot that thl taxes haie Ixxei itSSdily re
diioed. Home years ago, a eharterml eom
neny, without coniultlng with KoKane pOI
down a water plant In till town, but he re
fused to recognise it. In dellSIUlO of law.
hut eertainly in (hi Intersil i ot the people,
he built Water works on hi" mill SOO an;
with town money, and the pa iple own them.
(las and olectrie light eoinpilliien have Iksmi
trying to enter this promising territory, but
the Iniss bus frightened them uwny. and he
wiirt planning to build gas works uud nn elce
trie plant, ii he had the waterworks, wh a
he ran against the law with too much force
and hi i lout Ids head,
" While his eUOOOM has made him oierb. ar
lug und dictatorial, hohns never yet got out
of touch with the people among whom ho
grew up. Be is the custodian "f their petty
secrete and thl adviser lu nil their undertsk
tug.. No man of Ids iieuuaiiitaiice ever up
pealed to his generosity in vain. While op
posed to llnuor, llipior fellers and drinkers
are his strongest friends, and the tough yearns
to light his battles and i ever reudv to vote
" With s bolter education and il higher moral
standard, John Y. McKaue might lx famous
Instead of lufaiuous. Not the least remark
able thing ubout this remarkable man's
charuotor Ih thu fact that he still stoutly be
lieve himself to be a pure, hiiincoiit man,
tho victim of cruel laws and a Vindictive
pros." Leon Edwauds.
On) and most effect'. vc manner. He it u co
ital judge of distance and cun time Ins bl
to a nicety : he hall rapid delivery and morv
o ,er a wonderful faculty for avoiding returns.
' if 4 f
He ducks with precision end when hard
pressed can skip like a chamois. .Tsckson's
left hand del cries ut head and body arc fris1
and telling, while his light hand "heart
punches " have oft ci turn -d the tide of Kittle
In his fsvor.
OorbStl IS Squally clever OA this score as
he demonstrated when he fought Jsekson.
Sullivan, and ItitohoO, Besides he is a
quick short -arm lighter, and a tcrrttla two
handed lighter. He lands on an Opponent
like a flash and by loaning to the right,
keeps his own bead out of danger. His in
iw.sant feinting with head, hund and test Is
siifllnlent to keep a nut overi'uiiddent op
ponent In a state of nervous trepidation and
to wear him out by the exertion of avoiding
imaginary blows. Corliett'a style would
convey the Impression that he isa natural
boxer rather than a tutornl on". (Juick ou
Ills feet he I as elastic as rubbar mid apir
ontly us llri'lcss as a wooden rocking-horse.
Ho knows hovv to blivk u man from punish
ing him "when closed. In the past, he has
not. used hll light hand with remarkable
frequently but he bus used it ipiito enough to
show that he knows how to launch nt tho
critical momunt. with disastrous results.
tine grout advantage whicii Jackson pos
sesses over Oorbett Is coolness, for even whjui
facing the musiu und stung by the hardest
; an engagement a', the Boys) Aquarium and
i for u fortnight offered u pur--, to any man i bar
Mitchell and Bmlth) who could stand np he
ton' him four rounds. Hint he lllmiBOsflllly de
1 dated sUeonen. The Pelican Cfab, Lond ...
Oflbred n nurse of S.(V10. for Jae.ks.n to flphi.
I Jem Smith the chaminon ol England, aesord-
j ing to ijuismslwrn nites. and the cnite-t ..
deekM In Jackson's Osvoi in thechib remit
in Lindon. on November iO. IS.8:', imly two
I rounds were fought.
Jackson next fought a dr.a, with Bd Suiilb
of Denver, which lasted live reiunis und ended
in nn unsatisfaetorv manner. This contest
. was divided en May IS. 1890. Ih Chic.:,- .
Jackson then went to San Francisco and fatter
returned to Australia whin he fought Jno
O.xldard for the championship of Auatralta.
(i.vddard had the Is'st of the lighting. I lit
Jsekson it was claimed, was not in cond -tion.
Jackson again came to San Francis, i
and the Oalitornian Athletic Club offered a
pure.1 of $lil.OH0. for a moving between Jaek-
1 son and Cobott. The bstM wus fought ou
Jt i) 21. 1S91. Jackson bad never before met a.
m.in who could avoid his dangerous straight
left hand blows. Besides no antagonist ksul
beoii able to plant n glow on his wind vvi;
sufficient force to OSUSe anv aniiovan..e, hut
Oorbett, When the fight had reached the thir
tieth round the men had OOnolttded Hal
rightly so that the oue who led was sun' t
gid the worst of the elnsh. It bad been
far the first Itftwn pteejldlng riuinds and
I neither hud I paitiots of force to spare and
neither vvn l.svsiiur for return MOWS, I iboth
rctuscd tv lend, and then the " walk around "
bi-gaii. Once In the fifty-eighth round Juck
son sidd lo t'orhetl who wtis continuully
walking awnv from him: "Why don't yen
stand up IM lend once in a whil ? " When
the referee called the men to the ropei at the
opening of thl fiM round, he said to them -"
tjenUenen youSe got to oorne together and
tlnlsh this thing; you've walked n round each
other long enough. JnckMon replied that he
was ton tired to make every lead and didn't,
propose to lay himself okii for Oorbett to fail
at. After they had continued to walk around
thni minute's longer without u blow Imin;
struck the I'efenv de-dared the contest "no
After his liattle with Corbet! . JnokSOn agoili
went rr. England and in the Spring of IStlsl, ho
was mstohed to light Frank V. Slavln, for
flO.O,KI, In the National BporttSgClub, London.
The light took phUM on May t'O. 1HVW. It WSB
a desperate Ivsttle and utter lighting ten
round". Jack :.m knocked Slavln out.
Oorbott's record is too well known to need
rivltul. He was bom Kept. 1, IHOti. When a
boy In his teens he was employed Ilia bunk,
und Inter held a clerkship In the same institu
tion. He entered th,' ring in ISM, and has
since detested Dunesn McDonald, loeChoyn
ski. Nike BrennSDj Joe MeAulitTc. Jain
Kilrnin, Dominiok McCaffrey, and J. L. Sul
livan. HIh lab'st liattle was with Chnrhs
Mitchell, the English K.xlng champion, whom
he dafieted at Jacksonville, Fia., iu January
last, winning $2i),(KHI and the championship
of the world. The mail he is now preparing
to meet Is probably the strongest opponent
ho has IVST faced lu tho prlM ring.
Willum E. Hakdixo.