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THWSCKANTON TRlBUNE-SATlTltDA X MOBNING. MAHCH 3, 18a
WAR'S BRAVEST BIBS.
EecoUoction8 icf Episodes - of , Heroirin
by I:md and Sea.
Btimiif CoiitritationB From. Capt. -A..:G.;P,
Brown- Thomas L Kujselr Mnjortl.H. Pitz- J
71 .is proposed in tlte series of papers, of
which., tha Joltowiwj forms, the ciglUh, mber
('ir'ir .;." public. for 4kt first time and in
aittheniitform, by-h large number of dietin
ffuUhrd contributors, the stories of the most
signal deeds of indrrUiual Aeraitm awl' self
sacrifice unurring under their pi rsomil ob
srrtalioa ichile in the senir?, either by lazid
or sea. duriwi the war o'ISBI. The collection.
if Am completed, vill form et s-pkndid monu
meht lothe prourss.putriotism'and aMwhWMS
meumunimity of tfu- Ameriran soUtier. Thus
those heroes iro, by their i adMdval deeds of
daring, added lustre and enthusiasm to the
cmf!icts(mc in distinnuisfied and ethers in
humliUrvU-icillfi:d their true place in the
lorinannd udmirins hearts of a united nation.
TOLD BY CAgKIN A. 6. ?. BBOWN.
ltis&dielcnl&ffUngtar a man, fcbo spent
four-years InJaeJtVe campaigning, to toll on
the spur (of tUi) moment, what ho .'considers
the hriverrf rbaafl shirt narnn umtor hi- observa
tion daring iJuttimi".
W I havenu dnWbt tut that it I gave the time
tv if, for ii mgUtwtlme to (Mall evi its after
thirty yeasty Chat loouM name n hundred
own, itujekid with mi cia iy daring Inci
dents, anU U would bodifSouit. if not Impoe-
pibU". to tell which was tho bravest.
I think my memory of Grant's, ox was It
Mdts;. campaign Irom thu Wilderness to the
Juruos. it) mora vi v i ! than any other, fur it
was a meloni struggle, a battle for weeks.
Other fights I recall as it singK luri'l picture,
but this win onaJong n""1"1 o. blood,
J1 Tho t rriile ami to my mind, unnecessary
uliuigiitor at Cold Harbor, is marked in that
Oampalgn by :ui iuirittent tliat comes as
vividly to my memory now, as it the event
worn fat yesterday ; and which most always
flash up. when 'recall the war. as the moat
gjtftunt etploit- tho most fniniatio and thrill
ing; contest i ever witnessed,
I belonged at tins time b the Twenty
Fourth New York Cavalry, and a i wo had not
been able-to se"ure DtonntB, we fought us in
fantry down to Petersburg.
If there Is any other contest In history
jRkan more than twenty thousand men, friend
iilid ton, fell inside of twenty' minutes, it Is
aaknowTtnarieand ttarjahrfherebe, I should
liko to soe it. eootautad with tho Uircitic as
sault and broody rBpnhWroFOur troops at
' itWM.s trurmliaMv alU!riur faiturt to mr-'l
ry our rho ord- r'of thegenerAloomrnajtdlru
Ipoia'O the ttiiuri' .w our-insweiin-ov'-w
ride back, shook his hand' at theConfederatcs,
and shouted :
t " Bet cm upiOn thu othor ally damn you 1"
; TOLD BY THOfl. L BU8SE1X.
rt .. i,i i ll v ,f tilt 'utMinra lu I ( i . f til, .
'f think their own arm of the service tho most
important, and that its position in battle is
laiiore dangerous and its elleet on .a contest.
mor.' decisivo than ' those of the other
1 iun willing to coiioodo Lhiit, by yirtuo of ibs
nuuiburs, tho infantry do more than the
cavalry or artillery, but own an infantry man
will.n thiuk, agre.' that the opportunities for
the display of individuality are greaUir in tho
caviUry than In any other line.
Tho eamlry in both the Federal and Con
federate iirmies did not suiter from homo
sickness, owing to the monotony of their
lives: and I think the troopers of tho' West
ojyoyoil raore of that variety. I hat is said to
lie the spieo of life, than did those of tho
i belonged to John Morgan's oommand,
and I nni willing to bear the charge ol vanity
it may bring on mo, by asserting that In no
place and in no army were then soldiers
who were kept more continually on the niovo
or who did more promiscuous hustling than
Now, that my memory is stirred to retro
spection, 1 behove 1 could llll a'good-siml
look with tho romiulsconuos of ' individual
deadl of daring that came under my own
notice, during four years of lighting; nor
would these descriptions bo conllnod to the
men who, like myself, WOW tho grey and
gave then; lu. efforts to the establishment o!
a Southern republic.
lu tho spring of ISfti, we wore in central
Denneuee, doing our level best to keep tho
railroad b, loading north, in need of reir,
atal making it unsafe ii not Impoemlble to
navigate the Cumberland, when wo aero
joined by fsotain IKmrgo Si. U'ger (irenfel.
Qrenfel was an I'.nglish.eian. who had read
in his own, country of Morgan's exploit, and
who determined to oome out and join fortune'!
1 mis still in my teen, but never More or
ainoB have 1 met a more pictureaquo, daring,
or ideal soldier of fortune than this same
George St. Lager Qrenfel He had been in
the English, Turkish and Chinese serviee,
and a short time U'foro joining us, ho had
served in South Africa, in tho Cape Stounted
BlflSS, He was oaptnred on our raid into
Ohio, got mixed up in tin- Fort Douglas con
spiracy at Chicago, in 1HK4. was tried and
entenoed to the Dry Tortngs for life, and
wxs drowned' while trying to escape aftei-the
Heing.u trained soldier, in the urimo of
life, aboot forty, und full of dash and energy.
General. Morgan -then (i ooionel oommaod
a brigadowas glad to unict hmi. andt.Hp-
... "ffk i
"SET "EM CP'tK THr tlTHER AIXST." :
command at Columbia, Tennossoe, dotormin
ed to usa every inoauslnhis lower to capture
or kill this Dunk Cooper. A reward was rjaood
on tho man's hood, and scouting parties, I
had command of one, wero sent into tho
mountains to find him, but all without effect.
Coopor was a hero and ideal to his ouuully
lawless neighbors, and through tho informa
tion obtained from those and hi entire famil
iarity with every mountain trail, ho was en
abled to elude pursuit, and to laugh at every
stop takeu for his capture.
Colonel Mizner sent a foraging deoiil to
Swun Crock early in the month, ao'l along
with the wagons was a bright young follow
named Stovall, a private in the Fiftieth Il
linois Infantry, who had bean provided with
a good monnt for this particular work. Thorn
wero twenty tnxipors of theS.ivonth Pennsyl
vania with tho wagons, and Stovall, with six
ofthose, wero searching for fodder oyer Swan
ltiver when t hoy unexpectedly came on four
men dressed lu butternut, leisurely riding
tow trds tho rnountaiiis.
As soon as the nan in butternut saw the
men in blue, tiny straightened pp, put spurs
to their horses, and wero away at a gallop,
The tmopsr emptied their carbines, and two
of tho guerillas fell, tho other two iicreujlhg
their seod, and unheeding the cry to surrender.
I believe one of those follows is Dun!.
OOOper 1" shouted Stovall.
Tho fugitives overheard him, lor ono, of
them turned in tile saddle and yelled back as
ho Hied: "Yes, cuss you uns, I'm Dunk
Cooper! Follow at your peril!"
I'nhivdiug this threat, Stovall, who wastho
best mounted of the party, drew ids revolver,
gave full rein to his horse, and dashed after
tlio two outlaws. Ho soon left his compan
ions far b; bind, but, to use his own language,
ho "wanted Dunk Cooper'' and diunt care
whether he was alone or not.
Cooper and his companion dashed up the
KUgh luil of u creek, but about a mile beyond
the point whore he was discovered, his horse
fell. Before the guerrilla could remount,
Stovall was on him, shouting " surrender 1"
Coopor's companion reined in and raised
his pistol ti tire, but a shot (ton BtotnUl'S re
volver sent him r.vling front his horse, and
then the young nilnolslan was alone with the
Cooptt irit d to get out his pistol, but the
hammer caught in his licit. Then he drew a
long knife and made for his determined me
my. Ho was scarcely two yards away when
Stovall llred again, the bullet cutting along
the outlaw's sculp and bringing him to the
I had come down from the hill with tllty
men to Swan, Creek, witii the fooling that' all
the cavalry in the army could not capture
'Hunk Coophr, when 1 saw young Stovall
coming back totliF wagon with two prisoner,
and ono of them was the wretch who had led
mo such a long ride and who kept mo awake
EVOLUTION QF THE TROTTER,
this time, tho fastest team in Now York, and
he knew how to drive it. Whenever ho passed
mo, a ho was always suro to do, it ho camo
Bobert Bonner Tells How He Became m:y. "5? 1 imflglllBd th0" "P"'011
Interested in the Trotting: Horse.
H; Would- not Take Commodore Vonderbilt'a
Dat. Tho Increased Speed in Thirty-eight
Teara. Training and Shoeing as Necessary
as Breeding. Betting has not Helped to
Improve the Horse. The Limit of Speed.
Bobert Bonnor has boeu so long promin
eatly leforo tho Amcrieau public, as a suc--ossful
journalist, publisher and 'owner and
breeder of tho most sttparh trottors in tho,
world, that those not favored by kuowitg
him personally, mnglnn bin to bo u very old
man. I have found not a few who bellovu the
owner of Suuol and Maud S. to bo the sou or
grandson of the man, who, in tho dim and
.uncertain past, refused to hike Commodore
Vitndorbilt's dust, and who demonstrated
that there was a fortune in audacious adver
tising, 11 tho tiling adveriisod had merit.
Horn in the north of Ireland In 1H24, Mr.
Bonner will be sovonty years of ago on tho
l!4Ui of 'next April, though he does not look
'fifty. Fa r haired, fresh-faced, powerfully
bulit, ami under the average height, ho looks
like a man in the prime ol life, and Us inmd
is as keen und his habit as aotlvs us the)
Were when, as a type setter of thirty, ho
struck oat to win fame and fortune tor him
sulf. (loot I health, good sense, and tho
poverty, tluit incites to effort, worn his slock
Jn trade. He was handicapped by no small
rioei . H" never used tobacco, nor Spirt tUOUl
liquor, und I never sivore, unless very
iiugry. and then he enclosed his expletives in
quotation marks, us beoaiCS an upright pillar
of tho Presbyterian ohuroh.
Since turning over his publishing business
to his three sons, about four yean ago, Mr.
Bonner has devoted his time to tho rare of
his largo holdings or res estate, and to tho
atanagemont of his extensive breeding (ami
In West Chester county, about siitn'ti miles
noi-th of New York City. This farm is one of
TOLD BX EUGENE TE2Y.
Wo soldiers from tho extreme South dc-Stririgfi oi carriages gather
lightod in distinctive military-nanms.tor'oup
organhsiUon. I havo noticed tliat the Fed
erals whenever they gave a particular name
to a regiment, it was as a rule, that of a man,
wt dnsite Ji want. sif ,on;rgy or courage. that
the inciJunt injnind hiicmed. Thoeuemy,
elated by tho .repulse of the Unkm atsault.
swarmed uvcr thf-ir worka, and it looked for
a Ban a;, if .th ;y-wc-r going to make ;i counter-charge.
This belief was strengthened,
'toi, with tbfl". ringin?- y ,11 thai ilistinguishod
tho enemy when, making a charge, a battery
of horse artillery gs.!lopcdto the front of their
lino about two hiadreJ yards, unlimhercd in
fine style, .and,' mralo ready for notion.
I was hugging the fpriund'with my men
about that tim?, for it seemed It. always does
asm so that wa ware etrecatytn the line of
tho enemy's fire, wbeni beard aiinging-heer,
the crash of heavy fieshhyTfln snorting nd
poundiin; of iarffllarj horses, urgerl to a gal
lop,and abovajail tho.tttery bugler, sound-irai.tho-.-ulvausQ.
Agup was iiari'j.in , our;linesand throngb
this Uitrnry htti iKrHwonrf lirular Artillery,
fairly ftfTyv -v front.
I cotthrn'fcncdfrrstnrKl it,for to mi it looked
as if tho Bsns-.-y was charging 'into tin
enemy iinw da suppestttfji tmttwheh within
less tharrthrtr cur.drad yards of thiJonfod
erategunH, the bait sounded ;.and, in a way
that, thrilled our hearts and .delighted our
wuihi, the- Orrioft gunsiformod foraiiion, and
thrvhornes movt-d.tn tho riar.
I havo n ad andheard of tttngKbsing ilono,'
quicker thun trm act could ly dsaeribedV
Tftfs was onejof th'im.
Two miRut'is wHil'l tnot have.i-i--,a.u -,-.
fho time Dfrttiry 11 phtngsd through our
;liucs,till it had opened fire .in tiviConferkrate
AiicF miwfoU'jWid-tlw first and. only " nr-J
tillery rhier" i hail ever sixm, though soldiers
hoar auri Toini n. yuae dcat Hfxaitsueh things ;
indi.'id, I doubt if thKjcnords of the war
furnish u parallel.iflne.
. Before land after thomssaull, tho urtlllory
end musketry firing was sessekSja, and I was
going to mid "appuding" but no mere nolso
could appall nun who had participated In
that, campaign up In this time.
Thero was still sonio-desultory llringuway
to the right and Bft, but, as If by miitunl con
sent, the men in blBaiaad grey within sight
(ff those two bsttsrieS, Isapsd U their hat,
and forgot their own rules hi the magnille. nl
Btrugglo of those gallant and well-mntohed
1 ' They were less than throe tiiiiidr.sl yards',
apart, anil soonall wmiould so.- was the vivid
flushing of the flro, through tho rising banks
(Of silvery-whito powder wnoko. But wo
could hear the crash of the shells and the roar
i.f the guns, and hlgteabovo afl tho shrill yell
nf the Confederates and tho .hoarse ahSSf0f
tlio Yankisi gunners.
After six or oigtit minutosthat seemed likoij
So many hours, the llnv slockoiul; a sudden
bnsso .sont tlio Hinoko drifting hi tho west,
and then a deep-choor if oxuttation rung.out
from the throats of tho ten thousand men in
blue, who had booncagcriy watching t ho duel. J
j Every Confederate gun was disabled, f.nu
of the limbers Imd blown up, the horses were
in ghastly heaps, but still a fowgullunt ,men in
grey stood defiantly amid tho ruins of. tboir
Our men suffered severely, but they brought
tnck all their giuis, aod I distinctly recall a
tall sergeant, who sat his horse, with tho
blood flowing over his faoo from a sholl
wound la tho head, and who, as he tunic J to
D6ihtedhimhi ;ljutant-genoral. With'u
at,ifullturd'.otmedlumihuight, raw-bouudjgrey-for ni;4ny an hour planning his capture. On
eycd.jttroug as a bull and alert as a uger, i tJl.,.asion. the gallant -young llhnoiBiun
Ooionel Oreufel soon made his presence felt ui J.pro vedrte bo t'uo right m:ui in tbc right gjaco,
OUT 'brigade. His conspicuous couragoanuT
irmmlng indffference to ilaugerinade him a
fikvorite with tlio troopers of the Blue Crass
Country, who at tirsl did not take kindly to
the'rigld disiiplino iie sought in vaintocn--foroc,
or to the arrogant bearing, that might
have passed with ordinary enlisted men, but
which would not down with young gentlemen,
who outside of matters military, regarded
tb m-eives as the 4 peers of'his master, th
Prin. -o ot Wales.
In August, Septembor ami October, UtSUgO
uer.rbar k witli Bragg inlvdutucky. WhsBS we
hopod.wo should remuin,,but found itteo-iiot
to do so. We Kentuckians wero sent here
there and everywhere, so that some- did not
havo a chano(Jto'vislttheirtrienils. In early
j.toniljur wowereonlenil n.-rth t.rthn'aton
Covutgtou, and .make tilings us unpleasant as 4
poasible for IhnTsnlrnns alonfj the Ohio.
On the way, w struck Cynthrana, bctwoeji
Lexington and (!ovington and hero, to our
BUI pite,sWe.tMSked up against u lot of Unl. m
Kentuckians,' under the command of General
We!supposcdttJu;re,wofo only a fow c.im-frleuds, and no enemies, excont the men in
oiuo. nouni wuiibiio was toiu. ucvci n 1
ponies -present" and tliat wo could rtde'over
them-rough siiod, but they turned .out to ho
quitoas many as ourselves and just as eager
for a light.
The rattle of musktryalways transformed
the impassive (Jolonel into a demon, and the
roar of artillery intexicated him. but he never
lost his head. I was standing bridle iu hand
nuir tb" Colonel, when our ndvancucamc
clattering bank, reHirting " Yankees in front
till vou can't rest!" On the instant, Colonel
QrenfSl leaped into the Saddle, and shouted:
" Mount men, and follow me'
1 ob,-yel hiffl, Supposing the hundreds of
men Shoot would follow our example, but a
backward glance, as wo neated the enemy's!
nth- pits, showed there wen. less than llfty
riders in the charge. Wo jumped the pits
and broko upthefnon in blue, hut they quickly
rallied and formed N.hind us. We dashed
on, nut it -was to pad u stronger una in rt
Serve, and artillery to the left.
Tho enemy wan shouting "Surrender!
with uncomplimentary remarks as to our
ancestry added, and the only possible avenue
of escape was over a high rail fence to tin
Hum shouting, " Follow mi l" Orenfs) led
:iis bores at the fenee, but it was too high to
leap. Quick as a flash, and-under a tcrrlrl
lire, h Ihmg himself from the sutldle tore
down a panne!, and called to us to go through
We were quick to obey and make for our. own
lines. The Colonel's horso was killed, but
when h" join 1 us, In wiped Ills bald brow
and sh'iiI coolly; "Ah, my lads, lhat'was n
deeviush nawstj plaoo!
TOLD BY MAJOR (J. H. IITZGIBE0NS.
AmoiiL'st the guerillas who in 'OH and fll
made the Cumh orland tut can in Tonncssei
land of desolation and terror, "Colonel' Think
Cooper stuudseonspieiious. Thisrulllan was
MOUNT, MEN, AND F0I.T.OW MK.'
Southern, it was said, In his sympathies, yet
hnnovor hud Hie manhood to enlist In tho
Confederate army, anil be was quite as ready
if ho could mako by It, to rob nnd murder a
straggler In grey as in bluo.
iu March, 1864, Coluiitf Miznc , thenin
'. VWv-vi'i" "BUI BONN Eli.
tlio 'show places iu that beautiful
tho lameness gradually disappeared and was
gono at tho end of a weok, novor to return.
"This," continued Mr. Bonnor, "is but ono
ot many cases whore I have known voterinarv
oi lordly superiority and tnumpn in nis eye j surgeons to mako a falso diagnosis of injury
usd tms stirred up my scotcu-irisn mooa at
the fountaiu head. I learned thoro was a
phenomenal horse for sale down in Maryland,
and keeping my own counsel, I had him
tasted, and became his owner. Ono of tho
proudest momouts of my life was when I first
pulled the lines over that horse's baok, and
headed for tho road, where the old Oommo-
Jore had bn in the habit of starting tho
dustut-thu head of tho nrooossion. My heart
hungered hi havo hhn oouio in sight, and iU
hunger was soon appeased. Ho drove up in
a hurry and" wheeled out to pass me, as had
Ixiiin his custom, but I kept a lee tlo
ahead. A , side glance showed me his fneo
was red. He whipped up still on tho side
curve of tho roud, but i kept in tho lend.
His loam broko, and then I let my horse out;
und ho never passed mo again, without my
own consent. Ho made overtures to buy
tliat horse, butao loug us I liked driving, hu
WBI not for sale unless then was a better
horso in sight.
As to the strains and thi States that produce
the but trotters, there is much to say. tkmie
of the best trottors we have, como from Ken
tuckyand California; but the stock t!iat made
i hucii trotters possible, all originated In Now
York Stal i, and largely in Orange county.
My brother David, Is far bettor versed In stud
books than myself, but there havo been cer
tain strains that every one at all familiar with
the subject, will recognize as having an all
Important effect in the evolution of tho trot-
ttor. Every horsmian knows what a grand
sire Abdullah was. and the results that fol
lowed from bis mating with One Eye the fa
mous daughter or Bellto under, a. trident as
we term it, may have produced Hambietonian,
but his long lino of lino descendants are tlio
uteome of judicious breeding. American, u
son of Alrfinlluh was one of the most perfect
mod"ls ot the trotting horse. He cam from
the asm o partofOrange county as t he famous
ltysdyk. The Vermont trotter, Jila -k Hawk,
Btamped bis wonderful ipiauiloo on horso
that havo made a mark In all farts of tlio
As to the sections that produc! the best
horses, it must Iw confosw-d that there is
something in tho air. water and pasture of f
tho famous Blue Crass region of Kentucky
that has a mysterious and hiagical effect on
tlio development of the nest and trotter.
Conspicuous among the great horso breeders
of California was thu late Senator Stanford,
from whom I purchased Suno!, and with
whom I talked much as to tho conditions in
his State tliat were of advantage to the higher
evolution of tho horse. Wo agreed that the
water and grass were no lt!r on the fturifio
. , L". stMaai-rl records w
norma iH'als ulau-so.btowliog, Bp we oajne
to tho oonciuition that the climato was the
Every horso breeder knows that whil
heredity counts for' much, training is abso
to tho hoot or lower log. Indeed, a poorly
balanced hoof may manifest itself far up the
f oroorm ln tho form of splint, or spavin. The
want of balance may bo duo to tho form of
hoof growth, but tho chances are tliat it
arises from defective shoeing. A.ood black
smith is as ran? as a good trainsr, and when
found ho should ho made much of. A few of
them are original think? rs, but mo3t of them
are machines. But tho man, who is lit to
own a valuable horse, should study this sub
ject for Jldmsclf, and bo abb) to supervise
shooing, and. If need lie, to do it himself. A
high-bred trotter represents a fa;r fortune in
the way of in vestment, and, simply as a mat
ter of business, tlio owner should know how
to got the best results from his Investment
"As to ShOSS, it docs not matter whether
they are machine or hand made. In any
ovont, tho blacksmith has to reforgo them to
fit them properly t.. each particular hoof. Of
course, I havo all my Shoes made, to order,
und OOnatraetM with a view U the foot for
which It is Intended. Aluminum shoos
promised well, because they were so makabls
end light, but it has been found .that they
wear out too rapidly on our bard roods, I
am iu hopes that sorno durable alloy of this
mats) may he found to work. If it were not
for our pavements and hard macadamized
roads, wo might dispense with shoes to 'ad
vantage, and 1 think that for ordinary larej
work, shoeing is not noeesanry.
" 1 doubt If Bunol'a time 2.10 1-2, as a three
yoar old, on tho old regulation truck will be
beaten for n long time to come, l'ooplo are
apt to think that the recent feats of Directum
thoro in the
summer afternoons, from tho beautiful towns
and I'.harmiug villas along tho Hudson, and
those sight-seers have difficulty in distin
guishing tho sturdy owner, in his shirt
Duiyas Znaves," " tho Harris Light sleeves, from any oneoi me uriuy or laborers
' " Rush's Lancers " and so on, while ion tho place.
our organizations took the names of places. sr. winners SBUnosuoe or miornuuion
This is u-hv the inttorv. with which I served f makes mm rue most difficult- man in tlio
from tho HrsMo thtflast of the civil war, was f worm to intern sw on ins ravome
known as "tho Donaldson flsiinfSISSfS. In
honor of tho town, acrosa tho river from New
Orleans.where we wore recruited, before'
draft was hoard of in the Soutb or bouHty iu
Him" Brown belonged to our battery.
When I first set eyes on him be was a nian
abont thirty, fnll-hourde-.l.-sto"ky built, reti
cent ae the proverbial (Jam, and us devoid of
nones as an oyster. Bun spoko but little,
possibly because ho had nothing to say,
though I am aware that garrulity is not an
evidence of ideas. If he had uny seoretSr.be
kept them to himself. Ho had no warm
novor less, and he was never elated by suc
cess nor depressed by disaster. If he was
over actually frightened,. as some of the rest
of us were at times, Sim Brown kept tho
secret of his weakness tucked op in his own
is a llyer ; but as wo undorstnnd it at present
there were no great trotters lnifore 1 became
interested in the subject. Mirk you, I do not
claim that the change whs due to me, though
no doubt my efforts, in this direction, had
their Influence. You must understand that
the evolution of tho American trotter began
at the time, some generations lxick, wheu
f trotting bocamo a national pastime, and the
selection of the projier animals began to at
tract tho attention of breeders. How much
advance had beeu made, you can infer from
tho fact tliat up to July 31st, 1858, now Iocs
than thirty-eight ; years ago, there were only
nineteen horses, living and dead, that Itml
reached the 2 : 30 class. A horse that could
travel at that gait, at that time, was regarded
as a wonder, and tho people would crowd to
J HE MRU, ll.t'TCUF.i) THE I1HID1.B." J
Lheaft and took it with him to the grave. .
1' w is our good fortune, though I am sure
Hiui'did not so regard it, to bo in reserve dur
ing mush of the campaign from the Wilder
U'"su to Richmond ; und from my own experi
ence I can say there were times when wo
Were In much more danger, and our loss was
heavier than if wo hud Iwon actively engage 1
at tho front.
U was at Cold Berber, BbOUt an hour be
fore General "Zeb" Stewart was killed, and
though not actively engaged, ire wore under
a trying fire from overshots. A general of
ficer. Hill' 1 think, for wo belonged to his
corns, halted noar our battery. There was
with him a flue spare horse, from which I
Inferred one of the stuff hud boon dismounted.
Culling Sim Drown, who bad l - " smoking
under a ti e, the Ocuoral pointed lotbehorso
in question, and saiil :
"Hen, my man; hold this horse here for
"Yes, sir.'' responded Him. art h took the
bridle with one bund and salut.il with the
"Wo mny nnod him. Don't, move from
here, You illidcrauuidV "
i os, sir, und him took a more secure
hold of the bridle.
Tho denote) and his staff gsltbped away
and a fow minutes after, we were ObtnpoDeO
by tho changing linos, us well as by an order
from Mew chlof of artillery, QenSfal Alex
andor I think, to move further t.. the rear.
Vo forgot, Sim Brown in the hurry and ex
citement, and It wasn't till we had taken an
other position three hundred yards peek
that I thought of htm, Hclmd literally con'
Stroed his orders to stay wore ho was, and
then, ho stood under tho trees, with tho
bridle over his arm, and smoking his corn
cob pipe aS placidly as It there were not two
bundled thousand men in a death grapple all
That part of the Held was soon swept by a
tornado or..Hiiots, imio ttie liiutis or tlio trees
above Him llrowu came crashing down, ovi
dently without disturbing him. Wo shouted
nnd motioned to him to join us, but if he
hoard, bo din not hoed us.
After about an hour, ho could be seen sit
ting down, as wo supposed, to rest, with his
hick ugnlnsl u true. It wus near sundown
when wo were ordered back to our former
fosltion. Then wo discovered that Sim
rown was dead. His brown face was as
placid as of old, and ho still clutohod the
bridle of tho uninjured horso. M
and Nancy Hanks entirely dee to tiic horses-,
tlicy are undoubtedly line animal.-, but the
pneumatic tire sulky and the kite-shaped
track are Innovations, and we can only esti
mate the speed of the hor-ii s by subjecting
them to the' conditions under which the
lie directs the conversation, and though he
sticks to tho subject, likoa blood-hound to a
tratl.iheis led off, to discuss related matters,
all intensely Interesting to those who can
follow and understand them. "ThoEvolu
ttonof the trotter?" repeated Mr. Bonner, as
I. sat fa.-ing him in the parlor of his home,
No. 8 West 50th street. New York City, a few
evenings sinca. " Why, my dear friend, you
are asking mo for tho mutter for a hirgo
book, tasttBd of material for a United news
paper article, " and he laughed, in tho whole
sonic boyish way peculiar to himself after
ho has dined.
What do you know alxmt trotting before
your time, and when did 'you bocomo inter
ested in tho Subject?" I asked.
'Well,(there was a great, deal oi trotting
before my time, particularly at agricultural
fairs, in tho spring mid fall, and tho custom
is still kept up. to the never-ceasing delightl thl veterinary surgeou are tho men whomako
of the farmers.te whom a three minute horse w UW the trotter. I was not long the owner
sen hJSjpertOrmanoe at the fairgrounds, in was much more needed than the skill to driv
a way that mud., him nsgreat un attraction
as a circus, and brought much money to his
(owner. ro-:inv, owing to judicious breed
ing, over one thousand horeos are brought
oat every yosr to lie added to theevor-ln-oreasing
fist that can do 2 : 30 or hotter.
"To what do I attribute this? Well, to
many reasons, but tlio two that have hail the
grtMitost. effect, huve been llrst, the increas
ing wealth that demanded more good horses,
ami second, the desire of money-making
breeders who wore quick to SCO tho protlt in
supplying this demand. I'ieleildhorses are
very? rare, but orivito a constant market for
Han and see how they will multiply. Of
course, there hare been a few hroodors who
took up tho cultivation of trottors from their
lovo for tho horso and their desire to produce
gr.-at results, without regard to money re
turns.'.und while these have boon conqinra
tively few. they havo led the advance.
" My own interest iu trotters came about
largely through chance. I had been working
very hard, und my health ilue.ti.-o-. I to givo
way. My doctor advised cessation from
work and a long trip, but those remedies
wore not hi lio thought of. To havo left Now
York then, would luive meant disaster to my
publishing business, so rs ii compromise I
was advised to buy a horse and drive for a
few hours every day. Now, I havo novor bo
llevisl that the Almighty over made anything
for the use of man that Ho Intended him to
be Satisfied with a poor specimen of. I had
this feeling then, and It has remained with
me, so I Ix.tighta good horse, one that would
neither load tlio procession nor limp hack at
the roar," Mr.Honncr laughed heartily at some
pleasant recollection, then continued : "Thero
aro;ocrtaiu f.. lings and impulses that are
common to idl men, and one of those is a
strong dislike to take another man's dust.
No mun, who over held linos over a dash board
likes to have some other man shoot by him,
With a faster horuo anil proceed hi givo him
bis dust. Commodore Vanderbilt bad, at
" I hare of ten been asked why I withdrew
so manv fine animals from the ira.-k. Well.
I the first reason is tliat I have a constitutional
jt objection to betting. It is this betting that
SlfiL- kMMMlki .. nU.. ulMl HMJ ., rw.M.. ffn.
lately necessary to develop the lrdiorer.t ctual-, . ,, . . . .H
i- - v ikJu. -., i into disrepute, and ru -:'Ki ti!i-:isa:ids of men
lues. .Now, you Will nhdihr tnal in tho j
j, , . ,. , , 4 --aye and wonmn too. I came! revolutionize
States, where there is ranch rain, snow, ori,, ,, ,
. i -ftae world, but I can at - consistent
high winds, do not present tho advantages ,, ., .
, . . . i . " with myself. So it seems It be impossible t.-
for continuous out door uvreisc, to be found l .
oi i m. wu ' ... J give an exhibition test -In twe-n line horses,
iu a State bke'Callfornia, where the variations . . . 14. T . , .
, ,. 77 , . i without bcttmc, I do not exh.b-.t. During
In tho temperature tho year round, uro not I. . , . . v. , , ,
, , , , 1 thovgreat sanitary fair In -Now York, in lsi.4,
great, and win re for nine mnntjis evory ysar t , , . , . ,
V, , . . , , , . . . ' it ommodoro Vanderbilt wanted m'-li -tr .t ruv
there is but UtUS rain fall. Trainunrto thor . . . ,
. . . . .. . ... . ., . mar:, Lauy Woodruff, against his tost her o,
trotter, is what education is to the child, in- ' ' .Tr , ,.,
, '. , L rtnegatem uievtago tothc fair. I felt reason-
deed tills training is tho horBes education, I . , . ,.? . ..
. .. . , , . , ., ... j ablp sure I could beat tho commodore, and 1
and it Is absolutely essential to brjng out the f ... , ,,
, , ... i wanted to do it, hut I could not race and I-
lie.sl tliat. is in Jum. Teen again, -horses dif-, , , , . ,
, , ,. . , Jconsst..;it, Sol said: "III do better than
. , . . ' , ' . i race, I'll givo the marc to the Fair people, to
tauignnoe and capacity lor learning, as dof, , . , ., . . , ,,. ,
- .. , . Tho sold for their benefit. Will von do the
numan uwngs. ino trounie wim onr scnoots
is that we try. to educate all children alike,
without regard to capacity or teachability.
Trainers liko true teachers, and poets, are
born not made. Some men have a talent lor
the business. A tew liko Marion and liudd
DobJo havo downright genius, but a majority
spoil more horses than they help. Why not
establish u Nutional Normal training school?
Well, why not? Since we havo so many millions
invested in the horse, and he is so essential
to agriculture, commerce, and wholesome
pleasure, and his use and value are so muoh
enhanced by his education, such a normal
school might ho of groat advantage.
"Next to tho trainer, the blacksmith and
of u valuable horse DeIorevI learned that to
keep good animals In good condition the
same?" The Commodore
and I gave my mare and she bror.eiir in
$2,000. It comforts me to think that otho
lovers of the horse hav followed my example,
for the number of professional horsemen are
very few, compared with the thousands of
men who own good horses, and never think
" There must be n limit to the trotters' evo
lution, so fur us speed is concerned, but I
not think it will ever reach the greatest time
ot tho race horse. I may not live to see a
horse trot in two minutes, but I believe there
are jieople living to-day, who will so., it.
After a time distance ar.d endurance will be
devolciped, and thun we shell get the besl re
suite.". 'f . . ,
i Kr.EN t'LAvroy.
A VISIT TO MALIETOA.
A Pen Picture of the Kin? of the Navigator's
well. I read up on the anatomy and diseases
of the horse, and I boon discovered that
many men. ranking high us writers on this
subject, were mcro theorists without any
practical knowledge of tho horse. Wh the
fingers are to u skilful pianist, tho foot or
hoof Is to a trotter. No matterwlmt the breed
ing or training, if tho hoof Is notpn good con
dition, everything else goes for nothing. Let
mo illustrate this with a csVe in jKiiut.
"You know our famous surgeon, Doctor
Soycrs. Ho Is an old aud valued friend.
Home years ago a fow admirers down in
Richmond, made the Doctor a present of a
beautiful, blooded mure, carefully trained 1
dislike that harsh word ' broken ' -to harness.
After a year, during which time the Doctor
found much pleasure in driving the lino
creature, she hocamu lame. A veterinary
surgeon, a man of superior education, was
culled in and after an examination of the foot,
he declared it to bo a case of navicular dis
ease, for which ho proscribed tho usual reme
dies, but, as ho saw no hopu ot cure, he ad
vised Doctor Hayers to sell tho mare. Now,
the animal wa,agift troruvreiuod friend
soli was out of thoiquestlon. in his distress,
the Doctor, whom I hod known since my llrst
child was born, called on mo for advice. I
examined jthe lame foot,jand saw thore was
no sign of disease; the injury OHM from poor
shoeing and a defective balance of the hi of.
That very matter of hoof balance has iu it the
material for a half dozen lectures. Well. I
took the mare to my own blacksmith find bad
him balance tho hoof, and put on the shoes
under my directions. But excuse me a mo
ment." Mr. Bonner went into an adjoining room,
and Inn He,! back with a lot of horse hoofs,
coffin bones, articulation:., a portent foot, a
deformed colt's foot; and other objects of
equine anatomy to Illustrate his most inter
esting talk, nnd with thero he Tirought Dr.
Mayer's journal, in which he Showed that after
the balancing and shoeing by Mr. Bonner,
. I. was at Samoa a few months ago, and
though I had only four hours ashore, for
the steamer I had come down from Hono
lulu on was bound for New Zealand, 1
had my choice to cay on Louis Stevenson
with theinnanot of finding him away from
his home, three miles up tho mountain, or
visit Mnliotoa, who was always homcand
graciously ready to receive visitors on the
arrival of steamers; so I decided on the
With a friend I sent my card into the
ialaco through a stately but very lightly clad
major dome, who hud some knowledge of
English. The palao was n circular, eonieal
hut of larger dimensions than those of the
plcbian natives, and against the sun. mats
of elaborate designs wero let down on rolls.
Without these mats tlio palace would have
boon a roof on polos.
The Ring rose to meet us. ileisnbout forty,
tail handsome end statsiy in bearing, ami not
much darker thanmuny Southern Kuropoans.
Ho wore a military coat and Mndsja of sea
grass, but his finely shaped limbs were bare.
His queen. 1 believe he has only one wife,
came in and a handsomer woman I never
met. She was GOVOSCd with a white mother
ihubbeid, fastened at the waist with a r.-d
holt, that s .rved ! reveal every curve oi tlio
exquisite form. She slsiok hands with us.
and then summoned two girls who pro
oeodod to make Kava for our deliH'tation.
Kava is a native drink made by chewing the
root of apooles of wild popper BXSi after
mastication emptying the contents into a
dish. Whan enough is worked ever In this
way it is strained into another dish and is
ready to drluk. The girls washed their
mouths balON beginning, still 1 could not
drink the brew which one of them held to my
Hp. I tasted it as did my companion, and
we agreed that it looked liko clam juic,,
nnd tasted hi., soup suds.
The Kin ; finished tlio bowl with great
We gave him cigars and through the
major dotttO, ho told us ho was very fond of
Americans, but. he did not love ilermuns.
We left the palace and when the major
domo camo down the path with a yearning
look on'hls face, we Interpreted Ids interest,
and dollghtisi his heart by handing him two
new American Bilvor dollars.
WALL STREET. GLIMPSES.
The Banker-Promoter or ths Promoter-Sankcr
N'EW York, March 3. Tho banker Whoil a
pi imotor, or tho promoter who Ls a hanker,
hover way you choosoto phrase it, Is one
or :: features of modern hfu ui und around
.u street. He Is the result of tho rage for
d iisohdation nnd combination tliat lias pre.
i -ilcd for the past few years. When tho
UngUah capitalist began to lay his hands 'on
American industries live or six years ago,
and buy them up, or ' carry them ovor," as
the Britisher calls it, many a Wad street
hanker pricked up bis curs. He snw the'
chance for a new and profitable lint ot busi
ness. If there wi.ro so many breweries and
manufacturing concerns ol various sorts iu
in this country tempting enough to attract
ths gold of Greet Britain there ought to bo
some left hero and there in odd corners. that
would entice tite natlVe and homo investor.
Benoe arose the bankeivpromoter, Ho
(iifi'ors from the ordinary -promoter who
simply hustlr , around to get options on mil
lions or dollars worth of property and yet
hadn't a red cent In bis own pookot. He is
quite another individual from tho seedy cit
izen, who wears a bat o? tho vintage of 1S70,
and carries a cane left over from a lona i-.no
of ancestry and peddles options around utter
the more imposing negotiator lias abandon d
them. The banker that promotes is rich and
ropvttel. Ic. He has built up ii large and Icgitl
mate trade in the regular way and has
thousands of customers who pin their invest
ing fsilh upon' his recommendations. Ho
took up industrials, as the stuck tickers now
call them, be-ause tiiey were now In the fin
ancial field, wore pro-p- i-oii:- in their brnnch
of business and showed handsomer profits in
the way of dividends and larger eonunissions
than the old securities listed, on-tho stock ex
Obange. While a number of tho enterprises
so Boated have not turned out as expected,
tie- majority of them stand on an equal footing
with railroad, gas and water proj. sea.
S. V. White was one of the first Wall street
men to take up and issue to the public the
shares of industrial establishments. He was
in his prims when be began and was a mil
lionaire. Everybody knows the clnckered
.career of tho ex-piilur of Henry Ward Beesh
er's church. He is a millionaire one year
and bankrupt the next. The mini year ho
pays off his debts with int rest to date and
the fourth your ho make- a lucky speculative
hit and Is able to dra.v checks for large sues.
When he took up industrials, he wus having
one of his fortunate years. His success in
the. new dojaain of finance was instant tad
strikmg. He brought out half a dosso cjm
panies that were well known and w hose se
curities ths public quickly and eagerly .sub
scribed for. Had he stuck to til" k;-:. no.'--promoting
cf such enterprises, he might have
avoided the failure that came to him from
attempting to corner wheat ar.d bull sugai
Connected with Deacon White in a gr :.'
many of his projects was Washington Ii. Con
nor the head of tho firm of Connor & Co.,
whoso dingy office on lower Broadway have
been the seeno of many rich speculations and
turns in ths market. Connor was one ol I
ftould'A trusted brokers. He is to day the
siirewdcst manipulator oi the market for
Russell Bage, He Is s close friend ol Sage'f
nnd his offices shared somewhat In the wreck
caused by tbo erlorts of Norcross, tee bomt
thrower, to annihilate tho famous money
lender. Connor made a lot of money with
White and hew.13 clever enougn to keep it
Ho liked the industrial 1 i r - and followed it
after White went under. He -trill probably U
heard from again In this connection when thl,
John H. Davis & Co., is another banking
house that promote on a large scale. It ha
sold millions of dollars worth of tho preferred
and common stock of Industrial concerns
during the past four or five years, Nearly
all the undertakings In which Davis was in
terested have panned out wetX The firm has
not abandoned the department, because it is
altogether too profitable. ,iust before the
panic began it offered bonds ot a Western
brewery and for the past week or two, tho
house has been given considerable promi
nence In connection with a statement that It
wus -backing one ,.f the numerous schemes
for underground rapid transit herein New
York, The linn seems to be cooped up and
cramped In Its small suite of offloeS on upper
Wall street, but the offices are large enough
for the conducting of big negotiations.
A.M. Kidder Co., is another banking con-
crrn thai makes a specialty of promoting.
It Is situated on Wall street and right next
door to Davis. It was rather slow in starting
in the fresh financial departure, but its con
servative course made ii a power when it did
begin. The success that crowned most of its
efforts In this direction showed the standing
Ol the lirm and tho stability of its clientage.
Most of th members Of the firm are young.
Mr. Monroe, one of the partners, is the chid
factor in the promotion of the projects that
the- house undertakes. He is full of activity
and is shrewd and far soir; in his opsra
tions. The other side of Davis, and nearer Broad
way, is the firm of Chrystied Janney, It has
acquired an enviable reputation in the pro
motion field. Both the partners an young,
but th. vigor and ambition of youth have
made them all the more BUCCOBSfuL They
are said to be especially sagacious in their
selection of Industrial enterprises, They
rarely fail to push their projects to a 8UC06SS
fui issue, chrystiogot bis training, first ss
a clerk In the National Park bank and after
wards while acting in a confidential capacity
lor tno nig nauKing nouse Ol aountaa iros.
Janney was with KountSS for awhile and then
picked up a pile of experience as cashier of a
Ivmk that glow up with the country 'in Colo
rado. Mention might ho made of half a jlflMB
other bSAkor-p!t)tnotors, Ckurenoe H. Wildes
is a prosperous and popular young Wall
street Imnlier who has frequently played soli
taire with promotion and finished the game
according to HoylC every time. Several of
the trust eompanies have ventured upon tlio
promotion tea with more .r less success.
The Manhattan, Guaranty and Indemnity,
Central and State trust companies have all
takenahandin Boating industrial enterprises.
There was alargn pit tit In every trans;., ttett.
Probably the success attending these ventures
will indue other SOmpanleB tel engage in pro
motion when the frud is once more riH.
Outside of the regular kmkers that under
take promotion, there ate lOme representa
tives of hanking houses abroad who make It
a business. It would hardly do to dltCBSS
tho subject without referring to William
Wayne Belvin. He is only about 'M yaSSS
old, but ho bOgUI .voting ami ltd SUCOBSS -v n
after he was old enough to vote. 11" wus
b0rn in Richmond, Vn. He made a fortune
n Seattle and on the PaoUlc ooaat and then
went to London and Opened offices. 11c ;ot
in touch with tho banker-nromoters in rag
land und on tho continent and bus handled
with discretion and sagacity many of tho
gigantic schemes during these utter days of
LiWUXCI S, Morr.