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THE SCR ANTON TRIBUNE SATURDAY MORNING. MARCH 9, 1S94.
Dedicated to Miss Rosa Mandell.
"ONLY A YEAR AGO.'
Words by WHITE-MELVILLE.
Mufric by ETTA DICKSON.
: k. w "
1. It came with the mer - iy
1 2, it nev-er can bloom aa y
IB S S EE9 I f 4
Mist :irZMi - as 'rr-'
i . -,4.1.
p t I E 3EEE3 sgi 3 H
Muv, love, it bloomed with Ihe Ban y )vini', In a
tnoroj low, Pot the plough hath pansed o ver the (spot, And the
-1 Hr f "
1 - - 1 -,
. jLLL-- p pg , I
i-A-- e y H 1 n t N 1-.
thought it would Inst for a life,
gone like ;t tale (but is told,
love, But it wont with tlio win tor's
love, Liko a dream it bath lluet - ed, al .
H - J 4 rgfj j-jj Jj J
1 V . J i -
11 11 m imi 1 - 1
$f a tempo.
'VJ'' " 1 " -r
I snow; . On ly a year a go,
tbo' 'Twas on . ly a year a - go
' . m Klip
dy - iuj; year's dt cay, love. It heigh ten ed the tad - iu' time,
fur TOW hath left its sears, love, In the place where the tlow -ers are not..,
Copyright, 1893, by The New York Miuical Echo Co.
v 1 1 .s
love, Ou ,' ly a year a - gol c
love, On - ly a year a - go!
i ::c"d - 1
i f 3 1 I w f- , i m ' v
i '-J 11 Tf s- 1 i
OnljaYew Ago." 8,
A N11WSPAPEE YARN.
DECEIVED MEDICAL AUTHORITIES ALL
OVER THE WORLD.
A Msntal Homicide tho Subjert In Spite
ot It Abnurdity It Was Widely Copied,
DlaeuMed, Denounced aad Uooeatlj
Credited-A Bit Hoax.
It has be"n favorite pastime of mine
for yeara tn study popular fallacieji aad to
make calculations as to the percentage of
acceptances thereof by people of everyday
common nense. It is as astonishing as it
is interestiiur wht-n you come to figure it,
out how a statement, plansibly put nnrl
leavenei with juat enough fact to give it
life, will be swallowed without question
by men who aooulc! refuse to accept bnld
assertions as fact by tbe very loeic of their
pneitiona. I mean by this that, a bit, of in
genious aophietry should not coiiTince a
logician. A problem false in in proposi
tion should not confuse a mathematician,
and, to come to th concern and more
practical, the description of n surgical
operation that newer did and never could
take place ought not to deceive nn anat
omist, and surgeon Let ran illustrate this
I cannot recall tho prcri-o date, but it
was in the latter part of 1881 or early in
1882 that a New York newspaper con
tained an article, describing a most re
markable, operation in 'ranial surgory,
which, it, was alleged, bad been performed
by Philadelphia physician upon bis man
aervant. The operation was not one of ne
cessity nor of expedience it was made
ainiply to satisfy the operator by ocular'
demonstration that the functions of the
motor and seiisory centers wi re independ
ent, or, more specifically speaking, that
the motor could exist and act. without the
presence of the entire sensory system. To
demonstrate this our experimental friend
induced his faithful servitor to surrender
A few ounces of his brains. He was placed
under ether, and after a flap of scalp had
DMO thrown buck cimola incision was
made In the right arid left parietal legion
Of the skull. The piecesof bone cut, out hy
the trephine were, placed in an antiseptic
lienor, n surgical spoon was Introduced,
first, into one cavity and then Into the
other, and the operator removed from each
aide about an ounce of brain from tbecon
Tolutiona which bis researches led him to
believe governed the seat of cerebral ac
tivity. The liony lids were replaced over
eaeh circular opening, the scalp flaps put
tmck, nnd the patient, was ready for bed,
where he remained for several days appar
ently oblivious to bis surroundings. All
the Involuntary functions of the body pro
ceeded as before, ami when the man had
sufficiently recovered from physical shock
he was put, tm his feet.
Hi- could not maintain Ms oquUibrlatn
In I .stationary po lure, but when started
v.idkiug would continue the motion of
legs Hnd feet until be brought up against
n obstruction thnt hindered farther prog
r en. The physician congratulated him
self on Ihe nicety of his mensurrmeutsnnd
calculations, but ns time went on he real
lied that while hi bad committed no crime
for which the statute books provided a
penalty he wna nevertheless, to all Intents
and purposes, a murderer. He had not ex
tinguished the spark we call life, but he
had destroyed the ego, or, If the term
might 1e employed, he had committed
mental homioide. The story tent on to
tell how the victim was eventually plnced
in an aaylum for the insane, where he was
regarded ns n OOTlMllttJ idiot, nnd so en
tered on the bonktfof the institution. His
master, it, was said, brooded to such an
extent thnt he evcntnnlly died of remorse,
leaving behind him n history of the opera
tion and its melancholy result, and from
thia poathumous paper the story was writ
ten. It ao happened that I was an intimate
friend of the author of the qneer yarn, and
he was anxious to learn whether tho scien
tific yyoi Id; would , ttlYe oTeg.a contemptn:
ous denunciation to it. With that purpose
in view he marked the article in 15 or 'JO
papers. These he mailed to various med
ical journals and scientific societies both in
Europe and America. I'll confess surprise?
when some three weeks later I saw an Ed
inburgh periodical take up the subject,
accept it as a fact and criticise the physi
cian In the severest terms for having dared
to trifle with the human brain when there
was no necessity and where there could be
but one resnlt.
The gravest apprehension was enter
tained for any medical society that, would
permit its membership roll to be disgraced
with the name of any practitioner who in
a mistaken devotion to science could for
get that he wa a man nnd the member of
a profession whose mission was not to de
stroy, but to build up. not to add to tho
weight of human woe. but. to take from it.
To clinch the argument it was shown that
an operation on one of tint lower animals
wonld bare been of equal value to deter
mine the exact scut of certain cerebral
functions as though madeon a human be
ing. One or two western newspapers repro
duced the article without com Orient, and n
.Melbourne weekly, copying from one of
these, said in a footnote that it was an
' audacious act, that none but a Yankee sur
geon, regardless of criticism or results,
would undertake." In none of these pub
lications whs there Any challenge of the
veracity of the statement, per se. As n
matter of fact, the only basis of truth for
the publication was the fact that, n med
ical student, who had n strong predilection
fur the study of nervous diseases, hnd
evolved a theory that n condition like ttwt
deKribad might btprodocad by such nn
operation, Be did not place his thoughts
In the assumptive future, but in the as
sumptive mt. nnd bis written record
made it, appeal that n surgeon had atoaj
ly found a man fool cnofgb to pemiitbim
self to lie deprived of hi-: senses completely
Without reward and without, bono of re
covery. From this the story was woven, with
such Ingenuity as to completely cloak the
vital point vis, that, in 10,000 men it,
would be impossible to find one. even if
weary of life, who would bnwilling to tin
dcrgo such n transit 1 00 even for a previous
reward Of temporal comforts. This partie
nltir fallacy is one that would possibly be
maintained by the thoughtful inorethnn
by the thoughtless New York Mail and
A BUSHC.L OF CORN.
IU 1'rogrena I mm the I arm tn the Con
sumer of Wliinky.
Illinois i t the great corn state, and T'eo
ria is the center of Its most prolific belt.
Peoria is a great grain market, and espe
( ially for corn. Vast quantities of thn
golden grain are shipped into this city for
gf4Mnl distribution and loaded into Its
mammoth leTltOn by the hundreds of
thousands of bushels, A great deal of com
la shipped from I'eorla, but a vast quan
tity is used at home. There is more corn
used in I'eorhi than In any three cities iu
the Union, STB though those cities be
New York, Philadelphia and Chicago.
The reason Is obvious. Peoria is nut only
the center of the great distilling Interests,
bttt here are located two of tho greatest
sugar bouses In the country. Down the
capacious maws of th4 great distilleries
are poured every day lit), 000 bushels of
corn. The sugar buusea use from R,000 to
10,000 bushelH more each day in the year.
To supply this demand the product of
1,000 acres of rich isirn lands are duly
shipped Into Peoria for home consumption.
Aside from these fully 1,000 bushels are
used daily for other purposes. So that it
is safe to estimate that fully 1,000,000
bushels of corn are used In this city nunu
ally for manufacturing niid uther purposes.
Tho greater part of thia is manufactured
It is wonderful to consider the changes
made by a bushel of corn In its transition
from tho owner's crib to the glass of the
consumer. These changes are various and
furrcachipg. They n.rq other than tinay,-
cial. Hut consider sjnipiy the mere ele
ment of value. Corn was selling, wo will
say, for 85 cents per bushel. It came all
tho way from Nebraska pirhaps, where it
brought but SS cents. In transit two deal
ers received a commission of a cent each.
The railroad company received S cents for
its frt.ight and other charges. The distill
er paid ICi cents. I! took nnd converted
it into 4! ; gullons of finished Hpirits and
fed one of his steers on the refuse. The
distiller sold the spirits to a local dealer
for t.).12, of which I'ncle 8am received
14,08 as tax on the spirits, leaving a bal
ance to the distiller of 713 cents nfter he
hnd paid 88 cents for his corn.
The spirits, after being well watered and
compounded, are sold at a profit by tho
compounder and recti llcr to the dealer, who
sells it out ht 15 cuts a drink. The 4
gallons have swelled to nine, and before it,
gets through it sv ells many n head and
also the revenue of the city Where its lines
may ho enst.
Bo that in its travels from th" Nebraska
crib to the Chicago saloon that bushel of
corn has increased iu value from B8 ceuts
to many dollars, and with Its constant run
ning mates bm furnished employment nt
least to 80 men or mora and baa contrib
uted to both tho national and municipal
To resume, thnt boshel of corn was thus
scattered on the highways of business nnd
pleasure! Fanner, ,;,;i cent', railroads, hs
(ruts; commission men, cents; distillers.
7a cents; feeder, 10 Cents; t'ni h'Snm, $1.05;
compounder and tftCtifler, 88 cents; retail
dealer, 110; city. 18, The consumer got.
whatever was left in the spirits, each ,ic
cording to his Strength or weakness. Peo
I MILITANT PLANTS.
THEY LOOK LIKE FIGHTERS, AND
THAT'S WHAT THEY ARE.
Henry Villiird (litotes Air. ildison.
Henry V illard 1 1 said to he S man with
a total Inck of appreciation for humor.
This story is told of him as happening
when hi was president of the old Edison
General Electric company. Mr. VUlard
got the idea that the Edison company
ought to build au electric locomotive, lie
w ent to Thomas A. Edison and asked him
to design one. Mr. Edison gave him his
reasons for not wanting to undertake I be
task and refused to do It. Mr. Yillard
then ordered 10 of Ihe engineers of Ihe
Northern Pacific railway to submit designs
for electric locomotives, Intending to have
Mr. Edison combine the best points of all
into one. The drawings nnd specifications
arrived in thn course of time and made a
formidable maSO of data. Me. Yillnrd bad
it nil sent to Mr. Edison with tho request
to evolve u design from the plans. Mr.
Edison replied by letter to the effect that
"the only mall who could design nil elee
trio locomotive from this stuff was cruci
fied over I, w'"l years ago." Mr. Yillnrd
soon after met Mr. Edward II. .Ii hnson
and told him of the trouble he bad been
to, nnd Hint Mr. Edison had refused to
make til'' design.
"And do you know, Johnson," said Mr.
Yillnrd in conclusion, "Edison said that
all those Northern Paclfloetiglnoera ought
to ho crucified." Electrical lieview.
"The sclcnrn of memory," said .tames
V. Dodil, "is very lllllo understood, and
thn more it Is investigated the further one
gels from the solution of the dlfllOUlty, I
am acquainted with a man who could
never Irani to write or to calcuulte, nl
though a large sum of money was spent
by hli wealthy parents in attempts to ed
ucate him. To this day he can scarcely
distinguish one letter from another, but
he i .in read easily from sight, in some
manner neli her physioain nor philosopher
"lie is fond of reading out loud and sel
dom hI limbics over n hard word, although
he cannot spell out tho easiest ones.
Strange toaay, be nns n most wonderful
memory of what he reads and will repeat
the plot of n book, with the exact quota
tions of lending incidents nnd expressions,
after reading it once. Ills general habits
indicate mental weakness In various ways,
nnd tho only memory be seems to have le
Jn regard to printed matter.", -
Tht. Faodanua RenVxu Ilat a Row ef
Spines Which Tierce. Like Needles Seme
FlRlitrrs In the I'alm I uuilly- Tho Jim
Corbet! of the Collection.
"All organic beings, without exception,
tenj to Increase at so high a ratio that no
district, no station, nor even tho whole
surface of the laud or tho whole ocenn,
would hold the progeny of n single pair
after a certain unmber of generations. The
Inevitable result is an ever recurrent strug
gle for existence. It has truly Ikcu said
that all nature is ut war; the strongest ul
tlmately prevail, the weakest, fall." Some
thing like this statement by the most cele
brated of thn naturalists will occur to the
Observant person without any skill iu nat
ural history who visits the Phipps conserv
atory and tries to make out tho meanings
of the curious features which so many of
tliti plants present.
For instance, the big Pnndanus reflexus,
which no visitor will pass unnoticed. It
baa a militant look from tburistt up, its
leaves or whatever they are to be called
reminding one of the ancient two handed
sword--that is, they do at first glance, but,
one miM. not trust that, or he will be de
ceived, Tho leaf is not likeasword blade;
only half of It Is. The whole leaf is of
the shape of a half opened book. (Jn each
edge and along the center is n row of
spines, which pierce like needles. I; is on -dogenOUS
thf.t is, increases by internal
growth and elongation at the top and has
no bark to strengthen and protect It.
Judging from appearance, oun of those
long leaves would be easily broken by the
push of an animal, and to keep animals at
their distance it hits sent out. these spines,
which guard it. from three directions. A
young animal which ran against them
once would remember them the next, time,
just as calves and colts soon learn not to
play dose to a bnrbeil wiro fence. The
pnndanus, which is one of 50 species of a
genua which Inhabits, tropical climes from
Africa to Polynesia, as it sticks out its
keen spines and threatens to puncture the
hide of anything which comes near it,
seems to say, like the Scotch thistle: "No
body ciin monkey with me with impunity.
I am a lighter " That is one reason why
It, is ho big. It has made room for itself.
In nature might Is right- the weaker goes
to the Wall,
Some other fighters will bu found iu the
palm house. One is easily found by its
label, Latanla barbonloa'and it is par
ticularly interesting In that it. is an exam
pie of n plant protecting Its young, If that
is the way to say It. Three outer stalks,
Hi rung and well developed, each with Its
row of sharpsplnes, Inclose and defend the
tender central stalk The leaf of a osntra
stalk, one may see, Is not allowed to pass
the older stalks, lest It suffer damage.
They keep It ladtlnd them an n mother
might push her child behind her In time
of danger. This vouug Iruf Is kept, In lend
ing strings until tho stalk has grown so
that It Can reach out over the others and
taku care ot Itself. Muautime it will pro
duce u set. of spines slid Join the other
HtalkH in the great light which Is to deter
mine what plant is fittest to survive. The
Instinct of animals Is wonderful, but the
instinct of the plant is equally so. That
mny be seen iu the larger latanla, which
Hie ten on its label that these palms were
disOOVered In south China In 1818, It has
developed a body, and ilithntat the base of
the branches the fruit grows. Care must be
taken of that, fur if the seed Ih not ripened
they will not. reproduce, nnd the species
will suffer to that extent. Sen the spines
on those brauches around where tho fruit
lies. Let au animal try to get into it, mid
he would come out with u sore hide. Tho
plant would cratch him liko n cat. Tho
patidauus Is erect, and so Its spines stick
straight out. It wants to prevent animals
from pushing against it. Tho palm wants
to protect its fruit, and so its spine points
downward, aa much as to Bay to a thief
below, "You come up here, and I'll jab
your eyes out." In still another palm, the
great one just inside the main entrance
to the conservatory, the spines nre 8 inches
long, look like stilottos and form n per
fect cheval-de-fribe. Man, with all his
thinking how to make thnt obstruction to
au enemy most complete, has not surpass
ed the genius of nature in so directing the
points of these stilettos as to cover every
possible approach. Asa fighter this big
Phenix spinosn is the Jim Corbett of the
palmhOUM, and it is great on style.
That is what some of the other lighters
nre not, as the cactuses. They take all
ports of shapes, in stature rislug from
creeping stems though there is none so
huge in tho conservatory to trunks ;to
feet high, but aro neither beautiful when
small nor majestic when great. They are
too abominably stupid to put on style.
Hut what should one expect of a plant
which wild grows iu hot, stony placet and
when Cultivated is entirely happy in n
sandy loam mixed with brick dust? One
might as well expect style in those little
black Italians of the pipe line, who hnve
been reared on nuih nnd cucumbers. And
the pity of it is these cactuses nre Amer
lean from way back. Pretty nearly their
only redeeming feature Is that they can
fight, llig or little, they nre ready to do
battle, unless it lie those granddaddic-.
with the long white hair, which, like
ninny men, nre aged looking without being
venerable and make one think they had
best betake themselves to another w orld
for all the good they ar doing in this
Whoever it was that put the cactuses and
the sleepy and leather hmincd young al
ligators In the same house in the conserv
atory hail an inspiration, for they surely
go together. Hut that is not to say thai
these plants nre uninteresting Far from
It. They oiler many s Iggeotioni as to the
humors of nature, anil In their sphere the
sre useful, if they would only wake up
and look alive! They seem doubly stupid
to one who goes to them front the spirited
plants in the other parts of theconsenn
tory. Pittsburg Times.
1 w 5S
The Came of Sties.
Sties usually occur In succession.
Whether one or more appear at the same
time we w ill Dud that the first, Is usually
the forerunner of a number of others. Thi--
points to the fact thnt some constitutional
disorder, some slight modification of a
normal condition of the body, usually
underlies the sty forming tendency, Con
stipatlon w 111 very often be found at such
Often we will find thnt it occurs when
there are other evidences of derangement
skin eruptions, poor appetites, general
malaise, etc. So called "delicate children''
are more linhletluin others. Hence thefre
fluent occurrence of sties may indicate the
desirability of consulting the family phy
She I'netieckt Moines
It. Is related Of MissTrella EoltzTolnnd,
nn actress in San Freuclsro, that she per
latently unetaeeka horses that she finds
standing with their hcniN strained back
according to t he present ungraceful ami
indefensible custom. She says she did this
for over 100 horns in Kansas Cltj and
Denver aad received n letter of thanks
from the president of the EnnsasCity ilu
mane society. Hurt's a practical philan
thropy open to everybody , without wait
ing for organization or oflMetfi Woman's
The "Laughing Plant" of Arabia.
The laughing plant produces black,
beanlike seed, small dimes of which, when
dried and powdered, Intoxicate like laugh
ing gay. The persou iudulging iu the
drug dances, Bhouts anil laughs like a
inndmnn for nhnitHii hour, when be tie
comes exhausted and falls into a deal hi ike
Bleep, which often lasts several hours and
lenves the victim in an awful state of nerv
ous collapse. - M. Louis Republic.
. . -T
IU35FWWI ' 'Si
Fioiu tht K . Tribune, JV0
"Chicago, Oct. SI. Fhe first official
announcement of World's Fair ui
plomas on flour has been nude. A
medal lias been awarded by tb.3
World's Fair .indse to the flour ma'.v.i
factured Ly the Washburn, Crosby Co ,
in the great Wash! urn Flour Mills,
Minneapolis. The committee reports
the flour stronp an.l pure, and entitles
it to rank as first-class patent tbur for
iaiiiily and baker;-' use."
& CON NELL'
W ll(il 1 s 11. 1 AGI Kits
SUPERLATIVE AND GOLD MEDAL
The sl'ove brands ot flour can be had at any of the following merchants,
w ho will accept Tilt: TRIBUNE FLOUR COITOX of ?i ou each o:n hundred pounds
of Hour or 50 ou each barrel of flour.
scronton F. r. rrici Washington svenm
Uoid Hadai Brand.
Huninore -K P Pries, Odd Medal Brand
Dunraore F D Mauler, Buperletive nraui.
Hyde Par k Osteon Pevte Washbora
Ootil Medal Brand; J sepa a Users Mem
avenue. Bttperiattve Brand.
Qrcsn Rides A U.8peneer.Qold Medal Brand.
,f. T. Mi ti de, Buperletive,
Pi evidence rentier ,v ChappoU-M' Main eV0-
BBSi Superlative brand ;ul J QtUespie, w.
Market street, to:i Hedl Bread
Olyphsnt Jerass Jordan, Superlative Brand
pet-kvitle Shaffer tt Kiur BnpsrtsUvs,
Jerraya 0, i winters AOo Buperaletlve
Arohbsld -,t ones, s mps si v Co , o ild Medal,
Qartaondahl -H- B, Clerk, Qold Medal Brand,
lloncwlal" 1 N. FVtor l'o ol 1 Me.li
Mlnooks M il. t.iveii -
I Taylor Judge A Co., Hold Medal: Atherton
& Co., Svpertativei
I Durye Lawrence Htore Co., Qold Medal
Moostc John MoCrlndle, Uold Model.
Pitts:.-.. M. W O'Boyhs, pot it Modal.
clink's ilri' ii Fraco iv Parker, superlative.
Thru' Summit F M, You Off, Gold Medal.
li.ilto-i S K. V in, - S ,-!. Uiul Meda Brand.
Nicholson J. 1". H rd n-.
Wavorly- M " Bits A Son. (iotd Medal.
Fsi t irv'ville Charles Gardner, Co d Medal.
iHopbottooi N. M. Finn A Boa, Gold Msdst.
Tobyhanna Tobybsuns a benign Lumber
Co 1 1 Metal Hi and
Qouldebaro B a. Adsn Ooli Mslal Brand.
. Moscow -Oaiae Cfteukouta, Gold Medal.
Lake Ariel- .tames . Bortree. Gold Medal.
Forest City J. L. Morgan A Co., Held Medal
ercereau & Connell
007 LACKAWANNA AVION UK
and Fine Jewelry, Leather Goods,
Clocks, Bronzes, Onyx Tables,
Shell Goods, Table and Ban
quet Lamps, Choicest Bric-a-
Hrac, Sterling Silver Novelties,
Ice .'. Skates,
All Prices and all Sizes.
513 LACKAWANNA AVE.