The Scranton tribune. (Scranton, Pa.) 1891-1910, February 02, 1894, Image 1

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    Four Billions
Of national lass iB a steep
price to pay for Demo
cratic incompetence.
If There Is
Any truth in prophecy, the
American people are get
ting sick of their bargain.
-1 J lit A . V , . J-J
A'.nuiijrj ,)'Big
10 TE
The Measures Passed the
House by a Vote of
204 to 140.
Feeble Efforts of Sputa Crisp and Chair
man Wilson Who Attempt to Answer
His bgonttlts.
Representative Si'oley Voted in the
Ne?A'ivo-Amos J. CumminRS, of
New York, Also Among tho Bolters.
Representatives Hine3, Mutchler,
Beltihoover and McAleer Vote
with Their Party Scenes at the
Close of the Debate.
Washington Fob. 1.
BY a vote of 204 to t to the bouse to
day passed Cue WiUOH tariff tad
income tux bill, Representa
tives Hines. Mutohler. Utitz-
hoover and McAleer voted with their
party in the affirmative; RepraseuU
tive Sibley voted in tt:- uetftuve, and
km J
Representative Hopkins, of Penniyl
raiiia, absent nu RCCOOOt of illness.
Representative Scranton was present
and voted in the ne;;ativ. Among the
Democratic bolter from other states
was Representative Amos J. Cnm
minf, of N'ew York city.
The income tax nnii-ndment was
tacked on the original Wilson bill by a
vote of 1S2 to 50, Representatives
Beltzhoovcr. McAleer, Matohltr, Reilly
and Wolverton being tin only Demo
cratic members from Pennsylvania to
oppose tbe incom tax. Representative
Bines voted for the income tax,
The feature of the sloaing debate was
tbe speech of ex-Speakor Reed. He
was weakly answered by Speaker Crisp
and by Chairman Wilson, the author
of tbe Dill, who brnnuht the diacussiou
to a close. The Wilson bill now goes
to the senate. The attendance during
tbis last scene in the debate in tbe
house was very heavy.
It la a Masterly Exposition of the Case
for Pro'eotlnn.
Washinoton, Feb. 1 Mr Reed's
speech in closing the Republican side
of the tariff debate was the strongest
presentation yet made of the case for
protection. It was listened to with
rapt attention, and whs the oratorical
feature of this session. Some of his
best points follow. The entire speecii
would occupy a p io anil a half of
Thi TuBtnra:
Those who will vote against the Wilaon
bill will do so because it opens our mar
kets to tho destnicive competition of for
eigners, and those who vote for it doit
wnu iuu ' 'ii i. it iiji'y win in
stantly devote themselves to a new cru
sade against whatever barriers are left.
It is evident thnt there is no ground for
that hepe entertained by so many moder
ate n en, that this bill, had us it is, could
be a resting place where our manufactur
ing and productive indiistries,sucli as may
survive, can reestablish themselves and
have a snre foundation for the future, free
from party bickering and pany strife.
Hence, also, there can be no foundation
for that cry, so inaidnousiy raised, that
tills hill should lie passed at once, because
uncertainty is worse than any bill enn
possibly be. Were this bill to pa both
brnuoh'eH today, uncertainty would reign
just tbe same.
This result was inevitable. Although
this bill professed to open to the man 'if n -Hirers
a new era of prosperity and pro
fessed to be made in the interest of some
Ol them.the moment it came to he defended
ou this floor, tho great of it Oottld not
be defended ou any other ground than the
principles of free trade. Home, in this
discussion, the precise terras of this pro
posed act count for nothing, and we are
left to the discussion of the principles
which underlie the whole iuestion. 1 nut
question may not be decided bore and now
upon these principles, but the ultimate
decision by tbe people can have uo other
Whether the universal sentiment in fa
vor of protection as applied to every conn
try is sound or not, I do not stop to dis
cuss. Whether it Is best for the United
States of America alone concerns me now,
and the first thing I have to say is, that
after thirty years of protection, undis
turbed by any serious menace of freo trade
up to tho very yar now hist past, this
country was the greatest and moat flour
ing nution on the face of the earth. More
over, with the shadow of this unjustifiable
bill resting cold upon It, with mills Oloeed,
with hundreds of thousands of men un
employed, industry at a standstill and
prospects before it more gloomy than ever
marked its history excopt once this
country is still the greatest and the rich
est that tbe sun sbines on or ever did
sbine on.
Nor have we in any way exhausted tho
future. Tbis country is teu times more
capable today of further development
than it was in ISitO. Let me state one lit -
i le item, sample of a thousand. Only last
year at nutnford, in mi own state, was
brought under harness waterfalls which
which will give to tbe productive ener
gise of this country 4U0tXhorae power for
every day in the year. Three hundruu
and lift.v thousand jast su-h hors power
ruiw to waste every day in New Euglatul
lone, Whenever our cit uro rich
enough to employ theee g'oat resources
my hope is that they will be rich enough
to COneume their ptoduote themselves.
Bo utterly undisputed and ho distinctly
visible to every human being in this audi
ence bas beeu our growth aud progress
that this hasty outline is all that is needed
to remind you of one great fact, that what
ever the future industrial sysieui ol tins
country may be, the past system Is a
splendid monument to that series of sua
ceesful statesmen who found the country
bankrupt and distracted, aud left it tlrst
ou the list of nations.
We may safely assume that a country
which has bee one in tho last thirty .vein's
the richest COUUtry in the world, a coun
try which daring all that period was a
'paradise for lab u in j men," does not need
to try any dubious experiments, A good
tlnug in this world ol disappointments is
not to be lightly left. A better thing w
should dostrc with still more reluctance,
and nobody but misguided noil would
leave the best tiling ever known la the
history of tbe universe unless ho bad tuoh
a glimpse of the luture as would place
him securely among the prophets and not
laud him among those unhappy martyrs
whose blood is the seed of no church.
What sre tho reasons why auy change
of principle should tie h id? Is there any
example In the history of tne world of any
nation situated IlUe ours which has taken
the Step to Which we are invited? Some
gentlemen, perhaps, are hastening to say
that Eugluud affords us the needed ex
ample. .Mr. Speaker, I have looked there,
and 1 am amazed to Had bow little the ex
ample of Ejgiaud can tench.
Are tbe gentlemen of the ways aud
means committee legitimate successors
of bright and t'obden and the Anti-Corn
Law league? Jot t e lea-t m the wo'io.
That a tight by tne manufacturers. This
is a tight agaiust lb I manufacturers. The
manufacturers then desired uo protection
whatever. Tarn over this big volume of
Cobden'o speeahee autiLyoa come to the
tvaeutieth speech, seveu years after he
hetiati; you will not tlud one allusion to
protective duties to tsiinufacturers,
and ev.u iu the twentieth speech they are
only alluded to to reiterate the declara
tiu made In 1W, when tbe (torn
law league began, that all duties were to
be abolished. VvbatCobden was fighting
was an odious law enacted to enhance the
price of bread, not for the benetit of the
farmer, but of the aristocratic owm r of
land, Workingmen were clamoring for
increase of pay. The manufacturers
knew that decrease of the price of whent
was the equivalent of higher pay. Meu
do not work for money; they work for
money's worth.
While our w'Sedrresare reading Hritisb
books of forty years ago with the emotions
of great discoverer-, what do the Euglish
themselves say about the actual facts?
They come here in shoals. Naturally they
do not like our system; but for it, they
could do unr msnufuctnring for us Never
theless, prejudiced and prepossessed as
they are, they are startled into some, in
cautious truths. Says Mr. deans: "It re
quires, 1 tbir.k, unui-ual temerity to allege
that the tariff system of the United States
hrs been a failure for that country.'' What
a prejudiced English free tra ler regards
as "unusual temerity," and which he might
have caded unexampled rashness, is
not only exhibited by our committee of
ways and mentis, but by every gentleman
who can recite Sydney .Smith's discourse
on tho taxed Engiisuman under the im
pression that he is delivering an original
speech. Mr. Uavrr, too, remarks the strango
phenomena: ' 'I am," says h, "a couvimcod
Free TTader. Protection is to me an econ
omical heresy, the fraud and folly'' (How
like one of our own dear Southern states
man he SOUnd) '"the fraud and fnlly of
which are capable of mathematical illus
tration. And yet throughout th
length and breadth of this vat coutinente
one is almost daily brought face to face,
with solid indispntabio facts thnt MOD
to give the lie to the soundest aud most
universally accepted axioms of political
Yes, not only do "solid, indisputable
facts seen to give tho lie to the sound
est and most universally accepted axiom
of political economy," but they do give
it, and so does the whole history of this
eoooty. If what ho calls "the soundest
and most universally accepted axioms"
hud been axions at all, this country onght
to have been permanently r thirty years
in the situation which I, .s now in tern
porarilly, after eleven months of this free
trade nightmare. We ought to have been
halting in every branch of manufactures:
we ought to have stopped progress ami
laltered to tbe rear, for we were Wasting
both capital and labor in unprofitable
Our workmen penned up in our little
country while Englishmen reve.oj in th I
markets of the world ought to be imp ver
ished beyond all the. experience of history.
Instead of that tho Aldrich report shows
that since 1800 money wages have risen M
per cent. Or, if you say, aud you would be
right in so saying, that wages should be
measured by what they will buy, the re
sult is still mine striking. The same report.
shows that, measured try prices of things
bought, wages have ri-en, real wages, 70
per cent. Hy which I mean to say that
WOere our ne .pie in lew received a dollar
our people have now one dollar and six'y
eight cents aud six mills in money, and a
dollar and eeVentynlne cents and one
mill In consumable wealth. During the
same period the hours of labor, by average
in all the occupations calcul ited, nave In
len from eleven to ten. If you count that
and reckon the man's hours saved to be
worth as much to him as it used to be to
his employer aim it is you have real
wages riotd 17 per cent, and yon hud the
wage-earner today, after thirty-three
years of protection, with 11.07, where in
istiu he had bnt a single dollar. The Al
drich report declares that there esit no
thorough digest of facts relating to Euro
penn wages, but. if you will 'how me any
figures of Increase at any approximating
What 1 have just described In Free Trade
England, you will discover what my
search has not been able to find.
With wages rising, prices of manufac
tured goods falling, with lessening bourn
of labor, what more do you want except
moro'of the same sort?
1 confess to you thnt this qaeetlofl of
wages is to m the vit d question. To in
sure our growth lu civilization and wealth
we must, not only have wages us high as
they are now, but constantly and ateudiiy
Increasing, This desire of mine for con
slaii lly Increasing wagos does not have i ts
origin InjlpVe for the individual, but, iu love
for ibo whole natl n in that, enlightened
sclMitmess, which recogul.os tho great, ti nt h
that your fate and mine, Mr. Sionknr,iind
the fate of your descendants are. so
wrapped up iu the fate of all otlcr. that
whatever contributes to their progress
gives to us all a nobler future aud u higher
In my judgment, upon wages and the
consequent distribution of consumable
wealth is based all our hopes for tun In
tars aad all the. possible Increase of our
civilixatiou. The progress of tbis nation is
dependent upon the progress of all. When
1 talk about wages I use the word lu its
broadest sense as the prico aud value of
u.-ryioo, w hoi her of brain or muscle,
When 1 speak of Constant nnd continuous
iuci'esseif wages 1 do not mean the caprices
ot benevolence or of charity, or the fantasy
ot u mind longing for the impossible. Tin,
increase of wages which the servic
seller o igi.t to have and tho only use '
increase lie pan ever get wiH be hy the I .
ration ot natural laws working upon the
opportunities which legislation may aid
iu tarnishing, The Inorease will nevr
come from the outside, will uover bo the
gift of any employer, it must come from
the improvement in the man lumseit. Can
you get a carpenter or b niklaver to work
for 9& Cents a day? lie did it iu Kngland
InlTHS, Today 111 thoUuitoa States it is
a poor place where he cannot gel ten times
that sum. Why does behave to have tun
times as much? li-cause tho carpenter of
to day oould no more dye as did the carpen
ter of 1T35 than he could live iu a cave and
and bun' snakes for food. The difference
iu nrugei means the dlffareuos In iivlng,
and the t'l "tt is as much a nee -ssity today
as the -to cents was 15U years ago.
Man is not a mere muscular englo, to
be fed with me it and give forth effort .
Man is u social being. He must have
whatever his neighbor has. He cannot
grow unless he does. This question of
wages is all'lmporiant as bearing up in the
qusitlou of consumption. All tn'oluoioii
depends noon consumption, who are the
Consumer? Ill the old days whan the pro
ducts of manufacturers were luiartei, the
lord and his retainers, the lady and her
molds were the c.oisum is, a class apart
by themselves, but today the consumers
are tbe producers. Long ago the lab n or
oonspmod only what would keep ulm
alive. Today he and ins wife and their child
ren are BO iminea uiruhly the moit valu
able coetuinsrs that II the shop had to give
up the wealthy or those whom it is the
custom to call poor, there would not be a
moment's hesitation or a moment's doubt
Dntortunately, t ie gentleman on the
oteerside have persistently retained the
old idea that the producers are one class
sud toe consumers are another, and hence
wo he ir on all hands such Stupidities ot
speech us those which sum up the workers
in each b.-uncli aud compare them with
the whole people. One hundred and fifty
thousand workers in woolens -you ask
what are they compared with 70.000,000 of
consumers; 900.000 worker in steel, .what
are they compared with 70,000,000 of con
sumers; 200,000 workers In cotton, what
are they compared with 70,000,000 of con
sumers, and so on all through the long list,
forgetting that all these people added to
gether make the whole 711,000,000 them
selves. AMEP.ICA's OltEAT UAHKgT,
It sn happens that America is Blind with
workers. Therears idle people, but they
an' fewer hie than elsewhere except now,
when we are living under the ehadow of
the vViisou bill. If those workers are all
getting good wages they are themselves
tic market, and if the wages are increas
ing the market is (also increasing. The
fact that iu this country all the worfcers
hare been getting better wuge than else
where is tbe wry reosoo why our market
is the best in the world and why all the na
tions of the world are trying to break into
it. We do not appreciate the nature of
our market ourselves."
We are nominally 7O,OiK),O0O people.
That is what wo are iu mera number-. Hut
as a market for manufactures and choice
foods we are potentially SKKt, 000, 000 M com
pared with the next, bust nation on the
globe. Nor u this difficult to prove. When
ever an Englishman earns fl an American
earns (1. CO. I speak within bounds. Botb
can get the food that keeps body and aoul
together aud the shelter which the bady
must have for 60 cent-1. Take B0 cents
from fl and you have 4U cents left.
Take that same (V) cents from the
f LCD and you have $1 left, Just two and a
half times as much. That surplus can be
spent in choice foods.iu house furaishines,
in flue clothes uud all the comforts of life
in a word, in tho products of our manu
factures. This makes our population as
consumers of products, as compared with
the F.nglish population. 800,000,000. Their
population is :)7,000,n0 as con -umers of
products which one century ago were pure
luxuries, while our population is equival
ent to MO. 000,000,
If this is our comparison with England,
what is the comparison with the rent ef
the world, whose markets our committee
are so eager to have in XCbange for our
own? Mnlhall gives certain statistics
which will serve to make the comparison
clear. On page MB of his Dictionary of
Statistics he Hays t he yearly product of
the manufactures ot the 'Vorld are .14.471,
000,000, of which the United Statos pro
duces 1,448,000,000. I do not Vouch," nor
can anybody vouch, f ir these figures, but
the proportion of one-third t i two-thirds
nobody can fairly dispute, We produce
one-third, and the rest of the world, Eug
land included, two-thirds.
The population of tho world Is 1,800,000,'
00O, of which we have 70,000,000 which
leaves 1,480,000,000 for the rest of mankind.
Wb use all onrmenofaotoree, or the equiv
alent of them. Hence we are equal to one
half tli whole glohf outside of ourselves,
England included, ami compared as a mar
ket with tho rest of the world our popula
tion is equal to 718,000,00 I I repeat, as
compared with England herself ns a mar
ket, our people are i quivale it to 000,000,
Ofin. As computed with the rest of the
world, England included, we are equal as
a market to 718,000,000. These figures
trior than justify the adjectives of the
Englishman, and the cold facts of mathe
matics surpass the spasms of rhetoric.
There is still another argument which 1
desire to present out of t ho hirgo number
yet unused. What has made Kngland rich?
It is the immense profits which come of
converting raw material into manufac
tured goods. Kho is a huge workshop, do
lag the niost profitable work of tin world;
changing material to flnUhm! product. So
long as she enn persuade the rest of the
world to engage in the worn which is the
least profitable and Uave her tliu most en
riching, ' he can well be content.
Let me give one itom, and the figures
shall be furnished by Mm gentleman from
Alabama (Mr. Wheeler), who told me in
your presence tbft the value of all the cot
ton raised in the United States was only
1(100,000,000, while i he Bnished product, of
that cotton was $1,751), D ip, 000 When cot
ton leaves the Held it Is worth :t()0,(KW,0()0:
when it leaves tbe mill it Is worth six
times n much. On onr own cotton crop
alone wo might iu time make Mm profits
on a billion and a half of manufactured
goods. Nor is there any thing to prevent
such a result in n protectee tariff.
Some men think, indeed, this mil and its
author's speeches proceed upon tho suppo
sition that the first step toward gaining
the market ol the world is to give up our
own, (net OS If fortified army, with enn
mies on nil llnuks, should overturn its
own breastworks in tho first preliminary
to march into tbe Open, liven the fool
ish chivalry of the Marquis de Montcalm
which led lit in to his dealli on the Hoights
of AbrHiinm had not that crowning folly.
Such is not the history of the world: such
is not even theexamp 8 of England. Tariff
duties, whether levied for that purposo or
for revenue, become a (lend letter when
we are able to compote with I le- outside
Wo nro the only rival that Eegland
fears, for wo id me h tv in our borders the
population aud the wages, tin, raw iiin
lerisl Sad, within ourselves, the great mar
ket which insures to us the most improved
machinery. Oir constant power to in
crease our wsges ius ires us also continu
ous progress. If you wish to follow the
Sample of England, I say yes, with all my
heart, bnt her real example and nothing
else. Lei us keep protection, as she did,
until uo rival dines to iovad ' oar territory,
and then wo may lako our chaucos for a
future which, by tbut time, will not be
Nobody knows so well as I do how much
1 have tailed to present even ot niv own
oomnroheneion of the great argument
.Which should control this vote. I have
..hid not, a word of the gruat fall of prices
winch has always come final thu compel i
tioii of tho Whole world rnud're l pos.lblu
by protection and substituted for tie com
petlon of a single Island. I have said not a
word of the greet difference, between the
attitude of employers who tind their own
workmen their best customers in their
own laud, aud who are, therefore, moved
by their own bust interests to give their
workmen fair wages, and those who sell
abroad and are therefore anxious for low
Wagee at home, and on whom works unre
strictedly that pernicious doctrluo, as
wages fall profits rise. These and much
more have 1 omitted, for is a limit to
all speaking.
We know, my friends, that before this
tribunal wo all of us pload in vain. Whv
we fail let those answer Who road the
touching worts ot Abralitm Lincoln's
first luaugare! ami remember that ho
plead iu vain with thesosatn 1 mon and their
predecessors. Where he failed We cannot,
expect to succeed. Hut though wo fail
hero today, like our great loader of other
days In the larger field before the mightier
tribunal which will finally and forever do
cile this question, we shall bo more than
conquerors; for tins great nation, shaking
off as it has once before the influence of a
lower civilisation, will go on to fulfill its
bigbdootlny until over the south as well
as over the north, shall be spread the full
measure of that amasiog prosperity which
is the wonder of the world.
Hut is not It a dreadful buslnees to tax
people! Not necessarily, Taxes raised for
a good purpose -like a schooloouse, a road,
an army, lor payment of pensions, for t he
public debt, and iudeol for all the pur
poses of it free people ire not only not
Dad, but very good. Taxes to build a pal
ace for the King's mistress or to plum a
barbarian queen ou a deserted throne
would be dreadful: bat we are not likely,
owing t6a series of fortunate accident,
to be . ailed upon to (io even the last.
On the question of tho eonstnutlonality
of tariff taxation I shall spin, I no tune. I
have not been here a long as 1 have with
out learning that "constitutionality" and
"unconstitutionality" ou the other efde of
the chamber are mere phrases, and that
when a gentleman of the other side, with
Welling voice, denounces the tariff as no
Constitutional ho merely moans that ho
does not iike it.
Inasmuch a nobody in a bundrod years
has even asked the supreme court to pass
on that quest! in, it seems hardly worth
while to discuss it. If tho father of his
country, frejh from the cnaveutiou, in
signing the first Uudfl tax bill, signed an
uiicoustilutionaAct, the gentleman from
Qeorgia (Mr. Turner) and tbe whole Dem
ocrat!.' party are butter than George
Washington -a thing not hiterto charged
gpon them.
But do not the peoplo pay the tariff
taxes, and do they not go into tho pockets
of monopolists? Do you believe the con
sumer pays the tax, or the foreigner:' Well,
I am going to be perfectly frnuk about
that and answer, sometimes one aud some
times the ill 'i . and sometimes bith. Toe
first thlnft the foreigner does when a tariff
tax is laid is to see if bo can get into our
market without paying anything. If so
then ho will not reduce his prices. If he
etinnot. he looks over his margin of profit
and sees if he can, hy abating some part
of these profits, get his goods in. So far
ns he does aba:, thorn hnpays the tux. So
far as he does not the rest of tbe tax is paid
by tho consumer.
Here let me meet one Other question, and
let me meet it fairly. Wo are charged with
having claimed that the tariff alone will
raise wages, and we are pointed triumph
natly to the fact that the wages of Fniuco
nud Germany, protected by a tariff, are
lower than England, free of all tariff, nud
to America with a high tariff and still
higher wages We have never mado such
a claim in any such form. Free trailers
have sot up that claim tor us in order to
triumphantly knock it over. What wo do
say is thnt where two nations have equal
skill and equal appliances and a market of
nearly equal size and oueof them can hire
labor ut one half loss, nothing but a tariff
can maintain the higher wages, aud that
we can prove.
(tbeaebe two bales of goods side by
side ntade by the satno kind of machinery
nnd with the labor of the human being in
both of tho same degree of skill, and if the
labor of one bale cost only half, for exam
ple, as much as the other, that other bale
can never tie sold until tbe extra cost of
tho costlier labor i squealed out ot it pro
vided there is an abundant supply of the
product of the cheaper labor. If tho bale
with the cheaper labor of England in it
meets tho bale with the dearer labor of
America in it, which will be bought, at
cost ,,f proUUOtleO? I leave that prob
lem jusl there. The anle of the English
bale will be only limited by England's pro
duction. "No, no; tnriffdo?s not make tbe blind
see, the Iniuo waU, nor does it. raise tho
dead to life; bill it is u good, sound, sensible
policy for the United Stales, for its growth
In lichee nnd civilization, aud if it is
Stricken down tho people who in their sec
ret hearts will think us the most short
sighted, will bo the foreigners who profit
by our folly.
The First Anniversary ol the Abrogation
Will Be Fittingly Observed.
Day la Dovold of Any Kspocially
Tntoreatluir Faatnras.
Washinoton, Fob. I The samite
(islmted during the whole or today's
suasion thu resolution denying the au
thority of the secretary of the treasury
to issue bonds. None of tho Democra
tic senators spoke.
All the Ropiiblienn spnk"rs dsnisd
the authority to issue bonds for the pur
pose of ni 'etiug current expenses, ami
Mr Oolph denounced the claim of
right under the resumption act hh a
bald usurpation anil ni a case of false
pretenses. At the close of tho debate
tbe resolution went over till tomorrow.
A Bioltke pr Olelrns to Havs Unaaitbed
a Qlsnntio Fraud
Wkst Ciikstkb, Pa., Feb. 1. -Comity
Auditor John O, Moses made a discov
ery today by which he believes lie has
unearthed a fraud by which Ibo county
hna been swindled out of between if lib)
and $800, Mr. Moses, who is book
keeper for the Daily News.oanm across
a bill for advertising which Ii suya is
a fraud.
Other paid bills wera found that are
also anid to be u swiulle upon the
county and which brought the total of
the alleged frauds up to tbe sum men
tinned above.
Twelva Anarohlats In Prison Nearly All
tho Mlnea In Oparatlnn.
Mansfii'.i.d, Pa. Feb. t Twelve of
the an iritblste captured in the raid at
Bower lull minel yesterday were given
a bearing by Squire McMilliu to-day
and were held to answer at court
Everything is qulat In tne district and
there are hut two deputies on duly.
Nearly all the mines are in opera
tion. .'.Lai of good character applying
for work nro hired. Mine owners
hare luo appoarace of further iroubio.
Minister Willis Declines to Take Part
in the Festivities The British Rep
resentative Sulks Plans for Future
Development Resolutions Against
Hie Chinese The American League
Gaining Prestige.
Honolulu, Jan. 17.
TODAY is to be observed as abro
gation day. It is ttie first anni
versary ot the abrogation of the
Hawaiian monarchy. (ireat
enthusiasm is expected iu the celebra
tiou. A reception is to be given in the
council room, formerly throne room,
mi l a m iss meeting In the evening on
Palooe square, which hss been dubbed
Union squ ire by the Annexation club
United States Minister Willis has de
clined for himself, nud for the
admiral and United States naval
officers, the presidsnt's Invita
tion to the reception. He alcatel
hia note by expressing the hope that
more satisfactory relations may soon
obtain between the two governments
Bast 1,1 'tit, no reply to a similar tuvita
tion had beou rtccivad from Minister
Wodeboose, the British rpt -siita
tive, who is an almost open partisan of
the queen. No difficulty lias arisen
between him nnd this government,
II lately complained to the prtsjident
of a disparaging remark repriute I here
fiom Amerloau papers, but received
satisfactory ussnrance,
A hasty call ou the morning of the
13th by Minister Willis upon President
Dole, gave rise to in my surmises, be
cause uo such visit had before been
made. President Lioie, however, says
that the interview was wbolly amica
ble aud called for the elucidation of an
expression in Mr. Dole's long letter to
Mr. Willis, which tho latter was about
to forward to Washington.
Ths American league is rapidly grow
ing and is coming to the trout us the
chief political organization In support
of tho provisional government and the
cause of annexation. It is developing
strong opnosition to what its members
regard as an endeavor of tlm planter
capitalists to control tho govern uient
In their own interests, in opposition to
those working classes of whiUa. The
night before last a strong resolution
was pissed opposing the further
mitiortation of Chinese laborers.
5,000 of whom the government hud
agreed to allow admission to the isl
ands. Feeling iu the league goes deeper
than this. I he desire is to see Hawaii
become a white man's country, aud tiol
mainly uivon up to great estates of cap
italists manned by Asiatic laborers.
To this end they prefer to see a portion
of the profile of the planters sacrificed
and loms of the sugar estates giveu up
and tho land divided in farms for white
It is becoming evident tbut party
linea are going to run mainly upon
these issues tor the future. The plant
ing interest is csrtaiu to make a strong
light for itself. Planters, as a class,
however, are unlike to autagoa-iz-i
annexation, or any government
which tends towards it. They
will probably r-cognizi the n)
cessily of ample concessions to
popular demand In order to secure es
tablishment ot ii stable government, h
is not clear how far the natives will be
permitted tocount in this cent"st. Iu-
flux of Aai.itiid is generally regarded
as destructive to aboriginal population,
who r weak and are wasting away
The resolution mentioned obova as
adodted by the American league con
tained the following expressions:
Resolved That we view with the ap
prehension t he almost eager lend mess with
which the provisional government has co
operated with tho importers of this horde
or ( lilneso.
Resolved, That while we are fully nlivo
to the necessity of moderately cheap field
labor, wo shall continue to object to Chi
nese; viewing tueni as dangerous aud di
tsstelul, not oulv to ourselves, but also to
our steadfast friends in the l ulled Slates.
Republicans of Cheatsr nnd Delawara
Counties Adopt a New Uvalem.
CRUTBK, Feb. 1, The sub-coinmit-tee
representing the Chester county
ex cutive Committee, consisting of Ma
jor E. B. Moore, of West Chester, s. s.
xonng, of Coatee vi lie, and Colonel D,
B smith, of Pasadena, not a like eouv
mittee of Delaware county hna today
oouisistiiig of John A. Wallace, of this
city, obafrman; II. 0, Bnowden, of Me
dia. and John S linger, of Morton, to
formulate a plan for it district conven
tion for the nomination of congress
men from this district.
Afier a long discussion it was agreed
to do away with the conferee system
and adopt the method of leUotlng can
didates by delagntM, the new method
going into effect nt the end of Con
gressman Robinson's term The basis
of appointment was decidod on us one
delegate to each precinct, and one for
eash additional 100 votes.
This will give Chester county the
whip band for a tlm, as the voters arc
in excess ot those m ll'law.ire county
The conventions will be held altern
ately In the two counties.
Thriving Bcsiinsss Transacted by nn In
dividual ; . Hi .i- tog-us Osit tlcnt-s.
giving l lid name of Dr. Kolf Pithgren
was arrested here today, charged With
selling bogus m dicnl diplomas to wo
men, allowing them to practice mid
wifery. The diplomas issued by the
North Auiericin and ITiystclaug' Pro
tective association ami were signed "It,
ii. Edmunds. Medical DlMi tor." The
price of the dlplotn t was 0,
i'lth .reu says the association in n
Massachusetts society, but l.u unti give
nn information about the address ef
Edmonds Pithgren is a man of fine
penopal ippoiranoa and good address,
and from the number of receipts found
on him for diplomas that he has soi l
In various parts of too country, nls
operations have been quite extensive.
The receipts show that'll has jour
neyed through Connecticut, Now York
uud tbe upper part of New Jersey sell
ing his diplomas. A greater num
ber of the receipts found on him were
signed by women to whom be has sold
diplomas in the cities of Newark, Eliz
abeth und New Urunawiok.
-1 -
Judas Furs!, of Huntingdon, Exempts
the Traveling Companies.
Huntingdon, Feb. L Today Presi
ding J u ig ITurst, of this judicial dis
trict, banded down an opinion iu a case
slated on the theatrical law, iu which
the manager of a dramatic company
was mad defendant by having object
ed to the payment of the $')J fee to the
county treasurer here.
Judge Furst decides that Manager
Qreonbnrg, of tho Huntingdon Operu
bona-, must yearly pay tue $31 license
fee tin ler the act of assembly and that
companies showing hers uro exempt
from payment of tne license under the
provisions of the net.
" --as-
Through the Sala of Securities I'. May
Liqiidale Floutina Debt i.
Philadelphia, Feb 1 Through
the sale of 3,0O0,0004 per cent, bonds
of luo city of Newark, N. J., tho Le
high Valley Railroad company is en
riobad to the extent of 1, 790, 000, The
bonds were paid by tue city to the
East Jersey Water company for water
supplies. The Lehigh Valley owns a
half interest in the water company and
tho ruilroad receives one half of tbe
profits from the sIe.
This places the Lehigh Valley iu a
position to pay off so much of its float
ing debt at or before maturity.
Attorney Ojneral S'.ocltton Exp-esses an
Opinion Upon the Mattsr.
Jersey City. N. J., Feb. 1 At
torney General Stockton in his opinion
to Governor Worts regardiug the sens
tonal deadlock, says: "I have no doubt
of the jnrlsdiolion of the supremo court
in a case were tin-re are two conflicting
legislatures, each claiming a right to
exercise legislative functions, to de
termine by which body legislative
authority can be lawfully exercise 1.''
The opinion declare:! that the Rjpub
lioons should stop :.. ! w. :: .. aad go
into the courts to settle the right of
majority at ouce.
Oeorge Wash .. 8imp9on Did Not
Know It Was Loaded.
WASHINOTON, Feb. l. The only vic
tim ol tne hostilities between Da Guma
and Beiiham in Rio Janeiro harbor, so
far os reported is Past Assistant Pay
master George Washington Simpson,
of thu cruiser Detroit. Mr. Simpson
accidentally shot himelf in ths leg
while handling a reyoiver. The in
jury is alight.
It is presumed nt the department
tbut Mr, Simpson was puitiug his
weupou iu order for the expected bat
tle when the accident occurred,
Adam Car beach Accused of Haviss
Strangled ,Tac:b Wagcaman.
QbttTSBURQ, Feb. 1. Adam Car
hangh, tbe man charged with having
murdered Jacob W. vVaggaman by
stranding him. was arrested today aud
is in the comity jail tonight. Ho was
erreeted at bis home in Franklin
county near the Adams county line
The facts of tbe ci8' now in posses
sion of the OOinmetlWStUth will not
j list i Ty a verdict! ot more thau uinrdor
in the second degree,
The Democratic city convention at Car
lisle renominated .toiin H. liiller.a lemliug
law yer, for mayor.
At midnight Mr. Chili's physicians is
sued the following bulletin: "Mr. Child's
had a bettor day, though there is no strik
ing change in his condition.''
Execution has been issued from the
Delaware county court against the ltricgs
Brick company, of Norwood, upon judg
ment notes aggregating 118,000.
The Booth Chester police have arrested
"Jersey" Gerand, who is charged with
ii. Ins implicated In the murder of Charles
McUloneon the night of .inn id.
An official revert, of the appraisers of the
defunct UeedVllle Bavlngs hang shows the
nso . to be s.M.i'iM; linlniities.Sl'JT.OiK). The
stockholders are Individually liabie.
A tire of unknown origin badly dam
aged the malt house nnd contents of tbe
Bberbordt A Ober Brewing comoany. lo
cated 00 Troy bill, Allegheny City, The
loss Is sa'i.lXHl; insurance, J2.00'l.
An early resumption of work at the Key
stone Hulling mill nnd the I'lttsbnrg Tube
works la probable. The hiiIIh have been
idle since June They furnish employ
ment to Tun men when iu operation.
The Far mi ni Cotton nulls at Lancaster
announce a rednotlon in wages of hi per
cent. The nulla which employ over 800
bauds. Will bareafter run four days every
week instead of on nlteruato weeks.
The twetlty-flve collieries of the Head
ing Coal company iu BhoOSndoab, employ
ing 10,000 men and boys, shut down last
evening tor an Indefinite period. The shut
down was caused by over production.
Anion.: the fourth class post masters ap
pointed are the followloi! Alice Daley,
Benesott. Elk county; V. A. atsebaa,
Long Valley, Bradford; Albert Muling, Red
cblTe, Forest; D, M. Smith, Scott Center,
Wayne; ,1. It, .Mc.Maiianey, Cambria.
The PaOttiX Iron company 1ms just re
ceived the contract from the Southern ra.
cific railroad to put up near New Orleans
an Iron bridge over two miles loan which
Will take 50,000,000 pounds of iron. The
contract will keep the works busy two
The West Chester authorities have
dragged the city reeervolr for the body of
Joan Beltler, the ot muster who itisap
p nnd in, in llowollvillo with u lot of
money received from Italians and llnu
gnriana It wa sappuaed ho bad com
niitted anlcide,
510 AND 512
Extraordinary Value.
We have opened a line of
Figured Louisienne
I' or Waists and Dresses.
85c, a Yd.
The former j rice, $1.83.
(1 hey cannot be duplicated)
Also a new line of Solid
Black Brocaded
India Silks and Satins
In newest designs.
Our Plain Black Satin
Duchesse at 89 cents.
Former price, $1.25.
Maltese Cros3
W IATM Eil rUCasr. Feb. 1. Forecast
fur Friday: on eiutern Vim
suteanto, fair; slnM oaaaaft hi
MMMerature duWnp Friday, M
rowed 8btnrdtuba leamtrr, teeif ufxasbs
eomfnr MnacM, furwuttin fVamjZaa
n fo, fair; ttototy rising teMiueraiare; rurf.
ublu Ktiadl, sA id'oy (o inula.
And Oak tanned Leather Ctl'dng,
H. A. Kingsbury
313 Sprues St., ScraDtfli Pt
Lewis, Reiiiy & Davies
Reliable Footwear.
Feet of every description fitted at
Lewis, Reilly & Davie3.
Will dIoM every roBlns at 6.80 r.M.
XCOpt SaturJnv.
We Examine Eyes
Free of charge, fa doctor is
needed you are promptly toM
so. We also guarantee a per-
I'tvl lit.
AT cos t for one week only.
w .1 mm.