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pu - WAISI4ED Tit EEKLYi F PiF CITY Ou READINC BERKS COUNTY
T .7 it . 1171 r, Pa A. 7 LA. A tui ic• tt arn
1 -EX 1. .5 rt
j. Ltkval„NCE GEPZ, EDITOR.'
gym. 'ma Arta grad, ad
a Batik of \„littadtitg.
TWA. S iDitsciurTlOs. ' •
'boo a yor4 poyabil in/anew.
1,60 tot dIC ineetheil3 sde
To Guns : roux copies *5 to solvaatoe,
Ten cores tce 514
411 papers d at th =pirate." of the
Owe paH fur-
1L1T1.3 OP APTIO/T413i9 IN T a g Gu n n%
1 31 Imo. 3ro, Omo. 17
:;li &pare, 6Dnes,cr leee. 6- 50 76 2,00 3.00 6,00
1 /CI " V l 4 OO 1.25 3,01 5,00 ,8,00
2 v 20 " ISP 3O $ 5 O 5,00 5,00 Ikod
3 " 30 ~ d 03, 00 3.75 TAO 12,00 200
[Larger Adrern in proportion.]
Im a m * an d jiamblis ' Notiroli, 6 Insertions $6,06
knaltors' Notices pod L . Mises, •'3 3,60
Special Notice*, as read' atter, 10 eta. a line for one
a* Maritime *Mime illi i
published gratuitously. •
sir An Obituary Follies solutions,
Giber Frigate Amociations, bachargi
nutmeats, at the above raNs '. '
Advertisements tor Ee on, Charit
csoonat objects. ace-Wilt 4 ea u,
are Anadverdsiag Milt 4,,,,,,a 51
pa me drat insertion.
Fairly AdVeitiMill Jowl ka .
of ren - wing their ',Swims . " me
parmee. .&ny.additbinat „
ing the amount contracted - i
one-hair th e rates above apse 5
Yearly saversieers will be eb
:mutant advertisels for all matte i
to am - busine.s.
FEINTING ..OF WENT D RIPTIOh
Issanted in a superior manner, at ~, 1,,,,,,,,,
Oar assortment of Jos TITII 10 DM johjona]
ear Work speaknfor itself. it.
• BLADVS OF ALL , Mk.
Nal:Lang PASCI3dART and PASTA . Mt, m om)
ROM ARTIChlii OF Au 01207 , LIABEIS,.d a Tal i
.117Gcm" IliaLmrei,.ltept constantly fur ear, Nut
ate ash. Deaths will be
- ELNDR.tV , AL L
4:TOIZNEY AND COUNBELLi
iti2 Neve Jamey Avenue, Wit-aline°
eterept attention wilt be given to
Ito geplante Court, Omit et Claims, 1' •
.D,llll , ry Denutments. • - .
Member of the Royal College of Surgeons, London ' °reds
nate from one of the meet eminent Colleges in the United
Stites, and the greater - part ofierhoso life bee been apent
in the hospitals of Louden, Parts, Philadelphia and elm.
where, has effected some of the moat astonishing cures
that were ever known; many troubled with ringing in
the head and ears, when eateep, great nervousness, being
alarmed at sudden Pounds, bashfulness, with frequent
billlibbla, attended sometitae with - derangement of mind,
were cured immediately.
T.A.13.33 MILTICTIZAB. NOTICE.
Dr_ .I_ addresses all those mho have Itanred themselves
by . improper Indulgence and solitary habits, which mile
both body and mind, unfitting them for either business,
...Ludy, soristy or marriage.
Trime are anme of the sad and melancholy effects priv
atised by *early habits of youth, viz: Weatraenis of the
Back and 'Limb , . Pains it, the Head, Dimon. of Sight,
LOW, of Alnseitlai Power, Palpitation of the Heart, Dys
pepsia, tiervons Irritability, Derangement of thr iiigestive
Functions, General Debility .SympLoms of Consul= plion,Ste .
histrrahur.—The fearful streets on the mind are much to
be dreaded—Lose of Memory, Confusion of Ideas, bepres.
siona of Spirits, Evil Forbod imp:, Aversion to o:inlay, Self.
Distrust, Love of Solitnde, Timidity, Ste., are some of the
171 , TTIOUSANDs of persons of all ages can now Judge , what
---- -1- - ---i- - - --- --, ..4 the canes of their declining health, losing their vigor,
..... ~i. 4 . T
Acrria i esw_ D ua r 4Em . ovEri
i roming weak, pale ; nervous and emaciated , having a
it. 0 . ,
vonia ;guisr appearance about the eyes, cough and symptoms
P Deed ilinuesed, in Sixth street,
..----- - r Writ 14a r have in jered themseiverby a mutate practice bidet
u when alone, a habit frequently learned from evil
anlous. or at school, theigijette of Which are nightly
the when asleep, and if not clued renders marriage
Able, and destroys bo th mind and body, should up
imediatoly. is •
a pity that a young man, the hope of hie country,
ling of bie parents, should be snatched from all ,
ha end enjoy meets of life, by the eeneequence of
Wove - the path of nature and Indulging in a eer
disalitt. finch persons ace?, before contemplat-
Dr. 308.13/11k ,
PlittitEBolo. . :wpm,,
Ur to tbacitizons of Reading' and irtainiti e .;:f
tomato]. In. Oerman and English. Office it me .
411 Fenn street., adjetaira; She Farmers' Ban
Octane( 31, 1583-11*
7s,SSE G. HAWbNIr
4'v:l7 Olt 14 F:l7 A 1,7'.
lIAS REMOVED 118 OFFICETo
Sisthfiteset, oppoolte the Neystolte:Hott
April 11, "ItteB-11
40138 **3 TON,
ATTOttSiBy. AT SSA Nll3
EWE CPITU A. EL WANNER, At
4 .: I fsizth Meet, (above the Coati tieuxe,) Reading.
ri.i.TAK R. LIVINGOoD., ATTORNEY
`IT AW..bee removed hie office to the north sf
court o.2eat flat Rog below Sixth. ides
A TTORNEY AT 1,11--OFFICE LN 1:0ItT
iffurkitroat, router of Court allot. (sag 13-17
. 4 lt " David Neff,
VirigiPSALE ,1D DEALBR
1--,l;ragmar4o 211/51 GOOM 80. 25 Bast
140 k - 'FS. War& 10, /660.
LEIANON VALLEY INSTITUTE,
ARTIIMLIsE LEROCN COPS TY, PA.
, . .
SELECT BOA.B.DING SCiIOOL.—COURSE
Jkof budreetion Cowart' asd compldta—namber of
der erelialted: 171461111.0110111 September and October.
Rdpessed pat quarter OM For Cranlird and information.
Mareal74A , ;r . W.J. RIIRNSIDE, AlllrrillO, Pa
,L.I N 0D '
ratted lStaten Bounty, Back Pay.. and
' Pension Moe,
• GOONS ii•iniST, 251PA3 &IZTM.
gaAvEnti- BEEN ENGAGED IN COLLECT-
I eg claims against the Government, I feel confident
n who have haretofors employed me will cheerfully
prourptione and Idelll7. My Marra arc
moderate and no charge wide until obtained.
WILLIAM 11. LIVINGOOD,
oat IS-tll Atioaney at Law, Court St, Reading, Pa.
CAN NOW OBTAIN THEIR $lOO BOUNTY
6"e'''''ont 'A b lsa l t e igAl li ;l lll 4
]tom 7-111 Collection 0 Mee. Court Street, Readtng.
*SA M. HART,
(Late Hart £ Mayers)
LER IN FOREIGN AND AMERICAN
GOODS, CARYSTINGS, he., Wholesale sea Re
.ladalphia awl of the Golden Bee Mee,
. Pena kassM _ jerell7-tf
P. pritillOws & Bond,
• AOTIIKERS OF BURNING FLUID,
Arad and Druggists' Alcohol; also,
tk 324°a° they will sell at the lowest Wholesale
pd - , .*ng, re.
`=- respectfully solicited.
G. M. IffILL.DR, M. D.,
'tan and Surgeon,
,fferel his n rofeanional sec
rg and vicinity. Painfel
Ling Broken and Dislocated'
Cancers, Tamers, le., will
ice of Scher, at the consent
Alain street, Hamburg, Pa.
AS. PACE PAY
PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO BY
Attorney at ban', °Mee la Coart Street,
ha 31.-111 READING, FA.
.. , 44
L,,,, ATION 5 ?MAI ilf LY ENDED/M
. S, It. Attorney sit LOW,
Othce in Cond. Street, Reading.
7. WIISLIIIM SIDIDIMS;
Sign , Rouse .and. Wall Painter,
no. 10 SOIVF I( oilenru STIMEAT,
7t it F. & D I N . a .
lil —GRAINING, GLAZING, BRONZINa,
On on anns owl CMOS, Olotolni. Ste•
'ork in the country promptly attandod to.
N _ ber 14, 15d3-Can •
F. P. HELLER,..;
WAVOLIMAKER JEWELER ,5
AID DEALER IN
WHORES, 040CES, JEWELRY,
§,POONS, SPECTACLES, OOLD PENS, &a.,
- sip of the 46 BIG WALTCU," No. Odjd num
abole faxtb. iuith *kb Stadia, ?a.
4 111 r Scei7 edidele watrauted to I. what it wad tor
Thdeltee,Glocite, Jeweirp, au, repaired with particular
attest/oa, arid gattirsateed. ribbl,4ld
of AT THHOLD JAIL, THE CHC: II IX
1/1144 : as I Oldia anAll _
I e - , •, Ir, b.
BALTIMORE LOCK HOSPITAL,
iffrESTABLISHED £5 A EMUS FROM CRUCKS&Y.
The Only Plaee Where a Curt Oen be
DIL JOHNSTON HAS DISCOVERED TIIE
moot Gerlain. Speedy and only iffeetnal Giuntdy in
rue World for all Private Diseases, Weakliest of the Deck
or Limbs, Strictures, Affections of the Kidneys and Bid
der, Involuntary Discharges, Impotency, General Debility,
Nervousness, Dyspepsia, Lehguor, Low Spirits, Confu
sion, of ideas, Palpitation 9r the Heart, Timidity, Tleob•
tins. b.murou of fAgut or.Gtddlnese, Disease of the Head,
Throat, Nose or. (kiln Affections of the Liver, Lungs,
Stomach or ilowelethese Terrible Disorders &tieing from
the &Iltarir 'Habib, of Youth—those sucilar and solitary
practices more fatal to their victim that, thesong of byrene
to the Atarinere of L'iyma, blighting their most brilliant
hope. or anticipations, rendering marriage, &c., impossible.
YOUNG , man=
lispecialli, :who have become the 'Motion of Solitary Vice,
that dream and dsstructive habit whin k annually tureen*
to AU Untimely grave thousands of Young lien of the most
exalted talents and brilliant intellect, who might Other
wise have entranced listening Senates, with the thunder*
of eloquence or *eked to ecstasy the living lyre, may Call
with fell confidence.
f Bo onelal and
for, as adver-
Harried Persoits, or Young Men contemplating mar.
Nage, being aware of physicaf weakness organic debility,
Worn:Wee spadily cored.
He who planes himself under the care of Dr. S. may
religiously confide in his honor as a gentleman, and "n
-ide/Lily rely upon his skill as a physician_
le and Sda•
ke p Svilei
•••• , 1 eitil
Immediately Cured and Fall Vigor Restored.
This Distressing Affection—which renders Life and Mar
riage impossible—is the penalty paid by the victims of im
proper indsdgences. Tonng persons are too apt to commit
excesses from not being aware of the dreadful cense
quenees that may ensue. ROW, Who that andoretand the
sobject will pretend to deny that the power of mares.
time to lost sootier by those falling into improper habits
than by the prudent? Besides being deprived of the pleas
ure of health?' offsPring, the mote tuitions and destructive
symptoms to both body and mina arise. Tho eye Lem be
comes Deranged.. the Physical and Mental Yam:lions
Weakened, Loot of Procreative Poser, Nervous irritabil
ity, Dyspepsia, Palpitation of the Heart, ludignstion, Con
stitutional Debility, a wasting of the Frame, Cough, Con
semption, Davey and Death.
Office, No. 7 South rroderick Street.
Left hand aide going from haltimore sweet, a few doors
from the corner. Fail not to observe name aml tpantimg,
Lanters mast be paid and contain a stamp. The Doctor's
Diploma hangs in his Mace.
AL CURE V74.331.411QT8,
No Minh* or Nauseous Drugs.
M c or sal
rill be el
• • a Wand' mind and body are the most necessary
o promote connubial happiness. Indeed, with
° journey through life becomes a weary pH.
e pt ~.. l hourly darkens to the view; the
es shadowed with despair and filled with the
....reflection that the happiness of another be
d with our own.
Wit OP ISTPRIEZIXIMIeII.
i n gatiegulded and imprudent votary of pleasure
it *as i mbibed the seeds of this painful disease,
d " ,pan e that an; 11-thoed sense of shame, or
from: : ry, deters him from applying tothose who,
ae.b, d respectability , san alone befriend him,
at , s eonialtutional symptoms of this horrid
thsoatiair appearance. such es ulcerated sore
li ta t a , 7 d.nose, nocturnal pains In the head and
an d aniki eight, deafness, nodes on the shin-bones
vo n. A on the bead, fade and extremitiee, pro
m... gal rapidity, till at last the palate of
o f this aCfo nes of the noes fall in, and the victim
motion, -e becomes a horrid object of commis-
I T ta ndwite a period to his dreadful sufferings,
whence .., .. flat Undiscovered. Country from
It 1,, a c.returoa"
thi o t e .ritit fact that thousands fall rictime to
an t p r ore4olo og to the unshillitinera of ignor
gr., 0 . *by the use of that Deadly Paso>,
netttutted and make the residue o
ege. Teeth extracted by - Frau
litsiiiptette process, with Clarke's
With tLis tuetlaa teeth are
in than the usual way. No
street, oppoedte the Presbyte
-, [sprit 2-17
Trust not yell
learned and:* health, to the of of many tin
name Or ,hiaretenders, destitute of knowledge,
manta, or stAu copy Dr. Johnston's advertise
geo..tod phyla., in the newspapers, reguistly
totting mgeggpapable of Curing, they keep you
nun el:imp:MD*l l taking their lathy and poison.
Mined, mid Milt as tile smallest fee can be ob.
sigh over yonegive you With ruined health to
Dr. Johnstol o mi disappointmeat. -
Ills credenti Physau advertising.
Ri o re medi Vie any;t hang in hie ic e. .
prepared n o w at nnWt ll
the area in th the great hoepitale of Europe,
Praefiee than a
Aa .. m.
i o n r e h eex w e o n r s l i d v . e
• NT OF THE
The many tho SS• • • •
year, and the mink this institution year after
performed by Dr. *taut Surgical Operations
the - Bon," "Clip named by the reporters of
Which have apnea y other papers, notices of
beeldee his elan& again before the petite,
~,,„,,,thility, is ait ma of *hammer dad re
_ Skill Ina tee to the afflicted.
Ali- No letters r edily Owed.
a stamp to be need o ,ost.paid and containing
state age, and send ' et writing should
smptoms. . sertisement describing
•y 3011111111 Li
Of the Baltimore
Riohmond P r. Richmond
hae deoided to pay
Of Officers or SoI
The amount of pay that
ban all the neoonvary for. ?melon Agent,
parpore ; and for a speedy proaly f or t h e ,
nov 21413 Imo, call ova
TO MY PRIEND
JS 811 A LL NECEO
from the (Ninety Burin
brjra owls amalgams:lnto wil
?entwine, to Villa charge uf
WU' be kept open Flo b a n
and clienni having legal basin
calving prompt and eilloiaot at
Oman of extensive legal lean]
the her. / have fall mmflaminf ,
and industry, and t thereawe 01
Wrest. of my clients and friends'
Mr. F. W. COIVRAD will also
Porravn.wc, Po., Nov. 21,1163
pERSONS W ANT OP . C I
Heady-made or made to orddi
019 ream Street, "hove Otti,
be found the humeri, Bieck of
aver evened to Reading.
A good, comfortable suit for
blood all wool meimere Paula for
in proportion. ti
Ae WI manufacture all mar Clothi
upon it that eyery article tomcat mad
work, nob as Is generally found In C ,f,
naming seamed the services or Mr.
snarly of Philadelphia, sod hit. Jacob ,
2.syeatillffillillageelllgto tailoring boll
country, WI are vellum tO Sake so ~4 . 1
Wltiob We Wartatlt to be or the latest* .
.All ;tootle eat at Ulla WlllatillabmaUt
satin cation or no sale.
N. o.—ma Law G. CoUtiitele. w
Me beet Cutters to the BM" to vags t 4
FINE GROCERIES, PROVISIONS,
22.11383311rafil MlLUrrrip &Gap &Csir
PENN STREET, ABOVE SIXTH,
WE WOULD RESPECTFULLY CALL TUE
attention of the citizens of Reading and vicinity, to
Our large stock of Pine Groceries, comprialng in part the
following, to wit: •
NATIMAL FRUITS, IN SYRUPS
FRESH CANNED PEACHES,
FRE,SS PINE APPLE,
SUPERIOR FRESH TOMATOES,
FRESH GREEN CORN,
WINSLOW'S PATENT ORRENCORN.
Alen, the following, put np to glatejsre,.
JELLIES, Put up lu gia.s
STRA WIRER T. AMO
DOMESTIC DRIED PRITITS :
Apples, New-York Slate Plums.
'Nacho s . Fault Harries.
Cherries ' Elder Berrien,
Seedleeeeherrtee. Dried Rhubarb,
Layer Retsina, •
Plain and Mixed PICKLES, In glass jars. Aleo, by the
dorm or lees.
Extra Tomato Cnteny,
Prepared French Mustard,
Virgin Oil, .
• Olive CM.
Burnett's Superior Extract of Yauille,
inarueit's Superior Extract of Lemon, •
Leapitt's gatract of Miaow).
' Leavitt's Extract of lion.,
itiellerde' Liquid neuuot,
&armee Lemon, Cinnamon, dre.
5.0 - varitueu 'Extra Syrup; Sugar Nouse Syrup; iieW-
York Syrup; Southwark Syrup.
Brown and r.. 5.04 , 6ugarkr of all qualities and prices.
Java, Rlo,Wheat and Rye Coffee; Army Coffee ; A tinore's
Coffee ; fdiddletton'a Java and Illddleton'e Dandelion Cot
feel 1111es' Sono Coffee; Superior Santo Coffee.
Imperial, Young Upton, and Superior Black Teas.
baker's Chocolate, Ba ker's Cocoa, Baker's Broths.
cawego Corn Swab,
New City Sugar Cured Ham,
Shoulders and Flitch.
Now No, 1, Sand 3 Mackerel,
Herring and Codden,
New bless Shad,
Soda. Ronda and Water Crackers,
Ginger Snaps and Almond Cakes,
NW Hominy and Beans,
Pearl Barley, Rios Flour and Bine,
BMOCS Coffee and Succor',
Swam Cider, Puro Cider 'Vinegar and Patent Vibegar.
Sperm, Adamantine and Tallbw Candles,
Non-explosive Coal Oil,
panellise erratic Soap,
Variegated, Windsor and Honey Soap.
Liman, Detersive, Oleine, Olive and Home-made Soap,
Silver Gloss Starch, Pearl SWIM,
Aiden's Alkali for Soap making,
Excelsior Stove Polish, Indigo Bina, -
Canary and Hemp Sited,
Saleratae, Baking Soda, Azurites, Cream Tartar,
Wall, Scrub, Sweeping, Punting, Stove and Shoe Braaten
BreMula and Whisks.
Wash Boards and Buckets,
Tying and Wick Yarn,
Woolen Yarn and Cotton Bolls,
Hazard's Congress Paste Shoe Blacking,
Netts:Fs Nonpareil Shoe Blacking,
Pure and fresh Spires of all kinds.
Air Give tie a call, at No. 604 Penn Street, above 6th
nov 211 FRANK. B. FICHTHOEN.
438 PENN STREET, READING,
WEST SZASEILEIT SQUARE.
THE NEW YORK
DRY GOODS STORE.
To the Purchaeore of
DRY (3.400 ) C). 33 .
• We are now
AT REDUCED PRICES,
In order, as noarly as possible,
• TO EFFECT A CLEARANCE
BY THE FIRST DAY OF JANUARY NEXT,
Dress Goods from 10 to 25 per Cent.
CLOTIIG AND PANTALOON STUFFS,
16 to 25 per cent.
LAPINS' CLOAKS AND - COATS.
Shawls, Long and Square, reduced onequarter
• ZOO colored do. at bolt their value.
WOOL NOSE AND. BALD NOSE,
At half price.
FLANNELS REDUCED 20 PER CENT
pN. BK.. of
pp. My care
P upon Its re.
!ton to a goo-
ved the in
'Linen and Cambric Handkerchiefs at, leas than
QUILTS, COUNTZBIUMES, &G., &C.,
The GOODS !ire of the best fabriee and
And need only an examination by am Intelligent public
to canny them either worth and the groat advantages
now uttered. .
On ACCOUnt of eiton , i cio blitslOGßO tranceottonn in Now-
York, the proprietor to unable to oontioue Lie personal au
pervle4on of the Itemliog concern. Any merchant teiohltot
to obtain a first olaoo location and enjoy the prielloge of
the prestige of•tlte rtew•York Dry Goods Store, will And
this a rare ebance to get a valuable Bash:wee Location eta
deed) Cizezelms G. 'zoos.
GJUANS CAN CONSTANTLY BE HAD AT
LAUER B BREWERY, corner o Third and Cheetnni
Maga. 1. LAMM
Dowsiber T, 16614 f •
TO ISIORMSBOEN I
TEE BEST AND ,CHEAPEST PLACE TO
hey Onsa, Powder, Mid. NMI 1111.. 13 la
45E0. Luca &
Oct 17] MA Market &pare, Heading, re.
..,,,,,,,r_,,-, , ~.,
~„.. ..,....:,... J o
id VA ,
AT te4, 5I N , • I '4-
ehfr4 i ie ,g . 00 ,11: ''''''''f:_ t '.. t 4 ., "- 44 t. 4.41.
Oar yalookto stock
In s limited period, or
And have marked down
15 to 25 per cent
SATURDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 26 .1863.
flare% Ohslohnie—lat ne baldly groat him,
We may as Weil, for none ten sheet Mtn ;
He will steal on, and slyly Aprleide
The first gray hair sad first faint wrinkle.
And yet Methinks It 111th, matter.
What aead of rain•moos he Hatters,
8.,) that amid it we contrive
To hoop Truth's Heartsease still nitre
• Within our breast.
Here's Christmas, and it seamen' well
That Cousclence to our deeds should tell
The Just roan of all we've dem',
dad trace the way onr made have ran
Let ne peraee timelessly oenled.
The volume ever =muted,
And see Uwe have said or thought
No evil thing that shall have brought
Blots on oar crest.
The Woad is but a ledger-ebeet
Where Right and Wrong in balance moat,
And wall it is that rya should see
Fall often how it ACOOIII2IIO may be.
Old Christmas has a trick,we And,
Of bringing bills of every kind,
So, ere we drain the festive cup,
We'll look within, and reckon up
The debts we owe,
Let as not idly shirk the task,
But face ourselvee, and boldly ask
oar conduct whether it has trod
The path of Mammon or of God ?
A more Important " day-book" lives
Than that width worldly commerce gives;
Bens brighter figures must be found
Than those which make the golden - round
Let as take heed that no arrears
Are duo to those whose oll.nit Wars
Are calling on no night and day
For debts which mercy ought to nay
Let no be no that lye have hoard
The claims of Illeary's lowly word,
And that our lips Dave never driven
Thilialplera and the overltAvou
With harsh denial
Lot ne think how acconote" real' Maud
When the " recording morn" hand
Adds up oar eolumus—turulng then
To the "great book" not kept my men.
Ka yellow duet Will eerie to hide
The errors made by selfish pride;
False items, though en vellum page.
Will never bear the searching gauge
Of holy sight.
So tato good caution bow we let
Delusion lead t" into debt i
And let old Vhdotintis and us wilting
To pay Ilanianity' . llast
We'll pile the log and drain the cup,
lint not before we reckon up
The " balance.eheet" that Conscience drawn,
And God e'er keeps by Ma own laws
Of Wrong and Right.
gaits sit:6 Star_te%.
A CHRISTMAS DINNER
BY OLSARLEg DICIZO,X.4
Christmas time I The man must be a misan
thrope indeed, in whine breeet something like a
jovial feeling is not aroused—in whose mind some
pleasant associations are not awakened—by.the
recurrence of Cbristmae. Thor Are people. who
will tell you that Christmas is not' to them what
it used to be that each succeeding Christmas has
found some cherished hope, or happy prospect
of the years before, dimmed or passed away, and
that the present only serves to remind them of
reduced circumstances and straitened incomes—
of the feasts they once bestowed en hollow
friends and of the cold looks that meet them now
In adversity and misfortune. Never heed such
dismal reminiscences. There are few men who
have lived long enough in the world who cannot
call tip such thoughts any day'in the year. Then
do not select the merriest of three hundred and
misty five for your doleful recollections, but
draw your chair nearer the blazing fire—fill the
glass and send round the song—and if your room
be smaller than it was a dozen years ago, or if
your glass be filled with reeking punch, instead
of sparkling wine, put a good face on the mat
ter, and empty it off-hand, and fill another, and
troll of the old ditty you used to sing, and
thank Clod it's no worse. Look on the merry
faces of your children as they sit round the fire.
One little seat may be empty ; one alight form
that gladdened the father's heart, and roused
the mother's pride to look upon, may not be
there. Dwell not upon the past; think not that
one short year ago, the fair child now resolving
into dust, sat before you with blooming health
upon its cheek, and the gay unconsoloasnees of
infancy in its joyous eye. Reflect upon your
present blessings—of which every man has
ay—not on your past misfortunes, of which all
men have some. Fill your glass again, with a
merry face and contented heart. Our life on it
but your Christmas shall be merry, and your
new year a happy one.
Who can be insensible to the outpouring of
good feeling, and the honest interchange ore
feotionate attachment which abound at this sea
son of the year? A Christmas family party !
We know nothing in nature more delightful!
There seems a magic in the very name of Christ
mas. Petty jealousies and discords are forgotten ;
social feelings are awakened in bosoms to which
they hare long been strangers: father and son
or brother or sister, we have met and passed
with averted , gaze, or a look of cold recognition
for months before, proffer, and return the cordi
al embrace, and bury their past animosities in
their present happiness. Kindly hearts that
have yearned towards each other, but have been
withheld by false notions of pride and self-dig
nity, aro again reunited, and all is kindness and
benevolence! Would that Christmas lasted the
whole year through, and the prejudices and
passions which deform our bettor nature, were
never called. into action among then to whom
they should ever be strangers!
The Christmas family party that we mean, is
not a mere assembla g e of relations, g ot up at a
week or two's notice, originating this year, hay,
ing no family precedent in the last, and not
likely to be repeated in the nazi It is an annual
gathering of all the apoeseible members, of the
foung or old, rich or peer ; and all the
Children look forward to it, for two months be.
forehand, in anticipation. Eartnerly it was held
at grandpaptea ; but grandpapa is getting old,
and grandmamma getting old too, and rather
infirm, they have given up housekeeping, and
dOmestioated themselves With Unole George, so
the party always takes plane at Uncle George's
house, but grandmamma sends in most of the
good things and grandpapa always will toddle
down all the *ay to liewgato-market,* to buy a
turkey, which he engages a porter to bring home
behind him in iriumph, always insisting on the
man's being rewarded with a glass of.spirita over
and above his hire, to drink "a merry Christmas
.and a happy new year" to aunt George. As to
grandmamMa, Sho is very secret and mysterious
for two or three days beforehand, but not sufficient
ly so to prevent rumors getting afloat that alto has
purchased a btangfal now cap with pink ribbons
for each. of the servants, together with ettudrY
books and pen. knives, and pencil-cases for the
younger branches; to say nothing of divers
secret additions to the order originally given by
Annt George at the pastry-cook's, such as anoth
er dozen of mince-pies for the dinner, and a
large plum cake for the children.
On Christmas eve, grandatamma is always in
excellent spirits, 4114,„,after employing all the
children daring the day in stoning the plums
and all that, insists regularly every year on
Uncle George coming down into the kitchen,
taking off his mant,"and stirring the pudding for
half an hour or so, which Uncle George good
humoredly does to the vociferoue delight of the
children and servants ; and the evening concludes
with a glorious game of blind man's buff, in an
early stage of which grandpapa takes care to be
caught, in order that be may have an opportuni
ty of displaying his dexterity.
On the following morning, the old couple, with
as many of the children as the pow will hold, go
to church in great state, leaving Aunt George at
home dusting decanters and filling castors, and
Unalo George carrying bottles into the dining
parlor, and calling for oork screws, and getting
into everybody's way.
When the church-party return to lunch grand:
papa produces a small sprig of mislatoo from his
pocket, and tempts the boys to kiss their little
0011E1111M under it—a proceeding which affords
both the boys and the old gentleman unlimited
satisfaction, but which rather outrages grand
mamma's idea of decorum, until grandpapa gays,
that when he was just thirteen years and three
months old, he kissed grandreamma under a
misletoe too, on which the children clap their
hands and laugh vary heartily, as do Aunt
1:141540 and Uncle George; and gra:plummets
looktpletteed and says with a benevolent smile,
that grandpapa always was an impudent dog, on
which the children laugh very heartily again,
and grandpapa mom heartily than any of them
Ilut all these diversions arc nothing to the Cub
sequent excitement when grandam:mum in a high
cap and slate-colored silk gown, and grandpapa
with a beautifully plaited shirt-frill, and while
neckarehlef, seat themselves on one side of the
drawing-room fire, with Uncle George's children
and little cousins innumerable, seated in the
front, waiting the arrival of the ansivaly ex
pected visitors. Suddenly a haokney-conch Is
heard to stop, and Uncle G-oorgo, who has been
looking out or the window, exclaims " Here's
Jane!" on which the children rush to the door,
and helter-skelter down stairs; and Uncle
Hobert and Aunt Jane, and the dear little baby,
and the nurse, and the whole party, are, ushered
up stairs amidst tumultuous shouts of "Oh my !"
from the children, and frequently repeated warn
ings not to hurt baby from the Durso ; and
grandpapa takes the child, and grandtnamma
kisses her daughter, and the confusion of this
first entry has scarcely Subsided when some
other aunts and cumin with mare eousins arrive,
and the grown up cousins flirt with each other,
and so do the little cousins too, for that matter,
and nothing is to be heard but a confused din
of talking, laughing, anti merriment.
A hesitating double knock at the street doer,
heard during a momentary pause in the cower
cation, excites a general inquiry of Who's
that ?" and two or three children who have been
standing at the window, announce in a low voice,
that "it's poor Aunt Margaret." Upon which
Aunt George leaves the room to welcome the
new comer, and grandmamma draws herself up
rather stiff and stately, for Margaret married a
poor man without her consent, and poverty not
being a sufficiently weighty puniebteentlor her
offence, has been discarded by her friends, and
debarred the society of her dearest relatives.
But Christmas has come round, and the unkind
feelings that have struggled against better dis
positions during the year, have melted away
before its genial influence, like half formed ice
beneath the morning sun. It is not difficult in a
moment of angry feeling for a parent to denounce
a disobedient child ; but to banish her at a pe
riod of general good will and hilarity, from the
hearth round which she has sat on many anni
versaries of the same day, expanding by slow
degrees from infancy to girlhood, and then
bursting almost floperoetibly into the high
spirited and beautiful woman, Is widely differ
ent. The air of conscious rectitude and cold
forgiveness, which the old lady has assumed,
sits ill upon her ; and when the poor girl is led
in by her sister, pale in looks, and broken in
spirit—not from poverty, for that she could bear,
but from the conseiodenees of undeserved neglect
and unmerited unkindness—it is easy to see how
much of it is Assumed. A momentary pause
succeeds; the girl breaks suddenly from her
sister and throws herself, sobbing, on her me.
ther's neck. The father steps hastily forward
and grasps her husjaand's hand. Friends crowd
round to offer - their hearty congratulations, and
happinestand harmony again prevail.
As to this dinner, it's perfectly delightful—
ispthing goes wrong, and everybody is in the
beet way offipirits, and disposed to please and
be pleased. ""tirandpapa relates & eireumetantial
account of the purchase of the turkey, with a
slight dig:igen relative to the purchase of
previous Mikeys on former Christmas days,
which grandmaturaa corroborates in the minutest
particula Uncle IJeorgo tells stories and
carvesipoifriy, and takes wine, and jokes with
the children at the side. table, and winks at the
cousins that are making love, or being made love
to, and exhilarates everybody with his good hu
mor and' hospitality ; and when at last a stout
servant staggers in with a gigantic pudding
with a sprig of holly in the lop, there In such a
laughing t and shouting, and clapping of little
chubby.Vinds, and kicking up of rat dumpy
legs, as of only be squalled by the applause
with which the astonishing feat of pouring
lighted brandy into mince-pies, is received by
the Rounger visitors. Then the desert land
the wine I— and the fun I Such beautiful
speeches, and such songs from Aunt Margaret's
husband, who turns out to bo such a nice wee,
ate so attentive to grandmarnma I Even grand
ma not only sings his annual song with un
precedented vigor, but on being honored with au
unanimous encore, according to annual endow,
actually comes out with .a new one whioh nobody
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bu! grand:nom= hod over hoard before; and a
young soaps-grace of a cousin, who has been in
some disgrace with the old people for certain
heinous sins of omission and conciszion—ne
&cling to cell, and persisting in drinking
Burton ale—astonishes everybody into con•
vulsions of laughter by volunteering the most
extraordinary comic songs that were ever heard.
/ad thus the evening passes, in a - strain of
rational good-will and cheerfulness, doing more
to awaken the sympathies of every member of
the party in behalf of his neighbor, and to per
petuate their good feeling during the ensuing
year, than all the homilies that have ever been
written, by all the divines that have ever lived.
The first day of the year, for many ages and
in various parts of the world was celebrated as
a religious and social festival. With the poet
biblical Jews the new year commenced anti still
commences with the autumnal month Cori, the
first day being.celebrated by them with consider
able ceremony. The Romans made an especial
holiday of it, offering aacrificee to Janus, and
taking care that all they thought, said and did,
should be pure and favorable, since everything
was ominous for the occurrences of the whole
year. They appeared in the streets in festive
garments, exchanged kindly salutations, and
gave to each other presents celled straw, con
sisting of gilt dates, figs, honey cakes, and cop
per coins, having on one side the double head
of Janus and on the other a ahip. This custom
of bedewing presents was made by some of the
emperors an important source of their personal
revenue, until modified by a deereo of the Em
peror Claudius. The early Christian Emperors,
however, continued to receive them, notwith
standing they were condemned by the ecclesias
tical conteils on account of the Pagan ceremo
nies' at their presentation. Prynno, in his
" referring to the hostility of
the early church to any imitation among Christ
ians of the Roman saturnalia, says ; " The whole
Catholicise Church appointed a solemn lathlike
fasto upon this our now year's day, to bewail
those hethenish enterludos,, sports, and lewd
idolatrous practicer, which im,d been used on it;
prohibiting all Christians, ander pain of excom-
Inuniedeien, from observing the Olaends or first of
January (which we neer call now year's day) as
holy, and from sending abroad new year's gifts
upon it, (a custom now too frequent,) it being a
mere relique of pagatisme and idolatry, dtrlved
from the heathen Romans' feast of two faced
Janus, and a practice so execrable note Christ
ians that not only the whole Catbelicke Church,
but even the four famous councils of (iscre foI
IOWS a long array of authorities) have positively
prohibited the solemnization of new year's gifts
under an anathema and excemmunieatioo." she
bestowal of gifts upon new year's day was not
peculiar to the Romans. The Druids distributed
branches of the sacred mistletoe. cut with pecu
liar ceremonies, us new year's gifts among the
people; and the Saxons of the north, according
to Bishop Stillingfieet observed; the festival,
and RiLh more than ordinary jollity and feast
ing, and by sending gifts to one another. In
spite of the opposition of ecclesiastical councils,
the practice continued through the middle ages;
and among kings and their powerial vassals the
interchange of presento.was a distinguishing
.feature of the first day of the year.
henry 111. of England is said to have extort
ed new year's gifts,m,rd Queen Elizabeth's ward
robe and jewelry were probably almost wholly
supplied from these annual contributions. It
appears from the " Progresses and Processions "
of her majesty, published by Nichols, that the
lords, spiritual And temporal, of the realm, the
chief officers of state, and the servants of the
royal household, down to the master cook, ser
geant of the pastry, and dustman, were among
the contributors to these
. largesses, whichloon
slated of money, 'tick wearing apparel, plate,
jewels, trinkets, sweetmeats, and
. an. infinite
variety of other things. Dr. Drake says that,
although the Queen made returns to the new
year's gifts, in plate and other articles, she took
care that the balances should be in her own favor.
As lie as 1002, as appears front the " Monthly
Miscellany" for December - of that year, the
English nobility were accustomed, " every new
year's tide," to "send to the King a puree with
gold in it." Under the Tudors and Stuarts new
year's gifts were given and received with mutual
wishes of a happy new yearameng all conditions
of people. An orange stack with plover, or a
gilt nutmeg was a popular gift ; tenants sent
their landlords capons, and ladies received pre
sents of gloves or pins, or in lieu thereof, a com
pensation in money, whence the terms " glove
money" and "pin money." Brande, in his
"Populist Antiquities," enumerates many cere
monies and superstitious practices observed by
the English and Scottish peasantry on the first
day of the year, which,. together with the once
almost universal bestowal of gifts, have very much
declined. In England the ringing in the new
year front the belfries of churches is now the
wily open demonstration of joy at the recur
rence of the anniversary. In Germany ceremo
nies derived from old superstitions are in vogue ;
but throughout continental Earope e altiough the
day is a universal holiday, congralulatory.wishes
have generally been subatituted for the more
substantial expressions of esteem formerly in
terchanged by friends. In Paris and other large
cities almost incredible sums are still expended
in bonbons and similar areicles for presents. In
the city of New York elm day is made the occa
sion of social Ingle by gentlemen among the
families of Sheir acquaintance—a custom dating
back almost to the settlement of the town by
the Dutch, and which bee been imitated, with
more or less success in other places in the United
States.—.lVeev American Cticlrym-lin.
Tile PUCLIO DEBT.— Tile Secretary of the
Treasury, in his report, estimates the public
debt, on the st of July, 1861, at $1,686,000,000;
and en the 30th of June, 1865, at $2,231,935,-
130 37. Thia will be comforting news to the
tax-payors'of the country !
than TM—Yankee Notions says the phrase
high ton so long monopolized by the fashionable
world, now belouge to the ooal dealers. A ton of
coal, at seven (1.4311tM, ie 111:911 Mn with a venge
A liorevess EFFORT..Edward Everett Lae
been trying to persuade the President to reverse
his unjust and outz.ageoue decision in the CABO of
Fitz John Porter.
[VOL. XXIV-NO. 36.-WHOLE NO. 2000.
THE NEGRO POLICY OF THE
Interesting Debate hi the U. 13. %waste,
Tuesday, December 15, 1863.
Mr. DAVIS (Ky.) called up a resolution in re-
Wien to the exchange of prisoners, end pro
ceeded to argue vehemently against the policy
of refusing to exchange our suffering white eel
diers—thanguishing, starving, diseased white
mon—because the rebels refuse to exchange the
negro captives. He denounced the policy of the
Administration at length upon the several points
in which the negro is affected—characterising
its potation as monstrous, and referring to the
present era as "the reign of Abraham the first."
Ile averred that hie own loyalty was unspotted;
that he hated, with undying vigor, the crime of
eecossion, and that he should ever, in seeking to
avoid the Scylla of the rebellion, use constant
vigilance not. to fall into the Charybdis of Abo
litionism. ft. was evident that this policy was
only a part of that designed to perpetuate the
power of the Administration. He closed with en
indignant protest against the refusal of the Ad
ministration to liberate thousands of dying white
men, for the sake of a few negroes.
Mr. JOHNSON (Md.) then addreescd the Sen
ate. He deemed it perfectly clear that humani
ty, which is the highest polioy, demands the
continuance of the change of prisoners. As the
negroes were but few, he would suggest that an
equal number of rebel prisoners should be held
as hostages for the colored soldiers. He pro
ceeded to combat the opinion of the Senator
from Kentucky (Mr. Davis) that these men
should not bo,protected, and corrected hie views
of the power of the President by quoting from
the Constitution relative to the Executive and
Legieletiee power. liven supposing there was
no army on navy to put down the rebellion, it
was still the duty of the President to execute
the laws and provide the raceme therefor. If a
foreign toe has put his foot upon those shores,
has not the President the right to call around
him all the facilities which the power of the
Government can supply ? Do cannot force men
into the ranks, but he can call for volunteere.
A.nd has not Congress the power Weal! the slave
plfaulation to the defence. of the country ?
Though they are called property, for the purpose
of taxation, they are etill person. It in not es
sential that they should be called citizens, to be
called upon. if no CitiZelle, they are men ; but .
being property, they must be paid far, if thus
called out in pursuance of the power given to
the President. In conclusion, ho said the Con
stitution will be returned to us in its original
excellence, and the men who have violated it
will to hold to deocreat. But until that day
comes, we should, with one heart and voice, exert
the whole moral and phyeloal power of the Gov
erment in putting an end now end forever to an
ambitious, unprovoked and treasonable attempt
to destroy a Government the boot ever vouchsafed
to men ; for desirnyinF, it would be to destroy
Constitutional liberty itself.
Mr. DAVIS, hi reply, argued that the preamble
of the Coustiation of the United States confers
no power on the Government. This question
Was raised iu the Supreme Court, and the inter
pretation there given was that the preamble
the creates nor eat:fere on Government or any of
the Departments any power whatever, but only
points to the ends for a hich tho power is con
ferred in the Constitution. It was the business
of every intelligent man in America to know the
principles of Government, and how its powers
and principles ore divided among the different
Departittente. The Fresidera has no right to
suspend the writ cf habeas corpus. which was a
Legislative and not an Executive function. Ile
altogether dissented from the positions and
principles assumed by the Senator from Mary-
WO [Mr. Johnson.] All the powers to be ex
erased are conferred by the Constitution alone,
and there aro no powers vested in the govern
ment in any of its Departments, which are not
conferred by the Constitution. Hence the Pre
sident cannot raise troops or armies, nor has he
the power to originate any measure to put donee
insurrection, without the assent of Congress.
The positions of the Senator from Maryland are
contrary to the decisions of the Supreme Court,
and his doctlines are heretical and dangerous,
Just in proportion as the principles of the Con
stitution are disregarded the Government is
weakened and the rebellion strengthened. If
the Executive had been governed e by the princi
ples heretofore announced so the true intent of
the war, the rebellion would long ago have been
put down ; and the only way to regain what has
been lost is to return to the proper basis on
which to prosecute the war. It was the deter
mination of the party in power that the war
shall continue till the next Presidential election.
The war would hays been brought to a close long
ago; if the Administration had singly and in
good faith devoted itself to the principle an
nounced in the Crittenden resolutions, and the
commanders of the armies bad not been selected,
not because of their hostility to rebels, but be
cause of their opposition to slavery.
Alr. Hats (N. H.) said that nothing WAS far
ther from his intentions. He rose to indignantly
deny. that it was the desire of gentleman on this
door to continue the war in order to influence
the neat Presidential election. A. more atrocious
allegation against honorable men was never list
ened to from the beginning of time to the pre
sent moment. •
Mr. Davis (Ky.) interrupting, said the Senator
himself had heretofore remarked that the army
of plnnderere exceeded the number of soldiers
in the field.
Mr. HALM replied that he never made such a
remark, nor anything like it. lie had said : "The
liberties of this country were more in danger from
profligacy in the treasury than from the rebels
in the field." If the allegations of the Senator
were true,lie would sooner take into his own
hands the head of a men from the charnel horse,
reeking with peefilenee, than the hands of those
around him. If the allegation was true, every
Senator was stamped with the foulest treason
and perjury. The country is at war. The tre
mendous issue of national life or death trembles
in the balance. Treason, 'with hie red hand,
aims a blow at the nation's life. The destinies
of the country have been submitted to the gen
tlemen around him, who are bound by the mine
tity of their oaths to sustain the country and the
Constitution, and to defend the firesides and
homes threatened by invasilon, while tae Senator
from Kentucky says that they are hypocrites,
and do not mean to sustain these objects.
Mr. DAVIS explained that be had reference to
those in power,
Mr. GALE replied that the Senator had made
an allegation which embraced every ,Senator.
It was an allegation which, if true,
grace the vilest inmates of the penitentiary. The
country is at stake. God is trying tho great
question of free government before the world,
and in the course of his providence has entrusted
the destinies of the country in their hands. Were
they to have a man to rise here, and before
the world, before heaven and earth, bring an'
allegation against them which, if true, Would
justify every inmate in the penitentiary to•refuse
to give them a friendly hand Y The carnoter of
the President was also included in this allega
tion. lie believed there was one thing that met
everybody's assent—namely, that President Lin
coln is eminently au honest man. To-day, for
the first time, he had heard the honesty and
patriotism of the Executive questioned. Ile ap
prehended the Senator did not appreciate the
character of his accusation. None strikes a
harder blow than ho who loses confidence in the
patriotism and integrity of those to whom are
confined our destinies. If the Government has
called for black soldiers to take up arms, and
nailed them out to fight the battles of the coin
try, it is bound to protect them, at all hazards,
by every ageney Man put forth, the Government
having used them, and they having become
prisoners ; and if they are abandoned to their
fate, it is guilty of baseness unparalleled in his
tory. The party in power Mut one aim, andthat aim
is the oeuutry—but Oie purpose, sad that 11.14