Newspaper Page Text
iszdff anti Doutorai.
;MIDDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1563.
Sen d in Congress, Wednesday. Decem
ber 9th, 1863.
r,,,,;;.--c;;izem, of the Senate and Home. of Repre_
Ane:her year et heath and of sufficiently alma
i-d has passed. For thane, and espe
c,le for the improved condition of our National
oar renewed and profoundest gratitude
t;. .d es due.
ice remain in peace and friendship with for-
lite efforts of dianyal citizens of the United
0 to involve us in foreign ware to aid an Ines.-
;insurration, have been unavailing. Her
M::.jesty's Government, as was justly ex
ed. Lave esereised their authority to prevent
the departure of new hostile expeditions from
I; t iti.4l ports. The Emperor of France has, by a
I : 6 i , proceeding. promptly vindicated the nen
toili.y which he proclaimed at the beginning of
ICE 9911itest. Q7l9Stion 9 of great intricacy and im
rortanee have arisen out of the blockade and
ether belligerent operations between the Govern
.l of the maritime powers, but.
Pent and sever
they have been discussed, and, so far as Was
v ss:ble, accommodated in a spirit of frankness,
iaszice and mutual good-will. It is especially
g that our Prize Courts, by the impar
minty of their adjudications, have commanded
the respect and confidence of maritime powers.
The supplemental treaty between the United
oues and Great Britain for the suppression of
the African slave trade, made on the 17th day of
February last, has been duly ratified and carried
r xecution. It is believed that so - far $5
American ports and American . citizens - are con
cerned, ti.a: inhuman and odious trafficlisalmen
teat:gilt to au end.
I shall submit for the consideitition of the
eilatite a convention for the adjust - meat of Poe-
Rsvory Claims in Washington Territory,, arising
out of the treaty of the 15th of June, .184.6, be
twurt the United States and Great Britain, and
which have been the source of SOUo disquiet
utieng the citizens of that now rapidly improv
ing part of the country.
A novel and important position, involving the
extent of the maritime jurisdiction of Spain in
the waters which earround the Island of Cuba,
has been debated without reaching any 'agree
ment, and it is proposed, in au amicable spirit,
79 refer it to the arbitrament of a friendly power.
A convention for that purpose will be shbmitted
to the Senate.
have thought it proper, subject to the ap
proval of the Senate, to concur with the interest
ed Comreercial Powers in an arrangement for the
liquidation of the Scheldt dues upon the princi
pies which have been heretofore adopted in re
gard to the imposts upon navigation in the waters
of Denmark. The long pending controversy be
liven this government and that of Chili touching
the seizure at Shane, in Peru, by Chiliau offi
cers, of a large amount in ti'hasure, belonging
to citizens of the United States, has been brought
to a close by the award of his majesty the King
of the Belgians, to whosearbitration the question
was referred by the parties. The subject was
thoroughly and patiently examined by that justly
respected magistrate, and although the sum
awarded to the claimants may not have been as
large as they expected, there is no reason to dis
trust the wisdom of his majesty's decision. That
decision wan promptly complied with by Chili,
when intelligence in regard to it reached that
The joint commission under the act of the last
session for carrying into effect the convention
with Peru on the subject of claims, has been or.
ganized at Lima, and is engaged in the business
entrusted to it.
Difficulties concerning inter oceanic transit
through Nicaragua are in-course of amicable
in conformity with the principles eat forth in
my last annual message I have received a repre
sentative from the United States of Colombia,
and have accredited a minister to that republic.
Incidents occurring in the progress of our
civil war have forced upon my attention the un
certain state of international questions touching
she rights of foreigners in this country, and of
United States citizens abroad. In regard to
some governments these rights are at least par
tially defined by treaties. In no instance, hole=
ever, is it expressly stipulated, that in the
event of civil war a foreigner residing in 1 this
country, within the lines of the insurgents. is to
be exempted from the rule which classes him as
a belligerent, in whose behalf the Government of
his country cannot expect any privileges or
immunities distinct from that character. I regret
to say, however, that such claims have been put
forward and in some instances in behalf of for
eigners who have lived in the United States the
greater part of their lives.
There is reason to believe that many persons
born in foreign countries who have declared
their intention to become citizens or who have
been fully naturalized ; have evaded the military
duty required of them by denying the fact, and
thereby throwing upon the Government the bur.
den of proof. It has been found difficult or im
praeticable to obtain this proof from the want of
guides to the proper sources of information.
These might be supplied by requiring elerks of
courts, where declarations of intention may be
made or naturalizations effected, to send, peri
edically, lists of the names of the persons natural•
ized, or declaring their intention to became eiti
rens, to the Secretary of the Interior, in whose
department those names might be arranged and
printed for general information.
There is also reason to believe that foreigners
frequently become citizens of the United States
for the sole purpose of evading duties imposed
by the laws of their native countries, to which,
on becoming naturalized here, they at once TO
pair, and, though never returning to the United
States, they still claim the interposition of this
government as citizens. Many altercations and
great prejudices have heretofore arisen out of this
abuse. his, therefore, submitted to your serious
consideration. It might be advisable to fix a
limit, beyond which no citizen of the United
States residing abroad may claim the interposi
tion of hie government.
The right of suffrage has often been assumed
and exercised by aliens, under pretences Of
naturalization, which they have disavowed when
drafted into the military service. I submit the
expediency of such an amendment of the law as
will make the fleet of voting an estoppel against
any plea of exemption from military service, or
other civil obligation, on the ground of alienage.
In common with other western powers, oar
relations with Japan have been brought into
eerions jeopardy, through the perverse opposition
of the hereditary aristocracy of the empire to the
enlightened and liberal policy of the Tycoon,
designed to bring the country into the society of
nations. It is hoped, although not with entire
confidence, that these difficulties may be peace
fuilY overcome. I ask your attention to the
claim of the minister residing there for the
damages he sustained in the destruction by fire
t, of the residence of (he legation at Yedo.
Satisfactory arrangements have been made
with the Emperor of Russia, which, it is believed,
will result in effecting a continuous line of tele
graph through that empire from our Pacific
I recommend to your favorable consideration
the subject of an international telegraph across
the Atlantic ocean ; and also of a telegraph be
tween this capital and the national forts along
the Atlantic sea board and the Gulf of Mexico.
Such communications, established with any
reasonable outlay, would be economical as well
as effective aids to the diplomatic, military and
The consular system of the United States,
under the enactments of the last Congress, be
gins to be self sustaining; and there is reason to
hope that it may become entirely so, with the
increase of trade which will ensue whenever
peace is restored. Oar ministers abroad have
been faithful in defending American rights. In
protecting commercial interests our consuls have
necessarily had to encounter increased labors and
reeeeesihilities, growing out of the war. These
they have, for the most part, met and discharged
with zeal and efficiency. This acknowledgment
justly includes those consuls who, residing in
Morocco, Egypt, Turkey, Japan, China, and
other Oriental countries, are charged with com
pies functions and extraordinary powers.
The condition of the several organized Terri.
lorics is generally satisfactory, although Indian
disturbances in New Mexico have not been en
tirely suppressed. The mineral resources of
Colorado, Nevada, Idaho, New Mexico, and
Arizona are proving far richer than has been
heretofore understood. I lay before you a corn
munication on this subject from governor of
New Mexico. I again submit to y r considers-
tin the expediency of establishing a system for
the encouragement of emmigration. Although
this source of national wealth and s'rength is
again flowing with gre.der freedom than for
several years before the insurrection occurred,
there is still a great deficievey of laborers in
every hall of industry, et.p,cisilly in agriculture
and iu our mines, as well of iron and coal as of
the Preciolle metals. While the demand for labor
is thus increased here, tens of thousands of per•
tmur, destitute of remunerative occupation, are
thrJuging our foreign consulates. and offering to
emigrate to the United Orates if essential, but
very elielp, assistance can be afforded It
is ea , y to see that, tinder the sharp discipline of
civil war. the nation is beginning a new life.
This noble effort demands the aid, and ought to
receive the attention and support of the gavern
njuriei, unforeseen by the government and
unintended, may, in some wises, have been in
flicted on the subjects or citizens of foreign
countries, both at sea and on land, by persons in
the service of the United Stales. As this gov
ernment expects redress from other powers when
similar injuries are inflicted by persons in their
service upon citizens of the United Stigma, we
must be rrepared to do justice to foreigners. If
the existing judicial tribunals are inadequate to
this purpose, a special court may be authorized,
with power to hear and decide such claims of the
character referred to as may have arisen under
treaties and the patio law. Conventions for
adjusting lbe claims by joint commission have
been proposed to some governments, but no
definitive answer to the proposition has yet been
received from any.
In the course of the session I shall probably
have occasion to request you to provide indent-
*Meadow to claimants where
_decrees of resti
. . . . _
mien have been rendered, and damages awarded
by admiralty courts ; and in other eases, where
this government may be acknowledged to be
liable in principle, and where the amount of
that liability has been ascertained by an informal
arbitration. . -
The proper ciffioers of the treasury have deemed
themselves required, by the law of the United
States upon the subject., ib demand a tax upon
the incomes of foreign consule in this country.
While such a demand may not, in strictness, be
in derogation of publio law, or perhaps of any
existing treaty between the United States and a
foreign country, the expedisnoy of so far modi—
fying the act as to exempt, from tax the income
of such consuls as are not citizens of the United
States, derived from the emoluments of their
office, or from property net eituated in the United
States, is submitted, to your serious consideration
I make this suggestion upon the ground that a
comity which ought to be reciprocated exempts
our consuls, in all other countries, from taxation
to the extent thus indicated. The United States,
I think, ought not to he exceptionably illiberal
o international trade and commerce
The operations of the treasury during the last
year have been successfully conducted. The
enactment by Congress of a national banking
law has proved a valuable support of the public
credit ; and the general legislation in relation to
loans has fully answered the expectations of its
favorers. Some amendments may be required to
perfect existing laws but no change in their
principles or general scope is believed to be
Since these measures have been in operation,
all demande on the treasury, including the pay
of the army and navy, have been promptly met
and fully satisfied. No considerable body of
troops, it is believed, were ever more amply
provided, and more liberally and punctually
paid; and it may be added that. by no people
were the burdens incident to a great war ever
mere cheerfully borne.
The receipts during the year from all sources,
including loans and the balance in the treasury
at. its commencement. were $901,125.674 86. and
the aggregate disbursements $895.796.330 65,
leavine a balance on the let July, 1863, of $5,-
320.044 21. Of the receipts there were derived
from customs $66 059,642 40; from internal
revenue, $37,640,787 05; from direct tax, $l,-
485,103 61 ; from lands, $167 617 17 ; from
Iniseellaneous sources. $3,040.615 35 ; and from
bating, $776,682,361 57 ; making the aggregate,
$901,125,674 86. Of the disbursements there
were for the civil service, $23 253.922 08 ; for
pensions and Indians. $4.216 520 79; for inter
est on public debt, $24.729,846 51 ; for the War
Department, $509,295,600 83; tor the Navy De
comment., $63.211,105 27 ; for payment offund
ed and temporary debt, $181,086,635 07 ; Oink
ing the aggregate, - $895:796;630 65,,and leaving
the balance of $5,329,044 21. But the PayMent
"et - funded and 'temporary'idelitz hiving been
made from moneys borrowed during the year,
must be regarded as merely nominal !Israelite,
and the moneys borroWed to make them an mere
ly nominal receipts ; and their amount, $lBl,-
086,635 07, should therefore be deducted both
from receipts and disbursements. This being
done, there remains as actual receipte.s72o.o39,-
039 79; and the actual disburSemente, $714,-
709,995 58, leaving the balance as already stated.
The actual receipts and disbursements for the
-first quarter, and the estimated receipts and dis
bursements for the remaining three quarters,
of the current fiscal year, 1864, will be shown
in detail by the report of the Secretary of the
Treasury, to which I invite your attention. It
is sufficient to say here that it is not believed
that actual results will exhibit a elate of the
finances less favorable to the country than the
estimates of that officer heretofore submitted ;
while it is confidently expected that at the close
of the year both disbursements and debt will be
found very considerably less than has been an
The report of the Secretary of War is a docu
ment of great interest, It consists of
First—The military operations of the year,
detailed in the report of the General-in Chief.
Second—The organization of colored persons
Into the war service.
Third—The exchange of prisoners, fully set
forth in the letter of General Hitchcock.
Fourth—The operations under the act for en
rolling and calling out the national forces detail
ed in the report of the Provost Marshal General.
Fifth—The organization of the Invalid Corps;
operation of the several depart
wents of the Quartermaster-General, Commis
.ary General, Paymaster-General, Chief of
Engineers, Chief of Ordnance, and Surgeon-
It has appeared impossible to make a reliable
summary of this report, except such as would be
too extended for this place, and hence I content
myself by asking your careful attention to the
The duties devolving on the naval branch of
the service during the year and throughout tbe
whe'e of this unhappy contest, have been dis
charged with fidelity and eminent success.
The extensive blockade has been constantly
increasing in efficiency, as the Navy has
panded ; yet on so long a line it has so far been
impossible to entirely suppress illicit trade.
From returns received at the Navy De
partment it appears that more than one thousand
vessels have been captured since the Blockade
was instituted, and that the value of prizes al
ready sent in for adjudication amounts to over
The naval force of the United States consists
at this time of 588 vessels completed and in the
course of completion, and of these 75 are iron
clad or armored steamers, The events of the
war give an increased interest anti importance to
the navy, which will probably extend beyond
the war itself.
The armored vessels is our Navy completed
and in service, or which are under contract and
approaching completion, are believed to exceed
in number those of any other power but while
these may be relied upon for harbor defence and
coast servioe,others of greeter strength and capa
city will be necessary for cruising purposes, and
to maintain our rightful position on toe ocean.
The change that has taken place in naval vessels
and naval warfare since the introduction of steam
as a motive power for ships of war, demands
either a corresponding change in some of our
existing Navy Verde or the establishment of vow
ones for the construction and necessary repairs
of modern naval vessels. No inconsiderable em
barrassment, delay and public injury have been'
experienced from the want of such Governmental
The necessity of such a Navy Yard so furnish
ed at some suitable place upon the Atlantic sea
board has, on repeated occasions, been brought
to the attention of Congress by the Navy De
partment, and is again presented in the report
of the Secretary, which accompanies this com
I think it my duty to invite your special at
tention to this Subject, Dud also to that of estab
lishing a yard and depot for naval purposes upon
one of the Western rivers. A naval force has
been created on those interior waters, end under
many disadvantages, within little more than
two years, exceeding in numbers the whole naval
force of the country at the commencement of the
present Administration. Satiafsctory and im
portant as have been the performances of the
heroin torn of the Navy at this interesting
period, they are senreely mere wonderful than
the ruccess of our merhattics mad artisans in the
production of war vessels which has ors:m(1 a
new form of naval p•wer.
Our e.)untry too vantages superior to any
nation in our resOUVePe of iron mil titnianr, with
anemia:Lust ili!e ginittin p n ii in theimmediaie
Ttoinit3' of burli, nazi all ;available and in close
proximity to navigahl2 wu ern. Without Ili.? ad
rantago of publia works. the resonvemi or the
nation have been developed and its power
played in Han conntrneTien or it navy of ;melt
moo:nitride, which has at the very period of its
ereatiou rendered Eigral service to the Uuiou.
The increase of the nvol:or of soototn to the
public servio,) from 7.590 foto iu :ii:: epring of
18G1, to about 31.000 at the present time. Lam
been accomplished without Hpecial legislutiou or
extra, ordinary hoeuilea, ko remake that in
crease. IT has been found, however, that the op
erasion of the draft, wHi the high bounties paid
for army recruits, is beginning to effect injuri•
ously the naval service. and will, if not correct
ed, be likely to impair its efficiency by detaching
seamen from their proper vocation, and inducing
them to enter the army. I therefore respeet fully
suggest that Congresu might aid both the army
and naval services by a definite provieion on
this Su h.) ec t, which world nt the same time he
equitable to the communities more especially
I commend to your consideration the sugges
Lions or tho secretary of the Navy in regard to
the policy of fostering and training seamen, and
also the education of officers and engineers, for
the naval pervire. The Naval Academy is rend
eying signal service in preparing midshipmen for
the highly responsible duties which in after life
they'will be required to perform.
In order that the country should not he de-
prived of the proper quota of educated officers,
for which legal provision has been made at the
Naval School, the vacancies caused by the neg—
lect or etniesiort a make nominations from the
States in insurrection have been filled by the
Secretary of the Navy: The Soho& is now mere
full and complete than at any former period,
acid in every respect entitled to the favorable
consideration of Congress.
During the past fiscal year the financial con
dition of the Poet Moe Department' has been
one of increasing prosperity, and I em gratified
in being able to state that the actual Postal Re
venue has nearly equalled the entire expendi
tures ; the latter amounting W 111,314.206 84,
and the former to $11.166.789.59. leaving a de
ficiency of but $150,417 25. In 1860. the year
immediately preceding the rebellion, the defici
ency amounted to $5.650 705 49, the postal re
ceipts of that year being $2,645.722 19 less than
those of 1803. The decrease since 1860 in the
annual amount of transportation has been only
about 25 per cent., but the annual expenditure
on account of the same has been reduced 35 per
cent. It is manifest, therefore, that the Post
Office Department may brootne self-sustaining
in a few years, even with the restoration of the
The international conference of postal dele
gates from the principal countries of Europe and
America, which was called at the suggestion of
the Postmaster General, met at. Paris on the llth
of May last. and concluded its deliberations on
the Bth of Jane. The principles established by
the conference as beet adapted to facilitate pea-
tal intercourse between nations, and as the basis
of future postal conventions, inaugurate a gene
ral system of uniform international charges, at
reduced rates of postage, and cannot fail to pro
duce beneficial results
I refer you to the report of the Secretary of
the Interior, which is herewith kid before you,
for useful and varied information in relation to
the public lands, Indian affairs, patents, pen—
sions, and other matters of public concern per—
taining to his department.
The quantity of land disposed of during the
last and the lint quarter of the present. fiscal
years was three million eight hundred and forty
one thousand five hundred and forty-nine sores,
of which one hundred and sixty-one thousand
nine hundred and eleven acres were sold for cash,
one 'million four hundred and fifty-six thousand
five hundred and fourteen acres were taken up
under the homestead law, and the- residue die
loosed of under the laws granting lands for mili
tary bounties, for railroad, and other purposes.
It also appeals that the sale of the public lands
is largely on fbe inereatte.
It. his long been a cherished - opinion 'of some
of our wisest statesmen that the people of the
United States had a higher, and more enduring
nterest-in the early settlement and Substantial
cultivation_ of the public 'undo than in the
amount of direct revenue to be derived from the
sale of them. ,This opinion has haila oontroll
inginhaenee in shaping legielation upon the
subject of our national domain. I may cite, as
evidence of this, the liberalmeasures adopted in
reference to actual settlers ; the grant to the
States of the overflowed lands within their limits
in order to their being reclaimed and rendered
fit for cultivation ; the grants to railway com
panies of alternate sections of land upon the
contemplated lines of their roads which, when
completed, will so largely multiply the facilities
for reaching our distant possessions. This policy
has received its most signal and beneficentilius
tration in the recent enactment granting home
steads to actual settlers. Since the first day of
Jannery lest the before-mentioned quantity of
one million four hundred and fifty-six thousand
live hundred and fourteen acres of land have
been taken up under its provisions. This fact
and the amount of sales furnish gratifying evi
deuce of increasing settlement upon the public
lands, notwithstanding the great struggle in
which the energies of the nation have been en
gaged, and which has required so large a wah
drawal of our citizens from their accustomed
pursuits. I cordially concur in the recommends
lion of the Secretary of the Interior, suggesting
a modification of the act in favor of those en•
gaged in the military and naval service of the
United States. i doubt not that Congress will
cheerfully adopt such measures as will, without
essentially changing the general features of the
system, secure, to the greatest practicable ex
tent, its benefits to those who have left their
homes in the defence of the country in this ardu
I invite your attention to the views of the
Secretary as to the propriety of raising, by ap
propriate legislation, a revenue from the mineral
lands of the United States.
The measures protked at your last session
for the removal of aftain Indian tribes have
been carried into effect. Sundry treaties have
been negotiated which will, in due time, be sub
witted for the constitutional action of the Senate.
They contain stipulations for extinguishing Ibe
possessory rights of the Indians to large and
valuable tracts of land. It is hoped that the
effect of these treaties will result in the estab
lishment of- permanent friendly relations with
such of these tribes ae have been brought into
frequent and bloody collision with our outlying
_emigrants. Sound policy and
our imperative duty to these wards of the gov
eminent demand our anxious and.conetant
don to their material well-being, to their pro
grass in the arts of civilization, and, above all,
to that moral training which, under the blessing
of Divine Providence, will confer upon them the
elevated and sanctifying influences,the hopes and
consolations of the Christian faith.
I suggested in my last annual message the
propriety of remodelling our Indian system.
Subsequent events have satisfied me of its neces
city. The details set forth in the report of the
Secretary evince the urgent need for immediate
I commend the benevolent institutions, estab•
lished or patronized by the government in this
District, to your generous and fostering care.
The attention of Congress, during the last ses
sion, was engaged to some extent with a propo
sition for enlarging the water communication
between the Mississippi river and the northeast
ern seaboard, which proposition, however, failed
for the time. Since then, upon a call of the
greatest respectability, a convention has been
held at Chicago upon the same subject, a sum
mary of whose views is contained in a memorial
addressed to the President and Congress, and
which I now have the honor to lay before you.
That this interest is one which, ere long, will
force its way, I do not entertain a doubt, while
it is submitted entirely to your wisdom as to
what can be done now. Augmented interest is
given to this subject by the actual commence
ment of work upon the Pacific railroad, under
auspices so favorable to rapid progress and com
pletion. The enlarged navigation becomes a
palpable need to the great road.
I transmit the second annual report of the
Commissioner of the Department of Agriculture,
asking your attention to the developments in
that vital interest of the nation.
When Congress assembled ayear ago the war
lied already lasted nearly twenty months and
there had been many centliete on both land and
sea, with varying results. The _rebellion -had
been pressed back into reduced-limits, yet the
tone of public feeling and opinion st home and
abroad, was not eatisfactory.
With other signs, the popular elections, then
just post, indicated uneasiness aiming Our
selves i while, amid much that was cold and me
nacing, the kindest words oomitig from Europe
were uttered in accents of pity—that we were
too blind to surrender a hopeless cause. Our com
merce wa4 suffering greatly by a•few armed vessels
built Non and formal:ma from foreign shores, and
we were threatened with such additions from the
time quarter as would sweep our trade from the
sin a raise oat blockade. We had failed to elicit
from the lior.peco g overunacs is auytttiug h.:pe
t:A upon this subject.
Thu preliminary emancipation proelarnviion.
issued in Sets: ember. w•ts running its as,i.ved
period to tb•e begluiti.g or the tea' year. A
in,;11111 later the Ii I proehnuation come, inclnd
ing the announcement that colored men or :01-
able, condition would be received into the war
The policy of emancipation and of empl.iying
black soldiers gave to the future a new rtpect,
about which hope and fear and doubt contended
in uncertain conflict.
According to our political system, as a miller
of civil administration, the general government
had no lawful power to effect emancipation in
any Slate, and for along time it had been hoped
that the rebellion could be suppressed without
resorting to it es a military measure.
It was all the while deemed possible that the
necessity for it might come, and that if it should
the eri9ie of the contest would then be present—
ed. it came, and as was anticipated, it was fol
lowed by dark and doubtful days.
Eleven months having now passed. we are
permitted to take another review. The rebel
borders are preened ell!' further back, and by
the complete opening of the Mississippi river,
the country dominated by ,the rebellion is
divided into distinct parts, with no practical
communication between them. Tennessee and
Arkansas have been substantially cleared of in
aur gent control, and influential citizens
in each, owners of slaves and advocates of slave
ry at the beginning of the rebellion, now declare
openly for emancipation in their respective
States. Of those States not included in the
Emancipation Pcoctamation, Maryland and Mis
souri, neither of which, three years ago, would
tolerate any restraint upon the extension of
slavery into new .territories, only dispute
now as to the beet mode of removing it within
their own limits.
Of those who were slaves at the beginning of
the rebellion, full ono hundred thousand are now
in the United States military service, about one
half of which number actually bear arms in the
rank's, thus giving the double advantage of tale
tug so much labor from the insurgent cause, and
supplying the places which otherwise must be
filled with so many white men. So far as tested
it is difficult to say that they arc not as good
soldiers as any. No servile insurrection or ten
dency to violence or cruelty has marked the
measures of emancipation, and arming the blacks
These measures have been much discussed in
foreign countries, anti ootemporary with such din
cmtsion the tone of public sentiment there is
much improved. At home the same measures
have been fully discussed, supported, criticized,
and denounced; and the annual elections fol
lowing are highly encouraging to those whose of
ficial duty it is to bear the country through this
Thus we have the new reckoning. The crisis
which threatened to divide the friends of the
Union is past.
Looking now to the present and future, and
with reference to a resumetion of the national
authority within the States wherein that author
ity has been suspended, I have thought fit to
issue a proclamation, a copy of which is here
with transmitted. On examination of this pro.
clam:Mien it will appear as is believed that no
thing is attempted beyond what is amply justified
by the Constitution. True, the form of an oath
is given, but no man is coerced to take it. A
man is only promised a pardon in case ho volun
tarily takes the oath. The Constitution author
izes the Expellee to grant or withhold the
pardon at his own absolute discretion, and this
includes the power to grant on terms as is fully
established by judicial and other authorities.
It is also proffered that if in any of the States
named, a State Government shall be in the mode
prescribed set up, ouch government shall be re•
cognized and guarantied by the United States,
and that under it the State shall, on the eons&
tut tonal conditions, be protected agaibst invasion
and domestic violence.
The Constiintional obligation of the 'United
States •to guereinly to.,iveey Stateln,the
a rePublicati'form of government and to prOtecit
the State in the cases stated, is ezplicit'and - full.
But why tender the benefits of this provision
only to a State Government set up in this par
ticular way ? This section of the Constitution
contemplates a case wherein the element within
a State favorable to a Republican Government
in the Union, may be too feeble for an opposite
and hostile element, external to or even within
the State; and ouch tire precisely the oases with
which we are now dealing.
An attempt to guaranty and protect a revived
State Government constructed in whole or in
preponderating part from the .very element
against whose e ttoetility and violence it.is to be
protected, is simply absurd. There must be a
test by which to separate the opposing elements
so as to build only from the entail ; and that test
is a stfhcien:lyliberal ot e which accepts as sound
whoever will make a sworn recantation of his
But it it be proper to require as a test of ad
mission to the political body an oath of allegiance
to the Constitution of the United States, and to
the Union under it, why also to the laws and
proclamations in regard to slavery? Those laws
mod proclamations were enacted and put forth
for the purpose of aiding in the suppression 0 ,
the rebellion. To give them their fullest effect
there had to be a pledge for their maintenance.
In my judgment they have aided and.will fur
ther aid the cause for which they were intended.
To now abandon them would be not only to re
anguish a lever of power, but would also be a
cruel and an astounding breech of faith. I may
add at this point, that while I remain in my
present position I shall not attempt to retract or
modify the emancipation proclamation.
Nor shall I return to slavery any person who
is free by the terms of the proclamation or by
any of the acts of Congress.
For these and other reasons, it is thought. beet
that the support of these measures shall be in
cluded in the oath, and it is believed the Execu
live may lawfully claim it in return for pardon
and restoration of forfeited rights which he has
clear constitutional power to withhold altogether
or grant upon the terms which be shall deem
wisest for the public interest.
It should be observed also, that this part of
the oath is subject to the modifying and abro
gating power of legislation and supreme judicial
The proposed 'aoquiescenoe of the national
Executive in any reasonable temporary State
arrangement for the freed people is made with.;
the view of possibly modifying the confusion and
destitution which must, at best, attend all class.
es by a total revolution of labor throughout
whole States. It is hoped that the already deeply
afflicted people in those States may be somewhat
more ready to give up the cause of their afflic
tion, if, to this extent., this vital matter be left
to themselves; while no power of the national
Executive to prevent an abuse is abridged by the
The suggestion in the proclamation as to main
taining the political framework of the States on
what is Called reconstruction, is made in the
hope that it may do good without danger of
harm. It will save labor, and avoid great con
But why any proclamation now upon this sub
jest ? ibis question is beset with the conflicting
views that the step might be delayed too long or
be taken too soon. In some States the elements
for resumption seem ready for action, bet remain
inactive, apparently for want of a rallying point
—a plan of action. Why shall A adopt the plan of
B, rather than B that of A? And if A and B
ehould agree, how can they know but that the
general government here will reject their plan ?
By the proclamation a plan is, presented which
may ho accepted by them as a rallying point,
and which they are assured in advance*will not
be rejected here. This may bring them to act
sooner than they otherwise would.
The objections to a premature presentation of
a plan by the national Executive consist in the
danger of committals on points which could be erre.
HEL,IIBOLD'S EXTIMOT B UCL , U.
more safely left to further developments. Care TUE CRRAT DIURETIC.
fins been taken to so shape the document as to DDIJIROLD'S PXTRAIIP RUUJIU
avoid embarrassments from this source. Saying
HBLIWBOL.D'S EXTRACT BWH7,
that, on certain termii certain classes will be Tem 4REAT DIURETIC.
pardoned, with rightsilltored, it is not said that lIELMBOLD'3 EXTRACT 1t 0011 U•
other classes, Or ethernetme, will never be in- TILERE ATDr unE
_eawr, positive and Specific Remedy for Diseases of the
eluded. Baying that rec onstruction will be ac- Bi
Organic Weakness, kidneys.
cepted if presented:ire 'specified way, it is not Gravel, Dropsy,
said it will never be accepted in any other way. And ail diseases of the Urinary Organs.
the movements, by State Relicts, for stn eself& 5 " AdY111""m"t to gnotbe ""• Cot it and
send for the s sat ones
lion in - severe of the gates, not iaoluded . in'tire .- soy. g),sic] pair A a wen,
emaaCipation 'proclamation, are matters of pro
found gratulattuu. Aud while Ido not repeat in
detail what I hove heretofore so earnestly urged
upon this suiject, my general views and feelinas
remain unchanged; and I trust that Coestees
will omit no fill.. opportunity of aiding these ii
portant steps to a great consummation.
In the midst of other c9ree, however impor
tant, we must not lotto eight of the fact that the
war nower is still our main reliance. To !lets
power oloue can we hok, yet for a dime, to give
COS/11 , 1(.1.N) to the people IR the cot,tested l egions,
that the insurgent power will not again overrun
thorn. Until thol coufidence shall be established,
little ono he done anywhere for what is railed
reconstruction. nonce our chief:est care must
still he directed to the army and nervy, who hove
Inc, far borne their harder port so Lohl,y talc
well. nut ;Du be esteemed fortunate that in
the giedtm , t, efficiency to the indie.pen
bahle erms, tee do also honorably recognize the
cp.thmt. men, from commander to sentinel, who
compose 'hum, nod to whom, more than to others,
the world must sand itrietAr4 for the horn, of
freedom disenthralled, rigenerated, enlarged,
DEcumusxt 8, 1883
NVltereas, in and by' the Constitution of the
United S.ates, it is provided that the President
" shall have power to grant renrieven and par
dons for offences againet the United States, ex
cept in cases of itopeaohraent ;" and
Whereas, a rebellion now exists whereby the
loyal State governments of several States have
for a long time been subverted, and many per
sons have committed and are now guilty of
treason against the United States; and
Whereas, with reference to said.rebellion and
treason, laws have been enacted by Congress,
declaring forfeitures and confiscation of property
and liberation of slaves, all upon terms and con
ditions therein stated, and also declaring that the
President was thereby authorized at any lime
thereafter, by proclamation, to extend to persons
who may have participated
.in the existing re•
bellion, in any State or part thereof, pardon and
amnesty, with such exceptions and at such times
and on such conditions as be may deem expedi
ent for the public welfare; and
Whereas, the congressional declaration for
limited and COnditional pardon accords with
well established judicial exposition of the par
doning power; and
Whereas, with reference to said rebellion, the
President of the United Slates has issued several
proclamations, with provisions in regard to the
liberation of slaves; end
Whereas, it is now desired by some persons
heretofore engaged in said rebellion to resume
their allegiance to the United States, and to re
inaugurate loyal State governments within and
for their respective Slates; therefore,
I, Abraham Lincoln. President of the United
States, do proclaim, declare, and make known to
all persons who have, directly or by implication,
participated in the existing rebellion, except as
hereinafter excepted, that a full pardon is hereby
granted to them and each of them, with restora
t ion of all rights of property, except ai to slaves.
and in property cases where rights of third
parties shall have intervened, and upon the con
dition that every such person shall take and
subscribe an oath, and thenceforward keep and
maintain said oath inviolate; and which oath
shall be registered for permanent preservation,
and shall be of the tenor and of following, to
do solemnly swear; in pres
ence of Almighty God, that I will henceforth
faithfully support, protect and defend the Con
stitution of the United States, and the union of
the States thereunder; and that f will, in like
manner, abide by and faithfully support all acts
of Congress passed during the existing rebellion
with reference to slaves, so long and so far as
not repealed, modified, or hold void by Congress,
or by decision of the Supreme Court; and that
I will, in like manner, abide by and faithfully
support all proclamations of the President made
during the existing rebellion having reference to
slaves, so long and so far as not modified or de
olared void by decision of the Supreme Court.
So help me God."
The persons excepted from the benefits of the
foregoing provisions are all who are, or shall
have been, civil or diplomatic officers or agents
of the so-called confederate government; all
who have left judicial stations under the United
States to aid the rebellion ; all who are, or shall
have been, military or naval officers-of said so
called confederdte.government above the rank of
oolonel..ln„tho,army, or of lieutenant in Oka - navy ;
all'who left eats in the United States Congress
to aid the rebellion.; all who resigned coMmis
slams in the arini or navy of the .United Slates,
and afterwards aided the rebellion ; and all
who have engaged in any way in treating
eolored persons,- or white persons in charge
of such, otherwise than lawfully as prix
oners of war, and which persons may have been
found in the United Suites service as soldiers,
seamen, or in any other capacity.
And I do further proclaim, d-. :lore, and make
known, that whenever, in any of the States of
Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Ten
nessee, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Caro
line, and North Carolina, t number of persons,
not less than one-tenth in number of the votes
ast. iu such State at the Presidential election of
the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred
and sixty, each having taken the oath aforesaid
and not having since 'violated it, and being a
qualified voter by the election law of the State
existing immediately befors the so-called net of
secession, and excluding all others, shall re
establish a State government which shall be
republican, and in nowise contravening said
oath, much shall be recognised us the true gov
ernment of the Stale, and the Stale shall receive
thereunder the benefits of the constitutional pro
vision which &Times that "The United Stales
shall guaranty to every Stile in this Union it
republican form of government, anti shall protect
each of them against invasion ; and, on applica
tion of the legislature, or the executive, (when
the legislature cannot be convened,) against
And I do further procleim, declare, and make
known that any provision which may he adopted
by such State government in relation to the freed
people of such State, which shall recognize and
dec!are their permanent freedom, provide for
their education, and which may yet be consist
ent, as a temporary arrangement, with their
present condition as a laboring, landless, and
homeless class, will not be objected to by the
national Executive. And it is suggested as not
improper, that, in constructing a loyal State
government in any State, the name of the State,
the boundary, the subdivisions, the constitution,
and the general code of laws, as before the re
hellion, be maintained, eubject only to the modi
fications made necessary by the conditions
hereinbefore stated, and such others, if any, not
contravening said conditions, and which may be
deemed expedient by tifose. framing the new
To avoid misunderstanding, it may be proper i
to say that this proclamation, so far as it relates
lo State governments, has no reference to States
wherein loyal State governments have all the
while been maintained. And for, the same
reason, it may be proper further to say, that
whether members sent to Congresi from any
State shall be admitted to seats constitutionally.
rests exclusively with the respective Houses, and
not to any extent with the Executive. And still
further, that this proclamation is intended to
present the people of the States wherein the
national authority has been suspended, and loyal
State governments have been subverted, o mode
in and by which the national authority and loyal
State governments may be re-established within
said States, or in any of them; and, while the
mode presented is the best the Executive can
suggest, with his present impressions, it must
not be understood that no other possible mode
would be acceptable.
Given under my , hand aL the city of Washing
ton, the Sth day of December, A. D. one thou
sand eight hundred and sixty three, and of the
independence of the United States of America
By the President
WILLIAM .11. SIMARD, Secretary of State
CHANFORD'O fITATUE OF FREEDOM ban
been successfully raised on the dome of the Cap,
tot at Washington. It is 19 feet in height, and
weighs fifteen thousand pounds.
JAMESON'S CLOTHING HOUSE,
Es• - 1
Corner mid Penil Streets,
THIS LONG ESTABLISHED AND WELL KNOWN CLOTH
ING HOUSE is better prepared now to hold out great inducements to buyers thee
at any previous time, as our stock of
MEN'S CLOTHING & DRESS GOODS ,
Is much larger and better than ever before, the bulk of which has been bought before the
late great rise in prices.
In great variety, of all sizes, prices and qualities. The long experience of this House
in this branch has enabled us to get up all the different proportions and sizes to fit boys of
all ages, to which we invite particular attention.
March 28, 1808—tf] 341.1E50N & Co.
rftwEs OF 011..A1N,
PAID BY P. BUSITONO SONS,
December n, 1863.
Con, - - - - - lln centsfor 66 Bs
nye, • - - 120 cents for 60 Ms
Oats, - - - 63 cents for 32 fus
PRICES GP GRAIN,
Paid at SAMUEL BlWll'S.Dislitiery, (korner of rhrznih
1 00cts. per 56 153
1 20 `. " 56 "
GO ‘, 52
PRWES OF HAY,
Paid by BERNHART KOCII, Hay Prrseers, Corner of
Eighth. Street arut Court Allcy.
Timothy hay, $23 00 for 0000
Meadow do - - - 2 CO for 2000$
Iteadiug Lumber Prices Current.
Reporteetfor the Reading Gazette by JACOB H. _DB .1".
SHER, Lumber Commission Yard. South Third St.,
near the Lancaster Bridge.
Itniol2o, December 11, 1863.
Hemlock .Toist and Scantling, 1105 00@16 00
-Poplar Boards, - - • 20 00050 00
.. Scantling. - • 20 V 0 0 @ 00
White line Boards and Plank, - - Hi 00@u0 00
Cherry Boards and Plank, - - 25 00@80 CO
White Pine Floor Boards,- • 2 .1 00@26 00
Boon ng Lath, - 0 noun S 00
Oak Floor Boards, - 25 oorzps oo
White Pine and Hemlock Shingle's, 4 64022 00
Oak Heard, and Plank. - 25 0119440 CO
. - .
White Pine Ceiling Lath, -
Ash Plank, - -
Spruce and Pine Pickets, -
Walnut Boards and Plank,
Lynn Boards and Plank, -
White Pier Joixt and Scantling,
Birch and Maple Boards and Plank,
200 0L Crean Batt Edged Clear Walnut
&Om 14 to 7 inches WAIPPKEI, Price paid
is Cash 162044:10
1803.—There is bet littte stock of Pi.: Metal left to
operate in, and it is bald with increased tienoness. Snug
sales of No. 1 at s4t t 1001 ten. Lehigh. Crane No. 2at $42,
cad No. 3 AL $37 29. gentrh Pie round lots have
been purchased in New-York. to artiva here, 011 pried
terms. Blooms ore scarce aad tbernliti,g mil ls i'brongliont
the country are generally full of orders for the mos en
CATTLE ?SART:BT.—About 2700 bead of Beef Cautlo
were offered and all sold • lois wash. ,botel tit a d.eI . S , LA of
800 bead on last week's receipt., t the demand was geed
and prices were rather bettor, althon,..ll without much
quotable change since last week. raogisg rt. Pon. $7 to Sll
forittownen to good,and extra quality, 0.41::Q Sm. The
pthicipstentes were made at 28 Rod $lO the 001 1 , . COW'S
—The offerings, 12(1 bead, wale drooled of at to V 77
en& for tlvringerr, and $25 to $l5 for Cows, and Calves—
tinchatige. Hogs were rather hetter, with recc.pt, and
.elee of some . 8800 bead, usually at Glass' Balee yard, at
:UM) the 100 is nett. Sheep—The oarless consist of
aboni 1000 head, and the tn.oltet woe Brm, holes resginl
at oe/5340V N gross.—Nor;h .1,.. efetan.
Decembu to, tSri.y of the , os - ..1 ,, ,ea Lho Ifflje's Father,
by the toy WM. So ehe,Sir A EqP.T ill A 7FRII, Of Nihon.
Pe., )`Flea G Act Fria,„ of t".;:le,or to., 1-o.
tin .he fib 1.0 by R O T. r. A. Kotler, J. vrEmE7,,
of r triton, of Oeattio.g.
Noven - ibqr f6lh, by Rev. A. 1.. Herman. Mr. DAN , EI,
LE , J.C , I, of Been, to Mite Etty,:ustA. of Bon—
IiP.NRF 11. SCIrNEIDEIt. of ferry, o 1111/65 ELEANI:OA C.
LETNBACB, Of Lee.port—Mr. oils S. SCHILEFEEP. t.O Mies
P VTR boil' of Richmond.
Iu this city, on Thursday. the loth loot., Eciii4Briu
Winn. 43, dengliier of Franklin andldellndnWitman, aged
19 yea., 4 mouths end it dais.
On the Sib inst., in this city. JAtins M., only son Of the
late Enoch and Maria A. Wanner, aged 20 years, 5
months nod 11 days.
' Oa the 7111 Inst.. in this city, WILLIAM JEFFRIES. late
Master Blacksmith in the Reading Railroad Car Shope,
aged 48 yearn and 5 mouths.
On Sunday night, 6th lust. In Ankara, Schuylkill coun
ty, Jason S. Eno, tocformerly and for many years an Inn
keeper in Rustling, aged 90 yearn. 10 menthe and 5 days.
On the 6th test.. near 9folltoWn, in fdaldencreek tp.,
EL3IfRA, wife of Dr. Peter C. Snyder, In the 20th year of
On the 4th inst., in CRIRTU, CJLArtii. ERISCIL.A, daughter
of John White, cool S months and 19 days.
On the 2d lust., in thin city, StAnr, wife of Daniel Young,
aged 76 years, 3 months and 17 days.
Ou the 3d tact., In Pike. Jon 3, eon of Lewis and Elizabeth
Schwabely, aged 5 years, 4 months and 14 days.
On the 2,4 bid , in ()ley. MARIA, wife of Daniel Berta
lette, in the 9.3 d year of her ago.
On the let inst., in Upper Born. FLIZABETH,Wire of Henry
Epitr. in the 22d year of her age.
On the Nth nil • in Bern, firm, eon of Bonneville and
Sarah Mester, aged 7 years, 1 month and I Idays.
On the 29th nit , in KOMDMOIVQ, Sts.:a:A, widow of the
lonm deceased John Backer, aged 92 years, 3 months and
On the 27th nit , in Colehrookdale Josue, son of Realism
and Rebecca Ziegler, aged 15 yeats end IS days.
On the 25th nit., in Oley, very suddenly. FREDERICK
BREETZIOROFP. aged SS years, 6 menthe and 26 days
On the 25th ult., in District, Janos, son of Peter 'Weller,
aged 29 yearn, a months and 2 days.
THE SUBSCRIBER WILL BE PLEASED TO
A attend neon his former patients and othas. afflicted
with such chronic or other disorders as they have not
been able otherwise to find relief from, at Yubn's Motel :
Pottstown, Pa., or at their hom
MILES LANCIA STEIL
dee 4-40 Medical Electrician
THE STOCKHOLDERS OF THE PENN SAY—
( INOS Association are hereby notified that a meeting
of Paid aßßOCiatioll will be held at the patina hence of
James Yeager, Norths West corner of Fifth and Washington
streets, Reading. Pa., on Wednesday evening, Dec atals,
1863, at 7 o'clock; for the porpoise of considering the amend-
MAMA to the Conetitntion then and there to Ice proposed
by the Board of Directors.
By order of the Board.
EL P. FELIX, President.
DAOuEL EP-MEW:KOUT, SeCletaty. [dee ti-St
FRIDaT. Decemb, 11, 1653
PENN SAVINGS ASSOCIATION
Estate of Merekel Hoch, late of Rich
mond township. Berl= county, deed.
XT ()TICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, THAT LET
/ 1 TEES of AdruinietraMoo to the eslate of the above
named decedent, have been greeted to the etAgcltlher, re
sidieg In the same township, Berke county. All pervong
indelitill to said estate are regneated to makepayment
withoat delay, and all who have claims or demands
anainet the name, are also requested to pre.,eut thew, prop
ecry ar t tkontlcaked, for sottlaMent.
aec s—et] LEVI A. HAAa, Admiulatrator.
NEW YEAR'S GIFTS.
GEORG - E W. STUDER%
NO. PENN STREET,
WO at t,: iz L o ll on
0 1 1 1, i tt , : e 6:l d T . l
„ T u l;
: h i : 1, :u .t. h1 to in INVlTEg ettera , T t
o fi tb 2 n
'negate and best relented as.p.rtment .4 Chiletteee and New
Year's 1 4 itce ever offered ts the public. Ills block nouriste
c!" n large vellety or
51:tenfactured Io New. York. beautiful DOLLS, wax-tia—
itli ; together with a full vssortmetit of
FANCY FRENCH CONFECTIONERY,
And Caudle% of his•own wens, which he will sell at
Wholesale and retail at the lowest city prices.
COUNTRY In ERC AN TS,
awl others will tied it to their nrivaotage to pnrehasetbeir
(roodh for the Holidays in noorue W. Sodden's old etitab.
liehed Kristaindle's Read Quarters. deo 0-41
VALII.ABLE REAL ESTATE
AT PRIVATE SALE.
THE WELL KNOWN THREE-STORY BRICK
HOUSE, with extensive back buildings, &a., No. SOS
Fenn Street, late the residence of Oen. Win. R. Kelm, and
ow occupied es the Constitution gonna and by the
Union League. The lot bar a front on Penn street of
24 feet but widens within the sp ace of the building to
CO feet, and extends at width of 39 I reet to Cherry Alley.
Depth of lot 280 red.
Also, two two story FEA ME ROUSES, with yard front
and back, situate on Eat side of South 6th street, below
Laurel street. Lot 40 feet front by 116 feet deep to a ten feet
Also, FIVE Shares of Stock In the PENN'SATINCIS AS.
Far terms, apply to
BEVERLEY R. SEIB, or
JESSE G. HAWLEY, Attorney at Law,
16.1fortb hixtlt Stmt.
Farm for Sale Cheap.
AI EXCELLENT SMALL FARM OF 46
acres, under a high state of cultivation, including 3
Coos of heavy sprout Timber. The improvements are a
two-story DWELLING HOUSE, Swiss Barn 60 by 95
... feet. Spring House, Woodshed, Pig Pane and WHEEL
WRIGHT SHOP. A good watt of water at the door,
with fins Apple Orchard, and numerous other fruit treea.
Also. belonging to the above farm, a POTTERY With
minable building to carry on thesame. Situated in Exeter
township, 6 milee from Reading, and 1 mile from the turn
For terms and prices apply to
RHODE & FISHER, ash and Penn St,
Real Estate Agents.
2 25§ 2 50
25 00P25 On
10 00411 00
go 000 m uo
20 00,30 00
2, 00692 00
20 00)35 00
Store Stand & Dwelling for Rent,
AT SINKING SPRING.
rrDE WELL KNOWN STORE STAND,WHERE
j Baron Yocum carried on business for a number of
yeam, is the centre of the village of Sinking Spring. to of
feted for Rent. The home le a twovtory brick building,
with roomy cellar, and contains all the newest arrange
meow for the mercantile Imeinem. Connected therewith is
a Store House, Stable, Ac ; also. a DWELLING adjoining
the store, also two-storied, with cellar kiteken, vegetable
Per further particulars, apply to
F. S. LUDWIG, Administrate,
Wereersville. Berke to.
dP^ o-3 l]
Executors' Sale of Real Estate.
(SATURDAY. SATURDAY. DECEMBER. 26. 1803, AT
7 1 o'clock, P. M. , will be cold at Public Sale, at the
public hoses of Eli S Fox, to P.nri street, above 7th, In
I:40i. the oity of Roadiov, it two otnry Brick DWELLING
tiOUsE, with twa-stury brick back building. With
AgEW.' all the micamtry coneenietices. The lot on which
he building to erected is 20 feel fruat and 100 feat deep,
okuitte loth street, betweet Walnut and klin, fici. itl3.
l, Ito the property of JOhd, liamy, doomed.
Cuuaiti•Jaa mode knewa al the time and puce.
FoI3T, Propeity at Private Sale.
IVELL KNowN FOEGE PEOPERTY,
.::crate on the ntahaney Creek, in Fchnylkill county,
tit toilett meet of 11,-hiand, to close proximity to the
ch ay I kill, 51ehanoy and chamokia Coal Rogiona, afford
;cg one of the hest home markets for the eale of iron and
oo.att.tn4 material, in the State; containing about 100
nwte.t.; ' , ARMING LAND with SAW-MILL. ROUSES,
n and other improvements. The Forge can he sold
with le— land. as would ho doolrable. If not sold by the
Ist of January next, it will he for rent—possession by
the ist of April text. For farther information apply to
the “..locrllers or for it cram of the premises, to InitAEL
LEED, Eey.. residing tyliolatug the property.
BODO OTTO Rending,
.IOHN .1. OTTO, Williamsport, Pa.
no 1-7 ]
VALUABLE CITY PROPERTY
AT PRIVATE bAI.E.
HE SUBKRi LER UFFERB AT PRIVATE
I SALE. all that valuable STUCE STAND, situated on
the North-East corner of Ninth and Peon streets,conslating ,
I of a large and cow modlons Ihreo•etory BRICK BUILD
INO, With twontorl back buildings and all the mace
Also, Two two-story BRICK DOUSES, situated on Ninth
street, and adjoining the above natned atom property.
Also, A large and convenient 2 story BRICK DWELL
ING BOU4E, with two story Back buildings, slowed in
Penn street, above Moth. This is a very desirable proper
ty, and will prove a profitable investment.
Aloe, VINE BUILDIV CS LOTS, situated on Ninth street,
which are eligibly located.
Prices will be reasonable and terms only. Apply to
nov 2S-tf] Penn Street, above 9th.
Estaze of Anna Minkel, lace of Out*fau
nae township, Berks county, deceased.
XTOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, THAT LET-
Taliti of Administration on the estate of Anna Dau
m], late of natelessee (nimbly, Berke county, deceased,
base been granted to Solomon G. tanker ; of ntexatawny,
and Ephraim Henkel, of °Melanin° township, county
aforesaid; all persons having claims or damages against
the estate of the said deceased, are requested to snake them
known to the said administratiors without delay, and there
indebted to the estate are rermested to make immediate
SOLOMOIf G. DURKEE, / Administra t ors.
DOT 28-61] EPHRAIM DURKEE,
estate of Solomon Dunkcel, late of Umeter
township, Berko county, deceased.
NTOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, THAT LET
-I_ll TERS of Administration on the Estate of Solomon
Dinkel, late of Exeter township, Berke county, deceased,
have been granted to Amos L. Dick, of Robeeon township,
and John Hoyer, of the city of Reading, county aforesaid
all persons having claim. or demands agaioet the sedate of
the said deceased, are requeeted to make them known to
the said admhdetrators wlthent delay, and those indebted
to the estate are requested to maim immediate payment.
ABIOS L. DICK, Adminhtiatore.
ne♦ 2S-8t *]
Estate of Joseph Kunkel, late of Albany
township, Berke county, deceased.
11,J0T10E - 1$ HEREBY GIVEN, THAT LET
-11 TEES of Administration on the Estate of Joseph
Kunkel, late of the township of Albany, Berke county, de
ceased, have been granted to Solomon Slate r,of said town
ship All persona having claims or demands against the
Estate of the said decedent. are requested to make them
known to the said Administrator witbont delay, and those
indebted to the said Estate are requested to make immedi
Estate of Frederick Slink, deceased.
OTICE IS Hh.liEBY GIVEN, THAT LET
TER 6 of ildetteletration lo the Eetate of Frederick
Klint, late of Union township, Berke county, deceased,
have been granted by the llezieter of Betas county, to the
undersigned. All persons baiting claims against the Es
tuto,will present thou. to the undersigned for settlement And
indebted to the Estate will make payment without
to either of the underldoned.
CHARLES F. KLINK, Adminlbtrators
HENRY E. 1100 K,
Estate of Jacob Kelm, late of Pike town
ship, Berks county, deceased.
IVOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, THAT LET
TEKS of AdmluiStration to the estate of the above
named decedent, have boon granted to the eubscrlbers,
.idieit Iti the some township. Berke county. All perilous
Indebted to said estate are requested to mate payment
wltb..at delay, and all who have Chdale or demands
ill4hltaht Ole rams, are also requested to present them, prop-
Itthrrtitated, for settlement.
nor 21-Etal JOHN KELM,
mint; BES REAL ESTATE SECURITY WILL
Ibe given_ Apply at THIS OFFICE. [Nov. 2S-3t
' E I-T(IM IN COURT STREET, OCCUPIED
at present by Heavy W. Smith, BK. P 011116.100111 eyes
apy of Aptil next.
nry _d EDWARD WALLACE.
SUPERIOR HOME-MADE MINCE MEAT
AT PRANK B. riosTuonws.
nov 98] NO. 604 PENN STREET.
1,61. - 1 A. HAAS, P Erevutors
BOLO/JON FOTSR, .644)1pletrator.