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PUBLISHED WEEKLY IN THE CITY OF READING, BERKS COUNTY, PA.---T 4
J. LAWRENCE GTEZ, EDITOR]
P.II BLIaLED EVERT SATURDAY MORNING
Alger, Forth-West corner of Pena and P41,41z street, ad
joining the iltrraers' Bank of Reading.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION
1.00 for e
s a ix r m aya s fe in i adv an n 6.
Tv aros : Four copies for WV, in advance.
Tea copies for Ea,
All paper* discontinued at the expiration of the
filo , paid ivr.
RATES OF ADVERTISING IN THE GAZETTE
lt. St. Imo. arno. itmo. ly.
jf,' Square, S Have, or lees, 50 50 75 9,10 11,51 6,00
1 101,00 1,25 3,03 5,00 8,00
2 .• 1,00 2,00 2,50 5,00 8,00 15,00
" SO " 1,60 3,00 3,75 7,50 12,00 20,00
[Larger Advertisements in proportion.]
Sosontors . and Administrators' Nodose, 2 ittbeillolla *2,00
Auditors' Notices and Legal Notictot, 1,50
Special Notlcee, as reading matter. 10 eta. a llae for one
blarrlgge 3011200 Yr 2 Callla each, Dcathe will be
;Ws All Obituary Nodes., Resolutions Of "
other Private Associations, will be charged. -•-•
tit... Numbs, at the above rate..
air Advertisements for Religions, Char..
attl.tal °Meets, onaltalf the above Tales.
C? ill advertielng Will be considered payMp*
on the drat insertion. — t
Yearly adverdaere Isbell have the privilege (tf ditelred)
of rouswing their advertisements every , three reeeks—bitt
cut oftener. Any additional renewals, or adventaing Oa=
....ding the amount contracted for, Will be charged extra
at one-half the rates above specified for transient &dyer.
Yearly advertisers will be charged the same rates as
rigisigut advertisers for all matters not relating strictly
to Mc& Outlines -8.
PRINTING OF EVERY DESCRIPTION
Ereented in a superior manner, at the very lowest prices.
Oar assortment of JOB TYPE to large and fashionable, and
Our Work Rinke for itsolL
BLANKS OF ALL KINDS,
IRCIIIMEg TAWNY/ET and PAPER MEWS MORTGAGES,
Fond. ARTICLES OF AGREEMENT, LEASES, and a variety of
JinTICES' BLANES, kept eonetantly for este, or printed to
Dr. JOSEPH COBLENTZ,
OFFERS HIS PROFESSIONAL SERVICES
to the citizens or Reading and vicinity. Re can be
censaited In German and English. °ince and residence,
441 Penn street. adjoining tbn Farmers' Bank.
October 31, 1863-17.
JESSE G. HAWisr."l",
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
FIAS REMOVED HIS OFFICE TO NORTH
sixth Fooet, opposite the Keystone HOWIO,
April u, 15041
ATTORNE) AT LAW,
QFPICE WITH. A. B. WANNER, NORTH
Steth Street. (above the Court Iloace,) Reading, PI,
WILLIAM H. LIVINGOOD, ATTORNEY AT
LAW, has removed his Miles to the north gde of
Court greet Ant door below Sixth, [dec 22-tf
()ATTORNEY AT LAW—HAS REMOVED HIS
(mice to the Office lazely occupied by the Hon. David
_ 2 Mon, deceased, in Sixth street, opposite the Court
ATTORNEY AT LAW—OFFICE IN NORTH
Sixth street, corner of Court alley. [ang 13-ly
WROIESALF. AND RETAIL DEALER IN'
Y Foreign and Domestic DRY GOODS, No. 25 Bast
Pann street, Reading, Pa. [March 10, 1860.
oar 074 limit
United States Bounty 'Pay and
COURT STREET, NEAR SIXTH.
T_TAVING BEEN ENGAGED IN COLLECT-
Mg claim, against the Government, I feel confidant
that all who have heretofore employed me will cheerfully
endorse my promptness and fidelity. My charges are
moderateand no charge made until obtained.
WILLIAM M. LIVINGOOD,
°et IS-tf] Attorney at Law, Court 81., Reading, Pa.
(lAN NOW OBTAIN THEIR $lOO BOUNTY
IL) from the 11. 8. Government, 8y application to
ABNER R. STAUFFER,
Ranh 7-tt] Collection Once, Conrt Street, Reading.
ABA M. HART,
(Late Dart sr. Mayer,)
apEALER IN FOREIGN AND AMERICAN
DRY GOODS, CARPETING% &c., Wholatale and Re.
t Philadelphia prima. Sign of the Golden Bee Hive,
No 14 Bag Penn filgtart [april 17-tf
P. Bushong & Sons,
iIVIANUFACTITRERB OF BURNING FLUID,
AlNlate, Deodorized and Druggists' tacobol; *leo,
Ine Oil, which they will sell at the lowest Wholegal°
prices, at Reading, Pa.
idir Orders respectfully solicited.
G. M. MILLER, M. D.,
Eclectic Physician and Surgeon,
AGRADUATE OF THE ECLECTIC MEDI
eal College Philadelphia, offerer bia proteseional ser
vice/ to the cttliene of fteleberg arid tricleity• I PI4
Surgical operations, sorb as Setting Broken nod Dislocated
Limbs, Amputations, Cutting Cancers, Tumors, de., win
be performed under the induenee of Ether, at the consent
of the patient.
lar Ones at his residence in Main street, Hamburg. PS.
DR: T. 'YARDLEY BROWN,
GRADUATE OF PENNSYLVANIA
Dental College. Teeth extracted by Fran
in tea es' Electro Nagnetii proems, with Clarke's
improvement. With this method teeth are
extracted with much lees pain than the usual way. No
extra charge. Once in 'Nth Wed, opposite the Preebyte.
lan Church. [aprll 2-17
11017111 PET-MONEY. PACE-PAY
AND PENSION maxims
PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO BY
Attorney at Law, Office In Court Streets
JAA3I-O3 READING, PA.
AiPPLICATIONS PROMPTLY ATTENDED
W. E. H. SHEARER, Attorney at Law,
34-ti] Ogles In Court Street, Reading.
IL WESLEY SELMER%
Sign, House and Wall Painter,
No. 10 NORTH FOURTH STREET,
N. B.—GRAINING, GLAZING, BRONZING,
Gilding on Ghee and Chips, Glossing, to.
.RA Work In the country promptly' attended to.
. I "veMber 14,1963-4 i
F. P. HELLER,
AND DEALER IN
WATCHES, CLOCKS, JEWELRY,
SPOONS, SPECTACLES, GOLD PENS, &c.,
Hignet the If BIG WATCII4 I, He. UM East Penn
Etreet, above Sixth, north side, Reading. Pa.
Every article warranted to be what it is sold for
Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, &c., repaired with particular
attention, and guaranteed. [fah I—tf
NO. 369 PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE,
WASHINGTON, D. C.
,CRE UNDERSIGNED WOULD RESPECT
follyinform their numerous Meads throughout Berko
County, that they have leased theabove Hotel, and are cow
prepared to accommodate all who may favor them with
their patronage. At our bar may be found the beet and
purest Honors, while the table to a:applied with the beat
the market affords. THOMAS : MYHRE'.
BALTIMORE LOCK ROSPIIAL,
4114PESTABLISIIED AS A REFUGE FROM QUACKS:tr.
The Only Place Where a Cure Can be
TAR. JOHNSTON HAS DISCOVERED TILE
mom Certaio, Speedy and only Stoctual Remedy in
tun World for all Private Disesnes, Weakness of tlio hack
or Limbs, Strictures, directions of the Kidueys and Blad
der, Involuntary Discharges, impotency. Gennrat usbitity,
Nervousness, Dyspepsia, Languor, Low Spirite, Confu
sion, of Idaus , PAlpitaidu of the lloart, Timidity, Tremb
ling. Dimness of Sight or Giddiness, Disease of the lined,
Throat, Nose or Skin, Affections or the Liver, Lungs,
'Stomach or Bowels—those Terrible Disorders arising from
the I.:ornery tlebito of Youth—those BECUST hull colliery
practices more fatal to their victims than the song of Syrens
to the Mariners °lA:Vines. slighting choir most brilliant
hopes or anticipations, rendering marriage, Ain,impMintb . le..
VOTING- =EN • ;' -
E.pooguy, wtle have become the victim! oc,folithity
that dreadfal and dretrnetive habit
to an untimely grave tbousande of toitayr V
exalted talents and brilliant intellect:4l4 • _
Wise have entranced listening Senate.,of eloquence or waked to eostauy the lining,pisyi e ll
WWI fall connden - .
sCs .....- . 5.- .-:l
-410***:', - '•!', " 4, - •:..•71 - r . -"I id,e4, ~ : , ;.• ! .4-vi , -..04:.
.'..reugv —.., - . , iliii7 ....Ni hour* aifsilittawlernO v ixtd Cins‘
Addrairrei a nii macilliast, illyalehat. •- • -,. -
.i . ..i,.
1 .-''''..• '. 9 AMOMMI4IIOI_. 1199r* , '
ImMediatel - lad- IgUll , Vigoraestiand:. :• . -.-: -•--
,1 2.Aire*OldesitioliOrinide*Lili and liar-_ '
..$ . alidikitiniji th4sifflty siattAl his Tisinis of im
itahlrienefliOcAtiftioimmiia.ite timialield Ocillkial
- exinfonerriiist •lii4Nog,-..awat• of PitidOtat44l*9" -
qaoo9et.linatkil:litifs.,44l - rf nhiAlikt .11 1 , 4 4 9..
sUbJeetVll:rfiniDid Di ikerty Abaleche , pOW*Kif.meornw--'
Lion Is 101 l sooner kitithoscilailing into Dirtratier '• , CilsWits'•
than by the prudent 1 - Beafffelbeln deprived of theVisas
are of healthy offspring, the moat serious and destructive
symptoms to both body and mind arise. The system be-
Comes Deranged, the Physical and Mental Functions
Weakened, Loss of Procreative Pow or, Nervous Irritabil
ity, Dyspepsia, Palpitation of the Heart, Indigestion, Con
stitutional Debility, a wasting of the Frame, Cough, Cons
snmption, Decay and Death. -
Office. No. 7 South rrederick Street.
Left hand side going from italtimoro street, a few doors
from the corner. Fail not to observe name and number.
Letters meet be paid and contain a stamp. The Doetor'e
Diploma hangs In hie office.
A CURE WARRANTED IN
No Mercury or Nauseous Drugs.
Member of the Royal College ol Surgeons, London, Grad
uate from one of the mom eminent Colleges In the United
States, and the greater part of whose life hes been spent
in the hospitals of London, Paris, Philadelphia and else
where, has effected etane of the most astonishing cares
that were ever known; many troubled wish ringing , in
the heed and ea. When asleep, great nervousness, being
alarmed at sudden sounds, bashfulness, with frequent
blushing, attended sometime with derangement of mind,
were cured immediately.
hr:t4 , 111.4?-1,31 , '
Dr. J. addrel.sos all alarm, who Lye injured themselves
by improper indulgence and solita.ry habits, which rein
both body and mind, unfitting them for either bueiners,
Andy, society or marriage.
..Crimm are some of titel;a4 and melancholy effects pro
duced by early habits uf youth, viz: Weakness of the
Back and Limbs, Palns in the Head, Dimness of Bight,
Loss of Aluacular Power, Palpitation of the Heart, Dys
pepsia, Nervous Irritability, Derangement of the Digestive
Functions,General Dehility,Syniptontsof Connumption,Ste.
Manse .r.—The fearful effects on the mind are touch to
be dreaded—Loss of Memory, t;onfimion of Wean Lepree
alone of Spirits, Evil Forbodinge, Aversion to Society, Self-
Distrust, Love of Solitude, Timidity he., are someef the
Trioitt 4 et ett toppla,
tows F 'thin - c 'AKeir go;
htleibMal‘. Zoete,- Milano seem ow
• li ket*ltrigniii, x . '
Who I,l ' 4 gliutedAttraceritx a carte& Pnottee ,
gedin when aloie. ha •rftegiwictlip rearnedlttorktur
corepardonaror atoehoot 'i`Pftwfkof whir:Vire ntahtt
felkeowa what asleep, Let ffhtaratied eadart marriage:l
Imptcodbla,. and desire's both mind and bodyi ap- I
telfeei theta soul
inianieltes to prom, .aippinees. faileei, with
onitpliese the Jeanie, through life becomes a weary pit-
IMAIIIPI iIN Prellpent bowl) Mutat' to the view; the
inlng.wecomeolibatviwwl with despair and Ailed with the
nosilineholy reflection that the happlants of another he-
COMM blighted with oar own.
.1)1111:1134511 of lIIMPILI7.III2INCE.
Idtit&bigralt4, 'and ',liapradent *ataxy of pleasure;
Ai ' - issiablbd the essdantrthteratufurdlsenee,
it too .° ' ripens that en ;111-timed sense of shame, or
dread of diseiiVery, deters him from applying to thosewho,
from education Lad respectability, can alone befriend him,
delaying till the constitutional symptoms of thin horrid
disease make their appearance, such as ulcerated gore
throat, diseased nose, nocturnal pains is the head and
limbs, dim mom of eight, deafness, nodes on the chin-bones
and arms, blotches on the head, face and extremities, pro
gressing with frightful rapidity, till at last the palate of
the month or the 'Donee of the nose fall in, and the victim
of tide awful disease becomes a horrid object of commis
eration, till death puts a period to hie dreadful sufferings,
by bending him to that Undiscovered Country from
whence no traveller returns."
It le a meletucholy fact that thousands fall victims to
this terrible disease, owing to the nnekilifalness of ignor
ant protendeau, who, by the nag of that Deadly POißoh,
Mercury, rain the constitution and make the reeldue
Treat not your Item, or health, to the care of many On
learged and worthless Pretenders, destitute of knowledge,
name or character, who copy Or. Johnston's advertise
ments, or style themselves, In the newspapers, regularly
Educated Physicians, incapable of Curing, they keep you
trilling month after month taking their filthy and poison
ous compounds, or as long as the smallest fee can be ob.
tained, and in despair, leave you with ruined health to
sigh over your own galling disappointment.
Dr. Johnston is the only Physician advertising.
His credentials or diplomas always hang in his oaks.
Ells remedies or treatment are unknown to all others,
prepared from a life spent in the great hospitals of Europe,
the first in the country and a more extensive Private
Practice than any other Physician In the world.
aNsonsommirair or Tall
The many thouenda cured at this Institution year after
year, and the numerous important Surgical Operations
performed by Dr. Johnston, witnessed by the reporters of
the •' Sao." "Clipper." and many other papers. notices of
which bare appeared again and again before the public,
beeides hie standing as a gentlemen of Shittaakee tad re
sponsibility, is a sufficient guarantee to the afflicted.
Skin Diseases Speedily Cured.
4 No lettere received unless pest-paid and containing
a thump Wbe 'tied on the reply. rereone writing aboard
state ago, and send portion of advertisement describing
SORN M. JOBNBTON ■ Iff. IL,
WILLIAM PENN HOUSE,
CORNER OF PENN AND TENTH STR,
BERTOLETTE GRANT, Proprietor.
rrll/S HOUSE BEING A LICENSED TAVERN,
the best of Liquore are kept at the Bar, and as good
at able tos any other Dotal In tire horlety_ deeetalliodi
lions for Boarders and Travellers, Charges reasonable.
ril?' Lunch from 9 to 11 o'clock, daily. Pane 6-tf
LADIES' CLOAKS I
A BEAUTIFUL ASSORTMENT OF
A NEW AND ELEGANT ARTICLE FOR
.ICa .416 Jo , x 31: 107 3IM -EL ,
MIST RECEIVED AND FOR SALE BY
JAMESON & CO.,
CORNER OF SIXTH AND PENN STS.
COAL OILI GOAL OIL I
An, BARRELS COAL OIL JUST RECEIVED
stock, which will be sold at the lowest wholesale
and retail Fria., by OEO. LERCEI & CO.,
Oat 17.1 GU Market Square, IleadittO, Pa
500 Near Shape Stoop Skirts,
OTIIE BEST QUALITY, JUST OPENED
J and for onlo nt low Prim,
f74OR SALE AT THE OLD JAIL, 200 WHIET
Granite Tea Setts of the newest style.
' IOR SALE AT THE OLD JAIL, 360 GRANITE
Dinner Setts of the newest style.
08. SALE AT THE OLD JAIL, 1000 SETS
7 Common Teaware.
ipIQR SALE AT THE OLD JAIL, THE LARO
eat assortment of Liverpool Ware ever offered in
FOR SALE AT THE OLD JAIL, A LARGE
assortment of Pittsburgh, Boston and Preach Glass
ware of every description.
VOR SALE AT THE OLD JAIL, THE CHOW
.I2 eat variety of Bar and Rotel Glare, China and Queens
ware furniture ever offered in Reading.
.FR SALE AT THE OLD JAIL, 60 BARRELS
Racterol 1$ ridladelptd!..Priose•
an - waLIAIE BROM% Jr .
THE COLLEGE GATE.
[Poloy's fine etatue of Goldsmith stands now in front of
Trinity Cottage, In this city, where it commandethe aduli.
ration of everybody. It to only placed there in a tempo
rary way, but when the pedestal Is completed the statue
wilt be erected upon it and inaugarated with due cere•
" lie took bls depot of Bachelor of Arts on the 27th of
Fehrnaey-,17911.711 . 40an tkeloineliitheller."—Foltere
'NOV C ArragritkY
414 a 1111
*Li Vs St;
.! ; • `St HottfeatodelepsLtll #ei 414 y
ThO iellubbed blur w4o , 7linehon the Mt!" ,
• .;Yee itotito of ogre;
L iffiltehna etd tdmbtB d inlstiir,rl7
"444 6-, 001.011 0 1010:v# •
11 Wiert4i , luitW , VtAlaitak f litOrniO40'' . " . , '
I: l l4Wilint a=a foinkdittotalrhareow.T2.
' Mafia tit t
'With soaking?* earth to direst;
liCihnitta drawing room
': .. .ritro , l4:*4+l4Atatel" -
h ik ka
41a . 'iani nithared up in ; '
"What—what shall I tarn to—Phyalo, or Law? ' -
Or Divinity—folly to try !
°The colt, or the mitre—it le not for mo
I shall ne'er be addrosied ea ' my lord :'
And as for the baton, or Hag—blase my heart!
• Only fancy poor Noll with a sword
" Well ! jests, at leash at the gate again
None shall fling at the Gradnate'e ' head ;
since fellowships, scholarships are not for me,
I'll take to soy flute for my bread!"
Now as you enter that college gate,
Lilt up your eyes and you'll see,
Towering . over your hada, a bronze,
In Its proud serenity.
Teal the Milting from that wretched flute
To the ends of the earth have aped;
Though "1ioll" was a drudge Co long as he lived
He's deified now that We dead.
And what Is Ulla world!—the college gate,
Threugh which pules may eliuk with diem
The list Is the measure of life's seams,
And the statue is posthumous fame.
Alone I walk the peopled city
Where each been]e happy with hie own :
0 frieode, I :ink not for your pity—
I walk alone.
- Ifo more for me yon lake rojoloso;,' , . L
TL ugh wooed by loOlogpYro,gf.44ribit„
44b, i t mrroweiii•Akro4ls.4lAOlTio;tl.';,,.,
. is lanai a hnthery ePrike' .01.*
L. - 4 ,, In Tail thf eTcnteg'f stain' InaT41 I 1 !; - ! . V .. ::: a.
,•, 7 : -" j''
• - -
In "Alb yon;:beanty,loifir
Yet well I know the tole, of Duty,
And therefore lire 'and .bealtb Must "erive r
Though she who gave the world its basely
Is in her grave.
I 11% 0 loot 000 I for ibo Bola
Who drew their earliest 11fe from thee..
dnd wait, until with glad thanksgiving,
I ..hall be free.
For life to me to tat a station
Whereto, apart, a traveller stands—
One absent long from home and nation,
In other lands—
And I as he w ho stands and listens,
Amid the twilight's chill and gloom,
To hear, approaching In the diatoms,
The train for home.
For death shall bring another making—
Beyond the shadows•ot the tomb,
On yonder shore a bride is waiting
Until I come.
In yonder geld are children playing,
And there—oh, vision of delight
I see a child and mother Waging
In robee of white,
Then, then, the longing heart that brashest,
Stealing the tteaeuree one by one,
I'll call the blessed when thou makeet
Gaits sub 3iiicivs.
A PERILOUS HOUR.
I was apprenticed to a decorative painter, but
being of a bold, danger loving turn, I ran away
to sea beforo my time was out.
After some years of knocking about, I got
tired of a maritime life, and having married and
determined to stick to the shore, I got work with
a builder, whiles peculiar line lay in greeting
tall chimneys. I had alwaytt a cool head, and
could stand on elevations that made most men
dizzy, and so was soon - aferferite hand with my
We had on one cesoigiipltrte fasten a lightning
Conductor, which had ' sprung near the top of a
very high chimney, and Mr. Shaming chose my
self and one James Colly to do it, as the most
daring of his inert. About half a doom of us
went that morning with a handcart, containing
the necessary ropes, blocks, the kite, and a box
or cradle. Having flown the kite, and dropped
its line across the top of the chimney, we soon
drew up a rope, at the end of which was a block,
through which ran the line whereby we were to
be drawn up.
Cony had only been married a fortnight, and
as we stepped into the cradle the men bantering
ly asked him if he hadn't a last dying speech for
hie wife; and then, Mr. Staining having shaken
hands with us and bid us be cool and steady, we
were drawn slowly up. It was known all over
town that the conductor was to be fixed, though
as the day was not named, I did not expect we
should have spectators; but as we got Meter,
and the view opened under our feet, I saw that
the Streets were already thronged with starers.
Cony was very quiet, and when I waved my cap
to the people, he said, snappishly, that this was
no time for such folly, and that he thought I
might think of better things than how to amuse
those gaping fools who, he dared say, desired
no better than to see us meet with en accident,
I bad come up in the best heart, thinking, in.
deed, nothing about the danger we incurred ; but
as we drew nearer and nearer to the top, and '
had nothing, as it eeerned, belonging to this
world near to us but this straining rope, I began
to see the peril of the undertaking. What Colly
thought of it, I don't know—he eat at Milk.
A. M. HART,
Fl•ani lhv. Llet!ilin Unitweitg Mailazine.
SATURDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 5, 1863.
torn of the cradle, never looking out, though
told him he would do hater to keep his eyes
about him, so that he might grow used to the
Good Heaven! what was this? Here We were
within a yard of the top projecting coping, and
still they were winding away without slacking
the speed in the least! I guessed in a moment
that they mistook our height, and that with the
great purchase of that windlass the rope would
be broken when the cradle eamelcithe block. I
sprang up, and catching the rope, climbed hand
over hand to the coping. f . Golly,:too, sprang op
and followed Me. e ' Go got safe and still
they went on. winding up; till the rope gang again
with the strain , there was upon
Then it snapped, and oinfile, hauling line, and
the Miln topfrit, , with its bloOth- Tikatv
Appinktyo'io94'• mak led,knWin . kkiespetii.te,
4104:thisipmftionetffgot"the leg, lah . WSli'
only; a fteit'.jind a biObilild, heolid
."Where ein I pray f.L4hoie osii I l cel and
n o d no I: said very solemnly
•- • • ,
;;•;, Ged will. , fieer us if we pray
1 1 4eaolai of his face war of a transparent
blue; ineii.-maa distorted and twitching; as if
he was in a fit. Ric ii3Pea were very.wild, and
drawn into a squint, and he couldn't sit steady,
but swayed his body backward and forward, so
that I felt certain he must topple over.
a4Y.; ~ M
"Come, Jem, lad," I said, thinking to take
the fright off him, "it's bad enough, but it can
be mee'itst flitch up a bit and put year arm
around the rod—may be it will steady you."
" Where are you ? and where is the rod?" he
asked, in a hollow voice, though he was looking
straight at me, and the rod vs only a foot or
two to his left. By this I knew that he had gone
blind with fright, and self yr enervation said,
don't go near him ; bat then remembered Mt
new wedded wife, and that taking him all
through he was always a decent fellow; and I
thought how I should have liked him to have
done if I had been in his case ; so I determined
to run a bit of risk in his favor. Of course, I
durst not get on my feet, but working myself on
my hands, I got to him, and putting , my arm
round his waist, 4. and telling him as cheerily as I
could to keep cool, I him with hie arm round
the rol. however,.epting•tbe stapling
frzir'Ve yards down, and it was so loose that it
'1:31l Witt hint and I eapeeted any minute to
Seetilkfalti4 head and heels down, and 49 rod
Baring away..with him. •
-.Therea great bustle down belOW ; people
weroameltint,round the yard and pushing to gat
in; prat ne yei t there ,Wera but Some score of men
at ti, fiot - of 4chinsnei, and; by looking
69 40 9 4 en a ilimitan4 carry
- i ;:'_~ ice'' .~'
While I was welshing them'below, feeling sor
ry for my poor master, I was startled by a wild
laugh from Colly, who began , making catcalls,
and yelling as if he was poeeeised Then I
knew, of course, that be had gone mad.
Even now I tremble when I think of that time;
it was horrible to peer down the shaft, black and
sooty and yawning, and scarcely less so to look
outside and see a flight of pigeons, sweeping
round at considerably lees height than we were.
Then Colly—thank God he was so dazed that. he
could not see me—called my name 1.6`40
as I sat fairly cringing in dread that his sight
might clear ; and with a grin, and chewing with
his mouth, be began working himself towards
me. I worked away from him as noiselessly as I
could, with every hair of my head standing on
end. He followed ivrioe round that horrid coping,
making most hideous noises, and then being once
more aside of the rod, he got it into his muddled
head that I had fallen over, for he never lost a
sense of where he was all through this trying
time. Then he tried to get on his feet; but, at
the risk of my own life, I could not let the poor
fellow rush on certain death without one more
effort; and I cried out to him to sit, down, and
he cowered down like a whipped dog, dllitremb—
ling. I suppose it had been pikt intqiis head
that I was a dead man spealNetkliire*
That, morning my wife' je a a litter from
her sister in Canada, anOteAhite werettprtrie we
could not makeput, I had , pitt,i,t,,,its,p#,..;pooket,
intending to get our Gine-keel*, to road it for
me. It had a eater, of rinetetereNiptint at 'the
bottom ; and byenother goo , ,vi,
petted to liere a bit of re -- -
peaket. I wrote OR di 14- dowio 7 -
Colly'e gone mad ;" this)whin fn, Wiy.tobit4o-.
box, and wee fortunate•ericingti jutikto drop kit
the feet of a oouple of"men Who Vie standing
by the engine -house ' • '
Directly all was bustle to.rasnueil % Thiiygot
the kite up agaie, atitt 1414teli t elevAltig
slowly—slowly; and wheOthe.sl k twine'lell
between Golly and myself, , took itin my hand,
and could have kissed it. Poor Golly, with his
teeth chattering, still fancied I was a spirit, and
I did all I could to favor that idea until they got
another cradle up to us. Then, having got him
in, I scrambled in myself, and clutching him
fast, I shouted for them to lower; and so we
got down, he Wrestling and fighting me all the
He was in the madhouse for some months,
and then went to acavengering, for he never
could face any height again ; and I have never
had the same clear head since that adventure.
I cannot tell where childhood ends. and man
hood begins; nor where manhood ends, and old
age begins. It is a wavering and uncertain line,
not straight and definite, Which borders betwixt
the two. But the outward character' ... old
.3 s l
age are obvious enoug Abe IWO
Man is co
~,: 44 41 tat forty, .- , -
fifty. A . 7 ' - th y ahrinktki l'
height 46 :"' r k as tit cartilage be
and 0,7,'"r '' airNene and t
'ram's:f . ‘,4 , t" alio beoomee,,j a:.
have less animal and more earthy matter. Tho
senses decay, slowly and handsomely. The eye
is not so sharp, and while it penetrates further
into space, it has less power clearly to define
the outline of what it nee. The ear is dull; the
appetite less. Bodily heat is lower ; the breath
produces less carbonic acid than before. The old
man consumes less food, water and air. The
hands grasp less strongly ; the feet lees firmly
tread. The lungs suck the breast of heaven
with less powerful collapse. The eye
, and ear
take not so strong a hold upon•tha*orld
And the big meaty sok,
Taming again to childish ttibitiontriesAyr . .. , ,,
And whistles In nommen. , •-•
Tha animal ..life : is making reifiy- gtobti4
The very old man lovia ibiktinshittecti*ttliii fire,'
the arm -chair and shady nook.
L would kale the fall rows apple from lie bough`,
full ripe, fell-colo; &p
- `43teriittletO4reippn• . activity s
Whioltittt.:thw- , onngnparAt las. eflP•
thilikalitetild Inittik. l, '4ele:neevipturesine
he keetilf# hied; ,ttAget . wiee s t ile . klm late
quickening lifej now Aitgt.d.tly , l's no more
buzzing in hisiati. Midatne de Steel finds com
pensation in science for the decay of the passion
that once fired her blood; but heathen Socrates,
seventy years old, thanks the gods that he is now
free from that " ravenous beast," which had
disturbed Ma philosophic meditations for many a
year. Romance is the child of Passion and
agination ; the sudden father that, the long pro
traction mother this. Old age has little romance.
Only some rare man, like Wilhelm Von Humboldt,
keeps it still fresh in his bosom.
In intellectual matters, the venerable man
loves to recall the old times, to revive his favorite
old men—no new ones half so fair. So in Ho
mer, Nestor, who is the oldest of the Greeks, is
always talking of the old times, before the
grandfathers of men then living had come into
being; ..not such as live in those degenerate
days." Verse loving John Quincy Adams turns
off from Byron and Shelley and Wieland and
Cloethe, and returns to Pope,
Who planed hle childhood and Informed hle youth
The pleasure of hope is smaller; that of memo
ry greeter. It is exceedingly beautiful that it
ie so. The venerable man loves to set recollection
to best the roll.oall, and summon up from the
grave the old time, " the good old time,"—the
old plaices, old friends, old games, old talk, nay,
to his ear, the old familiar tunes are sweeter
than anything that Medelssohn, or Strauss, or
Rossini can bring to pass. Elder Brewster ex
pods to hear St. Martin's and Old Hundred
chanted in Hiaven. Why not? To him Heaven
comes in the long . used mpsioal tradition, not . in
the neologies or eonti. • • (. •
* * *. : : 16 ,•
Then the !choler becomes as ttitiquary ;;Ae,
aged' man leeks round'at thet4tsen ; holopes
less and works''mcire.: ea Juan locks beck
on thellelds be has t: “ this is the tree I
planted ;, t ' ,Iyfoo p,' , and he loves his
, , .
old hen, oarriago. oat, dog, staff and
friendr...in *here the vine grows, I have
seen an ' elding ' lean ;14 long, a sunny autumn
day, beim his cottage door; in a great arm
chair, his 'old dog crouched at hie feet, in the
genii:Kull The autumn wind played with the
old man's venerable hairs ; above him on the
wall, purpling in the sunlight, hung the full
cluster of the grape, ripening and maturing still
more. The two were just alike ; the wind stir.
red the vine leaves,•and they fell; stirred the old
man's hair and it whitened yet more. Both were
waiting for the spirit in them to be fully ripe.
The young man looks forward; the old man looks
back. How long the shadows lio in the eetting
enn ; the steeple a mile long reaching across the
plain, as the sun stretched out the Wile in gro-
tesque dimensions. So are the events of life in
the old man's consciousness.— Theodore Parker.
THE EARL OF ROCHESTER.
Among all the gay courtiers who crowded
round Charles lf, none was more celebrated
for his conviviality and wit than the Earl of
itochester. Ife early displayed remarkable tel
eat, and was much distinguished at Oxford; had
he lived in better times, he would probably have
graced his high birth ; but, after making the
grand tour, as it was called, be came to court at
the early ago of eighteen, there quickly to be
come the leader of every excess. ALI his com
panions found that his wit was greater at the
close of a long debauch than at the beginning, it
„vim their amusement to make him drink deeply,
he himself confessed that for five years he
neier sober. During this time he was writ
:ing„.initires and squibs upon all around him,
/may be supposed, making himself many
conies; In one instance he handed the king a
lialter which Charles opened in the expectation of
finding a droll description of some ladies, but it
proved to be a witticism on the monarch himself.
On another occasion, he scribbled on Charles's
bedroom door the well-known mock epitaph :
. 6 mere lien our sovereign lord the king
Whose word no nine relics on;
Who never says a foolish thing,
Nor ever does a wine one."
lie joined Charles in many of his wild pranks in
the streets of London. At one time he disap
peared from the court. Just then stories were
circulated about a wonderful physician, necro
mancer, or Italian mountebank, who was premi
sing on Tower II111; those who consulted him
were startled when they found him disclosing
secrets which they hoped were known to none
hut their most intimate friends; the life of the
Court 'seemed laid bare by his wonderful powers;
and nothing was talked of for some time until
the shrewder minds felt sure that only Roches
ter's talent could carry on such a game, and so
it proved, At other times he was inimitable as
a porter or a beggar ; indeed, he could personate
any character to perfection.
That be had a spirit for better things, had be
been wisely directed, is evident from his volun
teering to join the Earl of Sandwich when he
went to sea in 1COd; during the engagementthat
followed, it was necessary that a dispatch should
he carried from one ship to another in the very
• : the fight, and In an open boat. Roohee—
twmillsep this mission, at the imminent risk of
Ills PAO -4111tC I, the court used to
Autittlint ";, avoiding the duels
4 4 / 1 ) 01".*
: $1.,50 YEA, 1 3_, IN- _Lk . A/NCE.
which hi; brought upon him. Sir C
Serope thtm wrdto OF him :
"Thou caned hurt no man'. Inane with thy pi word,
Thy pen to full Re hannlens a. thy
His constitution was not strong enough to hear
his eircesaes, and early broke up; then, con
vinced of his pest folly, he sent fur Dr. Burnet,
wads oonfossion of his reckless life and negation
of all religion, and entreated to have hie double
about Christianity dispelled. Burnet has left a
touching account of the unfortunate nobleman's ,
last &Lye; be desired that all his wicked writings
nitoyitteetroyed, and longed to undo the evil
heti by making his deep repentance
liktrtsi.tOst*lge svorhtlittlied at the early
age of:hliirtAlireibilte4, - --
• ‘e •
41 CHA PTERIii 4: i
- • .
2 1: 41 1PlAttbeliwatfare perhaps the most
impious end so deli—
tp both arlght. - ind scent, The walker is
fretpiently tempted to turn and linger near some
more than usually handsome one, whose blossoms
are two•thirds expanded. flow superior•it is in
these respects to the pear, whose blossoms are
neither colored nor fragrant !
By the middle of July, green apples are so
large as to remind us of coddling, and of the
Autumn. The award is commonly strewed with
little ones which fall still-horn, as it were—Na-
ture thus thinning them for us. The Roman
writer Palladius said : t. If apples are inclined
to fall before their time, a stone placed in a split
root will retain them." Some such notion, still
surviving, may account for some qf the stones
which we see placed to be overgrown in the forks
of trees. They have a saying in Suffolk, England:
At Michaelmas tin's, nr a little before,
flair an apple goes to the core."
Early apples begin to be ripe about the first
of August; but I think that none of them are
so good to eat as some to smell. One is worth
more to scent a handkerchief with than any per
fume which they sell in the shops. The fra
grance of some fruits is not to be forgotten,
along with that of flowers. some gnarly, apple
which I pick up in the road reminds me by its
fragrance of all the wealth of Pomona—carrying
me forward to those days when they will be col
lected in golden and ruddy heaps in the orchard
and about the cider-mills.
A week or two later, as you are going by or
chards or gardens, especially in the evenings,
you pees through a little region possessed by the
fragrance of ripe apples, end rim enjoy them
without price, and without robbing anybody.
There is thus about all natural products a cer
•tain volatile and othereaj• 'quality which repre
!onto their highest value, and. which cannot be
.iirtilgarlastkor banght . a4pAck No mortal he'
i! joy'erl the PaTtollavor of any fruit, and
""i-.;gaiNg men begin to taste its
Man twirryliag a load of fair end fragrant early
apples to market, I seem to eec e. contest going
on between him and his horse on the one side
and the apples on the other, and, to my mind,
the tipples always gain it. T'lioy mop that ap
plies are the heaviest of all things, and that the
oxen begin to sweat at the mere sight of a load
of them. Our driver begins to lose his load the
moment he tries to transport them to where they
do not belong, that is, to any but the most beau
tiful. Though he gets out, from time to time,
and feels of them, and thinks they aro all there,
I see the stream of their evanescent and coley
dal qualities going to heaven from hie cart,
while the pulp and skin and core only are going
to market. They are not apples, but pomace.
Are not these still Iduna's apples, the taste of
which keeps the gods forever young ? and think
you that they will let Loki or Nand carry them
off to Jittunheim, while they grow wrinkled and
gray? No, for Ragnariik, or the destruction of
the gods, is not yet.
There is another thinning of the fruit, com
monly near the end of August or in September,
when the ground is Strewn with windfalls; and
this happine especially when high winds 000ur
after rain. In some orchards you may see fully
three quarters of the whole crop on the ground,
lying in a circular form beneath the trees, yet
hard and green—or, if it is a hill-side, rolled far
down the hill. However, it is an ill wind that
blows nobody any good. All the country over,
people are busy picking up the windfalls, and
this will make them cheap for early apple-pies.
In October, the leaves fallin a apples are
more distinct on the trees. I saw one year in a
neighboring town some trees fuller of fruit than
I remember to have ever seen before, small yel
low apples hanging over the road. The branches
were gracefully drooping with their weight, like
a barberry bush, so that the whole tree acquired
a new character. Even the topmost branches,
instead of standing erect, spread and drooped
in all directions ; and there were so many poles
supporting the lower ones, that they looked like
pictures of banian trees. As an old English
manuscript Bays, " The mo appelen the tree
bereth, the more eche boweth to the folk."
Surely the apple is the noblest of fruits. Let
the most beautiful or the swiftest hit'ic it. That
should be the " going" price of apples.
THE WILD APPLE AND ITS FLAVOR
The time for wild apples is the last of October
find the first of November. They then get to be
palatable, for they ripen late, and they are still
perhaps as beautiful as ever. I mho a great
amount of three fruits. which the fikrmers do not
think it worth the while In enfher—wild flavors
of the Muse, vivacious anti inqpirit log. The
farmer thinks that he has I,ntkr in his barrels,
hat lie is mistaken, urlesti h a walker's ap
petite and imagination. neillyr of Which can lie
Such as grow trite wild. and are left out till
the first of November. i presume that the owner
does not mean to T?:ey belong to child
ren as wild as themselves—to c..-nain active boys
that r know—lo tho wild-eyed woman of the
fields, to whom nothing comes amiss, who gleans
after all the world—and, moreover, to us walk
ers, We have met with them, and they are ours,
These rights, long enough insisted upon have
oome to be an institution in some old countries,
where they have learned how to live. I have
heard that 11 the custom of grippling, which may
be called apple gleaning, is, or was formerly,
practiced in Herefordshire. It consists in leav
ing a few apples, which are called the gripplos,
[VOL. XXIV - NO. :33. - WHOLE NO. 1997.
on every tree, after the general gathering, for
the boye, who go with elliahlog-pules and bags
to collect them."
As for those I speak nf, I pluck thou' as a wild
fruit, native to this quarter of the earth—fruit
of , tid trees that, have been dying ever since I
was a boy and are not yet dead, frequented only
by the wcodpecker and thesquirrel, deserted now
by the owner, who has not faith enough to look
under their bows. From the appearance of the
tree top, at a distance, you would expect noth
ing but lichens to drop from it, but your faith
is rewarded by finding the ground strewn with
spirited fruit—some of it, perhaps, collected at
squirrel-holes, with the marks of their teeth by
which they carried them—some containing a
cricket or two silently feeding within, and some,
especially in damp days, a Aeneas snail. The
very sticks and stones lodged in the tree-top
might have convinced you of the savoriness of
the fruit which has been so eagerly sought after
in past years.
Almost all wild apples are handsome. They
cannot be too gnarly and crabbed and rusty to
look at. The gnarliest will have some redeem
ing traits even to the eye. You pill diii6OVeP
some evening redness dashed or sprinkled on
some protuberance or in some cavity. It is rare
that the Summer lets an apple go wilt etrenking
or spotting it on some part of its sphere. It
will have some red stains, commemoratin g the
mornings and evenings it has witnessed; some
dark and rusty blotches, in memory of the clouds
and foggy, mildewy days that have passed over
it; and a spacious field of green reflecting the
general face of Nature—green even as the fields ;
or a yellow ground, which implies a milder flavor
—yellow as the harvest, or russet as the hills.
Apples, these I mean, unspeakably fair...ap•
pies not of Discord, but of Concord! Yet not
so rare but that the homeliest may have a share.
Painted by the frosts, some a uniform clear
bright yellow, or red, or crimson, as if their
spheres had regularly revolved, and enjoyed the
influence of the sun on all sides alike—some with
the faintest pink blush imaginable—some brind
led with deep red streaks like a cow, or with
hundreds of Sue blood-red rays running regu
larly from the stem dimple to the blossom end,
like meridional lines, on a grim oolored ground
—come touched with a greenish rust, like a fine
lichen, here and there, with crimson blotches or
eyes more or less confluent and fiery when wet—
and others gnarly, and freckled or peppered all
over on the stem Milo with fins crimson 04 on
a. white ground, no if accidentally sprinkled from
the brush of Dim who paints the Autumn leaves.
Others, again, are sometimes red innifie, potful
eil with a beautiful blush, fairy food, too beauti
ful to eat—apple of Ilin Hesperides, apple of the
evening sky I But. like shells and pebbles en the
seashore s they must be seen as they sparkle amid
the withering leaves in some dell in the woods,
in the Autumual air, or as they tie in the wet.
'itritas, and not when they have wilted and faded
in the house.
I * ,
Toward the end of November, though some of
the sound ones are yet more mellow and perhaps
more edible, they have generally, like the leaves,
lost their beauty, end are beginning to freeze.
It 14 fibiot-cold, and prudent fanners get In
their barreled apples, and bring you the apples
and eider which they have engaged; for it le
time to put them into the collar. Perhaps a few
on the ground show their red cheeks above the
early snow, and ocoasionally some even preserve
their color and soundness under the snow
throughout the Winter. lint generally at the
beginning of the Winter they freeze hard, and
soon, though undecayed, acquire the color of a
Before the end of December, generally, they
experience their first thawing. Those which a
month ago were sour, crabbed, and quite unpal
atable to the civilized taste, sueh at least as were
frozen while sound, let a warmer sun come to
thaw them, for they are extremely sensitive to
its rays, are found to be filled with a rich, sweet
cider, better than any bottled cider that I know
of, and with which I am better acquainted than
with wine. All apples are good in this elate,
and your jaws are the eider•press. Others, which
have more substance, are a sweet and luscious
food—la my opinion, of more worth than the
pine•appies whit* are imported from the West
Indies. Those which lately even I tasted only
to repent of it—for I am semi-civilized—which
the farmer willingly left on the tree, I em now
glad to find, have the property of hanging on
like the leaves of the young oaks. It is a way
to keep cider sweet without boiling. Let the
frost come to freeze them first, solid as atones,
and then the rain or a warmVinter day to thaw
them, and they will seem to have borrowed a
flavor from Heaven through the medium of the
air in which they hang. Or perchance you And
when you get home that those which rattled in
your pocket have thawed, and the ice is turned
to older. But after the third or fourth freezing
and thawing, they will not be found so good.
What are the imported half•ripe fruits of the
torrid South, to this fruit matured by the cold of
the frigid North ? These are those crabbed ap
plea with vihiek I Olmsted my companion, and
kept a smooth face that I might tempt him to eat.
Now we both greedily fill our pockets with them
—bending to drink the cup and save our lappets
from the overflowing juice and grow more social
with their wine. Was there one that hung so
high and sheltered by the tangled branches that
our sticks could not dislodge it ?
It is a fruit never Carried to market, that I am
aware of—quite distinct from the apples of the
markets, as from dried apples and cider—and it
is not every Winter that produces it in perfection:
HOW NEAR WE ARE TO DEATH.
A writer in the Independent thus dieenurees on
our nearness to death;
44 When we walk near powerful machinery, we
know that one single misstep and those mighty
engines would tear us to ribbons with their fly
ing wheels, or grind us to powder in their poll.
tterous jaws. So, when we are thundering across
the land in the rail car, and there is nothing but
half an inch of flange iron to hold es upon the
track, 59 when we arc at sea in a ship, and
there is nothing but the thickness of a plank be
tweemus and eternity. We imagine then that
we see how close we are to the edge of a preci
pice. But we de pot see it. Whether on sea or
land, the partition which divides us from eternity,
is something thinner than an oak plank or half
an inch of flange iron. The machinery of life
and death are within tin. The tissues that bold
those beating power§ Irk their plane, are often
not thicker than a piece of paper, and if that
thin portion were pierced, it would be the same
with us as if a cannon ball had struck us. Death
is inseparably bound up with life in the very
structure of our bodies. Struggle as he will to
widen the space, no man can at any time go
further from death.than the thickness of a stow
TUE " FROZEN-THAWED " APPLE