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PUBLISHED WEEKLY IN THE CITY OF READING, aliliS COUNTY, PA.---TilltivlS: 81,50 A YEAR IN ADVANCS
J. LAWRENCE *GETZ, EDITOR.]
PUBLISHED RIMY . SATURDAY MORBIBG
Me Farmers* corner of Penn
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Fifth strait, ad
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lbements, at the above rates.
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cational object % 9110 ball tbo abcTs calks,
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tweetet advertisers for all =Were not relating strictly
to their business.
PRINTING OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
Executed in a superior manner, at the very loured prices.
Oar ametment et Jos Tres in large and faehionable, end
*di Work glints for Welt
BLANES OF ALL KINDS,
Including PARCHMENT and PAPER DEEDS, MORTGAGES,
Molise, ARTICLES or AGREEMENT, LEASES, and a variety of
Je,,Ttess' BRANEN, kept constantly fur sale, or printed to
EDWARD H. SHEARER,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.—OFFICE IN COURT
street, North side Reading, Pa. - [aril 26-6 too.
WILLIAM IL LIYINGOOD, ATTORNEY AT
LLW, has removed his office to the north side of
Court street arm door below Sixth. [dee 22-tf
JESSE G. HAWLEY,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
OFFICE WITH S. L. YOUNG, ESQ., PENN
Street, above Sixth, Stendlog, P.,
imp Will be at Friedensburg, every Thursday.
September 29, 1860-Iy*
TTORNEY AT LAW—HAS REMOVED HIS
omce 0 th e QHcc loioly occupied by the Hen. David
Gordon, decsamed, in as= tomtit, oppecite the Court
1141111113. [april 14
ATTORNEY AT LAW—OFFICE IN NORTH
thuh.treet, Carper of 001111 alley. [sag 13-1 y
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN
"T Foreign and Domestit DRY GOODS, No. 22 Sant
see street, Beading, Pa. [March 10, 1860.
United States Bounty, Back Pay and
COURT STREET, NEAR SIXTH.
AAITING BEEN ENGAGED IN COLLECT-
Iug claims availed the Ouvernment, I feel eel:lndent
that all who have heretofore employed me will cheerfully
endorse my promptness and Sdellty. My amigos are
moderateand no charge snide until obtained.
WILLIAM IL LIVINOOOD,
oct IS-if] Attorney at Law, Court St., Reading, Pa
ASA M. BART,
Late 'Mart & Mayer,)
InEALER IN FOREIGN AND AMERICAN
J DRY GOODS, CARPRTINGS, &c., Wholesale and Re
a% at Philadelphia prices. Sign of the Golden Bee Hive,
No. 14 Said Penn Square. [aprill7-13
P. Bnahong & Sons, .
ANUFACTURERS OF BURNING FLUID,
Absolute, Deodorized and Druggists' Alcohol; also,
hie Oil, which they will sell at the lowest Wholesale
prices, at Reading, Pa.
.rir Orders respectfnlly solicited.
DR: T.. YARDLEY BROWN;
GRADUATE OF PENNSYLVANIA
, • Dental College. Teeth extracted by Fran
' gi a a cis' Electra Magnetic process, with Clarke's
improvement. With this method teeth are
=ratted with - much lees pain than the aerial way. No
extra chimps. Office in Filth street, opposite the Presbyte
rian CAurch. [april 2-1 y
Dr. G. M. MILLER,
SURGEON DENTIST, FROM THE
7 " -- 7 College of Dental Surgery, Philadelphia.
Odle." At Ids reddened In Main street,
•• Hamburg, Pa.
Nip Teeth extracted ender the influence of Ether, or
by the Electro.Magnetio Machine, without extra charge.
Ea- lie ha. also Patent and other MEDICINES for sale
at hie °flee. [may Si
DR. D. LLEWELLYN BEAVER,
- united States Pension Surgeon.
MIXAMINATIONS OF INVALID PENSION
ERB and applicants for Pe11610215, from say State. and
Wboth the Army and Navy, madeat the cornerof Fifth and
ain% gad, Mu, 4 ir 4)Sce houre—from 12 to 2
P. n. R@
AS CONSTANTLY ON HAND A LARGE
.upply of Muslin., Print., Ohoeics, Ticking.. Shoat
age, Flannels, Crud, Tewvllugy &c ,, , which will be sold
cheap. Give as a call before Dorm elsewhere.
S. M. PETTENGILL & CO.,
No. 37 BASIC ROW, NEW-YORK, & 6 STATE ST., BOSTON,
Are Agents, for the Reading Gazette, to those altos and
an authorized to take Advertisement' and Banditti:me
for tug at our entabligglied ram
WATCHES, GOLD AND SILVER,
CLOCKS AND JEWELRY.
II RELIABLE IN QUALITY AND AT LOW
- MGM WATVII li - SYMAlML—Wittobes put in per
(era order and every one warranted for one year.
21. North Filth Street, Reading, Pa.
F. P. HELLER,
WATCHMAKER, JE WELER,
AND DEALER IN.
WATCHES, CLOCKS, JEWELRY,
QPOONS, SPECTACLES, GOLD PENS, ke.,
1,3 Signor the "BIG WATCH," No. 83..4 Ea Penn
Street, above Sixth, north Bide, Rending, Ps..
Wir Every article warranted to be what It is sold for
Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, Ste., repaired with particular
attention, and guaranteed. [feb 1-tf
Corner of Tim and Spruce Streets.
March 1 IL KEY RER & SON.
A PBEIIIIIII WILL BE PAID ON
IP.EILMIL 33.,EL1V1C. nrcrrmiso
EXCHANGE AND BANKING OPFICE
G. W. GOODRICH,
"S CAN CONSTANTLY BE HAD AT
LAMM S BREWSILY, corner of Third 11.11 d chestnut
2000 FLOWER POTS, AT THE OLD JAIL
oat 44f WM. BROAJW, Jr.
BALTIMORE LOCK HOSPITAL
EAVABLISHED AS A REFUGE FROM QUACKERY.
The Only ?lace Where a Cure Can be
DR. JOHNSTON RAS DISCOVERED THE
ta o St Certain, Speedy and only Effectual Remedy in
the World for all Private Diseases, 'Weakness or the Back
or Limbs. Strictures, affections of the Kidneys and Mad*
der, Involuntary Discharges. Impotency. General Debili
ty, Nervousness, Dyspepsia. Languor. Low Spirits, Conti:t
alon of Ideas. Palpitation of the Heart, 'timidity, Trembling,
Disoneas of Sight or Giddiness, Disease of the Head,
Throat, Nose or Skin, Affections of the Liver, Longs,
Stomach or Bowels—those Tet nide Disorders seeing from
the Solitary Habits of Youth—those sacker and solitary
practices more fatal to their victims than the song of nyretra
to the Harluera of Ulysses, blighting their most brillimle
Toped or anticipations, reudering marriage, &c., impossible.
Especially. who have het...teethe ' , nettles of Solitary Tice,
that dreadful and destructive habit which annually sweeps
to sm untimely grave thormancia of Young Men of the most
exalird talent!, and' brilliant intellect, who might other
wise have entrauc..d listening Senates, with the thunders
of eloquence or waked to eestasy the living lyre, may call
with fall confidence.
Married Persons, or Young Men conemplating marriage,
being aware of physical weakness, organic debility, defor
mities, Sic., speedily cured.
Be ylacen Wm.!f under the ear; of 1E1E..1 way ea
ligioualy confide in bin boner as a gentleman, and confi
dently rely upon his skill an a Physician.
Immediately Cared, and Fall Visor Restored.
Distrmsing Affection—which renders Life miserable
and marriage impossible...ls the penalty pail by the Tie
time of improper indulgenees. Yung persons are too apt
to commit excesses from riot being aware of the dreadful
consequences that may ensue. Now, who that understands
the subject will pretend to deny that the power of procrea
tion is lost sooner by those falling into improper habits
than by the prudent I Besides being deprived the pleas
ure of healthy offspring, the moat serious and destructive
aymptotnn to both body sod inOlod RAN, Tbct system be
comae Deranged, the Physical and. Mental Functions
Weakened, Loss of Procreative Power, Nervous Irritabill
ity, Dyspepsia, Palpitation of the Heart, Indigestion, Con
stitutional Debility, a Wasting of the Frame, Cough, Con
sumption, Decay end Death.
Office. 270. 7 South Frederiok Street.
Left hand side going from Baltimore street, a few doom
from the earner. Pall hot to observe name and number.
. . .
Letter. mnat be paid and contain a stamp -The Doctor's
Diplomas bang in his Mace. •
A CU& WARILANTILD IN
Aro Me mary or Nmsarcrese Drawn.
Member of the I:oyal College of Surgeon., London, Gradu
ate from one of the most eminent Colleges in the United
States. and the greater part of whose life has been spent in
the hospitals of London, Paris, Philadelphia and else
where, has effected some of the most astonishing cares that
were ever known: many troubled with ringing in the head
and ears when asleep, great narrow:m..B, being alarmed et
sudden eunuch, buchfulnetni with frequent blushing, at
tended sometimes with derangement of mind, were cured
TALI= rawricuLan. NOTICE.
Dr. J. addresses all those who have injured themselves
by improper indulgence and solitary habits which rain
both body and mind, unfitting them for either business,
study, ...ety or marriage.
THESE are some of the sad and melancholy eifccts produc
ed by early habits of youth, viz: Weakness of the Back sod
Limbs, Pains in the Head, Dimness of Sight, Loss of KM.
miler Power, Palpitation of the Heart, Dispepsy. Nervous
Irritability, Derangement of the Digestive Functions, Gen
eral Debility, Symptoms of Consumption, ke.
•lEENTA/4.l".—ThS fearful elects on the wind are rottek to
be dreaded—Lose of Memory, Confusion of Ideas, Depres
sion of Spirits, Evil Forebodings, aversion to Society,Self-
Distrust, Lore of Solitude, Timidity, Stc., are some of the
THOUSANDS of persons of all ages can now judge what is.
the cause of their dr Mining health, losing their Tiger,. be
coming weak, pale, earrona and emaciated, having' a Sill*
gular appearance about the eyes, cough and symptoms of
Who have injured themselves by a certain practice indul
ged in when alone, a habit frequently learned from evil
companions, or at school, theeffects of which are nightly
felt, even when asleep, and it not cored renders e
imposible. and detitroys both mind and body, should ap
What a, pity that a young man, the hope of his country,
the darling of his parents, should be snatched from all
prospects and enjuyrnerith of life, by the consequence of
deviating from the path of nature and indulging in a cer
tain secret habit. bash persons moor, before onnieniplat
reflect that a soiled mind and body are the most necessary
requisites to promote connubial happineos. Indeed, with
out these the journey through life becomes a weary pil
grimage; the. prospect hourly darkens to' the view; the
mind becomes shadowed with despair and ntled with the
melancholy reflection that the happiness of another be
comes blighted with our own.
DISEASE or ITNZPV.VDENOE.
When the misguided end imprudent votary of pleasure
Ands that he has imbibed the seeds of this painful disease,
it too often happens that an ill-timed ismae of shame, or
dread of discovery, detere bim front applying to awes who,
from education and respectability, can alone befriend hire,
delayiny, till the constitutional symptoms of this horrid dis
ease make their appearance, ouch no ulcerated sore throat,
diseased nose, nocturnal pains in the bead and limbs, dim
ness of sight, deafness, nodes on tub shin-bones and arms,
blotches on the head, face and extremities, progressing
with frightful rapidity, till at last the palate of the mouth
or the bones of the nose fall in, and the victim of this aw
ful disease becomes a horrid object of commiseration, till
death puts a period. to his dreadful sufferings, by sending
him to'• that Undiacovered Country from whence no trav
It is a melancholy fact that thousands fall victims to
this terrible disease, owing to the unskillfulness of ignor
ant pretenders, who, by the two of that Deadly Poison,
Mercury, ruin the gonotitutlou and gnat Sin rooidoo of
Trust not your lives, or health, to the care of many ISn.
learned and worthless Pretenders, destitute of knowledge,
name or character, who copy Dr. Johnston's advertise
mente, or style themselves, In the newspapers, regularly
Educated Physicians, incapable of Caring, they keep yen
trifling month after month taking halt filthy and poison
ous compounds, or as long as the smallest fee can be ob
tained, and in despair, leave you with ruined health to
sigh over your own galling disappointment.
Dr. Johnston is the only Physician advertising.
His credentials or diplomas alwaye hang in hie oSce.
His remedies or treatment are unknown to all others,
prepared from # life spent in the great hospitals of Europe,
the Ural la the country end a more extensive Primate Proc
ure than any other Physician in the world.
INBOUSEDERN I I I Or TUE
The many thousands cured at this institution year after
year, and the numerous important Surgical Operations
performed by Dr_ Minden, witneespd by the reporters of
the "Sun," "Clipper," and many other papers, notices of
which have appeared again and again before the public,
besides bie standing as a gentleman of character and re
sponsibility, is a sufficient guarantee to the afflicted.
Skin Diseases Speedily Cured.
lettbrm received unless post-paid and containing
a stamp to be used on the reply, rer•.eaa wriannsboold
state age, and send portion of advertisement describing
SOHN M. JOHNSTON. DT. If..
Or the Batrimovi Lock Hospital, Baltimore, taryland.
ASTOR HOUSE; NEW-YOLK.
rriHIS SPLENDID HOTEL HAS BEEN 11EJU
venated, and in at IhjeMoment second to none In ele
gance. The Ladies' Ithatving Room is a beautiful one,
having no equal.
lls open corridors mid complete v entilation render it most
delightful in warm weather. It in uusurpas.cd by any
other in situation, hiving Railroads on the front and noun
bidet, over which rare run to every part of the city for halt
Tmvelere arriving from the North and Emit, will and the
small care of tee Harlem and the Eighth Avenue an eco
nomy and convenience, especially at night
Cars Bull Direct to Central Park.
For fniniliett preferrlim homelike and coolly genteel ac
commodation, it offers s'idarior a" tiattion.
All classes have manifested their affection or this Hotel,
and every pains will be taken to render it a home for the
The SaMe liberal system will be continued, and the at•
rimet promptanne on the part Of all persons belonging to the
organization will be exacted.
Telegraph Office, connected with all parts of the Union
and the Canaan, with intelligent and reliable attendants,
Is situated near the main entrance.
Snperintendents of Railroads, Managers of Public Con-
Term:web of all descriptions, are respectfully requested to
send notice of thelr arrangements', conneetions, changes of
time, /cc., to the Hotel, for the better information of its
Milk, 'Eggs, Vegetables, &c., are produced on a farm
managed exclnelvely for the Astor Rouge.
Water Closets and Bath Rooms on every floor.
N. 8.-I;de tiotleci.ef your intended visit hi respectfully
requested, shot rooms may ho prepared. p a 7 20-6
(LATE WHITE SWAN.)
Race Street, above Third, Philadelphia.
rlillB ESTABLISHNIENT OFFERS GESAT
inducements, not only on account of reduced rates of
board, but from its central location to the avenues of trade,
as well as the conveniences afforded by the several
Passenger Railways running past and contiguous to it, by
which gnaste can pane to and from the Hotel, should they
be preferred to the regular Omnibus connected witlithe
Rouse. lam determined to devote my whole attoution to
the comfort and convenience of my gum,
Air. Terme,lol ICS per day.
I) C. SIEGRIST, Proprietor,
Formerly from Eagle Hotel, Lebanon, Pa.
T. V. Rapers. Clerk. • [march IS-tf
=eat Gutters, Stutters, ac.
WE HAVE JUST RECEIVED A LAUGE
assortment of Meet Cutters, Stnffere, Choppers, &c.,
&c., of the latest impt ovemente, which we offer exceedingly
nor 1-tf] GEO. LERCH & CO.
SATURDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 7,
THE SNOW STORM.
Lest night, when the lights of the village
Fleet twinkled along the hill,
And teams that were late with their meal•gr[sta
Came tolling up from the mill
Slowly drifting and falling,
Like dent from the miller's Gm,
On the &Ida, and the roads, and the fences,
The winter's storm began.
Tha bey leelted 6iii &MI6 the *hide* ,
Away o'er the dusky plain;
"It snows," he cried to his sister.
" Come, listen against the pane."
Drifting It fell, and whirling
Like foam where the mill-wheel goes;
And the boy went off With his sister,
And shonted,"lt snows, it enowe!"
Out through the helf-opened doorway
They peered forth into the night;
It dashed ito breath in their faces,
And darkened the flickering light;
to the dusk they shouted, "O, mother,
The valley le white below,
And the teams that go from the miller's
We scarcely can see for the mow."
Thou the Telco of the gray-haired grouddiuno
Was heard through the whispering gloom,
While the dancing flame of the fire-light
Flecked shadows along the room ;
"Come hither," elle spoke, "my darlings,
The fire at the hearth is warm ;
Lot Bethink, vhilo tho ®Rosa Are driftlog,
Of the shelterless lamha in the storm."
All night on the Donee-top failing
The snow flakes flattered down,
And the church heirs voice grew husky,
From the weight of hie frosty crown;
Bat when the Are glaeut of daylight
Through darkness began to steal,
Ile shook it down from his forehead,
And shouted a gladsome peal.
But the hosts of the malt.elad storm-king
Had triumphed throughout the night,
And the banners and blades of autumn
Were climbed in the bitter light;
But when the red glory of sunrise
Was unfurled in the east again,
There wib smoke on the edge of the hill-fop,
And a glimmer of spears on the plain.
And the children, the merry children,
Who saw the lights on the bill, ,
When teams that were late with their meal•grists
Came toiling up from the mill;
When the winter allows are falling,
And the fire on the hearth la warm,
May they think on the prayer of the granddame,
For the shelterless lambs in the storm."
THE REBELLION AND THE WAR,
SPEECH BY HON. H. B. WRIGHT,
In Reply to AU. Vollandlgham, of Ohio,
IN THE HOME OF REPRESENTATIVES,
JANUARY 14, 1863.
Mr. WRIGHT. Mr. Speaker, I would not have
partioipoded lu the discussion of my resolutions
to-day, my health is so feeble, butt fearing that
I will not have another opportunity of present
ing my views and opinions which I have attempt
ed'partially to embody in the pending proposi
tions, I feel constrained to claim the considers
(ion of the House at this time. I cannot agree,
sir, with some of the views just advanced by the
gentleman from Ohio, [Mr. VALLANDIGUALII,]
although as to most of his argument I have no
hesitation in saying I agree with him. I differ
with him in respect to the continuance of this
I am, Mr. Speaker, a peace man, but I am not
a peace man if that peace is to established upon
the dismembered fragments of a broken and
destroyed Union. lam a peace man, if peace
can be obtained with rebels who are striking at.
the vitals of the Republic, upon terms that shall
be alike honorable to the patriotism and courage
of the North. While lam a peace man, lam no
coward, and while I may desire peace I shrink
from naresponsibility. I would even put myself,
as a Representative from the North, in a position
of absolute humiliation if peace could be the re
sult of it ; I will even let myself down and kiss
the sword in the hands of that arch traitor in
Richmond, dripping with the blood of my own
loins, if I could obtain peace upon honorable
terms to my country,
But as my resolutions say, while the rebellion
stands in a menacing attitude, and while their
'guns are directed upon your very capital itself,
and thile they themselves say they will make no
terms with us, I am•not a peace man, because
under those eireumetaneee I could not, be a peace
man and preserve my own hotbr, and my own
The gentleman from Ohio [Mr. VALLANDIGIIAM]
said he would have the war stopped, and that he
was opposed to it. What does the gentleman
from Ohio anticipate by the cessation, upon OUT
part, of hostilities? Does he suppose that terms
can be' obtained from these men who are in rebel
lion, if the North says we will grant an armis—
tice? Why, sir, there can be nothing which
could be more cheering or more satisfactory to
these men who lead and conduct this rebellion.
that to have the North say that this war shall
stop where it is, and let. them have that republic
whici they have been striving for during the last
two years. Bad the doctrine of the gentleman
from Ohin prevailed oue year ago, the members
of this House of Representatives would not have
been in session here to day. Had the let-alone
policy which he proclaimed here in opposition to
the war been the marked policy of the country
within the last year, we should not now have the
beggarly privilege of occupying seats in the
American Congress to day, but, instead, we
would have bad the chief traitor, and his cohorts
and coadjutors, occupying this Ball instead of
of the North did not bring this war and
dCsolation upon the country. We bad no hand
in it. When my honorable friend from Ken
lucky on my right [Mr. CRITTENDEN] presented
his resolutions last July a year ago and we
adopted them, we declared, with but two dissent
ing voices. that this was a war for the restoration
of the Government, and we meant to fight it out
—it may become a war of extermination before
it is ended—that it was immediately forced upon
us by the seceding States We of the North
were not the first who made an appeal to arms
for the disposition and settlement of civil and
private rights. Rebellion it was that first fired
its guns into the American flag; rebellion it was
that first drove those States from the American
Union and inaugurated the reign of terror; re
bellion it was that raised the standard of oppo
sition, and sent her piratical ships upon the seas
to plunder our commerce. And were we to fold
our arms at them gross outrages, and sit down
crying "peace." "let the war stop?" Had not
we had manliness enough In raise our voices
against it, and our arms to protect ourselves and
our children, and had we pursued this kind of
peace policy a year ago, I again repeat., we
should not have the beggarly privilege of occu
pying seats in the Capitol of the nation.
And now that the war has been protracted for
the period of two years, are we to be met again
by the same argument—that we must lay down
our arms? No, while God gives us the power to
maintain our position, while v e have the force
and the vigor, let us fight like men, because it
has got to come to the question of extermination.
The day of such a peace has passed by, and
passed by forever. These great wrongs which
have been perpetrated upon the part of the re-
hellious Slates, we can hardly realize; we can
ha:dly contemplate. They have been the direct
aud immediate cause of the sacrifice of three
hundred thousand of the loyal youth of the
country. Their bonis, if they could all be col
lected together in one grand mass, would form a
mausoleum greater than the pyramids of Egypt.
There is not an inch of soil between the Chesa
peake and the Rooky mountains which has hot
been saturated with the blood of our brethren
and children. They have demoralized our
people, almost destroyed our national character,
and now any, in the language of Solomon, "bring
the sword, and the child shall be divided ;" and
some here say. "so be it." There is one here
that never will say it—never, while God permits
him to breathe, will he say it.
Do the rebels sue for peace? No. Let me
read you an extract or two to show what these
people are saying and doing. On the 26th of
last December Jefferson Davis delivered A epoech
atJaekson, before the Legislature of Mississippi,
in which he says, amon,*pther things, "from the
Northwest we look for the first gleam of peace."
Whet kind of a peace does Jefferson Davie con
template from the _Northwest? God grant it may
net be it peace establishing a line of defence and
offense between the East and the middle States.
I have heard that suggested, but it is too more
strous to believe. -
I have too good an opinion of the virtue and
intelligence and pattiotism of the people of the
Northwest to entertain, for a moment, the idea
that they would join hands with the miserable
men engaged in their country's ruin, for any
compromise or arrangement by which the Union
is to be dismembered. I discard it as a vile
After a complimentary allusion to Mississippi
and her soldiers, Davis spoke of his love for the
old Union. Now mark what this renegade `and
rebel says of you Representatives, as reported in
the Jackson Mississippian:.
Be alluded to it, however. as a manor of regret that
thy beat sateen°ns of his heart'shorsid line been bestowed
upon an object to unworthy—that be should have loved so
long a Government which woe totten to Its very core. He
had predicted from the beginning a tierce war, though it
had assumed more gigantic proportions than he bad calcu
lated upon. He had predicted war, not because our right
to secede was not an undoubted one, and clearly defined in
the spirit of that deelaratlon which male the eight to gov
ern upon the consent of the governed ; but the wickedness
of the North would entail war noon the country. The
present war, waged against the rights of a free people
was unjust, and the fruit of the evil passions of the North.
In the progress of the war there evil passions have been
brought out and developed; and so far from reuniting
with such a people—a people whose ancestors Cromwell
had.gathered from the bugs and fens of Ireland and Beot
land—the President was emphatic in his declaration that
under no circumstauces would he consent to reunion "
Here you have the Lead of this bosus confed
eracy laying out the line of policy , ' With those
flea from the bogs and fens of Ireland and Scot
land, he never would tonsent to reunion_ But
he casts his' eye over the great Northwest and
entertains the hope that there he shall firitt see
the sun of his righteousness arise. The men
from the district I have the honor to represent
in the Congress of the United States, who have
migrated from the bogs and fens of Ireland and
Scotland, are as much supyrior in loyalty and
patriotism to that man Jeff Davis, as the religion
of Christ is above the religion of Satan ; and ten
thousand times sooner would I trust the defense
of free principles and human liberty to the hands
of those men from the fens and bogs of Ireland
and Scotland than to Jefferson Davis and his
treasonable associates. lie will entertain no
terms of reunion, and yet the gentleman from
Ohio says the war must be stopped, that we must
have peace, and that we must reunite.
Reunite with whom ? Reunite with Davis and
his coadjutors, who say they never will consent
to it? Let me go a step further with regard to
this southern feeling. I hold in my hand rose-
Naomi adopted by the Legislature of North Car
olio& I will not read the whole of them. When
the Legislature of North Carolina assembled on
the 2d of December, 1362, these resolutions,
among others, were unanimously adopted:
".12teotvett, That the confederate Suttee have the means
and the will In austain and perpetuate the Government
they have e-tablished, and to that end North Carolina is
determined to con,ribate all of her power and resources.
"Resolved, That the separation between the confederate
States and the United States is final, and that the people of
North Carolina will never consent to reunion at any time
or upon any terms."
That is the unanimous declaration of the Le
gislature of North Carolina, that at no time and
upon no terms will they reunite with us. Let
me refer you,
in. the saute connection, to a letter
written on the Bth of December, 1862, by John
ietcher, Governor of the titte of Virginia. It
seems that he had been.eharged with correspond
once with Fernando Wood, of the city of New
York. It was asserted that Fernando Wood had
been making advances to John Letcher, the Gov
ernor of Virginia, for the purpose of pence and
a reconstruction of the Union. That oharge was
made against Governor tetcher, and he came
out with a letter denying it. I will read only a
part .of his letter:
It cannot be that the people of the confederate States
can again entertain a feeling of affection and respect fur
the (government of the United Sent,. We have, therefere,
separated from them ; and new let It be nuderatood that
the separation is and ought to be final and irrevocable:
that Virginia 'will under no circumstanced entertain any
proposition front any quarter which may have for its ob-
Jact a restoration or reconstruction of the late Union, on
any terms or conditions whatever.' "
That. is the sentiment of Virginia, expressed
through her Governer. I have also read to you
a quotation from u speech of Jefferson Davis,
president of the southern confederacy. I have
given you the joint resolutions of the Legislature
of North Carolina, which passed unanimously, in
which theyi, say that they will have nothing to do
with us, and that on no terms will they recon
struct the Government ; and yet we have gentle
men talking peace all over this land! Peace !
Pence upon what terms?
Mr. VarLaNhicafam. I will answer the gen
tleman, as I would have done if I bad been allow
ed to conclude what I desired to say. What had
produced end indicated the great reaction in
northern and western sentiment? The ballot
box. The ballot-box is a weapon in the hands
of men in the South yet, as patent and just as
secure t and through the agency of that ballot
box, after some time, when passion has cooled
and reason resumed its sway, 1 expect to see a
return of Milan sentiment indicated, and who
soever in the so-called confederate government
or in the State governments stands in the way
will be superseded by other men, just as those
who would have Waded this war upon a particu
lar line of policy have been superseded through
the ballot hoz in the North and West.
Mr. Wainer. • I cannot conceive by what
principle of reasoning the gentleman can satisfy
himself that such a result could possibly, under
any circumstances, be attained. ,
Mr VALLANDIGIUAM. History anti human na
Mr DAWES. The . gelitieniliti from Pennsylva
nia will allow me to ask the get:Mei:ono froth
Ohio, in connection with his remark that he ex
pects that at some future day the ballot-box will
work a revolution in the South, whether he pro
poses that. we shall lay down our arum now and
Wait for that revolution?
Mr. VALLANDIGIIAM Ido not propose to lay
down any arms at all. I said that long since.
The laying down of arms must be a matter of
common consent. But I would, if I had the
power, reduce both armies down to a fair and
resew:labia peace establishment just as speedily
as possible. [Laughter on the Republican side
of the House.] The people of the .Northwest
and South can bring about reunion through the
instrumentality of the ballot-box. the freeman's
weapon. You saiti it could only be done by
fighting. You have tried that for twenty months,
and let history answer with what results.
Mr. DAWIIS again sought the fluor.
Mr. WRICHT. No, sir, I cannot yield any
further. What the gentleman from Ohio has
jut, tutored surprises rrlo more than toulbing he
said while he occupied the floor previously. The
idea of laying down our arms and permitting
the time of our drafted and enlisted men to ex—
pire, and a sufficient period to elapse to leave us
without an army, is, in my opinion, a most mon•
strew} proposition. Nor de I believe that if we
were even to send a committee from this House,
or a joint committee from the two Houses, to
wait upon Jeff Davie, such a committee would
even be received and entertained by him. I
understand that the Legislature of New Jersey
has been making an attempt of this kind, and
that their agents were not even received by the
of f icials in the city of Richmond. I have seen
such a statement in the newspapers, and give it
for what it is worth.
Mr. PERRY. There is not one word of truth
in the assertion the gentleman has made.
Mr. WEIGHT. I am very glad to hear that it
is not true, for I have a better opinion of that.
State, being halt's Jerseyman myself.
Mr. PERKY. Perhaps North Carolina could
de precisely what members upon this floor have
done. On the 22d of July last they passed a
resolution, and what have they done since? Per
haps North Carolina will do the same.
Mr. WRIGHT. lam very glad to hear the
member from New Jersey repudiate the idea that
any peace committee has been appointed in that
State and sent South for the purpose of enter
taining terms for a restoration of the Govern
ment. They have sustained their character as
patriotic men. There is no man, I will venture
to pay, I do not care what may be his complexion
in politics—he may be as black as he pleases
upon the esteems radical aide, er he may be as
deeply imbued with secession sympathies as any
man you can find upon the Democratic side—
there is no man who does not desire peace ; not
peace upon dishonorable terms, not peace that
would lay us in an humble attitude at the feet
of traitors; but peace that shall make liberty
live, peace that shall establish the eternal prin
ciples handed down to us by our fathers, the
peace of Washington, the peace of Lafayette,
whose images decorate the walls of this Rouse ;
a peace upon principles that will not defame the
character of these men, is that I would see es
tablished in this country; not peace upon the
principles that emanate from the hot-bade of
treason in the South or „secession in the North.
[Suppressed applause.] That is the kind of
peace that I want to see established. Neither
do I want to see any efforts made that tibiall at
tempt to thwart or endanger the euecess of this
The gentleman from Ohio [Mr. Yallandigham]
has alluded to the result of the late elections as
though that established a peace policy_ I assure
the gentleman; if he entertains that idea, that
never was mortal man more mistaken on earth.
The great change in public opinion as evidenced
in these elections. results, in my opinion, from a
want of confidence in the manner in which the
war has been conducted, and the blunders of the
Administration. The people of this country
have not abandoned the idea of saving the coon
try, but they have adopted the idea of changing
their rulers. There has been no victory, so far
as I understand it, in the S.Late of Pennsylvania,
that has been achieved upon a principle hostile
to the maintenance of the Government by a vig
orous prosecution of the war. I learn by all
the speeches made by Mr. Seymour, of New
York, both before and since his election, that he
speaks tusoualifiedly in favor of a vigorous pros
nation of the war. I do not believe that any
man could maintain a political position in Penn
sylvania for a day who would declare himself in
favor of peace on any terms, whether with the
Voyornnatut When, 9r wit.h the 94Vcrument
. No, sir; the change of principles as
evinced by the late elections has been caused by
the unfortunate failure in the conduct of the
war; because never was a war so bunglingly
managed, from the time of Alexander the Great.
down to the time of the great Napoleon.
As to who is to blame, it is no part of the pur
pose of my resolutions to declare Ido not
stand here for crimination or recrimination.
Perhaps the evil was m the removal of McClel
lan ; perhaps the Administration may have been
wrong in a thousand other things. But because
there have been blunders committed in the man
:tgentent of the war, are we to stand up and pub
licly abandon our country and liberty? Great
God! is it to be supposed that because a cam
paign has not come up to the public expectation,
we are therefore to lay down our arms, and sue
for peace at the foot of treason and traitors?
Not at all, Mr. Speaker. Does it follow, even,
that because Abraham Lincoln, the President, of
the Uuited States, has issued a proclamation
emancipating staves, therefore we, as the Demo
cratic party, are to abandon our country, are to
go in-for peace, and allow the Republic to be
rent asunder ? Not at all, sir. We must have
time to change all of these matters. The fact
that certain men have triumphed at the recent
elections, from their silence and a refusal to
make their yields public, furniehes no ground for
believing that the people favor the abandonment
of the war and of its great feature, the preserva
tion and salvation of the country. Politicians
who indulge in this idea will soon find themselves
at fault; a storm le ahead. Gentlemen who en
tertain the idea that the recent elections are the
result of a peace policy will find out, if the Army
has to be disbanded, and if the.Goveriiment is to
be cut in two, what their responsibility will be
to the people of the country ; because, as God
lives, there shall be a. day of reckoning. The
man who is on the side of his country and on
the side of liberty now, his name and reputation
shall live forever; and that man who says,
"down with your arms, and let the enemy proe
m and take possession of your capital," shall
have a reputation and memory As infamous and
damnable as that of the Cowboys of the Revolu
Mr. VALLANDIGHAM. I say "Amen" to that.
Mr. Wntairr. The gentleman from Ohio says
"Amen." God bless me ! he ought to have a
etrait-jacket on him: [Laughter.]
Mr. VALLANDIG HAM. Will the gentlemen loan
me the one he has been wearing for the last
Mr. WitionT. If the gentleman gets on the
jacket I have been wearing, he will have a better
Democratic jacket than he was ever wrapped up
in during his whole life, and I am of the opinion
he will feel so comfortable that he will wonder
in amazement that he was ever without one like
Mr. VALLANDIOIIAN. Perhaps the gentleman
will have the kimluess to loan it to me a little
Mr. WitienT. There is a reckoning in store
foe men on bosh sides of this question. There is
a record mode up of the men who eustain their
country in the hour of its trial. I grant you that
the Cowboys of the Revolution might have been
very respectable people if King George had but
succeeded iu maintaining his government over the
colonies, but as he did not happen to be success
ful the name of Cowboys and Tories has become
somewhat disreputable. Let their memory he a
warning to those men now who in the dark hour
of peril and danger lend their sympathies to their
country's foe. Let them profit by history.
Est per peace men, when this great Govern—
ment is restored, as it shall be ; you who cry
"peace," and stay at home in the enjoyment of
case and luxury, while the sons and brotherl of
loyal men are doing battle manfully in the field
and fur the great cause of human liherty, shall
hear a sound rung in their ears from the voices
of indignant men as terrible as that rung in the
ears of the Cowboys and Tories of the American
Revolution. -They need not think that by their
crying "'peace" our Army is to be disbanded,
our country destroyed. Our Al'biy went into
the field for the express purpose of the preserve
lion of the Union. I differ from the Executive
of the nation, and I have always differed from
the ultra men of this Rouse who want to make
this a war or negro emancipation, instead of a
war for the restoration of the Union. Here was
the grand error—hate arose half our troubles.
The Army went into the field for the purpose of
restoring the Government. Its numbers have
reached to over eight hundred thousand men,
larger than any army which ancient or modern
times have seen. That Army is still in the field,
and its destiny is to preserve the Union and pro
tect the flag; and it has the power and the
courage to do so, and will do so. [Applause on
the floor and in the galleries.] I do not care how
many men there May be singing peace anlheing,
or crying out at the North that blunders have
been committed in the management and conduct
of the war. The fact that there have been bhtn•
[VOL. XXIII.-NO. 42.-WHOLE
dere does not furnish to loyal men any reason
why. they should turn their backs upon the
country and stretch out their arms to embrace
its enemies. We must get long with these blun
ders the best - way we can. We must appeal to
the ultra Republicans to let the negro alone, and
to stand by the Constitution and the Union.
Then you will have such a united power at the
North as, when brought to bear and concentrat
ed against this rebellion, will put an end to it
Mr. Speaker, when I cast my eyes around the
galleries of this House, when I enter a church on
the Sabbath day, or look around me in the hotel,
how glaringly do I see the evidences of mourn
ing there. It strikes home to my heart that
there is some great pestilence stalking through
the land. Perhaps out of every ten families at
the North there are not three of them that have
not upon the domestic heaith-stone the bloody
footprints of those infamous men who are at
tempting to destroy the Government. Their
marks are everywhere. There is not a graveyard
from this Capitol to Maine that does not show its
monuments of sorrow and woe ; not a village
that has not gvidences of mourning all over it.
And yet these damnable outlaws, who have at—
tempted to stab and destroy liberty, have their
friends and sympathizers at the North. They
are not J" my brothers," in the cant phrase of
n on o l r y th l e o r y n al s m ym en pa w t h h o iz a er re s. my T 4 h r e 9 y th a o r r eje r b a e p l p .s. lau l s t e ,s
Yes, sir, with all the great wrongs that they
have committed, with the sufferings that they
-have heaped' upon the nation, with those red
handed crimes whose enormity must make even
humanity blush, these men have their friends,
aiders, and abettors scattered all over the North,
and are held up as public martyrs. And we are
asked to disband our Army for their relief and
benefit. On what principle ? On the principle
that if you only leave them alone six months they
will change their policy and come back again in
to the Union. Leave them alone Was there
ever yet a criminal who did not want to be let
" No man e'er felt the halter draw,
With good opinion of the law."
Why, sir, these men's necks ache for the hal
ter. And yet we are told that they are innocent
men ; that they have been persecuted I Oh I to
slay our citizens is entirely excusable. They are
openly encouraged to decimate the North, mur
der our people, ravage our Beas t destroy the beat
Government that ever God or man devised. And
with these men we are to make peace upon such
terms as they tbs.'? prescribe. I will make terms
with them, but they must be such terms as shall
not destroy my manhood and my liberty, and,
above all, shall not destroy my country. None
other have they a right to demand, and none
other will the loyal men of the land ever eon
cede to them. To do so would be to commit
a crime as great as that charged on the enemy of
Talk about making terms with these men.
You can make no terms with them that will not
come within one or the other of these alterna
tives, and the men who cry "peace" know it
Great, God! is not this country, 'with all the in
stitutions of civil liberty which our fathers plant
ed upon this continent, worthy of every effort
that men c a n put forth to save it? If twenty
million men cannot defend these institutions
against eight million rebels, if, they must yield.
it must be set down. not to their weakness, bat
to the de g eneracy of the age ; and it is time for
us to repent in sorrow over our depravity and
our cowardice. Sir, I tell you we have the men,
we have the money, and we have the loyalty and
courage to accomplish that end in spite of any
cry of "peace" that may come up to us.
When "peace" men ask, can you hold con
quered Stains in subjugaiin 7 f say Ide not care
how you hold them. Ido not care what you do
with them in the emergencies of war. They are
in rebellion now, and the only thing for us to
decide for the present is, whether we shall con
quer them or permit them to conquer us.. One
or the other event is inevitable, When a thief is
caught in the act of taking your property, and
you arrest him, do you atop to listen to his in
quiry, and debate the question what you are
going to do with him? You hurry him off to the
magistrate, and leave him for the officers of jus
tice to dispose of. It is not at this time a de•
hatable question what you are going to do with
these men. They are in rebellion ; and, as all re
bels ought to be, they must be put down. We
can put them down, notwithstanding all the
blunders that have been committed since the
commencement of the war, and notwithstanding
the obstacles wo have ~to encounter. I know the
people of the country are discouraged with tax
ation ; they are discouraged by sending armies
into the field to be slaughtered by the careless
manner is which our campaign* have been con
ducted. I know all these things ; but I have my
eye upon a single object, which is the polar star
of my destiny—the flag of my country and the
gorgeous temple of American liberty ; and when
cannot see and behold them any longer, may
God Almighty blot out its light forever.
No, Mr. Speaker, you cannot preserve or re
store peace by yielding to men who are fighting
to tear down this great temple of liberty. The
spirit that animates such conduct cannot be ap
peased. There can be no peace bat in their sub
mission. The gentleman from Ohio [Mr. Val.
landigham] this morning talked of a dividing
line between the two sections, and undertook to
speak for the great Northwest as to the course
she would pursue. The gentleman could see in
the East a dividing line between the North and
the South in }he Potomac, or the Susquehanna;
but for the West he saw no such line of demark
:Aim, no line of separation between the head
waters of the Mississippi and the Gulf. What
was passing, pray,- in the gentleman's brain ?
Why can he discover a naturalboundary between
the middle States and the South and Northwest,
and no line of boundary between the South and
Mr. VALLANDIGHAM. Let me say to the gen
tleman from Pennsylvania that I advocated no
each line. On the contrary. I Relight expressly
to show that it could not be established.
Mr. WRIGIIT I will tell the gentleman pre
nicely what, inference could, in my judgment
only he legitimately drawn from what he did say
fir VALLA NOW !Lot. I cannot answer for the
gentleman's inferences. I expressly argued
against any such line; and I beg. if the gentle
man refers to what I said, he will not misrepre
Mr WeranT, I have a right to draw my own
inferences; and it may be that the gentleman
cannot show that they are very far wrong after
all. At all events, the gentleman did say that
it was impossible to mark cut any boundary that
shall sever the Mississippi river in its course to
the Gulf! Now, whether it be the destiny of the
great. Northwest tb unite its deetittiea with the
States of the lower Mississippi, time alone will
determine. I should not be surprised to find that
there are men residing in the Northwest whose
opinions are in sympathy with those of the
South engaged in this rebellion. But in the
gentleman's plan for the joining of the Northwest
with the Southern States in rebellion, he leaves
New England, New York, and Pennsylvania out.
Mr. VALLANDIGHADS. No, want them all to
go together. -
Mr. WRIGHT. Well, I can tell the gentleman
he will not get Pennsylvania into any such
scheme as that.
Mr. VALLANDIGHAM. I suppose the gentleman
goes for re union, does he not ?
Mr. WRIOUT. Igo upon the principle of the
restoration of all the materials that formed this
Union, without leaving out one State or one Ter—
Mr. VALLANDIOnAM. I ask the gentleman to
permit me to say that, in spite of repeated cor
rections, the gentleman bases his argument., all
the way through, upon the assumption of a po
sition on my part against the whole tenor of my
speech. lam for the re-union of all these States
and a hundred more that may be carved out of
the limits of this Union. I beg the gentleman
not again to misrepresent me upon that point.
Mr. WRIGIIIT. I have no disposition to mis
represent the gentleman from Ohio.
Mr. Speaker, my policy, as I said a moment
ago, when I was interrupted, is the restoration
of all the States and Territories, organized and
unorganized, that once were united under our
national flag. I desire to see them all one peo
ple, one Government, one Union, with one dee.
tiny and one liberty pervading the whole. That
is the kind of reconstruction I want. I desire to
see no peace on any other term& I want no
armistice. Let me suppose a case. Suppose there
is such a peace declared as the gentleman from
Ohio would ask, or sue% a peace as those who,
two years ago were supporting Breckinridge for
VALLANDIGHAM. The gentleman surely
does hot tabula to indicate that I supported Brockuridge.
Mr. Mutant , . Certainly not. The gentleman
supported Douglas, as I supported him. I did
not allude to the gentleman.
Mr. VALLANDICIEIAM. ThQ Maga.= Beginitd
to address the remark to me.
Mr. WHIG ITT. Well, I wilt look some other
way. I say, suppose/1 peace is established ? Sup
pose you declare an armistice for thirty or forty
days ? If so, you need never talk about getting
together your armies again. And what would be
the next step. The next step, inevitably, would
be to establish a boundary. How? Where? A
boundary line between the bogus confederacy of
the South and the loyal States of the North.
What, line? Have you considered where that line
shall be? Would you make the Potomac the line,
and throw all of Virginia, Maryland, Kentucky,
and Tennessee into the hands of the corrupt
leaders of a bastard government? Would you
pass over the Capitol, and abandon this place,
sacred as it has treen made by the assembling
within its Walla Of the beat men who ever drew
the breath of life from Washington and his com—
peers down ? Would you make the Chesapeake
bay and the Susquehanna the line? If you grant
a peace or declare an armistice, depend upon it
the establishment of a line will be the next step in
Then would arias that great question, whether
the Northwest would consent to unite her desti
nies with Pennsylvania, New York, and New
New England has been made the subject of
reproaoh. she iliks her &moult Hall, which, in
the days . of the Revolution, responded to the
House of Burgesses. She has Bunker Hill and
Lexington, and her history is united with all the
glorious deeds of the past. Because some of her
people may have acted under fanatical impulses,
we are not therefore to diepiace her from the
chart of American States.
Then arises the question, supposing that the
Ohio was established as the line, how long would
your peace last Ab ut as long as the peace of
Amiens, Or the pow of Tile% end more fatal in
its consequences than the peace which followed
the dismemberment and destruction of Poland.
I prophesy, sir, that if you establish a bound
ary line between the North and the South, be
tween free labor and slave labor, it will not be
preserved for six months. It is shrinking from
our responsibility, and postponing to our pos
terity that which we ehoulki meet and dispose of
ourselves. Let, us meet this great question now.
If three hundred thousand lives emir bestyoung
men have been sacrificed, let us eacrifice three
hundred thousand more if necessary, and put an
end to rebellion forever. [Applause.] It is bet
ter to make that sacrifice now, ten thousand times
over, than to make a dishonorable treaty with
rebels. As much as I love peace, as much as I
covet it, as much as I would like to see it, how
can I or any reasonable man, ask or consent to it
at the price of the destruction of the Government?
Then so long as peace is dishonorable I say fight,
fight. like men, for the restoration of the Gov—
ernment, and for that alone; fight for the Con
elitution and the Union ; fight for the old flag ;
fight for human liberty ; and with skillful lead
ers on the part of our Government to conduct
our armies, I have no doubt that we will prose
cut. this war to a successful close.
This talk about peace is a delusive hope now.
It is said that a desire for peace controlled the
recent elections in Pennsylvania and New York.
There is no foundation for that belief. Take the
New York Herald during the campaign. I regard
that as the paper which hat; uniformly taken a
sound position. It has at all times urged a vig.
orous prosecution of the war for the restoration
of the Government, and the Government alone.
Those who are for pacific measures, so long as
the Government has strength to contend against
armed rebellion, entertain a delusive hope, as
well as commit a great moral and political wrong.
The sentiment of the people throughout the land
is for preserving the Government that their fa
thers gave them at all hazards and at every cost.
They are for the vigorous prosecution of the war
to the bitter end for the restoration of the Con
stitution and the Union. This sentiment has
been everywhere proclaimed. There is univer
sal concert among the masses on this auestion.
The leaders may have faltered, the people have
I know that the negro emancipation agitation
has created dissatisfaction and division. I know
that it has imposed its troubles and difficulties,
but the Government has power and strength
enough to overcome these and put down rebellion
4 word about intervention. We learn that
both the English and French Governments have
a desire to enter the affray on this continent.
Let them come. While this might not be desira
ble, we may rest under the assurance that our
power and resources are great; and that, though
civil war is making sad havoc over our land, we
can meet them too. One benefit might probably
grow out of their interference. It would unite a
divided North. It would, at least, stop this ever
lasting cry of peace. To Exeter Hall half of our
troubles at home may be attributable. England
may now make the attempt to take advantage of
the seeds of discord her miserable emissaries
have scattered broadcast over our once happy
land. If she sends her iron clad ships of war,
we must meet them. We have the means and
will to feed her famished people, as well as the
courage and prowess to repel her armies and
navies. We must. prepare for great exploits.
We fight for empire. Our battle-grounds will
commemorate the deeds of a raoe•of men who, if
they fail, fought for liberty and the rights of
man. Our cause is worthy of sueeese. and we
can only be defeated in a morbid sensibility
which has found, unhappily, a lodgment in the
North, which is in sympathy with the blackest
The men who entertain these view/ may flour
ish now. but. the day of retribution will some.
The mask shall be torn from the face of the lead
ers. and their followers shall stand aghast at
their moral deformities.
There has been cause for popular complaint
and distrust as to the conduct of the war and
management of the public affairs ; but there has
been no cause as yet for them to abandon the
Union and desert their Government. Demagogues
cannot. corrupt the people, and woe to the men
who have deceit-ed them. The people desire
peace; but peace on terms alike honorable to
them and the success of free principles., They
want peace, but with a whole Union ; and on
any other terms they will indignantly reject it.
Mr. Speaker, I am so much exhausted that I
must bring my remarks to a close. Where
stood when rebellion began, I stand today, on
the same platform. I have undergone no change
in my sentiments or opinions. I denounced re
bellion at the threshold ; I denounce it now. I
have no terms to make with traitors which look
to the destruction of the Union. lam satisfied
none other can be obtained. Time will determine
whether my position is right or not. I abide it.
The war has cost me its trials and tribulations.
I can truly close my remarks with a quotation
from an ancient philosopher, uttered over the
dead body of his son, slain in battle :
" , I should have blushed if Cato's house had stood.
Secure and flourished in a civil war."
s er A ROD produced blossoms when held in
the hand of Aaron. A birch rod produce
wholesome fruit in the hand of the aohoalmaa•