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PUBLISHED WEEKLY IN THE CITY OF READING, BERMS COUNTY, PA.---TERMS: 81,50 A YEAR IN ADVANCE.
J. LAWRENCE GETZ, EDITOR]
PII3I.IBIISID EVERY SATURDAY MORNIBEL
office. North-West earner of Penn and Pfith street, ad
joining the Partners' Bank of /Leading.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION
stop a rt , T, payable inAram.
2,00 for AN ueoolo l , la nes
To Cures: Your capsular 40,1 a abraura
Tea copies for 126,
sir 411popere diearattmad at the expiration erne
SATES Of ADVENT/SLIM El THE GAZETTE.
;MA Smo. emo. ly
N soars, 15 Cava or lesa, 60 60 75 2,00 3.0.1 6,00
10 .• 501,00 1,96 3,00 5,00 3,110
9 " " 1,121 9,00 4,60 0,00 8,00 16,00
s o o 1,60 3,00 3,16 1,50 12,00 20,00
[Larger Adverthisinents in proportion.]
trosators' and Adinhaigiroiolne Notices, 0 hisettiolill PAO
anditom. Notices and Left Notices. 9 1,60
Special Nolicer, see ren di ng matter, 10 Me. • line for one
r ir Maniags notices 25 Genie each. Deaths will be
flop All Obituary Noricei, Besolottons of Beneficial red
otber Private associations, will be charged for, ea raver-
Ibleincuts, at the *base rates.
.02• advertisements for Religions. Charitable sad Moo
sati-nal objects, one half theabove rates.
advertising will be considered payable in cub.
on toe first insertion.
'Vastly advertisers shall have the privilege (11 desired)
of renewing their advertisements every three weeks—bet
sof geger. Any additional renewals, or advertideg un
mtan', the smoant contracted for. will be charged extra
st owing [hi rates above ermined for transient adver
Yearly advertisers will be changed the same rates as
imolai advertiser* for all matters not rotating strictly
PRINTING OP EVERY DESCRIPTION
crated Ins imparter meaner, at the nem Jewett prices.
Oar .188.8.131.528nt of JOB TiP.i i large and ladidonable, and
oar Work velars for 'Welt
BLANKS OF ALL KINDS,
Including Pcstomonurr and PAPBR Duane, AtomsAosta.
Bonn*, AXTICLR OF AOSEBOORT. LIASIDI and a variety of
'mown' Airlock kept eauetantly for Zile, or printed So
EDWARD H. SHEARER,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.—OFFICE IN COURT
motet, Borth shit Sodding, Pa. (sprit 26-emo.
WILLIAM H. LIVINOOOD, ATTORNEY AT
LAW. has removed his office to the north able of
Coors Woe thoidoor below gimelt. Nee 22-if
ABNER Z. STAUFFER,
TTORNEY AT LAW.-OFFICE, COURT
A street, below Stxlb, Reading, Pa. (aeril 20
JESSE G. HAWLEY,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
OFFICE WITH S. I. YOUNG, ESQ., PENN
Street, above Sixth, Reading, Pe.
Azir Will teat Frledensburg, every T'huraday.
September , 1860-IY*
A;.TTORNET AT LAW—HAS BEINIOV iIS
ofit to the Offl lately espied by Me flea. Delia
orlon, deceased, in BLnth street, opposite the Court
TTORNEY AT LAW---OFFICE IN NORI3A4TH
PAM etreet, corner of Gonad alloy. ping 7
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN
Foreign and Domestic DRY GOODS, No. 25 Nast
son street, Beading, Fa. [March 1.0,
United States Bounty, Back Pay and
Pension Office, ,
COURT STREET, AWAR SIXTH.
AVING BEEN ENGAGED 1N COLLECT-
Jog claims against the Government, I feel oonddent
t at all Whe have heretofore employed me will cheerfully
41416141/1 my promptness and fidelity. My eberiee are
moderateand no charge made until obtained.
WILLIAM H. LIVINGOOD,
not IS-11] Attorney at Law, Court SL, Reading, Pa
ASA M. HART,
Cf. ate Heart .. latayors)
pE A till IN FOREIGN AND AMERICAN
DRY GOODS, CARPETING% ale., Wholesale and ,
et Philadelphia prises. Signof the Golden Bee Hive,
14 Bast Penn Square. ..(aprill7-tf
P. Bushong & Souk
INANUFAGTURBBS OF BURNING FLUID,
Abeeleht,Boodothed and Bragglate' Alcohol; oleo,
011, - which they will sell at the lowest Wholends
pica; at Beading. Pa.
Sir Orders reaPettfallY ItaUtited• Onsrehin
DR: T. YARDLEY BROWN,
Dental College. Teeth extracted ba l Fran
lia' a El eetro
itirb P this method teeth
Oracle& with much less Pain than the usual way. No
wire charge. Ogles in Fifth street, opposite the Presbyte
wan Church. 2-1 y
Er. G. M. MILLER_
SURGEON DENTIST, FROM THE
College of Dental Surgery, Philadelphia.
1 14. Dace: At his residence in Ma street,
Air Teeth extracted under the inanence of Ether, or
by the Ineatrwitagnetic Machine, 'without extra cha;ge,
Air He ban alio Patent and other XBDlciass for esle
at his °See. (may Si
FALL AND WINTER
FOR MEN AND BOYS
IN (}BEAT VARIETY,
SOLD 171810 LOW 114
JA_MESON & CO.,
Corner 6th and Penn.
Ha CONSTANTLY O u N c !IAND A LARGE
age, Flannie, Crash, TUB , OULU: ha.rw ir ti . C r n ic w i ll be Bh et a l t i
sheep. Qive us seal before buying elsewhere.
THE SUBSCRIBER respectfully ammonites to
the pub& that he hu recently enlarged hie BEBE&
to sponelderable extent, and Introduced steam-power,
sad !slow ready to supply all demands for
aIinUMA MAST zurcroza.
Par home and distant eonsumpoon. His stook of Stan
Llotore, warranted to keep in all climates, is
intowit STOUT, TORTES, BOTTLING ALEDRAUGHT
ALS AND LAOIS BEER.
Junen-tf 'FRDDEBIOIE LAUER.
N.B.—Allberal per 61114140 will be allowed to Agents
THE GREAT POINT ATTAINED !! 1
AL NEW STYLE OF SHUTTLE
to IN ITS CONSTRUCTION, LIGHT
to lee, and easy to learn, that any one can operate it
d tearrections. Sews MUSLIMS and the heartiore
ARMY CLOTHE equally well. -
A splendill Machine for Tallow, Vent and Pant mane.
Hat mid Bhoe Mader% Arc, at the low price of W 50.. A
Wier *whine than any other In the marker" at MIS. OaU
Oa. W. GOODRICH,
lOU] Noe. S and IS Penn Square,. iteadino, Pa.
F. P. HELLER.
WATCHMAKER, JE WELER,
AND DEALER IN
WATCHES, CLOCKS, JEWELRY,
LPOONS, SPECTACLES, GOLD PENS, Re.,
Sign of the 4 . BIG W ANCII,P , No. ssyg Ea Penn
above Sixth. north side. Beading. Pa.
Sr Every article warranted to be wha with sold for
Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, ie., repaired Patiedlar
attention, and guaranteed- [feb 1-tf
SILVER PLATED WARE
TIIST RECEIVED A FINE ASSORTMENT OF
oGators, Spoons. Dessert and Dinner Forks, Bolter
3roiroo, ke., Ike. For owe or low Pates, by
MU sad rinaltroots
ALTIMORE LOCK HOSPITAL
re -- ESTABLISHED AS REFUGE FROM QUACKERY
The Only Place Where a Cure Can be
DR. JOHNSTON HAS DISCOVERED THE
moat Certain, @needy and only Rifecttud Remedy in
Ile World for ell private Dieeiteee, Vireahnoni of the Beek
or Limbs, Strictures, affections of the Kidneys and Blad
der, Involuntary Discharge', Impotency, General Debili
ty. Nervousness, Dyspepels. Languor, Low Spirits, C,onfti-
Mon of Ideas, Palpitation ofthe Ileart,eingdity, Trembling,
Dimness of Sight or Giddiness, Dineen of the Head,
Throat. Nose or Skin, directives or the Liver, Loam
Stomach or Bowels...thou Terrible Disorders midair trio
Ile Solitary Habits of Youth—those swarm and solitary
practices more fatal to their victims than the song of &frees
to the Mariners of Ulysses, blighting their moat brilliant
hopes or anticipstioes, rendering marriage, dtc., impossible.
Bnpeelialy_ who hare become the victims of Solitary Vice.
that drrodfd and dostrustivo habit srldsb aaanatly.weape
to an untimely grave thousands Of Young Mee of the most
exalted talents and brilliant intellect, who might other
wise have entranced listening Senates, with the thunder+
of eloquence or waked to ecstasy the living lyre, may nail
with MI confidence.
• DI ARILIAGIL
Married Person.. or Young Men contemplating mairiage,
being aware 8/physical weaknees, organic debility, defer
itten, dtc., epeattly eared.
lie who pieces himmlf andorthe ears of Dr I. may m
-1100.0 confide in his honor as a gentleman, and confi
dently rely open his skill as a Physician.
ORGANIC WELAIINEISS -
Immediately Cured, and Full Vinor Restored.
This Distressing affeetion—w Mein renders Life miserable
and marring* impossible—is the penalty paid by,tbe sk
arn. of improper Indulgence.. tang persons are too apt
so commit excesses from not being aware of the dreadful
consequenem that may ensue. Now, who that understands
the subject will pretend to deny that the power of procrea
tion le lost Sooner by those falling into improper habits
than by the prudent ? Desidea being deprived the pleas
ure of healthy otropring, the moot NAM, awl destructive
symptoms to both body and mind Wee. The syetem be
comes Deranged, the Physical and Mental Functions
Weakened, Lam of Procreative 'Power, Nervous Irritabill
ity, Dyspepsia, Palpitation of the Heart, Indigestion, Con
stitutional Debility, a Wasting of the Frame, Cough, Con
sumption, Decay and Death.
Officer ISo. 7 South rredertok Street,
Lett hand side going from Baltimore amt. a few doors
from the corner. Fail not to observe name and nimber.
Lettelb must be paid and contain a stamp The Doctor's
Diplomas hang in his office.
0011111 WALTILANTSID iN
Rla Nerauryor Dauer:our Drugs.
Member qr Lle_SniaLCollefuseLitarimoe s i
a • tia moot eminent College° In ibe Untied
States. and the greater part of whose life has bean spent in
the hospitals of London, Paris, Philadelphia and else
where, has Wrested some of the, most astonishing cures that
were ever known; many troubled with ringing in the head
and ears when asleep, great nervousness, being alarmed at
sudden sounds, bashfainese, with frequent blushing, at
tended sometimes with derangement of mind, were cured
Wilt7ll .10 1 .11.11.1 1 1C1Milt NOTIOIk
Dr. J. addresses all theme who have injured themealves
by improper indulgence and solitary habits which rain
both body and mind, unfitting them for either business,
study, moiety or marriage. •
Tunas are some of the sad and melancholy effects prodne
ed by early bbbitg 9f y kb, viz: Weakens' of Umtata and
Limbo, Pains in the Head, Direness of Sala, Loss Of Ma
cular Power, Palpitation of the Heart, Dyspepsy. Nervous
Irritability, Derangement of the Digestive Fancttous, Gen
eral Debility, Symptoms of Consumption, dm
MENTALLT.—The fearful sancta on the mind are much to
be dreaded—Loss of Memory, Confusion of Ideas, I MM ,,
don of Spirito, Evil Forebodings, Aversion to Society,Self
Distress, Love of Solitude, Timidity, be., are some of the
THouttaXpa of persons of all ages can now judge what is
the cause of their declining health, losing their vigor, be
coming weak, pale, nervous and emaciated, having a sin
gular appearance about the eyes, cough and symptoms of
Who have Injured themselves by a certain practice indul
ged in when alone. a habit frequently learned front evil
companions, or at salient, Meetings of which are nightly
felt, even when asleep, and if not cured renders marriage
impossible. and destroys both mind and body, should ap
What a pity that a young man, the hope of his country:,
the darling of his parents, should be snatched from all
prospects and enjoyments of life, by the consequence of
deviating from the path of nature and indulging in a cer
tain Beetni haht4, egch persons noes, before contemplat
redecttbat a sound mind and body are the most necessary
requisites to promote connubial happiness. Indeed, with
out these the journey through lite becomes a weary pil
grimage; the_ prospect hourly darkens to the view; the
mind becomes stedowed with despair and Oiled with the
azeleskehely regestion that .the happiness of another be
comes blighted with our own.
rtr i "r‘=ll.) uli#•' , 6 . 1 , 1. ,)=•:1"")"1
When the misguided and imprudent votary of pleasure
finds that hetes Imbibed the needs of this painful disease,
it too often happens that an ill-timed sense of shame, or
dread of discovery, detershim from applying to those who.
from education and respectability, can 61 , 10 befriend him,
delaying till theconatitntional symptoms of this horrid dis
ease imam their appearance, such as ulcerated sore throat,
diseased nose. nocturnal pains in thehead and limbs, dim
ness of sight, deafness, nodes on inn shin-bones and arms,
blotches on the head, face and eXtteulltles, progressing
with frightful rapidity, till at last the palate of the month
or the bones of the nose fall is, and the victim of this aw
ful disease becomes a horrid object or Coluddeeretieer till
death puts a period to his dreadful auderinga, by senalsg
him to that Undiscovered Country from whence no trav
It is a melancholy fact that .thousands fall victims to
this terrible disease, owing to the unskillfulness of ignor
' ant pretenders, who, by the ma of that Deadly PoUon.
Mercury. rain the constitution and make the reddue of
Trost not your lives, or health, to the care of 'many Un
learned and worthless Pretenders, destitute of knowledge,
name or character, who copy Dr. Johneton's advertise
ments, or style themselves, in the newspapers, regularly
Educated Physicians, incapable of Coring, they keep you
trilling month alter month raking heir filthy and poison
ous compounds, or as long as the entailed jpe can be oh-
Mined, and In despair, leave you With ruined health to
sigh over your own galling dleappointment.
Dr. Johnston is the only Physician advertising.
Hts credentials or diplomas always hang In his °llse.
His remedies or treatment are unknown to all others,
prepared from a life spent in the great hospitals of Europe,
the fleet in the country and a more extensive Private Pram
ttee than any other Physician in the world.
02. 1511:6M OP TWO
The many thousand@ eared at this inetitution year after
year, and the numerous important Surgical Operations
performed by Dr. Johnston, witnessed by the reporters of
the "Sun," "Clipper." and many other papers, notices of
which hays appeared again and again berme the pantie,
besides bin standing as a gentleman of astute, sad re.
sponstbillty, is a eunletent guarantee to thealnieted.
Skin Diseases Speedily Cured.
rio letters received nniele post-paid end containing
a stamp to beneed on the ieply. Persons writingehould
sate age . and send portion of adVertisement describing
170331 Mr M. SOTINSMON, M. Dap
Of tile Baltimore Look Hospital, Baltimore, Marital&
STRICKLAND & BROTHER,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
BOOKSELLERS & STATIONER
a 3 IWO PENN STREET,
ALARGE AND WELL SELECTED STOCK
School, Miscellaneous and Blaxat
IKAIP CIO 3IFIL. MS 9
ENGLISH .AN D GERMAN BIBLES AND
GOLD PENS, FANCY ARTICLES,
Rork LETTER, CAP and
PIRNTING PAPER and PAPER RAGS
MERCHANTS' ACCOUNT BOOKS
Made to order • Churches and Sabbath Schools supplied
with Tract Society and Sunday School Union publications,
at catalogue prises.
MB" Orders from Country Merchants solicited and filled
promptly at the lowest wholesale prices.
Sir Teachers supplied with Moeda at the usual discount.
N. B —Books and Musk sent by mail postage paid, on
receipt of Publishers' Prices. Jan 18-if
Groceries, Glass and Queensware.
TUST RECEIVED, A LARGE ASSORTMENT
of White Mona DINNER and TEA SETTS, Common
White and Edged Ware,with a good stock of GLASSWARE
and GROCERIES, at No. SO Noah Fifth Weed, •
feb B. D, EMITS.
S. DE PETTENGIM7.. & CO.,
No. 37 PARK ROW, NEW-YORK. at 6 STATE ST., BOSTON,
Are Agents for the Rending Gagne, in those cities, and
are aothortioa to take Adverttoetoeute and Saboortyttoes
for ma at oar entabliabed rates.
NEW FRUIT—LAYER, BUNCH, AND SAL.
TINA Raisin, Currants, and Citron, }net rseetired
and fur aria ad. I.SOCOGICS,
goo el do Booth Oa elm*
SATURDAY MORNING, JANUARY 3, 1863. V
A SONG FOR THE NEW
Away an thonalda of pall and bier,
And cypress bough and funeral tear,
And wallinge for the dying year.
Our household Ares shall burn to-night
With warmer glow, while children bright
Dance round us in the rosy light.
Lite was not given for tears and groans.
The god-like gift of speech for moans,
Or faces made for churchyard stones.
Hang the green holly on sour malls,
And let the children's laughing galls
Ee.eoho through the lighted Igle.
Thom who have kilted the year my weep
And low in . ditst and wiles creep,
With wild laments and anguish deep;
Bat we who loved him best while here,
Oan bid him go with festal cheer,
And lights livid garlands round hie bier.
He came to ne a helplem child,
Meld the snows of Whaler wild—
Our hearth. with blazing loge we piled,
We gave him @halter from the steno.
And closely wrapped hie shivering form
In sellout woola and ermine warm.
We fed him from oar garden ' , tore—
The rleheet fruits our orchard.' bore
And nuts from many a foreign shore.
Our earn and wins his strength supplied.
Till, grown to boyhood by our nude,
We gloried in hie youthful pride.
We gave him Mocks and fertile lands,
We bowed onr bead, to Ms commands,
•nd tilled hie Beide with willing hands;
When 10,10 crown his manhood'. morn,
The ripening wheat, and tasseled corn,
Were of our loving labor born.
Through all the Summer'', noontide heat,
We toiled amid the clover sweet,
And plied itedragranee at his feet
We reaped hie fled• nc
c.• E ell Om vale and plain,
And cowed the hopeful need agaln,
And when the Autumn's withered leaves
Fell rustling round our household eaves,
We gathered In hie golden sheaves,
We bound his furrowed brow with maize,
And honored hie declining days,
With jubilees of graceful praise.
Ms work is done ; hie Harvest-home
Is gathered where no blight can come,
And his sealed lips are sweetly dumb
Prom - the fall perfeettioos of bile.,
The ?ohm teanee that over to
Jnet where the Heavenly life meets this
We want for him no death-bells slow,
No sable plumes and hearse of Woe,
With mourners wailing as they go.
Planting, in plane of tolling
The music of year merry belle,
And cheerful songs for sad farewells.
Hung the green holly on the walls,
Let social mirth sad music calls
Ring through your festal lighted hat's.
Life from the Old Year's death is born,
Let bright'ning . hopes with linnet adorn
Thebreaklng of the Wow Year's Adorn
Gaits anti &Webs.
A WORD TO MARRIED PEOPLE.
The ringing of the door bell. has a pleasant
sound to me, especially in my idle mooda. Like
an unopened letter, there is a mystery about it,
and one waits with a pleasurable excitement to
see who or what is coming.
Returning home, one day, earlier than usual,
I fond my wife had gone out ; and, while loving-
big idly over the paper, the bell rang.
I waited expectant till Bridget appeared with
a note, containing a request from my old friend,
Dr, Steam, to ride out. to his residence in the
country, the next day, to transact some business
that had long been pending, and an invitation to
bring my wife and spend the day.
I was pleased: first, because I — eranted lhe
business `completed; and secondly, because I
thought I needed a day's recreation.
But the next morning everything seemed to go
wrong. Alice could not accompany me, and I
Could not get off as early as I wished ; and con
lequently, I was peevish and fretful ; and Alice
reflected my humor, I suppose—as it appeared
to me she had never been so nnamiable.
At length, however, I drove away, though not
in a very pleasant mood. It was a lovely Ooto
ber day i and, as I rode along, noting the brilliant
tints of the landscape, memory went hack to the
golden autumn when I wooed and won my bride.
new lovely' Alice was then !" I thought.
44 And how happy we were ! But that was long
ago. Yet nature is the same, though we are
changed. Let me see: we have been married
three years; is it possible it is no longer I"
And I felt a pang, as I contrasted the past and
the present, to think that we could have settled
down into the commonplace life we now led,
We had no serious trouble, we didn't quarrel ;
though, when I felt cross, or other things didn't
go to suit me, I took no pains to conceal it, and
often spoke harshly to Alice, who sometimes re
plied in the same spirit, sometimes with team.
Yet we were generally good friends. But the
charm, the tenderness of our early love had im
I bad become careless about my appearance at
home, and Alice was equally negligent. Her
beautiful brown hair, 'high she used to wear in
the moat becoming curls was now usually brush
ed plainly behind her ears, unless she was going
oat or expected company. I dismissed the sub
ject with a sigh, at the doctor's gate, with the
reflation that it was the same pith all married
people—meet be no, in fact—for how could ro
mance and sentiment find place among so many
prosy realities ? I supposed we were as happy
as anybody ; and yet, it was not the kind of life
I had looked forward to with eo many bright an
The doctor came out and greeted me cordially.
In the hall we met Mrs. Stearns, looking fresh'
and lovely in her pink muslin wrapper, with her
jetty hair in tasteful braids. She scolded me
playfully for not bringing my wife, chatted a few
minutes, and then flitted away, while the doctor,
remarking that his motto was, " business first,
and pleasure afterward," led the way to the
As we entered the room I noticed a vase of
bright autumn flowers on the table, imparting an
air of taste and cheerfulness to the apartment. I
made some remark about it, to which the doctor
~ Yes, I am very fond of flowers, and love to
see them in the house ; and, as I spend much
time here, my wife always keeps a vase of them
on the table as long as they last."
Our business was nisbed before dinner, and
we walked out in the rounds, which were quite
extensive, and tastekly arranged.
There was a variety of flowers in bloom, and
I noticed that the-tio4or selected here &withers
the finest, instil he bld &handsome bouquet.
When we reache‘ilhe house, Hrs. &yarns *eta
standing on the step. The doctor, still contin
uing ear conversation, gave her the flowers, with
a slight bow and smile ; and, holding up a spray
of crimson berries, yhich he had brckei4 (41', she
bent her head whilp he fastened it among the
dark braids of her lair.
IL was trifling incident, yet their manner ar
rested my attention. Had I been a stranger, I
should have pronounced them lovers instead of
sober - Married people. All through the day I
noticed the same delicate . atteniion and deference
in their deportment to each oth r.
There was nothing of which t a most fastidious
guest could complain; yet, w le showing me
the most cordial attention, they did not seem to
ignore each other's existenoe, as married people
so often do.
I had never visited the doctor before, and was
very much pleased with his Wield home. I
said so, after dinner, when we strolled outdate
" Yee," he said, I think it pleasant; and," he
added, believe I am a contented man; BO far
I ant not disappointed in life."
How long have you been married, doctor?"
" Tea years."
" Well," I pursued, "can you tell me whence
the bright atmosphere that summit& your home.
Tell me how you and Mrs. Stearns manage to re
tain the depth and freshness of your early love,
as you seem to do ? I should think the wear and
EL home where my ideal of domestic happiness
was realized before. It is what I once dreamed
The doctor smiled, and, pointing \c a thrifty
grape vine climbing over a neat lattice, and load
ed with purple fruit, he said:
"That vine needs careful slim:din!, and, if
pruned and properly oared for, it is ihat you
see it ; but if neglected, how soon would it be
come a worthless thing. So the love which is to
all, at some period, the most precious iihing in
life. and which need* so much 6106 toyteep it
unimpaired, is generally neglected. t my
friend, it is little acts—trifles—that so oft es
trange loving hearts. I have always ma eit a
point to treat my wife with the same co Atm ,
that characterized my deportment in the d g of
courtship ; and, while lam careful not to fond
her tastes and little prejudices, I am sure that
mine will be equally respected."
That night as I rode homeward, ponderin the
doctor's words and reviewing the year of
our married life, I was sarpilsed at my wn
blindness, and I determined to recall the efrly
dream, if possible.
The next morning, at breakfast, I adonis ed
Alice by a careful toilet, chatted over the din , r,
and, after tea, invited her to ride. When ~ e
came down in my favorite blue organdie, w h
her hair in shining curls, I thought she h
never looked lovelier.
I exerted myeelf, - ae of old, to entertain he
and was surprised to find how quickly and plea.
flatly the evening passed.
I relolied to test the doctor's theory perfectly
and the result exceeded my most sanguine ex
For Blithe little nameless attentions so grati
fying to a woman's heart, and so universally an-,
corded by the lover and neglected by the husband,'
I find myself repaid a thousand-fold; and. I
would advise all who are sighing over the non
fulfilment of early dreams, to go and do likewiee,
remembering that, that which is worth winning
is worth keeping•_
HAZARDOUS ADVENTURE IN THE
TOMB OF DAVID. .
The following sketch, , furnished by Mies Bar
clay, daughter of James T. Barclay, author of
" The City of the Great Ring," gives an inter
esting account of her perilous adventure in gain
ing access to the Tomb of David :
"Early one morning, during the great Mo
hammedan feast of Rhamadan, I. was called to
the parley' room, to see my friend Moose. This
little fellow having bagetne rather a frequent
visitor, I was at first inclined to excuse mypelf,
but remembering he had lately hinted at the pos
sibility of my gaining an entrance into the Tomb
of David, and in consideration, too, of the fact of
being their fasting season, the everlasting finjan
of coffee and doueeur of sweetmeats—those
otherwise indispensable marks of Turkish civility
—might now be dispensed with, I concluded to
make my appearance. On entering the room,
my pleasing suspicions were confirmed by see
ing him close thie door and mysteriously place
hie finger on hie lips, in token of profound
secrecy. lie laid his ponderous turban on the
divan, beside him, doffed his slippers, crossed
his legs, and disclosed the nature of his errand.
In short, I was itiformed that his sister was
ready for an adienlure ; and as I was too, we
were not _ long in reaching Turfendah, (hie
sister,) who immediately commenced operations.
My hair was taken down, and braided in scores
of little plaits. A re# cloth cap, with a blue ellk
tassel, was placed on my head, and around it a
gauze turban, with . gold tassels and embroidery.
My robe and trowsert were of the finest Dames-
cus silk, my girdle or cashmere, and tunic of
light blue stuff, embroidered in silver flowers.
My bands were already dyed with henna,' hav
ing undergone this process on the occasion of a
former adventure in the Mosque of Omar, and
still retained the deep yellow hue; my skin wee
pretty deeply tanned, too, from a residence of
several years under a burning Syrian sun, which
was quite an addition to my Turkish appearance.
The sheet, veil, and slippers, came in due or -
der ; and having secreted my pencil and sketch
book in the folds of my girdle, we sallied forth,
accompanied by Turfendsh's favorite slave.
" The reputed Tomb of David is just outside
of Zion Gate, hard by the Coenaculum and
American Cemetery. It is surrounded by an
irregular pile of buildings and surmounted by a
dome and minaret. In the interior are some of
the most grotesque architectural embellishments
imaginable, on the capitals of some remains of
the Crusaders' architecture. Jest think of the
frightful owl occupying the place of the classic
lotus 1 We passed the several halls and corridors,
evidently of the style of the Quixotic era of the
Crusaders' domination, before reaching the con-
accented apartment, whose entrance is guarded
by double iron doors. Wo found here an old
dervish prostrate in prayer, on the cold stone
floor. Not being privileged, as we, to enter the
sacred precincts, he wse content with gazing at
the tomb through the iron bars ; for it is a rare
thing for even a Mussulm,u ecclealastic to gain
admittance—my companion and her family only
enjoying this privilege, because they are very
near relatives of the curator.' Our slave was
despatched for the key, which She had no dim
(laity in obtaining, on the plea that her mistress
wished to pray on the holy spot. What was my
consternation on seeing another slave r•tornink
with her confess that I trembled, and Was
thinking I had beet leave my &irk Ward slippers
behind, in ease of retreat, as they would greatly
impede my progress, and might thereby cause
me to lose my head.. She peered under my veil,
asked who I was, and seemed satisfied with the
careless reply of Turfendah, that I was merely a
friend of hers from Stamboul. She invited US
up stairs to see the old keeper's harem; and
Dahudeah (Moosil.:a little wife), who is always
glad to exchange the purgatory
. of a residence
with her lord and master for a visit,of a few days
here ; for I can testify that the young effendi
lords it over her in true oriental style. Torten
dah regretted she could not accept her kind in
vitation, and, as she was so much exhausted
from fasting, she would prefer deferring it to
another time. The slave then left, to our mutual
relief, and, having dismissed the old dervish, the
doors were °lend and doubly looked.
" The room is insignificant in its dimensions,
but Win furnished very gorgeously. The twat is
apparently an immense saroophatua of rough
stone, and is covered by green satin tapestry,
ack vet is attached, with a few insetip
lions from the Koran; embroidered also in gold.
A satin canopy of red, Wile, green and yellow
etripee, hangs over the tomb ; and another piece
of black velvet tapestry, embroidered in silver,
covers a door in one end of the room, which they
said, leads to a cave underneath. Two tail sil
ver candlesticks dud before this door, and a
lamp bangs in a window near it, 'which is kept
constantly burning, and whose wick, though
saturated with oil—and I dare say a most nauee
dis dose—my devotional companion eagerly
swallowed, muttering to herself a prayer with
many a genuflexion. She then, in addition to
their usual forms of prayer, prostrated herself
before the tomb, raised the covering, pressed her
forehead to the stone and kissed it many times.
The ceiling of the room is vaulted end the walls
Covered with blue porcelain, in floral figures.
Having remained here an hour or, more, and
completed my sketch, we left; and great was my
rejoicing when I found myself once more at home,
out of danger, and still better, out of my awk
There is nothing in. the tropics that can con-
Bale a uiau ti 0911190, to dwell there, for the lose of
northern winters. Monkeys and humming birds,
gorgeous flowers and gigantic vegetation, in
sects, reptiles, and luscious fruits, which you
cannot eat without a cholera, sweltering nights
and roasting days I Deliver us from the intoler
able delights of a tropical luxury !
2. Bnt a northern winter is full of bracing
joys. In•doors all is ruddy and social, and out
of doors all is energy and manly joy ! A man
who has blood and vital spirits glories in the
cold of winter. But of all sports, what one can
claim superiority over cowling; or, as in our
boyhood days it was called, sliding down hill 7
2. Long before we attained the age of a sled
two barrel•etaves, fastened together by the know
ing workman, served an excellent purpose,
Bud required no mean skill in sitting and steer
ing. A slight mistake in balancing, and the boy
and staves changed places, the boy under and
the sliding-machine a-top—and then gradually
rolling into a promiscuous heap, out of which
came some ripping remarks, not made by the
4. Next came the glory of fall and real sled
s4—a sled with runners, and iron or steel shod;
a sled painted and lettered! With that we defied
the thermometer, and set our faces before the
north wind I And how long the hill, a full half
mile, is sought, not all of a gentle slope, nor yet
too steep, but. properly made up, as all bills
should be, with a fine gradual beginning, then a
pitch quite steep, then another long middle -elope,
a jounce here, a rullock there, a sweep yonder
around a point, and a fetching-up place right
along the river! On such a hill-top, with a
glorious sled, well muffled and mittened, the
boy seats himself on his sled, prouder than ever
sat a king upon his throne.
fr. Away he goes with nimple feet. reaching out
before him (for a sled carries its rudder at the
bow),;fiand whose Ads with skillful touch steer
the flying machine. See him make a leap over
the rullock, lifted clear into the air, and - coming
down with &jounce that made everything crack!
Boys have springs inside of them, under every
muscle, on all aides of each bone, and come
down with a springy fund that cars and carri
ages may envy, but cannot hope to attain I
6. None of your belly-flounders! This lying
down on a sled, like a buckwheat- cake on a grid
dle, or that sideway sitting. on the hind•end of
it, with one leg cork-soreired out behind, for
steering, are not the thing. They are not ortho
dox. They savor of a compliance with weakness
and timidity_ A. real boy should sit upon his
Bled fair and square, with hie face to hie work,
and ready to meet all difficulties with his breast
to them 1
7. Norylet any one decry the long tramp up
bill that follows this fierce flight downward.
What if it is long, the sled hanging behind, the
way slippery, and withal some perils of those
avalanches of other boys that come roaring and
whirling down? The going-up is still an indis—
pensable part of the epic. It is the dark that
gives power to the high light. The up makes, by
contrast, the very glory of the down.
8. We never see the snow on the ground, old
as we are, that we do not feel the very spirit of
the sled again I And now, an old man, we would,
if we could, mount and plunge down the bill
again. Though a man's hair is as white as the
snow under his feet, he need not be ashamed of
a voyage on a sled
9. One winter, not long ago, when in New
Bedford, we found a long street refused I o horse
vehicles, and set apart to sleds. The selectmen,
or whatever their names were, at the public ex
pense, carted on snow where the track was worn;
[TOL. XXIII.-NO. 37.-WHOLE NO. 1979.
iced it by water thrown on over night ; stationed
a band of music there; had torches lit and placed
along the sides ; and the generous people, catch
ing the spirit, illumined their houses, and this
preparation was thrown open to men, women and
children. That city is civilized!' That part of
the millenium which consists in sliding down
hill, we believe will begin first in New Bedford I
Repol-t of the 00>akia.40fidA4 Appointed by the Gov
ernor to prepare a Revi,ed Revenue Code, under a
Joint Resolution of the Legislature, approved
April 11, 1802.
The Commissioners appointed by the Governor,
in pursuance of the authority of the joint repel.-
tion of the Legislature, passed the 11th day of
April, 1802, ~ relative to revising the revenue
laws of the Commonwealth," respectfully sub.
mit theh report.
It is Xesumed that the Legislature, by the
resolution aethorizing the commission, contem
plated such action on the part of the comtnis•
sionere as woulelead to a new system for levy
ing and oollectinttaxes, and at the same time
establish a more eteitable distribution of the
burthens of taxation The laws now existing
relating to the raising' revenue are confused,
ambiguous and, in their
.ration, unjust. The
commissioners, by the accdt.,, peuy i ng bill which
they submit as part of their *Vert, have endeav
ored to systematize the mode be assessing pro- ,
perty, and to equalize the burthet,s o f t axa ti on .
The commissioners. have labored-under great
difficulty in not being able to get the, essential
facts necessary in making a just and fall-revenue
system. It is not improper to note that amongst
all the reports and in all the records of the sev
oral offices of the State Government, there is
nothing to show the productive resources of the
Commonwealth. The archives of the State are
deficient in facts relating to the wealth, commerce
and' industry of the people.
The proposed mode of assessing e,......,./. 5 , i s
....i........,,, *h. ..,-..--1---a it
a istrpred in several of
the other States, and experience has demonstra
ted its utility and its popularity. It is, perhaps,
the only mode which will secure a complete as
sessment of all property upon which taxes should I
The commissioners have endeavored to reach ,
every species of property, in order to secure
from every man, according to 'his means, equal
contribution towards the maintenance of the
State Government. They have labored,to lessen
the weight of taxation, and in no way to increase
it. To this end all the changes that appear in
the proposed system are directed.
The mode of collecting taxes, as proposed by
the commissioners, is now in operation in many
of the counties of the State. Its tendency,
wherever tried, has been to ensure more prompt
payment of taxes, and at the same time a very
great saving to the tax payers.
But the most important feature of the proposed
system is that which leads to the emancipation
of real estate from taxation for State purposes.
In the performance of their duties, the commis
sioners were compelled to review all the purposes
for which revenue mist be provided. Revenue
is required to maintain the State Government,
and, as incident thereto, revenue must be pro
vided for counties and townships. Tazatiou-se.-1
-1.....al purposes (counties and towvdityls) falls
almost entirety ..rata_real estate - Thia ...broom' '
the making of roads andminiortilding of bridges,
the maintenance of schools and the support of
the poor. Taxation for these purposes, in many 1
localities, amounts to three per cent. upon the
value of all the taxable property within the
township. Thus the indisputable fact is presen
ed, that investments in real estate have to bear
much more than a just proportion of the burthens
of taxation. To relieve real estate from this
unjust discrimination was one of the objects of
A large portion—perhaps the largest portion
of the actual wealth of the State, is beyond the
reach of local taxation. The capital employed
in all the leading branches of trade, involving
commerce and manufactures, banks and railroads,
is drawn from the mass of the people and put
under the control of a few individuals. This
property should bear its equal share of the bur
thens of taxation, and sines it cannot be reached
for local purposes, it should be taxed-in greater
proportion for State purposes.
In the accompanying bill, the commissioners
propose reducing the revenue arising from real
and personal property from $1,422,624 to $069,-
049, which would be a reduction of $853,574.
To make up the deficiency thus produced, they
propose to increase the tax upon corporations.
Corporations in this State are very numerous
and very powerful. They have not only drawn
within their control an immense amount of capi
tal, but they have drawn within their power the
entire commerce of the State. Almost everything
is now made to contribute to the revenues of
these corporations. Yet, owing to their intangi
ble character, it is very difficult to adopt a gen
eral system of taxation applicable thereto. The
franchises of corporations are property, and the
legitimate subject of taxation; in fixing a tax
upon corporations these extraordinary privileges,
their franchises, constitute the first grounds of
the Commonwealth's claims to contribution, and
in that consists her right to discriminate in favor
of the public.
The property of corporations is within the
reach of the authority of the State. Now, in
order to do justice to the agricultural interests
and the owners of real estate, the Commonwealth
should look to this kind of property for a large
portion of the revenue requisite for State pur
The commissioners do not propose to increase
the tax upon banks, believing that they now pay
their proportion of the necessary revenue. But
they propose to tax railroad companies equally
with banks. Owing to the fact that most of the
railroad corporations have no stock basis, some
other mode than that applied to banks must be
devised. A railroad company may have a capi
tal of a million of dollars, and the capital stock
all held by shareholders. In such a ease the
dividends could be taxed as bank stooks and
bank dividends are taxed. But another company,
in every respect equal, may go into operation,
and instead of issuing stock to shareholders it
may issue bonds for a million of dollars, and
instead of paying dividends it would pay inter
est ; instead of stock it would have nothing but
indebtedness.* Yet there is no reason why these
institutions should not pay equally the same tax
upon the same amount of business,
The commissioners, after mature deliberation,
have adopted the plan of taxing the gross receipts
of all railroad companies, and they have fixed
the tax at two cents upon each and. every dollar
Of their earnings. From this tax the State
would derive a revenue amounting at least 10
They also propose a very light tax upon the
tonnage carried over the different improvements
of the State. This tax, as fixed in the bill, would
yield a revenue amounting at least to $350,000.
If, after a year's experience, it would be ehown
that the revenue from these sources, would be
greater than the above estimates, then real estate.
should be entirely relieved from taxation for
It is also proposed, by' the accompanying bill,
to abolish the board of revenue commissioners.
If real estate should be relieved from taxes for
State purposes, the cause which gave rise to the
board would no longer exist. Independent, how
ever, of the question, whether real estate should
be taxed for State purposes or not, the commis •
sioners are of the opinion that the board is of no
practical utility. Property should be taxed at
its true value, and the people themselves are the
best judges of the value of their own property.
They choose their own assessors, who are first
authorized to fix the value upon the property
within their jurisdiction. This valuation is sub
ject to the revision of the county board. These
officers must determine the value of property for
county purposes; now why not for Slate pur
poses I The Commonwealth confided in the re-
turns made by the officers of private corporations,
ale° in the reports and return:: of municipal offi
cers. A board of revision is equally entitled to
credit. Where the State establishes a local tri
bunal for the purpose of valuing the property
taxable by law, in that tribunal it should confide.
No foreign agency can be as safe, certain or reli
able. ThW'efore, as a matter of justice to the
people, of economy and consistency, the board of
revenue commissioners, should be abolished.
There are other features in the proposed reve•
nue system that might be noticed, but an exami
nation of the bill itself will give a better idea of
their character than any reference here, The
commissioners have endeavored to systematize a
mode for the raising of revenue, and in that sys
tem they have endwyrored to reach every person
and every interest,n order that no ip,iuntace
should be done.
AT. RUSSELL THAYER,
R. B. M'COMB.
December 1, 1862.
Against the Bill to Indemnify the President and
Others for suspending the privilege of the Writ of
In the House of Representatives, at Washing
ton, Monday, December 22, 1862, Mr. PENDLA-
TON. of Ohio, offered the following resolution;.
Resolved, That the following protest of thirty-
Biz members of this House against the passage
of House bill No. 691 be entered upon the Jour
Oa the 9th day of December, A. D. 1862, and
during the peeneht session of Congress, Mr.
STETENB, of Pennsylvania., introduced the bill
No. 591, entitled "An act to indemnify the Pres
ident, and other persons, fur suspending tho
privilege of the writ of habeas corpus, and acts
dune in rursuance thereof," and after its second
reading moved tliat its consideration be made
the spudal order for the
Ph ys ia tk y a typnext en
wuqueion i andthsben t.in a
underthe operationbereof, the i :;eV a
third time, and passed.
Tis bill involves questions of the gravest im
portance. It provides that all suspensions of the
writ of haboas corpus, all arrests ald impria94-
month upon whatever pretexts or by whomsoever
made, under the authority of We President,
however arbitrary or tyrannical or unjust, are
confirmed and made valid ; and that all persons
who advised or executed or assisted in the exe
cution of any such acts ate discharged from all
liability, whether , te WState or to individuals
respeot thereof r and that all proceedings
against them of every nature, whether for the
recovery of damages, or for the initiation of pun
ishment "commenced or to be commenced," are
disoharged and made void, It also provides that
the President may, during the existence of this
rebellion, at, any time and anywhere throughout
any of the United States, and as to any person,
suspend the privilege of the writ, of habear cor-
The bill is framed upon the idea that the acts
recited were illegal, and without just cadge or
excuse; that they were violations of the rights
of the perilous arrested and imprisoned; and
that for them redress might be had in the courts
regular, and ordinary administration of the law.
It is framed upon the idea that the citizen Was
arrested without the existence of crime on his
part, or oven probable cause to suspect it, and
that in making such arrests, the substance, as
well as the form, of those provisions of law in
tended to secure personal liberty were entirely
disregarded. It makes no exception of those
oases in which the arrests have been made with
malice, and the imprisonments have been inflict
ed with circumstances of brutality and cruelty—
in which the "public good" has been made the
cloak wherewith to cover the gratification of po
litical animosity or private hatred. It distin
guishes in nothing between the cases in which
an honest mistake has been followed by its imme
diate correction, and cases in which malignity has
been enabled, by false pretenses, to procure the
arrest and to prolong the imprisonment, to the
loss of property, the destruction of health, and,
in some instances, theoinstmity, suicide, or ling
eting death of the unhappy victim. ,It distin
guishes in nothing between the active officer,
zealous in the full discharge of his official duties,
and the base miscreant who volunteers to assume
the degrading character of spy and informer,
that he may with more effect, and secretly, use
the falsehood which the venom of his heart
prompted him to invent. It proposes to condone
all offenses, to protect all offenders, and to take
away all redress for injuries, however great, or
with whatever circumstances of aggravation or
bad motive inflicted.
If these acts had been done in all easels from
the purest motives, with an eye single to the
public good, with as little aggression as possible
on private rights, with ell circumspection - and
care that only those who were really guilty
should suffer such confinement as would prevent
the commission of an unlawful set—if the public
good were in fact aubeerved by them—it might be
proper to protect the President, and those acting
under his authority, from criminal prosecution,
and penal sentence; it might be proper to pro
tect them from pecuniary loss, by the payment,
from the public Treasury, of the damages assess
ed against them, Even then, whilst admitting
that circumstances like these would in seasons
of great public dangers negative all wrongful in
tent in the commission of these illegal acts, it
would be the duty of the Representatives of the
people to affirm that at all times the President of
the United States, before all other men, should
adhere moat strictly to the forms of legal proce
dure-when directing hie powers against the per
sonal liberty of the citizen. It could never be
proper to indemnify the President, and those
acting under his authority, at the expense of the
citizen whom they had injured, or to add to their
security by the destruction of his remedies.
The Constitution of the United States guards
most carefully the rights of the citizen ; it was
ordained "to establish justice," "insure domes
tic tranquillity," and to tteecure - the blessings of
liberty;" and so steadily was this object kept In
view, that in addition to the reservation of all
powers not granted, there are special prohibi
tions of seizures without warrant, detentions
without indictment, imprisonment without a
speedy and public trial, and deprivation of life,
liberty, or property without due process of law ;
and there are clauses which extend the judicial
I power of the United States in all eontrovielliee
between citizens of different States, and eteure
a trial by jury in all cases in which the value in
controversy exceeds twenty dollars. Congress
has hitherto uniformly maintained, and, as far
as was necessary, has perfected by its legislation
these guarantees of personal liberty, and the
courts have enforced them by assessment of
damages for their infraction. This bill proposes
to deprive the courts of the power to afford such
protection. It will, if carried out into practical
and general operation, release the people from
the duty of appealing to such peaceful and legal
means of redress, and will provoke more summa
ry and less constitutional measures. Yet this
bill, without precedent in our history, suggesting
such grave questions of constitutionality and ex
pediency, believed by many members to be ut
terly subversive of the rights of the citizen and
of the express provisions of the Constitution, by
the force of mere numbers and against the re
monstrance of the minority. was passed' within
one hour of its first introduction, without having
been printed, without, having been referred to
any committee, select or standing, and without
any opportunity for consideration or discussion.
The undersigned, members of the House of
Representatives, do therefore moqt solemnly re
monstrate against this action of the House, and
respectfully ask that this their protest may be
entered upon the Journal.
They protest against. the refusal of the House
to permit consideration and discussion of the
bill as an arbitrary exercise of power by the
majority, unjust to the members, unjust to their