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1) (SUN DAYS EXCErral)
HY JOHN W. FORNEY.
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WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 80, 1865.
.11. the urgent solicitation of Wirz, his coun
et 3-esterday again assumed the defence, and
1:0 . trial proceecital. Dr. Vander Kroft, who
nie fpnysician at the Annapolis Hospital
May 29, 1001, to May 23, 1865, testi
,o,l to the condition of the released
prisoners when they were
,„ I ,..igned to his care. A description of
c oalition of some of 1110 'released men
fully described in The Press last summer,
host of our readers will remember. An
tber witness, a physician, also on duty at
liay—testified to their ge
tr,l treatment While he was at the prison.
~-,:nee, of Wirz's cruelty were given by re
-11-01 prisoners. II is profanity, indeeencY,
barbarity were shown, and the effect his
r o rts had on the welfare of the men.
.} , rauti has extended from New Took to Nor.
lk, where, so a special despatch informs us,
may paymasters have been in collusion with
Scrfolk bank, and made a hundred thousand
cam's in a month. It seems that the 7-30
,lids, 'which have in many instances been
in the payment of soldiers, have been
i:cet pled when presented for payment at the
,doll[ bank, and the officers of that Matta
on shared the plunder with the paymasters,
t i o a ere ‘` in the ring: , A close and search.-
inquiry is being made into all the trans
,4 ions, and all the villainy will be unearthed.
lilt Patiß, it is now announced, will be tried
,aore a United States Circuit Court. The par
knew one lies not yet been designated, but it
believed that it will be convened some
here In Virginia—probably Norfolk—with
lief Justice Chase as the presiding judge.
n dietments for constructive treason have
,dreatly brOUght against Davis by Brand
lilies in the District of Columbia, and at
robberies and murders are said now to be of
equent occurrence on the Texan frontier—so
, c omet that the columns of the newspapers
e filled Itith accounts of them. The people
the intdklor are getting along well enough,
o,verer, and in six counties have already
tibikly submitted to the Union. The condi
ion of the freedmen is satisfactory. They are
Oily adapting themselves, we suppose, to
,sir new life.
Fortune favors the " Athletic d Base Ball
lit. It was again victorious yesterday, in
contest with the "Pastime Club, of Bald.
.ere, scoring 39 against 27. The " Atlardies, o
e famous New Toile club, were also success
,l Oyer the "National" in a score Of al to le,
ecneral Neill, of Pennsylvania, was very
rerely injured night before last. He was
(wing out of a car, when he was struck by
horse which was ridden at a high rate of
eedg knocked down, his shoulder fractured
bblieyed some of his ribs broken.
.1 man named Breda, who is said to have for
,rrly belonged to the "Washington Congres
oLal Lobby," was arrested in Montreal yes
olny, fa obtaining money Under false pre
anniversary of the landing of the
lA%liOa colony isi New England Wag eele•
~Ica yesterday, at Fort _Popham, at the
mall of the Kennebec river,.with appropriate
lion. Wm. J. Jones, at the time of secession,
lige Of the United. States District Court, of
ablamt, 6ae been arrested and bonded at
Ye , terclay a grand reception was given to
(4./ wan musical clubs, of New York, by
young Manatierehor, of this city, at Engle
iskel/, Speaker of the Tennessee HMSO
apresentatives has been invited to resign
meeting of citizens at Knoxville, because
opposition to the franchise bill.
Gideon J. Pillow, Ex-Governor Aiken, Ex
• aril Nicholson, nod 'Messrs. Scroggs and
eiy have not been pardoned by the Presi-
Thirteen bodies have already been recover
from the wreck of the cars near Rey
:x.bovernor Brough, of Ohio, died yester
.y at Cleveland. His funeral will take
ne on friday.
'he et'icket match between the - United States
t Canada, at Toronto, was concluded Tester_
y. United States the winners.
Yesterday the brig Matthia s of Boston, was
iniO and sunk in the lower harbor, Bahl-
There have been petitioners to the President
Lelialf of Stephens, Hunter, and other pro
tY proclamation the President has removed
rbtriCtiOne on articles heretofore ex--
, a the solicitation of Wirz, Messrs. Schade
a taker have consented to remain as his
ee Commission to treat with the Indians
re arrived at Fort Scott
anada's debt is $78,000,800.
here was a moderately active stock market
, teriluy. Government loans were held
,tiy, and the 10-40 s were in demand at better
~ires. State securities were a fractionlower.
tmilway share list was rather weak, and
at the close fell oir
lour was more active yesterday, and prices
At an upward tendency. The receipts and
continue very light. Wheat is in
tier demand and prices rather firmer. Corn
' , declined. Oats are tmehangsd. Cotton is
11 and prizes are unsettled. Melt and fruit
• Without any material change. Pig iron is
NI! and in good demand. Whisky is firmly
!d at former rates. Wool continues very
TTER FROM "OCCASIONAL."
- WASHINGTON, August 29, 1865.
wring Mr. Lincoln's administration, the
•oil who gave him the most trouble, by
complaining and quarrelsome disposi
1, was Mr. Montgomery Blair, of Mary
whose appointment as Postmaster
Aral be made after a somewhat aerimo
w, contest between the friends of the
:iant Henry Winter Davis, who was also
seil for a seat in the Cabinet, and " the
of the bilious and hard-to-please
itomery. A. man of mediocre talents,
Irdrior lawyer, and a very poor speaker,
worthy individual inherits from his
0 . . the venerable, yet still active, Fran-
P. Blair, Sr., a quick, restless, and med
(,nle temper, and, above all, an inces
t longing for patronage and power.
ce-tomed to wield considerable Mll
e in the administrations of General Jack.
.nd Martin Van Buren, under both of
'4l, as well as under the " Accidency "
Jflnt Tyler, Blair, senior, was the vigor.
(aiitor of the official organ, The Globe,
'vas a sad disappointment when, after
administration of John Tyler, his suc
,q, James K, Polk, of Tennessee, in
the eccentric, simple-hearted, and,
the result proved, incompetent and
1 3:-out Thomas Ritchie, of the Richmond
.7' , irer, to take his place as manager
thief of the Government newspaper.
'al proceeding, though yielded to by Mr.
'a, was never forgiven by himself or his
'Ands, at that time composed of some of
i;iost eminent men of the old Demo
-IY—men, for instance, like Van
,R.a himself; and his son John ;
11166, Woodbury, (whose daughter
, rric2Ll the irascible Montgomery,)
611, of Ohio, Delilits, Dromgoole, Gran
, Lint, Sevier, John M. Niles, and
of equal note. It is not too much to
' .l !=ttt the change in the editors of the
i(lal organ twenty years ago, did much
eliaage and to shape national politics for
flittre genuation; and it is probable that
weak and querulous son, in imitation
the bold and crafty- father, may seek to
Ice a sindlar rvoult as a punishment
those who effected his removal from
Lincoln's Cat; net nearly two years
I \"hateverinilneflce deposed Blair, Sr,,
the head of' the National organ, it is
Q 1 that it was attributed to the efforts
ohn C. Caßiouu and his supporters.
Opposition of Mr. 'Van Buren to the
. xation of TeNas to the United States,
albtedly lost hint his nomination for re
ion before the Baltimore Democratic
- ention of 1414, and turned against
many leading Democrats ; and it is
to see that, sympathizing in this
sition, Mr. Blair tell under the dis
tile of those who pressed, and made
:xation a leading issue in the De
mile party. I shall never forget
effect of Mr. Van Buren's letter
that subject upon the politicians of
l 'slivania. The delegates from the
`, to the Democratic National Conven
had been previously elected favorable
,he nomination of James Buchanan;
1 11 at timid and time-serving politician,
that Van Buren's friends would be
FArong for him at Baltimore, and
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9.-NO. 26. PHILADELPHIA, WEDNESDA -, AUGUST 30; 1805 THREE
yet hoping that if they failed, he would
be their second choice, declined the no
mination on the ground that the " Little
Magician" had the inside track. When
Mr. Van Buren's anti-Texas letter ap
peared, the politicians dropped him with
amusing unanimity and haste, showing,
even at that late clay, the controlling
influence of slavery in Northern politics.
It was, however, too late for J. B. to re
cover what his hasty declension had lost
for him. The Van Burenites charged hire
with playing false, and declared that he was
secretly against their favorite, and his im
mediate friends were so disheartened and
disgusted at his vacillation that, when they
got into the Convention, they could only
make a feeble and ineffectual effort in his
behalf. When Col. Polk was elected, he
asked Mr. Blair, Sr., to sell the Globe to
Father Ritchie, which was done ; and in
order to propitiate the former, offered him
the Spanish mission, which he positively re
fused, as he did another foreign - appointment
for his hopeful son, the present pragmatical
Montgomery. I have always believed that
President Polk regretted the change in the
Globe. We certainly gained, if I may use
the phrase, a very poor substitute for the .
trenchant and fearless Blair, whO was the
most terrible newspaper tyrant ever known,
in Washington, and who seconded Old
Hickory in many of his boldest enter
prises, as well against the United States
Bank as the Nullifiers. What first attracted
Genera] Jackson's attention to Blair, Sr.,
was a strong editorial article against
Nullification in a newspaper in Ken
tucky in 1830. He immediately in
vited him to visit the National Ca
pital, and establish a Democratiepaper
in the interest of his Administration,
which, being accepted, was the beginning
of a long career of journalism, terminating
as I have stated ; leaving Mr. Blair, by
means of his partnership with John C.
Rives, in the Congressional Globe, a standard
record still published by the sons of that
philanthropic and noble-hearted citizen.
The fruits of the change in the Globe were
not long ripening. Resolved to bide his
time, Blair, Sr„ carefully treasured up his
wrongs, and in 1848 he made a diversion
against the Democracy, by throwing his
influence in favor of the Barnburner can
didate for President, Martin Van Buren;
thus aiding to defeat the Democratic can
didate, General Cass, and to elect the
Whig candidate, General Taylor. I think
"the family" supported General Pierce, in
1852, although I am not sure; but when the
Missouri Compromise was repealed, in 1854,
they helped to build up the Republican
party, and acted with it up to the election
of Mr. Lincoln, in 1860. I have already re
ferred to the appointment of Montgomery
as Postmaster General, and to the fact that
he was always a disturbing element in the
Cabinet of that wise and beloved statesman.
Up to the period of the election and inaugu
ration of that Administration the Blairs
were the engineers of the Fremont influence.
Receiving him as a sort of legacy or trust from
Col. Benton, they so wrote and spoke about,
and exaggerated that quiet, speculative, and
romantic citizen, that they not only made
him' very "daft," but the Republicans too,
and put hint up for President in 1856, by
something like a flank movement of the old
politicians, who took the good Colonel for
a real her4zand statesman, and worked so
bard and so earnestly for him, that nothing
prevented his election but the solemn
promise, before God and man, of James
Buchanan, that he would allow the people
of Kansas to settle the slavery question
without interruption, in their own way,
and the support Of the South in the belief
(and I fear the secret assurance,) that he
never intended to keep that promise or
pledge when so formally made in his letter
of acceptance of June, 1856. The first
thing after getting Montgomery into Mr.
Lincoln's,Cabinet was to put Col. Fremont
in the army in a foremost, if not the first,
position. I need not go over this part of
the familiar history of the first years of the
rebellion ; but Col. Fremont, who was fit
for President, and had been described as
the Admirable Crichton of the age—whose
gallantry and daring had had no less
a historian than Thomas H. Ben
ton—dwindled into failure, and wits in
capable the moment he would not obey the
orders of the family. And his own misfor
tunes, to charaCteiisse his proceedings in
Missouri by no harsher phrase, came in to
help his "former friends turned foes." It
is not doubted that Mr. Montgomery Blair
left Mr. Lincoln's Cabinet chiefly because
he could not agree with his colleagues. That
he was for a long time hostile to General
Cameron is proved by the fact that no one
was more rejoiced titan he when the latter
resigned his post as Secretary of War. His
opposition to Mr. Chase took a public shape
in his speech at Rockville, Maryland, in
the winter, I think, of 1864. When he
took offence at Mr. Seward is not known,.
but they were very good friends at one
time, and even now, I suppose, there is not
a man more amused and surprised at Mr.
Blair's abuse than the distinguished Secre
tary of State. His bitter hostility to Messrs.
Stanton and Holt is probably because these.
men have been so earnest and so thorough in
their efforts to punish treason and traitors,
and because they have been sustained by
what are called the radical Unionists—the
hack-bone, the brains, heart, and soul of
the Union party of America. In fltet, in all
these attacks upon these eminent characters
I have named, the first blow came, in near
ly every case, from Mr. Blair. There was
no provocation, and there has been no re
ply to one of his jeremiads. The columns
of the Opposition Papers have been freely
opened for their publication, and the Oppo
sition editors joyously employed in their
decoration ; but no word even of explana
tion has come from Mr. Chase, Mr. Seward,
Mr. Stanton, or Judge Holt. General
Cameron treated the " raid " of the Blairs
upon him as the effusion of spleen—the
offspring of a bilious and dyspeptic temper—
' and laughed it away. When one thinks
what effect the presence of such a person in
Mr. Lincoln's otherwise "Happy Family"
must have had upon him, one may sincerely
felicitate President Johnson that Ms Cabi
net is not thus disturbed. Reading Mr.
Blair's violent denunciations of Mr. Chase,
Mr. Seward, and Mr. Stanton, it seems
hard to believe that, with the bitter feel
ings from which these denunciations grew,
he remained in -the Cabinet with two of
them nearly three years, and with Mr.
Stanton nearly two. All that he now col
lects and hurls at their devoted heads, he
knew teen; and yet he sat at their side, and
it is not doubted was for a long time on the
Most friendly and even confidential terms
with these his colleagues. He does not
pretend to arraign them for anything
they have actually done since he was
bowed out of Mr. Lincoln's counsels.
He Coca not even pretend that any
one of them injured or affronted him.
These repeated and unprovoked denuncia
tions of faithful public servants cannot cer
tainly originate in a wish to promote
concert among the friends of the Govern
ment. This mull is clear, when we re
member that every one of Mr. Johnson's
Cabinet gives his reconstruction policy a
sincere and effective support. If, in
deed, there is any other ostensible .motive
but that selfish spite, it is his alleged desire
to treat the Southern people kindly, and
to restore them to their rights, Without
reminding this illogical disputant of his
own radical spirit at the beginning of the
rebellion, can he tell the country how he
would improve the condition of the South
ern people by forcing the resignation
of Mr. Seward from the Department of
State ? It is unnecessary now to enter
into any praise of Mr, B ewai l, At ro
hour of his long career has he been so
beloved by his countrymen, North and
South alike-:—those who fought against and
those who fought for the Republic ; and
never have his experience and his patriot
ism been so necessary to his Government,
in a wise and successful administration of
its foreign relations. But there is some con
sistency in the furious onset upon Mr. Stan
ton by Montgomery Blair. The two men
are essentially and strangely different.
Stanton has never affected "statesman
ship"—the making of platforms, the coin
ing of resolutions, or the habit of political
sermonizing ; be sticks to his Department,
minds his own business, and never runs
from corner to corner, and from hotel to
hotel, bearing - witness against his neighbor.
However men may complain of his se
verity—sometimes of manner, and some
times of action—nobody has ever dared
boldly to question his official or his
personal integrity. That is a strong
consolation for a people to hold to their
hearts during a period when hundreds of
millions had necessarily to be expended,
and a strong faith upon which they may
now and hereafter rest, that the honesty
which supervised the expenditure of many
of these Millions will also demand a system
of stern and exacting retrenchment and
economy. Mr. Blair is very anxious to
get hint out of the War Department, and
so are such healthy influences as the New
York News and the New York World;
and the friends of the deceased Mr.
Booth, and the living Mr. Wirz, have
not heard of anybody making any
special efforts the other way ; and it is
not charged even by Mr. Blair, that Mr.
Stanton Lae tried to strengthen his hold on
office. But Mr. Blair has rallied his forces
for a new and yet more dash upon
the Secretary of War. Let us patiently
abide the issue, which is first with the Pre
sident, and at last with God. The stum
bling-block in the road of Mr. Blair, how
ever, is the perfect accord between the Pre
sident and the great body of the Union
party on his plan of reconstruction. Not
one of the leading States has taken
issue with him ; and the action of the
Pennsylvania Unionists, charged by Mr.
Blair to Thaddeus Stevens—in compliment
ing Mr. 'Stanton, and at the same time,
speaking of the President's plan as too leni
ent and mild—cannot be so dreadful an
offence, considering that the President has
repeatedly announced that if what he of
fered to the late rebellious communities, was
not cordially accepted, he would unques
tionably resort to severe military remedies.
Even on the subject of colored
whatever may be the expressions of indi
viduals, no authorized convention has de
nied the force of the President's argument,
that the subject belongs to the States, and
not to Congress ; and curious to note, at
the very moment Mr. Blair arraigns the
earnest men of the North for their radical
ism, and distinctly intimates that the South
is to be persecuted and proscribed, and
trampled under foot by these radicals, until
at last a new rebellion is provoked, lo !
the late rebels deliberately prepare to
abolish slavery' in their respective States,
and as deliberately prepare to repeal all
their tyrannous laws against the freedmen.
Sensible Northern radicalism has really
asked no more; and this same radicalism
is not only sustained but recommended
to the Southern people by Andrew John
son. I call this the pursuit of trouble
under dreadful difficulties. But Mr. Blair's
annoyances do not end here. He was
wofully snubbed on his own stamping
ground, on Saturday last, when he grum
bled his great scold at Clarksville, Mary
land. The Governor elect, Mr. Swann,
was asked to join Mr. Blair—an honor
which he declined in a letter which con
tained the following radicalism. Neither
Thaddeus Stevens nor Edwin M. Stanton
could go much farther, and Andrew John
son will not take one inch less : .
"But however this may be, the President
will not shut his eyes to the progress and e
velopiqent of public sentiment now going for
ward in the rebellious States. When the
power passes from
. his bands, as the military
head or tile nation, re ?afore go into the hands Of a
people thoroughly loyal. There can be no compro
mise in this. The 'South can have reconstruction
or provisional military governments for the States,
just as they may elect. There can be no desire
to impose degrading terms. The people of the
South, sooner or later, are to form part of our
restored Union. The rebellion has been pat
down by the power of this Government, and
reconstruction must carry with it, while this
power continues, the removal of all issues,
which may have the effect to irritate and di
vide us in the future. If the South hopes for
construction on any other terms, they must
be undeceived; President Johnson has kindly
and generously extended to them the hand of
fellowship, upon the only condition consistent
with permanency and the national honor. I can
not persuade myself that they will reject
And on the Monday after he had scolded
everybody at Clarksville, the Baltimore
American contained his scold at length,
and accompanied it by the following com
ments, which, considering they are the sen
tiMents of Mr. Fulton, who holds a Fede
ral office to which Mr. Blair is sup
posed to have assisted him, may be called
" Whilst we have but little admiration for
Secretary Stanton's personal characteristics
or his previous career, it strikes that this as
sertion is a strong imputation on the motives
and purity of purpose of President Lincoln,
who appointed him, and of President Johnson,
who still retains him in his Cabinet. As to
Afr. Seward, we have and always shall regard
him as haring been the back bone of the Cabi
net of Mr. Lincoln--the man who had =uoi a to
do than any other in the country in shaping
the course of an administration that will ever
stand pre-eminent in the history of the nation.
Mr. Seward is now held in the hearts of the
American people asnext to President Lincoln,
and is too near the end of his career as an
American statesman to lose the position he
has obtained through a long, life of elevation to
the best interests of his country. Mr. Seward
took the helm of State at a critical period, and
has won not only the admiration of his own
countrymen, but of the whole civilized world,
by the distinguished ability with-which he
lms conducted both the foreign and domestic
relations of the Country during four years of
"The speech of Mr. Blair will doubtless meet
with en extended perusal; and we are Con
vinced that many of his best friends will find
in it much to condemn and but little to ap
prove. In his support of the Government all
loyal men will agree with him, and as to his
appeal for leniency and kindness to the masses
of the Southern people, when they return to
faithful allegiance, there will be no antagon
ism. All desire the return of harmony' and
good-will, and when the Southern people ex
tend the hand of fellowship in good faith, it
wit i be cordially grasped and fraternally re
ceived. As to his recommendation that the
right of suffrage must he restored to Maryland
rebels, we agree with him that such will ulti
mately be the case, but we think that a year
or two of probation, to convince the people, in
the language of President Johnson,' that irea
eon is a crime and must he punished,' will be
Nothing is more glowing, by the way,
tban the silence of Mr. Blair in regard to
the charge in his previous speech that
Mr. Seward had deliberately concerted
with the French Government to sell out
the iMexican Republic, and to acknowledge
the power of Maximilian. He drops this
outr of the new indictment because it was
fully shown to be unfounded and mali
cious, but has not the grace to.fla_
mit that he perpetrated a great wrong
upon an illustrious American statesman.
You will perceive that, in Mr. Blair's anxi
ety to make issues with the Union men of
the free States, he proposes to restore the
rights of the rebels in Maryland, and from
the general tenor of his scold, he demands
the same for the rebels everywhere ! It is
not remarkable, therefore, that what he hag
said should have been so joyfully greeted
by the New York World, and so coldly re
ceived by the friends of President Johnson.
More than thirty-five years ago his father
won the confidence of Andrew Jackson by
his ardent and overwhelming arguments
against disunion in the shape of Nullifica
tion, I need not take up more of your
space to show how utterly the son has failed
in attempting to play into the hands of men
far more dangerous to the public libertiES
than John C. Calhoun. OCCASIONAL.
Verdict in a nurderWase.
CONCORD, N. H., August 9.9.—1 n a murder ease
heard to-day the jury rendered a verdict that
Michael McManus canto to his death at the
hand of Bryan McDonald, Jr., but whether by
accident or design, the Jury were unable to de.
ternstne. The elder MeDOnald has dis
.charged trona wrest. •
SHARP PRACTICE OF PAYMASTERS
7-30 BONDS MADE INSTRUMENTS TO DE
$lOO,OOO OF PLUNDER REALIZED BY PAYMASTERS
AND A NORFOLK BANK IN A MONTH.
Inquiry Into the Affair—lmportant De•
WASPINOTOII I August 29
[Special Despatch to the Press.]
An examination, not yet concluded, has de
veloped the fact that many paymasters, in
violation of law and the instructions of the
Paymaster General have connived at and car
ried out a rascally scheme to defraud the sol
diers. In a discussion several months ago in
the Cabinet, Mr. Lincoln opposed the paying
out of seven•thirty bonds to the soldiers, fear
ing that bankers and brokers would charge
them a percentage for exchanging bonds for
legal-tender. His counselS prevailed. Subs&
quently it was allowed to paymasters to pay
out bonds whenever the soldiers preferred
them. The result is in some cases as Mr. Lin
Colonel Money, a Pay Master, who had
charge of the Norfolk district, took down with
him eight millions in treasury checks,
and arranged with the President of the
National Bank of Norfolk, Va.,. one called
a secessionist, to give seven-thirty bonds and
legal tender notes for these checks, and to di
vide the percentage allowed to those who put
the bonds in circulation. Other paymasters,
suspecting them, demanded a share of plun
der. In one single month over one hundred
thousand dollars was paid by the Norfolk
Bank to different paymasters. Binney re
ceived thirteen thousand dollars, and Majors
Pftlisifer and Howell, and others, an average
of one thousand dollars each. The cashier
has made a statement,
.and some of the
guilty parties have confessed. These disco
veries have been made within the past
four days,- under the direction of: Hen.
C. Baker. When soldiers attempted to make
purchases with these bonds, they were charged
a discount by merchants in league with the
bank and paymasters. The aggregate gains
of parties must have been enormous. What
will be done with the bank officers and pay
masters has not been decided.
PROCLAMATION BY THE PRE-
Removal of all Restrictions on South
ern Trade after the First of September
W.o..mbrorott, August 29.
By the President of the United States of America
Whereas, by my proclamations of the 30th
and 21th of June, 1865, removing restrictions
in part upon internal, domestic, and coastwise
intercourse and trade with those States re
cently declared in insurrection, certain arti
cles w ere excepted from the effect of said pro
clamation as contraband of war ; and,
Whereas, the necessity for restricting trade
in said articles has now in a great measure
ceased, it is hereby ordered that, on and after
the lstilay of September, 1805, all restrictions
aforesaid be removed, so that the articles de
clared by the said proclamations to he contra
band of war, may be imported into and sold in
said States, subject only to such regulations
as the Secretary of the
Treasury may pre
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set
my band and caused the seal of the Unitsd
States to be affixed.
Done at the city of Washington, this 29th day
of August, in the year of our Lord one
thousand eight hundred and sixtyflve, and
of the independence of the United States
the ninetieth. Aritataw Jotarsort
By the President :
Wm. IL SEIvARD, Secretary of State.
THE TRIAL OF JEFF DAVIS.
WIIERE IT 18 LIKELY TO THE PUCE.
His Judges, and the Charges to be
Brought Against Him,
WAsittnoTon, August 29. —The trial of Jeff
Davis will take place before a United States
Circuit Court, but the 'particular one has not
yet been designated, There seems to be no
importance attached to the fact that the Grand
Jury of the District of Columbia some mouths
ago found a true bill him for constructive
treason, in sending his troops to operate
against Washington, in the summer of Mei.
The Grand Jury of the court at Knoxville
has indicted him for treason, for there ex-
President Davis harangued the people against
the United States Government.
The trial cannot now, however, take place
in that city, or in any other place in the Tenth
Judicial district, for the reason that the VA , .
valley occasioned by the death of Associate
Justice Catron has not yet been filled. As the
military operations against the United States
were directed by orders given fromllichniond,
it is probable that the trial will take place in
Virginia, at Yorfolk, in which event Chief
Justice Chase will preside, as that State is em.
braced in the judicial circuit assigned to him.
New Mail Contracts.
The Postmaster General has made a contract
for the conveyance of the mails from Norfolk,
by Hampton, to Old Point Comfort and back
sic times' a week. He has also ordered the
opening of various post-offices in North and
South Carolina, and yesterday accepted the
tender made by the Pacific ➢fail Steamship
Company for the mail steamship service be.
tween an Francisco and Hong Kong, China,
touching at Honolulu, in the Sandwich Is
lands, and Kanagawa, in Japan, authorized by
the act of Congress'. approved February 17th,
1565. The compensation for the performance
of twelve round trips per annum, out and
back, is $500,000, the company to build four
first-class side-wheel steamships, of 3,500 to
4,000 tons burden each, Government measure,
and the first ship of the line is to leave San
Francisco for China on or before January lsti
1&77. The term of the contract is ten years
from the date of the commencement Of the
service. The distance from San Francisco to
Hong Kong is 7,050 miles, and to Kanagawa,
the nearest coal depot, is 5,475. The average
rate of the speed of the ships while at sea is to
be not less than twv hundred nautical miles
Some repardoned Rebels.,
It is untrue, as stated in some of the news_
papers, that the President has granted a par
don to GIDEON J. PILLOW, late a general in the
rebel army ; A. 0. P. - -N - tonoLdox, .ex-United
States Senator, and ex-editor of the Washing•
ton Union; and W. M. WILLIAMS, A. Senoees,
and C. P. Luenr, of Tennessee, and ex-Go
vernor Aran:, of South Carolina. These ap
plications have not been acted on by the Pre
Applications [or Pardons.
Representations in behalf of ex.Viee Presi.
dent STEPHENS, R. M. T. Efurvren, and other
prominent rebel leaders, have been made to
the Executive authorities, but there is no de
e ision in their respective PAWS.
We are requested to again remind the public
that these convenient wrappers are on sale at
all the post-offices, North and South. They
have proved to be very acceptable to the peo
ple, end their use is becoming universal. They
answer for papers sent to Europe as well as
for this country.
The Wiz% Trial.
On the Most persistent entreaties of Captain
Wlll2, Messrs. SCHADIS and leArma again ap
peared before the Military Commission today
as his counsel.
The counsel of Winz say they will summon
at least one hundred and fifty witnesses. If
so these, with the witnesses caned by the pro
secution, will make three hundred in all to be
examined, probably extending the trial three
The Indian Commission.
A telegram to the Office of Indian Affairs
announces the arrival of the Commission to
the Indians in the Southwest at Fort Scott, on
the 28th inst. All well.
The Potato Crop.
, Reports received at the Department of Agri
culture Warrant the statement that the potato
crop this Season will be one of the latest
crops ever grown in this country.
ANOTHER. VICTORY FOR TRH ATHLETIC BABE•BALL
BALTINORB, August 29.—The baseball match
to-Clay between the Athletic, of Philadelphia,
and the Pastimes, of Baltimore, resulted in a
victory for the Philadelphia club, after a
sPirlted and well-contested game _on both
sides. The score stood Athletics 89, Pastimes
27. There. vere fully 5,000 spectators, and the
playing on either side was pronounced very
ISASE BALL IN WASHINGTON—A VICTORY TOR THEE
WAggINGTOIf, August 29.—The base ball con
test today was between the Nationale, of this
city, and their guests, the Atis t uttes, of xevr
York. An iniiense crowd witnessed the play.
The National had evidently improved upon
their efforts ( yesterday, when they were de
feated by tt Philadelphians, but the Allan
tics, as anti aced, came or victorious, eon.
tinning to *sin their championship of the
United State: The score stood 34 to 19.
C.NADIAN CRICKET 'MATCH.
TORONTO, !.ugttat 29. The international
cricket matt' was concluded to-day. The con
test was vue,ellist, the Americans Darely
Ding as thef last man was in. The score
First Iniskits—Canada, 73 ; America, 63.
Second huhigs—Canada, 54; America enough
The Arnertans played throughout with one
man short. I
NEWS OM NEW ORLEANS.
ANARCI* ON THE FRONTIER
I OF TEXAS.
Robbeiies, l'itrders—All Sorts of Outrages of
THE CONDI N 'OP THE TEXAN FREEDMEN AB,
PORTED 13 E
ISFACTORT-RAPAGES OP THE COT.
TON-WORI RETURNING LOYALTY OF THE TEX
ANS-AREFT OF AN EX-JUDGE IN ALABAMA-
LAICOE ARSIVALS 08 gPRCIES AT NEW ORLEANS.
Ni IN' Onraze, Auzurt :19. , —the steamer
Mariposa hi . r arrived from New York. Nearly
a million irkipecie has arrived here within the
last two dais.
Texas lultiees report that the frontier is in
a worse cinclition than ever before. The
Austin andrxin Antonio papers are filled with
accounts ei outrages by Indians and highway
robbers. Seps have, however, been by
the mill - tali , to afford protection to the fron
The telewaph is being extended from Hous
ton to Sll. Antonio, Shreveport, and Vicks
burg. Th condition of the docks is, with fow
exception), repre4ented as satisfactory. The
worm continues its ravages on the cotton in
the lower "counties.
At a pub l ic meeting of citizens of six coun
ties, resolitions were isasse.d accepting the
situation, tid pledging support to the Na
tional Gorernment and Gov. Hamilton, ac
knowledging the abolishment of slavery, and
asking HaXdlton to call a convention.
Hon. .Wni. J. JoneS, Judge of the United
States District of Alabama at the time of se
cession, and who continued in the same posi
tion under the sticeeedikg regime, was ar
rested in Montgomery, and bonded in .20,000.
New Oni.x.Ans, August 01.— d C d o li tt n o g n s. quiets Sugar
1,200 bales sold at 42@43e for
and Molasses quiet. Freights to New York
W 1 14% Checks %z , 54', discount.
The Fung Shuey and Meteor have arrived
from New York..
BEAUFORT, Angust 25.—The people of Craven
County meet in mass convention tomorrow,
in Newbern, to nominate two delegates to the
State Convention, which assembles in Raleigh
On the 211 of October next.
',stling merchants of Newham are sending
goods in large quantities into all parts of
North and South Carolina, Georgia, and South
eastern Virginia, and are bringing back cot
ton, tobacco, and other products, thus giving
employment to the railroads, which are now
running night and day.
An effort willbe made this winter to obtain
an appropriation from Congress to defray the
expense of deepening the channel uniting the
inland 'waters of North Carolina with the
ocean, which, with the removal of a small bar
in the Iceure River, will enable the largen
ocean steamer to run to Newborn.
Policy of the Future Captain General—
The Revolution in Hayti—Reported
Seizure of a 'Vessel.
HAVANA, August 16.—1 t is generally thought
if General Ifersundi takes the place of General
Dulce as Captain General of Cuba, the African.
slave'trade will be recommenced with renewed
The Spanish mail steamer has not yet ar
rived. It is - reported that she was seized at
Samanos by the revolutionists of Hayti. Know
ing that the Spaniards had evacuated the
town, and that the steamer would touch there,
a large party of them, in schooners under the
English flag, sailed to that place and made the
seizure. - .
A disturbance occurred on the English
schooner Florida, in which several negroes
were stabbed and one was killed.
The cooperage shop of Axills dt Le Mane, in
Cienfuegos, with a large quantity of sugar and
molasses, was lately destroyed by lire. The
loss is $250,000.
Kirby Smith went to Matanzas two days
since, and is still there. Benjamin is in this
Debt of the Provinee—Arrest of a Wash
OLFBmie, August 29.—The debt of Canada is
reported by the Auditor General at Over se
venty-eight millions of dollars.
George W. Brega, formerly of the Washing.
ton Congt essional lobby, was arrested in Mon
'treat to-day, and * committed to jail for obtain
ing moncr, by fraud and forgery, from the
Han. Malcolm Campbell atia others, The
forged drafts were on Wall street, and endors
ed by Cameron and others on their face, and
afterwards changed to large amounts.
Ikfnmpuis, August 29.—The cotton crop will be
almost an entire failure throughout West Ten
nessee, the rust destroying it before it ma
tures. It is said the best cotton county in the
'western part of the State will not yield two
hundred pounds to the acre.
The railroad is completed from ALOPphis to
The Tennessee Railroad Disaster.
NASHVILLE, August 22.—Thirteen bodies, live
Of them whites, have been recovered from the
wreck near Ileynold's nation_ One ear under
neath the others, and in the bed of the stream,
has not yet been reached. It is said to have
contained twenty negro soldiers, who have, of
course, all perished.
General Thollllks lias severely reprimanded
Colonel Blackburn and superintendent Quinn,
for their cowardly, unolllcerlike attack on
General Wheeler, and promised them a court
martial, had they not been mustered out of the
ICV7 'form, August 2.9.—lntelligence has been
received to-day from Siam. There were no
signs of the cholera existing in the kingdom.
The news of the assassination of Mr. Llpcoln,
and of the shooting of Booth by Boston Cor
bett, bad just reached Bangkok, producing a
marked impression. '
The Steamer Chins.
BOSTON, August D.—The mails for Europe;
per steamer China via Halifax, will close at 11
o'clock to-morrow. /
s. CLEVELAND, Ohio, August 29.—The National
Bank of Ohio was robbed last night of from
$70,000 to $lOO,OOO in Goveinment bonds, on
special deposit. The property of the bank
was not touched. No arrests have been made.
Death of GovernOr Brough, of Ohio..
CLBVELAND s Ohio, August p.—Gov. Brough
died at 10 o'clock to-day.
,T 111; FUNERAL,
CLEVELAND, Ohio, August 20,—The funeral of
Governor Brough will take place at his late
residence in this city, on Friday next, at
Important Judicial Decision.
nem , " August 29,—1n the case of the Com
monwealth vs. Holbrook, Whin was carried to
the Supreme Judicial Court, on the ground
that the defendant had a right to sell intoxi
eating drinks under a license from the United
States, the court decided that payment to the
United States of a fee fora license, and a r(i.
venue duty or tax, does not exempt the de•
fendant from responsibility for violating the
criminal laws of the Commonwealth.
Merlons Accident to General Neill.
The accident to General Num:, of Pennsylva
nia, last night, is more serious than was atfirst
supposed. He had just stepped from a street
cur, when he was knocked down by a horse
being ridden at a high speed. Noill is slightly
injured in the left temple and by a fracture of
the left shoulder. His ribs are believed to.bo
injured, as he was spitting blood today.
A Vona° Room —A humanegentleman in
New York has recently been made the victim
of a young confidence Operator, from Boston,
calling himself Fred. A. Andrew, and claiming
Governor Andrew as his uncle. The gentle.
man gave him money and supported the young
rascal for some time, upon the supposition
that he was doing a charitable action_, but upon
inquiry by letter of the Governor discovered
that the boy was an impostor. The Governor
saw the boy once about two years ago, and
then endeavored, in a kind way, to dissuade
him from entering the army as a drummer, on
account of his youth and evident unfitness for
military service. The boy went, however, in
one of the Massachusetts regiments, but was
noon discharged for disability, and bas since
been living apparently by his wits, passing
himself on as Governor Andrew% nephew. Ho
is fifteen years of age, with light curly hair,
light complexion, blue eTes, delicate features,
and about five feet in he ght.
BOSTON, A 141114 29.—ArrIved—Barks resrl,
Own Stan, and OW 1104944 lolystoopl,
TH TEAL OF Ellt
The Counsel for the Defence Return at
the Urgent Solicitation of
TESTIMONY OF THE CHIC? PHYSICIAN AT
THE ANNAPOLIS HOSPITAL.
AWFUL CONDITION OF THE MEN CONSIGNED FROM
ANDERSONVILLE TO HIS CARE,
BRUTAL TREATMENT OF PM.-
- SONERS BY WHIZ.
His General Actions, and Profane, In
MORE ABOUT THE LIFE AND TREATMENT
OF THE PRISONERS.
WASHINGTON, August 29.—The Military Coin.
mission reassembled this morning.
Tho ptigonei, Wirz, was brougla into the
court at half-past ten o'clock.
Judge Advocate Chipman said he had a com•
munication from the prisoner, which read as
OLD CAPITOL PIUSOfr,
WASHINGTON Car, D. C., August 29.
W. N. P. Chipman, Judge Advocate Military
.I most respectfully ask the Commission, as I
am here alone, to send for my counsel,
Messrs. Schade anti Baker, as I -understand
that, on my most fervent entreaties, they have
consented again to appear for me. They un-
derstand Iny Witede case, and know my wit-'
nessee and papers. Hoping that the Commis.
sion willgrant my request, I sign litysielf,most
respectfully, your obedient servant,
objection, the WIRZ,
gentlemen Lat tain,.A. A. G., C. S. A.
Major General Wallace said, if there was no
would be sent for:
leo objection being made, and the Commis.
sion being disposed to afford every proper
means for defence, an orderly was despatched
fOr Messrs. Baker and Schade.
The court was then cleared for about three
quarters of an hour, and when the doors were
opened the record of yesterday was read.
Messrs. Baker and bohacie again appeared to
court as counsel for Wirz.
The room was more crowded than hereto
fore with spectators, many women being in
Dr. J. G Roy was called, and being examined
by Assistant Judge Advocate flosmer, testi
fied that he was on duty at Andersonville ;
was under the immediate charge of Dr. Ste
venson ; the hospital was in a deplorable con
dition, there not being a sufficient supply of
tents and bunks ; there were no comforts; lie
was told that there were between thirty and
thirty-five thou Sand prisoners there ; he did
not and much difficulty in obtaining medi
eines, excepting a few of the rarer - rticles ;
the men presented the most horrible speci
mens of humanity lie over saw 5 a large num. bet of them were affected with the worst
forms of scurvy ; he attributed the sickness to
long confinement, exposure, and the absence
of the comforts of life; there were maggots
in the swamp near the hospital, the malaria
from which had a most fatal effect upon the
patients; the ineeete, or white ants with wings,
were such as result from decayed animal and
vegetable matter; they were souumerous that
it was dangerous for a man to open his mouth
at sundown. The witness heard that there
but ine h
, aleid didnot oneof
li is patients ins
i l iot ;
stilted the circumstances under which the
prisoner said he had command of him in the
administration of his duties as a surgeon, and
all the surgeons came to the conclusion that
Captain Wirz had full authority over the
prison under General Winder; lie had seen
the chief clerk of Dr. James bucked, and on
inquiring the reason, was informed that the
punishment was inflicted by order of Captain
Cross-examined by Mr. Baker.—The hospital
fund about which he had testified, and with
which delicacies for the sick were purchased,
was in existence at Andersonville when he
went there ; during the month of February
or March last five thousand dollars in Con
federate money was drawn from the fund; at
that time a one dollar greenback would pur
chase twenty of Confederate money; the wit
ness was at Andersonville six months, and the
bucking was the only instance of cruelty he
had seen. The medical condition of the hos
pitel was better after Dr. Clayton came there;
Captain Wire exercised no more influence
over the former physicians than lie did over
The Court, at one, took a recess till 2 &Meek.
On reassembling, Dr. B. A. Vanderkieft tes
tified that he was on duty at Annapolis from
May 26th, 1863, to May 28th, 1865; he attended to
more than two thousand of the returned pri
soners from Andersonville; they were suffer
ing from chronic diarrhoea, scurvy, and Other
diseases; some were in a dying condition, and.
others had to be treated in the hospital before
they acquired strength enough to be taken
home; the disease from which death ensued
more than from any other cause was chronic
diarrhoea; this resulted frc - n insufficient and
impeoper - food, and from exposure; very little
attention was paid to their condition at An
dersonville; he was shown a photograph of &-
living skeleton, and said he had seen many of
the returned prisoners in a similar condition.
Cross-examined by Mr. Balser.—He knew
officially that the persons were from Ander
sonville ; had seen men reduced to the con
dition as represented by the photograph; the
witness was regularly educated in Germany
as a physician.
Martin K. Hogan testified as to his having
been a prisoner at Andersonville; the men
were in a miserable condition, as bad as
possibly could be ; the men Were so thick
they could scarcely elbow their way; game lay
in their OWn filth calling for water and crying
for food, but no attention was paid to them
he also testified to other circumstances at
tending the prison, showing the miserable
quality of the food and its injurious effects—
such as half-baked cornbread, which was sour;
the beef when it was furnished, being of _an in
ferior quality ; men at - Meted with scurvy would
crawl upon the ground ; the sight was horri
ble ; very many were insufficiently clad, and,
having no shelter, burrowed in the ground ; as
to bounds, he was brought back to prison
through their agency; he had seen Captain
With with hounds trying to strike the trail of
an escaped prisoner; for attempting to es
cape from prison about the Bth of October,
- IRA-, after the most obscene abuse from
Captain Wire, he was fastened by the neck
and feet, and remained there sixty-eight hours;
he heard Captain Wirz give orders that he
should not have food, but he did obtain food
from paroled comrades who stole it for him;
he hash Seen three comrades put in the stocks
at the same time; one man was put in the
stocks because he asserted his manhood by re
senting the abuse of a Confederate soldier;
when the prisoners were being removed from
Andersonville to Millen, the witness saw Cap
tain Wire take a man 1?y the collar because he
could not walk faster; the man Was CO worn
by disease• that he could not; throwing the
man on his back, he stamped upon him with
his feet ; he saw the man bleeding, and he died
a short time afterwards,. in the dissecting
room he saw students, in pursuit of know
ledge, sawing open the skulls of deceased pri
soners, and opening 'die bodies.
Cross-examined by Mr. Baker.—When he
escaped he took with him a knife to protect
himself from harm, if necessary; it was a
Confederate surgeon's knife, which he had
taken without leave ; his companions who at
tempted to escape were provided with re
volvers; five loads were fired at the party
who first pursued and who were sending the
dogs after them ; he Was put in the necks
from personal revenge, because lie had tried
to escape ; the paper he signed before - he at
tempted to escape he did not Consider a parole
of honor; he did mot know what he was
teDoyoubelieve that you could have passed
out of the prison without signing that paper
A. If I had signed a parole of honor I should
have respected, it.
The eross-examination was further con
Jos. D. Keyser testified that" he was in the
United States service; was captured and sent
to Andersonvine • he arrived there with the
first party of 400 lien ; there was sufficient ac
commodation then, but as others were added,
affairs became bad, and men began to be
afflicted- with diarrhoea, dysentery, scurvy,
and gangrene ; they lay on the ground, and
were not protected from the weather' in
April No % May,nd someleet, su
was thrown over the dead line ; one man
reached beyond the line for a piece of this
bread, when the guard shot him through the
head ; witness saw another man after he had
been shot in the abdomen; he had seen inch in
the chain-gang with iron collars round their
' necks; some of them were thus punished for at
tempting to escape; the prisoner (Wirz) was
profane and overbearing towards our men On
the slightest provocation; he had seen men
bucked by Captain Wire's orders; witness had
seen General Winder at the prison, when a
number of the prisoners rushed up to see him,
and Winder told them to stand back, and gave
orders to the guard to fire On thoee who ap
proached the gate nearer than fifteen foot.
Witness was for a long time cross-examined
by the defence. He had never seen Captain
Wirz commit an assault on any individual
prisoner, but he bad heard the prisoner give
orders to the guard-one of them to confine a
prisoner in the stocks for attempting to es
cape ; Wire called him a (1-....11 s— Of a 1)—;
the man spoke back, when Wire drew a re
volver. anti told him lie would fix him; the
mauves sent to the stoeks,where he remained
twelve hours. •
The court, at quarter past four o'clock, ad
journed till Wednesday morning.
Invited to Realign.
NASHVILLE, August 28.--Idr. ILleskell, Speaker
of the Rouse of Representatives, has been in
vited to resign, by a meeting of citizens at
linoxviße, for his opposition to the franchise
Anniversary Celebration in Maine.
BATH, Me., August 29.—The two hundred and
fifty.eighth anniversary of the landing of the
first English colony on the coast of New Eng.
land (A. D. 1C07,) was observed today at Port
Popham, at the mouth of the Kennebec River.
The Hon. Charles J. Gilmore, of Brunswieki
was president of the day, and the Hon. J.
Patterson, of Hanover, was the oratoe.
PROVIDENCE, August 29.—The brig Matilda, of
Boston, arrived this afternoon from Bahl
more,-witb. soo tons of coal, and while at anchor
in the lower harbor was run into Dy the
steamer Oceanus, hence for New York, and
bad her bow so badly stove that she filled and
sank in eighteen feet of water at high tide.
She doubtless be raised when her cargo is
taken out. Tho Oceanus piC10000(t uninjured
TUE . PREsnvIINuAN CIOURCH IN
SOME OF ITS SOUTHERN REPRESENTATIVES DE
TERMINED TO "KEEP ALOOF FROM THE COR
RUPTED RELIGION OF THE NORTH "--,VIOLA
TIONS ON PRINCIPLES OF FAITH.
The Presbytery of texingsten, Va., met in
frarrisonburg on Wednesday,. the 10th inst.
This body embraces in its territorial limit's
Rockbridge, Augusta, and Rockingham, with
some adjacent counties on the west. At this
meeting, nineteen ministerial members were
present, and the Churches were represented
by fourteen ruling eldeFS.
The Rockingham Register says: The subject
- which excited the most interest was the relit,
tions of the Presbyterian Churelrin the South
to those in the North, from whom they sepa
rated. The committee having this matter in
hand presented two reports, areeing in senti
men4hitt differing much in length and par
ticularity, The more elaborate one read,
though not written, by Col. Preston, repro ,
sentative of the Lexington church, was, after
considerable amendment, adopted.. From this
it appears that the great fault found with the
Northern General Assembly is its violation
of a principle of the Presbyterian Confession
of Faith, in one place stated thus ' Synods
and councils are to handle and conclude no
thing but that which is ecclesiastical, and are
not to meddle with civil affairs which concerns
the CoMmonwealth, unless by wav of humble
petition in cases extraordinary. ), The General
.Assembly in the United States requiredall Its
members to submit to their ecclesiastical in
terpretation of the doctrine of State rights
and of slavery. This change of a religious
body into a political meeting necessitated the
withdrawal of the Southern part of the Pres
byterian Church, and the continued political
character of that professedly ecclesiastic
body prevents a re-union, The document
referred to _details a number of instanets
in which this attempt to regulate civilmatters
by . a Church court has led to decisions and doc
trines most erroneous and injurious. The dis
cussion upon this report was exlensive and in
teresting, and plainly revealed - the fact that
this Presbytery 0011SIders It a solemn duty to
keep itself aloof, as far as possible, from the
corrupted religion of the North. The Northern
Assembly has gone so far as to resolve to wrest
the Southern ehurch property from its legiti
mate owners whenever a few malcontents can
be found in a church willing to hold it under
that Assembly's jurisdiction. Against this
the Presbytery protested, and warned the
Churches under its care.
NEW YORK CITY.
NEw Youx, Aug. 29, 1865.
THE COLISSION ON THE LONG ISLAND RAILROAD
The Go ow% - Inquest in the matter of the
Long Island Railroad collision 3. pitig en at
Jamaica. The testimony is somewhat con
flicting, but most of it is to the effect that the
collision was entirely owing to inexcusable
neglect and carelessness on the part of the
The steamer Twilight, from Wilmington,
Aug. 20th, arrived this evening.
The Wiimington and Weldon Railroad has
been reopened by the Company. *a
Beef is easier. Receipts 6,000 head, quoted at
9017 e. Sheep steady. Receipts 22,000 head ;
quoted at 34&'/ e. Swine higher. Receipts
8,000 ; quoted at 12%igagyic.
THE STOCK EXCHANGE—SECOND BOASID.
100000U8605-20C 10394 10019' Y Cent R..." . 02N
1006 TT 563 5 .w„,......3.04% aoo Erie Rallway . b3o. 86. 1 %
9500 do 101% 100 dO • 510 NM
4000 'CIS 5s 10-90 e. 98 100 do MO 801 f
5000 Tenn State 05.... 7334 1200 do 86%
200 Comb Coal Pref. 42%1 900 Erie It 2d el
50 Mariposa 51 Co.. 1131 500 Reading R 105
100 Cen Am T C 0.... 20 200 MS&NIR
Arrived—Steamer Pennsylvania, Liverpool.
Her advices are anticipated
Arrived, barks Emily and Ada, Belize; brigs
Arozetta, Jamaica ; Arroya; Jeremiad,
Below, ships Neptune, Cardiff; Chase, Cow
Bay S p.
oken August 27th, latitude 40 deg. 505.,
long. 67, ship Crest of the Wave, Cardiff, for
Marketa by Telegraph.
CINCINNATI, August 29.—Flour dull and
nominally 50c lower. Whisky firm at W. 20.
Cmcnoo, August 29.—Flour 200:22.5e lower on
sywing extras. Wheat dull, and declined 4@.5c:
sales at $email@example.com,4 for No. 1, and 1141...1661.28 for
No. 2. Corn dull, and declined 3@4e ; *ales No.
lat 69c, and No. 2 at 964 e. Oats dull, and le
4e lower ; sales at 35 1 ,4@3te. Freights advanced ;
Corn 9e, and wheat 9 1 ;1.c to Buffalo. IlighwineS
and I AGX'e higher ; sales at $firstname.lastname@example.org.
Provisions dull; mess Pork $30(30.80_
Rectal Mg. Shipgiant&
Flour, barrels • 15,000 3,000
Wheat, bushels 45,000 01,000
Corn, bushels 32,000 315,000
Oats, bushels 107,000 70,000
MILWAUKEE, August 29.—Flour dull, and 25@ 50e lower. Wheat dull, and o@Be lower ; sales
soma bus at $1.38. Corn dull.
PHRENOLOGICAL YinW or PRECEDENT JOHN•
son.—ln a recent number of the Phrenc?ogica/
Jeanie/ we And this analysis of the character
of the President " Phrenologically consid
ered, he hits a large brain, well supported by
an excellent constitution. The brain is spe
cially heavy in the base, including large per
ceptive organs; broad between the ears in
destructiveness, combativeness, and alimen
tiveness ; large in the loWer back head, in
cluding the social. affections ; and were it
not that Mr. Johnson has also a full top head,
including conscientiousness, veneration, and
benevolence, he would indeed be imperious or
despotic. As it is, lie pOSSeSSOS a very strong
will, the greatest fortitude, and almoSt un
limited powers of endurance, with courage
and force to match. Cautiousness is not over
large ; secretiveness is full, and the intellec
tual faculties are prominent and active. Self
esteem .is full, and considerable pride of
character will be manifested. Owing to large
annrobativeness, he will iieVer be haughty,
proud, or domineering,but wit/be modest,just,
respectful,andjudicious,but always strong and
earnest. That he will freely confer with
his advisers, getting the best judment from
all sources, there can be no doubt; and
that he Will be master of the situation, be
governed by what he conceives to be right and
proper, holding all men to the most rigid ac
eountability to principles, there can be no
question. There will be no child's play with
such a man. Ile will be calm, self-regulated,
and determined. His organization will in
cline him to take a comprehensive view of
questions, find to consider the interests Qthe
people. There is nothing
. aristocratic in lus
composition, but he is eminently democratic
in the best sense of that term granting the
same rights to all men that he claims for him
self. There is not the slightest touch or
pretension to royalty, or the, feeling that 'I am
better than thou;' nor would he play the
syeoplient to lords or crowned heads. tie is,
and always will be plain Andrew Johnson.
lie can be used by others' only in the interest
of the people. Ile is benevolent and even re
formatory in spirit, but conservative in princi
ple. If severe to the wicked, lie will be Just ;
and to the humble and penitent he will be
kind, Rie.physiognomy has an expression of
anxious care, as though he were peerin into
the future, trying to divine the will Of Proyi
deuce. He has not that joyous, hopeful, sunny
expression which illumined the face of Mr.
Lincoln, but is more sedate and stern-looking,
which is in keeping with the character of
the man. Mr. Lincoln's head was narrow be
tween the ears ; Mr, :Allinson's is very broad at-
this point. Mr. Lincoln's was high la the centre,
indicating humility, meekness, and devotion ;
Mr. Johnson is not deficient in those organs,
but they do not exert a very marked influence.
Executiveness is the leading trait of his cha
racter; and be his Presidential career a suc
cess or a failure, jt will not lack propelling
power or the spirit to punish wickedness,
lie may show leniency, but it will not be
until he first sees penitence on the part of the
GrNICERAL GIi.ANTOP GRANDMOTEIRIL—DiCti at
Crafts of Tulloch, in the PUPA of Abernethy,
on the 9th instant, aged ninety-eight yearg,
Mrs. Catharine Macdonald or• Grant, some
time at Corboth House, near Glasgow. Mrs.
Grant bad three sons, gallant young men, who
entered the British army about the beginning
of the present century—James, Alexander,
and Peter. James rose from the ranks to be
commissioned officer, and died of hie wounds
many years after, at tho Cape of Good Rope.
Alexander and Peter latterly emigrated to
America, and joined the army of that country.
Peter, after having attained the rank of major,
was killed in Mexico. Mrs. Grant subsequent
ly went to America in search of Alexander,
where she remained for nine months, got no
trace of him till on the eve of returning home
when she learned that he was then inthe
of Ohio, but at such distance that it was iin
Possible for her to get hislength, since she had
not heard of him.. This Alexander, a person
of great muscular strength, and who stood six
feet four inches high, if alive is now seventy
six years of age, and his brother Peter a year
or two younger. It is surmised by many of
the clan whether either of these two brothers
may not be the father of General Grant of the
American army. Deceased herself, to the last,
cherished the pleasing, although perhaps er
ruinous impression, that Gen. Grant, was her
grandson. She was born at Torspardan, In
Inverallan, Mrs. Grant was chargeable to no
bod3r, she having bad euilleient lamina of her
own for subsistence,—Bigin Courier.
A WAGGISH Pntsoru few days ago, in
Buchan an county, lowa, a deputy sheriff and
two bailiffs were taking a bank robber named
horubaeher, to Butler Centre, to give evidence
in the case against Pollard for the same of
fence. Here is ghat happened to the discom
fiture of the ()facers At a certain point on
their journey, the party saw some wild ducks
in a pond, and it was remarked to be a thie
shot.. The deputy hauled out his revolver,
cocked, and was about to shoot, when he said :
"By the by, .13Ornbacher, you are a good shot
with a pistol, ain't yOul ,l '"Of noun:p i t' said
liornbaener. "Take the revolver, then, and
try your hand at those ducks." ornbacher
took the weapon, jumped out of the little
wagon, and advancing toward the ducks for
about ten or twelve steps, then, suddenly
wheeling arolltid and covering them with the
pistol, told the deputy and his aids to get out
of the wagon, and very quickly, as he intended
to take a ride by himself. Imagine the 6, fee
links') of that little crowd as they began to
crawl down out of that wagon, for the prisoner.
witness had their only pistol in his possession.
Having got them safely into the road, and,
mounting the buggy himself, the facetious pri,
stoner made the party a speech and then ear.
rendered his advantage, declaring that he had
no wish to use it, which ended the affair.
ConexamAtt.-4. large and intelligent au
dience greeted the carter ZOuaveS at Concert
Hall last evening. The performances were
decidedly entertaining and varied, consisting
of popular songs, duets, choruses, Chinese
dances, jigs, polkas, slackwire and acrobatic
exercises, prestidigitation, and Zouave drills.
All these entertitillinents were _performed in
an artistic style, and received rounds et ap
plause. The Zouave drill, by eight little
misses, was remarkable for precision. The
performances on the brass band were really
excellent. The evening's entertainment closed
with an exhibition called it Proteus; or, We
are Here but not 114" This is a scientific
arrangement, invent by Professor Pepper,
Of the Royal polytechnic College of London,
Who has empowered Mr. Carter to exhibit the
same in America. The season is limited to
ono week only from last Monday night, There
will be a performance on Saturday afternoon
for the especial gratification of the little folks;
who will be delighted with the varied scenes,
as enacted by the great troupe of artiste,
TIM WAR PRESS.
Too WAIL Piltsk will be sent to subseribOrs br
fmr annum In advancep) M 1M 04
Jive eopie., 10 00
Teb ttn.irs RIO ov
Larger china than Ten will he ChArged at the same
rate, 9a.00 ptr copy,
The money must ottoaye aecompatzlf Um order , an 4
fn no insfance can thew; terms be delta - tat from, air
their afford very little more than the met of paper.
ft rOfitinnatere are requested to act J month
for TILE WAR PnE6B.
JO' To the getter-up of the Club of ten or tawny':
an ex t ra copy of the paper will be given.
Aforaiay morning last Mr. David Wit,.
son, residing near Shippensbtirg, started on iG
visit to hisrelationein the West. On reaching
navrisbaag he procured his ticket and pro
6ecdod towards the train, Before entering
the car which he supposed Was the proper one,
he was met by two indilitlualF, Who, in the
most courteous and nedommodathig manner,
informed him that he was tacking the wrong
car, and represented one more distant as the
car lie Should onier. Mr. W. 5 utterly. Unsus
picious of any 4ofthritiorf, at eiritil)00001104 tco
the car pointed out, accompanted by the roho
bers. tln entering tile car, which was unoccu
pied, his peeket•book was peremptorily de
manded of him. Finding resistance tote use.
less, and perhaps dangerciug; he yielded to
their demands, Wheteuponthe robbers glided
out of sight, and have since been unheard of.
The poeket-book contained a considerable WM
of money, and some valuable papers.
—Nathan Baker and Hannah P, Baker, of
West Chester; have offered a reward of SLOOP
to any person who will give such infOrMatiOrt
as will lead to the arrest and conviction.
of the guilty parties who 'designedly put ar
senic Where it entered into 'the food of the
family of Mrs. Hannah Baker. Mrs. H. P. Baker
is the widow of Alfred 13tilter: who was the son
at the late Joseph Baiter, a very wealthy'
farmer of East Fallowfleld,who recently died.
leaving the bulk of his estate to his daughter
in-law and her children: This poisening was
a wholesale business, evidently intended to
(loamy the whole family,
-- On Thursday of next week the Vision
Steam Fire Engine Company,of Trenton ' N, J,,,
will make excursion to Easton, Pa. Their
first intention was to make a more' extended
trip, including Allentown, Bethlehem, and the
Delaware Water Gap, but this 115$ keEll rePoli
sidered, and a - visit to the Easton firemen sub
stituted. There has always been a-good un
derstanding between the firemen of Trenton.
and Easton, and the latter will, no doubt, give
the 'Union boys a hospitable reception.
The annual' agriOultural exhibition'. of
Chester County, will be held at the grounds of
the Agricultural Society, in West Chester, on
the 20th and .90th of September next. There
will be important improvements added to the
fair grounds by the time of the next exhibi•
Mrs. Hinman, of Woit Cheater, Wall
awakened a few nights since by a 'burglar
rifling her drawers. She flanked the burglarff
and ran down stairs, but the burglar chased
her up, Raul shoved her one side. The exact
amount of money taken is not kii6elVlts the
family are absent.
Our Union friends in little Snyder county
held their Convention a few days ago, and.
placed in nomination a ticket which; in point
of merit and ability, has seldom if O'er Dame
equalled in the county.
Mr. Edwin Palmer and wife were attacked.
near West Chester, by two highwaymen. Kr.
P. escaped by having a fiery animal.'
—A pressing call is made for an increase of
the endowment of the Princeton Theological
Seminary. The salaries of its professors de
mand an addition of $57,000 to the fund ; the
rebellion has destroyed ten of the scholar.
ships, which *OO,OOO will be rOgitirOa to re.
store; $50,000 more are needed to replenish
the entirely exhausted fund for assisting the
students to meet the increased cost of
board, and to afford means to make theropaire
upon the buildings and premises. The corps
IA professed% has also been 110009Bar11Y Ø.
larged to keep pace with the increase of stn.
dents, which has been over ono hundred pee
cent. during the last ten years; while the last
catalogue contains the names of one hundred.
and seventy of them. As thisinerease in num..
'perks like been aceommmied by a ditahlEtlen
means, the church to which the Seminary be.
longs is appealed to for aid. There is especial
need of eight thousand dollars against the ?tit
of next month, when the new ball should ba
furnished for the students who will enter foe
the teiin commencing on that day,
—President Johnson has introditeed ifttO the
White House the largest family circle that
ever occupied the Executive Mansion. His fa
mily consists of his wife, a son, a son-in-law
two daughters, and a number of grandchild.
ren. The son-in-law is Judge Patterson, re
cently elected a Senator from Tennessee, Airs,
P., who is to be the lady of the houee, was edu..
Wed at Georgetown, during Mr. rollOs
nistration, and was then a frequent guest of
General Kilpatrick expresses the opiniort
that reconstruction in the South has been wail
menced at least four years too soon; that the
people are not to be trusted, and will make an.
other desperate effort to effect their separa.
ration from the Union.
The ladies who Stiffer the intolerablst
nuisance of tobacco smoke being 15171.11fe0d ii
their faces will be glad to know that there is as
fair prospect of a tobacco famine in Richmond.
Phil Sheridan, the General, has a name—
sake in a Catholic priest in Danbury, Conn.
The church and sword can now rePOetli
The Ketchum fraud has extended to Liz
Crosse, Wisconsin, a house there having failed.
in consequence of this little transaction. Tiles
lower counties are not yet in.
- . .
-.A Illiskouriam not dncling anything largeo
to shoot at, fired at some birds, and lost ht
life in doing so.
In. New York it is easy to enter a saloon s
but from late accounts it is hard to emerge
therefrom; as a Map ens shot in doing so,
Tke eleetion at Louisinnanac win ho
tensive. Only two thousand participants are
to be supplied with a living.
—lt is said the President will visit the Newt
England States. The masses there will wel.
Our exchanges generally complain of coun
terfeit legal tender notes. Great distress hi
caused thereby to many of our citizens.
The Hoosiers are congratulating them.
selves on having a large tobacco crop this year.
. The CbarleStoll, S, 0., ladies continue Fere
unanyinble our soldiers,
The wool clip of Northern lowa is doublet
what it was last year.
Referring to the recent accident on the
Matterhorn, "the Flaneur " of the London
Star writes: " The unfortunate gentlemen who
perished fell 4,000 feet, just ten times the
height of St. Paul's, , Rad it Deee a sheer de.
scent, they would have fallen that distance in
sixteen seconds. If they reached the ground
at the speed usually attributed to falling ho.
dies, they would have fallen at the rate of Me
miles an hour, or six times the speed of our
Swiftest expreo traffic, striking the earth
with a momentum of 64,000 pounds, OS? 40 tolle.
No wonder that the remains were in that all:
fill condition described in the Abe Ute de Cha
movnix, or that no trace of Lord Franeis - Dou.
gins' body has been found.e We do not under , .
stand, however, that it was a sheer fall of 4,e00
The Juge de Pais of Fontainebleau has de
cided that it is unlawful to set traps in in
garden to catch your neighbor's eats, which
are in the habit of trespassing,, and haft
awarded &teen francs damages for fifteen cats
immolated. The law of this CS is questioned
by some of the papers, whielt recommend tins
defeated party to appeal to the Court of Cassa.
tion. It is admitted that wild eats may bet
lawfully snared, and how is a trap to distill
guis.h between a wild cat proper and that quasi
wild eat whichs trays from its master's premi
ses] That a house cat is private property and
a domestic animal is assumed ; but the ques
tion is whether it does not forfeit that charm.
ter by leaving the house.
A correspondent who has seen her, de.
scribes Miss Braddon as a "red-haired, delay
rather vulgar-looking cockney woman of,thtr..
ty odd," and says she has been an itinerant
actress, and known great destitution,. The
combined sale of her books in England has
been six hundred thousand copies, in America
two hundred and fifty thousand, in Frfirine anti
Germany one hundred. thousand. She has
made in the past four years about forty thou.
sand pounds, and funded half of it.
A.s . oung man was recently tried in Parig
for enticing a young woman away' front her
family by means Of the use of niestnerinnit net
boasted of his magnetiepower whtio.standing
at the bar, and offered to magnetize the pre;
siding judge, He actually tried to:Magnetize
the Procureurimpertai, and frightened hire.
ESC/much that ha angrily Orilsrad 4 ils Prisoner
to lower his eyes.. Poing found guilty by tio,
jury, he was sentenced to twelKs years' MU.
prisoament with hard labor.
—A French peasant has been. sentenced to
three months'• imprisonment for obtaining
money by FrttcPullur that he. had eXtritordi.
nary inflames with the saints, and could.
secure farm. produce from injury by hall.
storms, andtobtain other.benefkts for his vote,.
At the Chatelet Theatre, Paris, a pins ,
tailed " The Universal DcWitt. " is Perron/led
without any fluid at all. The rain is repre
sented very cleverly by ranges of bright Whits
metal wires, upon, which electric light iS
Marshal Bazaille arr4,9t9a six editors in.
Mexico for certain editorial stricturei' npors
his course, and sentenced theta all to Sten and
imprisonment. The Emperor pardoned them.
The Russian telegraph through Siberia
will be economical on account of the number
of Poles on the ground,
Garibaldi's youngest son is going to Rags
land to study civil engineering.
Lord Derby is preparing a fifth edition at
his translation of Homer.
An English Denny, (1140 1124 wan recolit4 l
dug up at Atalmlend.
Ottawa will next month beecnne the, cap&
tal of Canada.
--Bull fights every day in 1402cieq WT.