The press. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1857-1880, December 31, 1857, Image 1

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    BY 40101 .,
OFFICE, Eo:4l7,.ttlEßtltilt-ETREET
MAID ft, 7 ,Plft S)S 9,, : '
Tws Lll- OEMS 'Yee Mrttlittr Perehte - the canters:
Mailed 1¢ Sulserlben qnt of thillity it Six Poiisis
yIC it Asups rPOpn DOttata soF.torr Matadi Tuns
DoczeiblioslitlfeuilisiloMably bilidosnoo for ttie
'fVE# l E't• - , l e t
Milled to Stiliscribors out of the city. st Tout Doi,
Lamaj.a.aAztuuurinikiyanda. " ,
TriglrAiLtpagas -*nut* sent to Subscribers by
mall, (per annum, in stronos,) at # 00
Thrits 00ple r , ;; - 5 00
SlTB,Oopies ' - B ifs
Ten Cordes; " " - 12 00
Twenty,ongdas ; z: ,(to - one sddress). 20 .10
Twenty.Ooples, or firer , •' (to address fit mai
suMairldpr), sash ' . 1 20
Tor 1,010;o1 Twenty-one or 'over t we wilt send an
eitmood_toJtkot tetts6tiP'of gluo•
1121PoOtiwiters soo:toqueststt - to sot as Agents for -
Tog Innis , PUBS.' • -
• vovniNGs ion Tqr,., HEAD
• ' ]Embrace all fife points neoissam7 to - -
and allthadatans and Maier elegaaates which impart
Gaatlemart,are Invltekto ind ananilhe:
nc26-enk- - - dad CEMTNIIr Street.
. 4
.., YECLA'ke folfowlielleolei' will be sold lit un:
10w4diees, mid- s Dl ft ororth from 60 cents to'
$ ees - wlthorery Book sold— Persons paratmelog
th 11l thus get two mailable Piesents for themitme
am tof mom for,,which they...mold jpurehase one
elasieltevi, ' _ . „.,.
• -. „ ~TAETTAI, LIST: , ' ' '
Youth's Keepitike:..sll 24, Forget-me-not ' 61 50"
Juvenile: yorget r me• . , Prlend•hlphi Offering:l 60
not' 125 Friendship's Token...l 09
The Pit Annual,- : e 1 25 Friendship's Gift... • 1 60
The 'Violet 1 25, ,aift ig Affection....• 1 50
The 116 ha Brid '• . -'1 25 Ladies' Wreath '-1 60
The Mutating Bird.. - 1_25, -Ladiell'EM 7l o Nhok• • 1 50
The Gotland, ,or. To= , 7 - 61•0 167 7' 6 Hia - 1 50
kehef:Friendahip.l`6o The Gem Arm 0. uill.•: 60
Thirkaardort lienver. 7 ,l:Bo" 'The Snow 1f1ake.... - .. 1 60
The'Tolie4 , '- '' ''''-1 50 The Mew _Risie.x.‘••• 160
The Emblem '' a 160 The Plillotona ' ' ' 1 - 60
The Garland— ...... 1-10, /hit Friermiaon's An- •
Tim Christian Keep-, .. • ' uttal 100
sake • ' ' 150 Thellegnolia - - - 1 60-
The itellgiOnoSonve• ' The Golden Gift..... 200
air.Eaci iirtlie aboVii . " Looks, is handsomely bound in
alotattc; MG got, and illustrated with colored awl fine
Mee plate*. ' • ' - ~•
Lana Rookb,ilvo, clotl4 extra gilt - - $6 00
" . " . , " , Turkey, ant 000
Lady of the:Laki r e . Soo Cloth, estra 07 : -:': 600
~. - " ,
'l , ' Turkey, put.,," • - 600
Tho.DiMinn;moroceo, full gilt , 4 --
The Boiritair Gallery " . '' -' ''' 400
The Book of the Bou doir_'" .
The Bookbf Beauty - ' ':, '..- ' - 4 00'
Leath* of Memory, fullTnrkey,` gilt.
.. 600
The Otientiliimarial, 4, • nut .8 00
The Ceisket, mil - room, full gilt 4 60
The Lsdy's Gift, morocco, Tall gilt 6 00
The Am. Landscape Annual s cloth, gilt 3 00
" - ' "'. morOccoailt 400
6 03
Gem of the Season, - Turkey, ant.. ' 500
Keepsake Annus!, Oath, gilt' - - " 800
`‘• 4 ' ', -morocco, gilt .4 00
61 - . 500
Winter 'Wreath, cloth, gilt' . ' 3 00
" ---, = Morocco, Fit, .. i . • 600
Floral KeePsake,•royal Sro,clolli . , gilt -- =' 8 00,
1, morocco, ant.... .. ... 6 00,
The above' Annuals - ere, entirely new, splendidly il
lustrated with- steel _engtarings, selected with great
care from the best editions published In the United
~ ' LADIES ' imam.
The pet Albion : • - El 00 Leaved ofFrisidship,6l 76
The Messenger Bird ' - Leaver' of Affection.. 176
Album` ' " - I'oo Thel"bilopornatillmin 175
The flunboatia Albiun. 100 Token of Love' 1 76
Tho Gem Album..... -1 00 Album of Heart... • • *OO
The Rosebud Album. 100 Landscape A1bum.... 2 00
The GiftAlbnm...... 1 00 Forget-ine-not Album 200
Album Of lore 1'75 Album of Memory... 2.00
Album, of ". 'Bement- Souvenir Album :.... 200
brsoce - - 1 75 Friendship Album..: 2 00
The Move Allnims are el beautifully illustrated with
steel ingiarlngs 'and colored illuatrations. and hand
somely bound ID =proem, extra, -'
Autograph Books, morocco $1 26
" : ~.,,"entigue, 160
Bend Nadi - et - 026 Otto above beautifully bound and
appropriate presents.' 'Do not forget the peculiar fee.
toes of these Boeirs#, that with every book purchased
K u tiA i d n
0 te.,:t . .,..t, oft, 7/ - , frlit „ 11f , 77 . cents to one
u PeroMbrat a Matinee rrisithieti*Of. the aliiir ii isius-
Me Books will be' furnialo4 with 7 1031 "* 4 19 11 4 4 or,
mall, Oktlitir remitting thl pric*.• 7 - • ,',
Persons °Hering Books sent, by 'Mill ' , All please amid
:went:pone cents postega; for floats from $1.70 $2, and.
Chitty:viz ciente for Boole more than that amount,
Address ',- ' - • ----- ' -= G.'G. EVANS,' -
del7-thstulOt" 439 CHESTNUT Street, Philadelphia. ~
A beautiful aeleetiouor
aultalile for Preseutii, to be found
tlie Omer of '
such or- , 7 •- .- '
, I'OO_4ET BOOK!, - ,
. - Dligalum mums.
". ' - BANK B
. .
goats OAS
R ET 011T148.4 2 -
P AP g ESK it
, &c., a
GOLD AD quArza 'Pao: cgag.
.1.0,17-an - -
___ - 1. awn,
N. - W. eartierPOTIRTH an& TNOT 814. •
Whist fOr tale the Largest Aussortortot of the above,
at the 1.09rE5T PHIOEB to be found. in the city.
IJAhLEII , B beautiful /LLUBTLUITIONB of .
gql ARE/A.I9S T,P,
818 ONESTNIPf Street
4:112 i ,
' tox
• IN 11111018,_
Euooeseore to Geo. liolpto Co.,
4.424112 - , • 708 OWETEITT street
♦ Win,
_ BISTE,R,os
ONE 01, - .
Yon 042 AT
No: 780 011EiTNIIT Street
ttlaybes, ,14ttielrg;.;4104.
QILVER;.- • - -
b, • ' WM: • WILSON, & SON , -
Rare now on hand the largeet stock of
Erebidively of their own insnitracture and
Persons fletirotto of purehaalog Jae rospooffully In
vittat to call and examine for then:wolves, at the -
OLD sountionn stain, .
del9-2, 8. W. pot. MYTH "and (MERRY Streets
- Swallowers of
sarnau spume. SI4VNII WARN,
tinder their inspection, on.thop. promise,' exclusively
Oitteene and iltiensere ire invited to vitt our
chni#4ol7 on hied 4- epleadlit stock et Superks
' Width* of a; the edibility! ashen. -
xeoktser r Ittseelets, Itteeehes t . Fesllthige - , !triton,
Binge, Nod' ell other *Moles tri, the blurb:rad Has.
Dtawlogs et _NNW will be =as ill. of
eharge for Owe wishing work nude to order.
A unntiforsonmnione. of nu the new styles of line
deitelty, tuck as Wei* Stone'ind Shell Cameo,
Read, Coral, Carbuncle, bfarquielte,
lava, &c.; lie. • •
° t ram and garble OLOOII, of newest styles,
and or onporior , qtualty. ' :„ aui.a
Jir.E; 'O".AL•DWELL'& -- 00.,
432 CHESTNUT St eret,
Hare teeeived, per steamers, new styles . ..
Jewelry, Ohatelslas, Vest ()hens,
tlplend/d Feas t Ham nu'.
Fruit Ittando, Rugar Beekete.
. .
Jet Goods and Plower Vises,
Conal,dorra and Weald Nett. . ..
Sole Agents in Phlladebbie_lor the male a OliaTleii
Prott4hmoi tomooll, Tlnta-Klawns. , -MO -
aILVEII, WARE.-:- . • - •
wititrAu WILBON:ds BON • ' '
F4 s . l3 l 'fitlit r i S fatit OM.)
.0; VI 00ISNXII.J/I/21/
ilaripf assortment of BILYBB Wang, of every de
licslption, constantly on hand, or nisdolo order to match
441 DIRWri dealred. .
laipotters of - flheftleid 'sod', Birmingham Imported
W• 01;,.. „ ostio,d&wly
I. ,LfißDEN:lik BRO.
• 111111/101111/18 A/D aWmalill ar ,
110111)potast-fteit, &bole. TWO, 'op - stalrod
*24 tar takeTrak
r 101 t entiox - BDtv URNS,
,10; , 4 "foam; 'plug,
sDtlnsmtir l ll4 - 0u'4211414* at 0247
• - '•••••• • ' •S \I! -VII . ~r •• , ' ''' • ' 11 0 ..,14. • " • ..
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VOL. L-NO. 128.
- Dec. 24,1851.
The 'Annual Meeting of the'fitockhOlders will be held
at the Company's Ofilce, No. 4 EXCIIANGE, on TUES
DAY; tannery sth; 1858, at 12 o'clock noon ' • and an
Election for Thirteen Directors will be held at same
Om On MONDAY, January 11, 1858," between the
eouril - of 10 o'clock, A 81. and I o'clock P. M.
de2s.tjall WILLIA3I HARPllR,fiscretary.
The , Annual , Meeting of the Stockholders of THE
will• be held at the office of the Company, No. 123
WALNUT, above Ponrth street, Philadelphia, on MON
DAY, January n, 1858 at 11 o'clock A 31., at which
time andplace an Zlectiou' Will be held fora President
and Ton Directors, to serve for the ensuing year: •
de2s-dtjall_ — EDWARD ARI,UsTRONO, Secretary.
via COMPANY,—NOTWE.—•The Annual Meeting. of
the Stootoldera ‘ for the election of Directors for the
w nsuing ear, will be" hold at the Office of the Com-
PanYL: o. all IVALNOT street, Philadelphia, on
MONDAY, the 4th January - , 11338, at 12 o'clock.
de1941a4 - LEANDER H. Y. 11. STARR, Seciy.
NOTICE.--O lee ,of t o Westmoreland Conl
.1.1 °employ, Philkulelphis , ,EarAnaber 190..4 11367.
The annum meeting of The Btoekholders of this Com
pany will be held it their office, No. 230 South THIRD
Street, on WEDNESDAY, the Bth of January 1818, at
10 n'elock, at which time an Election will he held for
Moran , Direttors, :and a Secretary and Treasurer, to
eerie for the , ensuing year' P. H. JACKSON.
dell-teja - Secretary,
NOTIOE:—: ()Mee of, the Beaver'-Meadow
on,losirsik,Detettiber 14,1857.
ThAariaitahseeting of the Stockholders of the Deaver
Meadow Railroad .and company will •be hold at
their ollice; , No. an - WALNUT Street, on MONDAY,
the 119th of January next, at 12 o'clock, et which time an •
election will be held for 'President en d , teh Directors for
Afiki opening year. • ' • '
• 44164tja18* L. ORAILDERLAIN, Sea. and Treas.
Paseengei Road, viilfitth and Sixth etreetsaWashington
Banding, Third street, Above Spruce.
": • PUMAIMPIIIA, Deo. 28th, 1817.
NOTICE.—The Annual Meeting of the Stockholders
of the above-named Company will be held on the second
MONDAY in January ensuing, (the 11th,) at 12 M., as
above . when and where an Election will be held for
President and Twelve Directors to serve for tho ensuing
Polls open from 1 to 4 P. M.
de2B-mthtiell N. Y. CAMPION, Secretary.
J. RAILROAD 00 --0111oe 227 Routh Fourth street.
PHILIDCLPIII.4, Deo. 24, 1857.
To avoid detention, the holders of Coupons of this
Company due on the lat proximo are requested to leave
them la this Office on or before the 31st• bst, when re
ceipts will be given, and checks will be reedy for de
livery on the 24 proximo in exchange for such receipts.,
ded4•tjal O. HDADVOIiD, Treasurer.
COAL AND IRON 00.—POILAnsu.nlit, Dee. 18,
1857.—The annual meeting of the Stockholdors of this
Company will be held at their office, No. 88 B. FOURTH
Street, on MONDAY, the 18th January, at 11 o'clock
A. M., at which time there will be an election or Di
'rectore to Rene for the ensuing year.
WM. 0. LUDWIG, Beeretary.
VP-Mt° IT A L.—
The busimmi of the PENNSYLVANIA BANK will
be removed on the let proximo, to the second story of
Grigg's Braiding, WALNUT soreet, east of Third. The
owners of property lodged et the Bank for , safe keeping
please' remove It before that day, or It will be
stored elsewhere at their expense and risk.
MIA jai. 4. L. FENIMORE, Assistant-Oashler.
,for Oale anti II Co frt.
FOR SALE,—The four-itory GRANITE
BUILDING, on the north side of OIIESTNUT
Street, west of Fourth, Intended for the Pennsylvania
Bank, and now nearly finished. If not sold prior to
/annul Ist; the Banking Boons, and other parts of the
building, will be rented separately; or together.
Apply - to TfIOMAS GRAVEN,
des.stuthtll No. 41IINOR Street.
/14.1 OPiOilite the State Nouse; one of the boot
'business ' locations on Philadelphia, with heat,
and all modern conveniences. Apply on the premises,
No. I, to 0.19. J . BALL, Agent. no2B
flopartitersbip Notices.
JLIF heretofore existing as BARER & WILLIAMS Is
TIIIB DAY dissolved by mutual *mina. The business
will be continued at the old stand, 1182 MARKET St.
'by CHARLES WILLIAMS, who 1 authorised to coiled
and pay all debts of the late firm
The undersigned would Inform the public, that having
bought out Mr. l'. W. Baker. his late partner, he will
continue the HEATING and VENTILATING business
at the old stand, 1132 tfARRET Street, where will be
found stall assortment of Ranges, neaten, Ventilatory,
Registers, Bath Boilers. &e., and hopes ' by strict at
%%gen to business, to merits share of the patronage
of SW public.
• dlifirt • oliktmas Iyt.LLTAMB.
04104f:111 . 3744114e3 : WNW**
firm of REISS BROTHERS & CO., heretofore ex
isting In New York and Philadelphia, is this dey DIS
SOLVED by mutual consent, end that the business of
the firm will only be carried - on for the purpose of 11-
tuidatien. Signed,
Nosernber lfi, nolB-ntiktuths-tf
emwtes eompaities.
en& ET.ORAIIOII D8ltE88;
CAPITAL $600,000.
Express sent to Oaxtroanti, OREGON, and SAND
WICH ISLANDS OR the bth and 20th, and to HAVANA on
7th, 12th, and 27th of each month, from NEW YORK.
EXCHANGE for sale In sums to milt, and COLLEC-
T/ONa AUDI on California, Oregon, Sandwich Islands,
and Havana.
W. P. & Co. receive freight ooneigned t o them at
Per Clipper Ship, and collect invoices on delivery of
he mite.
W. F. & Co are now &pared to receive the OLD
BONDS of the State of CALIFORNIA, transport the
acme to Sacramento City, 'ad procure new ones, In ac
cordance with the act of 28th April, 1857, and return
same to this oily. '
de2l-Im D. N. BARNEY, dn., Agent.
SPE C IE, either by its own LLNES, or In connection
with other EXPRESS COMPANIES, to all the principal
TOWNS and CITIES of the United States.
General Superintendent.
cAttarneno at saw.
will attend with punotuality, and to the boat of his
ability, to all business entrusted to his care. oel-ilm
ViTIST Streete, Philadelpfds. eal-17
LAW, ONNTRE street,Pottavillo, Ps. antiy
DOW GLASS, of all alma and qualities,
for sale at lowest prices.
Our &apartment is complete, and are daily receiving
fresh lotit from the Kensington Glass Works.
Sheets & Duffy's make. superior to any in the market
se to brilliancy and regular thickness, equal to French
We are now receiving two-thirds of the Glass made at
these works.
2,000 boxes French Glass of all eine.
4,1:e0 feet Rough films for skylights.
terns,ooo feet Engraved and Enamelled Glass, of all pat;
White' Dead, Fiench and American Zino, Paints, &o.
100 000 lbs White Lend.
170,000 lbs French Zinc (Vieille 'Montague ) .
70,000 the American Zino.
Drown Zinc, a full supply.
Chrome Green, &fell supply.
Chrome Yellow a tell supply.
Prussian Blue, a lull supply.
Parts Green, a full supply.
Addreee your orders to
Wholesale Druggists and Manufacturere,
Bole Proprietors of the Penna. Steam Color Works
Store S. W. corner SECOND and GREEN Streets,
Philadelphia. dell tf
and an kindg of OAR And Larop-Work, Girt tulotes Sco.,
ARCHER, wen Non, k CO.,
'loadings lilted with GM Pips, and all kinds of
altering B eni repairing of Goa Work. dolt 8u
N.a. W. Oor. THIRD and OHEBNUT Rte.
L. PEI OUZE d. BON, thankful for the liberal pa.
imager heretofore accorded to their Establishment,
and dogmas to merit (to continuance, would announce
to Printers mad Publishers that their new SPEOHIEN
'ar. is now ready, and from their increased facilities,
are'now prepared to runleh every thing necersary in a
complete Printing Establiehment, at the shortest no.
tine. Their long practical experience in the business,
end the faot of their personal superintendence of the
manufacturing department, justifiee them In asserting
that they eon furnish a more durable and better fin.
Lobed *stele than their cotemporarina.
Those, therefore, who doeire Printing Materials,
would do well to apply to them previous to purchasing
Oli type taken at 9 orate per ponnel, to enohane• for
nen at specimen prteee.
I,ooog Th Nieybsnt. Oil, ,
60 bblo. No. 1 Lord Oil, for solo by
, 01{0AliDALN, PNINON, & 00.,
noIO.N No. 104 N. Delaware &winos
1174TINifat'' ImrsetAuerriliNtALE, "
„„id.J• " N 0.104 IL Delaware evens .
nosnr, to arrive per eekooner 7. IL 'Mawr
Tor este Dr - 11411111)1 14 MAOALLSTEII, •
- 110 North Water stow!
LTA Nitta no miumfutared and for sate by
• " witaysa, nn am & 00,
istMl IN, II IL Wl* , 22 N. Whil/T6
Nothing like contrasts, for bringing out
effects. Just now, our friend John Bull has
ample opportunity, by contrast, of estimating
the comparative value of personal merit and
family connection, in the respective cases of
Sir HENRY HAVELOCK, of Lucknow, and the
Right Honorable the Earl of MutaßAve.
HAVELOCK, son of a country gentleman of
limited means, commenced life by entering at
the Middle Temple, and attending the lectures
of Crime, the special pleader, where the late
Sir Tnouto NooN TALPOURD was his fellow.
student. His elder brother had fought in the
Peninsula and at Waterloo, and his example
induced the would-be lawyer to enter the
army. This was in 1815. After eight years
service in the United Kingdom, he exchanged
into a regiment under orders for India, whore
he arrived in 1823, in his twenty-eighth year.
Ho served in'lndia for a time, in the Burmese
war;and on a mission _ to the Kingdom of Ava.
In 1827, he published a "History of the Ave
Campaigns: ) . In 1838, at the mature age of
forty-three, after three-and-twenty years active
service, as a subaltern, ho was promoted to
the rank of captain. Had he possessed money
he could have purchased a captaincy after five
years' service. Had he been so fortunate as
to have had relations among the nobility—to
have bad an uncle, for instance, like Lord PAN
SIURE, who telegraphed "Remember Dowb,"
to the Crimea-11Avuocx would certainly
have risen rapidly in the army, for be was so
universally emitted to be an admirable officer
that he was always selected for difficult duty.
Merit, without cash or connexion, avails less in
the military service of England than in that of
any other country.
After he was promoted, Captain HAVELOCK
was a staff officer in the first Alfghan cam
paign, was present at the storming of Ghuz
hee, and the occupation of Cabul, and, on his
return to India, wrote a " Memoir of the Alf
ghan Campaign," which was published in
London. Going back to the Punjaub, he was
placed on General ELPIIINSTONE'S staff as Per
sian Interpreter, detached to servo in Cabul
under Sir ROBERT SALE, and, in the final
attack on MARCHED AKBAB, in April 1842
which obliged that chief to raise the siege of
Jellalabad. Captain HAVELOCK commanded
the right column, and defeated him before the
other columns could come up. His reward for
this was a brevet Majorty, and the wonderful
distinction of being allowed to wear a bit of
red ribbon in his button-hole, as Companion
of the Bath. NAPOLEON would have made
him a General on the spot.
After this ho served under Generals Pouocx
and Gomm, all through the campaign, accom
panied the army to Givallor, and was engaged
in the battle of Maharajporo. In the Sikh
war, he was also employed,- and was present at
every great battle. In 1819, after twenty-five
years' hard service, ho revisited England. On
his return to Bombay, in 1861, he was made
brevet Colonel, and, through the kind recol
lection of Lord lIARDINGE, (by whose side he
had fought like a Paladin in the three battles
of the Sutlej,) was appointed Adjutant-General
of the Queen's troops in India. He was
second in command of the expedition to
Persia, and, immediately after his return
to Calcutta, after the Indian revolt had
broken . out, was sent to Allahabad in
command of the moveable column, with which,
in nine pitched battles, he debated the Ma
tratta leader, NENA 54,11114 whose revenge
found a vent in the dreadful massacre of Own
pore. His relief of Lucknow, at this mo
ment, excites general attention. For having
won nine battles, against vastly superior forces,
he TT made Major-General, and received a
peneion of $5OO a year. Be was subsequently.
raised to the hereditary rank of Baronet, and
publie opinion has literally compelled the Bri
tish Ministry 'to add a grant of $5,000 a year,
to support what is called the "dignity" of
the title—as if such a man as HAVELOCK does
not confer honor or the baronetcy instead of
deriving any from it.
Now, let us mark the contrast. We have
seen how, despite of want of money and noble
relatives, HAvELoex has raised himself. Al
low us to present an opposite case.
The Marquis of NORMANDY is a nobleman,
with comparatively narrow means. Ho is well
connected, however, and, when cash ran low
and credit was wholly gone, his noble friends,
the loaders of tho Whig party, sent him into
safe and lucrative exile in 1882, as Governor of
Jamaica, with a salary of 830,000. Ho did
not long remain on his island, but returned to
England, where—still out-at-elbows—he ob
tained the office of Lord Privy Seal, with
a large yearly salary. The amount was in
sufficient. for his extravagance, and he was
sent to Ireland as Viceroy, with a princely in
come of $lOO,OOO per annum. Ho continued
in this capacity from 1836 to 1839, after
which he served as Colonial Secretary, and as
Home Secretary for a couple of years, at
826,000 per annum, until Plikx's acceptance
of office threw him out of place. In 1846, he
was sent as Ambassador to France, at $50,000
a year, and a furnished palace. In this ca
pacity he continued until after the coup d'ilat
of 1852. He returned to England, still a
"pauper poor," and, as such, (for his ability
as a diplomatist was limited,) was sent as
Minister to the Court of Tuscany, at $lO,OOO a
year, where he still resides. From first to
last, this gentleman, simply because ho is a
Marquis, because he is allied to many of the
leading nobility, and because be has been in
debt all his life, has drawn over 8760,000 from
the tax-payers of England, and, most proba
bly, if the truth were known, actually thinks
that the public ought to be very much obliged
to a man of his rank for condescending to play
the Ambassador, and pocket their money.
The Marquis has a son, whose real name is
Mr. Prorrs, but usage gives him the courtesy
title of Earl of liulgrave. He has lived thir
ty-eight years in the world, without any one
over having had reason to suspect him of
being a man of ability. He sits in Parliament
for the borough of Scarborough, (near which
his family mortgaged estates are situated,) but
has scarcely ever clone any thing, as a legisla
tor, except to give a silent vote for his father's
friends and patrons, the Whigs. He has been
very useful, however, as a sort of deputy
whipper-in, taking care that the supporters of
the Ministry should be at hand, to vote, when
ever required to do so. As the pauper son of
a pauper and oflice-holding peer, Lord Mut,
°RAVE had to be provided for. In 1851, he
was made Controller of the Queen's House
hold, salary $5,000 a year. In 1852, ho be
came Treasurer of the Household, for which
ho has ever since condescended to receive
$5,000 per annum.
This gentleman, whose life has been passed
in the unwholesome atmosphere of a Court,
has just been appointed Governor of Nova
Scotia, (salary $16,000 a year, with a resi
dence,) and wo dare say, has so little know
ledge of the country ho is to govern,
that it would puzzle him to declare its exact
position, without carefully limiting it out upon
the map. Ills simple qualification Is that his
uncle, Colonel Plum, is a favorite and sala
ried parasite at Court—that his father, though
a pauper, is a Marquis—and that his own ne
cessities make the Governorship extremely
acceptable, because it will bring him in a largo
income. The Nova &Mims, wo suspect,
with all their lip-loyalty, null not be very
grateful to Queen VICTORIA for sending them
such a Governor. Sancho Panza, at Barata
tarts, will stand forth a miracle of sagacity,
compared with this lordling.
Mark the contrast! llavneex, 28 years in
the army before he got his captaincy; only a
Major General at the age of 62; put oil' with
a good-service pension of 4500 a year, and
finally, when made a Baronet, given a pension
of $6,000 a year. MuLartevn, six years In
office in the Royal Household a constant
guest at tho Royal table, and appointed the
Queen's representative, in one of her colo
nies, at a salary exactly three times as much as
HAVELOCK, crowned with honor, obtained after
42 years' service. In ono case, Merit has slowly
advanced the hero of tho Indian campaign.
In the other, aristocratic connection has raised
Lord HOLORAVE from a Court 111111kOyfillip to
to the dignity and pay of a Viceroy. If bIux
°RAVE had not been " born with a silver spoon
in his mouth," his position must now have boon
humble indeed.
The Rebellious Article of the'' Press."
In our last we mentioned the suspension of
La Presse for two months, on account of the
revolutionary tendency of ono of its editorials.
The article appeared on December 3d, and
among the " nouvelles deverses " of the next
day Le Constitutionnel has this pithy line," La
Presse has not appeared to-night. We are
assured that it has been suspended for two
months." L'lndependence, Brussels, of the
oth instant, after mentioning the excitement
produced by the event in Paris, adds, " as to
the other journals, they exhibit this morning
extreme prudence and reserve. Le Courrier
de Paris, which, during the last eloetions was
one of the firmest advocates of the Democratic
party, publishes this morning, at the head of
its columns, an article in which it declares
that the entrance of Messrs. litarmor,lissos
and OLLIVIER into the Legislative body is the
commencement of a new party, which, t letrr.
ing behind it old parties and old passions, will
consider progress as independent of political
forms, and exert itself to secure it upon legal
grounds and within the limit of the imperial
Constitution.' " M. PEYRAT'S condemned
editorial is to the following effect
"In the elections which took pines in Juno, the
Democratic party elected seven of its candidates,'
five of whom have taken their places in the legis
lative body, whilst two, Messrs. Carnet and Goud•
chola, have refused to take the oath presoribedby
the Constitution. Which of these two parties has
been Most faithful to the cause for which they were
elected' Among them there is evidently an error
and a false calculation. On which side is the error?
Who has made the false calculation ?
"We are aware that the question is a delicate one,
and we would not have raised It if we were in bond
age to any party. But in this journal, thank God,
we are in the habit of thinking and speaking free
ly, uttering the feeling of the moment, without
consulting time, or place, or suitability.
"A party clique cells upon us to servo it with
closed eyes, and to accept all its caprices without
examination--showing our devotion by the sacra-
Ilea of our reason. We are not of this elan of
adorers; we do not believe that anger and obstinacy
are the only homage worthy of the cause of De
mocracy. Our friends know that our seal is not
lukewarm, but it is neither unreflecting nor ex
travagant. Wo are aware that it is convenient to
hide ourself under the shadow of a coterie, where
we can find our opinions ready made, and where
we are excused from the onerous burden of forming
them for ourselves. But In politics as in religion,
we are for independent reason against blind faith.
This saidAit nil examine the question raisea by the
conduct of Messrs. Garnet and Goadohaux.
. .
"Through the name which he bears, Id. Barnet
has position and Influence in the Democratic party;
and M. Goudobaux is bound to it by long service
-worthy of the esteem which he receives from all
parties. Ile is a worthy and upright man. When
such men, in such positions, and above all in such
circumstances deceive themselves upon a point of
duty, the misfortune le to be doubly deplored—
their example, instead of being useful to their
party, can only injure and mislead It. Let us now
see whether the not under our consideration is
conformable to the wishes and the interests of the
" For some months there hes been in the uni
versal conscience a -vague trembling—a vibration
that has struck every attentive ear. To us it eig
nailed the birth of public spirit. The hour for
decisive resolution is upon us. The problems
which preoccupy the world of polities simplify
themselves—the parties draw together and count
their strength—the conflict of principles wages
more boldly than over—Piedmont and Belgluna
are the scene of violent agitations, and tb i s part
we take in the triumph of our friends of Tote and
Brussels proves that the.people of Piedmont and
Belgium are not the only onus interested. It
seems that ens have all heard, from one and of
Europe to the other, a vole° , crying: Arise, and
march forward !
' " Shall we remain deaf to this mysterious voice?
Must we, living always in our memories and our
regrets, sink deeper and deeper In our abasement?
The question has been before us for sit months,
and an immense majority ofthe Democratic party
has been resolved against the partisans of the poli
cy of despair and abandonment.
" Shall the Revolutionary party imitate the Le
gitimist, which by its withdrawal has made itself a
stranger in Its own country. The Legitimist par
ty is a corpse, which the Allies galvanised in 1815;
it lived au artificial life until 1830, when it was
again entombed, and may God in his mercy forbid
It a resurrection, Shall we, too, descend to the
tomb without hope of an awakening.
"Messrs. Carnot and Conclobaux thought not
thus six months ago, when they provoked the
eleotoral movement and throw themselves into it
with such resolution. Wherefore do they with
draw themselves to-day, when that movement has
become se energetic?
"What was the moaning of the campaign of
electoral bulletins, of the reiterated appeals, the
memorials, the editorials, the contest of the Woo
tton Aro we to see nothing but a comedy in this
struggle, so voluntarily entered upon, so patiently
sustained, and which has ended in such success?
"In 1852 M. /tenon refused to take the oath—
to-day he yields to the wishes of his constituency
and enters the legislative body. Why should not
Messrs. Carnet and Goudohoux show the same de
ference to the expressed will of-the electors of
Paris ?
" Experience has condemned the system of those
who, in the month of June, preached indifference
and withdrawal. It was the obstinate error of a
rigor pushed to excess. But that rigor has the re
illimitable character of the sentiment which in
spires it, and it merits the esteem of those who do
not agree with it.
"But how can we respect the conduct of those
who after preaching action six months ago, when
the issue of the struggle was doubtful, condemn
and abandon it to-day when success has so fully
justified it. It was you who eummoned us to the
conflict, you animated the feeble and led the unde
cided; and now, when we are banded together,
when our community of action has been
strengthened by your personal triumph, it is you
who are striving to destroy it.
"Bat now we are aware of our strength, we
know that we arc a great party devoted to the Re
volution, and equally resolved to defend it against
those who would destroy it, and those who would
sully it. We have among us men strong in talent,
experience, courage. and public consideration, and
shall we renounce all these advantages?
"When you called the electors to the ballot they
expected you to march before them, like generals
heading their battalions, and they responded to
your call. What will they think to-day, when they
find themselves the tools of a coterie 'sacrificed
tomotivee of personal vanity? They have chosen
you, they expect you at the work, and you abandon
them ; they will abandon you in their turn, do not
doubt it. You would have been in the minority In
the legislative body; you will now be in the mino
rity of your own party.
"It has been asked what service would these
members have rendered if they had taken their
seats? That is another question, which shall
be examined hereafter. 'd a have intended, to
day, only to protest against an act designed to
distract public opinion with uncertainty end dis
"But public opinion: does it exist at this mo
ment? Yes—notwithstanding the words of those
who would wish its voice smothered. It has been
compelled to hide its course in subterranean chan
nels; but it has its birth in unfailing fountains,
and has never ceased to low. Nighty efforts are
required to load it back into its accustomed 'ban
ner, and make it flow again peaceably between
its banks; and it is because the conduct of Messrs.
Carnet and aoudehaux tend to paralyse those
necessary efforts, that we find them most impolitic,
and that wo blame them so energetically."
La Pretse was founded by tivo distinguished
fuilleioni al, EMILE DE GIUARDIN, and is the
most influential journal of France, having a
circulation of about 40,000, and being valued at
$365,000. • A year ago M. GIDARDIN sold his
share to N. llimAnn, a wealthy Jew banker,
who has since that time had much power over
the journal, being the proprietor of more than
half the stock.
La Presse, although devoted to the Demo
cracy, has been conducted, until very lately,
with great sagacity and caution under the
control of M. NEITTZER, but he has recently
withdrawn from the editorship, and a now
policy has been instituted by the younger
members of the corps, headed by M. PETRA;
whose license of dangerously-free speech has
just now been put under the imperial padlock.
It is said, we do not know upon what au
thority, that the proscribed editorial had been
submitted to the revision of the leaders of the
Democratic party, and was to have been fol
lowed by one of an equally inflammatory cha
racter. IT this Is the case, there is, in all pro
bability, some secret organization standing
ready to vindicate the truth of M. PETRAT'S
startling paragraphs ; and the editoral that we
have quoted from the Courrier de Paris is
merely a cloak, a judicious shifting of its
ground, In order to avoid the penalty incurred
by its more daring colleague.
If the article for which La Presse has been
suspended does not bristle with rebellion to
our Democratic eyes, it serves to show how
alight the hint required to put a tyrant's fears
up on the alert.
Now, if M. PEYRAT, editor of The Press,
(French) were tempted to declare that he is
not a Democrat, and will not in any event sup
port an unlinoal successor to the Presidency
or Empire, with proffered patronage, large and
sure, to compenrAto his shame, would he Iron
ple the offer ,under foot, or tight the,hattlis out
against all odds We 13h at I see. We have
good hopes of hlin and of his frion4, though
as usual in all matters of pare speculation, we
can only reason' froM the known to i the un.
known. •
[roe The Prefaii.l
I , 'LIILADELPIII:A,Ci . 29th; 1857
I have been a constant ; reader of your paper
since its comniencement; dud • trust not an
inatteutivabbserver of passing eventS. , I must
in caudor.ashatt, that, generally, the paper has
given me mnbb satisfaction. I lay no s claims,
however, on this account, to any space in your
columns. ,The Press Is your property, and it
is not only your duty, but your right, to refuse
the insertion of, any communication that you
may deenti detrimental to your interests, or sub
sersivo of your policy. With this Idea "of your
right, I solicit the insertion of the following
letter:, . . .
If I tthdefstand thO Principles of the Demo
cratic plataitt, laid down 'at Cincinnati, and
upon the Wits of Which we appealed: to the
people in tho fall of 1852, that basis amounted
to nothing Mere; and Certainly to nothingless,
'as far as itOalated. to Xingu, than , that the
,4 boos fldefeitizens of that Territory should
be entirely 1400,•withoot ftwod, intimidation,
or cooreloo s jo regolate their..own affairs.
This doctrix jwyaa emmelated: it ont.every rot
trum, and , gliati; every neivapapeobeloogiag
to h i.
funilltositaio,pot to.astert that,
bad any Deritci,cratic orator phoiessed the har7
dihood to avow the right of the minority to
rule, that he wptild'have been hissed from the
huseings,and -hrotildliave s'ealed his own po
litical cinidemintflon: : • - '" '
I am a laW4tbidinguitizert:--4,llread'and'ab
hor mob' ruleand"anarcity, but, as- Godwin, in
his PolWeil - Judie:a" says r: ,frAnareby is
better than tyranny, because liberty may arise
out of the former, - .but• never out, of the lat.
ter." It is a conceded fact, ,donted by none,
that the pro.ilavery party in. Kansas are in a
very great mieorityt,. If this be true, and none
denies it, why force upon the unhappy people
Of that Territom i constitution objectionable,
to eighty po,cent., of the population ? , Is it
fair? is It just?. islt:honorable ? as is it De
mocratic? But, it it +laid "1( that We 'Pennsyl
vanians have nothingto do With this business."
This a grave error, and Things, id htellistory
of the Front& 'll.evolution, says "that politi
cal errors iViqtintly' beeoino We
Democrats 'id' the Keyitorie-Stata have• our
pledges sacredly made to the United States
citizens of Kansas r made; toe; through our
national , representatives at Cincinnati, who
nominated James Buchanan, id ponnsylva.
nia's favorite; sou,", our present wise and
experienced C,Aief Magistrate, to fulfil.
We made thews pledges before the .whole
civilized world. . Shall wo violate those
pledges, or shall we keep them? Honor
and justice pioclalm, Fulfil them to the
letter; but oven' if honor and jastice were
dead in our breasts, and thank Heaven they
aro not, interest alone, in its sternest reality,
dictates their adored fulfilment. Suppose for
a moment thittitve fall or Miter; suppose that no
prove recreant to our evolved ptomises—how
will we be treated in 1860? Will not an in
dignant nation say to us, when we shall have
presented our principles and our candidates
before it for its support. Awaywith you, you
faithless pare c twith broken vows and violated
faith. Woul not this be the response? Could
wo complain 1 This appears to me to be a
plain, practical way of putting the Kansas
difficulty before the,Democraey.
I have a high appreciation' of the American
intellect. lam proud of our great statesmen,
even when they do not belong to the Demo
cratic faith; but I ant doubly proud of them
when they bolong to ourselves. The Demo
cratic party and popular rights have become
synonomua terms. With the existence of the
Democratic-tarty aro • linked the progress,
greatness, and destiny of the Republic; with
the failure .or 'disruption of the Democratic
party ends the union of this Federation and
the happiness of its people. •
I candid poetess that I know but little of
the casuist of the schools; I know less, per
haps nothing, of mere procedenta and forms,
and tooknietevies', but I do hope that I know
something, suttutilWasirlAttsitee., Ilefievo,that
the best and ' flared way will lie to Elects new
convention in Kansas, to form a now Constitu
tion; such Constitution in all its parts to be
submitted to the popular will. This must satisfy
every national Democrat, although it may be
objectionable to the extremists South and
North. Vet, in the face of all the difficulties
surrounding the subject, to me it appears the
only safe and feasible method to adjust it, and
the only plan by which the aroused passions
of the people, in and out of Kansas, can be
come tranquilised.
But lot me ask, is there not something un
derneath the surface of this Kansas agitation ?
Is there not an ambition some whore emanat
ing from some quarter which desires and en
deavors to keep this an open and a harrasaing
question until the Presidential campaign of
1860? If this be not the case, why is it that
a minority at Lecampton—l grant you in ac
cordance with law, but not in accordance with
equity—has refused to submit the whole Con
stitution to the people ? If the people are capa
ble of judging and voting upon a single clause
of their Constitution, are they not equally CR
pablo of understanding and voting upon it
entire Why object to submit the whole ?
What motives could have urged that Conven
tion to act as it did 1 On the other hand, the
Topeka Convention, representing the majority,
but illegal is itself; also makes a Constitution,
which it knew could not be accepted by Con
gress. Why, with an ill-judged pertinacity,
not to call it by a harsher term, did the flee-
State men retrain from voting when they had en
opportunity so to do ? Are there not mo
tives and designs flimsily endeavored to be
concealed behind the action of both parties 7
Each denounces the other as the anarchist and
tyrant; who can tell whether or no the dis
unionists North and South may not be at the
bottom of the whole 1 Who can tell to the
contrary, if our bitter enemy, England, may
not be the prime instigator in this fratricidal
strife 7 Aro not her Exeter Hall emissaries
and anti-slavery propagandists in all our large
Northern cities? Does not her daily, and
weekly, and monthly press teem with abuse
of us anti of our institutions? Is it not worth
while, then, to pause and adopt the only re
medy that can settle this Kansas entangle
The President, I have no doubt, has given
to this question all his attention; so that his
long experienced etatesmanaldp and great wis
dom will enable him to cut the Gordian knot.
Ho is as anxious as any that the evil passions
arising from this question should be allayed.
I have every faith In his desire and ability to
accomplish so laudable and patriotic a pur
In regard to popular sovereignty, I have
carefully read Governor Walker's definition of
it, in his letter of resignation, and he must in
deed ho a sorry Democrat who cannot under
stand, and who dares not appreciate, the true
Democratic doctrine there laid down.
I have also ritiul critically Senator Douglas's
speech upon the flame subject, and it meets
my most cordial approbation; nor have I
failed to peruse, day after day, your very able
articles in THE Feces, and have been highly
pleased with the same.
But there is one omission, and to my mind
a cardinal one, in your course upon this ques
tion, and it Is this—that while your paper k
continually filled with Douglas, Walker, and
Forney, or Walker, Douglas, and Forney, or
Forney, Walker, and Douglas, &c., the refrain
being still upon the triumvirate, there is little
or nothing said of that great Southerner, whose
record la clear and emphatic upon this ques
tion of questions, popular sovereignty. Of
coarse, I mean the Hon. Henry A. Wise, of
Virginia. I do not recollect to have seen Ilia
name but once alluded to in your paper, and
then with a sneer. This was upon an occasion
when you gave a couple of extracts from a let
ter of his, you Introduced them with the sneer
ing remark that "ho was an enemy of General
Jackson." This remark was so uncharacter
istic of the otherwise general high tone of
your paper, that I felt both mortified and
astonished. For to my mind, Governor Wise
is one of the greatest of American statesmen.
Andrew Jackson and Henry A. Wise work in
harness together! Bah! the thing was imPossl
hie. No two groat minds over pulled in the
same traces ; such a thing cannot happen, It Is
beyond the range of human events; the greater
and lesser may and frequently do, but equals
never, never. Providence never intended it.
To me, Mr. Wise appears the beau-ideal of a
legislator ; ho possesses industry, honesty, ca
pacity, and courage. It required courage of
the highest order to beard the old General.
Look at Governor Wise's heroic and patriotic
conduct in his anti-Know-Nothing campaign
for Governor of Virginia. Have we anything
like it in the annals of American history
This fearful, unrepublican, anti-Democratic
heresy, bad swept like a hurricane over the
free States, almost crushing out the Demo
cracy, had passed on through Maryland, had
gotten a foothold in the " Old Dominion,"
when It was laid hold of by this true patriot,
this indomitable champion an() rights of all ;
nor did ho unfasten his grip (ram the throat
of the monster until, Hercules like, ho stran
gled it. I was sorry at the time, and have re
gretted since, that you did not publish his
letter in full, without any caustic remarks upon
his previous career.
In conclusion, allow me to say that I am
with you in this advocacy of the Democratic
doctrine of popular sovereignty. If I err, I
am satisfied to find myself in the company of
Jeffersoia, and the other patriots and sages of
onr revolutionary struggle. If I err, I err
with Madison, and Monroe, and Jackson. If
err, I err with yourself, and Wise, and
Douglas, and Walker. If I err, I err with the
rank and file of that Democratic party which
has hitherto guided the destiny of our com
mon country, and which will, I doubt not,
maintain in this crisis its own cherished creed
—the doctrine of popular sovereignty. While
I write, I have, heard the news that the Le
compton Contditution will be sent to Congress
for ratification. I cannot believe that Con
gress will sanction it.
lam a pro-slavery man. Ido not believe in
negro equality. I have no sympathy with
abolitionists. Had I been in Kansas, I would
have voted a pro-slavery ticket; but this Ken
na question has assumed a far more important
attitiude than Merely slavery. The President,
Congress, Wise,
Douglas, Walker,Forney,
&a.' &c., are as but eked' compared to It. It
is the foundation upon which our political
fabric is laid ; undermine the foundation, and
the structure tumbles to ruins. May I never
live to witness so dire a catastrophe.
Nora..-:-We publish all that " Alpha" writes,
because; be saps, .what •he 'thinks, and means
what ho says. If we do not second all his
sentlartents, ..ire applaud his candor.;-i-TEP:
[Cortempoodence of The Praha.]
December '2oth, 1857.
By the arrival of the mail from the South, I
was placed in possession of the following im
portant news from the Indian Nation. It is
contained in a letter to a gentleman from his
brother in the service, and can be relied upon
as correct in every particular
CAPS ROMAN, FLA., Dec. 2, 1857.
I wrote you a few days since, and alluded to
a scout then in contemplation after Indians,
the result of which is not so satisfactory as we
desired. On the 24th ult., a command of
seventy-five men, consisting of detachments
from Brady's, Hardee's and Parkhill's compa
nies, fftatte& out from Chocksikei Key, on
Paehohatche river, Capt. Parkhill in command,
'for a seven days' scout, on foot, carrying their
provisions on their backs. On the 28th they
met a party of Indians in ambush across a very
deep creek, Captain Parkhill with eighteen
men in advance ; upon approaching the creek
the Indiana fired upon them, killing Captain
Parkhill almost instantly, and wounding four
of his Men and one of Ilardee's, a Mr. O'Niell.
The number of Indians killed Is supposed to
be three. The Men behaved handsomely, one
Of then: (Wilkinson, of Savannah,) killed the
Indian who first fired and shot Captain Parkhill.
After destroying several of their fields, which
were abundantly supplied with pumpkins, corn,
peas, potatoes,
&c., the scout returned.
Since that time there has been received a
highly interesting letter from Colonel L. A.
Hardee, which contains important news in
detail from the seat of war. The following ex
tracts aro from his letter:
On or about the 19th ult., Captain Cone,with
a petite!' of Captain Whitehead's company
and his own, numbering sixty-three rank and
ti e i struck a pecan trail leading south direct
to the ‘; Cypress." This trail, be it known
to foriner commanders of the Florida War,
was ten or fifteen years old, a well-beaten
track, about eight miles from Fort Done and
five from Fort Kales. Eight miles on the trail
he found an Indian Tillage, consisting of forty
five huts, recently erected. This village was
not known by the War Department. Finding a
fresh trail of some sixty or a hundred warriors,
it was thought advisable to send back for rein
Captain Stephens, Stewart and
Harrington, with a portion of their respective
companies, soon reported themselves to Cap
tain Cone, who, in command of the whole,
began to travel on the trail in earnest. After
following the trail some four or five days
through mud and water, they heard the In
dians beating rico. It becoming now impossible
to control the men—" The hot blood couralag
their veins" at the recollection of their savage
deeds, Captalit Cone ordered• a - general
charge, himself, in company with the gallant
Dr. Hilton Jones, led on they rushed until in
twenty paces of their wigwams, when they
were discovered by the squaws, who gave the
alarm with their deafening yells. At that time
two of the warriors were trying to escape,
Lieutenant Stephens with his unerring aim
caused them to 44 kiss the soil" eo dearly
loved. The remaining nineteen were easily
captured. The prisoners were then ordered
to march under a strong guard, when a num
ber of warriors begun firing in tho rear ;
then Dr. Hilton Jones charged back on
them, which made them show how nim
ble they were in their limbs. The warrriors
continued in pursuit, and occasionally firing,
but doing no damage,
save injuring a pump
kin which one of the boys had on his
back for dinner,
and that only made two round
holes, tho ball landing safe under his shirt.
The warriors, anxious for revenge, proceeded
near their encampment, found thirty-eight of
their horses grazing, and succeeded in captur
ing and cutting their throats. This party of
warriors, was no doubt commanded by Gen.
Bowlegs in person, as his likeness and full re
galia were a portion of the trophies returned.
It is now late at night. Express just arrived
and reports another bloody engagement in the
Cypress, and, with deep regret, we learn that
Capt. Parkhill, of Tallahassee, was killed
while leading his men on a charge.
Archibald Collins, a wolf•dressed young gentleman,
charged Mrs. Mary Collins with the of f ence of
having one husband too many. Archibald alleges
that he is the lawful spouse of said Mary, and that
while ho was on a visit to Chicago, said Mary mar
ried another man, via: a certain Thomas Hendricks.
The particulars of the case are worthy of notice:
Mrs. Mary Collins was the widow Allison at the
time she became acquainted with Archibald. She
wag carrying on the millinery business with great
success and profit. Archibald was by trade a
coach painter, but as soon as ho was married to
Mary, ho scouted to oonsider it unnecessary to labor
any longer in that vocation, as the income of his
wife's millinery establishment was quite sufficient
for his maintenance. He therefore devoted the
greater part of his time and attention to the read
ing of new novels and smoking regalias ; and when
he found these oocupations rather dry, he refreshed
himself with choice Madeira and champagne.
Mary, his consort, ventured a gentle remonstrance
on these proceedings, at whirl Archibald took
great offence and signified his Intention to break
her heart." In conformity with this pitiless con
clusion, he wont to Chicago, and soon after induced
an acquaintance of his at that place, to send Mrs.
Collins a melanoholy account of his death and
For eight months after the transmis9lo6 of this
distressing intelligence ho remained absent, in or
der to give tho poison of grief and remorse time to
operate; and when Ito thought that those killing
passions had nearly done their work, he returned
to Philadelphia to enjoy the catastrophe. Not
doubting that Mrs. Collins had pined away and
made herself suitable for exhibition as a female
living skeleton, he hastened to her place of resi
dence. Some of the milliner girls in the employ
ment of Mrs. C. mistook him for a ghost, and went
into convulsions as soon as he entered the shop.
Mrs 0. herself was no lees disturbed at his ap
pearance. To his bitter disappointment she had
improved in health and gained flesh during his
absence. When convinced that he was a being of
this world, anti not a more phantom, she informed
him that the situation he had vacated was ocou•
pied by another and a bettor man Archibald
was excited by this piece of information, and be
came violent and abusive. Ills successor, Mr.
Thomas Hendricks, entered at that moment, and
restored order by kicking Archibald into the
With respect to the charge of bigamy against
Mrs. Collins, it was apparent that Archibald him
self was chiefly to blame, as ha had caused a false
account of his death to be sent to Mrs. C. That
lady bad mourned for him five or six months,
(which was as much mourning as such a husband
was entitled to.) and, believing herself at liberty
to marry again, ohs bad become Mrs. Hendricks.
If the calm should come to a trial, It is probable
that she will be fully justified. W.
The Now•+uk (N. J.) .3drertiser, of Tuesday
evening, rotates the following sad story : Mrs.
they, a widow residing in Adams street, arose
from her bed yesterday morning, and while upon
her knees engaged in praying,l was suddenly
stricken with appoplexy, and remained in an'in
sensible condition till 7 o'clock last evening, when
she died. She had bean suffering for some time
from violent pains in the head, and other com
plaints. Her husband was one of the passengers
lost in the Central America, and was on his way
home with a considerable quantity of money,
which be bad obtained by labor In the quarries of
Central America and Nicaragua. Four children,
the oldest but twelve years old, are now left or.
phans, without any means of subsistence, as the
mother barely supported herself and family by
" At a meeting of the president and managers
of the Catawba, Wlllbansport, and Erie Railroad
Company, held at their °Moe, No. 417 Walnut
street, Philadelphia, on the 29th of December,
1957, the annual report or the president and mana
gers was read, and, on notion or Mr. E M. Davis.
seconded by Mr. D. Salomon. it was unanimously
adopted, and the secretary directed to publish the
seine, for the information of the steels and bond
holders of the coMpany."
From the minutes.
tlosapn R. ELT,TON, Secretary.
At the annual meeting of the stockholders of the
Catawissa, Williamsport and Erie Railroad.Com
pony, held May 4th, 1857, it was :weaved to
change the fiscal year of the company so as to cor
r"pond with the report published in October, 1850.
The accounts were accordingly written up to the
let of September of the present year, and the
result would ere this have, been presented to the
stook and bond holders, bad net the absorbing de
mands of the late financial crisis imposed upon the
time and energies of the officers and managers of
the company interfered with the earlier prepara
tion of their report.
The business of the year sheens a very large in
crease oven the previous twelve months, in the
freight department, amounting to thirty-six thou
sand five hundred tons, at a profit to the company
of over fifty-three thousand &Mare.
The passenger travel has also considerably in
creased, showing a surplus of eight thousand three
hundred dollars over last year, notwithstanding
the universal diminution In this department among
the raltroadt of the uoitnh'y In 1857:. ' -
The miseellaneetos Sratugs have eacieded
nine - thoinand , llVes `bullied, dollitia thealinf - the
last. year', the risseleff freals iloitiOtellapketa
'Company bavffig idiltedflteßhis oliattlitsatiesVat
revenue. The contrast wiftil, therGefiireatnitfor
'Omit transportation has been also doubled, pro-
ducing an additional revenue of $1,651.37.
The total increase in the receipts from all
sources amounts to some seven - five thousand dol
lars over the correspondingper i od of the previous
Appended to this report will b 0 found an inter
esting statement of the oomparative business of
the road for the past two years, showing the cha
racter and Olassifications of its tonnage, and de.
tailing its various sources of revenue.*
13y this it will be seen that in the single article
of railroad iron, there has been an increase from
10,000 tone to over 28,000 tons, and in lumber
from 22,871 to 43,131 tons, which, in fact, email.-
tute the principal increase un the total businem of
the year.
The lumber is produced in large quantities at
Williamsport and its neighborhood, and is for
warded to the Philadelphia market, as well as to
those of Pottsville, Reading, and other towns on
the route.
The iron has moved almost exclasively north
ward towards 'Elmira, for the vast consumption of
the railroads in New York State, and the northwest,
and is mainly the product of the large rolling
mills at Danville and Plicenixville.
Both of these branches of business will'eontinue
to be of increasing importance to the roedin their
present channels, and with the facilities which will
be afforded by thei (birth ake railroad in the ensuing
year, of reaching directly the unlimited mark etseT
New York and the east, it is estimated by the deal
ers that their shipments will be more than
doubled. eV
A referenoe to the passenger table will show
that 94,820 passengers were carried over the road
the past year, against 90,951 the year previous, at
an average charge of 2.75 cents per mile..
It is a most gratifying fact that no -passenger
has ever suffered, either in life or limb, by acct.
dent on this road, and during the past twelve
months there has been no mishap of any moment
to record.
There are also annexed tabular abstracts of the
financial accounts of the company, rid of the
earnings and disbursements of the year.
By this it will appear that the total receipts of
the road during the year were 5379,308 79
Of which amount there were paid to
connecting roads, (half receipts on
those roads,) 81,811 00
Leaving to thy Catawissa road, pro
per $237,497 73
The total expenses for the year, in
cluding the cost of working the
connecting roads, were 189,02 14
Leaving the net income $/07,83.5 59
The interest paid on account of the funded and
floating debt of the company, for the year, has
been as follows :
Interest seven per cent., on $1,500,000
mortgage bonds 9105,000 00
Ditto income bonds 15,855 00
Ditto ten per cent. bonds, plain and
chattel mortgage 22,925 00
Interest account, balance 17,851 91
15161,631 91
From which doduct net income 107,835 59
Leaving a &Belem, In the year's busi
ness, over Interest on funded and
floating debt, of 553,796 32
When it is considered that this is the firstyear
in which the .beft_really been
equipped with machineryat all adequate to its
trade, and that the delay In completing the eon
netting roads has thrown out all the calculations
of the year's business, this result cannot be deemed
an unsatisfactory one.
In the planning and execution of all such great
public improvements, the question for considera
tion has uniformly been, whether the prospects of
trade to be developed by their completion were
such as to justify the expenditure. If so, it has al-
ways been calculated that any surplus of annual
expenditure over the income, until the trade was
fully developed, was a legitimate part of the cost
of constructing the work.
Such was the view taken in planning end com
pleting the Pennsylvania Railroad. Interest was
regularly paid on instalments for years, and until
the income from the Mad enabled it to make regu
lar dividends, these annual disbursements to stook
holders were added to the cost of construction. In
no other way can any important enterprise be
The managers ask no other consideration than
this from the stock and bondholders of the Cata
wissa road.
The Lackawanna and Bloomsburg;road has al
ready formed ita connection with our own, and
passengers and freight are being regularly con
veyed to Wiikeebarre and all intermediate points.
Opening up, as this road does, the rich trade of
the Wyoming valley to Philadelphia by our route,
and furnishing an outlet for the coal of that re
gion to reach the great iron establishments situ
ated on the Caturvissa road, the importance of this
contribution to our future income can scarcely be
fully estimated.
The Macaulay Mountain Coal Company hare
also completed their railroad connection with our
road, about nine miles east of Cataivissa, and ex
pect to supply not only the local demand on our
route, but also to compete largely with the Sha
mokin region, in sending coal to Elmira and the
northern markets; and, on the opening of the
Quakake branch, they calculate on supplying the
eastern and New York markets, by that channel
over our read, in competition with the coal from
the Scranton district.
W. T. B
This deposit of coal in the Macaulay Mountain
is one of the most extensive and valuable proper
ties in the State, and contains many millions of
tons, in veins of from fifteen to twenty-five feet.
all ab.we water level, remarkably pure and free
from fault.
The whole of this coal, as well as that of the ad
joining mountains, finds the only outlet to any
market over our road, and, if the product of these
mines should be at all commensurate with the fair
expectations and admirable preparations of their
owners, the revenue to the Catawba& Company,
from this source alone, will, in a year's time, equal
the interest on the first mortgage bonds of the Com
In addition to these valuable openings, and far
more important than all other prospects of revenue
to the Catawissa company, is the Quakake Valley
road, which has made great and rapid progress
since the annual meeting In May. Nearly five
miles of the track have been already laid, leaving
but seven miles to complete the connection with
the Beaver Meadow road. The material for all
the bridges is on the ground, and Mr. Osborne, the
contractor, estimates that, in sixty days from the
period of recommencing the work in the spring,
the whole line can be in working order. This
road has been almost entirely constructed, thus
far, by outside subscription: the Cat:swims com
pany having temporarily assumed less than $16,000
of the total expenditure to this time.
The graver Meadow Company have subscribed
020,000 to this important connection, on which
they have regular', paid the pro rata instalments.
A similar eubsoription was understood to bo_pledged
by the managers of the Lehigh Valley Railroad
Company, which it is hoped will assume the form
of efficient assistance early in the ensuing season.
The coal, iron and lumber trade from Pennsyl
vania, which will be opened out to New York by
their routes through this road, would justify their
undertaking ite completion alone. And when to
these are added the travel and trade of the Great
West, to and from New York, a fair share of which
would seek this channel, it cannot be doubted that
the small amount requisite to finish the Quakake
connection will bo furnished in the spring by the
parties interested.
It is proper here to state that very considerable
reductions have been effected in the working ex
penses of the road fha past ,year, and an arrange
ment has been concluded with the Little Schuyl
kill Company, by which the payment by the Cata
wissa Company, for the use of their track is re
duced from one-half to one-third of the gross re
ceipts on that road. At the rate of last year's
business, this would effect a saving to this compa
ny of about 516,000—the total amount paid them
having been $41,900.
The whole road and rolling stock are in perfect
condition, and, it is believed, no further expendi
ture will be required on those accounts for several
Such are the condition and prospects of the
Catawiesa road. In laying them before the bond
and stockholders, the President and Managers
feel conscious that every exertion in their power
has been Lunde for the interests of all concerned.
Owing to the unparalleled pressure of the last
few months, their duties have proved very arduous,
and the utmost effort has beau required to prevent
those sacrifices which the commercial crisis we are
passing through has entailed on so many similar
co r ‘ r e r a b l e o v ns.
felt It our duty to stand firmly and
quietly at the helm, during this storm. It was use
less to "weal for assistance, when our friends
needed all their attention and resources for their
own protection.
But we feel it equally imperative, now that the
worst is over, to call attention, most earnestly, to
the importance of funding the floating debt of the
company, and placing this Important enterprise on
it permanent foundation.
It is no less the interest of the bondholders, than
the stockholders. to do this.
And it is especially important to the holders of
the unsecured income bonds, whose property in
*rho statements and tables referred to, wtil be M
tnohed to the pe.mphlet edition of the Report.
NOTICE . tOtooll:lll 3 ffintbElitllV - : - ' -
11orrupondente for " Tsui Pasoan will Asap bur ta
mind the follo:itag rides:
Every oatametaleatioa
•kaccorapealati b,tiSF
roma of the writer. In ardor to in oerreotaeatat
the typography, bat one aid. of s sheet Amid be
written Upon. •
we shall be neatly obliged term:dimes la Penult.
Tanta and other Ohara for coliirtlettlesU left t hl ea. "
rent news of the day In their partienhir llocalitioa, the
resources of the rearennang cosatay, the inateede eff
population, sad oar 1210 1 . 9304011 that YID he intenigthe
to the general reader.
valueless, if the credit of the oompany thankl be
A plan will early be admitted for the 'Van
guishment of this debt, and the abeam/lima of all
the unsecured bonds of the company, sy T ida l , it
is believed, the interest/ of all parties will be en
cured, and the value of the company's awassitied
greatly enhanced.
By order of the Managers. - -
Tama/ Kumlatt, - Jr, President.
The Neer Bedford Mercury gives the fol
lowing copy of a note, which was found in • Naiad
bottle, picked up a few. days since on 13ocatlimt
Neck beach, by Mr. Arthur Derfea:
"Ship Ben Brown,
Off Coast Africa, July 20,1848.
Every man rick except 3. Blew very hard last
night. Provisions all given out and water also.
Three feet water in hold. Prren Bum"
The bottle was an English ale bottle, entirely
covered with sea moss, its "ancient and lab-like
appearance" well attesting the authenticity, at
least, of the data of the note. The paper npoa
which the note is penned is much worn, evidently
from chafing against the sides of the bottle, sad
the ink is mush faded. When and ander what
eirmunstanoes it eonuneneed its evidently pretrea
ted voyage, and how It came Into our waters :war
leave for those bettor versed than ourselrastamart7
time affairs to decide.. • - ^ - • - ' •
A correspondent of the Buffalo' Ewan,
writing from Mill Grove; make as follows : 99. r:
James C. Rowan, /if . .. Alden this ep ,untrteme
siddenly killed on 13 atatqa4,..thillthinstett; -
Wins Qualm from a srmom.,
_llitat=res rf •
W the 0910 a Site Witat a -bagiu
aria-on efilohliameldarliat:tbilltems 10130114
ie 1800. Be tarred on the Micarafronliiie la . .
ex -of 1812, and was at the burning of &Ade
by the British. B wee 69 years of age, and Lana
one eon in Minnesota, Curtis Bowen, andsaki*
California, Wm. T. Rowan." _
The Janesville (Wisconsin) independent an
nuances the arrival in that place of Mr. Tracy and
big party of young women, and their disposal. A
purge of ten dollars was made for each
lite money to be paid by the employer and to from the future earnings of the young
women. - The Free Church was thrown open; the
'young women occupying the seats in rows, some of
them drying. Customers then: walked along the
range with perfect coolness, examining theirotes
dition one by one, and, as they found one suitable,
they planked the cash and carried off the Wl3O.
The forces of the Mormons are estimated to
amount to about he thousand men, officered as
Daniel H. Wells, Lieutanant-Gemaral Junes
Ferguson, Adjutant-General ; A. P. Boatyard,
Commissary-General ; Geo. 11, Giant, Brigadier-
General of Cavalry; H. B. Claueon, Aid-de-Camp
L. W. Hardy, Division Ccumniesary ; W. H. Lat
han, Lieutenant-Colonel of Cavalry; Wm. Hyde,
Lieutenant-Colonel of Infantry ; It. T. Burton,
Major of the Life Guards.
A correspondent of- the Charleston Courier
says : " A large spot has recently made its ap
pearance on the surface of the sun. It is 40.00
milers in diameter, of rather triangular figure,
along the borders of the penumbra, within whisk
are four or five large nuclei, and several smaller
ones in the form of dots and lines. The diameter
of the spot being five times that of the earth, Its
surface must be more than six times the whole
surface of the earth, or fifteen times greater than
the habitable portion of the globe."
Mr. Benjamin Manly, of Westaekl, (Middle
town,) was thrown from his wagon, with hes wife, a
daughter aged about twenty, and a and, while
they were returning from Middletoirn. None
were much injured except the daughter. The
father went to one of the neighbors for a light, re
turned and found the young lady a eorpee. Ear
head had grunt upon a rock, and her injuries meet
have caused almost instant death. It is said that
the accident was caused by the intoxication of the
The question which agitated the newspaper*
some few years ago : "Can a man mangy • deceased
wife's sister ?" has been recently decided In one of
the English courts in the case of Brooks va.
Brooks. Mr. Justice Creswell gave judgment In
this case December dth. Ile was of the opinion
that the marriage was void, and that the Issue of
that marriage was illegitimate. The learned judge
went aver, in an elaborate manner, the ground of
his decision.
The Toronto Leader of Friday, in speakin g
of the election in Canada, says " The victories for
the day are about equally balanced, although the
Ministerial majority upon the whole rattan made
up to this time is about a domn." The Glo6e
the same date sap " There is no longer a shadew
of doubt that the opposition will have a majority
from Upper Canada in the new Parliament, and
that the Government will broken up and a new one
formed the moment Parliament assembles."
A pistol match has been arranged at Louis
title. Kentucky, between John and Santee
W. Wales, both celebrated pistol ahcta. The tonna
of the match are agreed upon, and the mosey bet—
sl,ooo—ls put up. Wales bets Travis that be clan
eplit Ere balls out of ten on a knife, at a distance
of thirty yards, to wheel and lira at the words ony
t. T .M throls• t.,Tt 414 k te tine sate ball than
Wales. Tae *bole lumber Of abate are to be twine
ty. The match comes off January M.
The water, as we learn from the Harrisburg
Telegraph, trill be let out of the entire main line
of the Pennsylvania Canal, now owned by the
Pennsylvania Railroad, on Saturday next. The
"five-mile level," immediately north of Harris
burg, has already been drained, for the purpose of
accommodating the Lebanon Valley' Railroad.
The water hes been let out of the Juniata and
Western Divisions of the canal about three weeks
Some dastardly assassin attempted to take
the life of Mr. Edmund Rhodes. at Lexington,
Missouri, on the night of the lith ult. He had
on that day been married, and had retired, when
the would-be assassin entered the room and fired
a pistol at Mr. R , the ball taking effect in the
bank of his shoulder, ranging towards his heart,
producing a painful, but fortunately not a fatal
wound. A former lover of the lady is supposed to
be the miscreant.
Patrick Slavin, who was recently hung at
St. John, N. 8., for the murder of the McKenzie
family, confessed that, after the older membera of
that family hail been butchered, a little gist,
about three years old, innocently held up her doll
and offered it to him if he would not kill her. The
little innocent's offer was refused, and the inhu
man monster murdered her' Such an incarnate
demon was unlit to taint the atmosphere.
The anniversary of the battle of Princeton,
which occurred January 33,1777, will be appro
priately celebrated on Saturday next, in thateity.
The military of the State generally bare been in
vited; four companies certainly, with others pro
bably, will be present They will go through with
a sham-battle An address will be delivered by
a distinguished citizen of New Jersey, at two
The Newburyport (Mass.) Herald states that
the amount of fishing bounty to be aid Gloa,
cagier, January Ist, was $70,000. Meet of the fish
ing vessels of that port are now in, but In a few
weeks will be fitting away for Georges. The fleet
will he largely increased next season.
Senator Biggs, of North Carolina, it is said,
will be appointed Judge of the United States
District Court of North Carolina. in place of Judge
Potter, deceased. Hon. H. L Cliugmen will
probably succeed Judge Biggs in the Senate.
Mr. Samuel Mervin Bigelow, son of the
late Bev. Nosh Bigelow, of New York, and for
some years connected with the press in New York
and Philadelphia. died at New York on the Nth.
The coroner of St. Louis haring occasion to
go east, has published a notice requesting persona
who may feel disw,ed to throw busineiss usto his
hands to wait until his return
The selectmen of Bridgeport, Conn., when
arplication is made for relief from the town by a
man, set him to work in a quarry at fifty cents per
Charles W. Barhydt, of the firm of C. W.
& U. Barhydt, committed suicide in his store in
Albany, N. Y., on Tuesday morigng.
The Reading (Pa.) Adler, one of the best
German newspaper in the State, completed ita cii
ty-first year on Tuesday last.
Park Benjamin has sued the Mercantile Li
brary Association at Cincinnati for breach of a
lecture contract.
The Navy Department have advices of the
death of Parser A. J. Mitchell, U. S N., at Erie,
Pa., on the 2.3,1 inst.
Mr. Samuel Backus, principal of the Tren
ton (N. J.) academy, died on Tuesday morning.
The Rhode Island banks have fixed upon
January 11th to resume specie payments.
Licat. Edwin F. Gray, U. S. N., has re
signed his commission.
The Legislature of New Jersey meets next
Tuesday week.
WEDNESDAY, Dee. 30—Evening.—The incle
mency of the weather restricts operations, and all
departments of trade are very dull to-day There
is nothing doing in breadetuffs of any moment ;
the:sales of Flour being confined to the wants of the
retatlers and bakers, who buy only for their im
mediate want', at from 35 to $0144.25 per bbl for
superfine and extra qualities, accordion to brand.
Shippers have left the market, their orders being
limited below the present views of holden. Corn
Meal and Rye Flour are not inquired for, and held
at $3 for the former, and 54 per bbl for the latter
Wheat is but little wanted, and common quality.
of which the stock now meetly emsiits. is very un
saleable, about 2,000 bu only been disposed of for
milling, nt 10811130 for reds; the latter for prime,
and 112a1160 for fair Southern white, in store and.
afloat. Corn is net so plenty, but there are few
buyers in market to-day, only about 1,500
bu new Southern yellow have been sold at
55c, afloat, and 1.000 bu in store at 53c.
Oats are dull, and about 700 his Pennsylvania soli
at Ste Southern are quoted at 33a34c, As to quali
ty Rye is selling on arrival at 70.1 br Pennsyl
vania. Quercitten Bark is unchanged—there is
very little offering, and holders are firm at 323 far
let quality Cotton meets with a limited inquiry
from manufacturers at the rates now current.
Groceries are firmly held, but there is not mush
doing, owing to the rain A sale of New Orleans
Molasses was made at Oils, four months. Pre
visions continue dull and neglected, buyers and
sellers being apart in their views in regard to
prices. Seeds are unchanged but quiet, and a
small business only to notice in Cloyerteed at
35a5.12 per bbl. Whiskey is welling slowly at trio
a. 2310 for bble ; 21tca224 for bltds, and Ws for