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PUBLISIIND DAILY, (BIIIIDATS EXCEPTYD,)
•., , , _
Taretra Cnir , esiirWsiiii, isieble •to the earriere:
gaited-rd Stiiieerlbeniolitof,the Pity it Six DotLeiti
PER Amnia; lope Dottette son Eidirratetarne ; TERRE
DoiLeineton ilin,fhlossiiiiiirtarietill tutranee for the
time orOgyini,l,-; •
I!...VIESIEK L'Y -PRESS,
Moils& te Soinioribeni mit of the iiity at Tatum Doc-
Leas rya Arnim; in iellinee: • .
1t ES7ILY - Plt - ESSi •
Tim rIBICLY r1E8.9 will be stint to Sabscilbers by
mall, (per "annul*, In ifdranoe,) at ' $2 oo
Three Oonlesi 44 . - 44 bOO
Five Coyle', , " , . 8 IX)
Ten 'Copies, " -12 .303
Twenty copses, " 'r ' (to ono address)..' 20 00
Twenty Copies, or over; ," " (to address of each .
subeerlber),-each , ..... , 1 20
For i Club of ,Twenty-one or over; we will send an
extra dopy to tbn getterosp of the Club, '
mr . Postiiiietore are requested to' sot as Agents for
Tan Wmfaaf Pates. ~ „
RINGS TOR THE DEAD
Embrace altibe volute necessary to
' • GENTEEL EFFEOT,,
and all the detella and nicer aleganelen 'which impart
FINISH, COMFORT, AND, DURABILITY. ~
Oentlamen are invited to call and examine.. '
oe2lPard.' '4BO CHESTNUT Street.
AT'RE&TLY, REDUCED PRICES.
A beautiful eeloction of -•- ,
• • - 110LIDAY •GOODIS, •
suitable.for Presents, to be found in
at the untie!' of . • - , ,
MOARTII AND CHESTNUT STREETS,
each as • • _ „ . -
PORTEMONNALES,, - . , -
, POOKET WOKS •
. DRESSING OASES. . .
WRITING CARES, . z
BANKERS' OAES, ~
• ' BANK BOOR HOLDERS
- - PILL BOORS,
. • • 'MONEY •SPI.TS, - • ,
" 0111-AKOASES, ~, , , •
' RAZOR STROPS, - •
WORK OASES, „ .-, • ,- .
CARD CAPES, •
' -ffgtolo CARES;
_:, , _J. :. %!
POWntr OuThßityr ,
ROGERS , RAZORS
......- GUESS BOARDS,:; - ..
- - - - BAORGAMMON BOARDS, '
PAPlgßAttieut.roill.f. BOXES, . .
DESKS'. lie , :, ' ' - ._ ..
. _ ..
GOLD TENS,' and . '-
: . GOLD AND SILVER PENCIL OASES.
.4141.7p2w .• ' - -F. S. SMITH, -
N. W..corner,FQIIRTII and pIIESTNIIT Ste.'
11 .4 00 KING GLASSES,
' ... . . ,
ENGIONINGS, -, •
YO2 • •
JAMES 8. EAGLE
Offers for pale the Largest deportment mf the above,
at the LOWEST PHIOES ,to . befound in the city.
DARLEYiII beautiful IIa,IISTBATIONS of
2A.ELZ , S,OALLERIES,
810 01131STNUT Street
. • MELYIIPS
GIFT BOOK - STORE,
883 ORGSTNUT OFIEGT,
OHM FOR THE HOLIDAYS. del9-2w
G" AT BARGAINS
• - • ORIBTILtIi v IEJ T E B EW YEAR
LADIES' WINTER CLOAKS.
PINA - L IINDUOT lON
TO own THE'skasoic ,
• T. PROOTOROO.4
Successors to Geo. }Wok' ic Co. "
de22-tjal2 ros oursrnavria6st
ITSEVITL PRESENTS FOR THE' SEA-
AND WINDS . 000DS. '
We are now selling our stock of Uwe Goods at
OBIUSIA' BEDOCIID MOM
IN OUR CLOAK DEPARTMENT
Will be found; a great variety of entirely new and beau
tiful dealgus, to which we particularly invite the at
tention 'of purchasers.
JESSE WILLIAMS - & CO.,
de23-Iw. No. 20 S. SECOND fitieet,bel.MAßKET.
[}ROVER ¢ BAKER'S
TOR BALK AT '
No, ISO OIIXSTNUT Street
CHRISTMAS AND HOLIDAY GOODS.
W. D. tamer, No. 28 South FOURTH _Street,
offers to dealers And the public a
yEgy LARGE VARIETY OP FANCY (MODS
Suitable for the Holiday 101004 Being entirely of his
The assortment embricea all the
FEWEST STYLES, -
AND AT - VERY HEMMED - PRICES.
Among It will be found—
Paper Mamba Work _Boxes, Desks, Portfolios, ite.
Ladies , Gabes and Traveling Bags.
Porte Monnalea, Parses and Pocket Books,• In great
Pearl Dart onus, beautiful styles,
ilotienitiest Glass Toilet Bottles, richly decorated,
Odor Boxes and Glove Boxes,
Fancy Bronco Inkstands, Thermometers, ;to.
Backgammon and Chess Boards, Oberman.
Pine English Scissors, in sets.
Fancy Cigar Stands And Mier Cases.
Scotch Wood Snuff Boxes and Pitney Articles.
Medallions in plastic ivory. .
Memorandum and Ball Tablets, in pearl and ivory,
Together with numerous other articles in the line.
Wattlgo, Jewelry, &c.
Whf, WILSON & SON
Flame now on hand the Urged Mock of
- TIM 017 T,
Exclusively or !heir own inennfactare and
Fergana desirous of purchasing are respectfully.ln
sited to call andexamins 'tor themselyee, at the
OLD iSTLELISBU STASD;
.019-2 w S. W. Cor, MYTH and CURRY Streets
B AILEY & CO., CRESTNIIT STREET,
wriautre OILY= WAU,
Under their inspection, on the prectiamraselostroly
Gilboa' and Strangers are incited to chit our manu
Constatly os hand . 01, splendid stook of fluporlor
-Wass, of all the celebrated makers.
.11echteseo . c lireaolete, Drool:bee, ! r ar-Atsql, Kyr-
AURA Ilef ott other articles In -t he Diamond lino,
Jiiteohlite SAW DENG2tOI- will be =do free ,of
.etterselor,poso wishing work toad* to order.
BICH GOLD JEWELRY. ' .
ak.tosattfOl,asoortmont of an the sew styles of lino
0W0 . 117, look ea Mosslei Stone and Shell Clamoo,
, Yiarl, Oorsl,-.oarbonolo, gondol*
Lava, &a., tca„ . -
wirinuai 9uBloSo, PAORI?0, 'ko
AiNl,BroirsaanCidirblo OLOORB, - of Remit stylor
4,114 of Alik,ii#Outift):t suldtwk,wl7:'
T.; Dist k ri &Jo
ty • ,432,01MTNITT.Otreet, , • , • •
Hare rece d ed-,` new 'tyres"
Jewelry, Chaty l itits,Mest ohatits,
Splehdldlins, Hair Plnis. .• • ' • - ,•
-knit Stands, Siskar Baskets. , •1••-' • ,
Jet Goods and PloirerVasea. - -• •
• Coral, Lava sadhlosale Sets, •
Elolisfjthents in Philadelphia' for the sale, of
Ttedshares LONDON TIME-KREPPRII: del°
ta - -Niumizet.wnsoli 41 1 0114'
:9/1. PER 'WARE,
. a t STABLIAIIED 381,2 d
- •o,,lf,aokvissku!'ss CRICI or
A fug, sasonmans arlyvt w kag of everz do.
acription couftnntly iortu4l4 - , or pindll9 ,
t 4? poach
sny PAWN 4 401 r.C.
italportare oflhOold' AAA'Ailinitugh:sid hapoited
voofc., • . ~• 141.0-,W141
tvAiirikii' .BRO. '
,auNgs-fLarin Tau} -
249:Lacip9.w,nut - stre.t, - - - aboy• Med, (tip Oohs,
• Phlliwtelphis„ .
_ 13twitantlyfr a ml sal Cot We to the teed _
TEC 016, - io lON BERVION URNS
ra0111115"' BUSTS. caps vArrE.arnAo- ,
IFra. 0462.51 iPOONS, YOW, ,
tifillih,4 Ina Plftititp, an kinds of metal. "se2-17
OA The Eatite*Mertes eelometteed resottfacturfog his
• - Ne-rhte (Agra.
1tt1.,N13110 :Biz AT, ,
iebtokbe oiets to We easterners
LlllOl Or MULL O . O A/111711113. , .
Orbit thrOligh7MOODl G4DATOII - will be ;nee
:WAD/ 44te441:°', -
Aloe "EPRING GARDEN atiA BRANAJAN ate,
-GALLS..WfIALE - 0)16, •
1 1..P7...,;^,Y,:,/.0)0 0 tallili7epftesit 011 i
MIAVIAINATAirrft i g r, '
TiDU ; D Ittt r ,
11LiAionot Wenm theiOliPiam of Phibule!phis thAb
- is but 1900 opp:dated-INTEIIPRETER, of ,the UnReM
ltmtes Clouds, and °reed am Offide for tranefatfona• of
AU9t o oooo,Xorweages - ONPRGR Street, Above
, 2EIfTN4--erhere he arifl be to attendance to Alf the bled
' nen tranematioaCia his Nat. -- &Mita •
A.Nltii; A "BARE,--' %SUPERIOR t
10***P0', iiiiistriatareiteo fa
- Wad? rt.. and 97 N W,harrso
ar..4,1,s — 443 ,
VOL. 1.-NO, 128.
4 knvm.rm....aw,inket. •
NS U RANCE QQMPANY OF THE STATE
• De0..24, 1857.
The Annual Bleetlnk of the Stockholders will be held
at the Convenes Ofiloo, No. 4 It XCITANCtII, on TUES
DAY,- fanner, sth, 186 S, at 12 o'clock noon ; and an
Election foe Tbirteen Direetora ' will be held at mane
place on MONDAY, January 11, MS, between the
hours of 10 o'clock, A M. and 1 o'clock P. M.
1025-gall WILLIAM HARPER,Seere'ary.
OFFICE' OF . THE NOATIT PENNSYL
yANIA RAILRO g AD COMPANY.
• The Annual Meetin of the Stockholders
IVORTII PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD' COMPANY,' THE ?
will , be' held at .the office of the Company, No. 123
WALNUT, above Fourth street, Philadelphia, on 'MON
DAY, Jaunty :H i 1858 at 11 . dclotk A M., at which
time and place an Election will be hold for a President
and. Tau Directors, to servo for the ensuing year.
de2s.dtdall EDWARD ARMSTRONG, Secretary.
OFFICE OF THE WESTMORELAND
COAL OON?ANY, No. 220 South Third street,
corner of Willing'a alley. '
• Pnil.anammts, Deo. 24th, 1857.
At a Meeting of the Directors, held this day, a Divi
dend of. EIGHT PER CENT. wee declared on the
CaPital Stock, payable to the Stockholders at the Office
of the Company en and after January 4th 1858.
The Transfer Book's will be closed until January Bth
de2s-fmwtja4 F. 11. JACKSON, Treasurer.
PHILADELPHIA, - WILMINGTON AND
DALTIMORD RAILROAD COMPA7SY.—DimaIs
The Annual Meeting of the Stockholders of thin Com
pany will take place 113 WILMINGTON, at the aloe of
the Company on MONDAY, tho llth of January next,
at LIN P. M., for the'Election of Directors to serve for
the emoting year, and for the trouts:Mon of such other
41:411ItteSII UP may legally none before the meeting.
dell-twatA OFREDIIOII,N.EIt, Secretary.
OORN ',EXCHANGE-I , N S U'R A NC E
0031PANY.—NOTI91:.—Tko,Annuel Meeting or
the Stodholdere, for the election-of Dlreetore for,the
(melting leer; will he held Jer the (Moe of the Com
pany:43l,,Wianta`qtreet, Philadelphia, oil
MONDAY, the,dth Januarr;llefei t ael2
• delg-tJa4 ' LEANDEIt Wir,V.lt t STARR, Sec'y.
IMECTION—PENN MUTUAL LIFE IN
_L.A. MANCE COMPANY -
' An election for NineTruetoee,toaerreforthreevears,
Will be held at ,the Office of the Company, on MONDAY,
January 4,1850. Rolla, open at 10 and close ut 12 A, 51.
de2B 28,80,1rja2 JOHN W. 11ORNOR, Sec.
NOTICE.—.OIIIco of the Westmoreland Coal
.1.1 Company, Phfladelphle,,December lath 1857.
' The annual meeting of the Stockholders of this Com
pany 'will be hold at their dem No. 230 Bouth THIRD
street, on WEDNESDAY, the oth of January, 1808, at
13 o'clock, at which time an Election will be held for
Eleven Directors and a Secretary and Treasurer, to
servo for the ensuing year Y. 11. JACKSON,
NOTICE.— Office' of the Beaver Meadow
l'au.coutrure, December 14, 1851.
The annual meeting of the Btocicholders of the Deaver
Meadow Railroad and Coal Company will be held at
their office. No. 822, WALNUT Street, on MONDAY,
the 18th of January next, et 12 &Clock, at which time an
election will be held for 'President and teh Directors for
the ensuing year. • -
del,s4tJalB* .16 01141110111LA_IN; Sec. and Troaa.
pHILADELTITIA. AND READING
1 RAILROAD 00.—Offlee 227 South Fourth Street.
- PUILADZI,PIIId, Dec. 2d,1867.
To avoid detention, the holders of Coupons of this
Company due on the let proximo are requested to leave
them at this Moo on or before the Slat icd, when re
ceipts wilt be given, and checks will be ready for de
livery on the 2d proximo in exchange for such receipts.
de2.l4Jal- . 8. BRADFORD, Treasurer.
OFFICE OF THE LOCUST MOUNTAIN
COAL AND IRON 00.—Enthayscrats; Dec. 16,
1867.—,The annualAleeting of the Stockholders of this
Company will be Ead. at their Office, No 88 South
701ffitTlf Street, on MONDAY, th e 18th January, at 11
o'clock A. M., At which time there will be an Election
of Directors to sone for the ensuing year.
dilB-oals WAL 0. LIIIMYIO, Secretary.
The business of the PENNSYLVANIA DANK will
be removed on the let proximo, to the second story of
Grigg's Buildiag, 'WALNUT street, east of Third, The
owners of property lodged at the Dank for safe keeping
will - please remove it before that day, or it will be
stored elsewhere at their expense and rink.
BAJO. J. L. PENISIONE, Aasistant•Oashier.
for Ode anb Jct.
COLLIERIES. --To lot, at a low rote per
too, valuable COAL MINES, well situated to all
the Southern an well u Eastern markets, having out
lets by railroad and canal, with coal-breaker'', ears, and
all conveniences for a large and profitable business.
Communications addressed to W., at the Grocery Store'
of 'WILLIAM L. MADDOCK, No. US South
Street, Philadelphia, with name and references, will re
ceive early attention, de2S-mwf4t
To LLT.—The becon , Third, and Fond
11 storite of the Sion, No. 50431ARKET Street, above
PISTE Street. These aro fine rooms, well located for
any kind of wholesale business, and h►re the advantage
of an excellent Skylight. Apply on the premises.
TIE SIR ABLE OFFICES at 520 WALNUT
_State MOWN /MO _Or AO best
business lnacr samr
and all modornnonveniennes. Apply on the premises,
lin•ni No. R. to W..T, BALL, 4. ent. . no2B
- Coitaitnership Notices
heretofore eslsting so-BAKER & WILLIAMS
TUIS DAY dissolved by wiutual eonsent. Tho business
will be continued at the old stand, 1132 MARKET St.,
by CHARLES WILLIAMS, who Is authorised to collect
and pay all debts of the late firm
PETER W. DAHER
Dec. 1, 1817. CHARLES WILLIAMS.
The undersigned would inform the patio, that having
bought out Mr. P. W. Baker. hie late partner, he will
continue the MATING and VENTILATING business
at the aid stand, MI MARKET Street, where will be
found a foil assortment or flanges, Heatere, Ventilators,
negisteri, Bith Boilers, &e.,and hopes, by strict at
to busbies, to merits share of the patronage
Oxisress qf =panic°.
WELLS, FARGO, & GO.,
NRW YORK AND CALIFORNIA EXPRRSB CO
and BXCIIASOR DEAI4IIIIB
A JOINT STOOK' COMPANY,
.OFFICE, 400 CHESTNUT STREET,
Eepreea sent to CALIFORNIA, Oesood, and NANO.
WICII ISLANDB on the eth and 201 h, and to Ilivate ON
7th, 12th, and 27th of each month, from NEW YORK•
EXCHANGE for sale in soma to cult, and 'mmlo
- lIADF. on California, Oregon, Sandwich Islanda,
W. Y. lc Co. receive freight consigned to them at
Per Clipper Ship, and collect invoices on delivery o
- NOTICE TO CALIFORNIA BONDHOLDERS•
W. F. di Co are no* papered to receive the OLD
BONDS of the State or dALIFORNIA, transport the
same to Sacramento Olty,d procure new ones, In ac
cordance with the act of lath April, 101, and return
same tondo city.
de2l4ne D N. BARNEY, Ja., Agent.
IVHE ADAMS EXPRESS CO., OFFICE,
A. 820 CHESTNUT STREET, forward' PARCELS,
PACKAGES, MERCHANDISE, DANE NOTES mod
SPECIE, either by its own LINES, or In connection
with - other EXPRESS COMPANIES, to all the prhA;pal
TOWNS awl OITIA of the United States.
E. 0. SANDFORD,
40441 General Elaperloteodeet.
EWIS S. WELLS, ATTORNEY AT
14 LAW, N 0.2 AIRY FITIMST,IIOIIItISTOWN, Pa.,
will attend with punctuality, and to the beat of hhi
ability, to all buaines' entrusted to his care. oat-3m
IDANIEL ' DOUGHERTY, ATTORNEY
/111,AW, Son 4 hes4 Corner of YI.OIITII and LO
CUST WNW; "
111-YER STUD USE, ATTORNEY AT
kta LAW, OINTRII itreat,Pottirrllle, Pa. *a4l7
iOOO BOXES OF :Oahuicor TIN,
JL Cie -D0W,01.488, of all site' and qualities,
for sale at lowest prices.
Guialiortment ES 'eoniideld, and are daily receiving
fresh lots frOin the Kensington Olam Works.
Sheets & Duify's make' superior to any in the market
as to brilliancy and regular thicknele, equal to French
We are now - resolving two-thirds of the Glass made at
theseworks. , „
, 0,000 boxes French Glass of ell niece ,
4,000 feet Rough Glum far skylights.
-6,ooo'feet Engraved and Enamelled Giese, of all pat
terns. •• • •
White Lead, Preach and . American Zion, Paints, kn.
100 000 lbs White Lead,
, 60,000 lba French Zlnd, (Vieille Montague f.
16,000 lbe American Mao.. •
Brown Zinc, a fullsupply.
Chrome Green, a full supply.
Ghtotoelfellow a full aupply.
Prussiarißlue, a lull eupyiy,
Parte Green, a full supply.. „
Addrete your orders to
ZIEGLER lc SMITH,
" • ..Wholesale Druggists and Manufacturers,
- Solo Proprietors of the Penna. Steam Cohn Woke
Store S. W. corner SECOND and GREEN Streets,
Philadelphia. - • dell tf
ARPRER, WARNER, MISKEY, &
M INACRS Or
OARALIIIRS; BRAC OY
KETS, TU PENDANTS, FITTINGS,
. and Al kinds of Gas and Lamp Work, ftirondoleo, &0.,
No 829,C,ILLSTNIIT STREET,
.AROIIDR; WARNER, & CO.,
No. 376 BROADWAY, NEW YORK.'
, Err Buildings fitted with GM Pines, and all hinds of
altering and repsdriog of Ona Work. dell
PHILADELPHIA TYPE FOUNDRY—
N. W. Oar. =MD and OREBNUT OW.
L. PELOTIZE & SON, thankful for the liberal pa
tronage heretofore *worded to their Establishment,
asp desittM to merit continuance would announce
t o printers and Publishers that their new 8P1:0II[EN
BOON to hoW ready, and from their Inereased
are now prepared to furnish every thing neeespary In a
complete Printing Establishment, at the shortest no.
the. Their long•praotleal exper ience Beth, businees,
and the fact of .tiroir personal superintendence of the
mannfiioturing department, •justities them In assorting
that they can farploh.s. more durable and better [W
ished &slide than their ootemporariee.
i Those, 'therefore, who desire Printing Mateilale,
would do well to apply to them previous to purchasing
Old type taken at eo nl per pound, In ezebsnie for
Paw epeehnen prices. aul.tf
5-flimi TONS of MINCHELL & OROAS
-7-fLYVVALIuts improved super PIXOSPIIATE OW
14:5 Jr. , 2r, Ws b 7, 080ASIMIA1, & 00
- um-11 ' ' Ho. WTI. Delamars avenue.
ItOSlNerMilßAig yT gra 80APMAKEttTFltr
..4tor :: to ..royiklnr schooner 'J._ icitpyous!
, 1 ,
``s ` ,‘ N i i 1 ,, ~,,
~ - it 04 a
‘, kk s t i l't , 4 , . ...-.,- . i.': ; , ...:.• 7 "rfitt .
.. ;011.% •-• .:•.,. , ..,•: \; \ \ y ‘ t l I I iA.Jejg i •
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iii.. .. ...", ...:
~. ._.: —. • - -,;(-- • .. .-''.• ....14, 7, •••'••• I LB.
„...........;,. ......,..4,,•:•i.,..,-;‘,..„..„.0....:.•: • ~%•.....4.0,..„......, ~ .. :yr- •• - •••._•,_ A
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, „ : 'ai*......:-...- '''.4,: . „,' '-iisplA,,,,' . ~,..._. .'.. : , , '4=' , , ;,,:.. :.....- Vir ,• . ' -,_ . • ."...' ?II!. , ....,,, •.- .• „. • ....
:.. - - , tiot a r i tip- - Ili •-- - - -..r
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, , .
9kttartte2a at EMIL
WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER MO, 1867.
RETURN OF THE POLES FROM EXILE.
The late Czar was a person who might have
been entitled to the brevet rank of Man, had
he only had a heart within his bosom. Cold,
cruel, and isolated, Numoziks was indeed an
autocrat. The absolute power of life and
death, within his vast dominions, was exercised
by him—a power neither exercised, nor even
claimed by any European Sovereign. For,
after all, in 'ever) , part of Europe, Russia ex
cepted, it is necessary, even with the most
arbitrary sway, to preserve the show and the
seeming of legal proceeding.
Not King BomnA, of Naples, can take the
fives .of his cc loving subjects," without first
submitting them to the tender mercies of a
tribunal, acting with all tho forms, though
without the fair play, of a Court of Justice.
Ho may arrest any number of persons upon
suspicion;" he may put them into prison on
the same pretext, but take their lives, he dare
not, without some sort of a judicial trial. Not
F . //Vons JOSEPH, of Austria,, absolute as he is,
Can do more. Every ether European:slave- .
reign (the Czar excepted) is even yet more
strictly betunt to keep up appearances.of jus
tice: As for Queen VICTORIA, who rules
but does not govern—that power being
reserved for her Primo Ministry, for the
time being—she cannot put any ono into du
rose for a single day, without legal grounds.
A writ of Habeas Corpus would Immediately
test the validity of tho deed, with summary
speed and force. In fact, the President of the
United States personally possesses more power,
as a ruler, than the Queen of England,—for he
can appoint to certain offices, while Queen
VICTORIA cannot fill the smallest vacancy
without obtaining permission from the head of
tbo department to which the office may belong.
The legal fiction that " The Queen can do no
wrong," throws the responsibility upon her
Ministers, who therefore assert and exercise a
right to office nomination.
The Czar Nicuor...4 was a hard, austere,
almost cruel man, full of ambition, impressed
with strong ideas of his own importance as a
monarch, and constantly haunted, by suspicions
of plots against his person and his Government.
That, ou several occasions during his reign,
the Poles should have exhibited the vitality of
nationality was enough to chafe, and did chafe,
this cold, hard man. The Revolutions of 1830,
and of 1848, did not pass over Europe with-
Out affecting Poland. The outbreaks„ there
were put down by the strong hands of CON
STANTINE fUld PASICEIWITOII. The patriots,
such of them as did not find safety in flight,
were subjected to the tender mercies of the
Czar. Death or Siberia was the doom.
While NICHOLAS lived, there was no hope
for Poland or her exiled sons. The first act
of his successor, the Emperor ALEXANDER,
was one of clemency. Under the rigid rule of
Russian bayonets, Poland had been kept down.
ALEXANDER, yielding to the generous Impulses
of a kindly nature, resolved to try what good
treatment can effect. Strange as it may sound,
when a Russian autocrat is in question, he
determined to try whether a generous people,
brave as their own bright sword, might not be
ruled by Love even more effectively than by
Pear. Hence the Czar's celebrated Coronation
Manifesto, which is literally an act of amnesty
to political prisoners. Hence, too, the newly
awakened enthusiasm, born of gratitude and
rapidly ripening into love, which has made the
heart of Poland sympathetically beat with joy
'We learn from undoubted private authority
,that many Pxkls,Aul ...-3.... : 11 vaan-H3Likaii:SlT_
berm in dittbrent - epochs of the political move.'
manta of their native land, have been permit.
ted to cross the Polish-Russian frontier, and
return to their homes, in compliance with the
amnesty of the Emperor's Coronation mini.
festo. Others, it is true, were only allowed to
leave Siberia, without returning home, resi
dences for them being assigned in the central
provinces of Russia. There probably was
some apprehension of the effects of a crowd
of Polish patriots simultaneously resuming
their citizenship at home. A baseless fear,
we think, but a natural fear to Russians.
Every exile who had leave to return to the
Kingdom of Poland received $l6O as travel
money. Among the number was Count PETER
WYSOCKI, (chief of the insurrectionary move
ment of 1831,) who had been condemned to the
mining works at Nortchinsk, In Middle Sibe
ria, where he labored for twenty-six years.
On his way home it was intimated to him by
the Russian Government thathe should under
take not to enter Warsaw. His• former influ
ence in the capital may account for, and
I almost excuse, this prohibition.
Some of the Polish exiles have been able to
amass small capitals„ of $4,000 to $5,000, by
farming, fishing, or trapping. Those who
possessed mechanical abilities have made con
siderably larger amounts. Several, who asso
ciated for hunting, trapping, and carrying on
the fur trade, were very successful. Farming
was less profitable, owing to the high price of
labor, notwithstanding the excellent, rich, and
fertile soil of' South Siberia. A certain Mr.
PAKIEWSKI, with ability and tact, has a largo
share in the copper mines, and is also proprie
tor of several steamers on the rivers Oby and
Jenissey. In fact, the Polish exiles in Sibe
ria have generally done well.
Many Poles, not allowed to return home,
but allocated in the interior of EUSSifI, nett'.
Nally have preferred to remain in Siberia.
They thought it would he more agreeable to
'stay where they had friends and profitable
occupations. Among those who have thus
remained is GUSTAVE'S EHRENBERG. Several
of the polish exiles, arriving at their former
homes, after twenty-seven years of absence,
found a new generation there. The place that
had known them once, know them now no
more: Feeling themselves strangers in the
scenes of their childhood and early manhood,
they. have voluntarily returned to Siberia— ,
which had become a second home to them,
and - where 014 had * l'o'6l or made new homes,
'friends, and associations.
•The'CZar's next policy will be abolish serf
dom In Russia. Adifrtcult thing this promises
to be, for he will certainly he opposed, openly
and covertly, by the. higher ,nobility 'of hls
empire.. However, as he is a man of firmness
as well as of feeling, therfican be little doubt
of his effecting great moral and political im.
provemonts in his extensive realm.
From W. B. Zieber and front - Peterson &
Brothers, we have received the January num
ber of the Atlantic Monthly. It is a trifle bet
ter than its two predecessors. The poetry is
much better ; 'the lints called The - Sculptor's
Funeral are very good. There is less purely
American-writing in this' Magazine than was
expected and hoped. The Autocrat of the
Drealsfast Table, the article on Books, the
notice of Agassiz's Natural History, and a
Poe-ish story called The Diamond Lens are
the best things hero this month.
Petersons have sent us Emenvon's (and
Putnam's) Magazine, which has again changed
hands. The best paper in it is the continua
tion of Major Jack Downing's letters, with
From Mr. Callender we have got Mrs. Sle
phens's Illustrated Monthly Magazine. It,
contains the commencement of a new story,
by Mrs. Stephens, a tine poem by Augustus
Duganno, and divers other articles of'minor
merit. The wood-engravings aro better Mari
win), but the phial-pudding. Illustrations 411 i
all w conveyed " from English works; unac
knowledged, as usual.
There le no doubt whatever, says a New
York paper, that Mr, Littlee, of Radiator, whore
murder was announced a few dap rine°, was killed
by his wife and brother. The another ,of Mn. s
Littlea luta maimed that online nightof the mur•
der her BOA Ira told her she would never see Char.
ley (Littler) again; that he had knooked him on
the head with hie eerie. Ira has elm made a
lif•rtialcoprapdock,,layolying. betides MEOW fold
PfiILADELPHIA, WEDNESDO. DECEMBER 30. 1857.
TOE,NEW AMERICAN OYOLOPIEDIA : A POPULAR
DICTIONARY OF GENERAL KNOWLEDGE. Edited
b OfrIOROI4 Mesa& and Cu►at.ea A. DAY.L. Volume I.
A—Aragony." Imperial Bea., pp. 790. D. Appleton
Co., NOW York.
One great - evil almost Invariably accompa;
nying the publication of Cyclopmdias is the
length of time occupied in preparing them—
the delay between the issue of the first volume
and the last. Tho Penny Cyclopedia was
over flftien years in hand. Tho Encyclope
dia Metropolituna was even longer. The En;
cyclopedia Britt=lea (now edition) has been
slowly advancing for , years, and , has only
reached the letter M. French works of this
sort were generally as slow. The German
have progressed somewbatmore rapidly. The
Now American Cyclopedia, the first volume of
which is before us, will be completed in fifteen
volutues, in two years. The cost, too, is in its
favor. The price is $,53 a volume, against the
Encyclopedia Britannica at ss—giving the
whole for $46 against $lO5 for the other, eves
should the Encyclopedia Britannica not exceed
twenty-one volumes. To be sold for less than
half the coat, to ho issued within a short and
defined period, and to bear comparison with
every work of the kind yet published, are the
leading features of this now, we might say this
National work—for every lino has been ex
pressly written for the work itself, and most of
it by'American citizens.
Mere cheapness of price ought•not to be
an inducement—for the best article is that
which is most worth the money, whatever the
cost be. The New American Cyclopedia is
iNcld aswe llas loW-priced. . design is
simply to furnish the great bodKot Intelligent
readers in this country with a popular Die
floury of Universe' Knowledge. , Its editors
are men of learning, tact, general information,
and a knowledge of the world. They have
called in the aid of many of the ablest writers
in the country, each man taking the branch
or branches of knowledge with which he may
happen to bo most familiar, and emptying his
mind, as it were, into articles upon it as a
whole, or on its collaterals, Careful revision
—which sometimes condenses and sometimes
may enlarge the article—is then applied, and
the result may be anticipated. Mere disqui
sition has been much avoided. The aim is to
produce a practical work of reference and 11111
information upon the whole circle of Uni
The variety of leading subjects in such a
work is very groat. Anatomy, Agriculture,
the Fine Arts and the Industrial, Astronomy,
Geography and Ethnology, Botany, Mineral.
ogy, Geology, Law, Political Economy, Mathe
matics, Natural Philosophy, Mechanics, En
gineering, History and Description of Ma 7
chines, Literature, Grammar, Food, Music,
Trade, Commerce, Chemistry, Physiology,
Hygiene, and Biography are only a few among
the very many subjects to which people will re- -
for, in this Cyclopedia, and find accurate de
tails. There will be the advantage of giving
the latest information, in' all cases. In Bio
graphy this will especially be the case, as me
moirs of living persons are given, whore their
eminence warrants it.
The materials for such a work as this, which
will contain more variety than any of its pre
decessors, wherever published, have been
found in thousands of volumes, freely consulted
in public libraries and private collections; In
all Encyclopedias and Biographical and gene
ral Dictionaries of authority and value; and,
above all, In the personal knowledge of the
large corps of contributors, (nearly ono hun
dred in number,) whose co-operation has
been made available for this great labor. Of
these writers, as we have said, the majority
are American citizens, but many writers in
Great Britain and on the Continent of Europe
have been pressed into the service, and have
rendered efficient aid.
The opening volume, just published, (sold
only to subscribers, and procurable by local
agents all over the Union,) Is a fair sample of
the work. It concludes with a geographical
article on Aragnay. Among the more striking
articles aro those upon Abd el Bader, Abdul
Medjid, Absorption, Abstinence, Academy,
Acetic Acid, John Adams, John Quincy
Adams, Joseph Addison, Adulteration, Ad
venturers, Advertisement, Aerostation,
ghanistan, Africa, the Agapemone, Professor
Louis Agassiz, Age, Agriculture, with its Che
mistry and Schools, Ague,Alabama,Albutni
nuria,Alexander (pseudo iEarl of irling,")
Alfieri, Algeria, Aliment Alloy, Washing
ton Allston, Alluvium, Ittnack's, Almanack,
Algatt..t, Alumitiluu, Du
Amerleari - rsertqUittes, 2ltuoricanismß, (omit
ting the word ‘‘ guess » ) Amphlbla, Ames
finales, Anatomy, Andes, Major Andre, An
gling, Animal, Animal Electricity, Animal
Heat, Animal Magnetism, Animal Mechanics,
Animalcules, Anthracite (with map of the
Anthracite region of Philadelphia,) Anthro
pology, .Anti-Eentitan, Apocalypse, Appala
chian Mountains, Appetite, Aqueduct, Arabian
Language and Literature, Arabian Nights, and
the Arago family.
When we say that each of these articles is
complete account of the subject it treats upon,
and that—though at less length—nearly 2,500
different subjects are treated with equal accu
racy and care, we state the exact character of
The Second volume will be published early
n the spring, and a new volume at regular in
errata of about two months.
Tilt HASHEESH EA Tun. Being paseagee from the Life
of a Pythagorean. 1 vol. 12 too. IT. 371. Harp, 4.
Brothers, New York.
De Quincey, we suspect, is the real author
of this volume. To be sure, he did not write
it—though many parrs of it aro fully equal to
what ho has written—but his , c Confessions of
an English Opium Eater" evidently prompted
it. De Quincey gave to the world his expe
riences of the effects of large doses of opium,
an extract from the poppy. The Pythagorean
relates how he came to take hasheesh, the resin
of a particular sort of hemp, called Cannabis
Indica, which, in southern climates, loses its
fibrous texture, and secretes this strongly nar
cotic drug. Thu readers of "The Count do
Monte Christo" will recollect how Hasheesh is
more than once mentioned in that wondrous
How the narrator came to cat Hasheesh,
what were its effects, what fascination it exer
cised over his fancy, what dreams ho dreamed,
witat joys and pains he felt, and in what man
ner he dropped the use of this sonl-subduing
and soul-exciting drug,foims the subject-matter
of the volume before us. The book is strangely
fascinating, so graphic are, its descriptions.
The writer is very much a man of genius
we should have considered him entirely so, but
for the metaphysical disquisitions in the con
cluding chapters. So long as he gives glorious
glimpses of Oriental life and scenery, as be
held by a rich imagination, highly excited, the
book is brilliant ; but when these vanish, and
metaphysics come in, to dell the glory, the
reader becomes disappointed, if not vexed.
For our own part, we wish we had not read
beyond the first 270 pages. Up to that por
tion, the book bears full comparison with Do
quincey's, Wo baye no idea who the author
is, but the book, as ono of the curiosities of
literature, deserves to be popular.
TWIN RONI7B,—A Narrative. By As CORA forests,
Author of Autobiography 'of au Actress." 1 vol.
12wo pp 273 Ticknor h. FieLlt, Upplon Baatrd
4. Brothers, Philatiolphia.
It is 'to be hoped that a quotation, in the
second, page of this story, from the Apopit.
thegmata of Diogenes ',north's, will not nuke
young people throw down tho book in despnr.
It is a story of domestic life, very prettily
told, Herman Lander, the hero, being some
thing (but not lunch) of 'an actor. The
" roses ' are twin daughters of an English
actress. The account of Herman's dibilt, as
Hamlet Is very much exaggerated. No aldi
once would permit the Ghost to "take a sight"
(as it is called) at an actor playing such a part.
There are love marriage, sea-voyage, and
shipwreck in this story; also (why dragged in
we know hot,) a Visit to Virginia and Wash
ington. We should like to know where the
author found, and how she can Justify, the word
" memorize." The story, as a whole, will
probably interest young people. The punish
ers have brought it out with their proverbial
elegance of typography, paper, and binding. •
ITAIQDICAL tittY TESTAMENT. NO. C.
Aelh,lidth Index, Introduction, and Plate+. Idßed
qad published by siockion:
Three Months ago; we noticed the first num
b" of tide
,wort., containing the Gesrel of
St. Matthew. , Thefifth number contains the
Acts of the Apostles, with two yiows of Jeri!.
Salem, an analytical index, and the Bev. T. If.
Ilorne's "Introduction" (revised and connoted
by Dr. S. P. Tregolles,) hi which the Whop.
ship authenticity, style, chronology, pufpose,
Importanceand of "The Acts" are closely con
sidered and ably discussed. The four Gospels,
forming,the previous. numbers of Mr. Stock
tOtt'S “Periodical Now Testament," are com
plete, iti'a set by themselves, and wo cannot
nano'n MOre„ eligible New Year's gift-book for
young,peeple, patileillarly with the addition of
twelve ,erNelson'sbeautiful colored views of
places named in [lcily Writ.
STOItIES 101 D LEGENDS QB Tl4O/41, ASS MS
TOIIY, SOP& flitituEEN. (la Aug osimivooD
I vol., /2moj PO. ri , knos p Fdiip illostou
Raz grit ttßrothers:
Tbia is a very charming book, likely to
please not only chilhan, but grown people.
Five years ago Grace Greenwood visited
Europe, and, as usual, threw her observations
thereinto print.. §he slims her,,relna
}iausted, here he ,glues glimpses pilmer
don, life, irhich will' be much liked by young
people, particularly as she mixes up some
Plditilug 'stories with them. The 'anecdote
abbot - St. Dunstan's cloeit'and the Marquis of
Hertford Is wholly improbable, for it is scarcely
likely that, even as It child, be could have
had the opportaily of frequently leaving
the. West End of London to look at the wood
en giants striking the hours on a clock in
Fleet street, Milo miles distant. Marquises,
WO can toll a-hi= Greenwood, are very sel
dom permitted; when only children, to go in
to the City, with its crash, crush, and noise.
St. raul's Cathedral, Greenwich Hospital,
,Ilittilpton Court, and Windsor Castle, each
AMOY u subject fur a sketch or story. Half
11114 book Is devoted to Ireland, and Grace
greenwood gives some capital legends con
nceled with places which she visited in that
'efAatitty. Her materials are not very now, (the
ll4lkParleton, Lover, and a crowd of others,
ActiAbe manor born," preceded her,) but she
'ha4,:taade as readable a little book as we have
seen for some time.
[fel The Prem.)
Hy communications to you on the subject of
the revulsion appear to be exceedingly dig
taeieful to the votaries of free trade, and
the : number of thorn •who have entered the
lista looks as if they were intent on the anni
hilation of everything savoring of protection
topur . industry, and particularly of the plain
statement of facts and figures contained in my
§,S.les that appeared In Tug Pam of the 4th
taWfhth ultimo. had concluded to drop the
Controversy With my second communication,
'satiatied that the aophistry with which your
:atili-tariff correspondents opposed my argil-
Mont and statistics, was so gauze-like and dis
ingenuous as to be antidote enough of itself
to - neutralize the effects of their errors but
as they still persist in their Quixotic digladia
tion, I deem it necessary to say something
more in reply to them—not, however, withae
view to their enlightenment, for that would b
a mark of supererogation, but merely to show
that I am still about, and to point out a few
more of the elements of the vitality of a pro
• If manufactures al . () indispensable to an en
lightened and prosperous country, and this will
hardly be questioned by even your free-trade
contributors, how are they to be sustained ? It
is conceded by liberal and intelligent minds on
aH sides, that the country which combines agri
cultural and manufacturing resources, propor
tioned so as to enable it to carry on a pros
porous trade in time of peace, and to produce
'the requisites of defence in time of war, is the
most truly independent and highly civilized.
This is the object at which protection aims,
and instead of endeavoring to build up or fos
ter certain interests at the expense of others,
Its purpose, on the contrary, is to establish
harmony in tho operations of the agricultur
ist and manufacturer by bringing the producer
and consumer together, instead of separating
them by continents and oceans. Tho Injurious
effects of the absence of such an equilibrium
aro exhibited on the one hand by the stupen
dous and overgrown system of manufactures
of England, maintained by the poorly paid la.
bor of myriada of operatives, crowded together
to the purlieus of her office and towns ; and
on the other hand by the deplorable and un
poverished condition of countries without ma
nufactures, such as Turkey, Spain, Portugal,
and the colonies of India and Ireland. The
, blighting consequences of such an unnatural
policy will not admit of detail hero, but con
stitute material for volumes ; and I commend
those that have been written on this subject
to the careful study of your free-trade corres
pondents., In those they will find the answer
. alnplified and demonstrated, that our manu
factures can only be permanently sustained
by discriminating duties, in competition with
those of Europe, based as they aro on cheap
labor and cheap materials.
• Some of the writers on this subject for Tue
Parse, and particularly V., affect to be very
profound thinkers and logicians; but what
ever reputation they may possess In that way,
unknown to the public, they, and especially
V., have displayed precious little of it in their
efforts in support of free trade. There must
be considerable allowance, however, made for
them, for It requires a vast amount of ingenu
ity to coat a pill in the shape of a principle
like that of ~ carrying coals to Newcastle,"
and render It Inviting enough to swallow.
42.04, I grant, Is a task that demands a stretch
w hititniniala s ag u lath of thought before
would pale, and it is therefore no mattera
surprise that V. should break flown in the at
tempt. Disguise It as the advocates of free
trade may, their proposition, after all their
equivocation, simply amounts to this : that if
our working classes will not labor at prices
that will enable them to compete with the
squalid and half-paid workmen of Europe, we
must transport our raw materials thousands of
miles, over land and sea, to be manufactured
and returned in the shape of finished goods,
and pass by our inexhaustible deposits of me
tals and obtain our supply of them in the
mines and workshops of England and Wales.
Tho working classes of this country have
undergone much suffering from time to time,
and are experiencing groat hardships now
through the operation of partial free trade, or
very low dutica on the staple productions of
our factories. As the half-way realization of
the utopian notions under review has paralyzed
the great industrial operations of the United
States, and thrown at least two-thirds of our
manufacturing population out of employment,
it requires but little forecast to decide as to
what our condition would be in the event of
the entire abrogation of our tariff laws. With
our ports thrown wide open, our workmen
would be brought into untrammeled competi
tion with the British laborer at eight shillings
per week, and with the worse situated opera
tives of central Nuropc, whose earnings per
day are more beggarly still. It needs but a
modicum of the , profound logic on which
your free-trade correspondents .pride them
selves, to point out the position, and depict
the discomfiture that our working classes would
sustain in such a conflict. Under such a regime
we would gradually but surely descend to the
condition of a mere tributary of raw produce
to the manufacturing centres of the Old
World; and, erg many years, our fate would
be written in the saino characters of degrada
tion and impoverishment that record that of
the most of the British colonies, and every
country that British diplomacy has inveigled
in the mediae of her i , liberal commercial sys
tem," which, truly interpreted, means that
England is to be the work-shop of the world,
and that this coontrris to furnish her with
the principal portion of' the material to keep
her machinery of conversion in motion.
I present the following examples of the
desolation produced by British free trade, as
tit subjects for the exercise of the profound
powers of thought of V., and J. Mee. India,
but a half century since, supplied a large por
tion of the woild with cotton goods. Now
her manufactures are almost entirely destroyed,
and the poor Diode°, under the operation of
the British system of flue-trade, has been so
much disabled, that his power to consume has
dwindled to that of a strip of cotton cloth
girded about his loins, with barely rice'
enough to oat to keep body and soul together,
while hid earnings per day are abriut two
pence. Turkey, in 1812, had Mt hundred
looms in operation at Sentare, and two thou
sand weaving establishment s.at Tonrnavo, and
was in a fair why ,of inaugurating the true
nOlicy of manufacturing for herself, but
British diplomacy reduced her into the path of
freo",trade, which has' long slime closed her
factories, and is rapidly undermining her in
dependence. Ireland, at the close of the last
century, had upwards of twenty-five thousand
manufacturing operatives engaged in the pro
duction of woollens, linen, calico, hose,
&c. The legislative union, as it it
termed, between England and Ireland, and
Its conditions prohibiting the latter from
levying duties on cotton yarn after 1810, and
on tramline, calicoes Sec, alter 1831, not only
swept every vestige of manuthetures from her
borders, but reduced that unfortunate country
to a condition of wretchedness, unexampled in
the history of nations. Canada is still another
instance of the blighting Maloney of acpara-
Bog the producer and consumer,
and is under
our immediate observation. Sir Francis Head,
one of her former Governors, said truly, that
the Canadian, for the want of a market on the
land for the products of the same, " eatt all
he mikes." Ilia powers of production and
consumption aro narrowly limited, and while
the Canadian people arc capable of consuming
but about 2i pounds of cotton per capita annu
ally, we on this aide of the line, with partial
protection, average a consumption of thirteen
pounds per head.
It' V., and J. IticC., as well as others who
are wedded to the notion known by the inis
neuter of free, trade, will carefully digest such
facts as the foregoing, they will discover
that the true path to real freedom of trade is
by the way of protection. To afford that in
the manner proposed, will, instead of giving a
bounty to capital, establish a reliable homo
Market for the productions of our fields and
factories, and ultimately impart a permanency
to our manufacthres, that will withstand the
combined attacks of loom front without and
within the country. But a few words as to
the clumsy argument of V.
I deny that such a revulsion as the present
1 one, or a revulsicorof any kind, has , occurred,
I sal% assorts, o under all sorts of twin," and
defy him to prove that our manufacturers were
! ever closed and boldness depressed tinder a
Protective tariff. A reference to our revenue
aws will show, that since 1816 we have had
but two really protective tariffs, the one passed
In 1828, and was in operation until 1832, and
the other passed in 1842 and repealed In 1846.
The tariff of 1816 was a planter's measure, and
though iron itself was protected, all the mann
factures of Iron were admitted at 20 per cent,
and wool and woollen goods at 15 per cent, and
finer goods at 25 per cent. Paper, hats, caps,
articles of loather, typo, and manufactured ar
ticles generally, paid only from 20 to 30 per
cont. In 1824 there was a slight advance in
wool and woollen goods, and on the manufac
tures of metals, which were admitted at 25
per cent., and bolting cloths, sailduck, osna
burgs, &c., at 15 per cent.: and upon the
whole, the measure like that of 1816 was any
thing but protective to our 'manufactures. By
the act of July 14th, 1832, railroad iron was
admitted duty-free, and in March, 1833, was
passed the Compromise act, under which the
duties declined, until In 1842, when the tariff
on no import exceeded 20 per cent.
Thus, it will,bo seen that from 1916 to 1857,
a period of more than forty years, we have
had a protective tariff extending over but nine
years of that time, and hence the enormous
balance of trade against us, as given by V. at
$684,418,505, from 1821 to 1856. This oper
ation of buying more than we sold, and import
ing millions' worth of inferior iron, cottons,
and woollens, that we could have produced
ourselves, and perishable gewgaws to a fabu
lous amount, V. sagely tells us is an enriching
one. A profound system of economy truly I
No wonder that it battles comprehension, and
has plunged our country into bankruptcy and
distress time and again.
V. next gives us an exceptional operation
of the shipment of a cargo of flour to Havana
at a certain price, and its sale In that port at a
much higher price than it demanded at the
point front whence it was shipped. This
p.oves nothing more than the advantage of
that single operation ; just as the shipment of
late of cotton and grain at high export figures,
and their sale at much lower prices in Eng
land and elsewhere, prove the disadvantage
and loss on the other hand. V. is, after all,
not quite as deep a thinker as ho gives himself
credit for, or ho would not advance exceptions
to sustain a rule or a principle, and make the
additional mistake of assuming the price of an
article at the port from whence it is shipped
as its market price, when that can only be
ascertained when it reaches the market for
which it is destined. The transactions of the
trade of a country cannot be estimated by an
operation here and there, but must be examined
in the aggregate, and the balance for or against
a commercial and trading nation is the true ex
hibit of its standing, just as such a difference
for or against an individual shows whether he is
making or losing. As regards the profitable
operations in iron made and shipped from this
region, I assure V. and others, that thousands
of tons have been sent from here at different
periods under the tariff of 1846, that did not
nett the cost of manufacture and transporta
tion to market, and if V will inform himself
now, lie will find that the same sort of sales
of iron are being made again in different parts
of this and other States. When V. pays his
promised respects to me again, I would like
to hear how he will make it appear that such
transactions are profitable, and on which side
he will place the balance of trade—for or
J. McC. is entirely mistaken in asserting
that I either expressed or implied anything
that conveyed the impression that our people
" aro so dull and stupid," which is not only
gratuitous, but as far fetched"as his free
trade logic. Tho gist of my argument was to
show, that though 'our people were patient
and that as truth and experience Ined failed to
impress such teachers as J. McC. with the
folly of their doctrine, the suffering they
were causing amongst the masses would work
out a change of policy. And so it will, and
If J. McC., and all of his ilk, can discern the
signs , of the times, they will not fail to see a
storm gathering amongst the working class,
against free trade, as illustrated on all sides of
tis,,now, by nothing to do and nothing to eat,
If by "nothing to wear."
J. McC. is no less incorrigible in classing
Jefferson's sentiments on the side of free
trade, though decidedly expressed against that
theory as held by him, than he is in proclaim
ing, that 14 the universal voice demanded its
repeal," meaning the tariff of 1812. Now, if
J. McC. will consult the journal of Congres
sional debates and votes, he will find that but
one vote—that unfortunate casting rote—
scaled the fate of the tariff of 1912 in the
liwr4 d i cia l asfilinc e ioNlAM l ,l4lt i l a.
exception, voted on the side of protection.
J. McC. is equally at fault in stating, that no
thing was said for the past eleven years about
protection, as until the late collapse of our
moneyed institutions;" for, during that time,
our manufactures were depressed at intervals
to the lowest ebb, and discussions, innumera
ble, by the press and business and political
conventions were the consequence, as well as
several vain attempts in Congress to despoil
the people of the slight protection, afforded
to their labor by the tariff of 1846.
Time and space will not permit 1110 to follow
J. 31cC. any further in his vagaries, nor would
additional refutation of theta subserve any
useful purpose; lbr the accretion of public
opinion, wherever the dignity and liberal re
ward of labor are advocated—ln favor of pro
tective, yet moderate specific duties on arti
cles, that come into competition with our sta
ple manufactures, is too apparent to be de
nied. There is no extreme measure of the
kind expected or demanded; but the necessi
ties of the people and the Goverment both
require such a modification of our revenue
laws, as will prevent the avalanche of imports
that has, of late years, and is now paralyzing
industrynn on the one hand, and shield the
Government from the embarrassment (liar the
present system of low duties imposes upon it
on the other. It is hoped that those in power
will talto counsel from the bitter experience
through which we are passing, and devise such
measures as moderation and wisdom will sug
gest, to relieve the country from the incubus
of idleness and want, under which so many of
our working people are suffering.
LEI7.INON, Dec. 19,1857. C. B. I'.
Have You Visited the Suitor's Home
[Per The Press.]
This question may be propounded to resi
dents of Philadelphia, as well as to the numer
ous visiters of the 4 , City of Brotherly Love."
Our fair city abounds with institutions which
stand as monuments of the enterprise and be
nevolence of Its citizens. They are justly con
sidered objects of attraction, and thither thou
sands annually resort to spend an hour or two
in pleasant contemplation and research. In
stitutions of learning and asylums for the
called classes of suffering humanity, occupy
commanding sites, and, by their ample ar
rangements and complete adaptation to their
elevated designs, elicit profound admiration.
And, not among the least of these institu
tions in value, is " TUE SAILOR'S 'ROUE," lo
cated in Front street. It was established some
years ago by the 4 i Pennsylvania Seamen's
Friend Society," aided by the generous con
tributions of the citizens of Philadelphia. It
is designed to furnish a 4i Home," in the truest
sense, for the mariner, when he enters our
port after the long and stormy voyage. Every
comfort and accommodation are tendered to
him, with entire freedom from those delete
rious influences which are connected with
other sailor boarding houses.
It is conducted entirely on Christian princi
ples, and as far as possible is designed to lie
tree front sectarian influence. It has a fea
ture of true benevolence which should warmly
commend it to public attention, in that desti
tute seamen may go there and be relieved, the
°spoof) being borne by the Society under
whale superintendence it is found. The rooms
have been furnished by different churches and
bear the names of the donors. Devotional ex
ercises are conducted morning and evening,
and on each Thursday evening a public service
Is held in the house. A. good library is fur
nished, to which the boarders have free ac
cess, and indeed everything which Christain
benevolence can devise has been done for the
comfort and elevation of this large and in
teresting class of men.
Again we propound the inquiry, Have you
visited the Suitor I Home ? If not, don't forget
it in your rambles about town. A visit from
you at 422 Front street will he grateful, and
the gentlemanly superintendent will bo happy
to show you through the establishment. And
you will be gratified in seeing the excellent
arrangements made for tho comfort and eleva
tion of 4 , those who go down into the sea in ships
and do business in great teeters."
PIIILADELPLIIA, Dec. 26, 1857.
-Thu Wheeling papers announce an open
rupture between the Marietta and Cincinnati, and
the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Companies, anti
there has been no authorized oonnootion between
the two roads fora week book. The Parkeshurg
papers represent that the Marietta company has
boon driven to this by nets of bad faith, and unjust
discrimination on the part of the Baltimore and
Ohio road." In consequence, the steamer John
Buck, will be drawn elf the oonneeting trade., and
the through freights received on the Marietta
road, will be boated to Pittsburgh, and shipped
over the Pennsylvania Central.
The trial of Jas. E. Eldridge, for the mur
der of Sarah Juno Gould, closed at Pottsdam, N.
Y., on Tuesday. The case was given to the jury
at 12 M., on that day, and at 6 P. M. they gave
the verdiot—guilty. On Wednesday morning, at
9 o'clock, the judge sentenced him to be hung on
Thursday, February 11,1858.
TWO CEN'I S.
THE CI7• Y.
Mas. DP. BOHM , Wahmese B THRITRI, N. E.
0031631 or NIIIIIR AID IVAIJICT.—" gtiit Waters BUD
Deep," "The King of the Mist."
Was/rime's ARCH STRUT THHATRII, Alex firezoir,
ABM 81X711 —"The Last DRIB of Pompeli"—"lthll
Waters Bun Deep."
NATION/L TUN/Tag, WALTUT eTaggT, ggie EIGHTS.
u The Bag Picker of Paris , —. , Krs. Kr' le"—" Les
HANFORD'S OPSIi 1100se, EL RRRRRR Brassy, /SOT,
01111811101 . .—Ethloplim Life Illustrated, eoucluding with
a laughable altarpiece.
Police Items.—While at the Central Police
Station, yesterday, the following curious incident
came under our notice, in connection with a bur
glary case that was investigated by Alderman
Eneu. It appears that between three and four
o'clock yesterday morning, Officer George Bash, of
the Twentieth ward, heard a suspicious noise in
the dwelling and dry goods store of Mrs. Sarah A.
Sloer, at the northwest corner corner of Sixth
and Poplar streets. The officer listened, and hav
ing become satisfied that burglars were at work
inside, he procured the assistance of some of the
Thirteenth ward officers. The police, after guard
ing the means of exit from the place, tried the
doors and found them fast. They then knocked
at the door for some time before they could arouse
the family, and even then the inmates of the
house (being all females) were afraid to come down
stairs when they learned the position of affairs.
The officers then forced the back gate, and ar
rested one of the burglars in the yard, as he was
attempting to make his escape. Upon reaching
the house, the second scoundrel was found se•
ereted behind a rocking•ohair, in the dining
room. The two burglars were taken to the eta.
Oen house, where they gave the names of Henry
Harrison and Charles Smith.
It learns that the /MIN effected an entrance to
the house by creeping through a window into the
cellar. From the cellar they bored and out
through a door leading into the dining-room, and
were boring through the door leading from the
entry to the store when they were disturbed by
the pollee. A brace and bit, chisel, dark lantern,
jimmy and other burglarious implements, were
found in the house. Among the tools left by the
rascals was a largo pocket knife, with the point
broken off, and this furnished a clue to the fasten
ing of another crime upon the same party.
Yesterday morning the prisoners, who are young
fellows of eighteen or nineteen, bad a bearing kw
fere Alderman &cu. Smith gave the name of
David Anderson at the hearing, and Harrison was
identified as an old thief and burglar, although a
young man, named William Lowrie. The evi
dence was, of course, clear and decisive, and the
prisoners were committed to answer.
• • • .
Subsequently the same party.had another hear
ing on a charge of burglary. Miss Harriet Budd
was sworn and testified that oho resides at the
southeast corner of Tenth and Parrish streets,
where she keeps a dry goods store. Sometime tier
ing the night of the 20th or the morning of the
21st inst., her house was entered from the rear by
boring and cutting, and about $lOO worth of dry
goods were stolen. The robbery was not discover
ed until the family awoke in the morning. Among
the rubbish left by the burglars a keen edged
point of the blade of a pocket knife was found.
Upon fitting this point to the broken blade of the
knife, already described as having been found at
the hour° of Mrs. Siner, Oleg were fonud to match.
precisely. The letters "W. L." were found
scratched upon the handle of the knife. Upon
being questioned, Lowrie acknowledged that the
knife belonged to him, and, that he had put his
initials upon The young burglars were also held
to answer this second charge.
A young man, named Francis Galbraith, was
before Alderman Williams, yesterday, on the
charge of assaulting his wife with intent to kill
her. The wife, who is young and prepossessing in
appearance, swore that she was in fear of her life,
and the ungallant husband was held to bail to an
swer at Court.
Important to the Commercial Community--
Restriction of Credit on blaring Insurance.—
Reform and ourtailment of the credit system is a
prominent feature in the business movements of
the times. The accumulation of unpaid premium
notes has awakened the attention of insurance
companies to the dangers of the system—even
when dealing with responsible parties—and a step
has been token, which, though marking no radical
change, may yet be the first one in a series of im
provements. The Philadelphia Board of Marine
Underwriters have recently determined, says
Turkel is Monthly Insurance Journal, to shorten
the period for which credits have been granted—
thus lessening the current aggregate of their debt
ors' obligations, and exempting the offices from a
eonsiderable degree of liability to non-paying po
licy-holders. iewed as a self-protective measure,
the movement is not en unimportant one in itself.
Tho alterations adopted, which are of course bind
ing upon the fourteen companies represented in the
board, are as follows:
On single risks " To or from ports in the United
United,Stetea or British Provinces," the credits to
be reduced from three months to two months.
" Out and home, same rinks," from four months to
On risks from the west coast of America to the
Sandwich Islands, or rice verse, the credit to be
four months instead of six months. Oat and home,
cix menthe instead of eight months.
ingileirtned i girttirsiii igaiSf i " P cirts44l --P °lts
On all inland open policies a credit of eight
All open policies, when full, to bo dosed until a
new credit be opened.
Premiums under $5O to be considered as due in
easla—but when the accumulated premiums of any
one party during any one month exceed $5O, a
credit of two months may be allowed.
All premiums to be settled according to con
tract before the delivery of the pulley.
Premiums for time risks, for one year, on ves
sels, freight, Ste., .ko., to be settled by rme notes,
one-half the amount at six months, and the other
half at twelve months, and in ease of non-payment
at maturity, of the first note falling due, then the
policy thereafter to be void and of no force. The
same rule to be applied to all risks of shorter re
riods than twelve months. •
It is recommended that the following notice shall
be inserted in the policy. Notice—lt is agreed
that the premiums under this policy shall be settled
by two notes of equal amounts, at six and twelve
months, and that in case of non-payment at ma
turity of the first note falling due, then this policy
thereafter to be void and of xo force.
New Bridge.—The Board of Freeholders of
Camden have held a meeting, when the bridge
across Cooper's Creek, at the head of State street,
1./111 received by them from the contractor, all the
requisitions of the contract having been complied
with. The work has been completed, without, as
is frequently the case in contracts of a similar
character, any charges for extras. The net cost
of the structure to the county, wo learn, will be
$lO,OOO. The work of preparing the road on both
sides of the creek will be pushed forward without
delay, and the bridge be thrown open for public
travel early in the ensuing spring.
CITY POLlCE—DEcrunkk 29.
[Reported for The Press.]
JUSTICE Dv MISTAKE.—A strange instance of 1
retributive justice took place in this city yester
day morning. While a student-at-law, whom we
shall call Richard Styles, for the nonce, (as we do
not wish to mention the true name of the promis
ing young gentleman,) was absent from the office
where ho studies, having stepped oat to borrow
fifty cents for the purpose of liquidating a long
standing bill for washing and ironing, a noted thief
named Jerry Grimes, pop:sed into the office and
stole the young man's drab "Raglan," or over
coat, the wide sleeves of whirls were lined with
crimson, and were calculated to make quits a
showy appearance on the street. Griner, the
thief, finding the office deserted, embraced the op
portunity to slip on the Raglan and immediately
loft tho premises, very much elated, no doubt,
with the thought of having seemed so handsome a
prise. Rut, it seems there are some good angels
who watch over the interests and welfare of young
lawyers, (which is rather more than we have a
right to cipect,) for, by a most surprising chance,
or by the direction of some extra-mundane power,
the Raglan was preserved for the use of the right
owner. This wonderful preservation was effected
in a manner we are about to describe.
The young disciple of Coke and and Blackstone,
whom we have designated by the legal .01aq-wet
of Richard Styles, owner of the aforesaid Raglan
and its appurtenances,—lncluding the sleeves,
richly lined with crimson,—had lately offered sortie
impertinence to a young lady, the sister of another
half-fledged lawyer, whom we shall call by the fic
titious name of John Noires. John had promised
Richard "a good hiding," to punish him for the
incivility offered to the young lady just referred
to—and about the very time at which Grimes stole
the Raglan, the avenger, armed with a small cane,
had stationed himself near Richard's office, to
watoh for the forthcoming of the said Richard.
As soon &she saw the Raglan—which he recognised
by the gaily-lined sleeves and other peculiari
ties—the furious Nokes grasped his cane firmly
in his right hand, and went to work " like
a patent threshing maohine," being too much
blinded with rage to discover that the real pro
prietor of the coat was not Inside of it, Grimers,
the thief, received a revere caning, and, sup
posing that his thctt had brought down this punish
ment, he hastily disengaged himself from the
Raglan and offered it to the castigator, acknow
lodging his crime, and piteously imploring for
pardon. The infuriated Nolces, however, continued
to flog on, unmindful of his mistake, until a po
liceman snatched the cane from his hand, and
took the tormented Grimes under his protection.
Il Is illlpo.33ible to deseribe the vexation of Nokes
when ho dieeovered that ho had been flogging a
common thief in mistake for an undeveloped at
torney. When told that he had simply performed
an net ofjustlee without intending it, he replied—
Tee, but if I had flogged the right fellow, the
course of justioo would have been just as well
served, and I should bare been much better satis
Capt. John 11. Coosin.4, of Belfast, Me.,
master of ship Coronet, was drowned in the harbor
of Falmouth, England, on the 30th ult. lie had
fallen in at sea with the wreck of ship Calentil,
and having reSeued her officers and crew, made for
the nearest port, Falmouth, in order to land them,
and then proceed on his voyage, but in attempting
to land the crew, twenty lu rancher, from the chip
on the morning of the 30th of November, the ship's
boats were capsized, and be, with the eeooml mate
of the obit , Caloutte, ware drollllo4.
NOTICE TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Correspondents for ' 4 Tim Plese "rill plena bear la
Wind the following ruler:
Every communication mutt be aeacretpaajed by ths
none of the wrlter In order to !ware eorreetneieol
the typo,Trayby, tut one aide of a iheat a/weld be
We shall be greatly obliged to gentlemen 111 Pennsyl
vania arid other Ptatee for contributions giving the mar.
rant news of the day in their particular 4pcatitlee, the
resources of the Run:m.loin; country, the teems', at
popnlatlon, and any Information that will be Intercettng
to the general reader.
The Secretary of State has recently for
warded to the collector of the eastern' at Charlet
ton, South Charleston, South Carolina, a hand
' lame silver unmet. bearing the following inscrip
tion : "The President of the United States to W.
W. MoLemon, captain of the British "hip Star, fir
his noble and disinterested conduct towards the
captain and crew of the American aohooner North
ern Light"—Captain MeLemon having wed them
from shipwreck. The recipient of this handsome
testimonial returned to the Eon Mr. Coleock,
through whom the presentation was made, his
grateful acknowledgments for the highly fiatter•
nig and most unexpected notice of Ins act by the
A. Dominican vessel, from Porto Plats, was
at Turks Island on the 14th ultimo. The city of
San Domingo was still beseiged by Santana's army,
were fi ft een
hthuned rep men f
e nd S e a r m in a g. a , Tdre
was thought that General Palmantier, command
ing for Baer, would soon yield to Santana's forces.
The mail schooner Nineteenth of March, running
between San Domingo and St. Thomas, hoisted a
flag of truce and gave up the mail bag containing
Beiel'a correspondence. Several gentlemen who
had fled to Turks Island in order to erns pi the
persecutions of Bass, were take* home by the
A mysterious murder has recently °mired
at Memphii, Tenn. An Irishwoman, knows as
Big Mary, the keeper of a boarding-home, is liv
ing with her seventh husband. Three of her
former husbands and a son have met their death
in her gloomy abode. and her other three husbands
died by violence. The other night the nephew of
this singular woman was mysteriously murdered
in the name house, where his remains were found
by the police, surrounded by some twenty of the
inmates on their knees. praying for the repose of
his soul. The case is still involved in mystery.
A very deplbrable affair occurred in Clark
county, Ind., recently. A Mies Prather was mar
sled to a cousin at her father's residence. Some
of the young men, acquaintances of the bride, and
bridegroom, came to the house for the purpose
of chanraring the parties. The father of the par
ties asked them to desist, and they complied with
the request. But shortly after they returned, and
the bride being on horseback, for the purpee, of
going to the home of the bridegroom, the animal
became frightened, threw the bride off, and she
had her neck broken, causing instant death.
The other day, as Chang and Eng, the Sia
mese twins, were going to Charleston, the cow
&actor of the cars made a fuse because they did
not each have a ticket. The gentleman who had
charge of them said that they had always been
carried on the ticket of a single passenger. The
conductor replied that they were tworsons, and
occupied two seats ; they must therefore pay two
passages. " Very well," said the gentleman, "
will give the ticket to Chang, and you can pat
Eng off the cars." This brought the conductor to
to his senses, and he "knocked under."
We learn from the Mount Lebanon (La.)
Baptist that a fatal affray occurred In that place
on the 10th inst.. between a couple of students of
the Mount Lebanon University, which led to the
death of Mr. Winder C. Jackson. It appears that
Mr. Stephen Cawthorn. in a play—without Intend
ing any harm--called Jackson by a name which he
regarded as highly insulting, whereupon Jackson
knocked him down, but the students managed to
separate them. They afterwards came together
again, and Jackson was stabbed, which resulted
in his death.
An Indiana farmer, named Thomas Long,
was garotted in Cincinnati a few nights since and
robbed of $5OO in money and between three and
font thousand in notes. Ile offered a reward of
$540 for the scoundrels, and the Buckeye police
6000 picked them up and placed them in jail for
trial. Nothing like a good wholesome reward to
open the eyes of blind policemen.
Oyer one hundred fishing vessels are now
hauled up for winter atProvineetown, Mass. The
fishing fares brought to that tort daring the last
season have been 25,000 quintals less than the
previous reason, and only about 10,000 quintals
remain unsold. Sales have' been made as low as
52.50 per quintal, which is about a dollar leas than
the usual price.
John Collins, a hackman in Chicago, has
recovered $358 damages from the Daily Time, of
that city, for an alleged libel contained in an ar
ticle purporting to show how he bad swindled
hackney coach passengers and escaped punishment
therefor. Tho Times announces Its intention to
appeal the case.
The Rusk (Texas) Enquirer, of the sth,
learns from a gentleman recently from Henderson.
that General J. P. Henderson, United States Sen
ator; is now in Rusk county in a very precarious
state of health. He is ro feeble as to be unable to
appear on the street.
On the 21st, a young German, named Thos.
Voester, a resident of Wheeling, gat into a difh
culty with a fanner on the road from Pleasant Ili 11
to Moundsville, in :Marshall county, and received
a blow on the head, Atich resulted in his death
The editors of Kentucky met in convention
at Frankfort, en the 10th Inv:— and agreed tp adopt
the cash system after Ist of July next. Every
otaggi n p=iltor in the United States Monti
The Legislature of Tennessee has passed a
bill declaring that the banks of that State shall
resume specie payments on the Ist of January,
1059, at which time they are to issue no notes
The Hollidaysburg Register announces that
the " Central Hank of Pennsylvania." chartered
at the last session of the Legislator*, is about to go
into operation. Its location is Hollidaysburg, in
The Legislature of the State of Georgia
adjourned on the 22d teat During the last two
days several series of resolutions were offered is
both branches relative to Kansas matters, tut all
of them were laid on the table.
The Democratic State Convention of Texas
will be held at Austin on the Sth of January, to
nominate candidates for comptroller, treasurer,
and attorney general of that State.
Foreman, who was arrested for the murder
of a young girl at Sunfish, Ohio, examined and
discharged, has been re-arrested, and awaits
In Alabama, on the inauguration of the
Governor. an oath in administered that be will
abstain from duelling during his term of office.
The value of buildings constructed in Chi
cago during the past year is 1-4,42.00.0 , 0 U, which is
a trifling increase over the previous year.
The navigation of the Delaware and Rari
tan Canal will be closed on the 10th of January,
unless sooner closed by ice.
Irru. Potter was shot dead in the United
States Hotel at Louisville, on the 24th inst., by a
son of Dr. Williams.
The Democratic State Convention of Ken
tucky will be held at Frankfort on the Bth day of
The sixty-ninth anniversary of the settle
ment of Cincinnati was celebrated in that city on
The captain and mates of the alleged slate
bark, W. G. Lewis, at Norfolk, have been held for
Wm. E. Buckner, a tobacco manufacturer
of Lynchburg, Va., died euddenly on . Cbrietmta
Singular Death from the Bite of a Cat.
[Correvondenco of The Prees
JEANESVILLE. Lt7ERNE CO r Pa j
December 27, 1857.
Mr. John Abel, clerk in the employ of J. E.
McCreary & Co.. at Lewis Audereid's colliery,
died on the morning of the 27th from the bite of a
cat. The circumstances are very singular. About
ten week 3 since, he Was walkingfrom tile dwelling
house to the store, when ho met the cat in the path
lie put out his hand to play with bar, when she in
stantly dew at him and bit him Ile complained a
little at the time r hut it passed away and no more
was thought of it. Ile had at times, however, a
great repugnance' to water, and the mere sight of
it caused a shuddering sensation. On Christmas
day be dined at the hotel of Mr. David Martz, at
jeanesville, and appeared in usual health. On the
morning of the 2.Ctts he complained of being sick,
and at lasktook to his bed.
Ile suffered inten.se agony, trying to bite the
hand which the cat had bitten ten weeks previous,
and exclaiming that the sight of water made him
mad—a raving manioc- Hie friends had to hold
him to prevent his tearing his breast. Medical
skill proved of no avail, and 8 o'clock on the ?.:th,
Sunday morning, he breathed his last. 'What ren
der; the circumstance doubly distreswing is, that
he was the only child of parents tow in the far
west. If this should meet their eye it may afford
them some faint consolation to know that he met
with the u'most care and kindness, and that no
parents could have done more for him than was
done by the kind friends who smoothed his dying
He had been an inmate of Mr Myer's family
for soma time, and was touch beloved by them on
account of his uniform cheerfulness
TUESDAY. Dec. oth—Evening—The: wet waa
, ther has interfered with wharf operiltion.s to-day,
and the produce markets have been unusually
dull, but without any quotable change to note
in BreadstntTs, which sell slowly, the demand for
Flour being mostly for the wants of the local
trade. at from $5 up to stitail 50 for common to
good brands and extras, the latter for tangy
brands, according to quality. Shippers are not
in the market at our lowest figure, which Ls the
nominal asking price for standard brands. The
receipts and stooks are moderate for the sus on
Corn :Veal and Rye Flour are nice quiet at $.:l for
the former, end $4 per bbl for the latter. Wheats
are not plenty, but the supply is about equal to
the demand. and 4,000 bushels Reda sold at
$1.05 a $1.14 for common to good quality, and
sl.l4asl s'o for White. Corn is dull, hut about
3,000 bu new Southern Yellow hare been sold at
53135 c in the care and afloat. Oats sell slowly at
:13,1:13;o for Southern, and 34 a 35.! for Pennsylvania.
Rya is selling to the distillers at 70c. The demand
is steady at that price. Cotton is dull and unset
tled, and a Small business doing at about former
quoted rotes. Groceries--the market Is firm, Int
the wet weather operates against business Pro
visions are but little inquired for, and the market
for all kinds is dull and drooping. Seeds are
quiet, end Cloverseed is selling •ts.sass 121 per be;
150 bit from eeoond hands sold at &private bargain.
Whiskey sells slowly et 2.:1323is for bbls, and 214
2130 for drudges.