The press. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1857-1880, December 17, 1857, Image 1

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vaa'italtaii la liarvaaoc! .
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Apitar , In
Three Oetee. - , •"' •-' • -•6 Oa
Vivo 04110; - • .......... ot
Toil Copia*. r- 2 " • " El 00
Twenty Copes, ". "(to one itdOrtaw) . .20 04
Twenty:OW.sJ* miry • ' it, (to agree! 0.k.410
subscrth f ry,oth • 126
/Or lORR! asitintßV•o l 3 irt Over, We eend'sa
eza-a eopy tii_e gettersup of the Club. ' ' •
1151.rogitailuaorifiire al.goolts6 to sat ail Arad, for
CALK rienne Pause.. •-' • • - ••
WEElarligtowEll., D IE4 ,COUNTRY
- -•
THE. wIiBKLY Rama is publithed from the City of
I luladelphia, every Daturday.. - - . ~
- If goaatoa. iiiiou'liattiniartizirloipted, and will
uphold: We tights Of the States. It will resist fanati
cism in over shipe'r end 'will be' dovetail to censers
stirs doctrines, as the true foundation ot publicpros-
Ffay:kali 4 order . Such a .Weekly)ouroaf has
ng beerldeadred In the United Stoles, cud tit Is to gra
i this Want that YIIN WRIINLY. it published
TUN WDDISLY•PRESStsurinted on excellent white
paper, cleat', 'taw I:Ype;iind in Arnett° forth; for binding,'
It contains all the News of the day •, Correspondence
from ttfol Did World and "tbe'llew ; Domestio Intend,
geneerßepOrts of the -rarlotis , Markets ; Literary Re-
VieWS j illseellaneons Selections; progress or Agri
culture-in all its various departments, dto, dc.e;
ea" Terins , itetTOßklY in adegn" ,
THE -WEEKLY MiS9 wilt be sent to
. .
subscribers, by - waif; at ..• $2 00 pay annum.
IT went.Y.ool)los, wbea seat t o one ad
' dress, - - 20 00 n •
Twenty, espies, 'or .410,14r,10 address of.• '
are eaoh ;'- 120 ie
i::016 , r,vekits,Aweat over itt. - vmeelici ß
.4)l,o:gettaktazt ofsl6olol - eb t ::ss-..,5'
-SIISIS - are requested ti) set* Agents; tat *II
slattern it &groat favor Km-political and or.
so ustqtioddi4 and 'all , others who desks 'a first alas
Weakly-Newspaper, will_ exert. thomaelvca to giro TUE
NEWLY ,P,RMIS a largo circulation In their reatiectlro
naiabbortqada„ •
Editor Rua Proprietor.
Patio - 1414i 001ao of THE,VirSEKLY.PRESS, No. 417
Chestdg. Clitrbet,Tbila4elplits. ; • , •
Cabrate all the polntalleMl6lll7 to •
and _all the details and nleer eleoneles which impart
Gentlemen are invited to call and examine.
.°125 , 0in :490 OLIEBTNUT street.
Frir sale * at REDUCED RATES; by' -
Importers of English Books, Choice Engravings, Ise.,
No. RI South Sixth, street, above Chestnut;
THE HOME AFFECTIONS. By the Peels. Edited
by Charles Mackay, Dirket Foster, Wil
lard, Weir, and (Apr ableliiated artiste. • Small 4td.
dab and morocco,. ' , '
• • • .
Beatttitally Illustrated witkongravlngs on wood,by the
most celebrated artiste. Bradt 4fo. cloth and Morocco.
. .
LONGF.qLLOW , I4 POETTOAT, GILES: ' illuttisted
011 wood bi_Johl Gilbert. Small 4to. cloth aml mo-,
trEPANT'S POETICAL WORKS. Finely Illustrated
with wood engravings, after designs by the most ere= aeot,tiMgl . l3lk and American- artists. Small 4to. cloth
and morocco.
Rupdxs AND ROUNDELAYS' in Praise of n Country
Mori: Illustrated on wood by Absolon, Birket" Foster,
Uskrison Weir, Ac Small 4to. cloth. .
WORLD-NOTED WOMEN. Edited cloth..
lire. Cowden
Clarke. Illustrated with tine portraits on steel, after
daligns by Stahl.4tcr`thernee . o' eaten'.
COWPER'S TASK, , Beautiftilly. Illustrated with en
weavings otiwood.:. 4to. cloth.
lustrated with engraviage onwood. Small 4to.
ted.with 48 superb engravings on steel, attar the best
Engilsh,masters. Folio; half ibertoCCO. • •
TIIII"IfARBOBS OF =MD LAND:'-Engrated from
original drawings by Turner, with Illustrative ,text by
Raskin. 1 vol:follo, cloth. . , -
THE CLANS OF SCOTLAND. : By ,AleieS, Stolen.
didly illustrated with full-length figures in the costumes
of the Tarim clans. -Beautifully coloreA. Small folio:
From 1827 to 1829,' both inclusive. Artist'd proofs on
largepaper. 1 vol • folio, morocco. 'Very rare.
DEVOE'S - COMPLETE WORKS. TallboPiebeautiful
ealitori. Complete In 20 vole. /2 100, half calf., Very
rare: - ,
AMERICAN' SCENERY. Illustrated en Steel by W.
11. Bartlett . With descriptive letter prow. 2 vole. 4to.
half calf:
, CANADIAN SCENERY. To match the above.
TURESQUE, Illustrated With 60 beautifully engraved
steel plater/01nd descriptive letter prose. 1 vol. 4to.
morocco extra.
Dastrated-with,.coloced banial,{ oad-slstokst-wortdonls,
with Portrait and_ Life of Lockhart. 1 vol. dto,
tho Tyrol, and Ittly. From Drawings by George F.
Herring. - With • detterilitive letter press. 20 plates,
tkesatittelly eolbred folio cloth.
GALLERY. Beautifully illustrated
with engravinga oh steel, atter this celebrated master:
Small folio.—morocco extra.
THE VERNON GALLERY.. To match the preceding.
2 vols., folio, half morocco. •
ford Editlou. Illustrated with beautiful engraving' on
steel and wood. 11 vols., royal 8 vo. cloth.
TURNE'RS'ItIVERS OF FR INOi. Comprising 62
highly finiihed lio'o engmvlnge onateel, and deseriptive
letterpress. With memoirs off Id. W. Turner. Small
ato ' choice hopreesloua' morocco fintittllff.
in every Department of Literature now on hand, end
selling at reduced prices, for CULL An unrivalled as
sortment of Ono Line - Engravings,Wrter-Color Paint=
logo, and Chromo t lithographi, seihno off at cost , tore
-deco toe melt. ; • delB.Bt.
the Doubtful Playa and Biography, and Illustrated
with very numerous Engravings on Wood, In the high
est rtYleof art"; forming 8 vole., imperial Bvo.
The subscribers have been enabled to secure three
cords , ' of this magolileent edition of Eibakspeare ' which
.has long been exceedingly scarce.' Immediate applica
tion will be necessary to prevent disappointment in pro
curing copies.. . • O. J. PRICE &CO ,
Importers of Bnaliab Books,
.12-y No.. 33 South BLitt:CR., above Chestnut,
A. -- -Mina, hi the CUSTOM HOUSE Avenue, byre m
orale for polo dare and scarce Books. • Gentlemen book
-Norms ore Invited io call and judge as to prices and va
,riety, - Law misoellaueolut books purohased in small
orlarige, quantities. Books Oontinualli receiving from
4,uistion. • • • sat , th to ar
,Wattlies ;
ALP ' Sannhaturars at
Ouhr their inopaotton, on the premises orolualvely
Oltliontoatud Stroagora are Invited to ,rtott our menu
Constantly on hand a aplendid 'hook or Superlar
Watches, of all the ealebrated makers
' Wogs, ►rd oil other articles la the Diamond line.,
Oreirhap of NNW DINIGNS will be -made free of
elierge for Thole wlehlog work made to order.
- 141,04 GOLD JEWELRY.
iietkoteat of ell "the new style. of Tine
snob so Miele, Stone sod Shell COMBO,
Esse, dorsi, Oarbunete,
, •
Lava, .111.01 re.
Alen, It/orig. And Marble OLOORS, of newest styles,
Anfof sittiethrt quality; - • • aul-dttawly
wg,,,t)A.L,DWELL &
_ - ,482 CHESTNUT Street,.
Have received, per steamers, new styles
Obatelainei Vest Obelus.
'43plisid4d'Paps, /roar Pins,
raft Stande;gugar 'Eastrete. '
.jetellends and Plewer Vases.
Corer, Lava sad SOI6IO Sete.
'we Agents In Philadelphia for the eale of Charles
iio ,, nutolloas or lrivoiso,
I7l' 1100 ? H ?dab STREET', BELOW CHESTNUT
• sammiloiss •
.11iAlitIlOTT/RIRS Alta litrouttite Of ;-
~1),01;046100. !treat, Abo've Whkrd,' (up AtAira,)
, , PDHadelphis.
•, 00utintlfirt/ band and Jot sale to the Tride
me:4m? omatuNroN SERVWE SETS, URNS
, ICSTS,Oisloas,Aralvss, drooNa, /Wm, ,
- owing and Noting op all kinds of metal. 502.11,
wor.Ltem livirsoN-* BON., ;
• (EBTA-BLISIIIID 1812;) „ •
rfAinrgiiisorttuant of- RISEN, WAKS, of over)' de;
lortirt&oo;ponatantly on band, or 'nada to order to 'natal .
Atoglattorn desired. •
Importers of Sboffield . and_ Illemingbota Imparted , so3o.2fonly
Twatatu:lirpßo,• - •
flabJect to Democratic
- " CALEB IniT(111T,
Etbjeci-tirietworatle rulos ;
„ piAg 8:11E RIPF ''•”
• AptorAN,GEOßtli *OTUI,
Ars_ --_..1.A.1111,13 0. G18E10N,,,.,-
E I IOIIMIER/FF,* - • „ „
(--_ ,- ;.TWELITR , WARD
. , itrytinair *0 nimoonanta gum. 0e14.2m4
; •_
—l llgelTiCE ',Tb "PASSENGEItS.7—PIisBen
yßou ter'SbiP , YIIILAIIItLV'HIA, Captain
for Liverpoo l , wilt pleAo be onloierd,' at Sbtppen street
wall'giftSltAY,Slo,A24.l.lll(l,peeetnber 17, st:11
- ,
f-seeiid' toiri 821 Steerage $lB.
,hires abilitnit . Steerage jpesnengtire farniebefl with
aimplinglmtbeArnerinen *Wenger set.
41e 4 ttOf aIiME SVGO-6ANg
• "
gitiin2 . wheal for safe _
Re/04, No. MN N. avonac
Al/0173T1 PE/010100T
VOL. I-NO. 118.
proppento. ,
NAVY Ilsraalrivii,
„. .
-November 10, 1857.
SEALED PROPOSALS, endorsed "Proposals for
Steam Machinery for Screw Propeller sloop-of-Wor."
will be received at this Department until 3 o'clock the
lath December next, for the complete construction of
the steam machinery and appendages, and placing it en
board a screw propeller ship of war building in the
United States navy yard at Philadelphia.
• Pile offers must be for a specific AM for putting the
whole in successful operation ; must include all patent
fees for any arrangements that may be proposed ; state
the time in which the work will be completed, and be
aocompanied by the usual guarantee required by law.
The name of the establishment in which the work is to
be executed must !restated.
.. 'The details of tiMdceign . and arrangement of the ma
chinery will bo left with the party whom. proposition
may be accepted as combining the greatest number of
advantages, keeping in view simplicity of construction,
readiness of access for adjustment when ,in operation,
and not being subject to derangement iu the working
,parts it being the object of the Department to obtain
the moat speed • and power with the most economical
consumption of fuel, sad the greatest stowage of coal
'which the space available for that purpose will admit.
The boilers to be of Iron, with telescopic smoke-pipe,
which Must be placed at the greatest practicable dle
tauce from the mainmast ; the propeller, with the con
nectione for hoisting, to be of composition; the rea
chloery for hoisting, for pumps, apparatus for ventilat
ing, and appurtenances of all kinds necessary for the
perfect working of tbe.whole, to be of,the moat sp•
proved kinds. The 'coalibunkers, shaft passage, two
athwartships iron bulkheads; a distilling apparatus for
fresh water from which can be made not less than 1,1000
gallonsper day; all the tools and duplicate {daces ne
cessary and satisfactory for an efficient cruising steam
Ship-of-war must be included In the preposition, awl a
,ist of them Mist be furnished. .
The Woad and carpenter work (accept the tioring out
11/e!deadtitiOd for the 'shaft) necessary to adapt the ves•
hot for the tiception of. the machinery, bolters. and ap
pendages; wilthe provided et the expense of the Navy
Department; and it will permit the use' of such facilla
- Coe 'mit may hare for hoisting the heavy machinery on
For the eccointnOdation of the entire steam machinery
and the fuel, there allowed in the body of the
ship the entire apace, under the : berth deck, commencing
at 1731 feet abaft the mainmast, and thence extending
forward a distance of 50 feet; the greatest breadth in
aide clear of the Plank Under the beams being 42)4 feet,
and the height from the top of the timbers to the un
der aide of the beam amidships being 13 feet 9 Inches.
within thls space It is expected to carry coal for thir
teen days' full steaming, the daily consumption of which
the bidder will state in his- specifications • and the
weight of the machinery, water in boilers, :haft, pro
peller, and appendages, with the tools and spare work,
Insist not exceed 340 tens, of 2,240 pounds.
The distance from the aft side of the mainmast to the
aft-side of the forward stern-post will be about 100 feet,
and the distance between the forward and the after
stern-post will be 7 feet; the depth from the load water
line to the top of the keel under the propeller will be
10X feet.
Eteant•engine manufacturers who desire to bid can
obtain a copy of the section of the who_
upon making
application to the Department.
The proposal must be accompanied by full specifica
tions and general drawings, having the position of tho
centre of gravity of the machinery, boilers, &c., marked
on them; giving also the capacity of the steaincylin
dere and area of foot and delivery valves. and of air
pump: and, outboard delivering, valves, space for steam
above tie water line to boilers, the lire and grate eon
fare; also, the diameter, pitch surface, and kind of
propeller. and other principal points, that comparisons
can readily be made. There will also be given the esti
mate of the weight of engines, bottom, water, bunker.,
appendages, tools, and spare work, in tons of 2,240
The terms of payment will be that when one-fourth
of the materials and labor provided for in the eontract
shall half° been completed to the satisfaction of the
Departm nt, there pill be made a payment of one-fifth
part of the whole amount of the contract ; when one
half the work shell in like manner be completed, there
will be a further payment of one-fifth' when three
fourths the work shall have been completed, a further
payment of one-fifth; when the whole shall have hems
completed, and have made a satisfactory trial of one
week, then a farther payment of one-fifth ; and when
the ship shall have performed satisfactorily at sea for a
period of three months, then the remaining sum shall
be paid.
The repairs necesamp during this period from defec
tive workmanship or materials will be at the expense of
the contractor.
The proposals mist be explicit, and to qualified or
conditional offer will be considered.
4023-m &th t peclB Secretary of the Navy,
Legal Notices
ERDMAN-0. 0. P., Dee, T.,1861, No. 47, Alias
Sup , M., , 57, No. 74,
Aud now, December 4, 1857, on Motion' of Daniel
Dougherty, atterneyfor libellant,•Rule granted to show
cause way 11. Divorce' should not be granted from the
bonds of matrimony, returnable 'iIATMAY, Decem
ber 19. Rebecca Mum please take notice of the
dell, 12,1347-It . Attorney for I,lbellant
Votelc. nub ticatauranis.
- , __A.itozslataxgr,
aii24.lf gag/BB= & BONO, Pnopatarais
727 and 729 Allen STRUT
. . .
The Holidays 'are close of hand, and Jones'e Arch
street Saloon la prepared for the immense demand that
will be made open It for CIONFECTIONS.
- .
Every variety of Bon Bons, Pantiles, Bourbon Drops,
new style of oum Drops, Eau Sucre Drops, L'angliterre
Bou Bons; and every variety rare and costly candles
manufactured In Paris.
For s Presents, all sizes mid PATTERMS of Ornamental
Dozes, Pyramids, Ribbon Ties Ailed with the choicest
variety of Confections, and varying In price from One
Dollar up to Fifty Dollars. POMO of these 'Wee aro the
LOWY sorsal. OPPCIMPOS or PANOT WPM, Am) afiFinip
To the Ladies, as well u to the whole public, Jones's
Saloons are the most attractive in the City, and in
splendor of adornment and finish are superior to any in
the Union •
Served op in the choicest and most expeditious etyle.
Constantly roady for Mailers ILI profusion.
And, In fact, sal the VARIETIES, LUXURIES, and
DELICACIES of every clime and country.
BALLS, PRIVATE PARTIES, Presentation Suppers,
and Families etlpplled at the goriest notice and ou
reasonable terms.
A continuance attic, patronage hitherto no liberally
bestowed by the public Is respectfully solicited.
des4.f R. It JONES, Proprietor.
237 South THIRD Street ; opposite the new Penosyl
venla Railroad Moe.
We continue to keep our place as a first class Restau
rant, with army convenience in regard to private
We have also made arrangements to servo in our rem.
modicum Basement a variety of welhprepared Cold and
Warm Veins, at prices to suit and answer the exigen
cies of the times.
' Oar Whiet and Liquors are not euryasged by any in
the city.,
nolo-tuthica4m PETRY BROTHERS.
SON, Wild Ducks, Tyrkeye, Geese, Grouse, Fresh
Salmon, Chlncitique, Oplosehique, Princess Bar Alma-
OM, and Cove Oysters, with every variety of GAMICM,
wild or domestic, In season. Green Turtle Soup and
Terrapin Suppere served up at the shortest notice, at
JOHN CASIPBEI.I.I3, No. 527 CHESTNUT street, op
posite the State !louse.
N.D.—No expense or pains has been spared by the
Proprietor In fitting up thin new eltabliabment in the
most sumptuous manner—the second story being for
the accommodation of Privste Parties for Di 11107.9,
Suppers, &c.
17. totemic(' for Ladles towards Sloth street.
nov7.3m ;
DUE SAI4ON, No. 232 Carter's Alloy, Philo
delphia., sop22-3m
west corner of BROAD and WALNIIT.--Oarne
and all other delicacies in sewn. Yamiliee Stlpplied
with Wesson the shortest notice. _
. V peallory, 1,009 and 1,011 CHESTNUT St., above
Tenth, is now open for the sale of every description of
Carriages, combining style, durability, and elegance of
finish, from thaldanufactory, at the corner of SIXTH
and MASTER f#reete, to which the attention of citizens,
and Southern 44,„Weetern gentlenlea is respectfully
N.ll,—Especial attention given to carriages for re
pairs, in the shops connected with the Repository. Ea
trance on Chestnut street. cal?-e to k tl.2re
O. are now prepared to offer to the public the
best and largest assortment of Bonbons, Sugar Toys,
Candied Fruits, Sager and other fancy goods, suitable
for Christmas Trees. The candies manufactured by nu
ore made of the beat material that can be had, amongst
which are fine sugar-coated Almonds, Telly Drops,
Cordial Drops, Moss Paste, Gum Drops, Caramelles,
&c., &o. P. S —Superior Walnut Candies, Cream, sod
all, varieties of plain Candies. Also, dealers In all
,Foreign Prults and Note. No. 102 South SE.
COND,,One door below CHESTNUT Street, P 11116,161:
phis.' •
n 0284 to thArli
.1.1.1.-The Subscriber has commenced manufacturing his
kie Ma Ultra
*blob be offers to his customers is
. „
Orders through BLOOD'S DISPATOII will be puno
Nally attended to.
damp feet; to avoid damp feet, use BRADDOCK'S
EUREKA, or Water-proof Leather Drown ative for
Roots; Shoes, Harness, and every deer, ipt lon of Leather.
Guaranteed water-proof.
For rude by
G. II ASLITONS, No. SU Market atreet:
T. J, ADAMS, Sixteenth and Lombard, Druggiat.
' J. U lIGTLER Femur& %ml, below Washington.
r. BRADDOCK, Ht North Twelfth atreet. del2.lw*
JALE ROPE.— Buyers are invited to call
LA and °lamina our Manila Hale Rope, which we can
can sell au low all American, and warrant It imparter in
trenith and durability.
sal No, WIN Water at. and '2/ N. Whams.
FLOWING BOARD 3-28,680 feet Caro
liaillooring boar* afloat, for Rale by
11D Nnrtb orator Stmt.
OORDAWIL—I superior muundaeture
lad for by WE AV ER, ITLEB & 00.,
" . - No, 99 N. Water at.. &99 N. Wharrea.
an experienced writer, at No, 1109 O. ELEVENTH
Street, above Federal. deb
i l c ht3
68 laiOrireoll for ma by
aolo4t OROAYDAbE, PEIBOB, & CO.,
No, 304 N.Pelsiihro Ammo,
;it Vrtss.
Once upon a time, when the late Mr. DANIEL.
O'CONNELL was taunted with having changed
his opinion and his action upon a certain poli
tical subject, he angrily replied that "Con
sistency was a scoundrely virtue." What it
may be, it clearly is not possessed by a very
eminent Frenchman of the present day—
A sinnE-MArtiE-JEAN-JAcauve Dom some
times complimented with the name of "the
Lord Brougham of France." This goltle
man, who was Procnreur-Gen6ral du Poi
(Attorney General of France) during the
whole reign of Loon( PHILIPPE and the Re
public of 1848, and who resigned office after
Louse NAPOLEON'S coup d'e tat, has returned
to the same post, at the age of seventy four,
and thereby gives the coup de grace to his
political reputation.
The antecedents of this man have been
more than respectable. We never shared the
opinion which placed him on a level with such
Multo-minded man as BROUOUAM, but we
knew him to be able, earnest, well-informed,
shrewd, and sometimes even eloquent. Up to
this time, too, we gave him credit for consis
tency. When ho quitted office in 1852, avow
edly because ho could not accept the dictator
ship of Louts NAPOLEON, be was honored for
his bold consistency and adherence to princi
ple. Now, five years later, he resumes office
—thereby admitting that he previously was
wrong, and that MO LA PAYETPE, who ex
claimed that Louis PnimppE was "the best of
Republics") Louis NAPOLEON is the best of
Pecuniary necessity, the meanest of all
apologies, had nothing to do with this trans
action. M. Bum is a man of wealth. lie in
herited a large fortune from his father, and
has carefully taken care of it. Ho pretended
to be a representative of the French bour
geoisie, but really was proud enough of his
good descent and easy circumstances. Inde
pendent of his hereditary property, he has
been a placeman for about half of his public
life, well-salaried, and very cautions in expen
He started fully in public life after the first
abdication of the elder NAPOLEON, and op.
posed him during the brief but remarkable re.
sumption of Imperial rule in the Hundred
Days of 18 . 15. At that time he was so much
of a Legitimate that he earnestly resisted the
proclamation of the youthful King of Rome,
as NAPOLEON 11. Yet, with these absolutist
predilections, M. Dem was selected, from his
high professional reputation, at the early ago
of 31, to defend some memorable prisoners.
One of these was Marshal NEY, and /the
other was Sir ROEERT WILSON, charged with
assisting in the escape of LAYALETTE, the
Postmaster General of the Empire, con
demned to death for aiding and abetting NA
POLEON. Through his skill WILSON escaped
with a slight punishment. NEY was less for
tunate—a doomed man, indeed, before ever ho
appeared betbro the Chamber of Peers, which
tried hint. It was scarcely possible to save
this illustrious victim, and lie was shot. WEL
manTou might have done it, by a single word
to Lour, XVIII, but had not magnanimity
sufficient to interfere. It is almost the only
blot upon the military career of that great
man, and we have been assured, by those who
had full opportunity of knowing, that, in his
later years, the Duke sometimes expressed re
iset_atnotbaving solicited the life of Marshal
YET. In this case, as in - idany others, Regret
came in when It was far too late.
M. Duero entered the French Legislature
in 1815, and henceforth was a notable man—
as a lawyer, an author, and a politician. At
the bar, he was engaged in almost every lin
portant case. As au author, his numerous
writings upon jurisprudence have obtained
him profit as well as reputation. As a politi
cian, from 1815 to 1830 he was generally in
opposition to the Government, and more
especially to such Administrations as were
influenced by or in connection with the
Jesuits. All this thee, too, he was the pro
fessional adviser, confidential agtint, and inti
mate friend of the then Duke of Orleans.
The Revolution of July, 1830, placed the
Duke in a peculiar position. He had to choose
between flight with safety to a very pollens
Royalty. It is well known that he was very
undecided, for some time, and even purposed
retiring to England, where he once before had
taken refuge. But M. Duels sought him, and
found him hiding in the woods of Neuilly, and
earnestly recommended him to take the crown
which, as it wore, was within roach. He did
so, and M. Duets continued the friend and ad
viser of the Citizen King, who appointed him
Attorney General of the Court of Cessation, a
non-political office of great importance. Ho
retained this through all his friend's reign,
continued in it under the Republic of 1848,
and did not resign it until 1852, after LOUIS
NAPOLEON had become Dictator. Besides
holding this office, M. Deem was also Presi
dent of the Chamber of Deputies, under the
Monarchy and the Republic. When the
counter-revolution of December 2 was affected
by LOUS . NAPOLUON, and the National Assem
bly was annihilated, M. DUPIN made a very
slight show of resistance, and showed his own
adhesion to the new system by holding on to
his office In the Court of Cessation.
After 1818, M. Ducts was the friend and
correspondent of Loris Pnuarry and the
Orleans family. It was ho who, on the flight
of the King, accompanied the widowed
Duchess of Orleans to the Chamber of Depu
ties, and announced the accession of the
youthful Count de Paris, Under his mother's
Regency—a consummation prevented by the
violence of the mob and the ultra-republi
died, it appeared that 31. Drris was ono of the
executors of his will, and this position justi
fied his publicly remonstrating with the Presi
dent of the Republic, in 18u, for the confis
cation of the Orleans property—one of the
most defensible of LOUIS NEPOLEONN public
acts, if all the extenuating circumstances were
made known. At the same time he resigned
his office as Precut= of the Court of Cessa
tion, which he had held since 1830.
Now, after five years' retirement, and with
out one franc of the Orleans property having
been restored, this Nestor of the bar and the
wily resumes his functions in
Cessation. In plain words,
'EN friend and executor acknow-
NAPOLEON and the Empire by
3. It is ono of the most signi
?ns of the times, and must be
eery important one. M. Timms,
I.lonapartian proclivities, (enfil-
In his apologetic ii History of
and the Empire,") has evaded
office under Levis NAPOLEON.
igs off front other motives. M.
BERT, soon tired of the Re-
General CAVATONAC held aloof, also, though a
public, avoids all adhesion to the Empire.
high military command was offered to him.
1./wart:lE, who fancied himself a French
Rimr, refused the Presidency of the
Senate, with a salary of $lOO,OOO per year.
But the shrewd, cautions, astute lawyer and
politician, who was the tried and trusted friend
of Louts PIIILIPPE—he comes forward, under
circumstances which have made the act one of
almost personal ohloquity, and tells the world,
by his return to office, that he yields consent
and submission to the new order of things, and
that he has every confidence in the French
Empire, under its present able and suCcessful
Chief. View it how we may, though it shows
the inconsistency of 3f. num, the affair is
very much in favor of NAPOLEON HI and his
The Boston Journal says ‘, It is' stated of
one of our leading citizens, that a year or two ago
he was estimated to bo worth threo•quarters cola
million of dollars. At the present moment, by the
depreciation of property in which he had invested
his money, it is doubted by competent judges if
his entire estate is worth one hundred thouesnd
The Philadelphia ~P r'eflt.' and the Southern
[From the ittollmon,l Enquirer.)
That portion of the Democratic party in the
North which has recently arrayed itself—we will
not say against the Administration—but in oppo
sition to the proposed admission of Kansas into the
Union under the notion of the Lecompten Conven
tion, seems determined to pursue its ill-considered
course to the end, regardless of all consequences.
As we have already said, we impute to them no
sinister motive. We do not believe that they are
actuated by any disposition or desire to promote
the interests of the anti-slavery cause. The p,
eiilc upon which they stand is Impregnable. It is
neither more use less than that the people in this
country have the right granted by Uod, a-td ac
knowledged by man, to title themselves. It
is the essence of self-government—the only
substratum upon which free institutions can
be solidly and safely built. It is liberty
In contradistinction to tyranny--the "divine
right" truly represented In the majesty of the
people, and not counterfeited in the person of an
impious usurper. Such is our idea of the princi
ple of popular shrereigut y. And hence we main
thin that those Northern Democrats, who, unlike
ourselves, sod, we believe the entire Democracy of
the'Soulli, are nut willing, for the sake of peace,
to acquiesce in the action of the Lecompton Con
vention, do not necessarily subject themselves to
the imputation of hostility to the interests of the
South. But notwithstanding this, wo deprecate
th e i r course, and cannot but consider it as injuri
ous in an hour when perhaps the fate of the Union
turns upon the harmony of the Democratic party.
They are obstinately adhering to a principle, the
practical application of which has already boon ob
tained on tho most important point in dispute.
They are firing at the feathers after tho bird has
been bagged. They are still (thatching at the
shadow after the substance has been secured.
They aro pursuing popular snereignty beyond the
-point for which the occasion calls.
Most prominent, because perhaps most pertina
cious among our Northern Democratic eotempora.
ries who are engaged In fomenting this dissension,
and it may bo dangerous division in tho party, is
the Philadelphia Press, a journal whose discretion
in this instance is far from being commensurate to
its ability and dignity. In its issue of the 11th,
The Press thus earnestly addresses itself to the
Squthorn Democracy on the subject of their atti
tude on the Kansas question as it is now—
and wo trust in its last phase—presented to the
country :
" The South cannot sorely desire to perpetuate
slavery in Kansas by a fraud. There is en in
stinctive repugnance among the chivalry of the
South to all dishonest action. They recoil from
the imputation of being willing to promote their
own interests by wrong ; and we shall not be sur
prised if, in the course of the coming debates in
Congress, declarations to this effect will be made
by the leading Representatives of the slave States.
" flow, then, do the Southern Democracy expect
their Northern allies to stand up in the face of
such a record as is presented in the Locompton
Constitution ? How do they expect us to turn back
the tide of fanaticism, when, while admitting, as
all the South must do, that there is a vast prepon
derance of free-State men in Kansas, they are still
determined to force upon the people of that Terri
tory a Constitution fabricated by a minority or by
a Convention elected by a minority, and at the
same time depriving the people of any fair chance
to vote upon the slavery question itself r Can the
South be assisted and strengthened by breaking
down the Democracy of the North' Can it bo for
tified in its peculiar institution by arousing new
elements of dissatisfaction in the free States, and
by placing In the hands of its avowed enemies,
Messrs. Seward, Hole, Trumbull, Sumner, Greeley,
and others, means by which a new sectionalism
may bo awakened ?
" How is this example to operate in regard to
the Territories hereafter to be organized, and in
reference to States hereafter to be Introduced ?
To-day it may be to the advantage of the South
to make a minority predominant: to-morrow the
North may seize upon the precedent, and wield it
against the South.
The Press does no more than justice to the
Soutlacrn people when it says " they recoil from
the imputation of being willing to promote their
own Interests by wrong." And hence they
would , not, if they could, force slavery upon the
people of Kansas. The Southern Demeeracy have
never.asked more than their constitutional rights.
They have always been willing to leave the peo
ple free to adopt their own institutions. And
they •do not now propose to deport from
that liberal and elevated policy, which they have
heretofore so steadfastly pursued. That It weilid
have been far better for the whole Constitution of
Kansas to have been referred for the approval or
condemnation of the people; more in accordance
with the spirit of our Iloverninent, less liable to
objection from any quarter, and consequently
calculated to put an end to the trouble bye final
and unexceptionable decision of the question, wo
do not entertain a doubt. But the error of sub
milting to the people only a single feature of the
organic law has been committed by the Conven
tion—and n.e that feature is the Institution of
slavery, we consider the great object of the Ne
braska bill accomplished. And for that reason.
as well as from fear the repudiation of the
proceedings of the Lecompton Convention by
Congress would lead to a dangerous renewal
of slavery agitation, we have earnestly ad
vocated the admission of Kansas with the
"Calhoun Constitution," after the vote shall have
been taken on the question of slavery. Let the
principal point of the controversy be settled at the
election on the 2lst of this month—and if after
wards there is anything iu the Constitution which
is obnoxious to thepeople, let them onll a State
Convention, and either adopt a now Conftitution,
or modify that under which they make application
for admission into the Union. The whole matter will
then bo within the exclusive jurisdiction of a sove
reign hate; anal neither the pro-slavery men nor
the antislavery men need fear the intervention of
the Federal Government. They can then fight it
out among themselv es, without continually disturb
ing the peace and quiet of the country.
Our cotemporary of the Philadelphia Pres, may
be assured that- the Southern Deinoeraoy do
not desire that the minority shall rule. They are
true to the principle of popular sovereignty But
they aro not in favor of endangering the greatest
CloVernment of the world by breaking up the only
politicalarty on which it can rest with safety
We would not test the capacity of the boiler by
blowing up the ship ; nor would we destroy the
Union to prove that the principle of popular
sovereignty is the basis of our ilorernment,
The Presldeul'■ 111e4.age
(From Um Louinville ,Ky.) Democrat or Dec 12.1
Our territorial policy just now presents a highly
important domestic question. Ono of the Territo•
ries is in open rebellion against the authorities of
the United States; nod Kansas appears to be in a
condition as unsettled as over. The position of
the President has been misrepresented, as we es
ported. lie regrets that the Constitution made at
Lecompton woo not submitted to the popular vote.
lie had assumed that it would be, and hopes that
it will be required hereafter by Congress, es was
done in the case of Minnesota; but he recognises
the Convention at Lecompton as a legal body: lie
seems to hold that the Nobraska-liansas net au
thorized the Legislature to cull a Convention to
frame a Constitution; and did not, in tonne, re
quire the submission of the whole Constitu
tion to the people. His argument to show that they
were required to submit the slavery clause is eons
elusive, and we think that it Is equally conclusive
in requiring them to submit the whole It is true
the slavery question was , partirularly referred to.
The popular vote in the territory was substituted
on this point for the Missouri Compromise; but,
at the same time, the language is general and
comprehensive; and was everywhere discussed in
Its most comprehensive sense before the people.
There was a 'general obligation to submit a Con
stitution to those who are to live smiler it, ante
cedent to the Nebraska-Kansas bill. It was a
right no party would refuse; that hail been re
cogaised and acted on before and since. It is not
to be found, in terms, In the Nebraska-Kansas
bill, bonus° it was not intended to confer on
the Territorial Legislature the power to call
is Convention to form a Constitution. The
mistake is in assuming the emit Fury. We tee not
the least foundation for the assumption. There
was not a word said about conferring such a power
when the bill passed. There Is nothing in Its
terms to authorize it; and the Senate, when It
passed a bill last year to enable the Territory to
cull a Convention, cm Willy did not hold that the
Territory already had the power. It would cer
tainly have startled all parties, it', upon the discus
sion of the Kansas bill, it hail boon announced that
Congress was Siving to the territorial authorities
authority to band all the Staten, to take it in as a
State, at the discretion of the Territorial Legisla
It seems to no there is but ono mode of escapo
from these complications, and that is to pass an
act of Congress enabling the Territory to call a
Convention to form a Constitution, as has been
done in the ease of other Territories; making the
requisition that the Constitution formed shall bo
fully and fairly submitted to (ho popular vote.
This would bo in accordonro with the wishes of
"ithe President himself. Ho does not hold that con
tiess is bound to admit Kansas with this Constitu
tion ; he does not even recommend it. Ile ban
wisely left'lliat to the discretion of Congress, whole
it j holongs. This will be the coarse pursued, wo have
no doubt. It is sato and constitutional. Nothing
is'to be gained by any other courso. It is trio
the people of Kansas might vote as the Conven
tion prescribes; and they might afterwards amend
the Constitution, if they wished, to suit them
salves, and save further trouble. But the fact Is,
they are ono party in the matter, and will do as
they please at their own discretion, and have a
full right to manage their own affairs their own
way. Congress cannot dictate what they shall
choose, and ought not to do so, if that body had
the power.
It iv hi be regretted that so much passion end
prejudice must he mixed up with en grave a ques
tion. Why cannot all agree at once ton safe, con
stitutlonnl, and legal course—the regular Olin ap
plied to other Territories Why not pass an ena
bling not at once, brushing away (hero complica
tions, and provide for a Convention and a fair
vote , Let a Constitution be made on authority
unquestionable, submit ted to the people, and rati
fied. What is to Lo gained by the immediate ad
mission of Kansas under a Constitution that is
clamorously repudiated f We ansiver.just nothing
at all.
On the wholesubjeet, the Provident hav not hull.
eatect what ought to be done; and it was well that
he did not, as he ban yet to approve or disapprove
officially what may be done.
The Rochester (N. Y.) Democrat of Friday
Hap that while the Mende of an insane rues were
awaiting the arrival of the passenger train at the
Palmyra depot, on Thursday morning, for the pur
pose of taking their charge to the Utica asylum, a
freight train passed at full speed, and, just as the
locomotive was about to pass the depot, the un
happy man broke away from his friends, and throw
himself upon the track Ist (rout of the advancing
train. Ile was, of course, instantly killed, and his
body terribly cut to pieces. The mane of the
fated man was Robertson, and ho resided at
To the Edtior of the Para:
The following paragraph, which is in your
paper of Saturday, Is not, I think, quite cor
rect ; and though the title of 4( Lord" certain
ly adds nothing to Bacon's lame, it would he
strange if the use of it, which is so universal,
should be erroneous. - You say :
Every fifth or sixth year, it appears necessary,
in the eyes of the Edingburelt Hemp% to open
with an article upon Bacon. In the new number,
there is such an artiolo, basod upon Spedding's now
edition of the works of hint who was described by
Popo as—
°Wisest, groafeat, moaned of mankind."
One thing is singular in this criticktu—namoly,
its avoidance of the ordinary error of speaking of
Lord Bacon. There never was such a person, or
ssch a peerage. Francis Bacon was created Baron
Veralam and Vi.connt At. Albans, but never was
Baron Bacon. Even Macaulay hinvelf, who is
very particular on comparatively trifling points,
invariably miscalls him "Lord Bacon."
It is true that he never was " Baron Bacon,"
and that lie was first created a peer, 4.. r noble-
man, of England, by eta, title of Baron Verulam,
and afterwards beeaffie Viscount St. Albans.
But before he was crested a peer, he was made
Lord Keeper Baeon,fand, as such, entitled to
sit in the House of Lords (though not a peer)
and to hear the title, and to lie addressed as
Lord Bacon. Dod, it. his ‘, Manual of British
Dignities," says that every dignity which is
of right, has Ronte,e4remony that authorizes
and publishes the tine by which it is desig
nated t" the ceremony by which Bacon re
ceived the dignity of o;eeper of the great seal
conferred upon hinslie title of "
Or Lord, although this preceded his elevation
to the peerage as If Bdron Verulam" by more
than a year. In Ms works letters may be
seen addressed to him as a Lord, before he
became a Baron or changed his name. In ex
tracts from official documents, of a date curlier
than that event, witiAll arc quoted by Lord
Campbell, he is caTfed ' , Dominus." Lord
Campbell himself entitles his biography the
"Life of Lord Bacon," a conclusive proof
that the designation is legally proper. So Sir
EdwardOoke is correctly called "Lord Coke,"
though he was never it peer or nobleman, but,
as Chief :Insilco of England, he was "by
right" so designated. We have lately had
published the lives of "Lord Jeffery," and
"Lord Cockburn," 'though neither of these
distinguished lawyers were barons or peers, or
had any tc right" to that title except from their
offices as Presidents of the Scottish Court of
The dignity of Keeper or Chancellor is con
ferred in England, according to immemorial
usage, not by any commission or patent, as in
other offices, but by delivering to the person
the great seal of England. This ceremony, of
itself; constitutes him Lord Keeper or Lord
Chancellor; gives him the dignity and title of
a lord, and authorizer( him to go into the House
of Lords and there preside, whether or not he
is a peer. It is said that Lord Brougham
assumed his title, went to the House of Lords,
and presided there immediately after ho re
ceived the great seallrom the hands of Willintu
IV, though a short interval subsequently elapsed
before he was created "Baron Brougham," or
entitled to take his slat as a peer.
I think, with you, that it is in better taste to
omit the title when speaking of such a person
as Bacon, especially as his title brought to him
little except dishonor. Without it he might
have remained, or have still become, the
" wisest and brightest," and escaped from be
ing justly called the "meanest of mankind."
As, however, you have referred to the point in
connection with its legal and authorized use,
It may be worth while to ascertain this cor
But what can be said in regard to our own
IMO of titles? Whet is there to justify the
absurd and multifarious designation of " hon.
orable," so lavishly appended to the names of
our own citizens, when there is no " cere
mony, commission, or patent which authorizes
and publishes their right" to if, when titles
are forbidden to be conferred, and when it
may be remembered that the Convention
which formed the Constitution of the United
States struck from it every proposed clause
which gave, even to the office of the President,
any title whatever hut its mere official designa
tion While a Senator, Governor, Judge,
Secretary, or military or navel officer, may be
poperty -addressed ty the tilt. ; of the office
which his commission confers upon him, there
is no right whatever, nor is it consistent with
the spirit or nature of our institutions, to fol
low the British practice of appending the title
of "honorable" to the name of any citizen
who happens to be or has been in a public, sta.
lion. The prenomen of o lion," or o honor
able" is select by the weak vanity of indi
viduals whose claim to any "title" is very
often beyond the knowledge or even conjec
ture of their follow-citizens; or is conferred
upon those who are supposed to be suseepti.
blo to a species of flattery so puerile. 'J'his
was not the case among the men who framed
and first administered our Constitution, and
established its forms. Ido not believe that
a letter of 'Washington, Jefferson, or Madison
is to be found which is so addressed ; and
among many of their communications to each
other, which remain, we see them addressing
each other only by their own names, or, if an
addition is made, it is that of the office they
may have been holding at the time. W.
(Reported for The Press
Schwartz-•a plethoric person, obviously predisposed
to apoplexy—represented to the court that he had
been scurvily treated by n botanic doctor named
August Beidietunn. Fritz had eaten about four
pounds more than his usual allowance of soururout
for supper on Monday evening—and as ho did not
appear at tiro usual breakfast hour next morning,
the people of the house where he boarded entered
his apartment and found him in a state of insensi
bility. They sent for Dr. Meals:man, who pro
nounced it a case of apoplexy, and ordered the
patient to ho well drenched with a decoction of
wormwood, tansey, and hoarhound. As Fritz did
not immediately revive under this treatment, the
doctor certified that there was no hope for him; in
feet, that he was just " its got as toad," and re
commended that a coffin should be obtained for
him without delay. The landlord, who had faith
in the doctor, and believed that Fritz would soon
be "dead enough to bury," applied to a neighbor.
ing cabinet-maker, and had a good substantial
black walnut coffin manufactured as expeditiously
as possible—money enough being found in the
pockets of Fritz to pay for this piece of furniture,
and to defray all the other expenses of the fu
The cabinet-maker, naturally enough, was glad
of a job in these Lard times, and worked with such
good will that the cofila was finished, brought home,
and paid for within a very few hours after it had
been ordered. In the meanwhile, the patient had
a profuse bleeding at the nose, after irhich be sat
up in bed and called for something to eat. The
landlord entered the room with a horrified counte
nance, and expostulated with Frits upon the ins
propriety of his behavior, nsaminghim that he was
almost n dead man ; and, to Once that fact beyond
all question, he called the patient's attention to
the coffin which had been placed on two chairs by
the side of the bed. During the enervation which
now took place, the landlady ~eat for the doctor,
who soon come into the room, very much excited
and indignant at tho turn which affairs had taken
Fritz was still contending with his landlord for
some sausages, coffee, .to., which the host refused
to supply on the ground that dying men aro never
indulged in smell fancies; but when the physician
oared, the matter was soferred to his arbitra-
..1 - 11 see the rogue bang'd first," said the doo
tor. " Ile ought to been toad, two, three hours
ago—by der rule of :.cionce; but der blamed hum
bug is trying to poot shame on dor noble art of
physio by living past der time allowed him Gil
him no vanes, and if he dont die sooty anon—turn
him out of der house, and po tam'd to him."
This professional order was strictly executed,
end Fritz came up to make his statement of griev
ances, not forgetting to charge his landlord with
robbery—as the latter had taken money from hit
pocket to pay for a coffin, for which he (Fritz) de
clared ho bad no occasion whatever. The case
was reserved for further consideration. W.
has always been good enough to say that soma•
body must have helped the magnificent Dumas to
produce that library of volumes which compere
his "works." But we have hitherto had no cer
tain information as to the identity of the Inhere
tear. At lest, however, it is that wo are to be in
dulged with a sight of hi at. Acm Min Mr. Augus
tus Magnet has recently brought an notion against
the better known novelist under the following cir
cumstances: Ile alleges that he arsisted in the
composition of no leas than seventeen of the pro
ductions which go by the name of Dumas, inclu
ding, indeed, some of the most celebrated of them,
Stroh as the " Chevalier d'llarruenthel," the "Troia
Mottequetaires," and Its continuations; "La Reine
Margot," •' The Manolres do Median," and last
and ohioreat of them all, " Monte Chritdo"
For his labors in this respect he was promised, he
says, 117,000 francs, payable in eleven years; and
for a failure to perform this contract, ha now seeks
a remedy, claiming half the profits of these publi•
cations, and a aura of 50,000 francs in addition.
Of all the quarrels of authors, this certainly pro
mises, when it comes before the tribunals, to be
neither the least amusing, nor the least instruct
Eight persops convicted in the linchn county,
Pa., criminal court, of dillorent crimes, wore, on
Friday last, cent to the En tern Penitentiary,
(Correepondence of The Press
SAN FRANCISCO, Nov. tin, 1857.
Singular as it may seem, some two or three
of our papers have chosen the present time to
advocate the institution of banks of issue, ap
parently oblivious to the fact that all the
tronbles in the liasterniworld have been caused
by them. Our banking system wants remo
delling in such a way that depositors will be
protected; but that is all we require. Hall
the money in this State that is non hoarded
by the miners and others, who, with very good
reason, are fearful of banks, could be deposited
ill ROIL° 111011Illti011 where it would be perfectly
secure, and the business community have the
benefit of it In the shape of loans and dis
counts, the rate of interest would be but little
if any higher than with you at any time, and
the circulation being composed of the coin it
self, would not Ins affected by the fluctuations
to which every community is subject ti 110
tolerate banks of issue.
By a late arrival from Shanghai we have
IIeWS to the 22d of September. Thy Chinese
soldiers bud adopted a novel method of punish
ing their mandarins for trying to force them to
take their pay in big cash, having attacked and
bine» them nearly to death. It seems that
there is no law against biting. If they had
beaten them, they were liable to punishment.
The heavy rain, which has occasioned so
much disaster to the river miners, is hailed as
a godsend by those in the dry-diggings, th e
rise in the rivers having tilled the ditches and
furnished an ample supply of water at those
places, which can only be worked In the wet
season; during the dry weather lingo piles of
rich earth have been run out and slumped at
the mouths of theirtunnels ; in many instances
thousands of dollars daily will be taken out
from the washing of these accumulations.
Those employed during the summer upon the
rivers have now returned, seine to their
claims, and others to reel: employment in the
shy-diggings, in the hill, and flats. Places
almost deserted during the summer arc now
alive with our industrious and thriving popu
lation' all busy, either washing or preparing
for their winter work. Taking one month
with another, the yield varies but little. Min
ing has been reduced to an almost perfect
Quartz milling is attracting increased at
tention from capitalists daily. A perfect army
of miners are engaged in exploring and pros-
Peeling new veins, in addition to those already
being worked.
About one year ago, Capt. J. B. G. Isham
obtained of President Comonfort a very fa
vorable contract for the survey of all the
Northwestern States of Mexico, and he has
since sublet to parties contracts for various
States, some of whom ' I believe, are already
in the field. Capt. C. A. Stone, formerly of the
United States army, is now in this city, orga•
sizing a party fur the State of Sonora, and
will soon leave for his destination. The terms
of the contract are very favorable: their pay
is one-third of the land surveyed, special mi
ning privileges, and the right to purchase the
remaining two-thirds at a low rate. The
States under contract are Lower California,
Sonora, Sinaloa, Chihuahua, and Durango.
This is a sensible move on the part of Cora
onfort, as it will enable him to acquire a better
idea of their mineral and agricultural re
sources; so that if he sells he can demand
their value, or if he sticks to his determina
tion not to sell, the publication of the survey
or's report will cause an immigration to Haw
in, which, by its superior energy, industry,
and enterprise, will give new life to those at
present comparatively useless portions of his
The returns from the wine crop of Los
Angeles county figure up very favorably, both
as to quantity and quality, the whole amount
manufactured in this county alone being esti
mated at '250,000 gallons. This does not com
prehend the whole grape crop, as a great
quantity is every year shipped to supply the
San Francisco market. Persons conversant
with the business nay that there is a marked
improvement in the quality of the nine wade
this year, and it is but reasonable to Buppos•
that this improvement will continue for a
number of years berme they will have dis
covered the best kind of wine, and the process
Mr. Superintendent Hempstead advett iql`3
that the mint will be ready to receive gold and
silver for coinage upon the 23d instant. The
annual settlement has been made in much less
than the usual time, in order to meet the
pressing demand for coin to ship East, instead
of bullion. Mr. Gannett, the Inciter and re
finer, out of upwards of a million of ounces,
has only made a loss of twenty ounce,—about
ono per cent. of the amount allowed by law,
showing a manifest improvement in that de
partment. The wastage in the coiner's de
partment is also said to be very small.
Messrs. Cook & Zabriskie leave been tried
and acquitted on tho charge of embezzling
the sum of over $6,000, the property of Win.
Rein, the mint robber, who has been convicted
and sentenced to eight years in the peniten
tiary. lie deposited it with theta for safe
keeping, and the amount of their charge for
services, as his lawyers, coveted all of it.
[Correnvondenre of The Presc)
WAslivie.TON, Dee. 15, 18.17
The subject of the war in 'Yucatan is be
ginning to attract considerable attention here.
The accounts which come to us by every ar
rival front that unfortunate peninsula show a
condition of things deplorable in the extreme,
and call loudly for the interposition of our
Government. Thete is no denying the fad
that undue foreign i»lluence is at work in that
State. I have seen letters front gentlemen la
minar with the state of affairs on that penin
sula, who aro entirely unbiased in their views,
uhielt state emphatically that British influence
has long been at work poisoning the minds of
the Indian portion of the population, and
urging them on t• deeds of rapine, blood, and
oruelty, which, in the language of one of the
accounts, are too horrible to describe, and
strike terror into the hearts of all." This state
of affairs cannot long continue. Exhausted
by political strife among themselves; deso
lated in its length and breadth by hordes of
savages, who spare neither titan, woman, nor
child, but who, with the faggot and the toms
luauh, spread death and destruction on all
at wind, Yucatan must, in the fearfully signifi
cant language of a neat address from the citi
zens of the capital,'• snout be blotted front the
list of nations," if relief does not speedily
reach her. This is truly a deplorable picture,
and appeals strongly to the sympathy and aid
of the Christian word.
All familiar with the domestic history of
that troubled peninsula during recent years
will remember her critical condition in 1848.
Then she sent a special commission to the
United States, to solicit the aid of our Go
vernment in restoring peace and quelling the
savage irruptions. Our noble and great
!walled Chief Magistrate was the Minister of
State, and the papers which emanated from
the Department of State are able, ;tad credit.
able to his head and heart. Had there been
authority for the act, the Administration of
Mr. Polk would undoubtedly have yielded to
the urgent and pitiable appeal of the Ynca
tecos, and contributed to their relief. The
whole subject had to be referred to Congress,
by special message of the President, dated
April till, 1818. Mr. Ilannegan of Indiana,
chairman of Committee on Foreign Relations,
in Senate, introduced a bill authorizing the
President to take 4, temporary military occu
pation of Yucatan." The debate on this bill
is highly interesting. Oar present able and
distinguished Secretary of State entered freely
and ardently into the spirit of the proposition.
Ile spoke at considerable length, on several
different days, in support of the bill, and his
speeches throughout are the most creditable
and unanswerable productions that have ever
emanated from that truly great and highly
gifted statesman.
Ile demonstrated to the entire satisfaction
of any unprejudiced mind the vast and incal
culable advantages of Yucatan to the com
mercial interests of the United States; that
her situation in the great intertropical sea of
America—commanding the mouths of the Mis
sissippi and a transit route between the
Pacillc and Atlantic—was of the utmost lin
poi tance to the true interests of the United
lle demonstrated further, that great Britain
hail her eye upon that desirable peninsula--
that its possession by that overreaehing and
rapacious nation would be flit:if to the whole
Southern comineicial well-being of the United
States--that Cuba would be the next step in
the line of conquest--that these would in
evitably fall into the open arms of our great
mdess steps were taken to prevent it ;
and the acquisition once made, England would
unquestionably have the lock and key to the
great gate of the seas through which now
flow the vast and varied products of soil and
climate known to fifty degrQes of latitude.
The views and opinions so ably and elo
quently expressed by that distinguished pa
triot at the head of the Department of State
are alike applicable to the condition of things
now existing in Yucatan. Information now in
this city leaves no doubt that England is at this
moment striving to consummate her long cher
ished purpose of acquiring control over Yu
catan. Will she accomplish it t Undoubtedly.,
unless our Government goes to the relief of
the sukring Yucatecos ; and thus prevent
that deplorably afflicted people from throwing
themselves into the arms of that rapacious
nation, who, by fraud, rapine, and unscmpu
lous encroachments, have effected a lodgment
on the eastern and southern portions of the
peninsula. Will our Government quietly al
low this 1 No VERRON4.
(Correspondence of The Press.)
HARRI4BITO, Dec. 14, 1857.
It would encourage you in your editorial
labors were you to see how eagerly Tits Pat , s
is sought for each day, upon the arrival of the
morning train from Philadelphia. There Is
more than double the number of your daily
taken in Harrisburg than of all the other Phila
delphia morning and afternoon papers cont.
bined—save one-penny sheet. All the other
towns along the railroad are in the same way ;
so it hill be seen shat a large share you have
in influencing public opinion ; and thus having
it, how great is your resproribility that it be
used always in favor of the right. Rut of that
I have so fear, judging from the past.
The weather has been so moderate for some
time that the Pennsylvania Railroad Company
have determined to leave the water in the
Main Line of the canal until Christmas, or at
least until there is some prospect of a freeze
up. The boats in motion early in the month
were quite numerous and heavily freighted,
but since then the business has slackened con
siderably, Item fear of a sudden change in the
An unusual number of " fresh men" have
been returned members of the House this
winter— there being, in fact, only thirty out of
the one hundred who were members of tho
last Legislatuic. As it takes a man a couple
of months to understand the routine of matters,
(unless he has a natural genius, which is not
always the case,) this practice of sending a
man one, or two years at the furthest, is very
pernicious. The result very often is that they
are humbugged and befogged by the "borer,"
scores of whom infest the halls of legislation
every session ; and thoroughly understanding
the " moans operandi," often get their point
accomplished before the repreaeutative of the
people knolls what he is after; or, in receiv
ing instructions how he is to proceed with the
business intrusted to him from his county, he
lays himself tinder obligations to the " borer"
which can only be cancelled by voting for a
measure of doubtful propriety.
The Senate, on the other hand, has more
than the usual share of experience and talent,
especially on the Democratic side. First of all
we have Hon. Wm. Wilkins, now in his
eightieth year, but of vigorous mind and pa
triotic heart. He is always listened to with
attention, and so clear are his thoughts and
expression that his speeches always sound as if
carefully prepared, never needing any repor
torial aid to make them read well. lie has
sounded nearly all the depths and shoals of
political honor : has been a member of the
General Assembly of his own State at a time
when a majority of those who will be here
this winter were among the generations unborn;
has been a member of the National Congress,
a Senator of the United States, a Cabinet
Minister, a Plenipotentiary to a foreign Court.
and when General Jackson ran the second
time for the Presidency the Electoral College
of Pennsylvania cast its united vote for Mr.
Wilkins for Vice President.
In addition, we will have Hon. Thomas
Bell, of Chester, a first-rate lawyer, who once
adorned the Supreme bench of our State;
Messrs. Welsh, Buckaloo, Brewer, Wright,
Schell, and others, who are always ready in
debate. On the ther side of the house are
David A. Finney, of Erie, G. W. Schofield, of
Warren,and T. J. Coffey, of Indiana, who will
uphold, with as much ability as are deserving,
what is left of the principles of the opposition
party. Yours, M.
The Doable Murder in La nra%ter County
In Tue. Ness yesterday morning we gave ex.
elusively u special telegraph despatch of the terri
ble murder of two women in Lancaster county.
The following details of the dreadful crime we
copy from the info flatly Tinley, of Wednesday
morning .
Yesteiday, some time between 12 and 1 o'doeic,
two women, mimed Anna Gerber and Elizabeth
Reaun, were found murdered in the, house of the
former. situated in a by road, about three-quarters
Id a tujle_from NetTeville, and about one mile from
trultvillo. The new. atamwt - rearternmeite,setd
about 3 o'clock in the atteruoon, when It - Tread
like ‘• wild-fire," and soon became general
The house in which the murder was committed
is a email, one-story frame building, neatly white
washed On the first floor ere four rooms of small
size; the door fares towards the south, through
this, entrance is obtained to the kitchen, on the
left of which is the parlor, back of which is a small
room, about sixteen by fourteen feet, where the
bodies of the murdered women nere found. Mrs
Gerber was fifty-five years of age in October, and
must base been a large, stout woman Mrs. Ream
was a small, delicately made woman, not more than
five feet in height; ehe is near sixty years of age
Mrs. G. is the mother of fire children, and Mre. - It.
of three or four. A eon of the litter is married to
a daughterof the former, and reside not more than
one hundred yards apart
In the morning, about e o'clock, Mrs. Ream was
seen entering the house of Mrs. Gerber. by some
neighbors Nothing further was heard or seen of
theta until almost 1 o'clock, when Airs. Ream, the
,laughter of Mrs. Gerber, married to the son of
the murdered woman, went to the house of her
mother, where she discovered both mother and
mother-in-law lying upon the floor with their
throats cut from ear to ear, theirsknlls meshed and
crushed in a horrible manner. She immediately
gave the alarm, and the neighbors were soon
aroused. The sight presented to them was truly
awful : the whole upper end of the floor was one
pool of blood, which had run around the bodies e t'
the muidered women, and glued there to the floor
Their hair was matted and hung to their cowl
tenanees, while dark clots of blood covered their
features. The deep and ghastly wounds in their
throat. were open, and revealed the several por
tions of the neck, as far back a+ the spine.
Ilath were bruised and bettered about the head
ill a terlible manner. Iteir 'hulls being crushed
in numerous places Where the had been
severed. small streams of blood had i—tied,
and glued the hair to the floor. Their clothes is ere
all in disorder, leaving portions of their persons
go e
en. one a negro and the other a mulatto.
were seen to enter the house about fifteen minutes
before eleven o'clock, and no other parson was
seen near or around the house until about one
o'clock. when Mrs. Gerber's daughter male the
discovery. These men were seen to enter by Mr.
Isaac Kauffman, at whose house they had been,
asking alum. The mulatto is described as a tall,
slim young fellow, with a bundle under his arm
and white hat; when he was at Mr. Kautimen's,
he spoke German, and talked in a fluent manner,
The other remained silent. The distance between
the two Mows is probably one hundred yards
These men went directly from his house to that
of Mrs. Gerber, where they must have knocked
the women down with their clubs; one of them,
in falling, struck the door by the side of the
stairs which descends into the kitchen; here wane
found large rolls of blood, while along the side, it
could be seen by the marks, that a person had
fallen against the door. Front the kitchen they
must have been dragged into the small sleeping
room, whore their throats were cut, so as to almost
sever their heads from their bodies. The blood
had run down the floor on both sides of the
bodies. The doctors present ...dated that their
persons must have been violated Nothing was
disturbed in this room except the bed cloth
ing, which was thrown upon tine flour: market
of blood erne found upon different articles in
the room, es if they bad been handled by per
sons with bloody hands From this teem the mur
derers.went into an adjoining room, in which were
two 'beds, too bureau:, awl to large chest The
beds were not disturbed, but the bureau drawers
were pulled mot, and their contents thrown lip t ia
the floor. The lid of the chest was broken open
and its contents were also thrown about the floor
In the bottom of this chest were several old Ilea.;
and other papers, in one of which were between
eighty and one hundred dollars, which belonged
to Mr. Gerber. Mr. Gerber is supervisor of roads.
and hadcollected this money, which was all taken;
it consists of new quarters, half dollars, gold dol
lars, two.amba-half pieces, and nue five•dellar
geld piece. Various articles in the room were
coAred with stains of blooddipute door is a
lame blotch as if a • ..een rubbed
against it. •
Spots of b the wall, bed, and
clothes. I , re a cupboard and
bureau, th • re scattered about.
There wee • n this apartment
A euriou transaction is, that
the cluck tea to twelve, which
must ha 'he murders had been
committe that the men, in their
search for es of value, opened the
clock, and . •epped the pendulum.
After lb left the house, they
started towa by way of the " old Mann
heim road "• y had gone about half a
mile, they tit ' ~ t 1 went across the fields
towards Neils -Jitiz turnpike.
They were s. e gentlemen whose de
seription coined, -:-• • - hat given by Mr Kauff
man. They then passed down the pike, until they
canoe to the toll-gate, where they sat down, and
were seen by the gatekeeper counting mene?, ;
they then left for the city, nhere two persons art
steering their deseriplien and appearance were
arrested about 4 o'clock
w. H. 11
Dr. Ph-key, the Distriot Attorney appeared and
ascertained the following facts that two large,
.harp butcher knis es are tots , ing from the house
where the murders were committed, that one dol
lar and a half additional h el been stolen from a
separate drawer; and that the murderers had
knocked the women down in the kitchen, by means
of heavy clubs. Ile also found a pair oi skoet,
which were much worn and covered with dirt in
the heel of one of them large blotche, of blood
were found Theie, with the club and old papers
found in the chest, were taken in charge by him.
Al. U. Bowman and E. J. Bowman held •
pool-mortrm examination, which was done in the
presence of the Jury. The medical gentlemen an•
nounced that on Mrs. Gerber they found the caro
tid arteries, the jugular veins. the esophagus and
the wind pipe above the prmum A•lari) had all
been completely severed as far back Ils the spine,
thus severnag the throat from ear to ear. On the
left ride of the head. the oar is almost cut off, and
directly behind the lett ear the skull i4erwhed in
The Ara maw in the back part of the bead,
is all broken, wilting q Tanta of about three
Correocwiaata TEll Mil' , will plaaaa tau la
talal the fallowing rules: •
Brery oo=munteation cart W aocompantoi try tie
name or the writer. Zu order to insure oomoutaaas of
the typography, bat 000 side of a ahiet abseil! Es
•rittoa upon.
We &hall be greatly obliged to gentlemen to Panusyl
oaniaarul other States for oontribittlorui giving the cur;
rent new, of the day In their ptrtleular looatitief,
reeourree of the eurrounding aonntry, the luarsiee of
population, and any information that will ba tateriellog
to the general reader
inches in diameter. There were a number of other
horrible wounds; on one of the arms and lee
were bruises and wounds. They gave it as their
opinion that a blunt instrument bad been used to
crush in the skull, but that the large wound along
the side of the head wan done by a blow with a
heavy club. In examining the remains of Mrs
Ream, they found the froxtal bone fractured, the
parietal bones were all completely crushed, and a
hole at least one and a half inches in diameter. The
superior motor awl the frontal bones were both
crushed. The carotid artery and jugular vein ware
cut on the right side of the neck. but not on the
left side. The esophagus was cut completely
through to the .pine.
Drs. J. Aug Etter and John L. Atlee. Jr.. hell
another pot: mlrfent examination upln the re
mains of the deceased, who made the same report
as that solar by Drs. Bowman
At near midnight the medical gentlemen finished
their work, and gave their affirmations to tho jury.
that the deceased had come to their deaths by
blows inflicted by porde pemus to them unknown.
The jury will, probably, render a rennet in ac
cordance with the above.
At this time a hatchet was produced which bed
just been found ; the blunt end W. 13 slightly mainei
with blood. It is stiptsozed that this was used
by the murderers in crushing the skulls of their
vieti MY.
A letter from Tipton, Cedar county, lowa,
the sth inzt , says that the " Vigilance Commit
tee" of that emnty, the night previou., learned
that n man by the name of Hiram Hobert,. notori
ously known in that State as the leader of the
band of hortedhieves and counterfeiters, was stop
ping at the house of a farmer by the name of/hu
llo, when they immediately raised a fors* of goat
forty men. and ' , weeded to the hottze ciea,d ilut"
lin. Roberta, arcing there was no possible ettanee
of 6 cal'ing , quietly gave himself up. It is tbauOtt
that the committee will give him a trial and then
hang him.
The Toth (Pa.) Press states that a success
ful and skilful operation was performed on the
wife of the Rev. Mr. 'carolersloot, of Spring Gar
den township, in that Lounty, a few weeks ago, by
Doctors John F. FiAher, of this place. and William
F. Vandelstoot, of Logansville, in abstracting an
enormous tamer from her abdomen, which is said
to measure about eighteen inches in circumference.
She has been a severe sufferer from the effects of it
for the last twenty years. She is doing well, and
strong hopes are entertained of her being restored
to good health.
A correspondent of the St. Louis Republican,
writing from Deniphan. T., says that General
Whitfield and ex-Secretary Woodson have their
hands fall in adjusting the claims of pre-emptors
at the land office there. About a thousand cases
hake already been pre-empted. which comprise
10,1100 acres of land, at a cost of $200,000. " Yon
would hardly suppose it possible," says the writer,
n for a money panic to prevail, if you sew the
heaps of gold that are every day poured from the
old buckskin nurses of the hardy pioneer. of tills
beautiful new country."
A prize tight came off at Latrobe, Pa., on
Saturday last, between a man named Bendign,
somewhat noted pugilt-t. of Pittsburgh. and a MD
from Johnstown. The &rootlet bet on the result of
the fight was six hundred and fifty dollars—three
hundred and fifty dollars by Bendigo's backers,
and three hundred on the other side. On the
tenth round Bendigo struck a foul blow, and on
the eleventh ho failed to "come to time." The
Johnstown " bully " declared the winner.
Great Salt Lake City is laid out on a magni
ficent scale. It is four miles in length, by three
in breadth ; the greets running at right angle , .
and 132 feet wide, with sidewalks 20 feet in width
&telt building lot contains an acre and a quarter
of land; and a atream of pure water running
through the cite is made, by an ingenious plan, te
bow on each side of every street. sod to irrigate
drery lot.
Mr. W. L. Pennell, of Philadelphia, before
Alderman Major, of Pittsburgh, has laid a charge
against II J. West, of McKeesport, alleging the
said West purchased shoes of him a good while
ago to the amount of 5:125, representing himself to
be worth clear 51,600, whereas it is alleged he has
no property. The defendant was arrested. fie
gave bait in 51,000 to stand his trial in the Crimi•
nal Court for fraud.
The otlicial returus of tLe State election in
Wisconsin are nt last all in. except Ls Pointe Co ,
which is reported to have given a Democratic ma
jority. The queztioo of the choice for tiovern.r is
therefore settled J. B. Crory, Democrat, is fleet
ed by two hundred and eixty•two mai .rity brer
Randall. Nearly one hundred thousand votes were
. The Nawark (N.. 1.) „Iferenry estimates that
in the item Of candles alone upon a km e, , .timate.,
there it a loz± to purolia:- , ent in the city
in the Weight of candle+ there et.,nt
Tier annum, on ac.~.,unt of abort weight, and in the
:ante at urge, it 1 , Iteliei that e.airumert of the
:allele are defrauded out of the cnortnztu sum en
till; One ar Hole of shoot sleo.itvti per annum.
•- At thr tiuHt tho injunction Kay servedi on
the Sulta Bank. Ilaine; say.; the nangar t
they had safely stowed away in their
specie. the enorin , us seta of for, doffar, no 3 ft#-
rentreo cent.: ' By the help of the cashier. the
bank conanis.3ionert were enabled to count it accu
rately in less than three burs'
The follost tog post-otiice ehanze, relate to
this State: Steam P. Fisher, ikkomister at Wur
temberg, Lawrence to - unty., vice William Brown,
resigned ; Daniel Faulkner. potmarter at Clover,
Blair county, rice Fmri,k, resigned Tho
office at Thornton, Delaware county, Pa . i 3 dis.-3n
T1 , 08.m.-reet ( NT, J.) Whig sap Mare is a ho
stler in .S.smerville who carries a watch that weighs
tv.a par , mlr and 11,ree,,,:./ o 4.ili o";:er r—with a
chain attached that weighs one rw,./ 71-0 an.i a
half arm,. The tnetal of the watch is said to
he worth for melting. s.r
The fiscal ear c . the Lehigh Valley railroad
dared an the :razh ri November The quantity ct
coal traniported over the road durinx the )ear
amounted to 416.'2 tons axainn lt;:, 710 t..n. for
ISS d. giving the tery hamPonte in, , rea.3e of 2...2 .49:i
tong in I<,T.
Mr. Satnnel B. Bent. a valuesi citizen of
Middlebury. 1 t., dropped dead fruni hi.: chair. ua
the 4th instant. aged vent -three year, Hi,
sudden death attribute" to an enlargement of
the heart.
The Philliwairg Ruth: or New , Jer.ev re
sumed , peria payment , . sitaultaneowly with the
city Lank; of New York. on the 12th in=tent. fully
prepared to redeem all it?
Mr. Whittaker, of Vicksburg, Iti s., who
loat three children by the 'Minh3w catastrophe.
has offered, a reward, of $1.0 , 0 for the res“rery
their bodies
The speeidl t.e.,,ion of the Kansas Legisb
tore organized on the sth intt . by eleetirg C. W
Idtbeock pre-tdent of the roused. and ti. 1l . Deity
ler tpeaker of the lionse
Vice Pre,iilent Bre4.inridge, on pa , sinr.
through New Orleans for Washington, 9 t h ins(
was honored with a salute of esunun and a
from the city authoritie3
The Ronkonkoma Lake Hotel, belonging to
Mr. Henry Weld, of New York city. ma. destroyed
by fire on Tuoday morning. L.,-.• Si' 0, , o ;
Mr. Baker, a Milo man of light n - right,
hi hmked one hundred and twenty-tire butbelt
of corn in ten hour., at Waverly, Ohio, on
A boiler exploded at Bohol - I'3 depot, oa the
Alimisippi southern Railroad, last week. killing
John Evan!, the engineer, the negro fireman, an/
scalding five others. enure, defect in the boiler
Mr. Giles Latterthwalte, of Fall, townal,ip.
Duck; county. Pa., recently -hot a bald eagle,
whi •h measured eesea feet four inches from tip to
tip of the wing..
It is stated that la Washington, at present,
there are upwards of one hundred prufeNeional and
regular writers for the pret.t, in addition to a large
number of " ceeasional correspondents."
James Thompson, aged 4eventen, has been
convicted of the murder of John J. Calhoun, st
Columbus, ila.
Robert Range killed a man named S;iartzol,
a shnewsker, at Bethany, Wednesday night
at kit week.
Garrison Servoll, an assistant storekeep , r
to the liovernment warehan•a in Baltimore, died
suddenly on Monday night.
St.plien S. Stradley, of Chri,tiana village.
Dediwate, died en Sitterd iy from hijer!es re,vlVed
hy the bufgting of a gun
Judge Bruce Porter, a di,tingulahe - yor
of Coriugton. Ky., is dead.
William B. Tebo, a printer, f _
Maryland, died at New Orleana on the Sth
All the principal "Magazins de Jl,-.des" ova
stocked with cloaks and mantles of ea ery rariety
of form and material This sea.son the bonrnnnsa
and the mantle may be said to untend for fikthion
able favor. The velvet mantle. with its lera.e
hanging sleeves. and elaborate trimming of r.704,-
menterie, lace, de ,is rich an I aristocratic. Bat
the Lournouse has the recomraendati:n of being
admirably well adapted to ordinary out-door rs
tome, as it may be made of cloth of the plainest
colors The bournouse however. eminently
made of %cry rizh matcrials At the opera to
Paris many ladies hare worn bournonses of rich
velvet, or of brocade in which gold is interwoven
The hoods are frequently made so as to be taken
off or fixed on at pleasure. for the purpose of sub
stituting a hood of lace or guipure These hoods
of block lace or guipure, drawn over the head and
partially veiling the face, have much of the grve
ful effect of the Spanish mantilla , and their tight
ness prevents any injury to the coiffure
Paris 13 now beginning to recover that animation
which has been so xisibly suspended during rha
traversal of summer excursions The Chaumes
d'Antin is alruoat entirely re peopled The streets
of theFanlworgSt Honore are n , longer thronged
with English strollers and even many of the ate
pat inhnbitinti of tbe Fautourg'-'t lermain hove
returned t., tl eir winter boon r+
But the rea , ,e hitt.* and ereticg re-uni,cs
ha+ not set fAirle e.e,tuteceed and meanwhile tho
attention of the pt,,Ji•tr< i 5 directed a•-
wo.,t etdivively out-Lar cotumv, or what t 1
termed -toilette da ville."
Dresses still retain their vast suattilnic, not
only skirts. but sleeves are made exceedingly full
Flounces are no longer indispensable: as many
dresses are made without flounces as with them
Broad side trimmings, in the tyle called '
are highly fashionable, and they are better suited
than flounces to the thick, massive silks which tho
looms of Lyons have this season produced
Many of the newest winter bonnets are made of
velvet of two colors, as blue and black, green and
black, .be. Small tufts of feathers, in shaded hues,
are Owed at each side Flowers and foliage, made
of' black and colored velvet, and taxefully inter
mingled with jet, are slat favorite ornaments C.l
winter kennete.