The press. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1857-1880, December 14, 1857, Image 1

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BY - '.3611 - N tORNgY.
:41,4„ 9,100 X V* iTaxisTs
P Rits
WIMP , OtIVIVI4I tentete.
Dialed to Elebeettbete on of the City, et Ste DOLLAiII
ttAR ANl4Oli ;lOUS DOLLAAtiOR Aron , Moms; Taus,
IooLL A RB ,pit Sri Omn i intractably to advaice tbr the
to Sobeoribere - otte - , ' 01" the Ott's"' at Tans Dot,
,r4e - ANWINI;1 0 . Onto: .
. . .
"•:.. „ Ni4-SEI4/67 PRESS.'Plne44 will No bent to flubsarlboro .by
indl o lper annum, -in advance,) at • 62 . 6 4 3
ihree, Copies -.. , - " • • 666
ive (log . 4 es, " L„ ' 444
Tien 001110, . 4 - H 12 00
Twenty Copies, ... - " (to one address).... 20 00
Twenty Oopleo, or over, s' (to address of each
_subsorlber),oseh - '1 20
Par ,i• Club of Twenty•o p e or over we will send as
',era copy to the getter-up or the Olub. —-.• .
ID. Postmasters are requested to net so Meats tar
Tin Wuxi., Pares. ,
YEAR'S BEADING volt -yowl Fajn , FOR
THE witinKsitor, AND THE IVADIV,
rsparltoTca,,Foit, 1856
THE WEEKLY PRESS to published td Philedelphla,
and, although but stew months hsys passed since the
trot nnalbee was Issued, It has now a alraniation ox.
tending Into every State of the Union, ant ierapidly
ineissalog Ha Baths every sottlou ihero,Sho paper bps
obtainnd a footing • -
The Se coon Yol‘tnesrilloommenee on the FIRST OF ,
I.LtilLatitclaarkadenwill adheret4 She pies which
ii wrs '> lmrSed . - It Is conducted upon 'National priest.
plea, and upholds -the tighte of the States. It will
always resist fanaticism in every shspe • and will be do.
voted to conservative doctrines, as the true foundation
of pnbllo prosperity and - tweak order. Such a weekly.
journal had long bean desired in the United /Hates, and
it was to satisfy, this want that thO WEEKLY rams was
first iinblisted. It Is prfiltsd mit). Lump
ENHT PAGES each number containing- • "
Embracing everything - e coop saotersPsa should con.
ioulat-such u - • , - '
- &e:,• /co,
The paper is always free of everything that can, in
the, least degree, corrupt the morals or pander to a
ittlaied taste. While the lighter brauchen of literature
ere not forgotten in Ite colnums, the reader will always
Bad enough totinprove the mind, In Its - ample pages,
The paper le en large that every Opp 'can find something
fri it, from week to 'Week, to plow, hid, while at the
end of the year the subscriber has, In a convenient
force to preserve, over
Neva) to 800 pages of a book
.91 ordinary slre,'and at
a {rifting cost ,
Invariably in Advance.
&be Weekly Prom will be Bent to subaorlbere, by mall,
at $2 00 - per annum.
Twenty copies, when cent to one ad.
dicers 10 00 II
Twenty copies, or r, .cler, to address of
each aubscriber, each 1.20
For a Club of Twenty, or over, we will send an extra
.copy to the getter•up of the Club.
Addreie, -JOHN AV: FORNEY,
• • • No. 417 CHESTNUT Street,
• PoiLatnamni:
my -Send for a Specimen Number.
Etabrsos &tithe paints nesesser7 tq
and all the details and Weer eloganolea which impart
Gentlemen are briited to call and examine.
tat26-ein - 410 CHESTNUT Street.
. .
.• - inn SUS , ,
- narrisn REVIEWS. . ' - •
e o n
"Sc CO., NEW YORK, continue to publish
the following leading British Terlodleals, - sis :
THE LONDON QUARTERLY, (Oonmervatiso.) '
. ..
st:Amcwows EDINBURGH MAGAZINE, (Tory.)
' Tbkate Pirfedicalsrably represent the thrie grest pl> ,
litleal patties of -Great Britain—Whig, Tory, and RadV
cal-L-but politics -terms only one feature of their char
, otter.' • As Organs. of the most-profound writers on
Science, Literature, Morality, and Religion, they stand,'
as they ever lava It'odi u n rivalled in the world of
letters, being considered" isidispeneable .to the scholar
and the pro fessinnal man wllle-ta the intellirant, reader
of vet Oleo -they furnish a mere formt sot mdfs.
tiiard ,, pt-ttet)stmintlitmeidartt of the 'disy,,;
throughout the: irouid,ilsan "pie' be: possibly ebtalned
- Nab anfetherlourue. --- -- - , ..- , •
__, ,
• The reeelpt of ADVAROS 888818 . front the British
pribliehotsgives additional value to these Reprints, In.
satanch as they can now be placed (nibs hands or sob+
earthen about as goon as the original editions.
' ' TERMS.
For any one of the font Reviews ' 93 00
For any two of the four Reviews - fOO
ror any three of the lourßeviews 1.00
Yor all font- of the Reviews 8 00
For Blackwood's Megan's° 3 00
Far Illackiroad and three Reviews 9 00
For Blackwood sod the four Reviews 10 00
' - Payments to bt etude in act cants in advance, blowy
current In the State where issued will be received at
A. discount of tweuty•five per cent. from the above
mire will be allowed - to Globs ordering four or more
copies, of any one or more of the above works, Thus :
Pour copies of %Blackwood, or of one Review, will Ili
tent ,to one address for $9; four copies of the four Re
views and 111selurood for $3O, 6 d so on.
In all the principal cities snd towns these works wilt
be detiversd FREE OF POSTAGE When sent by moll
the Postage to any port of the Dotted States will be but
tocenty-four rents a year for " Dlackwool," and but
fourteen tent! a year for each of the Reviews
N. D. The price in Great Britain of the fire Pert.
edictal Oak's named is $3l per annum -
Remittances for any of tho above publications should
always be addressed, postimid, to the Publishers, '
LEONARD scur a: co ,
del2-3t No. 54 GOLD Street, New York
tog the Doubtful. Nays and Biography, and illustrated
ditto very numerous Bngravings on Wood, ha the high
ost style of art ; forming 8 vols., Imperial Bro.
: The subscribers have been enabled to secure three
copies of this megalfieent edition or frhnirspeare, which
has long been exceedingly scares, Iraniediste applica
tion will be meanly to prevent disappointment In pro
curing copies. • 0, 7, ERIOII tc 00 )
Importers of English Books,
. 52-y No. 93 South Sixth St., above Chestnut,
Watiljts, ItwelvD, ,ftt.
AAP ' Ifentifeettirers of
*fat their burped:lon, on the prenthee
Weeps end Stronger* are inrititit to that our mano
Constantly on hand a splendid stook of Superior
Watches, of all the celebrated makers.
Necklaces, -Bracelets, Brooches, lar-Dtaps, If lager-
Eluge, , tard all other articles in the %mond line.
Drawings' of NEW DESIGNS will be made free o
charge for those wishiag work made to order. .
botutiftd assottesent of all the new styles of Floe
ionl4, path +e Notate; Stone end Shell thaw,
Pine, Octal, Osubunole. hienottite,
Len, tee, be. ,
Also, 'Bronze sad Marble OLOOfirl, of newest styles
emit of eapertor quality. aaleitwtrwly
• 432 CHESTNUT Street,
V aave received, per steamers. new st) les
Jewelry, Chatelaine, Vest Chains.
Pans; Hair Plne.
Prukt Stands, toga? Pastels.
Jet Goode and Dower VI M%
Coral, Lava and Mosaic Bets.
Sole Agents In Philadelphia for the sole of Charles
' &maim P 64101101. Accusers Pm:wino?.
inrifiat,PLATED WARE,
No. sot Chestnut Street, above Third, (op esiod
. Philadelphia.
Constantly inchand and for eale•to the Trade,
• • LADLES, ke. , AD, -
Gilding end plating as all kinds or metal.
• • • ••• - (ESTABLISHED 18124 -
•‘ w.•ConsErt PITMAN]) atgaur erazrze.
'-• 4.l6rga astortnont of SILVER WABE,-'ot eyer 7
actiptioni constantly on band, or order to match
any pattern desired. '
Importers" or Sheffield' and Birmingham imported
W5l, RANI:100KB,
- ' • Ttrao.rta Wenn,
d24lm* Suldeot to Democratic
1.11. "
rivin Mall. •
Boldest to Democratic rates - •.
- Hit; bat tODemogrgirr.,:i; A .
„ Twipll4lloo RD WARD.
ZWIR/ow . DOPlotratio
• " "- 'EDWARD T. MOTT O -• •
" • ' T Wail% WARD
lITOI/607 To - DpioonAllo AMIS.. 0016.2m*
. ,
SFINN , I2S loishels for sale by
`lji - ,JNOASPAIN, rmnd - R,
,„,, , , No 104 N. Belawape avenue
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VOL. I-NO. 115.
Eittangeve enihe in tibilabelpfna.
Soothe benefit of strangers and others who may de
sire to visit say of ovr nubile institutions, we publish
the annexed list.
tannin rnsbee 0? AMOSEMSSI.
Academy of Music, (OperatiO corner of Break and
Locust streets.
Arch Street Theatre, Arch, above Bth street.
Parkinson's Garden, Obeetnut, above Tenth.
National Theatre apd °lrons, Walnut, above Eighth:
' eandford's Opera llonee,(Etislopien,) Eleventh, below
Went Street Theatre, northeast corner Ninth and
Thomenfle Verietiee, Fifth or Chestnut.
Thomas's Opera House, Arch, below Seventh.
mies 550 801500013. •
Academy of Natural Sciences, corner of Broad and
George streets.
Academy of Fine Arts, Chestnut, /Above Tenth.
Artint.s , Feud RalllChestont, above Tenth.
Franklin Institute, No. 9 South Seventh street.
Almshouse, west aide of Schuylkill, opposite South
Almshouse (Friends'), Walnut street, above Third.
. Association for the Employment of Poor Women, No.
292 Green etreet
Asylum for Lost Children, , No. SG North Seventh
Blind Asylum, Race, near Tientleth street.
' Christ Church llmmital, No. 8 Cherry etreet.
Cittrlfospital, Nineteenth street, near Coates.
Olarkson's Hall,'No.lB,l Cherry street. •
Dispensary; fifth, below Chistnett street.
Fertiale Society for the Relief and Employment of the
'Poor, No: 7S North Seventh street, •
Guardiaee of the Poor, oNce No, 58 North Seventh
'street. .
German Soelety Rail. No. B South Seventh street.
, Rome for Children, earner Twenty-third
and Brown stellate.
Indigent Widow!' and Single Women's Society, Cherry,
east of Eighteenth street.
Penn Widows' Asylum, West end Wood streete
Eighteenth Ward. •
Mesonle Hall, Chestnut, above Seventh street.
• Magdalen Asylum corner of , Race and Twenty-Best
blorthern Dispeosery, No.l Spring Garden street.
Orphans' Asylum, (octlered,) Thirteenth street, near
Odd Yellows' Hall, Sixth aCd Miami street. •
, • Do. do. S. E. corner Breed and Spring Gar
den streets.
Do. do. Tenth and South streets.
Do. do. Third end Brown Weida.
, Do. do. Ridge Road, below Wallace.
Penney/vania Hospital, Pine street, between Eighth
and Ninth.
Pennsylvania Institute for the Instruction of the Blind,
corner Race and Twentieth street.
Pennsylvania Society for Alleviating the Mieerlea of
Prlsqpe, Sixth and Adolph% streete.
Pennsylvania Training School for Idiotic and Feeble-
Minded Children, School Mouse Lane, Germantown,
oNce N 0.152 Walnut steet.
Philadelphia Orphazug„Asylnm, northeast coy. Eigh
teenth and Cherry
'Preston Retread, Hamilton, near Twentieth street.
Providence Society, Prune, below Sixth street.
- Southern Dispensary, No. 98 Shippers street.
'Union Benevolent Association, • N, W. corner of
Seventh and Hansom streets.
Will's Hospital; Race, between Eighteenth and Nine
teenth,streete._,•St: Joseph ' s Hospital, Girard avenue, between Fif
teenth and Sixteenth.
Episcopal Hospital, Front street, between Hunting
don and Lehigh avenues,
Philedelphisißespital for.Dleeasesof the Chest, S. W
Corner of Chestnut and Park aim, West Philadelphia
The 13[0519 lot Destitute Colored Children, situated
on Girard avenue, first house above Nineteenth street
Custom House, Chestnut street above Fourth
• Gotill' Prisen_l_Parlatunk road 'below Reed.
City auto Warehouse, Dock and Spruce streets.
City Controller's Office, Girard Bank, second story.
Commissioner, of City Property, office, Girard Bank,
amend story
City Treasurer's ONce, Girard Bank, second story.
' CityL'ommieeioner'e OMee, State Benne.
City QNee, Fifth, below Walnut.
City Watering Codamittee's ONce, Southwest corner
Fifth sad °hesitant.
Fairmount Water Werke, Fairmount en the Schuyl
Girard Trait Treasurer', Ofilee,ftifthAbove Chestnut.
House of Industry, Catharine, above Seventh.
Renal of Industry, Seventh, above Arch strait.
Douse of Refuge, (whit.,) Parrish, between Twenty
second and Twenty-third street.
Reuse of Refuge, (colored,) Twenty-fourth, between
Parrish and Poplar streets:
Health ONce, corner of filirthand.l3anscen.
.House of Oorreetion, Bash, Hill.
Marine Romping, Gray's Ferry road, below Booth
Mayor's office, S. W. corner Fifth and Chestnut its,
New Penitentiary, Coates street, between Twenty-
Bret and Twenty-second streets,
Navy Yard, on the Delaware, corner Front and Prime
Northern Liberties Gas Works, Maiden, below Front
Post ONce, No, WO Dort street, opposite the Ex
Poet Ozoe, Henslngton, Queen street, below Shacks-
MAUD Street.
Post 011ie, Spring Garden, Twenty-fourth etreet and
Pennsylvania Avenue.
Phliadaltible .Exchange, termer Third, Walnut and
Dock streets.
Philadelphia Gas Works, Twentieth and Market; oillee,
No. 8 S. Seventh etreet.
Pennsylvania Inetitete tot: Deal and Dumb, Broad and
Pine streets. ,
Penn's Treaty Monument, Beech, above Hanover
":414 . 1j 4 iLlifilt • 'seed. d. lio.eettiST - Brood sad frees
;Pantie Normal School, sergeant, above
Reeinner's Oellee,•No. - 8 State flown, east Meg..
State Monde, Ghestant atreat,between Fifth and Sixth
Sheriff's Oflfee, State noose. near Sixth street.
Spring Garden Commiestencee Hail, spring Garden
and Thirteenth streets.
Ualon 'Temperance Hall, Christian, above Ninth
United suttee Mint, corner of Chestnut and Juniper
'United Stites Arsenal, GreraFerry Road, near Fede
ral street.
Naval Asylum, on the Bolmylkill, near South street.
United States Army sad Clothing Equipage, corner of
Twelfth and Girard streeta.
United States Quartermaster's ONce, corner of
Twelfth and Girard streets.
0001,11.20 e..
College of Pharmacy, Zane street, above Seventh. '
Eclectic Medical , College, Raines street, west of Sixth.
Girard College, Ridge road sad College Avenue.
lionaceopatlale Medical College, Filbert street, above
Jefferson Medical College, Tenth street, below George.
Polytethele Wiese, corner Market and West Penn
Pennsylvania Medical College, Ninth etreet, below
Philadelphia Medical College, Fifth street,. below
Female Medical College, 229 Arch street.
University of Pennsylvania, Ninth stied, between
Market and Chestnut.
University of Free Medicine and Poplins? Roowiedge,
No:88 Areh street.
LOOATION OD 00174111.
Culled Estes Circuit and fustrtct Courts, No. 94
Fifth street, below Chestnut.
Supreme Court" of Peunsylvanht, Plftb and:Obestunt
Court of Common Pleas, Indepeodenee Call,
District Courts, Nos. 1 and - 2, corner of Blatt and
Oheetnnt streets. •
Court of Quarter Beasloos, corner of alxth and Chest
American B9pthst. PnbMotion Booi9ty, No. 118 Arch
etroet. '
American and Foreign °inlet lan Union, NO. Itiebeet.
nut street.
American Sunday School Union (new), No. 1122
Chestnut street,
. . ,
Amerman Tract Society (new), No 929 Chestnut.
Episcopal Reading Rooms, 524 Walnut street.
"idenonlet, Crown street, below Celina bill street.
Pennsylvania and Plsiladelplsia Bible Rociety, comer
of Seventh and Walnut streets,
. .
Presbyterian Board. of. Publication (new), No. 821
Chestnut stree t.
Presbyterian Publication House, No. 1334 Cliestuut ,
• Youog Men's Obristisn Association, N 0.162 Chestnut
Northern Young Men's Christian Association, Ger
mantown Road sod Praohlin.
Philadelphia Bible, Tract, and Periodical (Mice (r.
Stockton's), No. d a d Ar ds street, Brat bowie below
Filth street. north side.
Lutherin Publication Society, No. 732 Arch street
below Eighth.
Penna. Contra! R.N.—Depot, Eleventh and Market.
7 A. M., Mall Train for Pittsburgh and the Went.
12.05 Fast Line toe Pittsburgh and the Watt,
280 P. M., for Harrisburg and Columbia.
4.30 P. M., Accommodation Train for Lancaster.
II P. M., Xi - press Mall for Pittsburgh and the West.
Beading Railroad—Depot, Broad and Vino.
1.80 A, M., - Express Train for Pottsville, Williamsport,
F,lmira and Niagara Fella.
8.80 P. M., as above (Night Express Train.)
New York Lures.
1 A. M., from Kensington, via Jersey City.
6 A. M., from Camden, Accommodation Train,
7 A. 21, from Camden, via Jersey City, Mall.
10 A. 31., from WalLIUt street wharf, vla Jersey oily.
2 P. M. via Camden and Amboy, EXprese.
8 P. 3f., via Camden, _accommodation Train.
5 P M., 710 Camden and Jersey City, Mull.
6 P. M., via Camden and Amboy, Accommodating.
Connecting Lines,
6 A. 21., trona Wainvt street wharf, for Belvldere,Easton,
Water Gap, Scranton, leo.
6 A. 21., for Freehold.
7 A. M., for Mount Holly, from Walnut street wharf,
2 P. DI., for Freehold.
2.80 P. M., for Mount Brolly, Basta,' Trenton, &a.
BP. 31., for Palmyra, Burlington, Bordentown,
4 P, M., for Belvidere, Beaton, &0., from Walnut street
5 P.M., for Mount Holly, Burlington, & o.
Baltimore R. B.—Depot, Broad and Prima.
8 A. M., for Baltimore, Wilmington, Now Cutts, Mid.
dletown, Dover, and Seaford.
1 P. M.
_for Baltimore, Wilmington,and New Castle.
4.16 P. 21., for Wilmington, New Castle, Middletown,
Dover, and Seaford.
P. M.l for Perryville, Fast Freight.
11 P. DI., for Baltimore and Wilmington.
North.Ponnsylvania R. B.—Depot, Front and Willow.
VA. M. for Bethlehem, Boston, Slouch Chunk, an.
10 A. 31., for Doylestown, Accommodation.
2.16 P. M., for Bethlehem, Easton, Mauch Chunk, so,
410 P. M., for Doylestown, Accommodation.
10 A. 11., for Gwynedd, Accommodation.
Camden and Arfantis R. 11—Tina ahoot
7.80 A; M., for Atlantic City ,
10.45 A. M., for Haddonfield,
4 P. M. for Atlantic City.
4,46 P. d., for Haddonfield.
For Westchester.
By Columbia IL R. and Westchester Branch.
Prom Market street, south elle, above Eighteenth.
Leave Philadelphia 7 A. M. al 1 4 P. M.
Weatobetter 6.30 A. 21., and 3 P. 2.1.
On Illusitiaye
Leave Philadelphia 7 A. M.
44 Westchester BP. 21.'
Westebeeter Direct Railroad, open to Pennelton, Grubbs
Freinnorthemt Eighteenth and Market streets.
Leave Philadelphia 0, iindoll.7m., 2 , 4, and 0 P. M.
" Grubbs Bridge, 7,8, and II A. Id, and
- 4 and 6P. M.
On Batardaye lm{ train from Panneltoo at 7 A. 24.
ps Aussi4Y6 .
Leave Philadelphia 9 A. ht, andVP. it.
Pennelton 9X A.ll. and 0 P. M.
Germantown ¢, Mari:town R. R.—Depot, Oth and
ei, 9, and 11-A. M., &nail, 4.45, 6.45, and 11.15 P. 11.,
for Forriatown.
ed. M. and 9 P. M., for Downingtown.
6,8, 9,10, and 11.30 A. M., and 2. 4,6, 8, and 9 .
M. for Chestnut Hill.
6,1, 8,9, 1010, and 11.90, A. M., and 1,2,8.10, 4,6,
0,1, 9,9, and 11.80 P.M., for 'Germantown.
Chester ruiley R. R.—Leave Philadelphia 0 A. 31. and
3E. .
- Lease Downingtownll( A. fd. and IP,
2.89 P.M, Richard Stockton, for Bordentown, from
11.4 A.
street wbarf.
10 and 11.4 A. M., and 4P. M.', for Tawny, Burling
ton and Bristol, from Walnut atriset wharf.
9.80 A. M. Delaware, Boston, and Kennebec, for Cape
ala Ty. Oat pler below aprnee street.
1.80 A. M. and 2,8, end P. 31., John A. Warner
1 64 Tkomae A. Novo, for Bristol, Bah
g> . t `,l,trtsz..
It appears that though we are in capital
credit, what is called the State may require a
little money, by and bye. It will be readily
obtained, for this country has always shown a
proud alacrity in liquidating its public pecu.
nlary obligations. Nothing would give greater
pleasure to the Rovuseumns, the BARING,
the HorrmouEns, and other great European
capitalists, than to be able to open " a little
account" with Uncle Sam. And for this
reason—he has cheerfully, on all previous
occasions, paid the Interest on his borrowings,
and has been, if possible, only too quick in
discharging the debt itself. People in Europe,
who have money to invest, and find the United
States paying a higher per centago than they
can obtain in England or France, (they rather
(Helmet other nations,) are somewhat puzzled
what to do when, baring put their means into
American Stock, the action of redeeming it is
entered Into. They would be much bettor
pleased by being allowed to koop their cash
on loan to the United States, whore the ordi
nary interest is 11^om 6 to 7 per cent., while
scarcely any European safe investment yields
as Much as 6.
Whatever money this nation may require It
can thus obtain, on very favorable terms, from
European 'capitalists. Or, if Treasury notes
be issued,- they will readily pass Into currency,
for no one can doubt that they will be taken
up at maturity. But the question may arise,
cannot both processes of raising the wind ho
dispensed with 7 May not simple taxation be
adopted as a substitute? Already NVO have put
the principle into practice, for we raise a consi
derable public revenue by import-duties, which
really form the most direct and easily collected
We would suggest, as it may be difficult to
say on what articles taxes should be levied,
that the impost should be laid simply and solely
upon superfluities. Admit the justice of this,
and remark what a vast field for taxation--
what a boundless prairie of impost—is thus
spread open. Consider, too, the common-place
justice of the'matter. Do what you may, it is
impossible to please all parties once that taxa
tion commences. The complaint ever is, that
the levy on the poor, as compared with what is
exacted from the rich, is much less than, when
comparatively viewed, it ought to be. Tax
superfluities only, leaving more necessaries
free, and you come at once to an impost
upon all expenditure in excess of necessary
As a matter of course, to begin with, all
necessary personal adornments should come
within the limit of tbo tax. We would not
pronounce against all expenditure on this
account, seeing that, though Beauty when
unadorned may (poetically) be adorned the
most, ornaments do become the fair sex, when
used with taste and moderation. In the first
place, we hope to see every female who is out
of her teens with a plain gold ring on the third
finger of ber left hand, duly placed there by
some one who has the felicity of .standing in
the relation of husband to her, and, as such a
pledge of marital faith cannot be too carefully
preserved, the lady may wear as handsome a
ring with it, as " a guard," as she cares to ex
hibit. Even a third ring, which may safely by
assumed to be a present from sonic beloved
relative, may be tolerated. Beyond this, all
rings worn by women should be taxable, on the
.talorerk principle:: We went& cAcep:h. ill
-the Instant* of yxiting ladien who are 'yet
wedded; even a couple of rings given as gages
d'aitiour. It is necessary, we believe, some
times to play off one beau against another, and
an excellent mode of doing this Is to excite
jealousy by taking care to exhibit, full flashing
In the eyes of one spark, the ring which an
other has given. It has been found advan
tageous in bringing matters to a conclusion—
we should rather say the conclusion.
As for gentlemen, we would allow each to
' wear a seal ring, on which may be engraved
his armorial bearings, if he goes In for such
things, and no other annular ornament what
' ever—unless he be a widower, lu which ease
It is considered etiquette for him to wear his
late wife's wedding-ring on tile last finger of
his left hand, for the purpose of thus gently
indicating—that he is In the market agalnl
All rings beyond these two, worn by the male
sex, should be xable. TheAmpost upon more
display wouldWvery lucrative.
Ear-rings, we fear, would not be rationally
exempt from the operation of the tax. The
custom of wearing them is evidently derived
from African and other savage nations. Yet
honeidering that these ornaments abound, that
they aro usually rich and costly, that the
wearers fancy them becoming, we would per.
mit their untaxed 'use—provided that each
lady who appears with them will also wear the
decoration of the nose-ring, which is,lust as
rational and becoming as the ear-rings them
selves, and Is always worn with them by the
dusky savages as aforesaid.
Rich necklaces, and the whole tribe of what
*are called [(jewels "—for a full definition of
which look at FRSZZOLINI, dressed for con
quest and show, exhibiting herself before a
concert-audience—are so wholly superfluous
that they must come under the tax. A well
looking woman does not require them to aug
ment her natural charms, and an ordinary-look
ing woman (if such a she-phenomenon can
be found) would only look all the worse, by
contrast. We must ho just, though we may,
seem cruel, and put "jewels" on the list of
taxable things. Yet, as we would leave some
margin, we cheerfully exempt a handsome
bracelet or two, (such as no saw the other
evening on pretty little wrists,) and a Cameo
broach, or any of those things which can be
supposed, by a great effort of Imagination, to
be of even the remotest utility, we shall go to
the length of meriting off as tax free. Ladies'
gold watches, too, provided there are not too
many little ge charms " linked to .them, are
within the exceptions, as, of all people in the
world, females have the least idea how time
flies. Their "just dropped in to ask how you
are " invariably extends from twenty minutes
to a couple of hours.
On the other hand, the male sex, who also
wear watches, should be taxed for any and
every unnecessary display connected with
them, which does not actually come into the
article "utility." Wg will permit the watch
Itself to he as handsome as the wearer may
fancy, and admit that the wearing of a guard
chain is very warrantable, as contributing to
the safety of the watch itself. But we would
doubly tax any man who, in petit maitre style,
affects such excessive ornamentation as the
wearing of " charms," trinkets, fancy-seals,
ladies' rings, and knick-knacks of any kind; as
appendages to his watch—unless he keep them
wholly out of sight. A seal and a watch-key
are necessary, and all beyond them must be
heavily taxed.
Shirt studs are necessary, and, being so, we
would let them pass—though the plainer they
are the better they look. But such "returned
Californian" embellishments as huge brooches,
on which diamonds extensively cluster, are
fully taxable, not being in the slightest de.
grce useful, nor, indeed, very ornamental in
most Cases'.
We are in doubt whether handsome eye
glasses, worn by man or woman, should be
scheduled 51 superfluous—seeing that the
honest way, if a person cannot see well, is to
wear spectacles. llowever, after much del iber
at ion, we have considered that those who have
what is called long-sight, and, therefore, only
occasionally require the aid of glasses, (as for
reading,) may dispense with spectacles,
Whereas every near-sighted person, whose
vision requires their constant aid, should con
stantly wear spectacles, or submit to a heavy
tax for flirtation with an eye-glass. If any
weak-minded. ,man (such folly is never com
mitted by the other sex) should ever he seen
with a glass stuck oo his eye, secured thereby
muscular contraction alone, we should morel.
lessly order Idm off to immediate execution,
without benefit of clergy. ,
Passing on, from what may be looked tiOn
as mere personal ornaments, we must 'itdtv
come to extravagance in attire. .11oniOage
aux Darner!--and so we commence with,*
ladies, naturally taking— . But this arfAcle
is long enough already, so we must abruptly
break off, with a prornise,to resume our find
exposition at an early convenient period:
Meanwhile, wo commend the principle of our
,tax to the earnest consideration of a the'
powers that be."
FROM 1789 TO 1850 —lly the author of tho Thirty
Years' View. Vol, V. pp 757 octavo. /), App/stoa
O' Co., New York. If. 11. Henderson., Philadelphia.
Mr. Benton does not let the grass grOis
under his foot. Here Is another volume of
what, in all respects, Is a national work. Mr.
Benton takes the fullest. and most anthoutlo
reports of the Debates, and condenses thorn—
giving the good speeches In fill, and 'only chi
ting down the surplusage. The presencvolufrie
contains the proceedings of Congress front
May, 1813, to March, 1817. Hero aro fouF
very eventful years, as may .130 lodged froN
the important subjects discussea while ttley
wore running on. During that period Henry
Clay was twice Speaker of the House of Iku
presentatives, and among the legislators Who
then took share In public business wore John
C. Calhoun, John Forsyth, Charles J. Inger.
soli, Richard M. Johnson, 'NAIR King, John
McLean, Timothy Pickering, William Pindc
ney, John Randolph, John Sargoant, John
Tyler, Richard Henry Wilde, and Daniel Web
The subjects treated of', in the period svhfoh,
this volume includes, were highly important.
The war with England was closing, and thkre
were sharp debates upon that. There were
discussions also "of infinite pith and moment,"
upon the amendment of the Constitution, Et-,
ecutive appointments, the army and navy,.
banks and banking, Canadian refugees, import
duties, embargo, the enlistment system, foreign,
relations, internal improvements, the establish-,
went of the rank of Lientenant-General, the;
principle and practice of loans, military edll-:
cation at West Point, defence of Now Orleaits,•
pay of members, direct taxation, power q
malting treaties, &c. There is, also, an et"
Mint index, thoroughly analytical. - I
TII.OI3BM.CD AND ONll DATE• A Colepaolon,to
the Arabian Nighte. With hi illustratlons, 1Tal;
12m0., pp, :Z2, Murphy ¢ Co., Thatlinore. Lip 4n .
tett ¢ Co„ Philadelphia.
Miss Portioe, who has travelled in the
East, and written a book about Constantin ej
pie, has supplied recommendatory Introduei
Oen to these stories, w,hich, she truly says;
"The compiler of the graceful little voltunci
which I have the pleasure of Introducing tat
the public, has conferred an 1111(10110,bl° bone.,
lit upon the youth of England, by presenting
to them a collection of Oriental Tales, which,
rich in the elements of interest and entertahl-.
meet, are nevertheless entirely, free from the
licentiousness which renders so many of.the
fictions of the East, beautiful and brilliant ni
they are, most objectionable for young and
ardent minds. There is indeed no lack of thci
wonderful in the pages before us, any mord
than in the Arabian and Persian tales already
so well known: but it will be seen that the super.l
natural agency In the narratives is used as a
means' to work, out totally different results;
There is, In truth, scarcely ono of these Tales
which does not inculcate a valuable moral
lesson; as may be seen by reference to The
Powder of Longevity;' The Ohl Camel,' aid
I The Story of the Dervise Abounadar,' among
several others. The present collection of
Eastern stories has been principally deriVed
from the works of different Oriental scholars
on the Continent, and little doubt can be en•
tertalued of the genuineness of their origin ;
while they have been carefully selected, and
do honor to the good taste of their compiler."
It is indeed a first-rate readable volume, and
calculated to interest all ages.
3 aed 4. Moms Brolhers, New York. 1. If. w it
_ _pfucort ¢ Co u P))l43l.latßl,_:
Many years ago, the celebrated Theodore
Hook undertook to illustrate certain popular
proverbs. Three series of "Sayings and Do
ings" were the result. , t Gervase Skinner"
illustrated the adage of Penny U'ide and pound
foolish, while st Cousin William" showed the
fatal effect of passion. The first of these sto
ries shows a rich, mean man, addicted to a
contemptible caricature of economy which
plunges him In a thousand difficulties, and
finally leads to the ruin of his worldly fortunes.
The scenes are in ordinary or middle life in
England, and are full of broad humor. "Con
sin William," which shows the defeat of prin
ciple by passion, is higher-toned and has
fewer ludicrous scones, but is worked up with
great force and pathos. Altogether, these
tales were well worth being reproduced hero,
and aro brought out in the handsomest man
ner, with good type, paper, and binding.
(Reported for The Press.)
As EXTRAMIDI NARY CV SToll Elt.—Alfred Mar.
10M"—a. young luau wrapped in a seedy but vela
!ninon! cloak, the collar of which stood up rather
higher than his oars—was charged, this morning,
with Intoxication and using threatening language
towards one of the night pollee. The last•mention.
ed party (Officer N.) being called on for an account
of the affair, began as follows:
"Last night, as 1 was going along my beat, 1
suddenly heard this nigger"----
4, Who do you call a nigger!" exclaimed the
prisoner, dropping his cloak•ooller so as to show a
pale , mealy visage, garnished with duet•eolored
The officer Plod amazed and almost awestricken
at the sight; then turning with an air of hopeless
mystification to the magistrate, he said:
Wail, that bents me, I do confess. I could
take toy Bible oath on my knees that when I took
this fellow up, last night, be was as black 03 the
ten of elubs, and his moustache was for all the
world liken bunch of soot."
"Then, if thn,man you took up was a (Whey, of
course It 17119 not mo," triumphantly remarked the
"Bah! don't I know your 3 oice, and clotheFi
and all ind Igna n tly rot rned Officer "There
is only as much difference between you and the
follow I arrested n 3 there 19 between black and
"This i 9 strange, indeed," Enid the magistrate;
"It must have been seine op'ical illusion. But go
on with your story. Mr. N."
" Well," resumed the policeman, I suddenly
heard a voice xbiol) sounded as deep and solemn
as a full-grown bulltfrog's, and it said : Have
you prayed tonight P Of course, I was kind o'
startled At such an °flat:countable question as that,
for what should make a man pray, unless Ito was
just going to kirk the bucket I turned around
and saw this wig-1 moan that chap there—and
he was muttering that ho wouldn't kill toy soul:—
which meant, of course, that he intended to kill
me bodily. I made a grab at him and pulled that
cloak off enough to sea that, as I said before, he
was as black as a tar barrel. lbo tried to bolt.
and hollered out, make a ghost of him that
lets Perhaps you will, says I, but who
would be donkey enough to let you make a ghost
of him?' So I fetched hire to lito lock-up, and
there, it scams, he turned white before morning?"
Mr. Marlow, who had board the officer's story
with a disdainful smile, now condescended le ex
plain that, when arrested, he was returning from
the rendezvous of an amateur Thespian society,
where ho had played Daudet and Othello both on
ono night, a feat which probably never was at
tempted by any other, tragedian. 'While in the
watch-rouse, he had succeeded in obtaining a be.
sin of water, and therewith removed the coat of
burnt cork which had made the artificial com
plexion of Othello. As it appeared that Alfred
was more Intoxicated with histrionic ambition than
anything else, he was permitted to depart un
prom the LttLome (Pa,) Union of Saturday I
Horrible Murder-4. Man Killed and Thrown
Into a IVO:.
We are called upon to chionlele another horrible
murder committed in this county. An honest old
German, named Jacob Matthias, living about servo
miles from thinhorough, on the road to Bear Creek,
erns missed about ton slays ago. He was In town
the day previous, and purchased a hog; he paid
for it, and promised to call the next dcv and take
it to his home. The foot of his not coming for the
hog, ns he had Intended to do, aroused suspicion
in the minds of his friends hero that some neeident
had befallen him, and yesterday they started out
in neaten of him.
Upon reaching his premises, they !nuns] n man
there, named W. M. Muller, it native of Hanover,
Germany, trim seemed to have possession of the
house. lie said that Matthias hail gone West to
visit his son-in-law, and thathe had purehnsed the
premises and paid for them. This only served to
strengthen the suspicion that Matthias had been
murdered, and the party commenced to examine
the well near the house with books, where, to their
astonishment, they found his remains wrapped In
quilt, and having a heavy chain around hlshody,
and a large steno fastened to the end of It. Several
gashes were found upon his head, which had the
appearance of havinghoen done with tt hatchet.
An Inquest was held by Esquire Williams, of
Boar Creek. TI seems that Muller was a peerman,
and that Matthias had promised to keep him over
winter In consideration dame wor k w hi c h t w , wag
to do about the house. rinspieion immediately
col t act i upon Muller. He visa brought to town,
and after a hearing before Esquire Vaughn, he MO
committed to jail. The wife of Matthias died some
time , agoond he was living alone M the Solo
of his death.
(For The Pte.]
MONTGOMERY CO., Dcc. 4,18 N.
' There aro some questions of a public
character which cannot ho brought within the
circumscribed limits of party lines, or made
the tonch-stono of party Pally.
One of those is the subject of a tariff. Good
men of the Democratic party may differ horn
each other on this point, sonic advocating the
existence of a tariff for revenue only, whilst
others may countenance the establishment of
a rate of duties which would afford a greater
degree of protection to the manufactured ar
ticles of our own country. All may bo equally
honest in their Impressions ; and the first
principles of the Democracy wo profess, go to
justify the maintenance of such diversity of
sentiment, and tolerate the perfect enjoyment
and expression of opinion on the part of all.
As with the tariff question, so it is with the
prevailing difference of opinion connected
with affairs in Kansas. There cannot be,
these should not be, any rule, line, or plum
met regulations, by which thu sentiments of
Men, and especially Democrats, must be
bounded; and he is usurping a censorship
which neither common justice nor public
feeling will sanction him in maintaining, who
denounces any portion of our party as recreant
to the Democratic faith, bectuise they do not
make their judgments chime ivith the peculiar
views which ho himself may happen to enter
You know as well as I do, that, throughout
the last presidential campaign, the provisions
of the Kansan-Nebraska bill were upheld by us
at being in strict accordance with the doc
trines of our party—that is, that the people of
the Territory should decide all questions of
ideal government for themselves, involving, of
°course, the question whether slavery should or
should not exist within its limits. This doe
trine was essentially incorporated in the plat
form of principles laid down by the Cincin
nati Convention—it was maintained by our
presses and our orators during the whole pro
gross of that excited contest—and it was re
,ailinned and declared by Mr. Buchanan, the
'honored head of our party, after his election,
as it had been previously concurred in by him,
in Ids leiter of acceptance of the nomination
made under the Cincinnati platform.
Now, the spirit being conceded, and It can-'
not be controverted, that the provisions of the
Kansas-Nebraska bill embody the principle
that the will of the people is to bo supreme,
why is any man to be denounced, or why
should any set of men be tabooed, because he
or they may differ from it portion of their fel
lows as to the extent ofpriviler which ought
to be allowed to the people of Kansas, for the
ttelaration of their sentiments on a subject so
interesting to themselves, and so intimately
connected with their future harmony end pros
In accordance with the expressed declara
tion that the voice of the people of Kansas
should be heard, the President appointed Mr.
Walker Governor, and vested him with au
thority to make all necessaej , arrangements to
secure protection to every legal voter in the
exercise of his just rights. All know how
faithffilly and efficiently the Governor per
formed his duty t and although the fact has
not yet been made officially patent, there is
every reason to believe that the President is
fully satisfied with, and entirely approves of,
the measures adopted by Governor Walker.
Tho 80i(`, question now is, whether the Le
compton Constitution shall he submitted, as a
whole, to the suffrages and for the acceptance
of the people of the Territory, or w limiter
Congress shall be called upon to admit Kansas
as a State of the Linton, without further Me
Wu may lay aside, as a matter of minor inn
! portance, the fact that the members of the
Convention which framed this Constitution
were chosen by a small minority of the people,
I for the opportunity of voting for delegates
to constitute such Convention was presented
to all, and if any neglected or refused to par-
Wye& in said election, the fault and blame,
if any exist, Must rest upon themselves. If,
kuided• by unprincipled and unscrupulous
Maders,'atel animated by unworthy and fac
tional sentiments, a majority of the voters of
failed to record their votes on a question of
such vast public concern, they must abide the
cousequences of their neglect, and pass upon
the elements of a Constitution, from the for
mation of which they excluded themselves by
their own act.
Now, like yourself, I am clearly of the opin
ion that, as the people are the source of all
power, so there nover can be hallo, but always
good, in mnbinitting all matters of general mo
ment to their honest decision. Theoretically
and practically a Democrat, I define Democracy
as meaning the extension of "the greatest
good to the greatest number ;" and, as a se
qrtence, I cannot but favor the submittance of
all questions in which the rights and privileges
if the people are involved to the people them
selves. I quarrel with uo fellow-Democrats,
who believe that the doctrines we avowed
before the last Presidential election will he
carried out faithfully, by submitting the
"slavery clause" merely of the Lecompton
Constitution to the people ofKansas ; because,
according to their view of the matter, it may
be so. But, for my own part,l believe the
plainest and most direct exercise of any duty
to be the most proper one, and hence, 1 co
incide In opinion with those who think that
we not only conform to the letter, but also
carry out tho spirit of our construction of the
Kansas-Nebraska act, by bringing the consti
tutional question distinctly before the people
of the new Territory, leaving it for a majority
of them to decide whether they hill be go
verned by the whole or a part of tho instru
ment which has been prepared, or whether
they will hold another Convention of dele
gates, elected by the whole people, and frame
another Constitution which will be more en
tirely In accordance with their views.
And here let Inc remark, en paystini t that 1
do no/ agree with you in opinion, that the Le
eompton Constitution is not open to amend- '
ment for seven years. The idea I entertain—
and I think I ant correct—is, that if the Con
stitution was adopted now, and Kansas ad
mitted into the Union under it, there would
be nothing to prevent the people front calling
a Convention immediately, and altering and
amending it to suit their own views. The
schedule says that after the year 1864, amend
ments may be made, &c. flat it does appear
to me that any construction put upon it, to
the effect that the people limit be bound by
an obnoxious form of government until 1864,
must be a fttrced one, and repugnant, at once,
to reason and the genius of our Government.
Wo all hold to the doctrine that the people
have a right, at any lime, to alter and amend
their form of government as they shall deem
proper; and It our doctrine he true, then the
people of Kansas, if admitted into the Union
under the Lecompton Constitution, lit 1838,
may, in 1859, make any modifications or
changes of their forts of government, not
inconsistent with the Constitution and laws of
the United States, as they may see proper.
1 ant in titvor of havingan expression of the
opinion of the people of Kansas on their Con
stitution entire, not because Governor Walker
or Senator Douglas, or any other prominent
Democratic statesman favors it ; nor do 1 re
nounce my views, because the editor of the
Washington Union, and Senator Hunter, and
other equally prominent Democratic politicians
and statesmen oppose such reference. 1 ant
In favor of it, because I ant in favor of bringing
every public measure directly home to the
people, and because I have full confidence
that the people themselves best futon what
their interests require, and trill act intelligently
and conscientiously upon all questions which
may he brought before them.
Nor can I, as was rennuked at the outset,
consent to regard a difference of opinion on
this point as a breach of party fidelity. If
we did not possess opinions, we should lie
mere puppets—if we dared not to express such
opinions, wo should not be 'freemen. The
American is not to be placed on either horn
of such a dilemma—and \No, as Democrats,
would be false to ourselves, did we not recog
nise each pther's right to hold whatever views
we please on minor points, so long as we do
not infringe upon or violate the cardinal doc
trines 01 our political faith.
There is no occasion for the display I,l' heat
or violence In thy quarter on this subject.
Congress will doubtless do its duty in the
premises, and act with clearer lights spread
out before the respective bodies than we can
possibly possess at the present time; and if
it should happen, as happen it may, that the
whole matter be referred back again to the
people of Kansas, the editors and politicians
u ho have exhibited the most rancor,and emit
ted the most steam in relation to it, will have
the greatest cause to deplore their impru
dence, and lament over their injudicious and
misspent zeal. AN OLD DEMOCRAT.
President Pierce and wife on board,) haring com
pleted the repairs to her valve stem, sailed from
Hampton Roads on Thursday, for the East Indies,
via Madeira, lly her detention ehe was enabled
to take out the President's message and the intel
ligence of the organization of Congress.
John liantiugm, the accomplice of Miner
In the robbery of tho store of W. L. Dornll, at
Ridgeville, Frederick county, Maryland, and who
remorod his trial to Washington cciinty, has boon
convicted on the first count, and sentenced to the
penitentiary for five yenta and Pix months, and on
the aeoond to four years--multlng nine pare and
pli earvige,
For Tie reese.l
Your correspondent at Lebanon, C. B. F.,
declares that my arguments are metaphysical,
and elaborate, etherial and refined, and instead
of meeting them, falls back upon statements of
facts which I conceive ho misapplies, and fan
cies that to my mind should not be indulged in
by one who appears to be so well read in the
"poetry of science." Flora Merlimsey may do
very well at Newport or Saratoga, Mit is out of
place iu an essay upon trade or finance, and I
do not think strange, and I am sure your read
ers will not, that my arguments aro too meta
physical and elaborate for these who are
schooled in such reading, and whose sympa
thies are evidently with those , u nfortunates
who have " noo4ing to wear."
Those having vothiag to eat being by far the
most numerous class at the present time,
must claim my sympathies, and I have no
doubt they will differ in opinion with C. B. F.
SS to my style being too metaphysical and
elaborate, and will regard his failure to meet
my arguments as an implied acknowledgment
that they are a little too rough in the edge for
him to try his mettle upon.
0. B. P. informs us that the American
people reject common sense and self-evident
truths until " the misery anti want incident to
the stoppage of manufactories" force them
reluctantly upon them; therefore, anv decision
that they might make upon the terldquestion,
wore it submitted tolhem, could hardly be re
gardedas a satisfactory settlement of the ques
tion, nor would Übe of a permanent character.
But will ho kindly inform us when or where, in
tills country, thew ,elf-evident truths were
first eliminated, and who is entitled to the
credit of having discovered this novel and
grand Idea which for the Psture, I presume, is
to be the "be-all and the end-all" of every
tarilf essay? C. B. F. is certainly compli
mentary to the Intelligence of Atur people,
when ho proclaims that they are' so dull and
stupid, that even the promptings of self-Interest
will not induce them to countenance common
sense, or to appreciate self-evident truth,
" until a cotton manufactory shall have ceased
its operations," or a rag baron deserted his
post, leaving them to the misery and want in
cident thereto.
C. B. F. and T differ about cam and effect
I endeavored to trace out and show the mutual
relation existing between currency and trade;
and as he charges upon a low tariff an increase
of paper money, he ought, at least, to follow
suit and furnish us with some reasons for the
faith that is in him; but instead of this, wo
have a statement that low duties go hand in
hand with an expansive currency, and are re
ferred by him to the years 1833, '37 'l2 and
'l7, which, If they contradict anything al all,
it is his own theory.
By referring to statement No. 85, in the
financial report of 'SS and '56, it will be seen
that paper-money circulation increased more
proportionately in the first four years of the
operation of the high tariff of 1842 than it did
under the first four years of the tariff of 1846.
In 1842, the bank-note circulation of the
country tuts eighty-three million ;in 180,
ninety million; in 1846, ono hundred and five
million; and in 1849, ono hundred and fourteen
million. 1 have thrown out the fractional parts
of a million, as they do not affect the practical
C. B. F. is as unfortunate in his references
to great names in behalf of his theories as ho
is In adducing facts in support of them. lle
named Franklin in his first letter, but the few
quotations I fitrnisited from his works has in
duced him to abandon him. Jefferson is now
introduced, with what success let your readers
determine.• Au extract is gisen from one of
his reports,and au inference is drawn from his
language which is at nu with Its spirit, and in
violation of all truth and reason, as much so,
indeed, Its it would be to declare that when a
man writes Mack ho means white.
Thomas Jafibraon said, in his report to
Congress, as Secretary of State, to 1793
" Experience has taught Inc that immufactures
are How as necessary to our independence as
to our comfort; and if they who quote mu
[referring to his Notes on Virginia, written In
1785] as of a different opinion will keep peel
with me in purchasing Nothing- foreign,
when an equivalent of domestic fabric can be
obtained, without any reprd to difference of
have a supply equal to our demand, and :erect
Mut ?rearm of distress from the hand that has
so often violated It."
Let me entreat of C. B. to pulnt out M
this extract a single word that can be attain
ed into an approval of the protective tariff*
system. On the contrary, is not this policy
impliedly but decidedly condemned, and the
very keenest of rebuke administered to those
who were then, us others ate now, claiming to
be par excellence the friends of American la
hot I Jefferson was its true friend, and in this
tier• extract challenges the advoratcs of pro
tecilou, who were then misrepresenting him, to
do—what! "Why," to keep pace with him "In
purchasing nothing foreign, when an eipt;ralent
ofdomestic fabric could be obtained, without
any regard to difference of price." Let our
tariff friends but Imitate ibis patriotic and
unselfish policy of Jefferson, and in his
language " we will ivrest the weapon of dis
tress from the hand that has an often violated
it," and let O. 13. F. advise the Flora Me.
Pliancy's of the present day to cease preach.
fug and theorizing, and go shopping In good
American calico, purchasing the house-made
article In preference to the foreign, w ithout
regard to price, and thus, by their acts, not by
mere words, manifest their sympathy for the
American workingman. Practical protection
can he extended to them by individual en
couragement, much better than by Govern
ment interference; and If the advocates
of protection were as honest and sincere
in their affection for them, as they aro loud
In their wordy profession of regard, it
would not need the coercive enactments of
Government to compel and three them into
the purchase of homo manufactures by pre
venting the foreign article front being Im
ported. Is it not a little singular that the
evils of the WHIM 1841; were not discovered
and made known by the financial philosophers
of the clay, who now predict ruin and disas
ter, unless the tariff of '42, or one like it, is
enacted, and until the late collapse of our
moneyed institutions bad produced universal
bankruptcy ? Eleven years hare been allowed
to pass by without any unusual noise or ex
citement upon this great question; people had
begun to regard protection as an obsolete idea,
when, by a sudden turn in our affairs, men's
minds, ata lose to account for the disasters that
surround them, tall back upon their old, worn
out prejudices. and, like the fabled wagoner,
instead of putting their own shoulders to the
wheel, would invoke a power above to help
them. in our present difficulties let not the
history of the past be overlooked amt forgot
ten. The tariff of 1842 was no sooner enacted
than it was denounced from one end of the
Union to the other. Those who voted for it
admitted It to be wrong, in principle and de
tail. Public opinion condemned it, and the
universal voice demanded its repeal. How
will this popular condemnation be explained by
C. B. P. I Surely not by again attributing to the
people such an entire disregard of their own
interests, and imbecility of intellect, as to in
duce them to resist , 6 self-es !dent truths." Our
explanation of it is, that the Tariff at 42 was
unjust and unequal, favoring the few to the
injury of the many, and especially oppressive
upon the poor for the benefit of the rich;
taxing the necessaries of life used by the
workingman, and exempting the luxuries natal
by the wealthy; increasing the profits of the
manufacturing capitalist, while it lowered the
real wages of those employed by them; en
tirely exempting many articles front the pay
ment of duties, and placing false values upon
others, for the benefit of a single class, to the
injury of all others; in short, imposing +un
just and partial hardens on the farmer, the
merchant, the mechanic, and the laborer,
that inordinate fortunes might be realised by
the favorites of Government—illustrating in
0110 workings, most fnlly and completely. the
•folly of Government interfbrence.
The American mechanic does not need, and
will not accept, bounties from Government,
stung front the hard earnings of his brother
workmen engaged in other branches: his
nature revolts at the idea of a busy meddling
paternal Government, constantly stepping in.
and interfering with his legititnato choice of
trade and business, and ordering hint where
and what ho shall buy, and where and what he
shall eat, think, or wear.
They wetlkuow• that it is not to these we ono
our present greatness as a nation, but to the
energy, perseverance, and economy of our
people. Prosperity and affluence can only he
obtained by industry, skill, and the unfettered
exercise of their moral, mental, and physical
Meulties, and Government will best consult
the interests of the great laboring masses by
protecting them in the enjoyment of the fruits
of their labor, instead of directing it into chan
nels that will not improve their condition, mo
rally, mentally, or physically.
The iffilbilions politician, covetous of place,
may endeavor to persuade the people that he
alone understands their true interests ; butt it
will be found in the future, as iu the past, tha!
he is the wisest statesman who attempts to go
vent least ; and the historian of our connto
in the next century will record with pride ant
pleasure his name, associated as it will he wi"
the triumphs of American skill and ingenui
in the world's great battle-ground
Jacob Dick, Esq., n highly respectable Mr
vier, of enurcuo town.hip, Betio county, Fn., Co,
ontltlonly on Fritts). last.
Anaioaa AC/AtoillT or Stem, Bonin LSD LOCCST
BTRItE7B.--" FRU t"—' . Sketches In Indis.”
/BOTH 8111(111.—'• Merchant of Vonlca , —" Annette, the
liaae"—'..}:koestriau Performanea."
BEVi%III—DUCkIO.O Opera Troupe.
13.15 , 0RD'1l OPERA BOLIN, ELEV/t3TA STaIEr tiloTl
CRKSTNol.—Ethibpitill Llte Illustrated, eoweioliag with
a laughable e(terpleee.
Penasyfrania Railroad—Rs Frstght, Buri
vies:, and Receipts.— The following carefully
prepared table shows the freight business of the
Pennsylvania Railroad (in tone) for the month of
November, 1857, compared with the corresponding
month In 1855, 1855, 1854, and 185 :
1551. 1855. 1891. 1353.
Freight east 10,332 26A33 29,990 12,811 11,904
" west-10,468 13,039 11,025 9,181 0,3.7.0
Total,Norarnlier.4o.B74 22.402 41,42-4 :2404 18,314
October ...28,634 43,017 42,330 23,574 14.477
",B73 35,881 39,054 17 915 11,134
• Au - pat.... 48,018 30,455 37;432 21.523 11,505
" July 50,438 34,028 20,275 11.011 6 53/
June 45,159 25,881 58,448 14,185 8,764
•. May 44,419 43,304 25.233 14,155 9,903
" Apdl 4.4 . ,064 45 243 20.269 22,347 15,114
Starch.,,., 60,618 39,835 2 1.888 22,463 15,479
I'ebtuary..4o,277 26886 12.098 21,075 11,207
Janway...26,77$ 25,921 22,348 31,476 14,024
- -
Total for 1857...07,W.3 412,417 574,012 220,730 140,634
Tho following exhibits the aggregate of each
article Bent from and received at
depot during the month of November, in pound,:
Reed at Sent front
Agric ul tura! Impletuen ts.
Do. Productions..
Boots, Shoes, Bats, &e....
Books and Stationery
Butter and Eggs
Brown Shootings and Bag-
. 40,161
. 1.348
. 418,623
Dark and • Sumac
Cedarw are
Confectionary and Foreign
Coal, Anthracite
Do. Dituminou.
Copper, Tin, and Lead..
Dry Goods
Drugs, Medicines, and Dye
Fresh Meats, Poultry, and
Feathers, Furs, and Skins...
Furniture and Oil Cloth
Glass and Glassware
Green and Dried Fruits
Grass and other Seeds
Grain of all kinds
Groceries (except Coffee),
Hides and Mir.
101,073 1.379,611
172, 0 ;8
16,918 578
56 , 499
Hemp and Cordage 7,07:(
Iron—rolled, hammered, &a. 130.924
Iron—Blootus and Pig 152,060
Live Stock •
Lime and Plaster
Lard, Lard 011. and Tallow.
Lumber and Timber......,,
Machinery and Castings.,"
Marble and Cement .........
Malt and Malt Liquors
Nails and Spike*
Nickel Metal
Oyiter ,
Paper and Re,, ,, a
Pot, Pearl and Soda
Salt Meats and Fil , ll
Soap and Chntliol
Wines and Liquora (Foreign)
Tar, Pitch, and Rosin
tabkey and
00l and Woolen Yarn
31iazelloneout .....
Total during Nuv. (p0und5)..53,03,010 11 312 770
Tito riccipts of the Pennsylvania Railroad Com
pany, for the month of November, unlike either
of the other three leading railroads from the East
to the Wert, show an increase over the corres
ponding month of last year. This year the re
ceipts were $130,4-13..T3- over last year.
The receipts of 15.:.7. from January let to Novem
ber :10th were 51 1 616,40.03, and 1855.31,413,100.
, • , • •
e ": .. . . P, 111 " a., ...
failtNirit i f "‘" 4'
1457. 3934. 1633.
Jaunary 61 3 1,E50 53 $294,109 IS f'..169.:71 16
February 413.7711 34 343,442 16 191,014 Z 1
Marcb 690,879 49 620,189 :a :77.4a.: 97
April 4921C4 64 610.960 11 365,340 29
31ay 401,177 .57 453,366 2.5 3 , 25.r11 94
June 366.963 68 344.21 53 M 2.174 79
July, 382,047 91 822.672 09 301,316 34
August 434,716 63 .167,718 66 37 , 7,026 09
September 496.346 20 413,019 Si 440 152 64
October 299,011 21 424,148 12 97.1.1 3 / 6 54
Noreunber 300.443 59 333,122 63 410,94 7/
5'1,610,400 o'd sl4l3,Fra 7e t't a 50,175 00
Mutiny on a Philadelphia Ship.-IVe learn
that the crew of the sbipjNaples, Capt. Easton,
which sailed from Philadelphia several days since,
bound for Havana, refused to do duty while:
lying to in the Delaware, a few miles above the
mouth of the Christiana creek, on Sunday morn.
log. The mutineers were eight in number. The
captain directed them to weigh anchor, which the
refused to do, alleging that the crew was not falh
and that they would not go to sett unless It wee
completed. Whereupon the captain and mate
armed themsotves with revolvers and belaying
pins, and going into the forecastle informed the
crew that unless they went to work they would use
summary measures to compel them. Still persist
ing in their refusal, the captain and mate fired
their revolvers at the crew, neither of the shots
taking effect. Seven of the men than ran on deck.
whilst the other seized hold of the captain, when a
scale ensued between them, in which the man
was overpowered by the captain. During the
fracas' the mate was stabbed In the face by one of
the crew, but was not seriously injured. The men
finally went to work, and the ship dropped down
to New Castle, where the captain procured a war
rant, and Sheriff Ogle arrested the crew and nom
milted them to New Castle tail.
I Arrest of an Alleged Murderer.—A colored
man, named William Ridgeley, who is accused of
haling killed his wife by striking her on the head
with a stove plate, acme weeks since, was arrested
on Friday night by Capt tin. Jim Francis. Alder
man linen, on Saturday, committed the accused
fora further hearing.
Ridgeley, it seems. was intemperate. On the
evening of the 11th of October, be went to his
home In a small thoroughfare called Poplar street.
In the vicinity or Thirteenth and Carpenter streets,
and was about carrying off some articles to sell for
the purpose of obtsining the means to procure
rum. The wife remonstrated with him, and a
quarrel took place. During this difficulty the
husband struck the wife over the bead with a
stove-plate or griddle, which inflicted wounds the
poor woman subseq ue ntly died of at the hospital.
Iliddeley escaped at the time. and managed to
evade the police until Friday night. He will have
another bearing on Wednesday next.
Militory ...iffairs.—The Junior Artillerists
were, a few years ago, regarded as one of our Lest
volunteer military organizations. The fact that
they dated their existence prior to the war of 'W.,
in which they bore a Qpirited part, added much to
their position. But the corps suffered alike with
all our military organizations, the result of the
want of proper legislation and earn evinced by our
Legislature for so many years, and appeared to be
extinct. Lately, however, several meetings have
been held by many of the former members and
associates in arms, with gratifying prospects of
BUC , FS in restoring the time-honored Artillerists
to their former position. At a meeting held at
Major Dubaufres', over which Captain Chalkley
"taker (the former commander) presided, nearly
thirty members wore present. We hope soon to
see the Artillerists once. more in the artillery regi-
The. Nalional Greyt, under command of
Captain Peter Fritz, still continues its organiza
tion, and will, we learn, soon make its appearance
in our streets. Last winter the company petition
ed the Legislature to release them from the penalty
of their failure to be inspected, proposing to change
their arms from infantry to artillery, and loin the
Grey Batallion, Had the bill passed, Captain Fritz
would have been the senior officer of the batallion,
counter petition from our of the Grey companies
went to Harrisburg and defeated the matter.
Captain Fritz is not the man to giro up, so we
should not ho surprised yet to find him iu the Grey
Artillery corr. We trust he will, at any rate,
bring his command out and let the public see
Futurist of a Digraphic Operator.—Yes
tcrday afternoon the funeral of Mr. James Knipe.
the telegraphic operator of the Tenth Police Dis
trict, took place from his bite residence in St
John's street, near Beaver. It was attended by all
of the telegraphic operators not on ditty, the po
licemen of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth wards,
iinder Lieutenant John Spear, the members of the
Independence, Ringgold, Cohocksink, and one or
two other fire companies. The remains were in
terred at the Franklin Cemetery.
New hook awl Ladder Company.—We have
been informed that two new Hook mid Ladder
Companies are contemplated, and that in one in
stance the thing has been set on foot. One is to
be located in the tower part of the city, in the vi- I
etnity of the Hope Hose. The second is in the
neighborhood of Nicetown. There are but five
in the department, the most central being the !
Oblainiog Money tinder FalA Pretence.—
William Dail was arrested in the Sixteenth ward.
on Saturday evening. on the charge of collecting
money under false pretences. lie represented
that he tees c Al e eting funds for the assistance of
the fatuity of Officer Knipe. phone decease we
have already noticed. The accused was committed
to answer at court by Alderman Devlin.
Cruel ./.131aull.—Yesterday a young man
named John Middleton was before Alderman Dev
lin, of the Selenteeuth ward, on the charge of
committing a cruel assault and battery upon his
father, at his residence. near Fralikierl road and
Norris street. Ho was held,in Ssoo bail to answer
at court.
Parsing Counterfeit Money.—Yesterday
German, named Mistimes Oxman, wag nrregted by
Officer Nolen, of the Sixth Police Digtriet, for
pegging a tve•dollar Counterfeit note on the Ye
ehanics' Bank, Ile wag committed by Alderman
Devlin to tinwer.
Vesselt in Port.—There were inport yes.
terday two ateamshipe, fifteen ghlygoixteenbarques,
Often brit, and twerity schcoarl.
Oorraapoodoate ter a Tam Pauaii WEI plow low la
WO tba following rain :
Seery oommobleatiest rout be atoompaaled by the
*WO of the writer. Ia ode/ to bistro oorwastoom of
the typography, bat trail aide of a sheet Amid La
written upon.
we shall be greatly obliged to gentleman is Pennqt.
Tanis and other States for contributions ghing the eur.
hut neve of the day fn their partf.ntlar lostitties, the
rtab urren of The surrounding emery, the increase or
Prigbaton, and any Information tbst will be intereeling
to The general reader
Pennsylvania Farina Cbmpany.—This cum
'Any, chartered by the Legislature May 14th,133:7,
will soon pet into operation its mammoth me
chanical bakery, at Broad and Vine streets- It
has been organized by the election of the follow
ing office»: President, William D. Lewis. Di
rectors--William D. Lewis, Lindley Smyth, Hen
ry C. Carey, Abraham Hart, Thomas S. Carender,
Joseph Mattison, Jr., Stephen B. Poulterer,
George IL Stuart. Secretary—Stephen E. Poul
terer. Treasurer, Lindley Smyth.
The capital stook is $500,000. The company is
authorized to make from grain, meal, fiCar, or
other farinaceous suLetanco, paste, sizing, and
grits, farina, and other articles of food, and to
transport and rend the Same: Pro rida, That
nothing herein contained shall be so construed as
to authorise said company to manufacture flour or
meal from grain, except for their own use in the
manufacture of the articles aforesaid. The stack.
holders of the company are jointly and severally.
liable, in their individual capacities, for all debts
and contracts made by said company to the amount
remaining unpaid on each share of stook held by ,
them respectively: and also for all debts due me
chanics, workmen, and laborers employed by, and .
for materials furnished for the construction of the.
factories and machinery of said company.
The factory la iffty.stx feet front on Broad street,
and one hundred and ninety feet en Vine street,
and supplied with a large steam.engine and two of
Berdart's patent ovens, besides oilier appliances
which renders the estaiblisbnient the most: erten
sire arid complete In the ooantry. The &remittal»
capacity for baking sight hundred barrels of flour
per dal into bread. The foundations for the users
are built in the basement, and extend through the
first and second Stories. They are supplied with
rotating railroads, and after the dough is pietist,
In the ovens on-the first tioor, it paws through,
and the bread is taken cut in twenty-six subantee;
on the second floor. So when the dough Is pat in
from the exond floor it comes out baked on the
first. The crew are heated with ital.
. - -
The company intend distributing the bread seve
ral times a day to stations in different parts of
the city, and establishing as many stations as the
wants of the community demand. Three kinds a
bread will be baked to snit purchasers, and, we
are Informed, it will all be cold by weight. The
company will commouce operations come time this
8,650 21,037
. Preparing for Winfrr.—The newly Organ
ized Soup Society, in Camden, is preparing for
operations, it having alrealy scented a sum
amounting to nearly one thousand dollars Cl a
sinking. fund. We hope it will ba ruceeiwful In Its
undertaking, because the exigency of the times
demands that energetic and sTicient measures
should be taken to accomplish the object intended.
The weather thus far has greatly facilitated their
movements, and has added materially to the com
forts of the poor.
Z 6,500 24,675
2 670,000
41,374 410,131
Fine Weather.—We are informed that, in
many parte of Camden cotuatp the grass and other
cereals are quite green and in a growing condi
tion, in consequence of the staidness of the weather.
Dull Timer.—There never were duller times
in Camden than at the present, nothing of any
consequence beLng done, except the ordinary
business of groceries, de.
A Special Meeting of Common Council is to
be held at three o'clock to-morrow afternoon, for
the purpose of considering a number of !mortar,:
Si 20
Thrown from a lragoa.—Jmnes Killers waq
throch from A wagon, at Germantown, On Estur
day afternoon, and had his collar-bone broken.
4.285,320 3,410
267,923 233.143
377,2410 150,Z65
4.929 692 637
210,307 25,740
:3.3.145 6.220
. M. 200
The top-sail schooner Sarah C. Shields, from
Philadelphia, bound to Bostc._ with a cargo of NJ
tont of oosl, ran ashore on Wednesday morning,
about three o'clock, during the prevalence of a
dense foil:, which prevented the captain trots:seeing
his psxssition. The vessel fortunately struck with
in a quarter of a mile westward of the Life.bow
Station No. 20. on Southampton beach. A very
heavy surf was running at the time from the outer
bar to the beach, and breaking all over the i.:locaa
er. The wreck was diseorereil at daylight, when
the persons in charge of the station assembled and
took prompt measures to resole the crew. A line
was thrown over the vestal from the mortar, by
aid of which a strong line was ran from the ship w
the beach. The life.baat was then launched, and
at the imminent risk of life of the persons who
went to their rescue. the ofacers sad crew were
safely 1114.161. The vessel and cargo win prGre
total lon.
144,603 138.907
11,160 894.623
.413,140 170,550
20,127 972
9.311 109.177
1 810,95.3 52 030
39,419 3 2,10
77,024 :174,419
Monsieur Magneau readied St. Louis on
the 10th. haring, gotten on the vesmer Edinburg,
On the &t law. at Kanms city. Ile is iLLSt forty
dfly9 from Sllit Lake eitv. lie reports baring me:
the threnoment trains bltrked rap in the !awe , —
the cattle dying. and the olacers sad men gloomy
and duponlent. He informed the editor et tie
De aorrat that the Mon:noes were making the Nble.
satire .re .arationi to re• the tow . Brigham
seam t. a oke • s.istee forees sad keep decal ant
until they received remits enooth to OTtlrTrer
him. and then, after burning the city. he yenta
lee.l hie people Into the mocntaine.
The house of one Brooking, at
Maine, was burned on Saturday night. and in the
cellar, after the fire. tetra found 53.0t' In uld AZ /
silver, fused b 7 the heat. The cll man has been
in the habit of biding his money in !tone heap
and wells , n the (arm where be lives, and a hag
staking tot: of silver coin was fann.l in a gat
heap, by hie Is ther, a short that a a, At the
time of the CI he had six hundre4 dollars in bills.
and the silver • ad gold found in the cellar, !dotted
away under th , chamber !Icor. next to tbe fatten
ing, ft was a sight to behold 'says a eornsarer.
dent) to see the old miser frantically calling nr. ,- •e
the bystanders to shoot him.
The Georgia sportsmen some time since sent
forth a challenge to the world—intended for Greet
Britain, of canna--to run a ma•eh race of four
miles and repeat for SIOJ,WO a eide over the Ten
Broeck coarse at Savannah. The London Swelay
Tie es insists that a company ;hall be formed la
.tin Aland to szcep: the challenge end test the
periorlty of the Loves of the two conntriee. The
Tiro, calls up,,n Lord Zetland to heozme the
champion of the Britidi test, and send out his
noble horse Skirmisher do battle .sgslast
American eeletritles_"
An examination has been going on for some
days, before the United States .:ommintieter to
Charleston, S. C., of Thom+, J. Maeley, Es;
upon the clamps of violation of the centrality laws
in fitting out an expedition b Nibragois M the
millet of General Walker. James Cater Ewi ,
the District Attorney conducted the examination
OR the part of the thorernment, and Mr. Markey
wee defended by L W. Spratt, Esq. The re/mit
of the examination was. that the defendant wee
bound over in the sum of Ei to to *nimbi at the
January term of the United States District Coort.
The Charleston .3o'rerliser says a whale tor
the humped-back speeitt was driven lobo* at Na
bent. a few days Abet, and upon btlog cut open
a ply of boots, marked .• J," in a good state of
preservation, were found in bit entrain.. It !asap
posed that the beets, as they were marked " J,
belonged to Jonah, and were taken off and left
behind by accident when he made his exit from
the big fish.
A Convocation of the Episcopal clergy,
called by the hither: of the diocese, will be held In
St. Paul's Church, Leinnibia. Pa.. en the lath, L'sh,
and loth Unbent. The Rt. API'. Bishop Potter ;
Dr. Bowman; the Res. Mestra. Th mason. of York;
Cattleman, of flarrittargt Hawkins. of Peques, ;
Stuart. of Churchtown; and Appleton, of - Lent
caster, are expected to be present and take part In
the exercise&
Mr. P. Rahm, of the "Eagle Foundry," in
Riobmond, Virginia, has cssneladed a contreet with
the agents of the Brazilian Government, far lballl
log nine nteate enginen, varying from thirty aa
fourdaorse power, and the necessary machinery ftc
tunnelling a mountain along the line of a GIB/cad
now being built.
The brig Georgia, Captain Carlish , , from
Philadelphia. with a cargo of coal, ran ashore at
d o'clock on Friday morning. on the bsr of Jones',e Freeport. S. J. If the weather
becomes stormy she will prove a lOW loss. Her
Captain and crew were saved.
It is said that various Indian tribes have of
fered their cervices to the Federal Government, to
assist in the war against thellormoni. The Snake
Indiana have offered nine hundred warriors for
this purpose.
Sewannee, in Benton county, Tennessee,
about seventy-five runes west of Cnshcille, bee
been selected as the site of the proposed Episc, , psi
" University of the South.—
Some Nvarlike young men in Ilarrhbnrg, Pa.,
are .anXiol23 to raise a company to fight the Mc:-
Daniel Feit swallowed over a quart of Rhin.
key st . last week, and died In x
few hours afterwanh.
Dr. Francis A. Ewing (ilea snadettly at
Trenton. N. J., last week.
John Clarke was drowned in the Mononga
hela river, near Pittsburgh, last week.
The Leavenworth kl:aws.) forma/ of the 27th
ultimo says :
' If the press of this Territory be an index of
public opinion, then we are safe in saying the Le.
compton Constitution will meet with bat little fa.
vor at the hand of the people. Out of about
twenty t opers published in the Territory, but One
favors the adoption of the Constitutioa ; and out of
four Demooratio papers published in Leavenworth
county, three—the Citizen, Pionee:, and .70:0-mad
—oppose. while the lierahi. edited by a member of
the late Convention. supports the same."
The KiAiipoo Pioneer, a Detneeratio pro.slavery
paper, says:
‘• We are constrained to sac that ne believe that
it is an infringement upon a people's rights, and
contrary to the spirit and genius of a republican
form of government, and in direct opposition t,,
the intention of tho Keens and Nebraska bill,
to endeavor to force a Constitution (no matter hoe
good that Constitution) np.,n a people again , t
their will. We are satisfied that the attempt to
force the one in questien has not only injured the
prospects of our patty for the present, but that
the injury it has received is of a permanent na
ture; for we are convinced that many Democrats
who would have supported the Constitution, had
that whole document been submitted to the peo
ple. now feel themselves forced to oppose it as a
matter of principle. Moreover, we do not beliern
that Congress will receive a Constitution in which
the whole people have not had a voice."
A letter from Leavenworth, speaking of the Le.
eompton Convention and its doings, says:
It has caused thorough Democrats to come out
and express their contempt for it in the strongest
language. Men who even voted the Democratic
ticket last October. now avowedly express their
indignation at this last trick. -Meetings are held
all over the Territory, and different resolutions
are passed. some of them for immediate action, and
others, emanating from more conrernittre ran i
with IQ trlllt tp QQaptH."
Publtt 'Sentiment in Kansas