The press. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1857-1880, December 04, 1857, Image 2

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PAG_F,L . -Iteminieeencea Cli'OeTl. WORTH Agri
cultural. • -- • • -
lIN,NAToR. DoIM.LAS 41E1***,i 1 4
The Intrepid author of tho Kaisas-Neinal*P .
'aeOlf , by the talographil
position uneAsn,lo4 o ,liiggial l t .
the - Calhoun .40iiiiiiinki4nX,; { 4 1 ( 7 ,ttudge,
Daiiiiesi3, ',afraid ,being` sdrivenoyer
is *is' Washington iUnicn}. onireagir ! '
titkvoteo in )oOn
, ;
Talk'NiailltiPtG,TOAX7l l 9l l ,4 4 14
dayse - ptietl in the
lirashiagia* lent'
dictatorial ertlcres .oti the altibjecet4-1- 1 4 tiel7,
beVe read them
with the Surprise
;, p uduationa ' must
excite Wheliptabliiite4 in a:Journal claiming to
be lbsmoprittic - and,jpritited at the; capital of
the' - Faiderid. Governetent: ma
,.44:40ein04 it unnecessary to notice
these Other' jonenals - have not be en
Bo.cltaritaple,lfowdver;`' : White the - Repaibll.
cans were;, copying
; ,g g_,Over _ est!
prodirctielitt, - Sueli- , Democratict papers rid,the.
lave; indignantir,deeltire4 ::thet. the- DemP
'ertianf,;!,,perty: Min , :taqtaer r rbejlie ..responsi=
Me' Tor" - d o ct r in e s , which, 'ime, 'alibi.' it*. 're=
, -
Suit --of • disease& imagination Cr Mercenary
itipeCiatiott,' 'an talhichi " - undetticid, , ,l would
utterly, destroy- - a?ur carganizadart .; '
. the
Union, es if not eatisfied with, at ns ng. to
commit the Democratic party to the doctrine of ;
intredetcing.atavery info all ibefiee'States; and
of, holding oft there dmMince of Stateytw,sti
ruStherileirit WithVdenouncing all who sup-,
Poverrier WArdsits, `and - jedgelDbricmta .
in their. opposition to the Kansas Calbotin
ventiori; as: the ottlio, free Boilers;
anxious fora conflict with'
, ,
, ,
, accordingly , in Its Yesteiday's nrenber; it drops
the 'general, and becomes., personal and par- -
denier.' , If we speak • plainly of this nnpro4 .
-yoked '-and ,insolent attack,` Wo - ,, trust ' fitti
readers will -hear .With us,. inasmuch as We
hevelitit halted to'l4o,tiee the other assailants
titer have-been bark ng-at } onr;liceld
have deemed it to be our. duty, in ebedieneete
the nubile - sentiment, and to - obligaticiturttliich
:cannot be overlooked"orchet . egarded to tuivicf,
mite - the great- prineiPle.tisettbe
'alltarraWmes.Yarr; fir, }WRAC, ', - ,Ttep
manlier i n which We have diSensited this prin.'
410 doeS not please ;the .7i'fashingleti. tintori.
- We did not expect it Contenting our.:
selves with facts and eigninents;erraignieg no
man-for his sentiments,, and keening, in the
plain path of * the record,, 'the; Union adsemes,
the'respunsibility of taking na to task.. The
retuier. - Will; ea 'that, for doing 'MS
more than
. otar Islam duly , , in 'au earnest and
'sincere Menne'', IMlshould belndicted bythis
newspaper as it ' -gat* ef,MlvoCating
chical doetrinesl, -
The following are fair spediriens or its
"IleTtl2 l e,eoe l
," Min WILL OE TOE' Alm - on/Tr. is under
- Morro that the opponents of the " Administra--
proposrterally O foraedis little-arr a y prompt errf9lemaoy r theiiVoihkat.
purseMee of the notion of-
the late
al Convention hohlat...liqcomptee, - ,:r . „ B ,rlPt the,
wordi as wa/fitid tlwini:onobintonekize XPIT.4I,II'
;AO ,tlio,..lianner of defiant, impoiltion thrown' out
in a.late-issuti'efi the ,Philadelphia- IPr4l,•'
Cowmen . eonseni,„that joiireerhas 'wen the' die
wfleadership in thcp onslaught alien the'
=later-Kansas Convention, ..- It: has- not been wen
: tent:4o dissent' from:the:wisdern of the polioy, of
submitting _only the;blaVery question for pope-
--, tar 'Judgment,- tttit' has piled up Ito vocabu--
tau of , dentmoiatory-. terms .upon the Convention
itself, and Madly hoisteditaeolors enderthe,deter
mination to sink or sWimin Upholding the doctrine
-of "the will of the majority," The editor - is sallxed
• in his 'purpose that he , Wildly declares ; that , ho
would adhere to- his position.of. opposition_ to'the
Kansas Convention "if he had• not been sustained
-,by a single journal in the Union, or if. every ititb
scriber touThe Press haletiloken his name,from
, the DSO?" Stich moral:enrage - and polities' bravery
„ are worthy of all commendation, but we. will Ven
ture to suggest that the waged _may prove that a
little- rho ds cunt, of discretion mingled with bravery
is oftenlonnal of essential value. '` ;
- The ample opportunities fur observatiOn enjoyed
, the editor of ThsPiess Might have taught
-him that 'quite as much mischief has been done in
the - world by the 'perversion and tnisapplication of
correct doctrines aeby the adoption and Support of
inacirrect ones. 'We have one or two illustrations
so directly in point; and with which the editor of
- The 'Press '"is so familiar, that we aro surprised
they -did' not - Went to' 'his mind. These illustra
tions - are furnished by the history-of 'the Kansas
: agitation, and are , therefore, peenliarly,apprepri=
' ate at this juncture. - It so hap nag too; that they •
are iiinatratiens. of fthelnieohief of pervert:hi and
misapplyirtthe Miry *doctrine In , re ard to !! the
- will of the majority r on. which The Press', now
justifies jet opposition to the Administration,
It will be remembered that, after the passage of
„the - Kansas bill by Congress, the first great hues
, AMA' agitation that twos* was, as to the legality.
:And validity of the legislative. body elected to
make laws foiltaiwas. The.Blaek Republican
;Madera -insilted. ,and . adduced, proof tending to
~ Moir, that the Kansas Legislature was not a legl- -
timato and valid" way, beoliuso rte members did
not ropreent the will of the - majority' of the
, people of the Territory. They clamored loudly
against the fraud and violence' by which they al
leged- the will of the majority-had been defeated.
The, answer to all this was, that the doctrine that
", the will Of the majority" should prevail was
'sound; but that' what is the will 'of the majority
can only be known by legal moans.. That Kan
ens Legislature" bad been • elected in pursuance
- • of- the lan' of Congress, and its members had
-.-been commissioned wordin to that law. ,They
toast, therefore, be presume d-to t be a legal body,
and to reflect the/cc:a/will of,the Majority. ?
, -Again: At, a, subsequent period the oppo nents,
, ee , the legality or ttie - MtrisaitLegislature met in
Convention At lopeki, end organized what they
44ainied to be kSiate Government,' end soughtlo
induce Congress to admit Kansas as a State tinder
`that organization. Their, olibe to admission was
-rested on the assertion that they constituted the
majority of this Territory, and that their Topeka
'Constitution wee the work of ! the will of the ma
jority.'- They adduced evidence tending to show
that therconstitated the majority, and insisted on
the great principle that the wilt of the-majority
should prevail, and- that therefore their Constitu
tion ought to be. accepted by Congress. The an
slier to this demand did not dispute the soundness
Of the principle, but it took the ground that The
•Topeka organization was enafitheritelL- illegal,
- And therefore eould'not be recognised al the re
"presentative of the legal will of the majority.-
, Tho best answer td this miserable apology for
whit is 'neither more 'nor "lees:Shan a great
moral fraud, is the following article from this
• same Washington`- Union, 'of the 7th of July
last—after the delegates to the ConstitUtional
- Convention had been elected
. _
" - Whenthere is no serious dispute upon the
, Constitution, either in - the Coniention or. among
the people, the power of the delegates alone may
' put it in operation. But such' is not, the rase
'rho' meet violent' straggle this country
ever saw, upon the most important inane whit -
the Constitution is to determine, has boon going on,
- there for several years, between parties so evenly
balanced that both elainithe majority, and to hos
tile to ono another that numerous lives have been
lost in the contest. Under diode eireunistatiees
, there, can Le no suele thing as fiScertaining , clearly,
, and, without doubt, the will of the peo'ple in any
way except Ly their oion direct express ion of it at
- the polls. A Constitution` not subjected to that
- no m ot or , what it contains, will never Le
acheotoledgeit by its 'opponents to Le anything
but a fraud.
PA plausible color mightbe given to this asser
tion by the argument that the mama of the Con
,vention qould have no motive for refuting to sub
mit their work ' to their comniteents,extuipt a con
sciousness that, the majority would 'condemn it:
Ire confess That boo should find: some difficulty
'lidanswering this. ,- -What other motive eduld they,
-havel ;We- do meet devotitly. holier° that, unless •
the constitution of Kansas be, submitted to a di
reel: veto pf the people; the unhappy_
whiehteschercitofore raged in ' that Territory
,bpprolonge,opoed,for an
,Indefinite time to cemp,".
- It yiltht believed that this nunCia
thin; in icri l .Wb#,,or all attempts to -efittat the
Majority, of tie pedpin Of Kansas out:of their
• , . •
.rights, • apPpared in the 'Washington Union,
_which now eefe eondetnn lie for re.
Rotating the very infamy feared might take
• place I j01,41. 1 .01 1 :0 1 , 4' Will, Perceive, no
a Bating clitusain the Julyarticle, of the Union.
The Union declares, - ,thatrOonstitution- not
submitted to the people, e NO MATTER , MOAT
' IT OONTAINs, will never be acknowledged by
its opponents to BE ANTTHING BUT
The -very result which the Union anticipated
, bating taken place, all who &Miele* Jnistitit,
tichi thus fabricated, in deflon4Of 4 44 +s l li of
thnizajarity," "to be itlfaitr**4obdric
else; using the Union's own language, are to he
We can scarcely account for the folly and
arrogance ofthe Union in provoking.% contest
-with "Tun;.itt% BB '' €93/ tats,
only to
expose ite6Wifigedr c uCe,amd"to'
publish its
`Olvti iliiin—er:rdattifireoltillutt of ealawinTupojk,„
us for demanding tha9be will of ; the paiijority,l
in ; shill 'prevail; we` turn -back =a fciw ,
,weeks over its own pages' And find that it rent •
ail Tar as Tits PIIEBB in the same, direction,
the last -in'lransas had happened !„
" ' It is an ix Mindy , fortunatething that Mr.
, .
-Buouoiritt notTacognised the Waishington
Kilian' Tot his organ. A, jonrilat,capable, of 1
ajtph oi;„ act:cif le lo ,se as thfs,- would drag
, doWn any man who allows it to 'speak for, him,„
ide'epor "ilan.plummet ever sounded."
„ • The',coUrsis' the Washington_ Union, for
bone Weeks, past, has been: canntented:upoe
y ether ether DemocratiO paper's with signal severi
ty, , Those' fdarlesal and' influential journals,"
the &trek •PI:88: preis end thS Chicago Times;
have literally- flayed it alive—the ono. holding
it r upto thp laughter, of the country for its rich
enloas itttents dragoon the Democrats into
the suppOrt of the Calhoun:Convention' (de
isouribecilti• advance by -the !) and the
biller 'Of its mad folly in .rating all who will
tlte allies Of " free-soiliSm:" The
, , ,
para . graph 'sidijoined,: will show how' the Union
stands with ' the Democracy of the great Nort -
the Iletrid, tree Prers4 •.- ,
What meekeryfirthie ?. -The Oenven.:.
tionltaikriabmit..the Constitution to - the.peliple
'because .'the ,Convention - knew, the' people would
Vote It Amin Be says' the Washington' Union..
Whit is' this bid an Muer denial, otthe ileht of
the people ,:geognteed by the Cinetnnati Demo , -
4rahe' material' COnventien/4
setting the' Convention over and aboyethe people?
Who befemheard 'of the action of a majority
Oallidt" faetious?"4 , -11.thepeople of ,lionsas want
the 'FoOlcaTotilltibilion, in - the name of Aled,ore,
they '.-not eititled' provided they act,
through the legally," on&fairly amnestied wild of
iimajority of this„,actual residents V ,
Tf the Washington Vision is pane, we submit '
4tAiat thin le a 'deliberate attempt to bring the:great
ento i ratio - doetiiru , of, Popular Soveretrzty
into' ridiettle. , and ~ t,ontempt. Weilibmit that It
ice deliberate attempt to disintegrate and destroy
'the Demoidatic party.. For, under such an
`pretation of „the Kansas organic law,- the ...Demo
eratielnirty its the Northern States might, as
well disband Ot 'once ; it could never. rise.
The' Washington Union declared,. on • the 7th
- of-July, lest,--that a. Constitution, formed, by the
Leoempton ConVentien,-which should not be sub
mitted to the test of s popular vote, " would, no
relater what it3sontained, never be acknowledged
by its opponents to be anything but a fraud." We
calmed that &adoration then. We shall soon see
how, prophetic war the language.,'We 'see it
already. Governor Walker brings the intelligence
that the Lecomptoi,COnstitution is mooted by the,
people of Kansas. '
There is but one solution of the &Mena clues
tlon-rthet, le, by leaving it, to 7itz PEOPLE of
Kansas, through the legally and fairly expressed
will of a respray of the actual residents, to make
Constitution ter ,theinsolves, ire look to Con.
grff 3 ((tenable the people of Kansas to do this It
,can be done by the
-• r emsage of a very simple law,
in the ferns of that passe!' at the-last session of
Congress, 'enabling Minnesota to form a Consti
tution ant i State Government. "
„, , .
(Atom thit,Ohleago Them, I, , • ”
"Vitas-Son: Assocravrort."—The Washington
tirtion ' , attempts to • rebuke some dozen of the
ablest Democratic papyri of the country for what.
it stylelr t. their '" free . soil associations'? The
Chicago-Mimes ogress, folly and cordially with all
these papers; _every Democratic paper pflllipolit
agrees with the Times on the Kansas iasna. Every
Democrat in Congress from Illinois, agrees - with
the course of the Times, and when the vote for
printer comes up, we trust Messrs. Douglas, Muria,
Morris, Marshall, Shaw, and Smith will remember
that ,the Union rebukes them for their free soil
proclivities,. and therefore does not iottnt their
votes.. , , , ,
'But our ebbe, contemporaries , should not
stimliere. •Theiyhave not forgotten that after
Goiernor Watitcs bad etPosed the criminal
Moids in 'pitford and • It'Ghoo ; when the
firimiatOts tand extremists were hunting him
down ilk°, afeloni)vhi3n;all honest men were
tipplanding hint for , ~cotunge and his
integrity; the , Washington Union had not s
word to say in his support.' It wai as silent as
deith; and 'dared not so much as raise a whis
per for the gallant, statesman, absent from his
.familk and his friends, fighting against as grace
less a set' of tricksters as ever liVed. The
Union waited, like a cautious politician, till the
hour came when it could take vengeance on those
who staid hyGiiveri - or - WAtiEsn in that crisis.
And'we, thank God !--•-we were among the first
to do so, and so resolve; the first stay!
',But,- more than_ this. While Governor
W.el,ltVi was still -absent; and nothing was yet
knoi - s%n'Of , 'adtion on 410 "Calhoun con
trivance, the Union, in: an editorial ecstasy
that:would not have been an inappropriate
*tiro of tho. iigners Of the Declaration of
Independence, eulogised the minority Con
vention iii,l,ecompton,npplaudel their doings
&silo and,sagiclous and statesmanlike; and
thei proceeded to present the .Calhoun Con
`ntitutiou to the D '
emocrbcy of the' free States
to swallow, failing in which, they were to be
handed Oyer to the /Abolitionists. A few
days after - this - most delectable piece of
editorial agility, .Governor WALXER made
his appearance, and took exactly oppo
site ground to the Union—the ground, in
deed,. occupied, by the entire body of the
Democracy of the North. Indignant at
this, its most pitiable dilemma, and desperate
at the scornful Independence of those Demo
cratewho will not be dragooned by any man
into submission to confessed wrong, much less
byFo awkward a drill sergeant as the Union,
it has lost its patience, and attempts to intimi
date with an infantile vigor truly dismal to be
hold t ,
We have only, to say, finally to the Wash
ington Union, that we despise and reject its
,censorship. When it speaks of Abolition sym
pathies, it should look . closely, to 'its own
household.' We defend a great principle. We
oppose ho Slave State, fairly made. We re
sist wrong and fraud, whether exercised for or
against the South. We stand by the author
of the Nebraska bill,, Is he an Abolitionist?
We stand by the Governor of Kansas. Is he
a disorganiser? We follow the public opinion
that elected JAMES BUCTIANAN.
,It was not
false in 1866 r—it js not false, now. Supported
by such authorities,. we can afford to look
down with .ineffable contempt upon a news
paper which; like Tom Thumb before an
audience of full-grown mon, imagines itself a
king, when it is 'only the puppet of a set of
The Washington Union, a few days ago,
published the following moat fascinating doe
." The Constitution declares that the citizens
of each State shall be entitled to all the privileges
and immunities of citizens in the several States.'
Every citizen of one State coming into another
State has, therefore, a right to the protection of
his person, and that property which is recognised
as such by the Constitution of the United States,
'any law of a State to the contrary notwithstand
ing. So far from any State hiving a right to de
prive him of this property, it is Its bounden duty
to protect him in Its possession.
If these views are correct ' —and we believe it
Would be difficult to invalidate them—it follows
that all State laws, whether organic or other
wise, which, prohibit a citizen of one State from
settling in another, and bringfng his slave pro
perty tenth lam, and most espeetally drelartno , it
forfeited, are direct violations of the original
Intentions of a Government which, as before
stated, is the protection of person and property,
and of the Constitution of the United States, whioh
recognises property in slaves, and declares that
' the citizens of each State shall be entitled to nil
the privileges and immunities of citizens -in tho
several States,' among the most essential of which
is the protection of person and property."
The Cincinnati Enquirer, a sterling Demo
cratic paper, pays the following choice compli
ments to the 'Union:
" The doctrines of the article aro of tho bluest
Federal stamp, utterly subversive of State rights,
and could have sprung from no brain possessed of
a Democratic, idea. If the Washington Union
bet advanced snob miserable stuff as that, it will,
as it ought to, receive uo countenance from any
sound Democratic press north or - South, and the
- sooner its editor abdicates and retires into winter
quarters, the better for the country and the Demo
cratic party." ,
And wo that if those doctrines
aro to be Carried out in Pennsylvania, there
would net be enough Democrats left to fill
an omnibus.
There is not a Congressional district in
this State that would, not unanimously reject
any man offering, himself with such doctrines
on ,his banner. Such opinions, however; aro
in happy sympathy with a support of the
Calhoun minority Convention.
Atoll events, We hope the candidates for the
office of speaker Of, the Helm of Ropreaentatives
will define their position upon the right Of Kansas
to admission into the Union, if she present herself
with a republican Constitution, "with of without
shivery,:as the people (in Convention) shall have
determined,"—Xehme?iti, O'olith.
, This is the first tithe ive have heard it assert
d—thatilie Kansas-Nebriska hill had, in terms,
made the Convention supei•ior to the people.
But, then, the words ("in Convention") are in
geniously interpolated by the South to make
the application correct! The process i$ easy,
but be logic it novel.
IN WiffiClE - 111E SI.SYERY
'f'i s cHEP:k r tE OF TOE EiVids coNsTrzu.
,f ,. .,110 - 141are9ISVENtION;
If it Were true that the slavery. qiutstioii was
fairly submitted to the people of Kansas by the'
schedule of the Kansas Convention, iveshould
decidedly_ object to -the admission of that Terri
tory into the Union as a State, under a Constl
tution which had not received the sanction of
zhersitietins,,,The ,ire involved rises above
any mere sgetienal question. The whole doc
trine orself-gefeinrimitt is at stake. The prin.;
ciples of the Democratic party have been vio
lated". The right of. the people to pass judg
ment upon their own fundamental law has been
denied them, in defiance of the pledges of the
delegates who flamed it. A Convention,
elected by a meagre minority, of the people,
ha's arrogated to itself . supreme power on a
question which of right belongs to the people
only. We obey but the irresistible promptings
of genuine Democratic impulses in protesting
against this usurpation, for it is nothing less.
The doctrine• that the slavery question alone
shnuldbo submitted to the people is an unte
nable elle. The same reasons which rendered
it deiirable or proper to submit that question,
operate equally strong in favor of a submission
of the whole Constitutir.
The Democrats of tie Northern States have
been fighting for the Kansas-Nebraska bill for
thiee years, his the ground that " the right of
self-government by the people of the Territo
ries was a sacred one, not only in one but in all
respects. Thby hair° insisted upon their right
to decide the slavery question for themselves,
'because of the universal , concession that they
were autherited to decide all other questions.
'Thefinal settlement of the question, by leaving
thern-“perfeetly free" to , settle the slavery
question, and . depriving them of the right of
populai decision ; upon all • other, questions,
would be an unmitigated outrage, and, beyond
alkdpuht,S::eletit : vielartfati of all hitherto ac
knowledged Itational'lj4aooratic theories on
"But even the slavery question is not fairly
submitted, as all who have paid the slightest
attention to this subject must be fully aware.
The liberty of .voting, for or against slavery
cktsonly be obtained by compliance with cer
tain unjust and huMiliating conditions. These
are tusfollows: •
• First. Every voter who is challenged must
swear to support, the Constitution, if adopted,
under peril of a trial for perjury under the
territorial laws.
The design of this clause seems to provide
a convenient
.method for inflicting criminal
punishment for . a mere political offence, in
case any obnoxious voter, after having taken
thin oath, should not be as zealous in his devo
tion to the Calhoun Constitution as its authors
require. •, At all events, it is au unheard.Of
requirement in a republican country, and one
which was, no doubt, specially designed to
drive high-minded citizens from the polls.
,Second. Before any man can vote against
slavery, be must vote for the Calhoun Consti
Ho may 'feel that the very act of fas
tening that Constitution upon him as the fun
damental law under which be must live, with
out submitting it to a vote of the people. is an
infamous wrong. He may believe that Con
stitution to be a bad one—a Know-Nothing
Constitution, a Bank Constitution, a Constitu
tion which makes in advando an apportionment
upon a fraudulent election return, and thus seeks
to give a preponderance of political power for
ever to a minority—yet, ho must endorse all
this without a murmur, before lie can vote
against slavery. .
What a mockery it is to say, that when
t4esis humiliating Conditions are affixed to the
right of suffrage, the question of slavery or
uo 'slavery Is fairly submitted!
But independent of all this, the slavery
question is not fairly submitted, because there
is no guarantee whatever that the election will
be fairly conducted. The whole regulation
of it is lodged in CALIIIOI3N, president of that
Convontion—s,man denounced throughout the
whole Territory as one of the most unscrupu
lous men it contains. He has furnished con
vincing proof of his perfidy by the fact that,
after pledging himself fully and unre
servedly to submit the whole Constitution
to the people of Kansas, ho violated that
pledge, and was a leading spirit in pre
venting a submission of the Constitution to
the people. Ho has been charged by nearly
the whole press of Kansas with complicity
with the infamous Oxlord fraud, and we believ3
has never denied his connection with that dis
graceful transaction. Yet this man, publicly
self-convicted of perfidy, and accused of fraud,
has absolute and dictatorial power given him
to regulate the election ordered by the Consti
tutional Convention. He is to appoint three
Men in eaeli county, who are to appoint three
in each district to hold the election, and when
the returns are all transmitted, he is to decide
Upon the legality of the votes cast, &c. The
ordinary and existing election laws of the Ter
ritory are all set aside to give full play to
CALIIOI7OI genius in this constitutional elec
tion, and we do not doubt that he will be fully
equal to the expectations which his supporters
formed of him.
Who, with these facts before him, can pre.
tend for a moment that the slavery question
is fairly submitted by the Kansas schedule?
Who does not feel that any election ordered
under such provisions and such auspices can
be nothing more than a mere disreputable
swindle—which, did it not excite our indig
nation by the wrong it seeks to shield and per
petuate, wo should deem ridiculous and absurd?
137 - The report of the committee of the
Councils, ALFRED Day, Esq., Chairman, is a
manly and fearless exposure of some most
disgraceful transactions in the Board of Health.
Let the offenders be bold up to the light of
day, and punished as they deserve.
Expedition of Rangers from California Against
Utah—No truth in the report that the Eng
lish and French Ministers have united In a
Protest against this Government—lnterview
between General Cass and the Ministers of
Costa Riea—lmportant California intelli
gence, Sce.
[Correspondence of The Press
WASHINGTON, Dot. 8, 1857.
The Administration aro inclined, in the prose
cution of the Mormon war, to call for volunteers
for an overland expedition against Utah from the
Pacific coast. It will furnish hardy pioneers and
mountain men, inured to the hardships and perils
of the guerilla warfare which will be adopted
mainly by the enemy under Brigham Young.
The army for Utah, now supposed to be at Fort
Bridger or thereabouts, will be reinforced, and
every moans supplied for effective offensive opera.
tions in the spring. Each division of the United
Stalce force will bo of material assistance to the
other. While the regular troops aro making fight
against the front of Brigham's army he will bo
harassed by the rangers in the rear.
This plan will compel him to divide his man for
defence of his territory towards the Pacific and
toward the Atlantic slope, and thus weaken his
power of resistance.
I expressed yesterday a doubt that there was
any truth in a statement made in a New York pa
per, that the English and French Ministers had
formally united in a protest to the State Depart-
Mont against the connivance of this Uovernment
at the enterprises of General Walker, and others
Of like fillibustor propensities. To-day I have it
from undoubted authority, that the entire state.
mont is a sheer fabrication.
Instead of entertaining the sentiments ascribed
to them by this protest, they have, on the contrary,
again and again given the strongest assurances of
their belief that Mr. Buchanan will oppose fillibus
terism, and prevent the sailing of armed expedi
tions against neighboring nations to the furthest
extent of his power They are not blind to the
fact, nor is the Administration, that outside of the
duty of this Government under treaty stipulations
there is nothing which so much embarrasses our
relations with neighboring States, and retards our
external interests, as those very lawless expeditions
This morning, Sellers Esculent° and Molina
bad, aecordiog to agreement, an interview with
the Secretary of State, to confer on questions of
footing, mutually, Costa Rica and the United
States. General Cass, as well as Mr. Ousoloy, the
British Minister to Central America, openly and
determinedly oppose the present invasion of Elea
segue by the forces of Costa Rica, under Colonel
Canty. The right to the Transit rentals enforced,
as belonging to Nicaragua, and the provisions of
the recent treaty with Yrissari are unwaveringly
Several changes have been determined on by
the President of officers in San Francisco. Austen
A. Smith, Esq., will succeed Dr. Ash as navy
agent; Dr. Maxwell will supersedo Dr. McMillan
as physician and surgeon of tho Marine Ifeapital ;
0. 11. Rand will take the position of master mason
at the Navy Yard.
California assumed her Indian war debt, and
Issued bonds in payment therefor at raven per cent.
intesest. Congress afterward appropriated one
million of dollars as indemnity. It has now been
decided by the proper Ober that those who served
THE DECtIMBEIt 4i 1857,
in these Thaw wats'are:Ohtitled, under the
bounty-land actor 1950, tolMunty•land warrants,
and, accordingly, -seveiat'Of -Ahem have been
already issued to parties applinait.
Hon. Joseph C. McKibben, member from Cali
fornia, has, during his stay hero, had frequent
conferences with the Commissioner of the General
Lend Office, on the subject of grants of patents for
confirmed private land claims in that State. For.
mos decisions of the office .tayok, peon reviewed at
his stigiesGon, and mentSitteitna with the hearty
concurrence 0f.,24r. Handrlaktke Commissioner,
and Mr. Wilson, the Afar - alarkTrof a Apeedief
issuance of these final titles. '
Amongst other decisions Is this : That no caveats
or Jotters will restrain the act,lon,of tho depart
ment in issuing patents ; unless the parties comply
with the mode prescribed by the law of injunction,
and besides serve a copy of the prooehdinga,
lion. David C. Brodoriok his taken a house for
the session,' and has gone earnestly to work in be
half of the interests of the Pacific slope. X. Y.
Additional Appointments by the Canal Board
, liAltllll3DtSfiG, Dec. 3.—The following appoint=
manta have been 'wade by the Canal Ctitmnisslonots
in 'addition to those reported in ME PRESS today:
Colleotora.—John 11. Brodhead, Liverpool; Pugh
Dungan, Bristol: Cargo Inspector--J. N. Decker,.
Bristol Weigh Masters—Wm. Able, Eaeton ;O.
B. Olmstead, assistant, Easton.
Interiletv lielween—Judge Douglas and the
President—Their Positions en the Kansas
Question. „ , ,
Wssursoron, December 3.—Judge Douglas and,
the President had, to-day, a full and free Inter
change of opinion on the Kansas question, with
out, it is understood, being able to arrive at the
same conclusion In regard to the 'line 'of policy
which justice and duty require eaph to persue.
The - interview,' it is furtheistated, was courteous,
and they parted as they. met, friends, regretting
they could not view the Lecompton movement in
the same' light.
Mr. Douglas, in conversation with Ms friends,
freelp . deflues his position. Re stands, be says, on
the principle of the Webraalta-Ransas bill, guaran
tying to osob State and Territory the right to
regulate their domestic institutions to cult -them
selves, and will follow that principle, Wherever
its logical consequences carry him—defending it
against all assaults, • from whatever quarter they
may come. In its application to Kansas, ho insists
upon ignoring both the Leoonapton and Topeka
movements, and securing to the people the right to
form a Constitution for themselves Re considers
the Lecompton movement in direct violation of
the principles of the Kamies-Nebraska bill, and
the Cincinnati platform, and will probably at an
early period of the session of Congress, introduce
a bill authorizing the people of Kansas to call a
Constitutional Convention. ,
The Southern Mall- Later'from Texes—lndlan
News—Mobile Items.
NV Ammar" Dec. 3.—Two Southern mails have
arrived, bringing Now Orleans papers as late as
duo. . .
The sugar cane in Rapide Parish has been seri
ously injured by frosts during the previous week.
The steamship Texas reports having passed the
wreak of the steamer Opelousas, bottom up.
Ice was made at Houston on the 20th ult.
At gallostou the cotton market wee inactive
Tho receipts for the week were ,200 hales, and•
the exports 1,300. The stook at Minton and Gal
veston was 15,000 baba. The increasing crop
estimated at 95,000 bales Middlings are quoted,
at 910010.
Tho Texas Legislature has passed a joint Into-,
lotion to raise a regiment of Rangers, for the pro
teetion of the frontier from Indians.
Gen. Henderson was convalescent, and would
proceed to Washington immediately.
It Is stated that Judge Hemphill will not re+
sign his Judgeship until after the August elec
The Pimos and Mario!pas Indians aro plan
ning an expedition against the Gila Apaches.
The Mobile papers state that the late James
Battle had bequeathed $600,000 to his widow, the
Battle House' to his grand nephew, and $lO,OOO
each to the Orphan Asylum and the Methodist
An arrival at Charleston, from Nassau, reports
the ship Lookout, from, Ban Franoisco for Now
York, south of Bormuda.
The ship Bolivia, before reported ashore, bad a
cargo of 1,290 tons of hay. It was her first
The barque Cuba, from New York for Wilueink
ton, had boon brought into Nassau nearly a cone
pleto wreck, and will probably bo condemned. I
Captain Codnoy (not Geddes as before reported)
died at Charleston on the 30th idt.
BT. Louts, Doo. 3.—Aiotber meeting of froie-
State man was bold at Leavenworth, Kamm, on
the 21st ultimo.
Resolutions were adopted similar to those passed
at the previous mooting, held at Lawrence on the
19th. Speeches were made by Messrs. Vaughan,
Hutchins, Moore, and others.
Mr. Phillips advised the opposition to rally
around the Topeka Constitution as the Magna
Charts of Kansas liberty.
A vigilanee committee is being formed through
out the Territory.
A letter to the Democrat, of this city, dated
Lawrence, November 17, states that goy. Walk&
had said he would call a special session of the Le
gislature, provided the members would sign a
pledge guarantying they would not go into gene
ral legislation.
Arrival of the America at Boston
BoaroN, Dec. 2.—Tho Royal Mail steamship
America arrived hero at 8 o clock thin evening,
with the Liverpool mails of the 2let ult, limed.
vices have already boon telegraphed via ilallfax.
The mails fur the West and South will leave
to-morrow morning, and will be due at Philadel
phia in the evening.
B o ivr o , Doe. 3.—Owing to an unfavorable tide,
the America will not ho up till 11 o'clock. tier
mails will be denputohed in the morning train.
11AnrPonn, Corm., Deo. 8.--The iunctions
against the Mercantile, Charter Oak, and ]zohange
Banks, of this city have been removed. The
banks will resume buslnos.l as usual.
CINCINNATI, Dec. 3 —The planing mill and axe
factory of Iljeade Sr co., at Ironton, Ohio, woo dto
stroyed by fire on Tuesday night. Tho loss is
$.5,000, with no insurance. Tho fire is ,attributed
to incendlarispa, as several other houses were set
on fire the same night.
At Ripley, in Jackson county, Virginia, nine
buildings, including six stores, were burnt a few
nights since. The lose was $25,000.
Loussyst.LE, December 3.—Tho examination of
Miller, who made revelations in regard to the mur
der of Pascal D. Craddock, In August, 1856, is now
progressing. Ile tolls a pretty straight story, ac
knowledging that ho participated in the murder.
Public opinion, however, is skeptical, and strong
corroboration will be required to substantiate his
testimon • .
DETROIT, Dec. 3.—This morning a tiro occurred
at Ypsilanti, destroying a row of buildings of tho
east side of the river, °coupled by Howland & Son,
and others. The fire is supposed to have been the
work of an Incendiary. The toes amounted to
$B,OOO, on It hieh thero is a partial Insurance.
The Weather at Cincinnati.
CiNCINNATi, Deo. 3.—The weather has been
clear to-day, the thermometer indicating 40 de
The river Is stationary, with ton feet of water
in the channel.
The Weather at Detroit.
DETROIT, Dee. 3.—The weather it !Rectorate. A
snow storm prevails this evening.
BALTIMORE, Deo. 3.—Sales of lloward stroot and
Ohio flour at 55 121; rod wheat 1030112; white
whoat 1100136; old white corn 70075; yellow 70a72;
now white corn 53100; yellow L7a65. Wbiskoy is
dull and lower; sales at 2*231. Exchange on
New York 1031:11031.
Now YORK, Dec. 3.—Flour has advanced; sales
of 11,000 bids. at $4.50051.00 for State, and $5 10a
55.55 for Ohio and $5 1045.40 for Southern.
Wheat very dull and quotations nominal. Corn
declined 3 canto at 81 coats. The other markets
are unahangod. Stocks dull.
CINCINNATI, lice. 3.—Tho hog market is steady,
the receipts amounting to 7,000 per day. Owners
are packing pretty generally, in proforonoe to ac
. the present rates, The groat bulk of
Quo receipts is from Kentucky; but a small quan
tity has yet boon received from other States.
Shoulders quote at 130. Lard is dull at tic. Flour,
$l. Whiskey, 1710.
CHARLESTON, Deo. 3.—The Southern markets
aro generally depressed.
New OnLEANs, Deo. 30.—Cotton—Sales to-day
1,000 halos; receipts 3,000. Tho advices from
Europe caused a doolino. Prices aro irregular
and quotations nominal.
Sugar quotes at 43a.510. Molluscs nt 210. Tho
other markets aro dull and unchanged.
CHARLESTON Dco. 3.—Cotton—Sales of the
Crook 13,000 'Mlo, at 110 for middling fair, the
closing price.
This evening, at Musical Fund Hall, Madams
Lola Itiontez will give a lecture on the Heroines of
History, and ' , Strong-minded women," written
singe her recent visit to this city. Baring her
absence, this accomplished lady has given three
lectures at Baltimore, whore she achieved bar
usual success. She lectured at Washington. dur
ing thepresent week, to one of the largest and
most brilliant audiences ever assembled, on such
an occasion, In that city. Among the company,
which included the beauty , and fashion of the
capital, was Mrs. Colonel Frbmont, To the regret
of the Washingtonians, Lola Monte% was unable,
from her previous engagement here, to gratify
them with a second lecture.
Miss Williams' second performance, musical and
semi-dramatic, of 'unto 'Lady's Dream," (an en
tertainment written expressly for her, monologue
and songs, by Samuel Lover, the Irlab lyrist) was
so successful on the two occasions when ehe g ave
It, to very full audionoes, at Concert Mall, that
the lady-menagers of the Union Temporary Home
for Children have re-engaged her, and she 1011
repeat the entertainment to-morrow evening. She
may expect a full attendance, and she merits it.
Mademoiselle Teresa Pared( will give a fare
well concert, in this city, in the course of next
week, assisted by Mr. Vieuxtemps, Signor Porn
gino, Miss Meteor, and Mr. Porring. She is on
the wing for Cuba, and this must be the last time
of her appearing hero for some time.
Dr. Charles Maokay,who, at NcwYork, last night
commenced his lectures on the National, Popular,
and Historian' SOngs of England, Ireland, and
Scotland, intends visiting Philadelphia very coon,
and will repeat the course here. Of all the living
poets of England, Charles Mitokay is the most dem
ocratic. His sympathies aro with the People, and
his own songs are familialto them as household
The Walnut-street and Arch-street Theatres,
the Circus, Sanford's Opera-house, and Buckley's
Serenaders (at Jayne's now hall, Chestnut street),
were well attended last night, and held out good
promises, in their respective programmes, for this
evening also,
Prom Kaipne.
The flanks of Hertford. Coon
The Craddock Murder
Fire at Ypsilanti, Michigan
AND WALNUT sTannta.—" The Enchantru.s."
ABOTN 811TH.—" Still Waters Run Deep"—" Second
Equestrian Performauces."
NISI Williams, II The Welsh Nightingale."
BETlNTll.—Docklers Opera Troupe.
Onsersor,—Ethlopian Lite Illustrated, concluding with
a laughable attendee°.
Proceedings of Councils.—A stated meeting
of City Counoils was hold yesterday afternoon, at
whioh the following business was transacted :
SELECT Ibtxacu.—A message was received from
Mayor Vaux, notifying the Chamber that ho had
signed and approved certain ordinances and reso
= Mr. Verne presented a petition from the North
'ern'Llberty Dose Company, asking for the loan of
the .hose of the "Young America . ' ,
Referred to
tho Committee on Trusts and Firs Department.
A bommunleation from the City Comnsiesioners
relative to certain claim§ from Distriet Attorney
Mapp and Sheriff Magee, and also sailing atten
tion to the fact that the appropriation for the pay
ment of juiors halt been exhausted, was referred
to the Committee on Finance.
' A 00[13M111110ftii011 from the managers of the Penn
Asylum for indigent widowq, asking for an appro
priation of $l,OOO, was read and referred to the
Committee ea Finance. • ,•
- „
„ The estimates of expense of several different de
prtments of the city government wore" repbrted,
and referred to th'e appropriate committees ,
Mr.. Nathans presented a -petition for the ad-
Mission of the Columbia Rose Comprmy into tho
Fire Department. Referred to Committee on
TruSti and Fire Department.
The committee to verify, the cash accounts of the
City Treasurer reported that they made an exa
mination of the books on the Ist Instant, and found
that all, the accounts bad been settled up to the
30th ult., Inclusive. The amounts were ascer
tained to bo correct, the balance in bank corres
ponding 'with the balance exhibited by the book.
koommunleation wait reed from the Chief Engi
posit)! the fire'departMent, repotting the Maya.
meneing Rose' Cotnpany for running out of their
district itt a recent fire,' The Chief exonerates the
company froM all blame.' Referred to the Com
mittee on Trusts and Fire Department.
The Joint Special Committee of ten, to whom were
refeired Blindly petitions from workingmen out of
employment, and others, asking for the commence
ment of work on the contemplated culverts in vat+.
'op parts of the city, and for the issue of four mil
lions of dollars of city warrants of the denomina
tion of one, two, three, and four dollars, to be re.
,00lved and paid out as a ourronoy, and also "an
:ordinance providing for a loan, and to provide pre.
'sent relief tothe people,' reported that they had
duly considered the subject, and submitted the fol
lowing resolutions :
Resolved, That they deem it proper for Councils
' at this time to prosecute all such public works as
are required to supply immediate public wants, as
well as such as will be demanded within a short
time, for the public welfare, to such an extent and
amount as money can be provided to pay for, con
sistently with the consolidation law, and without
impairing the public credit ; and that anion; these
works of pressing necomity aro the building of
four largo culverts; and the construction of addi
tional water reservoirs.
Resolved, That the committee doom it • inexpe
dient to recommend the issue of any notes, war
rants, or evidences of debt, to be issued as a cur•
First. Because it would be in direct violation of
the laws of the Commonwealth.
Second. Bemuse such an example would, in, all
probability, be immediately followed by every omi
siderable city and borough in the Commonwealth;
would have a. tendency to postpone the resump
fion of specie payments, (the only effectual remedy
for present currency evils,) and would; besides, en
tail great loss on the citizens.
Third. It would load to improvident expendi
tures, and cause a great increase of the city debt.
Fourth. It would impair, if not prove disastrous
to, the city credit.
Mr. Cumuli spoke with much spirit and at con
sideTablo length in opposition to the yoport of the
committee, terming it ha "sheer nonsense." ' Ifs,
as a member of the, committee, had refused to sign
the report.
The resolutions were adopted.
The City Controller sent a communication to the
Chamber, calling attention to the failure to for
ward the receipts of the County Prison for the pre
sent year. Referred.
Mr. Nathans submitted a resolution directing
the Chief Commissioner of Highways to notify
property-owners on Tenth street, between Co
lumbia avenuoland Germantown road, to have
their sidewalks payed within sixty days. Adopted.
Mr. Neal made an explanation relative to the
communication of the Chief 'Commissioners of
Highways, which was presented at tho last meet
ing of the Chamber. Mr. N. said that there was
a misunderstanding of the moaning of the Commis
sioner. It was taken for granted by the publlJ,
that the Philadelphia and ' Norristown Railroad
Company had authority from the Commissioner
to lay a track across Wallace street. This was a
The ordinance from Common Council, fixing the
salary of the Chief of Police at $1,500 per annum,
payable monthly. after discussion between Messrs.
Taylor, McCoy, and Cuyier, was concurred in.
Other ordinances relative to the grading and
paving of certain streets, and from Common Coun
cil, Taro concurred in, after which the Chamber
COMMON Councm—The Chairman submitted a
oorumunioation from the City Commissioners, ask
ing for an appropriation to pay tha grand jurors,
sheriff, and clerk of the Court of Quarter Sessions.
Referred to the Committee on liinance.
Also. a communication from the City Controller,
giving an estimate of the expenses of the Police
Department for 1858. Referred to the same Com
Also, a communication from the Managers of the
Pennsylvania Widows' and Indigent Womena
Society, asking a donation. Referred to the Coln
mittoo on Finance.
Mr. Miller submitted a petition for a market
hots° in the Third ward. Referred to the Com
mittee on Markets.
Also, a petition for the paving of Hamilton
street. Referred to the Committee on Highways.
Also, a petition from James N. Dixon, asking
for damage incurred by opening . Poplar street.
Referred to the Committee on Claims.
Mr. Day, of the Committee on Finanoe, sub
mitted a lengthy report, showing up the frauds
which have been going en in the Board of Health
for a long time past. The report was completed
by a sub-committee, consisting of Messrs. Wil
liams, Heideman, Day, McCoy, and Moocher. It
says :
A condition of matters has been revealed that
Imperatively demands immediate and complete
reform, and the committee recommend the passage
of an ordinance providing for an entire change in
the organization of the department, under the
powers conferred upon Councils by the sixteenth
section of the ect of 81st January, 1854.
Of all the matters that passed under too e4rni
nation of the committee, the most important of any
single transaction of the Board of Health, if the
importance is measured by the amount of loss that
wilt probnhly result to the city, is tho contrast
made in September, 1856, with }Cain & Schafer for
filling up the Primo street lot. It was stipulated
that the eontraotora wore to be paid 32.50 per day
for each horse, cart and driver, and 31.25 per day
fur each laborer employed.
Before the contract was made, the committeo of
the board, to whom the subject had been referred,
reported that the cost would be about 4,000 dollars,
and Doctor Wilson Sowell testified Nhat Kano and
Schafer represented, previous to making the con
tract, that it would not cost more than 800 or 900
dollars." "They afterwards said it would take a
good deal more money—l think then about 2,000
dollars." Tho evidence of Gavin H. Woodward
shows that the sum named by tho committee as
the probable cost was 4,000 dollars.
The bills actually rendered aro as follows :
lit bill, March 1, 1857, was for 31,000 00
2.d " May 8, " 4,317 57
" Jgry " 3,204 30
4th " 13.601 72
The first three bills amountingto $11,531.9:1, have
beau paid Tho last bill has not boon paid.
In what manner those accounts were made up
the ovidonefl of the contractors themselves will
show. They admit that a considerable part of the
earth used for filling up the pond was hauled from
the cellars dug by them in various parts of the
city for private Individuals, who paid thew for the
work ; while for all the heroes carts, and laborers
thus employed, they charged the Board of Iloalth
$2 40 per day for each horso and cart, and $1.25
per day for ouch laborer. John Sander, ono of
the firm, had the contrast for cleaning the First
Blatt - tot of , the city. Ile says: "When I was
cleaning the gutters about Broad and Washington
streets, u•der my contract with the ally for cleans
lug the streets, I charged for °nob cart to the
Board of Ilualtit *2.50 a day But this woo only a
part. A large quantity of earth was hauled to the
pond byearters hot employed by the contractors or
any other parties, because it was the most oonye
niont place of deposit for surplus earth, ‘to., in
that section of the city.
Much of this work was done by the contractors
without renduring any compensation, though
Schafer says: "I charged the Boardlof health *2.50
for every sixteen loads that anybody would haul
there. I don't know bow much of our bill Is made
up in that way." In some instances the con
tractors say they paid these carters trifling sums,
from three to twelve coats. Unwarranted by the
terms of the nontraot. and extortionate as an ac
count thus made up would be, yet if it had boon
truthfully kept, oven on that principle, the amount
of the bill would have fallen far short of what Is
now claimed, as will boson by the following situ.
pie calculation
The whole area covered by wator was, aeesrding
to the testimony of Rob. Jordon, a former owner,
about two acres, or 87,000 superficial foot, and the
average depth about six feet, snaking the pond to
ba tilled contain 10,343 cubic yards, or 25,777 cart
loads, allowing twcothirds of a yard to each load.
Now, they swear that they computed sixteen cart
loads for a day's work.
The aggregate amount of their bills Lit • $21,411 72
Deduct for laborers employed to level,
about ten times as much as would be
actually required, say 5,000 00
Leaving for horses carts, and driv0r5...519,413 72
Or 7,7d .' days' woric at $2 50 per day. This, mul
tiplied by sixteen loads for cool, day's work, makes
121,240 loads, all of which we aro asked to believe
was deposited in a plasm that pal a capacity of
only 25,777 loads. The quantity charged would be
sulliolont, after filling the pond, to make a mound
more than itwenty foot in height above the curb
level. The oapaaity being 2.t,777 loads, and tho
cost $24,413.72, makes theleharga fur each cart
load ninety-four cents. These calculations aro
sufficient to chow the extravagant and preposter
ous character of the bills, and coupled with the
admission that charges wore made for labor ens
ployod for the use of, and pald'for by private indi
viduals, and for dirt deposited by persons not om•
ployod at all, considorablo portions of which cosi,
them nothing at all, exhibit the claim in the light
of an absurd pretence.
Testimony was given by sovoral parties as to the
true value of the work.
W. J. Oushman swore that he made a verbal con•
treat to fill up the pond for $BOO, at which rate ho
supposed that he should have realised about $2OO
for his services.
Thomas Daly says that "the lot could have been
filled up without expense, if they hod waited, ea
(Apt a man to level.
Thomas A. Barlow says that "one thousand
men could have been had who would have done
it for $5,000. That is a very liberal allowance."
Alexander Armstrong, a builder melding in the
viotnity, testifies that "he would have been glad
to have had the contract for $2,500;" and Robt. Jor
don, a former own of the lot, informed the committee
" that he bad a proposition to fill up his portion of
the lot, comprising one-half, if not more, of the
whole surface filled by the Board of Health, for
$000." Ile also testified that "the entire lot as filled
up by the Board of Haalth, lo intrinsically worth
nabout $20,000, though it would not bring that sum
By reference to the evidence in relation to this
matter, further proofs will appear, that the trans
action throughout its history, from beginning to
end, hears unmistakable marks of fraud. Not
only the public treasury has been wronged out of
large sums, but a wrong bee been done or at
tempted to be done, to the owners, amounting to
all their property. If the last bill of $12,851.70
should be paid to tbo contractors and charged
against the lot, it will make the lien for the work
exceed the whole value of the property more
than $4,000. Though the Board of Health may
admit the claim, it will certainly never receive
the sanction of Councils. Far more has already
been paid than thus contractors were justly en
titled to, and it is a question worthy of considera
tion, whether it is not the duty of the Councils to
order proceedings with a view to the recovery
of a part of what has bean paid.
In connection with this subject, it is . proper to
call attention to the fact admitted by these con
tractors, and corroborated by the evidence of John
N. Henderson, the present Health Officer, that a
system has prevailed by which the Health Officer
always had an interest in all oontraots. Accord.
log to Sohafer's testimony the Health Officer " al
ways looked fora little per oentage. I think I
gave McAllister 5 per cont. on this contract."
This would amount on the sum claimed, to $1,220.
Kain's resollootion seemed less distinct, but he ad
mitted that he had occasionally given him small
Mr. Henderson informed the oommittee, that
when he.first entered upon the duties of the office,.
be was told that it was customary for the Health
Officer to receivelonper cent. en all contracts.
As has boonhirotofoie remarked, this contract
with Hain k Schafer is the more important of all
the matters that undeirserit the examination of the,
committee, . considered only: in regard to the
amount of loss to the City Treasury; but various
other transitotionS'which the .conuaittee deem, it
their duty to expose, aro Justly liable to still
stronger' reprehension, because they Involve not
only misapplication of the public moneys, but di
root violation of,well.known laws, _
Not the slightest attention, it seems. has eres.
boon raid to either of the prove/Ws of ;the law or,
1856, in relation to the receipts and exrienditures
of money by the several departments of the city,
government The law Imperatively requires that
all receipts shall he paid immediately over to the
City Treasurer ; and strictly prohibits all expen
ditures for eating, drinking, and sucking. No
portion of the office receipts wore paid over by it.
11. Horbutt, the late clerk ; and ho alleges that
more then the whole amount of such receipts was
disbursed by orders of the Board and the several
committees nearly all of said disbursements being
clear infractions of the law.
Ellis for dinners, liquors, cigars, carriage -hire,
he., consumed tho whole of the revenue.
- •
Three of these bills are appended as specimens,
and to show the epicurean tastes of the members ;
and though they belong to a former board, that of
1855 arid 1856, they are fair samples of the ordi
nary diet lists of the present year.
low much these entertainments cost It is impos
sible to toll with precision ; but one fact will serve
to show that the annual expenditure for such pur
poses was no inconsiderable sum.
R. H. Gorbutt was the olerk from January 1,
1857, to August 1, 1857, and during that time, re
ceived, according to his own testimony, $4:100.
His payments during the same period, he says,
amounted to $5,262 00. The discrepancies, which
will be observed In his evidence as to his accounts,
will be referred to hereafter—the aggregate
amount being only taken now to enable Councils to,
form some idea of how much the public have been
paying for sorviceq, the Vile° of which can bo bet.
ter eitiniaied after a perusal of the testimony.
But largo as this amount was, it proved entirely
inadequate to defray those Illegal expenditures,
and resort was had to the making of fictitious bills
to meet the deficiencies.
Accounts wore formally passed, warrants regu
larly made out, countersigned, receiptod, and the
money for thew drawn from the treasury in the
names of persons who had no existence,for articles
and supplies never furnished or required.
Gavin 11. Woodward to4tificd (Seta. I) that
"among the bills made up to meet the expenses of
thti Sanitary Convention, were Amos Johnson,
$125; W. N. Atwell, $9O; J. Galbraith, $5O; J. De
vinney, $4O. They were bogus, but they were
signed by the committee, and passed the board."
In those eases, real names were used for false
accounts. Other hills of like character wore also
made out to cover the cost of the convention feast
at the Lazaretto; for Mr. Woodward further
states that "the amount paid to the steward on the
lst of September, 1857, was $540 41."
The committee who signed the foregoing bill
consisted of Woodward, Donovan, McGettegan,
and Bornmann.
bliss Lydia Tomlinson, in her evidence, inform
ed the committee that she had an understanding
or arrangement with the Sanitary Committee,
who bad the supervision of her department, that
she was to mew° 75 cents for snob meal furnished
at the City Respite', ibr the meetings of the com
mittee or the board. To cover those expenses, two
schemes were concocted and carried into effect.
The ono was to include a part of those charges in
the ordinary bills of the matron, in the heaps "tor
board of nurses and patients:" the other woe to
raise the balance by the apparently favorite
plan of making what they denominated bogus
Of this class are the following :
Robert Hood, for iron bedsteads $49 50
Hurley & 8011, for 01 00
Kerr 14 Boyd, for 140 12
George Smith, for drugs 30 40
An of the foregoing wore duly certified to bo
correct by the Sanitary Committee, consisting of
Messrs. Weir, housekeeper, De Young, Boileau,
and Watt.
No such parties as Robert Hood, Hurley & Holt,
Her k Boyd, or George Smith can be found, and
that no such articles Were over furnished is
proved by the evidence of the matron, and of
Doctor S. P. Brown, the former physician of the
All of the gentlemen whose signatures are fixed
to these bills were examined by the committee
Doctor Housekeeper declined to answer the ques
tion touching his knowledge of them. He ad
mitted that he knew who signed R. Hood fo the
warrant, but declined tolling. While he denies
any knowledge of such a firm as G. Smith k Co.,
ho admits that he endorsed the warrant G. Smith
A Co., per B. Housekeeper. The other members
of the committee said they know nothing about
the bills. Two of those accounts, Robert Hood's
and George Smith's, having the appearance of
genuine and legitimate hills, approved by
the committee on Hospital, andi Committee on
Accounts, and the warrants for them be
ing drawn in due form by the clerk, bearing
the signature of J. It. Road, president, and T. 11.
Town, secretary, received the approval of, and
were countersigned by the Controller. No cen
sure can be attached to this officer, for no ordinary
scrutiny could have detected the successful deceit.
ThO other two, though certified in the same man.
nor, were sent back by him for further proofs of
their correctness, and no demand has since been
made for payment. The committee have not ob
tained any positive proof as to who actually drew
the money from the treasury. Some of the wit
nesses who must have known, declined to answer
that interrogatory.
It is unnecessary to make any remarks on these
very plain matters of fast. Enough has been said
to convince Councils that banquets at the City
Hospitals—banquets at the Lazaretto—banquets at
the office—banquets in the day time, and banquets
in the night season—eating, drinking, smoking,
and riding at the public expense, must have occu
pied a large portion of the time of the active
members of the Board of Health.
If it were possible, consistently with a proper
discharge of duty, the names of individual raem•
bets in their oonnootions with certain accounts and
money transactions, would be withheld; but the
facts that have come to light cannot be properly
exhibited without the publication of the names.
Warrants wore issued in duo form. by orders of
the board, for bills made out as follows:
In the name of Weaver, Filler, k Co $174.75
Dallam, Baker, .4 Co., for:. 21.61
Snyder .t Co , for 127 60
11. Funk, for 77.45
Neither of theso parties over had any dealings
with the Board of Health ; never sold the board a
gingle article, or had an item charged on their
books ngninyt the board. Tho history of Clap° no•
counts will be given in the language of John
O'Brien, a member and chairman of the Lazaretto
In relation to the first bill, he says, " the arti
cles came from Weaver, Filler, t Co , not in the
name of the Board of Health; they were bought in
my none." " I signed (ho names of Weaver,
Fitter, & Co. to the warrant, and countersigned it,
and received the money from the City Treasuror."
In relation to the bill of Dallam, Baker, & Co ,
he says, "I can't say whether these articles ware
purchased of Dallam, Baker, ,b Co. or not My
young man purchased them." " I drew the mo
ney upon the warrant fur these goods." "
signed the names of Dallam, Baker, & Co. to the
Warrant when robtained the money."
In rotation folio oill of Snyder b Co., ho says ;
" I think I made the purcha'so, or my young man
might have purchased thous. Tho signature and
endorsement on the warrant aro mine; in the
nano of Snyder & Co. I drew the money." his
account of (he bill of 11. Funk is as follows " The
nails In the bill, $15.50, aro corroot ; the other
portion of the bill, 501.95, is bogies—it was to cover
the expenses of eating and drinking at Lazaretto.
I signed the warrant and drew the money upon
It." When questioned as to his knowledge of an
Item of 01114.75 In the oleek's accounts, oharged as
a payment to E. Friel, ho replied ; '• That was for
eating and drinking. I received the money from the
clerk. E. Friel lives at Spring Garden and Ninth
streets. He did not supply the articles; I supplied
them," do. "As chairman of the Lazaretto Com
mlttoo I sent all the supplies, and a great many
members found fault with me because I did not
supply snore plentifully."
After these extremely candid confessions, it is
&wooly nocossary to rofur to the evidence of Ed
win 11. Filler, of the firm of Weaver, Fitter & Co.,
(marked 1'), who pronounced "the bill in the name
of their firm fictitious, and the whole a (fair a for
gery from beginning to end," or to the evidence
of Josiah W. Dalian). of the firm of Dallam, Baker,
& Co., (marked Q), who save: " Our firm never
furnished those articles; the signature on the war
rant Is not by any ono connected with our firm."
How many of the moinhors wore cognizant of the
making, passing, and roooipt of money, for ficti
tious bills, has not boon exactly ascertained; but
the °Memo proves beyond doubt that several
members were implicated in those illegal proceed
Wni. M. Randall, clerk of the board, in his tes
timony, says: ‘, I was told by a member of tbo
board that the bills of Korr t Boyd, and Burly &
wero not legitimate bills. They were handed
to me by the Sanitary Committee. I drew the
monoy for the bills of It. Hood and George Smith,
and paid it to Lydia Tomlinson for tho expenses of
the committee's supplies. Aftor drawing the money
for the bills," (heretofore referred to as tiering
been made to cover the oXpensos of tlio feast given
to the Sanitary Convention,) "I paid it to B. H.
Carpenter. Mr Woodward was prosont when the
orders were given, and wont with me when I paid
the money. Mr. Woodward explained to Mr.
Carpenter how It had boon obtained. The bogus
bills made out to pay Lydia Tomlinson (Matron
of the City Hospital) were receipted for by Dr.
_Housekeeper, and I sent our messenger for the
money, and paid it to Lydia Tomlinson, by order
of Dr. Housekeeper."
"Tbo articles to George Smith's bill were
never furnished to, or need in the City Hospital.
It looks like a bogus bill. The bill of George
Smith & Co. oame from Doctor Housekeeper's store,
and the medicines were labelled in Dr. House
keeper's handwriting."
Developments of transactions, differing some
what in plan and character from the foregoing,
were made by the examination of persona who bad
am:Punta against the board.
Michael Kelly furnished carriages for the use of
oomtnittees, and had a running hook account of his
charges. Its says: „ William B Griffith (a mem
ber of the board) has made out bills from my books,
and takei4theruswhon I was not aware of it. He
alwaya brought the money to me, except the last.
I was never naked to sign a warrant, except the last,
which I received the money for from the Treasurer.
Gorbutt says, in connection with these bills for
carriage hire, " I paid to Mr. Griffith for Mr.
Kelly's bills for carriage hire to October 20, 1858,
$OO 50, and for bills during the months of Novem
ber and December, 1856, $6B. These bills were all
made out by Mr. Griffith," There is still due Mr.
Kelly on his book account, $9B
A comparison of the actual charges on the books
of Mr. Kelly, with the amounts paid for carriage
hire in his name, by Mr. Gorbutt, together with
the amount ($150) received on warrants, will ex
hibit Mr. Griffith's qualifications as an accountant.
Mr. Griffith, when called to testify, swore that
ho had no recollection of having made out any
bills, or having received any money for Michael
Kelly; but he did receive $lOO from the Into clerk
to pay for the hire of a steamboat employed to
carry the members of the Sanitary Convention to
the Lazaretto.
How muoh ho paid wo are informed by the sap-
Captain Vance examined—The boat was char
tered by Mr. Griffith; he paid me either $5O or
$6O. I wanted $75, but he told me that $6O was
all that had been appropriated. What became of
the difference does not appear.
The clerk's account show a charge of $5O, paid
to filr. Donovan, a member. which emu Mr, Dono
van handed over to Mr. Griffith to pay for cigars.
In explanation of this item, Mr. Griffith swears—
" Ido not know the name of the man to whom I
paid the $5O; he was. carrying cigars abept the_
streets." This explanation is given for what it is
worth. It would perhapi be out of'place for the
committee to express any doubts, however improba
ble it may seem. , - • . .
Within a year past, trio officers of the board have
died—Mx. Marks, tbe,formet clerk. and Mr. Mc-
Allister, tkehiter health oflijor.',. Tithe exercise o
a spirit of benevolence and liberality that cost
thorn nothing, the board made appropriations to
meet theTuneril expenses' in - both •eases. In the
first east they laid. to the undertaker, Mir: Me-
Cormielc4s347 50, and In the second, the $2OO ap
propriated was given to Drs. Coed and Gallagher,
members-of the board, to carry to the widow.
T,hp mast . diligont to-eneible the
nemmittee• to doted the perpktrator of the large
.ries of the signatures and receipts on thrGwarrants
drawn in the names of Drs. Wm. H. Freeman; T.
0. Goldsmith, and McFadden. r • -
Richard Field, an officer of the Board of Health,
made out the bills and warrants, by direction of
Mr. Gorbutt; but he denied all knowledge as to
who received or signed them. • A bill of Jonathan
Thomas for bricklaying, amounting to $29.75, In
the - handwriting of Rieberd Field, was found
among the papers of the Board of Health. In re
lation to this bill Jonathan Thomas testifies that
he presented a bill to the Board of Health for
$17.50, for which he called several times, but ex
cuses were always made to avoid the payment.
The bill of $29.75 was presented to the Controller
for his approval, but was sent back by him to have
the oath attached, since which time it has not been
No full and satisfactory statement of the condi
tion of R. 11. Oorbutt's accounts was obtained by
the committee, though several efforts were made
to accomplish this object. lie stated to the com
mittee that "he was told by the members gene
rally, when he went into the office, to keep his
accounts so that nobody could understand them
but himself;" and these instructions ho has obeyed
to the very letter.
He acknowledges having received $4,400. In
order to test the accuracy of this statement, the
committee examined all the books in the office;
but one important book, the license book, without
which the account could not be made up, had mys
teriously disappeared. According to the evidence
of Woodward and Randall, it was in the office on
the 23d or 24th of October. The former asked the
clerk for it on the 20th of October, and was told it
was gone.
Estimating the receipts from licenses at $1,300,
and from fines at $2OO, the total receipts of the
office, during Mr. Gerbutt's term, would amount
to $4,791. There is not much difficulty in arriv
ing at the sum received for licenses, as all parties
to whom permits were issued were required by the
rules of the board to have first obtained licenses.
Ho claims credit for payments amounting to
$5,262 011; for a considerable part of this be has
no vouchers whatever; some of the items In this
account are of rather remarkable cks.raoter, as for
Mr. Qorbutt swears, "there was one bill in the
name of J. C. McCall for liquors, $237, which was
rendered second time in same name. I paid the
first bill to Mr. Griffith ; it had passed the Office
Committee; I disputed the bill the second time,
and told Mr. McCall I had paid It. Re said ho
had never received the money, and I then paid It
to Mr. McCaffrey in the presence of Mr. McCall."
It is proper to observe here that this statement
is positively denied by McOafProy and McCall.
Another charge Is for $204.76, paid to A. O. Ro
berts, a member of the board, for groceries, do.
"These groceries were furnished by A. C. Ro
berts from his store, and the bill made out in the
name of Henry Rheim d Bro. Mr. Roberts signed
the receipt; I don't know whether there is such a
firm as Rheim Bro. or not." He also says I paid
W. B. Griffith for liquors, on bills of Thos. Clark,
December, 1856, $1,19, and January and February,
1857, $124.
These bills were approved by Dr. Coed and
W. B. Griffith. They were receipted by W. B.
Griffith "The bill paid to W B. Griffith for J.
C. McCall was also approved by Dr. Goad and W.
B. Griffith."
To David Brown he paid for meals furnished by
order of Rouse Committee, Dr. Coati, chairman,
sundry bills amounting to $387..01, for all the fore
going, and a large number of other items of expen
diture. Mr. Gorbutt bsa bills and recripts. Re
claims credit, however, for many other charges,
without any proof of payments having been made.
Among these, ho alleges that he paid John O'Brien
several bills, amounting in the whole to $449.89,
that the bills were receapted for by Mr. O'Brien,
placed in the hands of the assistant clerk, and de
stroyed by Mr. Woodward.
These bills aro the same which Mr. O'Brien re
ceived payment for from the Treasurer, signing
the names of the several parties on the warrants,
and, consequently, if Mr. Gorbutt's statement is
entitled to belief, Mr. O'Brien must have been
paid these bills twice.
But Mr. O'Brien swears that he never received
payment for either of these bills from Mr. Ger
butt, and that ho knows nothing of the destruc
tion of them by Mr. Woodward.
Neither of the olerke in the office has any
knowledge concerning the matter, and Mr. Wood
ward denies ..the truth of the allegation, though
he admits that lie tore up one bill, a fictitious one,
in the name of J. Lancaster.
It is needless to go Into any further detail of
these confused accounts.
The committee deem it butjust, before closing
their report, to say that several of the members of
the Board of Health are entirely clear of any
guilty participation in them improper proceedings.
Some, even of those whose signatures as members
of the committees are attached to the fictitious
bills, it is believed, signed their names without
any knowledge of the true character of the ac
counts. GEO. WILLIAMS,
D. S. Beinznen,
Tons F. MASeIIER, Committee.
11. .111eCcsy,
The ordinance was submitted abolishing the de
partment, which was laid over.
Mr. Arnold, of a special committee, submitted
the following :
Whereas, The ordinance establishing the De
partment of City Commissioner, after prescribing
the duties of the commissioner, provides that " he
shall, in addition to the duties herein imposed
upon him, perform such other duties as Councils
shall hereafter ordain and direct."
Another preamble sets forth that the City Com
missioner has anted contrary to the directions and
instructions of the Committee of Councils.
A resolution was submitted authorizing the re
moval of Mr. E Ahern, the commissioner, in ac
cordance with the provisions of the act o Conso
The subject was referred to the Committee on
City £soperty.
Mr. Alexander moved that they suspend the
rules for the purpose of considering the ordinance
consolidating the different gas works, which was
agreed to by a vote of 49 to 19.
Mr. Stevenson thought they had better discuss
the bill before they passed it This bill would
add $1,500,000 to the indebtedness of the city,
the interest upon which they would have to pay.
They would be treated by the Trustees of the
tins Works in the way they were treated in re
gard to the city bonds, loaned to the Pennsylvania
Railroad Company.
Dr. Stites opposed at some length the passage of
the ordinance, and argued that the price of thegas
could be equalized without the city assuming such
a heavy responsibility.
Mr. Stevenson said that some bad hinted that
ho was personally interested in these gas works.
that ho was a stockholder ; to such ho would nay,
that they were liars and mandrils'
The " previous question" was called and se
On the question shall the main question be
put P' it was agreed to by a rote of 49 to 26, vie:
YEAS—Messrs.Alexander, Arnold,Austin, Baird,
Barnwell, Black, Boyer, Bromley, Burnell, Byrns.
Butcher, Conrad, Cooper, Crease, Day, Dougherty,
Faulkner, Geisz, Gitlin, Ginnodo, Ilonstey,
mingor, Jones, Kane, Kneass, Moog, Molloy, Mil
ler, (Andrew), McDonough, McFadden:Mc:Dwain,
McManus, 3ioNeal, Palethorp, Perkins, Ridgway
Taylor, Thompson,(John), Thomson,(Osear), Tuder,
Vanhorn, Vasey, Warnook, Waterman. Williams,
Wolf, Wright, (B. F.), Wright, (C. S )-19.
NAY9—Messrs. Brown, Deal, Fitler, Ford, Geis
lor, Hacker, Ball, Handy, Holman, Kelton, Kerr,
King. Moocher, Moyer, MeMakin, O'Neill, Par
ker, Shoch, Sitas, Steel, Stevenson, Thompson.
(Oscar), Wildoy, Wilmer, Miller, (John), President
The yeas and nays wore called on the final pas
sage of the bill. It was not agreed to bye vote of
48 to 21—not two-thirds of the whole number of
A motion was made to reconsider the vote; which
was agreed to by a vote of 41 to 16.
Mr. King moved to postpone the further con
sideration of the bill until after the committee ap
pointed to investigato tho affairs of the Trustees
o f th e (Jos Works shall report to Councils; which
was not agreed to.
Sovoral motions were then made, and finally the
question was postponed for two weeks.
Mr. McMackin submitted an ordinance author
izing the transfer of certain items of the appropria
tion to the Guardians of the Poor. Referred to the
Committee on Finance.
Mr. McManus, in plaoo, submitted a supplement
to the ordinance organizing. the Department of
Markets. Laid over.
Mr. Mascher, of the Committee on Truati and
Fire Companiee, submitted an ordinance, making
an appropriation to pay the expenses of the depart
ment for 185 S. Referred to the Committee on
Mr. Parker, of the special committee appointed
to inquire Into the subject of street nomenclature,
submitted a report recommending a change. The
report soya there are one hundred and sixty-three
namesof streeLs whieh occur twice, .to. Ile s u b•
mated an ordinance, antherizing a change in the
names of such streets as occur more than once.
Laid over.
A resolution, transferring some of the items of
the appropriation to the Pulite Department, was
agreed to after a lengthy discussion.
Mr. Stevenson submitted a resolution instructing
the City Solicitor to commence suit at once against
the Pennsylvanian Railroad Company for the in.
terest on the bonds of the late districts of the
Northern Liberties and Spring Garden. Referred
to the Committee on Finance.
Mr. Drayton, of the Committee on Finance, sub
mitted a report authorising the payment of oer•
tain claims, and the transfer of cerfili Mena of
the appropriation to the City Commissioners- -
Also, an ordinance authorising the payment of
the claims of Joseph Manuel and others, anottn:•
ing together to $477.56. Agreed to.
Also, a report recommending an exchange of ti e
Railroad stock and securities held by the city, for
the city loans, whenever it can be done without
loss to the city. An ordinance to that elect wan
submitted and laid over.
Win. Miller, of the Commsttee on Highways, sub
mitted a report and resolatlon anthonamg the
paving and grading of certain portions of Twenti
eth and Twenty-second streeta. Agreid to. - '
Also, an ordinance authofaing the grading of
Bridge street And Washington lane, pending the
discussion of which the Chamber adjourned,
Important Arrest of na alleged Counter
feiter. Yesterday morning; before Alderman
'Thompson. of the Ninth ward, a man, named
Jacob O. Snicker, had a hearing on the charge of
being extensively concerned in the passage of
counterfeit tea.dollar bills on various Connecticut
banks. The warrant for his arrest was issued on
the 30th of May last, and the accused was taken
into custody on Sunday, in one of the intesior
counties of Ohio. The witnesses against the
prisoner are very numerous, and their evidence
will be given at a further bearing of the ease,
which is to take plane on Saturday morning, at
ten o'clock. The arrest was made under the su
perintendence of Sergeant A. E. Thomas, of the
Sixth Police District, and it evinces the possession
of very Skilful detective powers. The accused
was traced week - after week, for hundreds of
miles, by this efficient officer. end captured in the
Tory moment when he imagined he was perfectly
secure from arrest.
Closing of a NigAt School.—On Wednesday
evening,• December 3d, the Northeastern night
school was closed with suitable exercises, after a
session of but seven and d half weeks. Addresses
were delivered by Dr. G. R. Starkey, Dr. R. S.
James, and Cot. S. 11. O'Hara, and several of the
teachers received some beautiful presents from
their pupils. This school bas been nuccmmonly
large and orderly, having received four hundred
and seventy-ono, and expelled, bat twenty-five
scholars. A nightly attendance of two hundred
and eigh ty-fivo was kept up during the whole time;
and nine teachers were employed, two of whom
bed charge of divisions of Germans learning the
English language. It is very mach to be regretted
that the paucity of the appropriation should cams
so important an inetitution to be crippled in its
The Poultry Exhibition.—We last evening
paid a brief visit to the exhibition of the SW*
Poultry Society, now being held under Jayne'n
Hall, Chestnut street, below Seventh. The con
tributions of the present week are almost entirely
new, those of last week being for the most peat dis
posed of by the depositors. Several of the contribu
tors display a fine variety of imported game fowl&
Many of them are birds of great beauty. The
'males have a particularly rakish look, their crests
being as sharply built as the bows of a Balti
more clipper, while their short combs, formidable
spurs, and pointed beaksZdenote them the prize
fighters of their tribe.
Fire Last Erasing.—The alarm of fire about
half•past seven o'clock last evening, was caused by
the partial burning of the three-story brick car
penter shop of Messrs. Brown & Allison, on she
west side of Nineteenth street, below Pine. The
fire originated in the loft, and completely destroyed
the roof. The upper portion of the building was
entirely gutted. A large number of fire compa
nies ware in service. The lees is fully covered by
insurance in the Franklin Insarance Company.
This firm, who have n large number of employees,
have kept them all employed daring the season.
Drowning Cases.—Coroner Fenner held an
Inquest yesterday afternoon on the body of a man
supposed to be John Still, apparently about fifty
five years of age, who was found drowsed at
League Island. Still has been missing for over a
George Smith, a lad six years of age, was drown
ed at Shippon street wharf yesterday afternoon,
while ,laying in a boat. Ile is the son of deputy
constable Smith, of the Third ward, and resided at
Fourth and gbippen streets.
False Pretence.—Last evening, before Al
derman Enen, a colored man, named William
Whitney, alias Winder, was charged with obtain
ing money under false pretences. It appears that
he went to a number of storekeepers on Second
street, and represented that he had a dead child
at home, with no money to bury it. Ile obtained
a considerable cam of money, after which it wan
ascertained that he was an impostor and an olsi
convict. Ile was committed in default of bail.
Store Robbery.—The store of Mr. James
Martin, in Noble street, above Eighth, was en
tered on Wednesday evening, while the family
was at supper, and robbed of a desk containing
forty dollars and some ralnable papers. The desk
was subseqnently found on an open lot abase Pop
lar street, between Franklin and Eighth. The
desk bad been broken open and the money car
ried oft'.
Assault in a Ball Room.--Ismel Myerly
had a hearing yesterday mornln. before Alderman
Moore, on the charge of committing a violent and
unprovoked assault and battery on William G.
Garrett, daring the ball of the Hope Hose Coal
parry, at the National Building on Tuesday even':
ing. He was held in $4OO bail to appear at court.
Narrow Eseape from Drowning.—A mark
named Richard - Simpkins fell overboard at Arch
street wharf, Delaware, while intoxioated, shout
six o'clock last evening. He was resumed hylmmes
Rigley and George W. Obrist, employees to the
Newkirk Arch Street House, who pushed oat in
a boat and hrotight him safely to shore.
Coroner's O f fice.—We have been requested
to eta te that Coroner Fenner has provided for him
self and the public a comfortable office, en the
north side of Walnut street, below Fifth, where,
40 the absence of the Coroner himself, an attentive
attendant Us present, to ere all needful (infor
Narrow Escape from Drowning.—A man,
named Richard Simpkins, fell overboard, at Arta
street wharf, Delaware, while intoxicated, ntecit
six o'clock last evening. He was rescued by
James Rigley and George W. Christ, employees in
the Newkirk Arch-street Hensel, who who:lout
in a boat, and brought him safely to shore.
Run Orer.—During the alarm of fire, last
evening, a young man, named Henry McGinnis,
was run over by the Southwark Engine, at Fourth
and Queen streets, and vary seriously inbred. He
was taken to the Pennsylvania Hospital. _ -
DISTRICT COURT No. I—Judge Stroud.—Dinial
vs. King. An action on two certideates of stock.
Yordict for plainlff for $3.7.
Lane vs. Harris. An action to reeorer the prioe
of eertain lumber. Verdic t for plaintiff for 5143.55.
Young vs. Colliday. Promissory note. Verdict
for plaintiff for $993.99..
Peter Klahn va. William P. Roberts. Verdict
for plaintiff for $321.71. An action on a promis
sory note. Briggs for plaintiff, and Hirst for de
Brownback Vanleer vs. John Gorman. Au
action to recover the value of a horse, alleged to
have been killed. Kneen for plaintiff, and B,ensak
and Gerhard for defendruit. Jury opt.
Hunsworth, Eakins, .1 Co. vs. Barger 1 Sop. On
trial. Hopper for plaintiff, and Robb far de
fendant. An notion on a book account.
DISTRICT Corey No. 2--Judge Sharswocal.—
Gs-skill and wife rt. Corm. This was an action
brought to recover damages for injuries sustained
by plaintij's wife, in consequence of being run
over, as is alleged. through the negligence of de
fendant's driver. Nicholson for defendant, and
Matheson for defendant. Verdict for defendant.
COMWON PLEAS.—This court was not in session.
TITCRSOIY, Bee. 3.—Evening.—Tbe market for
Breadstuffs continues to droop and buyers are hold
ing off for lower figures than are now generally con
ceded, before operating to any extent. The sales
of Flour are chiefly to supply the local trade at
from $5 121 upwards for common raper, to 16.50 per
bbl for fancy family brands. Shippers are not in
market at present, and common mixed and good
brands are held at ss4s.7.swithout inquit7 for
export. Corn Meal is dull at $3, and Rye flour
at $4.2544.371 per bbl. Wheat exhibits the same
business with Flour, and about 4,000 be bare been
taken at prices in favor of buyers, reds ranging at
115a1200, and white at 152.1. Corn is in fair
demand. bat new Corn only is wanted to-day, and
about 5,000 bu hare been sold at 60165.: for both
yellow and white, the latter for prime dry Dela
ware. Old Corn is neglected and selling slowly at
750 in store. Oats are not inquired for. and there
are more tellers than buyers. at Me, to-day.
Rye is selling to the distillers at 75e for Southern,
and 7ttc for Pennsylrania. There is nothing
doing in Bark, and the stock of Quercitron is in•
creasing without any demand for shipping. Cot
ton is dull and unsettled, the demand being almost
entirely suspended. Groceries—Rather more
doing. 2,529 bags Rio Coffee mid by auction, this
morning, at 9111101 e, chiefly four- months; and
Sugars are more active at former quotations.
Provisions are coming forward from the West, in
a small way, but the demand is limited, mil Prices
tend downward. Mess Pork is offered at $l7 50s
$lO per bbl. A sale of 50 bbls. Lard was made at
lie. per lb. Seeds—There is some Clorerseed
offered, but prices are better. and prime lots ar
bringing $5 5045 620 per be. Whisk
changed. Bbls. sell at 22.1a7300, an at
221 e per gallon.
At market, 1,774 Oattle, about 1,200 Beeres, and
574 Stores, consisting of working Oxen, Cows, and
one, two, and three years old.
Prices of Market Beef—Extra, $747.50; first
quality, $4 25.150 3 0 ; second , plality, $3.75; third
quality. $3 2.5; ordinary qquality, $l.
Prices of Store Cattle—Working Oxen, from $75,
$lO6. $l5O to $2OO. Cows and Calres from 323,
533, SO, $5O to SSO; Yearlings $ll to $lO Two
years old 517 to $2O; Three years old $25 to $34.
Sheep and Lambs—.s.loo at market prices in
lots. $l, $1.50, $2 extra and selections, 52 5043
Swine.-900 Western at market. Prices, lire
weight, 6.3 per lb; dressed rano per lb.
Cattle. Sheep & Lambs.
361) 1.252
606 3,000
37 a 4
100 150
Now Hampshire
New York
Western States••
Total 1 771 5,100
Ilides-5o per lb; Tallow, Co per lb; Felts, 62a
67 each; Caltskins, Oaltle per lb.
remarks.—The market was well stocked to-day,
and the roles were rather brisk at the opening,
but the average price for beef, we think. was a
shade lower, as the cattle were rather better than
those sold last week, but corresponding prices
The stock of sheep was large and sales dull, and
prices have declined from 23c. to 50e. per head.
There was a lager number of stock cars over the
Fitchburg this week than for a number of months
mand for old manufacturing and cutting qualities
is free and prices are better. This quality of to
bacco will continue in demand, as the country is
almost bare of it, and for cutting purposes the
new crop cannot be used until it has gone through
tho sweat. New does not arrive freely, and is not
much in demand. There is no improvement In
price to notice. We quote : Old Lugs. frosted,
staB6 ; Old Lugs, not frosted. Via 14.59 ;Old Leaf,
choice selection, sl2asls ; New Legs, ; New
Leaf, Silaslo ; New Leaf, choice, nope in market.
Sales for the week comprise 18 hhds.
Spare moments are like the gold dust of
time. Of all portions of our life, spare mo
ments are the most fruitful in good or evil.
They are the gaps through which temptations
find the easiest access to the garden of the soul,