The press. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1857-1880, November 30, 1857, Image 1

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    DZI. I
ruarxo6o 4tAitir i ,(statooli
ci kr ow.„... sl 4, 411 -0410101,:lipa.F.trat
aAZLY;i~BROfB,
.
Twin:is' Omen rait- Wags,' payable to the 'earring.
Matlaltoiltitioribera out of the oky, At au Dowtin
Ina Amnia ; Mous R0m4;15 COIN, Blear Moamar ; Tulin
Iloalgtalarin Srs MOM, invariably inadrukOkfor the
time oe4veee.:?: , „,,- . --i _ •
~ ,
-:oral.warELy vitass, - -
Stalled to Satilezibere ant of the Oityi at TRW Doi
; rnwasinwt; inwtranos: -- .-
:'''',..,"*IEEIEV:If 'PRESS.-
*satyr Paine Will 'hi lent
- to liabaarthri ' :by
mea; (per Wigwam, in advent,) it " - '1,2"00
Free 0%11011, , g‘ a .
it Cktplai, -' t$ -• . --- . ti - . 5-00
aOO
On 000.013,:" " , ' " 12 00
Twenty ceplap,,n - : - lc_ (to one addregg).... 20 00
Twenty Cloing, or ant i ' "(to Mclean of gni
. ,
stilwarlber), each l26 7°o; blab of WIIIIIIty.OIIO or OTOO, we will band gm,
intro copy to tha getter-13p of the Mall. - _ -
tat' Postroarterfare requested to not us Ageing for'
Tel W71111.1' P.!tiii{ll.. , • , -•- - = . • ,
THE WEEKLY - PRESS.
THE CHEAPEST =AND BEST
'WEEKLY 'NEWSPAPER IN THE COUNTRY.
INIffiCJILifEIVIIf TO, 01,111113 I
TUN WEEKLY SERBS le published from the ORy of
Paljailelphis, every Saturday.
'lt Is cotiduoted upon 'National principles, and will
ispholdthe rights of the Ststee„ It will cadet Lsnall.
aim in .every *Asps ; and will be devoted to comers..
alive doctrines, as lieu true foundationof public pros
perity sted,social Ander." Such a Weekly Journal..has
long been desired In the United States and It le to gra
tify this Want thst TIER WEEKLY PASS la published
Till WEEKLY PRESS is printed on excellent white
paper; deltic sow type, Mid in wnsi-to form, for binding.
It contains - all the News of the diy; - Oorreepondenee
, from the Old World and the New ; Domestio
gensay Reports- of the serious Markets • Literary Re-.
views; Miscellaneous Selectierm the pro greee of Agri
culture In all its Serious departments, &0,,-&o.
1.7" Terms ' isouriabig en odes - once. ,
TSE WRIIILLa 'PRESS Will to
subscribers, by nail,- 00 per annum.
Twenty copies, when Neut . lo one ad-. •
area, -- - '- 20 00' ir
Twenty °oleo,' or over , to address of -
eaohoubsoribeir,each, - - 1 20
Yee.9,olnb, of, T*so%l44e:ot Stet, We itinneinCen
extrsieopyto thislatter..o,otbagilub.:
post J oro"roloroUdio_40 as Aptitr for TUX
Menu(; it a.grppAfaroiif uty,poil6sl sad per
sonal friends, Sh at 111 others' rho. desire a Brat cuss
airlijiewspaper, thewsolvii, to giro TAN
RIX TRIM a large eiroulation In th en respective
wetshboeltoode. " , - , • „.
JOHN W.:FORNEY'
-Editor and Proprietor.:
Pnblioatton 001ce of THE. WEVACLIt PliESa, No. MI
Olindoot I gtreq, pliladelphtii. • .
LIITABEURTON'S INIMITABLE
COVERINGS 808-THE
Shama all the points necessary' to
GENTEEL ERVECT,
'
ad fill lhe Wafts and Meer elepneles xhioh impart
00hIFORT, AND DURABILITY'.
Gentlemen see tnxited to east and examine.
_.
oet2Mni - 4.10 CHESTNUT Street.
Jducks.
VALII,ABI',II3 I RARY:BOOKS.-
T.M,EDIUE.T.,D,
1111,431MitliAB , MEET,- NEW YORR.
BOLD --8 Y. ALL B °OH - SELLS RS.
SWATCHES DP THE IRISH BAR. By the Right Hon.
Diehard InlorShell, AL P. Edited, with a Memoir and
Notea, by R. Shelton Mackenzie, D. O. L. Sixth Edi
tion, with Portrait and letter. In 2 vole,
price $2.
MR ROOTER AMBROBIANDL- BY Professor
J. G. Lockhart, Jamesllo,s,andVi. Magian. Edited,
with Memoirs and Notee, by Dr R. Shelton Mackenzie.
Third Edition. In 6 volumes, with portraits and fa&
Winne& -Price $5.
HAO.IIIN , BIdISOELLANIEB. The Miscellaneous Writ
ing* of the late Dr. Magina. Edited, with a Memoir
and Notes, by Dr. R. Shelton Mackenzie.. Complete
In &totem ,es withrortralt. - Price per vol., cloth, $l.
BIliE OP THE RT. HON. JOHN PIIILPOT CURRANT
By hie Bon, Wm. Henry Curran; with Notes and Ad
oruens, by Dr. D. enema Mackenzie, and a Portrait
on /Steel and fee-gdzolk. Third Edition. /limo., cloth.
Price 111 25. - -
THE O , IIBIENS AND TUB OTLAHRRTISS; a Ne,
tioaalStory, Westin Ant of Lady Morgan's Novels
and RomanCeni. .111th an Introduction and Notes, by
Dr. It: Shelton Mackenzie.- 2 vols., Llmo., cloth.
Priem 12.- - - •
BARRINGTON% MIRTOILEIL‘PersonaI Sketcher of his
Own -By Sir /nit- Barrington,"with =mita
lions by Darby: ltonstti Edition.. With Memoir by
Dr. Mackenzie. 12m0., cloth., Xrttie PAO..
8100RE , 13, LIPS' OP IMERIDAN. Ilemoire of the
lire of the Right Hon. Richard 'Brineley Sheridan.
By
Balaton. Thomas Moore ; with, Portrait and fac-Ond, le .
M ath 2 v011.,12m0., 'Primp.' '
BITS OP BLARNEY . By Dr. A:Shelton Mackenzie.
Third Edition. 12m0., Prioo $l. •
THE HISTORY OF TUB WAR IN THE PENINSULA.
B ho r d 's a jolar
t th rneae d Si edition . P
w i N h a p N er V f-friom .the an-
Mope end
Plane, five Portraits on Steel, and a complete index,
6 vole., 12mo, cloth. Price $7 Bd.
APIMI'B PENINSULAR WAR. Complete 'in 1 vol.,
deo. Price 12 50,"
TUB SOREST. By d. V. Huntington,author of t•Lady
Alice," ‘i Athol:4' l 4e. 1 12110. , Second . Edi ,
Von. Prices $1 25 • ,
ALBAN ;- or, The Illetory of *Yining Puritan. Sy d.
V. Huntington.. 2 vols., nom., cloth. Price $2. •
Worhoe, letaelq, /Or.
'DB• a 1 I I
NETTIBH STERLING army walut;
maw war: Inspectiov, on tato premises expitoroir
Oltirlutatut Btrmgeis'are lOtted to visit our menu
Cantor'',
WATORES.
oenatuitly on hand a splendid stock of Swear
Watches, of all the celebrated makers.
-
Neokisoes, firteselets, Brooches, 'Bes , ltinge, linger
Bins, sod all other artiolos -in the Diamond
Drawings of NW DUMB will kw undo free o
dump for those wishing pork nude to ordei.
RICH - GOLD JEWELRY.
• beintithl snsortment of all the now otylet or Fine
Jewelry, nook as nomile, Stone and Shell Canino,
• Pearl, Qorsl, Ostrbancle ' dfargnialte,
Lays, &0., Its,
mamma) OASTOBB, HABKETB, W4ITE4IB, ko
Br=te altd *utast ozpop3, of newest ityleo
int ot suite:fix gisslit7. • sul-ilter&vely
& A. PEQUIGNOT,
MANIIVABTITBERB OP WATCH OASES
I.D. 11(1.011.12R8 0? WATOUSS,
121 80IITIS TIMID ETERET,BELOW OHIBTNtIT,
PIIILADIALPHIA.
OONISTANT Miovarn PicaTIOXOT
4019-3.11200
TAMES E. OALDWELL & CO.,
N0.,432 CHNSTNUT, BELOW FIFTH STREET,
lrirporters of Infetehea and /Ire Jewelry, arrannfaetn
iso of Sterling and Standard Sliver Vert Seta, Forks and
Biers", mole agouti for the sale of Charles Prodehamhi
new semis Cold Medal London Timekeepers—all the
nline on hand r PANS $250, $276 ' end 1300.
Meg Carina SWUM Watched at the lowest pride,.
Itch faehionable Jewelry. •
Sheffield. and"Loserteen Plated Wares. -
seby • ,
S. LUMEN ' & BRO. -
0,1 , MANUNAONORIVIS INV IMPORTIIIS Or
StLVEBALATED WAWA,
SO. $O4 OhestnAt street, alwre Vara, op stairs,
ThiLadelphia.
bonortstttly on hand and for tale to the Trade,
11311 A 1112211 i 00UMIJNION BERNICE EMT% DANS
MIIIItRII, GOBLIN'S, CUPS, IV/LITERS, BAB
OASTOBB, KNIVES, SPOONS, PO 8,
IdDLI2I3, in., in.
4BOIng and plating ea all khria or metal. aeVly
eILVER WARE.-
WILLIAM WILSON & SON.,
ANOFILOTORERS OF SLYER WARE,
'(NSTABLE:MED 1812,)
W. ROUSE Wpm AND CURREY STREETS.
*large assortment of SILVER WARE, of every do. ,
scriptlon. constantly on hand, or made to order to match
is/ pattern desired.
Itpportais - of Sheffield and Birmingham imparted
ware. „ , as3o-dkirly
ANOIS . DI7BOSQ & SON, late of
-Dutoom, Darrow /c. 00., Wholesale MW
le
TIMBRI) rprmay, 804 OttElvflfUT street, oho*.
dews.
/swims P. DIII9OBQ. Wr. H. DosoB4.
sun 8m • • ' , . ' •
T ' KINGSFORD 8r" SON'S PURE
OSWEGO STARCH (for the laundry) has °stab.
llibed a greater celebrity than has ever been obtained
by any other Starch. -
This has been the result of its marked superiority in
quality, and itatavariable uniformity.
The piblic may be assured of the continuance of the
high standard new established:
Thelrodaction le over 20 truidally, and the demand
hem Winded thioughout the whole 'United Btatesi and
to tondo' countried. - =
Workleig thus on a very large sule L and under a rigid
awa, they are able to mere a perfect uniformity itt
the eyelike throughout the year. This is t,b9 great de
aideratura in starch-making, end is realized now for the
Theist, hest Starch that can be made, and no °tier,
is aways wanted by consumers, and" this will NY stip.
Nieto them br the Grocers' se soon as their customers
have learned which is the best, and ask. for it—other
wise they would be likely to got that article on which
the largest unfit can be made.
Kr. Kiagaford bas been engag ed In the manufacture of
Starch'Contintionsly for the les 27 years, and during the
whole of the - period the Starch made under his super
has' beeniboymid any question, the best in the
market. For The Seat 17 years he had charge of the
works of ,Pfei. Calash:an Co., at which period be In
vented the process of the manufacture of Dorn Starch.
UT Ask for. FLINOB2ORDIS STANCE; 411 the Wag
Oswego has recently beau taken by another fectery.
Its Sold byitU the' best grocers in nearly every part
of the country.
T. SINGSWORD k SON'S Orit9Foo CORN STAIIOII
tier puddings, •&e.) - has obtained an °gnat - celebrity
with their S ta rch for the 'laundry, This article is per.
hotly pare, and is, in every respect, equal-to the best
Berated& Arrow Root, besides haring additional quit.
ree,whiett render it inralus,ble for the dessert.
- Petite' Starch hats .be en , extenalvely packed and sold
as Cern Staiik, and has glean Mae impreesions to many
as Willa resrmeritiof bur Corn Starch:
From grftadellesel and purity, it is Coining also
nto general Oa as a diet for infanta and invalids- • •
KNI.IOOO. & CO. Agents; '
Mt FULTON Street, N. Y.
SORGHUM, of ORMESE SUGAR-OANt
RICED-26 bughols for Ityle by
CROASDALLE, P.EritUE, & CO
Ito WIC Delaware avenue.
ItALrigißE.—Bnyeis:arft In4ted to gall
AAP mid examine oar itiaella Bale 'Rope, which we otos
cased itit lay Araeriotut - , and wantat It superior in
Arista, extd durability. ' •- •
, - - WIS:VBB;jIiLBILk oe.,
- sit • - • 16:23 N. Itster at e sut,tllllN.
WONDERS - ' OF -THE
• v YOH. ALL,—PETERS & SUROPB,
Patent Non-Explosion doll:Generating GAB LAMPE, is
just the thing to sultan. ?rico $lO 6 O up; all merheye
a superior Light fir - calling at their Repoz.
MI lamp is *daybed to 'ait idadet and purposeiKand
only refilted test it& adVantages over all
others, The Lamp 'room ita own gas: . Our Patent
Earners can be :fitted every ordinary /141 d Lenny,
With Ulan expensiiotitittar.thOeseit possible danger.
All ass , invited to , eall and examine ter tliemeelyes,
Ti*,n Comity, *State risbti seder . •
Tlle ptinitietorte*:(3l want of Agents, 1014 a rare ,
ebsaee to Mate moody; : „
RATERS & eintOPE, atui Tandy bopot,
, 123Bonth ithle Wove Oheetunt Phi
MOSS-11 . bileg Carol wit Mo bit lime by
- kMAIALISTRIt;
0N04,14 . Notts 040 t.
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VOL. i-NO. 103.
political
FOR SHERIFF—
CALEB 8. wnrdwr,
VIRTU WARD
BRbject to pemooratle rules
ILTOR SILERIFF—
..ALDEBISAN GEORGE MOORE,
VOIIRTIS WARD.
. Subject to Democritia Was.
OR 'SHERIFF
A.. JAMBS G. GIBSON,
TIVZSIT-8600ND wasp.
Subject to'Dentouratio Bales.
FOR SHERIFF,
EDWARD T. MOTT,
TWELFTH WARD •
80114110 T TO LOIKOORATIO 80Li8. cclB-2m*
fvgal Nana.
ITHE ORFHANE''COURT FOR THE
COUNTY OP PHILADELPHIA.
. . . . .
Trust of EL/ZA PURNELL, under the Will of Eli
jah Bowen deceased,
The Auditor appointed to audit, mottle, and adjust the
account of SYDNEY W. BOWEN, Trustee of Eliza
Purnell, under the Will of Elijah Bowen, deceased,
and to report distribution, will attend to the duties or
hit appointment on WEDNESDAY, the second day of
December, - A. D. 1857, at 4 o'aloek P. M., at his office,
No. an South FIFTH fitteet, below Prune, In the city
P t Philadelphia.
no2o.finerbt 708EPU A. CLAY, Auditor.
propasqlo
MUNICIPAL CLAIMS:—NOTICE' -IS
"hereby given to the ownete of 'promisee mention
ed in the appended memoranda of Olahne for Paving,
thatWritis'of Sari ratios will be issued on said claims
three Menthe from the :date hereof, unless] the earne
shall be paid at the °Mee of the undersigned, 212 South
11.2711 Street, below 'Walnut, at or before that time.
WILLIAM SI. SMITH,
November 2d, 1827. ' Attorney for Plaintiff.
-Olty of Philadelphia to the use of tleorge W. Stroud
vs. Charles Reynold. 0.. P. Tune T., 1257, No. 90.
Claim 5293.89. Paving southwest corner Twenty-see
pad and Omen streets. .
. . . . .
Same vs. Sohn P. Titus. CI P., September T. 1857,
Na. 09. Claim $10.17. Paving north side Clayton st.
168 feet west of Twenty-second. '
Same Os. Jesse Coniston. 0. P., September T., 1857,
No. 08. oisitql42.o3. Paving north aide of Clayton
street, 62 feet west of Twenty-second, noB.m-3m •
NOTIOR. - -WHEREAS HENRY WHITE
11 and James Stevens late copartners, trading as
White, Stevens, & Co., did, on the eleventh day of No •
mailer, A. D. 1857., make and innate a general 8 / 3 •
shy:nent to the undersigned, In trust, for the benefit
of their creditors, which said assignment is duly re..
corded at Philadelphia, all persons Indebted to said
assignors will make payment to
ISAAC 8. WATERMAN, Assignee,
noI4 se:4-Bw* • N. W. oorner Second & Arch sta.
Cbucational
HALL OF-ST: JAMES TUE LESS,
BRIIADBLPTIIA.
A FAMILY BOARDING SOLIOOLFOR BOYS. •
RSV B. R. &ITEM, UNGTOR.
The Annual Section !rill begin on TUESDAY, Sep.
tember 1.
Oireulars may be obtained at the Book Store of 11.
=wan, S. W. corner MOUTH and OGESTNIIT, or
of the Rector, Poet Office, Fells of Schuylkill Phila.
delphlr. • • • . - aniT.6m
CI.RITTENDEN's PHILADELPHIA COL
IatERCIAL COLLEGE, 8. E. corner of SEVENTH
and CHESTNUT Streets, Second and Third Stories.
BOOK-E.BEPIN4,`PENMANSUIP L eeeI
COMMERCIAL LAWS AND YORKS.
COMMERCIAL CALCULATIONS.
LECTURES, An. '
Each atuOmit hoe ludieldura Inetraetlon from catine.
teat wad attendee Teacher'', under_ the Immediate
mmereision of the Principal.
One of the Beet Penmenin the Country has charge of
the Writing Department.
Please call end see Specimens and get a Catalogue of
Terms, An.
PROFESSOR SAUNDERS' INSTITUTE,
WEST PIIILADELPELIA.
No Seminar) , whatever le more like a private family.
The course of study is extensive and thorough, Pro
fessor Saunders win receive a few more pupils under
fourteen years of age Into his fatally., Enquire of
Wears. J. S. Sliver and Mathew Newkirk, or Eol. J. W,
Ifomey; Editor of this Paper, whose sans or wards are
new members of his &mil se .tl4..tf
*ate_ aub
Boon AND SIICTS.—Tbo oubscriber
has on hand a large and retied stook of ROOTS
aid MOSS, which he will cell a the lowed prices, '
, . GEO. W. TAYLOR,
n021.1y. S. E. corner FIFTH nod lIIMIASET Sta.
WALL STOOK OF BOOTS AND SHOES.
—4OSEPH If. THOMPSON & 00., No. Ma Malt.
HET Street, and Nos. and f. PRASEDIN Plata,
have new in store a large and well-asiorted stock of
BOOTS and SHOES, of Oily and Eastern manufacture,
which they offer for sale on the best terms for (lash, or
oh the usual oredit. -
MiiiiiiM2;=lMii;g
_Notate to (Consignees
NOTICE. TO °CONSIGNEES.
J.l The ship PHILADELPHIA, from Liverpool, is
now discharging tinder general order, at SEUPPEN
STREET WHARF. Consignees will please atcond to
receipt of their goods.
noit THOS. RICHARDSON dc CO.
NOTICE TO CONSIGNEES. The ship
PHILADELPHIA, Osptaln Pool, from Liverpool,
is now ready to discharge at Shippen street wharf. Con
eignees will please deliver Their permits to the Custom
house officer on board, All goods not permited in five
days will be sent to public store.
nold ' - THOMAS RICHARDSON & CO.
!Batten
AMERICAN GOLD
AND
W YORK EXORANOE
AT utamsr CURRENT RATES,
AT
CRONISE & CO.,
SPECIE BROKERS,
n024-4tf 40 BOOTIE THIRD 8T
SCULL, CAMBLOS, & CO.,
BAN4ERS,
No. South Third Street.
The highest premium paid for
AMERICAN GOLD
N
NEW T011..K. EX.OTIADIG.S.
lThourrent Funds bought and sold.
Stooks boughtand sold on commission only. nolo-2mit
B
W. TINGLEY & CO., BANKERS
1-114 , No. 87 South THIRD Street, Philadolphia.
COLLBOT{ONB promptly made on all accessible points
In the United States and Canada.
Stocks, Bonds, to., Bought and Bold on Commission.
Uneurrent Bank Notes, Cheeks, 10,, bought at the
lowestaates.
Deposits received and Interest allowed, as per agree
merit nor 2.8 w
Piano Sofl
GOLD MEDAL PIANO FORTES.
STEINWAY & SONS,
IthiIIRACTITRERB 4 BB . A.IB . p 88 WALKER STREET,
.filV YORE,
Reeet'ved the following first prize medals In competl‘
tion with the beet manufacturers of Boston, New York,
Phliadelphla, and Baltimore.
ma NIBS PRIZE MEDALS at the Metropolitan
Pair, Washington; 'March, IBM
A GOLD MEDAL at the Orystal Palace, New York,
November, 1855, (being the only Gold Medal given for
Pianos within the last nil yearn.)
A GOLD MEDAL at the Maryland Institute, Danl.
more, 1850.
TUE FIRST PRIZE MEDAL at the Fair, Crystal
Palace, Now - York November, 1850. Among the judges
were the first magical talent of the country, such as. M.
Mason, Gottschalk, .Wollenhaupt, and many others.
St. &9. Pianos (with and without iron frames) are
warranted for three years, and a written guarantee
given. Pianos packed and shipped without charge.
Prices moderate. °erg(
A LBERT WEBER, PIANO FORTE
xi,. MANUFACTURER, N 0.156 West BrOadWay, New
York, sole manufacturer of the celebrated Concert
Plano. The Subscriber would inform his numerous
friends and customers that be has greatly enlarged his
mannfectoring department, in order tamest the Increase
in demand for hid nnriyalled Pianos, and as every piano,
espeelally tone and touch, is, personally superintended
by the subscriber, thepublio will be warranted an in-
Strument which, for beauty, strength, and durability,
power and sweetness of tone and touch, stands unsur
passed, Every piano sold at the loWest manufacturers ,
prices. A call le rear.Setfolly solicited, oc2O-em
/or Zale alb 010
FOR SALE OR TO RENT—Two handsome
three-story AREA MOUSER, with double three.
story back buildings; replete with all the modern Im
provements, !Masted on the south Side of JEFFERSON
street, bolo+ BROAD, Inquire of John Mulroney, on
the north side of JEITBRBON etreet, below BROAD.
no2B-scawat*
- 1 -IESIRABLE OFFICES at 620 WALNUT
ALF Bt. ) opposito the State Nouse.; one of the beet
business locations in Philadelphia, with heat, light,
and all modern conveniences. Apply on the premises,
Boom No. 8, to G. W. J. BALL, Agent. n 026
PENNSYLVANL4 BARK NO T E S.—
Par sale, a well-secured GROUND RENT of $2lO,
upon three brick dwelling houses and lot on Ilancork
street, south of Idarter-48 feet front,lo3 feet deep—
Punctually pehl In quarterly paymeate. Pennsylvania
Bank notes will be taken (or it. , Apply to I. G. PRICE,
corner of SPRING GARDEN , and THIRTEENTH
Sheets: ' • n016.2w,
- CLOVER SEED.—NOTICE TO PENN
1...1 ticiLVAITIA PARIdERS AND BTONENEEPEWB.
The underotgried aro now prepared to purchase for
cash, prime Mover Seed of the new crop. Pfinasytrattia
Storekeepers and farmers, by seudlog samples to our
address,can, at all times, ascertain the price at which
we are baying. Parties - wishing samples, by which to
be goYeroed as to quality, can have them sent by mu,
by addressing no. 1. It CHASE & 00,
sepla-tf -- 4g North Front, and 44 Water Andel
gr--jE , ?o_N m OltiY_l! GAS BILLS.—THE
Fara " . Pt 'dale bMitriliTirlllTrartilutt:
xOB 001.1.1%4Y, ,
rio9A-18,4 802 ORSSTNIIT Street.
MANILLA. ROPE.—SUPERIOR. MA
I, WILLI. ROPE, manufaehated and for sale by
WEAVER, PITLER dc 00.,
anB•W No. 29 N. Water at., and 22 N:Wharres
SPIRITS TIMPENTOTE-200 bbla Spirit
Tuxpentios, to arrive, for sale by
111.4ATIciefACALIEIT.IIR,
an 1 — 1.19 North Water street.
A GRAM BLACK—ENGRAVING, DIE
" P. • Rain etut 332nbossed •Printing, Xnridope and
Boa Press Illonatootory, 81 !Strawberry Street, tonne"
&gond sad-Tkird, Ca d Market and Chestnut Street,
ybllndolplU ) ra: P1.24y
t 3r.,ess.
nol7-Im*
MONDAY, NOVEMBER 30, 1857
THE BANK CHARTER QUESTION.
There is little doubt, now, of what is *au
thorized by the Order In Council, issued on
the 12th inst. Thereby, the Bank of England,
"to meet the demands for discounts and ad
vances upon approved securities," is allowed
to exceed the limits of its circulation as pre
•scribed by the Bank Act of 1844. ft may in
crease its Issue of bank-notes to any extent
it may think warranted by ""the actual neces
sities of the occasion." Tho only drawbacks
are—first, that the Bank terms of discount
should not be reduced below their present rate
of ten per cent.'; and, secondly, that the Go
vernment "reserve for future consideration
the appropriation of any profit which may
arise, upon issues in excess of the statutory
amonnts.,,
This is the second time, within ten years
that the Government has stepped in to
help the Bank (and the piiblic) out of a diffl
culty. Once in, 1847, when the mere per
mission to increase the issues of bank.notes
immediately
,stopped the Panic; and now,
when the same causes have obtained the same
remedy-
The Government action was not taken before
it was needed, for there had commenced a
severe run for gold on the different banks
(nearly exclusively joint stock) of Scotland
and Ireland. To prevent the disastrous effects
of this run, In the city of Glasgow alone,
(which is the commercial metropolis of Scot•
land,) the Bank had sent relief, in twenty-four
hours, in the shape of £1,100,000 of specie.
It also bad to remit to Edinburgh, as well as
to Dublin, making about £2,000,000 in all.
These operations had depleted its treasure, but
further supplies of gold had been received from
Australia, with the certain expectancy of morn ;
and the gold sent to Scotland and Ireland
would speedily come back to the Bank of Eng
land in duo course of trade.
One point is particularly worthy of notice—
namely, in the permission granted by the
Lords in Council to increase the circulation of
bank-notes, beyond the means of redeeming
them with gold, no mention is made of the
issue of bank-notes of a less denomination
than Flvo Pounds. The London Times, dis
cussing what has, and what should have been
done, says : it There was, however, an alterna
tive which, though equally unjust in being an
act of Government relief for which there was
no true claim, would still have prevented a
sacrifice of principle. ./In issue of one-pound
notes could have been adopted without any In
fringement of the doctrines on which the
Bank Charter Act is grounded. The fact that
the permission for the circulation of such notes
terminated in 1829,18 not material,. as the law
could have been set aside on one point as easily
as on another. This plan, however, seems not
even to have been considered." It remains
doubtful whether, under the license to issue
more paper money, is included leave to issue
small notes. If this be not conceded, a great
principle is maintained, even while another
(that of paying off every note in gold) may
be temporarily violate&
In 1847, when the Government took a-step
like the present, the rate of discount was 8
per cent.—consequently, those who will bo
benefited by the increased facilities now
afforded, will have to pay 2 per cent. more
for them than was the price in 1847. Ton
per cent. is a pretty stiff price to pay for
money in England, on unexceptionable paper,
but it is a trifle compared with recent charges
in our own Third street, and in Wall street, in
New York, where money has been paid for at
3 and 4 par cent. a month, which is equiva
lent to 36 to 48 per cent. a year.
Parliament, it was believed, would bo im
mediately summoned, for the purpose of pass
ing an Act of Indemnity in favor of the GoVern
ment and the Bank. The last prorogation was
to the 17th December, and it is not likely that
Parliament would be summoned before that
day. It is not quite certain, either, that the
Bank has availed itself of the permission to
issue paper money, in excess of its treasure,
and contrary to the provisions of its charter of
1844. It is matter of notoriety that, in 1847,
when like license was granted, the Bank had
no occasion to act under it; the mere an
nouncement that it had the right to ease the
contracted operations of commerce by issuing
an increased amount of paper money was stall
dent to restore confidence then.
It must be remembered that in England
there has not been any distrust, whatever, of
the solvency of the Bank of England; no doubt
that every £5 note it had issued would be ex
changed for gold, upon presentation ; no run
for gold whatever. Tho ‘t run " was for dis
counts. Merchants had immature bills which
they desired to convert into current money,
even by paying large discounts. Tho Bank
discounted as long as they could, and then
drew in, from want of means. The Govern
ment allow them to manufacture means, and
this, it was expected, would ease the feverish
excitement, by permitting augmented accom
modation.
As for the future, we find some very sen
sible remarks in the London Daily News, which
Ore worth reading :
And now for a word of sober ' serious caution to
the mercantile community. By the courage and
sagacity of Government an imminent and great
danger has been surmounted. The public must
now do their part toward the restoration of con
fidence. It was only when the Bank Act stood in
the way, damming up the supply of money, that
there was any excuse for alarm. It is now placed
beyond doubt the Bank has plenty of notes to
IBM Government have boldly, yet most judi
ciously, refrained from fixing any limit to the
amount of new notes. Every holder of " approved
securities" may obtain as much as ho chooses to
ask. There Is, consequently, no longer any pos
sible reason why holders of money should decline
to lend, for their market is at top price. All will
doubtless be free lenders, and we shall be greatly
disappointed if the excessively heavy applications
at the Bank do not immediately slacken. There
is even strong ground for doubting whether the
provisions of the act of 1844 will he actually In
fringed, or Government bo compelled to apply to
Parliament for an Act of Indemnity.
The resources of the country are mirages over;
the money in hand is far larger in amount than at
former periods, and trade is becoming contracted ;
the external drain of gold is checked; bullion is
flowing in freely from Australia; the American i
advices are altogether more cheerful ; and the flow
of sovereigns to !Scotland ought to produce nothing
more tbaa temporary inconvenience, sines they
are retained in the country, and will, assuredly,
ore long find their way back in largo masses to
London. Mercantile houses whirls have been
stricken by the American embarrassments will still
come to the ground, and the losses sustained
through the heavy fall in produce will tend to in
crease the number of tottering firms. In this,
however, there is nothing in any way suggestive of
alarm; and it must not be forgotten that the money
which is dropped by speculators in produce is
picked up by the consumer. Now that the storm
has swept away the trammels Imposed by the
Bank dot, there is every ground for legitimate
confidence; and the people of England will not be
true to their reputation for sobriety if they do not
scout every provocative to panic.
To American speculations the European
Panic is mainly attributed by the English Jour.
nals. No doubt they bad a good deal to do
with it, but they did not exclusively load to
the evil. There was a corresponding spirit of
extravagance, speculation, and over-trading
in the European mind. What took place in
America only precipitated matters.
The result, if Trade will properly road
F the moral to be drawn from recent events,
ought to be the discontinuance and discounte
nance of that reckless spirit of wild adventure
in trade which creates temporary prosperity,
(or the appearance of it,) and invariably, be
cause inevitably, leads into bankruptcy and
ruin. This Panic, the crisis through which
the mercantile world is now making its way,
(finding It a very hard road to travel,) will do
ono good, if it limit credit. If our traders
had to pay hard cash for European manufac
tures or produce, instead of giving slx and eight
months' bills, they might make less extensive
purchases, and yet ultimately make more
money, by the safer and more legitimate trade
li/bleb they would create and foster.
The governor of Maryland, T. Watkins Li
gon, has offered a reward of $2OO for the appre
hension of Andrew Thompson, who murdered
Henry 0. Fletcher, in Burford County, on the 14th
or November, a report of vehloWappoared fa these
columns at the time.
PHILADELPHIA, MONDAY, NOVEMBER 30, 1857.
The Void, of the Advocates of the Ktintias-
Hamelin Bill against the Calhoun Conven
tion.
[Prom the Columbus (Ohio) Statesman, leading-De
mocratic paper of Ohio, Nov, 251
A IiItaIIErnESMNTATION Commmi.—By the
following out-spoken extracts from the leading
article xn the Cleveland Plain Dealer of last
Monday evening, it will be seen that the pdsition
of• that paper, on the non-submission of tho so
called Constitution of Kansas to the people ,has
boon misrepresented by the Block Bepubbloan
press : •
"The framers of that Constitution wore Miter?
mined to defeat one darling object of the TOpo•
kaites, which was to i vote down the Constitution
anyhow," call another Convention, and aubltitate
their own for this, thus repudiating all actsof the
fats Convention, and the Logislaturo whioh gave
it existence, and necessarily delaying the atisr4s
sion of Kansas as it State This they do bglarb
mitting the slavery issue only to the people t 'and
compelling them to vote, if they vote at alljor
the Constitution either with or without alavetj.
Ono wrong brings on another. The Lane soon
need not have boastod what they were going to do
even before the Constitution was framed.
"They could have killed Said instrument witli a
silent ballot just as well, and not provoked the
border ruffians to such a retaliation. It is tife,
slavery is the only question really at issue".with
the people of Kansas, and that is submitted to
j to
Congresspeople; but will sanction the proted t,
sought here to ha established, of submitting a /siert
and not the whole of an organic lett Which . litta
govern a future State, and this only to rebuke the
bravado of a few leaders of a Worthless porn)*
party? * * * *'
"Although, technically, the Convention may
have a right to withhold any part, or the whole,.
of such an instrument from submission to thii,
people, yet if the members of that ConvontiOW
wen elected with the understanding that,• seer
cording to precedent, their labors were to be so
milted for ratification by their constituents, it left
tyrannical outrage of confidence, right, and junkie.
not to submit It. Wo detest all hair-splitting tirql
special pleadings in such matters. The Conetita r .
Don ' and orory part of it, is made for the people,
and the whole people of that future State, and
there is no danger in lotting the people vote 4'
they please upon it."
There is not only no danger in letting the people
"vote all they plesso upon" their fundament'
law, but as a matter both of principle and of piaci
tice, there is no safety without it.
To deny them the right, and endeavor to fore*.
down upon a people an organic law, is the grossest.,
form of anti-Democracy, which, so far from being
sanctioned by any partisan reason, is rendered all
the more odious and repulsive by any such reason.
What is State sovereignty worth, if maintained at
the expense of popular sovereignty? How can
you maks so State, with any regard for publki
liberty, unless you know the people thereof desire
to become a State; and as the Louisville Demo
crat so ably argues, how can you know a people
wish to become a State under any given form,
unless you submit that form to their own direct
determination? In the name of God, what else
than just this have tho Democracy been fighting
for all this while? •
(prom the Chime Times, loading Democratic paper of
Illinois, Nov. 24,1867.)
A YnnniertoN.—Foruey's Press, nor any other
press over uttered words more pointed, truthful,
and emphatic then the following:
" Tho public man who falters in this issue seals
his doom. The northern Democrat who tries to
make, the Convention of Kansas superior to the Imo
ple, and who advises that the Constitution shall
not go to them for endorsement or rejection, YlN
testes nig CAREER FOltieVER."
prom the same paper.]
Wno Anr Tann 7 —ln those days, iThen danger
ous innovations and bold violations of the Demo
cratic platform are urged by papers that have
heretofore hold high positions in the Democratic
party, it is desirable to know who are true to the
principles of the Demooratle party. We find the
following Democratic papers who aro defending
the right, oven though the shadow of executive
authority is represented as shielding tho wrong :
Providence (R. Post, Forney's Philadelphia
Press, Detroit Free Press, Pittsburgh Ern:o;B,-
OMo Statesman, Toledo Commercial, Milwaukee
News, Dubuque Express, Davenport (Iowa) Deee
octal, Buffalo Conner.
In our own State, so far as we have soon any ex
pression of sentiment on this Kansas question,
there is but ono sentiment. The State Register,
Galena Courier, Freeport Bulletin, Urbana Con
stitution are strong and emphatic in asserting
that the ' Nobraska should bo oarried oat in
good faith. In the Northwest there will be but
one expression of opinion on that point.
(Prom the Concord, New Hampshire, Patriot, State
organ, of the 25th of November 1857. i
In the languago of the N. Y. Journal of Corn.
vteree, "it is of vast importance not only to Kansas,
but to every State in the Union, that an Ord
should be put to tho excited Kansas controversy ;
that the pledge of the North and South contained
in the Kansas-Nebraska Act, to faithfully adhere
to the principle of popular sovereignty, should be
religiously observed, and that, no matter. what
sectional or political interest may appear to suffer,
or what party may ten:lug:lit truth) joatliri, - and
fair dealing should be scrupulously observed, and
everything approaching to fraud, violence, and
usurpation, condemned and discountenanced."
And we believe tho Administration and Congress
will do this by promptly rejecting this Constitution
They cannot do the Black Republicans a greater
favor than by accepting it; they cannot do the
Democracy and the cause of truth, justice, and
mend principle a better service thanby rejecting
it. No matter whether it comes thorn with or with
out the slavery article, the principle is the same,
and their action should be tbo same • it should be
rejected because it does not come with the sanction
of the peoplo—becauso it has not been submitted to
the people—because its acceptance by Congress
would be a violation of the groat principle of the
Kansas-Nebraska Act. •
This action is demanded by a regard for a great
principle—not because the Black Republicans aro
howling and shrieking on the subject. They will
have no good causo for 'complaint if this Constitu
tion is accepted. For factious purposes, they re
fused to vote for delegates to this Convention,
when they had the power to choose. a largo ma
jority of them and to form a Constitution to suit
themselves; and they have now no right to com
plain of the consequences of their own rascality.
But the Democracy of the country have a right to
complain of the course of the Convention, boeauso
it is in violation of groat principles and solemn
pledges.
And we are not surprised to See it condemned by
many loading Democratic papers of the North.
Among them aro the Chicago Times, (Judge
Douglas's organ,) Forney's Press, Harrisburg,
Pa., Patriot, the New York Journal of Conn
merce, the Albany Argus, Detroit Free Press,
Buffalo Courier, the Rochester Union ' the Pitts
burg, Pa., Union, the Boston Port, and the Pro:114-
(lone° Post, and we have no doubt it will be disap
proved very generally by the Democracy.
[Prom the Democratic State paper of Indiana, the In
dianapolis Sentinel, Nov. 26;1857 )
Tim Democracy of Indiana have unbounded
confidence in the wisdom, patriotism, and sagacity
of Mr. Buchanan. Ho can have no ambition in
the future but the well being of his country. Cool
and cautious, he will not hastily express an
opinion, as a chief magistrate should not do. We
believe that the weight of his Influence and posi
tion will be in sympathy with the sovereignty and
rights of the people. Occupying a position in
which ho is bound to respect and protect the
interests and rights of the whole country, we
shall defor much to his judgment and statesman
ship.
With singular unanimity the Democratic press
of the North, with the conservative press of the
South. opposo most decidedly the attempt to thrust
upon Kansas a Constitution or institutions inimi
cal to or without the consent of her people. They
have been assured that they should decide those
matters for themselves, and the pledge should be.
fulfilled. The Democracy of the North will de
mand that both the letter and the spirit of the
Kansas act shall be faithfully carriod out. That
this should ho done—that good faith should be
kept—is equally the interest of the South as the
North.
[From the Butler (Pa.) Herald, Democrat.]
GOVERNOR WALKER ANSI KANSAS AFFAIRS
Now.—The Philadelphia Press—Forney's paper—
speaks the truth well and boldly, when it says
that " Governor Walker, of Kansas, will bo sus
tained by every foe of fraud in elections and
every friend of the principle that the majority
shall rule." So far we bars notsuffored ourselves
to doubt for a moment that he will continue to be
sustained and upheld by the present National
Administration. We have too much confidence in
President Buchanan to think otherwise. His con
firmation by the United Sates Senate we look for
as a matter of course, but should It unfortunately
prove otherwise, there will then ho a new phase
given to matters, calculated to arrest the lunnedi
a to attention of all.
Governor Walker has simply, but faithfully and
fully, carried out the great principle for which we
contended, and, inasmuch as the recent Constitu
tional Convention of Kansas has, In a measure, de
parted from that pricsolplo, the Constitution they
offer should ho rejected by Cowgress. It is true
that the great matter of contention, the question
of slavery or no slavery. In the new State, has
been fully. and we suppose, fairly submitted to the
people; 'but there aro other obnoxious features in
the Constitution offered which should prevent its
acceptance until submitted as a whole, to the
people, for their approval or rejection. When we
oveu amend our Constitutions, we submit the same
to the people; how much gloater then the reason
for submitting the whole of the fundamental law
under which a people are to live, to themselves,
for approval or disapproval.
(Frees the Fulton, (Pa.) Democrat, Nov. 27, 1057.)
Thcro is only ono question from which Ivo appro
bend any trouble, and that grows out of the ever
lasting Kansas question The attempt will doubt
less be made in the Senate to defeat the confirm's•
tion of Governor Walker's appointment, and If
this should be accomplished, it is easy to predict
the consequences, so far as the peace and harmony
of the session are concerned. Such a result can only
bo brought about by a coalition between the ultra
pro-slavery members from the South, and the Black
Republican members of the North—as we doabt not
the conservatives of both sessions will rote for
his confirmation. That his course in the main,
since he has administered the affairs of Kansas, is
right, no true Democrat—no sincere friend of the
peace and harmony of the whole country—can for
one moment doubt. The doctrine upon which the I
last Presidential contest was made to turn, and
which resulted so gloriously for the Demooratio
party—the right of a majority of the people of a
Territory to decide the question of slavery for them
selves—has been faithfully carried out by Governor
Wallcor under the instructions of the President,
and we hope to see him abundantly sustained by
the Senate.
[Washington Correspondence of the Baltimore Sun,
November 27.]
also learn that great numbers of Democrats,
including pro-slavery men, have taken the same
position with that of the Governor, and demand
for Kansas the rights which the Kansas-Nebraska
act woo intended to secure to them. Nino-tenths
of the people of Kansas are opposed, and will re
sist by force,
if necessary, the Imposition upon
them of any form of government of willoh they
disapprove. The question there has passed be
yond the original contest between pro and con
slavery men. The question upon which parties in
Kansas aro now arrayed is whether thepeople
shall have the right of self-government. Whether
Governor Walker will be able to impress his own
views upon the Administration in regard to the
subject is to be seen.
[From the Ottawa (Ill.) Froo Trader.)
Without, however, going
i further into the de
tails of the instrument, it s sufficient to remark
that the upshot of the whole is, that the Kansas
Convention have made the attempt by jugglery
and trickery, to defeat the manifest will of the
people by fastening slavery upon them when four
fifths of them have declared at the polls that Kan
ems shall boa free State. In no ease con the sec
tion they propose to lot the people vote upon be
regarded as even submitting the slavery question
to a vote of the people. Assuming this to be the
state of the facts, we say without hesitation, with
the Chicago Times,
.the Detroit Free Press, For
ney's Press—and, Indeed, every leading Demo
cratic) paper of the North and some in the South—
that the new Kansas Constitution should be placed
on a par with the Topeka Constitution , and not
regarded as worth the paper it was written upon.
(From the Princeton (Cl.l Democrat
But, whether the pooplo dooldo for or against
slavery, we trust Congress will reject this Constitu
tion, and insist upon its submission entire to the
people. Thd Kansas-Nebraska bill, organizing
those Territories, guarantees to the people thereof
the regulation of their own domestic affairs; and it
would be preposterous and inconsistent for Con
gress to force upon the people of Kansas a consti
tution not known to meet their approbation. We
doubt not Congress will reject the application, if It
be made, to admit Kansas into the Union as a
State under this Constitution, without its having
been submitted' to the people.
[Prom the Dubuque Expreai.]
Our telographio column this morning contains a
despatch from Washington to the effect that the
action of the lato Constitutional Convention" of
Kansas meets the approbation of the President, as
Caltulatell to quiet existing troubles. We very
much doubt the truth of the despatch.
As to the proposed constitution " quioting trou
ble," it will be very far from doing any such thing.
It is in no wise a constitittiOn of the people. It is
not to bo submitted to them for approval or re
jection, and only contemplates being forced upon
the people in open violation of the first principles
of "popular sovereignty."
On this subject, wo commend the able article
from the Chicago Times, which wo publish this
morning. On this question, the Times takes the
only true and Democratic position, and we are
plossod to see the noble stand which It hes as
sumed, even if it has causelessly " pitched Into"
the Express and Herald once in a while,
COMMUNICATIONS.
THE KANSAS CONSTITUTION
To The Editor of the Press :
You are substantially right in the view you
have taken of the Kansas question, in its pre-
Lent phase; and it is well, when the essential
principles of Democratic Government aro de
parted from, that a Democratic press should,
at least, note the aberration, and leave it to
be vindicated upon such exceptional grounds
IS can be urged in its favor, under the plea of
expediency. At the opening of this question,
public sentiment, with almost entire unani
mity, pronounced in favor of the reference of
the proposed Constitution to the people. The
reference of the whole was meant—no alterna
tive was present to the public mind. To
this consummation all the National legislation
was supposed to point. The position of
Governor Walker, on this particular question,
was found to be impregnable; none but the
wildest zealots ventured to compromise them
selves by assailing it. Yet the small party
that favored the withholding of all of the Con
stitution from a popular vote have succeeded
in withholding from it a part.
, Now, the arguments that irresistibly de
manded .tho submission of the slavery clause
to the people equally require the submission
to them of the rest of the Constitution. Ad
versely, it is said that the minority in Kansas
aro well convinced, (from street-talk, remarks
of Lane, rumor, 1 1 / 4 c.,) that the majority wilt
not vote judiciously upon tho whole Constitu-
tion; therefore, tho right of voting upon it
may be properly withheld from them. It is
admitted that the action of the Convention is
directed against the majority, in the assump
tion that the opponents of the Constitution
would vote it down—not refrain from voting
on it, which would, of course, only insure its
adoption. Now, hero we have the plea of the
aristocrat and oligarch all over the world, in
opposition to the Democrat, who refuses to
admit. is priori that the majority will certainly
go wrong, and that the minority aro surely
right. The serious maintenance of this doc
trine, at the present time, is the most remark
able abandonment of Demooratic principles
that has been publicly exhibited since tho
foundation of our present Government.
The matters withheld may, perhaps be of
small importance, compared with that
is submitted, and it may bo well for those im
mediately interested to naive a fruitless con
test, (de tninimit non rural, &c., as the lawyers
say;) but it was not the less proper that the
true principle should be asserted. In reading
this Constitution, it is not, however, to be ig
nored or denied that a plausible construction
of it, is, that it cannot be amended till 1514.
Certainly the question is left open. Wo are
told that it will surely be construed in favor
of a power of earlier amendment ; but who can
assure us of the Infallibility of this vaticination
about what is proverbially uncertain—judicial
opinion ? Why leave a burning ember of dis
cord amid the elements of combustion that
exist in Kansas. Tho ancient, long-settled
Commonwealth of Rhode Island was convulsed,
some twelve years ago, by a not dissimilar
question.
It is also to be apprehended that, if the "no
slavery" clause is carried, there will be found
an inconsistency between it and the proviso
that "the right of property in slaves now in
this Territory shall in no manner be interfered
with." This is more than a provision for com
pensation for slave property, as it has been
represented. Perhaps it is of little practical
importance, as there are few slaves in Kansas;
yet, it there had been such a proviso in the
Constitution of Pennsylvania, the act of 1780,
for the gradual abolition of slavery, would have
been "unconstitutional." Axes:.
Tug ADISIIOUSE.— This institution contains
thirty more inmates at the present time than at
any other period. The distress prevailing in the
community has had the effect to swell the popula
tion of the Almshouse to an unprecedented extent.
We were present recently et the distribution of
clothes to the inmates, made under the superin
tendence of Mr. Murphy, the steward. Tho appli
cants are ranged In a long lino, in front of the ,
main hall, on the first floor of the house, and ono
by ono they make their respective requests. Ono
asks for a pair of shoes, another fur a hat, another
for a coat, ,ho., until all their wants aro made
known. One cannot imagine a more distressing
eight than that which presents itself on an one•
sion of this character. The most affecting, and
sometimes ludicrous, appeals aro made to the
steward, who is frequently compelled to refuse the
demands of those who aro not really in need. The
various departments of the Almshouse are all
efficiently managed. The institution is always
kept Olean, and the visitor will invariably
speak in terms of commendation of the great
care which is manifested in all the arrange
ments for the comfort of the inmates, The
lunatic department contains many curious cases,
among which we may notice that, of Mt individual
whole excessively fond of giving imitations of all
the leading actors. There aro, in this department,
a man who thinks himself a woman, and n female
who thinks herself a man ; a man who imagines
himself to ba a steamboat; a man with a military
walk; an odd-looking individual who is always
anxious to loan you fifty or sixty million of dollars;
a man who understands everything, can speak all
languages, according to his statement, andperform
anything in the shape of a miracle; dumb pout;
an oratorical lawyer; and numerous other cases of
the most curious character. Dr, Moseley, of the
Ninth ward, ono of the Guardians of the Poor, has
introduced a resolution which requires a monthly
statement to be made of the number and character
of the inmates in the different departments. This
is a movement in the right direction. The president
of the hoard is Mr. Brown, of the Eleventh ward, a
gentleman whose interest in the welfare of the de
serving poor is well known and universally com
mended.
Supposed loss of a Philadelphia Vessel.—Thu
barque Ala, 463.06.65 tons register, built in New
bury, Massachusetts, in .1861, owned by Messrs.
Thomas Richardson & Co., and Lennigs, of this
city, and engaged as a regular trader between this
Sort and London , went to son on Sunday morning,
eptember 6, and not having since been heard
from, strong doubts aro entertained of her safety.
The crow consisted of—
Andrew Davis, master, Philadolphia
G. Peterson, mato, Sweden.
John Nolson, second mato.
George Lilly, seaman.
John Saffegan, seaman.
George Mills, seaman.
J. Franeis,seatnan.
David Craig, seaman.
John Brown, 804111111),
Charles A. Cookson, seaman.
John Bunker, seaman.
William Lawson, ordinary seaman.
Robert Thompson, ordinary seaman.
Lynas Lawns, steward.
William Walton!, cook.
Tho following is hor freight list; 5 hluis. mo
lasses; 50 hhtle. lampblack; 421 bblg. rosin; 120
tierces boor; 113 bags olovorsoori ; 5 hinis. bark;
3,430 bags oil cake; 624 bags peanut oaks; 1,009
bushels corn; 1,400 bushels wheat; 2 packages
sundries.
The Ala was, in every respect, a good, staunch
vessel, was thoroughly overhauled, caulked, and
sheathed with heavy yellow metal previous to her
sailing. Captain Davis ices a native of Philadel
phia, was an old and experienced seamen, and for
merly oommanded the barque Mary Dale and ship
John N. Glossier. In view of the fact that the
barque Ala sailed from the capes on the oth of Sep
tember, it is probable that she may have encoun
tered the terrible gale in which the Central Ame
rica foundered, on the 12th or 13th of that mouth.
The Democrats have n majority of twenty
Ave en joint ballot in the Louisiana Legislntur9,
THE DISASTER ON THE MISSISSIPPI
Particulars of the Burning of the Bain
**rolls Sixty to Nevonty Lives Lost
BOAT AND CARGO LOST.
8200,000 Worth of Property Destroyed
REPORT OF THE OFFICERS
[From the Louisville Courier of the 20th
In the Courier of Tuesday we published, by
means of telegraphic despatches, all the informa
tion in regard to the destruction of the Rainbow,
by fire, on Saturday morning last, in the lower
Mississippi, that we could then obtain. Yester
day morning, the officers and survivors of the
crow and passengers reached this city by rail
road, from Cairo. From the officers we have ob
tained full particulars of the disaster, which is one
of the heaviest calamities that have occurred on
tho Western waters for many years.
The fire originated in the cook-house, it is sup,
posed. From the time of the first alarm, not over
ton minutes elapsed before the boat was an entire
noose of flames. The fire first consumed the middle
of the boat, completely cutting off the passengers
iu the after part of the boat from going forward,
and preventing those in the bon from extending
aid to the sufferers at the stern. The clerk, Mr.
Huston, who had gone to bed but a short time
before the fire, rushed towards the ladles' cabin, to
extend aid to the females '
- bat was driven back by'
the flames. He then went back to his office to save
the books, but the room was op full of smoke that
ho was tiriven out. lie made another effort from
the outside breaking a panel of the door, Crept
in, but again was compelled to retreat. He got
hie keys, but lost all his clothing, except what ho
had on, and lost hie watob, not having time to draw
on his boots. Ho had one in his hand, but lost the
other.
Tho iron safe was subsequently got out, by means
of A obain thrown around it, after it bad fallen
through the cabin floor to the dock. The papers
and money in the safe were found uninjured,
though the loather on the pocket-books was com
pletely melted by the heat. The paper was un
injured.
All the officers of the boat acted the most manly
Wallace t throughout the scones that encompassed them.
W Lamb, the pilot at the wheel, stood to his
post until the tiller rope burned off, and the Texas
was a mass of flames. The boat's bow had been
headed for the Arkansas shore, and she, with a
full head of steam, was ran out in sevenfoot water.
A single stage-plank was got out, and a line to the
shore. thus enabling all those who were fortunate
ly in the forward port of the boat to easily escape.
The porter was the only man who saved his bag
gage. The captain's trunk was subseittently
caught in the river, and he at once divided its
contents among his half-naked companions. If
the accident had occurred a few miles lower down
the river, hardly a life would have boon saved,
as the banks on either side were high and bluff,
and the current very swift.
Before the boat was landed, the yawl, that was,
as usual, swung up at the stern,'was cut loose with
seine fourteen or fifteen persons in it, including
several of the crew; the boat was instantly cap
sized, and all perished but two. They swam out.
The life-boat that was on the upper guard was not
thought of, but rested guietly in its place.
The two chambermaids jumped overboard from
the Arf.r-g . aard, and wore saved by the °Meets of
the Sovereign. Ono of them alighted on a floating
log, and WAS caught nearly a mile from the wreck.
Several of the lady passengers and their husbands,
who were in the aftorpart of the boat, and were
cut off by the fire from going forward, leaped
boldly overboard, trusting to the mercy of the
waves. Many of them were saved by the yawl of
the Sovereign, that came down and landed Just
below. Six persons were thus saved, half a rails
down the river, floating on a piece of timber.
Two of the party were women, who were taken
out perfectly lifeless. Mrs. Whittaker, of Vicks
burg, who had thrown herself overboard with her
three children, was also saved, but the children
periahed. She was floating on apiece of scantling,
but. when taken on board the Sovereign, was coirt•
pletely deranged, and so remained up to the depar
ture of the heat, which took her back to Vieks
burg. A ladder thrown from the upper deck of
the - Rainbow WWI the moans of saving several lives.
One lady was rescued from the water wholly un
conscious, with a life-preserver tightly grasped in
her arms.
The chief mate of the Rainbow, Charles Whit
low, was indefatigable In his exertions to save life,
and was successful in rescuing a number of women
and others, for which he deserves the highest mood
of praise. The second mate. Mr. McKee, saved
John Smorska, the second clerk, who was confined
to his room in the Texas with rheumatism, and
couldn't walk. He resigned himself to fate, but
the mate seized him and carried him down to the
deck in his arms. The two t towards, colored men;
the two pastry cooks, lie:mums; the third cook,
colored, and the coffee grinder, a boy, were all
burnt up in their room in the after part of the
Texas. One of the cooks broke through the flames,
but fell to the lower deck amid the burning ruins,
and his remains wore seen by the persons on shore,
at the foot of the cylinder timbers, burning up.
His some was Wallace, belonging to Mr. Shane.
George W. Blake, assintant engineer, who was in
his room with others, jumped overboard and swam
ashore.
Augustus Merritt, the chief engineer, stood at
his engines until he was surrounded by fire and the
lamps bursted with the heat. Ile then coined his
overcoat, and throwing it over his head, went to
the mud valve, raised it and lot off the steam and
water. and by so doing prevented an explosion and
saved the lives of many.
Of the cabin, crow, and waiters only two Were
saved—Tom and Tobe, colored boys.
Ono of the most terrible Hones ever witnessed
Was tho crowd of human beings that 'gathered
around the after-guard of the burning boat, and
in the wheel-house. They were so completely
terror-stricken us to be utterly powerless, sur
rounded by the flames that still clung to the burn
ing wreck, and not ono would jump into the river,
or attempt to reach the shore, which was not over
forty feet from them. Mr. Huston, the clerk, and
others waded into the water and pushed oat u log
to their reach, but not one would get upon it, but
suffered it to drift past them, thus cutting off all
hope. An old wan frem Napoleon, with a white
horse, woe with the crowd of panic-stricken beings,
and inn fow moments the guard, with its weight,
broke through, and the whole mass, together with
the white bores, fell into tho river with a crash,
the piercing shrieks of the victims resounding with
fearful effect upon the people on the shore who had
meaped, but wore utterly unable to save them.
Th e horse was distinctly seen in his struggles to
tramp down several of the people who were at
tempting to extricate themselves from the burning
wreck around them. Several of the passengers
wore seen in an upright po'ition clinging to the
hog chains, and thus burnt alive.
The corpse of the superintendent of tho laves
works in New Orleans, which was on board in a
motalic case, bad been placed on the lower sleek,
just in tho roar of the steps. A gentleman who
had tho body in charge offered $3OO to whoever
would bring it away, but no ono would venture,
and the body was burnt.
Among those saved was Mr. T. B. Boyne, clerk
of the new steamer Caddo Bello. Ile lost every
thing but the money he deposited in the safe. The
money in the drawer, some SISD in gold pieces and
paper, woe also lost, together with avast amount
of treasure in the trunks of passengers, The offi
cers of the boat hadpurchased a quantity of mo
lasses and coffee, on which there was no insurance.
The other cargo was over 300 tons, the nhole in
volving a 10,3 of nearly $200,000, making the most
serious disaster that has occurred on tho Western
waters for many years. The officers ' one and all,
did their duty, and should command the sympa
thies of the public.
The annexed statement was furnished us by Mr.
llu.don, the clerk. It is concise and graphic,:
The Rainbow, Captain nottcroft commanding,
on her way front New Orleans, had on board from
two hundred and fifty to throe hundred souls, pas
sengers and crew, alt told, and about four hundred
tons of freight, principally coffee, sugar, and mo
lasses.
On the morning of the 21st inst., at about half
past two o'clock, while under way, some ten miles
ohmic Napoleon, and near the head of Island
Seventy-four, the boat was dissovereditolbe on foe.
The officer of the (leek, Mr. C. Whitlow, inatiodi-
lately ordered her to be run ashore. The order
was promptly executed by Mr. Lamb, the pilot at
the wheel, but so rapid was the progress of the
flames, that by the time the shore was reached,
they on% eloped tho entire boat, which presented a
111./035 of tire from stem to stern. These of the pas.
sengsera and crew who wino on the forward part
of the boat escaped 'without difficulty. Those at
the stern were cut 01r from any means of escape,
except byjumping into the water Although it
was but is few yards to the shore, but fow of the
latter escaped, except those who had tho presence
of mind to take life-preservers or something to
sustain those in the water. No doubt tunny were
burnt in their rooms. SOlllO were overcome with
fright, and know not which way to go, and would
not jump into the water. Thu wheel-house next
the shore was filled with men, women and children.
The beams burnt off, and the weight of the wheel
carceend it overboard, carrying with it a great
many persons, but few of oboist wore saved.
All the books and papers being destroyed, it is
utterly impossible to ascertain accurately the
111111103 of the lost or saved; but, after carefully
competing the statements of those that were
saved, wo cannot make tho loss less than sixty to
seventy-live humans beings—all ushered into eter
nity without a moment's miming. Truly, in
the midst of life we are in death." The officons,
without exception, wore saved.
Loot.—lid. Prather, first, and Wet. Ro
chester, second steward, (colored,) and Frank
Starkermyer and assistant, pastry-nooks, (Ger
mans); third and fourth cooks, (one white and ono
black,) wills fifteen of the crew, firemen, and deck
hands.
I . .nistontre.—The Sovereign, bound down, for
tunately was near at hand, and succeeded In pick
leg up several of the passengers floating in the
water, upon pieces of nowt ,te. She took en
board those of the saved who wished to return
South. The 'Menasha soon tame along, bound
up, and several persons went off on her. A few
hours afterwards, the James E. Woodruff came up
and took on beard the crow and the remainder of
the passengers, with the exception of a few who
stayed to look far the remains of their lost friends.
Origin of the Tire.—The of f icers of the boat
agree that the fire originated in the cook-house,
which being elosod, they think that the fire was
under full headway before bursting out, and then
it was so far started, and the wind blowing very
fresh, that nothing could bo done to arrest its
progre,s.
Lame.—Tin) cargo consisted of sugar, coffee,
and molasses, 300 to 400 tons, all of which is a
total /4,M.
PaAsengers.—The passengers, with ono or two
exceptions, had retired to their rooms. Among
them eero several Californians, with their tren-
Rues of gold and their families, coming back to
their homes, but, aloe! thoy met with the cold
ombrttoo of (loath in its most horrid corm, ihatoad
TWO CENTS.
of that of kindred and friends from whom they
had so long been separated.
Treasura and Jewelry Loot —All the passen
gers lost everything, money, clothes, and all they
had except what was on their persons.
A large amount of money in gold and.s2o,oo in
jewelry, were undoubtedly lost.
The boat's safe with contents was soon recovered,
and those of the passengers who had deposited
their money in the office were saved from loss in
that particular.
Ines4psts.—Mr. Wheatley, from California, with
his wife and child, jumped from the steamer and
struck boldly out for the shore. The wife soon
sank to riao no more ; the child was drowned cling
ing to the father's neck. Tie could not reach the
shore with his child and was compelled to let it go.
Mr. W. woo assisted by , those on shore, and caved.
Ira had $3,500 in
"gold in the safe, which was re
covered. He remained at the wreak to recover, if
possible, the remains of his wife and child.
Mr. Whitlow, the mato, picked up five persons
hanging to a small piece of timber. MI were
saved, though in two of them life was apparently
extinct.
Mr. Maddock. a traveling agent of a Philadel
phia house, lost $20,000 worth of jewelry, saving
nothing but his pantaloons, without either coat or
hat.
Every one of those who escaped wore but half
clad. Some had coats and no pants, few had bats
or boots, some had no covering but the comfort
snatched from their berths as they left, but their
wants were soon supplied by the crews of other
boats as they carne up.
Generosity.—Mr. T. B. Flourney, of Arkansas,
S. B. Arnold, of Bowling Green, By., and N. M.
Leo, of Richmond, "Va., generously told all to go to
the store at Laconia, and to clothe themselves, and
they weald foot the bills, which was done
Capt. Rogers, of the James E. Woodall', with
a noble generosity that is an honor to the steam
boat men of the West, took all who were saved and
desired to come up, 301110 one hundred in all, to
Memphis, free of charge, and the crew of the Rain
bow to Cairo, on the same generous terms, showing
that the Western boatmen are humane, although
looked upon by the world as outside barbarians.
Mr. Henry, of the Taylor House, Cairo, contri
buted in every way in his power to the comfort
and relief of those who came to Cairo, and Mr.
Cormicli, of the Illinois Central Railroad, and the
of:6mi of the Ohio and Mississippi and of the New
Albany and Salem railroads, brought them all free
of charge to this point.
List of the Saved.—The following list compri
ses those on tho Woodruff, together with those
known to be saved on board the Sovereign and
Minnehaha :
Qificers.—E. P. Bancroft, Captain; W. W. Hus
ton, clerk; John IL Smorska, clerk ; W. W.
Lamb, pilot; M G. Bancroft, pilot; 13. H. Holl
eran, pilot; N. S. Ilolloroft, barkeeper; M. Sa
muels, barkeeper; Chas. Whitlow, mate; It.
McKee, mate; Wm. Aplett, watchman; A 11.
Merrett, engineer; H. Harland, engineer; Win.
Reue, engineer; Geo. Blake, engineer; Saul
Seale, carpenter ; Jo. Basler, firemen
Cabin Crew.—Mike Washington, IL Manage ,r
Tom. Evans, Wm. Lewis, Geo. Roberts, A. Hub
bard, Mary Johnson, Bruce Lane, Jack Vance,
Toby Leo, Wash. Bullen, Alf. Flood, Dan. Carter,
Celle Williams, Jas. Cox.
Calan Passenger.l.—Tozier R. 8, Coe,
R. Rolly, McQuilkin,
Thomasßellair,Barnott, Miss Lydia Harris,--
Wright, W. F. Smith, Ea. Jones, Mrs. Armstrong,
four { children and servant, Mrs. Armstrong's
brother Mrs. Clapton. Idles Clopton, Mr, Castle
man, Mrs. Aspell, John Bowels, Wheatly, Mad
dox, Gellert, McFall and friend, gentleman and
lady, unknown, Mr. Garland and three slaves.
Front KenilltiZl—Siantla Dournoz <Flour-nom
B. E. Williams, Lexington ; S. H. Roper, Jacob
MeGarrock, B. It. Tood, Kentucky, and ofncers
and crew.
From Cinthinate.—llenry Collin, Jno. Kelly
anti Arden Ilarndin.
From Indiana.—Gwynn Lotter, Benj. Hannah,
Julius Elder, George Burch, Victor Peeking, Per
ry Samuels, David Kinder, D. M. Small, and
James Love.
From Illinois.--John Mayberry and wife, C.
W. Dasheal, C. J. Reiman, C. Holmes, L. D.
Crotobell, and B. F. Rowland.
From Pittsburgh.—lL B. McCune, M. Alder-
son, George Dungan,
Wilson White, H. B. B Dalton,
and Isaac Williams.
From Philadelphia.—Thomas Maddock and J
M. Cason.
Front Missouri.—J. M. Fleming.
Deck Pa,lfengers and Hand e.—Hannan, Rioter,
Reagan, Vewtliin, Dobson, Gamy, Jacobs, Can
non, Peasly, Donohoe, Brown, Steno, Rirwin,
Needham, Ryan. Coleman, Birch, Kelly, Ellis.
Lose and Missing.—MoCoffin, Scott co, Ky.,
missing; Mrs. Wheatly and child, of California,
lost; Lady name unknown, lost; third and fourth
cooks, names unknown, /oat; Was. Rochester,
steward, loot; John Ashby, Jo Adkins, and Thos.
Collins ; deck hands, lost; three ladies on deck.
lost; Leake, of Arkansas, missing; Ingraham, of
N. 0., missing; Miss Larreck, lost; Brashear, of
Westport, lost; Frank Starkerineyer and assistant,
pastry cooks, lost; E. Prather, steward, lost; Geo.
.Daries, colored boy, lost; Wallace, do do; three
children of Mrs. 'Whittaker, of Viclaburg, lost;
Wm. Hall, colored, lost.
James Laughlin, Alliance, 0.; Thomas New
house, Carrollton, Ky. ; Hiram Charleton, 0. ;
William Chambers, Cincinnati ; George Newman,
Carrollton, Ky. ; John Gallagher, Sahneville, 0. ;
a blind man named Johnson, wife, and two daugh
ters, going to Paducah; James McLaughlin, Pitts
burgh ; William Barn, do ; en Irish girl going to
her mother at Cannelton, la. ; G. Craig, Birming
ham, Pa.; John Mchaffy, McKeesport, Pa.; Mrs.
Bond, Memphis.
The above comprises the names of tholost, as far
as can be recollected by Mr. Huston, the clerk.
Of the crew of twenty-seven firemen and deck
hands, twelve only are known to be saved, the
rest are lost or missing.
Mr. Maddox, from Philadelphia, lost $20,000
worth of jewelry. Other passengers lost some
530,000 in bills of exchange, coin, and bank notes;
and the entire loss of boat, cargo, and money, is
not far, if any, short of $200,000.
On the boat, the Louisville offices have a risk of
$lO,OOO, and the cargo is, no doubt, covered by in
surance Otero, as the goods belonged to merchants
of Lonisvillo
Great Excitement ut Hamilton—Conflict of Ju
risdiction—The Town In Arms—Prospect of
Bloodshed.
(From the Cincinnati Enquirer of Friday 3.
A serious difficulty and groat excitement occur
red yesterday in Hamilton, the particulars of which
as we have received them, are as fellows: Day be
fore yesterday afternoon, Judge McLean, of the
United States Court, on the application of Messrs.
Thompson b Nesbit, attorneys for various Eastern
creditors, granted several attachments against N.
G. Curtis, of Hamilton.
The writs were placed in the hands of United
States Deputy-Marshal Elliott, who proceeded to
that town on the same evening, for the purpose of
serving them, and. on arrival, attached a large
stock of goods, valued at same $5,000, in the store
of Curtis; which fact being noised about by ono
Wilkison Beatty—who claims to have purchased
the goods of Curtis, but whose sale the creditors
assert to have been fraudulent—quite a riotous
crowd gathered, and an effort was made to eject
Elliott, when he drew a revolver and frightened
them OE The tumult had, by this time, increased,
and many.wero the threats made; but, as the
Marshal stood Dm, none of the menaces were car
ried out ; and although the excitement continued,
the officer retained possession.
Yesterday afternoon, however, while Elliott was
absent serving certain writs, having left the store
in charge of a watchman, Beatty came up with a
number of armed men, broke Into the establish
ment, burled the officer from and took possession
of the premises, and prevented the marshal from
entering on his return.
Elliott immediatelytolegraphed to United States
marshal Churchill, and lust evening the latter left
uith a largo posse, with the intention of bringing
the rioters to justice.
Wo learn that the greatest excitement prevailed
at Hamilton; that sonic five or six hundred armed
men were parading in the streets, declaring the
United States officers were interfering with their
(the ilamiltonians) jurisdiction, and should not
have the goods, unless by force of arms. As mat
ters appear at present, there is a prospect of a se
rious (lineally between the authorities; and it
would not be singular if many lives were lust.
Churchill is expected hero with his prisoners this
Morning.
The Legislature of South Carolina met on
Monday, and next day (lovernor Allston sent in
his annual message. lie refers feelingly to the
deaths of Senator Butler, Col. Brooks, and Cul
Chores; favors tfroe schools, and recommends the
repeal of the usury laws, leaving the rate of inte
rest at seven per cent. where no contract is made.
The financial condition of the State is reported
sound, though momentarily embarrassed. On the
subject of Federal relations, Gov. Allston expresses
the opinion that since the convention of 1852 there
is no reason for material difference among those
who wish to agree. HO bristly alludes to Kansas,
and tenders to his Southern friends there his sym
pathies in their struggles in an unequal contest.
110 transmits the resolutions of Maine and Con
necticut on the decision of the Supreme Court in
the Dred Scott case, and recommends a spirit o
forbearance towards them for their prejudices of
birth, education, and association.
A friend of ours, says the Indianapolis Senti
nel,living in the southern portion of this state,
eqtirnatos the value of the Surplus products for
sale, over and above all that will be needed for the
supply of the population, in sixty-four counties
south of the Ohio and Mississippi Railroad, be•
tween the mouthsof the Little Miami and Wabash
rivers, at about thirty mullion of dollars! This
estimate is based on the auditor's returns of the
surplus in many of those counties now on hand, and
which will go forward' to market before the nest
harvest. This is an ovidoncu of wealth which is a
substantial basis fur confidence in the future, and
which in time will relieve the present financial e 111 •
barrassments of the country. The northwest will
prove to be, in fact now is, the granary—the
Egypt—of the Union. More: in a few years she
will give the country its political character, end
will influence its destiny.
J. J. Dennis, a Lin yer of Cincinnati, who
figured conspicuously in the recent slave case in
that city, has been sentenced by Judge Burgoyne
to pay a fine of $5OO for contempt of court. The
negroes were brought before Judge B. by writ of
habeas corpus, and on motion of Dennis, who ap
peared for thoir owner, the case was continued to
give hint time to filo au answer. Instead of filing
an answer, be procured another writ of habeas
corpus by ag° Carter, thereby laying the founda
tion of an apparent conflict of jurisdiction, know
ing at the same tuna that the jurisdiction of Judge
Burgoyne was full and complete.
The Norfolk (Va.) papers, in announcing
that a man named Bartholomew has been fined and
Imprisoned in that city for shooting and wounding
T. T. Cropper, states that on the total it was proven
that the prisoner believed he was a descendant of
the royal fatuity of France, and that it was a con.
descension in lons to speak to common men. 110
was kicked when a boy by a colt, which injured his
intellect. Ilia father died in the lunatio asylum at
Mount Hope, having gone deranged because Oen.
Taylor beat lien. Case far the presidency.
MOTIVE TO CORIBLESTORDEXTS,
corrorpoodooro for " Tim l'anaan will phut bear fa
mind the :allowing mbar
livery eononenteatiou must be accompanied by tba
game of the writer. In order to insure correctness
the typography, but one aide of a 'heat should
written upon.
We shall be madly obliged to gentlemen in Pinutsyl
runic and other States for contributions tiring the cur
rent neve of the dsy In their particular localities, the
resources or the Wm:tut*, ormatry, the iIIERIBIie of
inalatioa, and my information Mit will be interesting
to the general reader
GENERAL NEWS.
A libel suit nas on trial in the Cincinnati
Superior Court on Tuesday, in which Mr. Iles
saureck, the editor of the German Republican
paper, was plaintiff, and Mr. BCMSI3I2, the editor
of the Von-strewed, defendant. The latter paper
published an article which it copied from the An
zriger of that city, and which charged llaasaniTck
with dragging his mother by the hair and kicking
her. Depositions "'CIO read from rations rersou,
and witnesses were introduceci who testified that
there was a general report that plaintiff had mal
treated his mother. Among the depositions was
one from Mr. Sterile, the editor o: the An:et:zee-,
to the effect that he wrote the article published in
the Anzeiger, and requested the German papers
in Ohio to copy it. The plaintiff introduced dep.-
Wiens from his mother and stepfather, in which
they deny the report in Toro. The jury found
verdict of $2,000 for the plaintiff.
General Pierce, ex-President of the United
States, accompanied by Mrs. Pierce, arrived in
this city, Rays the Baltimore San of Saturday, on
Thursday afternoon, and occupy apartments at
Barnum's. The ez-President looks remarkably
well, and Mrs. Pierce has rallied considerably
since her illness. and will proceed upon her ocean
voyage hopeful of complete restoration to health.
The ex-President has been waited open by a num
ber of his friends in this city, and sev era l ha ve
run up Irons Washington to make a farewell call.
Be expects to leave Norfolk in the relied States
steamship Powhatan, about the 4th of the ensuing
month, for Funchal, in the Island of Madeira.
We cordially hope that the purpose of the trip
may be fully realised.
The Delaware Republican says; "It is
stated that Dr. Meggs, of Delaware county, Pa.,
met with Mr. Samuel Riddle, a manufacturer, a
few days ago, when he asked Mr. R. how many
families on his bank would suffer from want be
fore they would make their condition known. The
answer was "a large number." The Doctor toad
Mr. R. to give them their living, and make out his
bill, and he would foot the same in the spring.
Mr. R. had the bell rung immediately, and set all
hands to work on full time—the mill having been
running half time for some weeks. By this con
duct many families, hare been placed in a com
fortable situation for the com ng winter.
Four horses attached to one of Latbam's
omnibuses, says the Washington Union, while on
the Alexandria ferry-boat, on Thursday morning,
became frightened at the breaking of the ice,
(through which the boat was, with diMenitY,
forcing her way,) and at last ran overboard. taking
the omnibus with them. The boat went over
them, and when they came to the surface three
were dead ; the other was subsequently saved, but
in a dying condition. The water where it is sup
posed the omnibus sank is about twenty-five feet
deep. The loss is probably about $1,200.
On Wednesday evening the members of the
bar in Pittsburgh gave Chief Justice Ellis Lewis
A complimentary supper, at the Monongahela
House, in that city. "Venerable Judge Wilkins
presided. Eloquent speeches were made by Judge
Wilkins, Chief Justice Lewis, Judges Armstrong,
Woodward, Knox, Williams. McClure, Shaler,
Shannon, and by several other members of the
bar. The occasion, says the Post, was one of re
fined soak) pleasure, and rare intellectual enjoy
ment—the remembrance of which will long remain
fresh in the minds of the younger participants.
The way train from Philadelphia, says the
Harrisburg Herald, on Thursday was detained
about twenty minutes, owing to a serious accident
which occurred at Garrott. sidin g _ Two men in
a buggy incautiously attempted to cross the track
as the train wa approaching, but too late to pass
in safety. The locomotive struck the vehicle and.
horse, killing the beast and very seriously injuring
both the men. Every assistance in the power of
the conductors was instantly rendered, bat it is
very doubtful if either of the men will recover. We
did not learn their names.
This is the season for bnckivheat cakes , and
one of our exchangessays good ones are made as
follows : Dissolve apiece of fresh " baker's sponge"'
in milk-warm water. Then put in a sieve ono
part flour to three parts buckwheat, which must
be sifted into a pan, and set, or mixed with the
dissolved "sponge." When the mixture is per
fectly light, pour in a little melted butter, add
salt, then a yeast powder, or a little soda and acid,
all well stirred in, then bake immediately.
The severity of the weather has closed the
Susquehanna river between Havre de Grace an d
Port Deposit. The steamboats running up to the
last-named place were compelled to lay up on ac
count of the ice in the river. There is, cf coarse,
no obstruction to travel at the railroad crossing at
'Ffavre de Grace, the ice lying generally above that
point; and it is to be presumed that the crack,
under almost any circumstances, will be kept open
as usual.
The Galveston News says of direct trade with
Europe: "There are several veasels now in port,
which will probably soon commence loading with
cotton for some European port. In fact, the cir
cumstances of the times seem to be opening a di
rect trade to Europe sooner than had been antici
pated. The now ship, the National Guard, will be
here next month, for the purpcoe of taking a cargo
of cotton to Liverpool."
Captain Walter Story, despatcher of trains
on the Baltimore and Ohio railroad, between
Wheeling and Fetterman, was killed on Wednes
day afternoon, about five o'clock, at Glover Gap
Tunnel. Captain S. had been a long time in con
nection with the road, being one of the first men.
who ran an engine into Wheeling. Ile was about
forty-Eve years of age, was well known and highly
esteemed, and /eaves a wife and five children.
The sixth day of the Virginia Annual Con
ference, now in session at Elizabeth City, N. C..
was occupied in arguing and deciding certain
legal questions involved in the case of the Rev.
Chas. A. Davis, who is charged with improper
conduct in Portsmouth. Mr Davis is now attached
to the nary as chaplain, and on a cruise in the
frigate Merrimac. The chair decided that under
the circumstances by which the ease is surrounded,
it cannot be brought to trial in his absence
It is stated that the Treasury estimates of ap
propriation for the neat fiscal year have been rulde
up, and despite every et fert to reduce them, the
total amount estimated is about seventy I-Hiltons.
The estimate for the War Department alone is
ttreaty and es ep , arter millions—being largely in
creased by the anticipated Mormon war. The total
naval estimates, includirg the special service and
the construction or the new steam sloops-of-war,
amounts tofourteen millions.
The Democrat says: Ten months ago, a
youth, of but seventeen autumns. CILIA to St. LOU:3
from Muscatine, lowa, and became enamored of a
Idea young lady, the cherished daughter of highly
respected parents, living on Fifteenth street.
Briefly, he won her, and they were married, and
lived happily till the other day, when the father
of the youthful husband arrived from Muscatine,
and took his son home to learn a bade.'
A singular and fatal accident happened to
Mr. Itenry Lingo, of Mercer tounty. Pa , owe dac
last week. lle had been eating buckwheat cakes
when he partially swallowed a needle that stuck
in his throat. Every effort was mode to extricate
it, but without success. and ho died from the ef
fects of it in a day or two after.
The Richmond (1 - a.) Whig says that there
13 an alleged detkit in the accounts of an offlcer in
that city lie is accountuhlo to the State for taxes
collected to the amount of SiO3.talo, but his bond is
good for $90,000. lie bas made an assl,;mment of
property and money. valued at "V.,,),000, to his
bondsmen, so that the defalcation amounts to
;23,000.
Rev. George Fenwick, of Georgetown Col
lege, is dead. le was a ripe scholar_ As a Ma
thematician and linguist be had scry few tqu.l ., ,
and no superiors. lie was a uriversal fas oils
among the students and professors at the college;
and his company was generally courted by all leh..
were in the habit of sisiting the institution. Ifs
was about sixtythree years of age.
On Tuesday evening, immediately after a
train had reached South Amboy. (N. J..) our cf
the brakemen. named Wm. Throatoorton, stoiipel
down between two ears far the purpose of uncoup
ling them, a hen another ear was let down. driving,
the tno forcibly together. and crushing the young
man's head so that he died almost instantly. Ito
leaves a family.
The Legislature of Alississippi has adjourned
Sine die The Mistitsippran says that before the
Legislature adjaurned, the House of Representa
tives, by a very decisive vote, indicated a determi
nation to continue in force the law prohibiting the
circulation of bank paper, in that data, of a less
denomination than five dollars.
A large golden eagle, measuring seven feet
and four inches from tip to tip, and three feet from
his feet to his peak, was killed by 31r. Green A.
Hader, near Lewisburg, Virginia. one day last
week. This monster bird was attempting to steal
ono of Mr. 11 's turkeys Whitt he was killed.
Gen. Burnside, of Bristol, R. 1., it is said,
declines the e , ntract whieh the Gas C72ltLent
of
fered him for 4 , 40,000 worth of hie breech-loading.
rifles, because the whole sum (SSO,LOO) was not
awarded him.
We are pained to learn front the Mobile
Register that Lieutenant Derby, IJobn Phret,tx
topographical engineers, recently arriv,,l in that
city, is suffering from an nests dis.,rder '•f the eyes,
which it is feared may destroy the sight entir e ly.
Rev. Jas. Satterfield died at his residence,
West Middlesex. Pa., on the 2Sth ins: , i n th e
ninetieth sear of his age. his sickness was of hat
two days' duration. i 1 died where he had livtd
for fifty years.
A child, two years old, having been so in
jured on the Norwich and Worcester r 'WI
require amputation of a hand and fo , )' . , has sued
the road for damages. The jury gave her a ver
dict of
A little daughter of Thomas C. Buckle,
well known artist residing in ltaltimore
binned to death the other 1.14 tinder the imst di.,-
tres.ing, circumstances.
A letter from Shelbyville, Tenn., stye that
there will be fatted fur tharhet frum 1:0 0. 0 to
200,000 hogs, within an area of tufty miles each
way from that point.
A young man, named John Zimmerman, w.t
accidentally shot in the bar-room of the triton
Hotel, at Harrisburg, lag week, and it is feared
will not recover.
The Picayune states that eighteen thousand
one hundred and ninety-nine bales of cotton were
received in New Orleans on the "Oth lest.
The health of Jacksonville, Fla., his not im
proved There is an average of twenty eases cf
yellow fever a day.
The Cumberland Old.) Te ;roe' says that
the assets of the _Mineral Bank will ray altogether
about seventy-five Cents on the dollar
We learn by the Harrisburg iktpvrs that the
canal at that place is frozen over, and navigation
suspended,
A young man, named Ilamilton Ltd:, acci
dentally shot himself at I.,vcr Allalay? Creek ;
(N. J.,) on Yrid , ,y lAA. Ile died in a few