The press. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1857-1880, November 23, 1857, Image 2

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NOVSKSER 28, 1867.
Oltalael3C &Ail Is the only 404t3orited car
rier of 14 4: 1 4JW 4 - 4 ; i46 - 8110 A n A 11, e d B ere/toe4h
wards,stel)Oi 4 1 4E1 , fee4 ihe, Delaware
and'leoopley, l4kl' Of Maria : str eet: reraoii
odeht44T N the Mee
on; thigelibidettgiated, Trill pap
anditonther penott.
Politic* tp Callisti(iditeriedy,;h4aVitian'liCa
AirdageWoodman's Petition; and
Mr.- GiOilirlitrigiia 7 a' gtatinient; - Tterda' of,
Foreigo4wsi of Sir
W.
G : .llloo)ititj Speohil,British Ambassador to
CatoifeMhtt§i 4l :l l o ) ;' ,l Y- ake X ,B4 1e;11t1 ";
The COurtii OraetirafNeirs. ,
Is TiarlittRTATMIN will be found a variety
THE CAIAROV?t: KANNAS, CONSTITUTION.
We Perecife that a well-known New York
paPer,',A4o,MrOne,olthe &Ate denounce;
in the in Ot 4 lndiguaat.terms, the action of
,:the.
044:;-0rinienticur;, In - :the - Territory , ", of
Kerning igle,fetihig. to, 4ie thnc otiatitliti on
idoPtefkiN, f*ktiCon:reAtiqn,,t9 , t49'
vote; eidy.AWidays afterwards takes exactly,
the 'opOSIKVICyti, and taxes Tux knewa and
the Ohie;l4o‘ de r sertinetke Adiniii
istrikiooll,thh! crisis, and with encouraging
the iMtille*ettpUliticians 'of Kansas.
DicoUaleteneYdit a Chiraoteristie or the , pi
per ,undeb' rietice and we 'are not, therefore;
surpriaikte Mie..jhak op thiii, question it htte,,
according 4 hi,thi custom, itatly,contradicted
OWtr'•,actinn; hoWeter, based as it
is upon con'itatiOn,,ankupou 'truth, cenuotbe
abandettel.oe, changed so, easily. It may be
that weldliter from the Administration of the
GenerittitkePutent the Mil, phain of the
Ranwm.llantlia.lf ‘ tbis .shall prove, to be so,
we segititttlydeidoielt: We established Tim
PRlSflii:*;4ll,looeiident Derizecratic , Paper,
"deter*** -kw:Purace conservative and
straightillirtratkcidnee, and to stand steadily
by correct ptjneipleq. Ono 'of our Most,
cherished ebjeets tcr slipport Xi. &Mira
' NAX's Adminitdrationk -To this duty we were'
Pipe* try a,,thonisted considerations of self,- '
restmet and .political'a:ssoclatlons. Our Course
on eiNequeition proved that tine intended to
fulfil thlipioinlie in good faith:,
,‘..!lnd this is'
our soisrientious purpose %ew., The opinions
we bey°, explessed on the Kansas imam were
the, assured, and 'Golden' belief
that,they :Were the natural' deductions from
pernovitle'policy and Democratic pledges in
the laig.',Presidential Campaign. - In that cam
pelgiiWe„Were- individually cOmmitted, in
many!, *Am, to* yet- election in Kansas, and
to sebniittinitheivhele,qUestion of the beg
tutiOne ophat Territory to,thp, people.
Theffeinocrats in all the North and in all
the S#7LthWere,..COminitted to the same duty, in
termn , But Our,
;action, s . lri Ate present complexion of this case ;
reault#ohAfkrnthetteelaratibris'of our can
&dates th s emselves and still 'more, possible,
Prom the repeated and emphatic assurance to
the Pl36pleof Kansas, Written and oral,- Of Go
erneiyaircza,
,who acted with his Instrue
lions fulls hands. - We linie no - complaint to
riski . ;ref these who . have been silent. during
the eiftraordinary proceedings in:Kansas; When
Governor •NTAI•IaiR rejected. the Oxford and
MeGlikaliartds, Bit we imokeenthecause we
believed Awes rlght seise the that cipportu,
nitylo-fulfil the protases; niaiie tothe,peeple .
in 185 6; mild oh ' , the lth lifarchi 1857; - be
caueewedesited te',"shiengtheit the handijOan
upright andfaithibl,public servant like. Gover
nor :Wararzn ;lind lait;riet least; heesuie we
thought we sawn 6 . 42ilsterfeYlietWeeri our
course and the policy of the general Awn's-.
tration.l .df it shill tarn eittlhat' we have been :
misteliatiin this; litter eipectititin; we shall, as
we 1.1Ov4 1 0d) greatly, regret _ it, - We . baVe such
fall confidence , ins lir. -, lloortitran's fidelity-to;
pridelpli'and to public dritY, and'subWfull faith,
in hiS disintereithxl,nittilethim; tbatwe. should
. at nee retrace onr, , steps if we" did' not feel
stsaiatiTrnitWe',Wiite'tight,',4nd'iiltileat
otehme
1 00 3 ,ati4ii r t9
as Michas posethietohltexanaple,We arc firmly,
lii4lhttlielheliatif 'ever-We Sisal on
Denfoisan we adtlir mar attitudelin'oppa;
Bitten.* the Calhoun CeittentlefilnAtirinat
re624 l' m
and, aripurrente.,:Whictiz - have . led, its, aftei.foil
deliberationyteeppotie•the 'Calhoun. Constitu=
TheDemoetatic per:WA:night fortile' princi
ples : of - the ,tairsae-Nehisakst4ilt-ainidst .
storiiti)f gbyoquy add opposition unparalleled
In thipelittealanintla,`Of - ft* 4'
tithe:Ditty : were utterly everthroirn in many of
the' Reit the A ontedeincy; 'brit thnili een
vineed the' inliereidjiisthae of the prineiple
for whielitheyare struggling, they still iought
orW The' impregnable greend upon' hich they
had:',„` pAtiteit;therr,lo/41 1 WakthedOctrine of .
local,etelf-government-the extension to the
people ofthe' Territories:tit the same right of
ionninithair'onin domestioa "laws and institti=
tionsWhieh. the people of the States Possessed'.
This' jest principle , was :assailed by claiming
for.Cerlgrefut the right et deciding the character
of the.,hustitutions o f , the Territories, end, de- .
aping it .to the people. On this score, how
ever; the Democracy . of the country fully' and
denquared, and the Supreme Court of
the United States virtually pat its seal upon
their ,'deelidon hy its judgment in the Dred
Scott case, and thus closed all practicai,con-
troverey `onFthle'imbjeet: r fereVer..` 'Tim Only .
real retnithiliifer r ,dliferenee among the
citizens of the CotintrY isi'whether, the power
of. Congress. :Contrortliettistitutions of the
Tettitoriee , having been ; Mu:rendered - or de
.streY4-ihe Peeple'4, theseterritorides really
should or Should not have a fair -and Aril op
poitun*of deckling! their institutions' +for
theninelVed.' TO us "It seems" that _frOiit , the
apicitAlf=ourinstitutionsthere,ein.be but one
nns*er to seek-a aueetion. But One answer
has - Veen given in any antherized exposition
of Dejnecratte views, on •'this - subject that we.
are facquatited • with.. The =language of • the
Kansia-Nebraskri Act Is, that The people shoidd
b e l.44 . 4 cypelfeetly free . tO form and regulate
their, win institutions - in their own tray. The
Cincinnati; National.,'Democratic Convention
incorporated Into' Platform the - IfOlicistchig
resointron , '
• .4 10 1. 1 4g1, _That we, reeognise, the EIGHT OF
?Kg 5 ,,ppPLE of, all the .Territorles '
'including
Kansas and Nebraska, acting through the legally
an if .- Addy cc:premed -will of a *seventy ,of ae
turd, relidenii, and whenever the number of their
intisliitantiluatiffes 'FOPS A CONSTITO
TICN;,with -or nithout dom estic „slivery, and be
admitted - into' the - Union' upon terms of perfect
eqUality with the ether States.
Thh instructions' of:the A.dmihistratioli to
G o v,- 117,,xXtern -,oUntairi ,tho follosilug. para
. _
gruftliir t„' ,
'" There aro two great objects connected 'with' the
nreeinit'ainiteMetit;'groirieg out of the affairs Of
Banana,: god the' - attainineirt of- which will bring it
to u speedy termination. ,These were clearly and
auceinetly Stated in the Preiddent's recent Inau
gural -,ilddr,ess,: and I • embody
..the paragraphs in
t h e e eeiva , inloatich, asking _your special attention
to theed:7lo4 - decihred inthat instrument to ,bo
the,;iiityitative , and idelispensable duty of tile
'Goveritinetit the - United States' to secure to
every meldnit tnheabitattt the free and inelepen
deirt-isfyiesSionlif hi,' opinion by his vote. - This
sueraVelirlet Ypearlt vadividual must be pre.
server/ *an& that being accomplished, nothing
can be fairer than to leave the people Of a Terri
tory, freli from all foreign -interference, to decide
their ova destiny fur themselves, subject only to
the. Oonstitutiounf tlie.llnited States„, _
Ilism these • GREAT BIGOTS GP , INDIVID-
IlAl f ACTION AND OF P.UBLIO DECISION rests
the folitidation 'of An:Orkin institutions; and 'if
they ore faithfully seddiedlo tile - people of Kansas,
the politic:nil denditton of the country will soon be
,
come quiet and sotisfaetory,.ThElNSTll'UTlONB
OF , KANSAS SHOULD , BE ESTABLISHED 'BY
TIIE VOTES,OP , THE PEOPLE OF KANSASi
unwed end uninterrupted by force Or fraud. And
foreign Voters must be excluded, come Whence they
may, and every attempt to overawe or interrupt
the f see 'exorcise of the right of voting must be
im i m ptii . repelleil- and punished. ,Preedom -and
safety for the legal filer, and exclusion and pun
ishment for the illegal one—, those should be the
greiVpriniiiplesetrui adridniatiatieb."
entliiiit - 4441ffstrdellond Goierpor WALltgg
,
wont, to,Kansua t ..,,A,mong, i his prat ppblie. 'tots
wastho keno of: an siddrossi In .which ho- or
•
ar
gued at , length; an' with • great force and
• , •
abilityi` ••• "-• jdtgde,, 7 ' tigeoesity bf
- admitting Lo ilie WholW,,iseoplo 'of that TOr
ritory,ltilrAloustilattiort.;:whleh should be
frantedP eo '•tbat-IthOy Might ." !mite a inn
and fair -,opportunity Of % - passing judgment
npliti A4a lIS r pro'lyipntf, `ln. j his Inatgural
adwrese IS bold rtook e ground that fnulets
thtv-Ooutuntiornahuiit:tTlE,,OONSTlTll
,TlON t void of-oil Ole netUal - restdsnt
_
settlers of,. .f(trietes,atut,,,Lhe
eledioti be .fain
. ,
zor y #2lßogArrao TR.X,,CP.lio,an es.
This:nisi: epees/11y_ followed 'by. hialkinsoot e t
TOPI4O4,I** ,10. d
." foi
.'sincere thabitifortholduit and-Indulgent eaten
tion with Which yin have,liihmed to my remarks,
IA riot's!' Whltt to 00 path; Long bobs* I
•
am called on for any official aotion, the reign of
of :justioe, and of the people' will be so fully
es.ablished here that, as good citizens, you will all
oheetfully pay this small pittance to' implied your ,
own government. [A voice, 'We will have a great
deal more confidence in the vote et the people to
be given next Fall, if you will tell its by what 'aii
thority the judges are to be appointed.'] I will
answer that question, for I have no doubt it ,is
fairly asked and in a fair spirit. [The voice, 'lt
certainly is.'] I will say then to you, gpntlemen,
that if they a'o not appoint a fair anti impartia l
• Weide bywlueh the majority of the actual bona
fitter resident settlers of Kansas shall vote,
through rhsinstruntenratirn ormpartial judges,
I will join you all in hint& opposition to their
and ate rresidlintaiul - Congre . ss will re
lett tit Con . stitutitin - • - - -
[°A voice. the Convention appoint impartial
judges?'] 'lt is their duty to do so, [A voice, 'Will
they dose] Gentlemen, I am not the Convention,
but Ido not doubt they will give you Impartial
judges. [A voice, will ask the Governor if there
is any one who will be allowed to vote for this Con
vention exhept those registered?'] As regards the
isast, I hate got no_pewer to recall it. The past is
irrevocable, even by Almighty power, and I pro
fess to have very little power, much less such
power as that. Over the, past I have no control;
but over the future I haie ; and I say to you, that
unless a full and fair opportunity is
_given to
the Peoplo of Kansas to decide for themselves
lot t at shall be their form of government, inelad
illg great sectional question which has so
long divided yon—mnless, I repeat, they grant
pat such an opportunity, I have one power of
which no man or set of men can deprive me, and
to which I shall unhesitatingly resort, and that is
to join yon iii lawful opposition. to. their acts.
[Cries of tood, good,' and loud applause, during
which the Governor withdrew."]
' By these'solemn assurances of cc fair play , '
In Kansas, and the general belief that they
would be, sacredly observed, tho Kansas agi
tation seemed well nigh quieted forever. It
is true that a few ultra-Southern men took
exceptions to the course of Governor WALltzu,
but ho was warmly sustained by many influen
tial persons, even in that quarter, while the
Democracy of the North made groat acces
sions to their ranks, and went forth conquer
ing and to conquer in States that had been
hopelessly :igainst us but one short year
ago. The Republican majorities of New
England Were greatly reduced. New York
once more wheeled into the Democratic
ranks; we were triumphant in Connecticut, Now
Jersey and Minnesota ; we triumphed in Penn
sylvania by an immense majority; we came
within a' few hundred votes of carrying Ohio;
we revolutionized Wisconsin entirely; and our
organization was greatly strengthened in lowa,
Michigan, Indiana, and Illinois. No man con
versant with the public sentiment in the non.
slaveholding States can doubt for a moment
that the just and, conciliatory policy of Gov.
W?a,xnrc, accepted, as it was, as an earnest of
,the whole course of the Administration, was
ono of the most important causes that contribu
ted terthe happy change in public sentiment
which restored the Democracy to their wonted
ascendancy. Believing it the highest duty of
party to faithfully fulfil the just expectations
under which a confiding people entrust it with
power, befOre we endorse the action of the
Kansas Calhoun Convention, and urge the
acceptance of the Constitution it bas framed
upon Congress, we must be satisfied that the
circumstances of its ratification comply with
the; conditions named in the high Democratic
authorities we have quoted. Do they do so 1
.'fike section of the schedule adopted by the
Rattans Convention which refers to the action
upon it by the people is as follows
S'aii:ll. Before this Constitution shall be sent to
Congress for adthissiot Into the Union as a State,
it shall be submitted to all the wbitemale inhabit
ants of,this Territory for approval or disapproval,
as follows: The president of this convention shall,
by proclamation, declare that on the 21st day of
December,lB67, at the different election precincts
now established by law, or which' may be estab
lished as herein provided in the Territory of Kan
'sae, an election shall be held, ever which shall
preside' thrill judges, or a majority of three, to be
appointed as_follows : The president of this eon
'vention 'shall appoint three commissioners in
each county in the Territory, whose duty it shall
bi to appoint judges of election to the se
veral precincts of Thor 'respective counties, at
which election the Constitution framed by this con
',fention' shell be submitted ',t6 all the white wale
,mthabitaitts' of the' Tirritory of Kansas in the
said Territory updri that day and over the age
of ,twenty-one year* for ratification or rejection,
in •tbe'following manner ,and form : The voting
shall be by, ballot : The' judges of said election
'shall .cause to ;be kept two 2611 -books by two
clerks, by them appointed. The ballots east at
said election shall be' endorsed "Constitution
toith, slatery," and "Constitution with no sla
very." One of the said poll-books shall be returned
within eight days to the president of this conven
tion and the other shall be retained by the jud_ges
6f eleation,,i6ul: kept open for inspeetion. The
president,- with two or more marabous of this con-
Wention,"hall examine said poll-books, and if it
'shall appear upon said exrmtnation that a nto ,
jorit# of the legal vbtes gait at eaid,election be in'
japer of' tUoortiitittition,with slaxerir he shall
linnedlitelj - have ' the `quite . trenefflitted to
the tipngreas of the Nailed States, se herein
before provlded.',-But if, Snob examination
, of 'said pelf-books,itaball appear that a 'Majority
of the` legal: votes east it said electien be in favor
of ;the " COnstitritlini With "sib' slavory,' then the
article , providing Air slaiery shall beetneken from
the Constitution by the 'President of,thls oonven
`Lion; and no, slivery, shall exist in the; State of
Kansas, except thittlbe right of property in slaves
now' in this.TerritorY shall in no manner lie inter
fered with, and shall have transmitted the Consti
tution so ratified to the Congress of the United
States, as hereinbefore provided, In ease of the
failure of the president of this convention to per
form the duties,, by reason of death, resignation,
'or otherwise, th, same duties shall defelre upon
the' presidentprofetn: • ' ,
Wben intelligence of this provision was first
received' from Kansas, it Boomed that by one
spontaneous impulse, a. number of leading
Democratia presses of the country—journals
which had been foremost 'in the defence of the
Nebraska Bill and of the Administration—de
nounced it. Wo have already quoted from tho
Providence Post, the Albany argils, the Buf.
fate Courier, the Chicago Times, the Detroit
Free Press; and, we may add, such leading
journals in.this State as' Haldeman's Harris
burg Union, the Pittsburgh Post, and the
Pittsburgh Union. We could readily instance
many others among the papers of our own
,and other States. Tho schedule does not
provide for the submission of the Constitution
to the people, and in our view, that objection
is fatal to it.. We are told the Constitution is
,rmobjectionabhs in, its character. It may be
so; but the people of Kansas are the best
judges of that. In the existing States, the
slightest change in their Constitutions cannot
,
be made without receiving the sanction of the
Majority of their citizens. If this, formality
be necessary to secure a mere unimportant
change, It is trebly so in deciding upon a whole
,Constitution. Even if the schedule providei
for a fair submission of the question of sla
very to the people of Kansas, that would not
tend In the slightest degree towards remedy-
Jug its fatal defect in not submitting the work
of the Convention, as a whole, to them.
The whole Democratic party of the Union,
in National Convention assembled, gc re
cognised" " TEE EMIT of the people," "act
ing through the legally and fairly expressed
...will of a majority of actual residents," to
* rgjos->ti a Constitution." The schedule of the
Calhoun Convention denies them this right.
When two such authorities disagree—the voice
of the whole Democracy of' the Union, speak
ing in Wunder tones, through representatives
from every nook and• corner of the nation,
taking ono view, and such a body as the
Calhoun Convention, which at best represents
but a very small fraction of the party, takes
another, we'humbly conceive it to be our duty
to side with the former. Mr. BUOUANAN'II
great Inaugural Address declared (with refer
ence to Kansas) it to be "the Imperative and
indispensable duty of. the Government to secure
to every resident inhabitant the free and inde
pendent expression of his opinion by his vote ;"
and the Administration held in the instructions
to Gov. llrrizzmi, that ic THE INSTITU
TIONS OF KANSAS SHOULD BE ES
TABLISHED BY THE VOTES OF THE
PEOPLE OF KANSAS."
We hold to these doctrines. We can con
ceive of nothing more important upon which
the people of Kansas should be allowed to
vote than their Constitution, and know of no
more, important institution that can be es.
tablished by their votes than that in
strument. The Calhoun Constitutional Con
vention denies them this right. It gives them
no opportunity of deciding by thtir votes what
their Institutions shall be. They are allowed
to vote for the Constitution wills slavery, or
for the. Constitution without slavery; but what
doctrine Can be more absurd than that slavery
or anti-slavery are the , only issues that a free
people might naturally be expected to differ
upon in the formation of a Constitution 1 The
experience of every day groves its utter falla
cy. For What is more common than the peo
ple of States clearly anti-slavery, as well as
those of pro-slavery States, to differ greatly
about their Constitutions?
Again, Governor WALKER assured the
people ,of Kansas that, , s unless the Conven
tion submitted the Constitution" to the people,
it , f ought
,to be rejected by Congress," and ho
assurred them that, unless it was thus sub-
MIRO, he Would earnestly oppose its ratifica
tion:, , The Convention has pursued a different
Course. Its action is in direct conflict to his
polley;iia the very teeth of his advice. In this
_dititireitce-: we prefer to side with WALKER
indigainst the Convention.
(We aro told, however, that the slavery
question is really the only ono seriously at
issue r andthat the people of Kausao have an op.
portunity afforded them of voting upoh, add
thus deciding it. We understand the authori
ties we have quilted to fissure them this right,
however, under provialOns and Circumstances
which forbid the idea of fraud. The resolu
tion of the Cincinnati platform comtemplates
the " legally and fairly expressed will of a
majority of the inhabitants." Tho in
structions to Governor WALKER urge him
to secure ((freedom and safety for the legal
voter, and exclusion and punishment for the
illegal one." The inaugural of Governor
WALKER declared, that unless the election
was ((fairly and justly conducted, the Consti
tution will be, and ought to be, rejected by Con
gress." Does the provision in the schedule
which we have quoted afford, In view of the
well-known state of affairs in Kansas, fair
ground for the belief that, in the event that
the free-State men participate in the election,
it will be fairly conducted 7
• The whole control in this matter seems to
be vested in the President of the Convention.
Ue orders the election—appoints throe com
missioners in each county, who are to appoint
three judges of election in the several precincts
of the respective counties—and he is to re
ceive the returns, decide upon the legality of
the votes cast, and ascertain whether a majo
rity has been given for (( Constitution with
slavery," or 1, Constitution with no slavery."
An attempt has been been made to silence all
objections to this form of procedure, by the
allegation that in many States and Territo
ries the presidents of Constitutional Conven
tions have issued the writs ibr the elections
which were to decide the fate of those Con
stitutions. To this we can conceive no serious
objection. But we are not aware of any in
stance where the manner of holding election s
usual on all ordinary occasions was entirely
changed for the popular vote on a COnstifution,
as is the case in Kam By the electiop laws of
that Territory, provisions are made for the
appointment of officers to hold the elections,
entirely different from those contained in this
schedule, and the returns aro to be sent to the
Secretary of the Territory, and to be opened
by him in the presence of the Governor. Why
is all this changed in Kansas ? Considering
the outrageous ffauda lately practised in the
Oxford precinct and McGhee county—that Go
vernor WALKER set aside those fraudulent re
turns—that a meeting of a number of the mem
bers of .the Constitutional Convention de
nounced him for his action in that matter—and
that close upon the heels of these events we find
that Convention, in the important matter of an
election upon a Constitution, utterly ignoring
the Governor and Secretary, and placing 'su
premo power in the whole matter of appoint
ing judges of elections and the examina
tion of the returns in the hands of its
President—is it probable that an election
hold under such auspices will be fairly
conducted? Will such au election—with
officers appointed by such an authority—
with its returna to be examined in the manner
provided—probably be (I fairly and justly con
ducted" to that extent which Gov. WALKER
contemplated in his pledges to the people of
Kansas?—will it be such an election as he con
sidered absolutely essential to command for the
Constitution the approval of Congress Let
each man, with the history of Kansas before
him, answer these questions for himself, and be
satisfied that there is good ground for hoping
that the proposed quhmissien of this slavery
clause Will be something more than a mere
fraud and farce, before he becomes ready to
justify the adoption•of such a Constitution by
Congress.
It is contended that if the present Con
stitution is not acceptable to the people of
Kansas, they can readily and speedily change
it after Congress has admitted that Territory
into the 'Union. Ily the schedule no pre
vision is made for any change before
tho year 1864. We are glad to learn, how
ever, that by some this clause is construed to
mean that before that time the people can
change it in a more summary mode than is
therein prescribed; and that high legal au
thorities concur in this opinion. But on this
point there is a doubt, and that very doubt
should condemn the whole procedure. If the
people really have the right to change the
Constitution immediately after the admission
of Kansas into the Union, the schedule should
have said so; but the design of the Convention
to forbid such a change for seven years scents
to us evident, although it le possible the lan,
gunge it has used is susceptible of another in
terpretation.
Wo struggled with all our energies for the
passage of the Nebraska bill ; for the triumph
of Its principles before the great tribunal of
the people; for the election of Mr. BUCHANAN;
for the defence of his Administration, •in
eluding his Kansas policy; an 4 in defence of
the official action of Governor WALKER; and
we now desire as earnestly as any man in the
conotry a fair and peaceful settlement of this
whole question. But we oak that the people
should have the right to form their own insti
tutions in their own way ; and that this right
should be secured to them freely, fairly, and
unequivocally. We ask that when Kansas
COMB into the Union, it shall be under a Con
stitution which has received the endorse
ment of a majority of her citizens, fairly
expressed—that she should take her place as a
member of the Confederacy under an instru
ment which has in every line acquired that
full degree of vitality that popular approval
alone can give, not under a Constitution framed
under restrictions which ignore the sover
eignty of her citizens end neat them as the
ibhabitants of a subjugated province,
These, then, are some of the reasons and
arguments by which our course has been con_
trolled on this great and vital issue. Others
not less powerful might have been presented,
but our article is already long enough. Can
any citizen see in all this a purpose, latent or
otherwise, to oppose the Administration of
Mr. &muss . Asi On the contrary, are not all
the precedents such as he had, in one way or
another, approved? It Is our sincere desire
to promote the welfare of his Administration—
to strengthen him throughout the Union, and
especially in the free States—and to stand
clear and fair before the country as ono who
has never yet broken his faith to Democratic
principles, or turned his back upon a crisis in
which the rights of the people were involved.
MOST IMPORTANT EUROPEAN AND IN
DIAN NEWS BY THE " ATLANTIC."
Yesterday evening, the United States mail
steamer atlantic, which left Liverpool on the
11th inst., arrived at New York. Tho intelli
gence is a fortnight later from India, and •four
days' later from Europe.
The capture of Delhi is confirmed. The
King of Delhi had surrendered. His two sons
had been shot. General Nicholson had died
of his wounds received in the assault. Luck
now had been relieved by General Nevelock,
but General Neil had Imola killed.
The Bank of England had advanced the rate
for discount to ten per cent, which had the ef
fect of stopping the drain of gold from her
vaults. The Funds had declined on the an
nouncement, but had rallied and closed, on
the day the atlantic sailed, at 89,1 to 90.
There was a report that the Bank of France
had failed. But this was discredited, and
was supposed to have arisen from her having
raised her rates for discount. The Western
Bank of Scotland• bad stopped payment—
liabilities $80,000,000. This bank bad 100
branches in various parts of Scotland, whore,
as well as at Glasgow, (headquarters of the
bank,) great inconvenience is caused. Eventu
ally, all its liabilities will be paid. This failure
had caused a run upon other banks. Tho
City Bank of Glasgow is stated to have stopped
payment also—but wo suspect that this is a
mistake in the telegram, and that the Western
Bank was meant.
BENNISTOUN & Co. had suspended payment—
on the ground of disappointment in remit
tances from the United States. The liabilities
are $10,000,000. This was a very rich Glas.
gow house, with branches at London, Liver
dool, Now York, Now Orleans, and Australia.
BAucomr & Co., of Glasgow and Now York,
bad gone for $1,600,000; also, BROADWAY &
BABCOCK, in the E ast India trade, for Si ,000,000.
BENNOOK, TWENTYMAN, & BRIO, of London,
a great silk house connected with Matchester,
and New York, have also failed for $1,600,000.
In short, commercial houses, hitherto strong,
wore failing in all directions. The Govern
ment, though strongly urged, positively re
fused to interfere, by order in council, to per
mit the Bank of England to ease the money
market, by 'oblation of its charter.
Cotton, produce, breadstuffs, and provisions
wore all greatly depreseed.
NNWSPAPEBS TO AND FRON CANADA. The
Montreal New Era says that after the brat ofJan
uary, all United States papers, potted in Canada,
must be prepaid id each, and if mailed In the
United States, the same postage is to be collected at
the pleno of delivery.
kitgitv , -krtiAii)ELPitiA, Moto AY, NOVEMBER 23, 1857.
The following article from yesterday's Sun
dry Dispatch, on the subject ,of .the debate in
City Councils, on the payment of Interest on
that portion of the subscriptions of Philadel
phia made by the Districts or Northerntibar
ties and Spring Garden, to the groat Penn
sylvania Railroad, states the case so tersely
that we adopt it for our own—regretting that
any such debate should have taken place, and
that even for a moment, a doubt should have
tarnished the fair fame of this groat city: 4 We
are rejoiced to bo able to state that theta is
every reason to hope that at the next moetingof
Councils, the appropriation of the payment of
the interest will be made, and, for the honor
of Philadelphia, wo do sincerely trust that it
will be made by a unanimous vote. Repudia.
tion is a capital crime in municipalities, and
should be shunned like the plague
The,Common Counoil, on Thursday last, virtu
ally repudiated a part of the city debt. The
trouble asarisen out of the subsoriptlons made
to the Pennsylvania Railroad Company by the
late districts of the Northern Liberties and
Spring Garden. It is alleged that there was an
agreement that the railroad company was to pay
the, Interest on the bonds issued for those sub ,
soriptions The latter has failed to do so, and'
the question is whether the city ought to pay.
We are sorry to say that the number of membersi
who were induced to take a wrong view of She
matter, was sufficient to cause a tie vote, whets
by the ordinance was lost. The reasons given
by those who thus sanotioned a dishonorable °pulse
are not sound, and cannot bo sustained by common
sense. It is said that the company undertook to
pay the interest in all oases, and the ordinances
authorizing the subscriptions are appealed to In or-,
der fo sustain this view. But these ordinances a ,
not contain any pledge, or assertion that a pledgte
was made by the company to save the city harmlessly
at all times from claims for the interest. blotting"
of the sort appears in the ordinances. The onl
matter upon which such a claim Can bo eel u p ,
the following t
Said bonds to have attached coupons, in orders for in—
terest, payable at the office of the Peunsylvanialiallroad
Company. said coupons to be receivable from the Penn:
sylvania Railroad Company in payment of the interest'
or on account of dividends due by said company, on
the stook held by the said district of the Northern 1.4-
bertles.
Tho provision is tiro oviblorioo of ilpring Gai*n
18 similar.
The case, therefore, stands as follows: TIM di:
Wats named (the debts of which have since beeri
assumed by the city . of Philadelphia) issue their
bonds absolutely, with a notice that the interest,
instead of being payable at the city treasury,.
shall be payable at the Pennsylvania Railroad
office, and also with an agreement to take the
couponi from the company en paymen( of intarost
or for dividends. The allegation uarto made is
that those districts never had anything to do
with the interest, hot that the holders of the
bonds agreed to look only to the Pennsylvania
Railroad Company. If no, why this provision
that the city would accept the coupons for in
terest? What interest? If the railroad com
pany is to be solely responsible to the holders of
the coupons, it could owe no interest to the city.
Tho latter could in no case be liable, and the
agreement to receive the coupons in payment of
interest could have meant nothing. Anotheragree
meat in the ordinance is, that the coupons shall be
received as payment of dividends on the stock of
the company. Thus, if a dividend iS declared On
the stook, for the purchase of which the districts
issued their bonds, the company is not compelled
to pay cash for such dividends, but may turn over
the ooupons which it has paid on behalf of the dis
tricts.
This (dearly reeogniges the coupons as an in
debtedness of the districts, and by receiving them
for the dividends, the districts agreed to wept
their own obligatious at satisfaction from the com
pany, thus mating the coupons paid by the emu
pony a set-off against the dividends, the coupons
being received as so much oash.
The ease is like that whore a mordent Issues his
note payable at a particular bank. If ho has
money in the bank, or if the bank is indebted to
bim. it will pay the note; if, on the contrary, the
bank has no funds, tho note will be pretested. Did
any one over pretend that. because the debtor de
clared in his note that it was payable at the bank,
the latter were, compelled to pay it, although
there were no funds to meet it; Suoh a proposi
tion would be laughed at in the commercial com
munity; and yet, upon precisely snob a proposi
tion, do the repudiators in the Common Council
depend.
It is true that the payment of this interest taut
present very inconvenient, but that foot has no
thing to do with the justice of this measure It
may also be true that the Pennsylvania, Railroad
Company has heretofore paid this interest; in do
ing so it has merely acted as agent for the eity of
Philadelphia. It was ready to pay the interest,
and it made no difieretieg whether the coupons
were paid at the city treasury or at the railroad
Oleo. bet now that the company cannot or will
not pay them, the matter takes a different com
plexion. The city of Philadelphia is absolutely
liable on the face of the bonds as the legal snooeSs
or of the districts of the Northern Liberties and
Spring earden. There is no stipulation that the
holders shall look to the rkiiroad ,company, nor
have they anything to do with the latter. _
The only honest course is for the city to pew Vis,
interest ; it cannot repudiate it, nor Can it inyw'
oessfully contest the right of the holders of the
coupon! to mover In suits at law. If there Wan
agreement between the company and the city that
the former shall pay the Interest, the fact le nu
defence to the absolute undertaking of the - monk
cipal corporation. The proper method is for the
city to pay the coupons in ticoordanee with its
agreement In the bends, and then to sue
road company for a breach of its cont,tivat to pay
the interest, and recover against it, 'lf Such an
agreement can be established by sufficient evi
dence.
112 - We rarely stop to correct errors that
occur in our columns, because these are inci
dental to all daily papers; but the following
paragraph, from Saturday's loader, was so
misprinted or miswritten, that we republish it
with corrections :
Wo have called the arguments in favor of
submitting the Kansas Constitution to the
people of Kansas "technicalities," as a matter
of courtesy to those who showed such profound
devotion to " technicalities " in the ease of
the Oxford and McGhee frauds; but they aro
principles instead of "technicalities." And
yet, over all these principles or technicalities
the advocates of the Kansas Constitution would
ride. In the one case—that of Oxford and Mc-
Ghee—they demand that a fraud should be sus.
tained because technicalities can bo pleaded in
its behalf; and in the other—that of the
fraudulent Constitution—they demand that
fraud should be sustained in despite of techni
calities or principles. We need make no
further comments.
UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA.--In the col..
Nip-hall, at 8 o'clock this evening, the annual
oration before tile Society of the Alqmni of
the University of Pennsylvania will be do.
livered by GEORGE 3f. WHARTON, Esq. A
largo and brilliant audience Is expected upon
this occasion, and an intellectual treat of no
ordinary excellence is anticipated.
PUBLIC ENTERTAINMENTS
The programme of amusements for the present
week is unusually attractive. There are ()Images
almost every where, except at the Aroh-street
Theatre, and Sanford's Opera-House.
At Mr. Wheatley's this evening, "Richelieu"
will be repeated, with the fine oast of Friday even
lug ; also the play of "Time Trios All," In which,
Mrs. Bowers, Mr. Thayer, and Mr. Clarke are to
ap g a . r
r Sanford will repeat the amusing burlesque
of Mies Stanley's " Seven Ages of Woman"—ten
different characters being personated by Dan
Gardner. Two performances will take place at
Sanford's on Tbankeglving day.
At Walnut Street Theatre the operatic drama
of " The Enchantress," in four parts, will be
played, Miss Ricbings and Mr. Richings.appear
nag in the leading parts. The reduced prices will
be continued.
Wettable National Theatre will opon as a
Cirone, this evening, with a large equestrian com
pany, including many females, some with French
names, and some with 'American.
The Buckleye remove to Jayne's Hall, where they
commence, to-morrow evening, with the original
Ethiopian performances. They announce an extra
day-performanoo for Thursday.
Miss E. L Williams, an English vocalist, who
has appeared with cocoons at Barnum's, New
York, gives an entertainment, to-night and to
morrow evening, at the Musical Fund Hall. It Is
something in the manner of Miss Emma Stanley's
capital piece, "The Seven Ages," and is entitled
the "Ladies' Dream." It was written fur Mies
Williams, by f.over, author of "Rory O'More,"
and Miss Williams is to personate twelve charac
ters, and sing eighteen songs.
At Themours - Varieties, (whore an extra perfor
mance is promised for T hanks-giving day,) Miss
Clara Morton, and Herr Hollnager, a solo violinist,
make their first appearance this evening.
Mesa JULIANA MAY AT WASIIINCITON.—Mine
Juliana May's second concert took place en the
nth instant, and, despite the very inelement
weather, attracted a full attendance of fashions
bias. She sang better than on her first coueort,
with greater confidence, and consequently with
greater effect. She gave •' Non fu hogno, from
Verdi's Lombardi. with great power and brilliancy,
and in a style which displayed the, admirable ef
fects of her Italian training. Mr. Frazer made
his first appearance before a Washington audi
ence en this occasion, and fully sustained his
reputation no the beet English tenor who has visited
our shores. He sang a beautiful ballad by Romer,
" The One we Love," and the tine old spirit-stirring
song of "The Bay of Biscay," in both of which he
received the honor of un C/11 . 0,6. In addition to a
flap voice find style, Mr. Frazer possesses a very
distinct enunciation, nod, as lie sang in English,
his audience had the gratification of hearing what
he was singing about, which greatly enhanced
their pleasure, and contributed to his success,
Mr. W. H. Palmer, and Mr. Harry Sanderson,
each performed solos on the piano; but es different
dre their styles, that it might almost he said to be,
under their hands,
a different instrument—the
smooth and finished classicality of the former con
trasting so well with the dash and brilliancy of
the latter. Miss May intends visiting Philadel
phia, Baltimore and the principni cities.
The packers at Cincinnati who contracted
for hogs last summer, deliverable this fall, at
$5.50 per owt., not, aro losing heavily. Ono es•
tablishment on Monday last out up three hundred,
and found his net loss to be $536.55. 'The Garotte
says thatpurobases made now at VIM do not
afford as wide a margin for profit as is desirable.
Them is now hanging in the bar-room of
the Buck lintel, in the borough of Lebanon,
,a
license granted by the "Honorable Governor of
Pennsylvania, James Penn," in the year one
thousand coven hundred and eiatydve. It is meet
singular in phraseology, and strictly forbids the
" sato or gift of any intoxioating drinks to Indians
or notorious drunkards."
Benjamin Ficklin, Jr., who was taken prl-
Moiler by the Mormons, in their recent attack upon
the Government wagons, is from Charlottesville,
Va. Mr. Floklin had been sent out by Megraw,
the contractor, to purohase flour, when he and his
party were seized and retained a abort, time 88 pri•
encore.
J. C. Bement, convicted of bigamy, was
sentenced at Norwalk, Ohio, on the 11th Mot., to
Lour years in the penitentiary.
A GIVEAT Qt/hgtlolll
BY MIDNIGHT MAIL.
'lt \M WASHINGTON
Megica...lier„ . Distracted Condition—lndepen.
due of saviors—Sir WilHam •Gore Sugary
and Mr. Buchanan—United States Minister
IS Nicaragua.
(Correspondence of The Pron.]
WASIIINGToN, Nov. 22,1857.
The present distracted condition of Mexico,
which is made apparent by the latest news from
that trotter of the world, excites, as it ought to,
the gravest consideration of this Govermrient, in
victor the probable change of its relations to the
United States. This Republic is deeply, concerned
In the affairs of that and other neighboring States,
and should see to It in time, that, by reason of
their political convulsions, our rights are not en
dangered.
In certain oases, where it can fairly be antici
pated that danger to those rights, or even to our
interests, may ensue by the continuance of inter
nal disorders in a neighboring State, from the ma
chinations of foreign agents or otherwise, the law
of nations permits ris to interfere, and, If need be,
to exert an armed intervention for our protection.
This is the rule for an extreme proceeding.
Now, with the northern States of Mexico,
overran by hordes of forboious savages, and
no power in the Federal Government to repol
them, and to MVO the unfortunate inhabi
tants from annihilation, with insurrections every
where within its limits, and no arm of authority
to quell them, with provinces unoared for and their
appeals unrogarded, it is not speaking unadvised
ly - to, say that such anarchy and unnatural
government cannot long endure. Government is
to society an undeniable right, for without it there
a'ne guarantees for either life, liberty, or pro
,
'I4TLY..
• Ido nit say thht this Government will interfere
with force of arum in Mazioan affairs, in the vain
attempt te harmonize conflicting elements; but I
do say, looking to the protests whiolo have gone to
the Supreme Government from Sonora and the in
habitants of the regions tributary to the trade of
the Gulf of California, to the intimate intercourse
and profitable' traffic of that people with our own
citizens in California, and tho bearing that traftio
may +whine towards the growing settlements of
Arizona and Now Mezioo, that Mr. Buohanan and
hie Administration cannot be idle speotlitore to the
'banging events la that OonfederacY.
- The people of Sonora and the adjacent Mexican
?Ornery, under the proclamation of Governor
renutern, will resist all tillibuster movements
itgainst them from American soil, yet *limy will, if
report be true, insist upon a separate and distinot
Government from Mexico. Their erg , eats are
the same ns those which were advanced by Mex
ico in her defence, when in 1821 she . rid herself of
the galling yoke of Spain. The Supreme Govern
ment will exert its entire strength to plat down
So'dangerous an invitation to general revolt, but
in the consequent civil broil mayhap the adventu
rers who long to revenge Crabbo and the mas
sacre of Cavoroa, wilt -erect another Texas in that
land.
Though it may be stated to the contrary, Ido
not believe that Sir )44111am Gore Ousaley will
continue his way from here to Central America,
the post to which, as speoial commissioner, he has
hemp rossigned by the British Government, with
the Infinite satisfaction which he looked for. The
United States, in her negotiations, will no longer,
oven by Implication, follow in the luaus strings
of her Britannia Majesty's minium, Slavin, on
this continent, steadily pursue, witliald Bard to
the quibbles of England, a fair and falleporajent
American policy. gamund Burke dealail, without
- ,lictng contradicted, that England had the vast pos.
`rfeasions In that quarter to which she laid claim,
apdanqh will be Mr. Buohanan's denial when they
as) advanced at this day.
Lord Palmerston, the embodiment of English
policy, fights bitterly against all Isthmnsian
prefer, which promise to inure to the benefit of
others. Ile oettended against the reopening by
'ranee of the canal across the isthmus of Suez;
and he will oppose the projects for the construc
tion of canals woes the Isthmuses of Central
lunettes, and elsewhere in the world where
they are oontemplated, unless he can hare
the sole control of them. But this policy, for
the future, will not be altogether conjectural, for
.Mr. Buchanan, I think, will at once compel Great
Britain to take that position which she will be
Whig to sustain before the civilised world. In
any case, it is not doubted that the Monroe doe.
trine will be strictly adhered to by this Govern
ment.
There is a lbellsh rumor going the round of the
papers, that the Administration had it in inten
tien:te arrest and imprison as hostages of war, Mr.
t!trelhlselt delegate in Congress from Utah, and
illions wherever they could bo found in the
States, for security against farther depredations
by Brigham Young and his saints. It is needless
stillest to say that there is not the shadow of truth
for this rumor. Mr. Buchanan will, with the moans
tdorded him by Congress, execute the laws of the
United States under the Constitution promptly and
fully. If there be oeilision of armed forces and inter
neoine war, the blame will be upon those who 11)-
4st him in the discharge of his Executive film:-
Bons. As I wrote you Saturday, there will he no
interference with the religion of the Inhabitants
of Utah, except in so far as its requirements com
pel a violation of eonstitutional provisions.
The Administration are costing about for the
proper man for United States Minister to !Ceara
gun, to go out there, and while watolling our inte
rests, to checkmate the insidious and dangerous
moves of English diplomacy. Several gentlemen
of learning and admitted eipaeity have been
named ler this position of trust, but as yet the ap
pointment has not been made. It may be taken
for granted, however, that Sir William Gore Ouse
ley will not arrive at his destination much sooner
than our own representative. X. Y.
DOUBLE MURDER AND SUICIDE ON LONG
ECINIE!
At Port Jefferson, L. 1., on Saturday morning,
while Mrs. Waters was at breakfast, in company
with her somin-law, Mr. Sturdovant, and his wife,
Mr. Waters, her husband, audclenly entered the
room w ith an iron bar in his hand, and without
speaking a word, struck either his own wife or Mr.
Sturdovant with the formidable weapon whloh ho
carried with him a violent and, it is supposed,
fatal blow on the head. The only person in the
house besides the party at breakfast was a boy,
about ten years old, who concealed himself, and
board several other blows given. Waters, weapon
In hand, followed the lad, who escaped and alarmed
the village.
People rushed to the house, and, a few paces
outside it, Mrs. Sturdovant lay Ina state of insen
sibility on the ground. Her head and face wore
covered with blood, and she had received a heavy
stroke from an iron bar, on the head, which would,
of itself have been sufficient, it is believed, to
cause death. Besides this, she was beaten by the
same weapon in other parts of the body, and had
two emaller wounds in the head.
The weapon was found near the barn, and is a
square iron bar, about an inch and a quarter dia
gonally from angle to angle, and about three and
a half feet in length.
Inside the house Mr Waters and Mr. Sturde
vent lay dead, their heads battered in a frightful
manner, and the persons altogether presenting the
most horrible spectacle that can bo imagined. In
the barn, suspended from ajoist, by the nook, were
the remains of the fiendish maniac, who hod been
the cause of all the calamity. Ile was quite dead,
and his body, as it was suspended, with the =s
oles of the face distorted, and all the other appear
ances the result of strangulation.
The canto of the murders is stated as follows
Mrs. Waters was very much attached to her daugh
ter and her husband, and she possessed a good deal
of property since the death of her first husband.
She was villy liberal with her daughter, and it is
Supposed thather husband, noticing many material
proofs of this liberality, imagined that he was not
the chief object of her cares and affeetion and
reflecting' upon this, or perhaps fearing that she
might finally be led to settle all her property op
her sonsin-law, he came to the maniacal conclusioa
of avenging himself in the hearl-rending manner
in which hp . barbarously murdered his - wife, his
friend and himself, and attempted almost success.
fully in one instance to destroy the lives of two
others If Mrs. Sturtevant should recover the
particulars maybe learned.
PHILADELPHIA MARKETS
BarilltDAY EvLimo, November 21.--There is a
moderate degree of activity noticeable in the
breadstuffs market, and prices are without any
quotable change to-day. The sales of flour com
prise 600 bbls, of a standard brand, at a prioo kept
secret! 1,100 bbls do at $5.25153.311, the latter
for selected Western, and 2,000 bids extra ut
S 3 0234.3.873 for common and selected brands.
The sales to the local trade aro to a fair extent
within the range of the same quotations, and San
$7.25 per bbl for extra focally and fancy lots, as to
quality, Cornmeal and rye flour are but little in
quired for, and dull at 53.18;a53.25 for the for
mer, and $4.00 per bbl for the latter. Wheat is
in moderate supply, but the demand from millers
and shippers is limited, and about 0,000 bus have
been taken at 120a125e for fair to good red,
and 128 to 1450 for white. Corn is Wapiti& and
2,000a3,000 bus have boon taken at 50a82c for
new, and 800 for old yellow, the former according
to dryness. including 1,200 bus white, also at 80c,
afloat. Oats aro in demand, and about 3,500 bus
have been sold at 330 for Delaware, and 35a30e for
Pennsylvania. nye is in request ned scarce at 73e.
with farther small sales at this figure. Little or
nothing doing in Bark, and the holders of quer.
citron are firm at $3O for first quality. Cotton is
dull, with a very reduced stock ou sale Gro
ceries era without much change—thorn io rasher
more doing in Sugars, both for the Items trade and
refining purposes. Provisions continue inactive
and Flees aro unsettled. Seeds—there is nothing
doing to altar quotations, and the market is bare
of Cleverseed. Whiskey Is selling as wanted at
22a230 fur Pennsylvania and Ohio bbls, and 22a
2230 for hhds.
Llst of Americans registered at the Bank
ing Qiiica of the American-European Express and
Exehange Company, Paris: F. Renter, Now York;
E. F. Nystrom, C. Widdifield, B. Fitch, A. B.
Fitch a.ad lady, F. W. Coleman, F. W. Angel,
Rey. A. Vorron, S. Hallett, F. C. Stewart, M. D.,
John Catper, do, P. Stewart, do, A. S. Scribner
and family, C. W. Richards, L. It. Leclerc, W.
Ilerlooker, 0. W. McCune, S. Teats, M. D ;
C. Scarborough, Ky.; Dr. J. Wells and family,
Conn.; W. 11. White, La.; 0. 11. Townsend, A.
Carr, F. V. Dayton, N. Y.; F. Williams, A. W.
Whiting; M. D. Ohio; C. F. Lyman, Mass.; R.
Torrey, t. W. Blagden, Mies E. 0. Craw, Mo.; F.
J. B..Crano, bitah.
TO gutted States sloop-of-war John
Adapts has been ordered Lome, and will, it is
stated, arrive in the 'United States in May next,
Oho has beim ordered to Norfolk.
THE LATEST NEWS
BY TELEGRAPH.
ARRIVAL OF TILE ATLANTIC.
FOUR DAYS LAM FROM EUROPE
LATER FROM INDIA
CAPTURE OF DELHI CONFIRMED
King of Delhi Surrendered—His Life Spared—
His Two Song Shot.
LUCKNOW RELIEVED
IJIPORTJJNT
BANK AND MERCANTILE FAILURES
Tho Bank Bates .&dvanced to 10
0 onsols 89N e9O
NEW YonK, Nov. 22.--The steamship Atlantic
arrived this evening with Liverpool dates to Wed
nesday, the lith inst.
The At'anti° brings .£26,000 sterling in spot*.
The steamer Asia arrived out on the oth inst.,
and the Kangaroo on the 11th inst.
The news brought by the Atlantic is very Im
portant. It embraces later advice/ from India,
and the progress of the financial crisis. The strin
gency in the money market continued unabated,
and the Bank of England lieu again advanced the
rate of discount one percent., making the present
rate ten per cent. The latest advioes fruit Liver
pool announce that the City Bank of Glasgow
stopped paymint on Wednesday morning.
Mears. Dennistoun & Co. have failed. Their
liabilities are estimated at £2,000,000 sterling.
Alm the Western Bank of Scotland, with, deposits
amounting to tO,ooo,ooosterling.
Messrs. Baboook Is Co , of Liverpool awl New
York, have also failed. Their liabilities are said
to be ..£300,000. Several other failures are an
nounced, with liabilities of mailer amounts.
Later Ravine have boon rooeived, confirming
the capture of Delhi. The garrison at Luckuow
had been relieved by General Havelock just so the
enemy were ready to blow it up. A large portion
of the oily had also been captured. Gen. Niel has
been killed.
The King of Delhi surrendered to the British
troops, and his lifo has been spared. His two sons
were shot.
COMMERCIAL INTELLIGENCE
LIVERPOOL, Nov. 10.—Tbe sales of Cotton for
the three days past have been 4,600 bales, all
taken by the trade. All qualities have again de•
olined *4., and the market closes very dull, and
a tendenoy to deolino still farther. Quotations are
nominal.
Manchester advioes are unfavorable, and sales
are unimportant.
LIVERPOOL BREADSTUFF'S MARKET, Nev. 10.—
The market has been very dull, and all descrip
tions have•declined.
Messrs. Richardson & Spence's circular qtiotes
flour as dull, at Male decline, and difficult to sell
even at that deoline• ' Wheat quiet, at 2da3d low
er; Middling and lower qualities being most
affected; Corn is also dull at 6d decline. The fol
lowing are the current quotations:
PLoon.—Western Canal 21e 61527 s 6,1; Phila
delphia and Baltimore 275a281 6d; Ohio 29a.
WURAT.—Rod tle 6da7e ed ; 'White 7e 3daBs.
COWL—Mixed and Yellow 365a363 6d White
40fia4le.
LIVERPOOL PROVISION illanwer—Nov. 10.—For
Beef, Pork, and Bacon the quotations are nominal
and sales have been unimportant. Lard le heavy,
and holders are pressing on the market, at a heavy
reduotion, without effooting sales.
Tallow has sustained a considerable decline for
all qualities Butchers' Tallow is nominally quo.
tod at blo.
Produce—Rosin heavy, and the sales of produce
generally are unimportant.
LONDON MARKETS—NM 10.—Breadstuffs are
quiet and steady.
Sugar heavy and quotations are nominal. Coffee
is dull at a decline of lea2s. All qualities of Tea
have also declined; common Congou Is quoted
at Is.
Tallow has declined considerably, and is quoted
at 50s. Linseed 011 355.
Iron—Pig Iron on the Olycle is dun-525. Sales
have been made at Glasgow at 50a518.
LONDON ?dorm bleuirwr, Nov. 10.—On Mon
day the Bank of England raised the rate of dis
count to ton er cent. The money market closed
to-day decidedly more stringent. The Wooing
quotations of consols are Klan for money, and
893a801 for aooount.
ENGLAND.
The failure of Messrs. Dennistoun Co. occurred
on the 7th, but did not transpire till aster the sail
ing of the Saturday steamer. This firm was the
heaviest house in Great Britain eonneoted with
the American trade. The prinolpa's house was lo
oated In Glasgow ; but there sters) branches in
London, Liverpool, New York, Nem Orleans, and
Melbourne, but the Australian 'souse is not com
promised by the suspension. 'The cessation of
American remittenoes wne the sole Canso of the
suspension, which will probably be but temporary,
as the private resources of tho partners are very
lar ge . Western Bank of Scotland, at Glasgow,
which has also suspended, had aipaid-up capital of
of £1,500,000, and deposits forming an agregate of
10,000,000. Tho business of the bank was im
mense, as it had one hundred branches in Scot
land. The proprietary members are very wealthy,
and no eventual loss is apprehended.
The following additional suspensions are re
ported :
Dennooh, Twontyman, k Rigg, of London, con
nected with the Manchester silk trade; liabilities
from two to three hundred thousand dollars;
Broadway & Barclay, East India trade, of London;
liabilities 5200,000; Babcock Js Co., of mongol.,
and Now York ; liabilities 5300,000; Henry
Dutilh A, Co., of Liverpool; Foot is Sons, silk
manufaoturers, of London.
The funds on Monday declined Id, under the
rise of bank rates, but subsequently there was a
reaction. The American advises wore regarded
as snore favorable. There was nearly a total sus
pension of withdrawals of specie from the bank.
Messrs. Hoge & Intimation a accep tances on the
Liverpool correspondents of Wm. Hogo A. Co., of
New York, bad been dishonored.
It was reported that the American housoofJohu
Munroo CA., of Paris, had stopped.
Gallerkarnp A Brothers, of Amsterdam, had
failed. '
Deputations from Liverpool and Glasgow unsuc.
oessfully endeavored to induce the Government to
adopt measures of relief. The Manchester Com
menial Amociation had declined to participate in
the movement.
On Tuesday funds were buoyant, and advanced
to 89. Four thousand sovereigns were taken from
the Bank of England for Scotland. The suspension
of the Western Bank had caused a run on all the
other banks, including many sayings institu
tions.
There WAS less uneasiness In mercantile quarters,
but a pressing demand for discounts prevailed.
LATER FROM INDIA.
Telegraphic advices in advance of the Overland
mail have been received in London, a fortnight
later than the previous intelligence.
The city of Delhi was in complete possession of
the British on the 21st of September.
General Nicholson had died of tho wounds re
ceived in the assault,
VIE LATEST.
It was rumored in Liverpool, on Wednesday,
that the Bank of France had stopped payment,
hut the report, It is believed, grow out of another
advance In the rates of discount.
. . .
LIVERPOOL, II ednesday, Nov. 11—three o'clock
P. M.—Tho Cotton market is still further de
pressed, and lower prices have been accepted with
sales of 2,000 bales.
Broadstuffs are very dull.
LONDON, Nov. 11.—Cenatda tbr account aro
quoted at 89.4 to 00
A letter from Iftinakurg, dated the 7th instant,
reports that a sacral panic prevails in the steak
market there. Specie was scarce, and bills of
exchange unsaleable
The shareholders of the Borough Bank of Liver.
pool had resolved to register a bank under the
"Joint Stock Banking Companies' Aot," but wore
undecided about the propriety of winding up
affairs.
Business in Amoriemi secutitins was limited.
The following quotations were reported :
Illinois Central Ronda, 1675, TS.
" Shares, 14515 discount.
New York Central " TO.
The Atlantic Telegraph Company bad decided
to renew operations for the laying of the cable
the latter part of Juno next, commencing at the
middle of the Atlantic, as originally designed.
Messrs Glum & Elliott had commenced the con
struction of additional cable, making three thou
sand miles in all. Easton ,k Amos were building
new paying-out machines.
The London Tinley devotee a loader to the re
markable coolness of Americana under the ex.
isting crisis, in which it strongly censures the un
controlled issue of paper money.
The direotors of the Bank of Franoe had an
audience with the Emperor, and unsuccessfully
urged a duty of three per cent. on the exportation
of specie.
The Emperor reported himself in favor of an
advance of the rates of discount to S per cent.
Operations in the French manufacturing dis
tricts wore completely stagnant.
The financial pressure had reached Sweden and
Norway. The Bank of Frankfort, and Bank of
Prussia, had raised the tate of discount to 7} per
cent.
The Senate of rtankfort has interdicted the re
sidence there of an old political teftigeo named
rroeholi who 001110 time *Ace had become an Anne
ziotin citizen. The American consul had protested
against this interdict, and threatened to suspend
his relations unless the order for the expulsion of
Froebel is recalled
A Russian war steamer had been wreaked in the
Caspian Sea, The captain, three lieutenants, and
eighteen men, were drowned
ENGLAND.
The English Govurnment has arranged with the
Oriental Mail Steamship Company for the convey
ance of a weekly mail to and from India
The Southern Matt—Texas Affairs.
WASHINGTON ; Nov. 22.—The Now Orleans papers
received by the Southern mail contain the mos
sego of the Governor of Texas to the Legislature.
It states that the amount in the State treasury
subject to draft is $760,000, and that the school
fund amounts to $2,200,000. The Governor recom
mends the establishment of a State university.
The entire State tax for 1857 was $327,000, being
an increase of cloven per cont. over the previous
year.
General Walker's rendezvous at tho l'owdorhorn
has been broken up, and the recruits have dis
banded.
West h e - r - 1 u AVniftington
Wastitanroa. Nov. 2l.—Tho wcathor last night
was intensely cold, and ice formed 1/ inches in
thickness.
The Southern Matt.
IVAsnciarox, Nov. 21.—The great Southern
Mull is to go by the Potomac river route in a few
days.
Arrest of Steamship Officers.
New ORLEANS, Nov. 21.—The officers of the
steamships Galveston and Opelousas, which collided
u few days since, have been placed under arrest.
The Adelatle , itgresusd.
NEW YORK, Nov. 22.—. The new itesinship AM.
atlo continues aground in her dock id consequence
of the low tkle mauled by the teoent heavy north
wtsterly gales.' She will start on Wednesday at
noon, and. earn out a supplemental mail. The
weather, is tine this evening, with the wind at
southwest.
Interest.° the State Debt
ALBANY. 'NM 2i.—Comptroller Burrows and
Auditor Bennett have concluded arrangements by
wbioh the Interest on the State debt, due in Jena.
ary next, will be paid at the Manhattan Bank, in
coin.
Wheat for Oswego.
°swan°, November 21.—The Times, this after
noon, publishes a list of fifty vessels now on their
way from the upper lakes, for this port, with
700,000 bushels of wheat, principally from Chicago.
It Is estimated that half a million of bushels will
be here on the close of the canal. All the mills
aro in operation.
Large litre In Rochester.
BocueaxEn, N. Y., Nov. 21.—A fire broke oat
early this morning in the Eagle Bank block, °eau
pied by the Democrat printing establishment, the
Eagle Bank. O. A. Ilyde & Co., jewelers, J. Dis
brow, tobacconist, U. S. Express office, and nu
merous law and other offices.
The entire block was burned to the ground, with
all its contents The entire Commercial Beak
block, adjoining, was also burned ; the latter block
was occupied by the Commercial Bank—Husband,
Shirtlid; bankers.
Losses—J. Chappell, owner Eagle block,
$30,000; Begin Bank , $2,000 ; Democrat establish
ment, $20,000; Commercial Bank, $4,000; 0. A.
Hyde & Co., $lO,OOO ; J. Disbrow, $2,000; Thomas
H. Rochester, owner of a small building, smashed
by falling wall, $l,OOO.
Two firemen fell from the walls, and several
were seriously wounded. The fire was first die
covered in the tigle Bank.
Destructive Fire st Olean, New York
°coax, Now York, November 22.—Eight dotes
and ono dwelling in the tuudnees part of the town
were burned this morning, causing a lose of
*70,000.
Destructive Fire is Baltimore.
. BALTIMORE, Nov.' 22.—A destrUotive try cc
maned in Baltimore street last night, consuming
the splendid warehouse occupied by Messrs. Fish- ,
er,lloyd, A Brother, dry-goods, and others. The
adjoining store was mach damaged, and the seve
ral tenants suffered much loss. The following are
the principal sufferers: Edessra. Fisher, Boyd, ,
Brother, $40,000 ; F. 8. Beats& Co., shoes and hats,
$12,000 ; homer k Brother, fancy goods, $lO,OOO ;
L. P. D. Newman, shoe house, $15,000; Silner
Brother, clothiers, $B,OOO by water. AU the par.
ties were fully insured. The total loss is over
$BO,OOO, of whioh $B,OOO was insured in Philadel
phia, and about $lO,OOO in New York offices.
Destructive Fire at Mobile
MOBILE, Nov. 21.—A fire, which broke out in
this city on Friday, midnight, destroyed the
stores of L. Merchant .& Co.. Charles Brewer,'and
Savage, Calif & Co., on Cotameree street, and
three dwellings on Canal street. The Are broke
out simultaneously at all points. The loss is esti•
mated at 5150,000.
Fire at Louisville
LOUISVILLE, November 21—The liquor shwa of
G. H. Cutter, feed store of E. Buckner, together
with three email stores, on Second street, were
burnt this morning. Lass $30,000.
Ere at Columbus, Ohio,
Courstaus, Nov. 21.—At two o'olook this after
noon, a fire broke out in the upperatory or Beth.-
ler's block, in this city, occupied by ,the Franklin
Branch Bank; S. Buck, Davos, dry
goods; Stanley, hatter; and the Columbus
Athenaeum. The contents at the building were
saved, but the building was entirely destroyed.
There is a partial insurance on the loss.
The United States Steamer Saranac Aground.
NORFOLK, Nov. 22.—The United Statei steamer
Saranac sailed yesterday for the PROMO, but got
aground below. She will probably not be got off
for some days.
• The Ililasissippl River.
NEW ORLEANS, Nov. 21.—There is sixteen feet
of water on the bar at the mouth of the Missis
sippi river. The ship Enoch Train, for Liverpool
with cotton, is a-ground.
The first white frost made Its appearance In this
vicinity this morning.
Irrein Bataan
Nsw ORLBANS, Nov. 211:—The trailed States
Mail Steamship Cahawba, from Havana, has ar
rived.
Marine Intell'same
NORFOLK, Nov. 21.—The ship Edwin Forrest,
Crocker, has arrived at Hampton Roads, from
Chinoha Islands, with guano. Voyage, sixty-four
days.
Crum:lo, November 21—The 'schooner Plying
Cloud, from Chicago, bound. to Buffalo, Went
ashore at Miller's Point, thirty miles from this
city. Seven of her crew were lost.
Markets.
Ns w ORLEANS, Noy. 21.—CottOn—Salis 10,000
bales to-day Market nIECI, but generally un
changed. The receipts to-day amount to 4,800
bales. ,
Sugar olosedinument. readatire dull, at $5.5.2
for Flour. Corn (new) quoted at 484.. .Now Fork,
sls.so.Other market& , • --
Bauhaus's, Nov. 21 .-8& lea of Howard , Street
and Ohio Flour at $5.37, and City Mills at $5.1.51
for sash. Wheat—Sales at sl.loasl.l for red,
and 81.15a51.30 for white. Corn Is ?ratter—Old
white, 74a800. ; yellow, 75 a 80o.; new, 58 a 850.
Sales of Whiskey at 231a24e.
Meaux, Nov. 20.—Cotton--Sales of ihe week
9,000 bales. The sales to-day amount , to 8,000
bales. Market buoyant and As higher. Receipts
of the week 14,000 Woe. Stook in, port 41,005
balm.
CHARLESTON, Nov. 20.—The Cotton market has
suffered a decline of to 'lance the receipt of the
Niagara's news
SAVANNAH, Nov. 20.—There is nothing doing in
Cotton, either at this port or that of Augusta.
THE MONEY MARKET.
PHILADELPHIA, November 21, 1057.
The Chicago Press has an article on the subject
of the Missouri State bonds, stating that the whole
amount of bonds authorised by law to be Issued is
524,950,000. Of this there had been issued np to
the 13th of October $15,930,000, and it is not pro
bable that an additional amount has been issued
since then. A' bill passed the Mouse on Monday
last proposing to limit the issue to this figure,
saving, however, a further issue of the following
sums :
5750,000 to the North Missouri R. R.
470,000 Iron Mountain R. R.
400,000 " Pacific (Kansas stem.)
500,000 " Pacific (S. W. Branch.)
$2,126,000
There is also due to the Pacific Railroad (South
west brand() a balance of guarantee bonds amount•
lug to $3,800,000.
The St. Louis Republican supposes that there
will not be for some time any further issue of bonds,
even should the above mentioned bill pass, except
the $2,126,000, for which it provides. This would
make $18,056,000, the interest on which tho State
will be responsible for. The present actual debt
drawing interest is $16,532,000, which, at six per
ceat. per annum, is $991,920, payable semi-an
nually (January and July Ist.)
Of this amount, $604,800 is payable on account
of bonds issued to the Hannibal and St. Joseph and
Pacific Railroad Companies.
On account of Hannibal and St. Joseph.. $lBO.OOO
.• " Pacific 424,600
The report from the first named of these eompa
nlea is, that it will pay the Interest chargeable to
it. The largo and increasing receipts of the Pa
eifio Road encourage the belief that it oan manage
to pay the whole of the interest chargeable to that
company.
giTha Rim?,(icon thinks that " by the imposition
of an additional mill or mill and a half tax, and
drawing on funds which have been hitherto other.
wise appropriated, there can be no diMoulty in
meeting the interest which the State will hare to
pay. Revenue Anticipation Bonds 'kill no doubt
have to bo issued. But these, on our supposition,
if the ability of the State is properly understood,
will sell easily at a high figure." •
A despatch dated St. Lewis, Nov. 17th, says:
"The bill restrioting the inns of the State bonds
to two millions, and providing for the prompt pay
ment of the interest of those already issued, passed
the Rouse this afternoon. The same bill passed
the Senate on Saturday last."
The following is an official statement of the
amount and value of the foreign goods imported
nt Philadelphia during the past week :
For Consumption—Dry Goods.. $28,015
Miscellaneous 139,823
Warehoused—Dry goods 07,278
" Misetillaneon.s... 29,115
Total for the week
Previously
Total since Jan. let, 1857—51.7,213,389
The following is a statement of Impor to of foreign
dry goods at New York for the week, and since
Jan. lot
Entered at the port for the week $738,335
Thrown on the market 190,363
Entered at the port since Jan. 1 87,528,398
Thrown on the market " 741,744,237
The coupons of the Covington and Lexington
Railroad bonds are unpaid this month. Of this
suspension the Cincinnati Gazette says:
"Our people bare become used to .this kind of
treatment. Upon nearly all the bonds loaned to
railroad companies. it has been our privilege to pay
the interest for a year or eighteen months past.
however, if the principal and interest of the loan
to the Covington and Lexington Railroad are never
returned to the city treasury, the investment is
not to be regretted. The railroad is worth more to
the oily than the interest on a million of dollars,
and It is only to be regretted that the city hoe not
the power to extend a helping hand in the exten
sion of the Kentucky Central Railroad. The
people of Covington should not complain very bit•
terly, even if they do have to pay interest on the
$200,000 bonds. It is a small matter compared
with the advantages derived front the road The
Covington and Lexington Company have promptly
paid the interest on their own bonds, and it is now
doing a large business. We aro not particularly
advised as to the precise nature or cause of the
reported default."
The Miners' Journal of Saturday tunas np the
coal trade of the past week as follows :
Isltl. 18.37. Loss. Gale.
38.152 tom
canal .% 6 , 9 / 0 43 , 947 • • 6,177
Lehigh—railroad....... 5,456 0,200 .... 3,752
canal. ...... ... 31,456 24,416 /0,040
Del. and Hodson Cana1..14,452 15,149 ego
PODIM. Coat Company —17,047 6,00 11,1 ii
Scranton, South, no return,
138,140, 138,780 21,178 10,809
130,790 19,809
Dee. for week. tons.. 1.389 1,369
Loss for the week 1,368 tons, independent of the
loss sent South froni: - Stirett ten ; iwldeh isahoutE,oo4
tons, making
. thio loss 4,33ir tons for the nick.
This, added to the Hai for the 'season up to lest
week, makes the lops to finvkam nil the Again
cite Regions, *boil EOO,OOO ton.
At the annual election 'fie &motors of the
Ilemplleld Railroad for the ensuing year, the fol
lowing persons ware elected: C. M. Reed, Wash
ington; Wm. Kerman, Washington; lames C.
Achason,M heeling ; Thomas Sweeny, Wheeling;
8. Brady, Wheeling; J. C.. Clark, Westesorebsnd
county; Daniel Deal, Philadelphia. ,
PHILADELPHIA STOOK EXCHARCIE - SALES,
November 21, 1857.
Reported by R. Mat:! y t Jr., Stock Broker, No
801 Waxes! atreet.
PlllB2 BOARD.
200 Penna la 84 100 Heading 11...e6w0.25%
6001 do ...10ta.8.4 20 do .23%
500 Penns .11. 6s 63 30 do 25%
1000 Penne. coup 6....88 60 do 25%
1000 His Coll Co GLAD 110 • do
500 etty 6e near. 92 21 do 26
1009 Lehigh YR64.10.84% 60 do sdji
MI New Crk C0.101c.:6_ _
10 Lehigh seriplds.36% %
111 - do •• 211%
10 do ....36X 46 N Penns R...10u. 9%
5 do 3 dc.86% 10 do . Oro. 9%
18 Penns B b 5.38% 100 Lehigh Zinc 36
13 do , ' 38% 6 101.60.., - ....53
2 do 311 K 10 Boiv Mesa 11..55.52
10 do , 38% 63 Noreianzien 2-.256N
6 do , 58% 8 - do - 5:3;
VA &buy N Yid lots 11% 13 PhiLs Noah 100
100 Reading itaSirn.2sK li Irk of Yonna—loto.ll
VI do 25%
BIM
59 Poona H..... ..... 38%
10 do ....59 0.28 I
1 Morris Coral Pfd..9o,W
100 Heading
8200 ND
100/ N SoloLaß 6'5....513
600 do
5000 do. blys
1000 WO T .2
60 - d5.55
MOO SIB. 71 2 pm 06irn..62
9 Peaoa,H, 23%.
10 N Zoom. It '9X
60 Beading
100 do ..
50 do ..osorn.loA
CLOSING
diked. ,
1, /I ga, _55% 86 .1 i
4, .4 0i1&W....92 624
Podurjr4 6e5....04x as
26.K._ 26 %
"de tondo 79 09 - 76
do 51 5 , 0, , 44 81
'Piano RH 36%
Moinimeaol Cap 44 60
Bobo N Go &I —4O 60
0t0rc.....14g 12
- 1,412019
150 Reading R.
100 do 27
100 do 21
Reading elosea:
BY- THE PILOT LINE.
07 - Our regular New York Commercial
Letter failed to reach wallet night.
NSW TO wroox.. )or.!
2009 N Y Stab, !s'6B 99
1900 NY Mai Si MO 99%
sow NT State 6)0030 99
WOO Otdd 66'44 - ?101. - . ,
MO Mak State 69. 99
1000 Tenn th VO 83 .
1000 Ca 6.3 $8
12000 htinouri 6 111
- BEOO do . - 19
/MONO& sr
ioTa i.
300 - - do 100 51g
150 ,' do ' : 33 52
150 . do 51g
EU do - teis
200 do 030 51
200 do b5O 51g
400 do - 030 02
_______ _ ___ _
4000 Leer & 1111 I .020 200 do 410 51g
. ..._
5000 NY Oen 116 a 85X
1000 Eve us 'B3 10
1000 do ' 8V
woo - do -60 •
6000 111 Con Rda • ST
1000 do 81 X
6000 . do ea
1006 PY & IP 85
5000 3leh 08 V a 84
2000 G & Ohl lm 0174'
10 Bk State of NY 88
60 Broadway Bk 104
90 do 105
60 Detall 13k, _7O
5 Park Bk , 83
8 II 8 That - 100
10 Ohio & R I R SEX
100 do • &IX
100 Del & Hod 0 s2O 101)1
100 • do bllO 102 „
60 do 102
100 Pa Coil Oa 02,4
60 do „ 9123 j
100 do 02
400 Cumbd Coil 12
S do 1134
60 do 11X
100 Pacific 11 Co 10
60 Brunawiek Id Co 334
60NYCeuR e 6034
466 do 53.80 X
639 do e 81
20 do
200 _do 13 131„
60 ' do oS BOX
60 do s3O la
1110 do $4O 78%
50 do . b 3 -80 M
180 de
b5O • 50
100 do sog
lONIA 114
65 0 B Quincy R 04
100 Mich Can 561
1801)1M/ 0 4'0of- , 74
10), - 930 4 10
'642 do o 9 o ff
•
0, waft IXI
14000,1110 15 .19/0 453
6,000. .40 620 49 •
-6,00011161 i 0 $ p 42.1134
000 do 841
10, 9, 0 0 Lail If 1 Oa EO M
150 Climb Uoil Co 113 w
-51 Keicaottlilik tllO
580 NT 0091.11 is sD
'4O do -'e1699
iu Xrfi ilk. • ' 7- )6 liar .
60 MA= ER . 9SO do
200 Road BR Ir3ll 62 Mb •do 13
399rItets.
FLonst.—The market wee firmer for skipping
grades, while rereiPts were quite light_ there
being no tow in. The ealea embraced about 8,000
alO,OOO bbla, Including raperine State and West
ern at $4.9545.10. chiefly at about $545.05, and
extra do at $5.23a55.30, chiefly at $5.15 for pod
qualities. An advance (of sealOo war fully eas
taißed.
Winitr.—The receipts were light and prices
firm, with sales of about 10,000 bushels. inoludiag
Chicago spring at $1; Racine do at $1; Milwaukee
Club at $1.08; white Canada at $l.OB, and South
ern red at $1.30.
Conn was seam and prices firm, with sales of
aboukB,oooalo,ooo bushels Western mixed at 80a
82,, from store and delivered.
Ports was quiet, wilt small sales of mess ar.
$19.37a519.50.
COTTON.—The market WLS quiet and sales lim
ited. '
WAISKEY.--Salles of 3001400 bbls at 23bs, with
small sales at 240.
FLOUR AND GRAIN —The Lake receipts of
flour, wheat. and corn, at Buffalo, from the open
ing of navigation to the 17th instant, oomparo
thus:
1857. 11856. Decrease.
Flour. Gbh ..... .... 657,807 973,983 511,376
Wheat, buehele 6,780,80 6,801,212 110,9011
Coin, do 5,05,512 8,10,31113 3,132,01
CITY ITEMS.
C - See fourth page for cg The City " de
partment.
What our Artists art Daing.—The City Item
Informs us that Mr. i\ eagle has just completed a
fine portrait of the lamented Mr. Benjamin Cross,
and that his portrait of Bishop Meade, "one of
Neagle's greatest works," is now being engraved
ly Mr. T. B. Welch. A promising pupil of Nea
gia's, Mrs. C. Ingersoll Gara, (of Erie, Pa.,) is said
to bo programing so rapidly, that a portrait of her
instructor, from - her pencil, has been mistaken for
one of his own works. Mr. Waugh is enaged upon
a portrait of Madame Gazzaniga, and has a large
number of orders on hand. Sanford Mason is en
gaged upon a historical picture. Sartain, the en
graver, ks as busy as ho can well be. The hard
times hate not much affected the artists.
$04,800
The Assistance Engine Company.—This
evening the first regular ball at the new and spa
cious building of the National Guards, at Sixth
and Race streets, since the grand dedicatory festi
val on Tuesday night last, will take place under
the auspices of the Assistance Engine Comparjr.
This organisation is justly ranked among the most
efficient in the fire department, and its members
may congratulate themselves upon the esteem in
which they are held by the entire community.
The ball to night promises to 'be brilliant and at
tractive, and we doubt not that our firemen, with
their wives and sweethearts, will richly enjoy the
many pleasures of this festive occasion.
A letter has been received in Boston, from
Washington, D. C., stating that a little girl, ap
parently about five years of age, has been tonnd in
the house of a colored woman of had reputation,
in that city. The child is well dressed, and says
that her name is Margaret Shecklee, or Sickle;
and that her mother keeps store in Philadelphia.
Yesterday morning, about five o'clock. the ca
binet manufactory of IL F. Hoover, back of No.
232 south Second street, was set on fire, and
damaged to the extent of 5201. A man was seam
to leave the premises by Officer Finnigan, but
managed to escape. This place was also set on
fire on the 12th of July last.
Last night, between six and seven o'clock, the
grocery store of Ernest Gobert, at Third and Ca
tharine streets, was dimovered to be on fire. Loss
about 1200.
S 2 6 ,231
16,978 1 LS
Hospital Cases.—Dennis Riley, aged twenty
six years, had his left shoulder blade fractured by
falling from one of the ears on the Reading Rail
road, at Port Richmond. die was conveyed to the
Pennsylvania Hospital.
A man, whose name we could not ascertain, was
admitted to the Episcopal H..spital, yesterday,
having had his left ann taken cff by being run
over by one of the cars on the .North Pennsylvania
Railroad, in Washington street. above Oxford.
The sufferer is about thirty sears of age. and is
supposed to belong to Shoemakertown.
We visited a number of pollee station houses
yesterday, and found everything, with some few
exceptions, in the best possible order. The Eighth
ward station house, and that of the sixth pollen
district, are in excellent condition The work of
repair upon the latter has already been- com
menced
City Warrant Lost.—The telegraphic ope
rator at Manayunk has lost a city tarrant, No.
4534, drawn in favor of P. 3. Ward, for forty two
dollars and fortyaeven cents The finder will
please leave it at the Twentyfirst Ward Station
House.
Vessels in Port.—There were in port, yes
tortittY. three steamships, seventeen ships, sixteen
barques, eleven brigs, and eleven schooners.
THE LATEST TROY UTAH —DR3patChe3 have been
received at the War Depsdtment, at Waqiin gton, from
Col. A. Et Johnson, commanding the United States
forces In Utah, elating that he would retain to the seat
of Government as speedily as possible, principally for
the purpose of slopping to Philadelphia sod procuring
for himself a handsome salt at the Drown Scone Cloth
log Hall of Rockhill 1 Wilson, Nos 603 and 605 Chest
nut street, above Sixth.
BRIGHTENING Up'—The financial emkarrass
meats are already disappearing, and the routine of ba
ldness Is gradually being resumed; meanwhile, maity
generous efforts hove and ar• being made to give em ,
ployment to the honest industrial classes. Asa.,
others, the celebrated clothing firm of Clifton, Albright,
Co., " Jayrie'a N 0.1327 Chestnut street, rather
than discharge their many workingmen and vans.
Sr. selhog their entire stock cf elegant and aeasonabte
clothing for gentlemen at cow: moss. Call on
BOARDS.
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