The press. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1857-1880, November 09, 1857, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

v. 014
puninuoi unit ailmoAn
°FfIVAi.X94, 41T1 IIIfREETt
0 4
tiraLinqiiire 'en :Willi,- mita* AcC the DOLLAR.
iihitskribers 014 1110 Cltty at Opt Doujjta
ifilqaMk; sookDotikis iros Moat Moine 1. Taus
Dittalrotiii , Ml,',4 l rFts*74 , ,lt!ASkl tk!
Maned to mat iof tue 44ty; at Timis DOL.
tialaratrai tat adtateOCk• • • •
W*Eilt VIC qiitXlllls:‘ , . • •
rintiantr! ratios: wltt - burnenit to Subocelbinti -'.by
;WI, (pet, Winn. 1p Id . roactO it $2:00
Thine Caplet ! : " • ."
~!.• 5 Oa
PHA Onina •it ' ' ' ' .. •
Ten tlopies„•..„ ': 4 C. oo
'Sweaty Criptes,;(, , • -*" ontstd*, l o.-; 2 9 9 5
Titeitti (Joplin or own . , " (to 'ad,sqiu!'9l".,e44
imbsoiibeth eibh ' ' ' 20
Sqvit..olab ofcTipletpono , or over, womlll nod an
antra, ropy to the gottet-ttp,ot the Olnb, , -
Et Pottmistate'tWci taitteata(t la sot is 4isala tot
Mai Wtutty.Pnvan.; • •.;
t# lAT •,
.11611:70111101NTS MO MT/dB 11.
Tllll WYMKLY,PIIBBB , Ia published from the Otty of
prillide}phla, every Sall:inlay, .„ , • ; ;
IO •
I 1 ,. conductsLoPOn tiatlonal4iincipres, sand U
egad the rights of the Stated: - It 'will resist fanitl,
'Lent ln er ery shape; and wiltbe deleted to - consent.
attre doetridee, as , the true' foundathizi orpehliurea-
Perity ahtivAteetat.• UAW:, Such 'Weeklj Afterint brie
long been desired in the Vaned States, and‘ lids do' gra.*
titg thts,want that THE WINKLY.PIO3BI3 te, published
TUR,WRIIIfhY,PRABIS la pidntg o on excellent white.
pa er, Alen', new o L atsl In. qh term i tes binding,
It ettlatairst , all the ieta-Set 'the ; OOriespoi:,dei;oe
frqu"the Old World'and the Nein ••Dornestie 'lntent , "
genurlteitocts of the various hterketej
imm; ,Itdistelluasetnia Selection!, ; theiprogress:OrkgrV
culture in all its entionk , departmente, -
FX ,Ibrnis,luariobly en advancs. • • - . •
Tag WitEltlN PRESS will be Bent to '
aubsoribsrs, by man, - -52'00 per annum.
TivenlrCloglet, when sent, to one vl. • • - •
Twenty Copies, or over, to . atidiena:Of
each cubscrlber, each,- - - - 120 It
Pod a Oinb Tivanty:ene or, over, we will send an
extra espy to the getter-up of the Olnb. ,
roat Mutate are reciabated Out u Agent', for T H E`
7„4l4*.leataioi gr%tAtetivoly
4 414144 . 14WW.:4 , * IAPI4O/ 1 "7 1 1W
r Editsr aid Piapri , eter .
PuldlOsilon Office of TUB iPENELP PIMP, No. 41.7
thpathat Sheet, Philadelphia.
'W.ll#4l/RTO/0.8 INAtITABLE„
- 'Embrace cache - panto mammy to
Ed' and after elOgamdad *Mai Impart
Gratiomen ere bayitedtO Catrand esatutoo.
Octlo4om „ , , 430 CHESTNUT Street.
Rl,aherd I•alorShell, Id, P. Edited, with s Memoir mid
Notea, by It. Shelton Waakensle, P. 0., L. , Sixth Edi
tion, Witikportreit and fac-rilmile, letter,; In 2 foie,
TrlEe $2.. - '
THE NOOTPA'AMBROSL4KM. , By Professor Wilson,
P. O. Lockhart, ladaearfogg, and Delltaginn; 'Edited,
with Memoirs and Notes, by "Dr..ll:Skaltaildarkensle.
Third:Edition. In 5 Millunce;With portraits and Ise-
'HAGLER'S WISOELLANIEB. The Wiscalleneous Writ
imp of the late Dr: Magian. .Y.dited;with Memoir
and Rothe, by Dr. R. Shelter, lidakensle:, Complete
in 6 'volumes, with Portrait. Price, per cloth, $l.
By hie Son, Wm. Henry Curran; -With 'Notes mid Ad.
&Bona, by Dr. R. Shelton Waakensle, and a Portrait
on kited end facsimile: Third Edition. 1.2m0., cloth.
Price/PI 25.
tional Storyamlnithe Brat of Lady Morgan's Novels
gud Etitruincee:' ith in Introduction and Notes, by
ELM, Shelton 1,114:000', 2 fob., 12ra0., cloth.
BAREINOTON'S BEETOILICUPerecinaI Sketchedrif his
Own Time. Eiji* drama Barrington, with Theatre-
Woos by Earley. -loorth:Sdition.:. With Memoir by
Dr. Idaekensla. ; -Ana cloth: -Price $l
.Ligi OW SHEM.DaIi. , /•ldelnoint of The
Life of the ,Iligh4 gon."..ltiChard Orizoiley„peridaa..
By Thomas Stance ; ;With. portrait" - and
Bath laddtion. , sots, - 12tho.,_eloth. • Pries kV,
BITS OP BLARNEY. , By De. 36; 4 Shelton Maeltsasie:,
Third kaltion...l2mo., cloth. -Price 81. - •
B) Major General Sir. W.. P. P. Napier, from'. the .att,
thet , s teat revised, .edition, with tifty-Seellspa sad
Plsnsiase Portraits on Steel and a complete index,'
Pro ,Is. 12nio, Price ,
%SO. Price S 2-60; ,
TEM FOREST:, 'By , Y. Huntington author of r.i.ady'
Alban, -1 vol., /2450. Beeond
prigell 25. • . • , • :
ALBLIti Th. Illstorrot a Young Puritan, 1;
1:414. Price $2. .
11. Allf PAY littOTH and. MUM streets? ' '
In order to ,the elation or our numerous pa
trons, sad t ' book - baying public to All op their
.... ....pd.,. intend to present to
= 4 ,ratrrtrl i t u rrtm t) 2:a7v o i u z ' aV i faili
ocriffilblueot, look at an valutoleitook, and peloot
i„ WO% ynt Oti not biiing afattiniao; tot`evari nai l
anaJnoanwatowntual pritiookaif torftatat
e Xilrtaildnion;o4Mlont *min Wino. i annlnton
n34rthio,leU).4o, l
Co., lidaet T !iUi. STREET.
BRITISH Attgaz . fer arr.ria WARN, -
Mao; their iropeetiou, on the premises exclushrtly
Olideetut and Strangers are invited to cleft our man
colkiantly on bind a eilendld stook of Euperfoc
)latches, of all the celebrated makers.
, • ••, DIAMONDS.
Nieklacer, Broplhel, • Ear-Itlnfrat
idinge,,esid all Other art.feles in the Diamond line.
Drawings of NEW DESIGNS will be Made free of
&ergo for those wishing work made to order.
• loBtatiftsl easertment, of all the new styles of line
Jewelry, inch as Mosaic, Stone and Shell Cameo,
Pearl, Coral,. Osrbutiole,
Lan; 40.,
, ,
111111316141) OASTOBB,.➢ABBSTB, 1 641TE88c
stone and Marble 0030813, of newest styles
snit btsopergetqaallty.. 404 wly
mAxtroaorcrazas or wieroHOABIS
151r062188 , OF WAIOBIIII,
04zrourr Pgarnasor. AVOTlBlllPteillatOr•
vaisS ,CALDWEI O I. & CO.,
Importers cf Matches and Sine Jearetry,• • Hinufaette,
mint Sterling and Standard Silver Tea Sits,Torks and
Spoons, sole agents for the sale'd Charles Prodshiun4
new sane, Gold , idedal 'London` Titaeheepert-all the
alien Oa hidid, prise!) 8260 1 8:16 and PC*.
English and Swiss Watches at the lowest piites.
/Lich taahlonable Jewelry. - • . • • •
Sheffield and American Slaied Wane,
j S. JARDEIt Bidtt.
o' sitisonoionsa a AND 11100/1141149 OP ,
No. Ent Chestnut Street, above Thlrd, (Bp
Constantly on hand end for sale to the Trade,
LADLES, ko.,
Hitting and plating sin all - kinds of snots'. eeß.ly
lirentri.FAoralißße OF
• (ETABLIBIUD , n 12,)
dOftliErr 7411.141 , 10 Oltruzirr OTRIZra.
latia atiorrinenr or 'SILVER. ARE, of mil de.
eeeiption, aonstantly oR hank Or wade to Drier to roatob
AO, p attern abalra.
,"roaportera of Sheftleld and . Birmingham Imported
rare. se3o-ddcrly
Dubai% Carroty & Wholesale MANIIVAO-
alpisis: •
nom P, Dyson
1413111 m:
—Siri.tlroof Sake:
A law mortment of • ,
ZANS3 vovisows
111141LiNDIE USW,
ithi• Por - Itanka =4 Stara, „
WO 8, ,
Rota to any now Is 11411.' • "
rso4.DooautuTTArits,.,k.. t .
On as tom tonna int any other entabllnttatent Is IMO
Thad lit4teg by ; •
wo. 7.0 Soak PellitTH'etr,et Philadelphf ,
gatgll . qto Attitcultlnto,
, Anon
1644-tt MoXIDSBN k 80N8, Ploes,uirois
• _ v SALOON, NO. 282 Carter'S Phil*
Itii, west warner a BROAD and WALNUT..—Oatne
Anajal• other &Menefee In amen. 'PamMee supplied
with Coders on the ehorteat notice. , sep7.7m
SCOTT HO U SE—Gorner of I r win, Streit
and DlP:maneWay, gittaban3h. 4, D . btemEg,
Progrlatoi, anl 3 4m
IA :Ladies' 'MRS selling oft regardless of ease.'
Importing and ansaufseterjng 'Portiere: eat
stm Bt., below Beventb,wlll-alose them entire stook
F:uSISS'. Furst Without regard tq oost. : ,
4 320 ETEMSTNIFT !STEM fOrwario PA P:113131,
PACCMIRS .11U,D,O,ILINIMR, JUNK.. ziotza. Arid
MINIM ,olibOrll lta owl(' Ulna, or to connection
01th`otILOF,InCe8EBB 00/IPAMAI to all quk prbiolp,l
ot 64,111 1 1 w I§titts, "
sikal•V 414401111KtPetitititnitai.
UALE ROP1; . 1 .43 Owe 'are( invited to call
.aitaitaia - mato eat Manllt Itale Hope, ittleit oen
miaraloit isladtricau, sod warriaat It aupe!zpr fa
factaaakaaaAatabOlV•iiii4. o oii,i i i n i'
: , ,f...!k,F#,NOVOITOI OOI 4 9 1 11 Yniii7i,"
VOL. I-NO. 86.
••• FACULTY: ' ' •
J.:DARBY, A. M., President, Lecturer on' Natural
!lelence. • , 1
I Witt. 0. P,RION, A. M., Principal, Teacher in all
Dpartments. , • ,
' 4: W. CHATIELD, A. M., Teacher , la the Col
iegiate Department. •
Miss NE. It: ANDERSON Teiliher in Primary Depart-
Meat.. • „
Dire. JULIA A. PRIOR, ,Teacher of ?duel°.
Mtn. JIII4A DARBY, Teacher of Drawing and
The eeeslott of thin ItUalltation commenced on the
tint MO)IDAY In October, and will Conti:tile nine and
It half months, -
; •,' TIITTION t PEI. YEAR: • •
trial DepartMent, ; Intermediate Department,
" Co llege Department, $5O• Incidental Fee, $2;
mattation Fee, $5 Mimic on Piano or Guitar, $5O;
llse of Instrument, pr; Pencil or blentochroMatle Draw
ing, $4O; Weter.Oolor Painting, $ 3 O; Oil Painting, $4O;
French and'lntio, nimbi $20,, );•
I The Tuition Fees must be settled before any pupil
will be entered.
Board can be obtained ins private families at 1,12.50
per month, inolutling washing, wood, and lights.
The InstitistiOn possesses advantages for illustration
is Natural 801813041"SuPerior to those of any similar one
n the Bouth„There is not to be found, in any FemaleSohooli, more complete Chemical and Phlloso i ical Ap-,
prorates, and d more extensive Cabinet for illustrating
all branches of Natural history. These means are in
daily use.
All tho' College buntings are "undergOidg repairs,
and everything will be made as oomiOrtable as pos7
Auburn is as healthy as there le any rieoelaity tor.
It could 'not be healthier, tutleal the people should
never die et all.
` mi
I, The President d Prineipal have the entire control
of the Institution, and am inquirion addressed to either
of them will meet with prompt attention.
N. 11. Persons Idol:dog water; .soilo, or one aralystoi,
alai have 11 gone bs aeap,4lo:_, •
• -
O a tfarrtittiPinnfttijarAlAL
pligitreate ARTS, AND
A w g s , , ,
; • i,eoimen or ;186T—J888. • • ,
1 The 'Winter come of Initruotion in this Department
trillebommence on I:ID,SDAX, November Bd, and be
Ontinned as follows : • - •
' Professor V. V. Ifft.e.ZPlt, TUESDAY Ind .PIUDAY,
Professor E. 0. KENDALL, MONDAY and THURS
DAY, at 5 P. M.
- -
Professor P. ROGERS, TUESDAY and FRIDAY, at
Professor 0. D. TREOO, MONDAY irsd TRUBSDAY,
AV4 P. M.
The Lectures will be - amply illustrated by Models,
Drawings, and Specimens.
The Lectures will be, continued until the end of
The Courses may be attended either singly or to=
• For any one Course $5.00
For the four .Courses ' 15.00
For Tickets, apply to YEEDDRIOK DICE, Janitor et
the tinirarsity—North Building. And for information
respecting the studies, to
/AIRMAN .1100.1128,*
Dean elite Ihruity,
Weat Rittenhouse Square.
. cw 143-dl2t
School Tear, consisting of two Toms, will com
mence on the 131100 ND WEDNESDAY of September,
and dose the lost Wednesday of June following.
' Normal Plass, troy Female Seminary—nation free.
Winter Term commencing September lath.
The charge for tuition and beard, including all nit-
Castries connected with such 10 'moat reetrweehlog,
fuel; light, etc, is $226 per annum. An additional.
charge is made for•mush) and • the other ornt /metal
branches of female education. Where a fixed sum it
preferred, $260 per annum (one-half payable at the
commencement of each term) will' be rewired, and 'for
it the pupil entitled to all the advantages of the Thell
Pupils may enter at any period of the term, and ere
to aired to pay only from Ibeton) of entrance.
• The Institution furnishes all posaible facilities for a.
thorough course of ,nioful and ornamental education.,
The Prinolpala are assisted by more than twenty Pro
fessors and Teacherii.
Extensive courses of LeStares are annually delivered.
by Professore on Chemistry, Natural Philosophy, Oudo
t:, Botany, , Astrononly, and Elocution.'
This Institutiou is furnished with a valuable Library
and extensive Philosophical Apparatus, a well.selooted.
cabinet of Minerals _and Shells, and .Maps, Charta,
illobes, and Models. • • • . • .
r Everyfacilltyls afforded for the thorough sink* ot
the French. language. The French teachers reside in
the family, and adapt ,their system of instruction tothe
use of,the language In conversatiqn. _
• DrPLOM4B are awarded' to young ladies who have
passed satisfaetory examinations in the' fall 'course or
English atudies, with-Latin, or • ode' of the modern_
languages.• rOESTIFICATEB to those who have corn.
pletedtho yartial coizree.. . •
The pupils are received into the family of the Princi
pals, in which every arrangement is made for their
physical education/ and the improvement of their man
ners and morals. They occupy pMftte rooms, two in
each, the regale of the female teachers and that of an.,
e u xi l e e r i leneed nurse being among those of the young
The advantages of MIA Institution are the result of
the tunnnuseeditted facilities of more than thirty years
of lte onward, progress.
+ Circulars containing more particular information mar
be obtained by application to the Principals, John N.
Wilt/14.44 Flush L Hillard, Troy, N. Y.
The tormfor day what're are g 6 per quarter for the
• to.trisinetorralem of :Nuglish etudies.'.-'•ThOa toe 2.4
ins.; ItglUng, .Spelling '
Grimm/sc. .Aritionalleti land!.
1 440! .9r 009grapay, geogiaphy for beginners, and
Oeology,fotbiegieners. , „
FOr,the second clue $7 per quarter. This Includes all
the branehee constituting the extensive course of Eng
lish studies.
M. WILLARD' Secretary...
;Mayor And Recorder of Troy, ex.ollicio,
Benjamin Marshall, John D. Willard
Robert D. Minims, Thomas W. Blatchiord,
jeans o.lleartt, . Bliss K, Stew,
Jee San Beheonhoven, ,Jonathan Edwards,
Geo. B. Warren, ' Thomas Clowes,
John A. Griswold, John Mallory,
Uri Gilbert. oe2o-Bns
Bay B. A. /Nyasa., RUMOR.
• The Anneal Souk* will begin on TUESDAY, Sep
tember 1.
Circulars may be obtained at the Book Stara of H.
HOOFER, B. W. comer EIGHTH and OgESTNUT or
of t h e Asctor, Yost °tare, Yalta of Schuylkill, Phi's
delphle. aul7-6m
- persona, male and female, In gain a share of this
Weddle goode and comforts ad a
Nost.l4B awl MI SIXTH Street, near RACE,
will , ro-open on MONDAYi SEPTEMBER Ist, for fall
sad winter Studies, embracing a knowledge of
by simplified methods, ins short time
TUE LEIDY'S t'ke pleasure in naying, that during
the put year a large number of persona acquired a.
BUSINESS EDIJOATICH, enabling many to secure pro
fitable situattona, and others to prosecute their butlints
operations succeisfully. ' au224m.
and CHESTNUT Streets, Second and Third Stories,
ledoH-HREPIN4, PENMANSHIP, every style.
Each Student has Individual Instruction from compe
tent= and' attentive "Teachers, under the immediate
eupenrision of the Principal.
One of the Rest Penmen in the Conntry boa charge of
the Writing Department. •
Please call and eee Speolmene and get a Catalogue of
Terms, 80, orl-y
No laeushiary. whatever is more like a private family.
The course of study is extensive and thorough. Pro
tensor Baunders will receive 6 few more pupils under
fourteen years of arr . -into hie family. Enquire of
?Jews. J. B. Wirer and Mathew Newkirk, or (Joh J. W.
Forney, Editor of this Paper, whose eons or wards art
now membims of his family. septl4-tf
Calmat( alto Cigars.
H A x
. V .
n t I v ! , Os
as 11 Ait
Figaro, • Partagui,
Cabanas, Banana,
Worts, Jupiter,
Woo, ConvercienteS,
Torrey Lopes, Union Americans,
Orejoa, Flora cabana, &a., act,
&O.j in x, 1(,14 andl4o ores of ill sizes and-quall
ties, In stare and constantly reoeiv)ng, and for solo bow,
it o l w ilit s W tr io
a T o
o ilt s
WY. H. Doom
A . fiZGARS.—A choice Woke of these celebrated
brands on board brig ""New Nra,l) daily expected front
ORTIZA, and for sale lOw, by , ' OfUlll,os TSUI,
(New) 188 Walnut street, below Second,
sal Second Story,
%ttarnepa at taw.
T,AW, ble.2 4.18 Y ISTRENT, IiORRIBTOWN. Ps .,
will attend with puncteutlity, and to the best of hie
'lath to all beelnese entrusled to his care.
A? LAlp Bontheast Corner of 1104211 . and
COST litrepte, Philadelphia. - enl•b
LAW, CIEWPRI itreet, Pottsville, PA.
erominegion Atithanto.
tr • ,GENERAL'
all North FRONT and 44 WATER Street, Philadelphia.
On oonsfarnimut from the balmier of Pennsylvania,
whet* ottr new Oleaufug BIM la now in general ,
Dor Also, TIMOTHY AND RED TOP always on
band, - sel2-tf
IdSRIMANTS and Dealers in "foreign and Am-
Awn HARDWARN and ONTLISBY, Nog. 23, 26 and 27
North "UM throat, Slat aide alma Couunerna *treat,
fl/nad e/ P4 l4 *
. , . saki[
.purr iina .I.piportet 40 HAVANA AZGABB,
(144) WS Vilma qtrqat. sectowl. story. wal-17
31 °8s --- Y
balegliarlaMtirtrerlatta by
110 North was.. stir."
(10TTON:—.201) baled 'good Middling to Mid
lily cottoti, _
cotton' iwna for axle
ant— 's /WOW & MO/WRNS,
119 Meth Water duet.
, •
11101111 AND ~BUMMER - RANGES.—
wnti OnAtiwtos 2 BAGOND at.
I r' Obi ) fJPIETEIifOrriMs
Irst boo! 141 5 PC 0 1 ; int
- .
, - -, ~ , , v --4 4 , ti t- ,-; ' ' '-'"
. .
~ ‘ , , ;,._,,,,, ~ ~,„
.1 ,
L . 4.
, ~.,, --• ' • . ",,,.; ‘.\\Al f i /,',, 11 6.-' ' . ' . trk . ft ) ,
_ ill . ,
.. •
trii .
. ,
, 3 , — ,s,\ ‘ ‘te1p,....-_.O-1 ,--,-;,:‘,
i -0-
- • (;,- , ,"•• -. '!;-•.;;\\ . 0 4„,_,' pr, ~,...,-.. ,• . k ar.,.1 --' l ",k- , ,
, -
-4:: ~,, •.• ~
1,........,-....\ ,c,..,,-.=6.-e.t-, h,„..."-:,_7.".....,..1,-;,-,iirm
_l` , .• : ~..t ap met , ;-: - ....... 4.„i, NMI
; ' I - I ,
. , . r,,_7,....,,,,+.
„.,..,_ ,„ - OMR ~ •
' . / ----"...z....
- -.. ... '' 1 , . ...,"r'i.."...., .....-;,-, ;".:`-..%. ' ',l , - , 4i) .:'-",'",•,.?,;;:--” • . . , /9" . ,/, a ......„.,
- - - 'lt`. •' ' r ,- • •'. l k•-- ' • ' lip . ... - ii..o . - - ,4 ';' ,0 -..:=; ,
„ .
-...,,m,...".."--1-4,...441it, ‘,.,..., :ic :iii r og I `----,.. - ::.,.‘f ,, -• -if oil --- --=
ml ,
. ''' 'Ci
~.... .....
......-. . 4 . "...........0„.._.3"
1, 1
. .. ..........
~, I : ' )
. / .
, .., .
A, handsome assort-
The Principalities of Wallachia and Molda
via ale in a fair way of being united under the
sovereignty of a Prince belonging to the
Western dynasty. This is the desire of these
provinces, as expressed by their respective
Divans, and we believe that it will be carried
out, though, in effect, it is the first great step
towards that dismemberment of the Turkish
Empire which the Western powers (France,
England, Sardinia, and Austria) took up arms
to prevent. The only difference is, that these
united Principalities will not be incorporated
with the Russian territory—just yet. It is as
likely 'as not that they eventually will be ab
sorbed by Russia.
The question will arise—who shall be the
Sovereign of this, new kingdom 7 Russia
would be anxious, no doubt, to have one of
thenOMANOFP family in possession—but Russia,
which actually commenced the into war by
taking military possession of the Principalities,
is thereby placed out of the lino. Austria,
having territory very convenient to the Princi
palitiebAill also be Mc,eluded.' Pro:fishes no,
o*oP;rYtkiPtoyei; Nom' _of 'the'Cielnirgtkavii
laden 'spoken , of, • thoirgh there is "no ,knowlng
what card LEOPOLD ofßeigium (head of that for
tinge fainliy) may hold in his hand, and keep
back to trump the trick with at the end of the
game.' England, no doubt, will follow the ex
ample of the Bristol alderman who aaid 1 ( ditto
to Mr. Burgs," and accept whatever Prince
LEOPOLD may patronize; for Queen Vurronra's
husband, mother, uncle, and brother-in-law are
all Coburgs, and he is deeply imbued, through
their influence, with the leading desire to see
that family thriving.
,Two possible candidates are spoken of. It
is known that Sing 0120 (a Bavarian prince,
who was placed over the newly-constituted
kingdom of 'Greece at the mature ago of seven
teen) has a daughter of the Grand Duke of 01-
denburgli for wife—a lady of some talent and
great ambition. She Is a ((strong-minded
woman," in truth, who, in 1864, acted very
much as if she bad a desire of ascending the
throne of Turkey. This lady, who Is child
less, has two brothers: one, Prince GEORGE,
reigning Duke of Oldenburg; the other, Prince
ELnuar, a young gentleman of thirteen, who
is willing, if elected, to do whatever his sister
may tell him. The Queen of Greece has this
youth ready for any vacancy—either to succeed
her husband as King of Greece, or to take the
crown (if ho can got it) of the kingdom which
is to be formed by the union of the Principali
ties of Wallachia and Moldavia. He is an
accommodating youth. Of the two chances,
the new kingdom would be the beet, for it .is
well cultivated, has a large population, con
siderable wealth, and a lovely climate. Greece,
on the contrary, with a superficial area of 22,-
600 square miles, has only a million of inhab
itants, scarcely half a dozen good carriage
roads, and is, literally, the poorest as well as
the most unhealthy country in Europe.
For the new kingdom there is yet another
candidate, in the person of Prince Mem MU
RAT, son of him of "the snow-white plume,"
the dashing cavalry officer of the wars of ((the
Empire," nephew to NAPOLEON 1., and cousin
to NAPOLEON 111. He is no boy, but a man
of' mature ago and mind. He was born in
March, 1803, and, as the only surviving son of
King JOAUMN MURAT, is a sort of Pretender
to the crown of the Two Slates. In 1855,
when some of the Neapolitans desired to get
rid of the "King Bombs," (as Fnannimm 11. is
called,) they invited LUCIEN MURAT to make a
dash for the crown, as their leader. His reply
intimated a great deal of good sense. He
Wv4athos_r _ _
Must be a foot who argues from Atfaci
of his being born on the steps of the throne, that
the erown belongs to' him or. who considers an
entire people as his heri tage—as his property,
just as a private individual would a flock of
sheep. Lot Italy call upon me, end I shall
be proud to serve her. I will add., that she
will never find others who will serve her better
than myself. Her enemies are mine, and there
is a terrible account to settle between us.
But, if Italy makes another choice, I shall not
the loss pray for her happiness ; and I shall be
ready to give the last drop of my blood to
contribute to her success. Happy is ho who
shall be the elect of Italy. His mission is
There Is as much democratic principle in
this missive to, perhaps, any European prince
dare express, partioularly one who lives in
NAPOLEON 111, is understood to have deter
mined to place his cousin MVRAT In candi
dateship for the new kingdom. He would
point out to Lord PALMZUSTON, no doubt,
that hero was a man with liberal prin
ciples, who would use his position to
make the new monarchy a barrier and
a breakwater against Russian incursions
into Turkey ; he might point out to the
absolute rulers of Austria and Prussia that
this election' of IFEIMAT would relieve Europe
from any prospect of his appearing in arms to
dethrone the King of the Two Sicilies ; he
would flatter VICTOR EMMANUEL, of Sardinia,
by holding out that LUCIEN Murcia , provided
for elsewhere, there would be no rival to his
own aiming at uniting Italy under one sceptre;
and he would insinuate to Russia (and proba
bly did at Stuttgart) that if Wallachia and Mol
davia were to be King-ed, it was better to have
a French than a German or native prince upon
the throne.
Such are the speculations which naturally
arise on a close examination of the proposed
addition to the royalties of Europe, and the
probable candidates for the crown. Should
NAPOLEON ILL-succeed in placing his cousin on
this 'hew throne, he certainly may be con.
gratulated on having thus shown his power as
well as his acuteness. But he is the most as
tute of European rulers.
{We have been favored with the perusal of some
letters, written by an intelligent mechanic of this
city, who went out, some months ago, with the ex
pedition to Idebastopol, for the purpose of raising
the vessels which the Russians sank in the barber
there, in the Crimean war. We have permission
tkpjesent them to our readers, which we do, with
out any other alteration Abut' omitting ouch per•
tins as have reference to family matters.]—En.
SuunaToroL, Aug. 29, MU
We arrived out here in fifty-three days,
which includes five days' stoppage at Constan
tinople. Twenty-six days after we left Dela
ware breakwater, we came in sight of Gibral
tar, and had a merry time of it out.
June 10, we entered the Grecian Archi
pelago, and took a Greek pilot on board to
take us up the Dardanelles. Distance to Con
stantinople three hundred miles, (hp said,) and
his charge for piloting $96. Juno 12, we en
tered the Dardanelles, and saw where Leander
swam across to Hero, his sweetheart. The
panorama of the Darden° les is unequalled—.
neither Hudson, Ohio, or Mississippi can equal
it. Before entering the Dardanelles, we saw
the Island of Patmos, (or Patina,) where St.
John wrote the Book of Revelations. We
also saw Gallipoli, where St. Paul is said to
have been imprisoned. It is a Turkish town
in Greece, and (with the exception of Sebas
topol) the most God-forsaken place I ever
Sunday afternoon, Juno 14, wo anchored at
Constantinople. I went ashere, and never sot
oyes upon a more curious mixture of opulence
and poverty, luxury and filth, ease and wretch.
edness. As forAthe dogs, their name is le
gion, and every separate ono assorts his indi
vidual independence by perpetually getting
between every one's legs, and, on no account,
will budge an inch to is Get out of the way of
old Dan Tucker." Those animals are district
ed, for, should ono of them leave his own dis
trict, the other dogs set upon him, and ho runs
a fair Aimee of being devoured or torn to
• In Constantinople the buildings are usually
very high, and as in all Eastern cities, the streets
are very narrow—about the width of Exchange
Place. The Grand Bazaar is probably the
most extensive edifice, for oonimerae in the
world, and in it 'goods of all descriptions are
exposed for sale, •In small shops, or rather
hoxes,'from six to ten feet square.
' You' see artisans of every kind prosecuting
their, trades and sitting cross-legged, each
with' t" Militating pipe In Lilo mouth. Turk.
ish smoking tobacco sells for from seventy-five
cents to one dollar a pound. You can have
a smile" at one piastre (four cents) a glass.
Execrable stuff, however, and as safe drinking
as lager beer, for it takes a groat deal to make
a man tight.
Tho day after our arrival at Constantinople
wo had fresh meat—mutton and peas, with new
potatoes and cherry pudding. A great treat,,
too, after having had weeks of, the most,
miserable salt pork and railroad beef that white
men over sat down to. At sea, the florir was
bad, our broad was always black and sour, our
sugar horrible, (being studded with lumps of
tar us big as walnuts,) coffee like ditob-water,
tea execrable—in short, nothing good except
potatoes. Tot lam well informed thats2,3oo
were expended for ship-stores by kir. Wicker
After five days' sojourn at Constantinople,
we were towed out by a steam-tug, up the
Bosphorus to the entrance of the Black Sea,
fourteen miles distance, and the current
against us very strong indeed.
We arrived at Sebastopol in the afternoon
of Sunday, June 21, and remained until the
25th, when we were permitted to haul In and
discharge cargo. In this a great number of
Russians assisted us, each of whom received
about forty-eight cents a day, which Is much
above tho usual wages. In fact, building It
the only employment they can obtain here,
Sebastopol is not a port of entry. Our barque
is the first American vessel that ever entered
is harbor.
Neither pen nor tongue can describe the
devastation which War has made in Sebastopol.
It ,rriar be said that not one stone was left
standing bn'Anotlik
You May form a faint idea, by thinking of
the great' fire of #lllladelphis hf 1.851. Snob
walls as were left standing are quite perforated
with grape and canister shot, and cannon balls
of all sizes, many of which yet remain in the'
walls. The public buildings, where not over
thrown, are literally riddled with shot. Tho
dry-docks, splendid specimens of engineering
and masonry, as they must have been, and of
great extent, are one mass of ruins, or crum
bled dust, with, here and there, a huge block
of granite. A new steamer was blown up
into ono of the docks,
and the machinery still
lies scattered about. The theatre, judging by
what is left of tho walls, must have been very
large. The public library, a fine erection also,
was graced with numerous statues, some of
which were preserved uninjured. A female
figure, nude, and another draped, are flue
sculptures, and may compare with those I have
seen in the Capitol at 'Washington.
As groat numbers of Russians were watch
ing us, day and night, wo had great difficulty
in smuggling our books and tobacco ashore.
However, we Yankees wore too much for
them. I have more than half my tobacco yet
remaining, and could sell it at a ruble (eighty
cents) per pound. A good deal I have given
away and sold none. The Company brought
out six boxes, but nono of their tobacco is fit
for chewing.
As soon as we arrived here wo were boarded
by the custom-house officers, the captains of
the port:doctors, and two soldiers—the last re•
mained in charge. We have erected five houses
and a dining-room on shore, from the frame
barracks left by the French and English armies.
They aro covered with Russian felt, but will
be cold in winter.
For The Prue.]
My attention has been arrested by au arti
cle that appeared in your issue of Wednesday,
the 4th instant, under the signature of “C. B.
F.," and headed "An appeal for a protective
tariff.!' It was evidently prepared with great
care by some person having access to the
United States statistics, as there is an abun
dance of them furnished; but, unfortunately
for the author,of the article, however correct
ho may be as a statistician, he is lamentably at
fault as a logician, as In every attempt he
makes to draw conclusions from his reason
ings, he invariably confounds the cause with
the effect, and uniformly attributes to the lat
ter what only could have arisen from the
Thus, ho charges upon the tariff' of 1846 all
the disasters we are laboring under at the pre
sent time, including the enormous Issue of
paper currency by irresponsible banks, and In
his efforts to substantiate this charge makes
use of the following language :
Excessive importations, or the practice of buying
more than we sell, has not only crippled our mann
factnres, created a stupendous Hue or abundant
or cheap credit, by means of which unprofitable
and newly railroads have been built. and the
wildest speculation In land encouraged along
the routes of them ; but it has stimulated Indi
vidual extravagance to an almost incredible
extent. For the proof of this, I refer you to sta.
Witted statement No. 10, annexed to the lost re
port of the Secretary of the Treasury, which shows
that the average annual consumption per capita
of foreign goods, under the tariff of 1812, wrotonly
four dollars and fifty-four cents, while the con
sumption per capita under the low dudes of the
last eleven years has reached a yearly everile of
stern dollars and seventy-six rents. The differ
ence in our use of foreign fabrhis and wares,
der the protective and free-trade periods, Is three
dollars and twenty-two cents per capita loss under
the former than the latter, which, multiplied by
24,000,000, the average of our ppulation for the
last eleven years, gives above $77,000,000 as our
annual, and $847,008,808 as our total consumption
of foreign goods in that time, over and above
what, it is no more than fair to presume, it would
have been under a policy that would have re
strieted us to living within our income, or have
made our imports and exports to range as they did
under the tariff of 1842.
Now, to my mind, the ilinit is not with tho
tariff, but with the currency; for bad it not
been for the great increase of the latter, the
means would not have been afforded us of
Malting the enormous use of foreign articles
that have been Imported.
If there is any one truth taught by political
economy about which there can be no uncer
tainty or disagreement, it is that ho who has
not the means cannot make purchases. It is a
matter of no consequence how great may bo
the supply, unless the demand is equal to it,
merchandise will not be sold under a low tariff.
We may admit that the supply of commodities
will be very great; but as it requires another
element, that of demand, before they can be
sold, the all-Important question is,
to what are
we to attribute the enormous demand for
breign fabrics that has existed for several
I feel confident that no one, not even C. B.
F., will charge upon the tariff that it creates a
demand for the article as well as a supply to
meet it. This would bo giving to It a power
greater than is claimed for it by any of its
friends. What is it then that creates this de
mand? We answer, in the language of econo
mical science and common sense, that demand
depends upon the will, combined with the
ability to purchase. Without those two essen
tials of demand exist, no purchases can or will
be made ; and unless it can be shown that a
tariff confers upon a purchaser this will and
ability to purchase, it is worse than folly to
attribute to it the excessive importations of
the last few years.
In proof of this, talc° the statement of C.
B. F. He charges, that under the tariff of
1846, importations have increased to such an
extent, as to take nearly all the money, or an
immense amount of it, cut of the country.
Now, if this be true, It Is evident this depic
tion of the precious metals must have com
menced soon after its passage, and in the ab
sence of other currency than gold and silver,
1 our ability to,,purchase foreign commodities
would have beewlessened ; but, according to
C. B. F., this depletion has absolutely In
creased our ability to purchase, as is proved
by the fact that our importations have in
creased ; and at a loss, for 801110 ono thing to
charge it upon, he seizes the unfortunate
tariff, that upon his own showing has lessened
our ability to purchase by taking away the
means of so doing, and fixes upon it as the
moving cause of au increased demand, thus
evidently taking the effect for the cause, and
overlooking entirely the fact, patent to every
reader, that although importations have largely
increased front 1846 down to the present
time, that bank circulation has increased in a
much greater ratio, as may bo seen by the fol- ,
lowing figures:
In 1847 the bank notes in circulation amount
ed to $105,519,766; they amounted in 1857 to
$214,778,322, being more than double. This,
then, is the moving power. Importations do
not necessarily increase currency or circula.
lion; but an increased circulation, and a de
based currency, by raising prices and giving an
apparent prosperity ,induces importations. C.
B. F. is evidently a disciple of the effete mer
cantile theory, and infatuated with the idea
that nothing is wealth but money, and that our
laws should not only restrain individual expen
diture, but should be so framed as to prevent
the exportation of specie. His language is,
"But how aro we to stop the drain of specie
that has been going on, with the bare excep
tion of two years, for the last thirteen?" I an
swer that this can only bo done by narrowing
our circulating medium down to as near anap
proximation to a specie basis, as can possibly
be effected. Do this and trade will regulate
itself. Specie will flow into the country, and
flow out of it, without causing any serious em
barrassment to our merchants and business
men, and labor will not be subjected to the pe
riodical fluctuation in the demand for and the
adequacy of remuneration for It.
It is a little singular that, much as we hear
of the balance of trade being against us, and
of specie flowing away, and the evils that are
said to result from it, it seems to be over
looked that this has been in constant opera
tion for two centuries; and yet, there re-
Naha tore money in tho country, netvrith,
standing this, than there was at any period
during that time.
If Q. B. F. will turn to the compendium of
the census last published, pages 184 and 186,
he will find the tables of imports and exports
of the principal Colonies, from the year 1700
to 1776, and also into the United States from
1789 to 1868, and he will there find that
during the svholo of the first period the so
called balance of trade was against us, and
that in the second period there was but few
years in which it was in our favor ; even un
der the high-pressure system of 1828 the
balance of trade continued against us, and so
remained until the enactment of the Inde
pendent Treasury law, in 1840, when the cur
rent was turned in our favor.
In stating these facts in regard to the
balance of 'trade, I do not wish to be under
stood as acquiescing In the commonly received
opinion that an excess of imports over exports
'is en evideace of a disadvantageous trade ; on
the contrary, I believe it more correct to say
that It is an evidence of a profitable trade, and
unless the Imports exceed the exports, trade
would sofin decline altogether, as it would
cease to be profitable to the merchant.
As the sqm total of individual wealthy make
up the weslth of the country, and as the mer
chant, to 4/0 a prosperous business, must im
port mere:Wm, in the shape of goods, than
he exporta, to make it a profitable exchange,
it follows that every accession of increased
values thathe makes in this way is not only
an addition to his own wealth, but to the
wealth of the country, and it Is no difference
to him, or to the country at large, whether
that in s trease is In the shape of money, or any
other nipmodity that has exchangeable value.
As }II name of Franklin has been fifvoit4
by O. P. V. in favor of his theory, I cannot
better conclude this article than by offering to
your readers a few extracts from his writings.
He says, "No laws which the art of man can
devise will or can hinder or entirely stop the
current of a profitable trade, any more than the
sevet Jaws could prevent the satisfying of
bungs when any opportunity offered to gratify
it,",),lhe precious metals, gold and silver,
are other than merchandise acquired from
coati les where there are mines, by those
eon ties which have none, in exchange for
the produce of their land or manufactures."
Speaking of the Spanish laws for retaining
coin at home, lie says, w We see the folly of
these edicts, but aro not our own prohibitory
and restrictive laws,
that are professedly made
with intention to bring a balance from our
trade with foreign nations, to be paid hi money
—are not such laws akin to these Spanish
edicts—follies of the same family?" J. M'C.
' MR. EDITOR : Will you permit an humble
citizen, through the medium of your press, to
throw before the public a few suggestions
touching the groat and palpable errors in
banking ?
I. The great and mischievous error iu most
of our banks, as well as insurance and savings
institutions, is too much power in the hands
of (the few) either presidents, finance com
mittees, or exchange committees. These
several parties, it is said, and doubtless with
much truth, are invested with plenary discro
tionary powers, thus affording them, without
the knowledge and consent of their boards, to
lend to whom they please, and to an unlimited
extent. This power has now, and ever will be,
abused. Favoritism, and the love of gain, too
often subverts the moral principles. The con
trol of hundreds of thousands of dollars in
such hands, the property of widows and or
phans, old men and maidens, will bo reckless
ly loaned to large operators, speculators, mo
nopolizers, &c., thus jeopardizing investments
sactetily reposed in trust, and to be faithfully
and judiciously loaned. So long, then, as the
the present rotten system exists, we may pe
riodically look for revulsions.
i. In most banks, and the other institutions
referred to, there are twelve directors, but how
many dead-heads in each board it would not
require a Solomon's sagacity to divine. There
are In every institution, (particularly where
mammon is the clement,) two or three master
spirits, who work the macillnery so adroitly
that.the balance of the dozdn are as so many
8. Although there are generally a dozen
directors in each of these institutions, there
are, in almost every one, some who seldom or
'never appear at the board, many are disqualified
by ago, some totally destitute of business tact
or talent, some born with silver spoons in their
mouths, and who have never sweated for a
&Matt how then, in the liable of Common
'fternsiircan such men work tbo finanMal ma
chinery to advantage and safety 7
4. The system of direction emphatically calls
for revision. As it now is, directors are elected,
cut and dry, pretty much to suit the taste of
presidents and their Juntos, moving in and
out by tho right of succession.
5. A bank, to be safely managed, should be
governed by a president, and four or live paid
directors—men of experience, industry, and
Integrity; neither politicians nor bigots; and
all loans to ho made by the board entire, and
at their regular sittings, and no concern to
have a discount line exceeding ten thousand
dollars; and no president, director, or any
other officer or employee, to be recipients of
a dollar's discount or loan, nor engaged, di
rectly or indirectly, in any outside, business,
whatever; and each officer or employee to be
6. Under such a dynasty, the dangerous
and reckless practice of lending large sums to
favorite directors and outside favorites would
not exist; and, hence, speculations would not
run riot, and beef, flour, sugar, and molasses,
would range at prices accessible to all. Di
rectors to hold their offices for throe or four
years, provided their conduct justified their
continuance so long, and to be elected by the
stockholders, and not by a clique. D.
The importers and commission merchants of
this city and elsewhere have concluded to re•
duce the term of credit two months, and are
now selling goods on those terms. This being
the case, should not our jobbers reduce the
term of credit to their customers in like man
ner 1
Let our jobbers unite to bring about a sys
torn of short credits, which will eventually re
suit to the benefit of the entire community.
Recent Decisions by the Secretary of the Trea
..rttr,ANITRY DEPARTMENT, Oct. 38, 1857.
The following decisions of this Department as to
the proper classification under the tariff' act of
March 3, 1857. of certain articles of foreign menu.
Blown entered, respeotively, at the ports of New
York and Boston. the importers having, under the
provisions of the fifth section of that'act, appealed
from the doeisioh of the collector of the customs as
to such classification, are published for the infor
mation of the officers of the customs and others
HOWELL CORR, Secretory of tho Tronmury.
Parian Marble Bails and Figurer—Statuary
Sur : I acknowledge the receipt of your report,
under date of the 28th ult., on the appeal of henry
Levy, Esq., from your decision assessing duty on
foureasks of "Parian marble busts and figures,"
as designated by the importer, imported ire the
ship "James R. Keeler," from London.
The entrydesoribes the articles as "four orates
of merchandise, statuary," and the return of the
appraisers describes the contents of the orate sent
to thorn for examination as "china figures and
The collector assessed duty on the articles in
question at the rato of twenty-four per cent, under
the classification in schedule C of "earthen, china,
and steno ware, and other wares composed of
earthy and mineral substances, not otherwise pro•
vided for."
Entry fee of duty is claimed by the importer
under the classification in schedule I of the tariff
of 1857, of "painting and statuary."
Having no samples of importation, the, Depart.
mont assumes the description by the appraisers, it
being the result of an actual examination by ex
"China figures and statuettes," if they fall
within the definition of "statuary," adopted by
the Department, and heretofore promulgated for
theist formation and of coil eaters, are en
titled to free entry. The Department has defined
" statuary," as used in the tariff law, as confined
in its application to figures, representing living or
deceased creatures, of whatever species, real or
Imaginary, in fall relievo, insulated on every
part, and which may be formed of marble, plaster,
brume., galvanised zinc, or other material appro
priate to the composition of articles of taste
" Statuary" was made free of duty by the tariff
of 1846, if "imported in good faith as objects of
taste, and not of merchandise." "Paintings and
statuary" are exempted from duty, without any
qualification or restriction, by the tariff act of 1857.
The Department feels justified, by the reports of
tke collector and appraisers, in assuming that the
articles in question do not fall within the classifi
cation of "dolls, and toys of all kinds," in schedule
Cof the Mellor 1857. Not falling within that clas
sification, they belong to the description of arti
cles known distinctively as "statuary" in °miner
clot parlance.
The decision of the collector is overruled in this
ease, and the articles are entitled to entry free of
duty, under schedule I of the tariff of 1857.
I am, very respectfully,
HOWELL CORD, Beeretary of the Treasury.
AOGURTUR &usu., Esq., Collector of the Cus
toms, Now York.
Bisque Stotriertes.—Statuary.
TREASURY DEEARntEwr, October 29, 1857.
Sin : The Department has had under considera
tion an appeal taken by J. J. Griffin & Co., from
the decision of the collector of the customs at New
York, assessing duty on certain merchandise de
scribed as "bisque statuettes," imported into that
port In the ship Wm. Tell," from Havre.
The collector assessed duty on the article In
buestion at the rate of 24 per sent., under the
classification in schedule C, of " earthen, china,
and glass wares, and all other wares composed of
earthy and mineral substances, not otherwise pro
vided for."
The Importer* claim that the articles are en
tied to free entry as " statuary" under that elan!.
Hoodoo In schedule I of the tariff of 1857.
It bas heretofore been decided by this De
partment that the articles of the composition
known in commerce as " biscuit' or "bisque"
statuary, are to be eonsideredstatuary, ,,
within the meaning of die and no jest reason
is perceived for disturbing the classification thus
The articles in question being thus decided tube
statuary, they are, for the reasons stated in the
decision of the Department under this date ou the
appeal of Henry Levy, Esq., from the decision of
the collector at Now York, assessing duty on busts
and figures of Parian marble, entitled to entry free
of duty, under the classification in schedule T of
the tariff mot of 1857.
The deoision of the collector is therefore over
ruled. Very respectfully,
Ifotruot. Cons, Secretary of Um Treasury.
Atrouttrus SCRELL, Esq., Collector of New York.
Chemicals, and Alyaratus for lietitintirirs of
SIR : An appeal has been taken to this Depart
ment by Mr. J. P. Cook, Jr., profo•wor of chemis
try in Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachu
setts, from the decision of the eolleoter of the ous
toms at Boston, assessing duty on an importation
for the use of that institution, of the following
among other similar articles, vie ; white tiles for
furnaces, potassium, sodium, IDUMiIIiUM In ingot
and leaf, oil of naptlia, and uric acid.
No question is presented as to the rates of duty
to be assessed on these several artieles, if dutiable
under the law; but it is contouded by time appel
lant that they are entitled to free entry under that
provision of schedule I of the- tariff sot of 1857,
which exempts firom duty " all philosophies( np
paratue, Instruments, books, maps, and charts,
statues, statuary, busts and casts °fumble, bronze,
alabaster, or plaster of Paris; paintings and draw
ings, etchings, specimens of sculpture, cabinets of
coins, medals, gems, and all collections of antigui
ars,. Jw.gcdfd, the same be speetsilY,itoported in
goOtt fitith for Mk TIM 'OrISITT 1 - 4 1 4trtit T 4 WI
or established for philosophical or literary pur
poses, or for the encouragement of the fine arts; or
for the use, or by the order, of any college, acade
my, school, or seminary of learning in the United
The appellant olahns entry of the artiolee in
question as philosophical apparatus" under this
provision, the same having been imported by order
of the proper authorities of the university for the
purpose of Illustrating by experiment the princi
ples of chemical science
Giving to this provision the most enlarged and
liberal construction in favor of seminaries of learn
ing of which its terms will admit, this Department
does not fool at liberty to extend the meaning of
the phrase "philosophical apparatus" beyond its
ordinary moaning as used in commercial parladco.
"Philosophical apparatus" aro terms descriptive
of instruments or utensils used in illustrations and
experiments; but it would be yielding to an un
safe latitude of construction to bring within the
operation of this provision, as " philosophical ap
paratus," brick for furnaces, chemicals and chemi
cal preparations, or other similar articles, under
stood to be embraced in this importation, upon the
general ground of their utility in advancing the
interests and objects of seminaries of learning.
The decision of the collector, refusing the free
ettry of the articles in question, is affirmed.
I am, very respectfully,
flownmi, Conn, Secretary of the Treasury.
A. W. AUSTIN, Esq., Collector of the Customs,
Boston, Mass.
HAWS FORK, Sept. 15, 1857.
CAPTAIN: I have the honor to report, for the
information of the Commanding General, the
result of my trip to the Territory of Utah.
In obedience to special instructions, dated Head
quarters Army for Utah, Fort Leavenworth, July
28, 1857,1 left Fort Leavenworth, July 30, and
reached Fort Kearney in nine travelling days,
Fort Laramie In ten. Groat Salt Lake City in thir
ty-throe and a half At Fort Kearney I was de
tained one day by the changes Iliad to make, and
by sickness, and at Fort Laramie three days, as all
the animate wore forty miles from the poet, and
when brought in all had to bo shod before they
could take the road. I travelled as rapidly as it
was possible to do with six mule wagons. Several
of my teams broke down, and at least half of my
animals are unserviceable, and will remain so
until they recruit. During my progress towards
Utah I met many people from that Territory, and I
also several mountain men at Green river, and all
informed me that I would not be allowed to enter
Utah, and if I did, I would run great risk of losing
my life. I treated all this, however, as idle talk ;
but it induced me to leave my wagons and escort
at Ham's Fork, one hundred and forty-three miles
this side of the oily, and proceed alone.
I reaohed Great Salt Lake City without molesta
floe, cud inimediatel, upon my arrival I informed
Governor Brigham Young that I desired an Inter
view, which he appointed for the next day. On
the evening of the day of my arrival, Governor
Young, with many of the leading men of the oily,
twilled upon me at ray quarters. The Governor re
ceived rue most cordially, and treated me during
my stay, which continued some six days, with the
greatest hospitality and kindness In this inter
view the Governor made known to me his views
with regard to the approach of the United States
troops in plain and unmistakable language.
Reatated that the Mormons had been persecuted,
' murdered and robbed itt Missouri and Illinois, both
by the mob and State authorities, and that now
I the United States were about to pursue the same
course; and that, therefore, he and the people of
Utah had determined to resist all persecution at
the commencement, and that the Sloops now on
the march Ar Utah should not enter the Great
' Salt Late ralley. As he uttered these words, all
those present concurred most heartily in what he
said. The next day, as agreed upon, I called upon
the Governor and delivered in person the lettere
with which I had been entrusted.
In that interview, and in several subsequent
ones, the same determination to resist to the death
the eutranee of the troops into the Valley was ex
pressed by Governor Young and those about bins.
The Governor informed mo that there was abun
dance of everything I required for the troops, such
as lumber, forage, de., but that none would be sold
to us.
Oct the course of my conversation with the Gov.
ernor and the influential men in the Territory, I
told them plainly and frankly what I conceived
would be the result of their present course. I told
them that they might prevent the small military
force now approaching Utah from getting through
the narrow defiles and rugged passes of the moun
tains this year, but that next season the United
States Government would send troops sufficient to
overcome all opposition. The answer to this was
invariably the same: Wo are aware that such
will be the case; but when those troops arrive they
will find Utah a desert, every house will be burned
to the ground, every tree cut down, and every field
laid waste. We have three years' provisions on
band, which we will 'cache,' and then take to the
mountains and bid defiance to all the powersof the
I attended their service on Sunday, and in
course of a sermon delivered' by Elder Taylor, he
referred to the approach of the troops, and de
clared that they should not enter the Territory.
He then referred to the probability of an over
powering force being sent against them, and de
sired all persons who would apply the torch to
their own buildings,out clown their trees, and lay
waste their fields, to hold up their hands; every
hand in au audience numbering over 1,000 persons
was raised at the sates moment. During my stay
in the city I visited several families, and all with
whom I was thrown looked upon the present
movement of the troops towards their Territory
as the commencement of another religious persecu
tion, and expressed a fixed determination to sus
' tain Governor Young in any MUM he might
Irom all these facts, I am forced to the conclu
sion that Governor Young and the people of Utah
will prevent, if possible, the army for Utak from
' entering their Territory this season This, in my
opinion, will not bo a difficult task, owing to the
lateness of the season, the smallness of our force,
and the defences that nature hue thrown around
I the valley of the Great Salt Lake. There is but
ono road running into the valley on the side which
our troops aro approaching, and for over fifty miles
it passes through narrow canons and over rugged
mountains, which a small force could hold against
great odds. I am inclined. however, to believe
that the Mormons will not resort to actual liostili
ties until the last moment Their plan of opera
tions will be to burn the grass, cut up the roads,
and stampede the animals, so es to delay the troops
until snow oommenues to fall, which will render
the road impassable.
Snow falls early in this region ; in fact, last
I night it commenced fulling at Fort Bridger. and
this morning the surrounding mountains are cloth
ed in white. Were it one month earlier in the
season I believe the troops could force their way
in, and they may bo able to do so even now; but
the attempt will be fraught with considerable dan
ger, arising from the filling up of the canons and
passes with snow Ido not wish it to be considered
that I am advocating either the one course or the
other; I simply wish to lay the facts before the
General, leaving it to his Lotter judgment to de
cide upon the propor movements. Notwithstand
ing my inability to make the purchase I was or
dered to, and all that Gov. Young said in regard
to opposing the entrances of the troops into the val
ley, I examined the country in the vicinity of the
city, with u view of selecting the proper military
I visited the military reserve—Hush Valley—
but found it, in my opinion, entirely unsuitable
for a military station. It contains but little grass,
and is very much exposed to the cold winds of
winter, its only advantage being the closo proxirai
ty of the wood; it is too far trout the city, being
between forty and fifty miles, and will require
teams four days to go there and return. I ex
amined another point on the rood to husk Valley,
and only about thirty miles from the city, which I
consider a touch snore eligible position It is in
Tuollo Valley, throe miles to the north of Tuello
City, and possesses wood, water, and grass, but is
occupied by Mormons, who have some sixty nem;
under cultivation, with houses and barns on their
land. These persons would have to be dispossessed,
or bought out. In foot, there is no place within forty,
fifty, or sixty miles of thecity, suitable for a mili
tary position, that is not occupied by theinhabi
tants and under cultviation.
Finding that I could neither make the purchases
ordered to, nor shako the apparent determination
of the people to resist the authority of the United
States, I left the city and returned to my camp on
Ham's Fork. On my return, I examined the
vicinity of Fort Bridge!, and found it a very suit
able position for wintering the troops and grazing
the animals, should it ho necessary to stop at that
point. Tho Mormons occupy the fort at present,
and also have a settlement about ten miles further
up Black's Fork, oalled Fort Supply. These two
places contain buildings sufficient to cover nearly
half the troops now ea route for Utah, but I was
Informed that they would all be laid in ashes as the
army advances. I have thus stated fully the re
sultof my visit to Utah; and trusting that my con
duot will meet the approval of the Commanding
General, I am, very respectfully, your obedient
Capt. A. Q. M., U. S. Army.
OArr. A. AnasoNvort, A. Asst. Adjt. Oen. Army
Tor lltab, Fort Larriniwortb,
Tint ItivirrEntOtie Mauna IR Lowiscu.—No
positive information has yet been obtained to throw
any farther light upon this mysterious affair. Dr.
Alfred Taylor bee been actively employed In arue
lysing the contents of the carpet bag. Rig report.'
we believe, will be ready by Monday next. Mr..
Painter, the divisional surgeon of pollee, still most
firmly adheres to the opinion first formed by him,
that the' vliseereed man was assasslnatad, after
wards mutilated, 51201 then pertly hulled.
The recent events in Hindostan have induced
Mr. Labonohere to address keirculeu• to the Go
vernors of the British Colonies in various parte of
the world, impressing upon them the imperative ua
enmity of being prepared for any outbreak in their
respootive districts, and the means of suppressing it.
He thinks that the colonists, with such sundstance
as they derive from the mother country, ought to
be prepared to defend themselves, and the sudden
ness of the outbreak in the Bast ought to have the
offset of stimulating their vigilance
Mdlle Rachel remains alarmingly ill at Can.
ne. She recalled to. her medical attendants the
other day en incidentof the period of her greatest
triumphs. She was playing Pharr, and the Bey.
of Tullis critically said of her at the end or the
piece, "She has a soul of fire in a body of gauze."
It was with a melancholy sigh that she remarked
to her doctor, "Alas! be was right; and now you
see that the ere has destroyed the ganze."
A new drama by M. Paul Puncher, to be
called Attraeral de l'..gserskiro Bieue,las been
brought out at the Cirque Imperial. The plot
turns en the trial end execution of Admiral
course of a sermon preached by the Bishop of
Ripon, on Tuesday evening, the 20th October, in
the Wakefield parish church, oa behalf of the
Church Pastoral Aid Society; he called the atten
tion of his bearers to the present state of the dio
cese. it was well understood that one
ViklgyßlAD oonla set—to perform IzO dirty.
eiontly—take more then a NUM of 3:000 ; but
there were many places in that dlooese where a
clergyman had the care of ten times three thou
sand-. There was one place be knew where a cler
gyman had the care of a population consisting of
5,244 souls, and whose entire Income did not reach
£7O a year. There was another with apopulation
of 6,158 souls, whose income was only /150; ano
ther who had the care of 19,468 (souls, with an in
come of /200 ; and one who had the pastorship of
18,580 souls, whose income was under £l5O. There
were twenty-nine livings in the diocese, the in
, comes of which (lid not reach £5O; and there were
between sixty and seventy. the incomes of which
varied between £5O and £lOO. Ills lordship, while
impressing upon the congregation the necessity for
an alteration in this state of things asked them
for once to contribute to the cause of Clod with the
same liberality that they bedizened their persons
and gratified their pleasures, and not to dole out
' their miserable six-penes, shillings, and half
' crowns, in a niggardly spirit.
Mr. Spurgeon is about to come before the
' public as an author. Respecting hie book he says in
the preface :
" Never was a book written amid more incessant
toil. Writing is to me the work of it slave. It is a
delight, a joy, a rapture to talk out one's thoughts in
words that flash upon the mind at the instant when
they are required; but it is poor drudgery to nit
still and groan for thoughts and words without
succeeding in obtaining them. Nothing but a
sense of duty has impelled mo to finish this little
book, which has been more than two years in
has brought the Siamese embassy and suite. The
ambassadors are said to be—first and second from
the first king of Siam, and the third from the
second king of Siam—there being two kings, the
first sending two ambassadors , the second one.
Tho /mooed ambassador is the adopted son of the
king; the first is the brother of the prime minis
ter. Another younger brother and eon are in the
Suite coming to be educated. They are 'thud
dists, and consequently do not eat beef or mutton,
or use milk, cheese, bitter, or anything produced
from bulls or cows, Hogs' lard is the only fat al
lowed to be used in cooking. For the information,
however, of those who may wish to invite them In
England to parties, we may state that they eat
freely of game, poultry, pork, and curry of the
very hottest at every meal. They drink mode
rately of brandy, wine, champagne, and pale ale.
They ere vary fond of tea, which they ()link at.
every meal, and all day long, without milk. They
eat no pastry or sweets.
Eight of the principal members of the embassy
dine together; the others, excepting servants,
have a separate table, and pay great respect and
homage whenever they address one of the superior
eight. They are .very cleanly, and all make a
pomt of bathing every day. Their teeth are
black from the use of the betel nut. They hare
all sorts of European articles for ordinary pur
poses. They have brought splendid. presents for
her Majesty; amongst them two crowns, and a
lady's saddle, enriched with diamonds, rubies,
and other precious stones, spears with gold heads,
ice. They have, also, A:50,000 in dollars, besides
bars of gold; so they are tolerably welt provided.
Their dress is very splendid—a rich tunic, with a
belt of gold, clasped in front with a buckle orna
mented with diamonds and rubies; loose trowsers,
and small riehly-ornamented skull imp, with a
spire running from the top. Their faces are per.
featly Chinese, and they look amazingly like the
nodding figures in the large tea shops in England.
A number have changed their gay oriental dress
for slop-madepaletota and Jim Crow hats. Thu
change is no improvement.
TORY DIR•IENSIONa.--Th ere is now a formida
ble division in the Irish Tory party, in consequence
of the proposal of one section, led by afire-holders
in the government of Lord Derby, to extirpate the
Orange Association, which,. they intimate, hinders
the Tory party from receiving its full share of offi
cial patronage. The other, the ultra• Orange sec
tion, are determined to persevere, and they are
making arrangements to bring before Parliament
the letter of Lord Chancellor Brady, addressed to
the Marquis of Londonderry, requtring hereafter
a pledge against connection with the Orange So.
elety from persons about to be appointed magis
trates in Down and other northern counties.
Mn. Blinn O'Barrs---Mr. O'Brien has ad
dressed a letter to Mr. John Francis 3laguire, H.
P., enclosing a subscription towards the fund for the
creation of a monument to the memory of the late
Father Mathew. Small as the opportunity was,
the ex-chieftain of Young Ireland has aomething
to say to attract the attention of his admirers, and
accordingly the "aunkeeiMs " of his countrymen
(the phrase is the Cork Eraininer'o) furnishes a
theme for hitter censare: " I confess," he writes,
"that it pains and humiliates me to perceive the
readiness with which my countrymen award hono
rary distinction to the representatives of English
dominion to this country, without considering
whether by their personal merits or by their con
nection, past or future, with this country, they can
rightly claim a title to couple their names with the
institutions and memorial's of Ireland
" I was amused by finding in a Cork newspaper,
which reached me lately, en illustration of this
tendency in a name given to a building appropri
ated to the insane, which is called The Eglinten
Lunatic Asylum.' Now, though I em not jeslous
of the association of names which I find in this
particular case, I protest against the practice which
has hitherto prevailed of leaving unhonored the
memory of the most illustrious children dour own
soil, while we bestow compliments, often empty,
because undeserved, upon every delegate who may
be sent for a time to administer among us the do.
minion of England. Impressed with these feelings,
I h.tve recently witnessed, with much satisfaction.
the erection of ti statue at Limerick to the memory
of O'Connell, which will, I trust, bo soon followed
by the construction of a memorial in honor of
Patrick Sarsield."
The now petitions in the Irish Encumbered
Egotist Court are important. and embrace property
to the'extent of about 111 , 000 per annum, among
which are the estates of the Earl of Kenmore, in
Carlow, Kilkenny, and Queen's County, producing
£l,OOO per annum, and encumbered to the extent
of £llO,OOO.
that the possibility of uniting England and France
by means et a submarine tunnel has been prac
tically and scientifically" considered by a skilful
engineer, M. A. Thornede Gainonil. This gentle
man has submitted his project in the first place to
the Emperor. who %las greatly struck with it. Af
terwards the :Minister of Public Works, in accord
with the Minister of Marine, named a special com
mission, composed of the most scientific notabili
ties The commi,sion has decided that H. Thorne
do Gartland was no more dreamer. The English
Government have also named, en their side, a corn
mission. and "it is rrobable that in the coming
spring French and English engineers will apply
themselves to the work of vigorously , examining the
practicability of the project.'
"Tae Come" is very severe on a biography
of Engem:, Sue, published in the New York Times,
for its mistakes, and calls the writer '• as veritable
a bungler as over put quill to paper." The Prin
cess Mario do Sohns is preparing a biography of
Sue. She is the granddaughter of Lucien BMA,
parte, and cousin to the present Emperor.
Tho " Unprotected Females" travelling in Nor
way are described as wearing l‘sidid plaid shirt,"
and "bob coil shoes," and galloping through the
Norwegian forest astride of ponies. their clothes
bagged in red flannel, in independent ewe and
high spirits.
TILE JEWS IN AI'STRII.--A Jewish physi
cian of Moravia. a Dr. Levitt, supplies a curious
theme for the speculations of the Austrian jour
nalists. le is also the cause of seine serious diM
culty respecting questions of Israelitish orthodoxy
This doctor having, by the bounteousness of Provi
dence and the fruitfulness of his wife, become the
joyful father of a son, objects to have him cirentn
ctmd, but nevertheless declares that be wishes his
child to he brought up in the religion of his
fathers. The heads of the Jewish faith in More
via insist that this refusal on the part of the father
to have his eon circumcised, according to ancient
practice, amounts to a schism, and that the uncir
cumcised child cannot be considered as a member
of the Jewish church. The knotty question was at
last referred to the government, and, pending its
ultimate decision, the Austrian journals, playing
the part of casuists, discussed the merits of the
point In dispute, and argued for and against the
ultimatum of the rabbis. The question debated
was, whether circumcision, like baptism in the
Christian church, is an indispensable condition of
the religion of Moses. The government, vitale ex
pressing its unwillingness to meddle in a question
of this delicate nature, has decided that circumci
sion is net indispensable to the true nature of
Jow, and that, in fact, the omission of the tite
does not entail any disability upon the Hebrew
who may not have submitted to it. Theis ends
this interesting disonssion between the rabbis
and Dr. Levitt.—Correipondent of the Morning
scribbling) I say, how do you escape so easily Prow
the bore of correspondence ? Brown, (busy mak
irig)• Why, you see, lam a very lucky fellow.
have the gift of a confoundedly bad handwriting.
My friends, when they get one of my letters, don't
forget It in a hurry, I can tell you. They hare so
much difficulty in reading it, that they nom
think of asking Da for it second.—.Protr4,
AO TO compwromagairs.zb
• earierAblltillerni PlPbri Ipfia4ii Lierta
• • • the tottowiag raise :
Dray ammudeition EOlt ps l 6 COMPlate4 ter tli
Dame of the write. To drier to Won ootteotoso Sa
the t n °(r 9 ll 7) bid Des 41“ a I istett desu
mitten upon. - -
we mail be $141•41,7 elated to gaattaiiinrs Pesaayl...
unitised other Butte be teetztbstitite taint the tie'
rent ewe et the tisi fa tier pertlealar tonnes, the
relmultht er , the ecru mounirr;tbio Increase a
Poritioulli, "it seilatabiwske that irl7l be labereattag
At St. John, on' Friday night, it
ba l ing rerydark, a man, named Archibald Brown,
welked Orono of the wharves when the tide was
out.' He
his way along in the mud, but,
instead of ta lag a worse that would extricate
himself from his unpleasant predicament, ho wan
dered up among the spilea beneath the wharf,
whore, of course, be became more bewildered than
ever; The rising tide 'made him conscious of big
danger, and by ebouta aid noise be was enabled to
attract the notice of persona 'mewing In the vicinity,
bat too late for succor. As the tide rose, he climbed
to the top of the spites. and through a small aper
ture in the wharf sufficient to admit one of his
atm, he was enabled to inform them of situa
tion. His position end feelbags can be imagined
when the water was every moment ruing around
bim, and be could not be extricated. lie shook
hands with his friends, passed through the hole all
the money and talnables he bad about his person
and just as the water was closing over him, ate;
nag some directions concerning his finally, be
bid bus friends good bye, and the gurgling water
beneath announced that all was ever.
charkut Cortina, a youth nineteen years of
wan arraigned last Wednesday in the Federal
at Norfolk, and when =lied upon to plead,
, arose IS Mk as death, and for seas time lug lips
were sealed ; at length he mid t "Gentlemen of
the jmy—l. plead guilty. In as unguarded zap.
meat I. committed the act, and would afterwards
have given the =aid had I never done it. All I
can salt gentleman. laths!, as I ace young. it may
go some way in mitigating my punishment. hir.
Tag. Taylor. his counsel, made some feeling re
' marks, stating that this youth was the darling of
a fond and doting mother. The mart, jery and
bar seemed much affected, cad sway tears were
shed. The jary tend him guilty. The judge
during the teem, soutane. him for not lam
than ten nor more than twenty years—the
neem terms. It will bereznesubered
'that his crime wee riffinglettems of money in the
post office at Portsmouth, while employed there as
a clerk,
It will be recollected that the Bank of
Fredericton, N. 8., was broken into last Jane, and
about 5100,000 in specie and bills abstracted. We
learn from the Portland Advertuer that B. V. B.
Ormsby, Esq., who has been for come time in pox
mit of the money, returned to Fredericton on
Wednesday, with $75,000, which he had recovered.
Be found it in different places, and often ranch
risk was incurred in the undertaking. On one
occasion be paid a man 5500 for his company
during one night. The robbery was one of the
most extensire ever made on the continent, and
Mr. Ormsby deserves much eredit for his exer
tions in behalf of the bank. He is an dugbeta
man, and well known throughout the New Eng
land States.
Daniel Emrnerson was arrested in St. Louis
on Sunday, the 25th alt., on a charge of obtaining
goods to the amount of $14,000 from certain cloth
ing firms in New York by false representations. He
managed to escape from the officers in charge, as
wo learn from the Bt. Louis D totocrat. by leaping
from the ears just after the express train started
from Fairmount on Wednesday last, at three
o'clock in the morning. Emmerson being an old
man, the officers did not think it requisite to hand
cuff him, but depended upon their watchfulness to
land him safe in New York. The train was stopped
as soon as his escape was discovered, but he could
net be found, and no tidings have since been ob
tained of him.
The Chicago Journal says that Mr. L. Safi..
Pant, in Urbana, has a specimen Pdincis prsirie
farm. It contains orer 20,000 acres, although only
about IMO are yet under eultiration. Three.
thousand acres are planted with torn, and it is es
timated that the farm will produce at least fifteen
thousand bushel's of wheat this season, lograiiie•
large quantities of barley, oats, Mix, etc. Mr.
&Meant employs Bye reaping machines this sea
son, and thrashes immediately after cutting, em
ploying a steam engine in the latter operation. A
school u kept on the premises for the education of
the children of the workmen. One hundred and
twenty-fire yoke of oxen and fifty horses are em
The following story is told, by the Mobile
Tribune, of Judge Dawkins. the representative to
Congress from the Stale of Florida—a man, by the
way, brimful of genuine wit. During the war
with the, Florida Indians he commanded a volun
teer company. On one occasion they fell upon a
party of the enemy earscealed in a swamp. The
Oaptalu sprang upon a log, (with more valor than
discretion.) ;mired bis sword, and cheered his men
to the charge. Just then he was shot down. One
of hie officers ran to ask if he was much hurt.
"Not very badly," said Hawkins, "just enough
to send me to Congress!" The predietion has now
been verified.
Baltimore is still the scene of riots and mur
ders, On Friday evening Thomas Pierce was shot
dead at the house of Catharine Shiver, on Caro
line street, near Lancaster. The murderer made
good his escape. On the same evening some per
eon fired a pistol into the store of Mr. Webiag, on
the corner of Bond and Shakspearo streets. One
of the balls took effect under the right ahoulder
blade and passed between the sixth and seventy,
ribs of Mrs. Webing, who was sitting in the store
She was very seriously injured- Several distur
bances took place in various parts of the city on
the same night.
Tho Lyons and St. Etienne manufacturers
congratulate themselves on having received w, rec
orders from the United States this year, as they
have thus escaped the consequences of the com
mercial crisis which has occasioned so tench injury
in the chief towns of the Union. The last adviees
from Now York announce that French silks were
selling in that city at from twenty-five to thirty
per cent. under the manufacturers' prices at
Lyons and St. Etienne, consequently the shop
keepers do not intend to send orders to France
until tome improvement shall take place.
A. SL Louis (Mo.) paper states that, on
Saturday last, the sheriff of that county, armed
with an attachment taken out by one of the pro
minent citizens of St. Louis, and equipped with
crowbars, cold chisels, and similar instrments,
effected an entrance into the back vault of B.W.
Clarke k Bro's, who suspended payment not long
alone. The remit of this official boring was the
discovery of $3OO, and the books of the firm,
which the sheriff took poesession of.
Died, at his residence in Rutherford coun-
ty, Tenn., on The9sy, 20th lint., Dwain' _llama
der, Esq., in his eighty-fifth year. Esquire Alex
ander was a native of Pennsylvania, bat emigra
ted to Tennessee in the year 1800. lie Wll tha
first settler of the town of Alexandria, in DoKalb
county, which was named in honor of him. He
removed to Rutherford county in the year
and resided there until his death. He was honest
and upright in all his doings; industrious and
energetic in the prosecution of brainws.
The Les Angeles (California) Star gives an
account of the massacre of an emigrant train on
the way from the States of Missouri and Arkansas
to California. The train was about one hundred
and thirty strong, and all were killed except fif
teen infants. The cause of the massacre is said to
bo the ill treatment of the Indians by other white
Isaac Patterson, a citizen of Caswell county,
North Carolina, left Danville on Tuesday evening,
in a buggy, for hit home. Not far from town he
was shortly afterwards discovered dead. It seem.;
that he bad fallen from his buggy, and when dis
covered one of the wheels of the vehicle a-as rest
ing upon his neck, the blood was oozing from his
ears and axe, and his neck broken.
The barn of Jacob Ensininger, in Frankfort
township, in Cumberland county, Pa., was entirely
destroyed by fire on Monday evening last. Mr.
Ensminger lost his entire crop of grain, bay, 3:e ,
together with all his horses, cattle, wagons, gear.
and threshing machine; in fact nothing was saved
from the dames. The 10,13 is about $3,000.
The child of Mrs. Clemens, near Smotetown.
Lancaster county, Pa., which was severely burnt by
the explosion of a fluid lamp, as noticed in the
Lancaster Expre;s a week or two ago, died on
Friday morning from the effects of that terrible
accident. The mother, it seems, is in a fair way of
The Alexandria Gazette of Wednesday
morning states that the Alexandria and Washing
ton railroad, with its locomotives and ears, will be
offered at public, sale on the first of December
The United States stearaer Saranac, which
recently put into :Norfolk in distress, went up to
the navy yard on Thursday. She will probably
undergo a thorough overhauling and repairing.
On Tuesday last an old man named Joshua
Dabbs, who has for some time resided on the Hilton
road, near Ellicott's Mills, Md., was found et' 4-
',ended to the door et his dwelling, perfectly read.
The people in one of the upper districts of
Wisconsin were represented in the last Legislature
by a Mr. Gunn; butbe not malting noise enough,
they have this year nominated a Mr. Cannon.
There is a gossiping report that the Dowager
Empress of P. waia Lai %peat 13.000,00 he
death of the Csar, or within a very short period
A letter from Zurich states that thirty com
mercial houses, principally in the =ilk ant riband
trade, have failed there.
The Academy of Fine Arts at Milan has of
fered a premium for the I , e3t male) 1.).- a mmu
merit to be ereetea. to Leoaatlo da
In future no Protestants are to be appointed
ehtelpboasicians or professors in the tieneral
pital of Vienna.
A. Ghent paper sip; that the powder mills at
Wetteren, which employ 200 hand., have received
large orders for supplies to the English Govern
The Queen of Spain has presented Madame
Ristori with a g,olderown ornamented n - ithprej,u,
atones, and a brooch sat with brilliants of great
Odessa firms have offered to sell the Aus
trian iron founders, at a low price, tbaEng,liab /ma
French cannon balls which were collected at Se
John Slevin, a prisoner in the St. 1.01:1i3
workhouse, whileat. t
euiptdig to escape, on the
2d inst., was shot by one u. the guards, and
Mrs. L. Virginia Smith, a Mississippi lady.
and formerly editrres of the Southern
Book, at New Orleans, is playing at Memphis.
John D. Wright, convicted of forgery in
Lynchburg, Va., has been sentenced to two years'
confinement in the penitentiary.
Rev. G. 1%. McPhail, formerly from Freda
ricksburg, T'a , bee been elected President of La
fayette College, Pa.
Lieut. E.G. Stockton, of the n:oop•of-trar
Decatur, returned home by the Star of the West,
on a bare of absence of two months.
Col. W. S. Keith, of Jacksonport, Ark.,
aad a member of the Arkansas Senate, died s fear
days ago at Memphis.
Isaac Rutledge, a planter near Flaw, Ala.,
was IlMaainstal by one of tis slam on the 29th