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FRIDAY; trovs*BEß 6;1867.
THE,: WEEKLY PRESS.
fat W21.1111t- 14011* , N0.-13i tor tit* look lading
BATITADATi,.NSIWOnbinI, II BORrekr, it 414 counts,.
The 6 9 ,044 _9 1 , s.rrns*,4 s " ll •Fel't &V 1 fallluat 4 in
DIA 'reputatiop.TßlciTMA WEEKLY NIMBI
has NilditlY of Amerlosn put=
swum. In it will be found—
' BANK OP PENNSYLVANIA—HR, AIM/10NX
KANSAS CONSTITC'II.ONAL CONVENTION.
• BETTER AND IMPROVING TIRES.
• NZWR.FROZ VTOL; . • , ,
GOVERNOR WAIZIR AND KANSAS. '
THE MORMON •QUESTION. ,
WHAT 'SHALL BE DONS WITH THE aßroys ? ,
LET JS HAVE NO TEA' , OR TEA OR COPPER.
TAE AMERICAN RACERS.
CRISIS AT P ARIS. „
GOVERNOR ,WALNIR AT THE OXFORD FRIOINET,
ANOTHER FROOLAMATIOH,,FROM HON. ROBERT
PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD. , ,•
THE GEORGIA CHALLENGE:;- •
TELEGRAM BY THE CANADA.
THE SIX OBEY TONDEREBT TEAAirrsoi or !"THE
THE SPANISH •
PROP 0 O,AIO 4114i:OHAPTEIC ON THAT
SuBJR9T, • • I. ' -
NATURAL 'DISTORT.' 4 ' • '
ROMANCE OP A LUNATICS AMT . * • •
THE ST.HRIVEY • • , •
THE CHHOINOR taANitsfiripraliA,r.
HISTORY OP ABUSED CREDIT.
GRAMM' MONiY, • •
SUPPOSED mai:lout CAPTAIN ANA TREE OP
TAE ORE,MOP,THE BAWD DAVID MORELS:
PROCLAMATION OP COVRENOR WALKEN.
IMTORTANT FROM- XANSAIRLHDHLICHT RE.
TURNS BMINOTED, • ' ,"
APPLICATION OP ;lINO*LiDGB." . ' • '
WIT AND HIIMOR.' ••• , •
ooLvaWitni . rEta"iointo: - " '
NEWS FROM THE MORMON OCIONFEr. '
NEWSITSMS, &c. Y - '-
.mtrzuaGuom. fl- TELEGRAPH AND
MAILS, ,FROM wAsanMoN, osuroVlA,
EITROPEI •'‘ - • •
FOREIGN 00E1111E01AI; NEVE. '
ITEMS OF - FOREIGN NEWELf
NEW TORN. ELECTION,
PERSONAL, ,Torxrlog.,. Ouitss 4!D . CASUAL..
FOMPOP , ,MUMEEMAITIOURMEWS.
THE GREAT EAffTEEN. • '
MOUNT VESUVIUS: • • ' •
TUE etisTOME IMAMS `Ai EELEAET. "
A• PRASTQp.k 4 E ; • ' „
I ' ' oll ol,2lFf . MWATIONS4
CARD FROLHOW: JOi APR
THB BEPTIBLIO Of 11: tHICABIBO : '
AN IRISH DBEVULT, l,
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apsorkeeggistufej t immjip* M WAlidt*ttOW
7,,,ETTSR 1W TORK.-; '; ~ S•
111‘ AVE. APIPAIRS.'
TILE YBEIRII4II 4 'iN , ON.TILE‘STAT E
TERRIBLE ; , DANK
PRUITT/I T AT THE BT. LAWBENOM HOTEL
—AEREST:'OI TE.EETEIDIESE, &a.
TIONEV GB! COP.E i :EATTLE ILLIIHMS, ko.
WBBKLT BJ Iviwysr ow Oui ritu,sokuwar* MAR.
- . .
Minn* : AND DNATOS
- AGIN .ICITATIMAt IttEPA18.7411(111f:
ovER-uv •• , ,• , •
A NEW; AND, TALITAIN,E DIETNENOTTNRAGENT.
DEEP AND Sit:ALLOW PPONGNJNG. „
,tsiG TWEE LAND : .„ ,
TO PR' KFENT REM:4B. .
TII7I NERNST PIM! Is furnitAnd to inibettlbern et
$2 par year,salving.; f0r114,0418'44j, and to elnhe
of tW 'nth when sent to One' iddresir; $2O, ftn adtnnen.,
Biagio 'bopies for sale, at the oonnterorlnn.?ninis of
fce la Washera, reidy •
V aroma sending dubs of 'twinty or Cies. ',lli piesse
liter in nand thit the 'So* thus ovis'med Monet be Si
now suberibm . ; Waal t4'obila Floe of 11.50
peintnotunAjoild,*l ; - filename: This he in
scoordaaoierithr 'per ; pulphtea at.., sad some of atm
friends have,ortrlpoke4 Onr heo7lhrto coanpnl
no eanie • • • ,
Orr Tin :Filmy • riaz:—iditortai r CBftzal
and SontkAinerlean Revolutions, California
Congressional CIAIM' Communications," The
Tariff, No. 2; Mr. =Eviiietfeli' Late: CrOon,
Banks and . Baulting,'Eleot todßetutin, Cerret;
pondence Hasion, , DecifiloDi of the Se
cretary of the Treasory t itirereeting'irom New
Granada, General News, The Courts.
THE•LATE ELECTION IN NEW YORK.
The election: in the State of NeW York has
resulted in t fevor,ClAM,Dtentherats by such a
plurality as insures the restoration of-that
party to its fortnerlseendiney is the EmpireState'. "'Time one after the other of the . strong
holdi of :sectionalism are "being captured.
Within the two bud, years' , we hiVe 'Witnessed
the overthrow of a number of the chorished
chambiotMef, that - 0614141 party. kennsyl
yards gave the *hp de"greee to the Lieutenant
General of Mr: Siswsitho in' the portion of, DAVID
Witstiir. That event 'not only con:width' the
catastrophe of fanaticism witting, but we the
sure forerunner of the Waterloo which has
finally overtakoi the Oapteht of Abelitioitlisrd
in Nei York: We haie seen Ohio savad to
the Republicans by an insignificant •majorVy ;
lowa, which was carried for the , same party' on
the anthNebreaka excitement, is, gradually
retracing its steps into the ranks of the
old Democracy; , , and the , indications from
Michigan, as shown ,by the, late
program in Detroit,' :, point;to the certain program
of the revulsion In that Commonwealth.--
Connectieitt hangs' very lightly to, the cause
of Republicanism; and New Nampalhire and
Maine are, Tfq think, sure to be delivered
from their delusion before another , year,
rolls over., • Thus, as in:years gone by,
will the enponente 'or the ',Federal.. Consti
tution' bo himiritid in' by the limits of
sachusette • and Vermont. There they will
maintain their ground to , the - lost; !mkss,
indeed, such men in' WIXTEMOP, Gaolers;
Ruz,vatie, and Rimairr leave their retire
ment and come . forth into the busy field, and
imitate the example of into
throwing the whole weight of constant exertion.
and steady influence on the side if the Demo
cratic minority. Strange that in proportion as
such men, have partially detached themselves
from, the, old Opposition party in ;Massachu
setts, some standing entirely Meer, and others
co•operating against that opposition, ihost of
little leaders should be able to wield the ma
jority of the State, and control the masses of
the people, who are boastfully intelligent, and
loud in self-praise of their own moral, physi
cal, and finaricial superlinity We'can account
for it upon no other theory than that Massa
chusetts seems to be ready to adopt every
ism that wiil,lead to bitterness lu,the South,
turd to the disintegration of . any, party co
operating with'tbe Southern people.
But what a subject- for contemplation is the
overthrow of WaI&AK U. SIMARD! /Wei
dent, more than sagacity, • gave him power and
continued influence in New York, and the, un
happy dissensions of the Demoeracr in 1848
served to widen the theatre of his reties, • and
to prolong the period of his away. A ate tent
more than an orator; al manager More 'llan
a statesman, it, is one of the pbenernithis of
politics • that such a man;for so many y ears,
should have been able to maintain himself at
the head of such an organization as that sr latch
has just melted away before the onset of 'the
Demcieralle'party. - Eta suctils brought fory bird
a hostof servile imitators; men who found that
it was easy to wave, the brand 'of discord orver
the land, and that it required no experie nee
and 'no respoisibility; and' scarcely any
,of the working of, our
tutions, to appeal to that chord in
the 'American betem - which vibratos to
any argume nt, no matter how pharLsaical, in
favor. of the , oppressed , against the opreiess
or. Evils, interrninabie have , been pawed
down , upon the. country by , Mr. Pie wane
and -hit followers—evile: business--evils
to societi—evils to , giatesevils to the Fed
eral -Constitution evils,' of every hue and
in every feral: `- There -Iles been 'no. 'com
pensatiou to`set off aisiastjthiti,broad of mis
chiefs. 'lt.has mot elevated into power any
one Imposing 'the cOntratY, has
driven into obscuritrand'•retirement many of
the first and purest of our' public, servants.
It hkiftMlittlO:llieliliale,:eylaisia cippasi
don pottiest:has Mainiated Lrrevereneenithe
great dead of that party,: contempt tee all
thelf,,,,*opioil*r,lliadockn 4; 14o t : r i ms
which are - simplywioked, Iniposslble; and
•=' l-.,1 . 1 -- -
Tlyorow, Trikwy.:#nth oli o lig
parsicspbp tided* lb, s4,4ol?iltr,ton*Cips
; 1 :4.1- 7 7 , 1;'.5
of the partj , of which it le so vigorous an or
gan; It will be seen that the State rule of the
Republicans -bas been as disastrous to the
honor of Now York, and to the people
of New York, as it hoe ,heen demo
razing In its more National career, and that
it to perishing in the Empire State not- be
cause Kansas bleeds no more mot beeidise
Gniarr Sarra retbses to' pay out his willing
dollars to greedy demagogues for selfish per
poses—not because the plan of equalizing the
negro and the white, socially and politically, is
failure and an insult—but mainly because
profligacy !Ind extravagance have 'followed in
the. train of Reßublican supremacy at Albany.
Thesi causes - had altogether so loaded doWn
that party, so deprived it of every claim upon
intelligent confidence and consideration, that,'
like ,the drunken giant, it was rapidly reeling
to its own 'overthrow, when the mighty arm of
a recuperated and 'reunited Democracy pushed
it from its eminence :
[Prom Thursday's New, York Tribune.]
, We need notrepeatwhat the journals and speak
ers of be triumphant party have all along insisted
-that this is a verdict not against "bleeding Kan
sas," nor on COY slavery issue, but foi"bleeding
New York." The people were persistently told
that the Kansas, question was settled—that no
preotioal issue respecting slavery remained open—
and, that our !net Legislature bad been prodigal,
- corrupt, tyrannioal, and bad plunged the State
into all manner of - ilnanotal embarrassments and
Weighed down her tax-payers with unneeessary
burdens. We did not believe this—do not believe
It now—but a majority did, and, by lotion, or in
action, produced the result to w hich we bow. , We
know that the prineiples of the Itepublioans are
Still cherished by a large majority of outfellow
°Wiens, and we Artist they will make this manifest
on an early occasion. In that faith, we work and
THE COURSE OF GOY. WALKER.
Wo, ought to feel, as we do feel, gratified
that the position of Tus Pans in reference
to the course of Gov.
,WALKER in Kansas; and
particularly in , support of his refesid to do
that act, as the representative of the Federal
GoVeminent, which would dishonor any, indi
vidual-Viz : the act of endorsing a forgery,
with the fact of the forgery confessed and op- ,
parent to himself-;-ie so warmly and widely ap
plauded, not merely by those who agree with
us, in political sentiment, but' by all men who
have carefully regarded the progress of events
in Kansas since the sth day of October. The
next step in the drama will be'upon the ques
lion of subMitting the Constibition, shortly to
be framed, to the people. •
.• It is curious to note' the misty incongruities
of those , who oppose the submission of the
Constitution to' the people of 'Kansas That
clasp of emulate who have been clathoring for
the • last year against popular sovereignty,
and , have been poisoning the public mind
of the South with the idea that the
only time when the popular vote of the
Territory can, be fairly exercised upon the
question of slavery, (if at all,) is when the
~preptired to come into the
Union as. s,,State, are getting into' a sad di-'
lemtna when they argue against submitting the
Constitittion'of Ovule State of Kansas to the
voters, ,created under that Constitution. In
other words, they deny the binding force of a
malority' obtained ,at the :ballot-boxes before
theiConstitution is framed and established, on
the; plea that the Constitution must fix the
qualifications of the , voters;, and yet when
that - Constitution has fixed these qualiflca
tioes, and has stated in" distinct tams
whO shill, and shall not, participate in the
right •of suffrage; these same gentlemen
refuse to commit their own Constitution to
the'very citizens created by that Constitution I
- If Governor WALKER can persuade the
, convention to let their work go to the people
of Kansas, he will not only do a good thing for
the country, but will save some highly respect
,able -gentlemen from a most embarrassing and
, In the intelligence from England, by the
'Canada, there is one item of more imieKtanee
than may generally be imagined. It announces
that the Chartists were about having a Con
vention in London, under the leadership of
Kr; JOHJSI Plum, for the purpose of agitating
thumaases . upon the subject :of Parliamentary
Refoni—ths ,necessity, in Great Britain, at ,
thl time. , ' •
pears „ ,!Twenty-five ago,the British Perna-,
Meta,. after a prolonged contest of two years,
(during which a large portion of the city of
,Brintol , was destroyed by fire, after some dread
fnl!ricits ;, the towns of Nottingham and Derby'
Were also subjected to riots, bloodshed, and
conflagration, and the Birmingham Political
Union threatened •to march 100,000 of its
armcd members into London.) enacted a
series of three statutes by ' which exten.
sive changes were made in the representative
- system'of the United lc.ingdom of Great Bri.
taro and Ireland. These changes were very
powerfully and ,ably resisted by Lord LYND
:num, the Duke of WELLINGTON, Sir ROBERT
PEEL, Sir CHARLES WETHERELL, JOHN
sea Oltenia, and other prominent parliament
arians on the Tory side. These measures of
Reform were introduced when the late Bari
Gnkr was Premier, and supported, among.
others, by the 'eloquence and ability of Lord
BROUGHAII, Sir JAMES GRAHAN, Lord Sv.ti-
Lax (the present Earl of Derby,) . Lord Dun.
HAM, THOMAS BABINGTON MACAULAY, FRAN
CIS. IBBFRET, Lord JOHN RURSELL, DANIEL
,O'CoNNELI,, and a great many more of the
party then considered f 4 Liberal.” England
almost passed through a Revolution during
two years of political excitement while the
Reform Bill was in agitation. The House of
'Lords resisted it to the last—but the good
,sense of "the Duke" conquered them, and,
at his suggestion, about 180 peers dually .ab
stained from participating in the enactment of
the'measure, not attending' Parliament, and of
course not speaking or voting, until the mea
sure was carried into a law, without their ac
tive resistance or their aid.
Much more was expected from this modicum
of Parliamentary Reforin than it has yielded.
"It kept the word of promise to the ear
And broke it to the hope."
•The People, who almost made a Civil War
to obtain it, speedily discovered how weak and
one-sided It really was. For ,the measure was
very weak, after all the agitation—partly be
cause the Tory Opposition in the Rouse of
Commons was able to obtain alterations which
weakened the original propositions, and partly
because the Whig lords who had obtained of
fice on the promise of granting Parliamentary
Reform were haunted with an oligarchie dread
of giving too much power to the People.
The measure was eminently one-sided.
There were numerous boroughs, in which, by
the influence of property, ,residence, or old
family connexion, certain peers and wealthy
private gentlemen could almost command to
elect whomthey (peers and commoners) might
name. But there were as many Whig as Tory
borough-mongers. The Reform Bill cleverly
abolished most of the boroughs in which Tory
influence prevailed. But it adroitly perpetuated
the domination of Whig, nobles and gentry in
many other boroughs. The only actual gain
to the public was that many largo towns which
were not specially represented by mem
bers of their own, obtained the right
of having members of Parliament. There
is something ludicrous in the idea of
a place like Old Sarum, which did not con
tain even one house, and bad not one inhabi
tant for centuries, returning two members of
Parliament, while Birmingham, Wolverhamp
ton, Sheffield, Leeds, Newcastle, Manchester,
and other towns of vast wealth and large popu
lation, being without any direct representation.
The Reform Bill amended that anomaly—but
it has perpetuated, to this day, the ‘, June.
once " of certain Whig lords in many
boroughs. Thus, the Duke of Bedford's
nominee sits for Tavistock and Bedford, the
Marquis of Lansdowne returns whom be
Pleases for the borough of Caine, and so on,
pretty folly through the peerage.
Discontented with the Reform Bill, which
neither reduced taxation nor Increased the
wages of labor, the bulk of the People de
termined to obtain the reform of the measure
Itself. They found a leader in Firineus
O'Couson; a red-hot Irishman, with a seat in
Parliament, who was, perhaps, the beat stumP
;oratOr in England. What with fiery speeches
in Parliament, fierce harangues against the Aris
tocracy at public meetings, and a perpetual vol
ley at them, in Lie weekly paper, rhe ,Northern
Star,'(with a circulation of over 800,000 at one
:time,),FEssmus O'Conttou kept up, pretty ve
hement agitation against the Reform• Bill. It
had been the habit, while there was great ex
citement in favor of this measure, to boast of
it, as fg The New Magna Charts." At this,
Famine O'Dontoa laughed, as well he might,
and fleclaredthat he would frame a real Char
ter,, under which Democracy should be exalted.
Me, Inv, tip nob document—he called it
l' The People's Oharter"—and hence its advo
cates were named Chartists.
In England, for many years, Chartism was
considered absurd and vulgar.' In Parliament,
•O'Contioa had only two or three supporters—
'THOMAS kINOSSE DUMMER and the late JOHN
FIELEINO.' 'At Newport, in South Wales, (in
'November; 1889,) there was a Chartist rising,
headed by Jiang Pam, who was actually
mayor of the town, which was soon put down,
and ended in FROST'S being transported—he
o a a n a tletl yw as p aned, r o d h o
art s m a , n o d n h t e h a e d m s the
o n r
a e b w l
e a g 1 l o t
of April, 1848, which spoke so loudly and
acted so timely in London, that the leaders
'slunk awaY,'alarmed by the swearing in of spe
cial constables. :But now, when Lord PALIIER
STON is pledged 'to bring in a new Reform Bill,
next year, and when Lord JonN RUSSELL is sup
posed to have a similar measure cut-and-dried
in his pocket, and something must be done, a
legal organization of the People, to press for
a measure which will not be what CARLYLE
calli if a sham," assumes a highly Important
character—particularly as the People will be
in earnest, while no one believes that PALMER
STON or Lord Jong really are, on this point.
One is a Tory, the other is a Whig, and very
little do such mere party-men care for the
• 'The Charter demands five things—viz : An
nual Parliaments, Vote by Ballot, Payment of
Members, no Property Qualification for mem
bers, and that every man over twenty-one
shall vote at the Elections. In fact, the
Chartists aim at adapting the American prin.
ciple,of Representation to the institutions of
England. No American will think that the
Charter, with these "Five Points," (as they
are called,) makes any extravagant demand.
In England, hitherto, these points have been
branded, by Whig and Tory alike, as uncon
stitutional and almost treasonable I If the
Convention play the game prudently, they
may obtain all that Chadian requires. PAL.
MERSTON is likely to have' no easy' time of it
during the coming Parliamentary Session.
FRANK. WORDS TO OFR OITY FATHERS
The following comments upon the proposed
action of the City Councils on the city war
rants are from the pen of one of the ablest and
most correct thinkers of the day :
, lam often asked, What shall be done to redeem
the credit of the city? I answer, adopt the ethics
of Franklin: do right; act justly, for discredit is
generally the result of wrong doing. The city, I
understand, has been issuing orders or warrants to
the teachers of the public schools and others for
the payment of their dues, when there was no
money in the treasury to meet them. This was
wrong. What would become of the credit of the
richest house in Philadelphia, were they to adopt
the same course? It would go where the credit of
the city has gone—into discredit and degradation.
Let me illustrate. Suppose any house should com
mence giving cheeks on the Bank of North Ame
rica when they had no money on deposits, and
When the holder of one of their dishonored checks
should go back to them and say, The bank won't
pay this check—you have no money on deposit';
the firm might say, Never mind we are good
enough; we are able to pay. But that don't
give the holder of the check the money, who wants
'to pay his debts and buy supplies of, food for hie
hungry family. No; the holder of this cheek,
though the drawers be abundantly able to pay, is
compelled to ge into the hands of the shaver and
sell the order on the bank at ten, fifteen, or twenty'
per cent. discount. Now, everybody would say
this was very wrong in this house, and they, for
such acts, must reap their reward—the discredit
of their firm for wrong doing. Their credit, which,
had they acted honestly, and not have given the
cheek when there was'no money in deposit, would
have been as good as gold, and, but for this, their
name would have commanded the money at the
lowest rate of interest in the money market. Is
thlsnot just what our city fathers have been doing?
These, warrants on the treasury, when there was
no money to pay them, was a falsehood, and, of
course, must share the fate of every other
falsehood! Of what 'use for a philanthropist
to devote his time to the visitation of the
pnblio schools, preaching morality and right
doing to the pupils when the teachers turn round
and say, how can we, impress these immortal
minds with the practical importance of honesty and
doing right when our city fathers give no orders
on the treasury and there is no money there to pay
theta? Is it not plain to see that before giving
these warrants when there was no money to pay
them, Ms city should have borrowed the money on
the best Serves they could to ply them? Every re
flecting and honest mind will say yes ! But say
these city fathers, now that they have perpetrated
'the wrong, let us do justice to the holders of these
warrants and pay them interest. But does that
remedy the evil and restore the lost credit of the
city? Not at all ! It but sinks the credit of the
pity in deeper degradation. It is virtually saying,
We are good enough, and so long as we pay you the
interest—lwo will pay the principal when we please.
„ Can two wrongs ever make a right? "
now, •sa to the remedy for this error under
this 'degraded credit, It is very (dear, in times
like the present, no sane man wilt lend Jimm
a dollar, much less a capitalist. Instead of adding
interest, in which I see nothing but adding
insult to injury, let them be received for taxes and
all dues to the city ; thus absorbing them and get
ting them eat of the way. By thus doing, there
will be an increased amount of taxes paid in, and
this honest course of action will inspire confidence
in capitalists and real-estate owners, who, when
they see a firm resolution of our city fathers
to hdopt the ethics of Penn and Franklin to do
right and pay up, will come to the rescue;
for self-interest, that ruling passion of our nature,
will prompt them tq this; for 'tie perfectly plain
that this degraded credit of the city equally de
grades the value of real estate—for who would bo
induced to settle even in this " Olty of Brotherly
Love"--by a continuance of this system of
wrong. Real estate will cease to be a saleable com
modity, and the finest estates of the city will go
begging for purchasers. Right-doing is the base
on Weigh credit is founded, and credit will flow
froncthenee as happiness flows front right-dotng
at least so thinks ono of more than forty years' ex
' portent* in monetary affairs.
Ores Wuo Navies.
BRADY, THE PHOTOGRAPHIST.
At the World's Fair of 1851, in London, the
prineipal prize for the best-executed photographs,
of all sizes and desoriptions, was awarded to Mr.
Brady, of New York. We perceive that, yielding
to the pressure of the times, he has Out down his
prices one-half. This certainly le the time to ob
tain likenesses. Some Idea of Mr. Brady's immense
practice may be formed from the foot that, during
the past year, he executed about 30,000 portraits.
Mr. Brady has two establishments in New York.
Both aro in Broadway—one, long established, is
near the Astor House, and just opposite Barnum's
the other, at No. 359 Broadway, occupying the ex
tensive premises over Thompson's saloon. At this
latter place, he has collected a gallery of portraits;
whloh really will be invaluable, after a few years.
Already, indeed, many of Mr. Brady's eminent
sitters have departed to " that bourne from which
no traveller returns." Among these are William
L. Marcy, Major Noah, and Dr. Rana.
Nearly every political diameter of importance,
during the last ten years, who has visited New
York, has eat to Mr. Brady. Among the Presi
dents are Mr. Buchanan, Mr. Van Buren, General,
Pierce, Mr. Tyler, and Mr. Fillmore. There, also,
are Col. Fremont, General Cass, Thomas H. Ben
ton, R. J. Walker, Daniel S. Dickinson, James
Guthrie, N. P. Banks, (the newly-elected Gover
nor of Massachusetts,) and a variety of others.
A great many foreign portraits are also in view
in Mr. Brady's gallery, among which we would
especially notion Louis Napoleon and Lord Ma
caulay. in fast, every one whose portrait is
worth having, seems to have made a point of giv
ing a few seconds to Mr. Brady—for his operation
is instantaneous, and he takes portraits, equally
well, in cloudy or bright weather, and at any hour
of the day—and he has wisely preserved a dupli•
Bate for his own vlieetion, until he has formed
what must be considered one of the most interest
ing "Institutions" of New York.
In the departments of Art and Letters, this col
lodion is particularly rich. There may be found
the portrait of almost every literary max of re
pute in the Union, with all the "distinguished "
'foreign authors who have visited this country, Dr.
Charles Mackay Winded—we mean the lyric
poet who has sung of that "Good time coming,"
which, it must be confessed, journeys tit a re.
markably slow pace. As for newspaper editors,
the oollection abounds in them, running as
far up as William Cullen Bryant, and as
low down as Cornelius Matthews. Among the
other literati are Henry C. Carey, and John
G. Saxe, Bancroft and Ballots, Edgar A.
Poe and Griswold who did his "Life," and took
his reputation. There, too, among the artists, is
the grave and thoughtful face of Professor Morse,
who invented the Electric Telegraph. But tho
artists are represented, in Brady's Gallery, almost
as fully as the editors are. We should not omit
mentioning that Miss Homer, the New England
sculptor, is among them.
Actors and singers abound In this gallery, and
among the latest additions aro Charles Mathews
and Charlotte Cushman. New York is the resort
of "stars," and Brady catches them all.
But we cannot attempt to do more than indicate
that Mr. Brady has such a Photographic Gallery—
the most extensive of the sort in the world.
The styles in which those portraits are executed
are various. The prices range from one dollar to
thirty. The last price is that of the most exact
and splendid Imperial Photograph—the very per.
rotten of this beautiful and eglantine urt. The
full lengths are admirable. There, also, are life.
sloes photographed on canvas and finished In oil—
resembling, with an accuracy which the pencil can•
not reach, the ordinary oil-paintings. There are life.
size medallions, (reduced from $lO to $30,) which aro
durable as well as accurate, and rival the finest per
formances of Bully and Neagle, Elliot and Cefferty.
There Is the life•eise crayon, executed by the sun
—but ineffaceable. And there are crayon vig
nettes, particularly adapted for ladles and chit
dren, so delicate Is the (mention.
Mr. Brady has been eminently successful in his
large group-sometimes bringing thirty figures to.
gather at once. They are well adapted, (from
their price also,) where a whole family are to be
grouped Into one view. Miniature photographs
(imitating ivory,) ambrotypes, and photographs,
which resemble water-color pictures, are also
among Mr. Brady's novelties.
We have said enough to show the interest and
yiluo of suolt a Portrait Gallery ae Mr. Brady, he
Igg PIMS§O..PHILAtittPIitA 4 NOVEMI3I/11 6, 1857.
oolleotedi to which additions are continually being
made, It is a hundred times more extensive and
complete then the collection of Mr. Matlot, the
degoorrootypiet of London. 'The priors of the
portraits is much less, also, and the execution 6UO.
oessfully rivals that of the best artists in the
world. We recommend all country cousins who
go to New York to visit the Brady Gallery. There
they can see an unique collection, and perhaps the
reduced rates may tempt them, even though money
be scares, to give Mr. Brady a sitting, on the cer
tainty of obtaining a thoroughly satisfactory like
ness at half price.
BY 'MIDNIGHT MAIL.
IMPORTANT FROM WASHINGTON
Indian News from Oregon—Murder of Col.
Ebey by British Indians—lnteresting Letter
from Brigham Wong on 'lndian Affairs in
[Correspondence of The Press ]
The Commissioner of Indian Affairs has received
a letter from J. W. Nesmith, Superintendent of
Indian Affairs for Oregon and Washington Terri
tories, communicating the details of the murder of
Col. J. N. Eboy, at his residence on Whitby Island.
The Indians who perpetrated the murder were from
the British possessions, to the north of Puget's
Sound. Those aro a Sem, warlike, and athletic
race, euperior in every respect to any Indians on
Baoifie coast. They have large canoes, some of
which will oarry ono hundred men, and in which
they proceed to Bea with perfect safety. For several
years they have been in the habit of visiting the
settlements on the sound, sometimes for the par
pose of trade, and at other times to eommit depre
dations upon our people.
Tho immense canoes possessed by these Indians
afford them the most rapid facilities for communi
cation with all portions of tho settlements on the
sound. They are well supplied with arms and
ammunition, procured from the British traders of
the north, and have the power to indict, as they
have done, great injury. It is recommended that
two small armed steamers should be stationed at
or near the straits of Fuse, to intercept these
marauders. Unless this be done there is danger of
the settlements on the sound being broken up.
Every effort was making to ferret out and punish
the murderers of Col. Ebey.
The Commissioner has also received the following
report from Brigham Young, whioh, at this time,
will be read with great interest :
OFFICE OF SUPERINTENDENT Or INDIAN
AFFAIRS, G. S. L. city, Sept. 12, 1857.
Sla : Enclosed please find abstraet amount cur
rent and vouchers from 1 to 35 inclusive (also at).
street of employees), for the current quarter up to
this date, as, owing to the stoppage of the mail, I
have deemed it hest to avail myself of the opportu
nity of gentling, by private conveyanee, not know
ing when I may have another chance. The ex
penditures, as you will observe by the papers.
amount to $6,411.38, for which I have drawn my
draft on the Department in favor of Hon. John M.
Hernhiael, delegate to Congress from this Terri
tory. You will also observe that a portion of
these expenditures accrued prior to this quarter.
which may need a word of explanation. Santa
Clara is- in Washington county, the extreme
southern county of this Territory, and this labor
was commenced and partly performed, seeds, grain,
do., furnished prior to the time that Major Arm
strong visited those parts of the Territory; hence
failed to find its way into his reports, and failed
being included in mine, because the accounts and
vouchers were not sooner brought in, and bones
not settled. Until recently, but little has been
effeoted in that part of the Territory at the ex
pense of the Government, although much has been
done by the citizens in aiding the Indians with
tools and instruction in cultivating the earth
The bands mentioned are parts of the Piede tribe
of Indians, who aro very numerous, but only in
part inhabit this Territory. These Indians are
more easily induced to labor than any others in
the Territory, and many of them are now engaged
in the common pursuits of civilized life. Their
requirements are constant for wagons, ploughs,
spades, hoes, teams, and harness, Am., to enable
them to work to advantage.
In like manner the Indians in Cache Valley
have received but little at the expense of the Go
vernment, although a sore tax upon the people.
West and along the line of the California and
Oregon travel they continue to make their contri
butions, and I am sorry to add. with considerable
loss of life to the travellers. This is what I have
always sought, by all means in my power, to avert,
but I find it the most difficult of any portion to
control. I have for many years succeeded better
than this. I learn, by report, that many of the lives
of the emigrants and considerable quantities of pro
perty have been taken. Thiele principally owing to
a company of some three or four hundred returning
Californians who travelled these roads last spring
to the Eastern States, shooting at every Indian
they could see--a practice utterly abhorrent to all
good people, yet I regret to gay, one which has
been indulged in to a great extent by travellers to
and from the Eastern States and California.
Hence the Indiana regard all white men alike as
their enemies, and kill and plunder wheiever
they can do so with impunity, and often the Irmo
bent suffer for the deeds of the guilty. This has
always been one of the greatest difficulties that I
have had to contend with in the administration of
Indian affairs in this Territory. It is bald to
make an Indian believe that the whites are heir
friends, and the Great Father wishes to do them
gocd, wnon - perhaps - the very next party wifich
crosses their path shoots them down like wolves.
This trouble with the Indians only exists along
the line of travel west and beyond the influence of
our settlements. The Shosonos are not hostile
to travellers, so far as the inhabit in this Terri
tory,exoept, perhaps, a f e w "Snake Dig
gers," who inhabit, as before stated, along the line
of travel west of the settlements, There have,
however, been more or less depredations the present
season north and more within the vicinity of the
settlements, owing to causes above mentioned, and
I find it of the utmost difficulty to restrain them.
The sound of war quickens the blood and nerves of
The report that troops were wending their way
to this Territory has also had its intluonee upon
them. In one or two inetanoes this was the reason
assigned why they made the attacks which they
did upon some horde of cattle. They seemed to
think, if it was to be war, they might as well begin
to lay in a supply of food when they had a chases.
If Inm to have the direction of the Indian drain
of this Territory, and am expeoted to maintain
friendly relations with the Indians, there are a
few things that 1 would most respectfully suggest
to be done:
First, That travellers omit their infamous prao
tics of ehooting them down when they happen to
see ono. Whenever the eitisena of this Territory
travel the roads they aro In the habit of giving the
Indians food, tobacco, and a few other presents,
and the Indians expect some such trifling favor,
and they are emboldened by this practice to come
up the road with a view of receiving such presents;
when, therefore, travellere from the States male
their appearance, they throw themselves in eight
with the same view, and when they are shot st,
and some of their number killed, as has frequently
been the case, we cannot but expect them to wreck
their vengeance upon the next company.
Secondly. That the Government should mate
more liberal appropriations to be expended in
presents. I have proven that it is far cheaper to
road and clothe the Indians than to fight them. I
find, moreover, that after all, when the fighting is
over, it is always followed by extensive presents,
which, if properly distributed in tho first instance,
might have averted the fight. In this ease, the;
the expense of presents is the same, and it la trio
in nine-tenths of the eases that have happened.
Third, the troops must bo kept away, for it lea
prevalent fact that wherever them are the most of
these, wo may expect to find the greatest moult
of hostile Indians, the least security to permits
If them three Items could bo complied with, I
have no hesitation in saying that, so far as Utah is
concerned, travellers could go to and from, pus
and repass, and no Indian would disturb or molest
them or their property.
In regard to my drafts, it appears that the De
partment is indisposed to pay them—for what
reason lam at a loss to conjecture. lam swam
that Congress separated the office of Superir
tendent of Indian Affairs from that of Governor;
that the salary of Governor remained the same fur
his gubernatorial duties, and that that of Gas
Superintendent woe $1,500. I do think that inas
much as I perform the duties of both offices, that
am entitled to the pay appropriated for both, ani
trust you will no consider. I have drawn age's
for the expenditure of this present quarter, to
above set forth. Of course, you will do as yes
please about paying, as you have with the drafts
for the two last quarters.
The Department has often manifested its ap
proval of the management of the Indian affairs it
this superintendency, and never its disapproval
Why, then, should I bo 'subjected to such an
noyance in regard to obtaining the funds for de
fraying its expenses? Why should I be de
nied to salary ? Why should appropriation'
made for the benefit of the Indians of GM
Territory he retained in the treasury, and Ind,
viduale left unpaid ? Those are questions I loam
for you to answer at your leisure, sad meals
while submit to such course in relation thereto is
you shall see fit to direct.
I have the honor to ho ho., year ob't servant,
.13111011 AM YOUNG,
Governor and ox-officio Superintendent of Indiar
Affairs, Utah Territory.
lion. JAMES W. DENVIR, Com. Indian Affairs
Washington, D. C.
Charles Mathews takes his benefit this evening
and to-morrow his engagement at the Academy Cl
Music will terminate. The bill is very nttrnotiva
" The Busy Body," out down to three nets, witl
Mies C. Mailings as Miranda, Mrs. John Sefton at
Patch, Mr. Riehings as Sir Prances Gripe, and
Mr. Mathews as larplet. Also, the fames of
" Trying it on," (with Mr. Mathews na Mr. 11'a/
sing/sane Potts, his original character,) and " The
Double Bedded Boom."
At the Walnut street Theatre, Mr. Chanfrau's
benefit cornea off this evening. Mr. C. will appear
in "Linda," "The Stnge•struck Barber," and
" O'Flanigan and the Fairies." Mr. and Mre.
Sloan will give their efficient aid in two of these
dramas. Tho nautical melodrama, "The Ocean
Child," with now scenery by Reis ter, is underlined
Biaok-eyed Susen,"4 and The (Wen of
Spades" irill be played together, for the last time,
at the Arch Street Theatre. The play of .. Ingo-
Igor" is to bo produced to-morrow evening. .. The
Jealous Wife" will soon be repeated, and the
drama of Madeleine" is in preparation. Mr.
Wheatley seems to have the game in his own hands
at thie theatre, which is full every night.
REAL ERTATE SALE.—Freeman's sale, next
Wednesday evening. includes the estates of W. A.
B. Jones, deceased, and Chas. Brunson, deceased,
to be sold without reserve, by order of tho Or•
pima' Court. See auction advertisement.
The Buffalo Republic, speaking of the shock
of an earthquake exporlenoed there last Friday,
says that one lady was so frightened that she had
thirty Mn in succession, and has sine° died, A
warehouse on the pier had the foundation shaken
from under it,
The President has recognised Edward F .
Hardy as vice-consul of Austria, at Norfolk, Va.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 6,1857
Nottespondenca of The Press
Ilmutuauna, Nov. 4, 1857
The courdeor Gov. Walker tali:arma is dividing
the attention of the politiciand here with the result
of the recent elections in New York and Massa
&matte. His conduct in refusing to countenance
the fraud of "the Oxford precinct" is upheld uni
versally, and hero let me say that the leader in
THE Panes of Tuesday on that question , meets
with the approbation of all good men. It takes
the proper view of the question and echoes the uni
versal sentiment of the party in the State. The
Democracy of Pennsylvania have ever upheld the
constitutional rights of the South, through evil as
well as through good report, and cannot, therefore,
be justly charged with any sympathies with Aboli
tionism in approving the action of Gov. Walker
in his efforts to sustain the purity of the ballot box.
The same disgraceful game which has boon at
tempted in Kansas was played in this State in 1838
by Ritner, Stevens, & Co., and filled the capital
with armed men and excited citizens, which came
near resulting in civil war. It might—indeed, it
most probably would—have had an equally disas
trous finale in 1858 if the thing had been sustained.
Agreeably to a provision of the Constitution, the
Secretary of the State yesterday proceeded to the
hall of the House, and In presence of Governor
Pollock, read the returns for Supreme Judges. As
I have already sent you on, and you have already
published the fignm, it is hardly necessary to
say James Thompson and William Strong wore de
clared elected, and his Excellency has issued his
proclamation to that effect. They are to bo sworn
in on the first Monday of December. For the first
time shoe Forest county has had a separate exis
tence, the full official returns were received at the
State Department of all the candidates voted for.
The law provides that each judge shall, In turn,
serve as chief justice the last three years of his
term, but the terma of Messrs. Strong and Thomp
son will expire both on the Rune day fifteen years
' hence—a contingency not provided for by the
Constitution. Another amendment will be neces
sary to decide who will ho Chief Justice the last
A half dozen solemn-looking men and women,
willing themselves Progressive Friends, held a
"protracted meeting" in our borough last week,and
made, I fear, fruitless efforts to convert the people
hereabouts to a belief in the principles of the
Peace Society, the Abolition Society, and several
other societies, whose names I have forgotten.
The people of this vioinity are reasonably go•ahead,
bat have not progressed far encugh to believe in
these Isms. Lucretia Mott, of Philadelphia, spoke
eloquently, and was listened to with attention, but
I doubt whether her audience was as sympathetic
as those who aro went to listen to her at Cherry
Our Common Council have refused to appropriate
six hundred dollars of the publio money towards
buying coal, kc., for the Indigent of our city.
Cause—they think they haven't got the power.
THE LATEST NEWS
Letter from General Walker.
Wasumaroir, November s.—Genoral Walker, in
a letter addressed to the Secretary of State, says,
so far as any violation on his part ;of the acts of
Congress is concerned, be denies the oharge with
worn and Indignation, and will not so far forgot
his duty as an officer of Nicaragua as to violate the
laws of the United States while enjoying the hos
pitality of those within its limits. As his military
organization Is abandoned, about 2,500 men from
the various Southern States have enrolled them
selves as emigrants to Nicaragua.
Alan , land Election.
BALTIMORE, November 5-1 o'clock.—The re
turns of the election are received very slowly. The
city vote is not yet complete, but the American
majority will probably reach 10,000. The vote in
Baltimore county shows gains for the Americana,
but the returns aro incomplete.
The vote in Mefferd county shows a Democratic
BALTIMORE, Nov. s.—The returns from the in
terior show email Domooratio gains. In the fifth
Congressional district Hoffmann, American, is
Hicks, the American candidate for Governor,
has about 150 majority in Baltimore county ; in
Carroll county, 205 ; in Raiford county, about 250;
in Howard county, 100 ; Washington gives a small
majority for Hicks.
Groom, Dotuoorat, has 187 majority in 'UM)
county ; 200 In Queen Anne's county.
NE w OfILEANA, Nov. 4.—The Demooratio State
tioket has boon eleoted. Miles Taylor, anti-Slidell
Democrat, has been re-elected from the Second
Congressional district. George Eustis, Jr., Ame
rican member of the loaf Congress. beg also been
re-elected from the First dietriot. In the Third
*lnd fourth distriets the Slidell Democrat are pro
The Legislature is Democratic.
The %%locoman Election
MILWAUKEE, Nov. 4.—Complato returns of the
election held in this State on Tuesday have been
received from the following counties:
Croa4, L. Randall, I
Mllwaulteo (city awl county) 1 34t)
The Daily Wisconsin, of this evening, says the
returns come in so favorable to Randall, that lie is
undoubtedly elected by 5,000 majority. The
Democratic majority In this county is diminished
1,000 votes. Tho Republicans have a majority in
both branches of the Legislature.
The Officio! Vote of 01alo.
CINCINNATI, Nov. s.—The official Pete of the
State for Governor foots up as follows
Gov. Obese, (Rep.)
Henry B. Payne,(Dere.)
Peter Van Trump, (Amer.)
The above shows that Governor Chase has been
Bloated by a plurality of 1503,
Charleolon Municipal Election.
CIIAILEBTON, Nov. s.—Mr. Maobeth has boon
elected Mayor of this city.
The Pittsburgh Bank DifileuMei
Pmsnunou, Nov. 5.-11 is announced, by
authority, that 4 full, eatisfao wry, and honorable
settlement and payment of all disputes and ac
counts, and suits that lately existed between the
Merchants' 14 Manufacturers' bank and the Mesita
O'Connor, Brothers, & Co , bankers, of this city,
has boon effected. This settlement will place the
bank in Its old position, as one of our safest and
most popular institutions, and will be highly satis
factory to the depositors, stockholders, and bill
holders. Messrs. O'Connor, Brothers, di Co.'s
banking business will go on as usual. Tho latter
firm gave bonds, stooks, and real estates of the
nominal value of $215.000, to secure the balance
of $188,174 claimed by the bank.
Later from Texas—Explosion at Brownellllr
NEW ORLEANS, Nov. s.—The steamship Black
Warrior has arrivod.
Advises from Toxas slate that a fire occurred at
Brownevillo on the 16th ult., during which ninety
five kegs of powder exploded, killing four persons
and injuring several others. Tho loss amounts to
Resumption of the Citizens' Bank—Better
NEw Oarinees, Nov. &.—The Citizens' Bank
resumed le-day, and there has been considerable
arrivals of specie.
The heavy engagements of yesterday wore gene
rally met by our mercantile community, and Mai
miss is brighter.
Sterling Etehange at New Orleans
Now ORLEANS, November s.—Largo sales of
of bills of exchange on Liverpool were made to
day at 10 per cont. discount. Smaller lots were
disposed of at 5 per cent. discount.
Hurricane hi Ohio
CINCINNATI, Nov. 5.—A terrible hurricane pas
sed over the country one mile north of Frankfort,
in this State, on the line of the Marietta and Cin
cinnati Railroad this afternoon, destroying houses,
barns, and fenoes. A two-story dwelling was com
pletely prostrated, and eight or ten persons were
seriously injured; tweet' them aro not expected to
CLEVELAND, Nov. 5.—A hurricane was felt to
day half a mile west of Crestline. It passed
along the north edge of the village, blowing
down houses and barns, and more or loss injuring
several persons. It subsequently took an eastorly
direction, doing considerablo damage.
The Missouri Bunk Relief
Sr. Louts, November s.—The Bank Relief bill
has passed the Sonata, without amendment, by a
innjurity of 11 votes.
New ORLEANS, Nov. 4.—Cotton--Sales to-day,
3,500 bales at an advance of 3-10. Prince 9,3a1010.
Sugar firm at 51a5.10. for fair. Molasses24le. Corn
has an advancing tendency; sales of now at 50a70c.
Thoro is nothing doing in Sterling Exchange
Exchange on Now York is quoted at sati por cent
BALTIMORE, NOV. s.—Flour firm; sales 1,000 bbis.
at $5.25 for Ohio, $5.18 for Howard street, cash.
Wheat firm at 110a120o. for red, and 125a1400. for
white. Corn, yellow, 73a740 ; white, 74a75e.
CUARLERTON, Nov. s.—The sales of Cotton to
day have been 800 bales, and for the week 3,900.
Prices have advanced eel. Good middlings to
middling fair are quoted at 121.
SAVANNAR, Nov. s.—Sales of 350 bales of Cotton
to-day at 12 to 121 for middlings, being an im
AUGUSTA, Nov. s.—The sales of Cotton today
were GOO halm The sales, generally, were at
121, with a few bales at 12k for nildillings.
AMUSEMENTS T 111.9 EVENING
AOADent OF RIUSICI, 8 W. CORNRR OF BROAD AND Lo•
cosi , STRERTB.—" The Busy Body"—" Trying It Ono—
" Double-Bedded Room."
WIINATLEr's Alum Buil= THUMB, ARCH EITHRRI,
ARMIN Styra.—" Queen of Spades"--" Black;Eyed
WALNUT BTRENT THEATRN, N. E. OORNNE OP NINTH
AND WALNUT RIRENTS.—" Linda, the Cigar Girl"—
"Stage-Struck Barber"— ,4 o , Elanigan and the Fai
SANFORD'S OPER/ HOUSE, ELEVENTH SUEZ! MTH
OHNSTELIT.—EthIopian Lira Illustrated, concluding with
a laughable altarpiece.
Tao/merle VARIETIES, ELITE AND °HERTER? STE
City Councils.—A stated meeting of City
Counoila was held yesterday afternoon, at which
the following business was transacted :
Mr Taylor presented a remonstranoe from owners
of property on the Germantown road, against the
route of the proposed culvert on Cohocksink. Re
Mr. Horrocks prosonted a memorial from a num
ber of citizens, praying Councils to order the
grading of roads and streets, to build bridges and
oulverts, and for the execution of other works now
in contemplation, by which employment through
tke winter may bo afforded to a large number of
persons who have been thrown out of work by rea
son of the financial embarrassment now so univer
sally felt through our whole country. The peti
tioners say : "We earnestly ask at your hands,
not charity, but work; not alms, but employment;
and, as you have the power to grant our petition,
wo trust you will evince the disposition." The me
morial was referred to the Committee on Finance,
Mr. Beideinan presented a petition asking that
a culvert bo constructed over Cohocksink creek.
Mr. Common presented a petition from citizens,
asking Councils to pass an ordinance requiring coal
to be weighed before the doors of purchasers.
A communication was read from the Chief En
gineer of the Fire Department, reporting the Uni
ted States Hose Company, for a violation of the
provisions of the ordinance regulating the Depart
ment. Referred to the Committee on Trusts and
Mr. Watt, from the Committee on Railroads,
presented a report, with a resolution attached, au.
thorising the Pennsylvania Company to widen the
track of the road east of Broad street, provided
they pay half the expenses.
Mr. Verree opposed the passage of the resolution.
It was advocated by Messrs. Foster, Cayler, and
Neal, and adopted.
The following estimate of the expenses of the
departments of clerks of Councils for 1858 was
, or salaries o[ clerks, assistant clerks, messenger, and
doorkeeper k 620
For printing Journal, ordinances, uilscellaneous
For binding journals, ordinances, &c 2,000
For advertising ordinances 0,00
For stationery and blank books 1,500
for recording ordinances 1,000
For carriage hiro,for the use of the committees of
For incidental expenses, cleaning rooms, he 1,300
A communication was received from the Commis
sioner of Markets, submitting for positions in the
department the names of Andrew Noble, clerk of
Market street, east of Seventh, and Wrn. Dove for
clerk of market, west of Twelfth.
Mr. Foster presented a communication from the
owners of property in Filbert street and Nine
teenth street, presenting as a nuisance the lot at
the southeast corner of Filbert and Nineteenth
streets, which is now the daily receptacle of all the
filth collected in the neighborhood.
Mr.Ashton,from the Committee on Water Works,
reported the following :
Resolved, That the bill from the Germantown
Water Company for $350.88 be referred to the
Committee on Claims, and that the Committee on
Water Works be discharged from the further con
sideration of the subject. Agreed to.
Also, a resolution authorizing the Chief Engineer
of the Water Works to employ two temporary clerks
in the office of the Register of Water Rents for the
space of sixty days each, at the rate of $B5O per
annum cash. The resolution was adopted.
Mr. Foster presented a report from Committee on
Surveys relative to Cohooksink creek culvert. The
report states the great necessity of the work, and
of its immediate prosecution. It provides that
satisfactory evidence shall be furnished by the
contractors to the Chief Commissioner of Highways
that full payment has bean made for all labor don
and materials furnished for the preceding month,
before he shall draw or sign a warrant for the final
estimate of any work done by virtue of this ordi
nance. The Chief Commissioner of Highways
shall require full and entire payment by the con
tractors of all labor and materials on account of
such work, and the said commissioners shall give
ono month's notice in two daily papers, of the
time at which final payment will be Made on each
and every contract.
The ordinance on this subject, which authorizes
the construction of the Cohocksink creek, Vino
street, Moore street. and Twenty-fifth street cul
verts, was reported book by Mr. Foster, from the
Committee on Surveys, with certain amendments.
The bill is No. 17 on Common Council file. After
a lengthy and uninteresting debate, the ordinance
A message was received from the Mayor, notify
ing the Chamber that he had signed and approved
certain ordinances and resolutions.
Mr, Bradford, from the Committee on Poliao,
preeentod a report on the subject of repairing the
station house of the Nineteenth ward, recommend
ing the adoption of the ordinance of Common
Council approprlatin6. $2,800 for the purpose of
erecting a new house in that ward.
A. number of ordinances and resolutions from
Common Council were concurred in; after which
the Chamber adionrned.
A message was received from Mayor VIIIIX dis
approving of the system of itemizing appropria
tions to the different departments, and vetoing the
ordinance authorizing a transfer of certain items of
the appropriation to the Guardians of the Poor.
Ho particularly disapproved of the transfer of
51,200 of tho out-of-door relief fund to the manu
facturing department of the Almshouse.
Mr. Mueller moved that they reconsider the
resolution vetoed by the Mayor, which was agreed
Mr. Hacker said the Mayor vetoed this resolu
tion upon his own presumption. He thought the
Guardians of the Poor knew better what wee want
ed for that department than the Mayor.
Tho ayes and nays wore called, and the resolu
tion passed by a vote of 39 to 14, viz :
YEAS—Messrs. Alexander, Arnold, Black, Col
hoop, Day, Deal. Drayton, Faulkner, Filler, Gin
nodo, Hacker, Handy, Hutchinson, Jones, Kane,
Keller, Kerr, King, Kneass, Mang, Makins, Mo
ocher. Andrew Miller, Moyer, McFadden, MoMa
kin, Porgrins, Schoch, Stevenson, John Thompson,
Vueoy, Warnock, Waterman, Wildey,
Wolf, B. F. Wright, C. S. Wright John Miller,
NAYS—Messrs. Austin, Baird, Boyer, Burnell,
Butcher, Ford. tleigl. Holman, Molloy, Mcllwain.
Ridgway, Sites, Williams-14.
A message was received from the Mayor disap
proving of the resolution, adopted at a previous
meeting, calling upon the beads of departments to
retrench—to curtail their expenditu-18, and upon
our citizens to extend their mai- .lIIICO to the
Municipal Government—all of which gas published
Mr. Holman moved to lay the message on the
The Chair decided this motion out o' order.
Mr. Masoher moved that the "veto message" be
returned to the Mayor, as this was a subject with
which the Mayor had no business.
The Chair decided the motion out of order.
Mr. Miller moved that they proceed to consider
the resolution, which was agreed to.
Mr. Hacker thought, in this case, the Mayor
had fur exceeded his duty; ho had no right to
veto a simple resolution of recommendation. He
declared this message nothing but Buncombe—
political effusion thrown out to catch the people.
'llls message was a mere squib thrown out by the
Mayor for political purposes. Ho considered tho
publication of this message by the Mayor an out
Mr. Miller thought the Mayor pursued a proper
course, if he differed in opinion with them. A
citizen had said to him that Councils, at their
former mooting, acted very strangely. For in
stance : early on that day they passed a resolution
calling upon the heads of the aetiartmonts to re
trench their expenditure!, and in an hour or two
afterwards they adopted a resolution to purchase
the Sedgely Park at a loss of 560,000! Ho moved
to postpone the resolution for the present.
Mr. lineass was surprised that such a message
should have been issued by the Mayor. There was
nothing Improper in these resolutions. The first
culls upon the heads of the departments to re
trench, and the second calls upon the people to pay
up their taxes. Ho thought the Mayor had for
gotten himself and wandered in his message to sub
jects entirely foreign to the resolutions.
Mr. Miller thought the Chamber had made a
mistake in sending this message to the Mayor. if
be had acted right. be would have returned it
to us without reading. He thought Councils
had made a mistake, and should like men ac
$Mr. Ridgway thought the Mayor had acted
right. He had said in substance that they bad
bettor attend to their business and be would
attend to his.
Mr. 'Tolman urged the adoption of the resolution
over the Mayor's veto. Councils bad laid down a
certain line of policy, and the Mayor had thought
proper to run coveter to it.
Mr. Moocher said : Mr. President, I have long
ago ceased to be surprised at anything emanating
front the Mayor of this city. I have witnessed
so many of his ecoontricities that I look upon
this one as a matter of eourso. Tie has un
dortakon to veto resolutions with which he
lied nothing to do These resolutions do not
require his signature or approval to make
them of binding effect. They were sent
to hint by mistake, and ought to have been re
turned by him to the clerks, and not to Councils.
The resolutions merely request the exercise of
economy by the departments, the police depart
ment included ; honoo it appears that the Mayor at
tempts to be both judge and jury upon his o wet ease,
or if wo allow him to have his own way, ho would
be judge, jury, and defendant; and if wo receive
this message . from him, Councils will have yielded
that soporvision over the police dopartmont en
joined upon us by the Consolidation act and by
This veto of the Mayor is on a par with the one
he sent to the late Common Council, vetoing the
admission of the Union Engine company and the
Cohookelnk Ilose company two weeks after they
had become a law without his signature! The
latter was, as an act of charity towards the Mayor,
laid upon the table, but I trust that the present
veto will bo returned to him for his digestion.
Tho anxiety exhibited by the Mayor to have his
demagoguism displayed to the public, manifests it
self in the foot that he had it published In the pub
lie papers before it was properly presented and
rend before the Chamber.
It was not my intention to notice any arguments
contained in his message, for the reason that It is
not properly before us, but the publicity given to
his views by the publication referred to justifies a
short reply. First, be ridiculed the idea of uni
versal bankruptcy From this it appears that the
Mayor in his obtuseness and luxury has as yet
failed to discover that there exists a universal pros
tration of the industrial pursuits of this city and
country; that all the monetary institutions of this
State and Union are broke, and that in come
queues of both, a monetary crisis, unparalleled in
the history of our country, afflicts our people. But
it Is not to be expected that the Mayor, in the en
joyment of $3,500 por annum, should become cogni
zant of the want and privation, brought on in part
by the extravagance advocated and practised by
him, which Millets our people. Secondly, Mr. Presi
dent, these resolutions do not refer to the kind of re
trenchment he supposes. They do not contem
plate the suspension of all necessary work, but
they do refer to the necessary expenses of his as
well as other departments of the city—expenses,
the incurring of which neither contribute to the
welfare of our tax-payers, nor famish to laboring
classes employment, for which he pretends to have
as much sympathy. The resolutions and Councils
deprecate the system of feeding at the public ex
pense, fie illegally practised by most of the de
paitmonts of tho city. Councils deprecate the
'system of plunder known to exist in some of the
departments, and also the contracting of debts, as
practised by the police as well as some of the other
departments without authority of law. The Mayor
knows no difference between economy and parsi
mony—between a reckless and a judicious expen
diture of money.
Thirdly, The Mayor endeavors to induce the
Councils to believe that he is favorable to the re
duction in the price of gas Futile simplicity!
Does he suppose that we have forgotten that he
has vetoed the only bill for the purchase of these
works (page 873, appendix C. C. journal) that is
ever likely to pass?
Fourthly, It is decidedly refreshing to see the
Mayor extolling the economy of his department.
He says that $19,988.54 wan saved by his depart
ment in 1856. If this was true, how does he no
count for over $15,000 appropriated to his depart
ment thin year to pay for the expenses incurred
without authority of law, last year? Again, I
ask how much credit belongs to him for the saving
of $113,202 over that of 1855 7 Did he assist in
1855 in having the "police force reduced to 700
men? I think not. 1W efforts to have his force
increased, both here and at Harrisburg, forbid
each an assumption.
Fifthly. The Mayor, in his message, attempts to
throw ridicule upon a judicious system of itemizing
the appropriation bills, as practised by the late
Councils, as enjoined by acts of Assembly, and
dictated by common sense. At this, however, we
need not be surprised. Kings and despots seldom
submit to a control and supervision of their cash
accounts ! But the crowning glory of his message
exhibits itself in the last clause thereof. He there
admits that Councils anticipated his recommenda
tion by passing the very measure be now re
commends. Under these circumstances, would it
not have been more creditable to him to have
thrust his message into the fire, instead of before
But, air, I have said enough to convict the Mayor
of gross inconsistency and an unwarrantable in
terference with the duties of Councils. Let the
clerk return the would-he message, and let him
repent of his folly.
Mr. Parker hoped they would adopt the reso
lution. He referred to the "Bread Meeting," held
a few days ago, and thought the Mayor issued this
message for a little Buncombe—a little political
favor. He hoped Councils would administer to
him a proper rebuke. He did not know whether
or net the Mayor was a candidate for re-election.
He was astonished that the Mayor should veto a
resolution selling upon the citizens to pay their
taxes so they could pay their warrants and inte
rest on their loans. The fault of the non-payment
of the warrants laid with the citizens who refuse
to come up and pay their taxes.
Mr. Stevenson thought this was a great country.
It contained fools enough to split rails and rascals
enough to make posts to fence it in. He thought
the Mayor was poking fun at them. He alluded
to the inconsistentoeurse pursued by Councils, and
thought the Mayor should have written them down
Mr. Miller thought the Mayor had act rightly ;
that the resolutions were submitted for concur
rence, and the Mayor had made a popular hit in
Mr. Steel said there was not a sentence in these
resolutions which called for each a message. If
the Councils made dunces of themselves, it was no
excuse for the Mayor following their example by
making a fool of himself. More than this, the
message had been laid before the public before it
became the property of Councils. He was ashamed
of this whole matter, and if there was any dignity
left in that body not ono man would Tote against
Mr. King thought the Mayor was acting Na•
poleon the 111. Ito was pandering to a feeling
which existed among certain classes of our people,
that the Government must furnish them with
bread. This message was laid before the public
and acted upon at a certain meeting before it be
came the property of that Chamber. This was
only fostering the festering sore which already ex
isted in their midst. He denounced the massage
as childish and foolish.
The yeas and nays were called, and the resolu
tions adopted, by a vote of 53 to 9, viz :
YEAS—Messrs. Arnold, Austin, Baird, Blussitt,
Black, Boyer, Boyle, Brown,Bnrnell, Clay, Colhoon,
Conrad, Cooper, Day, Deal, Drayton, Ford. Fry,
Geialer, Ginnodo, Hooker, Handy, Holman, Hutch
inson, Iseminger, Jones, Kane, Kerr, King, Kneoss,
Maag, Making, Moocher, Moyer, McFadden. McEl
wain, MoMakin, Parker, Perkins, Schoch, Steven
son, Thompson, (Oscar) Tudor, Vanhorn, Valey,
Warnock, Waterman: Wildey, Wolf, Wright, (B.
P.) Wright, (C. S.), Miller, (John), President-53.
Nays—Messrs. Faulkner, Geist, Hall, Keller.
Miller, (Andrew), McManus, Ridgway, Thomp
son, (John), Williams-9.
Another message was received from the Mayor,
stating that he had signed and approved certain
Also, a communication from H. G. Leisenring
and General Miles, clerks of Councils, giving an
estimate of the expenses for 1858. Among the
items wore :
Printing the journal, stationery, &c
The communication was referred to the Commit
tee on Finance.
Mr. Alexander moved to suspend the rule in
order to proceed to consider the bill authorizing a
consolidation of the gas works, which was not
Mr. Oscar Thompson submitted a petition asking
that a certain nuisance iu Sixteenth street, in the
Ninth ward. be abated. Referred to the Commit
tee on City Property
Mr. Baird, a petition for the repair of Rare
street wharf, on the Schuylkill. Referred to the
Committee on Wharves and Landings.
Mr. Perkins, a petition for water-pipes in the
Seventh ward. Referred to the Committee on
Mr. Hutchinson, a petition from Samuel Allen,
asking that the Committee on Claims return to
him certain papers. A motion to that effect was
Mr. Matcher. a petition for a eulverting of the
Cohookeink oreek. Referred to the Committee on
Mr. Meader submitted a petition from certain
gentlemen, asking 801118 action be had to reduce
the size of the ladies' hoops, so that they shall not
extend ten feet In circumference.
Mr. Parker thought the communication should
be referred to the Committee on Gas.
Mr. Clay moved that the document be referred
back to the petitioners, which was agreed to.
Mr. King submitted a petition for a culvert on
Thompson street. Referred to the Committee on
Dr. Sites submitted a petition from the property
holders on Thompson street and the Germantown
, road, protesting against the construction of a mil
-1 vert from the Cohooksink creek along those streets.
Referred to the Committee on Survey.
Mr. Holman submitted a petition for the paving
of Somerset street; and Mr. McManus a protest
against the same; both of which were referred to
the Committee on Highways.
Mr. Warnock, a petition for water-pipes in
Twentieth street, between Arch and Cherry streets.
Referred to the Committee on Water.
Mr. Colhoma a petition for the grading of Bridge
street. Referred to the Committee on Highways.
Also, a communication from the citizens of
Frankford,esking that the streets there be graded,
and that they udopt some plan to enable the work
ingmen In that vicinity to obtain employment.
Referred to the Committee on Highways.
Mr. Drayton, of the Committee on Finance, sub
mitted a resolution making a transfer of $2,000
from a certain item of the appropriation to the
City Commissioners for the pay of the jurors of the
Court of Quarter Sessions. Agreed to.
Also, a report adverse to the receipt of outstand
' ing warrants in payment of taxes, and in favor of
paying Interest on the same Laid on the table.
Mr. Miller, of the Committee on Highways, sub
mitted a resolution authorizing the payment of
$3,530 to Philip Quigley, for completing the work
on the Mill Creek Bridge. Agreed to.
Also, a resolution authorizing a transfer of cer
tarn items of appropriation to the Highway De
partment, to pay for paving streets and intersec
tions and grading Girard Avenue, west of the
Schuylkill. Agreed to
Also, an ordinance authorizing the payment of
$2,500 for road damages incurred in the opening
of Lancaster street, from Reed to Dickerson streets,
in the First ward, and the payment of $6OO to John
Turner, for the re-opening of Sixth street from El
wood lane to Rising Sun lane. Postponed far the
Also, a report and ordinance authorizing an ap
propriation of $2,234 96, to pay certain claims for
paving intersections. Agreed to.
Also, a report and resolution authorizing the
construction of a drain on Harvey street, in the
Twenty-second ward. Agreed to.
Mr. Masher, of the Committee on Trust and Fire
Companies, reported adverse to an appropriation
of $6OO to the Globe Engine Company. The cam
t tee was discharged from a further consideration
of the subject.
Also, a report adverse to admitting the Hibernia
Hose Company to the Fire Department, and an
other report adverse to granting a donation of
hose to the Independence Engine Company. The
committee was discharged from a further conside
ration of the subject.
Also, a resolution authorizing the payment of
$550 o the Assistant Engineer of the "Young
America," for five months' salary.
Mr. Helaine moved to amend by adding, "and
that the services of that gentleman be dispensed
with from this date."
Mr, MaMakin moved to further amend to add.
"and that the steam fire-engine "Young America"
be returned to the donors "
After some debate, the amendment to the amend
went was withdrawn.
The amendment was then agreed to, and the re
Mr Kane, of the Common Survey, submitted an
ordinance authorizing a culvert on Saneom alley,
to connect with the Willow street culvert, in
the Eleventh ward. Agreed to.
Also, an ordinance, authorizing a culvert on
Coates street, north from Ridge avenue. Agreed
Also, a resolution, authorizing the continuance
of the survey in the First and Twenty-fourth
wards. Referred to the Committee on Surveys.
Mr. Drayton submitted a resolution requesting
the Committee on Water to report some plan of
having water-pipes introduced into streets where
the property, holders are willing to pay for it.
Mr Parker, of the Committee on Claims, sub
mitted an ordinance making an appropriation of
$166 to pay Wm. Sevin, for services as keeper of
the debtor's department of the Moyamensing pri
son. Referred to the Committee on Finance.
Mr. McManus, of the Committee on Markets,
submitted a report adverse to closing the Second
etrect and Franklin avenue markets on Saturday
nights. Also, a report adverse to erecting any
more market-houses on Franklin avenue. The
committee was discharged from a further conside
ration of the subject
The ordinance passed by Meet Council, author
izing rho employment of two temporary clerks in
the Waterlog department, was concurred ill. The
resolution in regard to the enforcement of the ordi
nonce authorizing the sale of bread by weight was
The resolution authorising the laying of water
pipes through the altos-house grounds and in cer
tain streets of the Twenty-fourth surd was
The resolution inquiring into the expediency of
erooting the post•ofllco and United States eourt
rooms on the south aide of Independence Square
was referred to tho Committee on City Property.
Committed for a further Ilearing.—wii.
Haut Shuster, a lad about fifteen years of age, was
yesterday arrested, together with three otheriads,
charged with stabbing the young man Albert
Leech, some two weeks sines, near the Rev. Mr.
before Alderman Conrow, and
the evidence being very conclusive as to Shuster's
scrfadb, In Eighth street, above Green.
A hearing ~,,
guilt, he was held for a further hearing on Friday,
the 13th inst. The other lads were set at liberty.
The parents of Shuster are highly respectable, and
reside in Buttonwood ;treat, near Ninth.
The Tragedy at the St.. Lawrence Hotel.—
The accurate details which we have given of the
terrible tragedy at the SL Lawrence Rotel are
still fresh in the minds of oar readers. In nume
rous circles yesterday, they were the theirs of
much comment, and various opinions were enter
tained relative to the extent of the guilt of the
murderer, Thomas W. smith, who is in close con
finement at Moyamensing prison. From conver
sations which we have had with those who know the
history of the parties in this atTair, we are able to
present an authentic account of the previous
characterof both of them. The prisoner was per
fectly cool and collected in his cell during yester
day. He has expressed not a single regret at the
crime which alleged outrages indnoed him to com
mit, but rather bears the appearance of one who is
well satisfied with having performed a commenda
Richard Carter, Esq., the victim of this most
shocking murder, came to this country between
twenty.tive and thirty years ago, and went to
Schuylkill county, where he commenced to work
industriously as a miner. He was noted for his
frugality, and managed to save a considerable sum
of money. He gradually rose from his obscure
position, and in a few years he was widely known
as a man of property and great influence. His
wife, who is also English, is some ten years older
than he was, and they never bad any children. A
few years ago he became acquainted with a Mr.
John McCauley, residing n Lucerne county, whom
he assisted in business. Mr. McCauley had a young,
intelligent, and handsome daughter. in whom Car
ter became interested, and he had her placed in a
seminary at Wilmington. He need to accompany
her to and from Wilmington, stopping frequently
in Philadelphia, his wife not being informed of his
movements. At the school, Miss McCauley was
understood to be his niece. It is presumed that a
guilty intercourse between them was going on all
About a year ago, and while Miss McCauley was
still at Wilmington, she became acquainted with
Mr. Smith, through a sister of the latter. who was
a teacher at the school. Mr. Smith was fascinated
by her and proposed marriage, which she accepted.
The marriage took place at Wilmington. Those
best acquainted with Carter believe that, instead
of wishing her to marry Smith. he was opposed to
it: that he was himself sincerely attached. to her ;
and that be would have married her if it had been
possible. Soon after the marriage
. Smith became
aware of the criminal intimacy existing between
Carter and his wife previous to their marriage,
he refused to live with her. A separation took
place, and Mrs. Smith was provided for by Carter.
She gave birth to a child some eight or nine months
since, and is living with it in a town near this city,
where she has been well taken care of by Carter.
Mr Carter bore the reputation of being loose in
his moral principles in his younger days, and his
conduct towards Miss McCauley, more recently,
gave rise to considerable scandal. He was in the
habit of having her to meet him on Saturday at a
hotel in this city, and after remaining there over
Sunday, she would return on Monday to school.
They also travelled together to Niagara and other
places. Smith alleges that this intimacy was kept
up after their marriage, and, as we stated yester
day. he also informed Lieutenant Dickbart, while
on the road to prison, that in the conversation at
the hotel Mr. Carterhad told him that he intended
to visit his (Smith's) sister at the school at Wil
SMith was at one time engaged as a clerk in the
store of his victim at Tamaqua. He was, doubt
less, under the impressien that Miss McCauley was
an adopted daughter of Mr. Carter. The acquaint
ance was formed through the agency of Miss
Smith, at the school. Miss Smith bears a most ex
cellent reputation, and she had not the slightest
suspicion of the real character of Miss McCauley.
The latter is now with her relatives in Chester
county. Her father resides in Luzerne county.
Smith, the prisoner, has consulted several attor
neys in this city, with a view to procuring a divorce
from his wife, and proceedings were about being
commenced when the tragical occurrence took
place at the St. Lawrence Hotel.
The body of Mr. Carter was on Wednesday night
handed over to Mr. Atwood, the undertaker, by
whom it was sent to Tamaqua yesterday afternoon.
Smith has always borne an excellent character,
although he was at times very eccentric in his con
duct, and it is, perhaps, placing as charitable a
construction upon the case as the circumstances
will warrant to say that he manifested that eccen
tricity in a very remarkable manner in the sad
tragedy we have been called upon to record.
We examined the list of agents for De Bow's
Review, vesterday, and find that the name of
Thomas Washington Smith is set down as travel
ling agent for that periodical in Virginia.
Vacation of Markel Staads.—We give -below
an ordinance offered by Mr. Roberts, member of
Select Connell from the Tenth ward, at a recent
meeting, providing for the vacation of certain mar
ket stands, and to prevent the sale of farm and
garden products In the streets of Philadelphia by
persons not the owners thereof. This ordinance
has excited considerable discussion among these
directly interested in its provisions :
"Section I. The Select and Common Connell*
of the city of Philadelphia do ordain. That it
shall not be lawful to occupy any part of the foot
ways or cartway in Market street, between Eighth
and Fifteenth streets, as stands for the sale of the
products of farms and gardens, or provisions of any
0 Section 2. That it shall not be lawful for any
person or persons to occupy the foot or ehrtways
of any street or streets in the city of Philadelphia
as a stand for selling, or exposing to sale, the pro
ducts of farms or gardens, unless such products
shall have been raised or produced on his or their
own grounds, or that of persons duly authorizing
him or them to seller dispose of the same.
"Section 3. That for every violation of this ordi
nance, a penalty of five dollars Shall be incurred,
to be sued for and collected as other fines and
penalties; one-half of which penaltyshall behead.
to the informer, and the ether half into the city
treasury: Provided that this ordinance shall not
go late utir.t until the first day of January next."
Police Items.—On Wednesday night, Bash
Grosewell and another man met at the house of a
lady in the Nineteenth ward, for whom both men
entertained tender feelings. Each of the lovers
claimed the exclusive right to remain at the house,
and a row was the consequence. Bush seised a
hatchet and inflicted several ugly wounds upon
the head of his rival with the weapon. Had the
latter been a little sharper, the German wculd
have been put permanently cut of the way of this
world's troubles. Bush was arrested and commit
ted to prison to answer.
Some time during Wednesday night the build
ing No. 131 South Fifth street, above Walnut, oc
cupied by different parties, was entered by means
of the cellar•door. The door leading up stairs was
forced open, and the offices of the following named
gentlemen were entered and completely ransacked
in the search for valuables : 31emrs. 11. G. Jones,
J. A. Clay, Charles Thompson Jones, Wm. R. Ris
ter, and J. D Sargent. In the room of ,Nfr Clay
the rascals did considerable mischief maliciously.
It is net known that anything was stolen except
the loose keys about the building. They were all
Resumed Operalions—Last evening, when
oecupied in the Council Chamber. we heard th•
familiar sound of the State House bell. Now that
the works of the clock have been thoroughly
cleaned. there will be a general rejoicing among
those who depend upon it for the proper regulation
of their time-pieces.
Relief Meeting.—A relief meeting of the
citizens of the Fifth ward was held lut erecting
at the county court-house. No bussWV trans
acted, and the meeting adjourned u eti. Yonday
Pre-emption Claims Upon Lands Reserved for
The Commissioner of the General Land Office
has made the subjoined decision, which will be
found of general interest:
"1. Pre-eruption claims open any lands with
drawn from market for railroad purposes, where
the settlements were made in good faith with the
Government before the pa.sage of the law making
the grant. and prior to the • definite location' or
surveying and staking off of the route of the road,
are subject to consummation within the period
fixed by law for proving up and entering offered
and nnoffered lands at one ordinary minimum of
$1.25 per acre, and payment may be made is
specie or with military bsunty-land warrants.
" 2. After the surrey and staking, eff of any route,
the pre-emption right cessws on the railroad sec
tions; but from and after that date the Unite.]
States reserve sections within the six-mile limits
of the route are pre-eruptible at a minimum of
$2.50 per acre till the date of ' final settlement' of
the alternate motions to which the railroad is en
" 3. From the date of the final allot ment afore
said till the date of offerinz the UnJted :States
reserved sections at public sale. pre-emption rights
to lands in such sections cannot attach ; but afte r
offering the reserved sections, again become pre
emptible at a minimum of $2 50 per acre
•' 4. When the 52.50 minimum attache::, bennty
land warrants, under 3d Mara. 1.33.5, cannot be
used in part payment. there being an express inhi
bition of each use in the statute ; but warrants is
sued under prior actsof Congress may Le s° used—
one warrant only to be laid on a single pre-emp
tion claim at the rate of 51.25 per acre. and the
balance required to makeup the $2.50 to Ito paid
MATTERS AND THINGS IN NEW YORK
[From the New York papers or last eveuin4.l
Mes. WOODU.AN'S CASE. SUMIIe Court._
Special Term.—Before Justice Roosevelt. A let.
ter was produced from Mrs. Woodman to th e
judge, as follows :
To the Hon. Tames J. Roost-reit L 'wish the
proceedings before you, commenced by Mr Fur
nisa in relation to me, to be dik±oneinued and
ended. lam not. in any way. restrained of to y
liberty. Being entirely free, I intend to retire st
once to the home of my parents, in Mialszippi.
with my brother. C. L. Thomas, who h now present.
Nov. 3, 1057. CAROMS - 1: WOODUAN
Another letter, addressed to Mr McDonald. the
keeper of the private lunatic asylum, was also
General McDonald—Since being an inmate
Sanford Hall, I have been treated by the dcr.erat
and Doctor with great kindneu, and aho by et ery
one connected with the house.
November 4th, 1857.
The reading of these documents produced a sen
sation in court which can be better intigined than
described, and the court, and all concerned in the
case seemed immensely relieved.
The writ of h r4e,,r , corpus was then discharged.
and the court adjourned,
Mns. CUNNISGLIAM AT LARGE AGAIN oS BAIL
Judge 3litchell decided, this tuorniug. to allow
Mrs Cunningham to remain out on had, and als,a
directed that she should " attend in court at gene
ral term, and special term, whenever the shall be
required by order to do so, and also at any circuit
court that is now or may be hereafter appointed for
TOE Dolan OF POLICE COMIIISSIONEYC.—Mr.
Draper has finally concluded nct to accept the seat
tendered him by the Board of Police C.,mmi:rion
ers. His dotertnination commucie.ved to the
Board this morning
Mayor Wood and family hare taken mcms far
the Winter at the St. Nicholas Hotel.
A. man named llUghl - leCune, a beeper of a
boarding hone on the tine of the Lebanon Vallay
Railroad, was drowned in the lock of the Union
Canal, near Ilummelstown, Pa., on Monday even
ing of last week, under circumstances %ramming
the belief that he mat with foul play. lie left the
shanty in the afternoon for the inarpo ,, e obtain
ing provisions at flunincelttown, Inter ling to re
turn in the evening. McCune has resided fire or
six years in Harrisburg, and hare, a wife and
A few days ago, a boy named Kelly, about
fourteen years old, undertook to ride a blind hors*
in a scrub race round the Metairie race course, at
New Orleans, and after going about half way round
the track, the horse bolted through a picket-fence
and killed both himself and rider. The head et
the boy came in contact with a post, and was
crushed in a most frightful manner, so that he
died immediately, and the horse fell dead just
after passing through the broken fence.