The press. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1857-1880, November 04, 1857, Image 1

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41114,611;N:i R E
ori T toc;.A - 4, 4 :, .0 4 issujr,
lo .e,11:E11111, •
thrifeeti Chien' ',Oa Winne, isphle to the earthier.
IllithdhelhitieteMie Ott of the City- it Ste Duxes.
Adam[;taa Pomo DOLLAIIII eOl Mese Moatas= Taw
Doctles roatellehipirees, ieeerteely.le sveaoe Joe the
thee eraeoe; :•', „ • • ,
mai,4rt4lo,katioievit of the City, it Teen Doh
eettent,le advance: ) • -
-16111144,144141 to liabfariblorit • ••Syi
iolot;(por otixibM;:ke advanced at "' WOO
'M60060641' . " 600
Piro COPlivo'' • " ' ' BOO
leitlapitit, Is - - 1 2 00
Vironty - • "' , (to 041 sAldreolj'„,- 30 00
Twenty Coploe, at ant, .(to - eddeose of oath'
otthortibat),,otob.. t ' 6,4 I ' 2o
lot o (ilo l a et twenty-ono of Door, we soVi. ea
ostre copy,.to. th e getter -eA of the 010.•
lUPoottnattott.oro tqaottol 6o sai6( for
.184 Virlift'i ' • - - .
ein.rav vsnattimmtilvais' I , c) muss
THS'itIIBKLY PRP& lephblished front the City of
Illisiladolphio: every &Airplay. , • -
It is - cOliduiited epos "National' Prlnctiplelli. ind , will ,
Aphold the rights of the States, it will resist fonati-
Caw Its'ererysha 'pa and will be devote& tti coraserf,.
atlVArittei, as the. fir" '10426t4011"0f phblio, mak,
Dal And ,riochtl-order;: linen , a ,Wpok4 Journatluis
long . n geared in ,_,_the 'United Stitml, Sod , i t is to gra
tify this want that TUE WPM! PM'S le lailAished
PHA WASKLY ERSEr3 U painted on eacollent white'
itow bpe, - Ind quarto form, for binding":'
If obhtolno all the News Of the day ; Oorreepoldentar
irons Co Old , World' and the New ; Dmarestlo • intern
-400001. Repoli. of 'the various:Machetes...Literary ite
'nova; Misoellaneous Selections; the pressen of Agri
aulture in all iteyarions depertmelatt, /to, km.
Mt"; germ., ilvosiably amigo.
Plittlqpitg.lorPßßSS will lie sent to -
salsierlberw, by mail, at - - 9i2 00 per imam.,
Twenty_ Copies; when sant to one ad
dreg; - - 20 00 - ' o. Tyrant, &Plat, Or over, to address of
Inch rubocsibery *soh, - - 120 E.
Nutt Club' of Twenty-one or „over, we will send so
into copy to theigettert•aa of Ake Glatt. •
0414140= ars ifft,!, o ta, 4 ,0 fclt
I %Nte-eat:o4att • 115itii,1 . 04441111.0..6440;.1 ,
"mug Atccenesokaalt -ettostir.'who•aesira-i"drist 'ciao
WeekitNewspaperrWin • snort thin:RW*lml° giro '
large etroalatton In Welt , wpm:tiro
Editor and Ptoprlntar." ;
Publkstiost Obles of "PIIE PIUMB, No. 411
inantriat !neat, Philadelphia,' ,,. .• '
t - -
Anbraoe &IRAs paints penesaaryto'.. '
ad all The "detail!' and blear 'eleganalei *bleb impart
MISR, SOMPOBT. AND ntruAslurr:
Geittlenian are United ta'aall and examine. - - ' "
• , 450 , 0DESTNIIT Street.'
d. B. 11131iNIELD,
0 VD: BY ACt'L . 18 . 0
liL L B R 5
agET(Thlit ortagutig. BAR. 'he *the - 111glie Hone
Billtedi with& Mentoirand
NOtely by t 'a. Shelton Mackenzie, D. 0. L. 'Sixth Mi
klos, with Tortralttaiul lemeinille letter: la 2.10111;
Prim 112. • k. •
SHE 12002121,ildblibilialeMl. ; Pr ofelasaiirilson,
J. 0. - Lockharc limeallogg, end Dr. Mited,
with Menadre and Notee, Dr. R:Philtonllackenaie.
Third 'Edition. 6 viitiunot, With' pertralta and fee.
slmitee. "Price $5,:" .• • - •• • • • '
MAGINN'S 141130BLLANIES. The MboellenootioWrit ,
In of the . late Dr. Maginn. Etilted,'lrith a Memoir
and Notes, by Dr. D. Shelton Ideckenzie. Complete
in 6 - volumez, with Portrait. • Price, per vol., cloth, 21.
WI ON TRH 8.T.t,80N.401111 Pult,EOT °URBAN;
By hie sou, Wm. Henry Curran; with Neter and Ad=
ditto na „ by Dr. R. Shelton Mackenzie, and a Portrait
aitBtee ,
atod,lervelatile., Third 'Mlitlon. limo., cloth.
THR aptuLpD:Tita 0 , 2LABBICIEB; a Ns
gang Slo0r; brdrigthe .ol - Lady Morgan , " Novel.'
MuLßOlniineelf.'„ With An: Introduction 'end Notoi, by
1222)“2,1212. • 2 vole.; 12m0., oloth.
GernSluncAiy2irTomilz.llatrirgton,4ith Minim=
*mobs Barley; • •Sourthi Edition. -‘ With Memoir by
Dr. Heickinnie. , 12610., cloth... , Pries 514 5 ,
moomps, - .Luf 'OP linitlDAH: • Henioisi of the
LTiet4tti Eight. Hen. Rieherd ,Bricieley Sheridan:
henitir Maori; 'Wit' Parrott and ,lan-elto lle .'
'Whim. 2 you .;12.0., cloth: Prioes2; -
'BLARRIft: 'Dr. R. Shelton 1222k2a28y
Third Rditlon. , 12m0., eleth, 21. - '••
By Major General Sir W. P. P. Naylor, from [the ',au
thor?a,last revised edition, filty.flye Maps and
l'lsne 4 llYO,Portralis On Steel, and"a complete indez,,
6 vole: obier."l'llcithl' 60. - " '
AMU'S PEN11123014.11.` WAR.' Complete tvol„'
Sur: 'Priori PAO; • • •
THY TOE -8y .7.17. Huntington, author of'-Lady
14110//, , ' .P.Albart t i'Jka. rot:, 12mo. Howled Edi
tion. brim 111 26
ALBAN ;,or,• The Miztory,‘ Toting , kur ..
if 2 rola, Eno., cloth. P/100
' 0 , 374.r , „ , , • r ,
I _lll3llll aud4Holl *eats. -
X* criAekto _ittatUr,the •wtobes,ot our ofrooormis p.• **lN mad:thoisoo, the book:buying public to 81l up thole
nbfeelea fit tip war low prices, we .Intend to'oripunt to
:rgpluottoiaor'id loboits to . :thoriolowit uu zip. ,
AC Qin 44(taisia et- truth 26 °natio PO: , Oall at
exit Italßeept;ledkatourr4TarbleHook,andrfleeT
ileuellset mare lel buying atvliuteeq for aveti &t
-allow gets Me boots at the usual pries, and very, Dumf.
will gut, is addition, it . , present worll baying. au7l-am
Wattbei, ‘or.
JUs idannfacturen of .
Midis 'their Inspection, on' the T1.0E11064 ololiudosly
Oitisons and Strangers ors invited to whit one menu
144 1 "7 ' . ; i
Cliastantii.Ort lurid ''..llk splendid stock of, paper*
'lWittchits, of *lithe celebrated , makers. '
arrawimr„ litrootatta; Brooches,. ltar-Illnim Ringer-
Singh sad all other articles In the Diamond line.
Draeriagiii of :NEW will be made free of
ebsige for these Wilelthig Work made to orrice.
A ,beatitiful assortment of all the new styles of lino
its& as Mamie, Stone end 'Shell Cameo,
leas; Oartsincle, Masotti* •
~ &e.
Also, Arouse sad Maible,OtOOKS, of newest ;Vies,
iihwitof gawp* quality. attl7dtwAwly
001STA1117 PIIQDIONOIL A 0608711 PlOlOllOl.
t1e:4112 QIIBBx Wr BBLOT4' PLPTIT 87/11,17,
Isaporton of4Watchea and Nine Jewelry, Maantaete-
Teli Of A - Wing and Standard BilYei Tea Seta, Porn and
*papas, {tole agents for the gale of Charles IrOdahain's
Woe, Genii (lold , Medal London Thnetneinro--511 the
Aix on hand; pride's USD, $216, an 44300,
•Stnallah awl Swim Watehee'et the lowest plum. • •
E faiddoneble Jewelry. - , _
,811.02d01d end Aniethsext nted Wixom.
4S. JARDEN & BRU. • ,
4a. • araseraoremaas AIM nirOlaTilti
,acld Obeertaut gltcooto4bore Third, tip stake,
- • - • ' PhiladelphLs. •
• OeastaStly oi head and rot aide to the Trade,
LADLES, k 0.., ,to. ,
Gilding and adatfpg on akl kinds of meted. :',1027.1y
IigILVER WARE.* - -.; -
- (ERIABLIOILED 18/2,) •
•I. N. CORNER 71y? AND engin: - gistaigio.L
A Sarre aseeranent of moms WILDA, of every de•
figstiptlotwxmatantly on hand, es made to order to match
any pattern desired.
Importers of Sheffield sad Edrailngham Imported
.& SON, Ito of
Pubblq Cargow & 00., Wholesale MANI3IAO-
4044611.80i.11WALRY,804. 011118TNIIT skeet, PhilL.
41100111 L Dtiio94.Wig. N. pulhomi.
. •
win ata
-4A-ALAik4NmR. ai E$
•-•"• lifts airoitmont of '- •`
myna k WANT , ON I
• ' • DOOPA
NOT Baas And *rem.
• - ttol *any noir In no,
, Dh
AB ) 1311.101 , 1'X'Ati, ko
94 as PO t4iPtilagatt';.eit4b/id,".nr4'°, {he
No. 26 Muth VeIIRTH street
PLUS* Om ye A coa,„
latele qta licetautatqii.
jAnttiAloi }SUNNING'S 011"1,140,11,
• • 1 4* SAVO./f1 No , 232 Oar** AnanITIA
went eoinei of 'BILOAD,and WWI/T r —ea=
and an other delltaalep in Season. ho`4ll0 11 30 .11 1144
with oysters on shoffesf notion. Ner-
• '-. Asovit lettaturi,
.• • •
a0.44-tf Malagnsx...& 80143,,PROPEIXTORN
.11 , 114.X1TT. HOUSE—Cdrnoi of I ff in,,§treee
ammaituesut WqsFittablirilk B. D. MAILKBBS
Proprietor. , sulB-90
tadlimertailfselling_oif reirisrpiii of ow
'lmportkig and noinufaottirink lariiits, MU 011138 T.
I '. RUT et. bdisw 016ve OW' entioo 4toineot
-410 , 100 OFPIOE;
"faiwpi ci . lfrltnify• ,forriixds.P.A*ol4fiei
,IPkOICO4,IO;:fILER monarie, BANK ,rions
1111 1 1MArither Vita bojaffn, lo .` oooo oottft ,
"' ifitlioffq UMW COEIfAXIIt kali the O,W, 01
"%TM 04 441041 of tito United etstoo, .• •
t:23; Lloungros*,
' 1014 ; - fiennol loporiotondont.
. .
iadmlY. keitArdui.sea.iB4l6i'which, ire can
mplk M Orr M Amlitioanj- and' varnatit superior in
k{44;‘- , 4 , . t datallntT Wing1001444a.410.;
:•-• ;3 1 1;14'6' 414, jisx4rserin, opkltscl9*7o/
. .
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VOL. I-NO. 82.
Legal Nofirm
WRBREAS. Letters of Administration to the estate
of J'AdfifS RELSII, Sr., late of Philadelphia; deceased,
hate been granted by the Register of Willa to tiro' un
derelgned ail Indebted to the said estate are requested
to meta, immediate payment, and Those having claims
against the same to present them to the administrators
IRAN cis u . i t Etsrf ! Administrators.
. . . If. W. eerner of Fitt and Prone ate ,
Ms 284 1 1 0r,fr-6t " • .. ..- ' Philadelphia, Pa.
• 4 0. 1 4 - t'o!kbyher nextfrlenl, ko., vs, Charles
•O. It' Our; Sept. T: 1856, l•lo.16. Libel for divorce.
And ;:ww, Oct: 24,1857, err metlon'of 'leery. 0, hots,
•Xcq.:; ter libellant, the Court grant a rule on respondent
show 'cause ' why. a divorce a• vlncolo • reatritnonii
'idiould not be decreed.. Returnable Saturday, Nor,
7th, 1857, at 10 o'clock A. 11 0c:27-tutko,4os
Jut akiszu: • • • ,
Lepers o f Adnilnistration o n thVabore estate have
been granted to the Undersigned, to 'whom all persona
iddebted to said decedent are requested to make pay
• i.[ : PATRICK MeGLON.E, 1200 Chestnut street
Or his Attorney,
. , 11A IA wp.oartat, 130 South Sixth street,
oel4-wet* . , , , . - .
, PattaiLDHLPHII, November 2, 1857.
' The Dowd of Directors bare, THIS DAY. declared a
dirldetref of wow PEI Om. for the !gat MX menthe,
payable mat:emend, 'clear of the gate teL
no2•2t; r COMEGYB,
enebial meeting of llie'Stoekholdere, of
the -4, President, Dtrectors, , and Oompwy of the Bank
of Pennsylvania," will be - held at the Banking-house,
on the ninth dayst Nonni:lNi, A, ih 1867, at 22 &cloak,
M., to determine whether to wept or reject the pro
tif the set of Aigeoblj,tentitted "Au not ro
;Tiding 'faiths restnption, epeete - payments by the
Reinke, airid'for' the relief: of debtors," approved the
18th instant.
By order of the Board of Directors. - '
:00.294N9 J. L. FENIMORE, Assistant Cashier.
.I. DYLPHU , October 6, 1867.—The annual meeting of
the Stockholders of this Bank trill be hold at the Bank
ing. Itattie, oa Monday, the ninth
. day of November
next, at 12 o'clock M. „
The annual election for 'Directors will be held at the
Banking house, on Monday, the sixteenth day of No
vember nett. B. B. CO/MOTS,
oct7-wtkratNl6 flashier.
MV o U s r i g i T c n . ERS' A ND,, DLECIIA-
, ' , ,PIIII3DELPIIIA, Oct. 4,185 T.
The amnia! meeting of the Stockholders of this Bunk
'wilt be held at the Banking House, cm Tuesday, Novem
ber 8, et 10 o'clockiA, 81.
t The annual election for thirteen Directors, to serve
the ensuing year, will be held at the Banking House, on
Monday, November /6 4 01, from 10 o'clock, A. Id., to 9
P.. 11. L .
W. WOODWARD, Osehiei
N.../ velaA, Pnicioncnna, October 12, 1857.
The Annual Meeting of the Stockholders of this Bent
will be held at tho Backlog-Bowe on Tuesdayathe 9d
Soy of November next, at 13 o'clock M.
oel2,mwict tnorl3
vaNtA, October 12, 1857.
The'Annual Election for Directora of this Bank will
be Held at the Banking• Howie, on Monday, tho 16th day
of November next, from 10 o'clock A. M., to 3 o'clock
octl2-markf tootle , 8. O. PALMER, Oashier
ji. ; , liearmii'sie - iatti:r Lr lfl i r l eero c re t°b w e i r lf t l l ) L 4 east the
Banking - House, on MONDAY, the 10th day of Novem
ber next, between the hoary of 9 o'clock A. M., and 8
o'clock P. )1.1 and on TUESDAY, the 8d day of Novent.
her next, a Ormond Meeting of the Stockholders will be
tald at the Banking Donee. at 4 o'clock P. El., agreea
bly to.tbe charter.
R. U. T.RWIR, Deshler
?4,ttornt - po at gam
Oti r o l GOODE- ,
Boyrtion; ilfechtenkurg County,' Va ,
Attends to protessiobal trosinens la Vie Courts of Mesh•
isubbrg; ludenburg, ltatitax arid Obarlotte countioi.
SbaPleigh & 800, Philadelphia..
Baptistk White, New York.. •
Zanier, Bro.olcSo.,,Baltimore.,; ,
' fitayth,Stone, & Batiks, Petersburg, VW—
;• Adis & 4rkt, Mahatma!, Ts. ' foal-Lim-2m
will attend with punetaalttl, and to the . boat of Ids
ability,. to all business entensted, to bb care. ; , ootnrn
1./ °AT LAW, Southeast Cornei of STGIITH and
CrOST Streets', Philadelphia. sal-11
oIiNTRIN itre4t, Potty/Ills, P. iin4-ly
I The aomamers ot tbiscolobrigod beverage need no
demlitiOn of Itsqualities or evidence of its excellence,
'beyond the benefit they hitvo derived from its use since
ita introduction into this country; to those who have
, notyet made an acquaintance with this CROWNING
Malt Liquor it maybe well to state a few facts :
Owes its excellence 8.11 n ,beverage to the superior quality
of the Lope and malt, the mineral prope al.+ of the river
?water immediately communicating with the brewery,
and the *Monti& *kill applied In Its manufacture.
Not being sweetened or strengthened to please vitiated
palate, therefore, neither heating nor heady ; but
fitoiluaitic and appetizing.
10 the delight and enlace of the Indian Entaltern in
hie fuming bungalow—the worthy rival of brandy
Is the del* without which no Min can be complete—
no journej by: dawk Resale._
Is the favorite drink In England of lord and bagman—
duchess minnow
Is the muoh•admired tonic for invalids and pereons of
weak interiors.
Will keep In all climates; and le good at all meals—lun
eieon, dinner, or supper,
Is pronounced by the medical faculty one of the most
wholesome beseragea that can be taken, and is found to
be not less agreeable to the palate than it is beneficial
to the health. ,
Is universally conceded to be unrivalled in excellence
by any other imported into the United States.
Dealers and CAIMSUISMS will find It their interest to
give this Ale a preference. Yoe sale in cask and bottle
Agent and Consignee, 44 BEAVER lit., N. Y.
On sae at Detram:doe's, William et., corner of Beaver,
and Clumbera t corner of Broadway.
Sutherland's, 38 Pine street.
Berryie,lo Pine street.
Richardson d Ileyter, 120 Water Et
-George F. Burgess, 483 Broadway.
- N. B. Gosling, 331 Broadway,
scriber offers for sale, with , a perfect title, tho
property known as the REID GOLD AND COPPER
MINE, situated 8 miles from Concord, Cabarrue county,
North Carolina: With the mine is a plantatien of 74e
acres of excellent land, well watered and wooded, and
a large MANSION HOUSE, with barns, miners' houses,
powder ,and engine house, and other buildings; new
Warn engine, 45 horse poser; Cldlian mille t stamps,
ccumps, Jo., embracing all the machiner tools
anary or for the full equipment of a mine in s good order,
The mine has been worked at intervals for the last 50
years, and , has always been profitable to resident pro.
prietere, but has never been worked for any length of
tmOwith au engine, end machinery. The shafts and
ollories sop well constructed, the stoppings have never
been taken mit', and from 50 to 78 miners can he profit
ably employed in the old workings. On the property is
fortaidable rein of copper and , lead, which has never
been worked, and a new gold vein has been discovered
since the tint or this month, at which three men hare
been at Work, taking out fifteen hundred dollars a day,
with a good prospect of its continuance,
no24hu ' CHARLES J. GILBERT, 181 Broadway.
signed wOuld reepettfully mil the attention of the
public to the fact that they hove and aro daily reducing
the price of Philadelphia Gus, from $2.25 per into feet
60 the low price of $1 60 per 1000 feet, by their BIODIO,
RAO Ulan OR, which saves 130 per cent , a clear saving
et 1 canto ,on $2.26, ther,eby m
reducing the price fro
V.,25 Icith,so per 100 feet.
We are daily putting the Regulator on all the prinei.
pal , and 'prominent buildings In the city churches,
libraries, factories , betels, and'other public buildings.
It has .also, been plated on at the Philadelphia Xx.
change: Hundreds of certificates 'in favor of the nail
Regulator, Nun those ;haring tried it, ehowing the
above saving, pan be men st our, (dace.
Btore4reapora and the public generally are requested
tomcod ln , their order. Cent of Regulatory from to
uptiarda, according to 'size. Ordere through blood's
Despatch prOmptly attended to. :
N. IL—Pillyenergetic, enterprising, and persevering
man wanted, to *amuse for thellODRI, 111.01,11,61011;
eau make from $2 to $5 per day.
°thee No. 44 South Filth street,
'0024-1M • next to lilood , s Denpateb.
is now prepared to' receive orders tor.this important
manure. or all lands upon which ashes are beneficial,
the Marl 10 mere than a substitute,
professor Cook, in his apnual report to the Legisla
ture of New Jersey, says: " The value of these Marls as
best seen in the rich and highly cultivated district
which has been lint:roved, almost node, by their use ;
but it may be interesting to examine the cannon of their
great adlue in Agriculture, and to compare them with
other instill:era. For example: Tho potash alone may
be taken at an average of tire, por cent. of, the whole
weight. of Marl, a bushel when dry weighing eighty
poands, - and in the proportion mentioned would contain
four pound' of 'potash ; this is nearly as much as there
,is in a bushel of uuleached 'wood ashen." And ;gain—
it iii Probable that the greet value of the Marl is to be
'found in the fact that it contains nearly all the nub
-0611001 necessary. to make up the ash of our common
cultivated plants.
Price; delivered en board vessel, at the wharves of
the company at Portland Heights, onilaritan Day, New
Jellefri scion cents per bushel. For further particu
lars, see circular, sent free of postage. Orders for
other fertiliser* will receive prompt attention. Address
either of, the undersigned.
Dleeville Post Office, New Jersey ,
. . TAPPAN TOWNSEND, Trcaanrer,
No. 82 NSSIIILII street, New York,
Gmonos W. ATiooni Secretary, No. in stmear street,
iNew York:
N. 11..—Those whaling Marl for Spring use should
,osider Immediately, tp secure its early shipment. Orders
will ha Sled iw 7.47411)11.
t. e sc')3. .SOFIELL'S
...0, , , , F..001111E8, OF TENTHHALL AND VINE BTREP.TB,
iilterey'errriclety" of MARBLE MANTELS TOMBS,
stipplled twin reasonable Ceram. , att24.tufßrn
COTTON -400 bales good Middling to Mid
elllas VAN Cotton{{ in store sod for Nile by
119 North Water olrßet
Ely 'Ortss.
There is an afflectation in some American
periodicals of concealing the names of those
trim write particular articles. Like many other
bad customs, this is derived from the practice
in England. The Edinburgh and Quarterly
lleitiews may be said to have established what
was formerly only occasionally adopted. Yet
who could be mistaken as to the authorship of
the leading papers in each number? There,
in the Edinburgh, as visible as if the name
were placed at the head of the article, was
,readily recognizable the keen analysis of JEJR. ,
FREY,,the laughing sarcasm of SYDNEY SHITU,
the vigorous hand of.Bnomnam, the strong
sense* of Honzut, the logical force of Wnara
ter, the metaphysical thought of MACIUNTOSH,
the Imaginative delicacy of Moan, and later
still, the brilliant word-painting of ltfAeAur,Ax.
So, in the Quarterly, reading men at once know
the sarcastic bitterness of OITYORD, the ele
gant scholarship of ELLIs, the kindly feeling
Of WALTER Scow, the deep learning of
Setrrursr, the geographical knowledge of BAR.
sbvr 2 ,,the poetic criticism of bfit Itkit, and the
ItWeeping force of - Loestawr. This recogni
tion is more difficult now,' when the writers in
the great British Quarterlies are so much in
ferior to those whom we hail) named—flounder
ing in the deep waters which the others
breasted, with sinewy force and wonderful self
reliance. They, are less readily recognised,
because, wanting the individuality which ema
nates from Genius, there is loss interest in
speculating about inferior people.
The Magazines have affected the anonymous
. also, but, with the exception of Blackwood and
Household Words, the concealment has been
almost nominal. Chamber's Edinburgh Jour
nal, in its prime, (which long since passed
away,) kept a good deal, though not wholly,
to the anonymous. Dies ass has made it the
rule of his Housekold Words, and the result is
two-fold--first, that some excellent writers,
such as SALA and Wuxin COLLINS, have in
' voluntarily given an echo of his style, and
next, that, while Gtermis actually writes very
little in his own periodical, ho gets the credit
of almost every good thing that appears in it.
Blackwood preserves the anonymous mar
vellously well—and better now than formerly.
When " Christopher North" poured out his
poetic prose, every body detected JOHN WIL
SON. When " Ensign and Adjutant Morgan
O'Doherty" rollicked in the pages of Ebony,
running riot in criticism and getting merry as
well as witty at the "Nodes Arnbrosiame,"
who did not know the erratic and brilliant pen
of Dr: Macumr4 7 And so, equally, with DE
array of wits and scholars, who used to write
for Blackwood. ',Utterly, few are recognizable.
ATTOUN, always—ALlSON, often—W.4,lMM,
invariably. The style betrays each known
writer. Sometimes, there is a good deal of
guessing. Thus the authorship of " The CRY
tolls" was a long time undetected. So
Zaidee" was not discovered until it appeared
reprinted in a separate form, when it appeared
that a practised novelist, MAROARDT OLIPHANT,
was the writer. So, " The Athelings," alto
ODIPHANT, was attributed to many
authors, until, at last, the truth came out. So
"Lady Lee's Widowhood," a dashing, splash
ing, man-of-the-world novel, was accredited to
ut least twenty popular authors, and turned out,
at last, to have been written by a cavalry officer,
Major ILunrs.
Harper's Magazine ostentatiously preserves
the anonymous, and does not gain anything by
doing so. At first, when it avowedly was
mainly made up of articles !( conveyed " from
foreign periodicals, perhaps there was worldly
'wisdom in not naming the source. But, since
it has become established, with a circulation
larger than any monthly periodical ever ob-
Ltained, in any country, it has gone largely into
original articles, and, in truth, takes very lit
tle from foreign sources. It can well afford to
abandon them altogether, resting its credit on
entire originality, and generously doing jus
tice to its own contributors bypublishing their
The Knickerbocker, on the other hand,
which is the oldest American magazine, and
composed wholly of original matter, almost
always publishes the authors' names, and many
a reputation, which now is groat all over the
world of letters, had its commencement in the
genial pages of" Old li:flick." Had they been
cabined, cribbed, confined," within the fro
zen boundary of the anonymous, when they
first wrote, they might, in disgust, early have
dropped the pen.
When Putnam's Magazine was commenced,
in 1853, there was an affectation of mystery
as regarded the authorship of the respective
articles. A poor affectation it was—for that
universal confidant, the press, was made ac
quainted with each name, and told the public
Cozzens, and all the rest, poetized or prosed in
such or such articles.
We were curious to see how the new peri
odical which notional Boston had announced
would manage. We did not dream of the
anonymous here, for twenty-four native and six
foreign writers, of more or less celebrity, were
duly advertised as forming the literary stall of
the Atlantic Monthly. A fortnight ago, the
first Number appeared (beautifully printed, we
must say) and lo! not an author's name to
even a single article. Strictly anonymous, in
deed. While we yet wondered at the want of
judgment thus exhibited—for the public like
to know authors' names, to judge whether
what they aro reading equals what they had .
read, from the name pens, besides the gain
in the way of popularity—we find a paragraph
in a Massachusetts paper, which raises the
curtain pretty fully. There aro nineteen
different articles, (exclusive of editorial,
literary and musical,) and our country con
temporary names the authors of eleven of them.
We learn that the Personal Reminiscences of
NAY, au English writer; Illusions, by Encason,
the transcendentalist ; The Manchester E WM.
tion, by CHARLES E. NORTON, of Cambridge;
British India, by C. C. HAZEWELL, of Boston;
The Origin ofDidacticPoetry,bgAnus RUSSELL
LOWELL ; The Autocrat of the Breakfast Table,
by Homms; Pendlam, by J. R. TROWORIDOR
Sally Parson's Duty, by Miss R4ll TERRY, of
Hartford ; Akin by Marriage, by C. W.
Ppacto, of Suffield, Ct.; The Mourning Veil,
by Mrs. STOWE; awl The Financial Flurry, by
PAR RE GODW/N. By the way, had GODWIN'S
name been prefixed to this last, we should
have read it moro carefully than we did—for
you may as well put a kettle) on the fire and
bid it not boil, (the illustration, though homely,
was made by WALTER SCOTT,) as get PARKE
GODWIN to write without his plunging, in some
way, into a diatribe against the South. And,
sure enough, at the wind-up of a discus
sion on the causes of the financial panic,
Mr. Grooms slily introduces a hit at
"the inexorable shape of the slave-power,"
which (he declares) "consults no interest but
its own in the management of Government,
and Will never make a concession to the manu
facturers or the merchants of the North, unless
it be to purchase some new act of baseness, or
bind them in some new chains of servility."
PARKE GODWIN is a very able writer, but the
atlantic Monthly will tie well to remember that
the first serious blow to the undoubted popu
larity obtained by Putnam's Magazine, under
the original editorship, (by Mr. Bamos,) was
given by its publication of Mr. GODWIN'S at
tacks upon the South.
The information respecting the authorship
of articles in the Sttantie Monthly came to us,
in onecountry paper. From another, published
In. New York, we learn that Florentine Mo
saics was written by MOTLaY, historian of the
Dutch Republic; Santa Filomena, by Lose-
FELLOW; The Romroany Girl, The Chartist's
Complaint, Days, and Brahma, by EMERSON ;
and The Gilt of Tritemius, by WHITTIER.
TllO sum total is, out of nineteen anonymous
articles the authorship of eighteen is declared,
in the newspapers, adthin ten days of the pub
lication of the Magazine. Such being the
case, how useless, how ridiculous, is the Idea
of affecting the anonymous.
For The Prem.]
LEBANON, Ootobor 27,1857
It is not in the spirit of the partisan that I ad
dress you this letter, but with the view of calling
your serious and careful attention to a subject, in
which you cannot avoid feeling, in common with
your suffering fellow citizens, a deep and absorbing
interest. The sad condition into which our work
ing and business ela,sos have been suddenly plung
ed, and the present and prospective misery that is
likely to grow out of the terrible revulsion that
has overtaken us, demand the thorough and un=
biased consideration of the people, and mere par ,
Ocularly of those who are placed in the .responsi
ble position of journalists, and as such, exert the
influence that you do. The temperate tone of your
paper, and the sympathy you profess to feel for
those who carryout and conduct the great indus
trial operations of the country, lead me to expect
that you will henoeforth give to the overshadow
ing interests of the working classes an earnest sup
port, and receive the sincerely entertained view'
heroin expressed, in the same spirit of candor and
respect in which I assure you they are offered.
However difficult of solution, and whether proxi
mate or remote the cause may be, of the fearful
break-up in business and nearly total stoppage of
manufactures that have taken place within a few
weeks past, there is no mistaking its effects. These
are presented in eharaeters that' not only excite
commiseration, blit the most serious apprehen•
Sion as reeptiots the condition of myriads of work
lag people during tho'approaching winter. In the
manufacturing and mining districts, the desola
tion produced by the revulsion is the meat
parent. The throng of female operatives, who so
recently tilled our cotton-mills, and made them
resound with the hum of industry, are now east
down and lamenting at the torpor that rests on
their spinning framer and looms. Hard-working,
honest men, embracing an aggregate of several
hundred thousands, have been suddenly bereft of
the means of supporting themselves and their
families, and stand in woful, helpless groups about
the closed doors of the nvichine-fihops, foundries,
rolling-mills, factories, furnaces, and forges, in
which they lately toiled contentedly and cheer
fully for the bread and raiment to which they, of
all others, are the most strongly entitled, This is
not only a distressing but an alarming state of
affairs; and it requires but little acumen to point
out the danger to society, in thus instantly wrest
ing from immense numbers of our people the
"from hand to mouth" support, on which so many
of them depend. Be whore it may, there is a fear
ful accountability resting in some quarter for the
absolute want imposed upon our producing dames.
On occasions such as the present (minis, and in
any emergency of danger and trouble, it is na
tural for men to endeavor to trace effects to their
camel; and even to venture on the suggestion of
remedies, whether they possess any virtue or are
heeded by those at the helm or not. Specifies so
cheap and freely offered, may be worth little or
nothing separately; but from the long array of
them, now presented to the public, the " powers
that be" may be able to extract a little something
from each, that will when combined afford the re
quired relief. Permit me to add ono more to the
list; and though the remedy is by no means an
original ono, but on the contrary a very old one,
it is nevertheless balsamic and deserving of the
consideration and adoption of our citizens Indi
vidually and collectively. I esteem it not only
for its inherent virtues, but because it has come
down to us, invested with the celebrity of having
figured conspicuously in the public, and private,
practices of such sound economists as Dootor
Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Tames Madison, and
others equally renowned And endeared to the
American people by their examples of wisdom and
patriotism. It is simply this: Nations and hide%
vidnals, to Le pros". otts, mun live within their
kfr. Fox complimented Doctor Adam Smith, in
the House of Commons, for Isis clear and forcible
exposition of this trntit in the " Wealth of Na
tions;" and, though it has long sinoo passed into
an axiom, it is no less strange than true that we
still persist, in violating it nationally and private
ly. As long as wo continuo thus to sin against the
clearest light, wo must suffer from such periodical,
rovulsions as the ono that is now Involving in ruin
our working and commercial classes in all sections
of the country. Tho extent to which wo have
boon pursuing the suioidal polio," of spending more
than our income is exhibited by the tabular state
ments of exports and imports which Amon:Tony
the last report of the Secretary of the Treasury.
During the last eleven years, from 1846 to 1855
inclusive, we have bought foreign wares and mer
chandise to the amount of $2,351,527,001; audit'
the same period we have sold to other nations
breadstulfs and other productions to the amount of
$2,029,172,896, leaving a balance against us, taking
the olohn years together, of $222,354,105; while
at the same time there was a drain of 8277,644,6911
in speedo and bullion from the country—of which
but 875,524,923 has returned to us, leaving our
circulating medium and bullion $202,119,653 short
of what It would hare been under a policy that
would have limited us to buying no moro than we
The effects of the system of low duties, orpartial
freo trade, that has boon in oporation for the last
eleven years, are various and somewhat compli
cated, but still not very difficult to trace. During
tho operation of the tariff of ISA our manufactures
have had to strugglo severely to oko out a hero ex
istence in competition with foreign workshops;
with the exception of the spasmodic prosperity of
the past throe years, brought about mainly by tbo
increased price of labor in England, and the enor
mous inflation of credit, produced hero by the in
flux of European goods, which wore offered at low
prices, and on toms so inviting that we could not
resist buying, and to an extent far beyond our in
come. The most prominent recipients of this abun
dant credit were railroad companies, which were
numerously organized all over the country, tind
particularly in the West, whore railroads have
boon built that aro twenty years in advance of the
wants of the present timo. But the ability dem%
roads to pay, it seems, was a secondary considera
tion, and was entirely eclipsed by the facility with
which cheap iron could bo bought, and loans no•
gotiated abroad; but that very indifferent iron and
lone could only thus bo had at heavy sacrifices
in the way of snares, ranging from twenty to thirty
per cont., could not have possessed a feather's
weight in the estimation of the pseudo Yankees
who headed there schemes.
To oporato such roads, pay interest on their cost,
and declare dividends out of their earnings, WII9 of
course an impossibility ; but in order to give them
prosperous phase, immense floating debts wore
created, by borrowing money ut enormous rates,
thus sustaining and extending the reprehensible
and ruinous system of usury, that is now devouring
the subatanee of our honest busineas mon. The
holders of such bogus railroad, and other securities
of the kind, were not in the true sense of the word
panic-stricken—for that implies alarm without a
Cause—but they have had occasion to bo alarmed
at the fact, that has within the past few months
become frightfully apparent, thatsucb investments
are worth little more than the paper on which the
certificates of them are written. This discovery
has caused the rush of securities of all kinds into
market, and is the cause of the ruinous decline in
the price of them, and of the total overthrow of
confidence, that has occurred in all sections of the
Facer:sive importations, or the practice of buying
more than we sell, has not only crippled our mann
factures, created a stupendous line of abundant
or cheap credit, by means of which unprofitable
and costly railroads have boon built, and the
wildest speculation in hind, encouraged along
the routes of them; but it has stimulated indi
vidual extravagance to an almost incredible
extent. For the proof of this, I refer you to sta
tistical statement No. 16, annexed to the last re
port of the Secretary of the Treasury, which shows
that the average annual consumption per capita
of foreign goods, under the tariff of 1842, was only
four dollars and fifty-four cents, while the con
sumption per capita under the low duties of the
last cloven years has reached a yearly average of
seven dollars and seventysix rents. The differ
!moo in our use of foreign fabrics and wares,
under the protective and free-trade periods, is
three dollars and twenty-two cents per capita
less' under the former than the latter, which,
multiplied by 21,000,000, the average of our popu
lation for the last eleven years, gives above
51T,000,000 as our annual. and $817,000,000 as our
total consumption of foreign goods in tlint time,
over and above what, it is no more than fair to
presume, it would have been under a policy that
would have restricted us to living within our in
come, or have made our imports and exports td
range as they did under the tariff of 1942. The
balance of trade in our favor during the operation
of the tariff of 1942, or for four calendar yours
under it, as per official statement, was $40,262,188,
exclusivo of spool() either way, whioh is the truo
method of stating the account, instead of classing
coin on either the debit or credit side of It. In
cluding specie In our import and export uooount
does not exhibit its true standing, from tho fact
that such a rendering of it does not help to shoo*
the true consumption and produotion of the coun
try; but in order to bring out the sucoeasful ope
ration of the tariff of 1842 in still stronger robot,
it will be found, even after adding tho import and
export of specie, that the balance in our favor
was $24,279,181,
In view of rho Mote stated, anti Culled from offl.
dial sources, I em at a loss to know how the revul
sion 'tinder which the country is writhing can bo
trued to any other oauso than that of living be
yond Our income, or, In ethos words, importing
Mush more than we export. This, it seems, to mo,
is the true secret of our troubles, and to blame the
Minitel, or point to them as the origin dour embar
rassment, as many persons do, is mistaking ono of
the effects for the cause of our distress. Banks
have doubtless many sins to answer for; but I can
ned see why they should be denounced and held
accountable for their inability to pay their debts
in epoch), while the policy of the National Govern
;went is suoh as to render it impossible for them to
convert the best of assets into coin, by draining the
country of it to pay for extravagant imports on one
hand, and looking up million'ef specie in the Na
tional Treasury on the other,
;Though the question of a protective tariff is still
a mooted one, and many aro sincerely opposed to
55515 a 1111 043UM-40011USO they have not given the
subject the careful and earnest consideration it
deniands—thorn are, however, signs of healthy re
flation appearing of late, in the right quarters,
.oh this important matter. As instances of such re
tire of the " sobor second thought," I have only
space to refer to the Into circular of Duff Green,
Esq. t which is fall of misgiving as to the work•
Ingo of the tariffs of 1818 and 1857, and to the re
cently published opinions of the editor of the Rich.
;Bond Examiner. In that paper of the 23d inst.,
ihere is an article published, that is full of protec
tive tariff data, in spite of an effort to conceal it.
TO, 041010 referred to gives the imports and ex
perts of specie from 1815 to 1857, showing abidance
against us of $258,317,020, and then goes on
to say that, until tho return of the bulk of
Wig , 'fat .treasure to our shores, "we cannot
expect a return of an easy money market
and sound, system of business." But how aro We
to Lidop the drain of specie that has been going
oh—faith the bars exception of two years—for the
past thirteen? Such a tariff ea we have now, 'and
have had for years, will not do it, no bitter expe
rience has pros-on; and the only method to reverse
thestroatu of the life-blood of business, and keep it
Bowing into, ;Maud of out of, tho country, is to re
turn to a tariff approximating, in some respects, to
the tariff of 1812, under the four years operation of
which vie gained specie to the amount of $15,033,-
207, while business of all kinds flourished uninter
ruptedly, and the balance of trade was largely in
our favor. To attribute the drain of epoch:3 from
the country to over-issues or paper money, is a
mistake which is too apparent to pass current.
If tbe statement of facts herein contained prove
anything, it is the necessity of such An adjustment
°Our revenue laws us will produce much more of
an equilibrium in our exports and imports than
hae'oxleted for the last ten years ; and if such St
change is to ho made, there should unquestionably
be discrimination in favor of our manufactures.
It Is a groat mistake to suppose, that this subject
is effete. It is new more fruitful than over, and
not to whit less out of place, in the dismission of
the eufferings of the people, than is the idea of re
trenchment in the mind of the bankrupt. De
voted, as I believe you to be, to the interests of
four native State, and to the working and busi
ness classes throughout the country, induces the
hope that you will do what you can to promote
the change in the present tariff that the depressed
condition of manufactures and trade imperatively
domande Wry respectfully,
Yours, hu ,
[For The Press.]
A few men aro just now busily engaged in advo
eating a tariff—not for revenue, for of that we
have hail too mud, we yet have enough, and we
ought to need and require oven less; but these
persons now demand a tariff of protection for the
waka of protection—a thing always protested
ngainst by the mortars of free trade, and rarely
eountenanced oven by their opponents. I, Mr.
Editor,' am in favor of free trade, and I propose to
make a few notes, and to put a few queries upon
the resPoctive themes of free trade and a tariff.
I shall, of course, express my own opinion on these
euhjeote, without regard to whether it accords or
not with yours; but, thanks to your liberality, Tile
PREFISi isnot only open to ono, but to both aides of
these qttestions, and if I ho wrong in any position
I Who, I shall be glad to be corrected :
I Shall begin, then, with a note upon the origin
of the Hord " tariff." In Traub on Words, page
" Nor Is the true deri'ratiotsr•af' tariff' •
unwortlev to be traced: we all know what it weans,
namely, a tired scale of duties, levied upon lin.
ports. If you turn to a map of Spain, you will
take note, at Its southern point, and running out
into the Straits of Gibraltar, of a promontory,
which, from its position, is admirably adapted for
commanding the onto moo of the Mediterranean
Sea, and watching the entrance and exit of all
ships. A fortress stands upon this promontory,
called now, we it !as also called In the times of the
Moorish domination in Spain—. Tnittr.t. — The
name, indeed, is of Moorish origin. It was the
custom of the Moors to watch from this point all
the merchant ehips going into, or coming out of,
the Midland Sea, and issuing from this siron
hold to levy duties according to fixed $O3lO on all
merchandise passing in and out of the straits; and
this was called, from the pined where it woe levied,
Tarifa' or' tariff,' and in this way we have acquir
ed the word," and the thing.
Now mark the origin of this thing. Here were
industrious and peaceful merchants trading to and
from the different countries of the earth, anti in
terchanging their respective products It war for
the advantage of the producers and consumers that
this trade on the high seas should be free, nod
that their products should be untaxed But
their ships snore obliged to/ pass this fiertre,s,
' Tartfit,' whence these Moorish sea-robbe t e
forth, and, with levelled cannon, cried snip! The
obit) hove to, and the Moorish otheer of customs
stopped chatted to levy the fixed duty. /lon. mod,
he took wo aro not informed, but that he did tale,
and for the purposes of his see/wits, is clear ; and
jest what he took, the merchant, the producer,
anti, finally, the consumer, fort. It is true, that
this import ditty or lax wade tho remainder of
the goods dearer—that these imported goods rose in
price, because out of them the owner had to make
sip his loss. The consumers, icier as well as rich,
had to pay that much more for them, in conga
gum of which fewer of them were imported
—the domestic producors of the like goods hail
less . competition to encounter. They etWe
quontly raised their prices, all which the consumers
had to pity. In Glow times, the owners of these
ships and goods called that net of the Moorish
custom office roltrry ; the people who imported
them had not then discovered that this tariff pre.
lofted their own industry. They too were a bile
pie peoplo, and they said that by such it tai Uf
they lost just what the Moors gained ; and even
the littler did not imagine that this not of theirs
was a protection to the industry, end downrightly
profitable to the purchasers of the plunder they
had left ; they were a very intelligent hotly of
men ; they know well that they were thereby
taxing—or, if you choose, tarilling—am many for
the benefit of the few—themselves. With them
might was right. Unlike the modern Willer,
they scorned to contend that taxation was no tyran
ny. So much far the origin of the tariff ;we shall
next consider whether the thing has not over since
retained the same signification.
I have said that the tariff originally signified
this, vie : the forcible taking of a part of
the owner's goals, inconsideration or the remain
' der being allowed to pass free; and I say that
that it yet its meaning. I said, too, that when
the Moors of the Oastio " Tarifia" took a part of
the ship-owners' goods, they thereby injured
the Importers and consumers of the remainder;
and I new say that when, by way of tariff or duty,
our custom-house officers take from the ship-owner
a part of hie cargo, they too, and to that extent,
injure the importer and consumer. in elket the
cages are exactly alike. Observe, I speak of the
affect of the two operations ; I do not say or
mean that the intention of our eustoni-houso officers
or their principal, the Govornutent, is like that
of the Moors. I huvo nothing to say about the
motive or Intention of any elan, or class of men,
be they in favor of it tariff or otherwise, I
say that the thine itself is wrong—its meet
is injurious, no matter with how good or patriotic
an intent it may be done. Some wee, and I regret
to have to include among them the chief advocates
of a tariff, cannot discuss the merits of free trade
without turning aside to impugn the 'motives of its
friends. Witness their daily assaults on Mr. Dallas
and Mr. Walker. If we assort that the act of 1816,
reducing duties, was beneficial, their replies are :
What de you think of the Kano letter? Wes not
Mr. Walker bribed by British gold Was ho not
poor, and is he not now rich ? And both of them
should be hung! True, gentlemen, you did burn
them both In effigy; but I have never yet known
that thelanguage of a fishwoman, or the logic of the
fagot, has persuaded or convinced the judgment of
any man whose judgment was worth changing.
Lot the merits of every proposition, and not the
motives of its proposers, be the sole subject of con
But, to return. When a merchant of Philadel
phia exports the products of our workmen, ho does
so in order that ho may bring back or import in
exchange or in return for them, other products of
greater wave; and of course he, and consequently
this olty and the whole country, are bononted just
in the proportion that what he gets and Imports is
greater than what he exported and gave.
Now, with this return oargo ho is stopped at his
home port, not,' it is true, by a Moorish, but by a
United States officer, who demands and takes from
him a certain portiOn, or what is the same thing,
the value of a certain portion of his property; and
for what? Why, as tho prlee or consideration for
permitting the remainder to pass free. I say, then,
that a part of his property , is thus compulsorily
taken from him, just as effectually as formerly by
the Moors of Tarifa. Oh! but, say you, it is taken'
lawfully and for the support of Government. I
reply, that I am not now considering the motive
from Which it was taken, or the purpose to which it
has or will bo applied Tbo merchant or owner
has lost it, and that is all at present I wish to
show. BO fay, then, our tariff and that of the
Moorish sea robber, aro identical. Now, when the
owner has brought in the remainder of his goods, it
is ovidont that either he or those to whom he Bolls it
must boar the lass of what has been thus taken, or
else that it must be borne between them ; In either
Cods, and up to that point, the importer or con
sumer, or both, are losers and are injured to the
amount of the duty, tax, or tariff, thus imposed
upon them. And that was just what happened to
the importers and consumers in the ease where a
part.of their goods was taken from them i or tarifa,
by the Moors. So that it is true, then, that in its
effect upon the owner and consumer, their tariff and
our tariff are identical ; and if the levy of a tariff
on our imports has the eject of protecting the in
'dustry of those among whom they are Imported and
who consent° them, then the Moors' robbery must
have had the same effeots ; they must thereby have
been the protectors of home industry, and thus havp
exemplified the saying, i‘ that. IS no robbery." The
supposed difference we shall examine hereafter.
It is ineleted that to levy a tariff—that is, for
the Government 'teetake from the importer a cur
tain part of hie' property as the conSidoration of
permitting the . romaindor to be brought into the
enuntry—io in dna to increase the wealth of the
country ! Thus, if Mr. Copo should bring to our
port a cargo worth, say $lOO,OOO, and the Govern
ment should tako from him 50 per cent. of those
goods, or $.10,000, by way of an import duty or tariff
ho will have but $50,000 left. anti he oats add that
amount only to the wealth of this city; and yet,
the friends of a tariff contend in effect that Mr.
Cope and, the people of this city will possess more
wealth by having this remaining $50,000 than
they would have had if the Government bad not
taken from them the other $50,000, but let them
import it all untaxed and free! Now, that is cer
tainly a curious problem; it may be stated thus:
What tax or tariff upon, or percentage taken flaunts
given quantity, will yet and consequently increase
the quauti ty jrom which, it has teen taken? Oh, but
say they, wo do not contend that the quantity of
goods imported is Increased by the duty levied
upon their importation; on the contrary, we admit
that it is thereby d, creased. Very well, gentle
men, we shall soon see bow that affects the commu
nity. In tho first place, then, how were these im
ported goods obtained? Mr. Cope got them for
nothing. or else he paid for them. If he got them
for nothing, surely he gained by that, and how win
the people to whom goods aro given for nothing
ever suffer by the gift? Is any individual injured
by obtaining for nothing what he needs? And if
DO ono is so injured, how ran a community, which is
composed of such individuals, bo injured? There
is a very easy way to test thLs : lot any person inform
you, "Nfr: Editor, in whist instance he, or any other
given portion, has been injured, that is to say made
poorer, by having received goods for nothing; when
he does so I will support a tariff to keep him, and
others like him, from obtaining them so cheap. But
suppose, which of Numb' the foot, that dlr. Cope
paid for the goods he imported : with what, lot me
ask, did he pay for them ? Ile must have paid or
given for them tho products of American labor:
float is to say, ho exported the products of the
labor of Americans, of home industry, and
brought back and imported in exchange for them,
the $lOO,OOO worth of goods I have spoken of.
Now, are not those 0100.000 of goods the product s
of American labor, of home industry 1 If a car
penter works at, and puts in a building, his labor
for ono week, ho can point to what he has actually
dono, and say Mar Is the product of my labor
and when his employer gives him his wook' a wages,
slay nine dollars in gold, can not he also point
to the gold and truly say, that is the product
of my American labor—of my /soma industry? Is
it tho lase so because the gold may be foreign—
Spanish or English? Certainly not. Is he not en
to the whole of tho $9? Should the Govern.
went put a duty or tariff on his $9 of gold, and
thus take off 10 or 20 per cent , because the gold
had been imported or we, foreign? Verily , no .
I And if he iureets this $9 of foreign and im„unelad
gold in any other foreign and imported article, be
it cloth for himself or silk for his wife, is not that
article also the product of his American—his home
industry ? And if the Government takes from that
1U or 20 or 50 per cont., by way of a duty or sari fj
does it not thereby tako that amount from Irim and
hiswifo antifamily? And is not that a duty or tax
levied upon and taken from American labor and
home industry
Change the case, and let sue show it in another
light. Suppose the carpenter still to have his $9 in
gold, and that cloth enough to woke Lima coat wore
at this port and were imported free of duty for that
sum ; now under this free trade, and in the absence
deny duty or tariff, he would obtain this cloth for
his coat at nine dollars, or for ono week's work ;
that coat is surely the product of his labor!
but, says the friend of a tariff, the Government
should have put a tax or Orilla one hundred
per cent on that cloth defuse they allowed
it to ho imported, in order to protect American or
home industry. Very well, lot that be done, and
we shall son how it will operate When that duty
or tariff of one hundred per cent. has been laidon
it, the cloth can thou 100 brought into this port and
bo sold rot eighteen dollars. Our friend, tho Ameri
can carpenter, walks down to the importer with
his nine dollars in gold and asks him for
tho cloth for big coat. Al,, my worthy Ameri
can mechanic, I could hare cold that to
you for nine dollars when the Gado was free, and
before I was.compelled to pay this duty or tari ff
of MO per cent. on the cloth, but 7101 ,, and under
this tari ff just put on to protect American laborers
and home industry, you must return and work
another week, and thus give tho product of your
labor for two weeks, in order to obtain tbo coat,
which, under freo trade, and without any tariff, you
might Lave obtained for only are week's labor
Of course, Goo carpenter feels the protection,
though be divot not get the coat! Oh, but insist
our tariff friends, the Government iv thus main
tained, and an American instead of an English
cloth-maker will ho protected. Protected ropiest
what Why, from the competition of the fo
reigner. How did he compete with the Ame
rican 0011r-rood:or Why, he sold his cloth
to tho carpenter for $9, while the American
cloth-maker could not make or sell it under $lB,
and so this will protect the hitter, because the
English cloth at $9 will thus be kept out of the
market, end the American carpenter num buy at
$lO from tho American cloth-maker! In other
words, the carpenter is taxed, or one-half of his
labor and of the product of his industry is taken
by the Government, to protect his neighbor, the
cloth-maker! But why does he submit uncom
phsiningly to this tax f Because it is not taken
directly from him, and he trios to believe that he
dots not specially feel it because he does not
actually see it. If he will strip it of its high
soundiug nowt of protection, ho may at once see
too well as feel it. Thus, suppose that, instead
, of the duty or tariff of 100 per cont. being put
on the cloth before it is imported. as ut
',resold, the Government were to admit it
duty free, end then call or require the ear
, pentor to posy them the tariff or duty of one hun
dred per cent. —that is to say, to give them nine
dollars in gold, or which is the same thing, to give
them the wages of his labor for ono wcok, for the
purpose not of supporting tho Government only,
for that would bo but a mere !retinue tariff or
duty, but to protect tho cloth-violet—would ho do
it! Would ho submit to pay that duty or tariff
Assuredly cot! Ito would say to the Government,
1 will boar my share of the publio expenses—l will
contribute to the revenue you need, but I wilt not
submit to bo taxed to support the business of other
tradesmen Millions for defined, but not a cent
for tribute!
[For Thu Prees.]
The author of the graphic and very accurate
skotch of the tato John Sadlier, in THE PRESS of
to-day, says, "The inventors of the guillotine'
and of the Soottish maiden,' both perished by
their own discoveries."
Tho Earl of Morton, who invented what was
called " The Scottish madden," (an instrument of
copilot punishment which anticipated the 'me
chanical principle of the guillotine,) actually lost
hie own head by its means.
Tho Scotch carpenter, Brodie, who invented that
improvement on the gallows called " the drop,"
whereby death Was made more rapid, ale,' person
ally experienced the advantages Monis own in
But Pr, Joseph ignatius Outlletim whose adap
tation of "The Scottish maiden " was caused by a
feeling of humanity, to diminish the pain of death
by rapidity of execution, and who deeply lament
ed the facilities it gave to murder during the
Reign of Terror, in Franco, died quietly in his
bed, " in peaceful retirement," (as the Cycloiketlia
of Biography Informs me,) in the year 1814. Popu
lar belief is that ho perished by his own invention
in the French revolution, but ho survived until the
above date.
The atpaniship Quaker City ; Capt. Shuteldt, from
Mobile the 27th and Havana at 5 P. M. on the 29th
ultimo, arrived at Ne w York on Monday afternoon,
four daya from the latter port Ttio Quaker
Oily made tho run from Mobile Bar to Havana in
forty hours.
The steamship St. Louis, Capt. Hudson, from
New York for Aspinwall, arrived at Havana on
the 29th, and left the same day. The steamship
Cahawba had not arrived at Havana when the
Quaker City left.
The steamship Star of the West, Capt. Gray,
from Aspinwall for Now York, arrived at Havana
at 3P.M. on the aith. She had on board coven
hundred and fifteen passengers, (all well.) the mails,
31,600,000 in gold for New York and $50C,000 for
Europe. She would leave nn the 30th. Twenty
dve of her passengers earn' to this port in the
Quaker City. The cause of her detention wad the
bon-arrival of the Pacific steamship Golden (late.
That vessel left San Francisco ou the .sth of Octo
ber, but on "the following al ny her machinery (in
Part) became dicibled, and oho was compelled re
return to port, where she arrived on the 10th. The
ensuing day ber passengers, specie, and mails were
transferred to the steamship, Gulden Age, and
again took took their departure, arriving ut Pana
ma on the 24th. The /01:110 day the passengers,
&e., recobed Aspinwall, and immediately em
barked on board the Star of the West, nhich had
awaited their arrival.
Twenty-five of her passengers canto to Now York
in the Quaker City. The following is a list of their
names: Cal. John C. Fremont and servant, Ron.
D. C. Broderlok and servant, li. Palmer, B. Allies,
J Moss and servant, C. McDonald, lady and three
children; Mrs. J. B. Ober, Mrs. J. N. Angier, R.
Barnes, Mrs. L. A. Young and two children, 11.
Haight and lady, B. C. Williams, Col. C. James,
C.. Meyer, J. B. Pertly.
The San Francisco News Letter, noticing the
departure of Col. Fremont, says: "Col. Fremont
leaves our State by the present outgoing mail
steamer, the Golden Gate, an route for the East
and Europe, whither be proceeds with the now
completed survey of his vast domain, Los Maripo
sas. About fifty tons of auriferous quarts, from
the various veins, yielding, with the present im
perfect methods of reduction, fifty dollars and up
wards per ion, have been shipped in order that the
savaur of Europe may confirm, by the severity of
their tests, its unquestionable richness. Col. Fre
mont has, by his brief sojourn among us, discharged
every lien and outstanding claim against the pro
perty, incurred in its development, and is pro
ceeding to Europe to perfect arrangements by
which the construction of the extensive canal for
mining and irrigating purposes can more fully
exhibit the incalculable richness of the :Marino
' ins."
The advices from San Francisco are to the
11th of October. We have no very important
news to report. The official returns from nearly
all the 'counties in the State giro W eller 11,630
majority over both the other candidates. The
total vote was about 90,000. Mining returns since
the departure of the previous steamers are Tepee
minted as very encouraging. Quarts operations
hare taken a new start, owing to some rich dis
coveries which have been made recently in differ
ent portions of the State.
Our seeounts from the mining districts are even
more than usually favorable. The streams are
nearly all flamed, and the diggers bard at work In
their beds. Astounding accounts of the richness
of the "Cape claim," at °roving. are ?mired.
Col. Fremont has been sojourning in Mariposa
county, adjusting his difficulties with the miners
located on his grant. He has Cent down several
tons of auriferous quartz, which is to be shipped to
Europe, where It will be tested in the most
thorough manner art can devise.
An unusual number of deeds of violence have
occurred in various parted the State.
A civil suit against Henry Bates, late Treasurer
of State, and the sureties of his official bond, for
the sum of $lOO,OOO, the amount of the bond,
was tried in the Sacramento District Court last
week, and resulted in a verdict against the bonds
men for the full amount. The case of Bates against
the Pacific Express Company has been continued
until the next term of the District Court., This
suit was instituted ter the recovery of 024,000,
advanced to that firm for the payment of the July
Interest. 'Bates and Rowe, his deputy, are both
still incarcerated in the prison-brig at Sacramento.
Bain, who has been carrying on his peculatlona
against the Mint 'for years, has at last been sen
tenced by the United States Circuit Court to six
yi,eve r traprisoument_in the State Prison and to pay
a fine of 52,ta0.
- the line of telegraph is to bo Immediately ex
tended from Marysvillenorth to Shasta, Sranksiottni
The crops have all been garnered. and the yield
is excellent and abundant.
The arrival of emigrants across the plains was
increasing daily. It was computed that 16,000 had
arrived this fall, and the total number for 1957
would not fell short of 30,000.
A project is now on foot in California for raising
money for the coustruotion of a wagon-road front
Clear Lake to the Sacramento Valley, at a point
nearly west from Colusi, a distance of some twen
ty-five or thirty miles from the Valley. and se; en
ty-tivo miles from 31arylville. The best batter
and ohocse that California produces aro the pro
ducts of the Clear Lake +alleys, and the dairy
business is already carried on there to an extent
which would surprise those unacquainted with it.
The United States frigate Independence had ar
rived at San Francisco f ro n t p an .,
The United Settee strainer Wahs•h was lying at
Aspinwall, where she will be stationed for name
Two SC93CI3 of the United States nary were
cruising off the cent of Nicaragua, on the lookout
for Walker atmd the fillibusters.
The Mechanics' Fair eloied on the 2iith ult.
having been attended with an immen.o concourse
of people, and having netted over and above all
exponene something over 'moo. It has bed a
very favorable effect upon the industrial interests
of this section of the State, and gives rcliewed
evidence of our productive energies.
Oa the 27th, the California State Agricultural
Fair aas held in the city of Sineltton. - It woe ar
ranged on a lewd comprebtat 4 ice reale, and in
cluded within its oeope agriaultural products, tt prior
of meohanieal art, both useful Neel ornamental,
and tiro stock. The ilieplay tras exocedin4ly cre
ditable to the State Squashes weilfaing 213
pounds, beets of blt ponnds, potatoes of 211 pounds,
apples and pears weighing 2 , 3 to 20 ounces each,
corn stalks 20 feat in height, indicated the wonder
ful produotivonees of California soil, and challenge
comparison with the world. A largo wagon was
also on exhibition, which weighed 0 or five time
sand pounds, and was capable of carrying twel%
tons of merchandise. It was intended for a team
of twelve mules. Among the incidents of the fair
was a display of female equestrianism, character
istic of California in some remarkable rove,: 0, and
not easy to be excelled One young lady, after
riding nearly all night, from Sacramento to Stock
ton, entered the lists on the ensuing morning, and
scoured the trot prize. Among ether accomplish
ments in this department, she showed that she
could saddle her horse, leap on his back from the
ground. then unsaddle him, remount in the 93M0
way, and then ride him at full speed bare-book
la woman. A little girl, of eight years only,
joined in the race, and came near gaining the first
prize. She could also saddle her horse, change her
position, in full career, from a female attitude to
that of a male, and ride her horse with a rope
about his nom instead of a bridle. The exhibition
was attended by thousands. from all parts of the
State, and so great was the assemblage that accom
modations for slopping could hardly be found.
We have later and interesting news from
Southern California. All labor• i 3 suspended at
the copper mines' of San Ysidro. On the contrary,
the Jesus Alariti mines are being worked with
The exploring party sent out to examine a now
route from San plego to Deseret for the overland
mail has returned, and report favorably thereon
A party of emigrants, arrived from Texas. report
serious difficulties with the Indians.
Groat excitement existed between the Sonorians
and those on the Gadsden purchase, and no Ame
ricans were allowed a passport into Sonora.
The Pinto Indians in Arizona had chastised the
Yuma and Apaches, fur killing some of their wo
men and children. The Pimps killed one hundred
and fifty or ono hundred and sixty of their oppo
nents, and lost only twenty-five themselves.
We copy the following telegraphic despatch flew,
the Sacramento State Journal. It is dated Genoa,
Sept. 17. It will be seen that by it the rumor of
the exodus of the Mormons from Carson Valley, by
order of Brigham Young, is confirmed :
" The Mormons are all making preparations to
leave for the arrest Salt Lake ; they will leave hero
in about ten days, and will have in their train over
100 wagons. Their farms have been purchased by
immigrants coming over the plains this 800.1011.
The immigration this year is immense. The valley
me all alive with men, women, children, and ani
mals, 1, ho have just arrived over the plains. The
immigration this year will reach full 25,000, and
probably 30,000. Two-thirds are women and
We copy the following from the Sacramento
Union., tinted Placerville, Sept. 26:
"The Mormons wilt start on the 25th October.
There will be upwards of two hundred wagons, a
portion of which are ordered to emigrate to Sal
mon River, and the balance to Salt Lake City.
Brigham Young has ordered a secret cavalry com
pany to organize from the Saints in Carson Val
ley, armed and equipped with one year's provi
sions and clothing. Sty informant also states that
it is the intention of the Mormons, if matters get
too serious, to seek a refuge in tho Russian Posses
sions, where they hare already driven the stakes
for a new 'Mon.
" The rich valleys and meadows in and about
Carson aro porfectly alive with stock. Genoa is
ail activity—escurstcuists are arriving dotty from
the States."
The Financial Crisis In the Atlantic Slates.
[Prom the San/rancho° Herald, Oct 5 I
By the steamer yesterday we received news of
financial crisis in New York. Several of the oldest
established banking and insurance firma had sac
numbed, and railroad stocks had declined to a
figure nnpreced en tedly /ow. The New York papers.
with eommendable prudence, have labored with
might and main to allay the excitement, and the
probability is that if they had pursued an opposite
course we should have to chronicle the most wide-
Suomi ruin in the Atlantis States. Here tee can
dame the causes of the pule without reotstilut,
Oorrupcmdenti tot r Tit Pile*" VII Meese War in
mind the' Mowing rates :
Ivory communication must be atoompanted by Ute
name of the writer. In order to insure correctness to
the typography, but one 'aide 01 a abut &amid be
urines, upon.
We elan be greatly Oiled to ge,timula Peehee -
Tapia and other States fret iintrilnitiotel jiving the ear
rent news of the day in their partleular looslitiee, the
rescarcal of the en mending comets 7, the istitase of
population, and any inheination that will be intimating
to the general reader
and can form an unprejudiced opinion cn the sub
ject. It must be confessed that the news of finan
cial distress in New York does not excite any very
unusual degree of surprise in this conunanity. The
fact is, we have long expected it, and the only
question for us to discuss is, as to whether we have
by this mail received the worst of the news, or if
the recent financial troubles are to be regarded as
simply the prelude to that greater, mere general
and morn sweeping crash which is yet to come.
But en this branch of the subject we do not propose
to speculate at present " Sufficient unto the day
is the evil thereof." and in obedience to this wise
precept, we will, at this time, confine ourselves ex
clusively to the facia which are admitted. The
panic in New York is ascribed to expansion, gem:-
7 + ,11 5, iu importations in the construction of rail
roads, and in the agricultural productions caused
by the demand for readstuffs during the oontinu
ance of the great war in Europe. It is not our
intention to dispute these premises. They ars
doubtlessly the cause cf the recent failures,
through in a remote decree. The immediate
cause to the changes obserteb's in the movements
of specie. We stated, a few days ago, that there
was a most gratifying diminution in the amount
Of specie shipped from this port eastward. An
examination of the statistics of the custom house
shows that the diminution atnennts to no less then
$1,070,18.5.35, mid that it bat for the most part
taken place during the third quarter of the pre
sent year. . .
011FG ON
Our •dates are to the lith nit. The Constitu
tional Convention was at last makine s•nue dehnite
progress, and there was no detalt of its fi,uat ad
journment by the let instant. The slavery leans
Linde little furor, and the 'let tepee ' , alley"
seemed to meet with general empties:tense.
Arrivals at San Francisco from the Sandwich
Islands bring, dates to Sept. sth.
The funcral of his Excellency the Late John
Young took place ou Sunday afternoon, The re
-11111i135 were escorted with military parade to the
royal tomb, where they were deposited.
On Thursday last the United States consulate
changed hands, our worthy (lice consul.. Dr.
(loorge A Lathrop, giving, place I. his successor,
the lion. A. Pratt.
The Pottine3ian saps: Captain John Paty's
guano exptorine expedition resulted in taking pee
eeesion, in the King's name of two islands uw.o
which guano woo discovered. Laysnan's Island is
the name by which one of these places is known;
and the other is called Leesnskey 'S Island.
The Pinto Indians had broken out in open re
bellion, and were laying siege to Titsla, the capi
tal of the State, with a force of 5,000 warriors,
commanded by the old chief : Juan Antonio. The
C 11112.0 of this tutbreak is as follows :
At the sale of the church property. eonfocated
by order of the Supreme Govern:tent. General Al
varez became by far the largest purchaser, obtain
ing mere tracts of land for extensive sums.
The Pinto Indians had always inhabited these
lends rent free, while they belonged to the Church,
but after they mime into the possession of Alvarez,
he compelled them to pay a small tax, trilling iu
its nature, but still a tax. This proeeeding irrita
ted these Ladling to the almost, and they laity re
fused to comply. To enforce obedience the Gene
ral bad recourse to military coercion. when they
arose in open rebellion, as stated. They declare
their intention to resist to the death any Jateropt,
either by Alve me or by the Suprema Government,
to enforce the tax, and have gathered 5,000 warri
ors, who have laid siege to the capital. To - resist
this force Alvarez has but 2,500 men, and is by no
means certain of subduing the rebels.
The United States sloop-of-war 'Vincennes,
lying at the Brooklyn navy yard, was ordered to be
put in commission yesterday, the 31 inst. The
Vincennes will sail for the coast of Afries the latter
part of next or the beginning of the week fallowing
Those having letters to send to their friends on the
coest of Afruus can leave them at the Naval Ly
ceum on or before the 10th inst. The United States
sloop-of-war Cystic, off Hampton Roads, to expected
to go out of commission in a few days. The injury
sustained by the steamer Sammie, DOW bilig at the
Gosport navy yard, on the night of the Path ult.,
is thought to he of a more serious nature than wan
at Ant apprehended. She will in all probability
have to p m dry dock, and perhaps be put out of
The Dutch brig, Walburg, with Drawfonl's
equestrian statue of Washington on board, has ar
rived in the James river, and is now at Newport
Nellie, awaiting orders. •'The arrival of this
tassel," says the Richmond Enquirer, "almost
simultaneously with the intelligeneo of the death
of the artist whose genius was manifested is
the completion of his great work, ore hit light
went out forever, will be regarded by some
as a melancholy coincidence; yet it is grati
fying to know that the object of his latest toil
has been borne in salty over the saes, and that
Virginia will be permitted to perpetuate his
memory by adorning her Capitol with his most
conspiennum achievement."
The • Binghamton (N. Y.) Democrat states
that a trial earns off before Judge Dakota at the
Broome Circuit. last week, between Mr. Beebe, a
reepeetible gentleman of Arty years and npwanla,
and Mr. Ayrai.aistnatnevarapeorthe Brießalimad
Mr.-Beebe batdpnashased a ticks - Strom ...Newburg
te - Adikiss% liatlkaarrielal at Deposit, heleit the
eare;belog istigwed‘to lay iiiteettldifaar-attiell:eor,
The next day betook-the. taa 'a'eloek A. St.-^eueP
grant train, west. but left it at Great Bead, atd
took the day Express train. Ayres, the eeedue'or,
refused to recognise the ticket, and put him' off the
train forcibly. Tho suit ass brought for damages
for the assault. Mr. Beebe recovered a verdict for
$250, under the direction of the court.
Hon. John Hamilton, of Warren county,
Pa., died at Saxer Grove, October 27th, aged
seventy-six. He was one of the early settlers of
that county. He was a native of York county, Pa.
In 1803 he settled in Cherry Tree, renaegoCOUnty.
Ho removed to Franklin noon after. tie filled tho
office of commissioner and sheriff of Venaorro
county, of which Warren was then a part. In
181 d he was appointed judge of the county of
Warren, which otbec Ito Debt until 15...1 Judo
Hamilton posseags..l in an eutincut de;roo the clia
raeuristies that mark the true renr..3yirsui..u.
He ABS honest in hi 4 intercom-se with alt person,
kind and friendly to all.
The SAnta h e Gaulle of the Z:Oth Septern.
her reports the 'mended re.d.prilttOn of bie otTicet,y
Judge Perry E Broektts.of the t , tipreniu Con rt of the
Territory of Nell' 3lexieo. The cause
a growing. defect of herring. uttribatej to Cao
peculiar climate of that country. The resiguatimi
will the effeet this mouth. Occasion is taken by
the Gazore to testify in atroeg terms to the bizit
estimation in wiiich Mr. It roettus is held in the
ToTitory, hoth ea 1 judge and a man.
A yonng man, Immo] William Cooper, was
accident l}y=t of by hi. Lather nn Friday last, while
hunting ia the » of LE"Si k0t..,11 Pa.
From the neldlilh received by .3fr.. Burt Cceper, a
resident of oar city, and a ht,,thcr et" the pat,:
man shot, it appears that the father had fired h's
gun at a pheasant, when one of the shot therefrom
glanced and struck the son in the eye. through
whieh It is supposed :o have entered ids brain, sad
eau el his almost instant death.
Orders have been received for a detachment
of two hundrol and fifty-three United State, re--
ern ti from Governor 'S Inland, to go in the Northern
Light on the fah of November. They aro destined
for the 4th infintry in Oregon, and 3d artillery in
Oaliforni 4 and Oregon, and are under command of
Colonel Casey. The officers aeeinepsnying the de
tachment are Lieutenants St. Clair Dearing and
James Howard.
Miguel T. Tolon, well known in this
country, died in Cuba a short time since. By bis
death the cause of freedom has lost one of its
most Jealous and constant advocates, Cuba has
beon deprived of a most faithful and uncompro
ruking champion of its liberty, and the literary
world mourns the loss of a distinguished poet.and a
learned and proficient scholar.
A telegraph despatch from St. John, N. 8.,
states that three persons, named Breen. Stavin,
and Lis s•n. the supposed murderers of the Backen
sie family, of six persons. on the 2.lth ult., were
arrested at their camp in the woods, and brcaght
to this city and placed in jail. They offered no
resistance. The coroner's jury had returned a
verdict of if Cul murder agains.t the above parties
Enoch Mudge, Esq., an old and well-known
resident of Cincinnati, died on Saturday morning,.
Ho had been engaged in business in Cincinnati for
over twenty years, and was highly respected for
his integrity and many excellent qualities of head
and heart.
Franklin 0. Hulse and Thomas Atkins, on a
charge of Manslaughter, in killing a citizen of
3larblehead, Massachusetts, were sentenced. by
Judge Bngp, at Lawrence, to ton years each in
the State prison.
Early on Sunday morning Paddock's lame
building at St. John. N. 8.. containing theatre,
ball-room. billiard-room, tc., was nearly destroyed
by tire. The lower part was saved, but was badly
damaged by water. Insurance
There is a clerk who has been in the New
York post office forty years. lie formerly carried
the whole Southern mail in a bag under his arm
across the river to Jersey City. The same mail
now amounts to ten thousand pounds daily
Geo. Vail Snodgrass, of Surdell celebrity,
came to Savannah on Sunday hot, and the Burden
murder is revived Ho, or eonr,e, is pointed at
wherever he goes, and the question now is. "Have
you seen Suodgras
In the New York Court of Oyer and Terati
per the trial of .liclasol Caneemi 1Y.13 1.01:01101
until the third Monday of November. and a pscel
of ono thousand jurors ordered to nem].
Wm. W. Mulford. a carpenter, while it
work at Bridgeton, N. J., received a slight blow
above the eye with a shovel. from the effects of
which be died the next night.
Major John Campbell, U. S. Treasurer Mahn.
General Jackson, is publishing s , ma articles on
the panic in the Abingdon Firziniait.
The Montgomery (Ala.) Mail, of Thursday,
announces the prevalence of killing frosts in that
Robert Wilson, whose legs wore broken at
the limo of the collision of freight trains on the
Baltimore and Ohio railroad, died on the ZiOth
In an affray at Clay's Ferry, Fayette county,
Kentucky. a few days since, Caswell Brown was
killed by William Rice.
Mrs. Ann Yarick, daughter of Gen. Win.
Floyd, one of the signers of the Declaration of In
dependence, died in New York on Friday.
John Nelson, a citizen of the United States,
and native of Wegt Point, N. 1"., ,I.ed et the city
of Mexico, 11th ult.
The St. Patti (Minn.) Plover is of opinion
that ion Alexander/Is/pity •• is probtbiy elected
Governor by a hundred votes."
Milwaukee, by a recent census, has 44342
Bayard Taylor's wedding-day was appointed
for Titehlai of last week, at Uotba l Geramn,T.