The press. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1857-1880, October 26, 1857, Image 1

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    TH-tf - PIVO:,S:
BY-4,01114,, ,Soit;NEY.*
Timing 6019 ne•Weszi'perible to the earners.
Hailed tailabiaribere antlit the Olth, et Stri Dard.the
tee di therm Vaee'DOthkite rot MOUT titedthey Tease
DOLLAfth poi FALlierres, tathrtably Ist 'drum tar the
time ordered.
• s•TR - 44;WEEKLY PIhSAS, •
Milled to ftubooribere out of the City, at Times Doc
rag AMSI7II, in adeoeee.
REEL a it s s
.. „ . .
WWINI:1, Pinkaa, Witt tie seat to ihtbeeribeee
_ by msll;(ter !apnea; in - advance,)'at ' $2 00
Threeloples, -a" ' " ' " 609
Flee ttoptee, ••• " ' , -" •
Tea °doles; ,•'" ' .'" a, • - - 1200
Twenty,.Copies, " " (loon. address),,,. 20 00
Tweaty,OoPes, or (wee,' " (to addresa of each
subscriber), eaoh.( - , 120
For WOlitb of .2'wewkvone 'or Oyer, we will load an
extra capita the satter-ap of the Olub.
Irr'Paittaaatere r a:l6 , requeated to act as 0 6euts f'"
Tea %aim* Paella. '• —' - - - ' . ,
~. .. _ „.., ~ . .
peceameepc" 1 _
1 1* , cHEArEsT AND BEST •
PAPatt Is published tha City of
Philtablyble;:eiery Saturday.. - •
It is conducted upon Natant& principles, and will
uphold the rights of the States: It will reelst fanati
cism id , every shape; and will be devoted to consery:
alive doctrines, es the true foundation of.publie pros
perity and social order. Parch a Weekly Journal, has,
bang beep desired in the United Stoles, and it la to gra
tify thin want that TED WERKIII PRESS it Published
Tiff! WRDRLY TRESS' is - printed Ott exeelteit'White
paper,. clear; nevi type, and In quarto form, for binding.<
It contains all the:News of the day ; 'OinweSpondeneit
from the - Olds World ,11134 the Nett ; 'Domestic Intelli
leeee; Reports - of tbe various Markets; Literary Re
views i.lliseellaneoue Selections; the progress of Agri
culture in all its various departments, &e.,
Terin;i, invariably sot aduailre.
TIM WZIIKLY.PII.II49 will be sent to
. .
eubscrlbere, by mall, at • - F 2 00 per annum.
Twenty ()claim, when sent to one ad.
drem, - - - - - • 20 00
Twenty Copies, er over, to address of
each:subscriber; each, - • 120
For a Club of Twenty-ene or over,
we will lend an'
extra otipy to the - getter-up or the ChM. • '
Poet bloaters are requested to act as Agent' for TIM.
WEEIrIiT PP22. • •
I will potato' it a great favor if toy political and per
aottal friebds,.aod all others. who deem a Omit clam
Weekly' I , fewepaperovlll exert themeolves to give THE
WEIthIT JtIIBSO alatge citeulatiou W their timpective
lid Proprietor",
Publication 011ioe of. TUB -IfFSKLY-PRESEI, N 0.417
Oheatruit Street, Philadelphia. •
cite.: „
dovssisas Pon TUC 'HEAD,
' Imbrue MI the 'points nauseant/ W
Awl all the details sod nicer ..elegancita which impart
Oentlemen are invited to call and examine; ,
00t26431 ' „ • pc! OREBTNUT Otreet.
(The following Appeared on Saturday with Aprovolring
error in the Piet line of ninth jerne. t , It IA now printed
The grand financial crisis; web '
Kea so convulsed the nation; . •
Should woe repentant tears to fall,'
And lead to reformation.
there te do etnreti now-a-daye'
' In heillenote•deteetnre •
They only name the 'Mlle when bid,
Ilutnot the 'sets niventots.
*ll6 honest tradesmen ire refused
Their fl ank uceommud►tione,
If Winking capital is loaned
"By officers presiding,
TB opeculating friend., because
With them th Voila aridhlg
Bcapenaloai that", and •bankitiptay, '
o , er honest men may lower,
.OPst:aim s oze4nr,'os :tows. •
Tbe 'rendition catch the bada : • -
Ppolibuthee oabeia beat, • - -
ttes'a T.RPORTT9 *111•B TO altos • „
Ten 1:11AOR OR 8008 !BIT OAT. ,
Athtli'this 6)11616 should be euptainea, •
Well may the - peep% dread • • •
Tux maintop time, 11108 8.1.13111.1 - 08111)
TO ROB age POOR OF ann., , •
, * •
• Hank ' soiled reldrin—tlieir aid extend
To tradesthen and mechanise,
die The pieelitaing'elaesee belg ; •
&Letitia the sew -or toll;
1110911 WHO lON
_ •
The law pliduld be layekell, and held ,
Thb Bias to strict account
:-Beroso b.,. pieta Amour:. --
fidbooke'of Aridly kept, "
The entrY of wank loam '
Mould make the discounta; day by day,
..I`o each director known. :•
And if,dieectorithen connived,. .
There Would be Wit, and sense,
In making /mods or capita!
CASlXtoffencia ,
I've only 1 : 40111, era I nonclodo,
To say 16,0 fie atutall— ,
TiviisaletiLvalVeOf peso bard times '
Te bennet.Va - Tower • ,
You bete no mute to be lammed,
Inept about , your diet.;
If you shoild'liant edit or clottiee,
A urns 01811 WJLL Bet IT.
Poi Bennett knewe.thit sore distiess „
The tluien have on ue hurled; ! , ,
ILisila,aiot blirlret at-eat', 'B6lO side, between
Niftit and SixttrAtreetio,." • ' " ; • ,
t• 1 -
„ „. „
VALVA.44I..E:4 . IItR A:R S
J. 8. '/131.11PIELD; '
OBETORNS OP PIM /BIM Bea. By the Eight Hon:
Btnbard.yglorßiietyM. P, Nita) With Alialleldf and
Notee, try Shelton Ifackenaloi D.C.. L. Sixth Edi,
tion 'wfth"l l ,o,o,,ra
T ES NOO tf.;s4 41 - 2 cols
P1R452 611 .‘
Alf - ProfeMorWaliien,
G,-Lockhart, IfainesMoßg, WEI?. Maglimir , Edited,.
with Memola and Notm,- by Dr. R. Shelton Mackenaie.
Third Edith/W.:, In is, "telfzmes, wit h portraife and fair-
Marilee) Pries' $5 ” , • .
MAOINIPI3 MlSOlLLANlRS:Vholdigeellauebrur 'Writ=
logs Note , talo Ilr:lMeeEditid;with a Memoir
and by Dr. A. Sh elto n Mackenzie. Complete
in 6 volumes, with Portrait. „ Price, per vol : , cloth, V.
By hie Son, Wm. floury Curran • with Notes and Ad
ditions, by,Dr.A. :Shelton • lifewitenclei and a Portrait
on Steel and farildmile.,Third Pelltion.:l2lno., cloth.
Price - •
tlonal Story, being the first of Lady Morgan's Novels
arm liontairiam. , With aw•lntroduction and Notes, by
&Prise ifibb l 4 3 , Usskerule....2 vols., 12m0., cloth.
I PersonalBkefcheiofbli
ersonal ifieicheiOf
Own Time. By Sir Jonah Sarringtoo, with Illustra
tions by Lierlay. , Yourth - Edition,
• With Mernoli by
Dr. Mackenzie. , I2rno__, cloth . " Price 1226: •
MOOBE'VLIF, OP :MERMAN. Memoirs of the
Life of Mie Eight , Hon . ..ltichard .11riluiley Sheridan.
By Thomas Moore ; with Portrait and fac-simile,
Sixth Edition . , 2 vole., 12m0., eloth.. Price $2. •
BITS Of 111,11.RNE,Y. ' Dy Xrr, It, 'Shelton Mackenzie
Third Edition,: 12m0., cloth. Price $l, -
By Major General Sir W. L-P. No4der,groin • the au
thor,/ :MeV revised edition, with fifty-flvd Maps aird
Plans, Are Portralta on Steel and a complete; index;
urno, - nloth. ;:Pries2/:49. • •'` "
APLIIPp flNSOl4AU,ll4R..:Oemp,lete,M.s.'vol.,
Soo. Prise aa.
THE ifORIETY fly'T.' l l:'lluiithiktiki;liuthoi of
Alice,"Alban," fr.o. 1 vol., 12roo. Second ?leap
Con, 'Prise 11 26- ' • " - • •
AZ , BAN are Tlla History Ofa Tonal, 'Puritan, By P.
9. Unlifieltiog. 2 vole., 12m0,i cloth: 'Price $2.,
AL/rn trialt, YOWL awl ASCII streets.
In order to gretlfr. the wishes of our numerous es
trous, and induce thihook•buyink publlo to fill up their
libriutee tetthe - neuel low prjeel, we intend to present to
evary. pur.ihaeqr of ' book thq, *taunt or 111 and up
wards , of fiotOA qtato to sma., Con id
oa r cabs% 4;104.0 'Dui lidoble stook, and sal*
for yourfatiolL'' . -
fleaolleettolferei lot bayintat inerkoe, for ' Mr/ Par•
ehseer tots' hie books et the Waal prite,aud eery mey
will geti, hi Addition; ipressot trotth au.ll-110;
, „ ,
2.74 430' OUBBINNT throati. N. B.—No Gomm
thn With -4 1 1 °#aer I FM. 1 040.043 . • elawain
03 PIOre; leibtliD.
Ifttodoetordre of '
IitUTIBEt 13TXR4NO ;$ll,1 7 XII ;WARE,
llteler 901 r, loapeoU4, o, itte, Atargiliflay
Wizens and Simmers exe turned to visit our otito','
golonnotly on band eletdild gook of inporloi
- Weans, of ellihe oelehieto4 toehete, ,
Neekluee, , Breathitt, -Sroockse, Y4sr4thtp, thegor ,
Map, oed all other esthete in We Dhlehood
DrawingiCetllEW IdiatatitcFP be .
. 4 'iltde trk
et4ior winitdindi iTAer.,,
. 4 tten °OLD JEWELRY. , .: •
A beantiOd iikkatit4ent of ill' ihet / 'style*
Tewidsh suet WilfW 4 d,ll4ne wd $6Ol Caw s
Pdati,,Oundi enebnde* WW4416141
• .
airivonlid loArrOlksolll ka,
A i m , Drone and ifa;ita• oLooks, , of immset 'itylwo;
aw or Apeq•br' quallY:r" r ,• • • lik7atwkyrty
i t wrxrporitipla
iiipornigB Or WATOIIIIIOO •
sele-itrOk , .
a/ No, 42Z oaravurt, Blunt wins Mum
Illiporters 411Vittehes and
ries of fitOsllig:Ond /thanked Mier ToOgotejtorkoorol
Spoona; solo agents for the sato of Charles Yttnlihantrs
new mown 'd, Medal. London Ittotantagetit-Lall t/to
sloes on Itandto 10160,4/05,1•1alittog. 1 3
lisp asvpstet ettlfwias Watebel to the pitisec,
Mott faabletiabletAwelry • '•-• •- to • •
ShiMeld and Alnerioan Plated . Wares.
0661 M ft,O te-s:
. ,
gi4ARDES - Jivinto.--' --- • '
mureaseteivi totioliq,a ow"'
• ---, - - •0 - AlittoriatelliMitir WARM, i • "
vrc k : aoi•inowlustotoietivainv.vtdr4;:,o
vaiiimitroitoit ittd , bit
riTOWlEMPaftlaffll AMP- '''=.ll-, ,
• fo )•••<4.
„ . . - ;tt•
90414 oakiliitialirepplOkixdi et siiiil4' . , 4*
• 3‘ , 1
. .
VOL. I-NO. 74.
Oiranpro' euibe in. pljilabelp4ia.
For the benefit of strangers and others who. may e
mirs to visit any of our pnbile Institutions, we publish
the annexed list. i
Academy of Music., (Operatlo,) corner of Broad rid
Locust streets..
Arch Street Theatre, Arch, above Bth street, l
Parkinson's Garden, Chestnut, *bore Tenth.
National Theatre and'Olrcus, Walnut, above High h.
Surdford's Opera Ilouse,(lttbleplani) Eleventh, below '
Market. .- .
Walnut Street Theatre, northeast corner Ninth 4d
Whitt. •
ThomeuVe Varieties; Fifth and Chestnut. ' 1
ThOnias'e Opera Ileum, Areb, below , *youth.' 1
'Academy of Natural' Sciences, canter of Broad Ised
George streets. .
.ASidemy of Fine Arts, Chestnut, otiose Teach.
Artiste lit nd liall,lohestuut, above Tenth.
Franklin .1 4 stitute, No. - 9 South Seventh street
1 , isetteveisist thasivil'il'ols•- •
Alnishonee West side of Schuylkill, Opposite South
. A busionsi (Friend al , Walnut etrest; above Third.
Aiisociatio for the Einplorment of Poor Women, No.
292 °teen st bet ,
Adylnue for . Lost ,Childroit, No. 36 . North Seventh
street,. 1 •
, "Bibid Asylum, ltacii, neer Twentieth street,
Christ °hutch Hospital, No. 8 °berry street,
City Ifospitat r ltineteenth street, near Goatee, '
Olarksor'm Nail; No. 163 Cherry:street.'
Vicipousary, Fifth, below Olteetdut street. ' i
Female SocietY for the Relief end Amplo'yttient of G r .
Poor, No. 72 North Seventh street.
tteardivais of the Poor, office No. be North Seventh
'fie ion Sotty Hail. No. 8 South Seventh street. •
Home for riendless Children, corner Twenty-thitit
and Brown streets. 1
• Indigent Widows'mut Slagle Wothen's Society, °herr'',
out bf Eighteenth street.
f pe n ; Widolel i Aaylbm, West and Wood , streets,
Elgh eenth Ward. ', , • . •‘'.. • - . • .
hi ula Hall; Chestnut; above Seventh street. •
'-'idekolilen Asyiuni, corner of Roes mid 'Twenty-first
.., ._. Spring , ... ,
.. No OMNI Dispensary, No. 1 Garden street.
" 0 hens', Asylum, (colored,) Thirteenth- Street, near
Ciallewhill! • •., ' '•- - •' - - . ' •
•• Odd Yellows' , Hell, Stith and Haines fittest. • •
I DO: " do. 15: E. cornet Broad and Spring Oar;
• I ' , . den streets. .
' - i Do. do. Tenth and South streets. • , •
do. Third and Brown streets..
Do. do. Ridge Rbad, below Wallace.
, ' Pe risylvania Hospital, Pine street, between Eighth
and Ninth.
- PefinsYlvaniatestituteforthetruitractinn of the Blind,
'corner Race and Twentieth street. •
Pennsylvania Society for Alleviating the Miseries of
Public Prisons, t3ixtli and Adelphietreets.:. ;
' Pennsylvania Training School for Idiotic and Feeble-
Minded Children, &Mont House :LAO, Germantown,
office No. 10 Walnut stoat. „
' Philadelphia Orphi n e.4syltica, northeast cot. N igh.,
.teontliand Cherry' ,• ' . • , •
Preston Retreat, Hamilton, near Twentieth street. '
, Providence Society{ Prune, below Sixth street,
Dispensary, No. iiii Shippen street.
Linton Benevolent Association, N. W. corner of
-tievetith and ' Sumatra streets. . ?;+ - • • • • . • •
; Will's Hospital, Race, between ,Eighteenth and Nine
;teen streets. ". •
.. - . , • „
. St.f orteplifellexpital, ,Girard, sienna, between Fif
teen and Sittechth: . :
Ep,scopal Heipltid, lipid street, between Hunting
don and Lehigh &Vannes. ''
' Philadelphia fleapitsl foiDlsaitses of the ()hest, 8. W.
corner - of C hestnut and. Park std, West Philadelphia
4 ~., roman animmicia. . . . ' •
C tom House, Chestnut street, above Fourth ,
. 1 County Prison, Passynnk road; below Heed., ,
°ay Tobacco Warehouse, Dock and Spruce streets,
City OdatiolieVa Mice, tilrerd Rank, second story,
ComialesloiMr of City Property, Milcc,litrard Bank,,
second - Mel. •••• • " ". '', • ' ' ' '
- ClItY Treasurer's 001ce, Girard TWA, seeend story. • ',
Oity COmmisliientestiace, State House. , ' ,
: • OR, Solicitor's Office, Fifth, below Walnut. ~ ..
Olt Watering'Ocraittee's Oftlosi,SouthWeet earner
Stfthosed,Ohestnitt, . h• ~ , ..f ,1. , ' • .
FairmountWateelFeeke,lairnionnt 'go, Abe Sebinyl:,,
kin. l -
MT: Trudt TreisuriWAs Office; Vittb,atioie Chestnut'
'Hose of Industry ; Catheriniriabove SeVenth.- .' "
Hoof Industry, Seventh. above Arch Anat. • "
Hose of Refuge, (white,) Parrish, between TWenty
emend and Twenty-third street., . • ." , • ,
Heim of Refuge, foolorodd Twenty-fourth„ between
Parrish and Poplar streets.
Health °Nee corner of Sixth 'and lieno ll l. , '
Ito mi ofOoriaetionAlush Hill.' _ , ' ”
Ida i ns Hospital," Gray's' Terry' ' load , • below South
Ma We ollice, 8.. W. • coiner' Fifth and Chestnut
ale Perdtentlarn Oeatee etz:est, between Twenty
a Tit, nillwenty•seeond streets., ~, --i .
Ifaz: irird, en pe,lielairitre, corner )'rent and Prime
NoNhern Elbertfier GakWorks, litaidin, below Front
Post Office, No. 281 Dock street, , - opposite -the Rx
ohankswi: -, .• i ~,,• ‘, -.1•.• '• • -.J, . . • ~. • •
- •Po
°faxl: °Mee, Roneington,taueen street, below Shatoka.l
Poqt 011Icri, Spihre Garden, Twenty-fourth street and
.PannsylvailsAvenue. , . •
Philsdelphle Xxolr4s, coiner Third ', Walnut and
Dockatreets. '' '‘ • ''' '`• • ' -' •
Philadelphia 4as Works, Twentieth and Market; °idea ,
N0.'58. &tenth street. „. ..
Pe e nsryystaiitlnititnto for Deaf and. nimbi Iltoidauld.
Otrebte. .. i ; +o• 1 es. i,f t •.r.
, Penu'rr, ; Treaty. Menument,,,,llemds, nbovit, Hanover
street. '
Pu he High - SthAli S.' E'.'rerner 'Bread a nd Green
PuSilie Normal School, Sergeant, above Ninth, -
.• Re; order's Office, ito. SStateileum,east wing.
-'. • &me House, Oheataut street, hatitesieitiNk tied Sintb
treeta. air,Apisce,*ittifianiii , riesr Bixtliatie'et. .-
111 p g 'Garden Copomissionoi 9 e Hall, Spring Garden
end Thirteent h streets, , , ,
' Union ' Tee:glare/no -Hsli . ,f Ohristian, above 'Ninth
street •
- United States .Mint, corner of Chestnut and Juniper
United States Arsenel; Gray's Perry Ros'Al, near Fade
ial street.
Na'al Asylum, on the Schuylkill; near South street.
United States Army and Clothing Equipage s corner of
Twelfth and °lrai mtreettn, , .
United States ' - Quartermaster's °Mee, arcs? of
Preh and Girard streets. .• -
001,1 ,
COge or Pharniacy, Rene street, above Se v enth.
' Eclootio Medical College,ThiJnesetreet, west of Sixth
Girard College Ridge road aial.College Arenus.
lioeueeopatlele Ileelleal "
1 0011 ego; Filbert, Street, oboe
Illeveptb. . ' . • - • •
Jefferson Medical Colleg e, Tenth street, below George.
Pol)lochnie College, corner Market and West Penn
Square.„ , . ..
Peunaflraielni• ide,dleal College, Ninth street, below
Phtsdelphic Medical College, Fifth street, below
FaMale Medical College, 229 Ar ' cli street.
. ' finireraity ,of, ,Permsylvaram, Ninth street, betweeel
Market, and Chestnut. ~
No, IM
of Free Medicine and Popular Knowledge,
No, IM Arch street.
'.. 1 n •:;,,,,b3A811241.0F tionare.
'Molted StateirUircult ,and patriot, Courts, No 24
Fifth reet, belo,sr Chestnut:
Ha eine 0811rt : OrTappflyiT,01, Fit% #dollestriut
stree .
0 o rt of Common Plea4lndenendence Rail..
, ells let Courts, Nos. '1 and 2, corner of Birth and
Chestnut streets. '
Court of Quarter Bilskions, cornet of Matti and Chest.
out streetii:” ,
American Baptist Publication Society, No, 118 Arch
Amtlean and Foreign Christian Union, No. 144 Chest
.nuts et. . , • ,
Aniericati '' faiday . School ;Union ( new) ,, No. 1122
Chestnut street. . '-
American Fract - liailiey `( pea)'; NO. On Maginot.
' Menfoolst, Crowdertroot, bolow,tiallowhili street,
. Pontunivanie, cod' Philadelphia Bible Society, corner
of Berlinth`na Walnit etieeen.' , • ,
Preebyterian Boardor pubilcation (nels), 'No: 8 / 1
'Chestnut epee t.' . ' •” ,
Preibyterian Publication Moms, No, 1834 eiheetunt
streoti. " „
Young Men's Christian 'Association, No. 102 Chestnut
Northern Young Alen's Christian Association, Ger
mantown Road and Rranklin.
Philadelphia Biblt), Tract , and Periodical. Office (T.
t l e
11. 8 itton'e),,No. 535 Arch street, first !IMMO below
,Stith treat. north mido
Putlieran Publication Society, 'No. 732 Arch street,
theloir s Tighth.. - .. - , ;
.• • •--•••••—,•
Yeenti. Central t;Eleventh and Market,
1 A. l M., Mall Train fotrittaburgh and the' Wait.'.
1235 P. Foot Line for Pittebnigh and the Weft,
'2.00 P. M., for Ifahisbarg and Columbia. .." '
.6.20 P. N. Acceinuntalittinn Train for LanCaritar.
11P. M . , ElprealiMail forVittaburgh iind the West:
Reading Rifilroatf-41Opot; Broad and Vine:
1.130 A. N., Express Train for , Pottarille, Williamsport,
Elmira and Niagara Falls.
11.80 P. M., as abtive (Night Expreas Train.)
'New York Lines.
I A. M., from Ninsington, via JereoY Dity.
A. M., from gamden,Accommodation
IA. from CaMden, Janiey City Mail.
.10 A. f., front Walnut street wharf, via ,tereey city '
. via Oaniden and Abbot, Expreaa.
SP. M., via Camden, Aicomniodatien Train.
P M., via Camden end 'Jersey City,
8 P.M., via Cauldeit end Amboy Accommodation.
'6 ,4,4,friniiWalnutetreet wharf, for Belvlde,re,Eiston,
Water Gap, Scranton, &a.
ee A. H., for Ireehhld. -
1 A. M., for Mountlglly , from Walnut street wharf,
OP. M. for Freehold, ,
for Mount Holly, Brlatol, Trenton, &O.
3 P.M., for PairayraVbrirlingt, en,ißordentowo, &o.
4 P. it., for Belvidere; Easton, &a., from Walnut street
wharf. •-•
bP. Y. for Mount Molly, Burlington, &o,
- :Baltiviore B.'.R.—Depot, Broad and Priem
6 A. 12., for Ilottimore,_Wilmington, New 'thistle, Mid•
dletown,,Deree, and Seaford.
`1 p. 114., for 11810Mers, Wilmin_gton, and New Castle,
. 4161'i If., fir Wilmington, New, Castle, Middletown,l • Dover,lud ficaford,'
P.U., for Pertytille, past Froight,
1 1 . 81:,•forDaltimors and Wiltnington.
Nora PestessYlvasia R. R..4iijwt, Front and Willow.
636 A!, M., for Bethlehem, Booton Manch Chunk, &o.
8.45 Al. M., far Boylettontr. ACcommodation.
'2,13P; M., for Bethlehent,..Naiton, blanch 'Chunk, &o,
-4 P. If., for Doylestown Acoonimodation.
6,86 01., for Owynedd, Accommodation. -• •
' Camden 'and Atlantic R. 11.—Vile Artist wharf,
1,80 Ai M. for Atlantic City.
10.46 A. M., for Haddonfield.; ,
4P. M. for Atlantic City.
'4,45P; M., for Haddonfield. .
1 Flo Westchester. " -
By Columbia It, It. and Westeheater Branch.
From Market Kt:inkling& all e; shots Eighteenth.
LawraPhilatelphia,7 A, If,. aM 4P: • • •
• !WOitchestetl4l3o kt,, and
,8 P. M.
linteelPhiladelphia 7A. M-. -• •••
• - 11 , iWestebsster 3 P.,M, ,
Weekbester D irect Eallroad open to Pormelton, Grubbs
' 'Pram northeast 'Eighteenth and Market streets.
Lam PhiladelSitdatl, and 2 A. 14., 2 4, and 8 P. N.
14 Pannelton,Orabbs Bridge, 7,8, and 11 A. M, and
' 4 end 6,P.M. .
On 86Mrd a7a tritlY.frotri Pennelton at 7A. M.
I— us'•frOusers
Leave Philadelphia 8 A." 1111. and 2 P. M.
" Pauneltatt9l44.ll. , and BP. M.
OrlOndafelea If9tristalonAit. B.—Depot, 9th and
•--:' 6 9 A'. M.," and 3, 443,1E45, and 11,15 P. M.,
, for Norriatfiwn. • '
ta,; , 0 11. en 4 3P, Mc, for Downingtown. t.
0 1 .1 . 0 • and M. 20 A. M.,,,aud 2,4, 6, and
U. for Cheatn'ut Hill
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()Wing to our readers the final instalment of
arcaneedote about Ania CHRISTINA, Queen
Dowager of Spain—the relation of which we
altneit commenced last week, we are about
paying it. An anecdote, new and true, is
something to think of in those bad times, and—
but we do not desire to boast.
PERI/MAN° The Seventh, King of Spain
and the Indies,' , (thus proudly ran his title,
even after his South American provinces had
thrown off the, Spanish yoke,) died in 1833, at
the age of forty-nine. Of all the oonarchs
who have sat upon the Spanish throne, this
was the worst. An intuleraut bigot; a Mau
in whom there was no truth; who seemed to
take oaths for the mere delight oft breaking
them; who, in the words of suELLE,,
Was a' coward to the stroug, ;
A. tyrant to the weak;''
who pretended to be a liberal, only that he
might establish himself as an absolutist; who,
did not possess even the last virturf of man-,
hood, being deficient in more physlealcourage ;
this man was ealittd "".The, Beloved,'{ when he
commenced' his reign," with a pritence
clemently and goednesi; apt 14 thellast, was ,
scrupulous in -piptlerying the Banquet—Or
ticularly as he more and more ceased tO merit it.
To the last, then, this badman, and loathed
ruler, against whose hated life conspiracies were
being constantly got up, was called Ferdinand
the Beloved.",
Ho had several wiveri—not all together, but
in succession. First, there was Menu. .kfr-
Town, a Neapolitan princess, so, amiable that
everybody loved her, and so beautiful that her
mother-in-law (the execrable parent of , 4 The
-Beloved") envied her, and , had her removed
by poison. The only time during which FER.
outann showed 'any symptoms of decent hu
manity was during the five years he was in
companionship with this excellent and unfor
ttinate woman. After her death, be married a
Portuguese princess, who died soon after;
then a princess of the house of Saxony; 'and,
lastly, MARIA. CHRISTINA, daughter of the King
of Naples, and niece of, the ox-Queen of the
French. It is of this last that we have to
' From the day ho married lt.LtragyintrwrizrA,
until the day of his death, she exercised great
influence over him. That she did so, he never
suspected, for she exactly followed the ex
ample of Madame DE MAINTENON, who ruled
Louts Xtr. withontallowing him to see or feel
the conueand. Ho was more than double her
age when he married her, and so very suscep
tible of,fiattery, that be firmly believed all her
assurances of eittraordinary personal attach
ment—and this, when there was placed before,
him, by her enemies, the strongest proofs of
her improper relations with Munoz, a sergeant
iu the Royal Guards. At' the last, he showed
his 'consideration for her . by,. yielding to
her request to set aside the Saliquo law,
which prevented the descent of the Spanish
crown, and declared, es his heiress, his only
daughter, the present .18ABELLA 11., now,
Queen-Regent of Spain. At that time she was
an infant. IiLARLI CnatariNA, •by
,NAND'a will, was appointed Queetf-Rogent dur
ing her child's minority. The instrument
setting astie the . Sallque; ltlw is called the
Pragmatic decree, and its effect was to de
prive Ellin &aids, the king's brother, of his
expected succession 'to tho Spanish throne.
It was signed in 1838, immediately before the
death, of FERDANAND. • , „
When MARIA' Onnurrncti's daughter, then
in the;attire called I ‘,lofie dotbea't wag ,thus
placed' on the throne, her uncle, Don CATMOSi
disputed the succession, and there sm:ting up the
civil war between the Carlist and the Christine
parties, in which Great Britain, Prance, and
Portugal gave such Substantial aid to the yoling
Queen that, after a struggle which lasted many
years, the Cortes fully admitted ,the clainis'ef
the young Queen, and exiled Don CAULOS and
his leading adherents. The Queen 'Dowager,
after a reign of seven years, was also driven
out of Spain, (in 18400 and found an asylum
in Paris, with her family, during the following
five years.
Queen CHRISTINA'S unpopularity arose from
two causes—the generally received belief in
her immoral life, and the undoubted fact that she
Was using her power as Regent mainly for the
purpose of personal aggrandizenient. 'lndeed,
even now, though the annual payment of her
large dow-y Os been stopped for some time,
CHRISTINA is ORS of the wealthiest personages
in Europe. , • • •
Immediately after- her husband's death, she
bestowed open maii3 'of favor upon Sergeant
Munoz, and, as 'he 'certainly is her husband
now; it is only charitablo'to suppose that the
marriage took place immediately after she be
came a widow. It was a long time, however,
before she acknowledged the existence of such
au union—not, in fact, until the gradual ap
pearance of a large small family spoke volumes
on the,s4jact. Before she Was sent out of
Spaih, in 1840, she had aimed the marriage,
and conferred on knives the loftythlO Of Duke
of 'Rianzeres:; A , weil-meaning; ignorant,
good-natured, and most unpresuming man,
devotedly aftached,to his Royal wife, Munoz
had few enemies in Spain., Even the old no
bility, who hated her, affected to patronize
Ho was only simple Signor Munoz, the known
favorite and, suspected husband of Queen
Onntsrma, in 1838, In tbe'preceding year,
when Don CABLOH; 'dashing across the country,
jehied'At Vanua, hid gerteral, and mink directly
for Atadrid,. Queen dunrirrirm. , was horribly
alarinedbefore the : pAumers were driven back
over the Ebro, and, recline the want of seine
place of security, resolved to obtain it at any
Accordingly, Mr. CILLALE9 Cumn, the emi
nent lock-smith in St. Paul's church-yard,
London, received an order to Call at the resi
dence of the Spanish Ambassador, and there
was requested to tender an estimate of the
cost of an iron Safe, some fourteen feet long
.by oleven!wide, which would be doublyflre.
proof—that Is frdm conflagration, and also from
cannon-balls, should the palace in which it was
to be erected •be sUbjected to the not very sa
lubrious propesa of bombardment.
Spanish credit not being very good at that
time, Mr. Cuenu required
,and received ample
security for the payment of the sum of £1,600,
wbichwas the stipulated price of that forge Safe.
For the benefit of the curious, we add that the
rich wool•lmporting house in• Basingluill street
(which, limo out Of mind, has acted as bankers
to the Sparkish Embassy in London) gave the
security which CLltiElts required.
When one whole side of th o Safe was com
pleted, it was taken down to the artillery
ground at Woolwich, Where, under an especial
order from Lord HILL, who was then com
mander-in-chief, it was tired at for some
hours, by ordnance' of different calibre, the
result showing that it certainly 'was ball.proof.
Atter, this satisfactory test, the Safe went for
ward to completion. At last, i t was finished,
was put together, for mope etion, .in Mr.
CanThe's works at Islington, was thoroughly
examined by the Spanish Ambassador, was
declared perfect, and, what was more to the
purpose, was paid for.
There only remained to 'nave it conveyed to
Madrid, and duly 'erected there, some extra
payment being made for tl se time and trouble
of two of Mr. Cuunn's w orkmen, who were
sent over to put it up.
That was done In a seers n part of the Royal
Palace at Madrid, easy i !Acessible from the
private apartments of
!hi 3 Queen Dowager.
Nothing could exceed her 'Majesty's satisfac
tion at the, completeness o f the work. It was
exactly what she wanted I. With her own
hands, she put tuto this irc in'repOsitory sundry
boxes of jewels, and cod Ors of gold, and tin
cases containing
,written" securities. Then
she placed Minios and the; It three children (all
'thud: had. In 1888)• within the massive 'iron=
walls of the Seib. 'Leal) 'r, 'giving directionS
.thiC *Pk 'he' libel ~,atad ,whea oho was,
heard to knock within, she put her own capa
cious person within the Safe, and it was care
lhlly from the outside.
In less than a minute, a violent noise from
within give notico that the massive bolts most
be: unshot, which .was done. The
: Queen'
DOWAGEtt rushed out, followed by Munoz and
the children, each and all or them extremely
red in the face, and panting for air. When she
had recovered, she angrily turned to CIIIIDEOI
workmen, who, whatever they may have
thought,, looked very impassable, and ex.
chiimed in French, (which she knew that one
Of !them understood,) "Mon Dieu! if I had
rentained a minute longer, I should have been
suffocated. This is imperfect. ' I wanted a
Safe, which would save us if they burned the
palace, or if they bombarded it, would keep
us out of danger!"
It was explained that a safe which admitted
air could certainly not be fir'e-proof, and the
Queen was convinced, at last, that she had re
quired 'au impossibility. Slte had to he , con
tent, therefore, with what she had paid for-La
tire-proof safe of unusually large size ? but 'not
able to accommodate living per Sons.
From• the first, it may be added, Mr. CHUBB
was fully awaro.of the impossibility which the
Queen required, but contented himself, like a
slativpAradestuan,as lie was, in precisely ful
filling !the !terms of his ,contract, which did
itot Otitain. WOrd:of making afire-proof
sof t , ith air-holes Int. breathing! „ „
subject attracts so largo a share of pub
lic attention as the ]tanking System. It is a
topic of universal consideration, before which
all others fade into insignificance. It affects
all plasses of the community, high and: low,
rich and poor, and exercises an influence alike
over the trade of those whose annual transac
tions swell up into au aggregate of millions,
arid over thO fortunes of those whose incomes
amount to but a few meagre hundreds. We
do not believe that the banks aro wholly res.
Polisible for the present unfortunate condition
of financial affairs. The power they can ex
erciae, however great, .cannot in itself either
prostrate or build up the prosperity of any
country. While, on the one hand, their bone
tidal capacities are, in our opinion, greatly
overestimated, exaggerated ideas of Their pow
ers 'of mischief, on the other, may also be en
tertained, although the former error is, no
doubt, much more common than the latter.
The benefits which banks cooler upon a cein;
nullity are, ton great extent, more Imaginary
than real. In themselves banking institutions
are chiefly useful by furnishing a convenient
medium of communication between the pos
sesiors of capital and wealth, and those who
desire to borrow that wealth or capital, and
reti#u for , it an °univalent ; just as the, nue
chant acts as an agent in bringing into com
munication producers and consumers. Gus
,tomi, has so long made the banks the great de-
positories of the surplus capital of the country,
that, simple as the distinction isbetween them,
we o not always readily perceive it. The
desfructiou of all the banks of the Country
Wel(' undoubtedly 4 create great temporary
distress; but it would not necessarily destroy
that on which their whole real worth and re-
liablity is founded—the capital uptin which
the conduct their' operations: In all pros
perous countries where people kayo labored
and lived within their means under dream
stafices at all favorable, wealth and capital have
accumulated, and do and will exist-:-bauks or
no banks—whether they are, allowed to live
snOourish, or are utterly destroyed. The
business of the world was managed during its
whole existence, until the last few ceitturiea,
wltliout the aid of a single' bank of Issue ; and
the 1 wheels- of finance revolved,' great
fuitlnes were accumulated, industry thrlve4,
CoOnerce, manufactures, agriculture, and
the I arts, and sciences flourished, among
bunareds of nations, and thousands of
millicnis of people, for a tong succession
or a'gos, before banks were over oven thought
of. IWe will not argue that any of the ancient
nations were as prosperous as modern ones—
nor insist that any ono branch of human oxer-
tioni was as fully dovoloped—but, admitting
that;they were not, it will scarcely bo pretended
that. the great' advancement which has been
made is necessarily owing, in any considerable
degtleo, to the mere creation of banking insti-
tuthMs. It is duo rather to those solid advan
tage's which have flown from the development
of the inventive genius and mentarpowers of
manicind, through which the choicest secrets
of nature have been extracted from her, new
sources of wealth discovered, new avenues of
employment opened, new aids to, and combi
natiOn of human labor, created, and the
mastery of man over the earth and all things
tt contains, and his power to render them sub
servient to his purposes, vastly increased.
Bnforo a bank calculated to prove anything
else Than an unmitigated ease to a 'comtimnity
can 'he established, wealth and capital must
exist to form the basis of its'operationa, and
if such a bank is destroyed, that wealth is only
resolved into its original elements. The crea
tion! of the bank does not create wealth, It
merely concentrates it in a particular form.
Theidestruction of the bank does not destroy
the wealth of which it wee the representative
and depository—it merely removes it front tho
control of bank officers, and places it under
the charge of those who are its real owners.
A bank is started by paying in its capital, and
if it; is honestly and prudently managed, it is
wound up by retaining that capital to those to
whom it belongs. The idea that banks can
create wealth has been a prolific cause of ruin
and mischief in this country. In almost every
neiv State and Territory of the Union the
creation of banks has been one of the first acts
of Legislatures.' Wherever this has been done
beffire sufficient time had elapsed for capital to
accumulate, tbeie has been but one result—
wide-spread ruin and bankruptcy—the banks
have broken, the people have boon plundered,
and: honest industry has boon robbed of its
hard-earned reward.
Iodependent of the usefulness of banks as
convenient agents for loaning the wealth be
longing to ono set of parties to those who need
that wealth and are deemed trustworthy bor
rowers, they are esteemed convenient deposi
taries for the balances in the hands of the
peokle, and valuable assistants in the trans
mission of sums front ono quarter of the
country to another, and in the collection
of debts. The transaction of baldness un
.doubtedly requires that these ends should be
attained by some instrumentality, but It is not
absolutely essential that banking institutions,
similar to those now in existence—which in
nearly all instances unite the power to accom
plish these purposes with the privilege of issu
ing batik notes—should be created solely for
011ie purposes. Bunks of deposit, private
bankers, express companies, and various other
agerictes, may be, and are every day, advanta
geously employed to accomplish the same ob.
The furore for banking institutions, and the
eagtirness with which they are plarnored for at
the 'halls of legislation, never arises from a
mere desire to accomplish either of the objects
we have enumerated. Bank charters aro prin.
cipally sought for because of the poWer they
confer to issue notes which pass as a circu
lating medium, and in or/Brialy times answer
the purposes of money. A currency is mani
festly a great convenience. The necessity for
it is felt us soon as, and wherever, men begin
to barter with each other. Even the Indians
had a rude currency in their belts of wampum,
and wandering Tartar tribes made a currency
of their cattle. A slight advance in civilisa
tion, however, was sufficient to satisfy man-
kind that metallic substances could better serve
this end Glatt ruder articles, and that their con
centration of value as well as their imperish
ability united to render them peculiarly well
adapted to serve this important purpose.
Hence, iron, copper, silver and gold, have for
ages been employed in this manner. To give
additional security and convenience to this
'species of 'currency, Governments have inter
'vaned and coined these metals, so that all
might iiiaow, their value. Up to the time of the
intreductiOu'of paper money, the ido!t'of re
- ,--- - -- , --- _ -
quirl e g intrinsic value in currency, no matter
wlifitahape it assumed, was rigidly adhered to.
CO own National Government has discharged
its'tluty of tbrnishing a currency intrinsically
valuable in common with all others, and to
Such an extent that it has coined near $600,000,-
000. 'lt Is 'questionable whether the framers
,11te Constitution contemplated the creation
of titiY other currency than this. They wisely
previded that gold and, sliver, only, should be
a legal tender for the payment of debts, and
for id the I States from emitting mites or bills
Oil credit. Although this latter power was
'denied to the States, by an early decision of the
,Seems Court it was settled that they bad
. right to confer upon corporations the
poirer of issuing paper money. Many, how
ev4r, regard this decision one of doubtful pro
.prtiy, And WEBSTER expressed the opinion,
'tfitif the question were an original one, un
trapinelled by, the precedent alluded to, his
jnrf meta would law that the States had no
'rigince incorporate banks of issue.
f d
. Biros the usefulness of banks consists in
Malmiltetftritig a currency, the question may
imOnleable, whether their exercise of that
pier is productive of more good than evil.
I Illyldnal interests of men give bias and color
to Weir , decisions upon it. There aro some
whim are, 'doubtless, greatly benefited by the
issue of hank notes as a currency, and many
wbo are injured. Certain it is that the power
V s .:create paper notes, and to pass them off
:iiiiciar . , the community as money, is a very dan
gerous, ono to be committed, as it is, to the
,clusters of men who centre round the
fonvieen hundred banking establishments of
the United States. WEIInER thought that, of
all Devices to rob industry of its just rewards,
and 0 'transfer wealth Boni the bands of its
pioducers to mere schemers, that had ever
bean didcovered, the invention of paper
'nio b tey , was the most ingenious. The
ro eries that have bean effected in this
co try by paper money are of incalculable
in nthide.• All the petit and grand larcenies,
big way robberies, and , swindles which have
be Committed, sink away into utter insignia
ii when compared with the losses to which
theknerican people have been subjected by
par money. , Note-holders have lost many
mil lone; so have depositors; so have stock
hol ers. Victims of a paper• money system
aro tobe found everywhere, from the losers
of few dollars to those who have been bo
re of handsome fortunes. The amount of
the fi direct losses is swelled to a frightful
ex it 'by the fearful effect of the alternate
co factions and expansions for which paper
mo oy affords extraordinary facilities. But it
is . necessary hero to dwell upon evils which
twa t n the mouths of all, and which the sus.
tampion of the banks of the country has ren
der, peculiarly perceptible and grievously
pal lat this juncture. The system is a fail.
uro '
f l
ft has broken down. All admit that it
is.a evil; 'madmen are beginning to question
whilther,' after all, it is a necessary evil. We
aretiot, disposed to radicalize upon tide sub
ject.. ,Wwwill do all in our power to assist in
bring,over the chasm that yawns before us.
Tin the indications are that the time is ap
pro citing when the whole banking system
g 1
imi t either be completely reformed, or swept
oute iixisteinee. If we aro to have it at all,
it Si iik be' he an improved form, with new
safeguards, neW,•guarantees, and new restric
noir. , Let us have safe banks, or go back to
firstprireaiples and have no banks at all, and
eitinar a-800 and perfectly well secured
papeteurrency or one wholly metallic.
c, 1 ",,,14 1 . ! i. dr/. • ,
In my letter of the 11th inst. I alluded to the
comfortable harvest reaped by, the banks of Vir
ginia during the long period of their suspension,
commencing with the panic of 1837. On this sub
jeot you may have seen some able articles from the
pen bf the editor of the Richmond Examiner, Mr.
Ifughes, for many years past a bank director, and
one of our most clear-headed and well-Wormed
men in financial matters. In an article upon the
" Profits of Suspension," Mr. If. shows that the
effect 'of the legislation of Virginia, at that pe
riod!' for the relief of the banks, was to allow those
institutions a bonus from the public of the inter
est on the notes they kept to circulation. "They
pay put these notes to rho persons whose negotia
ble paper they discount for interest, and they,
theatselves, pay no interest for their own notes,
although oharging full Interest on the negotiable
note's of their customers, for which they exchang e
their own. Now, the Virginia banks remained in
a state of suspension, with a very short exception,
from May 1887, to November 1842, a period of five
years and a half. Their suspension was legalized
by'eXpress and repeated acts. They, therefore,
made a profit on the circulation they kept out du
ring the period of six per cent., on the average
amohnt, per annum. Grand total profit for the
live 'years $2,211,849; which, all must agree, was a
pretty handsome handful of money to 110 legiela
tad into the strong boxes of three or four rich cor
porations. Two millions and a quarter of dol
In proof of his assertion that the above heavy
amount was legislated into the boxes of the bank,
Mr.: Hughes gives the several acts of Assembly
passed in different sessions, one of which acts was
to stay the proeeedings on executions, trustideeds,
and other demands, in cases of refusal to receive
bank notes. Thus the Legislature not only legal.
izod the suspension of the banks, but compelled
the orealtor to take their depreciated notes. or
nothing, from his debtor!
At the timo of the revulsion of '37 our banks
reported thomeelves as in a healthy and prosper
ous condition, and a loading director of the Bank
of Virginia (Mr. Caskio, its present president) op
posed tho suspension, on the ground that the in
stitutions of tho State were able to bold out, and
think they wore bound in good faith and sound
polidy to do so. But ho found no second at the
board ; the controlling spirits of the banks, with
almost entire unanimity and cordiality resolved
on suspension. The banks cared nothing for a
violation of tbo law, so long as they were sure of
receiving the lawmakers' applause, and of clear
inOundrotle of thousands of dollars into tho bar
Such were the special favors extended to the
banks of Virginia by her Legislature to euty years
ago; and for several years thereafter—l may say,
in fact, on all occasions when the banks have
asked them. At the time of the host suspension
the banks of the State consisted of the Bank of
Virginia, the Farmers' Bank of Virginia, the Bank
of the Valley, Bank of 'Kanawha, Exchange Bank,
Northwestern Bank, and Merchants' and Mecha
nics' Bank of Wheeling. These were the institu
tions under our old system. Since that time their
bradohos have extended to many towns and villa
gee in tho eastern and western portion of the
State; and a system of banking combining the
State stook and individual liability features, hos
also been introduced. We now have banks of this
system at the following places, namely: Alexan
dria, Fredericksburg, Scottsville (Albemarle coun
tyi)litookingham Court-house, ilowardsville„ (Al
bemarle,) Charlottesville, Berkoly Court-house,
Fairmount Lexington, Lynchburg, rairoastlo,
Wheeling, 'Winchester, anti perhaps other places
not now recollected.
With such a multiplication of banks, it is hardly
to be supposed that their influence over the Legis
lature would be less now than it was at the former
period referred to. The temptation to eusponsion
will, therefore, be seen at owe lem pleased to
learn, however, that, at the close of last week,
there bud been no further suspensions reported,
and that there would probably be no more to re
port. Tim Virginia Bank and all its branches
stand firm. Title is possibly attributable to the
fast that Mr Onside is et their head—a financier
of "Scotch sagaoity and caution." The Farmers'
Bank and its most important branches also remain
firm. Should all the present specie-paying estab
lishments hold out, they will probably breathe
anew the breath of life into those concerns now in
a state of su yenderi animation.
The responsibility of the banks of Virginia for
every liability they are under is implicitly relied
on by the best informed and most sagacious of our
people. Their assets are thus reported in the
I?nonieter of the Bth
Negotiable Dolce under discount of banks
of the old system 621,023,11 ,
Do. of State stock banks 2,425,51
Gold and silver coin of banks of the old
Do of State stock batiks
State bonds held by treasurer tor State stock
banks, par value*
Aggregate Reads...
Aggregate Ilabllitlea
SOTlus of assets over liabilities /1,894,05
Mr. Hughes says . " You might kneel( off forty
per cent. from the meteor the - banks forbad debts
anti' depreciation, and still have enough to meet
their 'liabilities, dollar for dollar. The total in
debtedness of the people of Virginia to the banks
lo g 4,348,631. Our people are in a sounder and
morn solvent condition than they have probably
over been in before; and our belief, based upon a
considerable knowledge and several years' atten-
tion to such matters, is that 'one per cent. would
be a very heavy allowance to make. At all events,
the banks themselves would not give one per cent
to Insure the whole debt.
"Their 017011 &don, taken by itself, is certainly
good and reliable in paywonts by the people of their
lad btedness to the banks. Now this debt is
$247,148,011, while the circulation is only $11,047,-
976 the debt of the banks ou their paper to the
* ebould riotea here, al.o, that by the charters
of awe stook banks, their Aockholders are individusqy
liable to the eXtont or r t r ymu.,
public not being half that of the public on their
paper to the banks."
The remark as to the solvent)) , of our banks is
hollered to bo applicable to all, with the exeeptio h
of the Bank of Kanawha, which has had extensive
dealings with the now defunct Ohio Life Insurance
and Truitt Company.
To meet their indebtedness the peopleef Virginia
have the advantage, this year, or more than an
average crop of their chief productions.
It appears to be no longer lo order to discuss '
the question whether bauke shall be continued or
discontinued in our midst. They have become so
interwoven with our policy, arid have taken such
hold on all our interests, that they eouht not be
speedily eradicated without calamitous conge
witelaleg. More than thirty yearsago it wag pre
dicted that the effect of the establishment or banks
all over our State would be to surrender to gendiegg
corporations the independence of the people. I
Kill not say that we have now a realisation of tbii
prediction; but it in perfectly obvious to every
observing person that the bank power has become
a very formidable one, even in our mountain dis
tricts. That this power will eventually become
the controlling one everywhere in the State, if
allowed to increase as heretofore, I entertain no
The late Judge P. P. Barbour, when naked to
sign a petition praying for the location of a bank
at the court house of bin county, replied that ho
would never pray for a otrso upon his county-mon,
for such, he conscientiously believed, would bo the
effect of the establishment of a bank in a little
village liko Orange, The petition was unsuccess
ful, and the county of Orange Is without u. bank to
this day. Would that the politicians and people of
all 'other counties in the State had exhibited the
same independence and wisdom ! Bat the most of
them have prayed moat earnestly to the Legisla
ture to nom] down bank blessings upon them, thus
affording a flue illustration or the truth of what
Juvenal' says of the pronOriess of 'mankind to oak
and pray for those things which, if granted them,
wilt most likely Provo their ruin. We have now a
bank at almost ovary little village, and have been
threatened with ono at every important cross-road
also. The effect of this extension of bank rimilities
to every neighborhoodl need scarcely toll you.
It has stimulated speculation and extravagance in
every shape and birm. It has tempted mon of
every trade and profession to abandon their legiti
mate avocations, in hope of making a fortune by a
single operation or so.
,It has thus added materially to the debtor
class of the community. Go to any village
where there is a bank, and you will hear
a doleful tale about the " tightness" of the
money market. Farmer A has made a deed
for the benefit of his endorsers. Ile lost largely
by a BOW speculation, and his investment in Pa
eine railroad stook promises badly. It will take
more than his fine estate to pay his bank debt
Carpenter B has been protested, and it is thought
he is utterly ruined. lie realized some two r,r
three thousand dollars clear by his contracts for
building houses while ho followed his trade, hot
that amount, with four thousand dollars borrowed
from bank, was invested in country produce, and
all lust—a portion by a sudden fall of prices, and
the balance by the failure of his commission mer
chant. Merchant C, is ruined by
i operations in
Taney stocks, and by investments n swamp lands
in Alabama nnd Florida. The bank is sure of its
MAO debt, but his endorsors will have n lively
Limo of it. Beeler 1) invested all he had mods
by his profession, together with Ave thousand dal
lase borrowed from, the bank, in Western Janda,
wbieh are utterly worthless as smote. lie has
therefore gone by the board. Lawyer E has failed
on account of a heavy loss on a tobacco trade, and
the failure of a friend engaged in sugar specula
tions. But the worst failure about the village io
that of Squire F, the trader-general, the buyer
and seller of every description of article prroloced
in, or brought into his section of the State lie is
on everybody's paper, and everybody 13 on his.
110 is under protest for thousands upon thousands,
and the impression seems to be that his failure is 3
bail ono, though, from the complication of his
affairs, no one eon make an estimate of his liabili
ties, or his assets.
This is intended as a picture of a country vil
lage in the first money crisis after the establish
ment of Its bank of discount; and the fidelity of
the sketch will be acknowledged by every candid
man among its inhabitants If you were to t isit
831110 of our villages at. the present time, you
would find the charm:tura here described, with tho
addition of a more important and influential per•
nonage just now-1" mean the paper-shaver, the
Shylock who is now reaping interest to the extent
of from three to five per cent a month from hin
who did not belong to the debtor class
till after they had been blessed with bank faci
I am for giving every devil his duo, not oven ox.
cepting the Virginia bants . devil. As an indica.
tion of this, I must ask you to note the foot that
he is not the author of such magnificent failures
as aro daily occurring in the northern pities. llis
largest operations in protested bills would hardly
be 44:lamed worth reporting by i the northern papers,
which are announcing so many suspensions, to the
amount of a half petition ouch! But still ho plays
the devil with oar doctors, morchants, lawyers,
planters, and mechanics, who allow themselves to
be drawn into his " den."
Am before Indicated, 'the aggregate indebtedness
of the people of Virginia is not ao heavy but that
it can be easily and speedily overcome by a pru
dent course on their part. The revulsion will put
a check on the tendency to an abuse of the credit
system, which, it is Loped, will be both permanent
and salutary. Our Legislature will hardly en
oeutage the establishment of any more banks in
the woods, for tho purpose of attracting trade,
or give its sanction to a scheme which must ine
vitably increase the o val of' the credit system un•
der NV hiCh ee are groaning . Tho Democratic press
of this State, it is to be hoped, will, as in duty
bound, speak out trumpet-tongued against the es
tablishment of any additional banks in future.
If I occupied an editorial position in Virginia, I
would take this ground and maintain it uncompro
misingly to the last.
The unfinished public works of Virginia must
necessarily suffer by the monetary crisis which has
come upon us. Under existing circumstances it is
not likely that any proposition involving additional
expenditure and taxation will be seriously consi
dered by the General Assembly. The progress of
some of our most important works may, therefore,
have to be suspended for a searen.
The election of United States Senator will doubt
lets take place at 811 early day after the meeting
ofOur Legislature in December. From the repre
sentations of the opposition journals, you would
suppose that the strife between the friends of Wise
and Hunter is us great as was that between the
Wolf and Muhlonborg Democrats in Pennsylvania,
twenty-two years ago. You will hear quite a dif
ferent report in sixty days. From seine informa
tion on the subject, I do confidently assure youth it
the people of Virginia are ignorant of the division
in the party of which the Aruorican editors have so
much to say. It so happens that I have met with
many of the Democratic members elected to the
Legislature, and, without an exception, they ex
press their ignorance of the tight said to bo going
on so fiercely. They are the friends of both Hun
ter and Wise, and will not become parties to a
contest between them. Governor Wise bag, in fact,
authorized the announcement that he will not ho a
candidate except in the event of Mr. Hunter's
failure to give satisfactory assurances of his inten
tion to support the National Administration; a con
tingency not likely to arise, as Mr. II is pledged to
sustain the Administration by a proper regard to his
own consistency 89 a States' rights men, and
there is no well-founded reason for the supposition
that he will fail to do so. Besides the motive of
principle already stated, Mr. II is proverbial f o r
his caution and prudence, and no Virginia politi
cian possessing these qualities will fail to sustain
an Administration which unquestionably has the
popular confidence. I have nu doubt of his re-elec
Tho frost which wo had some two weeks since
slightly stained some of tho tobacco standing in
the fields. and caused the premature cutting of a
considerablo quantity. The weather has since
been favorable to the outstanding crop, and the
"last cutting" promises to be better than usual.
In a week there will probably be but little left un
cut My observation in the tobacco region leads
mu to the conclusion already stated, that the crop
will be above an average one. It will, I
think, exceed the production of last year,
at least ten thousand hogsheads. Sixty thou
sand hogsheads in the State is considered
a good crop. The number produced last
year was 52,865 according to the inspectors'
reports. Al the ruling rates of the present year,
the tobacco crop now secured is good for at least
ten millions of dollars; and this article, you will
take notice, is extensively cultivated in but a com
paratively small portion of the State. The wheat
crop affords the largest net Income to our people.
We shall also have a large surplus of Indian corn
and other products of this season. So you will see
that wo of the Old Dominion are not, as yet, se
riously threatened with famine or bankruptcy.
Aloartcot. a
P. B.—Well hath a wise man said, "No one
can tell what a day may bring forth." Since
writing this letter, we have had a slight fall of
snow in our mountains, and the atmosphere with
us now (Saturday morning) is decidedly cold for
the season. This sudden visitation may cease in
dividual losses among our farmers and planters,
but it can scarcely affect my estimate of the gene
ral crop of Virginia.
Put a still more astounding piece of intelligence
is, that all the Virginia bunks hero yielded to the
pressure, and closed their doors against all de
mands upon them for specie. So that a considera
ble portion of this epistle must ho recalled. Verily,
there iv nothing certain to man but disappoint
ments, taxes, and death !
Conflagration in Albany
About four o'clock this morning, as the policeman
in the Second district was going his rounds, ho dis
covered smoke emerging from the exte»sivo NM% o
establishment of Messrs. Rathbono ,t Co , No-. I
and 11 Green street. lie immediately sounded an
alarm, but before the department was brought to
boar, tho fire had extended from the first to the
fourth story, and through the adjoining loft oter
the stove-store of McCoy At Clark. Stith our
abundant supply of water from the hydrants the
building was speedily inundated and the flames
almost Instantly chocked. The tire is supposed to
have originated front to grate in the counting-room
in 1110 second story of Rat hbone CO'S. The hearth
atone rested upon a piece of thither which con
nected with the flooring. This is supposed to have
become charred to such an extent as to have ignited
after the place was closed last evening, and the
fire spread through the entire establishment before
it was discovered The buildings are owned by
John T. Norton, Esq., and insurod in tho Mann
faoturer's Insurance Company, Boston, for 00,000,
but the damage wilt probably not exceed $1,509 to
Rathhone Jr. Co. are insured in the Franklin,
Philadelphia, and the :Etna, Hartford, for $lO, OOO
upon their stock, which will cover their loss
McCoy $ Clark occupied the third and fourth
lofts, over their warerooms, Nos. 13 and 15 Green
street, where they had collected together !Vargo
amount of stoves and materials to fill an order
from California. 'Kiley had also stored hero some
Costly patterns of a now stove, which are only par
tially damaged. They aro insured in the Albany
Mutual for $4,000 on stook and $l,OOO on patterns,
whiab will covet their less.—Albany Journal, 23d.
30,213, 17
(Correspondence or The Press 1
Alsw nes, Oct 'Sr, 1&57-6 20 P. 11.
The article in Thursday's Pekes, on the "Sus
pension of Banks and the Suspension of Consti
tutions and Laws," is a most able and welcome
exposition of what all honest, patriotic mon feel on
the subject. With the exception of the friends of
the bank directors, who believe that those potent
gentlemen can do no wrong," it meets the cor
dial approbation of all business men hose; indeed,
of all men who comprehend the position we now
occupy, who respect constitutional and legal obli
gations, and who desire that we should be rescued
as soon as possible from the disgraceful and dan
gerous situation to which selfishness, reckless
»esi, and misinterpretation of the lair have
brought us There is nothing more distinctly
laid down iu any code or statute-book than
that the banks of New York cannot suspend
specie payments without it virtual forfeiture of
I heir charters, and that the Legislature is power
less to relieve them from this penalty, without the
sanction of the people, obtained as for any other
change in the Constitution. They have suspended,
however, they have not gone into liquidation, nor
is any penalty enforced against them ; they con
thaw to do business in the manner they choose,
and force the public to take any paper they resolve
Is Isaac. They may resume specie payments, Of
they may nut, just no they think prayer, and are, in
fee l and truth, at, this moment, acting as touch in
le ation of the law, as is the burglar who enters
a house at night and abstracts your money. The
extraordinary action of the Supreme Court judges,
in deciding a question not before them, and nulli
fying the express provisions of the Constitution,
on e self-evident play upon words, may add to our
disgrace, but cannot alter the law. Well may you
say that the action affects "the reputation of every
State, and will affect our whole country before the
nations of the earth." At this moment the situa
tion amounts to this : our banks have failed to
fulfil the promise printed on the face of every note
they have issued, and are, consequently, insolvent
in the plainest sense of the word; and the judges,
whose duty it is to upholdisthe law, and see that
justice is done whatever may ba the consequence,
step in, unsolicited, and declare that the banks
need not pay specie, though the Constitution
pays they shall; that they aro not in
solvent or liable Ito „injunction, though the
Constitution says they WO, and declare beforehand
that they will not enforce any penalties against
the defaulting banks, although the Constitution
clearly says that those penalties shall be enforced,
!tad that the Legislature itself cannot remit those
penalties wholly or in part. If I give a note to
my grocer or landlord, payable on a particular
day or on demand, for goods sold and delivered, or
for rent, and when I am called on to puy it, say I
cannot do so, but that I have valuable furniture,
other znen'o notes, or any other non-convertible
properly which I shall sell when times aro better,
and then pay my debt, will it save me from protest,
or Snit at law ? or does it not amount to a declare-
. . . . .
tion of imolvency ?
Are the banks exempted from the same obliga
tions which bind private individuals , Can they
make laws, violate the Constitution, and ruin the
public, fur their own profit, and must we submit
because the bank directors' fiat has gone forth ?
The boasted security of the New York banks, the
impossibility of their failure, the efficacy of the
stringent and wise laws by which they were bound.
vanish into nothing at the first trial, mid we stand
bolero the world convicted of deliberate deception
and utter contempt for the legal restrictions which
we rratued ourselves. Indeed, it would appear as
if wo framed these laws In order the better to effee
tu.tto our schemes. It is to be hoped that the
Legislature about to be elected, and which I have
good reason to believe will be largely, if not en.
tirely, Democratic, will rescue us in some measure
from this disgrace, and prove, at least, that the
banks and their friends, the judges, are alike
condemned by the people.
With very . few and trifling exceptions, the banks
are contracting still further, and Monday's state
ment will show to what an immense extent this
!minces policy has been pursued in the teeth of re
monstrance and expostulation. Those who hoped
for ease from suspension are now undeceived. All
the'veports of banks • discounting all their offer
ings,' and showing a " desire to be liberal," and
tieing all they can consistently with their own
effigy," are false. Money is as tight as ever.
Failures are abundant, and though we do not hear
of them all, they take place, bat are hushed up
under the thin blanket of " extension."
. - -
Tee was very little movement in the street to
ilayi the faces of those who were bunting after
money being as dull as the day, and their messes
as bad as the elements are threatening. Foreign
exchange in dull and irregular at .yesterday's
prices, and domestic exchange is not easier. Gold
is in no demand at 15 to 2 per cent. primium.
The following New England banks 4re reported
as p . aying specie for their bills: The New London,
at New London; Connecticut River, a$ Bedford ;
Middletown and Central, at Middletown; Iron
Bank, at Salisbury; the Martha's Vineyard Bank,
and the pucifc Bank, at Nantucket.
The Bank of America leaves it optional with the
Subscribers to the new capital to put off payment
of the instalment payable November 1 till January
10, by adding interest.
The New York Insurance Co. have declared a di
vidsnid of five per cent , payable at 50 Wall street
on and after the 20th inst.
Tho business of the clearing house was • clear
ings 15909,603,56 Balances paid in coin, $659,-
0,5,1.85. The cash transactions of the sub-treasury
were :
Receipts $32,102 76
Payments 68.699 61
Balance 5,885,209 07
The receipts for duties at tho custom house were
The exports of specie from the port of New York for
the week ending Oet.'24 wore as follows :
Oct 14, Rehr. Flying Eagle. 011111C00
Total for the week.
PreNiously reported
Tots) since January
tuin limo iu 1858...
Same time in 1855...
F.. 11114 time In 1854...
Samo time iu 1853...
SArwi time in 1852...
The stock market, although still irregular, re
covered somewhat from yestorday'a depression
At the First Board Reading gained 2 per cent;
N. Y. Central went down to 571. but recovered
and Fold at 59 ; La Crump and Milwaukee gained
, Eric opened at 10, but fell back to in, and
Michigan ;loathe' n declined 2. 4 1 . At the Second
Board N. Y Central wont up to 60; Reading went
down to 211, and the market closed very unsettled.
October 24
21000 N CSt ss'sB 94
.3000 Ohio 6'a 'OO 92,1 i
10000 Ohio o'n 'B6 93
10000 do 9211
1000 Mich State o'e 81
5000 Ittimouti St o's
5000 do e 0 64S
5000 do a3O 64J
woo Jo t,30 643 i
ttooo do 63
V.OOO Cal State T'P, 'T059%
60 Pena Coal Co 62
650 N Y Central It s 3 53
150 do blO 68
10 do 57N
100 do 810 67%
100 do 810 50
100 do c 5S S
100 do 560 60
300 du 5S)i
150 do a 3 583.
150 do 59
2000 11rginia 6's 72
4000 Tenn o's 'DO OS
2000 N 1' Cell It 6's 70
.31X/ do 7's 88
2090 Erie B. 20 rut So 75
1000Erielt con to '7l 20
1000 Unshou Br Isis 47
2000 do 403;
10041.11nd 16 It ht mt 81
1500 lii Con it bds 64
15 Metropolitan Ilk 74
10 Pacific MS Co 6434
20 do 64
40 Del & Mu Ca C 89
50 Cal & Chic It 53
250 Clove &To It 25•
50 Chic & It.k Is 58;i
50 do 412 68%
70 do 59
25 Mil & Miss It 16
20013 NY S '5O 931,
10000 N Y St 6'a,'73 101
41100 Ohio 6's 'SG 92%
1000 Missouri 6's 65
1000 11l Cen bds 64
5000 do el 5 63%
2000 N Y Cen 75
500 57 11' C 7's 84
2000 Mud It 24 mt 05
4000 Goshen Ilr bd 47
10 Home Ins Co 105
30 Del k II C sis 87
10 do 87%
5 Pacific Marl SSC 60
10 do 61%
20 La Crosee & Mil It 6
20 New Jemmy It 104
12 Cloy C h Cin R 62
Lai Reading R 26
25 Erie R 10
400 do .3 9
200 do fl
50 do 9X
50 Mich 8 & N Ind R 6
55 If 9 & N 19rf atk 15
5 Panama R 645
100 do 64
60 do 815 64
100 111 Cen C 755
350 do .10 7d
50 do 70
25 do 76x
50 do 810 765
300 do b 3 71
200 Cloy & Pittsb 8
20 Manbat Gas Co 110
100 Cum Coal 55
9 Chic 6 - 11 I R 60
21 do 59X
50 N Y Cen R elO 195
150 do 510 60
100 do e.l 60
100 do 5944
75 do 60
50 Jo Al 60
200 Clue & To R
50 La Crimea &91 R 6
250 Erie R x
100 Hudson Itir R 560 13
100 Reading It 510 21,x
MARKETB —Asucs aro Moody, with eater or :10 bLls
at VCw 75 for Pots, sod for Pearls.
illlalllSTUris —The market for State and Western
Flour is heavy, end soloc d e bbl lower, with a limited
demand at the quotations, which are 10ft15c above the
VIOWS of shippers The ROM, which were chiefly for the
supply of the local trade, were 0,500 bbte, at $1 05044 75
for common to good State, $4 550.55 10 for extra State,
$-I 05551 75 for common to Fowl slichigitu, Indiana,
Ohio, lona, kc ,rand $4 SOsifo 75 for extra du, the latter
rate for faintly brands Extra round-hoops Ohio brands
are quoted at $.5 21.,55 fin
Southern flour Is nominally nuchanged as regards
prices, but the market is t ory doll '
• we notice sales of
1,000 bbla at $5 40455 50 for toiled to good brands of
ISAlttmore, Alexandria, Georgetown, Fredericksbur g,
he , and 05 05st$7 for favorite, fancy, and extra brands,
Canadian flour is easier for extra brands, and there
are none other offering; the sales are 700 bbls at $5 15
teSS 75 for the range of extra and family brands
Eye flour is less plenty, but the price is unchanged;
the sales are 'lOO td•ln at $3 2504 GO for the range of
One and superfine
CoIIN AIRII. is nominal , we quote Jersey at fa
Brat:Wye Hie $
IV iii; u• is Sale lower oil common spring Wesipru and
the market generally is depressed; the soles Ore (1,000
Wallets rea tiontbero at $1...21.41 30. the latter rate
for choice ; 1,701 white Southern, .11. 4 0 :;. 700 white
Ohio, $1.30; 41,700 .Cfneagn spring', Slag , / 00, wool
ly at the Ineldu prier, bat including one boat tout or very
handsome at the i trut, Klee, 0.000 choice ilittraukra
club, 51 09, which wan extrntto late, and 1,500 Tall
WlRCialaill at 51 110
nyo 1.4 searee, and 11l deniend at NO mite for primp
0.1t4 or, lower; e quote Southern at 33tc.40c;JerFey
39ir44c ; 'Auto 45.4..147c
Corn is 1100 , 4 and dull, with sales of 1.2.600 bushels
tutica Ile , tern at ti tar slightly tonehed.and 69etto for
SOMA. the in,her nave for anus!) lots.
COTTON—The market la nominal.
-•• • • .
Pool IBlONB,—Pork VI held with more flrniness, but the
demand is quite light; the sales ate 70 bbis at 8•11.50,e
$2ll for mess, the latter price now generally asked, mid
$16.60011 0 .76 for prime. Dressed hoot aro belt more
firmly, with sales of prime corn fed at 7X ea no. Beef is
lower and very heavy, with axles of 40 fib& at 81241$1:3 00
for country mese, $0080.60 for country prime, sl2xsl3
for repacked western, and $1.1.75414 60 for extra mess
Prime mesa beef is quoted at 8'2.0 822. Beef hams
are held at $180.1.17, the latter rate for extra Chica
go Bacon is quoted at 12X relaa for smoked; sides are
nominal at oi4 olio. Cut meats are nominal at Inc
for hams, and oy, for shoulders Lard is dull and irre
gular; about 800 tea , part on original owner's account,
are pin forward to Liverpool; the nominal quotations
are 113014q0 for fair to extra choice. Butter and
cheese aro dull
W otsaa v.—sal es of 300 barrels were made at 20p20,1ie
for Obio and State, and last evening 700 barrels were
sold at 21c.
Corrnspendents for " Tax PiunisP , wm Soo but la
mend Me following roles :
/Iraq communication must be seeoaspeated by the
name of the writer. In prim to insure emnottnem in
the typography, but one Me of a abut abould be
written upon.
We shall be greatly obliged to pullet:tint in Penaryl•
Tanis and other States for contributions giving' the ten
rent nova of the day In their carthuilar '<militia', the
resources of the sursounding country, the Immo of
population, sad any inhumation that with be inter/ethic
to the general reader
It . /B said that the whaleship Amenea,which
sailed from New Bedford on Wednesday of last
week, took oat a steam whale-boat. The machi
nery consists of two oseillatlng engines pitted in
the stern, which drive a paddle-wheel. This boat
eau be propelled at the rate of twelve miles an
hour--two more than the usual speed of the whale.
It is about two feet longer and one foot wider than
ordinary whale-boats. The steam generating cy
linders can resist a pressure of 1,000 pounds to the
square inch. This innovation evidently contem
plates an abandonment of the old method of ap
proaching the whale by stealth, and in a long
chase will be a great labor-saving machine ; but tt
is doubtful it the experienced blubber-hunters will
trust themselves in a steamboat to fight whales.
Safety in this business depends upon celerity 'of
movement, and while on ordinary whale-boat,
managed by skilled oarsmen, would " edam all , "
and evade the uplifted flukes of the whale, a screw
steamboat would 'be knocked higher than a kite,
boiler and all. To tow the whale-boats it would,
n o doubt, be very serviceable, leaving Jack in good
I wind to tackle the fish after he had reached the
scene of action.
Among those lost in the Central America
were William Van Reed, of Spring township. and
Ft. Spohn, of Commt, Bucks county, Pa. The
Reading Gazette says, that they were both young
men, who went to California several years ago, and
bad toiled in the gold mines so successfully that
they were on their return home to enjoy the fruits
of their hardship and labor. It is supposed that
they bad with them a considerable aporintolgold.
From information given their. relatives by a survi
vor, it appears that when all hope of saving the
ship bad been given op, Mr. Van Reed retired to
his, berth, and there. in the calmness of despair,
awaited the inevitable fate of the vessel. Young
Spohn met death with equal composure. Re was
the intimate friend and companion of Van Reed,
and had worked with him, during the whole period
of their residence in California, for the treasure
they were destined never to enjoy. Since Spobn
left home for California his father, mother, and
brother have died.
The sale of the furniture and personal
effects of the late Hon. Andrew Stevenson, which
takes place at Blenheim, near Charlottesville ; Va.,
on the 16th proximo, embraces, among other in
teresting relies, several very valuable paintings.
Among.them is a full-length pbrtrait of Marshal
Soult, by Healy ; one of only three original minia
tures of Napoleon, by Isabee; (this is said to be of
great value;) the marriage of St- Catherine, by
Murille, and a number of others. The painting of
Marshal Swill was presented by that distinguished
character to Mr. Stevenson while representing thin
country as minister at England; Marshal Soult, -
at the same time, representing France at the same
Government. The original miniature of Napoleon,
by Isabee, we understand, was presented to Mr-
Stevenson by ex-King Joseph Bonaparte.
The representatives of the Louisiana Tehu
antepec Company bad returned from Mexico,
after opening in that city the subscription books
for $2,700,000, to be subscribed in four months_
The company have the right to dispose of any
shares not taken at the end of that time, in the
United States. It was the general belief that the
whole would be taken by Mexican capitalists.
The Government had by special decree authorised
the founding of three new cities—one at the month
of Coatsscoaleas, to be called " Colon:" another
Iturbide," at the bead of navigation, and one in
the Sierra, to be called " Humboldt." A square
league of land is granted to each.
A shocking tragedy occurred last Monday,
in Hallowell, Maine. A 'man, named Ryan, of
Farmington, had been paying his addresses io a
young woman who worked in a factory at Hallo
well. She had recently declined to receive his at
tentiono. An interview took place on Monday, at
her boarding-bonne, when be attempted lo shoot'
her, and, fading in this, turned the pistol upon
himself, fired, and fell dead. Ile had accidentally
put both balls into one barrel, by which the yoting
woman's life was &eyed. He received bath halls is
his head. The barrel he discharged at his intended
victim contained only powder.
The Memphis (Tenn.) Eagle chronicles the
arrest of D. L. Smith who murdered Dr. Black
burn, of Cairn, in March last. When he came to
Memphis last March, he was accompanied by &wo
man, who passed for his wife, and a short time af
ter she left, . and a week ago last Sunday he WB6
',tarried to a girl of respectable family in the toan
ty where he was arrested. When Smith saw there
wan no chance to escape, he took one hundred
grains of morphine. Sulphate of copper was
promptly adminiAereal, wide h caused him to throw
up the morphine
Some eighteen years ago, says the Reading
Journal, a beautiful young girl. named Esther
Fisher, left. Idenayunk on a canal boat for Bea&
tog, but was murdered before reaching the latter
place. The public excitement was verygreat, and
a large reward was offered for the detection Cit Ake.
murderers, but without success. This girl was *
sister of the mother of Adeline Barer, who so re
cently has met a similar fate. It is possible that
the murderers of these poor girls are never to be
discovered until the revelations of the greet
An imposter named Robert Gerald, repre
senting himself as &drummer fora dry-goods house
in Philadelphia, succeeded in winning the affec
tions, and marrying the daughter of James
of Montgomery county, Ohio. Re brought his
bride to Wheeling, and on pretence of business in
Virginia, deserted her. It was subsequently as
certained that he was not in the employ of a Phila
delphia house. Heart-broken the daughter re
turned to her father's.
The bishops, clergy, and lay members of
the Episcopal Church, to whom the subject matter
has been committed, will assemblain Montgomery,
Alabama, on the 25th of November, to perfect the
plans for the establishment and endowment of a
Southern 'University, under the control of the
church. It is expected, we believe, that the
bishops of all the slaveholding States will be pre
.ent, with two or three exceptions.
The Indiana (Pa.) Independent has the fol
lowing: Plumcreek township, Armstrong comity,
has the honor of baring produced fire men whose
edited weight is 1200 pounds, and all five of whom
have been elected by the suffrages of the people to
the office of Sheriff—David Ralston and John
Montgomery to the office in Indiana county,
T. S. Mitchell elected in Jefferson county, George
Smith, and Joseph Clark in Armstrong county.
The following table, made up from the cen
sea of 11650, shows the number of slaves in each of
the slave States: Virginia, 472,5; South Caro
lina, 334,984; Georgia, 381.532; Alabama, 341,843;
Mislissippi, 308.878; North Carolina, 2.8.548;
Louisiana, 244,803; Tennessee, 239,459; Kentucky,
210,981; Maryland. 90,338; Texas, 53,161; Mis
s.niri, 49,422; Arkansas, 48,100; Florida, 30,310;
Delaware, 2,290.
Tuesday morning, the '2oth inst., the hills
around Johnstown, Pa., were covered with snow.
The Erho says the mountains are full of bears.
Instances of them being trapped and shot have oc
curred almost daily for the last month. A larger
number of them have been killed this fall than
was ever heretofore knoin. They are very bold,
and in many instances have seized hogs within
si4ht of dwellings and carried them off.
A great exhibition of fast horses is to be
33 316,717
33 410 =
bold in Harrisburg on Thursday next, the 29th
inst The Teleo'rapA says • "Horses will be pre
sent from Lancaster and Reading, one of which,
foie the latter city, owned by Major George
Litman, is entered for a trial of speed against one
of the fast nags of our town. The occasion has
created quite a stir among the sporting fraternity
rs - What, my friends," cried the Rev. Doctor
Knoxadus, as he preached on the vanities of life—
•• What, my friends, is money ''' And he gave the
pulpit an awful bang.• Two per cent a month,"
cried Solomon Waltatreet, waking from a deep
dieam. But, as he looked round, he saw that he
wasn't at the board. and that he was a money
changer in the temple.
The steamboat Southern Star, which has
been running during the past 'summer as a regular
packet between Mobile, Ala., and the Eastern
Shore, was destroyed by fire at Battle's wharf last
week, a few minutes before her usual time for da
p irtnre for Mobile. Loss about $19,000 ; insu
rance $lO,OOO.
A woman named Mulroney - , who has been
treated for some two months past, in the Commer
cial Hospital in Cincinnati, for a large tumor, died
there a few days since, all medical skill having
failed to give her any hope of relief The tumor.
which was in the abdominal region, weighed,
when removed alter death, nearly seventy pounds.
On Monday of last ilea Washington Rol
ley, a brakeman on the Kentucky Central Rail
road, met with a horrible death at the first tunnel.
Ile incautiously remained on top of the ear while
the train was passing through the tunnel, and, be
ing caught between the arching and the car, was
crushed to death.
The work upon the line of the new r Inroad
between Reading and Allentown is still being
pushed on with vigor. The people of Reading are
congratulating themselves upon having, when the
road is completed, a choice of markets between
Philadelphia and New York tar the di-posal of
their produce.
Baghy, late of Chicago, was robbed o i l
board of a steamboat between botibiville and New
Orleans, a few days sines, of in Louisiana
funds Ile bad sold hi' property in Chicago and
s no
on his way tou buy land in Texas. It nes all
the money he had in the world
Mrs. Juliet 11. L. Campbell, Mrs. Amelia
Farquhar, Mrs Andrew Russell. Mrs. John Ship.
pen, Mrs. John Bauman, of Pottsville. Pa hero
formed themselves into a committee to rai-e sub
scriptions and sympathise with the widow of Capt
The lion. E. G. Squier was married in
Providence on the 22. d inst., to Miss Miriam F .
daughter of Charles Follin, ESft.. of New
In the absence of Mr Follin, who is in Europe. the
bible was given away by ex-tio%,riwr Anthony,
of Rhode Island.
During the storm on the afternoon of Fri
day of last week. eleven sheep. the property of
Mr. William Cooper, or Long Dill, Morris county,
N .1 , were killed by lightning under a lofty elm
tree on his farm
Mullinex, the man who killed his young n ife
in Putnam county, Indiana, souse months ago, has
been convicted of tuutidcr in the first degree The
lime for his execution has been fixed on the 2inti
of November
Mr.l3eniamin Reed, of Hight:down, has been
elected President of the Central Bank Ff New Jer
sey, in place of R. E Morrison, resigned.
The new custom house at Bristol, R. 1., has
been completed. Tho basement is occupied as the
post office.
A young man, named Wynkoop Hanky,
was killed near Schuylkill Haven, Pa,, last week,
by being thrown from a wagon.
The soldiers of Cincinnati, Ohio, are agita
ting the holding of a military State Conven
Ice, quarter of an inch in thickness, was
famed in Schuylkill ecuaty daring the , past week.