The press. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1857-1880, October 21, 1857, Image 1

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terstrirMasse sec, Payable ,to the oilers,
St bsoriben quip!' tko Oity et 6n , DOLLARS
• TIM ANNUM; ft** bOLLAIIS SUS t ioarMONTHS; 'ragas
:N , Dei..tase roe Moaree,tavirlably In *drum for the
..'thOe'Ordered, " -
Mailed to Subscribers out of the pity, at Tesrat Dolt
;rao.-Alettnt, In advance, . ,
WHFLT . :I;mIBB will be Serit 'to Subsoribete .by
iail;lpee aunvoi, to avat t ee,) at t t 22 OS
Three Copies, . 4, !, 44 : 5 OA
l'itallpillkia, i , :' ' It - ,' aOO
Teu,Ooples. , '" , . ' ” ' 12 00
Tertiary Ceplei, ~, '' ' ~ (to Otte address) .. : . :90 0 0
Twenty 00066, mover, ' ~ (to'addrese of each
eubsorlber); each • ' t ' ' 4 120
,
For. a ,Olub of Twenty-one or over. We will send au
Aztra copyro the getter-up of the Club.
V - -Postmasters are requeateeS to act id Agerkta for
,TAN,NVit,Faciar Pasha...: . .
qtrangtis' 'Ornbc in, pl)ilatitligiia.
,tor the benefit of strsusgere and ethers who ,may de- .
sire to visit any of our, public beetitutions, we publish
the annexedlist.
innosn iLdOlCit 07 AYnßaXxai.
'Academy of Music, (Operatic,) °stoner of ; Broad mid,
'Locust streete.•-, " • ' ' ,
Arch Street Theitre;Arehi above 6th street. - ; -
Firkin:wires Garden, Chestnut, above Tenth: • •
, Theatre and Circus; ,Walnut, above Eighth:
Sandford's Opera Houre,(Ethlophsu,) Eleventh, below
' 'Walnut edrept. Theatre; nerthoest ceriler Ninth and
Walnut F ' " • •
-:" . • „
• '
Thomas's Rears House, Arab, below Seventh,'' •
- - • sure AND aoredeerl.' '
Aesdeiny of Natural Belem:ea, cornet , •of Broad and
George streets. • - - .• • • •
Academy of Pine Arts, Okeetnut, above Tenth.
• „Artilits , Bind IfalLlCheetent, above. Tenth. •
, Franklin Institsite, No. elieuth Seventh street. '
•,„ 111M6YOLVIZT INSTITUTIOXIL
Almshowie, west aide, of .fichuyikill,. opi,esite South
.street. : ' •
'Almshouse (Friends'), Walnut street, above Third.
Assoeiation for the Employment of Poor Women, No, •
202 Green street •
Asylum, for Lost Children, No. $8 North Setienth
Street, , , . . , •
Blind Asylein, Rime, near Twentieth street. ,• •
= ohrlit Olitireh Hospital, No.'B, Cherry street.
,City Ilospitall Nineteenth street; near Costae. ' ; • '
Clarkeottle Rall,-Tio:188 Cherry street. •" • I , •
IllipenneiT,ififtli,„below * Oheetrint street: '
'Female Seelety_for the Relief end-Employment of the .
' Poor, Ne.. 72 North Seventh aireet.
Guardians of, the Poer.,oilloe Ne, N,orth:Serenth
'street.
• -'German SOclety 110. Nto. B,Soittli Seventh Street;
Homo for Friendlees Children, corner Twenty-third
and Drown streets.' "I' "
Indigent Widows' and Single Women ' s Society; Chant;
cater Eighteenth etreat. • - .• , . ,
'Masonic Hall, Chestnut, above Seventh street.
Magdalen Aeyintu, corner.of Race end - Twenty-Heat
''streets., .• . , • • • I •
• Northern Diepeneary, No.l Spring Garden street.
Orpheus,' Asylum, (colored,) Thirteenth street, am
Oalloehill, -
Odd FellomerlfalirSisth and Rialueeetreet. "
H.R.:corner Broad and Spring lar
den streets.
Do. • do. Tenth and South streets.
• „ Do. -:-
do; Third end BrowAltreets.
Do, do. Ridge Road, below Wallace. -
Pennsylvania Hospital; Pine street; between Eighth
and Ninth. .1 • ,
Pennsylvania Institute for the Imitructionef the Blind,
Corner Run and Twentieth street. , • • • i
Pennsylvania BochitY for Alleviating the Miseries of
Pulite Prisons,' Sixth and Adelphi streets., . •
•: • Pennsylvania ?nailing 'School for Idiotic and Feeble:,
Mffided :Children • Sehool House Lane,Germantown,
- office No: 162 Wal nut Meet: ,
Pblledelphlo•Orpbasia , Asylum, northeast tor. B!gh.
teentk and Cherry • • •
• -,Pieston Itetreat;lfamiltee, near. Twentieth street.
'PrOildenee Society; prone below Sloth street.
Southifn Dispensary, No. 98 ißdppen street.
Union Benevolent. Awsoelatien, . N. W. corner of
Seventh mid Ibusseimintriceti. '
• Will's Hospitelj Rate; between Elghtlenth and
Nide
teenth streets. • -.. .
lit. Toseph , sillospital, Girard nvenise;'betireen
Bit
, teen% and Sixteenth. - • ; „ •
Episcopal Hospital, Front etreet, between • Renting
den and Lehigh avenues. ,
•- Philadelphia Iteepltallor Dieealee of the obeet, /31 W.
'Voiner of Oluistieut and Park, ate, West Philadelphia.
• • - • ' 1.1311L10 BUILDIIIOB.
lilistom Roue, Chestnut l etreet, above Fourth
Ccitinty Prison, Passyunk road, below Reed.' - '
City Tebecco Warehouse, Dock and spruce streets.
"-City Oontrotter+a Office, Girard Bank, second story.
:Oommbisioner of city 'Property, office, Girard Bank,
!locoed Moty, ' - •
. • Oily Tresuinierhl Offic e. Girard tink, second atoryi
City Commis:goner's - Office, State House. ,
-, • 'City:Solicitor's Officalliifth, below 'Walnut.
City Watering Oennuittee , s Office, Southwest corner
-Fifth and Chestnut. • •-•- -
• . lasrecount•Wtstet Works, Vatrmossnt on timoleltnyl-
Girardi'inet Treasurer'i Offiele,Pifth • Aboie Chestnut.
House of Industry Catharine , above &Teeth.
" Howe of Industry , Se v enth ' above Arch street,: ' '
' ROW a:Refuge, (white,)Perriehk' between Twenty
second and Twenty-third street. • • • !
House of Refuge, (colored,) Twenty.fourth, between
Parrish and Poplar streets. , - • • • - • -
Health Office, corner of Sixth and Benson'. - 1
, Rouse of Correction, Bush Hill.
Marine' Hospital, Grays Ferry road, below South
street. • -
Ildernos office; W. corner Fifth and Chestnut
stree•
New Penitentiary, Goatee street; betneei Ticwily
- first and Twenty.second streets.'
- Navy-Tardy on the Delaware, Corner Trent and Prime
streets... , -
Nortberuildberldes Gas Worlui, Malden, helow Front
' Street; , ,
Yost Office,",•No. 237 Dock street,' opposite the F.x.:
Post'Office, Kensington, Queen street, .below Shitcha.
nmoon etreet. ' - ." - ' - - j
Post Office, Spring Garden, Twenty - fourth street and
. Pennsylvania Avenge. . • • -
- D ock streets._, Szebbagiii. enreer Third, 'Walnut a •
Dock streets. • - • ,•• -
I phitadelphlielneWorkft,TWentleth end Markets office,
- No. 8 ft Seventh street: .
Pennsylvania Institute for Deaf and bomb, Broad and
Pine streets. - •
• Penn's Treaty Monument, Beach, above • Hanover
Pnblio High 'School, S. 11.•meriseir Dread and Green,
, Pnbllc Normal School, Sergeant, shove Ninth.
Recorder's Office, No. S State House, east wing., :
'State Tfonse; Cliestnit etreet,between 'Fifth and Stith
streets,
' fltierlffis Offide, State Home; near Sixth street;
' Spring Garden Commissioner's Hall, Spring Garden
and Thirteenth streets. - •
.Union Temperance Hall, Christian,' above Ninth
United States, Mint, corner of Cheetaut and Juniper
United Slates Arsenal; Gray's Perry' Road, near Bede
'mil street:
Wend Algyilll3l, on the near South, street. '
United Stott:sex* and Clothing BquiPage,coruer of
. Twelfth and Girard streets:'
.:•• 'United States • Quartermaster's Office,' corner: of
,Twelith end Girard streets:,• • • •
Datums * *. e - • •
• College of Pharmacy, Zane street, above Seventh.
- "Eclectic 'Medical College, Haines street, west of Sixth.
' Girard College, Budge road and College Avenue. ,
- Ilernceopatble Medical College, Filbert pullet, above
, Eleventh. • - ' • .
JellersonMeffieslCollege, Tenth street, below George.
Polytechnic College; corner Market end West Penn
enneylearlin • lifeffical Bollege,
,Ninth street, heioW
Philadelphia Medical - College; "Fifth street, belOit
Peinale Medical College, 229 Arch etreet, .
University of Pennsylvania, Ninth street, between
Market and Chestnut. ,
Unleereity of, Free Medicine and Popttlei Knowledge,
No: 88 Arch street. .
~.I.OOATIOX 00 001MTB.
llntto4 Ptitca Orrinit 'and bletriot Clouds, N0.,24
Pifth'streef, below Chestnut.
linprenie (lona of Pennsylvania, Pitch and Chestnut
irtreets.• , . r , ~.
Caudill' Common Pleas; Independence Fall. '. ~
, Ilistilet Court!, Na: 1 and 2; corner of Edxtb - and
Chestnut Avesta., .
. , .
Court of, mster Bercienk, corner, of 13Isth and Obeid.
nut . . . . - . •
; • - astiotonB,raerrrunotia.
Arnericari baptist Publication Society, Ni). 118 Arch
Atreet, • •
American and Poreign Christian tinlen, No. 344 Obeid.
nut street.
American. Bunday • School Union (new), No. 1122
Chestnut etreet,
Americaii Tract Society (new), No. 029 Chestnut. • •
Menoulst, Crown street,.below 0411ov/hill street.
Pennsylvania and Philadelphia Bible Society, corner
of Seventh.andiVainut etrects.
Presbyterian - Board of Publication (new), No. 821
Chestnut tree •
Preel4l43riati Pabitiation goose, No, 'llll Oheotnut
arrest.'„,
YOuns]lipi!‘ Ofirlet*Attioelatlaw, No, tea Chestnut
street., • • , , • ,
Northern' Young, lien's ChriStiari Asaocdation, Cer
mantownltoad and Franklin. . • „
Phliefielphie 'bible, - Tract, and Periodical OSles (T.
H, Stockton's), No, 030 Arch street, first house • below
Sixtblitreet. north side,
tuttierin Publication Society, No. 7= Arch street,
below Eighth. • •
1/raveller's Ottibr-,
RAILROAD
Pentt4. Central .111. E.—Depot, :Eleventh: and Market.
- ,1 A. M., Matt Train for Pittsburgh and the West, ,
- ass P Fast Una for Pittsburgh and. the Went
2.30 P. IL, , for.Harrieburg and Oolumbia.• • -
,4:30 P.31,-,-Accommodation Train for/Lancaster; '
11P, M.,
_Express Mail for Pittsburgh and tho West. •
• • Rending Iloitronet—Lomot, Broad anti Vine. •
1010 A - , M,l -Express Train for Pottarille, Williamsport,
and Niagara Falls,
8.30 P. ILI as shore (Night Azores's Train.)
- Seto York Lines.
/ - A. front Remington, yin Jersey City. •
6 A. m., from Camden, Accommodation Troia.
' 7, A. 18, - from Camden,' Jersey City Mall. -
/0 from, Walnut street wharf, riaJersoysity.
P,ll. tle Camden and Amboy, Express)
OP. Morin Bowen, Acconunodation Train. • '
M., Via Camden and ,fersey City, Mail.
.8 P.M., via Can den and Amboy, Accommodation:
• -•-_ Connstiing Lines.-
, 0 6.14.,fr0m Walnietstreetwharf;for Belvidere,Buton,
„ . - Water. Ga p; Scranton, die ,
0A; M., for Freehold. , • - , •
- 1 A. II.; for Mount Holly, from Walnut street wharf,
:2 r. u., for PreohoM,
%go for Monet Holly, Bristol, Trenton, Ad:
4P: M.; for Palmyra, Darlington, liorentown, &e.
•• 4 Pad, ifor Belvidere, Eaton, Ac.', - from Walnut 'trent
• •.0 P.M, fel Mount Holly, Burlington, fro, •
_Baltimore IL B.—Depot. Broad and Prime;
r 0 6..11.f tarlaltimore, Willett - 100n; New, Castle,
- • dtetoan; Dover, and Seaford. •
P. 14., for Baltimore, Wilmington, and New Outlet.'
4.15 T, ILifor Wilmington,. New gristle, Middletown,
•• • -noser,ned Seaford. '
for Perryville, Fast Freight.
31.-P.M. - , tor Biltheiwe and , 12 1 1 1 11 10 10 02 . ' '
•, . Nora Pennsylvania Ili ./L—Depot, Front and Willow.
6.16 A. M., for .Betbleheui, Easton; Manch Chunk, ko.
)BAS A. IL fay Doylestown. A6namroodation.'
• 'Das P. IL, for Bethlehem,lastun; Mauch Chunk, - ha.
. M., for Moyiestoorailtdonnoodatioo.
OM P. M., for Uwynedd, aecimmodation.
Camdm and Andatte .11.4L;- , Fine greet wharf.
1.30 A. M„, for Atlantic .•
.304115 A. Id., for Haddontleld. • • - ,
4 E 144-for City. , ,
•-- 4.,46 for Ussidoolleld. ' - -
, For : • - '
ByAktlninbla R. B. and Westchester Branch.
• From Market street,' smith aLle above Eighteenth. '
- Leave Phllmielphia 7 A. 111, 10 7J4 P. M.-
-.WeNtehiniter 1/80 A.,,se, add 3 P. M. ”
Imavii Philadelibin 7 - •-
, •
Westethaster 3 P.. 14- • ' •
Westattester Directliallroad open to - PenneltonOiruidel
,Sfors,Ortheast'Eighteenth and Market itrosts.
V.44eraPhils4ilphiali; - end O'A; }f; 2,4; and 6P.
PenheltOnktfrubbef Nagel 1; giaud 1/4:11; an&
On Battetiaßt hts,t train from Pannetten at ILA. M.
4 - •=T; ,
4el,l*ilifittlidelOUlLLA:3l-Autd 2 - PAL
:dt.vi Pa, isnettoti liff•A. M. andtS PAC
Oth • sa4
;II , Nrsero' I- • • -
4,40;3.461am/ 11,16
6 4•,1 - I:FL '..--"t ,, ,qttre No/fist : Own ')
B.P.ldij6r Downingtown: •
2,; 4; ! fr aud fit
' for Cbeetnnt. /HIE •• • s.• •
T i S i Ili 1010; out 11.844 A.lst.'4 aid -1•40.10i 4 4i 6,
0 7 - 6 0 sad 11.80 P. M., for Oenniintrrn.
VOL. .1-NO. 70.
Cheater Valley R. R.—Leave Philadelphia 6 A. M. and
8 P. M.
Leais Downingtown TX A. M. and 1 P,
STEABIIIOAT LINES
'2.00P. M., Richard Stockton, for Sordentown, from
Walnut street wharf.
10 and 11.45 . A; if. and 4 P. M., for Tunny, Stirling
- • ton and,Bristol, from Walnut street wharf.
0.80 A. M. Delaware , Iloston, and Kennebec, for Cape
•
May, &staler bolo/Spruce street.
1.80 A, Id., and 2,. 3, and dP. M., John A, Warner
, . and Thomas A. Morgan, for , Bristol, Bur
- • , Ilugtou, &o.
aR4 A. la., latnieral .McDonald, for Cape May, every
Tuesday. Thursday, and Saturday, from
• Arnh Word wharf.
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•
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C4t Vress+
:WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1857
• TEHERAS FRANCIS MEAGHER
This day-we publish a Democratic speech by
TROMAS FRANCIS MEAGHER, well known as the
Irish Patriot—a title which now merges into
the yet higher and more ennobling Ono of
American Citizen. Last spring, by length of
residence and compliance with the usual forms
demanded by the Constitution, MEADUEII oh
tabled the 'privilege of naturalization. lle had
no difficulty, it Will readily be believed, in mak
ing the preliminary declaration of his intention
to relinquish 'allegiance to all foreign poten
tates, and more .particularly to " Her Most
Gracious Majesty Queen Viwroina,'! and, with
still less regret, we dare affirm, did he, last.
May, take the solemn oath of allegiance to the
Constitution of the Gilled States.
'MEAGHER is a man of whorl it may be said,
he loved his country !‘ not wisely, but too
well!" He saw his country misgoverned; he
heard the murmurs of discontent all around
him; ho distrusted Mr. O'CONNELL'S perpetual
euckoo-tioto of g The Repeal;" he rentember
ed Ireland had suffered from her
subjeCtion to England ; he thought that his mi..
tive land was worthy co'f'a loftier destiny than
to be beld'in Vassalage en a mere contributory
province of, Great Britain ; he had the ambi-
film of raising her into a nation,—of making
her, once more, what she once bad been—
"Greet, glorious : , tud frge,
Birst flower of the earth, Othi first gem of the flea."
In association with other young Irishmen
of talent and patriotism, MEAMIEn impulsively
thing himitelf• into the arena of politics, and
'Mildly bearded O'Commx.r.' in his own strong
hold, the, Repeal Association. .lie did this,
'bedause ho believed that O'Comis.m. was luke
warm in the esuse of nationality.
:And, indeed ? many circumstances combined
o create and rionrish such a belief. O'CoNNELL
bad rendered the greatest services to Ireland
and the 'lrish. Ho had obtained Catholic
Emancipation' for - his country, and bad taught
his conntryinen the advantages of political and
numerical organization—"within the law."
Ever, with CrPONNELL, the loophole for retreat
wag the expression cc within the law." In the'
days when Manhood was strong within him,
when life and - energywere quick, and decided,
he:would address the most exciting language
to the masses, and, after he bad appealed to
them, to battle for their rights, would fall down
on their, excitement with these three words—
cowithin the law." . He all but desired them
to appial to'the,argument of force, in default
.of the force of argument being of avail. He
Woltht draw a lovely picture' of their native
land, (twilit its blue skies above them, and its
green fields around; its lofty mountains rising
like monuments of vanished glory; its mighty
rivers rushing forward to the broad ocean;
its brave'men, and its 'beautiful and virtuous
women?' and would then ask whether such a
country should any longer be in thraldom 1
Then"wonld the shout arise, cc Never !" Then
would men hold their sticks with as strong a
hold as if they, were loaded. and bayoneted
muskets. Then would every man feel that if,
at such 'a moment, the Word ' c 4 Charge !" were
uttered, a resistless battle-array would rapidly
be formed. And; then, when he had raised
their excited feelings to that crisis when men
will do and dare, regardless of danger and its
consequences, 14fr., O'Cosinnt, would throw
a wet blanket on the 'enthusiasm he had awa
kened, by coldly tolling them that all he had
entreated them to do must be performed
"within the law."
There was a great deal of humbug in this,
and the higher class of CONNELL'S adherents
were painfully conscious of it, though they
merely shrugged their shoulders and kept
silence. In truth, o , Conxnu. had become a
Dictator. Lethini only have his own way, and
tti'iro never was a better-tempered or more
complacent man. Unopposed, he was a living
f+
specimen of placidity and good temper. Re.
sist liim, or even venture to offer an opinion
at Variance with his views, and a she-tiger de
of her cubs (or a jealous woman) was
not more, infuriated.
Therefore, when SMITE( O'BRIEN, MEAEIIER,
and a: foil' more men of station , character, abi
lity, and earnestness, honestly and firmly dis
faulted from the within the laiv" principle,
'and ventured to say that the liberty of Ireland
was worth fighting for, Mr. O'OONNI,LL became
enraged.' ..Ther'e aroae two parties,—O'Cox
urrx's, contending .for the gentle mission of
Moral Force, and' the party of Young Ireland
declaring that, it Peed arose, freedom was to
be won by Physical Force, that it' words did
*avail weapons might, The conflict between
the, parties was long, and it ended in the defeat
of O'CoNNELL. The press was generally upon
hid nide,'lnit the young patriots commenced
neWepapereof their own, In which they boldly
proclaimed their country's wrongs, and their
own determination 'to redress them. In the
with the forum and the pen, the sanguine young
orators and writers battled strongly for the
good cause—the great cause of Nationality.
The result was, the defeat of O'CONNELL. He
retired from the contest a baffled and a beaten
,man. He felt that hie power, once so great,
was at zero. Vexation, at thus being virtually
deposed, preyed upon his mind, and the reac
tion; - operating on a frame debilitated by the
quick-pressing infirmities of advancing years,
injured his health.' Ile went to Italy, in the
hope 'that change of climate and abstinence
from that political excitement which had been
to him the,ver) . 7 breath oflife, would renew the
failing Springs of health. But his course was
'
near la do se, and ho died at Genoa. His heart
rests in Rome, the Holy City, which it loved
so well, and his body reposes in the cemetery
'of 4 Ghtenevin, near Dublin.
'All thiough his long and eventful career,
thmigh the leader of the Irish
Hemotracy, , was essentially a monarchical
man. At no time did he venture to suggest
that
,Ireland should really become, what he
more than ones Maple opportunity of making
beri. art, indepandent- Nation. Much ado as
tyaii , mit-dentn:it Repeal, the agitation for which
Wes considered as almost treasonable by many
sensible- and sensitive people in England, it
tinietidateitin'thittlreland should, once more,
km'a Pirlitimelit of her own, but that the
Sovereign of England should still be the
Sovereign of Ireland. Far differently thought
Illnmannn and his friends. They went, not •for
Repeal, bu t for Separation—aot for subjec
tion, but , for independence. The design
was to declare Ireland a free and indepen
dent nation—the American Constitution was
to have supplied the principal model for he r
government—and SMITH O'BRIEN would pro
bably have been the first President of the free
Republic of Ireland. Most of the leaders in
the patriotic confederation were Catholics, but
so thoroughly free from sectarian feelings was
the movement, that their general desire was,
to elevate SMITH O'BnrEN, a Protestant, to the
Presidential chair, had Ireland appeared
among the nations once more, with her own
flag of independence floating proudly on the
breeze borne across the broad and almost
boundless Atlantic.
The organization ripened, after a fashion,
into what was. called a Rebellion. But the
loaders had no army to lead. Hopes of sup
port and association had been given—but the
influential parties who could, at ono word,
have called an army of peasants into the field,
declined to utter that word. So the rebellion
ended before it was well commenced, and
most of the leaders were taken, tried, and
condemned. Upon SMITH O'BRIEN, MEAGIIER,
and a few more of surpassing ability and
dreaded influence, the death-doom was passed—
but these bravo men mot the sentence with oyo
undimmed by dread, with cheeks unbleached
by fear. It was a sentence which those who
pronounced it dreaded to carry into execu
tion, and the affrighted Government mitigated
it to Transportation for Life in ono of
the penal colonies of Australia. From
that exile, MEAMIER escaped to this
country, where he was well received—
for we thought, with ROOREFOUCALT, that
it is not the punishment, but the crime, that
makes thd disgrace. here, admired and ho
nored, lifummun las realized what his coun
tryman, Moons., so beautifully and so truth
fully has described, when writing 'about this
country :
" Thrice happy land! whore ho who hies
From the dark ills of other skies—
From scorn, or want's unnervtng woos—
May shelter him in proud repose. '
Hope sings along the yellow sand
Ms welcome to a patriot laud;
The mighty wood, with pomp, receives
The stranger on its world of leaves;
Which soon their barren glory yield
To the warm shed and cultured field ;
Awl ho who came, of all bereft,
To whom malignant fate had left
Nor home, nor friends, nor country dear,
Finds home, and friends, and country hero."
Throughout the whole land, wherever he
Went, REAM/ED.'S progress was an ovation.
His youth, his bravery, his genius, his prinei.. -
ples, and, above all, his misfortunes, were so
many claims to the attention and regard of a
free people. ne had the further prestige of
having broken his chain—of having done so
without a taint upon that high personal honor
which to him is everything. Lord PALMER
fiTON. may safely insinuate a calumny against
such a man, at the 'distance of three thousand
miles, but, in the eye of the world, Mumman
stands acquitted, fully and clearly, of all hut
having too long yielded to that too scrupulous
delicacy, which urged him to keep faith with
those who kept no faith with him. Actually,
as well as legally, taking back his parole, he
effected his escape, and he was right in
doing so.
Moro than five years have passed since
MEAOUER first trod this land, and he has use
fully, honorably, and brilliantly employed his
rare and varied talents for the information and
the advantage of his adopted country. As a
speaker, he ranks among our most eloquent.
Nearly two years ago be commenced a journal
called The Irish .News,"(in which he has shown
himself to be as able a writer as he had proven
himself to be a speaker. Webellove that THO
MAS FRANCIS MEAMIER, in The Irish News, was
the very first editor in the State and in the
City of New York, to place the name of JAMES
before his readers as the llemoera-
tic candidate for the Presidency of the United
States.
Not till now, not until actually an American
citizen, did Mr. MEAOHEIL come into tho poli
tical arena, as a speaker. He was too fasti
dious, perhaps, in thus abstaining from the
actual strife, with his lips, while Ito joined in
it with his pen, but his feeling evidently was
that, as a non-citizen, ho had better not pre
sent the appearance of intermeddling in the af
fairs of a laud, in which up to the time when
ho actually had accomplished his citizenship,
he felt himself, however at home, somewhat as
a guest.
He has broken ground, however, at last, and
his fine speech addressed to the Democracy of
Now York, which we publish this day is worthy
of notice, from the lucid exposition of princi
ples, and from the eloquence and fervor which
breathes through the whole composition. Child
of Democracy as he is—it caused his exile,
and it brought him here—TUOMAS FRANCIS
MEAGHER, young but experienced, gifted
and honest, has before him, we hope, a very
brilliant future. Such a man must rise.
THE MAGAZINES FOR NOVEMBER
As far as the principal illustration is con
cerned, Peterson's Ladies' National Magazine
is fur ahead, this time, of its immediate cotem
poraries hero. The graceful figure landscape,
called The Harvest Home, is beautifully de
signed and well engraved on steel. Tho lite
rary contents are of average merit—a novelette
The Mysterious Box, is much above the usual
run of magazine stories.
The steel engraving in Godey's Book we can
not praise. The artist has not done justice to
the faces of the figures; the man's profile is es
pecially defective. It is absurd to call this
"an engraving, the superior to which cannot
be found in any English annual." Much bet
ter is a tinted wood-cut, representing an old
man teaching a child to write. There aro nu
morons fashions' engravings, which, we dare
say, are found attractive, or they would not be
so profusely given. The best literary papers
here, this month, aro Aunt Sophie's Visits,
(commencing a series,) The Family Drawing
Master, and the conclusion of Chemistry for
the Young.
Graham's Illustrated Magazine substitutes
a couple of tinted wood-cuts for the steel en
graving usually given. Tho colored fashion
plate (steel) is neatly engraved and colored.
The wood-cuts, introduced with the text, aro
so very coarse and badly worked that au amend
ment in these particulars would be advanta
geous to the character of the Magazine. The
best paper hero is an historical sketch, by Mr.
Reed, of Inez d' Castro,tho beautifill and hap
less wife of Don Pedro, King of Portugal.
It is a romance, and it is true. Flower and
Garden Hints are practical and well-timed.
We usually read the "Editor's Easy Talk"
with pleasure, for Mr. Leland is a scholarly
and agreeable writer,—but does his actual
"easy talk" include such familiar colloquia
isles as “That's so 1" (first cousin to "Yes,
Sir-ree,") "You'll do," "Strikes us that,"
"Knew beans," "That's it," and soon. Surely,
even if such slip-slop were used in speech, it
might properly be left out of printing, whence
every thing touching on vulgarity should be
excluded.
The Ileretltage.
[From tho Nashville 'Union.]
Under the authority of the act passed by ibolast
Legislature, the Hermitage was purchased by the
State. The same act made it the duty of the
Governor to tender the place to the General
Government. Gov. Johnson has performed this
duty; but tho late Congress took no motion on the
subject We understand that there is much oppo
sition to the establishment of another national
school, and that it is likely Congress will de
cline the gift of Tennessee, since the establishment
of a branch of the military school nt West Point is
ono of the conditions of the gift.
In view of this foot, the question arises, Must will
be done with the hfermitage? The people of Ten
nessee demand it of their representatives that the
grave of Andrew Jackson shalt he forever pro
tected; that rinee the cenotaph covers the re
mains of ono who was, and Is, and will be for ail
time, fresh in their affections, no mercenary specu
lator must desecrate the sacred spot by his vandal
step The proud form, the lofty character, and the
heroic deeds of Jackson belong to the State, and
BO Mat his grave. If, then, Congress, at the ap
proaching session, should decline the gift of the
State, we trust the Legislature will follow the re
commendation of the Governor. In his late mes
sage, Governor Johnson suggests that the Hermi
tage be Oct apart as the residence of the future
Governors of Tennessee.
The Memphis (Tenn.) Bulletin learns, from
a private letter, that "the Into murderous affray,
reported to have ocautlred in this county, took place
in Tipton; and that the name of the man killed
by the two wood•choppers was Chambers, instead
of Slaughter. The two wood-choppers have been
arrested and committed to the Jail in Covington on
last Friday."
PHILADELPHIA, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1857.
COMMUNICATIONS.
NOTES FROM THF. DIARY OF A COMMIS.
SION-MERCIIIANT.
For Tho Prems.J
Pinlatia., Ort. 4. Got up at day-light; law the•
sun rise ; beautiful sight. Passed a restless night;
Dreamed of banks, discounts, brokers, and bills
payable. Thought I had $lO,OOO to pay and noth
ing to pay it with; awoke le find it was a dread
ful reality—fact; hayo that amount to pay and
only $2 000 in bank to moot it. Prospect gloomy;
as all the newspapers say, " this is to bon dreadful
day in the money market, the worst ever expert
oncod." Got up and dressed myself; commenced
shaving; cut my face in several places Went doWn
stairs to breakfast; no appetite; nibbled a bit of
toast and swallowed a mouthful of coffee, and put
off for the counting-house. Half dozen ]otters on
my desk; ono from Jenkins, another from Brown.
Feel much bettor; both promised remittances more
than a week back. Jenkins says, "extremely
sorry; terrible state of money market precludee
the possibility of doing anything at present ; hope
to be able to announce a better state of things
shortly, when I will remit." Brown says ditto,
ditto. Curse Jenkins and Brown. Smith advises
of having drawn at sight for $2,000, which he hopes
I will honor. OS monoy is very tight, and drafts at
longer time can't be negotiated. Not a dollOt's
worth of his goods sold; made up my mind not to
accept. Smith will be mad; won't got any repro
consignments from hint; can't help it. Jones'
"regrets exceedingly to be under the necessity
of saying that it is entirely out of his power tonna
his note coining duo on the sth, and bogs that I
will not allow it to be protested, and asks fdr an
extension of ninety days. Jones a good customer;
can't lose Jones; note discounted Borne timo back;
will have to take it up—if I can. Evans is ABM°
short to-dap ; requests the favor of a couple of
thousands till the 6th. Green desires to know If
I can possibly wait till to-morrow for tho thousand
I loaned him yesterday; very encouraging; cursed
them ail. Placed all onfidoneo in Jenkins
Brown ; never doubted Jones; thought I was sure
of $2,000 from Evans, generally flush ; and counted
on Green's thousand positively; mad as a March
hare; wrote immediately to Jenkins it Brawn a
srorcher• ' cooled down a little to Jones; told' him
how much I had to pay, and begged for heaven's
sake that he would send a part at least, if not
the whole, and not to leave anything unturned to
accomplish it; wrote to Green that I must have It
if ho had to srll his shirt.
Got down the bill-look; examined the time of
notes duo to-day; might possibly be a mistake of
a day in ono of them; got no consolation; all cot.'
rest; shut up the book ; wont to tho Ore-proof, and
took out a dozen bills receivable; beat in the
market; put off to try my chance; mot Fry
coming in looking very cheerful; put on a plea
sant face also; hadn't time to ask him if bo
had anything over, before lie asked me; both of
our countenances fell considerably. Mot a dozen
in tho street with long faces; all "hail fellows
well met " White was just coming to see "how I
was off;" Black ditto; had intended to call on
White and Black myself. Stepped in to see Kiines;
was very glad ; just the man be wanted to see;
was nhort, and had put me down for a thousand ;
both obliged to give a ghostly grin. Off in a min
uto ; called on Parker; heard him say to his clerk,
take this check to Hopkins, and ask him to be kind
enough talot me have a thousand for it day or two;
steppad up and told Parker I was sorry ; couldn't
accommodate him ; eamo to borrow myself. No
luck there ; tried everybody I knew until 12
o'olook ; all short. Put ou a bold face and stepped
into a broker's office; Grindstone wasn't in; sot
down and took up a newspaper and tried to read
an article on the money panic; waited half an twig
till Grindstone came; took him aside arid asked
hint what ho would charge; nild the notes hag, al
ways boon A No. I ; didn't consider anybody at
present strictly good; bad been in business thirty
years and never saw such a terrible state of affairs
before; everybody was hard run; had Just acoom
ntodat3d a person to a considerable amount; didn't
think ho could raise enough today; know a friend
who might accommodate him at 5 percent. a month
and half per cent. for his trouble. Tried to bring
him down a peg or two; couldn't do it. Told him
to go and see hie friend; waited another half hour;
Grintlatono Came back and sold half food be done
at 5, the other half at G per cent. ; got the refusal
for half an hour, and tried half dozen other bro
kers; hoard the same story repeated ; wouldn't do
them for lose ; cameo asked loom \Vent back to
Grindstone's at quarter past 2; stood the shave and
got a check ; walked a mile to the bank to get it
marked good, and arrived et hank to make deposit
at two minutes of 3; found thirty depositors in line
ahead of me; heard the bank clerk call Out my
name; answered hero; all right; made deposit,
and at quarter past 3 went out the back way and
wont bank to counting-house. Entered deposit in
cheek-book; balanced, and found ono dollar and
slalom cents over.
THE WORKINOMEN'M FATE
For The Preen j
" The poor are crushed ; the tyrants forge their chains."
Mn. EDITOR: It has been sagely said, that
walled towns, stored arsenals, goodly TACO of
horses, and the like, although formidable in them•
solves, are no indications of the prosperity of a peo
ple; but that the true and lasting welfare of a na
tion consists in a distribution of its wealth, in sueh
wise as to afford to all an opportunity to acquire a
competence.
While our statute-books groan under the weight
of enactments for the protection of capital and capi
talists, wo rarely carne in contact with any move
ment having in view the safety and advancement
of that largo, but sadly neglected clam of our citi
zens—the workingmen. Banks are chartered un
der certain legal provisions and restrictions; these
provisions and restrictions aro disregarded when
ever the private views and interests of currency
regulators are conflicted with; and the people—the
workingmen—aro coerced to acquiesce in the in
auguration of a system of events, tho very nature
of which Is to render the toiler tho only loser.
The wheels of enterprise aro stopped ; thousands
of worthy and industrious mechanics aro ousted
from the various branches of industry; a depre
elated paper-currency cute down the earnings of
those who are fortunate enough to be kept, and
want, upon whose brow sits crime, stalks through
the land !
What is the artisan to do? lie is powerless?
lie knows that Legislatures will legalize the most
flagrant injustice. lie sees that money and in
fluence min overweigh the scruples of the people's
representatives. Ho beholds that power will*
under a free Dovernment, should be supreme—in
terdicting the wrong, and enforcing the right—
obsequious to the wishes of a few, whose great gain
is in the impoverishment of the many.
To whom, in this, the hour of his adversity, shall
the m'echanie look for support? Shall he look to
those influences which, Shylock-like, aro exerting
their every energy to reduce that pittance which
now barely gives him the Nip n' to meet the re
quirements of life? No. They would crush him
out. Shall ho look for the proteetive hand of those
legislators who thoughtlessly give legal being and
vitality to Institutions almost irresponsible in their
character, and who steadily bolster up a rank, un
wieldy ream of financial rottenness ? No. Bitter
experience lies taught a far different lesson. From
what quarter, then, is the hardy son of toil to ex
pect on ameliorating act—a helping hand?
Lot the workingman look to his own class for
help. Dire winter is upon fiat Let those me
chanics who have employment imitate the noble
example sot by the journeymen printers of
the United States, and they may materially be of
benefit to each other in the approximating crisis
The printers of the United States have perfected
I a combination for trade purposes which has done,
and is doing, much for theta as it class. Each city
has a local organization which regulates the scale
of prices, and makes all other needful arrange
ments for the promotion of the craft, whieh union
is subject to eertain general laws, framed by a con
vention of delegates from the different States.
This convention meets annually, and its mom
hers are elected from 'the subordinate unions.
When, es is the onee'now, many aro thrown out of
employment, it be usual on the part of those who
retain situations to absent themselves one or two
days in the week, in order to give those mem
bers of their combination who are idle an
opportunity to keep themselves above want,
and by this means of mutual support they
have been enabled, in many emergencies, to
preserve their prices and organization, which,
otherwise, must have fallen through, In this man
nor, some years ago in this metropolis, the printers
on the daily morning newspapers sustained a great
majority of their fellow-craftsmen engaged in the
book-publishing offices, who were on a strike for
increase of remuneration, and kept them above
actual want for an entire year, at the completion
of which period the employers yielded to an intact
and determined combination.
There is no doubt that a system of this descrip
tion is predicable, and calculated, not only to
keep wages above starvation rates, but to bring
relief to many a hearthstone, whore, otherwise,
misery and want would reside. Let the working ,
men of Philadelphia look to themselves for protec
tion, and combine. "In union there is strength."
R. J. B,
Payne, the Democratic candidate for Go
vernor of Ohio, we FICO by the official returns, has
3,154 majority in Hamilton county. The entire
Democratic county ticket was °looted.
SPEECH OF THOMAS FRANCIS
MEAGHER, Esq.
At a recent Democratic meeting at New York,
of which State he became a citizen, by naturaliza
tion, early in the present year, Mr. Meagher spoke
as follows :
Mn. PRESIDENT AND GENTLEMEN : In compli•
once with the invitation I had the honor of re
ceiving from you, a few days sinee,l have attended
here this evening In obidicer° to the call that
fans just been made, chimes of New York, I hare
risen to address you. My words, however, shall
be few. The speakers, by whom I have been pre
ceded, have left me little to say. Eloquent, COM
proliensive, forcible, their speeches have r.mdered
full justice to the great topic which interests this
meeting. Nothing, in my power to add, could im
prove the light in whielt that topic has been
submitted to the people, nor is an appeal to the
popular intelligence and enthushemi necessary,
where both these elements have been nitidly
called forth. Were it not, indeed. that I destio,
once for all, to identify myself with the Hentocra
tie party, and stand committed to the principles it
upholds and the public conduct it diotates, I
should, most probably, be silent.
That I have, for some time back, been thus iden
tified and committed, is the truth. All through
the Presidential campaign—front first to lust—=from
the challenge to the announcement of the triumph
—my hand and heart were devoted to the
in the name of which this meeting has been con
vened. Mt this Is not enough. Anonymous ser•
vices may bo useful. They do not correspond,
however, with the spirit of Democrecy, There are
no mysteries in Democracy, no disguises, no false
inodesty. Having its origin in the heart of the
people, it grows with the people, and like them
boldly manifests itself. It is right, therefore,
should throw WY the reserve which has, up to this
moment, kept me aloof from the proceedings of the
people. As a Democrat, it becomes my duty to do
so.
It ls.full time, too, that such should be the case.
The citizenship which, for some time past, it has
been nay pride to enjoy, entitles me to express nay
opinion, publicly, upon any and every question
which alTeas the interests of this city, the State of
which it is the choicest ornament anal best protee•
Son, or the Union of which its unswerving patriot
ism, iu an eminent degree, contributes to main
tain. No longer an exile, no longer a foreigner,
no longer without a home I can call nay own, a
country to boast of,and a government that ennobles
the loyality it invites, I have come hero, as an
American citizen, to utter my protest against a got
of measures and a political invasion, which has,
for the time being, within this city anal throughout
thlg State, itnpairod the worth of (ho high title.
Protests, however, have little weight. Injuries
the niestgrievous have been inflicted—taxes have
been levied, properties have been confiscated—all
under protest. and to this day the mischief has
not been repaired.
There aro some maxims learned by heart, as we
leave the cradle, upon which neither the expe
rience nor the study of matting years can im
prove. That possession is nine points of the law,
and that might is right, we aro early taught. The
knowledge we acquire in after life but serves to
confirm, In our minds, these pious doctrines. The
condition of Europe, at
.tbis day, vindiontes their
truth, and establishes thdb. conolusively. Hungary
submits to Vienna undue protest. Sho submits,
however; snit the protest, being little better
than a vain ejaculation scrawled upon Is prison
wall, goes for nothing. Francis Joseph has lit
his cigar with it long since. Italy admits the Aus
trian inside her gates. and delivering him up the
key, presents him with a protest. The Austrian
endorses it with instruetions to the police, to per
mit no beards, no murmurs, no newspapers, no
fashions, no amusements, no liberty but what his
parsimonious discretion may prescribe. Se much
for tho protest written in the 'language of the Di
vine Comedy and the sonnets of Petriiich ! So,
too, with others of the like nature. which, famili
arized as the public mind has been with them, it
is lielleamigury to particularise. Enough to say.
that—just. enlightened, noble as they are—for all
tho respect they command, the remorse they
ken, the magnanimity they inspire, the restitution
they aohieve--therusight its not have seen the
light. And why"
The reason is obvious—distinct as the spire of
Grace Church—though, taking an opposite direc
tion from that white finger-punt, this Heavens, it
points disparagingly downarans. 'Virtuous max
ims, addressed to the recusant and powerful. have
to bo enforced with souls degree of muscular or
vetorint strength' The Millennium is indiscernibly
remelt,. iyen justice, in the quietest of towns or
reluirs a crier, ri door-keeper, and, in
most eases, apolleeinan within mall: As fur forgo,
it must ho met with force. Authority, legislative
or executive, or both uoinbined, made one and in.
divisible—nominated in a camp, ratified by bayo
nate, and by means of tempi and bayonets estab
lishing itself as a raibeal nuisance in to country,
eon be upset and swept away only by a people who
have gathered their strength behind ramparts—dß
the torrent does its waters in the gorge—and bears
down upou the despotism with protests transfixed
by bayonets.
This is the truth; the truth as the experience
ortmoteriei—the - history of Judea, of timer., of
Spain, of Gene:my—conveys it ; the truth, as the
inferences of common sense, based upon history and
a plain haorylodge cif human nature, impress it upon
every people that has tho um Of jly t ioulties, its
eyes open, liberty to read, end !ohm ro to discuss.
Fortunately, howevoi, thera'aro same Ilatioll4 so
cirountotoeced ' ay not to he corepollcd to not upon
it. There aro some nations—llelgtuni, England.
the Cumulus, Switzerland, for instance—which
have been so liberally provided for, or hare so
wisely fashirned their own laws, political maehin
ory and mode of action. (halt SKI violenee is re
quired, when, by nrcident or design, through in
ddverhanep or studied inaliee, their domain has
been Invaded, ther limbs crippled, or their good
name maligned. I?orehgpit of thew notions, and
high above them, t.iiruls the United Stoics.
Against proscriptive laws—lowa which would
disqualify the citizen its a chastisemont for the sin
cerity and zeal with'which he clings to tho altar at
which he woe baptized—there is here a remedy at
hand; a remedy less precarious, and, as to personal
sacrifices, far less exacting, than that which tho
political eironinstances of other countries demand.
Against the enactments of an intrusive fanaticism ;
enactments such as the Maine law of 185 b, which,
with pit the pretentious morality of their pream
bles, harp no cdh,or effbot than to substitute smug
gling for legitimate trade, and infernal bad liquor
for comparatively good; enactment; which would
saturate ns with cold water, by the prohibition of
tobacco in every shape; would throw spittoons on
the market; and, slatting up the moat stalls,
would drive us to winter squashes, bran broad, and
flummery—agalmt all such enactments no aro here
enabled to proceed in a peaceable and effective style,
without endangering the life of a single citizen—
the Rev. Mr. Stiggins or Neal bow—without
smashing a solitary pump or:pumpkin to which
one or other, or both of them, in their intemperate
Sobriety might lay claim. So. too, when an arro
gant and audeciousfaetion—whipped ignominious
ly from the PPlit of tho Federal Government—
whipped buck to the pantry front tho National
Treasury, upon which, in the lowa pf freedom and
humanity, and all that's lovely, it was Montt to
pounce--endeavors to console, itself in its hunger
and humiliation by a rapaelous desoont upon tho
inherent rights of a wealthy and distinguished
city—a city of which every Amorionn has reason
to be proud—proud as Pericles was of A thons—ao
the Foseari were of Venice; when such an event
occurs—mischievous, odious, galling though it be
—all has not come to the worst, nor have the out
raged citizens been driven to the last resort.
For the blackest evils which 0 corrupt or factious
Logislaturo may originate, there resides in the
Amerioan people a corrective passer which is not
only inviolable, but omnipotent. Thu ballot-box
is in your hands. behold it r
Pll,el:ll4Ta, sacred
and indestructible, of the liberty ultiolt-io your in
heritance! Whilst that remains—and remain it
will—remain as long as the Dodson hears upaii its
bosom one proud shy to promulgate your name, or
a solitary eagle floats above the Apidaebian chain
to remind you of your freedom—whilst that great
safeguard rematitm, (lucre can be no perpetuity of
wrong and insult, and no necessity, oven in the
most desperate straits, fur you to invoke tho divi
nities of war. What Europe—with her centuries
of jurisprudence. government, civilization, and
philosophy—what Europa cannot boast of, America
possesses. She pegesses the means whereby liberty
and good order, roforni and conacryatism, progress
and immutability, the sovereignty of rho' 10.01110,
and tho gentility of the laws— the vital antitheses
of a free society—aro, at the one and the antic
time, secured.
France, it is true, has - what iscalled a ballot-Goa.
But it is a French imitation—a ballot-box of pa
ptcv Cognac manufactured out
of gennina Juriongithela—a man-trap of %%blob an
Emperor holds tho
Seldom, if ever, hap a . polltical crisis arisen in this
city—not, at tiny rate, since King. Opmge gas flung
upon his back in the Dowling Green and run 11110
Continental bullets—which so loudly calls for the
, interposition, and so clearly demonstrates the
value, of the ballot-box, as the present. We are
on the ova of an Ovation of absalitto importance.
There are certain State Hippos to be filled nest
month, the political character of tho cilizeno mew
pying which will to a groat extent detortaing
whether Now York is henceforth to be governed as
it was in the days of Daniel Tompkins and Silas
Wright, or (3 It olutneed to be in the leas historic
epoch of Myron Clark.
Other issues are involved. Tho Stato election,
whichever way it goes, will influence, more or less,
the elections %illicit succeed it in the city and coun
ty. The Pennsylvania election in October last,
foreshadowed and decided the Presidential elec
tion in November. lit every cunstituency—tho
most enlightened and independent—Clore are a
number of teen who wait for auguries before they
make up their minds which way to vote. Such
men aro popularly desoribed 00 011 the form. iJ
human nature, if it ho not, political science, and,
however much wp may &plops the fact, it is well
to deduce lessons of practical wisdom from it, and
secure tho augury which, in oar favor, will com
mand the votes.
The purpose of this mooting is to ratify the
Dentooratis nomination of the Syractiso uonven-
Wo do so promptly, unequlvanally, unani
mously. We do so with perfect oatisfaotion,
dense, enthusiasm. Wo do EO, thoroughly 0011.
rimed that tho ticket which bee been submitted
for our approval, contains front first to last—front
that of tile candidate for tho Secretaryship of
State to that of tho eandidato for tho State prisons
inspectorship—some of the very best names to be
found in the Democratic directory, State, city, or
county.
thir. Meagher hero entered into a critical and
laudatory examination of the Domooratie nomina
tion of the Syracuse convention, which is only of
local interest. lie proceeded :1
Triumphant In this contest, the prestige of the
party, to which you belong, will be sustained. Tho
supremacy It has achieved, through the Electoral
Colleges, trill be confirmed. Thp principles ?pen
which it is foondoil will noggins 9 now linpinse—
be invigarated with a rto4lll4lrniarity—itild, stand ,
ed with an additional anthenticity, will trassmit
themselves to the future., To insure this event
should ho the aim and effort of ovoiy citizen who
adopts and echoes the words of James li Polk—
uttered in his Inaugural on the 4th of March,
1511—that mince the Union Wes formed all dis
tinctions of birth or rank have been abolished ;
that alt citizens, whether native or adopted,
are placed on terms of precise rurality; that
r th ai tat un
d
to all seats and creeds— that all should re
member
r t
t a i n e
member that, they arc members of the same politi
pi‘e)lrife°clti' tebdeotawieeonf Chinch opin ion a i n s d
cal family having a common destiny; that the
Federal Union is one of the noblest structures of
(.11,:em'isle7ohlitte t a ra w n o sn r i d ii l t h o o
human i%isdom, and that no treason to mankind,
mince the organization of society, would be equal in
atrocity to that of him who would lift his hand to
Democracy—s houldti ;Ye t r o s f y ITi . c P h rY ss c o i r e t , bev i n il d (t'he t e s s o ti n eonu t etris ei c a rsii i era s ta l lil ti ttei t ha e Cni s n: w anee si i r'i t t: h itonifut love
the the nation which, gifted with this incomparable
instrument of stability and freedom, has risen to
greatness and become a sounder to the world,
through the observance of the duties it prescribes.
It in said of the last of the Roman Tribunes, that
to excite in them an emulation of their ancestors,
be used to take the people to the ruins or the
Forum, or to tho foot of 801110 arch or column, the
inscription upon which be would interpret to their
glory. To you, citizens of New York, base been
bequeathed encouragements to patriotism of a na
ture out less exalted. The bell still tolls as the
boats on the Potomac pass and repass the home
stead of Mount Vernon. A. few feet beyond the
walls of this splendid edifice--which has been de
dicated to song, and, therefore, dedicated to the
people, whose history, as in the spectacle of the
Puritans. or that of the fisherman of Naples, has
furnished to song the most exciting themes—with
out there, stands the effigy of the first soldier, the
first magistrate, the first citizen of the American
Republic. Still on the heights of Monticelle the
oaks andchestnuts put forth the leaves under
which the Declaration of Independence was con
ceived, and up those heights many a pilgrim still
mounts to look with gratitude upon the grave of
Jefferson, as Columbus kissed the sands which as
sured to him a now world of which the old had.
dreamt.
INTERESTING FROM MEXICO
The Death of Don ,Alanuel Alvarez—Suppree.
Mon of the Collins Revolt-111story of the
Lute Conspiracy—Congress and the New Cali-
net—Satisfaction to the British Consul for
the Sun Ws Robbery—Stoppage of the South.
era :Ilan by Rebels—Departure of the Tehu
antepec. Commissioners, &e.
We havo received whites from Mexico city to
the 4th inst.
The "Alvarez," who was mentioned in the tele
graphic despatch from New Orleans as killed, was
Don Manuel Alvarez, and not Don Juan Alvarez, of
high military and political reputation. Don Ma
nuel was killed in the Colima insurrection, of which
the following account is given in a letter dated the
20th of August :
On Wednesday, the 20th, we had a pronuncia
miauto said to have been headed by two young
loon of our city, Don Mariano Vefar and Dun Jou
Rubio. The plaza and quartets were taken in a
few minntes by the pronunciados. who, I am told,
consisted principally of the soldiery of the city.
Our tlovernor, Oenoral Don Manuel Alvarez, was
shot dead while entering the Plaza do Artuas at
the head of about twenty nt the police force, and
was probably the first man killed. Altogether
there have been some five or six deaths, end pro
bably as many morn 'wounded. I have been told
that yesterday Colonel Don Jose Washington had
accepted the command of the city, which is at pre
sent under inertial law."
By subsequent accounts we learn that General
Nunez had taken thecommand, and had sentenced
the insurrectionists captured to be transported to
Yucatan and Lower California. Order WAcCat length
completely restored. The priest who officiated at
•rho burial of the bravo General Alvarez demanded
$2,000 from the family for performing the lust holy
rites, and made other exactions of a stringent and
mortifying character The cause of this is supposed
to he the devotion of the deoeased to the cause of
the existing Om eminent
The Mexican E rtraordittary, in its Imo of the
28th nit., gives' the following' account of the dis
covery of the last conspiracy against President
Cotuoafort
" Tho excitement which affected this capital on
Thursday night, during all of Friday, and aeon
spread itself over n good portion of Saturday last,
has, wo aro happy to say, entirely passed. As we
intimated in our issue of Saturday last. the ex
citement was not altogether tho result of sponta•
Oboes combustion. It bad a real cause, and that
cause was a badly formed plan for a revolt that
was to have overturned the Government. Reports
differ as to how the secret movements of the con.
spirators became known to the Government. The
treachery of HOMO of the parties engaged in it is
the most likely solutinn of )ho cause. At all
events the Government in duo time became
thoroughly acquainted with every movement, and
it is nsnorted, on good authority, only waited to
obtain every necessary proof of the object of the
conspirators. It is believed that the Government
has now In its possession strong testimony against
the parties who are under arrest.
"Among those who have been arrested we find the
following Generals Mariano Rains, Manuel Obstn
do, Domingo tlallossd, Agustin Ziree, Antonio
ttutentlents of police in 'lime Of Banta
Anne,) Lie. Manuel Fernandez de Jauregul, Col.
Detninuguex, Francisco Outtiew"P. M.
Rodriguez Falcon, (son of him who pronounced in
Tem meal tepee.) The foregoing do not comprise all.
There are many more who aro not well known to
tho world."
wo havo already said, groat pradui must be
bestowed upon the authorities for their vigilance
and promptness in putting down this conspiracy.
It has doubtless boon most completely smothered
and broken up.
On political matters the Ertraordinary of Sept.
29 says : 'The rumors of revolts have died away,
and we hear of nothing now but the forming of
the now cabinet and the granting of extraordinary
powers to President Cotnenfort On Saturday lust,
Congress having succeeded in obtaining aquorum,
eolutnittee vas pleeted to 'examine and report
spun the elution returns. Saor Ruts was elected
President of this committee, and Seliores Palacios
and SaborioSeeretaries. The gentlemen compos
ing the committee were Seliores Matte, Oleora,
Zeinacona, Flores, U. Sabino,) and Buz, (D. Jose
Yal ente,l and the second, Sehores Lerdo de Tejada,
Flores, (1). Bernardo,) y ()equities B re am.
" One hundred members worm, present on Satur
day, and a lively contest took place in the election
of the President of the Committee on Credentials.
it is understood that Senor Ruiz represented the
tiovernment party, and Seiler Lerdo the able of
liengresjonal rule, or anti-extraordinary powers
party. Seiler Ruiz was elected by a bare ma
jority; still, we consider the circumstance suffi
ciently strong Knot that extraordinary powers
will lib conferred upon President Comonfort."
The estates of Sehor &imam:lige have been or
dered to to sold by the courts to meet a portion of
the $210,000 stolen from the British consulate, at
San Luis Potosi, last winter. A protest has been
entered against thisproceeding by the attorney of
Seiler Satuaneige. This gentleman, who is accused
of the robbery, is now spending his time in Eu
rope. Ile left the country with a largo number of
friends, and, it was understood, was paying their
expenses. If he was not a person of a great deal
pf ready money. tote cireu'lqi/NC of jltppresent
emir o e (Oohs suspieteua,
No mail has been received in the capital from
the South for a mouth. The road had been closed
by the war going on between old (ion. Alvarez and
u number of guerilla bands, beaded by souls of
the nowt desperate and unprincipled men that
the prolific country affords. They have held at
times Tixtla and Chilpaneingo, but the latest fie
counts state that these points have been restored
to the (lot ernment. It is more than likely that
these bands of ruffians have made it a point to
regularly take the mail bags, which has for Lk,
long a time deprived the citizens of the capital of
their correspimileime.
The I: di noliltnal it, in notieirm the ilcparitire of
the Telmanti.pee tammitssMners "from the capital,
qsys By the diligence of Tuesday morning,
Messrs Benjamin and La Sere, Commissioners of
the Tehuantepec Company, left this city for Vera
Cruz, en touts fur the United States. In noticing
the departure of these gentlemen, we are pleased
to say that their mission to this capital has been
heaped with success and coninlitnents. The first
object of their visit was to settle the le,ng-ve4eil
question of TelmantePpe. Sc far no we can learn
they have succeeded in thiS to their tallest eNpec
tations, and to the satisfaction of those interested
with them in the great Mexican natitinal enter
prise of on inter•i r etinic railroad florets Tauante
pus. The hest proof of their success is to be found
In the eagerness which has bee» evinced in taking
up the stock of the company in this capital. Al
though but a week has elapsed since the books of
the company were opened, already several hun
dred thousand dollars hate been subscribed, and
wo are fully assured that as much more has been
pledged, and that too by Mexican capitalists
'lt is not flattery to say that thesogentlemen hat o
shown themselves to be fully equal to the mission
they Mulartook, in coming' to this country to er
lane a matter that has for years ltecn h blight
upon every other measure that was calculated to
do good to Atelier, They have not only arranged
the Tehuantepec transit, but have lamed Into the
enterprise such an mama of confidence that the
universally timid Mexican caidtalislt have come
porward to Invest their money init. And all this
they lied fislly accomplohed before they hail been
here one month. The brevity of the time, taking
.
all things into consideration, not the loan OVI
11PrICP no hale Or their nativity and business cha
racter. These who are acquainted with thedelays
of courts, and especially with the "to-morrows
that infest and delay proceedings in the National
Palace of Mexico, will fully appreciate this."
Messrs. Benjamin and La Sere have both written
to the Trait fl' Union, formally denying that
they have had to expend any money for thelm ,
antopec Railroad privilege. Their letter was in
answer to an article that appeared in the Trait
fl' Maim., in which It was stated that the nen
company trill ho compelled to pros ide for the ex
penses and presents incurred m the capital in
order to obtain the privilege, which can scarcely
amount to less than half a million of dollars. To
this assertion, Messrs. Benjamin and La Sere give
their emphatic denial. They wither nay
"Theo who !clm the Publicity which in the
United States Is given to all acts of cotnpanies, or
gaillited like that which wo represent, those es
pecially who are aware that the directors of this
company are bound to give an annual account of
their payments to their stockholders at a public
meeting, and to furntsh Touchers for Mete pay
-mews, cannot fur a moment believe the possibility
of the fact which you allege. We re p eat our de•
nial of Its truth, mid add that we have not spent o
sentsle (lona , in order to obtain the concession in
fever of the company, either n expenses or pre
sents, and that OUT only mO4llB of SUCCOS4 were jus
tice, the enlightened spirit of those
yh reason, o,
hnpl,iiy
for
Mexico,
now preside over its
destinies."
!qr. 4. T. Smitli, who has been cashier of
the /Tudor! County hank at ,fersey City, 81000 its
( . )1- onization, has been removed from his position,
in consequence of the alleged discovery of an ir
reiViarify in his account to the amount of $lO,OOO
or V 12,00. An examination of the books of the
bank showed that this defieiency had existed for
somo time, but had been adroitly concealed from
the managerA, and was only aceldentallybrought to
light. The cashier has made such an assignment
of property to the bank as to secure it against loss,
and it is understood that this will eattlo tba that.
ter.
TWO CENTS.
ITEMS OF FOREIGN NEWS.
pelectea from our flies of EuropeauPaPt".)
BRITISH RAILWAY STATISTICS.—The report
of Captain Chilton to the Board of Trade on the
Railways of the United Kingdom for 1856 has just
been Issued. Notwithstanding that the preferen
tial and loan capital constituted 43 per cent. of the
whole of the railway capital raised to the end of
1850, and that the interest payable on this. owing
to the state of the money market, was higher than
during any former period, the per centage having
been 5.08 against an average of 4.72 tor the pre
ceding seven years, the average rate of dividend
available for the ordinkry share capital was 3 12
per cent., being equal to that of 1555, and consitle•
rally higher than the average of the preceding
seven years, which was 2 59. In 1854. however,
the rate was as high as 3 39. The period of extra
vagant outlay, however, was prior to 1819, the
average cost of lines constructed since that period
having been only 1:9.508 mile. The working ex
penses lavt year experienced an increase of 1 per
cent. in England, and a diminution of 2 per cent.
In Scotland and Ireland, the average being 47
The eent- as compared with 48 per cent. in 1855. The
development of the goods traffic bus gone on upon
a rapid 'ratio, and its proportion to the passenger
train° is now 53 to 47 per cent., whereas eight years
ago it was only 44 to 56 per cent. The total of
passenger s conveyed in 1556 was 129,347,592, being
an increase of 10.752,457 on the previousyear ; and
the number conveyed per mile of railway open was
15,213 against 14503 in 1055, the receipts per mile
being £1,191 against £1,164.
Only one traveller in 10.166,449 has been
killed, and one in 451,370 injured, showing a de
gree of greater safety than in any since 1851.
The general effects of the ralsing or lowering of
fares are detailed, and the result appears to be
against the policy of high charges The length
ot line open for traffic in the United Kingdom on
the 30th of June, 1356, was 8,505 miles, and the
persons employed amounted to 102,117, or 12 per
mile. There wore also 963 miles in course of con
struction at that period, of which about 205 were
opened before the end of the year. The whole
are double lines, excepting 2,511 miles. Betrimen
4,000 and 5,000 miles authorized by Parliament
remain to be constructed. The total will then be
13.173 miles—namely, 9,700 in England and
'ales, 1.647 in Scotland, and 1,820 is Ireland.
The number of acts paged in the session of 1356
was fifty-nine, authorizing a length of line of 322
miles at a cost of £5,704,420.
The late Mr. Croker, who was a Privy
Councillor, used to allege that no writer of a letter
bad a right to place his name on the envelope of the
letter unless he was, at Iraq, a right honorable—
that is, of the Privy Council of the Sovereign. Two
or three of his friend, have been rebuked by him
for making use of a right (dishonorable) they were
not entitled to. Mr. Croker was fond of his privi
lege, We remember to have seen a letter which
he wrote anonymously, and sent, as he thought.
anonvtnottsly, unpleasantly detected as his by the
"J. W. Croker" in the corner of the address. It
so happened that he could not by custom write even
an anonymous letter without unintentionally affix
ing his right honorable outside.—London Neer:.
Omar Paella is nominated Governor General
of Bagdad, a very lucrative post, the revenues of
1,11101 amount to 50,000 francs. Ile is charged
with the duty of establishing a line of steamers
upon the Tigris, and upon the lower Euphrates,
and with protection of commerce against the Arabs.
It is stated that the Arabs have tried to destroy the
posts of the telegraph in order to show their sym
pathy with the Indian mutineers.
SUPPLY OP Ausis TO TIM INDIAN MUTI—
Nueloi.—Accordlog to Prussian journals, public
notice has been given by the diplomatic agents of
England in tlermany and Belgium that the intro
duction of firearms into India will no longer be
permitted. The gun manufactories of Liege and
the German States have been driving of late a
roaring trade with Calcutta, and wore unprepared
for the prohibition.
AHMVALS 'ROM NMA.—According to the
monthly "Band-Book of Information," published
by the Peninsular and Oriental Company, their
steamers should leave Calcutta on the 10th and
24th, and Bombay on the 3d and nth, of each
month, and they should arrive at Suez on the sth
and 19th, Mareeillee on the 12th and 27th, and
Southampton on the 4th and 20th of each month.
The Nets Prussian Gatetre saya Prinoe
Frederick William will, according to arrangement
proceed to England in November, and pay a visit
to the - English court on the 21st of that month,
which is the birthday of the "Princess Royal. The
wedding day is Ogod fur the 19th of January, nod
the 34 of Veltruary is named es the day of their
entry into Beilin,
Tine Aetna) loss of 148 on the ocean from the .
year 1852 to the year 1856, both inclusive, was
4,349 ! And an analysis of the various causes
which have led to this loss shows that out of 1,153
ships, only 268 were lost in a gale, storm, or hurri
cane, and only 121 by the conjoint agency of the
latter.
There is little news in the London publiih
leg wet M.' Tbetifir kriiit - Vornies IdtxtaY
ilsoitilf9r t pit mots, Oloit aupkeal r ? aka mo th
. eisrlier.
_Muria* beide ealrlti Urfa to, Re
icy is is wisely keeping his trump ea (and he has
one) somewhat of a secret.
The Emperor Napoleon attended a play
given in the camp by the Zounces, who represent
ed a Moorish wedding: at the end of tho per
formance the Emperor rose to retire, when the Be
douins caught up the lanterns, formed a procession,
and escorted the Emperor to his quarters.
At the little Sunday balls, of about one hun
dred and sixty persons, given at Biarritz, by the
Empress Eugenie, her Majesty has introduced,
with immense success, our old country dance, •-Sir
Roger do COverley."
The Emperor of Russia has sent his aid
de-camp, Gentili], to Sebastopol, to inquire into
a charge made against eortain Russians, of having
desecrated tombs in the French and English ceme
teries there, and to punish the guilty parties.
Baron Mestmacher, chief of the customs
district of Odessa, and Colonel Potemkin, chief of
the quarantine port of that place, have been con
demned to dismissal, and WS of privileges of their
rank, for peculation.
111 South Australia, a marriage bill which
makes legal a marriage with a deceased wife's sis
ter, has been read a second time A elate is to
bo introduced providing that clergymen shall not
ho compelled to solemnise such a marriage.
The King of Prussia has nomitied Marshal
de Wrings, Governor of Berlin—a post which has
not been occupied since the death of Baron Muf
fling.
The yellow fever has made its appearance
in Lisbon It is believed to have been imported
in merchandise from South America, and to have
been fostered by the heat of the weather.
The Weekly Register states that Cardinal
Wiseman has intrusted the preparation of a cor
rected version In English of Holy Scripture to the
care of lAr. Newman.
ThO French Emperor has ordered a special
gallery to tko set apart in the Palace of Versailles
for the exhibition or eicture.3 representing scenes in
the Eastern war.
A letter from Vienna states that a reduction
in the Austrian army, evecially in that in Italy, 13
to take place atter the autumn manceuvrea shall be
concluded.
It consists with our certain knowledge that
Russian and other European officers are nt this mo
ment flocking to Ilindostan to command the re
volted Slopoyv.—Loudon
The Peninsular and Oriental Company have
now in the Indian eels a fleet of twenty-five
steaaioro, or 3243 tons burden, and :1,020 horse
power.
A railway from Lille to Strasbourg, liaa beeu
conceded, and it is to be censtrueted by the three
companies of the Northern, the Artlennes, and the
Strasbourg.
Ateheuieti raelta, the Turkish cola
raarvier at Kara during the siege, has now the di
reCtion of the Turkish artillery
Lat.% year « only one person in 1t1,168,419
who travelled by British railway WAS killed" from
"causes beyond his own control "
The French Eastern Railway and the Baden
Oompany have agreed, it is said, to eonneet their
lines by an iron bridge across the Rhine.
There was a falling off of no less than 1:421,-
953 in the exports to India last month, as compared
with the corresponding period last year.
A subscription for the relief of the sufferers
in India has been opened in Algiers.
'll'itshlugtsueli Opaolcut of Paper Money
'The following, letter, written by lien. Washing
ton wore than seventy years ago, on the paper or
Lank currency question, will be read just now with
more than ordinary Interest :
MOUNT VERNON', Feb 27, 1757.
- TWA Btu ; Your favor of the tlieth ult. came
duly to hand. To giro an opinion in a cause of so
much importanaii as that which has warmly agi
tated the two branches of your legislature, and
Which, from the appeal that is made, is likely to
create great and perhaps dangerous divisions, is
rather a delicate hatter; but as this diversity of
opinion is on a subject which has, I believe, own.
pied the minds of most men, and Limy sentiments
thereon have been fully and decidedly expressed
long before the assembly either of Maryland or
this State was =ironed,. I do not scruple to de
clare that it' 1 had a vote° in your legislature it
ti.ould have been given decidedly against a paper
emission, upon the general principle of its utility
as a representative and the necessity of it as a me
dium. To assign reasons for this opinion would he
as unnecessary as tedious ; the ground has been 40
often trod that a place hardly remains untouched;
in a . werd, tho necessity arising front a want of
specie iy represented as greater than it really is.
1 contend that it is by the substance, not the
shadow of a thing, that we are to be benefited
The wisdom of man, in my humble opinion, can
not, at this time, devise a plan by which the credit
of paper money would be long supported ; conse
quently, depreciation keeps paeo with the (yawl.
ty of emission, and articles for which it is ex
changed rise in a greater ratio than the sinking
value of the money. Wherein, then, is the fer
nier, the planter, and artisan benefited? The
debtor may be, because, as I have observed, he
gives the shadow in lieu of the substance, and in
proportion to his gain the creditor or body politic
suffer Whether it Lea legal tenderer not, it will,
as has been Ohserred very truly, leave no alterna
tivc—it stunt he that or nothing. An evil equally
great is the door it immediately opens for spec 'Ala
lty which the least designing and perhaps
most valuable part of the community aro preyed
upon by the more knowing and crafty speculators.
But, contrary to my intention and declaration, I
am offering reasons in support of my opinion—
reasons, too, which, of all others, are least pleasing
to the advocates for paper money. I shall there
fore only observe, generally, that so many peoPle
have suffered by former emissions, that, like
burnt child who dreads the fire, no person will
touch it who can possibly avoid it; the natural
consequence of which will be, that the speele
which remains unexperted will he instantly looked
up.
With groat esteem and regard, I am, dear sir, ke.
tiaonen Witslunl"'
NOTICE TO coßansPuriosairs.
Correspondents for a Tax Plus" will Ouse beer la
toted the folloving rules:
Every oommtalicatioa wait M macampaalial by the
Lima of the writer. I. order to tame oarreenneee la
the tYPegreoby, bat one side of a shut &mid be
written apoa.
we shall be greatly obliged to potholes in Peouryl
reale and other States for 000tributions siring the tor
rent DIM of the day to their pertLealar lonejlties, the
to ogres' of the BOITOOOding country, the lIILTSSOI of
population, and any Inform/lot' that trill be interesting
to the general reader
GENERAL NEWS.
Advices from San Domingo to the 2d and
19th ult. gives a full account of the rise, spread,
and progress of the revolution, which then had ap
pro/wiled the ere of complete success. General
SITJUAII6 had arrised at Port Plats from St.
Thomas, and was bailed by all the leading patriots,
north and south, on his route to Santiago. Bees
was still in Sao Domingo, but closely besieged. and
it was said that be was disposed to surrender. A
good many patriots had been imprisoned in San
Domingo, but the desertions fipm the Baez army
were very numerous. A number of refugees were
sheltered in the house of Mr. Eliott, United States
consular agent, who was popular in the city. The
Ilaytiens were still held in cheek on the borders by
the revolutionists.
The Reading (Fa.) Press, of the 20th, says:
Up to this hour no clue has bean obtained of the
murderer or murderers of Miss Adeline Barer,
whose body was found under the Irish Creek Rail
road Bridge, near Mobrsrille, with her throat cut
and otherwise mutilated. In this connection we
may add that on Sunday last the body of the mur
dered girl was taken np for a second post-mortem
examination. It was ascertained that she was not
eneiente, and the 'notice for the crime is still as
great a mystery as the murder itself. A. Slat
crowd had collected to witness the disinterment, in
the churchyard, and the examination was com
mitted into the hands of Dr. Luther, of Reading,
and Dr. Spatz, of Leesport.
Port-an-Prince advices have been received
to the 4th inst. The provision market was still
heavily overstocked, and Soar $1.40 per barrel
lower. Tobacco had declined. But coffee was
pretty firm The case of Capt. Mayo was still under
consideration by the gorernment, and the resi
dent partner of a lioston,house, although perfect.
ly innocent. was put in prison on charge of being
concerned in the introduction of the counterfeit
bills. The Ilaytien newspapers contain glowing
accounts of a fete given by the Duke of Limonade
to his Imperial Majesty Fannin I- and the royal
family, at which the entertainment and amuse
manta were conducted quite is the style yf the
courts of Europe.
Morris B. Johnson, a printer, employed in
the office of the St. Louis Democrat, twenty-eon
years of age. and married but a few weeks since.
died soddenly on Friday last. Re was suffering
excruciatingly from the toothache, and resorted
imprudently to chloroform to allay his distrem.
His wife baring left bim a short time, returned
and found him dead. lie was from Ramisborg,
Pennsylrania, where be has friends. who will learn
tho strange tidings of his death with poignant sor
row. His halite were those of sobriety and indus
try.
The editor of the Pittsburgh Post compli
menu tome of his editorial brethren who hare
been elected to offire—.E. J. Keenan, as Register
and Recorder of Westmoreland county; T. B.
Searight, as Prothonotary of Fayette county; and
J. Nelson Smith, as member of the Legislature from
Cambria county. Ile says that they' are all de•
serring men, and fully competent for the responsi
ble posts they are nowcallcd epee to AU.
The Ilarrisburg Telegrapk, of Monday, says :
We regret to bear a report from Pittsburgh.
this morning, that Mr. J. B. Deckhouse, a Repub.
lican member of the last Rouse of Representattre•,
and re-elected, died at his residence in Ohio town.
'MP: Allegheny county, on Friday last. Be was
detained from his seat at the extra simian by Siek
ness. Ills disease was consumption. A new elec
tion will be necessary to fill the vseaney.
Died, in Taylor county, Georgia, on the 20th
of September, Mr. Daniel Whatley, aged nearly
one hundred and fourteen years. Mr. Whatley
retained his mental faculties, and a eonsiderable
degree of bodily aetirity till the tick* of Maitre.
lie AM probably, at the time of his decease, the
oldest inhabitant of the State. We do not see
any good reason why the fact should be doulsted..
Charles S. Spence, Esq., who was sent out
by the Department of State to make arrangements
for the ratification of the treaty between the
United States and Persia, as we see by the Snn.
has arrived in Baltimore Kr. Spears has been
several days at Washington upon official bilainta
eatitleeted with this treaty, and has been entirely
sneeessint in his IDISAOrt.
Many of the clergy of the Evangelical Lu
theran Synod, now in sermon in Baltimore, OD Sun
day last occupied the pulpits of other Protestant
chureher. and preached with great acceptability
to large congregations. All the pulpits cf the LY•
theran congregations were also filled by numbers
of the synod.
It is stated that there is no leas than 25,0Ca),-
000 bushels of grain in store in Chicago, but not
more than 1,000.000 will be brought forward va
rious to the closing of the canals, for went of money
to send it on.
A German, named William Berg, committed
suicide on Monday, in a lagei be 'alone, 'No. 12
Walker Meet, New York, by blowing hL brain
awed* iennitEket: " Win vappceed than he was in
toxicated at the time.
'Mr: •Ttiortmal W cDttff ey , baggage-master on
the Ohio and Magnipn railroad. was killed near
ilol ton station on Saturday. He leaves a wife and
two children.
James N. Rodman, lately tried at Danville,
Missouri. for the murder of Captain John W.
Ricketts. in Andrain county, Missouri, last Fe
bruary, has been committed.
James Adams was killed in Robinson town
ship: Allegheny county, Pa , on Saturday last, by
baying his arm torn from his shoulder by a thresh
ing machine.
A man had his neck broken, in Cincinnati,
on Saturday night, by being struek in the back of
the neck with a brick, lie died instantly.
The names of the Congressmen elect in Mis
sissippi are L. Q. C. Lamar. Reuben Davis, Win.
Barksdale. 0. R. Singleton, J. A. Quitman.
The New York Tribune fears that Sibley
(Dem.) is elected llorernor of Minnesota. Most
of the pitilo.mpher's fears now-a-days are realiti.
The Lynchbnrg Virginian of Saturday
says there was snow on the mountains, within sight
of that place, on the previous day.
Mr. John Elstner, an old and esteemed mer
chant of Cinc;nnati, died on Saturday.
The Daily Republic, of .Budalo, formerly
Republican, is now aDemo...ratie paper.
James Wilson, an old resident of Allegheny
city. Pa., fell deal in church on Sunday last.
Godard, the aeronaut, made a very success
ful ascension at Pittsburgh on Saturday last.
lion. James B. Clay, of Kentucky, is on a
visit to Washington.
RALTISIORE AFFAIRS
[From Ma Sun of the 200 j
Jacob Mixcell, Jr., who was shot the other
day io Baltimore, and had his leg from the thigh
amputated. has sinee died
Jacob Cooke, the last remaining member of
the once celebrated independent police firm of
Bays, Zell, Ridgely, and Osoke, died on Sunday
last. at 'Wooster, Ohio. after a brief bat severe ill-
Lees. Mr Cooke was over sixty years of age, and
was lattettY a member of the poliee firm of Jeffers
Cooke Ho was on a visit to Ohio at the Untie(
his death.
The condition of the police officer who was
wounded in the election riots on Wednesday last,
is announced by his physician, 1)r. Dammann, to
bare improved. The wound on the head, which
was inflicted with a hatchet. is healing up. though
at first conahlerea dangerous. The pistol-shot
wound in the back promises well, though his ph)-
siolant.4 not without apprehensions concerning it.
Sat tfic only danger would now teem to be from
mortification. should it set in.
Between eight and nine o'clock last night,
a young wan, named Collins, was 'hot whilst stand
ing at the corner of Fawn and President streets_
Five or six muskets were simultaneously fired at
hiss, and a hill struck him in the right side of the
neck Ile fell to the pavement mortally sounded.
it is supposed, and was carried to hit borne in Presi
dent street, between Fawn and Stiles. Their:Oared
party belonged to an association called the
Peelers," and his assailants are supposed to be a
rival gang.
Thu jury of inquest, selected by Coroner
Stevens to examine into the cause of the killing of
young Vonderheiter. reassembled on Saturday at
the old City Hall, anti rendered the following de
cision :
We, the jury of ing , uest, are of opinion that
the deceased. Henry onderheiter, came to /16
death from pinto:-balls fired by some person or per
ins unknown, during the night of the 15th of 0o-
Giber. We further believe that the deeeased a.sss
wantonly shot down, there being nothing Arian in.
the evidence before ua that there was the least pro-
vocation for the act.
"Resoieed, By the
_jury empanneled in this
case, that we farther give it R 3 our fall belief that
the neighborhood in which the runnier was com
mitted requires the immediate lineation of the Po
lice. Crowds of half-grown boys, without any risi
ble means of support, are nie.dy in the habit sf
prowling about and committing acts of violet:was,
using deadly weapons, and in fact causing tenor
to all quiet citizens."
On Sunday night, a colored child named
Ling Renard, between eight and nine Years of
age, died at the house of her aunt, Henrietta Ke
nitra, No. 270 Itaborg street, under circumstances
which gave rise to suspicions which finally led to
the arrest of the woman, yesterday morning, by
Officer Lee, of the western 4istrict. At the exami
nation, which took place before Justice Carl, the
tuwit revolting details were revealed. Siltnee.aet,
neighbors of the accused, testified to severe and
inhuman beatings, and other ill-treatment, con
tinned up to the time of her death. The coroner
has ordered a post-mortens examination, and the
accused has been committed to prison until the re
sult is known.
Yesterday, as provided by taw, the various
companies of citizen soldiery paraded for drill ex
ercises and inspection. Thu number of companies
represented woo not so numerous :Is on other simi
lar occasions, yet the display WM h ighly creditable.
The regiments assembled—the Fifth on South Gay
street, and the Fifty-third on North Guy street,
and the ritlo regiment on Holliday street. Tho
day being the anniversary of the battle of York
town, additional patriotism was given to the occa
sion, and several thousand persons were gathered
at the several rendezvous to view the mancearrea
of the corps
Mtss 1f tDELINE S3flTll--Slarning Disclosure
—The public may be prepared to hear an astound
ing disclosure in a few days, in connection with tho
case of Miss Madeline Smith. We hare been in
formed, by a mast reliable authority, that one of
the servants, in the house at ltlythwood square, in
March last, has just died rather suddenly ; and
that, on her death-bed, seized with remorte, ehe
made a confession of the important fact that arse
pie was mixed with the coffee given to l'Angelier
on the night of his last visit to fdias Smite. On
the trial it failed to be proved that l'Angelier was
at the house of his betrothed ea the night in ques
tion at all, although the servant. whohas now made
this disclosure, was examined for the proeecution
at the trial. We trust to be enabled to lay further
particulars before our readers shOrtly.—Zeifig.
Mercury,