The press. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1857-1880, September 03, 1857, Image 2

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.-.-. -fi f&- Sedj fl^|ing<^MM^^ l,s > Important,
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'■■ ■■•*■■-' ‘vP-’-",-- /-. ;
V?:^t®i^gVt!ofje»feKlayexeni''!:>j“ st » B .' ,(, P
ptW'-dhe? telegraph.
' b|-: j
--V Js?i<lh*W.- and■ foity-tnree; j
wmiti «f
.legevNewHaYen... We cannot! allow .these
• -;. is. im^obje.cfc^of:entfy opponents*;,; j
. Wrfl<>naljsm, «t>« critical
and by - contiesyi': to ;> Be silent ■in themldst
' /'feSdaj®fi^;‘ ! ' i ;H^*''^oSit ‘ Stand ’ > see
, - Ijrif' ; rinsritfrMß-'
•: tie:utteranp«S(pf that
v - him,would blow his
, yifeitah^;'tii^thp;iiif’' : 'Bttt;tTierp''^e ; prol)er.
' *i«<^tSCaB : 4b eTOty.general. rule.anddnthla
/ cash thejiScspHbn enabteh.'a to re
- the 1 aiippletruth,..a
•hlmself. and agross ÜbeluponMstory.Wc,
•furnisha more complete roplyto .a .dogmatic
. ; assumptionor superior > patriot! smand, piety,
..than ttiat contained .in, Mri'BcoitANAK’sl re-
Vaponae- sto 5 to thespConncctitutmeddicfa. The
country owes -them - thanks, for ..the first timo
-In‘ many ' exposing their, j
, ..Sainjihfl fflpid’aophiatrylo tiieiiresiatiblC ar
'tilleryoftbe Presidont’S'old-fashioncdPenn
•'sylviuiialogic and common' sfihftb- ! -•
. .appaala'tphighgremptionajthan’ juirty feelings,;
-Wbeifhh wrote; hhvgreat Qngon letter; noW
‘ten yearsagOj'hprstrncka ebotd.lh; every' fia
, Mrioticbeart, :and, was .answered by.ah.out-'
- * burst of unusual enthasiasmand’ praise. And
• ■’’o .Vr'ill .it be now. Ho sheds along tlio
. I'djirii; -■;, pathway Jn* .' Jed' Jnto‘ ; onr
-’Kansas trCnbles, a flood of light,' He dissi
piitesa thousand faisohoods ih an instant. He
, ißc'inyiimraiba.tjie
-\ friend* of the Constitution.- -Ho ;depriveasec r 1
tionallsm of theonly left InJtslanhory
'" df 'expidienfsV.
Ij taiiya denial upon its Btatemflnts,:&ncl' says
/Misrepresentation, *‘ Thusfarsbaltthou go,and
r'<a'6 ? 3Ebrtlipr.” To tlie tltoiisandspf bbiieat mon,
~ oi' every party, wbo wantpeace;»nd an end,to
agitation, such a voice from the Executive Will
: hV-^&ieome<f'with;'gratitude. J ,' ’‘-f; ■■'.'■ 1 '-,
this late,.or: rather earfy,hbur.ofWriting:‘
T - : , TOB THE PBIDSS* v : -
in}-.,t k i .-,,f ,
: V liu'Xcnwriii ■{«/■- FrAirMwtlllJlanitiai tt«
> afPrealdewtVftduuMmu! i'
Sept.3;~The foflbidog Utke memorial
SlMnumwhd fbrty-tffootfeera, bfCoanecti- *
cat, addd cessed to His Excellency, James - Buehatiiu,
K w'iV:J
thotthdeftignedfcltisent of tkeUnltid gfcates,imd
- Hflpeetfdlly offer
- Kip
CooitJtQtloa of' .the United'
State?/ ani/of^ourr^otlttSl. instltatipjoe, ! i?, ‘that
\pcopie' ,- ii!iell ; - thClr 1 blrfi ] titirt, and
. Wh yfe'' seowitlr grief/ if
fr i^&iidimen.t i l^t‘ J
J, t IQdjjenl|', represent umU the
,' 1 of IhS’Unlted Staieslseinploying through himatt janny,
, #; „eae corpoeebfwhiri* is,to,fp«e.the peoplepf Katiau to
'- jaw*. nq£ih^r J oipjr porof bqt
fi4ww© tbat, (hey hever. made,' and tbeyn?. T k
■ /-olectedj ’ \W«., represent, by;the, foregoing,
;-,.V jrobr Excellency is held op and proclalmedto tbe great de„'
./rogation ofou/aatlonalchAracter as violating in it* most
;particular the liotottmoath which the President
,<hsa taken >o support the Constitution ©f thi|Uclon;vWo
«*U farther to'thoiiaet that' year Exeellensy
: «;J» laiikenjaansr held up to this to all mankind,
ancLto. all posterity, in tko attitude of levying w*r
. ;>s•**&# a opprtfojß #itbe l UnHoir States; byeniployidg
i f'jSri?a>|,nsaa»ai,to,:uphold ahody of men ahda code'of
*$ ierirhad the election; nor Sanction; nor consent of the
Territory.-'. J ' ,: '••
j* Wa earnestly represent to your Excellency Vo
"■* kaTa also (aketf the bath to obey the 'Goairtitatiou,and
\ v - that** shall-notre
'/admitilitriition anefcampte'bf'Justlce'aid’beneficence,
' * uwwlth Xfrfi ierrible inajbity protect our pcople 1 and our I
Constitution. >> ; - :
f^aXorblE^t'S.absence, yoar r niemori*l, r wit|ioat date,.was
placed la my hands, through the agency of Mr. Horatio
,4w,.U»s!!wp»rt ;n
peeupar charset#, I harp, deemed
‘«s-\ from my general rale in shch eases,
i}.* u, ,5«a ?J -Aih\f :-;i :
first assert that ‘the fundameatalprinciple of
Ar : Gal,lB*titQtlOM, is that thepeople ihall Uiske theif Own
elect?4heir bwa
ii&finx grief* dhd ? astohtshtiient' that 1- should hare
lated this *ind- through have
bf.thb purposed of which
-pebpla otiEjme# to obey laws hot their own,
’ evideneeV* they .'aft#&a«e : ; and ’
.' riders thcy-nlwsf elected And ai frbca the
; yeulrtpmeht thkt'l iim : :‘ openly.held bji, and
-■ •’'“'^pifbclalnlbd, s^ -the dOri^a<fi)'n I .of’ , odrr|Jatlpnal ;:
Constitution of t^pß'Union. > , '.. "l, r 'j \
\-%y. ■' n£ heavy &om geiittenven
irtproportlphto ibe)rgra«
.• >Hy,
. should hara clearly
v’VjubjertamMttUet '^lby'were VeU 1 ipimdpd.jifnbt,. they
;*^ynufborjL <i * fUtyo'jro i performed tHSspipiimlnaiyduty to
j ;'t jgub r I «#'
'' ;tp he ybur case/it 4 of
jwUttat Micp Je/lii® to the’
theilQties .of : thei*residept}al
; office.ont^efcjirthMarch,last,whatwas thbcondi.
tida'wjfcalibitj ■ hid' ’bftaDlscd
' '^^^ai^AoVbf'CpjietcsStpassed 18M,^
s and fheCbj^riimdht’in'airits^^tacnesWcs^n’fuHope.
'A/CfdybilQori a t ßdcretafy''6f-the fbVritoty; a
.:• .-Justices, Hartjiair and
-- . ;• pistrlct AttVriierv'liad'Wrtappointed'b/tny predecea
r/i‘?^^^X^d{ffjy^tho f adyicf and
< **&8& :ih. di*nihajglng4helyxcspecUve
- damSi iv A oddo of lawi h»4. heon enacted ; by the terri
•’,/ csnployed’ia
v; r ', .‘.'‘fins quite true that a controversy had previously’
—k M&T*
/.;> them. - ißntat the Pmo I entered upon my officlalduties,.
'X i® ’
.u .; 7 /fh^/auaiydlffeirentenactraeni?. ,l?hedelegate elected
wt'ibflt eoinplcted hlsterm ofVorrlceOn’thed'Ayp’re^loris;
f, idmy inauguration/ ’ Iti fftct 'I found ! the r; .Pdreriiment ‘
hrtahHsbed as tUat bf aiiy other' l
' •-Territory. ’ ' _ ' .
'■ Was
s, : :.' ’ll itaoi ia sußtiiii this Ooveranfent ;Jo protect It from
.; ; lawless med; who" <wero determined to
j-'td’prevent \X.ftoiei heiQg' oyertarned by
, (iK tho'''Uqghi^e i ofj'ttto : ,tp ; ‘;Take
'' ' (’ : -
/: , il?W, thatyordered
- ; ip? copiitattisi aiding
.theclvU magiriraW to carrythe laws execution.
r not tive teW ji..tly,
“■ ■
1 .D of cnni*‘mpt !u the>y.. cf : the P<!oplo? A7id
i w?* 'Cheit m;i,t lit irjuua'
7 fyV ! flbi!ig ; l'fh'Eclf , rae
the civil law, reflects do credit upon the character of out
country. But let the blasts fall upon lruds of th@
guilty,. Whence did this KViCv -
, “A portion or the people of Kznsafi, unwijTiag to s treat
to the ballot-box—the certain Anierleanretiedyfarjhc
Redress of all grievuncea-rubdcrtobk toireato an .Inde
pendent Government fos tUenjsetvcri:- Itcul this Attempt'
proved successful, it would, ofcoursej have subverted the
existing Government, prescribed and recognized by
Congtetw, and substituted a revolutionary Government
in Its sttftd. This was usurpation of the same character
as It would bo for a portion of the people of Connecti
cut to undertake to establish a separate Government
within W|wtt th© 'purpose of redressing any
grievance, Veal or of which they might have
the legitimate Government.. Such a
carried,lptp execution, would destroy all
authority,' and produce universal anarchy. ‘ '
•: u I ought to specify|uora particularly a condition of
affairs which'l hero embraced. only In general terms,
requiring the. presence of a 'military force iu Kansas.
The Congreßs of the United States had most wisely de
clared It to be the ; true lutentand meaning of this net—
the act organising the Territory—was not to legislate
slavery, into any Territory or Btote, nor to exclude it
therefrom, but to leave the people thereof perfectly freo
to form and regulate their domestic institutions in their
own Way, subject only to the Constitution of the United
States. As a. natural consequence, Congress has also
prescribed, by the same act, .that,when the Territory of
Kansas shall bo.adbiltted on h State; it »hajl bo received
Into the Union with or without slavery, as their Consti
tution may prescribe at the.tlme of their'admission.
<< Slavery existed at that period and still exists in
Kansas under the Constitution of the United States.
This point has at last been finally decided by tho highest
.tribunal known to ottr laws. How it could over have
been' seriously doubted is a mystery. If » con
federation of sovereign States acquire a new ter
ritory at the, expense of their common blood and
fwtattre, surely one set of .tho partners cairhave no
right to exclude the othyr from Its enjoyment by pro
hibiting ; them from into it whatsoever is re
cognized, tobo. property by the common Constitution.'
Brit When the people, the bonafide ■ residents of Such
territory proceed to frame a State Constitution, then It
Is their right to decide the Important question for
themselves, whether they.-will' continue to modifyor
abolish slavery.. ,To themj and. totheoi'alone, does
this question f belong,'fret from all forolgr. inter-
Terence,- the Territorial Legislature
ox Kansas the time had arrived for- entering the ( Unlon,
amt they accordingly pj issed p law. to elect delegates for
State Constitution, This
law'was fair mid just in Us provisions.' 'it conferred the
right Of Suffrage' oh every bona fide inhabitant of
ihb Territory,.and’for-the purpose of preventing
fraud and tiw intrufrion of citizens of/near or dis
tant . States; .most properly confined this right to
those-.who had' resided therein three months
previous to . the • election.. Hero was; a fair
opportunity' presented, for all qualified resident
citizens of the Territory to whatever organization
they 7 might have'previously belonged, to participate in
the election, and to express their opinions at the bal
lot-bok oh the qriestion of slavery. But numbers of
tkwUss men- still continue, to resist the regular ter
ritorial-government. .-They i refused to be either, regis
tered -or V> vote, and members of'the Convention were
elected legally and properly, without their intervention,
The Convention .will soon assemble to perform the sol
emn! duty of framing a constitution for tbemselres and
their posterity; and in the state of incipient rebellion
which still exists in Kansas, it Is my imperative duty, to
emplby tlie troops of the United States, should this
beriome necessary, in’defending the Convention against
violence white framing a constitution, and in protecting
the hon&fidt inhabitants qualified to vote under the
provisions of this instrument in tho free exercise of the
right of suffrage) when it shall be submitted to them for
their approbation or rejection.
< I‘Xbave entire confidence in Goy. Walker, that the
troops will not be . employed, except to resist actual
aggression, or In the execution of the laws; nndthU,
not until the powcr ot the civil magistrate shall prove
Unavailing! ' Following the wise example of Mr. Modi
son towards the Hartford Convention, illegal arid dan
gerous combinations) such is that of the Topeka Con
vention, wilt be disturbed, unless they shall at
tempt to perform some act which will bring theminto
actual coiiisslon with the Constitution and the laws.
In that event they shall he resisted and put down by
the, whole .power of the Government, In performing
this duty, I shall have the approbation of my own con
science, and, as I humbly trust, of my God.
‘‘l thankyon for tho ossnrance thaiyou wlllriot refrain
front prayer that the Almighty God will mtkemyAd.
ministration sn example of justice and beneficence!
Toucan greatly, assist me in arriving at this blessed
consummation, by exerting your Infiuenoe in allaying
,the. existing sectional excitement on the subject of
slavery, which has been productive of much evil and
no good,* and which, If it'succeed in obtaining Us ob
ject, woutd ruin the slave as well as tho master. This
would be worth genuine philanthropy.. Every day of
my life, I feel how Inadequate I am to perform the
datlfs of my high 'station, without continuing in the
support of the Divine Providence.
T«t, placing mytrost in Him, and In Him alone, I en
tertain ft good hope that He will enable me to do equal
justice to all portions of the Union, and thus render me
jrahurabje Instrument in restoring.peace and harmony
among the people of the several States.
Y°urs, very respectfully,
Jamss Buchanas.”
That our new steam frigate, Niagara should
havVbcaton the British stpam frigato dgametn.-
,iMj In i fair trlol of jspeed on tho Atlantic, is
A ihouaand .times mote satisfactory than If Prior
end Prioress had borne away the Cap at Good
wood, the Queen’s -Plate at Ascot, tho Derby
stakes at Epsom, the Emperor’s Vase at New-'
maiket, the-great’ St. Ledger prizo at Dori
bafiter,'or the steeple-chase, sweepstakes at
Liverpool* or Heaton Pork. The dgamemii&n
is .reputed to ins the swiftest sailer, in tho
British povy, and,the, Niagara heat her easily
in an eight hours’race.' The report says:
“ At fire P. M. the relative positions wore nearly
os follows: ifho Aguvi£mKvir wss more’than hull
down astern,. \Vo could just see hor smoko, and
the Stuyitehanna'mu about seven or eight miles
astern, As Capt; Hudson wanted to keop company
with the Agamemnon, wo stopped and wattoa for
hor.”. t. .<
Even the Svsquthunua was ahead of tho
British ship. The sailing speed of tho Niagara
was twelve knots an hour. ' ”
It mnst be borne in mind that speed ought
not to be the characteristic of a war-steamer
so much as strength. ■ The Niagara has proven
hehieif a rapid sailer, but We would venture to
say tbat the Wabash, launched fVom our own
Navy Yard last year, is, at the very least, the
equal—if not the superior—of any war-steamer
ever built, in all that constitutes tho perfection
of a steam-frigate. If tho Niagara beat the
Jgamemnon, we think the Wabash could do
it just as easily. ’ ' '
If there is any thing that rVo Americans have
a right to jje more proud of than another,
speaking generally, it is th.e .und&niable supe
riority of, pur ships, both in bniid and speed.
They.are unequalled., WJlat is singular, (arid
it may be accepted -as evidence of the perti
nacity with which the British cling to "accus
tomed things, even after experience, shows
their defects,) Is the fact that, until very lately,
.thc t Engiiih shipbuilders made no attempt to
adopt our .models, rind, imitate our rigging.
About four years ago, the Now York clipper
Dreadnought (commanded by Captain Sain
cub, whO’isa Phtladclphia man) went fronv
-New York to Liverpool In twelve days and a"
half, and made the return voyago in elghteon
days'; This opened the eyes of a great' ship,
building flrm in Aberdeen, Scotland, arid when
ihh'Dre'adnqttghi'retnraed to Liverpool, one of
the principals, a highly practical man, travelled
noarly fonr hundred miles to see the ship, and.
paving carefully studied her build and rigging,
wont back to Scotland, where, in flilness or
time, he turned oaf an Eriglish clipper, which,
though inferior to otirs,' is so good a sailor that
the entire" systeta of ship-briilding in England
niaybe sai r d to be in a transition state at pros,
eat,; Heavy, lintclhbuilt, tub-like ships arc at
a discount . now, and clippers arc coining in.
We have taught them what to do and howto
do it." ■■ 't-'" -q • .
Thetri werio doubts of the speed of the Ni
agara when'shi left'thesis shores; That ex
ceHerit artisan,toKQEdE STriEHS, who'hrid a
geriius.far shlp-briildipg, if ever man had, did
riot live to complete her, and it was said that
.his plans ,had riot been carried out. This
waa a mistake, however it originated. She
has fairly and handsomely beaten tho swiftest
steam frigate in the navy of Great Britain.
In the flush of this triumph—for triumph it
is—there arises one deep regret. Tho master
mind which calculated and tho. ready hand
which executed tho working plans and inodcis
of the Niagura are lost, to the world. In an
untimely grave rests all that waa mortal "of
Geobob Steeus. Xiko almost every eminent
man who has cut a figure in the world, Geobob
Smess was self-taught, self-reliant. Had ho
femained amoiig u«, doubtless ho would have
improved even upon his own exeplionco j for
it is the nature of genius to rise. At till
events; hifJißs stamped hip name deeply in tho
commercial annals of the land.
ExrPgMldent Fierce,
flmm the gpriagSeld (Moss.) AVgas.]
„ dbofresldent Pierce, since ,bls retirement from
the Chief Magistracy, has spent a portion of his
lime in Concord, whioh has boon his residence fur
many years before hiß election to the first office in
the cation. The ftieblo ritato of .Mrs. Pierce's
health pas prevented the. ox-President from deter
hope that, he will, fix his. permanent residence
among them. ...He is jiow staying Umporarily in
Andpver, where Mrs. Fleroe has relatives
gretlolesr# that her health, Which for a lo'nJ time
,Sm been feeble. is’not improved sinob il, e y i ef ,
.WashlDjrton, "We have Wer Been the' extpresl.
.dent looking in better health than at tho present
time. ■ ' i -' 2
11 Counterfeit _Flve.B j of the Globe Bank 0 f
FfOYidettefl fliroqtation IpNew York, Oats
the attempt p> pass', one
■ Sttoflff 'iortii'df Vojfr< rocontly bflen
BdciinisteirM;ih New'York,.(as ah an
tktete- W poUofij j to a bertpn tfho' bed taken tear
onaoes of congolotis
nees teem a (Uep sleep on the first application, and
oa repfattef the dm wm soon oat of danger,
ftil Mtfm-MU&fiU’ilU,
„ The following skefcih'of.Kfinaia-is from the
■pen of one of. Our worthieat cltizeus, a gentle
mah.of integrity ftndlntelligencfe, who has just
returned from ** the: debateahlo gromni.” 110
.writes not fdr eflbct! He .states the truth of
\Vbat he saW, ndnatiug the facts'as they oc
curred to him, without flourish or parade.
We happen to know that his mission, not
being political or financial, enabled him
to judge correctly. There is a deal of
humbug about this same Kansas dispute. It
has been a cheap excuse for the agitators, and
n costly luxury for the country. But it is w a
process of - inevitable settlement; and because
it is so, it maddens those who desire to be the
masters of politics, North and South, leaving
the groat class of conservatives free room to
breathe, and to act out other projects, and far
more practicable ideas, between the extremes.
Why it will be settled onr correspondent plain
ly tells us. There are in Kansas, as in Penn
sylvania, and in Pennsylvania as in tho West
and in tho South, hundreds of thousands of
middle men, who abhor violence and violent
men, and who love tho Union for itself, and
have a very natural distrust of mere politi
cians,‘precisely as they, have of all others
f* who do not work for a living.”
[For The Press.l ,
, The resultsof ray political observation duringmy
late journey through Kansas, such ns they aro, ? am
very glad to put at your service.' My object, how
ever, was entirety disconnected both with politics
.and with land speoul&tion; and I was able, during
.ray visit, te keep with no sir .til degree of fidelity
tho resolution I took before starting, neither to
talk politics, nor to buy town lots. As, however. I
visited, in my own conveyance, every town in the
Territory containing over three hundred inhabi
tants, and as no small portion of my stay was spent
in tho cabins, or by tho, doors of tho settlers them
selves, tho very fact of my withdrawal from tho
whioh most travellers are swallowed
may enable mo to give a calmer view of those soas
into which it was not within their,province to sail.
One or twq remarkß, therefore, I may be permitted
.to hazard. '’ ' 1 , '
1 Ist. As to extent df territory.—l think tbrft there
has berin a great mistake in this respect! With the
exception of. a few volleys, arable land terminates
at a distance of from ono hundred and fifty to two
hundred miles from the banks of the Missouri, tho
Platte, tho Kansas, and the Yellowstone, After
that come vast traots of sand intermingled with
what are called the Manraises Terres, or * Bad
Lands, whioli consist of terraces *of uninhabitable
oalcareous deposit. The western shores of the val
ley of the Missouri, In faot, fire the limits of Amer -
can civilization in that qunrtor. It is there that
the waves of the great prairie-ocean stop. There is
something, indeed, in theprairieeonformation that
presses this fact very vividly on the mind. In Illi
nois, as you are aware, the prairie is a dead levol,
like the ocean in aoalra. In lowa it is broken into
vast and equal waves, like the ocean In a ground’
swell. In Kansas and 'Nebraska,, however, as it
.reaches its sandy barrier to tho west, it throws
itself out into long, irregular breakers, which ex
tend at greator orless dimensions along the western
So far as soil is concerned, the bottom lands
of tho Missouri are even finer, I approhond,
than those of the Mississippi. The prairies pos
sess about tho same Qualities as thoso of lowa,
though, as I have mentioned, they aro much more
Irregular in their formation. They are covered,
with the same tough sod, which tho roots of the f
grass have beenfor centuries knitting, and which it
takes eight or ton yoke of oxen to up-turn. /When
this is dono, bowover, the turf itself thus detached
from the surface, proves tho best manure for the
soil underneath. After the first year the ground
can be ploughed by a single home. ....
But what, it may be asked, will bo-tho effect o
this closing-up of American emigration towards
tho Northwest? The question is a most interest
ing ono, which I do not presume toanswor. lean
only say, that with regard to Kansas and Nebraska,
while it greatly diminishes the supposed extent of
their arable land,, it will increase, I think, their
economical value. They will becomo, as it wore,
the western sea-board of that great region
which lies betweon tho Atlaritio Ocean and
the base of tho Kooky Mountains. With a soil
pre-eminently riqh, and with coal and water
power to an unlimited extent, they will ho
the great furnishing depot to which the Pa
oiflo coast will resort for its manufacturing sta
ples. When tho railroads ore built whioh will
soon connect tho two oceans, it will ho in the val
loy of tho Platte, tho Missouri, and tho Kansas,
that tho tradors of tho two consta will moot Kansas
and Nebraska aro peculiarly qualified to thus bo
come the headquarters of American inland oora
morce. The rapid, though; deep onrrent of tho
Missouri carries Its produoo to tho Gulf States more
oheaply and tpilekly than cun any of our eastern
rivers; and its owu'agricultural and manufactu
ring facilities will enable the valley of the Missouri
to stock its warehouses, even putting freight aside,
more cheaply than oau tho enterprise of tho most
favored sections of tho Atlantic sea-board.
2d. Political Agitation.—l think agreat wrong
has been done here. - I do not deny that there has
been considerable excitement in tho towns. It has
novor, however, with a few temporary exceptions,
foundita why into the country. {travelled, in foot,
oyer the whole of what arooallo'd tho agitated conn
ties, and my errand wus one that took me froia
houso to house, and gave me no small portion of
tho confidence nf the people. Bo kind, so quiet
so peaceable a population I never, taw. I had
but one companion with me, and carried no loaded
woapoSsof any kind. Wc iravolled.on, with the
appeartnoe, at least, of considerable property, over
the seenos of the pretended outrages. So far from
suffering any aggression, or even insult, we woro
received throughout with nothing but kindness and
We saw no sectional differences among tho real set
tlors of the soil; Northern or Southern, it was the
same. They lived kindly with one another. They
agreod. no matter what might bo tholr personal
preferences, iu acquiescing m tho foot that Kansas
was to be a freo State. I met only one porson, out
of the numbers of Southern settlers, wnb spoke to
us on the subJcoVwbo desired U otherwise-all
that they and their neighbors from tho North
asked wos that they should bo let alone, and not
forced to fight with eaoh other. Depend upon it,
if there is any excitement it is that of the bonfire,
not of the volcano; it is produced by the interfer
ence of agitators from without, not by internal
throes. W,
The Observer and Reporter repeats, what the
samo paper had been guuty of last fall, an attempt
to place tho Vice-President in a false position, by
misrepresenting his. speoch at Tippepanoo last
September. In a silly article designed to stigma
tize the Administration and the Democratic party
as allies of the Abolitionists, it says: J
> “ Mr. Brcokinrldge, standing on the samo plat
form with John Van Duran, proclaimed atTippc
oanoo last fall that tho. Democratic -party was not
In favor of extending the-area of slavery.” „
' .Why did not tho oditor publish what Mr. Breck
inridge did say at Tippecanoe ? * His whole Speech
was in accordance with the published platform of
the Democratic) party, and,waa designed to assure
tho pcoplo that ,ho belonged to no organization
whioh proposed by Congress to' legislate slavory
into or out of any Territory of tb'o United States.
The following is an extract:
“The speaker had heard it oharged that tlio fif
teen slave States were conspiring to obtain cutire
possession ofthe General Government, with a view
of bringing its powor to boar .to extend and per
petunto their ‘peculiar institution.' Gentlemen,
there has been no such attempt. lam connected
with no party that has for iu object tho extension
of slavery, nor with any to prevent the peoplo of
a State or Territory from deciding tho question of
Us existence or non-existence with them for them
In September last, that paper published the fol
lowing garbled oxtract from the speech of Mr.
Breckinridge at Hamilton, Ohio:
“The Democracy was also oqually obliged to ar
ray itself against tho so-called Republican party
of the United States. They charge us with being
the pro-slavery party, and say that tho object of
that party is to.extend slavery over tho Territories
ofthe UnltedStates.' Fellow-oitizons, it is not so.
I have no Connection with any party whioh pro
poses to oxtond slavery over tho Territories or
anywhero else.”
Ibis garbled extract wns takon from its connec
tion, and published with the hope, doubtless, that
it would make tho impression that Mr. Breckin
ridge was personally opposed to tho introduction of
slavery Kansas, Tho editor know this to bo
untrue, bat did not seem to regard fairness so far
as to publish the following, which was iu imme
diate connection with the above:
“ But I do belong to an organization which says
6nr Constitution was made to seouro certain rights
to all our citizens,.and among those the right of
all our peoplo to form tholr own* institutions
and thoir own laws, subject only to tho
Constitution of the United States. I know
you aro' satisfied with your institutions and the
state of sooiety bore; and has Kentucky; any ob
jection to your sooioty ? Not at all. She will not
interfere. Would It not bo a broach of harmony
and conoord for hor to do so? But the difforenco
is, she does not want tho common government of
all tho States to legislate for any particular State
or Territory.”
Theto extracts contain tho substoncoof all Mr.
Breckinridge said at Hamilton and Tippecanoe;
and the most malignant partisan oditor will full to
find anything in olthor of tho spocohcs which can
be construed into an opposition to tho-adoption of
slavery by tho pooplo in any Territory. Tlio doc
trine of non-intervention by tho Gouorul Govern
ment, and tho right of tho pooplo of tho Territo
ries to establish slavory if thoyohooso, wns fully
indorsed.— Lexington (Kentucky) Statesman,
We shall bo glad to hoar frequently
from the, writer of tho criticism on 3lr. Pa
venpoet’s Richard *
Mas. D. P. Bowens.—This lady, who appeared
at tho Aroh Street Theatre on Moudny evening,
will proceed to Boston In a short time, to play
there for a fortnight. 6bo was called out by the
audience on Monday, and in returning thanks
gracefully alluded to tho kindness with whioh
Mrs. Davouport had troated hqr. Mr. Wheatloy
also oxjircsflod his thanks to Mrs. D., who, as prima
donna assoluta (if wo umy apply the term dramati
cally) has shown herself above all jealous footings
of rivalry, and ulmost invited tlio performances of
,MpL. Bpwors. Tho friendly rivals appeared to
gether on Tuesday evening in tho “Hunchback,”
to a most crowded houso, Mrs. Davenport ns Julia
and Mrs. Dowers, as Helen, This evoning tbo play
wit! be rcpeatcdvtbe ladies ohanging tho parts.
This ought to be, and will, bo, a most attractive
novelty. , . ,
. Walnut Street Theathe.—The season will
oommpqce here on, Monday, with two stars—Mr.
and Mra, ; Jte.r rttia * m VoriDi “from ,tho, principal
English theatres.”;
William E* Burton.— -We havo tonotloo that
Mr- Burton, by far- tho most krtistio&l low
comedian in this country, has a first rate company
at the-National Theatre, Walnut street., From
;th© seale On whioh he commenced. he meana mis
chief—or money-making. HO hfts-himself, Mark
Smith, and ft good company, and.promises J. .6,
Murdoch, (who is now in town,) Edwin Booth, and
Charlotte Cushman.
The ls, thattho oqujil
temperature of tho climate of Kansas Is not
favorable to the . introduction or maiutenaudo
of slavery in that Territory, lutim&todby Gqyi
ornor Walker in ono of his speeches, is
guided by some of tho Southern gentlemen os
an absurdity, and Governor Walker himself
is roundly assailed for having alluded to it. 1$
an article, a few days ago, commenting upon
this very, question, we alluded to the special
message of Mr. Polk, in in which he
gave his rensonsfor signing tho Oregon bill,-not
withstanding it contained tho Wilmot Proviso*
Had we sought the record a little further, wo
should have found in a subsequent annual mes
sage of President Polk, of Decomber, 1849,
direct testimony in favor of this very doctrine.
A valued correspondent and friend has, how
ever, well discharged that duty for ns. Before
giving the extract from tho message of Mr.
Polk, with some of the comments of our corres.
pondent, would it be unjust to ask tho extrema
mon of tho South, why they did not, in 1848,
donounce President Polk for that which nOw
excites their ire against Governor Walker? If
there was “Interference” in tho latter, there
was, of course, interference in tho former:
Our correspondent says i ,
Gov. Walker had tho highest example set him by
o&e whom the very men and journals sow denounce
ing him sang hozannas to—the late President polk,
lie said far more than Gov. Walkor. Mr. Polk said
he believed all of tho newly-acquired territory
(part of Texas) California and New Mexico,
which is far south of Kansas, was destined io be
come free States, and Mr. Calhoun, Mr. Barnwell
Ithott and othors woro silont then—thoy breathed
not a word against Mr. Polk. Tho following I
oxtract from Mr. Polk’s Message to Congress, De-'
comber &tb, 1848: >
“ It is our solemn duty to provide, with, lha leasft
practicable delay, for Now Mexico and California
regularly-organized Territorial governments, and
with the opening prospoots of increased prosperity
and notional greatness which the acquisition of
these rich and extensive torrUcrlak posse*-
sions afford, bow irrational'it'would he io
forogo or to reject these advantages, by tho
agitation of a domestic question, which. is
coeval with the texlstenee of our government it
self, and to endanger by interaajr strifes, geo
graphical divisions, and heated contests for poli
tical power, or for any other cause, the harmony
of theglorious Union of our confederated
thnt Union whioh, for sixty yoars, has been our
shield and protection against every danger. In the
oyes of the world, and of posterity, how trivial and
insignifioant will bo all our internal div&lons and
struggles compared with the preservation of the
Union of the States in nil its vigor and with all its
countless blessings. No patriot would foment and
excite geographical ana sectional divisions. No
lover of his country would deliberately calculate
tho valuo of the Union. . Future generations would
look in amazement upon the folly of such a course.
* * In view of the ■ high and responsible datios
whioh wo owe to ourselves and to mankind, I trust
you may bo &blo, at your present session, to ap
proaoli tho adjustment of tho only ddmeatlo ques
tion which seriously threatens, or probably oau
threaten, to disturb the harmony and successful
operation of our system. • ■
“ Tho immonsely valuablo possessions of Now
Mexico and California aro already inhabited by a
considerable population. Attracted by tholr great
fertility, their mineral wealth, their oommerolal
advantages, and tho salubrity of the climate, emi
grants from tho older States, in groat numbers, are
already preparing to sook now homes in these in
viting regions, las it is with KantaJ.J Shall tho
dissimilarity or tho domcßtio institutions In the
different States prevent us from providing fur thttn
suitable governments? Our gallant forces in the
Mexican war, by whoso patriotism and unparal
leled doods of arms we obtained thoso posses
sions as an indemnity for our just demands
against Mexico, were composed, of citizens
who belonged to no one State or section of
our Union. They woro mou fVonj slave-holding
States, from tho North and tho South, from the
East and the West. When prosecuting that War,
thoy wero brethren and frionds, and shared aliko
with eaoh other, common tolls, dangers, and suffer
ings. The wholo pooplo of the United States, and
of every State, contributed to defray the expenses
of that war; and it would not he just for auy ono
section to exclude another from all partloipatfon in
the acquired Territory, [That Is, that slave
holders should have tho same privilege to emigrate
with their sluvo property to tho Territories, as
thoSo of froo States with their goods and chattels.]
This would not bo in consonance with the justays
tom of government which tho framers of the Con
stitution adopted, if it wero not so acted apon.
“Tho question is believed to bo rather abstract
than praotioal, whether slavory over can or would
exist in any portion of the acquired territory, oven
if it wore left to the adoption of tho slaveholding
States themselves. From the nature of the el*
9/Mte and productions, in muck the larger port
non of it, it is certain it could never exist ; and
in the remainder , the probabilties are it would
not. But howovor this may bo, tho question, In
volving as it docs a principle of equality of rights
of tho soparate and several Stoics,
partners in tho confederacy, should not ho dlarej
garded.” \
Thus President Polk, & true. Southern man, ex
pressed himself as to the existence Of Slavery lh the
acquired territories of
which extend geographically ijw Below Sidefi,*);
min., and ho rooomtnondod in this moorage that
the Missouri Compromise line should he adhered to
and extended to extended to the Pacific, whioh ex
cluded tho admisrion of elavery north of 38 deg. 30
min., which would have ombracod the greater port
tiou of the gcographloal limit, of Kantae, New
Moxloo and California!
Governor Walkor is not, therefore, so presumptu
ous as bis enemies would mako him to appear, in
giving It as his opinion that slavory oannot exist
in Kansas.
The steamship Vanderbilt, which loft South
ampton on the 22d ult., arrived at New York
yesterday, and has brought odvlcos three
days later than those recoived by the Atlantic
bn Sunday., The news from England la unim
portant. Parliament was almost ready for the
prorogation. Tho Directors of the Sob-At
lantic Telegraph Company bad not decided
whether the- attempt to lay tho cable
should bo repeated during the ■ present
year. They are positive that the connec
tion with the New World can and will
bo made, with little trouble. Tho Russians
havo been defeated, in Circassia, with con
siderable loss, by Schamvl, at the head of
25,000 men. The Sultan was forming a new
Ministry, and would not rosumo political're
lations with the Ambassadors who lately had
taken down their flags until his Cabinet was
reconstructed. Tho British Minister bad de
manded from the Shah the iimmediate evacua
tion of Herat. On |hearing] tho disastrous
news from India, tho Shah had determined
not to reduce the Persian army. The fhnds
had fallen, Lord Palmerston’s operation to
Bull tho market having succeeded only for a
short time.
From India, tho intelligence is important,
and seems reliable, having bobn telegraphed
from the British Consul-Gcnoral at Alexandria
(Egypt) to Lord Clarendon, tho Foreign
Secretary, who immediately forwarded it to tlio
London papers.
This nows comes from Calcutta as late as
July 21st, from Madras on tho 25th. Delhi
had not ’been takon by tho British from tho
insurgents. Gen. Barnard, commanding be
fore Dolhi, had died from dysentery. All the
troops had mutinied in Oudc; tlio native
troops had been disarmed at Agra, where all
was quiot. Tho Gunlior forces had mutinied
and marched upon Indore. Fifteen hundred
troops had arrived at Calcutta. Tbo nows
of the capture of Oawnpore -. by the
rebels, and wholesale masasacro of the
Europeans was confirmed. Thera had been
later engagements between the British
and the Mutineers, in which tho lattor we To
defeated. Sir. llknily Lawrence, a British
officer of weight and importance in India, had
died from the effects of a wound received in a
sortie at Lucknow. • There is no further news
from Ciiina.
Democratic Policy—-Freedom lor the White
At the late olcction in North Carolina, “freo
suffrage” was adopted by an overwhelming
vote of the pooplo of tho State. As most of
our readers may not fully understand tho ques
tion, wo muko room for tho following explana
tion, sb furnished by tho Raleigh Standard;
“Our Btatu oonatttution provides that no one
shall vote for a Sonator in tho State Legislature
who doos not own fifty aoros of land. Tho consti
tution also providos that no amendment to that in
strument, unless a bill for that purpose shall have
passed ouo General Assembly by a three-fifths vote
of all tho members, and tho noxt Goncral Assem
bly by a two-thirds vote of all tho members; nor
shall tho said - amondmont even than bo made un
less approvod by a majority of tho people, land
holders and non-iandholdcrs, at tho ballot-box.
"An amendment, striking out this freehold
qualification for a voter in the Senate, and extend
ing tho right of suffrage to all nativo and natural
ized oitizons who may have paid taxes, was passed
by tho thfoo-ilfths voto In 1854,. and by tho two
thirds vote In 1853; and was submitted to tho poo
plo to ho approved of or rejected at tho late elco
tion.. , ,
“ This measure originated With the Domoarglio
party in IS4B, when Governor Reid,'tho author of
it, was in the field for tho first tlino os their candi
date for Governor. It encountered the decided
opposition of tho lata Whig psrty, many of whoso
leaders labored for years to defeat it. But the
Democrats stood by it firmly and manfully, and it
has at last triumphed by an IhUnfiriso majority.’’
Wrkok.—Tho steamer City of Toronto, thorn
Liverpool for Montreal, ran on shore on Monday
night, tho 17th uit., opposite Borteau, in the Strait
of jßolloisle, Tho woathor at the tlino was foggy,
and tho wind ahead. No lives were Jost.
"Wliilo the exercises of Amhcrsf College
commencement wore In fall progress, the Etrprcsr
there tells us, a sedate baehetbr was 'so enraptured
with the charms of the yoang lftdy whom he had
escorted; there, that hti oomtnenood a vigorous
courtship in whispers ,se loud as to be dlstlnptly
hoard by not a few who sat near. Notwithstand
ing sundry' slight rebuffs, which served only 1 to
increase the ardor of his attentions, bo at length
«tho‘queation|undwas rejected, The ver
those who overheard was— 11 served him
MfW Palter by Joba Mitchell—Departare ol the
Secretary el War—The Naval Board—Coarte
ef'lhqatry—Death of Captain Gfeland—Tho
Pension Bnreau«
{Correspondence of The Press.]
Washington, September 2,1857.
John Mltoboil and Wo. G. Swan, of Knoxvlllo,
Tennwsgo, have published a circular for the L*su
wwe of a new weekly papor— u Tho Southern
Citizen”—At that place, between tho Ist and 15th
Of Ootober, proximo. One an American citizen by
birth, and tho other intending to become a citizen
by adoption, there is no question affootiug tbe des
tinies of America, on whioh they will bold thorn*
selves debarred from openly expressing an opinion.
A thoroughly democratic and States’ Rights jour
nal, it will nevertheless decline to be called
“partisan,” unless the Constitution of tho United
States is to bo called a partisan document-
The Secretary of War left town yosterday even
ing for Western Virginia. Colonel Drinkard in
commissioned'as noting Secretary of War during
his abeonoe.
‘ Tho naval hoard on the now sloop-ofwar will
organise for business to-morrow. GommanderHart
stene arrived last night. It will wait no longor
for Capt. Pondergrast, who has been delayed on
his joarnoy by sickness. It is expected, however,
that ho will bo In time for the organization, as he
is now on his way here.
The Karel Courts of Inquiry are constituted as
follows: Ko. 1, of Commodore Lavalette, Captain
Mercer and Captain Adams; C. H. Winder, Esq.,
Judge Advocate. No 2, of Captains McKean,
Pope and Von Brunt; Chos Abort, Ksq., Judge
Advocate; and Ko. 3, of Commodore Storor, Com
modore Btringham and Capt. Goldsborough; R.
R. Little, Esq., Judge Advocate. Captain Mercer
takes tho place of C&ptaln McCluney, detached,
►Commodore Storer that of Commander Long, re
lieved on acoount of siokness, and since ordered to
®°d Captain Goldsborough fills a vacancy
occasioned by the deoease of Commodore Newton.
Courts 1 and 2 meet on the 7 th, and Court Ko.
3 on thb Bdinst.
Capt.. John H. Grcland, 4th Artillery, died at
iforfc Myers, Florida, August 17th, 1857:
The following Is an abstroot of the business Of
the Pension Bureau for August, under the aot of 3d
March, 3855 :
Number of applications for bounty land received.. .1,647
Number ofwarrants or certiOcatea issued. 1,661
Number of acres of land required to satisfy these
warrants, 231,200—as follows:
1,223 warrants of ICO acres each.
214 ‘‘ “ 120 “
122 “ “ 80 <<
2 <t « 40 «
1,681 831,200
Total number of appliance® received 270,216
Tojal number of warrant® Isaued 212,708
To aatlVfr these warrants will require 20,405,970 acres
of the public lauds, as follows:
71,788 warrants for 100 acres each 11,478,080
93,268 “ “ 120 “ 11,190,300
48,993 “ “ 80 “ 3,769,440
829 “ “00 “ 19,740
445 “ “ 40 “ 17,800
'6 “ “100 “ 600
5‘ “ “ 10 “ 60
New York, Sept. 3
Tbe steamer signalled below and telegraphed as the
Asia, has proven to be the Illinois, from Asplnwall via
She brings $1,600,000 in treasure.
The Golden Gate brought down $2,000,000.
The frigato Wabash was at Aipinwall when the Illinois
left. Tho Saratoga hod gone to San Juan.
The reports from the mines are of a favorable char*
acier. »
The Americans of California hod nominated a full
fitate ticket.
The yellow fever was committing great ravages in
Bogota. In the department of La Pax 10,000 Indians
jud died from that disease.
Tho revolution In Tern was not yet over, and there
was no prospect of an abatement.
Tbe American whaling schooner Francis Is reported
arf wrecked. Tire persons were lost.
A revolution has occurred on the borders of Guate
mala and San Salvador, but no particulars have been
The principal consignees of the gold on board tho
Illinois are u follows:
American Exchange Bank..
■{Wells, forgo A Co
Vrobb A Kallett.... *
ftowlondfc Asplnwall
The Steamship Asia Below*
New York, September 2—Midnight.— I The Canard
Bt*»mnh!p Asia Is reported below. She left Liverpool on
Saturday, the 22d ult., and her dates hare been antiel
pitedbythe Vanderbilt.
Among iter pastaager* are Max Maretsek and tho
members of the Itonzanl Ballet troupe, for the PhiladeU
phia Academy of Music. The troupo numbers twenty
dancers. They will mako their appearance about the
14th inat.
The IT. 8. Agricultural Society’s Exhibition.
Looibvillb, Sept. 2. —The attraction* at the National
Agricultural Kxhibltion to-day were enhanced by the
display of thirty-two young horses in tho amphitheatre.
They were all very superior animals, particularly tho
Large additions have been made in the fruit and me
chanical department!. The latter is very large, and
contains many very ralnable machines, particularly for
agricultural purposes. The whole exhibition is very su
perior to the previous days, and attracted from twelve to
fifteen thousand spectators. The weather has been very
flho, contributing greatly to the public enjoyment of the
show. A letter has been received from Vice President
Breckinridge stating that he will visit the exhibition on
Serious Railroad Accident-Three Persons
' Oincinitati, Sept. 2.—The molt train from Dayton to
Sandusky, on the Mod River and Lake Erie Railroad,
ran off the track near Castalla, 14 miles from Sandusky,
and the engine and baggage car went over the embank*
meat. Henry Ross, the baggage-master; David Basset,
the train boy; and Mr. Kunfcle, the editor of a Sandusky
paper, were instantly killed. Two or throe others were
American Tract Society’s Difficulties*
Auaosn, Sept. 2.—The Baptist Central Association
of Georgia, at a recent meeting held In Morgan county,
reprobated the action of the American Tract Society in
regard to slavery; and recommended the withholding of
patronage and the discontinuance of the efforts of agents
in raising funds by colporteurs, and the sale of works,
until the Society rescind its action, and go back to Jts
original alienee on the subject of slavery.
Revenue Cutter Taney Struck by Lightning.
Augusta, Ga., Sept, 2.—The Revenue cutter Rogerß.
Taney was struck by lightning on Monday morning,
when lying off Tyboe river. The foretopmast and head
of the topmast were shivered, as well as the fore gaff,
and the deck was covered with the fragments. The
lightning passed into the hold, and tho cutter was for a
moment in a sheet of flames, but fortuuateiy tho lire was
subdued without material damage. None was killed,
though several of the crew were stunned by tho shock.
The Southern (N* S.) Presbyterian Conven*
lltoinio.VD, September 2,—The Convention adjourned
sine die at one o’clock this morning. The preamble
and resolutions, as reported by the Committee, were all
adopted except a more changing of the fourth, to make
the call of the Knoxville Synod on the first Thursday of
May, 1858, instead of tho third.
A resolution was also adopted, expressing the desire
of the Convention to unite with the Old School, and re
cominoudlng the Knoxville Synod to invite the General
Assembly of tho Old School Presbyterians to a fraternal
conference, with that end.
Further Detention of the Steamer Adriatic.
New York, September 2.—Tho new steamer Adriatic,
which was appointed to sail soon for Liverpool, will bo
further detained. The Atlantic will go instead
The Mechanics’ Banking Association of New
New Youk, September 2.—Au injunction agnioat the
Mechanics’ Banking Association has boon applied for.
The bills of tho bank aru still rodeemed at pa r.
Resignation of Judge Curtis*
Poktland, September 2.— The State of Maine an
nounces tho resignation of Judge Curtis, of the Supremo
Court, to take effect on the first of October.
Vermont Flection.
Montpelier, September 2.—Returns fromsixty-seven
towns show the electiou of fifty-six Republicans and
eleven Democrats as Representatives. Fifty towns give
Hyland Fletcher, the Republican candidate for Governor,
8,000 votes, sod Ueory Keys, Democrat, 4,000 votes.
Failure at Cincinnati*
Cincinnati, September 2.—The deposit and discount
bonk of Messrs. Hatch & Langdon suspended this morn
ing. There were a large number of small deposits in
(he bank, and considerable excitement was produced by
the failure. They were involved in tho failure of
Beebe it Co., of New York.
From Washington*
TKe Stats of the Treasury—The Overland Mail to
California—Naval Courts of Inquity, etc.
Wasuihoton, September 2.—The net amount in the
Treasury at this time subject to draft is $19,500,000. dis
tributed as follows : In Now York, nine and & third mil
lions: in Philadelphia, two millions and two-thirds; in
New Orleans over a million and a half.
Assistant Postmaster Duodas will shortly proceed to
New York to make arrangements for facilitating the
transportation of an overland mail to California.
The Naval Courts of Inquiry will resume their ses
•loDsonneatMonday. [Thiswasaanouncedln thaPBESS
yesterday, per special telegraph.—Ro.J The first board,
consists of Commodore Lavallette, and Captains Mercer
and Adams; the second of Captains McKean, Pope and
Yan Brunt; the third of Commodores Storer and String
ham, and Captain Ooldsborough.
Tho Secretary of the Treasury heß. on appeal,junrmed
the assessment of duty fifteen per centum on Chlorate
of Potash and Sal Acetosella, nineteen on refined Borax,
twenty-four on Filberts, and four on Bumac.
The olalni of the Marshal of Utah—Adverse
Washington, Sept. 2.—The Attorney-General has
decided adversely against th» extraordinary claims of
Mr. Hayworth, the late Marshal of Utah, more than
$20,000 of which were for conveylnit the Judges of the
Territory) tdjunl from the places of holding the Courts.
The expenses for numerous guard houses, wagons and
provisions were not those of ministerial officers. The
expenses of a Judge on the way to Court are decided to
be his own,
M The Southern Mall,
Washington, Sept. 2.-»-Nothing from New Orleans la
furnished by the Southern mail this evening. '
Gen. Walker at New Orleans.
. Nsir Oulrans, Bept.l.—General Walker arrivodhere
(his morning.
.. Markets.
New Orleans, Sept. I.—No sales of Colton to-day.
Red Wljeat sold at 11.05 c. Mew Pork $2B. Yellow Corn
000. LardlOko.
, Bept. 2.—flour Is dull and lower at 56.87
for City Mills. Corn is dull and a little lower. Meat
unchanged. Whisky Tery jull nt
Death of General Barnard and Sir Henry
TheU. S. steamship Yarn?- rbiU, Edward Hig
gins, Esq., commanding, from xlnvre on tho even
ing of the 22d, and Cowes on the following morn
ing, arrrived nt the Light ship at 5.15 yesterday
morning, but was subsequently de
tained for seven hours by a dense fog. She brings
the very unusually largo number of 350 passengers,
besides §lOO,OOO in specie, and 1,100 tons of valua
ble merchandise.
Tho steamers Kangaroo arrived at Liverpool on
the morning of the 20th, and the Ariel at Cowes
on the evening of tho samo day.
Tho sorew steamor Indiana, from Now York, ar
rived at Southampton on the 22d at 2 o’clock.
Consols closed on tho 21st at 9J to J for money
and 90j&01 for account, and touching 91 for money
after regular hours.
Loans were in rather increased request, and the
rate was from 4 to 41 per cent.
Orders had been received at Plymouth to prepare
for receiving, the U. S. steam-frigate Niagara into
Koyh&ra basin, should it be found necessary. Vico
Admiral Sir Barrington Reynolds visited the Nia
gara on the of tornoon of the ISth, and in the even
ing entertained Capt. Hudson and the officers of.
the frigate at dinner.
The directors of the “Atlantic Telegraph” have
come to no conclusion as yet as to Future move
They have under consideration whether they
will renew the attempt in October, or wait till
next July, and meanwhile accept one of two offers
which are understood to be made for the purchase
of the coble with a view of its being applied to a
communication with India.
There hod been buyers of the £l,OOO shares of
the Atlnntio Telegraph Company nt £2OO discount.
The master, and chief and second mates of the
ship Martha and Jane, of Sunderland, have been
sentenced to death at Liverpool, for murdering
Andrew Rose, a seaman, by continued ill-treat
ment and brutal usage.
Official confirmation hnd been rcocived in Eng
land, of tho murder of tho African travellers,
Dr Vogel and Corporal Maguire, Royal Engi
Queen MarfaChristiana was expected at Biarritz,
and it was rumored that she was about to return to
Spain, to be present at her daughter’s twcouch
raont, in October.
General Guttavus Von Degenfold, one of the
most distinguished officers in tno Austrian service,
50 years of ago, has blown his brains out through a
disappointment iu love.
Tho draft of tho now constitution for tho Danish
Dnohica hnd been laid before tho Holstein estates.
The Duchy of Holstein is to havo a legislature and
administration for its own spoeial affairs. Tho
Soveroigu is to bo represented by a minister of tho
Duchies of Holstein and Lauenbcrg. No law is to
onaoted, altered, or annulled, without tho consent
of tho Estates; but tho resolutions of thoGermauio
Diet may bo promulgated in tbe Duchy of Holstein
in virtue of tho Federal Constitution.
The dissensions in tho Greek Church in Syria
and Egypt upponr to be as angry us over.
Inteltigen oe from Tonis, of tho 13th, announces
that a sanguinary dlsturbanoo took place three days
before, against tho Jews, and evon the Christians
wore menaced. Several porsons woro killed, and
tho English Consul insulted. Military measures
of repression were adopted, but not until some
grave disasters had taken placo.
A telegraphic despatch from Constantinople an
nounces that tho Sultan hasoommunioated to those
European Ambassadors who had suspended rela
tions with tho Porte, that ho is occupied in tho
formation of his now ministry, and that until tho
Cabinet should be constructed, diplomatic inter
course would not be resumed.
It was rumored in Paris that Lord Stratford do
RflUdiffe would bo recalled from Constantinople,
and probably bo succeeded by Lord Howdea, tho
English ambassador at Madrid.
The Kussiuus woro stated to have been defeated
on the bonks of the Kuban; they lost six sans and
sixty-four pack-horses. It is said that eohomyl,
with 25,000 Circassians, had also defeated tho Rus
sian army, which attempted to dislodge him from
the banks of a river commanding some passes.
After a battle, which lasted ten hours, the Rus
sians were driven across the rivor Several forti
fied places, built bv the Russians at great cost for
the maintenance of their communications, fell into
Soh&myl’s hands.
Despatches from Teheran had been received at
the Foreign Office in Paris. The nows of the Ben
gal meeting had produced a profound sensation in
Persia. Fearing disturbances, the Shah bad deter
mined not to reduce his army for tho present.
By telegraph from Trieste jwe learn that Mr.
Murray had demanded from Persia the immediate
evacuation of Herat.
It was said in London that a plan had been sub
mitted to the Board of Control and tbe India
House for establishing a postal communication with
India via Asiatic Turkey.
Tho European and Indian Junotion Telegraph
Linc-ls about to be carried out from Bagdad north
[From the London Times, Aug. 22 ]
We wero favored at a lato hour last night with
tho following telegraphic despatch, received
through Her Majesty’s Consul at Cagliari, Aug.
21, at 7:45, p. ra. Wo publish it verbatim as we
havo received it:
"Alexandria, August 14, 9 T). in.—-Tho Nubia
arrived at Suez to-day. Sho firings dates from
Calcutta to the 2UtJuly; Madras, 25th July;
Galla 28tb July; Aden, Bth inst.
"The telegraphic message from Suez Is moagro
and confused, and there is not time to receive ex-
Slonatlou before the departure of the steamer
icetia for Malta.
"It is stated that Delhi is not taken, but the date
Is not given.
"General Barnard is reported to have died from
"The nows given in tho Bombay Times of the
14th July, by last mail, respecting the taking of
Cawnpore by tho rebels, and tbo massacre of tho
Europeans there Is confirmed.
"The Suez telegraphic message then goes on to
say as follows:
"Simoom and Himalaya arrived at Calcutta with
about 1,500 of China forces, to proceed at onco up
country. Only 300 more troops expected, General
Uanbelock’s forces.
"Rebels beaten on three occasions, end several
guns taken, between Allahabad and Cawnpore; the
fatter retaken from Nana Sahib, whom Harelook is
following up tho Blittoo about tenmiles.
"Sir Henry Lawrenco died of wounds rocelvcd
in a sortie from Luoknow, where at present all is
“ All the troops in Oudo mutinied.
“ ‘Agra quiet. 'Native troops disarmed.
"‘Gwalior Contingent mutinied. Supposed to
have marched on Indore.
" < No political China news givon.
" ‘ The Transit Government steamer totally lost
in the Straits of Sunda. Crew and troops all ar
rived at Suez to-day.
“ ‘ This telegraph receivod from acting Consul-
Goneral Green at Alexandria for tho Earl of Cla
rendon. " * Consul Craig.' ”
The top prlco for town-made Flour remains at 545.;
choice American brands 34b. 4? bM., down to 31s. for
Livbhpool, Aug. 22.— Cotton Market.—The sales
of cotton for the week have been 77,000, of which 17,000
were on speculation, «iu<l 0,000 balci for export.
The estimated sales to-day are 30,000 bales, ineludiug
1000 for speculation and 1000 for export. The market
closes buoyant, tbo advance being s®3-16. The closing
quotations are—
Fair Orleaus Od; Middling do. 8 0-lGd: Fair Mobiles
8?md; Middling do. Btf; Fuir Uplands B#d; Middling
8 7-16 d.
The stock of American cotton in port Is estimated at
357,000 bales.
At Havre, on Wednesday, New Orleans ires ordinaire
was quoted atllOf.
Breaustuffb.—Tho weather has been favorable for
tho crops, and some of the circulars quote tho market
as quiet and steady. Messrs. Richardson, Spence Sc. Co.,
quote Breadstuff* nominally at Tuesday’s prices. Messrs.
Bigland, AthyuA: Co., quote Hour dull and Od lower;
wheat dull at 2d«s4d lower, and corn dull at a decline
offid. , t ,
The quotations furnished by Messrs. Richardson
Brothers &. Co.—White wheat, 9sa9s 4d; red wheat, 8s
Sdagg Od. Western canal flour 30»e315; Southern Slsa
31s 6d; Ohio 315032 s Od. Yellow corn 36s 6d; mixed
365; white 45a.
Provisions. —Tho market is dull. In Lard, tlierohas
been a decline for all qualities.
Beef heavy, at a decline of ss, chiefly *for inferior
qualities. Pork and Bacon are steady. Tallow is 3s
lower, with sales at B2s6d«to3s,
Produce,— Huger is heavy, at Id lowor. Coffee and
Tea are firm.
Naval Stores. —Rosin is firm; Spirits of Turpontine
Asues.— I Tho market is steady, with sales of Pols and
Pearls at 42xa435.
The Latest.—Havre, Friday, Aug. 21.—The Cotton
market is buoyant—3ooo bales were sold yesterday, and
1600 bales to-day. Prices are If. better. Orleaus
closed at 120 f.
Wheat closes buoyant.
Mere About the Railroad Robbery and Some
thing About n Certain Statement.
I From the Lancaster Inland Daily of Tuesday.]
TMb bold and daring outrage still commands the
undivided attention of our citizens. Very little
elso Is spoken of anywhore, and speculation Is still
rife as to who tho parties are that will eventually
provo to bo implicated in it as the principals or ac
cessories. On Saturday whilo wo wore necessarily
absent at Philadelphia, on business, Mr. Herzog,
tho merchant, in whose storo tho goods, or a
part of thorn were found, called at tho office and
induced Mr. AVylie, our reporter, to publish a
statement varying materially from that which we
published on Friday, and wnicli wo still believe to
do acorroct vorsion, as it oamo to us from a perfect
ly reliable sourco. Wo say it not because wo find
fault with Mr. Wylie for permitting it to appear
in our oolumns, and not because we are fully pre
pared to withhold from it our credence. Every
man suspected ever so lightly of crime, ought to
beUoarain his defence, and if heevermakos a
misstatement that misstatement is pretty sure
to be eorreoted when the foots eomo to be
juilioially investigated. No harm can possibly
remit from letting the publio know the state
meats of all parties concerned. Viewing the
matter in this light, wo. should scarcely have
alluded to the matter at all at ’this time,
had, it not beau to express the conviction of
our mind that the statement given by ns in our
paper of Friday last, was a correct version of tho
transaction, at least so far os it relates tho circum
stances whloh led to the arrest of tho parties at
present charged with the offence..
Arrest or Herzog.'—Since writing the above,
Jaoob Herzog has been arrested and brought before
the Mayor op the charge of receiving stolen goods,
knowing them to be stolen, and held in the sum of
$5,000 ball for his appearance at the next Court
of Quarter Sessions do answer, George Pecker,
Jerome Baumgardner and Augustus Bnoenbergcr
going his security.
Natiosal Tbbatrb, Walkc* Street, above Eighth.
—Serious Family—Wanted, 1000 Milliners for the Gold
Wbsatlev’s Arcs Street Thkatrb.— Hunchback—
Married Bachelor.
Sjnford’s Opeba House. Eleventh Street, above
OnamoT.— La Travlata—Ethiopian Minstrelsy.
Tnokficr’s Varieties. N. W. corner op Fifth avi>
CiiRSTxrT Btkeet3. —Musical and Terpslchorean Me
lange—gigior Felix Kochcz.
Republican County Convention . — An ad
journed meeting of this Convention was held yes
terday afternoon, in tho District Court room of tho
County Court House, the President. Mr. Josiah
Kisterboek, in tho chair, Messrs. E. G. Water
house and B. Huckel aoted ns secretaries. Tho
hour fixed for organization was three o’clock, but
tho Convention was net called to order until after
four o'clock. A list ci the delegates was read, bn.t
not one-hulf of them arswered to their names.
Mr. William B. Pieroe, from the Committee on
Resolutions, offered the following:
Resolvrd, That the mission of the Republican party
U to restoro the government to tho object of it* primal
foundation, a* expressed in the Preamble to the Consti
tution of tho United States, viz: “to form a more perfect
union, establish justice, ensure domestic tranquility,
provide for tbe common defence, promote the general
welfare, and secure tip* blessings of liberty to ourselves
and our posterity. M
Rciotujd, That in the pursuitof thiegreat object the
Republican party find? itself on the tame platform occu
pied by Washington, Jefferson, Madison, and thepatri
oh or theßevolutloa ,n 4 0 r 1757; .nil tUit the men who
now wield the Government of the United States, have
departed the faith of our fathers, and have dwarfed the
Government down to the condition of an appendage to
tho slave interests of thecountry.
Resolved, That the agricultural, commercial, mxna
fsctuTlng And mechanical Interests of the country m-e
worthy the highest consideration and eare of tbe Gov.
eminent; but while it directly and indirectly taxes ail
these for its support and the exercise of ita power, its
chief devotion at home i ad abroad Is to the sUvebolding
interest; to favor which it disrupted the Missouri Com
promise, forced upon the country an odious Fugitive
Slave law. foments civii war in Kansas, and declares,
and acts upon the declaration, that a whole race of peo
{ile existing among us, numbering millions <sf Immortal
tum&n beings, have no rights which white men are
bound to respect.
Resolved, That thlaConvention re-afflrms tbe princi
ples of tbe platform adopted by the Convention which
nominated John O. Fremont for President of the United
States, and that adopted by the late Convention at Har
risburg which nominated the lion. David Wilmot for
Governor, and heartily commends the nominees of that
Convention to the suffrages of Republicans throughout
, the State.
Resolved. That this Convention declines to nominate
candidates for the several county, judicial and legisla
tive offices, at the coming election, hut recommends to
Republicans in this campaign to Tote for such men as are
known to be favorable to the doctrines and principle* of
Mr. C. 8. Sadler, after a few prefatory re
marks, in which he stated that he conld never
bo & political American, and that he know hun
dreds, evon thousands, in Philadelphia, who would
not voto for the nominees of the union ticket un
less they are known to be favorable to the great
principles of human rights and Republicanism,
offered the following resolution:
Resolved, That inasmuch as the Democratic party has
adopted as one of its fundamental principles the doc
trine of non-resistance to the extension of slavery and
the cure of human bondage into Territories belonging
to the United States, we deem it tho duty of all, whether
native born or adopted citizens, who hate oppression
and slavery, to unite, if possible, in the approaching
election, in order to prevent the friends of slavery from
triumphing over the friends of freedom and the inalien
able rights of man.
Resolved, That we will support no man for office that
is not in favor of prohibiting tho extension of slavery
into the Territories belonging to the United State*.
Resolved, That a Committee of be appointed,
whose duty it shall be to address in writing tho respec
tive candidates nominated for office by the Convention,
known as tbe American-Republican or Union Conven
tion, anJ to solicit them to reply, either affirmatively or
negatively, to tho following interrogatories, viz:
lbt. Aro you in favor of tbe inalienable rights of
uian as laid down iu tho Declaration of Independence.
2<l. Aro you opposed to the extension of slavery into
Territories belonging to the United States.
3d. Will you, if elected, u&e every honorable means,
so far as your official duties may be concerned, to pre
vent Aach text ensioa mote the cause ot freedom.
Resolved, That with a view to concentrate the efforts
of tho friends of freedom at the next election, against
tho friends of slavery and slow extension, the nornina
tiou for the respective offices devolving upon this Con
vention, be, and the same is hereby postponed for two
weeks from this dato.
A motion was j&ado and adopted to refer those
to tho Committee on Resolutions. Tho committee
retired, and, in a few minutes,ycturued with their
original report, and a refusal to report to tho Con
vention tho resolutions of Mr. Sadler.
Tho resolutions of the committee were then taken
up seriatim, and adopted. Mr. Sadler offered his
os amendments, but thoy were all negatived. A
dobato ensued between Messrs. Sadler, William
S. Pierce. George J. Riche, and others.
Ono of the delegates stated that be would rather
support tho entire Democrats ticket than to vote
for a singlo nominee of the so-called Union Con
vention. Othor delegates expressed similar opi
Mr. Sadler stated that the action of the Con
ventiod, as manifested by his vote upon his resolu
tions. was nothing moro or less than an acknow
ledgment of its weakness, and a virtual abandon
ment of its principle, “ Measures not men.”
Tbe Convention, on motion, adjourned to meet
at the call of the officers
Republican City and County Legislative Con
vention.—lmmediately upon the adjournment of
the County, Convention, the Delegates from the
old city proper mot in the Distriot Court Room,
Mr. Kisterboek in the Chair. On motion, the
Convention adjourned, to meet at the call of the
The County Legislative Convention also held a
meeting, and adopted a resolution, declaring it in
expedient to mako any ticket to be supported at
the October eleotion. The Convention then ad
The Manufacture of Carriages . —Since the
owning of a “ horse and carriage” has beeome an
almost universal institution all through the coon
try, and in not a few instances constitutes
the point of attainable luxury among ear enter
prising citizens, a few words respecting their ma
nufacture in this city, may bo of interest, especi
ally since it bos been the fortune of Philadelphia
In this, as in many other branches of manufac
tured articlos, to carry off the palm.
First, a few words as to tho history of carriages:
Thorudest sort of wheeled vehicle* of conveyance
were, probably, among the first of antediluvian
mechanical inventions.' Their invention, how
ever, has, by historians, been ascribed to Erich
thonius, of Athens, in the year 1818, B. C.
This Invention can of coarse not include the
“ohariot” used by Pharoah, in pursuing the
Israelites, as this event is said to have occurred
about five years prior to the date of the Athenian’s
invention. In pursuing their history, however, we
find thatcarriageg, liko many other ancient inven
tions, either relapsed into extinction, or else took
a Kip Van Winkle nap daring a series of centuries
after their first discovery; for, from the date above
named, until the time of Henry 11. of France—a
period uf threo thousand years—there is compara
tively little said of their use, except as a vemrie
of warfare, and conveyance for the nobility. Car
riages wore known in England, bat not the art of
making them, A. D., 1555; bat not until near the
close of the sixteenth century did they come into
general use even among persons of the highest
In the reign of Elizabeth, A. D. 1601, a bill was
brought into Parliament to prevent the efftmxnacy
of men riding in coaches. From the record, It is
also evident that the spirit of rivalry, as to who
can make the finest show, cut the biggest splash,
or take on the loftiest swell in the carriage lute, is
not of a very modern origin, as we are informed
that in the beginning of the year 1619, the Earl of
Northumberland, after his liberation from the con
finement to which he had been subjected for his
supposed connection with the Gunpowder Plot,
hearing that Buckingham was drawn about with
six horses in his coaob, the Earl put on eight to
hi?, and in that manner passed from the Tower
through the city.
One of the finest displays of carriages in this
country !s now made at the new establishment of
Wm. 1). Rogers, on Chestnut street, above Tenth.
This spacious repository of every description of
fine carriages, thrown open as it is in front, and at
onoe presenting the highly-finished contents of two
floors, really presents a most attractive feature to
passing pedestrians, Having recently paid a visit
to the immense manufactory oonnootod with this
establishment, located at the corner of Sixth
and Master streets, we were equally amused,
delighted and surprised at the great me
chanical system by which tho rough planks
and dull iron are converted into tho glittering
vehicles of luxury and convenience that glide
so graCofuMy along our streets. Tbo lot upon
which the faotory is built has a front of lsf foei on
Sixth street, and adepthclear through to Marshall
streot, of 178 foot—tho main building occupying
the southern half of the whole lot, whilst tne re
maining three sides aro severally occupied as lum
ber sheds, jobbing shops, wheel manufactory, silver
plating establishment, and a packing-house; form
ing,upon tho whole,a largo hollow square sufficient
ly convenient for turning carriages, &o.
The main building has four stories, which
are severally occupied as follows: The fret,
with tho oxoeptlou of a fifty feet apartment
in front, is wholly devoted to tho smith-work
of tho establishment. It is supplied with eleven
forgos atid prcfccnts a workmanlike appearance in
all its details. Tho second story is similarly di-
vided to tho first, the west room—corresponding to
tho smithing apartment on tho ground floor—is oc
cupied in gettiug up ail tho body work of tho car
riages, in which nothing but the most perfectly
seasoned material is over part of
tho wood frequently undergoing a seasoning of four
yoars before it is admitted to use. The east room
on this floor is occupied by the trimming department
in which tho vehicles receive a finishing touch. and
arc then lowered through a couvonienOy-arrangod
and very capacious hatchway. In the third story
ail tho painting and vanishing is douo, and as few
aro probably aware of the amount of labor neces
sary to produce the durable and mlrror-llko polish
which so peculiarly distinguish tho carriages of
Philadelphia manufacture, wo may state that after
tho woodwork is finished, it passes into tbo paint
ers’ appartment, and receives, as a preparatory
process, eight coats of oohro and load, after whioh
it is left to dry thro© weeks, when, if tho weather
has not boen too damp, it becomes roady for rubbing.
This process, whloh is performed by a preparation
of pumico stone, is tho work of four days’ hard la
bor of one man for tho body of every ordinary
sized carriago. This rubbing Is followed by six
coats of lead, and whatovor color is preferred;
after whioh, tho application of four coats of var
nish completes the labor of the painter’* apart
ment, when it is roady for tho trimming room al
ready noticed.
Tho fourth story is the job! iug room, in which
vehicles aro repaired, finished wood work stored
away, Ac.
Owing to the ever varied and constantly changing
stylo of work required to be got up, the steam en
gine is not employed in this establishment. The
carriage parts and wheel-making department is in
teresting on account of Its ingenious machinery.
The silver-plating shop, where thin sheets of fine
silver aro so ingeniously attached to tho polished
parts of iron, as to require tho olosost inspection to
distinguish them from solid silver is also an inte
resting process
As tne work of Mr. Rogers’ faotory is principally
for orders of gentlomen in this city, and through
out the South and West—even to Cuba, New Or
leans, Santa Fo and St. Louis—bo employs none
but the best workmen, to tho nlmost entire exclu
sion of apprentices. To many, also, it may be news
to know that in tho department of carriage manu
facturing there are no less than five different
branohes, requiring separate apprenticeships:
Theso aro body-making, blaoksmithmg, painting,
wEcel and carriago parts, and trimming. ‘
Of tbe business or this establishment, we learn
that $60,000 are expended annually for tho bare
materials: that an average of one hundred and
eight bands aro employed the year round, at an
aggregato cost of wages of $50,060 annually, and
that the amount of carriages sold is aboutsl2s,ooo
Tho reader will probably be surprised to learn
that, with all this investment of capital and'etn-
I ployment of hands, then are not quite four hun
dred carriages produced hr a year- which is no
1 doubt attributable tq the faot, that the proprietor
Mmi rathe, ft#'Beatty ■
of eiecatioß—foar months bring th» awiltime
allotted for the Tnionfactorcof e «crtttfe> Ths
description of work produced in nlsnat crashing,
from the merest “ grasshopper” skeleton of a race
course sulky to a gentleman's private carriage of
the largest size, ranging in prices as high as
$1,400 a piece. The building is supplied with
buckets filled with water all through it, to be used
in case of fire. A watchman is stationed on tb?
premises every night, who rings the bail on the
?oof every hour; and as a still further prevent*-
tive against fire, there are no chips, sharings, or.
sawdust allowed to accumulate— tho entire onild
being clearly swept every evening in all its
• -Board o/ Directors of the Fire Department.
—Last evening a special meeting of the
Directors of tho Fir© Department was held at
thcirHall, FHth and North streets, tho President,
Mr. n. B: Smnexson. in the ehxir. Mr. Charles
T. Holm was. admitted as a Delegate from the
Franklin Engine Company, of Frankfort, tod Mr.
Jacob C. Hess, from the Hand-In-Hand Fire Com
pany, instead of Mr. George W. Mahan, resigned.
- The President laid before the Board e communi
cation from the members of tbe Hand-in Hand En
gine Company, relative to the date of its (institu
tion, which they allege is March lit, 1741, and
stating that the Firemen’s Convention had received
a report to that effect, hut had apparently taken
no notice of it. They desired tbe Board to take
some immediate and decisive notion relative to the
subject. ?>
Mr. Hess stated that it was not the intentiaa of
tbe company which be represented to contest with
any company relative to the date of their instita
tion. All they desired was to establish the authen
ticity of the date given by them of the period of
their organization.
A lengthy discussion then ensued relative to
the proper con no to be pnrsoed in the
of this question, whether it should be by means
of a committee of the Board, or by arbitration of
individuals who were connected with the Board-
A motion was then made and agreed to, that a
committee of seven be appointed to examine the
documents presented by the Fife
Co., and to report upon them immediately. Messrs.
McCaully, of the Fairmount Hose Co., KcnsaU, of
the Diligent Hose, Bhoemaker,of theUnitcdStates
Engine; Abel, of the Northern Liberty Hose;
Burk, of the Diligent Engine; Yates, of the Amer
ica Hose ; and Desmond, of the Franklin
were appointed on. the eommiUe. .
and after being absent some time, re toned aee&fr
ported progress," and asked to be continued/Dea#
was granted, and on motion, the Board adjoined
to meet on Wednesday evening next.
Coroner’s Cast* —Coroner Delavan held ah
inquest yesterday on the body of ah unknown
female child, which was found drowned at Shippea
street wharf, Delaware. The body was in an ad
vanced state of decomposition. - <
Passing Counterfeit Money. —Two iodifj&g
als, giving the names of Charles Hawkins and
William Tracy, were before Alderman Enett .lam
evening at tbe Central Police Station, on the charge
of passing counterfeit five dollar notes on the Lee
Bank. They were held to answer the charge at
court. °
Ferdinand Dular, an individual said to be
somewhat demented, was held by Alderman t***”
last evening to answer the charge of beating his
own mother, and also assaulting a lady named
Currier Wood.
•Attempted Suicide. —Yesterday morning a
woman named Blair, residing at Oxford and Peny
streets, made an attempt to commit suicide by cut
ting her throat with a razor. The wound is a very
serious one, and there are but little hopes enter*
tained for the unfortunate woman’s recovery.
Drowning Case. —A. Udnamed WiUiamTite,
aged about 11 years, a son of Wm. Fite, tobacco
nist, was drowned at Pine street wharf, Delaware,
on Tuesday evening. He was engaged in fishing
at the time he fell into the water, and whenhu
body was recovered, his fishing line was grasped in
his hand. Coroner Delavsa held an inquest in the
Accidents.— Yesterday morning, shortly after
nine o’clock, a most distressing and fatal aqpident
occurred in Clinton street, below Master, in. the
Seventeenth ward. A little daughterof Mr. Jacob
Heiver, between five and six yean of age, while
leaning out of the third stoiy window of her father's
bouse, fell to the ground, striking her bead npoffi
the pavement below. Her skull waa frSetared/
and she sustained other serious injuries: Fhygleal
attendance was at o&ee summoned, bat the ttztfbr
.tuuate tittle girl survived the accident but a fow
A young man, named Thomas Wart, was ad.
mitted into tbe Pennsylvania Hospital yesterday
morning, having had bis left leg fractured by
a garden roller passing over it at Delaware City on
Tuesday afternoon.
Slight Fire. —Between four and five o'clock
yesterday morning, the residence of Mr. George
Devinney, Front street, above Montgomery, was
set on lire by the upsetting of a fluid lamp. The
flames, through the exertions of the ware
extinguished before they had done any very mate
rial damage.
The Procession of the Colored Odd FtUms ,
which wm take r-lace to-day, win be pertfeiMfod
in by about eight hundred persons. It wul no
doubt be a fine affair, and attraet
fFrom the New York papen.j .' c
N*w Yonr, September^/ 0
The Germans continued their festival jrrtffiltfi
in Conrad’s Park, YorkriUe, when the ilijinliirrr
the elder Turners and the prtte fenaing twtth*
principal attractions. There was not so finr*—
an assemblage as on Monday, but the vtsUeraWfew
more seleot, and the consumption of
was but little diminished. In the'evening mpifc
formance took place at the Stadt Theatre,
Bowery. The festival eloeea to-night, with a hdf
at the City Assembly Booms, and tim dixtdhltiefr
of prizes to the Turners. < • r -v
Wan street and its neighborhood was
the Scene of an excitement such as Is sedoz* arife
neased even in this excitable eity. The extant of
the defalcation in the Mechanics’ Banking
ciation has not yet been The directors
appear to know less about it than people oat*
side. A description of the run anon Several of
the eity banks, yesterday, together with nor
counts of the effect of the financial panic la vs-*
rioos parts of the country, Is giren elreshvro ft
our eolomns.
Gen. Henningsen, of Nicaragua notoriety* ve
to rued to tbe eity yesterday, by the
Augusta, from Savannah. Report has it that re
cruiting operations, with a view to Hie raising of a
new force for Nicaragua, hare been set on foot hi
the Sooth. It is not stated whether Gen. Hen
ningsen's visit has had anything to do with this
A man by the name of James H. Magee bas been
arrested on the charge of anon r and endeavoring to
defraud an Insurance Company out of s£,ooo.
A correspondent of the New York wri
ting in regard to the washing ashore of two bodies
atßirerhead, already mentioned in Tm Pnts»
says that it is the same place where Aim* Crow
ley, tbe second mate of the ill-fitted Lexington,
was safely washed ashore upon a bale of cotton,
after the burning of tho steamer. It will bu re
membered that he was one of the four porous os|y
who reached the shore alive from the Lexington-
Mr. W. Riley, of Savannah, Ga., while bathing
at Rockaway, on Friday afternoon, was suddenly
snatched by the undertow from a large party wits
whom he was enjoying himself, and, before assist
ance could be given, was taken beyond their reach
into the ocean. The body was recovered yesterday
morning by Mr. Hickey, who found it seven mike
below tne bathing-ground, and returned tbe re
mains to his afflicted and almost distracted widow.
Tho Mormons had a three days’ " woods meet
ing," continuing through Friday, Saturday and
Sunday, at Cream Ridge, near Homerstown, sfda
mouth county, N. J. A brass band from Trenton,
was present on Sunday, tho members of which’were
Latter-Day Saints.
A poor, dissipated wretch, named Charles Bab
cock, residing at Westerly, R. 1., on Saturday
afternoon, at about four o’eloek, killed- his wire
with a common wood-axe. Being seen by his
neighbors, ho rushed out and out nis throat,.ex
piring almost instantaneously. It is said thfit
Babcock had served a term in the State prison, at
IT eathersfield, Conn. He was in the prime of life,
about forty years of age. It is not known whether
he leaves any children.
The value of foreign goods imported at the port
of Boston daring the week ending 28th ult,
amounted to $923,913. The value of imports in
the corresponding week in 1856 was $212,004.
Two passenger trains came in collision on the
Galena and Chicago Union Railroad, on the 22d
ult. Mr. Sergeant, an engineer, was instantly
killed. Several persons were badly Injured. The
scene is described as having been most heart
rending while the wounded and injured were being
extricated from the wreck. It is a source ot
wonder and thankfulness that so few were ipjnred
and but one killed in the extreme periling of so
many lives. ; ,
Three-fourths of all tbaships fitted out at XJrec -
pool are now rigged with wire rope* It U de
scribed as a fourth les in weight ana not one-half
the bulk of that made of hemp, while the corf is 25
Scr oent less. It is affected much less than hemp
y atmospheric changes, and it is predicted that
in a few years it will supersede hemp for standing
rigging- A trial of wire, hemp and Manilla ropes
was recently made at the King’s Dock, Liverpool.
The straining tests showed the immense mptr&iiiy
of wire rope over that made even of the beat
fibrous material. The testing of the hempen ropes
proved the strength of Manilla to be far reporter
to Russian hemp, taking many merchants,, ship-*.
masters and riggers prosent by surprise, as a dif
ferent opinion had been entertained by many of
them. - ■
Tho British screw steamer Jason, Capt. Britton,
sailed for Southampton with one hundred and thir
teen passengers. Among them Chevalier Wykoff.
Tho steamship Arabia, Capt. Stone, sailedfor
Liverpool with seventy-one passengers and £53,000
in specie. ~
Tne theft, reported some days ago, of fifty thou
sand unsigned Dank bills from the New England
Bank Note Company, has dwindled to about one
hundred and fifty dollars. Some of the notes bare
been signed, circulated and recovered.
On Monday afternoon the locomotive works of
Breese. Kneeland A Co., In Jersey City, in whieh
abont three hundred men were employed, suspend
ed work. It is believed that the cause of this step
is the failure of Western railroad companies to make
payments in the present embarrassed condition,of
General Soott arrived at Conans’ Hotel, West
Point, last evening, from Washington, whither
bo was summoned a week ago by the Secretary
of War, to make arrangements for reinforcing the
Utah The General’s health, which
was somewhat disturbed during his absence, is
much improved.
Mrs. Cunningham, otherwise Bordell, was
brought into Court at one o’clock this afternoon.
Mr. Stafford and Mr. M. H. Smith appeared for
the prisoner.
The court-room was crowded with people anxious
to catch a glimpse of the woman, regarding whom
the interest of the public seems not a whit on the
Mrs. Cunningham was dressed in black ‘mid
cloaoly veiled. She looked sober, sad, deep)?
aggrieved, and daring a Urge part of the time
leant her head upon her hand and her elbow on
the table rather pensively. She seemed to Vratoh
the District Attorney with care .every
Judge Peabody said in regard to thejßMdioft
pending at the adjournment yesterday he bad coma
to the conclusion for the present to deny the motion,
reserving, however, the right to reverse the tiaoi
-Bion hereafter.
A discussion then ensued on the suggestion made
by Mrs. Cunningham’i|eounsel, that the paperi, in
cluding the affidavit, be considered before the
court, without the formality of a certiorari, r-No
decision had been had on the subject when oar re
port cl wed, at 2P. M. - * VirTT
The mines up in the Lake Superior counfay
Ut*»?«wunte giTiD * * fi °* Tiela ' *9