The press. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1857-1880, September 02, 1857, Image 2

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    ’ Tho outside to-day contains, on the
fourth pr.g-J. the commencement of, a new
stovy pf deep interest, and on the first page nn
iinportanC editorial artlole on ” Public Sau
ries,’”. Dramatic umlctsm, Correspondence,
General Ner?s,&c- ' "1; \
The quality In a public roan that wins ap
' 'ptaiiijiiS:4ndrir , ets confidence is 'netshe gidte
: of orittiry.’ . liare genius ‘and finished educa
’• tioii{tto n6t jeonVo'lastirig popularjty.The
,jteop|e*are'moreajj)t'fe : iidmii* indomitable \Vill
atiA'tjbnrage tbaa &e graces of the forum, or
ter,-like that of BEsUattMX, was Irresistible'!'
whiloaii intellect, as full: of' rare: powers 1 of
thought <tad- expression l is
'SBAjti’s ) ; lih|te^fed , 'nbhMy Eu
charm, while, a. tniifjl: of rude 'growth ; jw|
tra exterior of ruder b>»-- " - tg> corn- •
an exterior of ruder manner .stir?.. >.
Maedsuccess.', .. Therel», evenln,
'despifttegtsOC character ..that- ft?einates,a free
people.*: Mr- (JiMrheld! iisfriejMs in subjec
tion. not by hia groatpowefs as a debater # or as
ahskyOcSteyorish Senator,"bub"by lgawerye
and jhfifimcilinglng fidelity to those beloved!
school of strong men, was. a man of austere
'simplicity," r utterly-"Vegardlhsa’ •Of fonhs" of,
#pheph ? .often,accused of incapacity.; fpr
: stotcsteanship because he .refased - to, be re*
strained by rule.' But he .wielded; an Influi
ence l oyer hft.'.conniiymen for thirty yesrsby
his (faring intrepidity, his inexorable firmness,
bis ires, will, t'and his enthusiastic devptipn to
his tfiends, a? OTer'iteed
have; asserted. '..The. people admire a cultiva
ted man; but. they'love the" bold; and thegene
rous'With an "affection that no vicissitude can
change> and no.slanderabate. /All experience
proves thisi it is a troth asserted by the past;
wMch shohld not beforgotten by the futao. \
| One'of these then oif granite structure and
of-warm heart now lives in the Jackson - State
of Toi^essee//Hishame/is:: AitttiaiEijc. Johs
sosj.'the, ■ late . Governor of that. State, soon to
he a Sehator InCoegress. 'Woprppoie ld thls
sketch, pf. Governor. Jonssosno" compliment
to afriend, but a. just';portrftit of.ono df the
strong men of orir day and time. ; Ho is what
the world wpuld call in' Impracticable, \We
knew Imii well whejn J he t .ijonse of.
... wncn
Representatives-i-aicalm,- quiet ■ mas most of
the .ihhejiwho; bore' foe reputation among his
MaoctalM of bolng too iradical rind too fond of
'Dut when .roused, he
was •impetuousand- dogmMfri.3 : He ’ was
rie7eff;fiigira;'to :'yiel4 :
ly tooi;(a4yice. He .geidomiOrVnever-' ex
plained away/his' opinions. : < Ho' fritter, de-;
llghtedlri' alattrilng the timid witi; his roll of j
drastic ridv(tnoea a upoh estabUshedinstitutions.
His land systemand his scheme, of electing the'
United States • Judges would .often; make the j
dry bpnps,quake;andKittle.'X t wa!i predicted
that his ultra notions would buryhim fathom
deep, Andtbat ho would go back to Tennessee,
and ptey dpon t a', broken heart, ttU carried, to
his grave’. , But .any one. who gazed. into his
dariceyesj and perused his’ pale face, would
haye , ‘Keh‘fA««.ai'mi3iuencßabie spirit aflcijin
almost.fanatic that spoke,another
lookinto tbisstrangeman’s
• histoiy. 'lt -is a true' story/but foil pflnci:
■ dont,serai'o ahdsb'opt, of jflioj cofomon ex
,df sudden fortunes I
■ and rapid greatness,.as almostto baffle belief.
.We O9'tb'.thp ] ! 'io\^^«k;hrim l waoiii;
■ Uhioh'ab AN EXAjtPLK. Weask the boys in
; ourcammonschools toresdit. We'ask fo e ;
fathers l and igothere, those'who' are rearing
Boldierd and tostudy
tbe examplc, ftud tbproflt by the lesson.; ■.
Govmmorjonxsps was in early life, and up
to fob' poridd a
pracUcahmechaiilc,', , Ifomngypbiriiied .a kutpr
- lodge]' of bis trade before ke hai acqkirtd- lh*
Jint radimehts o/ an Englishedacalion. Wart
; ihg the intervals of reiaxationfrom necessary
■ physical. labor, he learned the alphabet of his
mother r torigne,'and thus, at the period of
matured to possess himrelf'of
.thosofjprecedbnt acquirements necessary to
attainment of knowledge, which otbera;
'.Snore'fovhred by fortune and. MsndSj Ohtaln in
’ early-yqqihj],]\.'ii; j^ : r];.-!,p']r. " ;- ; ■
Hifl firfrt entranco. upon the stage of politi
cal action, occurred about twenty, yearsago.
' whcn he'was chosen by tho peoplc of Greene,' ‘
~, tho.county of his;residenee;'as' their ropresef p
. tativo liTtho State, Legislature. At a subse
quent period he was again elected, and served
: several sossiona in this capacity. ■ ' . , ,
TbazealnhdabiUtyWhich characterised his
legislative career won for him so entirely the
; confidence) and.rbgafdof his friends, that he
- :wbs chosen by the .people of-his district .as
" thelrEijpresentative in Hie. Congress of the
, UnltodjStates,' In this inoro extended sphere
of nsefulheasho served several terms, constant
ly, tholjgh gradually; and surely, winning bis
.way Intogtho conadorice pf;the people.! v 1“
In 18S8, following; immediately; upon the
.; State, bid-been carried by the Whigs, he re
ceived thenowmattoh of the Democratic party'
for Governor, and entered actively upon the
canvaS^which’in Tennessee always precedes
. a general election.' Gustavos a: Hehrt, a
descendant of PATaioE;HnHRT, pf revolution
. jriry fame,'arid ranked by bis Mends with' the
■ most eloquent‘deClrimera In' thq tTnibni Vas
his con)petjtbr.--.Biit the."Eagie Orator,” as.
he wastennedbyhia supportersandadmirers,
, , soon aigcpyprisi, j jwriqbs, bis
graceful manner, and his lofty eloquence, were
peweriria when lnfo contrfywt|ii ; tiie,
earnes|and:,imprcsBiye e.lbcut|on>;and Jhtiipbvv-; 1
erful and well sustained argument of his adver
sary. Although Tcnnesseo was at that time a
cerided inhisolcction hy ahandsomo majority.
J - ; : Thri;foost as the njpst Im
-por,la||peft<H|Pf.jtj&ppllifcrii' career) regarded
in fetefeuce to its fesults, wss .lnhis great cam'
vass fpr]Gjbyernpjr.inlBss/ib tofhe
. beated. Coiit*st,' was ‘thO'Hon: M.;P. Gss
iri V,
and djstmgitisbedat homo and Abroad ait one
• •' of tho ttosteniitfenVwatesmetl']Jn
~ The contest Began soon after the jHetpbric ad-!
•; ■ ventof tho new party, and in the flush of its
... first unparailefSd'rriue^issesP'iir.TSiSiesSee,
■ as the Domo-
without a motive, contributed their numbers to
■ Bweilthoexultantrafiksoftho “Order.-” Never
did'akjgfitfifcrigtige' ii pe twhidmpUshmeittOf
■ ataski apparenUy's'qbbpclessfwith more zeal,
than Goverrior Joiissoi* ln hls grapple with this
great adversary ': Kegardlcss qf ibis advicc bf
timid fflqn^ywjfo.purged; him tjf deal more
tenderly and inoro gcntly with this madness of
the hom - /he followed np bis first attack by well
difectedhloris/widcifi'fcll thicker and; faster' tuf
tho canvass ‘ prpgressod. u ntil .the, ehtirc Stafc
was si'puietlfb ajpitch- of tbe-.hlghost excite
- wwCTnf.ft.-Aili'ftttfßTAilCHilfmW Af■
forgotten, dr kept m abeyance, or merged Soto
this one groat absorbing issue/pSUatt Johhsom
euccoed’Or go down V-
It is relattd.that at one perusd of this can
vass he was .waited,upon; by a number of his
- political Mends, aqd'urged) as ho valued hls
■ suecossf to abate somewhat tho severity .of his
to relax m bis urcomptomising
■ r:; hostifitffe' the Order. Joa.vsos waslnexora
t>)e- “But-” said one of, the patty, d*.(bore
aro conclusive fetthonsfor the adoption of the
policy yw suggest, of the natpre it j)?u
aro unlnformeif but with which I amfamlliaf
To ho feafidid With >ou,’”be conttpued «<mt
half tM 1 Mmafrifik parly 'htte bttong it lht,
Order aad’Jkomwt 0/ ihtwmitrl tr ‘Then
you ora no W»i«T bßcmoeCote 1 ' pfoniptly to* I
h- cemmuniegied to me foe flrsf inteUlgenee,
mcku «r HW toty,by
o# Ant aram; 1
exhibiting the injustice fo? Americnpsm, to
ucure accessions to ourVjjrajlsfcto i*ppljothe
places of those who have
; 1 ' The result of that stra||V'if|j|ell pownW
tho country. Many
once of false pretences,'and in ignorance ,of the'
real purposes of its leaders, who had been in
veigled into the Ordor, abandoned it at once,
and re-united thomselvos with their old
; ftiends. .Thousands'of patriotic old Whigs,
‘Of standing iand influence,. refused to follow
j their letwera into ne mesnesof the new party,
'and'cbhtrißutedmatcrialiytdswelitlie' num
ber of Goventor JohssoN’s supporters, and in
'the end he 1 was for the second time returned
as Governor by a triumphant majority. "•
.Asa debater, either in tile halls of Congress
or before the’people,Gov. Jobhsos; has few,
equals. His manner is earnost, impressive,
and engaglng, conveying, to.the listener, a con
viction of his ■ sincerity. His. arguments are
strongly presented, and enforced with so much
clearness that’the dullest intellect cannot fail
to comprehend his purpose. ’ His sympathies
are all with the people—they know it, and
■hen«So ! the; secret of his great popularity. They
regard him as on exponent ,of their., feelings,
arid.a champion of their rights. One'of his
chief .characteristics, as a politician, is hisfirm
and unflinching devotion to Ws principles; Su-,
peradded to this, he possesses those estimable j
qualities so rarely to be found among politi
cians, of undouhted’/ronkheM and entire relid-
MKfy,. Friends and foes know, at all times and
under oli ; circumstances, precisely, where, to
plgce.him. - -
" ‘ His indomitable flrmness of character often
displays Itself. An apt Illustration df' this
characteristic is to be found in his doporiment
iindsr the'heavy misfortune which befel him'
, in February last.- He was returning home from
Washington, whither he had gono in his offi
cial capacity in obedience to an act of the
Legislature, proposing, upon certain condi
tions, tojVansfoT. tp. the United States Govern
ment the. title to the ownership of the Hermi
tage, ithe well-known home of General Jack
.sps. The train of the Georgia railroad, in
: which he 'was h passenger,' met with ah ob
'etrnctlon upoh'tho tihck, and'the car in which
Gov. Johnson was seated was precipitated over
an embankment nearly thirty feet high, He es
caped, with his life, but, unfortunately, his right
arid was terribly crushed, and in that condition
’he travelled to Nashville, a distance of seve
eral hundred miles, before surgeons were called
to'prescribe for the injury. During this perfod,
of torture, the casual observer would scarcely
have discovered from his outward manner, that
anything serious had occurred. On his arrival
at Nashville the most skilful and distinguished
surgeons Were called in, and the usual means
adopted to replace the fractured bones in their
original position. After many weeks of almost
'constant suffering, the acute pain began to sub
sidy, but it was discovered that in consequence
of the swollen condition of the arm when it was
reset, or the compound nature of the fracture,
the' dissevered,bones.had not been properly
joined together; the -inevitable result must
.be, if no remedy could be applied, tho en-
Ufe-, loss' of the use of his arm. The
surgeons ' were again called in consulta
tion. The., result ,of . their deliberations, as
announced, was. that the chances were deci
dedly against tho restoration of the arm; the
only; possible ,-rueaus' of accomplishing this
more than doubtful result would be in effect
to breok thearm anew—restore the original in
jury, and again make the effort to replace the
crushed bones into their natural and original
position.. Governor Johnsok, contrary, to
their almost positive, advice, did not hesitate
promptly, to' adopt the only . means which
offered the slightest hope. • His arm was re
.broken, the newly-formed ligatures were
tore asunder—-through hour’s of torture, ho
submitted calmly, determinedly, hopefully, to
theterribie infliction. Another period of weeks
of unrelieved' bodily pain was the necessary
consequence, another interval of partial relief
followed, and another. Critical examination
proved that nothing bad been accomplished!
The aria was still hopelessly disabled. Again
the surgeons were called together, and again
the Governor proposed to nndergo any bodily
infliction which might promise even a partial
restoration ; but this time the iqjury wag pro
nounced to bo irremediable/ and the surgeons
peremptorily declined. to renew efforts which
’only gave paln to thq.sufferer, without afford
ing [any. prospect of accomplishing the desired
result. . ’
Fortunately for himself-and the country,
the ‘ serious calamity which forever deprived
him of’thetise of an ormlefthimin possession
of lift* and health, Ond the active exercise of the
superior*.lntellectual/faculties' na
ture! has endowed him.- Ho is still the same
uncompromising, sell-willed,
thongh patriotic Axdbew Johhsoh, still
ready, Btill able, to advance tbo cause of the
Truth, and now, as ever before, the sincere,
the Earnest, th'e devoted upholder of the rights
of the people. It requires no prophet to fore
teHjthatwlth such antecedents, and suchquali
ties and cannotfail, in the new
and exalted sphere, to which ho will soon be
called, to increase his reputation in proportion
to the wider scopo which will be given for the
display of his peculiar personal qualities arid
bis high intellectual endowments. Such is a
brief sketch of one of the strong men of the
tiines. '
•The fine weather is recalling tourists to their
cool homesteads, so welcoriie after all the
sacrifices of “ the season” at the fashionable
resorts. ' It is also attracting to Philadelphia
laTge numbers of visiters and purcliaserj from
othir States. Our streets begin to be thronged
with gay and happy crowds. The indications
of a revivaliri trade' are apparent on all hands.
The, hotels' are filling up's Market; Second,
.Third, and Fourth streets resound with drays
and the clink of hammers closing boxes up;
thri theatres are opening their doors, and pro
mising novelties , without end; lUbsuail
gives us,'the,ballet, WitEATZEr the legiti
mate drama, Boktqk the comedy. These,
.with; a~ healthy climate, clean streets, arid
lovely Weather, : mako the* promise of the
autumn unusually auspicious. _ , ‘ •
. One Of 'the prominent questions under dis
cussion by the. Constitutional Convention in
Minnesota is “ Universal Suffrage”—Shall
tjierebe distinctions of color? The St. Paul
Timet. urges the Republicans to permit no such
anomaly in the new Constitution asa distinction
in'rights: grounded only upori'a difference of
.color.' Itaayfi'• l ' J ’’ -
, "Don’tgiveitup! It. Was this Sternal truckling,
;«nd pandering, and ’f*wrilng~tbia mean; servile
complaisance, this locking arms with sin and hob
riobing with Satan, this striving, to ont-Iferod and
Cut-Devil our opponents' in the commission of
stupendous' political crimes, that killed the eld
•Whig party. It gave ip the ghost at the right
tirit'oj in thfi right place. It died whori there
wes nothing in live. If Re
publican delegates intend to kill.,he Republican
paHy in Minnesota quick, let them take the same
road that Benton and Clay,'Choate and debitor
arid Winthrop did, yield every principle that the
Republican party hes got, bow to viliapy in every
form, and, fn.awqrd, make the Republican, party
arid the Republican platform just like the Demo
cratic.' so as to catch their votes, and it will be
At this rate Minnesota will riot long remain
a State of doubtfhl politics. There is no party
feeling about nttgro suffrage. The protest
against it is that practical prejudice, call it
wltat you may, inherent in.every white man’s
bosom, and it cannot be refined away.
1 Tho magnificent- scheme of. Dudley Maun, and
half a doson Southern conventions, to ran a tine
of steamers from Chesapeake Boy to Milford Haven,
in Wales','is making astounding progress, that will
be a caution to Vanderl hilt and Col Tins, and other
smollrfry steamboat men of the North. The Old
Fi>)ht Convention subscribed eight thousand dol
lars! A Now .York. raerohant (who is ho ?) has
promised to take a eharo.' It will only take soven
million , dollars to Complete tho enterprise, and
eight, thousand two hundred dollars has already
been subscribed. Only sUnmillion, nine hundred thousand,.eight hundred dollars is
required to secure the commercial independence of
the South' Dot tho North tremble '.—Braollyn
(N.Y:)Baglt. '
■"Thta is the’material that outers So largely
into the staple abuse of the South, and pro
driccs counter-irritations and insults! Any
'tfrie friend of tho Union is a Wend of the'
South, and will rejoice its. sincerely over the.
success of such a scheme as that of Colonel
Mhttn- as If it originated in .‘the. latitude of
New Tork or Philadelphia. In the days of
the Revolution tht North neoer tumbled save
vhtntheSonih dupairtd / i
Triri JomxttxM Fbikmbs’ Exctmstos,
Which was postponed frrim the 15th of August,
comes off on Saturday, next, and promises to
A* ft r« htrcht aflldr.. Tije. Stepmhqat iWjtilidjn
gvui leave- .street , wharf at half-ppst
<t#o 'o’clock. - and wifi proceed to Florence
Heights, one of the most romantic places on
thri Delaware, Wt wish tbom a good time.
THE PRESS.-l'HltAMaj’ltlA, 2,
■fttci that (mftre£y or Pearly proof
against of oxygeth It ■prill multiply
to a yery considerable extent
fdj.pbrpoJUUfcU) wjuoh it is how applied, and givoit
'the- preferemra oyer.otherirons for many purposes
forwhloh used. 1
■ tl extent to which this materiel is
superscdinV/tho upb of wood and stone in thopublio
buildings, otooUng at a cost of many millions of
dollars a\lmmlly> undor thi3 department, renders it
of the greatest importance to know what irons re
sist, for tho longest period, tho action of oxygon.
It U hoped that the great interest the iron masters
baTO ( in ortbis experiment will be con
sidered' a sufficient applogy .for requesting samples
of ihoir iron and tho ores from which they are
■' -* • - - *
“ I have, therefore, to request that you will for
ward to this department, by mail or express, two
oc three small samples of iron and a sample of ore
.from each of the mines worked by you; tho sam
ples of iron, nptj to oxccod a quarter of a pound
each, ‘and the ore not to exceed a half pound in
wo*s(nU- I would also request information on tho
following points,’ yi* § : The extent of thooro depo
sit—faqjuwes of mining- orer-ita dlatanco from
furnace, and distance of furnace from market, and
mode of transportation thence—the fuel used—rela
tive oost of charcoal, coke, crudo bituminous and
Anthracite Iron—kind of flux and its ooat, Ao.—the
Capacitybftb'OoitablishmentuDd the amount of iron
produced duringthelastyeor, and what it would bo
capable of producing under n ready sale and remu
nerating prices—any peculiarity of the iron pro
duced—^whether tborqaro rolling mills in the vicini
ty,£hd what doftOriptionsof iron they roll—to whnt
.purposes moat of the products of your furnnecs are
Applied, and what description of iron the estali
lishmentmpatly produces—when did your works
first go into operation—wlmt has been tho annual
production, ftnd whatlho ruling prices each year
Singe jour tforhs wore first started. You will
pience gtvo tho Btnto and county in which your
iron mine is situated, and tho distance your fuel is
transported. As it is the intention of tho
ment to-furnish you with the roault of the expori-
.will please name tho post offico through
wblob to ad.drcffl you. If you know of any one in
yonpwqtghborhood interested in tho iron business,
wholes riot reooivdt a copy of this letter, if you
"will'forward his address one will be sont to him.
You will realiao tho value of the Information
sought to he obtained by this' circular,
wbenjOtt rofleot upon the growing importanco of
thefrpiflnlereflt of tho omint^y—a foot attributa
ble itt'po Small degree, to the introduction of iron
'as & substitute for other materials in our public
~ Mlh* poljcy of affording enoourogement to this
JJVeatjfltercfit, by promoting its production and In*
creulfttg its consumption, has boon ooramcncod by
thb Qovornmont, and I am desirous of obtaining
all the information which can bo had on the sub
ject, with a view to Us further development. -
i‘£hi* circular will bo addressod to persons not
immediately oonfteotod-wlth, iron establishments,
as jit |s" believed that there vyili .be not only a
willingness, but an'anxiety on tho part of. ovory
advance the object jvlueh tho Department
,‘‘l wa desirous of 4 obtaining tho information
,'aakid for at tho carHest'praolicnblo momont.
respectfully, your .obodlont servant,
'~k , '• Conn,
. ’ * ’ “Seerotary of the Treasury.”
;Thfl data wbloh may bo collected in response to
thls-eircular will bo collated and published for
generdl information.
production of iron in tho United States has
of Ttfth enlisted the attention of large classes of
our citizens In every The timo is not dis.
Mint, when Ponnsylvania’yiiono represented the
Ifou Interests of the United States. Now we havo
4rohjflinnrkot from thq rich iron fields and moun
(aihsof, Michigan, Jtti&fouri, and Minnesota. The
consumption of iron is ypry* large. We seo iron
boqses, 1 iron bridges, iron sailing
with iron rigging—indefed, oountlcas arc tho
uses of this metal. Tho Government encourages
thli consumption. It provides, in items of appro
priation, for .light houses, custom houses, post
offices, court,bouses, Ac., that these strnctnres shall
be built with iron floors, roofs, ties, sills, and
by' tW several States, tho
powersheccssaiy to lcyyjmposts' afldto regu
la'ts.cbraraorcafiilted. Tlioy]#riedj#w9.Ys r ; to
'awaken attention to other methojstpf gaining
the same end. So early as 1782: the. Legisla
ture of New York adopted a series of resolu
tions, which proposed to “Congress to recom
mend, and to each State to adopt, the measure
of assembling a general convention of 'the
States, specially authorised to -revise' ft hd
amend the Confederation.” But this, sugges
tion docs not seem to have 1 been met with any
general degree of' favor at that time. A
somewhat similar proposition was adopted by
tho House of Delegates of Virginia, in 1786 j
and'in January, 1786, Virginia appointed eight
commissioners to meet representatives from
other States to examine the, commercial pro
positions which had teen suggested, and to
report to the several States such an act as,
whan adopted, would give Congress the
desired powers: This led to this conven
tion which assembled at Annapolis, Sep
tember il, 1780. It was composed of two
commissioners from New York, three from
New Jersey, one from Pennsylvania, tjireo
from Delaware, and three from Virginia.
Commissioners hod also been appointed to this
convention by the States of New Hampshire, l
Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and North Caro
lina, ;but none of them were in attendance.
Connecticut, Maryland, South Carolina, and
Georgia, had appointed no commissioners.
The powers of all the commissioners in attend
ance were confined to action upon commercial
regulations, except ’ those from. New Jersey,
.who were also authorized toconslder how far ,
a uniform system in “ other matter » might be
noccssary to the common interest and perma
nent harmony of the several States.” Tho
Annapolis Convention seems to have been
very deoply impressed by 'this suggestion of
New . jorsfey'j for in. the' address In .wiiich
they ’recommended that a now conven
tion of all tho fjtates should be hold,
at Philadelphia in May, 1787, the com
missioners « submit an opinion, that the idoa
of extonding the. powers of their deputies to
other objects than those of commerce, which
has been adopted by tho State of New Jersey,
Was an improvement.on the original plan, and
will deserve to be incorporated into that of a
future convention.” The action of the Anna
polis Convention was favorably considered by
Congress, and in February, 1787,. that body
adopted. a resolution endorsing tho recom
mendation for the assemblage of a Constitu
tional Convention at the time fixed. All the
States except Khode Island complied with the
recommendation. Tho convention met at
Philadelphia as proposed on the 14th of May,
1787, and on the 17th of September, 1787,
agreed to tho Constitution, and transmitted it to
Congress; The latter'body ’ordered it to be
trahsmitted to the several Legislatures for sub
mission to a convention of delegates to be cho
sen by each State. It was ratified by the several
States in the following order: Delaware, Penn
sylvania, Now Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut,
Massachusetts, Maryland, South Carolina,
New Hampshire, Virginia, New York, North
Carolina, Bbode Island. New Hampshire, the
ninth State, ratified it June 21, 1788. Bbode
Island did. not ratify it übtii May 29, 1790.
While the l Constitution thus formed was an
acknowledged Improvement upon the old Ar
ticles of Confederation, it was still regarded as
imperfect. A number of tho States, in rati
fying it, expressed a desire that further re
strictive clauses should .be added to prevent
misconstruction and abuse of its powers. To
accomplish this end, the very first Congress
proposed the first ten of tho amendments to it.
They were ratified by enough States to make
them valid by June, 1790. Congress also pro
posed, in 1794, the eleventh, and in 1808, the
twelfth amendment, and they being ratified,
compietcd'the Constitution.
The time fixed for the commencement of
operations under the new Constitution of tho
United States was March 4,1789. But, singu
lar io relate, it was not until April 6, that the
Senate was enabled to secure the attendance
of a quorum of its members, nor until April 1,
that a quorum appeared in the House of Bep.
resqntatives. On the sixth of April the clcc
toral votes were opened and counted.' George
WashingtOnwas elected President unanimous
ly. i John Adams'was elected Vice President,
by having more votes than any other candi
date, but he did not receive a majority of tho
whole number pollod, tho Constitution not
having originally required this for tho Vice
President. Washington was not inaugurated
until April 80,1789.
This short resume of tho movements con
nected with the formation of the Federal Con
stitution, and tho commencement of govern
mental operations under Its provisions, stri
kingly exhibits tho degree of caution and
consideration which marked the movements
of tho founders of this nation. Tho Con
stitution evidently grew up out of tho ne
cessities of the American people; and those
who were then intrusted with the management
of public affairs preferred that It should do so,
rather than that a crude and iU-considercd sys
tem should be forced npon them. There was
no indocent haste exhibited—no immature and
rash expedients resorted to. And Itlßundonbt
cdly to tho prudence and patriotism which
marked their conduct that wo’are indebted for
the wonderful success that has crowned tlielr
When we contrast the spirit which animated
them with tho reckless manner in which other
Constitution-makers have discharged Bimilar
duties, we are forcibly reminded how rashly
“ fools rush in where angels fear to tread,”
and ceaseto wonder at tho confusion and dis
aster which have attended the Babel-work of
the latter. Tho Constitutions 61 France, the
Spanish American States, and various Euro
pean nations have been counted by dozcnß.
Hastily and inconsiderately framed, they took
no deep root in the soil of tho countries for
which they wero formed, and the first storms
that arose blew them away. Framed to snit
rather the fancies pf political philosophers
than to meet the urgent Wants of the people,
the latter felt no special interest in systems of
which they know little, and for which they
cared less, and hence had no great motive to
cherish and defend. It is therefore not strange
that they have boen about as short in duration
os they were hasty in construction—as prema
ture in their death as they were precocious in
their birth!
The mushroom Topeka Constitution, and the
stormy proceedings of the double-headed Min
nesota Constitutional Convention, as well as
other manifestations in various sections of
the Country, remind us that the method pur
sued ih following the Federal Constitution de
serves much more consideration than it re
ceives even from American citizens, and that
in this «faat” age we are too apt to ignore that
spirit of calm and careful consideration, and of
studious Inquiry into the real wants of the peo
ple which conferred upon' the nation its
admirable frame-work of Government, and thus
achieved such wonderful results for tho free
dom, happiness, and welfare of its inhabi
Newepaper Impersonality.
Tho New York Mirror has a judicious arti
cle upon tho proper method of conducting a
newspaper. Wo extract the following para
graph as embodying a just estimate of public
opinion respecting the matter;
“The'paper, which Is the mere mouth-plcce of
an iadiviaual, the reflex of the peculiarities and
Idlosyneraeies of l a single man, is always liable to
make itself unpopular or ludiorous. anu oan nover
be a power in the community., So long as tho
names of tho publishers are known, tho public has
every necessary guarantee of the responsibility of
their prints. Who Writos this or thatartlelo is a
matter whioh does not concern the public, and for
whioh they care nothing. Nor .do they trouble
themselves muebnboutcditortnl quarrels and bick
erings, except to laugh indiscriminately, as a crowd
does ovor a street fight. A newspaper of influence
and ability is on inslitutlon, not a personality, and
its expressed opinions ere the aggregate opinions
of a number of men noting with nnummlty, with
oommon motive, and with a fixed purposo. Louis
Napoleon crippled the French press effectively,
when he compelled every newspapor articlo to be
signed by the name of its writer! end th a London
Times would lose half its ,vigor and inflnenoo
were the same rule to be adopted in England.”
K7”The Cincinnati Daily Enquirer litis passed
into tho hands of J. J. Fabas and IVashino
»on McLean, Esqrs., men; of great enterprise
and energy. The name of J. J. Faean, Esq.,
is announced as editor.. His ability, integrity
and experience, at the head of so important a
newspaper as the Enquirer, ore greatly rioedod
in tho present conditiori of Ohio politics. ■ Mr.
Fa# ah is a sincere and honest man, and will
greatly increase the'influence of that journal.
. :settichi?nt,bjf the dispute Jiotweon
the Wo Conventions in Minnesota is 'good
new?, it was it disgraceful quarrel to both
mu GREEIii|S^.VA;ko'. 'KANSAS','-, . ’
(From Mondavi '
The Philadelphia {press, * Col.’ . Forney, b h$V
paper, gives the following eyideocetbit the game
of mahlng' Katjsoß asjave-. by frfthcj and
vloJenoeisto bo pushed to an ImmeaUte opiums,
motion; " ‘
[Special far The Press.]
Washington, Aug. 2S.—The prospect of a fair elec
tion for delegates to the September Convention In Kan
sas increases.
The work of the Convention will, it is said, be quickly
done. It .will probably be submitted .to the people on
the day that a Legislature is elected, and the chances
arc that the Constitution will be in Washington, with a
member of Congress and two Senators to back it, by the*
Ist of December.
It ia supposed that tho Constitution, like tfc&t'qf New
York and Pennsylvania,'will be siltni as to slavery.
This programme will prevent an attack on Governor
Wolkcr’s nomination in the Senate. Zlo ran resign,
and. may come as a Senator from the new State'. . >
Rest assured, there la sorao hope this p)an will bo
carried out. ‘ - Solltairs, '
' Tho election “ for 'delegates to the September
Convention inKansds” w&ahadru’o month's ago,
and a pro-slavery body returned by.a total poll of
loss than fifteen hundred votes. This election was
held under, a bogus registry, vrhtoli excluded the,
great bulk of tho free-State men from voting.
The Constitution has of oourse boon already con
cocted in some pro-fllavery conclave, and the
Convention will merely go through tho form of
adopting it. They doubtless know a good deal.,
more about its features In Washington than in
Kansas. '
“ A Constitution silent as to slavery,” framod
by a Convention elected, under border-ruffian au
thority, will be a pro-slavery Constitution; slave
ry is already in Kansas, so far as usurpation bogus
law,can plant it thoro.nnd a Convention springing
from tho bogus authority does not need to legalise
slavery there—to say nothing is-to leave slavery
legalizod and established. No intelligont person
oan honestly dispute this.
Shall a Constitution so framed by a Convention
chosen by loss than a tonth of tho pooplo, and re
presenting but one-fourth of the numbor, be im*
posed oa Kansas by Federal authority and bayo
nets? This is the precise issue now tendered*
What say the free States?
Our correspondent fell into tho error, doubt
less, of supposing that the June election was
for members of a new Legislature, as many
have supposod, and not for delegates to the
September Convention to 'frame a State Con
stitution. ‘
It is not a practical question as to the elec
tion of tho,delegates. They were legallyelcct
cd according to law j tyd their acts are recog
nised, bccauso they are tho only, regularly
chosen delegates under tho. forms of tho or-:
ganic act. .The whole people of Ihe Territory
will decide whether their work is right or wrong
The Tribune’s assumption that the Constitu
tion “has already befen adopted .in some pro
slavery conclave,” is ridiculous. Doubtless
the Charleston Mercury thinks that instrument
“has already been adopted in somo free-State
conclave.” The one story would be as absurd,
as the other. .
“ ‘A. Constitution silent as to slavery/ framed hy
a Convention elected under bordor-ruffian rule,
will bo a pro-slavery Constitution.”
Another bald assumption. Most of tho
Constitutions in tho free States “arc silent m,
to slavery.” Nobody fears slavery in New
-York, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey, because
their Constitutions do not prohibit slavery.
But our correspondent might have gone
further on this subject of slavery in the Cod-*
stitution of Kansas. He might have said, that
while the Constitution of Kansas, will, iu all
probability, be silent as to slavery, a separate
vote will be iaken , on the day that the Constitu
tion is submitted to the people, on the proposition,
shall slavery exist in the new State of Kansas
or not i 1
This was thb ground taken in Juno,
when the delegates to tho Convention wero
elecicdr-most of the candidates pledging
themselves to this effect from the hustings ;
so that if slavery be in Kansas now, and there
is a majority of actual residents and duly
qualified voters against it, it will be removed \
it will be excluded. And if the majority is
the other way, slavery will be recognized and
retained. What can bo fairer than this ?
The next paragraph of Mr. Greeley’s ar
ticle is in almost exact harmony with Mr.
Keitt and the few extremists who back him.
The one wants tho Constitution rejected by tho
free-State settlers bccauso the Administra
tion intervenes to secure a vote upon it, or, in
other words, to “ impose it on Kansas”; tho
others demand its rejection because Governor
Walker has “intervened” to secure a.fair
vote; and while the Tribune says that Mr* Bo
ciianan is bound to make it a slave State with
his bayonets, Mr. Kextt and Company assort
that Governor Walker is pledged to maki It
a free State, aided by the squatter sovereigns 1
The truth is, the apparition that frights' the
Souls of these fearful adversaries (not? sqch,
good friends) is the prospect of the final set-,
tlemtnt of'the slavery question by the operatiom
of the majority rule. i
The Steamship* Niagara, Agamemnon, and
Sacqnelianna.--Telegraph Cable, Arc.
fCorreppoodecse of Tho Press.]
Washington, September 1, 1857.
From the subjoined extract of a letter to tha.
Navy Department, dated at &c&, August l?tb, 1857,
it will be soon that th© Niagara has proved herself
u faster goor than cither tho Susquehanna or Aga
memnon :
“ We had somothingof a race to-day, and a good
deal of exoitemont for awhile , Tho Agamemnon
and Niagara have each large fenders or guards
over thoir propellers; she has a load of about )6QO,
tons, and wo ulond of about 1150. Both load and
guard were not much of fin assistance in a raco ;
bosides, X was a little afraid of tho Agamemnon, as
eyory ono declares in England that she oan steam,
elevon and twelve knots oasy; and I thought cer
tainly tho Susquehanna would lead us badly in the
trim io whioh we were. So, with all these reasons,!
managed to keop & littlo back than otherwise. This'
morning at 8 o’clock tho Susquehanna was about
two miles ahead, and we were just abeam ef the
Agamemnon. Capt. Sands signalized, ‘I am go
ing to Plymouth,’ as much as to say, ‘ Can’t wait
for such slow coaches,’ I asked Capt. Hudson to
try and let us go to Plymouth also. Each ship’s
smoko-pipes told the story of hard firing at onob.
The sea was smooth and tho wind light after us;
smoko just up and down when at full speed ; at 5
P. M. the positions wero nearly as follows;’The'
Agamemnon was moro than hull down astern. Wo
could just see her smoke. Tho Susquehanna was
about seven or oight miles astern. As Capt. Hudson
wanted to keop company with tho Agamemnon, wo
stopped and waited for her.”
The Niagara’s speed in the contest was on an
average twelve knots an hour. This is a great
achievement on tho part of th© Niagara, for I be
lieve that the Agamemnon is held to be the fastest
steamer in the English service, and tho
hanna has hold all along an enviable reputation
for speed in the American navy.
Capt. Hudson, writing to tho Navy Department
from Plymouth, England, under date of Aug. I4th,
1857, has the honor to report the arrival of the
steam frigate Niagara at that popt, and tho morti-'
fication' to announce officially the breaking of the
telegraph cable, on the use of too heavy a pressure
upon tho brake attached to the paying-out machi
nery, after 334 miles of it had been run out—somo
at a depth of 2,050 fathoms, or a little more than
two and n quarter miles: Ho has every reason to
believe, from his experience so far in wire-laying,
(hat under ordinary circumstances of weather and
of machinery adapted to tho aim inview—thAt
aboard requiring improvement—that a telegraphic
Sable can be laid in safety 1 over the plateau of tho
Atl&ntie ocean. •
At tho tixno the cable parted, August 11th, 345
o’clock, A M., the ship was going at a speed of
four knots an hour. She had been running all
night at & rate of three to four knots. Thero was
“ a motion from a moderate head sea, and the
company’s chief engineer and men attending their
brakes to lesson tho expenditure of cable,” tho coble
suddenly parted—an accident, says the Oaptain,
“which madoallhandsof us through tho daylike a
household or familythat bad lost thoirdearestfriond,
for the offioers and mon bad bocomo deeply inte
rested in the suoccss of the enterpriso.” Mr. Field
loft tho ship soon after the occurrence of tho acci
dent, in IL M. steam brig Cyclops, for Valenlia’
Bay, Ireland, requesting that the Niagara, Spsqu?-
hnnnn, and Agamemnon should proceed to this'
placo, after making certain experiments with tho
wire and maohincry in deep water. The Leopard
proceeded at onoe to Bpithead. Whothor tho com
pany intend to supply additional cable and make
another trial during tho prosont season, or to defer
it to next summer, Captain Hudson is not ndvised.
If tho latter course bo pursued, the remaining wire
will have to be taken out of the ship and retarred
to save It from rust, and he will requlro further
instructions from the Department. X. Y.
Washikqton, August 31, 1857.
One half of tho iron required in the constructin'
of a lighthouse was sont to tho dosired place under
orders of th© proper authorities, and remained on
tho beach o', little below high-water work for a
period of nearly six months without exhibiting any
appearance of erosion.' The other Half, after a like
exposure for-only a few weeks, oxidized and so
much oorroded as to need filing and soraplng to
make the parts fit. This iron was from New Jor
sey, but from different mines in that State. With
this fact; and others of a similar character, before
lt, and'.lookihg> the national importance of the
'Subject the ‘'Treasury Department 'ha's issued tbo
following.circular: *
• - ‘‘Tn.EASURY Department,’Aug. 31, 1857.
“ Sib t This'departraont has been furnished with
undoubted efidpnee that there is a great difforonce
b©tweon:iroU;from different mines in the United
States in the degree and rapidity with wmoh they
becbm&'6x?disM. Congress, during the last ses
sion, appropriated the sum of $3,600 to test the dif
ferent iroos in this country in that particular. If
these experiments rimU establish the important
-Yet. with ore enough in the bowols of our land
to supply tho wants of tho world, our iron masters
oannot successfully, it seems, compete with foreign
wSjpufaolurers.' Most of the railroad companies
of tho United States purchase tho iron rail they
us© in foreign markots, because there they can get
it cheaper, although it is in nine cases out of ten
of tho • poorest quality.
To remedy this admitted evil various plans have
been suggested. - Numbers of such plans will be
‘presented for the action of Congress. Duff Green,
Esq., as spokesman of a committoe, issues a circu
lar addressed to all persons interested in the ma
nufacture of iron and in railroads, to aid them as
delegates to a convention to bo held in January
next, or by such suggestions ns they may desire to
make. Ho observes that
i “As our railroad system has absorbed, and must
■wf necessity continue to absorb, so much of our
capital and labor, and as tho puroh&so of foreign
Iron with railroad bond* must subject us more and
more,to the financial polioy of tho Bank of Eng
land \ and as it is now well understood that the
“policy of that bank is to rogulato tbo exchanges so
os to mako London tbo heart of the financial world
and as she can under our present system roeruit
jher stock of bullion by exporting our specie at les3
cost than sho can obtain it elsewhere; and as tho
pttrohaao of English Iron with onr railroad bonds
ta’ereascs tho power of tho Bank of England over
©Mr ourronoy, it is apparent that an organization
bf which American iron oan bo supplied to our
4pUroad companies at less cost than is now paid for
foreign Iron would greatly promote our financial
independonco and greatly promote the general
welfare of this country.”
The pl&n proposed isono which has already been
before tho Committee on the Post Office and Tost
Roads of tho House of Representatives during tho
session of the thirty-second Congress. It orabrnew
“ an organization,under aots of incorporation, in all
• the States from which they can bo obtained, with
'aaffioient capital, to bo invested in railroad bonds
and other good securities; that it shall be tho duty
of this association to aot as trustee and agent for
- railroad companies in tho sale or their securities,
and, from the proceeds of such rak-s and their own
capital, to furnish funds to aid in the manufacture
-of iron for railroads; that thoro shall boa fixed duty
upon iron sufficient to protect, tho capital invested
in its manufacture and tho currency from tho con
tingencies, affecting the price of foreign iron, pro
duced by tho financial polioy of tho Bank of Eng
land ; that the lows regulating mail contracts be so
.modified'ns tu authorise contracts with railroad
companies for the permanent uso of their road;
and that, instead of payments on contracts as now
.m&doj there bo delivered to such companies coupon
pburgeahlo on the revenues of tho Depart
ment, rodecmablo at the pleasuro of tho Govern
ment,and bearihg an interest at the rnto of two
ind a Half per cent , for a sum, tho ihtorest upon
ftt five por cent., would bo equal lo tbo pay
ments' ih&do for such servico under tho present
system; that the wholo proceeds of tho public
landp bo transferred to tho Post Office fund, and
that; whenever the funds of the Dopnrtinont and
the surplus in tho sub-treasury, beyond a sum to
be fixed by law, will permit, it shall be tho duty of
tho proper ngont of tho Government to purchaso
Up, at par, such of these coupon bondß as may
h'avo boon deposited, under tho laws of any of the
states, as a basis for bank issuos—in tho ordor of
qio registry of such bonds at tho Treasury by tho
Ijanks making such deposit.”
I state those facts without any opinion on my
part of tho practicability or propriety of this, or
any other mcasuro; still hoping, howoror, that tho
interest already exoited may not dio out, but con
tinue until this important question has been tho
roughly sifted. It remains for those concerned in
tjio manufacture of iron to consult their own in
terest by roady and complete responses to tho cir
culars,-both of tho Treasury Department and of tho
QHnmitteo of whioh Mr. Green is tho chairman
yhen all tho ground of investigation and analysis
has been ©xplorotl. then may wo arrive at a safe
decision. « Until then we grope in tho dark.
X. Y.
Countt.— -An extra from the
Cfolumbia’jDcmocrafj of tho 3Ut ult., informs
uj that the Columbia County Democratic Con
vention idct on that day, ntEßloomshurg, and
ujminated the following ticket;
Congress—John Mcßeynolds.
Legislature—Peter Ent, (both subject
tq tho Conferee Convention.)
;The county officers nominated were as fol
lows s
Prothonotary—Jacob Eyerly. Register and
Recorder—Daniel Lee. Commissioner—Elias
Dietericli.. Treasurer—James McNinah and
Auditor—John R. Yohe.
|TnE Missouri Election.—The official vote
gives.' Stewart, Dem., 38-1 majority over
Roluns, American.
(Fpr the Press.]
tons Randolph, op Roanoke, on tiik Choice
of.a. Wipe.—Roly upon it that to loro awoumn as
a mistress, nlthough a delicious delirium, an in
tqiication fur surpassing champagne, is altogether
uiwssontlnl, nay pernicious, iu the choice of n nifo,
a man ought to sot about in his sober senses,
choosing her as Mrs. Primrose did her wodding
goirn, for qualities that wear welt. lam well per
sufdtd that few love-matches are happy ones. Ono
thing at loast is true, that if matrimony has its
cates celibacy has no pleasures. A Newton or a
scholar may find employment in study; u man
of literary taste can receive in books a powerful
auxiliary« but a man must have a bo?ora friend
and children around him to cherish and support
th© dreariness of old age. Do you remember
A-*- - V ?Ho could neither rend nor think;
anj wifo, even a sooldiug one, would havo been a
bUzsing to that poor man. After suitability
is tho truo foundation for marriage. If the parties
bofuited to ono another, if age, situation in li/o,
(a jpari indeed may descend when all clso is fitting,)
temper and constitution, these are the ingredients
of a happy marriage, or at least a convenient
ono—whioh is all that people of experience expect,
Prederika Bremer says : Tho life of a bache
lor is aa a good breakfast, a tolerablo dinner, buta
wretched supper.
A FALSE FRIEND is like a shadow upon a dial.
it appears in clear wenther but vanishes as soon as
that is cloudy.
Writing, lik> ore, should bo valued not by its
bulk but by Its riches.
' 'Jnyv is like a sore eye, inflamed by everything
brtiliantor dazzling.
Tbb old age of a literary person Is the evening
of a fine day,
Cabinet Meeting— The Rumored Reraovnls-Tlie
Ncav Sloop.of-War—Re.Assrmbliug oI the
Naval Courts of Inquiry—Appointments and
Resignations— General Denver and the In
dians—The Consulate to Liverpool.
•Wasbixotos, September I.—There wop ebrlef meet*
tag of the Cabinet yesterday in the forenoon, on foreign
affairs; what conclusion was reached is not known out
of the mystic circle of- constitutional advisers.' It is
certain that nothing dcOnlte was dono with reference to
the rumored rentals in the Interior, Treasury, and
other Departments, I presume now, unless something
is dono at the regular Cabinet council to-day, that there
will be nq further removals of chief officers or heads of
bureaus until the commencement of the next quarter,
on the Ist of October.
Owing to the contiuucd.obseuco of Commander llart
-Bt*ix and Captain Pexjjeeorast, it Is unlikely that the
Board appointed to oxamlno the proposals for the con
struction of the new sloop-of-war will organize for busi
ness before to-morrow.
On Monday next the tbreo Naval Courts of Inquiry
re-assomble after their recess, to dispose of the remain,
ing forty or fifty cases on their dockets. It la expected
that they will have submitted their report* on all the
cases presented for their investigation previous to the
meeting of Congress. Where their duty ends, under the
law of January 10th, 1857, that of the President and
Senate of tho United States begins.
Wm. WiCxr.H, of Lovrlstown, Pennsylvania, has been
appointed to u first-class ($1200) clerkship in the Post
Office Department.
Lieutenant Thomas M. Crossax, ordered to the Merrt
nißc, has resigned liis commission In tb« Navy.
James M. Pares, of Alabama, has been appointed to
a first-clftsfl clerkship in the Pension Office.
Gen. Denver was in St. Louis on Wednesday last, on
his way to tho Indian country. He goes first among the
Pawnees, to adjust tho pending difficulties between the
members of that triboand the whites living in their vi
ciulty, and afterward to tho Sioux region, to observe
for himself the condition aud feeling toward the white
settlers, and the irregular bands of that nation.
Beverly Tecerr, Rpq., accepts the Liverpool Conan,
latt. X. Y.
Berks County.
Rradiko, Sept. I —Tho following nominations were
made for Berks: Assembly, Edward L. Smith, Amos
Weller, Benjamin Nuuamacher; Prothoqotary. David
Fister; Register, Tobias Barto; Recorder, Nicholas
Ilickmnn f Clerk of Orphans’ Court, Ephraim Frit* 5
Clerk of Sessions, Joseph S. Hoyer; County Treasurer,
William Runkle; Commissioner, David L. Wenrick; Di
rector, Jacob MalUbergor; Auditor, Amos Strunk; Dele
gates to State Convention, Mandotbauch,Boyer, Sellers,
nnd Livingood.
' The ticket is regarded as very strong, and the county
may be set down at 7,000 majority for the State and
county ticket
Bounty Land Warrants.
Washington, Sept. I.—During tho month of August
more than fifteen hundred warrants were issued under
the Bounty Law of 1850, to satisfy which 231,000 acres
of land are necessary.
So far, 26,600,000 acres of land have been granted in
accordance with that Act.
Edward M. Hastings has been appointed receiver of
public moneys at Montgomery, Alabama.
A patent lor 35,000 acres of land which have been
selected in lieu of thoeo located by military warrants, or
scrip, and issued by virtue of a special certificate, in
favor of Wisconsin, under the second section of tho act
of March, 1855, is new in course of preparation x [a the
General Land Office, and will be transmitted to the
Governor of that State in afew days.
Tho President’s reply to Professor SlUiman and pthers,
on tho affairs of Kansas will soon be published.
Outrages on Mexican cartmen In Texas---The
Louisiana Sugar Crop.
Washington, Sept. I.— I Tho Southern mail furnishes
papers and letters from all points as late as duo. The
following intelligence is furnished :
Tho continued atrocious outrages on Mexican cart
men is exciting deep interest in the western part of the
A letter from Point Coupee states, that in conse
quence of the severe frosts In spring, the sugar-cane ii
four weeks behind tho fair average, and the fall must be
very late to allow it to ripen. Under all circumstances,
tho crop of sugar cannot exceed 250,000 hhds.; the
planters genorally estimate not orer 200,000.
Wedding of Hon. Hiram Walbrldge,
WisniNOTON, Sept. I.—Tho President, Secretaries of
State, of the Treasury, and of the Navy, and their fami.
lies, and other officials,, together with Gen. Ward,
Burnett, and several members of the press, attended the
wedding of Hon. Hiram Welbridgo—to-day; a reehtrthe
Mayoral Election at Wilmington. Del.
WiLMisaroN, September I.—The election for Mayor
of this city was held to-day, nnd S. W. Sparks, the
American-Republican candidate was successful, having
roceived a majority of 331 votes.
The majorities, as divided into the separate Wards, are
as follows:
First Ward—Majority for W. 11. White (Democrat) 10
Bocond do do G.W.Sparkii(Ain..Rep.)49
Third do do do do 83
Fourth do do do do 109
Fifth do do do do 40
The whole American ticket was elected.
Montpelier, Sept. I.—The annual State election was
held to-day. But little interest was manifested, and
but a small vote was rctnrnod.
Tho return* received show the election of thlrty-hro
representatives, lucluding one Democrat; a Democratic
gain of one. Scattering returns from twenty towns
show largo Republican majorities.
towns returned give Ryland Fletcher, the
Republican candidate for Governor, 1,008 sotes; and
Henry Keys (Dcm.) 801 votes.
The Union Ticket For Cheater County,
West Cukstkr, September I.—The “Union’’ County
County, in session hero to-day, nominated the following
For Senate—Dr. Coffman.
“ Aspemblf—Stcssra. Vlekera, Dickey, and Renrose,
1 ‘ I'rothonotarv—Mordeca; Ruth.
“ Rrglstcr—Jci»p R. Dunwoody.
“ Commissioner—David Taylor.
“ Treasurer—Renj. Passmore.
Commencement at Brown University,
Proyidkxoi', Sept. I,—The commencement at Brown
University to-day passed off well. Samuel Cox, Of
Ohio, delivered the address before the Alumni, and
IVendoll I'hilHpt tho oration before the under-graduates
The New School Treßhyterlan Convention,
Ricumonu, Sept. I.—Tho fourth resolution, relative
to the organization of a General Syuod, is still under
consideration before the Convention.
It la expected the Convention will adjourn .nnc die
Washington, Sept. 1 —The Richmond papers received
this evening contain nothing importantof the proceed
ings of tho Presbyterian Convention, beyond the des
patch telegraphed yesterday.
Bobbery 0! the New London Post OKice
New Losnox, Conn., September Ist.—The post office
at this place was robbed last night of a bag containing
tho New York and Southern mails. No traces have yet
been obtained of the robber*.
The Great Horse Exhibition at Elmira, N. Y.
Elmira, September I.—One hundred homes have been
entered to competo for the prizes at the great exhibition
which commenced here to-day. A grand cavalcade or
all tho horses on exhibition started atnoon, led by Flora
Temple, Jack Rositer, Lnncet, aud other trotting cele
brities. The display was of a most imposing character*
The weather is fino, and tho exhibition is thronged with
visiters, coming from all parts of the Stato and country
Yearly Cotton Statement.
New Orleans, Sept. I.—Tho annual cotton ststement
published this morning shows the total receipts at this
port to have been 1,530,280 bales. Tho crop i* estimated
at 2,935,000. Tho exports have been 1,510,920 bales.
The stock now in port is 7434 bales.
Tho receipts of the new crop are ouo hundred and
thirty bales, againstlOOO atthe corresponding period last
Middling Orleans is now quoted at 13«13# c * The
average quotation during tho year has been 12>$c.
Revolution In Yucatan.
New Orlsaxs, August 31.—A revolution has broken
out in Yucatan, and nearly thewholeState was In arms.
The revolutionists comprised the radical party, and
they were everywhere successful. At the latest dates
the Governor was marching against the city of Cam
peachy at the head of l,soomen.
Arrivals at San Francisco*
New Orleans, Aug. 31.—Tho San Frnncihco papers
announce tho'following arrivals: Ships David Chock,
Oaborno, Howes, Black Hawk, and E. F. Wlllets, from
New York, and the ship John Sands from Boston.
The Weather at New Orleans.
New Orleans, September I.—Tho weather hero is
very plcasaut. Citizens arc returning to the city from
the various v> atcring places and country eoate, and busi
ness is regaining its activity.
Deaths at New Orleans,
New Orleans, August 31.—Tho deaths which oc
curred in this city, during the week ending Saturday,
numbered one hundred and two.
Commemoration of the Execution of Lopez.
New Orleans, Sep I.—Six cannons were fired, and
grand mass celebrated to-day, In commemoration of
General Lopez.
From Kansas.
Sr. Louis, September I.—Tho Knnßos correspondent
of tho Democrat says a meeting was held at Lawrence,
on the 22du1t.,t0 elect delegates to the Grasshopper
Falls Convention. Tho Democratic wing of the free.
State party constituted fivc-slxtlisof the auditory. The
delegatee chosen weto all in favor of voting at the Octo
ber election.
A nolle prosequi has been entered In the case of Capt
St» Louis Agricultural and mechanical Asso-
rt. Louis, Bopt. I.—Tho second fair of the St. Tiouls
Agricultural and Mechanical Association, commencing
on the 28th of September, promises to he the most
resplendent display ever witnessed within tho Luion.
Tho grounds have been beautifully ornamented, and
largo additions hove been made for tho accommodation
of tho articles to bo exhibited. Nothing ***
overlooked that would increaso the convenience and
comfort of visiters. The premium list embraces prizes
amounting to $lO,OOO It is confidently expected that
this fair will prove St. Louis to l>o the Agricultural and
Meihauieal Exchango of tho Mississippi "Valley.
Louisville, Sept. 1.-Thirty-six classes of Durham
and Devon stock, and of horses, were exhibited to-day.
The Durham stock is pronounced to he unrivalled.
Kentucky, Ohio, and Indiana stock took all tho prises
which were awarded to-day. Tho weather is delightful,
and tho attoudanco at tho exhibition very largo.
Intense interest Is manifested In the exhibition by
t he most celebrated stock-breeders, who nre present.
Exhthl|tqn of
£6£!B£l|.l.Bj Ang. Exhibition of the
ffajted States Agricultural Socfojy opened this morning
qt'lo o’clock, when.the Butcher Association escorted
ColonelWUde* the President of the Society, to the
atppitbefttre, when be delivered as eloquent address in
the presence of persons, half of whom were
lodtes. Many distinguished strangers were present.
The remainder of the day was devoted to trials of
speed on the track, and voluntary exhibitions of horses
in the ampltheatre. Between six and seven hundred
entrees of superior stock have been made, and additions
are constantly made. - # 2
The weather la delightful,' and tho city Is crowded
with strangers. • -
The Monetary Excitement at Buffalo Subsided.
Buffalo, Sept.' I.—The run on the banks of .this' city
has subsided. Tho effect of the recent excitement Is
trifling; the banks possessing ‘more specie to-day than
ever. Seventy thousand dollar* were deposited yester
day in the Saving Banks.
New Orleans, August 31 —Cotton—The sales to-day
were unimportant. The news furnished from Europe by
the steamer Atlantic (which was published in this
morning’* editions of the Associated Press exclusively}
had no effect on the market.
Flour is active, but the prices are generally without
change. The stock in port Is estimated at 125,000 bbls.
Moss Pork is firm, and quoted at $25.&002S bbl.
Stock on hand 7,WW hbla. Lard closed firm. Stock on
hand in J.bld 10,500 lbs; (n kegs 12,600 lbs.
BALTiMpnr, Sept. I.—All varieties of superfine Flour
are steady at $0 bbl. Wheat and Corn are without
change. Whiskey is quoted at 20)£e27e.
National Theatre, Walxot Stbert, above EiantH.
—The Comedy of “ Blue Deril*,” after which the capi
tal Comedy of “ Founded on Facts,” several Overtures
by the Orchestra; to conclude with the Comedy of “The
Wheatlev’s AacH Btreft Theatre.—Melnor'a popu
lar Tragedy of “Fazio, or the Italian Wifeseveral
selections by the Orchestra, under the direction of Mr.
Charles R. Dodworth ; to conclude with, 2d time, the
Comedietta of “ A Handsome Husband.”
Sanford’s Opera House, ELirysTn Street above
Cdkstxpt — The great Burlesque on the Opera of La
Traviata,” prevloua to which Ethiopian Minstrelsy.
Thomecf’s Varieties. N. W. corner of Firpnisn
Chestni't Streets.— Musical and Terpsiehorean Me
lange; interspersed with the performances of Signor
Felix Aocher.
A Visit to Blockley Almshouse. —-Perhaps one
of tho worst evils that ever afflicted humanity is
thatof insanity. Tho records of the various institu
tions for the insane furnish many a sad illustration
of tho unsparing ravages of this disease - Prompted
by a philanthropic zeal, good men have erected insth
tutiona where the unfortunate insane may be well
cared for, where charity may perform her perfect
work, and where all the offices of affeotion may be
speedily dispensed. Alas! how often are these
labors of love made fruitless, and defiantly laughed
at by the fell destroyer! We passed through the
lunatic department of tho Blockley Almshouse,
West Philadelphia, whilo on a brief visit to that in
stitution a day or two since. The incidents narrated
to ns, by the keepers of the different wards, were foil
of sorrow, and such as made the deepest impression
upon our mind. The patients, for the most pirt, ex
hibit a peculiar kind of aberration, which is no(
often encountered elsewhere. One of them, with no
visible reasoning powers, having no knowledge of
the distinction Between right and wrong, is very
apt at calculations in figures and is a very good
He can mentally multiply any sum by any num
ber of figures, and give a correct answer with
scarcely a moment’s hesitation.. He can tell the
exact number of seconds, minutes, hours, &e., in
any number of years, a moment after a question
to this effcot is given him. Many viotims of in
sanity owe their misfortune to reverses in love
affairs. Patients of thiacharacter are of melan
choly and selfish disposition; and they shun all
companionship, and court solitude. Money jo&t-V
ters contribute no small share to the number of
viotims. Criminal actions weighing on the eon
scienco will make many a lunatic. Different causes
producing tho some - disease also produce different
W 0 hod a conversation with one of the patients,
who imagines that he is a woman, and whose speech
is always relative to tho love affairs of the “ days
of youth.” ' Wo spoke with another who calls him
self a saw-mill, gifted with human powers. He
stated to us that u we would make an appointment
to moot him in St. Louis in the evening, he would
give or loan us $50,000,000. We learn that this
individual was formerly a prominent and wealthy
coal merchant of this city, and by numerous sad
reverses in busicess became reduoed to his present
lamentable condition.
By far the most communicative and amofiing pa
tient in the entire department is one Wiggins, who
states that he has a divine mission to accomplish
before the destruction of the world, which, accord
ing to his ( inspired declaration,” will take place
previous to the 15th of November, 185 T. He ob
tained his revelations whilo in a trance at the
Charity Hospital. New Orleans, whore he was con
fined to his bed through illness for several months.
To his early days he represents that ho was a pro
fessor of literature, having taught composition, elo
cution, &e., in several counties in Kentucky, he
being a native of Boone county, of that State. He
is very desirous that the world should know his
greatness, and learn to appreciate it. The ques
tions being put to him: “What brought you here,
Wiggins? Flow is it that yon, who are so great,
aro troubled with physical infirmities?” he replied
that his illness came to him while he “was 01 the
flesh,” and by one of his own mysterious providen
ces, he had for wise purposes retained it.
“ Would you not prefer to be well, and to leave
this place, Wiggins?”
“ Oh! Yes! I would like to be cared, and to gat
out of this institution, ‘right on sight,” was nis
Several gentlemen who were present asked him
a number of questions, relative to his birth,
education, trance, and mission, to all of wbieh
ho responded with singular promptitude and
apparent sincerity. Wiggins is about thirty
six years of age, rather slenderly built, but
with a deep chest and a powerful voice,
lie possesses remarkable conversational powers,
and is said to be a ready writer when be under
takes composition, although ho cannot retain his
mind upon any one subject for more than fivo or
six minutes. He is the especial object of attraction
to the visiters to the insane department of the in
stitution, and Ills first inquiry to every person who
Addresses him is “ What is new in town to-day?”
Wc asked him if he was fond of newspapers, and
with a good deal* of feeliug he assured us
that there was nothing which afforded him
greater gratification, excepting only—the contem
plation of the happiness of his creatures. When
wegavohim a copy of Tub Press', he appeared
to be greatly delighted, and told us, as we left
him. to call upon him frequently, and “to be sure
to bring the paper.” Dr. J. R. McClintock, the
chief resident physician, has manifested con
siderable interest in tho wolfare of the patients,
and under his admirable superintendence, every
thing that can bo done for their comfort aud re
lief is carefully attended to. We regretted to hear
of thodeathof poor Fisher, who will be remembered
by all tho visiters to Blookley. He was a good-hearted
fellow, and though tho world only knew him as la
sano, he yet possessed all manly and generous in
stincts lie was the very personification of fun,
aid tho soul of real, genuine mirth. Oftentimes
he has kept his unfortunate, demented companions
in roars of laughter, and was universally pointed
out ns tho “ great and funny Fisher.” He received
numerous presents daily, but ho always unhesi
tatingly shared thorn, and thus was looked upon as
a benefactor by tho other patients.
The steward of the institution is Mr. Charles
Murphy, who superintends all the purchases, and
gives his personal attention to the interior arrange
ments of tho institution. He is gentlemanly and
courteous to all who como in contact with him, and
is now serving his second torm of office, haring
been rc-eleoted by the present Board of Guardians
of tho Poof. The Almshouse ja evidently well
managed, nnd Is kept in the bast possible order.
The hoalth of tho inmates, considering their num
ber and character, is very good. There were fifteen
deaths among them during last week, ,
An Interesting Trip to Fairmount . —Last
evening, before Alderman Eneu, a woman named
Ann Gillingham was committed to answer the
ohnrgo of larceny of several valuable articles from
Mary Ann Gilbert. It appears tnat the complain
ant, who is a very respectaple woman, started for
the Baltimore depot yesterday morning, intending
to take the cars, but was a few minutes too late for
them. She met with Miss Gillingham, who in
formed her that she too had missed the train, and
proposed a visit to tho Fairmount Waterworks
to fill up the time before one o’clock, the hour for
the starting of the next train. This propo
sition was acceeded to, and the twain ac
cordingly started to inspeot the various
sights in the romantic vioinity of Lemon Hill.
Mary Ann was an artful one, and she induced her
companion to take a few drinks of wine, which, to
say the least, was of a very suspicious quality On
returning to the depot station, Mrs. .Gilbert
laid down for a few moments on the sofa, and en
joyed a brief nap. On awaking, sho discovered
ihat her pocket-book had been picked, which con
tained several gold pieces, and her gold breastpin
stolen. She informed Officer Harmerofwhat had
occurred, and that functionary had no difficulty in
arresting the offender in the person of Ann Gil
lingham, upon whom the missing articles were
The Ncio Pennsylvania Railroad Office, now
in course of erection on Third street, oorner of
Williog’s alley, will, when completed, form one of
tho most ornamental of the many beantifhl and sub
stantial edifices now going forward in various parts
of our city. The entire front, and the sides to the
height of the first story, are DuUtof the beautiful
and durable piotou stone, which U now so generally
coming in vogue in tho construction of ornamental
stone buildings. The stones used in this are from
tho Now Brunswick quarries, and are, wo think, of
a color, if anything, more beautiful than those from
tho quarries of Nova Scotia; the latter being of a
more bluish cast, whilst the former aro more of a
fawn or dun color.
From the architect, S. D. Button, Esq., wo learn
tho following particulars of tho proportions and
arrangement of tbo building: It has a front on
Third street of forty-two feet thrce inchcs, with a
depth of one hundred and fifty-six feet, and a
height] to the top of the conucc of sixty-oight
feot The four stories contained in it will measure
in the clear ns follows : First, 14 foet 6 inches;
second, 17 feet; third, 13feot 6 inches; fourth, 12
fee t.
Tho first floor, which is elevatod four feet above
ground, will be suitably divided off, to bo occupied
us offices, whilst the upper three will be occupied
by the various departments of the Company. The
main business room, however, will bo on the second
floor, the entrance to which will be by the southern
door on Third stroot. It will have two optranoes
from Third street—the northern one leading to a
fine, spacious room very suitable fora bank apart
ment. Tho main hall, however, will been Wil
ling's alley, whilst tho entrance to tho janitor’s
rooms will bo by a private staircase in the rear of
the building. The building, which will itself bo
fire-proof, will contain near its centre a fire-proof
twelve by tweaty>eight feat, extending from tho
basement to the roof. Its interior will he plainly
but neatly finished. The stylo of ita architecture
is Byznntian, with Grecian columns. As the work
upon itisboine executed by soveral contracts, we
aro not enabled to stato what its cost wIU be when
Identified . —Tho narao of the individual who
was run over at Juniper -nd Market streets has
been ascertained to be William Agnow, a house
carpenter, residing at 409 Washington street.
Second ward, Coroner Delavau will bold an inquest
in this case at soon to-day, at the Pennsylvania
To-morrow afternoon the Jewish Synagogue,
in Franklin street, above Green, will be dedicated
with Appropriate and interesting ceremonies.
, 4
has beta .iHln opposition », JMUdel
phU PoJfcV-flAiftmept
members fn political opinions, itneVerthrieas oon-
Ulnafeeu, who: foJ abfewdfcM dad skill ia tUtetUva
operations, might vie with- thos*•- of London.
Paris. The policy of <m* sauphnpfifc
being always to .restrain, on Account os the .
penile, every important primiha] investigation, it
is no wonder that these individuals seldom, appear -
before the public.. "
We have in our mind one that da
gnerreotyped aaaznddet of those few who may be.
termed detectives. Thoroughly conversant with
every possible branch of duty, and with the de
tails of service In American and European cities,
his fond of information has led him toaeool nnd
deliberate analysis, and consequent discovery of
the most efficient mode of operating in every/:
emergency. . Of the utmost suavity in manner ana
quietness in demeanor, he yet combines quick per
ception with Force of character, and seises the
points of anarration, or of a mysterious occurrence,
almost by intuition. Tn action prompt and ener
getic, he leaves no stone unturned to accomplish .
the ends of justice, and frequently succeeds even
when oidbr neads have given up in despair. . With
the most unapproachable art of preserving frets ~
ana data witbtn his recollection, he possesses an
advantage, from long experience, almost invalua
ble, and ne is feared, eren by evil-doers with whom
he has had no dealings, merely from reputation.
Such a man we do not hesitate to consider as &
model Philadelphia detective.
Police Items. —We learn from the police re
port of Lieutenant Spear, of the Seventeenth Ward,
that, by the timely interference of some of the men
in his division, a cheek wa* given to that spirit of
bullyism which has frequently been manifested of
late. John Barnet and John AlcErlanc were ar
rested shortly&ftor twelrc o'clock yesterday morn
ing* last aa they were about to leave their homes
for tho purpose of engaging in apriie fight for $lOO
a side, which was arranged to take place at six
o’clock. All the arrangements for the encounter
were said to have been perfected, the principals
having had the hair of their heads swayed ox cut
ho close that they resembled globular scrub brushes.
This matter hod. been talked of for several days,
but, on account of the vigilance of Lieutenant
Spear, our city has been saved from the disgrace
of another brutal contest between human creatures.
The parties were taken before Alderman GUrk,
who held them in bail each to be of future
good behavior and to keep tbo peace.
Yesterday a woman named Winnie Burk was
arrested and rent to prison on the charge of infan
Celebration of the Grand United Order of
Colored Odd Fellowt.— -Wo have already referred
to the celebration of the Grand United Order of
Colored Odd Fellows, which will take place feo-mor* *
row, lu commemoration of the thirteenth meeting'
of the annual moveable committee of the Order.
The exercises will consist of a parade and oration - “
in the day, and a grand promenade concert at Na- 1
tiofaaT Half in the evening. The line of the parade
will form on Arch street, the rigbton Inroad street,
facing South, extending westward. 'The procession
will move at 9 o’clock, A. M., precisely. Grand
Marshal, P. G. M. Brother Thomas Ch&rnock.
Aida, Bro. Samuel Barrett. Bro. Amos Gayer. As
sistont Marshals, Bro J. C. Stephens, Bro. W. T.
Jones, Bro. Charles Edwards, Bro. Samuel Samson.
Master of Ceremonies at the Hall. P. G. M. Bro.
Wm. S. Gordon. Singing tinder the direction of '
P. G. M.Bro. J. C. Bowers. •
1 We re-publish the route, so that those desirous
of seeing the parade, which will, no doubt, be a
handsome affair, will have an opportunity of doing
so. Connter-mareh up Arch to Eighteenth, down
'Eighteenth to Walnut, down Walnut to Tenth,
down Tenth to Pine, down Pine to Third, up Third
to Chestnut, np Tenth, up Tenth to
Market, np Market to National Hall.
The exorcises at the Hall will consist of prayer,
.addresses, and music, after which the procession
will move down Market street to .Twelfth,' up
Twelfth to Arch, down Areh to Eighth, up Eighth
to Brown, down Brown to Fourth, down
%Yine, up Vine to Sixth, down Sixth to Spruce, up
Spruce 1 to Eleventh, down Eleventh to South,'down
South to Eighth, Lombard, down
Lombard to the Philaael phia Institute, where tha
ceremonies of laying the .corner-stone on the site
for the new Odd PelTows’ Hall will be performed
, The following is the committee of arrangements
for the occasion:
Cyrus B. Miller, Joseph H. Carter, JoshuaP/B.
Eddy, Jr., Thomas Charaoek, Joseph Lyons, Jas.
Wood, Amos Gayer, James Titos, John Bimpeen,
James Biddle, Ezekiel Sulevas, Abraham Elsey,
Joseph C. Green, Francis Miller, Wm. H. John
son, John H. Bond, Benjamin Tueker, Wm. Allen
Henry H. Williams, Abraham A. Morton, Charles
Johnson. David Disberry. * -
Fall of a Scaffolding . —Yesterday morning,
about 6 o’clock, as some paper-hangers were en
gaged in papering the ceiling of Bansotn street
hall, the temporary scaffolding on which they were
at work gave way, precipitating two of them to the
floor, a distance of about 32 feet. One of them,
Mr. P. Barnet, had his left thigh broken by a
piece of scantling falling upon him, and also re
ceived a severe g*3h beneath the chin, by striking
a splinter of the wood. Dr. Wm. H. Basard, the
uncle of the injured man, was called in. and after
the necessary dressings to the injuries, his patient
was removed to his home.
Premiums for SU Louis Fair. —Messrs.
Bailey t Co. have now on exhibition tho large
silver premiums ordered by the St. Lonir Agri
cultural and Mechanical Association. Persona
curious in such matters can see them at any tuna'
previous to the 10th September, at which time,
they will bo' forwarded to SL Louis. The .pre
miums are the richest that have ever been ordered -
for any fair yet held in the United States. The
fair commences oq Monday; 28th September, to
continue during the week. The libersdity evinced
by the citizens of St. Danis in reference to the
value and richness of the premiums most com
mand a universal feeling of satisfaction to all in
A Printer Knocked into Pi. —Last evening
William C. nelm was charged before Alderman
Eoeu, at the Central Station, with having commit
ted an assault and battery on a very respectable
typo, named Charles B. Atks. For this enormous
crime of interfering with a compositor, Mr. Helm
was sent below, to take his trial at the present tens
of Court.
Drowned. — A man named Philip Ray was
accidentally drowned at Spruce street wharf, Dela
ware, yesterday moraine. It appears that no was
asleep on the wharf, and rolled over into theriTer.
Coroner Delavau held an inquest in the care, and
a verdict of accidental drowning was rendered by
the jury.
Scalding Case. —A young woman, named
Sarah Mahlon, was taken to the Pennsylvania
Hospital yesterday morning.’having been scalded
by a kettle of boiling water being spilled orer her
at Nicetown.
(From the New York papers of yesterday.)
The third day’s festivities of the seventh annual
meeting of the Social Tnmrerien, in this city, yes
terday, were unusually interesting. There was a
grand procession and pie-nie, and speeches from
Mayor Wood and others, with rivers of lager beer
and a good time generally.
An embezzlement of seventy thousand dollars
has been detected In the Mechanics’Banking As
sociation of this city. The delinquent, it is said,
holds an office of trust and responsibility in the
bank. The matter has been placed in the hands
of the police.
Bv tbeoapsizing of a row boat at the stern of the
yacht Mary, just below Staten Island, yesterday
noon, Mr. Henry Longhnrst, of No. 67 Prcapeet
street, Brooklyn, was drowned. Three ladies and
two gentlemen were in the boat at the time, and
belonged to an excursion party on board the yacht.
A new line of propellers will shortly commence
running between this city and Charleston.
Much difficulty has been experienced during the
past week in supplying crews for the packet-ships
and other vessels. The packet-ship Southampton,
for London, ships Plutarch and John Bright, for
Liverpool, were all detained for several days owing
to tho great scarcity of seamen. Several veeseU
bound to New Orleans, Savannah, and other ports
along the seaboard, have also bean detained from
the same cause. Wages bare advanced from $l6
to $2O par month for Europe, with advance, and
men are not to be had even at these rates. With
a prospect of freights improving, and the moving
off of our ahips, it will be next to an impossibility
to secure cqmpotent seamen to man them with.
The same lack of supply is experienced at Balti
more and Norfolk, from which places applications
have been made within a few days for sailors, and
'erews have been sent from this port at increased
rates of wages. The no-advance system will bare
to remain in abeyanoe until the supply of sailors
equals or exceeds the demand.
Yesterday morning a young man was arrested
and taken before Alderman‘Williamson the charge
of having amused himself by throwing stones at
an omnibus while passing along Seventh street near
Green, thereby endangering the safety of the pas
sengers. He was held to bail to answer at court.
According to the returns of the Lieutenants of
Police, made at the Mayor’s office yesterday morn
ing. there were seventy-one arrests during the pro
viouß twenty-four hours.
Yesterday-' afternoon, Deputy Superintendent'
Carpenter was informed that a heavy defalcation
had occurred in. the office of the Mechanics' Bank
ing Association in Wall street, and that the pay
ing teller of the institution, Mr. Edwin Tan Blar
oom, was the suspected party. Assisted by Offi
cers Elder and McCord, the Deputy effected the
arrest of Mr. Van Blarcom last evening. Ho
remained -in custody over night, and is now at
tending to his duties at the bank under the surveil
lance of Officers Elder and McCord. The amount
of. the defalcation is supposed to he about
$BO,OOO. A private investigation of the matter
ia taking placo to-day. Tho presence of Mr. Van
Blarcom is deemed highly important in overhauling
tho acoonnts of the concern. The manner of Mr.
Van Blarcom exhibits great indifference, and the
assurance of being able to exonerate himself from
this serious charge. If the fAct3 elicited at the
Bank should confirm the present suspicion the
matter will undergo a public examination in due
time, before Justice W elih, of the Lower Police
Court. Mr. Van Blarcom has a family, and lires
in good style in Bleecker street.
The case of Mrs. Cunningham on Anitas tor-pus
bill cornea up before Judge Peabody to-morrow
Tho Hamburgh steamer Borussia, Capt. Trout
man, left to-day for Hamburgh, with twoaty-eight
eighty-eight in the steerage, and
*25,000 m specie.
A convention of the gentlemen eoimected with
the various railroads in the United States wa3
called to meet at 11 o’oloek this morning at the
rooms of the American Institute, No. 331 Broad
the Morris and Ess,* Railroad,
was chosen Chairmen, when, after the umal nre
«Tr 5 ,7 P ? >C p£l i T, T £ : r ° 8°“ " i”h, Sr.
Sot!™: PhlU<M l ,W > °Se™i rite following
Ntfsojivd, That a Committee be appointed to be
elation orKinhe » permanent asso
ciatlon, to be called the -‘American Association for the
Improvement of Railway Machinery. '
*jld Association have for Its objects
improvement of railway machinery by actual ex
periment, competent tnab,W by comparison of veri-
States***** fr ° m t * l6 railways of the United
Th * t Association elect a Committee
to . m * k e «Wh experiments upon all improve
ments offered at such time as the Association mar deem
proper, and report thereon. • T dMm
/toolred. That the Associatioiwalso ajmoick & Com.
mitteeaotlually, to obtain and publish reports©? the
various improvements tested on each of the railroad,
and on the economy of their
Aw sL»‘ io « «>«» » Committee on
t° collect money from a, ririotu railroadi to
meet the neoftuuuy expenses. •*«««* «»
That the Association meet annually at the
different clt!e« thronghont the United s£“ to C on
.Met tt. progrmiT. improvement of kS&S ml.’
‘ OT " ! iDfOnCTI «*-
*? * K*erira»b, from whieh each yonog
hXi ’* e “ f ’ bb4th ’ tbom *** rth ’