The press. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1857-1880, August 28, 1857, Image 2

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■ V r *-. wrggwwsor.
•„ ..>•> E. PACKER,
tot LTQOMI** aoxmsr.
- writ;'ramcin,ti of local self-gov.
ThS DtttiScratic party is essentially the party
' lt ia, deeply impresses! with
the ..truth- that-. the • true. purpose
of Government is to advance their welfare
! by all the experience of the
• put,-by id the,indications of the present, and'
by thefwholO history of mankind, how prone
to prostitute Govern
' menttothe advancement of their individual sel
fishpurppseB,andh6wstrongthetend.ency, even
_ in free repuhlican countries', to the concentra
tion pi power in tho hands of the few, regardless
1 of th‘ejhterest3pfthemauy,the Democratic par
ty has ever been keenly alive to the importance
- of presCfyihg tbe greatest possible amount of
- potferinthe fluids of the people themselves, as
, the surestcheokfhat can bqderised against the'
ahusejbf .which so many lamentable examples
; havC bteu fUrn}shed. It has won its proudest
' gloria itibattling for -their, sovereignty,
Wherever a foe has raised a standard against
their ,; powef,Vherever an ’assaallnt of their,
inliefeht gorernmeiital rights has appeared,
whereVer thoir majesty lias been attacked, it
-■ has etepped forward as their champion. In
contests aifecting the extension oif the rigbtof
acffrage, tn straggles for liberalizing Constitu
tions, in efforts to increase the number of
..electee Officers, it hits espqused their cause.
Against mammoth corporations, again* uaur
the exercise of uncon'stitu;. I
tiongl powers, it has taken ..sides with them.
Popular' rights breathed life into its. nostrils,
and ifj DVes,' moves, and has its being as thoir.
advo,cate‘and protector! If it ever ceases to
defend them, 1 its nature will have changed, its
glory will , have departed, its days will , have
been.hum bored, and it will speedily descend
to as: silent a tomb as those which enclose the
remains Of the various extinct' antagonist or
gamgaiions it has met and vanquished in
timesgpneby.. ' -
Wlieitthe country became awakened to tho,
impoKtaaccand/tlio justice of finally settling
the lbttg-Vexed slavery question upon the
broap/basia bf permitting tho inhabitants of
the Territories who were immediately inter
ested,>topass judgment upon it. without the
intervention' ot Congress, there, was but one
course .which a party with the antecedents, the
proclivities,; and the popular character pos-
Democratic organization could
pursuer"- It .would have been felse to its in
atincte/to its nature, and to its history, if it.
had ppt promptly, espoused the extension of.
the privileges of local solf-government to; the
inhabitants of the Territories, with, the same
zeal that, it had ’■ defonded the elective rights
and the sovereign powers of the people-of the
Statesk; j
The Kanßas-Nebraska act originally received
the support of the Democratic party, and it
has sippe -been defended hy .it, not alone on
account; of the fair and equitable-method it
presented for the adjustment of a long-vexed
. question, but because' that method was,, ip
itself, an acknowledgment by. Congress of the
Inherent rights of the peopte of the Territo
ries, n’nd ;becauB.e it finally removed a barrier
to theifbjxerpise which was unjust, and which
hioa, since been pronounced by the - highest
legal tribunalof the country to have beenun-,
consfitutionil.uaad, therefore, illegal.
:- The Democratic party is not, as a national or
ganization, pro-slavery oranti-slayery.. While
lending"all its energies to the advancement of
the best interests of the white race of Ameri
ca, and-;eitneatly endeavoring to secure the I
largest'ahiount'of .liberty compatible with the
preservation of order to all white citizens,
with Cut reference to their birth-place, religion,.
or residence, it ignores all Quixotic efforts to
. raise an inferior race to a position of equality
for which it is physically and mentally unquali
fied. " The condition of the negro,
his bondage or ’ftccdom—is a mere secondary
consideration,- left to bp determined by the
ftee action of the whites, under the existing
rules and customs which have grown ont of
the relations established by the importatipn.qf
Africim. slaves into this .country. The.woii--
being, the liberty, the advancement of the true
interests of the whites, is; the first great point
to befconsidered. The surest method to se
cure this end is to endow them as fully as
possibief with the power of regulating their
laws hnd : institutions for themselves, for-the
. presumption is natural that they are the best
judges of tho proper means for their own ad
vancement. The conditions and terms under
whicb'the negro is to live among them, if ho
- is at.allto be permitted foreside in their com
munities, are left to the decision of the. domi
nant and ruling race.
Because thepasaage of theKansas-Nebraska
act removed, a Congressional prohibition of
slavery in those Territories, and left the people
to determine whether itshould or should not
. be tolerated, the Democratic party has been bi t
terly assailed as essentially a pro-slavery party.
During the-last three years, the Democracy of
■ the ndn-slaveholding States have, bmyely en
. cbutered,in their defence of that law, an active
' and untiring opposition party, whichhas gained
large secessions to its ranks, by its appeals to the
aentiment of dislike to the institution of slavery'
extensively prevailing in those- States, by its
persistent 1 assertions that the Democratic party
was a frb-slavcry party, and by enlisting ,ev;ery
possible-phase of feeling of sectional animo T
sity it could manufacture.. Many brave and
true political spirits have gone down in. this
. encounter, as''so many martyrs to the great
principle-of "self-gobemment. They may be
counted’, by their Ihousimds and tens pf thou
sands. In every nom-slaveholding State tiio
Democracy were for a time overthrown. Tho
clouds of prejudice and misrepresentation long
hid froft the people the sun of truth, of justice,
and of ,correct principles. Singular as it may,
and doubtless will seem to future ages, that,
after sixty years of successful experiment, the
principle'iifdpcal self-government should have
found Joitter and venomous assailants, who
temporarily gained the confidence of the peo
ple. Such was the fact; and while It is melan
choly to reflect how many men have been mis
led, aiid how-many voters who should have
known better have been enticed into tho oppo
sition ranks by their noisy clamor, it is gratify
ing to recall flow, sternly the masses of the
Democracy adhered, under, adverse and trying
: circumstances, to a great principle, and how
undeviatlngly thby followed the banner of
, populaY'sovcraignty, regardless of the smoke
. of the, conflict, or the extraordinary pressure
which surrounded them. They did not do so
because thoy were pro-slavery men, but they
did so in defiance of the unceasing reiteration
of the allegatibn on the part of the Opposition
. that they were such. Thoy did so because
they believed .the principle of the bill to be
. just in itself, and they were determined to sUs-'
lain It, let it.operate as it would in deter
mining the institutions pi Kansas and Ne-
, At thb present time the National Democratic
. jArty, After* having fairly won one of the most
memorable political victories known in our
. ' ruuis, for the great principle they had so gal
, lantly e4poUsed, igainst the assaults of aboli
' tionism, is being subjected to a new attack
i- from suiotheirqiiartef. ’While in the North it
U agsailedk for 'alleged pro-4laveryi am, in the
South it 1> antagonised on the score of. aholi
-110 disea i The indications that a majority of
ItM citltnni of Nahsa* desire lt to be a non
tileveholdirig StateVand that they wjll make it
inch if alloired to give # fiilr and free ex
, i jieiiaioß'to iheir sentiments, as was originally
proposed hy the Nebraska bill, acquiesced in
ettemp^'' ; to.hOiihily:.carried into practical
operation, in Kansas by Gov. Wamck*, have'
furaiahedthepretext for these assaults. The
' :U a.:sii)plar one, but the lesson it
. \ ■
.',r r~- •vi.rf.fest.v.-j^—V*y.'
FBtDAY, AUGUST 28, 1867.
for umi* OF thlesijfreiuk court,
jrtlilAM STRONG,
- brssaxs coBSTr:
•-V or KRIS GOCfiTT. ' ■
- OF OHEfI'JEH OoqU'tt.
— tfimmtmwm
BJT Editorials on first page: “ Palmerston’s
<(An Eloquent Oration.”
Communication: « The Electric Telegraph.”
j . Aft',
teaches Is impressive, and Should not] oe lost.
The counter attacks maddJujfKtfl our/paMy.
serve to neutralize each otliciY ' Practically*
Kisitt answers Yh.mot—-WiIMOT /answers'
Km I —the New York 7 Vituafeanswers the
Charleston Mercury, and the' Charleston Mer
cury answers the New York Tribune —those
who accuse the Democracy of Abolitionism
answer those who accuso them of Pro-slaycry
ism, and those wliouccuse them o( Pro-slavory
ism answer those who accuse them of Abo
litionism. The opposite conclusions which
such astute reasoners draw from the same facts
can only bo arrived at by overlooking the fun
damental principle which underlies the whole
subject. Meanwhile our pathway, ns a party,
is marked out for us cloar as the noon-day sun.
Turning neither to the right nor to the left, we
have hut to adhere to the literal language of
the Nebraska Bill; to leave the people of the
Territories perfectly free to regulate their own
institutions. The burden of the attack against
the doctrine of local self-government has
heretofore fallen upon the Democracy oftho
North. Though it has temporarily reduced
tlieir numbers, it has neither diminished
their courage nor lessened their devotion to
the true : principles of government; The
Democracy of the South are now being
subjected to assault, for their devotloh to the
saine principles, but oh diametrically opposite
grounds. That they will, however, sustain
themselves unfalteringly under those circum
stances, we do not for a moment doubt. Con
scious of rectitude of purpose, of the impreg
nable soundness of tHeir position, and tho
roughly assured alike of the fidelity of the De
mocracy to the Constitution and to the great
principles upon which our Government is found
ed, and of the utter unreliability of all other
political organizations, it cannot be that the
onset upon them will, prove successful. The
united National Democracy, North and South,
will be sustained by the great majority of the
American people in their: advocacy of a doc
trine which is > necessary sequence of their
, whole creed and history, and go on conquering
and to conquer, to the general benefit of the
whole nation, the extension of the privileges
of local self-government to all our citizens,
wherever they are located, and the preserva
tion of :the Union and the Constitution.
Some days ago Hon.B. J. Walker stopped
at the little city of Manhattan, in Kansas, on
his way to Lecompton, after his visit to Fort
Riley. The Providence Post says that Man
hattan is less than twenty miles below tile
Fort, and is considered as the “ Far West',”
oven in Kansas, there being, as yet, but few
settlements beyond it. The settlement was
first .called Boston, or New Boston j but
the name . did not wear well, and was
changed. Nearly all the settlers are
free State men, and a majority of
them are radicals, and go “ their length”
for the Topeka Constitution. Quite a number
of them went from Rhode Island j the others,
chiefly (of the first settlers) from Cincinnati.
Amongst those from Rhode Island, we may
mention the Rov. Mr. Goobnow, formerly of
East Greenwich, Dr. Amort HuNtiko, for
merly of this city, and Rev. H. A. Wilcox,
Who is now here. All these have “ claims”
jn the neighborhood of the little « city,” and
arc interested in the city itself.
Governor Walker, as already remarked,
stopped at Manhattan on his way down from Fort
Riley. The people soon knew of his presence,
and called for a speech. They gathered in
large numbers, and he responded to their call.
We do not find any very full report of his re
marks ; but a “ freC-Stato ” correspondent of
the New York what appears to be
a very,fair outline of his remarks, and the re
mo rks of a couple of Abolitionists who followed
him. . We copy his reference to the meeting:
‘‘ He oponed Ills speech by saying he was
requested by the officers of the Fort to return
their thanks to the inhabitants of Manhattan
and the neighboring settlements of Ogden and
Waubonse, for the promptness with which they
turned out for the assistance of the Fort when
it was supposed to be in danger.. His attention
had, just been attracted to their town by find
ing) upon an examination with a scientific
friend, that the site of ,their , town was in the
centre of the United States, and also in the
centre of North America. After this in
troduction, he went into ; an examination
of the present political disturbances of
Kansas, and .recommended the. great De
mocratic remedy of the ballot box j assured
them that the vote of bonafide settler would
be undisputed, and that they could then have
a peaceful, constitutional method of electing
their own rulers and framing their own laws.
The method' by the Topeka Constitution was
unconstitutional and revolutionary. That con
stitution had already been rejected by Con
gress, and could 'Only be carried into effect by
forcible and successftii resistance to the Go
vernment of the United States. If not in
tended, to be carried into effect, it were a
farce, and should not engage the attention of
sober and reflecting men.. He urged them to
vote upon the Constitution to be framed tn Sep
tember, and to vote for members of the Territo
rial Legislature in October. If they had the ma
jority of voters in the Territory, as they con
tended, then would he the time to give it ef
fective proof. The earnest sincerity and ef
fectual' logic with which the Governor presses
tills, argument is the secret of his success with
die conservative free-Stato men. There is a
caqdor of air and manner about him which,
united with the force of reasoning'and high
reputation for statesmanship and ability, wins
the faith and hope oftho people. He produces
a conviction that he at least is. anxious to do
the right, and determined to pursue it.
’ “The Governor’s speech was well rccoived,
and,;after its close, General Hall was called
out. Dressed in workman’s style, without coat
or waistcoat, the General took the stand. His
speech was rather in the stereotype style,’»
resume of all the injuries of the past—-Missouri
at the ballot-box—Missouri in the
odious laws—sack of Lawrence—massacre of
free-State men—cries for vengeance—‘hate
ful and diabolical ’ Kansas and Nebraska
bill—and, as a climax, Stephen A. Douglas
sent to h—l. All this was uttered with revolu
tionary emphasis, and was loudly’applauded.
After he sat down, Rev. Mr. Blood was called
out.,- His tone was somewhat milder, and his
address more logical, but the burden of his
remarks wasßtill ‘ Bleeding Kansas.’ After
quite a telling speech he sat down; and the
Governor was agqin forced out by repeated
“ He began by saying he was not anxious to
respond, hut would do so if they wished. He
said that ho had heard substantially the same
speeches before; that the staple of every Re
publican orator was the same—to re-open the
wounds of 'Bleeding Kansas;’ like Mare
Antony In the market place to expose Cffisar’s
dend body, and point to its gaping wounds j
to rouse the evil and malignant passions of
men by dwelling upon past wrongs and iniqui
ties i now beyond remedy j' by evoking tho
ghots of the past; dragging its buried dead
bodies to the light of day, and pointing with
malignant pleasure to their festering wounds.
Even mlnistersof the Gospel, forgetful of their
mission of peace and charity, joined in the
howl for vengeance and retaliation.
“ Buttheypolnted ont no mothod to Btuun'ch
the bleeding wounds. They have no plan, lie
continued, for the future, unless it bo tho To
peka, Constitution, which, if carried out, would
bring violence, bloodshed, and revolution in
its train—would devastate your fields, depopu
late your Territory, and rend the Union asun
der ! The Kansns-Nebraska bill has been as
sailed. Do you know what was the principal
provision of that bill ? Lot me ask you doyou
wish Congress to dictate your institutionsund
laws? [Cries of'No! no!’] Doyou wish
to form your own laws and institutions by your
own votes? [Emphatic cries of'Yes! yes!’]
Then you are tho friends of thcKansas-No
braska bill, which the speaker who preceded me
haadenouncod. Previous to tho passage of that
hill; Congress mndo laws for you. By the rights
secured under that bill, and by it alone, the peo
ple of tho Territory are enabled to make their
own laws and determine their own institutions.
But one of the preceding speakers accused me
of supporting tho Legislature and laws of Kan
sas. What docs he expect of nio.f' To oppose
them ? Oppose tho laws recognised by Con
gress as clearly valid and binding as any other
laws of the United States!’ The Governor of
tho Territory oppose tho laws ho was Bontherc
to administer! Should' I follow the lino of
action Intimated by that gentleman, I, who
have been sent hero to pnt down insurrection
and revolution, would myself become an in
surrectionist and revolutionist. Concluding
with the hope that Kansas would soon bo ad
mitted as a sister State of the great Confedera
cy, tho Governor sat down amid a round of
hearty cheers.”
We call upon, any reasonable man not en
tirely carried away by Abolitionism on the one
hand or violent Secessloniam on the other, to
say to us frankly whether there is a word or a
line in what Gov. Walker has spoken that
meets his disapproval?' Uttered apparently
impromptu, as it will be seen, and evidently
published without revision, his language com
mends Itself for moderation,, common sense,
And frankness, to tho confidence of all lovers
,pf the Union and the Constitution. ' ' ' '
. Senator Douglas has received the compli
ment of an invitation to a public dinner, from the
citizens of St- Paul, irrespective of party, In recog
nition of his valuable services in behalf of Minne
sota, when chairman of the Congressional Commit
ton cn Territories.
Nothing ims dorfoso much to a Jay/the pro
gress of constitutional and peaceful etnanci
patiouj.ln ceriairi of the Southern States, as
the, violent course of the Norjheru fanatics'.
This was the opinion of Mr. Buchanan' years
ago j and what was truo while ho was
a Senator is more strikingly truo now
that ho is President. The agitation which
began by tho presentation of Abolition peti
tions, and tlie circulation of incendiary docu
ments, produced tho ropoal of the twenty-first
rule of the House of Representatives, and from
that dBy the unceasing crusade of excited zea
lots In one section has boon resisted by the
sternest antagonism in tho other. TYo need
not recall, for the hundredth time, the attempt
in Virginia on the part of Mr. Ranbolpii, a
descendant of John Randolph, of Roanoke,
to prepare a plan of gradual emancipation, nor
revive recollection of Mr. Olay’s position on
the colonization question. All these'advancing
steps were not only arrested by the evont
alluded to, but those who have been willing to
co-oporate with the philanthropy and patri
otism of the tree States, in a work that,
twenty years ago, was treated in the spirit
of tho loftiest disinterestedness, are to-day
(if alive) the most forward to oppose and
resist all appeals on the subject, and even
to regard it as a proof of heterodoxy on
tho part of a truly national man, should ho
refer to their own liberal course in fonner
times. The bad effect of abolition animosities
and efforts upon the slaves themselves was
another natural result. Such are the teach
ings of history—of yesterday’s experience j
and they are full of suggestive eloquence to
the wise and the good of to-day.
The course now taken by the fanatics of the
North on the late Missouri election, as well as
that as to, Kansas, shows that they have loarned
notiling from experience, and remember noth
ing of . history. Thoy persist in mystifying
the fr-pth, and in arousing prejudices, and in
pouring their mad appeals upon the South.
Their conduct as to the Missouri election is
thus sensibly, oxposed by the New York
Journal of Commerce of Wednesday:
“ The truth is, that in tho election just past
tho Democracy have achieved a noble triumph.
Col. Stewart was not personally popular j and;
in addition to this, he had certain hahitij which
operated to prevent thousands of Democrats
from giving him their support. Moreover, it
was proved (and admitted by him) that ho had
been for twelve or fifteen months a member of
the Know-Nothing Order. This, although ho
had withdrawn long ago from tho organization,
drove from him many thousands of voters.
There was arrayed against him, from feelings
of jealousy and rivalry, tho influence of all the
railroads in the State, except his own. These
influences have caused his own vote to fall off
from the Buchanan vote about ten thousand.
Rollins, supported by the whole Know-Nothing
and Benton influence combined, lias nearly,
though not quite, equalled the Fillmore vote;
but has fallen 21,000 votes behind the aggre
gate Know-Nothing and Benton vote cast one
year ago.
“ What trifling, then, to claim the result of
the Missouri election as favoring tho doctrines
of Biair & Co ,l Even Benton, who gave to
Rollins all his influence, denounces this eman
cipation movement. Rollins denounces it.
The great hulk of the slave-holding counties
supported him warmly. Rollins has received
tlie whole strength of the combined opposition,
Benton and all—yet is probably boaten; while
20,000 Democrats have not voted, from the
causes above stated. Lot the Post, and all
those political papers which think with it in
regard to the Missouri election, re-examine
tho facts and figures—proviso their inferences,
and look out for the next election.
“ In the above statement we have aimed to
look at tlie facts only; without referenco to
any theory on the subject of emancipation.
Our, own opinion is, that Missouri may advan
tageously, for the white population as well as
for (he black, adopt a system of gradual eman
cipation, which shall ultimately free her from
the blight of slavery. But it is her own affair,
and'Whether she adopts such a system or not,
is, politically speaking, none of tho Post’s
business, nor ours. The grand hindrance to
tho .progress of emancipation hithorto has
been this foroign interference—this meddling
of othor communities with what did not be
long to them. But for Northern Aboli-
tionjsra, it is our firm belief, (and it is nearly
capable of demonstration by historical facts,)
that a gradual system of emancipation would
have long since been adopted in Maryland,
Virginia, Kentucky, and Missouri, if not also
in North Carolina. But what cares a regular
built Abolitionist for consequences! What
cares ho for tlie slave 1” ,
The article in the British Westminster Re
view? is filled with a number of ridiculous mis
takes, which are eliciting comments from our
Argus-eyed cotemporaries. Some of the errors
of tho Review are amusing. But are we not
ourselves responsible for a good many of tho
assertions and fabrications of tho foreign press
in reference to this country? A stranger tak
ing up a violent Abolition newspaper will find
a variety of statements against the South—
written, too, in a spirit of apparent fairness,
and with an amount of detail well calculated
to deceive him ; and we frequently find accu
sations and statements no less seriously made
in certain Southern papers as to other sections
of tlie country.
Wc have before ns at the present writing an
account of a whipping of a negro in one of
tho Southern States, almost equal to Captain
Reilly’s Arabian narrative, or to the over-true
tale of the sea-serpent. As a specimen of de
lightful composition, behold tlie following:
“ The trader took tho old man to a place
called Bean’s Btation, in the next county,
(Grainger,) and there, on Sunday morning, in
a stable, on the public highway, stripped and
tied him naked on a plank, strapped his feet to
a post’ and tied his head forward to a brace,
and then whipped him by striking with a car
enter’s handsaw—Mississippi way—which
aises large blisters and bursts them, cutting the
hido in pieces. He whipped him that Sun
day till all the neighbors closed their doors—
whipped him till the neighbors put down their
windows and closed thoir curtains—whipped
him till tho women, driven wild by hearing
the blows and the negro’s agonizing cries for
mercy, cried out against it—till one man de
clared if ho did not stop he would return him
to court—till the landlord of the tavern, after
bearing in silence the infliction of at least
three hundred blows with tho saw, went to him
and told him that he must put an end to it—
that he himself was liable to indictment for
suffering such tilings on his premises, and that
be was unwilling to bear it any longer. The
trader became very angry at his interference,
and told tho landlord that he had sent a boy to
get a bundle of whips to scourgo tho negro’s
back when the flesh should be too much cut up
by tho saw; and, finally, finding ho could not
go on, ho tumbled the negro into his wagon,
in disgust at tho Bean station people, and went
to Uutlege. The Blavo had two fits in conse
quence of tlio beating ; but notwithstanding,
tho trader tied him up again at Rutlege jail,
while the jailor—who would hardly havo al
lowed it—was away, and beat him with threo
sticks from a loom, over the raw flesh, until
he was tired, and then told him lie would try it
again the next day. Tho inspectors, however,
refusod to let the jail be used for such pur
poses, and the negro was sent homo in a week
—no information having been obtained from
This is in the usual style, and will no doubt
be adopted in Great Britain as another evi
dence of the way in which our Southern
countrymen treat their servants. Is it any
wonder that the TVcstmmtcr Review makes
itself ridiculous, when serious American types
are made to print such laughable romances as
this ? Let us correot ourselves beforehand;
and be careful to publish nothing that relates
to our country that is not strictly true, remem
bering all thd while, that however for party or
political purposes we may justify newspaper
exaggerations, there is alynx-oyed enemy over
tho water who discovers these statements, and
uses them to our lasting dishonor.
The American Battle Chart, being a
correct list of all the battles, skirmishes, as
saults, &c., in which American troops have
been engaged from tho days of tho Revolution
up to tho present time, will be found useful for
reference in the schoolroom, office, and tho
dwelling house. It was designed by Mr. P.
McCafferty. Callender has it for sale at
Third and Walnut sts.
Appointments by the President.
J. B. Danfortb, jr., purserin the navy, vice Jno.
V. Dobbin, resigned.
Clias, E. SinoToir, associate justice for tho United
States court for the Territory of Utah, vice Stiles,
Arcs Street Theatre —The new play of 11 St.
Marc" was produced hero lost night, and extremely
well performed. We can say, from a twenty
minutes’ presence in the house, that there was a
very large audience, and that (as far as we saw
and heard) the play, went off admirably. Mr. J.
E. Dunn played the character of a oourt fop with
rauoh spirit;’ he did not overdo it, which is a great
dead. This fine play will be repeated this evening.
. We understand that, yesterday, the stockholders
of this theatre accepted the resignation of Mr.
Denoka, who has been their, treasurer and agent
for thirty years, and appointed Mr. William D.
Kennedy, counsellor at law, to that responsible
'THE i’ftESS.^i’HIIADEfFRIDAY, AWHi*T B*. 1857.
nominees for the next legislature to use aU the
means in the}r power to defeat any bill which has
for its object the repeal of the tonnngo tax.
Pqiladklphu, August 27,1857. Resolved, That wo feel deeply the disgrace in-
ID* The Democratic Citizens residing In the fliuted upon our oouuty by the traitorous course of
several Election D visions In the several Wards of the aua Wegonsollor, and we take this occasion
if«S our follow bemoorats throughout tho
Slut, and elect one person to serve as Judge and Stato that wo jj.JJ®® *}{. our en jJ ?w°Rn°i?3i a
persons to serve as Inspectors of the Election of Dele- them to that political oblivion whloh they so justly
gates on the following Monday. The Delegates so merit,
elected to meet at thB respective places provided for in
the Rules for the Government of the Democratic party,
py order of the City Executive Committeo.
Wm. M. Rakdall. )n ’ ' *
J. J". Sullivak, ’ j Secretaries
The Democracy of Montgomery County, ac
cording to ancient usage, assembled In Norris
town on Tuesday, the 18th of August. The
meeting was well attended, and the utmost
harmony prevailed. Charles KuYLEB,JEsq,,
presided. The following resolutions, reported
by Col. S. D. Patterson, were unanimously
Resolved, That we, the Democracy of Mont
gomery county, having assembled In accordance
with ancient and established usago, to consult to
gether and give expression to ouf fftiited senti
ments, rejoice in being able to congratulate each
other on the reoont triumph, and the bright and
encouraging prospects of the party to whloh we
are attached. The conflict from which we have
but recently emerged, has.oleared the political at
mosphere and dissipated the mists of prejudice and
misrepresentation; and our country stands in the
brightness of its glory, presided over by a Chief
Magistrate of the people’s choice, who will see that
the laws are faithfully executed, and guard alike
all portions of the whole, from oppression or abuse.
That, as James Buchanan has ever
been a favorite with the Democracy of Montgomery
county, so, rejoicing at his triumphant election,
we cordially approve of the policy and the mea
sures whloh have thus far marked his Administra
tion, and rely, with entire confidence, ou his wis
dom and patriotism, to maintain for our oountry
its proud position among nations, and secure to
each and every seotion of the land the full and
secure enjoyment of its just and etiftttlutional
Resolved) That, knowing no sectional distinc
tions, so far as the fights oi the several portions of
the Union are concerned, we are gratified to see
our National Executive planting himself firmly on
constitutional grounds, and. have ansiklfng con
fidence that the moral sense and patriotism of the
great mass of tho people wilj ln his
efforts to preserve the publto peace, metre
out an equal measure of justice to aU, in despite of
blind and infuriate seal and fanaticism) whether
the same be developed at the North or pe South.
Resolved, That the selection of ijiaHonorable
Jeremiah S. Black for a high position in president
Buohanan’s cabinet is a meosuro which meetsour
warmest approval, and will redound to the honor
of Pennsylvania, ranking among the noblest and
most distinguished of her sons, we predial that he
will earn for himself a brilliant and Enduring
fame, whloh jhe entire nation will acknowledge,
appreciate, and rejoioe to honor.
Resolved, That we will unitedly sastoin thb
nomination of William P. Paoker. of Lycoming
county, for the office of Governor, Wiovinz that
tho best interests of the State and the welfare of
tho Democratic party demand his eleotlon, and
that he possesses abilities which would insuro the
honorable _ dischargo of tho duties of the guberna
torial office.
Resolved, That the nomination of Nimrod Strick
land, of Chester county, for the station of Canal
Commissioner, meets our hoarty and unqualified
approbation. We know him to be proverbially
honest, thoroughly energetic, and eminently quali
fied to guard tho interests of the Commonwealth,
and justify the confidence of his follow-oitliens.
Resolved, That tho logoi learning, acknowledged
intellectual strength, and moral worth of William
Strong, of Berks. and James Thompson, of Erio
county, the candidates for Justices of tho Sdpromo
Court, entitlo them to our cordial and undivided
support. Tho highest Judicial tribunal of the Stato
demands that tho highestgrado of ability should be
brought Into requisition to adorn it; and the can
didates nominated by the Domooratio State Conven
tion will, when elected, maintain the elevated dig
nity of «he Bench, and confirm the wisdom oftbo
pcoplo’s choice.
Resolved, That we are, as wo ever have been,
opposed to the injudioiouß and unwarrantable ex
tension of banking privileges*; *thivt we regard the
oxercise of suoh privileges os an invasion of the
interests of the many for tho boneflt of a favored
few; and that Governor Pollock, by sanctioning
indiscriminately tho ohartor of a batch of bauks,
by moans of whioh the paper circulation of tho
Stato will bo unduly and dangerously increased,
hag been guilty of a gross violation of one of the
most sacred duties he owes to the people.
Resolved , That tho sale of tho Main Dine of the
Publio Works, if made in good faith, and In suoh
a manner as would lead to the actual liquidation
of a proportionate amount of the Stato debt, would
bo a meosuro which, as a party, we could not objeot
to, and would not opposo: but we do most solemnly
protest,against tho czcrcise of any system of trick
and chicanery, by whioh tho property of the State
shall bo snorifiood, and appropriated to the benefit
of a corporation or set of men, leaving the publio
debt unreduced, and tho people still subjoct to a
heavy burden or taxation.
The regular Democratic County Convention
of Lohigh county was hold at Bittersvillo on
Saturday last j Hon. Jacob Esdhan presided.
The following, among other resolutions, were
That the triumph achieved by tho
.mooraoy in 1055, and the more recent victories
<n several States, is but a just apprecintion r of the
principles laid down in the resolutions pf the Cin
cinnati Convention, and prove that no party
sustained in this Republic except it be based upon
constitutional principles.
Resolved, That in the election of James Btt
oh&nan, the people of this nation have paid h juft
regard to tbo long-negleotod claims of Pennsylva
nia In bestowing upon one of her most distinguished
sons the highest honor in tho world, and that the
principles sot forth in the inaugural of the Presi
dent, and his subsequent policy in the administra
tion of tho affairs of Government, he has proved
himself to be the true exponont of the principles of
the founders of the Republic
Resolved, That we endorse and ratify the nomi
nation of General Packer for Governor. His life
and publio servioes are a certain guarantee that in
his hnnds the affairs of the Stato Government will
be safe from the present misrule of a Governor
elected by that despor&te and almoßt defunct
faction recently known by the namo of “ Know-
Resolved, That in Nimrod Strickland, tho can
didate for Canal Commissioner, William Strong
and James Thompson, for Judges of the Supreme
Court, we have presented to tne people of Penn
sylvania men of enlarged experience, ability, and
worth, and men who, through long lives of upright
ness and honesty, have placed themselves beyond 1
the reach of the calumny of their bitterest foes.
Resolved , That the nomination of David Wil
mot by a convention styling themselves Republi
cans, but in truth a Convention oi|mon who seek a
disruption of the fraternal feeling between sister
States, bound together by one constitution, show
ing to what length desperate men will go to ob
tain power and place, and evory man should pon
dor well before aiding in the sclootion of mon
whose principles are fast tending to open treason
against their country.
Resolved , That we have unbounded confidence
in the high character of our member of Congress
eleot, Hon. Henry Chapman, and wo trust that he
will redeem the aißtriot whioh his predecessor has
tor the last two years knowingly misrepresented.
Resolved , That we approve the course of the Ad
ministration relative to Kansas and Gen. Walker,
and that tho President has carried out tho wishes
of the peoplo in all his acts with reference to that
Resolved, That wo approve the decision of the
Supreme Court in tbo Dred Scott case.
Resolved, That in the selection of Judge Blook
to a place in tho Cabinot the President b&s se
lected one of the brightest intellects in tho eoun
Tho Schuylkill County Democratic Conven
tion assembled at Schuylkill-Haven on Monday,
tho 17th inat. J. K. Kuewson, Esq., presided.
Tho legislative and county tickets were agreed
upon. Dr. Emm M. Weaver and C. D. tlip.
ple being placed in nomination for tho Assem
bly, the traitors Lebo and Wagonseller vere
denounced, and the county pledged to do bet
ter in future. Tho following are the retolu
tions adopted: '
Resolved , That tho Administration of Jiraos
Buchanan, as it progresses in tho management of
national affairs, challenges not only tho adjura
tion of his own, but that of evory enlightened na
tion in tho world. His great purity, emhont
ability, and acknowledged rectitude, point him
out us one of tho brightest Chief Magistrates the
Domocratio party have had the good tortuno t> se
Resolved , That in tho solootion of his CaVnot
the President has beon guided aright by his <bter
ininatiou to administer tho Government witi an
oye single to the honor, and glory ol tho
nution. That tho solcelion of tho Hon. Joropiuh
6. Black as his constitutional advisor was the
highest compliment he could pay to tho Step of
Pennsylvania, and was An earnest that tho vholo
Democracy had placed thoir confidence in tho
hands of sterling worth.
Resolved , That we have entire oonfidonoeb the
ability of the Hon. Robert J Walkor to brinr tho
Territory of Kansas through the difficulties Grown
around it by ill-advised faotionists.
Resolved, That Gen. Wm.F. Packer, ouroindi
dnte for Governor, is well worthy tbo support of
every Democrat in the State, that we will
contribute to his olootlon with our entiro atrei»th,
knowing him to be a true Democrat and a fhopugh
statesman, and knowing that he has risen b his
present proud position by his own exertions. That
wo will hail his eleotlon os a happy relict to tho
Stato, and looking to this result, call upon tie De
mocracy of Schuylkill county to roll up a nifioritv
of atleftst3,ooo. !
Resolved, That tho olcction of the Hon. fames
Thompson, of Erie, and tho Hon. Wm. Sirong,
of Berks, to tho Supreme Bench of tho Coifmou
woalth, is a duty (he Democracy have clhrged
themselvos with as the surest mode of preserving
the prestige of our Supremo Court; anil tint wo
have every confidonco in their legal ability t, take
the place of tho omlnentDemoorats whose poutions
are to be filled.
Resolved, That in Nimrod Striokland, of Creator
county, tho Domooraoy huvo a nominoe for Canal
Commissioner, whoso great aim, when eleotoc, will
be to administer tho afTairs of the offigo with rqulty
and economy. That wo recognise in him aio of
thoso old-stylo Democrats whom wo delight to lonor,
and believe that his olcction will be an ticquiition
to our already officlent Canal Board.
Resolved, That we approve of tho oourse if the
Executive CommHtco of tho State in advisirg the
Hon. Wm. E. Paoker todeoline the ohallenfe of
Judge Witmot, the Black Republican oanddnte
for Governor, to canvass this Stato togethw; as
the seoret object waa to revive the agitation upon
the slavery question, which the Democracy if the
Union, at the recent elcotion, had so signal]/ put
at rest; any other eourse would have beet un
wise, injudicious, and inconsistent with the Avowed
principles of the Democratic party, whose fbjeot
has ever been to exolude the controversy if this
question from the hnlla of Congress, and eonine it
to Territories in which the issue legitimately
Resolved, That the course of the Hon. Wm.
Bigler, United States Senator, meets our entile ap
probation ; and wo rejoice to know that the lemo
eraey of the Keystone State faithful and
able sentinel in the national forum.
Resolved, That in oar opinion any measures
tending towards a repeal of tho tonnage tax could
bo detrimental to the interests of the State ; that
wo regret the oourse pursued by our represtnta
tives in the last Legislature upon the hill for the
sale of the Maine Line, and hereby Instruot eu
[Correspondence of the Press.]
Washington, Aug. 28,1857
But three months remain before the opening of
the new Congress. The Departments are already put
In motion peparatory to the President’s message and
the reportßofthoSooretaries. The first annual mes
sage of Mr. Buohanau will present many interest
ing points, and will doubtless be conceived in the
plain, straight-forward spirit of his Inaugural.
So many important topics are presented for his
consideration, that a highly interesting paper may
be expeotod. The reports of the Treasury, War,
Navy, and Interior Departments will be anxiously
awaited. The condition of the currency, and tho
late events in the money market, will furnish vast
material for Gov. Oobb’a prolifio pon. The in
crease in our navy, in accordance with Mr. Bu
chanan’s earnest declaration at Baltimore, in May
or 1855, while on his way to Washington, will de
mand Governor Touoey’s comments. The war
like operations on our Northwestern and Western
Territories and borders furnish ample scope to
Governor Floyd; while the land and Indian policy
will doubtless be fully explained by Mr. Thompson.
Late nows from Kansas shows that at the elec
tion of delegates to the September Convention to
form a State Constitution, there is every prospeot
that a large vote will be polled, and that Governor
Walker’s policy will be sustained by all the free-
State men who are not in favor of the course of the
fanatios in Lawrenoe and a few other towns, and
by the great majority of the so-called pro-slavery
voters. Indeed, while the extremists in the Ter
ritory, like the extremists out of it, assert on the
one side that Governor Walker’s policy is to make
Kansas a slave. State by means of Missouri votes,
and on the other that he intends to make it a free
State by refusing to let these votes prevail, the
groat body of the people have become satisfied
that his is the only ground upon which a set
tlement oan be had. Mr. E. 0. Perrin, now of
Now York, formerly of Tennessee, a gentleman
conneoted with Governor Walkor, passed through
here two days ago, and brings assurances that
everything is quiet in the Territory, and that the
result of tho election and the notion of tho Con
vention will be suoK as will command tbo approba
tion of Congress and tho President There is quite
a party in South Carolina disposed to give Gov
Walker a fairohance, while in Virginia a good
.deal of the bitterness whioh manifested itself in
the beginning is subsiding. Tho Mobile Register,
edited by Hon. John Forsyth, American Minister
to Mexico, has become very moderate, and tho
Montgomery (Alabama) Advertiser has also a
scathing article, denouncing the violence of the
New Orleans Delta's course, and even the Charles
ton Mercury admits that the prospects of making
a groat Southern party against Gov. Walkor iu
tho South are not now very promising.
Excellent results will follow tho visit of Gen.
Denver, the Commissioner of ludian Affairs, to
tho now Territories and to the unorganised Indian
country, for the purpose of making examinations
into the manner in whioh the duties of tho publio
officers arc discharged in those localities, and to
see if a stringent reform cannot be brought about
in reference to the treatment of tho tribes. That
Ihorois a good deal of ohoating going on botwoen
the land-jobbers and their agents in all transac
tions with tho Indians is dear, but it is no less cer
tain that the richer an Indian gets tbo more worth
loss he becomes. It would bo a crowning act if
Mr. Buchanan could reform this system altogether
before tho expiration of his Presidential term.
Tho most oordlal relations now exist between tho
British Government and our own. I think this
time the former is sincere. She has her hands full
of India and China, and nothing but utter infatua
tion will prevent the authorities of Now Grenada
atod the oonfiiotlng members of the Central Ame
rican Ropublio from agroelng to a settlement
of all difficulties betweon those countries and our
own. England, after ourselves, is ns deeply inte
rested in keeping the two great isthmuslan pas
sages open ; that is, the one in Nicaragua and the
other in New Grenada; and whatever may have
boon her jealousy before, she oertalnly cannot
maintain the absurd policy of resisting the construc
tion of a railroad across that portion of Mexico
which divides the Gulf from tho Paoific
It is now positively stated by loading mon from
Virginia, that tho present American Ministor at
Paris wIU return homo, unless bo Ib specially re
quested by Mr. Buchanan to remain.
We are having another lesson taught us of the
value of tho Independent Treasury. Had the
money of tho Government boen thrown into the
New York market, so that operators oonld have
gOtkold of It and invested it in railroad seouritiesf
the crash among the brokers of that city would
have extended to almost every branch of bnsiness
and labor, and the panic and suffering that fol
lowed the downfall of the Bank of tho United
States would have been nothing to th catas
trophe. It is well oeousionaily to romlnd our
selves of the practical workings of this' admirable
improvement upon the old-fashioned system of
keeping and disposing of the publio revenues.
The claimants for tho site of the New York
pest office are working most vigorously against
eooh other. It is very uncertain how the contest
will end. Tho President will notyield to personal
interest in this or any other matter, Utit will de
cide the question upon its distinctive merits.
It la non assorted that Chief Engineer Martin Is
being newly supported by some powerful influences,
and that his friends hope he may be retained.
From Washington#
Washington, Aug. 27 .—The receipts of the Treasury
for tho' week ending August 22d, 1857, were $1,225,-
077.57. There wero drafts p&iil, $1,350,409.83, and
drafts issued, $1,045,213.68. The amount subject to
draft on the 22d instant was $19,587,223.60—a half a
million less than at the end of the previous week.
Bcoretary Thompson returned from New York last
Within a few days the General Land Office has received
Intelligence to the effect that the engineers employed in
locating the Ontonagon branch of the Chicago, Pond du
Lao, and St. Paul Railroad are pushing forward the sur
vey with great rapidity.
They have got off from the Trap range on the south
ern side, and passed the east branch, and are vigorously
progressing southward.
The party is now comploto and thoroughly organized.
X. Y.
National Emancipation Convention—Third Day.
Cleveland, August 27.—Before the National Eman
cipation Convention, now in session in this city, a series
of resolutions wore Introduced to-day, the principal
feature of which Is to make the General Government
an agent for the people in the cause of emancipation ;
paying to each State abolishing slavery the sum of $l5O
for each slave \ and further, that each State Bhould pay
to the slaveholders au additional $76 for each slave
emancipated. The latter sum to bo raised by a land
tax and the former on Government bonds.
The resolutions are still under discussiou, Messrs.
Elihu Durritt, Gorrit Smith, and others, participating.
Reported Collision in the Chesapeake Bay*
Baltimore, August 27.—Tho steamer St. Nicholas left
here lost evening on an excursion to Annapolis, aod has
not yet returned. She is reported to have sunk from
being run into by a brig in the bay. The particulars
havo not yet been received.
Baltimore, August 27.—1 t has been ascertained that
the steamer St. Nicholas earne in collision with a vessel
which was in tow of another ateamor. Tho Bt. Nicholas
was somewhat damaged, butwas prevented from sinking
by being run ashore. All her passengers were landed
iu safety.
Financial Matters in New York.
New Yore, Aug. 27.—Financial mutters are more
tranquil this morning.
Jacob Little took his Beat in the Board of Brokers
Attachment of the Ontarioßank at Utica, N- Y.
Uticn, N. Y., Aug, 27.— I The sheriff to-day attached
the Ontario Bank on a Judgment In favor of 11. A. John
son, of New York city.
Southern Mall.
Washington, August 27 —The Southern mail fur
nishes papers at all points as late as duo, but the con
tents are unimportant.
Key West advices to the 14th inst,, four days later,
are furnished. The case of tho barque Pacific was be
fore court. Tho value of the property saved exceeds
Exploration and Survey of the River Colorado.
Washington, Augu«t26.—The Secretary of War has
organised an expedition for the exploration and Burvey
of the River Colorado of the West, traversing an almost
unexplored region. Tho command has been assigned to
First Lieutenant J, 0. Ives, of the Corps of Topographi
cal Engineers.
Failure of a Detroit Banker,
Detroit, Aug. 27.—Mr. Jnmes L. I.yell, a private
banker of twenty years’ standing la this city, closed Ills
doors this afternoon. The suspension of the Ohio
Trust nod T.lie Company was the linmedlato cause of the
Another Failure In New Fork.
Nsw York, August 27—It Is rumored that MeSßrs.
Chambers A Holser, largely engaged In California and
India trade, have euepended.
The America’s Malls.
Boston, August 27.—The R. M. steamship America,
from Liverpool on Saturday, the ISth inst., via Halifax,
arrived at this port, this afternoon. The newspapers
and part of tho foreign mall were despatched in the
afternoon, and will he due at New York at midnight.
The remainder ot the mall will be despatched by the
evening train.
Michigan Senthern Railroad Difficulties.
Burrato. Aug. 27.— The passenger boat of the Michi
gan Southern Railroad line has been attached and Btop.
ped, for a claim of 00,000.
Rain at Baltimore.
Bsltimoub, August 27.—A northeast rain storm pro
vails this evening.
From Washington.
WASnwQTOiI, Aug. 27. —A deputy marshal of Alabama,
having taken nearly 5,000 from Lovelace, who rohbe
the United States mail in 1850, and refusing to restore
the money to the several owners on the ground that
they had not sufficiently identified It, the subject was
referred to the Attorney General, who has, after a re
view of all the facts, decided that the marshal must
deliver it to the Post-master General, who, by law, is
the tnihtee for losers in all similar cases.
The President has appointed Beverly Tucker, of Vir
ginia, Comml at Liverpool, vice Nathauiel Hawthorn,
Henry W. Spencer of New Yoik, Consul at Paris, vie
Mcßae, resigned.
John EndUch, of Pennsylvania, Consul at Basle, vice
Leo, deceased.
Charto J. Fox, of Michigan, Consul at Aspiuwall.
fire Thornton, resigned.
Ernest Volger, of Virginia, Consul at Barcelona, ri«
Pablo Anguera, the present incumbent
Jacob Forney, of Pennsyi Tanja> Superintendent of In
dian Affairs of Utah.
Tho Secretary of the Treasury hs , , he dMI .
«i<m of th. Collector of New York, charging * duty of 24
per ceutum on an article described u «»„ embroidered
cut velvet slipper,” the upper being or cotton velvet
and overruling that collector's, assessment of 24 per
cent, on gum ben tom, or Benjamin, and 35 per cent, on
leeches, and deciding that the former bo charged 8
per sent. and the latter be entry free. The Secretary
has also afilrraed the decision of the collector of Boston,
that Wood's patent dry or boiler felt should properly be
charged 19 per centum, and “ felt” at the same rate as
“ manufactures of hair not otherwise provided for.”
lowa Democratic Ntate Convention
CoiOAQo. August 27.—The Democratic State Gonven
tiou, hold at lowa City yesterday, nominated B. M.
Samuels for Governor, aud Colonel Gillespie for Lieu
tenant Governor.
New Orleans, Augmt 20—Tho foreign intelligence
furnished by the arrival of the steamer America, at
Halifax, was published iu the regular evening editiona
of the Associated Press exclusively.
There are no sales of Cotton to-day. Flour continues
with a declining tendency. Mixed Corn quoted at 83e.
Oats are dull at 42e. Lard inbbls Eastern Hay
sells at $2O ton. Gunny Cloth quoted at 15c.
BitriJioßE, Aug. 27.—Flour .-Sales of Ohio at $6.25;
City Mills $6.00. Howard street declined 25c. There
is a large supply of Wheat in the market, and prices
have declined soaloc. Red quoted at $12001.30.
White $1.25a1.45. Corn—Sales of White at 77©82c.;
Yellow 83®84c. Whiskey—City quoted at Ohio
at 28c.
haw Yore, August 27.— Tho Flour market is depress
ed ; 4,500 bbls sold. State has declined sc; sales at $0
06.25; Ohio is 15c lower; sales at $0.85. Southern is
unchanged. Whoat buoyant; sales of 21,000 bushels
at 3c better; sales of white at 171 c, red at 145 c. Corn
very dull. Provisions quiet. Stocks are firmer. Ster
ling Exchange dull.
•Alleged Incendtarism Hearing of the Ac
cused.—There oan be no question as to tho great
efficiency and importance of tho Fire Detective
Police system, under tho superintendence of Mr.
Alexander W. Blackburn. A fire occurred yester
day morning, about one o’olock, in an old two
story briok and frame dwelling, No. 46 Frankford
road, opposite Quoen street. The incidents given
in connection therewith fully illustrate the truth
of the assertion.
The flames woro seen by a woman opposite, who
gavo the alarm by springing a rattle. The flames
quickly communloated to an old frame shanty ad
joining upon the south and belonging to Mr. Geo.
Cadwalador. Tbe frame, which was unoccupied,
was mostly destroyed; but the William Penn Hose
Company was so quickly in servioe, that the fire
was soon subdued in tho building in which it
originated. This building was owned and occu
pied by John Ooffee, an Englishman of sixty-five
or seventy years of age, who has kopt a junk shop
in it for a number of years. He formerly kept a
tavern in the same building.
Officer Glazier, of tho Nineteenth Ward, was
upon tho ground in a fow minutes after tho alarm
was given, and ho immediately broke tho door
open; but he was greatly surprised to find that the
building contained neither furniture nor goods.
Coffeo and his wife and child wero found in the
yard. An examination of the premises disclosed
the foot that a number of holes had been cut
through the lathand plaster in tho partition walls
in each story, and were then crammed full of
shavings. The building was fired in no less than
seven different places, but the flames wero extin
guished so promptly that tho traces of the inoen
diary’s Work wore not obliterated.
Search was made for the furniture and goods,
and thoy were all discovered stowed snugly away
in a small shed which had been erected within a
few days at tho lower end of tho yard, and far out
of the reach of the flames had the dwelling been
entirely destroyed. Coffee, upon being questioned
by Fire Detective Blackburn as to the origin of
the fire, stated that ho was awakened by the flames,
and that he, assisted by two men whdm he did not
know, had removed all his goods to the shed where
they were afterwards found. As this was deemed
an utter impossibility, and as Coffee did not ex
plain away the holos out in the partitions and
stowed full of shavings, he was at arrested
and 4aken to the Central Station for a bearing, on
the charge of arson.
Tho prisoner had yo insurance upon Jils furniture
or stock, but the building was insured in tbe Fire
Association for $BOO. Tho damage done was about
Yesterday afternoon a hearing took place before
Aldorman Enue. The first witness was Fire De
tective Blackburn, who testified to having visited
the premises after the fire was extinguished. The
witness testified to the facts narratod above. A
hatchet was exhibited, which still bore marks of
having come In contact with plaster. This plaster
was found undor a bed In the shed describ
ed. By comparing this instrument with the frac
tures in the wall, there can scarcely be adoubt the
walls were broken with it before the shavings were
stowed In tho partitions. The witness gave his
opinion that ton vigorous men could not have
moved tho goods in the time named by defendant.
Mrs. Alico Furness was examined, and testified
to having discovered tho fire and given the alarm;
Bhe tried to rouse the family of the defendant, but
oould not.
Officer Rotan was sworn, and testified that he
had brokei open tho door at tho timo of the firo,
and found the house empty or nearly so.
Defendant told the witness that he had given
the alarm before ho commenced moving his
Frederick Glazier was sworn, and testified to
having discovered the fire quickly, and he saw no
person moving about the house.
Robert Poale, who Uveß next door above the de
fendant, was examined. He knew nothing of the
firo until he was roused up by the neighbors. Ho
saw no goods moved. The defendant built a shed
in the lower part of the yard about two days since.
Offieor Glazier testified to going into tho house
soon after the firo broke out; he found that the
house was empty, and arrangements mado for firing
the place.
Tho witness inquired of tho defendant wliothor he
was insured; ho replied that ho thought the policy
had run out. The policy is dated June, 1857.
Witness saw that shavings had been piled on the
shelves in thooloseta, and set on fire. Witness then
arrested the defendant.
Offieor Munsfiold testified to having boon at the
firo. Coffoe told witness that his insurance was
very trifling. This witness corroborated the ovi
denco of Officer Glazier.
Officer Fleming corroborated the evidence of the
other witnesses. Ho found tho goods in the .shed
in as neat condition as any furniture car man could
pook them.
The defendant stated that when the alarm was
given he opened tho door himself. He protested
that ho did not set fire to his place.
The prisoner was oommitted to tako his trial on
tho charge of arson.
Thuß, through tho exertions of Mr. Blaokhurn
has another clear case of incendiarism been made
out. Shall wo not congratulate ourselves on the
possession of a Firo Detective Police, and thank
Muyor Vaux that he was tho first to institute nn
organization which has already displayed so much
comraendablo energy ?
Poinf Breeze Park .—There was a re-union
here yesterday, it being tho first meeting after the
summer reoess. There has seldom boon a more
crowded and bettor attendance than on this occa
sion. We nolicod, too, that the upper piazza wns
graoed by tho presence of tho families and friends
of tho stockholders —a fine array of beauty aiul
fashion. The general company, as usual, was very
soleot. Among tho company was Genernl Packer,
our future Governor, who was warmly greeted, not
only by “ hosts of friends,” but by many political
opponents, to whom his private worth has greatly
endeared him. In good health and spirits, the
General was the centre of attraction, and seemed
greatly to onjoy the liveliness of tho sceno. Tho
troting may ho set down, on this occasion, as—next
to nothing. It showed, howover, that the course
(which is in splendid condition) continues to bo the
very best, beyond all comparison, in the country.
Police Item. —'Reserve Officer Gamble, No.
17, was before Alderman ilelffricht yesterday, on
tho oharge of committing nn assault and battery
on Mr. P. Kavanaugh. Ho was held in S6OO bail
to answor at Court.
Albert G. DoremiiH, formerly justice of the
peaoe and member of tho Legislature for Bergen
county, N. J., died in the village of Hackensack,
on Monday morning. His disease was congestion
of the brain. Deceased was In tho 68th year of
his age.
In the Florida Peninsular of the lstiust. wo
find the following: “A letter‘came to the post
office in this place, a few days since, bearing tho
following inscription: ‘To Gen. Wm. B. Legs, Chief
of the Seminole Indians, Everglades ’ Col. Loomis,
we presume, will deliver this document—when ho
catches Billy.”
It ia reported that $2,000 in gold, recently
robbed from the safe of the American Express
Company, at Quincy, Illinois, was found a few days
since, in a wood pile into whioh a rat had been
ohased, and whioh was torn down to catch the rat.
The company is still minus about $5,500.
Mrs. Moore, wife of N. B. Moore, Esq., of
Floyd oounty, Va., was killed on Sunday, the Bth,
by lightning.
The Bostonians spend $O,OOO per day among
the eating houses. They are good feeders and
know “beans.”
Sight of the Boston churches are without
pastors at this timk
[Reported few ThePreW.j
After a vnfation of four week*, during which timo
the City Fattier:! have hadample opportunity to rusti
cate, Councils held their stated weekly meeting yester
day afternoon.
At fifteen minutes after three o’clock this Chamber !
wan called to order. theProsident, George M. Wharton, i
Esq , being in the Chair < I
A number of petitions and communioatioos were pre- !
Bented, read, and referred. « follows:
Mr. Ashton preaeuted a bill for of a cer
tain ground rent. , -
Mr. Bradford presented a petition for the, erection of
a bridge across jae Schuylkill at Chesnut street. Mr.
Cuyler presented one of a similar import.
M. Neal presented a petition from the Manager* of the
Deaf and Dumb Institution, asking for permission - to
construct a drain into a culvert at Fifteenth and Pine
Sir. Curler presented a remonstrance from property
owers in the Ninth Ward, remonstrating against the
laying of any additional railroad tracks along Market
street. Referred to the Committee on Railroads.
Mr. Taylor presented a remonstrance, very numerously
signed, against the closing of the markets on Saturday
evenings. Referred to the Committee on Markets.
Mr. Beidewan presented one of a similar character,
which was likewise referred.
Mr. Neal presented a communication from sundry in
dividuals, asking permission to make oat the tax du
plicates for ]BSB, at a very reduced expense. Referred
to the Committee on Finance.
Mr. Gamble presented a number of petitions for the
onening, grading and improving of certain streets in the
, Twenty-first and Twenty-second Wards, which were all
referred to the Committee on Highways.
A communication was received from the Chief Com
missioner of Highways, calling attention to the eon
ouioa ofthe bridge over the Frankfort creek, at Brides
ourg, >n the Twenty-third Ward. It has been a source
of complaint and trouble to the Department for sere
ral months, and all efforts to repair and keep the pre
■ent superstructure in good working order are attended
with but little advantage. As the city may be sub
jected to damages, the matter should be speedily at
tended to. *
The communication also urge* upon Councils the pro
priety of building new piers and a new draw for the
bridge, which can be dond at an expense of from two to
three thousand dollars. Referred to the Committee on
A communication was received from a Committee of
Firemen, asking Connells to review firemen of thU
city on the occasion of the parade on the fifth of Octo
ber. The invitation, on motion of Mr. Marotilee, was
accepted, and the communication referred to the Com
mittee on Trust and Fire Department.
A lengthy communication was received from the City
Controller, calling attention to deficiencies in the ap
propriations for the several Departments for 1857.
Referred to the Committee on Finance, and ordered to
be printed In the Appendix to the Journal of Reject
A number of unimportant petitions and communica
tions, relative to gas lamps, water pipes, claims, Ac.,
were presented and appropriately referred.
Mr. Williams read in place an ordinance to make an
appropriation of $l,OOO to the Department of Highways,
to meet a deficiency in the payment of certain officers.
The ordinance was read three times, and passed finally.
Mr. Cornm&n offered the following:
Resolrtd, That the Committee on Water be, and they
are hereby, requested to inquire into the expediency of
having the grounds attached to the Fairmount Water
Works lighted with gas, and also that they Inquire into
the propriety of improving the lot on the same grounds,
north of the basins, and that they report by bill or
otherwise. Agreed to.
The resolution from Common Council, admitting the
Moyaroensing Hose Company into the Fire Department,
was taken up for consideration.
Mr. Roberta thought that It was a standing rule in
the chamberto require all companies desiring admission
into the Fire Department to submit a roll of their mem
bers, their residences and occupations. In order that
this course may be pursued, he moved that the resolu
tion be referred to the Committee on Trusts and Fire
Mr. Marseliß thought that there was no need what
ever for the proposed delay. The Company was known
always as active and efficient, and the reference to the
Committee could accomplish no possible benefit.
Mr. Cornman said that the motion of Hr. Roberts was
deaigned for a good purpose. It would enable the mem
bers of Councils and all those comprising the Fire De
partment to know who were to be their associates, and
would serve as a gusrautee for the future good conduct
of the Company making the application for admission.
It was well known that the Moyamensing Hose Compa
ny at one time was notorious for its evil doings. It bad
sustained for a long period a very bad reputation, and
it was spoken of in terras of censure, not only by the
press and citizens generally, but by the entire body or
firemen. He desired now to see the list of members,
and if he should become satisfied from it, that this Com
pany was really reformed, and necessary to the district
where it is stationed, he would cheerfully vote for the
admission of the company.
Mr. Ashton stated that he spoke in behalf of the pro
perty owners of the southern section of the city, when
he advocated the admission of this company. It was all
folly to talk about its bad character, when it was well
known that at present its members sustained a reputa
tion for good and useful citizenship of which they might
well be proud.
Mr. Benton, of the First Ward, spoke in a similar
strain, and said that he had been waited upon personally
by property-owners In his Ward, who requested him to
endeavor to obtain the passage of a resolution admitting
tho Moyamensing Hose Company, as its services were
greatly needed in a district containing lumber yards,
carpenter shops, Ac., and thus imminently exposed to
the destructive ravages by fires.
Mr. Kline bristly opposed the motion, and he was re
?tied to at length by Messrs. Roberts and Cornman.
he latter gentleman said that he had been accused by
several of the speakers with giving a bend to the ques
tion under discussion. Hp knew that one who had op
posed the motion was ton on obtaining office, (laughter.)
and another, the noble Doctor from the Fourth ward,
was equall v desirous of securing an official station, and
probably their eulogiums of the down-town boys were
not without a cause.
Mr. C. spoke at considerable length, and with much
force in favor of the resolution of ilr. Roberta. In case
we hare a roll of the members, said he, when that com
pany is charged with riot or disorderly conduct, we can
examine the roll • and ascertain whether any of those
who participated in these illegal prooeediegtj and who
were arrested on charges to that effect preferred against
them, are really members of the company or not, and
thus whether that company is amenable to lawa alleged
to hare been violated.
In the old District of Spring Garden it waa customary
to have framed rolls of the members of the different
companies in the district, and they answered the ends
of justice materially when auy riot occurred among
the firemen. These views were dwelt upon at groat
length, and interspersed with some very humorous
The question on the resolution of Mr. Roberts was
then called for, when it was negatived by a decided
The origins) resolution from Common Council to ad
mit the Moyamensing Hose Company into the Fire De
portment was then adopted by an equally decisive vqte, 1
there being but two or three dissenting voices. A call
for the yeas and nays waa nude, but subsequently with
Several ordinances and resolutions relative to the
drawing .of warrants, changing election districts, Ae.,
were concurred in. The following amendment was of
fered by Mp. Roberts, to, the ordinance from the other
chamber making the annual appropriati ons to the com
panies composing the Fire Department:
Provided, that the City Controller shall not counter
sign any warrant Tor an appropriation to any fire com
pany until the Ohief Engineer of the Fire Department
shall notify him that a list of the active members of
such company, with their ages, occupations, and resi
dences, has been filed in his Department. Agreed to.
Tho resolution admitting the Spring Garden Hose
Company into the Fire Department was concurred in
without discussion. Adjourned.
The Chair submitted a communication from the Con
troller, reporting the payments that had been received
from the Board of Health up to April 30th. It intimatea
that there has been a misappropriation of the funds.
Also, a statement of tbedefiefeades in the appropriations
to the different departments. $l,OOO more is required to
the item of Salaries in the Highway Department; $2,500
to the Cltv Commissioners for jurors' fees; $4,000 for the
Coroner;’sl,24o for the assessors; $45 for the Return
Judges; and a considerable sum to pay the fees and
claims of tho sheriff. Referred to the Committee on
Also, a communication from the Directors of the Fire
Department, inviting Connells to review the companies
on the morning of tne parade. The invitation was ac
Mr. Drayton submitted a petition for s bridge on the.
Schuylkill at Chestnut street wharf. Referred to the
Committee on Survey.
Mr. Perkins moved to suspend the rule so as to con
sider the report of & special committee, and an ordi
nance dividing the Election Precincts of the Seventh
Mr. nolroan moved to amend to include the Nine
teenth Ward, which was accepted.
Another motion to consider similar reports and resolu
tions in regard to the Fifteenth and Twenty-first Wards,
was accepted.
An ordinance was then submitted dividing the Se
venth Division of the Seventh Ward into two Election
Districts, and it was agreed to.
Mr. Holman, of the special committee appointed for
the purpose, submitted an ordinance dividing the Second
Division of the Nineteenth Word into two Election Dis
tricts, which was agreed to.
A similar ordinance was adopted dividing the Eighth
Precinct of the Twenty-first Word Into two Election
A remonstrance was submitted against the laying of
any moro railroad tracks on Market street. Referred to
g special committee of five.
Mr. Mascher, a remonstrance against the closing of
the Second Street Market on Saturday nights. Referred
to the Committee on Markets.
Mr. McF&ddeu, a petition for the re-paving of Sterling
alley. Referred to the Committee on Highways.
Mr. King, petitions for bridges on the Schuylkill, at
Chestnut and Spruce streets. Referred to the Commit
tee ou Survey. *
Mr. Kidgway, a petition from certain persons asking
to be employed in indexing the names, Ac., in the As
sessois’ Books, in the Office of the City Commissioner.
Itiferred to the Committee on Finance.
Mr. Holman, a petition for the erection of a bridge
over the Readiug Railroad, near its intersection with
New Front street. Referred to the Committee on High
Also, a petition for water-pipes in Anita street. Re
ferred to tho same committee.
Mr. McManus, a petition for the curbing of Somerset
street. Referred to tho same committee.
Mr. Goisier, a petition for the paving of certain
streets in the Nineteenth ward. Referred to the same
Mr. Cooper, a petition for water pipes on Seventh
street, and the paring of York and other streets. Re
ferred to the appropriate committee.
Mr Warnock submitted a number of petitions for the
opening of roads, Ac., in the Twenty-second ward. Re
ferred to the Committee on Highways.
Mr. Butcher, a petition from the Directors of the
Deaf and Dumb Asylum, asking permission to construct
a drain in the Twenty-fourth ward. Referred to the
Committee on Highways.
Mr. Miller, a petition for tho grading of a street in
the First ward; and for certain road damages. Referred
to the appropriate committee.
Mr. Drayton, of the Committee on Finance, submit
ted an ordinance creating a temporary loan of $lBO,OOO,
redeemable at or within ninety days of the date of the
same. Agreed to.
Also, a report and resolution referring the question of
the payment of the damages claimed by the owners of
property on Lancaster street, to the Committee on High
ways Agreed to.
Mr. Mascher, of the Committee on Trusts and Fire
Companies, submitted a report and resolution admit
ting the Spring Garden Hose Company iut© the Fire De
Mr. Parker opposed the resolution, as there was uo
necessity for a Company where this one was located, and
it would increase the expenses of the city. Besides
this, the Mayor was opposed to the admission of any
more Companies to the Department.
Mr. Mascher said the committee were unanimous for
its admission.
The resolution was agreed to.
A report was also submitted, adverse to appropriating
$2OO to the Empire Hook and Ladder Company. Tho
Committee was discharged from further consideration
of the subject.
A motion was made to suspend the order of the day.
so as to consider the ordinance providing for the rare of
the Steam Fire Engine “ Young America.” which was
agreed to by a vote of 41 to ID, viz : 4
Ykis— Austin, Baird, Barnwell, Bromley, Barnwell,
Burns, Butcher, Clay, Coiboon, Day. Drayton, Faulk
nor, Fitter, Ford, Hal), Handy, Holman, Hutchinson,
Jones, Kauffman, Keller, King, Knows, Makius, Mas
cher, Melloy, Morris, Moyer, McFodden, McManus.
McNeal, Palethorpe, Parker, Perkins, Sites, Steel, Tay
lor, Thompson John, Thompson Oscar, Tudder, Van
horn, Waterman, Wildey, Wolf—4l.
Nays— Alexander, Cooper, Deal, Geisz, Gillin, Kerr,
Miller Andrew, McLean, Mcllwain, McMakin, Ste>en
son, Williams, Miller John, President 14.
The ordinance provides that the steam fire-engine
“Young America,” together with all the bo«e, tender,
and all tho appurtenances belonging thereto, be, and ;
the same are hereby placed In the possession and under
the control of the Diligent Fire Engine Company of
Philadelphia, and that the said company be and are
hereby authorized to have all necessary repairs aud
alterations made thereto, for the purpose of making
said euginn serviceable and effective for the extin-;
guishment of fires: Provided, that the expense thereof
shall not exceed the unexpended balance ($3,600)
appropriated by the last clause of section 1 of an ordi
nkuce approved March 2, A. D. 1857, entitled an “Ordi
nance to make an appropriation to the Plre Depart
-1 mentferthe year 1807, aadto pay certain claims incurred
during the year 1856:” Provided, further, that should
the said sum be inadequate to make all the repairs and
to pay all necessary expenses, requisite for tho purposes
contemplated by this ordinance, or should the aforesaid
engine company fail to hate said repairs and alterations
made within a reasonable time, that then, and in snch
coses, the Councils may again take possession of said
Steam Fire Engine “ Young America.”
The warrants for the payment of hills contracted under
section 1 d this ordinance shall be drum by tito Chief
Engineer of Vie lire Department, after swh Mile-rfwjft
have been verified by the President and Secretary or the
Diligent Fire Engine Company, and after the same shill
have been approved by the Committee on Trusts and
Fire Department.
Mr. A. Miller eoald see no neceitti >j for the expendi
tare of any more money on this engin4,*iahe had proved
herself worthless. He moved to amend, to strike out all
after the word provided.
Sir. Perkins contended that the engine has never been
fairly te»l*d—that she vu now in comparatively good
order, but if left another year would become worthless.
He was summed at the propositi on.
Mr. Marcher opposed the amendment, as he believed it
had been introduced for the purpose of defeating the bill.
He had submitted an ordinance to return this engine to
the donors, but Councils had refused to consider. The
only remedy now was to give the engine to this Company,
who would pot her in effective service, if it Is possible to
do so.
After a lengthy debate, the amendment was agreed
A motion was made to amend to restore the engine to
the trustees of the original donor*, but not agreed to.
Several motions w*re then made, and Toted down.
Amidst much confusion and some very neperli&mentsry
language, with violent gesture, doggedly insulting and
excited looks, and touch hammering upon the desks,
with '* confusion worse confoundeda .**ll of thn
house was ordered.
The clerk called the roll, but no <juorum answered.
Mr. Holman moveo that they postpone the Fire ques
tion for the present.
The Chair decided this out of order, as there was no
quorum present.
Another call of the house was made, when 3? mem
bers answered. No quorum. •
The Coal Trade—lts Difficulties* . .
[From the Miners’ J oarnal, Schuylkill county, 22d inst.j
We are frequently asked the question—“Whxt
is the cause or the present difficulties in the coal
trade ?” It can be answered in a few words—over-
production, and a comparatively diminished de
mand for coal. The over-production was caused
principally by speculations in eoal lands, and the
formation of a large number of coal and improve
ment companies'within the last two years, princi
pally in the new regions of Wilkesbarre and
Scranton. In these regions extraordinary exer
tions were made to open new collieries, more
with, a view of selling stock, and thuß deposing of
lands at high prices, than for legitimate oosineas,
and the sheriff will have a pretty busy time for a
year or so at least. New collieries have also been
opened in the Ash 1 and or Mahanoy region of Schuyl
kill county; which are all iu successful operation,
and this additional supply has given the canal com
pany the increased tonnage she is nowsnjoyingovar -
the railroad, and has made up for the stoppage of ao
many of the red qsh collieries in the first, or
more southerly portion of this region, within the
last two years. On the Lehigh there has also been -
some increase, and also in the Shamokin region
during the last two years. In Schuylkill county,
for the last twelve years, the eolliery capacity h«
been either ahead of the demand for coal, or
ahead of the transporting facilities. This year
we are suffering for the want of demand, with
abundant transporting facilities, at least by rail
road. Suoh is the case on the Lehigh also—ex
cept the order of things there is reversed. Here
the canal company is increasing their business
largely beyond their share, and the business of the
railroad is fallingoff—there the transportation by
canal is falling off largely, and the trade by rail
road is increasing even beyond what it was sup
posed it would carry. In the Wilkesbarre and
Scranton regions, the ability to produce coal is
ahead of the transporting facilities; such is also
the case in the Shamokin region; but fin increase
of rolling stock would only be followed by a want
of demand—so that all the anthracite regions,
with but one single exception, is Buffering from
various causes, and all tending to depress the
price of coal in the hands of the miner or ope
for the last four yean the averaged increase in
the consumption of anthracite coal was in the
neighborhood of 680,000 tons. It was supposed
thataa iuoreaso of at least 500,000 tons would be
required this year, and the coal regions were pre
pared to furnish at least 500,000 tons of this in
crease ; but the great depression iu all branches of
business has sufficiently demonstrated that an in
crease of not more than 300,0b0 tons will be requir
ed this year, iu addition to the supply of the winter
months that will go forward to the New York,
Philadelphia, and tne intermediate markets oa the
lines by railroad. The 'increase from all the re-'
giona, so far, is &l out 100,000 tons—and as only fif
teen weeks of the shipping season remain, it is
extremely doubtful whether that quantity can be
made up for the balance of the season.
The competition for the trade by the new re
gions, with the increased facilities of transporta
tion, was anticipated in the early part of the year,
and led to the organisation of the trade in this
county, with John Tucker, Esq., at its head, in
order to keep the supply within the demand,
especially in the early part of the season. As it
was a new and untried experiment, all did not
join in it, and it met with opposition from quarters
where it was supposed it would receive co-opera- •
tion, and it consequently' failed in accomplishing
as much good as was anticipated—in Ike t, the ns
charities of the trade were so great, that they
almost defied any voluntary controlling power—
but eren outsiders admit that it kept up the
price for the hotter qualities of coal—and eren
that of the second quality that was well prepared
for market, from tea to fifteen cents higher than
it would have been sold without the organlxatien. */.
We also know, that, by conference with other par- ’•
ties, it was the means of warding off many evil*. v
which would have proved much more disastrous '
in theirconsequences than any that have occurred ■ -•
so far to this region. Many of the ohslaoTe#~wUh .—,
which it had to contend the present year are ,v
now known, the more important of which can be ’ *
removed, and the organisation placed on a more - '
firm basis, with more controlling powers. Its utility
was at first doubted by many; out the nece**ity a
the organisation is now fully demonstrated ia the !
minds of all thinking persons in the trade. This
year It was compelled to shape its course weootd- -
log to file act on of others, and consequently it
was greatly embarrassed; but we do nope ft I** 1 **
all operators who desire, or who can oontian*
in the trade, wilt coma together as a unit at the /
■close of the season, if not Before, for the poipooe ~-
of setting forth their grievances as a united body*
abd take part in shaping the future action of the
transporting companies. Heretofore we hare 1
everything too late—there has been no unity of ''l
action. The stockholders, as well as the am- J -
gere of the transporting companies, onght to be ,
made acquainted with the wants cf those vh* .-
furuisb them with their trade, as well as a state*' --
ment of the finances of the companies from the
managers. There must also be a enange of policy
at Port Richmond, and plans for affecting this
change must be devised before the timo ofallot
ting the wharves. This will require a unity <ff
action and general consultation among the whole
trade. Information is also imparted as these con
sultations which is of importance to all, and
whether they unite or notin every measure, they
are vastly beneficial to the trade. SchnylkiU
county contains within her liroit3 more than one
half, u not two-thirds, of the anthracite coal de
posit of the United States. Heretofore she has
famished annually more than one-half of the sup
ply. We have been falling behind for the last
two years, with a more extended portion of the
region opened, not on account of our geographical
position with regard to markets, but on account of
nigh charge* in all the department* of themin’
ing and transportation of coal , which is crippling
the energies and progress of the region. There
must he a genera* reform throughout, and we
know of no more auspicious time to commence this
reform than at the present, while the trade itself
is undergoing a rapid revolution; and in order to
mako the reform effectual, it requires united and
determined action on the part of the whole trade
Experience has long since fully demonstrated the
truth of the declaration, United we stand, divi
ded we fall.”
Qoartbr Sessions— Judge Conrad. The mat
ter of tavern, license forgeries was brought again
before the Court yesterday morning by the District
James Daily, sworn.—l am a tavern-keeper; I
know John McAllister; I saw his license, and thought
it was not good; I took it home and compared it with
mine; I then brought it to the office of the Clerk
of Quarter Sessions, but found it closed; I then
took It to Wood's; he told me to take it again to the
Clerk’s office; I then took it to Alderman Martin's;
McAllister and I went to Wood’s, who told us to
take it to the Clerk’s office; we did so. and a man
whose name I don’t know, told us to go home and
we would get our money on Thursday; this was on
Monday; Mr. Collins was there when the man told
us that we would getour money; Wood gave us the
twenty-five dollars on Tuesday; he said Lowry
gave it to him; Wood’s name is Charles D
The District Attorney said this was all the testi
mony he Intended to offer at present.
Bush Taylor was indicted for keeping a disor
derly house and a tippling house in Pine Alley.
His wife is now suffering imprisonment for the
same offence. Yerdiot, guilty of keening a disor
derly house. Sentence deferred Judge Doran
for defendant.
Edward Lawrence, a police officer, was founa
guilty on one bill obsrging him with an assault and
battery on Charles G. Biedeman, and not guilty
on another bill charging him with an assault and
battery on Mrs. Beiaeman, but pay the costs. Wm.
B. Rankin, Esq., for defendant.
James Dennison pleaded guilty to the larceny of
a horse. _ Sentenced to eighteen months in the
county prison.
U. S. Commissioner's Orricr.—John Maher,
oharged with selling counterfeit coins, had a hear
ing bofore Commissioner H&ilett this morning. On
tho testimony of a man named Adams, he was held
to bail for a farther hearing.
Last Letter or a Suicide. —The following
is the letter written by young Kinney, th e printer,
who killed himself at Westfield, Chautauqua
county, on the 17th ‘
Westfield, Aug. 17. 1857.
Dear Brotiier a*d Sister: I have but a few
words to say, and all I can aak is to forgive and
forgot me. They got me drunk, or I never should
have done It. Bill can get back his horse and
buggy, but me he’ll never see again, for I have
just bought the pistol which will do the work X
will die. Since she was married I have not wanted
to live. Send for George to come and li\e with
you. Now, Jimmy, when asked to come and see me
for the last time, do It with a willing heart. Jim
my take care of poor mother, and now farewell
forever P M. Kinnet.
Robert C. S!oo, who murdered John E. Hall,
clerk of the oonrts at Shawneetown, 111., about a
year ago, has just been acquitted on the plea of
A young lady, named Ellen Duncan, died in
Churoh on Sunday week, in Bethel Chapel, six miles
from Piqua, Ohio. She had been subject to hemor*
rhage of the lungs, andboing seiied with an attack
during divine service, died in five minutes.
Lazarus Eader, a respectable resident of
Petersville district, died suddenly in Frederick
city. Md., last Saturday. B. TT. Jefferson, a
farmer in Frederick county, Va.. fell dead in a
geld on the same day.
Major Ward Marston has taken charge of the
marine barracks at Portsmouth, Va.,vice Major
James Etelin, who haabeen transferred to the com*
mand of the marine barracks at Washington.
At Richmond, Va., the receipts of new flour
were very heavy on Monday, and prices declined
about fifty cents per barrel. Considerable sales
were made to shippers at $7 a barrel.
The Board of Directors of the State Bank of
Indiana have returned for cancelling cna m ui,v«
two thousand one hundred «Td e ighVdMlan S
deemed within the last three months.
The journeymen tinners to Memphis trera
on a stake for higher wages a few days tgo. Sere
ral of the employers hare agreed to the idi-ance
Wm. McAllister, a compositor in the office
uSl» U. r™. ,t ■
d»Jn«t° Dt h ° l<ls her election on Toe*,