The press. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1857-1880, August 25, 1857, Image 2

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*iesiS initt«r andmoaii ifuteresi-i
iqg «orfe«i»ttdence,' see fiwt page. '
oh* to abandon the use of volunteers on land as
.ataaa,'- A decree by a general Congresß of all
i the Stole* of the worlds even if strictly «M
f oy helHgercnts,’ ‘which would never
W*#*"*’ wemptihg privatepror
Jugh’sOaa; would be
9? t# fpr giving
itQp.'>BH inbat Efficient laid, ready, means of ag-
of hostilities with
: a maritime power. There is no other security
■ of neutral rights, against belligerents than that
of .being able and-ready to maintainaod assert
' them; « Expedlencyin war overrides faith i
. honor is toooften laid abide and Interest only
"'rbghfded. jfengiand, a hundred yeitri; ago,' in
.ylcjlailon j£ t every’right of hospitality, ami
to “.every/ prihcipieof good,filth]
j seised -over. .fhrea ; ; hundred French mer.
\ cluutfmen in her own ports bsforo. war wii
.declared or .hostilities commenced by-either
< party.: 1 -Was the eider Prrra less honorable.
■ mob than PitKEaerbii ? Wamay safely come
•foHhe' coEciusion that private property on the
' hi jha'&s he invested with a higher
nor pii)er.^^faah|,
..ageing i^t^iiggr | ,'^) ft;
i. I?.p feiteVveiil/never', he ; ',waning: to • selee.iti ]
■. . Actual war must ever. institute now rights be-
• tweewbeHigorents, and must unavoidably aet
•aside Ml previous treaties that may in anyway
.* bumper or restrict the ftoe add' ftill action of
‘ either party. Ithas always been so, mid must/
from the very nature of things, ever continue
.fq htf 50.,, If expcdlehcy dictates a .watchful
Cflnsideration.of. the rights of neutrals on the
•part ofa belligerent, then theytnay be acknowb
edged; hut the fact of their being rogardedwill
mainlydepondupOn the fear and probability
•'doCiSedlyfrieridly Powers will ever be uied, and
' at tithes' ctetf ahuied,hy tho belligerent secure
.of thoir sympathy, Treaties only fairly and
tfuiyspcclfy. ti o relations of nations In a state
,of poice.. The opprobrium attending the vlo
lationofeerfain general principles, but very few;
. in number, yrill-in the main restrain the’ action
» «t Mr belligerent; '
v cjivpediehoy, however, dictates auCh an ac
-1 quiescence,’ for generally as much IS to be lost
•as gained' by poisoning, assassination,' or by
tbs indulgence in similar crimes; yet we a!)
know that the, English Government, in 1776/
offered thirty thousand pounds sterling reward
, for .tha head of Edwwhd. What we
: Sbould domand.ln return for any concession on
•our part of natural right, la not a barren pro!
mise , that .a state of war would revoke, but
• Some clear'; 4nd substantial act which
’.Would' verify-’ itself by being performed in
• time/bf/ peace,- and which would in it-
Solf 'tend .to’ promote 'and' preserve peace.
It is tli o provocatives and incentives to war
' that .wo must guard! against and check. A
, means,. especially a physioal out
< control, 1s in itself a temptation to use it. A
Government with a largo and disciplined army'
is ssen flrst tooccupy a coveted territory, and
c offer to- discuss ■ its claims • to' if.
Another, with a large fleet, strikes a Copen
" bagan .blbw/' r anriniil(itihg Jts- nnsuspcctihg,
“ victim, and.teen bxptetoes./a’jesulfical regret
to itaowndefencecpiiipened
;|!ttto‘takei step of such apparent harshness
l,;tqwapl* a; weakap4 neutral power.,7 ; ;
•; ./tTafortunalely,'the I rights of smali Powers
have little eiisteuce beyond- that conferred
upon them, by the mntnal jealousies of tbelr
mora'.powarfnl' iieighboisf for, .when those'
neighbors once get rights of
- the small Powerspractically cease, being never
■ regarded 'in such casea'byeither belligerent.
'. The;, only 'eqidyslent.' for Sgreeingto,»i*adbo
the two, of privateers that-could be tendered
•j UiSi tod 'the 1 conalderation df which.we should
'fqfamomen't entertain,wouldbe aneutraitea
"tlpnofths high seas by a general disarmament
; enddismastlement of allhut a limited number
' of ships of war 'by every maritime Power.
Our nerthern lakssare thus neutralized by a
-■'treaty with Ehglahd. p The Black Sea Was ilm-
J.ltariy neutralized by the, aame Congress .of
, Parfa which deslred- to msko privateering
piracy. -We only ask- forau extension ofthe
inajor proposition, to accede to the hdhor;but
we want a more real' and practical extension
i; than that specified’by Mr; ; MAaof.- Let all
be' - compelled to, improvise' their
~-hivie'a; , "after war breaks put;...than .we
'•need have no fear ’ of . being unable, to
hold; our own without .resorting to the,'use
. of privateers. England, with her thousand
, armed steamers all ready for action,.can, with
■ much complacency, ask us to use nothing to
, impair hr "lessen her superiority in .cape we
,-.come to blows;, we can, with great linperturba
bilily, reply to her, that we are' a peaceable
people whp.hayp no desire to go to war,'anddo
not busy OurselVeswith preparationsto,threaten
-; Jior integrity; but thafsheseems.tb’aim'tobe
; -.k standing menace to all the; world, 'or. else she
. is.psaleesly wasting her me&bs and exhausting
J the resources she ought to rely upon In a time
of need; bymalntainingsuch.yaat fleets, con
i.. stantly increased by hew armed steamers, when
ostensibly at ■ peace - with ■ all other' maritime
’ Powers'of tho world; What need has she of,'a
;'.’«eiipl;ttotcjy at Bermuda? Why should she
;■< desire, to i crowd -siioh. unwieldy . craft, on
. Oio boast of' Cuba? '. Certainly not with
” khy'ivlew of.inierceptlng the agile staves A
world Congress- cobid regulate the .quota of
r’- each nation;ln : the police' squadrons required
suppressing piracy, just as,' the Webster
-1 Ashburton.treaty lmposes the maintenance of
- .'eighty guns on lis towards suppressing the
’ African alavetrade. ' ,'
requires. protection. Revenue’
. lawamu'stbe enforced;. We readily admit the
J necessity, of a marine force being maintained.
'.' ;6y, evety 'cpramorciaf and navigating Power,
for certain specific purposes, not hostile to the.
, " general iwes! and safoty of all national We
' . ‘.jmight take ourownnavy as h safe comparative
standard of extent and efzoV A sta*d(ng«rmy, ;
-—besidcieSdangerlngthe liberties hf aa-peoplc,
'-is s'stahding threat at all neighbors. Wb do
not. .mean in this Bense that small three which
~ it jj.necess«3r.'to maintain to keep up a proper
knowledge of the art of war, andto preserve an
panded to. the 'need of any occasion; \We re
"far 1 to* drich aS are hiaintaiiiod 1 iri'' ,i iiHrppe.
, Louis W attached this gnawing ianoer to the
'vitalspf iho peppiea of that continent,-. Eng
land, In. her .efforts to maintain, her abnormal
dofniaincy on the; seas, forces all other nations
-- : ! to the.maintenance of otherwise unnecessarily
. large Jecf?. .Unless oit; proposition for the
! ifeotraihsation of the high seasisicceded to by
Prance and Russia and enforced upon England;
than wa hare ; no, ( other tocoturae left than to !
> . follow-the example of the latter Power, byl
. hnfldliigwsr ateatnera andateatn batterleatmtiV
j ' ”Hm b in at&lneii'
aea».. The crime against hu-:
•' ■aaiUty la warMs not so 1 much the manner In!
',v;-lrtiieb!ftJ«?wageilasthethean>'byi»hl<!i>lt la
= iftprbtraetedv'lf our privateers ehonljl prey »o
; V nit ; l eiietn|. , if commerhe ; to
,*»*£ they 'bare ppiMtf
vwsito* of th*;,gra»t aimi of honorable and jnstt
y ! pwj>le*, onb or theotber,
'-ms& 4Bude--.ttt foot V*** before It can be
' 1 ’ s , -
/5- « T ►- XdtteatMaal* ••-- - *
• ! '<«Jlf»..Hi**«T : BKOWi* ! *BchooT j foryoaiig'
Sjliftiiti, ■ ?.i|T- : c()rner’ ; 'of Teaih Ma 'Aroh, S» ]
maisi td publicby *» fHgf.4f‘
s %fyUfi^Sf?®zeuB,'an4“wfi'- : be itasUlueAby *j
<“4 !
4^‘jiW .Sift rtluwwtwiha-biTWBI
. Ten PiycA/'
-'. end Ptiofoee, i« a nettve at Alb*By,*odWMfo».
marly * mtmenc*' toy b> tb» Mew Toft be# de-
; TCTESOAT, AUQVST 26, 1867.
in ma,uAM r, VAGKBBi ' -•
o» iToonwa oorant..
BuriiitltE ‘ CO VBT,
yy'ApJ-iy-toytgat'-'gowirr.'-'' "
: *AJ*£s thokpsok,
TTe mightas well at once submit to a cation
efficient military organization ready to be ex-
THE *oo* TEADE.p :
The Americans bavitJecpaje
boak-produoerts in,
are sold is tils country-Jh jbifo S*# ! ''W- tn
Groat Britain, wlthpiu'cb
in fist. Where a fcondon puldishe r Issues an
edition of 1,000, a Philadelphia, New York,
or Boston publisher' would jprlftt 6,000, In
fact, tho numborof reader*. with ns is ait twenty
to one as compared with the same class in
England:' 'Here (he’ mere announcement of a
new book by, a popular .author—-nay, the mere
announcement of a book with a catching or
popular title—will causo a large edition to be
ordered in advance. They are more slow
across the water. They wait to see what the
critics say of it beforo they invest their money
in sb® purchase.,; With ns, too, almost.evory
book is stereotyped— on the chance of con
tinnous demand for it—whereby the cost
of production, on a large sale, 1 is greatly di
minished'. But a London publisher, afraid of
risk, (though stereotyping add? less than
half, to the expense,) rarely ventures to put
the first edition of a book into stereotype. He
prints and sells off ode' edition,' and carefully
Waits to calculate the chances of another being
disposed of—often losing a large sale by not
being able to supply the demand as fapidiy as
the demand arises. He goes to press with a
second edition, haring the delay and extra cost
of getting the,whole book, re-composed to the
printing-office, and probably, by the time he
has.'the new edition, ready,, may And that
some-later novelty has supplanted It. • An
American publisher with ’ his stereotypes,
would catch, the market at the moment the
demand arose, and instantly supply it. The
fact is, London publishers—with the exemption
of JRobtuumhs, sndone or two go-ahead and
cheap re-pabliahers—are terribly behind-hand
ln their own . business. They do things now
much as their fathers did soihe thirty or forty
years ago. EvenThotiAs Cablvi,*, the author,
belongs so ranch to the .ild schoal, that, for
Over'twenty yoarsj'he co’iitehted himself with
selling his works ((n editions of I, oob.each) to
Chapman & Hall, his publishers, and going to
the, oxpenso of haying the type ro-set for eaehi
reprint I By this lumbering process, the high
selling price of his hooks was kept up, and
tbeff sale kept down. • It was only a few
months ago that he unwillingly Consented to
have Ms works produced in' a compact forin
and at a diminished price. Arid, by Hit pro
cess he will obtain more profits from them in
one year,' than, he obtained during all the.
years which have elapsed since, they respec
tively appeared. i ..
Were we asked why thore are fewer readers
in England than in America, we would answer,
First, because for one person who can read in
“ the old country,*’ twenty persons can read
among us. Thanks to our generally-diffused
ahd well-grounded education, almost every
American, male or female, can road. Hence,
the Immense circulation,of our newspapers, as
compared with newspapers in other countries.
A second reason why we hare, more readers is
Very practical—books are very cheap bore,
very costly abroad; A book which sells for a’
dollar herb would cost from five to seven dol
lars in London. Here, therefore, every person
6«yr books. In England most people who are
not rich only hire them. Two-thirds of the
Brat edition of- an English hook aro purchased
by the circulating libraries,-which hire out the
books at remunerating yearly subscriptions,
or, to casual customers, at the rate of six to
twelve cents a volume. Generally speaking,'
the run of private book-buyers in England do
not usually purchase a work whioh they intend
to read only onco trom curiosity. 1
, What arocalied «trade sales,” among pub
lishers, are held on both aldea of the water. In
England, a publisher, who has several forth!
coming works, invites the lending members of
the trade to, dinner, (usually at the Albion
tavern, in Aidersgato Street,)-and, after he ha?
duly turtied and iced-punchedthetn, venisoned
and champagned them, roast-beefed and ported
them, plum-puddiuged and madeiraijd them, he
hands around specimens of his books, ahd offers
them at a certain discount under thetrodeprlcei
, esiph .of his'guests ordering or “subscribing”
(as. it is called) for as many copies as he may
require. ,The copies on band of previously
published books (called ‘'remainders”) are
'disposed of, at the same time, In like manneri
Sometimes two or three publishers, not very
largely iu business, unite in giving'the dinner!
and, as tharway to John Bull’s heart is through
the operation usually succeeds.]
, Withus the matter is much the same, even
down to, the dinners- The trade, sales takj>
place -In the spring' and autumn of each
year,' a regular auctioneer' officiating, and are
yet limited, we believe, to Philadelphia and
New York.' In the latter place the next salp
trill commence bn September Bth, and that
Useful and well-conducted journal, the Nop
York Pohhthtre’ Circular, Informs us that “the
catalogue Is one of the largest ever Issued, and
includes the names of most of the, principal
I publishers in the Union j the lots aro very li
| total, offering favorable''opportunities to
buyers, and several modifications, as suggested
at a meeting held during the spring sole, have
toon made in the regulations. An especially
interesting and novel feature on the approach
ing occasion will be the public display of spe
cimen volumes, to which a majority of cori
i tributors hare consented. In order that buyers
| may hare abundant time and convenience
I for ascertaining the particular description of
books mentioned in the catalogue, it has been
determined, lb accordance with a very general
desire, to furnish sufficient accommodation in
tho.sales-robm to exhibit at least 12,000 vo
lumes, and from present indications this capa
city will not be more than'sufficient.”
-it odds: “It wilt be remembered that speci
men volumes must include not only copies of
each'separate work, but of each separate work
In its different bindings.” At the Now York
salej tiio Circular further, tells us, the, Phila
delphia publishers figure as follows: 3. B.
fitFPiscorr & Co. have entered throehundrtjd
and sixty-ninelots, and will exhibit seven hun
dred different specimen volumes; y. B. Pp
tEbso* one hundred lots and six .hundred add
eighty-four specimens. W. P. Hazard two
hundred and flily-two and live hundred and
twenty-one. E. H. Butler Sc Co., one hun
dred and. ten lots, composed of one hundred
and sixty volumes, In fine bindings. Jaspke
Hahdino & Son, n lot of Bibles in seventy-five
different styles in 4to, and Blakobabd & Lea,
in Whoso contributions are as many atone hun
dred and forty-four volumes of, standard medi
cal works., To show the extent of
ings, w.e have jto say that, at trade prices, the
invoice,of Phillips, Sampson, & Co. amouqts
to nearly $60,000. •
"The forty-ninth• Philadelphia trade sale,
(including * books, stationery, paper, blank
books,, &c.,) wilt commence on Monday,
September 21st, and the mere catalogue fills
an Bvo. volume of "884 pages. It Includes
bpoks offered fo,r sale, tothe trade,”, by
one hundred and one, publishers, from varlohs
parts of the Union—principally Philadelphia,
Boston, and New' York—sod stationery from
thirteen wholesale honseS. Making a rapid
summary of this catalogue, we perceive that
Philadelphia ‘sends .forty 'contributors to
this sale; New York, thirty-nine; .Boston,
fourteen) London, (in England,)-Hartford,
.sardSalem, three each) Albany, two; while
Louisville, (Ky.,) Springfield, Dayton, (Ohio,)
■New Haven, Baltimore, Hallowoll, ■Williams
burg, - Lancaster, Reading, and Knoxville,
(Tcim.,) respectively contribute one. The
publishers who occupy the most space in the
catalogue are the Appleton's, of New York)
Bkilups, Sampson, 8c Co., of Boston) 3. B.
LippiscoTT 8c Co., Leavitt, 8c Allen, Derby &
Jackson,, and STErsozg, and Town
send, of New York; Goran 8c Lincoln, of
Heston t aiid T. B. Peterson, If. P. Hazard,
Paret Hc McMtitAii, Blanchard 8c Lea, and
Lmpsav 8c Blaxibton, of this city.
' ' The sale will occupy several days, and the
’goods - disposed of will realize a very con
•lderable amount indoed. ’When (he accounts
shall bemadoup, we may be able to state the
results,- ‘ ■ ,
'’■', Mom* at'Mjto; coshubtoham t
; Mr.' ( BkabV6»i>, the Surrogate, deeded yes
terday, at NcwYork, that MiSf CusNisoHAH
ms,not married to the (ate tUaycY Bo*P£M>
and that, therefore* hi* property shall bo
divided amonghis blood .relations. It would
die carfdof to inquire how far.thfs decision
hasbeen Ihflnenocd by Mrs.CbnnntairAk’s re.
cent ''g&iiipt (With the ald c/ Dlttrict Attor
ney ttati iad Dr. U«t) tbpaai Otronotber
wacau’e child M Bimbtu’s Jeglftlßate helr.
m*y jjSe'OUt ofthe Surro-
Aiaa dditWiift]- A>»f«Artm>hto|i.-:t}iht Mrs.
Cooi*iiLk*,la l»g»fiplirite i «prd<lad»d” *
Mt B^urni.'*widowi the chfll
could not, oo any pretence, obtain his pro
petty, nor be In • position, ttpder any elreum
staacea whatever, to claim it.
.We Jjaye taken flome.frou6le'-in‘ : ,ol)taiulng a
SoTOographlo’jepoif taken of ftbe-iopeulug
speech of Judge Wakor, tho Republican can
didate far Governor;' delivered last evening at
Jayne*s Hall,- and accordtbglyepread it before
our readers this morning. Regarding it as
Important that there should be ‘ no conceal
ment in politics, and utterly putting out
of sight the idea that the doctrines of
our adversaries should he hidden from tho
light of day, we having done by Judge
Wilmot what we hope to bo able to do By »U
men; that is, letting him. speak for himself,
and after that, holding him strictly to the re
cord. "We have said beforehand that the can
didate of the Republicans was making a des
perate contest; and his speech last evening
convinces 11s that ho ibois himself that he is
makidg a hopeless one. ’ Wo remember well
when he did make a great speech j when his
heart was in his subject; when he was inspired
by the truth; and that was when he upheld the
very doctrines, of which he is now the busy
and the bitter detainer. To find him now,
with all his considerable talents, waging
war upon a man for his religiou, and fight-
Ing the shadows of a diseased or dishonest
apprehension— for- it is a disease or ■ a dis
honesty to tell us that we are in danger of the
slave porter in this country—ls what we never
expected ,to behold iu ono. who has mode a
boast of bis abhorrence, of deception and of
falsehood. When he passed out of the ranks
of the Demoeratic party, be it recollected, he
did not go out as an Abolitionist, nor as a
Whig. There was only one party he was in
the habit of assailing more bitterly than the
Abolitionists, and'these were the very Whigs
Whose votes ho is how so earnestly asking.
In'his speech last evening, Judge Wilmot
tells ns that the Democratic State Committee
have sought to evade the discussion of the
slave question—indeed, have’decided that it
shall not be talked about.' This is a sarry
equivocation. The slave question—the Kan
sas question—has been discussed, and decided
against Hr. Wumot 'and his iilends. The
bleeding wounds of Kansas ary hot only
staunched, but stopped. All the Committee
did was to refuse Mr.' Wumot the opportunity
of re-opening these wounds, and of re-iighting
the elements upon which he expects to ride Into
power. Even while he Was speaking to his par
tisans at Jayne's Hall, he knew that tho next
Governor of Pennsylvania, General Packer,
was speaking at York, and taking tho bold,
brood. Democratic ground, that the majority
ol the people of Kansas, as well as the ma
jority of the people of this State, should rule!
Tho “labor” portion of Judge Wil
mot’s argument Is a good deal like
the story told of tho showman who had
a wax figure cast of Baron Trench:, tho
celebrated prison-breaker, but afterwards
made it represent in succession, Bolivar,
Santa Anna, General Jackson, and finally
General Tavlor. The very same declaration,
that.this country is controlled by the slave
holders of the South, Mr. Wilhot has made
against the iron masters of Pennsylvania, and
the manufacturers whom he assailed while ad
vocating tho tariff of 1846. Then, the iron
masters and manufacturers were tho great aris
tocracy of tho land—then thoy were tho barons
and bounty-mongers—now it' is tho slave
holders! Tbo origiuality of tho idea almost
surpasses the eloquence of tho orator.
Judge Wilmot is restive under tho name of
an Abolitionist. He’denies that ho desires to
disturb tho institutions of the South, and
defies any man to prove that ho is anything
but a Statos-rightu man. Wo answer him
out of his own mouth, and in his own speech
of last night. Wo point.this community to
his abuso, his ridiculo of the South, and of its
people;’and then ask how this calumny and
ribaldry compare with tho daring assertion
that he is a Statcs-rlghts man, and not op
posed to the peace'of the Union ! He is an
agitator—n'eltliermoro nor less—andhis speech
of last evening proves him to be so. Garri
son himself could say as much with as decent
an approach to tho truth.,
The ghost of the Wilmot Proviso is intro
duced with very poor discretion, as if to furnish
another proof of his States-rights sincerity.
That Proviso did more to disturb the country,
and to alionato the different States, .North and
South, one from tho other, than anymeasure that,
ever was introduced in Congress, apart from
the geographical party of last year. It was the
cause of tho loss of thousands of lives in our
war with Mexico, by wjUbliy delaying appro
priations for onr troops, and it cost the coun
try millions of dollars, It did not give us an
inch, of free territory—not a rood. Oregon
was free by the laws of Nature beforehand,and
that Territory would pot have boon organized
when it was if President Polk bad not re
garded the Proviso as an absurdity, and signed
the bill. How many votes will Mr. Wilmot
obtain upon such a record 1
His rehearsal of this Wilmot-Proviso story,
which ho has told to Bradford audiencos until
it has become as familiar as his old free-trade
spoeeb, shows the paucity of tho materiel upon
which he trades.
Judge Wilhot’s allusion to General Cass is
most unfortunate. He was in the Convention
which nominated General Cass in 1848, and
pledged himself to support him for President.
This was after the Proviso—and yet, with this
pledge in his mouth, lie wont hmno to Brad
ford, and showed Ids sense of tho wrong he
was doing by stealthily coming forward for
another candidate at the very last hour. This
is notorious history.
, The assault on the Supreme Court is char
acteristic. The man giving utterance to this
tirade against that high and sacred tribunal
has himself been a judge on the bench; and
yet, even from that elevated post, has not
hesitated to thunder his decrees to his parti
sans. Now he comes forward, and in this con
servative city, in the midst of a population
devoted to law and to order, takes issue with
the Supreme Court of the land, and delibe
rately tries to bring it Into contempt!
What more, after this, could ho do to en
title himself to reprobation and contempt?
How completely this example harmonizes with
tho revolutionary courses of those men who
have acted with him, and .who, only one year
ago, sought to pull down" the whole fabric of
our Union ? And this is tho man who says he
is for the rights of tho States 1 The man who
tells you that the judgments of your Supremo
Court are not binding or worthy of respect,
asks for your votes, and tells you that ho is
tho friend of harmony among the people I
On tho Kansas question Judge Wilkot
shows his hand oponly. Ho don’t want peaco
thoro. Ho is sure, Hums. will bo no peace.
There will bo no settlement. Peace inKansas
wHI bo tho death of him. Such men as Judge
Wiimot only exist upon war and violence, and
Governor Walker must be hung, drawn, and
quartered for acting fairly in tho election of
delegates and in submitting the Constitution to
tho people. Tho speaker’s silence on the will
of the majority in Kansas was significant.
With somo remarks about Americanism, he
come to a close, and his audience dis
Such Is a midnight glance at this somewhat
extraordinary speech of tho Republican candi
date for Governor.
Q3r~ Wo fake pleasure in catling the atten.
tlon of the msmufacturera, artists, &c., of our
city to the advertisement of tho "Maryland
Institute for the promotion of the mechanic
arts,” to bfe found in another column of this
publication. That excellent institution will
open its annual exhibition In the city of Balti.
more, in its beautlftil and.spacious hail, on the
29th September proximo, and will continue for
four weeks: Inasmuch as the Franklin Institute
of Philadelphia will not hold a fair this year,
that of the Maryland Institute will afford our me
chanics, &c., a fair field for competition in the
display of their useful and beaufffbi handiwork.
We learn that at the exhibition held at Baltimore
last year, aeveral gold and silver medals were
awardod to the manufacturers of Philadelphia
far the surpassing excellence of their produc
tions, and that her felr daughters were also
awarded the highest premiums for superior
. ,We coainend this matter to our industrial
population, both because of the benefit which
must inure in a compensating way, and of
the noble end accomplished in promoting tho
highest degree of excellence in American pro
ductions. 1 .
, .AqA»Rkr or. Musio.—ln a few days, the, vo
oal and instrument*! performers of the Promenade
Oonoerta must-, T»»t» this temple of; the lyrie
mate, to make way for the Grand Ballet Taupe
now en rputf from Europe, Wl* thel? beantlful
representation* . the forthcoming mason of fhe
.Academy wilt be inaugurated.. . f ...
We recommend the pnblio, while they may,’ to
avail themselves of the few remaining evenings of
tb« Conoeitt,
[CoiTesjttodence of The Press.)
WAftHiKSTOK, August 23,1857.
The seeoohte ftosk Htofttogua and Central Ame
rica, wbfoh are touting nbOut in this city, are con*
fllctiog in almoat every respect; who to acknow
ledge, or which story to reeoivo as tho truo ono,
seems to be the embarrassing question presented to
the Administration. Captain Canty makes his
appearance on the stige ;as the organ of Webs tor
And his associates, and with pretensions to the po
rtion of representative to this Government from
Nioaragua To nieet and combat bis efforts, are
Senor Iriasari, the Guatemallan Minister, who very
modestly puts himsolf forward as the Nicaraguan
Minister too, and the parties interested in the Old
Ship Company. My Information just received from
Monagua, in the interior of Nicaragua, and where
the dictators, Martinez and Jeres, hold their Go*
vernmont, is adverse to the report that Webster
and company have had granted to them a charter
for a new Ship Company. Ou the contrary, Mar.'
tinea and Jeres, over their own names, have pub
lished to the world that their grant has been to tho
Old Ship Company, and to nobody else.
However, it matters not to whom the grant has
been given, for civil war begins to threaten. Mar
tinez is the loader of the LeonisUv, and Jeres of
the Chaxnorista faction. Embittered dislikes are
growing each day more apparent between them,
and already serious difficulties have occarred be
tween their adherents. Chilton, the liberal, in
creases in popularity, and can, I am credibly in
formed, muster a force of six hundred men when
Martinez and Jeres not only refuse to aqoede to
the wishes of Webster and company, but they also,
in order to gain favor with their own followers, rojeob
the clAims set up by Costa Rica. The latter State
has secured nothing for her sacrifices in the war,
unless England, by private arrangement, bos paid
the war debt she incurred; yet if GhiUon Is joined
by Walker, which I prophecy will be the case be
fore the next frost, she will again cause the tocain,
of war to resound through the neighboring States,
of Honduras, Uautetaala, and Son Salvador, pressed
on by British influence, and aided by British gold.j
I am no filibuster in theory or practice, sod don’t
know that X have any sympathy with the instltu-.
tion. Nevertheless, the fact is not to be disguised!
that a moiety, at least, of tho Nicaraguan people, 1
from every account, prefer Walker's, or rather.’thq
American rule, to that of general this or that/
whether of their own raising or imported from thq
.mongrel population of the adjacent States.
I don't know whether It has ever been stated, but
in looking over an old book I loarn the fact that
the English claim with reference to Honduras has
been denied by one of tho first English statesmen.
Edmund Burke, in his history of the treaty defining
the English privileges in. Honduras, written at the
time and published in the Annual Register of 1762,
says: * 1 Spain consented not to disturb the English in
their occupation of cutting logwood, and permit
them to occupy suoh buildings as may be necessary
to thorn in this occupation. Great Britain on her
side stipulated to destroy tho fortifications which
hod been erected on that bay. By this artiolo the
English acquired a solid right in this long-contostod
trade, but soemod, at tho same time, to lose all tho
moans of proteoting it. The right wo claimed wcS
not a right to tho territory, hut only a privilege of
cutting and tailing away this wood by indulgence .
To have insisted on tho right of erecting fortifica
tions would hBve boon making the strongest claim
to an absolute, direct, and oxolusive dominion over
tho territory itself, a point to which 1 do not find
that our most extensive,claims have ever Seen
Montgomery Martin, the historian of the British
Colonial Possessions, must, I think, so far as au
thority goos, give place to Burke on this subject.
X. Y.
[For The Press.]
the post office
The sot of 36th January, 1857, Pam. Laws,
p. 5, grants the oonsent of the Commonwealth “ to
the purchase by the United States of America, from
the President and Directors and Company of the
Bank of Pennsylvania, of tho lot of ground and
banking-house thereon erected, with the appurte
nanoos, situate on the wost side of Seoond street, ex
tending westward to Book street, bounded on the
north by Lodge street, and on tho south by Gold
street, in the city of Philadelphia, jor the purpose
of a post office.”
. If the deod from the bank to the United States
complies with this act of Assembly, it must contaih
the limitation u for the purpose of a post office”
and ibis would seem J mit tbo property to such
use until the Legislature removes the restriction. <
T. D. i
A Defaulter Arrested on a Charge of Robbery!.
{From the OblcAgo Democrat, August 20.) ]
Our readers will recollect the Merchants' and
Mechanics’l3asik of this city, of which Dr. L. B.
Booue was president, and Stephen Bronson, Jr;,
cashier; the directors being composed of , some of
the mostprominefltmen in our oitv, such as Hon.
James H. Woodworth, late member of Congress
frohei this district, si e * Esq'.,’ produce mer
chant, and a number of others. .The bank dm,
1 business In the very hasdsttue mar bid front build
ing on Clark street, whlchwas built by Dr. Boone;
next door to tho banking house of Messrs. George
Smith A Co. ]
The bank failed In November, 1854, but was re
suscitated again under the immediate direction <Jf
Mr. Woodworth, who worked faithfully to arrange
the business of the institution and pay all its lia
bilities. It was finally wound up, and did not re
sume business again. •'
Stephen Bronson, Jr., was the first cashier of the
bank. Ho had previously been in the banking
business wlthH. A. Tucker, Esq., of thlsoity, ana
possessed the full oonfidenco of the direoiors of the
new institution Into whiohhe went, and, in reality,
was intrusted with almost the entire management
of the business. Banking men and others, how
ever, .with whom Mr. Bronson had dealings, sodo
detected certain littlo weaknesses in him which
made them cautious in their business transactions
with him; and longbeforo the denouement of tho
present affair, they were suspioious that all was
not quite right, and guarded themselves accord
“ft; far and to what extent Mr. Bronson “feath
ered his nest,” previous to the present affair, we
know not, but soon after the failure of tho bank a
very large deficit in tbo assets was discovered, which
it was impossible to account for. ;
In order to explain how the defiolt originated, Uls
necessary to state, that connected with the Mer
chants’ and Mechanics 1 Bank was the Cherokee
Insurance Company of Georgia, which was in
reality owned by the bank here, the notg s being
issued and redeemed at a discount over the counter
of the Merchants' and Mechanics'/ 'When the lat
ter bank failed, and after Mr. Bronson hod retired
from the coshiership and left the concern alto
gether, it is charged that he took from the safe of
tho bank notes of the Cherokee Insurance Com
pany to the value of $52,000. The alleged larceny
was not discovered until the Merchants' and Me
chanics’ Bank commenced business again, and this
large amount of bills began to como home for re
demption. This again caused embarrassment to
the bank, and no doubt prevented its being suc
cessfully resuscitated.
In Addition to this amount, Mr. Bronßon is re
ported to have appropriated to his own use * sum
of $23,000, in the notes of the Bandy Hill Bank,
Maine, another institution, the charter of which
he had negotiated the purchase of, and which was'
owned by the parties who were interested in the
Merchants and Mechanics' Bank of this city. This
appropriation was not discovered till subsequently
to the other, and caused still greater embarrass
ment to tho directors and managers of tho Mer
chants and Mechanics' Bank. In fact, we loarn
that Mr. Brouson's conduct has proved financially
ruinous to ono, at least, of tho directors of the
bank, n gentleman who in truly high-minded and
honorable, and who. soonor than that his good
name should bo tarnished, stripped himself of his
property to repair tho wrong and injury done to
the depositors and other creditors of tho bank. :
The whole amount of Mr. Bronson’s alleged
larcenies are thus $76,000. Of this sum he was
mode to disgorge, some timo since, to tho amount
of $41,000, still leaving $34,000 of whioh he de
tains possession.
Since his operations with the batik, Mr Bronson
wont into the hardware business in this city, but
gavo it up shortly after the discovery of his trans
actions with tho bank. Ho afterwards retired to
Minnesota, whore ho has been carrying on the
lumber business on tho Mississippi river, opposite,
Bt. Paul, whore he has an oxtensivo saw mill in
full operation. He was arrested at that place a
few days slnoe, by Officer Williams, of Messrs.
Bradley A Co.'s detective police, and taken across
to Wisconsin. There he attempted to elude his
cantors by employing a lawyer to get out a writ of
habeas corpus. This would not work, however, as
the document upon whioh he was arrested was
a requisition from Governor Blsscll, of this Stale,
on a charge of grand larceny. Tho officer threat
ened to place the irons upon him, when he said if
he was taken like a gentleman he would go along
Bronson was a member of good standing of one
of tho leading ohurohes in this city, ana of the
same denomination as most of the directors of the
bank; yet it did not appear to infiuenoe hirti lathe
lonsb in his career of trfokory and fraud. He is a
* wily fellow, and it is said that on his way down the
< Mississippi ho showed it In his method of playlhg
i cards with parties on board. It was impossible to
1 get on the weather side of him. He was up to all
. the tricks and changes of the game, and oould
, cheat tho eye-teeth out of the Mississippi boys.
Mr. Bronson arrived in the city ofi Wednesday
' evening, in charge of Mr. Williams. He was to
, have been examined befero Justice Jltitiken yes
terday, but the examination did not take place.
[From the Wheeling (V*.) lotelllgencer, 22d lost.)
Three Men Killed Lightning—Suicide for
We learn from a gentleman just arrived from
Marshall county, that on Monday lost tbo barn of
Mr. Wm. Henry, on Fish Greek Hills, near Belton,
was ftrook by lightning. Three men were killed,
acdthe bam audits content* totally destroyed.
The men wore engaged In threshing with a m*.
oblne inside the barn when the electric fluid struck
the cylinder of the thresher. John Neely and Jo*
seph Young wen instantly killed. * There were
some half dozen persons in the bam at the time,
among them Mr. Henry himself, whose injurlos by
the shock have since resulted in his death. Th&
unlooked-for accident, which deprives the commu
nity of three of its best citizens, has east a gloom
over the whole neighborhood.
We are reliably Informed that on Monday last a
young girl, namod Earlwino, whoso father resides
on Fish Creek Hills, in Marshall county, committed
suicide by hanging. The cause of .this carrying
out of a desperate resolve is .disappointment in
love. She obtained permission to, go to a clearing
near her rather 1 ! house to gather hark for kindling
wood, tad was observed to take *wpe with her.
She remained out longer than was her/ eastern. and
seateh being instituted, the unforta&st? wm found
gospepded to a Umb of a tree, UfeW Miss Earl
wine wm about eighteen years ofegd The super*
stitious people in the neighborhood wthldnot allow
her to be buried in the ohurob-yara, and her r*
mains were appropriately Interred at the crojs
roads, in aeeoraange with a heathenish oustom and
an obsolete Uw.
Philadelphia, Aug. 24,1857.
WashmotoN, Ang. 2i,1857
Wk. T. PsflUW, Ueq., bu not yet been removed
from tho Sixth Audltorihlp. The change will take placo
in a few days, I have no question, and some gentleman
from Virginia, probably Dr. Tits, will be appointed to
the vacancy.
There has been exhibited, for some time past, consi
derable Insubordination jp the bureau of the Sixth Audi
tor, and whon the succession is inaugurated, I am in
dined to believe there will be many removals. It is
certain that the Secretary of the Treasury is determined
to quench the spirit of insubordination which haa'so
often manifested itself there, by the removal of all, if
necessary, down oven to the messengers and laborers. It
behooves the parties Interested, then, to look carefully
to the record they are making.
Judge Black left town for Berkeley Springs on Satur
day evening fast, with the inton tion of remaining there
fora week. Secretary Thompson has gone to New York.
Mosss Kkllt, Esq-, chief clerk, is acting Secretary.
Many members of Congress just elected have, within
thelaatdayor two, called upon the President to con
gratulate him on the general approval his Administra
tion meets with in the South and Southwest.
The Secretary of the Interior presented the following
case'to the Attorney General: A person filing a caveat
and paying $2O, demands, in one cose, the return of $lO,
aad others, on paying an additional $lO, making $3O
in the whole, and without doing any other act, demands
a return of $2O. The question Is, Whether the Com
'mlariofcer of Patents is authorized to refund the amount
claimed In either case. Judge Black recapitulates the
points of his decision In these words:
1. The payment of a duty upon a patent or caveat to
the credit of the Treasury la not a pledge or deposit of
the inouey, but on absolute and unconditional payment.
2^Xf v the patentee or caveator afterwards demands the
money to be repaid to him, he must show that his do
maud for It is founded in some law, within whose terms
he can bring his case distinctly and clearly,
8. There is but one provision in the act of July 4th,
1838, authorising a duty once paid to be refunded, ana
that provision la found In tho third sentence of tho 7th
..4, That sentence authorizes twenty dollars to be re
tulftSd, not to a edveator. il6r to one who has made “an
Incomplete application,’’ but to a person who lias taado
an application, which is perfect enough to be examined,
and which, In point of fact,'has been examined and re
jected, .
6. 7i follows that a party who merely ales a caveat,
payfag the legal duty 6f twenty dollars, cannot with
.draw the caveat and demand a return of ten dollars.
Some tlipe since agent John Mokrooxsav drove en
croaching whites from the Raw half-breed lands in
•Kansas.’Several squatters’ houses were burned. In
dlefenent* for arson were sued out against him in 1855,
fnd.Jtoferen review of the case the Attorney-General
direct* that snollt prosequi be entered.
uso. W. L. KtnWBLL,or Virginia, has been appointed
to s. firet-tiaas clerkship In the office of the Secretary of
tfrfffoasurj, vice Ouas. F. M. Kidwsll, deceased.
Mr. Meek, of Pennsylvania, declines the appointment
of superintendent of Indian affaire In Utah.
The remaining portion of the Choctaw orphan trust
lands are to bs offered for sale to the highest bidder.
Sealed proposals are to be- received by the land officers
In Mississippi till the first of November.
.The Attorney General has ordered a nolle prosequi
in the case of the agent Montgomery, who removed
squatters from the Indian coast lands, and destroyed
their habitations in Kansas.
Tho Southern mall brings no New Orleans papers.
Tflp papers received from intermediate points furnish
no news of importance.
Hon. W, F. Packer at York.
York, Aug. 24.—Gen. Backer, the Democratic can
didate for Governor, spoke here this evening to an im
mense audience, at the usual Democratic county meet
ing. He waa in fine he&Uh and spirits, looked exceed
ingly well, and spoke with great ability. Hundreds of
men who voted for Fremont last year will rally to the
standard of the three P.’s—' 1 Packer, Poansylrams, and
Nkw York, August 24.
The screw steamship City of Washington, Captain
Petrie, arrived at this port at five o’clock this alter
noon, with Liverpool advices to tbo 12th Inst.
Her dates are no later than the Anglo-Saxon’s, but
further intelligence is furnished.
The City of Washington brings one hundred and
twenty-fivo passengers, including Murdoch, the tra
The papeta furnished for tho press were received too
late to he sent South by tho evening trains.
Nothing farther In reference to the submarine cable
expedition is furnished. The shares of stock had im
proved from £l2O discount to £3O.
It was ansounced that Queen Victoria will probably
visit the Trench camp at Chalons.
The ateamsrsOltyof Manchester, of the Liverpool and
Now York anl Philadelphia Steamship Company’s line,
(2,100 tons birden,) and the Queen of the South, of the
European and American Steam Bhipping Company’s line,
(£,220 tons,) together with the clipper Lightning, have
been chartered to convey troops to India.
Definite intelligence of a rupture between Sardinia
and Naples was expected at London.
Lettenj received from Oporto state there will be little
or no wine produced this season, and prices had ad
vanced coftaiderably.
The* “ Tournament" won the Sussex county race,
-Whioh on the nth Inst., at Lowes. Tqe
‘Americas hprsft, Lecomte and Prioress, who were an
nounced as competitors, did not run.
Possibility ol a 10,000,000 Loan.-»The Close
©I PnrH«nXent.»-f*rlores* Fourth, in. the Sue*
sex County Race*
York, August 34.—The mall steamer North
Star, from Southampton, with London papers of the 12th
Inst., arrivod here to-night.
ft was thought probable at London that tho session
of Parliament, would close on the 23d Inst.
The American horse Prioress ran for the Sussex
county Cup, at the race which took place at Lowes on
the 11th, and came in fourth.
The London Tims' City Article of tho 12th says:
“Funds showsu increasing heaviness. The possibility
of a loan of £10,000,000 sterling being required to be
raised by the Home Government for the Bast India Cou -
psmy was ths chief apprehension which weighed on the
stock and money markets. Tho question, however, is
not so itnai&ent as to cttu»e a serious depression for the
The North Star passed the steamer Ifarmonla off
The Constitutional Convention-Application •<
‘‘Lynch Law”—The Crops.
St. Paul, August 21, via Poscqui, 24th.—The Con
stitutional Convention progresses slowly. Some points
of difference bare bees harmonized, while upon others
mote prominent, such as the apportionment, universal
.suffrage; etc., it U thought the delegates will fall to
Tho Republican members are iu favor of but one
Constitution, while the Democrats are bent ou the
submission of both, as best subserving the Interests of
the people. The Convention will probably agree to-day
upon the submission of both.
Three half-breeds, who kilted a German near Gull
Lake, last week, were forcibly taken from the sheriff,
nstf Little Falls, and hanged to a tree.
Tho crops of Minnesota, notwithstanding tho grass
hoppers, were never in a better condition than duriug
tbo presect year.
Suspension oi the Ohio Life and Trust Co.
New York, August 24 The Ohio Life and Trusl
Company haa suspended. Yarious rumors are in circu
lation, and great ©xtitoment prevails among those in
The National Agricultural Fair*
LauigfjtLK, August 24.—The arrangements for the
National Agricultural Fair, which Is to he held at this
placo next week, are nearly complete.
Contributions of stock and implements are arriving
from all sections of tho country.
Hon. franklin X’iorcc, John C. Breckinridge, John A.
King, and Robert C. Wickllffe, Lord Napier, and
others, have accepted invitations to be present.
Health of New Orleans.
Nbw 08L8438, August 26.—Tho health of tho city
continues good. Only ninety-seven deaths occurred
dorlpg the past week.
Submarine Telegraph Fleet,
i IVisiftxaiox, August 24.—The following message baa
beeuyecelred from John Kendall, esq., superintendent
of tbs Southern lino:
Moktgomkry, Ala., Aug. 24.
The announcement of the arrival of the Submarine
Telegraph Fleet may be seat gratuitously to ail stations
ou the Magnetic Telegraph (Morse’s) Line.
Failure el m Rochester (N. Y.) Banking House*
RoqbSstkr, New York, August 24.—Messrs. Brewster
k, Co,, private bankers, havo failed, owing to advances
madeAo tho firm of Ely As Co., which failed some days
sines. 1 ' Their liabilities are not large.
marine intelligence*
The City of'Washington reportshaving passed, on the
2Qthinst.,lat. 47 deg. lon. 61 deg., ship Forest Queen,
bound West. On the 23d, lat.. 40 deg. lon. 63 degrees,
steamer Fulton, from Now York, for Havre, and at the
same time the ship Ashburton, from Liverpool, for New
NbwOelbsns, Augustat.—Cotton. SaleaofWObale*
to-day, at for middling. Flour continues with
• declining tendency; prices $6 BTe|6. Red and mixed
Wheat quoted at $l. Mixed Coro at 80c. Oats dull at
48c. Mesa Pork buoyant at $26 60.
Qa* Explosion* — Davy*a Lamp .—Wo recom
mended recently, upoh the authority of a scien
tific gentleman of Baltimore, the use ofSix Humphry
Davy’a safety lamp in all confined places of leak
age of common inflammable gas. We are told,
however, that the only “Safety Lamps” now made
are for the use of miners, do., and arc too heavy
and expensive for ordinary use.
The “safety” of Sir Humphry’s lamp consists
merely in the envelopement of the flame in a gauze
wire cap of some two to threo inches in diameter.
These could be made and applied to tbo common
house lamp, we apprehend, at very little coat. Will
not soine of our enterprising lamp-makers or gas*
fitters get them up '* The general use of gas, and
the frequent aooldents that arise from Its explo
sions, require that safety lamps should be kept
wherever it Is used, aud that they should be used
wherever gas eaoapes.
[For the Ftfse.l .
3 Political Notices.
As the time has Marly arrived when oar politi
cal meetings are to be held, the delegates in each
precinct of the respective wards should have no
tices ntfhiished of toe meetings to be held on Mon
day, August 3Ut, at 74 o’cloofc, to elect Judges and
Inspectors, who are to conduct the eleotiogs to be
held on Monday, September 7th, at 74 d’etook.
The rules require that public notice should b? giv*
en of the time and place of meeting.
The Wilmat Pro viso — Slavery—Southern Am
tocracy—Outrages in Kansas-'Americanism,
and all things pertaining thereto,except the lat-
ter , discussed fully.
Jayne’s Hall was woll filled last night by those
curious to loarn tho views of Mr. Wilmot, the Re
publican candidate for Governor, on the political
topics of tho day. Beck’s band was in attendance,
and eulivenod tho proceedings with several beau
tiful airs. At precisely 8 o’clock the Hon. David
Wilhot, a stout, portly gentleman, dressed in
black, with a travelling shawl thrown carelessly
u V « r aruJ ’ was up the ma * n altio of tho
hall by Gborgb Rush Smith, a well-known
Harrisburg statesman, and Louis Blanche, a well
known Harrisburg letter writer, all appearing
happy in each other’s company The meeting was
orgazmed'by the appointmentof Alex. H. Freeman,
Esq., chairman, with a large number of assistants
as vice-presidents.
Mr, w ilmot was introduced by ex-Mayor Gilpin,
and spoke as follows: 1
Fellow-citIZEHr : I appear before you to-night,
conscious that I snail not t> e able to meet the ex
pectations of this large and Intelligent nudience,
and I therefore invoke your indulgence and your
kindest oh&rity In the unpremeditated remarks
which I shall make. In the first place, there
should bo & full understanding between us as to
the relations wo bear towards each other. lam a
stranger before you I have sot tho honor of
knowing one In a thousand of vour popu
lation. It would be impertinent, therefore, in
me to appeal to you for your votes. I have no
claims whatever upon you. I bavo been placed
before you by a portion of tho people of the State
as the representative of a principle, and those who
bavo placed me in that position regard that princi
ple as of vital importance to the well-being of our
common oountry. If, upon a careful examination
of the principle involved, and of whioh I stand as
(ho representative, It shall be found that that
principle is essential to the preservation of public
liberty—to the individual well-being and Happi
ness of the Amerioan people—then I have a right
to Invoke your most earnest aid in behalf of that
principle and the candidate who stands before you.
It, in short, you see in the principle which is put
forth and is represented by myself, that which Is
vital to your own interests—a principle upon
which the renose and highest interests of yourselves
and your ohildren depend—then in standing by me
you stand by yourselves, and it is in this view
alone that I appear before you. I invoke no
man’s suffrage unless he believes in his heart that
by supporting me he supports his own highest
We are told by a portion of the people—indeed,
by tho dominant party, through their leading
men—that we have no right to discuss this question
of slavery. In the vronunciamiento put forth
recently by the committee of the self-styled Demo
cratic party, assigning reasons why their candidate
should not meet mo in discussion, they declared
that it waa improper lor the people of Pennsylva
nia to listen to a discussion of this question, and
assumed the right to dictate what the people
should hear and wbat they should- not hear.
They assumed this] great function, and, for aught
I know, they may assume hereafter the right
' of selecting for you the hooks you shall read.
I maintain there is no question that is not open for
discussion in this country, and that it is impossible
to closedlsoussion on this question of slavery. They
mightas well attempt to arrest the sun Hits course.
By the law of nature, every man. so long as he is
free, will resist wrong and aggression. We read of a
vain and presumptuous prince who ordered hisoren
tures to carry him upon tho sea shore and there com;
manded the tides to recede and go b&ok from his au
gußt person, and this committee might as well try to
do the same as to stop thought and discussion upon a
question which so nearly affects the interests of the
American people as this question of slavery.
It is no abstract question. It is not merely a
question of right and wrong—a quostion of
morals, although it lays at the very founda
tion of morals and publio virtue—it is a ques
tion of most practical interest. It comes
home to the business and bosoms of every man in
this country. Suoh is the character of the ques
tion of slavery as presented to-day in our Govern
ment. Why, it Is a question of political power,
and is not that a praotical question for the Ameri
can people? It 1b a question as to who shall
control tho Government of this Republic, and
shape its policy. Shall this great inter
est of slavery control it? Shall it be con-
trolled by a few hundred thousand men who
chance to he the owners of this species of property?
or shall it be controlled by millions of freemen?
That is tho question! I think it is a practical
question, and that it comes homo to you and your
children. Indeed, it comes nearer than I have yet
shown. It U a question between two conflicting
systems of labor— whother labor shall maintain an
honorable position in this country, or whothor
it shall sink into degradation and dishonor.
Is there any morbid, sickly sentimentality
about such a question ? It is a question of civ
ilization or of barbarism—-whether the glorious
standard which surrounds us shall be carried on
ward over the fertile fiolds of oar territories, or
whether that civilization shall stop, and a species
of barbarism take possession of the lands—whether
civilization,foundeduponprinclplesof right and jus
tice, and public order, in which toe mild and whole
somo law is made the arbitrator of men’s right, shall
prevail, or whether that civilization, in whioh the
nowie-knife and the revolvers are the arbitrators,
shall turn the rights of men, and settle controversies
and disputes—whether great national questions are
to bo discussed and decided inyonr halls of Congress
upon principles of reason and right—whether the
bludgeon is to determine them there. I pro
ceed to disouss this question, then, as a prao
tical homo question. Permit mo here, fellow-citi
ions, to repel the slanderous assaults that are conti
nually mado upon me through the columns of a
venal, subsidized press; for I toll you the slave
power poisons all the channels of publio opinion,
and tho press of the self-styled Democracy (they
have no olsim to the name) abandoned every prin
ciple that characterized its early history, and gave
it position and recognition in this country, and is
under the pay of the Administration for defending
the,oause of slrve labor, and resisting tho cause or
free white labor-tbat press is continually seeking to
cast odium upou rne by representing me as one wod
oed to theories and Ahitraotirieas or an impractica
ble character, which, if they could bo carried, out,
would be subversive of our institutions. They say
that I am a ranting Abolitionist; that I desire to
makewaropon the institutions of the land; that I
sock to overturn the institutions established In
our sister States. Now, I pronounce this a gross
and unfounded slander upon my character
and principles. I defy any man to point to
any act In my life, or any declaration that I ever
mode—and Ibave talked much upon this question
—for there is a respectable sixed volume of my print
ed speeches and letters on the slavery question,
which, under the most violent construction, will
warrant such a charge. lam a State-rights man—
one of the old Jeffersonian school—upon that ques
tion. I hold that we have no power under the
Constitution to meddle with the question of slavery
in the States. I hold that slavery rests en
tirely upon local State laws, and that wo have
no more right, by any action of ours in Congress, to
affeot the institutions of slavery in Virginia th&n
the Virginians have to affeot the institutions of
Pennsylvania. It is a different question whon
we como to slarory In theTerfitories. We have
aa good a right to be heard there as they have.
Wo havo a common property In our common
inberitnnoo, and are to be governed by the
general Legislature or Congress of tho Union,
and in that body we have a right to have our voice
hoard in determining the character of the govern
ment whioh should be imposed upon them. At the
risk of appearing egotistical, indulge me in a brief
history of this thing known as the Wilmot Proviso.
I desire to present It to you as a full and perfect
explanation of my position on the question of
slavery, and also for the purpose of showing you the
shameful departure from principle whioh nas cha
racterized the action of the Democratic party within
the last eight or ton years. They are the most shame
ful and profligate abandonment, of principle that
ever characterized a party under Heaven. You
will recollect that, In laid, we were engaged in a
war with Mexico. The President seut a message
to Congress asking that body to put at his disposal
two million* of dollars to enable him to negotiate a
peace with Mexico. Tt was apparent, from the
prostrate and conquered condition of Mexico, that
it was not for the purpose of purchasing a humili
ating peace with her, but that the monoy_ was
wanted as the first instalment in the acquisition
of territory. Upon consultation with fnonds in
Congress, who mostly belonged to the party of
which I was then & member, I doth named
when the bill came up, which, by the by, was
on tho last day of the session, to offor an
amendment, providing as a fundamental condi
tion to tho use of the money appropriated,
that noithor slavery nor involuntary servitude
should evor exist upon territory acquired in virtue
of tho appropriation. That has now grown into
treason, do you understand? and to-day J would
bo afraid, if I attempted this, that I would bo tried
upon a charge of treason, because when you come
to constructive treason you can make treason out
of almost anything, Thoy did so in Lancaster and
Kansas, and they would do so in Philadelphia to
day, for the same cause, if they had the power
to do it How do you suppose this nefarious
proposition was mot by your representatives in
Congress? Why, every man from the free States,
with the exooption of two, Douglas andMoCler
uand >4 of Illinois, voted for it. Tho slave power
had not then contrived and vm not threatening
destruction to every public man who stood in the
way of its demands. On the day of tho final ad
journment, and half an hour beforo that time, the
proposition was taken up in the Senate, and John
Davis, of Massachusetts, took the floor, and desiring
perhaps to defeat the appropriation and embarrass
the Administration who had got into the war,
aud might, as be thought, get out of it the best
way they could; he‘talked until the hour of ad
journment, so that no vote could be taken. But I
have the authority ot General Cass for saying, that
if ho had pormitted a vote to bo taken, tbo amend
ment would have reoeived the vote of every
northern Senator, together with the votes
oftho Senators from Delawaro, and I know
this, that General Cass, in tho Senate cham
ber, and in pointed terms, rebuked Mr- Davis for
the course he had pursued, telling him that he had
been instrumental in tho defeat of one of the
moat important measures ever brought before
Cougroaa; and ho declared to, me that it was
ground from which no nrothern man could recede,
and no man ought if he could. See how this
Simon Puro Domoorat was entrapped. In 1847 this
question was considerably agitated throughout the
oouniry, so muoh bo, that Pennsylvania foil called
upon through her Legislature to pronounoe her
voice upon it, and in a series of resolutions in
structed her Senators and requested her members
of Congress to stand by then Ilmot Proviso. Every
man in the House, on a full y ote of over ninety,
voted for it, and in the Benato it would have been
passed unanimously had not Senator Bigler request
ed the yeas and nays, in order that he might put
himself upon tho recant in favor of the Proviso.
About thii time the slave Interests combined, and
threatened destruction to over? public, man who
favo-ed this principle. In 18$8 a President was to
be efeoted, and General Cass wasp prominont can
didate for the nomination. It was a great
campaign. On one side was the Sonth, de
claring that she would support no man who
was in favor of this principle; and on the other
was tho North, who demanded an endorsement
of it as a test of orthodoxy. It was in this emer
gency that General Cass sat down and read the
Constitution again, and hit upon the fortunate
dodge, in his Nicholson lottor, of the dootrlno of
sauattor sovereignty, which, I affirm; had never
before been heard of in this country. This
doctrine, which originated in tho necessities
of a Presidential candidate, has now become
the great constitutional law of tho country. Per
mit me to say hero, that this doctrine of squat
ter sovereignty never did reoelve the endorsement
of the Democracy of tho South. I defy any of the
leaden of the Northern Democracy to find such an
endorsement. It mu denounced the very mo
ment tt came Into Congress by the leading
men of the South •as a humbug. They
said, if we are to bo legislated out of the
Territories, let it bo done decently; lot
Congress do it. We have a precedent for that;
hut the idea that the Territories, acquired from
Kexlco.are to be held by the Mexicans, Indians,and
a mongrel race, and we voted out of them, under
this of pcpular'flovereignty, is more than i
we bargained for; ? '
- Mr.Wilmat continued In this strain for sozue !
tuuc/and then camefto Bred Scott decision, :
he expressed';the following singular
“ The third dodge to get rid of the Proviso was ,
to declare it unconstitutional, which the/ on!/ ,
discovered some three or four years after, and
which it took the Supreme Court several years
more to ascertain, and which they only lately ex
pressed iu the Bred Scott case. This dodsiop was
what you might have expected—it wag the
legitimate fruits of the' triumph of
wn'or in the late election. Why, ail his.
ory proves, a that whenever aq unsound .princt
plo is recognised and upheld in politics, the
judiciary will adopt and sustain it; and I woul d
risk my life on it.* that if X held the power of this
Government for five years, 1 would make the
Supreme Court reverse its decision and give judg
ment the other way. Understand me; I bow to
the decision of the court, and say, as a citiien,
let Bred Scott go back to slavery, but no tribunal
under He&ven can control my conscience or
judgment. ”
Mr- Wilmot, after enlarging considerably upon
tho probability of the Supreme Court reversing
their decision in the Dred Scottcase, at Kane future
day, because all courts, particularly those of Penn
sylvania, were in the habit of doing so, proceeded
to discuss slavery in connection with white labor,
and show that It humiliated and degraded it.
From this he fused to Kansas, and charged the
Democratic press throaghoot the country with con
cealiog the real state of affaire there. The eon
otttoix of affairs In Kansas was much worse
than had been represented. The Missourians,
armed and accoutred, had crossed over into
Kansas, and at the point of the bowie knife
and month of the revolver had set the
laws at defiance, robbed the settlers of their rights,
plundered them of their property, and violated their
wives and daughters, it was now said that quiet
was restored in Kansas, that the disorders bad been
corrected, and that under Governor Walker a fair
expression of tbc popular will would be had. He
knew better. The apportionment bill had been
framed by the Legislature under the control of the
pro-slavery men, and nine towns containing a ma
jority of the population, and all free State men,
had been assigned three representatives, whilst
fourteen counties contalningthe pro-slavery popula
tion and the minority, bad been allowed tweny-nine
representatives. Was this fair and right?
Mr. Wiimot’s remarks on Americanism were as
tonishingly short and incomprehensible. His
qnalifioations were so numerous that hit position on
that question could hardly be understood after
his explanation. He said that the latter he wrote
to the Altoona Committee on the subject of Ameri
canism had been carefully considered, and he
was willing to stand upon the principles and
views there laid down. He believed every word
he had there uttered was true, and that every
principle therein avowed was sound. He did
not wish to be misunderstood. He would
not raise the arm of an intolerant proscrip
tion against any portion of the people. He
would never judge of a man’s virtue and morality
by the accident of his birth; he would as soon
measure a man’s character by bis foot But he
wished to say that he felt, ana felt it powerfully,
that there was a malign foreign influence at wo/k
in this country, and, with the help of his God and
his party, he would counteract it.
• Mr. Wilmot after this relapsed into his Abolition
tirades, and continued antil fie was obliged toclose
to take the 11 o’oloek train for the west. The
hall was nearly empty when be concluded, and a
faint cheer was given as he left the building, by
the few who staid behind.
The Philadelphia Poet Office—Where shall
it be Located?—Jfxom all the indications of public
opinion in regard to the proper location of the
now Post Office in this city, which have fallen un
der our notice, we are led to believe that if the
question was put to vote, whether the Post
Office should be located at the Pennsylvania Bank
building, or at some point further west, a decided
majority would pronouncq against the former site.
Various other localities are proposed; but not
being the advocates of any interest, we do not
desire to single out any particular one of them
for special commendation. It is now stated
that the operations commenced upon the bank
property have been suspended by order
of the Government, so that the whole
question is an open ouo The advocates of a
removal of the Post Office to the Custom Houso
building have recently obtained from the well
known architects, Messrs. N. Leßron and G.
Kongo, an opinion decidedly favorable to the prac
ticability of adapting the latter to Post Offioe pur
poses, accompanied by plans, drawings, estimates,
Ac. The proposition is to remove the ro of ami ali
the interior above the first floor, and to convert the
interior into a grand hall. The six columns which
now adorn the northern and southern end of the
extorior are to be used to support a gallery at each
end of the interior. A glazed partition, ten foot
high, being a passage on each side of at least
eleven feet, is to be erected in the centre cl the
hall. This is ,to be perforated with windows
for tho delivery and reception of letters,
and for all other transactions with tho pub
lic. This would leave an area of five thousand
square feet inside of the enclosure. It is proposed
to cover the building with a light roof on the
“Polonceau principle,” with a skylight running
from end to end; to remove the platforms on the
exterior, and to construct stairways to ester the
building inside the edifice from the pavements on the
sides; to so arrange the basement that mad] wagons
could be driven into it from one side, entering
from Liberty street, and out of it upon the other,
returning to the some streot, and thus avoiding
Chestnut street. It is asserted that re-fitting the
Custom House in this manner would cost much
less than making the necessary alterations in the
Pennsylvania Bank building.
The Firemen’s Parade,— The firemen of the
city yesterday mode an imposing procession—one
of the most respectable we have ever seen. As all
our readers are aware, the object of the procession
was to indulge in & little creditable display, and
at the same time inaugurate a very handsome
monument recently erected in their lot in Odd Fel
lows’ Cemetery, by tho Northern Liberty Hose
Company. The day proved delightfully aospi
dlbus, and the firemen assembled in all the strength
which our readers might suppose from reading the
programme and the list of participating companies
in our issue of yesterday morning.
The line formed, according to previous arrange
ment, upon Arch street, and as they marched along
the proscribed route attracted attentive observa
tion. They were all attired in citizen's dress;
many of the companies, however, wore themufonn
costume of block coat, pants, hat and cravat, re
lieved by plain white Marseilles vest and white
silk gloves. The different companies were desig
nated by badges worn by their members. Some of
these were in good taste; others very much the
reverse. The Northern Liberty Company; for
instance, wore pieces qf black satin ribbon,
a foot long and two inches wide, having the
name of the company upon it in gold letters.
The Hibernia* wore % blank silk badge over
their hats, upon the front of which was printed
the name of their company, while the num
ber of each man was displayed in the rear.
Tho Southwark Company displayed the same
affair, excepting that their hat badges were made of
light purple silk. The Vigilant Company made an
admirable appearance—the members wearing white
hats, while affixed to the left lappel of each coat
was a silver bullion button, from which depended
two handsomo tassels of the same material.
Other eompanic; displayed, for tho first time, their
new badges, which, by the way, all the fire row
dies, who feel inclined, will immediately copy, as
there Is no law against copying unauthorized
insignia. The Handdn-Hand, Assistance, Dili
gent. and other companies also made a fine dis
play. There waa very little show in the way of
banners, but a fine variety of brass bands lent a
sufficiently inspiriting influence to the oooaslon.
The procession, which occupied about fifteen
minutes in passing a given point, arrived at tho
cemetery at about half-past four o’olook, where all
united in admiring the beautiful shaft of sculptured
marble which will stand a silent sentinel over
those of the company who may bo laid there to
await the morning of the Resurrection-.
Alter the discoursing of some choice music, Mr.
Charles M. Neal detivored a very acceptable ora
tiou. That it exactly suited the tastes and fancies
of his hearers was abundantly proven by the hearty
applause which greeted his every point. Indeed,
Mr. N. so highly gilded the avocation of the fire
man, and paid so glowing a tribute to his manliness
and self-saorifioing spirit,that weshail sever again
pass oven an old fire-buoket without remembering
his culogium and lifting our hat.
At the close of the oration the gratified hearers
again formed into line, and retir ed with the same
decorum which hod marked their approach. They
disbanded, according to the programme published
yesterday, at Franklin square, blessing their stars
that Providenoe had vouchsafed them so propitious
a sky. It will be remembered, by way of contrast,
that Franklin Lodge, which arranged an affair of
the same nature at the same cemetery, was three
times disappointed by heavy rains. Oar firemen
remembered this fact and felicitated themselves
From the handsome display made yesterday we
can draw an inference us to what will be the grand
parade in October next, when not only the Phila
delphia department, but those from distant quar
ters will participate with ns; and we feel confident
that a very fine affairwill be tbe result. We never
wore more convinced that the fire department of
this city is tho host in tho country than we were
when following in the wake of yesterday’s pro
cession. There are a few innovations needed,
however. One of these is a badge, to be created
by act of Legislature, like the seal of the city or
the sea 1 of any of our courts, a badge to coun
terfeit which shall be a penal offenoe, and whloh
would be the means of preventing the rowdies who
run to every fire, from being identified with the
respeotebte membora of tbe department who hold
them in abhorrence. We yet hope to see tbe plan
adopted, but even with its Imperfections in organ
ization, and its inability to protect itself from impo
sition, we prouounoe tbc fire department of Phila
delphia as by far tbe best in the Union.
Poisoning Coj*.—A great excitement pre
vailed In the Nineteenth Ward yesterday, iaooo
sequenee of a family named WUhudt exhibiting
symptoms of having been poisoned. The family
reside in Front street above Montgomery. On Sat
urday, they purchased, at a neighboring grocery
store, some articles, among which were sugar and
cheese. On Sunday, Mr. W., his wife, and three
children, were taken very ill and exhibited unmil
takeable evidences of having been poisoned. It
was at first attributed to tbe cheese, but from the
fact that one oftite children who were itt had not
partaken of tho cheese, it wa? concluded that tire
poison was in the sugar of which all had eaten-
It is also rumored that a portion of the fanntfw
the grocer who sold tho sugar, and member*
of another family, had also suffered from the sa®e
cause. Mr. Wishardtfs fomfly were not considered,
yet out of danger yesterday morning. We teftra*
ed last evening that six families were poisoned in
this neighborhood during Saturday.
Young Men’s Christian Association.— Tb®
monthly stated meeting of the Young Men’s Chris
tian Association was held last evening, at 8 o’clock,
la the lecture-room of the Central Presbyterian
Church, at the southeast comer cf Eighth and
Cherry streets. The attendance of members was
quite Urge. Iu the absence of George H. Stuart,
President of the Association, Mr, James Graham
waa called to the chair, who opened the proceed
ings by reading a portion of the twentieth chapter
of Proverbs. An impressive prayer was then made
by Mr. D. S. Stein met*; after which a brief but
very able and interesting essay on “TheDatyof
Personal Effort ,in the Salvation of Bonis,” waa
read by Mr, Myers, one of the members.’ This es
say elicited a very'animated discussion, which waa
participated la by a majority of those present. The
reports from the committees on employment. Ac.,
exhibited the amount of good work performed in
obtaining situations for young men, strangers la
the city, and providing them with soluble places
of worship. After the transaction of some unim
portant business, tbe meeting adjourned.
More Visiters. —ln addition to those pre
viously referred to by os, we learn that the Junior
and Rainbow Fire Companies, of Heading, Pa.,
are diligently employed in making preparations to
join in the Firemen’s Parade in Philadelphia la
October next Oar city will, no doubt, be visited
by a very large number of fire companies from
abroad on this occasion.
; s Teachers’ National Association.—To-mor
row the meeting of tbe Teachers of the United
States will be held at tire Controller's Room, Sixth
and Adelphi streets, for the purpose of organizing
a Nation*! Teachers’ Association.
. Foard of Directors of the Fire Department,—
A meeting of this body waa held teat erasing,
at the room in North street, above Fifth, but no
business of any public importance was transacted.
Found Dead.— About soon yesterday Mr.
Potter waa found dead in a chair, in Fourth street,
above Brown. The eanse of his?death is not
known. Coroner Beltran, was telegraphed 4er to
hold an inquest.
Union County Legislative Convention.—This
body met yesterday afternoon at the Court
House, John S. Painter, President, In the Chair.
, Thirty-five delegate were present. .
The nominations were then read, when the fol
lowing were added:
Oliver I. Search, Joe. R. Kaglee, Abraham Eng
lish, D. 11. Styer.
The following were withdraws:
Joseph R. Lyndall, Robert Pierce, Albert F.
Hopple, Andrew Drummond, A. M. K. Story,
John M. Riley, John Baker, William H. Geyer,
John F. Preston, Charles E. Graeff, Charles F.
Jones, Frederick Emhardt, Samuel D. Sidebottoa.
Mr. George Moore moved that a committee of
fire be appointed to apportion the county into
legislative districts. The motion was amended to
seven, and agreed to. The following was the com
mlttee: Thomas Dickson, Joseph Shantz, B. F.
Taylor, Wo. H. Kemble, Hiram Cozater, Charles
Read, and Erastus Ponlscn.
On motion, the Convention took a recess of ten
The committee on apportionment reported as
First, Second, Third and Fourth Wards, three
members', Eleventh, Twelfth, Thirteenth and Four
teenth Words, three members; Fifteenth, Twen
tieth and Twenty-first Wards, two members; Six
teenth, Seventeenth and Eighteenth Wards, two
members; Nineteenth, Twenty-second, Twenty
third and Twenty-fourth Wards, three members.
The report waa accepted and the committee dis
Mr. Erastus Poulson moved that the Convention
take a recess of ten minutes, daring whiob time the
delegates representing the different distriot* retire
and recommend the candidates for whom they want
the Convention to vote. This gave rise to a de
bate, which was participated in by several dele
A delegate offered an amendment that the Con
vention proceed to select a candidate for the First,
Second, Third and Fourth Wards, which was
also debated for some time. The amendment
was agreed to, and the motion as amended
The Convention then proceeded to ballot for can
didates for tbe First District, composing Pint,
Second, Third, and Fourth Wards. Messrs. Eras
tus Poulson and James Work were appointed
tellers. The following waa the result of the
H. L. Smith . . 31 J. D. Bayne
0.1. Search . . 29 A. Siddona
T. K.Warem . . 20 J.R.Kagtee
C.H.HUI . . . 18 J. B. 0» .
H. F- Mansfield, 1.
Messrs. H. L. Smith and 0.1. Search having re-
Oeired a majority of the votes east, Were declared
the notelnece. < .
The Convent on then proceeded to another ballet,
as follows:
Wares - , .33 {Hill .1 ... Vt
Thomas H. Waram was declared the nominee.
At this point the delegates from the Second Weed
withdrew from the Convention in a body.
The Convention then proceeded to ballot !br a
candidate for the Second district, composed of the
Eleventh, Twelfth, Thirteenth and Fourteenth
Wards—the delegates from the Eleventh voting
first. The following waa the result:
Abraham English .24 Wm. W. Taylor . . 4
David H. Styer .. 23 Dr. 3. Malone ... 3
David W. Sellers .29 Jonathan Bullock .. fi
Lewis M. Green .. 10 L. R. Fletcher ... 1
Nathan Spering . . 1 Robert Bethel! ... I
Ohas. M. Wagner 2 Henry Slmpsun *. . I
Messrs. English, Styer, and Sellers haring re
ceived a majority of the votes, were declared the
On motion, the Convention proceeded to ballot
for two candidates to represent the Third District,
composed of the Fifteenth, Twentieth* and Twenty
fourth wards. The ballot resulted as follows:
Geo. F. Gordon
H W. Graeff
. . 29 { Wq. H. Clayton
. . 36 j Cyrus C. Moore .
John S. AUison, 6
Moure. Gordon And Grfteff were declared tie
The Co&Tentlon then proceeded to ballot fox can*
didates for the Fourth District, composed of the
Sixteenth) Seventeenth, and Eighteenth Wards, as
George Seed . . 21 \ T. S. Chandler . 1
W. M. Middleton . 2 C. A. Allegood . 22
J. T, Finlelter. . 17 | Robert Pierce . . 1
A. Green, 6.
Messrs. Reed and Allegood were declared the
On motion, the Convention proceeded to ballot
foT three candidates for the Fifth District, com
posed of the Nineteenth, Twenty-first, Twenty
second, and Twenty-third Wards.
The Convention then proceeded to ballot with
the following result:
Jcr. E. Eldridre 33 James Taggart . . t
Chas. F. Abbott . .29 M. Johnson ... 4
G. Gibson . . . 20 G. R. Fox ... 18
John Baker . . . 1 J. F. Preston . . 1
Sami. D. Sidobotiom 1
Messrs. Eldridge, Abbott, and Gibson were de
clared the nominees. On motion, the nominations
of the Convention were made unanimous.
A vote of thanks was then returned to the offi
cers i after which the Convention adjourned, to
meet at the call of iho President
Attempted Suicide. —Yesterday afternoon an
unknown white man, who was arrested by Officer
Clark, while laboring under a fit of mania-a-potu,
made a v ery desperate attempt at suicide at the
Central Police Station. He tore up several bask
notes, and threw a very valuable watch away. He
made a vofry ugly gash is his throat with a rarer,
and suffered considerably from the loss of blood.
He was removed to the Blockley Almshouse, where
he remains in a very prostrate condition.
Fin 9 in July. —The whole somber of fires
of all kinds—including not only the target, but
those of the most trivial character—which occurred
in the consolidated city of Philadelphia during the
month of July, 1857, was fifty-seven. The total
amount of loss by the burning of these properties
was $17,330; insurance, $11,825; clear loss, $5,505.
The Explosion at Halifax.
The Acadian Recorder gives some particulars
of the recent explosion of the Merchants’ Powder
Magazine at Halifax:
AH along Water and Granville streets the effeoU
of the exploaioa were visible in shattered build*
The force with whioh stones were driven against
the stores near the water’s edge actually surfed
the bungs from the hogsheads. The Naval Hot.
pital is considerably injured. Strange to say, one
of the largest stones which reached Mr. Benton’s
house was driven through the trunk of one of the
large trees north of the premises.
A fine new building near the Magazine wharf
intended for a steam-mill, was completely sweet
away, as also a wharf in connection. The otokes 1
w . l j uf property injured, eitent unknown—ma
ohinery disarranged, Ao. The housee np the hl!l
to Alderman Jenmng’i, and all in the neighbor
hood, more or lea shaken. The oEoem’ quarters
sustained a complete riddling. There U not a
whole saah or window in that fins building, a
stone weighing nearly three hundred weigh* was
driven and carried awayVmal
i? Bwn i? lek and Gottingen ”«.u
*non o/iitanlS”
whioh left a short tWb7
V wn-knotm JtnnW
?tld?y “art ’ **" 01 d J*rt«aSTrtt