The press. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1857-1880, August 18, 1857, Image 2
■I;TBESSBiY» AUGUST W, MW.- ' yorudykiwior, ■■ WILLIAM T. : PACKER, ,or tiooxiso coosri. ■ rim. jtjwra iv. the supe*;me. coukt, WILLIAM STRONG, _ .oriiats oowi.. JAMES THOMPSON, > ‘ or iiiß oocm, FOR CANAL COMMISSIONER, . NIMROD STRICKLAND, or CUBSTSB QOOStr on the tot page: .“Tbe Phila delphia Custom-House,” 1 :lAtest European news. By the iaail steamet Columbia, v-’liich arrived at WeW;7<?rfe yesterday, we have English pa pers to s>e6thinst., wUl> four days laternews. The Jaylhg down of the sub-Atlantic telegraph was-to have been commenced about the- date of the Columbia’s departure,' the squadron hav ingleft Cove.'for Valeiitia harbor, where the. flret terminus will be, on the 3d inst. ‘ Lord P axmerston had asked permission from 1 Par llatnent to embody the militia, with a view" to the immediate and extensive increase of the, British army, the war with China and the re volt in India having made largo levies indis pensable. .• It was even doubted whether the contest with Persia was concluded, as the Persians have not 'relinquished the occupation of-Herat:. Atthe eleventh hour, Lord John Bussell has asked for ,ahd obtained a parliamentary Committee tb inquire whether J errs may not sit in the House ofCommons, by taking such an affirmation as Quakers take. This is what he. should: have done ten years ago—what he would then have j done had he been in earnest.' Nafolsdslll. and his wife' were to have proceeded; on August 6th, bn a visit to Queen Victoria, at Osborne. The death , of Eugene Sue, at thc agb of forty-nine, is. reported. There was' a difficulty between France and Turkey ; the French Ambassador had suspended diplomatic, relations with the Porte, bnt-'renewed .them -on a>change of Ministry at Constantinople. General Naevaez !b said to have recalled General Concha from the Viceroyalty of Cuba, his successor being Marquis Serrano, '& most particular favorite of the Queen’s, and, therefore, sufficiently 'danger ous to make'the Premier glad to Bend him into honorable exile, with the very best office under the Spanish Crown; The overland mail, the telegraphic news of Which has already reached us by the Canada, had. been delivered in London, and there was a belief, from statements in. private letters, and what is called bazaar reports, (often in advance of the Government despatches,) that the British troops had taken Delhi. On the other hand, it was said that the, plunder by the . revolted Sopoys . amounted .to • nearly $10,000,000; that the King of Oude had a guard of 1,700 armed men, though bound by treaty to have not a single man; and that the Europeans .wc-e in .arrnß at Madras, an out break being ' expected in that Presidency. The East' India Government demand 6,000 to 7,600 British troops extra to protect, Madras and Bombay. , PARTY NOMINATIONS. The last Sunday papers contained the usual comments upon party nominations.' Some of their views are just and . opportune. The dis cussion of such topics can scarcely bo too stringent and searching. - Let the people have light. • Let tho facts be known, so that no con vention, of any party, will-dare to place before the community any but Us best, most compe tent, and most trust-worthy, men.. We have entire respect for the decision of a nominating convention. We believe every party man is bound by-the fairly expressed decree of the delegates, primarily chosen, of hts organiza tion, ana we' regard rebellion against their de* cisionaS entitled to repfdbat|on. But there are precedent duties, obligations in advance of con ventions, which'demand attention, and which, If neglected, will produce a harvest of defeats. We must recollect that while devotion to party usages is an essential, in. all political organiza tions, yet that even this fidelity will grow weak before the nomination, of unworthy men, and especially among those who belong to a fatty, more because of its right principles than from any hope of reward. ’ The disinterested De mocrat ’ wanst his. party, respected—he re veres it too profoundly to behold its dishonor without pain., Be looks abroad, therefore, for. the., best; men to put on his ticket. He appeals to such men ’to consent to come into the public 1 councils, tad to take public offices ; and when he succeeds, he can go into the canvass con apart, with all his energies en listed Oritho side of his convictions. Lot us consider, these things, and let ns not keep out . of view.that.a' npw.element is at work in cur r*sk»—au element of gratitude to the thousands of. disenchanted mon: who have dnly 'lately joined nsy and who, leaving their own party for good reasons, must'hof he lost to ourrby carelessness or corruption in our nominating conventions. * V CURIOSITIES OF POLITICS. Sttnding here i rittls ’gtedt old State of, ours, and 'looking oVer the Union, we. are a- good deil edified at the different shapes and shades of opposition. polities in .distant : quarters.' While the peculiar nfltions of the American party are pretty! well given up in the Weatj and Northwest, 1 we behold as‘earnest a move against l the Pope and' the foreigners op' the-siddfijf /th'e’'sbtithern 'A,Meiicahii,’as if the. one 'iteld sway at and the others controlled every Commonwealth from the Po tomac to tbo'Rio Grande. Oddly, enough, too, (lU> : SOnth is that section in which the adopted citizens ore . most in the minority; and yet the amount -of rhetoric and logic expended against them is prodigious. It Is tuny true, not.mhch effect'is’produced by.their.aimless antagonism; but lhiadoes not seem to dampen the ardor if those engaged inlto Take another glance,’ifyanother locality.'” What,ore the opr posing politicians doing in lowa and Wiscon sin? Strange to toy, they, are arguing tn favor of the right of the negro to vote.and are being wofully beaten at-that. In New, York, the basis of untl-Democmtie politics is, not so much'to make Kankas flee as to enslave New York city in the chains of, hasty legislation.' In Illinois, thelrcffort' is. to'comml t the Demo .ctots to the doctrine of polygamy. In Mary, land, they organize 'not so; much against the; Catholics or the Irish as against the Germans. In 'Virginia and North Carolina and Tennessee, it is a concentration in favor of the distribution' of the proceeds of the sales of the public lands. In liduisiaha, it. Is'excessive dislike of the Irish,,Sc. ’• \\ Vi e comment upon those appearances, not in the spirit of a ,partisan, but with another purpose, ,Our object ip.to, Bhow that mere oppositioncannpt maintain any great party.for any considerable length of time; and, further,' ‘ that all combinations of citihans not distinctly and broadly based upon the Constitution and" the’ Union—not drawing from these, tins’ very sources of our. political power, all their con victions and incentives to action—must periah at-an early and unexpected moment. The Lebxhoh Yw Railroao Tzrmixus at - IIARRiSBOKn.— The Harrisburg Telegraph says about oho hundred laborers are now at work ottthe opposite side of'the lock, foot pf Walnut street, making a new channel for the Pennsylvania canal. This change is found ne cessary to enable the Lebanon Valley Rail road Company ,tb bring their.Voad into the borough, its grada being too low to pass over the present canal • without intorferlrij! with its navigation.' The line of the hew channel will run through the meadow land, east of thh pre sent canal, to some point below the . borough. Mr. Wu. Cbinth. has the contract for the work. ’ ‘ • , ' ' ' Tax Late Sxhtoon ‘ Rusk.— Thenews of Gw death of Gen, Rusk crested a profound sensation fbroughopt Texas; and the/newspa ,/ ' .aphtors fio.mtoe'lote aocountsthothewas not Kite# itotohtiy< bht lingered 'tor a short time, .. thbhdhibubiltos in'anuncpnsclgits condition. /, - Scoia-, jOamWT he • cultivation of ; towdiitotoeli^j^ : hAs failcd totrowln toe sane fold* toes pitot ,4of six and eightftet. A TRAGEDY AT REA. ; There may be. and there pften is, a deeper pathos in the simpiest narratiyo ef fkCt jthan in the most highiy.wro%ht,setaiii'which >ti imaginative writer of rbnianco cun weavo into a narrative—for there- are’- many ‘incidents which are touching' in the very plainness of their troth. As vain would it be to attempt to paint the lily, or add fresh sweetness to the violet, as to Improve upon the plain, stralght . forward,unadorned statements which sometimes ; meet Us in tlie daily' journals, and win our sym pathy; our regrets,- and' often our tears. . Yesterday we copied from a New York pa per a long and painfully interesting account of a collision which took place on Saturday be tween the steamboat Metropolis and tho propel ler /. W. Harris. Tho latter vessel left New York on Friday afternoon, with a large cargo, and twenty-seven -human beings, sixteen of whom were passengers, with a crew of eleven. About two o’clock on Saturday morning, when the propeller was sixty-five miles up the Sound, between Falkland Island and Now Haven, she was run into by the Metropolis, (there was scarcely any light shown ! by the propeller,) which'cut her in two. The J. W. Harris sank almost immediately in sixteen fathoms -water. The women and children on board were in bed, and almost instantly perished. The Metropolis picked up and saved twelve persons, including the captain, the first and second engineers, two deck hands, and seven passengers. Among tho fifteen who perished, eight were females. The report adds: “ Immediately after the collision a woman was seen struggling in the water, supporting .her 1 infant child in her.arms. A rope was thrown to her, which fell within her reach, and which she might have seized and saved herself by relinquishing her hold upon her child. She looked up, saw the rope, saw those who would have given almost their own hold upon life to save hers, then pressed her child to her breast and sank forever.’’ This last sentence, so simple but touching, has a far deeper pathos than can be found in the artificial mournfulness of Tennyson’s «In Memoriam,” The devoted mother might have saved her own life by letting her infant per jsh. She looked up, pressed the child to her bosom, and perished with it. The narrative of Captain Smith, of the J. W. Harris, contains many passages of natural pathos, which; no doubt, have already touched tho hearts of many of our readers. There is pne which every mother, at least, will appre ciate, and,’with all the tenderness of flue wo manly nature, apply to the thought of wbat Would liavo been her own grief under like try ing circumstances. Among the drowned are Captain Smith’s son, aged nine, and two daughters, respectively aged seven and three years. He thus records his loss: j “I have lost three of my little ekildren, which will 6s bad ittstos for me to carry home to their mother, Who is in New London. I have already sent a despatch of tho fact to her." Bad news fhrhcr, indeed! Unhappy mother, losing throe of her little children, those gentle flowers, in one fell Bwoop. She will see their fhir young faces never more, except when they fevisit her Ll the visions of the night. Shewill hear their lisping prattle never more, except when it gently wakes an echo in the haunted chambers of her memory. She will watch for their light footsteps never more—life and mo tion are ended for them, and they walk now with the angels, not on the familiar paths of that earth which seemed to rejoice In their presence, but over the starry glory-bods of Heaven. ' Now, and for some time to come, it may be, that home which once was brightened by the lost ones’ gaiety and clinging tender ness, will have a cloud over it—the shadow of dark mortality. There may ho what in many homes, as in that of Rama, there has been, since Tlmo commenced, “lamentation and weeping, and great mournjng, Rachel weeping for her children, and would not be comforted, because thoy were not.” But it happily is prdained that human grief,however deep, does not preserve the intensity which crushes tho heart at first. Time, the consoler, gradually and gently softens the wild passion, and sub dues the soul into submissive tenderness. And then, musing on what has been, meditating on tho recollection of the Dead, a calmer thought begins to fill the soul, and Faith points to that hereafter in which, enfranchised from the pains qnd cares of human life, the loved and lost of earth will meet again. There the sad mother will rejoin those whom she lias so much la mented—not lost, but gone before.' j While the bereaved father was telling the melancholy story of this catastrophe which has deprived him of his children, and also of his worldly means, (for his whole substance was invested in a share in the doomed vessel,) there occurred an episode which we shall here repeat in full:, “ At this moment an old grey-headed gentleman came into the upper saloon of the Metropolis, where Oaptain Smith was sitting at a table making his statement to several reporters, and, walking up to the Captain, reaohed out his hand, which was grasped by that of Captain Smith, who said, 'How do you do, Mr. Gordon V at the same time averting his Case from that of Mr. Gordon (the name of tbo old gentleman) to hide tbo tears which' began to triable down his face. The old gentleman, in a tremulous voice, and without answering the Cap tain's interrogatory, said, ‘I came to ask abont my daughter; where is she? Is Bhe alive or not?’ -She is gone,’ replied the captain, whioh announce ment seemed to be too much for the poor men, who, exclaiming, 'Oh,' my God! do you tell me so ? is it possible ?’ sank down into a scat and wept like a child-for several minutes, during which time there was not a dry eve in tho saloon. The meeting, and the sad intelligence imparted in so few wordß, was most impressive indeed. Captain Smith seemed to feel his position most koeniy, for in addition to losing three beautiful promising children of his own, aged respectively nine, seven, and five, be had at one fell swoop been compelled to witness, as it were, the death struggles of the wives, children, or friends of some of fan) oldAt and most intimate associates, without even theikorconsolationhaving been afforded him of endeavoring to extend to them a helping hand. For some moments afterward he eontdnot speak a word, hut was obliged to rise from ills seat and walk away from the table; subsequent to which be had afew.words more with Mr.. Gordon in relation to the sad affair, who then retired from the cabin, weeping most bitterly. Captain Smith then returned to the table at which the reporters were sitting, and addressing them, said—'She was a most beaatifal girl, only 18 years of age; and only to think herfathor brought her down to my boat.last evening and gave her Into my charge, to take to her friends in New London, but now she bus gone with my ehildren, I hope to a better world.” - We shall not weaken tlie force of this by any comment. Its natural .pathos, as it seems to us, is very greit indeed. That our readers may compare the plain, unadorned facts ol this melancholy catastrophe, with what confessedly Is the finest and most richly wrought poetical description of a wreck, we.subjoin two stanzas from Byron,, with which, no doubt, most of our readers arc familiar, yet will probably not regret to see again brought before them: Then rose from sea to sky tho wild farewell— Then shrieked the timid and stood still the brave— Then some leaped overboard with dreadful yell, As eager to anticipate their grave; Ahd the sea yawned around her like a hell, And down shesuoked with her the whlrllngwave, Like one who grapples with his enemy) And strives to strangle him before he ales. and first one universal shriek (hero rushed, Louder than the loud ooean, like a crash Of eeheing thunder, and then all was hushed, Save the wild wind and the remorseless dash Of billow,; but at intervals there gushed, Accompanied with a convulsive splash, A'sotltary shriek, the bubbling cry Of some strong swimmer in bis sgony. Compare this poetry, beautiful as it is, with Captain Smith’s plain, prose-story: “ I have nothing to say at present as to how it hap pened. Tho night was bright and starlight over head, and neither tho water nor weather was rough. The women and children were all in the cabin asleep at the time, and were all lost. Those of tho passengers that were in bed it the time, who did make out to save themselves, had barely a chance of doing so, as the vessel went down so soon after she Was Btmck, we had no chance to get into the cabin, or to make any attempt to rescue the personswho were therein; ” or with the true tragedy of his declaration: “Ihavelostthreo of my little children, which will be bad news to carry hotne to their mother;” or with the mournful interview with tho old grey-headed Mr. Gordon, who came to ask after his daughter, and sat down and « wept like, a child” when he heard that he had lout her; -or the self-sac rificing love of that doting mother, who might have saved her lift by loosening her hold upon her child, and, a martyr to holy affection, pre ferred to perish with it. The most tender pa thos belongs, we think, to the prose flu-t, and not to the poetic fiction. AMUSEMENTS' , AncrSMWST Tssatzr.—Mr. Davenport made a.vdty snotovtol fintappearahea here last night, os tj). Merre,jn “The Wife.’? He was most en thustisticelly great*!, afcdmafle a speech at the end Of, &e play, which was wslirweivtd. ' Cm»tr.-A*i>.WooD’B MissTßZtfl.—The rain, whifh pourtd down In torrents between 6 and 8 o'elcilkTSSt night, did not prevent s large audience attending ,at opening of the Ethiopian peif formers Attho Nitidnai Theatre. Tho sogce&t wto .unequivocal. • ,• Within the borders of the 'United States are 4,000 ***colleges, and ELOWIRNT/EXTRACTS. ; From a very .impfdßßlve oration By Col. J. ,jyy : W>.ra, delivered ‘at: Burllngton, N. J., on the'4ti( of JuljrJast, we; are pehnltted to take < ;-7 -?,<,The ble&Slugs. of a Biigii Civilization will not disappear' ofi the shores of the Pacific, but will glow and flourish till their kindling lustre shall spread over tho Polynesian isles and gild the shores of Asia with a purer splendor than ever irradiated them before. The Pacific shall becorao to modern civilization what the Medi terranean was to tho ancient—and tho great iron bands, which are yet to connect the waters of two oceans, (and that too within the space allotted to many within the sound of my voico,) will become to the world what tho Roman high way was of old—tho great artery of national aggrandizement and power. Lands upon tho lonely Pacific, tluo- have lain for two score centuries undisturbed by miners and untilled by husbandmen, seem to have been reserved by Providence for tho meeting place of the Anglo-Saxon, on his Western and Eastern paths of Empire. “Sydney and San Francisco now stretch out their hands across the Pacific, while the sails of traffic glide between them. The destiny of the Orient must be influenced by these new born nations, and who can say that tho beautiful prophecy of Isaiah is not approaching its ftil fllment in the East, brought about by the influ ences of Western civilization culminating to their perfection on this our Continent. For already there is heard a tumultuous noise of the kingdoms of the nations. The Sclavoninn, Caucasian, and Mongolian have already met in the Orient, upon a common theatre, where creation began. The wires are al ready forged, arid will soon he laid upon the Atlantic plateau, that shall rivet America to Europe and to Asia. The fire that glides upon them must scorch away the differences of race and nation; and the Orient which has played such a distinguished part in the crea tion, in the dispersion and redemption of the human family, may, through Western influen ces, witness another transfiguration, and a new creation more beautifhl than the dream of poetry, when man shall be refined of the dross that now encumbers ids divine essence,' and tho words of prophecy have a new meaning when it says: “ I will make a man more precious than fine gold—even a-man more preciouß than the gold ofOphirl” SOUND ADVICE. Saturday’s Worth American, speaking of Kansas, and of the late harmless opinion of Judge Cato, of. that Territory, speaks to its friends in Kansas as follows: “In ooaaequence of the opinion given by Judge Cato, and tho obvious intention of the party having possession of tho clootion officers, it is now said that tho freo State mon will refuse to vote. We trust that this may not prove truo. The taxes in dispute are searcely worth the soorlfioo meditated to avoid their payment. It is high time that the do-nothing policy was abandoned in Kansas, and that the majority, acknowledged on all hands to bo overwhelming in favor of a free State, shoald assert its powor in the legitimate way of an electoral triumph at tho polls. There is good sense in this counsel. If there is a majority in favor of a freo State, let it he shown. Before the docision of a legal majori ty of citizens, inhabitants of tho Territory, and submitting to the laws of tho legally chosen Legislature, all patriotic men will bow. It is to secure this result that Governor Walker has labored in discharging Ids great and re sponsible trust, and to which tho Administra tion of Mr. Buchanan has pledged itself before the country. The Delaware Ca nal Break. The Trenton State Qatette learns the break in the Delaware canal, below Now Hope, will require a week or ton days to repair. A temporary dam has been thrown across tho canal below the outlet lock, which will enable transporters to reach Philadelphia or New York by tho Delaware and Raritan Canal; but it is probable that the break will cause a serious Interruption to the coal transportation. A largo number of boats are already gathered in the dam at Easton, and will, perhaps, lio up there until the repairs are completed and the entire navigation of the canal is resumed. Soutiieen Commercial Convention. —Tho convention met at Knoxville, Tennessee, on Monday. Eight hundred delegates were prc. sent. Mr. Deßow, of Louisiana, was chosen president of the Convention. Vice presidents were chosen from Tennessee, Georgia, Florida, Mississippi, North and South Carolina, Alaba ma, Virginia, Arkansas, and Maryland. LITERARY. FOREIGN ETCHINGS; OR, OUTLINE SKETCHES .OP THE OLD WORLD’S PLEASANT PLACES. By Jambs W. Wall. 1 vol. 12mo. S. C. Atkinson , Hur .lington, N. J. Mr. Wall modestly declares that the contents of this volume are “ more outline sketches.” But a sketch by a good artist is more valuable than an elaborate painting from inferior hands. There is in this boelt the materiel for a much more ambitious publication. The author went to Europe with antecedent general knowledge (derived from study) of the places which he had to visit, of the principal historical inci dents connected with them, and of the person ages who were lending actors in those events. He passes In front of Christ’s Hospital in London, and remembers tliat “Leigh Hunt, Coleridge, and Lamb gambolled once in that area.” He approaches Ilolborn Hill, and thinks that Lord William Russell passed that way on his way to execution in Lincoln’s Inn Fields. He glances at the placid scenery of Richmond, and thinks of Thompson, the poet. So oh, whatever part of Europe he saw, his well-stored mind had somo association con nected with every place of note. Ho traversed, thus prepared, through tho most noted parts of Scotland, England, France, Switzer land, Germany, and Prussia, and gives rapid sketches of whatever ho saw. Though he devotes only a single chapter to Paris, it is more full of interesting and instructive matter than distinct volumes whioh wo have read. Mr. Wall soems to have taken in all the leading points at a glance, and to have recorded his impressions with gracetbl ease. There is no attempt at “ flno writing,” no sentence-spinning, no book-making. Ho concentrates, without losing a certain natural ness of expression which is constantly vivid. The second part of these “ etchings” shows Italy, as viewed by one who, “ a scholar and a ripe one,” came prepared to look at the Niobe of Nations with a scholar’s eyo and memory. Naples, Pompeii and. Rome are thus viewed, and, in the record of tliat view, tho glorious Past is reproduced. Wo havo soldom found a book of travel so entirely to our mind. Tho author never protrudes himself, blit is always full of information and quick, clear, and sometimes eloquent in communicating it. We aro always pleased when their educated young men, who havo mado tho European tour, communicate tho result of our observations to tho world; for tho comments of a fresh, young, intelli gent mind upon other countries, are always worth reading—particularly whon, as in the present instance, they add to our stores of in formation. Mr. Wall, it is to be hoped, will notallow his pen to remain idle. Active minds like his are destined to honorable labor, and their country Ims a right to expect good re sults from their activity. Such minds reflect credit on the country. Goodwood Cup. The Mowing Star (London paper) of August 4, says : “The Goodwood Cup has now been carried off four times by our alUes—Hllies in sport as well as in war. The Amcrioan venturo was not diucou raging, and it was attended by circumstances which will doubtless indueo' Mr. Ten Broook| and his countrymen to prolong their stay amongst English sportsmen. Roth the American horses that run for tho Goodwood Cup evidently lacked an English preparation. Pryor, in particular, seem ed fat; and, after tho impatlonco which ho display ed before tbo start, people wero surprised to see him figure so prominently In tho race. I havo no hesitation In stating, however, that If the. Ameri can horses had boon ridden by English jookeys, they would have been much nearer the winner at the finish. Indeed, at the distance, Prioress looked quite formidable, and her success appeared to bo within tho range of possibility, tier rider, how ever, sat bolt upright upon hor and held her in a manner which would have excited suspicion had an English jookey adopted the same stylo of riding. The Americans, in foot, seemed ignorant of ‘nursing? and easing their horses, und of making those finishes which impart something artistic to the. profession of an English jockey. Prioress, too, was nearly going tbo wrong ooutbo, and hor rider did not discover tho mistako until the lead was taken from him, and he saw the horses bearing'away to his right. After tbeir per formance at Goodwood, however, the pretensions of the American horses will be no longer dispar aged.” • ’ Commencement of Bowdoin College* The anniversary exercises consequent.on the celebration of the fifty-first commencement of Bow doin College, Maine, w*re duly observed on Mon day, the 3d Instant, and following days, closing on qf August. • When tho State of Massachusetts WjdriMiotton'tMr the colohy which no’fr forms the State of Maine, the old commonwealth made a munificent donation of land to the district for, col* lege pttrpocea. Bowdoin College was Incorporated in the year 1794, and its first class graduated fa the year 180 ft.. it hag been presided over by men hf great intellectual ability, a list of- whose names and services we publish with our spool*! report of the late exercises. The class which graduated this season was the largest whioh was ever sent from the halls of Bowdoin,,, No honorary degrees Sore conferred.-Hon. Edward Everett repeated i address on “Washington,” and the orations, Presidential levee, dinner, ball and general festivi ties wert of the ora*! pleasing eharaoter. THE PRESS*—PffIiiADELPHIA< TUESDAY, AUGUST 18, 1857. CORBMPQNDENCE. ' [Oor*espoifd*qc« GfTif»«,P*hßB.] ' ' v . ■ j f - Washington, Aug-17,1657. Since ii-has been established withcertainty that the Detoocr&tio part; will command a working ma jority in the next House of Representatives, there has been an active canvass for nomination to tho offices within its gift. The candidates for the speakership are, so far as I can learn, Hon. Jaa. L Orr, of South Oarolina; Hon. John S. Pholps, of Missouri; Hon. Thos. L. Bocock, of Virginia; Hon. G. W. Hopkins, of Virginia; and Hon. J Glancey Sones, of Pennsylvania. For Door-keeper, (who will havo extensive patronage), Mosars. MoKnew, of the District of Columbia; Gorman, of Maryland; Benj. Dorsey, ot Maryland; Daniells, of New York; Devine, of Virginia; Hackney, of Virginia; Ber rett, of Massachusetts; Johnson, of Indiana; Campbell, of New York; and Allien, of Georgih; and for Postmaster, Messrs. John M. Johnson, of Virginia, (the former Postmaster), and MiohAel Cluskey, of Georgia, (the editor of tho Polittca! Encyclopedia), Clerkship. For the Clerk of the House of Representatives, which of late years has been dignified into a position of great honor and trust, I have heard named as candidates only Hon. Jas. Allen, of Illinois, mem ber of the l&9t House and the one preceding it, and Mr. Bankß, of Virginia. There may be others but I have not heard of them. Tho nomination for Cleareship, it is said, will depend upon the nomi nation for the Spoakorship. If a Northern man is taken up for one, a Southern man will be taken up for the other. X- Y. There will be two new States asking for admis sion into tho Union at the next session of Congress— Minnesota and Kansas. Both will, in tuy opin ion, be free States. Tho letter of General Atehi son to the Charleston Mercury was not necessary to convince the oonntry that Kansas would not be a slave State. You haro very pro perly re-called the oandid prophecies of much more moderate and far-seeing Southern men, that this was certain. Those true conservatives of of the South will not complain of this result. Des tiny, and not demagoguery, has done the work. Climate and tho course of emigration, and the in terests of men, have done it. The Now Orleans Delta and tho Charleston Mercury cannot de duce, from a state of facts like this, an appeal, en titled to tho appellation of an argument, against the friends of the Constitution in the free States. Thoy may use strong language, and attempt to stimulate tho local passions, and, for a while, thoy may succeed, but in the tranquil confidence which now rules the publio mind suoh appeals will not pro duce lasting fruits. Tho Democratic party of the North fought [the Kansas issuo through with a steady front. It is unnecessary to show who inau gurated tho repeal of tho Missouri line, except to say that those who did so aro now tho greatest favorites with the extreme men of tho South. If Kansas became a slavo State to-morrow, no matter for how brief a period, thoso who would have to bear the opprobrium pf fauatioism would bo tho devoted Democracy of tho froo States, the earnost friends of tho South Thoy wero prepared for either result’, and now, when, as a justsequence of a principle which thoy and tho whole South en dorsed in 1856, Kansas may become a freo State, what injustice for any portion of tho Southern press and politicians to seok Satisfaction in de nunciations of, and separation from, thoirNorthorn advocates and friends! Solitaire. [Correspondence of The Press.] Pittsburgh, August 13,1857. Dear Sir: I havo read your admirable jour nal with pleasure and instruction. As a Demo crat, I rejoice in its success, and as a oitizon do* siring to see a correot literary taste formed by the people, I trustitscirculation may beoomo immense. If an occasional note from this oity would add to the interest of your columns, I shall be happy to supply you with the same. The weather is intensely hot; business is, in a manner, suspended; the swarthy artisan loans on his anvil—tho olork sleeps at his desk—the lawyer nods ovor his first briof, and our penniless aristoc racy, having closed thoir front doors and shutters, have retired from the parlor to tho kitchen, where empty stomachs war furiously with empty heads. Within a fow years our city has obtained a most unenviable reputation. Bloody affrayp, seductions, abortions, crim. con., and murders, aro of suoh frequent occurrence as to cause'neither surprise nor horror. Eight persons are oonfined in the county prison charged with murder, all of whom havo ta ken human lifo within twelve months. The Democratic County Convention will be held on the 26th of August. A good tioket, composed of consistent and reliable Democrats, will doubtless bo nominated, and tho chances for carrying the county by a handsome majority will he greatly in ‘creased. The liquor men have formed a formidable league and raised a large sum of money; their influence, if it be not decisive, will bo felt at the coming election. While temperance men talk and bluster, liquor dealcrareeolve and not; and while tho former indulge in rhetoric 'without opening'their purses, the latter concentrate their energies ‘and thoir money, and thus obtain an easy victory. Our courts of justice—so called IVorti ohdrtesy— have adjourned pro bono publico, and that impos ing nuisance known as ‘‘The Temple of Justice” deserted by those by whom it is usually frequented. Our rivers aro in fine navigable order, but boals find few passengers and little freight. Yesterday a number of coal boats left our port—a most unusu al thing at this season, and tending to falsify tho assertion of a distinguished statesman, that the Ohio is dried up half the year. Your paper Is eagerly looked for here, and is read with pleasure and instruction. Trusting, my dearFomoy,that your energy, enterprise and talent may be appreciated, I remain, yours truly, Pp.ter Piper. TELEGRAPHIC. [SFECtAt. DESPATCH TO TUi PRESS.] FROM WASHINGTON. Tho statement in the different, papers, that Mr. Bu chanan does not intend to make any further diplomatic appointments until the Senate te In session, is, 1 have every reason for believing, without foundation, inas much as he has already named a number of gentlemen, In accordance with custom, without awaiting for the assembling of Congress. On Monday next the proposals for tho steam sloop of war will be opened at the Navy Department. Your townsmen, Dibelt & Linn, will be vigorously pressed by your city And State delegation. Mr. Kritt’s Sulphur Springs letter is read with avi dity by tho enemies of the Administration, and although there is a good deal of brimstone in it, I do not think anybody will bo censured but himself. Hon. D. K. Moßea, l&to Consul to Paris, is now at his home in North Carolina. The various rumors aa to the appointment of his successor are utterly baseless, but there can bo no doubt that a weil-knowu and efficient Democrat will be selected for the vacancy. Columbia, B.C.,Aug. 17. —Governor Walker left here this afternoon for NaHhvillo, Tennessee. Alexander 11. Stephens has announced himself as a candidate for Congress in tho eighth district of Georgia. Ho decidedly, but courteously, condemns Governor Walker's course in Kansas, and thinks that he should be recalled. The Submarine Telegraph Cable. Bt.JohsB,N. F., August IT.—Tho steamer Victoria left here yesterday, to meet the submarlno cable fleet, which will probably arrive on Thursday or Friday next. No accident lias happened to mar the undertaking. Shooting Affray at Dnbnque. Dubuque, August 17.—Quite an excitement was cre ated here this morning by &n attempt on the part of Mr. Mulkecn, the prosecuting attorney, to shoot Mr. Dorr, the editor of the Express and Herald , on account of the latter refusing to make a retraction of certain offensive remarks which appeared In an artlclo pub* llshed on Saturday. Mr. Mulkecn fired twice, neither shot taking effect. Tho Ontonagon Miner, of August 2st, says: “ The largest ohlp yet cut from tho Minnesota mass was taken off a few days siuee. It meas ured thirty-one inches in length. It was fairly taken from a regular cut in the great mass. It is tho largest yet mado in this district, and, as far as wo know, In any other. The copper beats up about one-third of Ha length in cutting—that is, tho place from which tho chip is taken is about hair as large again ns the chip, so that the copper in tho mass must havo occupied a length of 471 Inches. There are numerous cuts in tho mass of muoh greater length than this. Tho largest which wo hnvo seen is seven feet throo inches. “When it is considered that these outs always ropresont only tho thickness of the mass, some idea of tho mugnitude may bo imagined. At the Franklin Mine, scotion 24, on the Pewabio vein, they aro taking out some specimens of barrel cop per and rich stamp stuff, though their operations commenced but a few weeks sinco. At the Pewa bio they have ovory assuranco that the yield for the current year will not fall short of two hundred tom?. At tho Quinoy, on the Pewabio vein, a party of men havo taken a contract to atrip the vein from No. 2 to No. 3 shaft, a distance of threo hundred (foot on tho surface, at one hundred and twenty dollars per ton—sixty per cent, copper. ' They took out ton tons in Bevcn weeks. Tho Isle Koyul aro averaging from twenty-five to twenty-eight tons per month. The expenditure necessary to effect nn easy and safe ingress and egress to and from Portage Lako is all that is now needed to render this one of tho most populous and productive—as it is now.tho most picturesque—por tion of tho mineral range. Copper from Lake Supemor.—Tlio 1 quantity of copper from the several mines of Lake Superior, wbioa'ftaflfed thoSaultSte. Marie from tne Ist to the 24th of July, Inolusive, was as follows: Tom, ' ..690* 85 Sir Minnesota, Rockland., National.. North American. *...1W Portage.. v f® Copper I»D* «jf Adventure.».« 25 P*wWe....; 21# Connecticut!..,. 17 Sunday was the 80tb anniversary of tlio battle of Bennington—an occasion on whioh “Mol ly Stark” was not made a widow. N. F. 'Willis describes a she«t of, blotting uaher from Washington Irvlna’a deek, a* “the door mat on which the thought* of Irving’elart book had wiped their sandals as they went in.” Washington, August 16, 1857. Washington, August 17,1857. Southern Items, The Copper Mines, Tons. Arctic lew Norwich 10 Quincy 11 Huron 8v Ridge. i sj Nebmlu... 9* We RoyMi 14* Mines not specified.. .996 .Total 1,776 FOUR DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE ARRIVALOF THE'COLUMBIA. ; - THE SUBMABINE ■ TELEOKAPU' CAEI.E. Inctease of tho British Army. THE FALL OF DELHI CREDITED. TROUBLE BETWEEN FRANCE AND TURKEY Recall of Gen. Concba from Cuba. DEATH OF EUGENE SUE MAZZINI AND ITALIAN AFFAIRS Tho Collins mall steamship Columbia nrrived at New York yesterday morning with Liverpool dates to the sth inßt., four days later than those furnished by the Canada. The flteamor City of Washington, from New York, arrived out on the sth inst. The Submarine TolograpU Squadron left Queens town on the 2d inst., for Valentia Bay, to com mence the laving of the cable. GREAT BRITAIN. Lord Palmerston in the Lower House, and Lord Panmuro in tbe Upper, announced that Govern ment would oak for permission to embody the militia any time between tlm and March next Tho Premier did not enter into particulars—reserv ing to hlmsolf the privilege of aolng so by-and*by; but the Secretary-at-War stated that tho despatch of troops to tho East rendered it necessary to raise ton new battalions, in order to strengthen the regiments at homo from eight hundred and forty men to 1,000, aim the regiments in India from 1,000 to 1,200. When reminded by Lord Hard* wioke that Ministers wero now about to do what the Opposition had long since recommended, the reply of Lord Panmure was, that at that time such an arrangement would interfere with the getting in of the harvest. The Objection, however, is as applicable now ns then, and is merely a silly excuse; for of course there was no necessity in oither caso to commence the recruiting until after the crops had been got in. The pro posal, however, is a prudent one, but just at this moment it conveys a false impression. People will take for granted that Government have fears whloh thoy do not avow; when, in point of fact, they only want, in tho event of things going wrong, to do what they liko without oaliing Parliament together. ’lt would, however, have been better had they, on tho news of tbe mutiny, prepared for the worst, and expedited 40,000 men to India. Tho next mall will probably allay all fears, and oxempt the reoruitiDg sergoant from tho exorcise of those moans whtoh make incipient heroes. —London Post. The Times, in a leader on the visit of the Empe ror Napoleon, says: “Just now that the northern and eastern sovereigns of Europe have been meet ing at Berlin to discuss the maintenance of their own interests, a visit from a great ally, who has so muoh in common with ourselves, is especially op portune. A meetingbotween tho two great western sovereigns is doubly welcome. It will show the European world that an allianco which has been distinguished by such glorious success is as strong as ever, and that Franco and England will still presorve, by their union, tho stability of Europe.” Her Majesty reviewed tho 34th and 42d regi ments previous to thoir departure for India. Tho royal party also visited oaoh troop ship. ■ It iB stated that all the members of tbe East In dia Company's civil flervice, at present on leave of absence, have, with tho exception of the sick, boon ordered to return forthwith. Lord John Russell rnado amotion for a committeo to inquire if Jews oannol be admitted into Parlia ment on taking tbe affirmation under tho existing aots. Agreed to. An Indian loan of five or ton million pounds is again spoken of. PERSIA. The Globe believes that no authentic statement of the refusal of the Porsians to ovacuato Herat has boen roooived from any trustworthy quarter. FRANCE. The silk harvest in Franco is from one-third to ono-fourth under a fair or ordinary crop. The new wheat is of excellent quality nnd bulk, and reali zes from 1 to 2 franos tbcfhectolitro advnnco upon old. A good early vintage is oxpectod. The London Discount Company held their first annual meeting to-day, when, after Borne discus sion, tho report was adopted. HEATH OP EUGENE BUE. Paris, Aug. 3. —Engono Sue died this morning at 6 o’clock. INDIA AND CHINA MAILS. Southampton, Tuesday.—The steamer Colombo lias arrived with India and China malis; left Alexandria on tho 23d, Malta on the 26th, and Gibraltar on the 30th ult. She has ono hundred and forty-throo passengers, but no specie. Tho Indus arrived at Gibraltar on tho 25th ult., and sailod for Alexandria tho same evening. SOUTH AMERICAN MAILS. Southampton, Tuesday.—Tho steamer Potropolis has arrived with dates from Rio to July 2. Bahia 7, Pernambuco 13, St. Vinoont 20, and Lisbon 30. At Rio oofice steady, business dosing at an ad vance of about 100 reils. Freights slightly im proved. Flour limited in supply, and not muoh disposition to purchase at higher pricos asked Ex change on London 2s. 4d. At Pernambuco prices of sugar continued high. Produoo without change. Freights nominal. Ex ohango 2s. 4d. The steamer Tamar, from England, arrived at St. Vincont on the 20th ult. The Potropolis reports that Captain Osborne’s squadron of gunboAtß for China had arrived safe at Rio, and would leave for Java on 3d July. Mr. Thomas Gollan, tho British vice-consul at Pernambuco, was murdered on the Bth of July. A Urge reward is offered for the assassin. | Lisbon stock market dull; scarcely any variation fcora previous quotations. T THE NETHERLANDS. The Hague, Aug. 3.—Tho Netherlands Govern ment has presented to tho States General a vrojet de soi, having for its object tho abolition of slavory in tho West indies. The basis of tho projet will be an indemnity, which U calculated at 34.000,000 guilder*, to be paid to the proprietors of the slavos. .The Gonoa Gazette contains a short abstract of Maxxini’fl article, the publication of which causod the seizure of the Italio del Popolo on the 29th ult. Mauini, after describing the part taken by himself and hla adherents in the late moroments, denies there having been any intention of pillag iug or blowing up public edifices. He adds that at Gonoa tho movement was not directed against the Piedmontese Government, but that it was intended to turn tbe means of action which Genoa possesses to account, and to draw Piedmont into a revolu tionary war. Mazzini concludes by declaring that he will not cease until he has attained bis objeot. The King had ordered the construction of two submarine telegraphic lines, the one to conueot Sicily with Malta, and tho other to oonncct it with Tunis. By the former line, whencompleted, a con siderable saving of time will be effocted in tho re ceipt of news from tho Levant and from India. SPAIN. A despatch from Madrid says that tbe Marquis Serrano nas superseded Generul Concha ns Governor General of Cuba. • ■ THE DANUBIAN PRINCIPALITIES [from the Times.] Wo have received the following telographie do* spntch from our Vienna correspondent: Vienna, Sunday, Aug. 2.—M. de Thouvonel, tbe French utnbaßßador, bos received orders to break off diplomatic relations with tho Porto if the Mol davian elections nro not declarod null and void. Constantinople, Aug. 2.— The French ambas sador. failing to obtain tho setting aside of the Moldavian elections, suspended relations with tbe Porte on Thursday last, and prepared to leave Con stantinople. To prevent tnat step tho Sultan changed bis Ministers. Mustapha Pasha [of Crete) is appointed Grand Vizier.Aali Pasha Minister of Foreign Affairs, Redschid Pasha fox-Grand Vizier) President of tho Tenzimut, Kidmil Pasha (of Jedda) Saraskier. VISIT OF THE EMPEROR NAPOLEON TO OSBORNE. Paris, August 3.—The Emperor and Empress will quit the chateau of St. Cloud to-morrow, on their way to OsbornB, the residence of the Queen of England. Their Majesties will set out on thoir re turn on Monday next. AUSTRALIA. ’ Dartmouth, Tuesday—Tho passongers and mail have been landed here from Swlftsuro, Captain Price, which has made a passage of ninety-six days from Melbourne, and briugs 60,000 ounces of gold. ’ Tho Daily News Southampton correspondent says: “ Tho passongers from India, by tho Colom bo, firmly bcliovo that Delhi has fallen. They state bazaar intelligence outstrips government nows; and that, according to bazaar intelligence, Delhi had fallen when tho Madras passengers left. An omeuto was fully expected in that presidency. Tho Europeans wero under arms; 1,700 nrmod men wero found about the residence of the King of Oade, although, according to treaty, ho was not allowed ono armed attendant. Sir Colin Camp boll’s possago through Egypt was an ovation. lie Surposes dividing the army into five or six flying iviflions, with a general at tho head of each. The Globe says : “ Tho whole of the largo forco placed under ordors for India boforo tho arrival of the lost mail will bo embarked by the end of this week It has sinoo been determined substantially to inoreoso tho reinforcements; and, along with some addition to tho artillery force, two regiments of cavalry and four of infantry will be placed under orders tor tho Eifct. Tho 7th Hussars will bo ono of tho cavalry corps, and tho othor proba bly tho 4th or 6th Dragoon Guards. Tho infantry regiments nro the 66th, 06tb, 92d Highlanders, und in all likelihood tho 44th regimont. They will bo made up to 1200 mon oach. Owing to the large artillery force boing sont out, AlajorGenura! Depu ties will proceed in command of that branch of the army; and probnbly, from tho great inorease to the European troops, sorno of tno colonels of the army will ho appomtod to the command of bri gades, with tho temporary rank of Major General.” Ono thousand additional foot artillerymen are to proceed to India at onoo. Tho East India Company has made a requisition for 6,000 additional troops. SEDITIOUS PROCLAMATION FROM DELHI. The following proclamation from Delhi has been republished at Caloutta: “Bo it known to all tho Hindoos and Mahometans, tho subject and servants on the part of the officers of the English forces Rtationcd at Delhi and Meerut, that all the Euro peans are united on this point-first, to deprivo the army of their religion, and thon turn by tho force of strong measures to Christianize all the subjects. In met it is tho absolute ordors of tho Governor-General to servo out cartridges made up with swine and beef fat; if there bo 10,000 who re sist this, to blow them up; if 50,000, to disband them. For this reason wo hnvo, merely for the sake of tho faith, concerted with nil the subjects, and have not loft ono infldol of this place alive, and have constituted the Emperor of Delhi upon this engagement, that whichever of the troops will slaughter all thoir European offioerß and pledge allegiance to him, shall always receive double salary. JHfundreda of cannon and immenso treasure have come to hand; it is therefore requi site that all who find it difficult to become Chris tians, and all subjects will unite cordially With the army, take courage, and not leave the seed of these devils in any placo. All theexpeudlturesthat may be incurred by tbe subjects in furnishing supplies to the army, they will take receipts for the same from the officers of the army, and retain them by themselves: they will receive doublo price from the Emperor. Whosoever will at this time give way to pusillanimity, and allow himself to be over reached by these dcceivors, and depend upon their word, will experience the fruits of their submission like the Inhabitants or Luoknow. It is therefore necessary that all Hindoos and Mahometans should be of one mind in the struggle, and make arrangementsfor their preservation, with theadvioe of some croditablepersons. Wherever the arrangement shall bo good, and with whomsoever the sutyeota shaft be pleased) those individuals shall bo placed in high office in those places. And to circulate copies of this day’s proclamation in every place, bo far as may be possible, be not understood to*be Jess than the stroke of the sword. Thatthia proclamation be stuck up at a conspicuous place, in order that all Ilindoos and Mahometans may-Be come apprized and bo prepared. If the inudela now beoome mild, it is merely an expedient to save their lives. Whoever will be deluded by thoir frandß, he will repent. Our roign continues. Thirty rupees to n mountod and ten rupees to a foot soldier will bo the salary of tho new servants of Delhi.” Financial and Commercial, London Money Mabkrt, August 6th.—Cousolb closed for money and accounts at 90 / , f«*9oif. Tho 7V;n«.t city article pays : “The extent to which tbe estimate of the cost of the insurrection Is augmen ted by all the details received by the last mail,|the plun der of the treasuries having, according to one state ment, reached nearly two million pounds, was among the causes of the increased heaviness in consols yesterday, and the news of tbe Turkish ministry, looking at tho in fluences from which It has arisen, operated unfavorably. Lato in the day it transpired that the India Company have made a requisition upon the Government for 0,000 additional troops of all arras, infantry, cavalry, and ar tillery, with a view of strengthening the forces in Ma dras and Bombay, which have been weakened by draughts for Bengal.” The Liverpool Pott of the 6th rej-b : Yesterday being the 4th of tbe month, the demand for money both in the Discount Market and at theßank was exceedingly great. In tho Btock Exchange the rate on Government Securi ties remained at about b)4 per cent. Tho announce ment of the demand for 0,000 more troops for ludia. and for the intended arrangements with regard to tbe militia, were the chief causes of the general depression Ju Con sols; but the operations in connection with tbe ap pronchiug settlement likewise exercised an unfavorable Jn/lucnce. The suspension was announced yesterday of Forster Rutty, Ilall Sc Co., Scotch and Manchester warehouse men. Their liabilities are supposed to be rather con siderable, probably over £60,000, and an impression seems to prevail that the liquidation will be very favo rable. Tho Admiralty has issued a circular directing the commanders of her Majesty's shlpß to make periodical returns of all merchant vessels they may meet at sea, sigualizing their names by means of tho new commer cial code of signals authorized by the Board of Trade, At Paris on Tuesday the fundß closed at 07 francs for money, and 67 3) for account. Letters from London mention tho capture of a set of coiners of English sovereigns and other foreign pieces at Braga, about 69 miles from Oporto. The number of the party was seven, and among them was a priest. Another priest, who appears to have been tho leader, has escaped. Liverpool Cotton JifARKET, Aug. 4.— The circulars report tho sales of Cotton for the week were 13,000 bales, including 10,000 for speculation and 14,000 for ex port. The market closed quiet but steady, with firm prices, at the former quotations. The sales of Tuesday were estimated at 2.000 bales. Liverpool Bse idstuffs Market.— The circulars re port tho Breadstuffs market as very dull, withaslifigt decline in all qualities. Messrs. Richardson, Spence, Sc Co.’s circular quote flour or continuing very dull, but with steady prices. Also, wheat dull, and 3d. lower. Corn dull, with a decline of fid.ols. for mixed and yellow. Other circulars quote flour as dull, at a decline of 6d.; wheat dull and ld.c2d. lower, and a decline of od. on mixed corn. Messrs. Richardson, Spence, Sc Co., report the follow ing quotations: Floor —Western canal, 305.©30a. 6d.; Philadelphia and Baltimore, 305.©315.: Ohio, 22i. WiiEA-r—Red, Bs.aBs. 9d ; white, 95.095. 7d. Corn— Mixed, 375. 6d.a 385.; white, 455.e40a.; yellow, 375. 6d. ©3Bs. The prospects of tho harvest continue favorable. Liverpool Provision Market, —The market was generally quiet. Lard quiet, with a Blight advance in all qualitica. Sales at 70s. Liverpool Provision Market.—Beef closed quiet but Arm. Pork quiet. Bacondull, and the sales at auc tion were a complete failuro. London Markets, Aug. 4—The Circulars of the Lon don markets report eugardull,and od.©lb. lower. Coffee dull, with a decline of all qualities. Tea firm and un changed in prices. State of tub Trade— Tho advices from Manchester are of a favorable character. Foreign Markets, James M’llenry Sc Co’s Circular per “ Columbia.” Provisions— Some sales by auction of Bacon have been attempted, but without much success—the Btock exceeds 20,000 boxes, more or less out of condition, but held for high prices—for parcels iu good order buyers ©an be had at extreme rateß. Fine Cheese is wanted—inferior is not saleable. There is not much doingin Beef or Pork -10,000 tierces Navy are to bo offered next week at the Government stores, pending which dealors wont buy, though it is well known that many thousand additional troops are to be despatched to India. Bacon— Long Middles, rib in 48s. to 495. per cwt. Boneless, 2s. more. Short Middles, rib in, 51s. to 625. per cwt.; boneless, 2s. more; C. cut, rib in, 465. to 48s. per cwt. Cubbsb— flue, 645. to 66s per cwt.; ordinary to fair, 30s. to 40s. Ber cwt. Bebf— new, Prime Mesa, 1503. to 1655. per erce. Pork— new, Prime Mess. 90s. to 955. per barrel. Shoulders— Dew, none. Lard has advanced to 70s. Tallow remains steady at 60s. Bread stuffs—At this day’s market business was dull —all article* lower. The harvest makes satisfactory progress. Wheat— White—Canadian—9s. 2d. to 9s. 6d. W *0 lbs: White Southern, 9s 3d. to 9a. fid. 4P 70 fcs; Red Western, Bs. 2d. to Bs. 4d. do; Red, Southern. 9s. to 9s. 3d. do. Flour— Western Canal, 30s. to 31s. W 196 lbs; Philadelphia, 6cc., 31a. to 325. do; Ohio, 325. to 335. do; St. Louis, 335. to 355. do. Induk Corn— Yellow, 38s. to 38s. 6d. 4? 480 fts; Mixed, BT».6d. to 38a. do; White. 425. to 465. * THE CITY. Tragic Jffair in the Sixth Ward—A Nephew Shot and Instantly Killed by his Uncle — Excite* mentyfye.— Yesterday afternoou, between four and five o’clock, a terrible shooting affair, resulting in death of a young man named William Loo Smith, took place at a tavern, No. 323 Cherry street, kept by Mr. Joseph Ripley, be tween Third and Fourth streets. The neighborhood was thrown into tho greatest excitement, and con flicting rumors of the origin of the affair were eVerywhoro originated. Tho fnctsof the ca3o, as we have ascertained them, after careful inquiry and investigation, are as fol lows: George Freeth, the alleged murderer, is an Englishman by birth, and about forty-one years of ago. Ho has been residing in this city for ten years, a portion of which tirao he has been em ployed in the jewelry establishment of Simons A Bros.. Sansoin street between Sixth, and Seventh. Ffeoth is a married man, being possessed of two wives. About threo yoars ago he left this city for England, loaving behind hint a wife and several children. Arriving in England, he made a propo sition to his nephew, a young man named William Lee Smith, about thirty years of age, to accompany him to Ibis country. This proposition was agreed to, and accordingly they embarked in a sailing vessel for America, and on the passage over Freeth seduced a young Irish girl, and aftorwards, on arriving in this country, married her Some throe months after this, this young girl brought a charge of bigamy against Freeth, he in the meantime boing thrown into prison for about nine months to await the, production of the proper proofs to establish the fact of the marriage. The accusing parties failing in their object, the accused was accordingly released from prison. While Freeth was in prison, it is alleged that Smith lived with Freeth’s wife, she in the proper courso of time bearing him a child. Both tho individuals were now engaged at the establishment of tho Messrs. Simons A’ Brothers— Freoth, after his releaso, obtaining his old situa tion. lie continued at that place until within a year, when ho was discharged from their employ on suspicion of larceny. He thon, it is said, left for Richmond, Va., at which place, until within a few months past, he was engaged in the gun-smith ing business. On his return to the city, about three months ago, ho had a difficulty with Smith, who had in the mcantimo been discharged on account of drunken ness from the employ of these gentlemen. On that occasion Freeth had a warrant issued for Smith ; but on tho day of trial ho (Freeth) being in New York, Smith was discharged from custody. Yesterday afternoon, between four and five o’clock, as Freeth was riding in tho Fourth street omnibus, in tho neighborhood of Fourth and Cherry streets, ho observed Smith standing at the corner in conversation with some othor individual. Ho immediately left the omnibus, and walked towards Smith; a few remarks here took place be tween them, the import of which, in oonsequepco of tho many floating rumors, we are unable pre cisely to stato. Freeth alleged that Smith struok him, upon which ho drew a pistol and attempted to shoot him, (Smith.) This ho was deterred from accomplishing in con sequence of Smith knocking tho pistol from his hands. By this time Smith had been a short distance from Frooth, he, however, joining in tho pursuit. In Cherry street, bolow Fourth, there is located a drinking saloon, kept by Mr. Parsley. Into this place Smith ran, through tho bar-room of whioh, andiuto tho baok room he was pursued by Freeth. Hero three shots were fired by Freeth, two of which took offcot in the left breast of Smith, thoreby causing instantaneous death. Freoth was arrested, and had a hearing before Aldorman Enou laßt night, at nine o’clock. A hcariug was hud about nine o'clock last night, at tho Cflutral Police Station, before Aldorman Enuo. But fow spectators were present, und little interest was manifested; tho prisoner, whon pro duced, appearing the least concerned of any. Ho is about tho medium height and thin, and looks liko a weak, nervous, inoffensive man, although thero is an expression of groat cunning and deceit in his faoo. On an examination by tho Alderman ho stated that he had resided in Richmond, Virginia, since last Fall; that he was a goldsmith by trade, ami forty-fivo years of age. When charged with tho deliberate mid wilful murder of Smith, he pointed nervously up to tho leftside of his face, which wa slightly swollen, caused, as ho says, by a blow from Smith, and said “ nere is where ho struck me.” George Loethor was the only witness present, the rest boing at tho soeno of the murder attending tho Coroner's inquest, and in boing sworn, deposed as follows: I reside ut No. 1130 Wood street; was at Joseph Rieglo’s house, in Cherry below Fourth, and saw two persons come running in. They ran thfougb tho front room into the back room. I think tho person who was shot stumbled and foil, and, while ho was lying on the floor, tho prisoner fired three shots at him. I do not know how mauy of the shots took effect. They were fired from a revolver in the hands of the prisoner, and after he fired them, he told those around to send for an officer, that he was willing to be arrested. Q. Did the young man who was shot say any thing ? A. He said something, but I could not under stand what .t was. Q. Do you recognise the prisoner as the man who fired the ahote? ■ A. Yes, sir. - Q. When they came into tho tavorn, who came In first? A. The deceased camo in first, and this man after him. They appeared to have been running. The testimony hero olpsed, there being no other witnesses present, and the prisoner WA3 committed to answer the charge of murder at the next session of the Conrt of Oyer and Terminer. Coroner Dr" ~/au held an inquest in 4e case last nightfitjhe S&tifcMard station-house, bat nothing was elicited; to -what we have already stated.; We note#, of the inquest, bat its unimportance prevented publication. The -excitement in the neighborhood of the station house continued daring the greater portion of the night. City Ordinances. —The strongest argument used in favor of consolidating the different muni cipal corporations of the county of Philadelphia under one government, was the wanto£ uniformity in their laws or ordinances, each having *» cod® pc* culiar to itself, ami entirely different fcom -that. which governed the inhabitants of adjoining dis tricts, separated only by a street or an unseen add unmarked line in the same street. From a book before us, entitled u Rules for the Government of the Police Force of the city ofPhila*. •delpbiu, with Index to the digest of ordinances” purporting to be issued by “ Richard V&ux, Mayor,’ in July, 1856, we find that this evil has at last been abated, but inja very few instances. It seems that we are still governed by the ordinances of the old districts in most cases; that the Councils of the new oity have done little or nothing towards adopting a uniform government for us. Why is this 7 If the various and conflicting laws of the old districts were anjevil—and they no doubt were when those districts were in existence—are they not now, that the old district lines and distinctive governments are done awAy with, a far greater evil ? The book before us shows this in its strongest light. It is di rections to the “Police of Philadelphia” direct ing them what to do , and referring them to the or dinances of those defunct corporations to find out their duties. How is this to he done ? Some of the present “police districts” embrace parts of two or more of the old corporations. Some of the “wards” of the present city do the same. How are the police offioers in such districts to know what laws to en force? Or if they can learn from the “ old records” of the respective districts what ordinances were in force when the districts ceased to exist, how can they enforce them differently upon people living along-side of each other, so as to obtain their re spect 7 A police officer sees a dozen hand-carts'or wheel barrows trundled along the foot-way, breaking tbe shins of men, tearing tbe dresses of women, and driving all of them into the street or on cellar doors to get out of their way, and cannot interpose until they come up to a certain undefined line; then he arrests them, takes them before a magistrate, and be makes them pay two dollars for the offence , which was no offence at all above Vine street, or be low South street. Again: a policeman finds on the foot-way bricks, stones, boards, Ac., and arrests the same for the nuisance; if in old Southwark, he will makebim pay ten dollars for the offence, but if in the old oity or Moyamensing, both adjoining, only one dollar; if in the old Northern Liberties, Spring Garden, or Kensington, two dollars; and if in the old districts of Richmond, Penn, or elsewhere throughout the city, I presume nothing at all. But this is not all tbe evil. It would puzzle a Philadelphia lawyer, let alone a policeman, to find out what really is an “obstruction” of the foot-way that amounts to a penal offence. Under this head there are, in the old oity, eight different kinds of offences; Northern Liberties four; Kensington and Spring Garden each three, and Southwark and Moyamensing each two; the rest of the city none at all. “Horns” may be blown all over the present city, except the old city and Spring Garden; and cannons may be fired with impunity in old Moya mensing. Richmond, Penn, and elsewhere, except the old city, or old incorporated districts. Jl boy may fly his kite in the face of a policeman any where ovor the city, provided he keeps outside of tbe old city and Northern Liberties; but if be crosses these now obliterated lines, it is the duty of the police to take him up, and the magistrate to make him pay one dollar for his ignorance of these old laws and lines. How could the poor dumb beasts find out their “ rights and wrongs,” or the penalties they may incur, any easier than their lords and masters? If a dog chooses to go to market, or snuff the cool breeze in a public square of the old oity, he isfinea- Wofive dollars; if in old Southwark, two; if in Moyamensing, Kensington, Spring Gordon, or Northern Liberties, only one dollar; in other parts of the city, he pay go to market, or wag his tall in any public square, and no policeman dare to say “ got out.” Horses, it would seem, may roam “ loose” over all the city, provided they keep out of the old Riobmond district; if found there, they had better look out for the police, and have their two dollars ready. Of the rights and wrongs othogs and goats, against whom a war of extermination has always been waged, the “Book” says nothing; wo presume they are “outlawed.” . But to como seriously to the matter in hand “the city ordinance.” Is it not time the City Coun cils should take the subject up, and bring order out of confurion ? Make one set of laws, or ordinance, for the government of the single city of Philadel phia. Of this matter we sh&U have more to say anon. 1 The Midnight Hour. —Alone in tho vast solitude of the deserted metropolis, the long avenues are stretching away into the dark gloom, and the lost street-light in tbe reach of vision is as a distant star. The shadows are thick by the high walls, aud spread like a pall over-the pride of the architect and the glory of wealth. Far up in tbe vault above the orbs of night glitter silently, and their brightness on earth is dim. Gone is the pa geant of the day! How strangely and completely gone! Around is the likeness of the silent cities of the East, whose thronging life, whose pridfe and power have vanished. Yet the night air seems laden with the story of the sun-light hours, and to breathe it out by nook and door-way in mysterious whispers Hark ! the sound of a retreating fpotstep startles the silent atreot, as Fear is startled at the tread of Danger. The echoes linger long, for they love the loveliness; but at last growfainter, and reach the straining ear no more. Silenco again! How very still’tisnow ! Who comes here with such a soundless step 7 So comes Death when be makes no sign. The shadows cling to the formas they fain would hide it, and cover up so much of the w&sting-away. You should be woman; but, oh! tho,tale these midnight wanderings tell. Labor rests, and visions fair gild the sleop of innocence; but for these, fate is darker than these hours. Turn which way thou wilt, the wild glare of thine eye can rest upon no light of Hope. Even the flashings above have their dark some story. Sadly unfortunate how often have you turned to view with tears the Eden of departed joys? Not the world’s virtue, but its hardened selfishness, is thy judge. Go thy ways thou must,, though they lie in shadows—shadows onto the end. May Mercy find thee ! May the future be brighter and better than tbe Midnight Hour. Union Convention. —An adjonrned meeting of the Union Convention was held yesterday after noon, at the District Court Room. At the hoar designated for organization about ten persons wore present, and there was considerable delay be fore tho Convention was called to order. Tbe Chairman announced that the first business in order was to take & vote on the motion to pro ceed to a second ballot for Senator, pending at the adjournment of the Convention at its last meeting. A delegate moved to dispense with the reading of the minutes of the last session of the Convention. The Chairman—“ That motion is oat of order?” A voieo—“l move to adjourn until Monday next.” Chairman—“ That motion is out of order!” Another delegate—“ I move that when this Con vention adjourns it be to meet on Thursday after rfbon next.” Chairman—“ That motion is out of order.” Another delegate—l more that the motion to proceed to a second ballot be laid on the table. Ch&innan—“That motion is out of order.” Another delegate—“ I move that the motion to proceed to a second ballot be indefinitely post- poned.” Chairman—“ That motion is out of order.” Anqther delegate—“l move that tho vote on the motion to proceed to a ballot be postponed for the present.” Chairman—“ That motionis in order.” (Laughter and applause.) Mr. John 8. Painter desired to know the object of the motiou to postpone the ballot. He was of the opinion th.-tt there was something wrong. He wanted no underhand work, bat desired & speedy nomination. For bis part, he would vote for no one for Senator who would not support David Wiimot for Governor of Pennsylvania. (Slight applause.) Mr. B. Moore said the only object in view was to obtain time to secure a candidate who could com bine all the elements of the opposition to the Demo cratic party. Mr. Bull, of the Ninth Ward, coincided with tho remarks of the previous speaker. He believed that tbe proper man had not yet been placed in nomination. Unless there was a thorough combi nation of the forces of the opposition, defeat would bo inevitable. Mr. Painter thought that the remarks of Mr. Bull were intended to disparage the whole list of nominees. He was of the opinion that James Verree was a competent candidate. Another delegate thought that Samuel G. Ha milton was also competent, Ac. An uninteresting discussion here ensued on the merits of the candi*. dates, whioh was terminated by the decision of the President, thnt the whole proceedings were out of order. The motion to postpone for the present was then withdrawn. J. Barclay Harding nominate! nenry K. Strong for Sepator; William M. Meredith, John;M. Keed, and Thomas Holm were also placed in nomination. A prolonged debate now followed upon the ques tion to go into a ballot, which was participated in bv Messrs. Harding, Linker, and Bull. The former gentleman was quite humorous in bis remarks, and aliolted frequent bursts of laughter. In reply to a Statement of Mr. Linker, that there was “ some, thing behind the bush,” he replied In some well received remarks. The motion to go Into a ballot was lost by » vot * of 22 to 38. A motion was then made that a recess of ten minutes be taken for the purpose of allowing the Delegates from the different ward 3 to select their representative in the Committee of Superintendence. Mr. S. Rea opposed the motion, and argued that by the appointment of this committee, the very f i H object sought by the majority of this P 0 ? TeDk j? n r* that o£ BMW* H downing „ thvrtrted by mv movement of thi«. “ «nci tlraent of the opposition h»a its peryisory irg*pii»tioiV where wiß >» the odjot, where the oonsolidetion of troth? The of the ootioD. to his mind, would be wo«e tMB folly—it woul4.be seiel44.to the best inierestt of the American" Republican party in the eonuu* municipal ejection. NotwSthsiandirg the eloquent and lengthy re monstrance of Mr. Bea, the motion was adopted, and a recess accordingly taken. ■ On re-assembling, the following gentlemen were named on the Committee of Superintendence - •First Ward—Wm. MoAllister; Second Ward- Dr. B. Ward: Third Ward—o. J. Search; Fourth Ward—Thomas J. Irvin; Fifth Ward—James W- Panl; Sixth Ward-8. J. Bea; Seventh Ward-A. M. Walkinshau; Eighth Ward—J. Barc-ay Sud tag; Ninth Ward—James D. Freeborn; Tenth Ward—Albert Hughes; Eleventh Ward-Ja«ib Walker; Twelfth Ward-A. H. Dunlap teenth Ward-r Jonathan Bollock; Fourteenth Ward-fleorge H. Moore; Fifteenth Ward— Charles E. Pancoast; Sixteenth Ward—John 8. Painter; Seventeenth Ward—Matthias Myers; Eighteenth Ward—William Linker, Sr.; Nine teenth Ward—James Work; Twentieth Ward -Henry W. Graeff; Twenty-first S- Abbott; Twenty-second Ward—Frederick Ern hardt; Twenty-third Ward—T- W. Dickson; Twen ty-Fourth Ward—John J. Hoopes. There were no delegates present from the Fifth, Eighth, and Twenty-fourth Wards, and the name* of James W. Paul and J. J. Hoopes were substi tuted by a motion of the Convention. A motion wssmade tc.go into ballot for Senator, and was agreed to by a rote of 38 aye* to 23 naya- The ballot was then taken, with the following result: James Verree, 14; Henry K. Strong, 7; Samoa! G. Hamilton, 33; T. Hilm, 3; Mm. M. Meredith, 1; John M. Read, 2. Mr. Hamilton having received a majority of all the rotes cast, was declared duly nominated Sena tor. and on motion, the nomination was made unanimous. The thanks of the Convention were, on motion, retained to the officers, after which the Convention Adjourned to meet at the call of the President. “Union” City Legislative Convention.—lm mediately upon the adjournment of the County “Union” Convention, the delegates from the old city proper met in the District Court Room for tho purpose of nominating a candidate for Senator for the unexpired term of Charles B. Penrose, de ceased. J. Barclay Harding was called to the Chair, and A. M. Walkinshaw appointed Secretary, tfr- H&rding returned his thanks for the honor confer red upon him, and said that he would endeavor to discharge the duties of his position with fairness and impartiality. General nominations for Senator and Assembly were made as follow*: 8. S. Bishop, John M. Read, Wm. A. Crabbe. For Assembly—George T. Thorn, Jos. M. Cowell, Jacob Docki F. M. Adams, Joseph M. Church, Lewis R. Broom all, Henry K. Strong, Wm. Bull, James Freeborn, Lambert Thomas, F. S. Altaians, John Doublebower, D. S. Soby, John Clayton, John C. Simms, and James W. Paul. Mr. Bull moved that the whole ticket nominated by the Straight-oat Americans be placed in nomi nation. The motion was subsequently withdrawn, when Mr. 801 l was informed that that course been adopted. Tbe Convention then adjourned to meet on Thursday afternoon next. Union County Legislative Convention. —The County Legislative Convention met in tile District Court-room, No. 1, yesterday afternoon, for the pur pose of electing a County Legislative ticket. * Mr. John S. Painter in the chair; Frederick Emhardt and George H. Moore Secretaries. The following general nominations were then made: First Ward—Oscar D. Jenkins, Henry L. Smith, Samuel S. Money. Second Ward—Charles V. Hill, Austin Thomas H. Waram. Fourth Ward—John R. Orr, James Bone, Joseph R. Lyndall. Eleventh Ward—Lewis M. Green. Twelfth Ward—Nathan Spering, Isaiah P. Fit ter, Charles W. Wagner, William Nichols, Wil liam W. Taylor. Thirteenth Ward—Dr. Benjamin Malone, Wm- Neal, Jonathan Bullock, Thomas H. Hall. * Fourteenth W ard—Leonard R - Fletcher, Robert Bethell, David W. Sellers Fifteenth Ward—Abraham Myers, Cyrus C. Moore, George F. Gordon. Sixteenth Ward—George Reed, W. M. Middle ton, JohnT. Finleiter, Samuel 3. Tompkins. - Seventeenth Ward—George P. Oliver, 3fc D., T. S. Chandler. Eighteenth Ward—Charles A. Ailegord, Robert Pierce, Albert F. Hopple. Nineteenth Ward—Wm. M. Taylor; Andrew Drummond, Jeremiah E. Eldridge, Andrew Wil kinson, James Taggert, JohaS. Saatwiok, N. M. K- Story, Montgomery Johnson: Twentieth Ward—H. W. Graeff, John M. Riley, George R. fitietUisoa. Twenty-first Ward—Charles T. Abbott, John Baker, W. H. Geyer, JoferC&Precton, Chides F. Graeff; Charles T. Twenty-second Emhazdi. Twenty-third Ward—Samuel D. Sidebottom, George Gib*m Twenty-fourth Ward—Robert McFarland, Ben jamin R. Miller, Martin Van Burea Summer*. On motion, the Convention adjourned until Mon day afternoon, at 3 o’eteck. The Old Bowie.—Many and sweet truth e recollections Which cluster, around the old \trm, although we are told “it WRlbetocndowatomake room for a fine improvement.” It stand* near the well-beloved home of oar'youth, and is oaeqf the fairest spots on which memory love* to dwell. Its shadow has fallen upon us in oar dftlfy and its time-soiled front has ever tnd*ao* spoken to ua of the dim and distant The aged hare known the time when its walls wore a hue of brighter tod, and when its marble and carved adornments about with an unsoiled whitenuee in. the noonday man who has grown up within it has gone forth to battle with the world, has toil of the stranger, and returned to his home spirit-crushed. The old house has echoed with the gladsome voices of merry children, and resounded with the wail of sorrow over the departed. The young bride ha* entered it in her joy, and the widow has gone forth in her woe-r and now ii mast bow to the decree of the despoiler. “Thoeiwns the world away.”. New Locomotive.—A. magnificent new- en gine, named the Quaker City, was placed ywter daj afternoon upon the Germantown Railroad. She is built by Baldwin A Co., of this city, weighs 22 tons, and is of 44 horse power. A suite ef flags was presented to her yesterday afternoon by the people of Germantown, through Councilman Gam ble. They wero received by Superintendent H. R. Smith, both gentlemen making neat little speeches on the occasion. Melancholy Incident.—On Sunday morning, promising boy of two years' and a half, a son of a Mrs. Loobej, resident of Wert Filbert street* arose at five and drank a four ounce mixture containing a narcotic potion, a quantity of nitre and a glass of liquor. Dr. Louis M. Coates' being called to his aid at nine, succeeded in promoting respira tion and circulation; bat the nareoUc impreeion being too profound, paroxysm followed paroxysm until aeren, when death boro the spirit to the Maker who g&Ye it. Guardians of the Poor.—Yesterday after noon the Guardians of the Poor wero to hold their semi-monthly meeting at their office, in Seventh street, above Market. At throe o’olock the Frost dent, Mr. Brown, took the chair, and Moron. Cook, Dunlap, Evans, Beckett, Lloyd, Moeely, Server, Smith, and Brown, President, an swered to their nd^p. There being so quorum present, the board, on motion of Dr. Hossly, adjourned The total number of paapere in the Alms-house on Saturday last was 2,022 Fvne time last year - -' ’ - - • 1,788 Increase in 1357 wncxpmruiwox. Admitted daring the past two weeks Births “ Deaths “ Discharged Eloped Bound out Tribute of Respect.— At a meeting of the compositors of the Pennsylvanian office, held on Monday, the 17th tnst., in reference to the lament ed death of Wo. H. Woolley, one of the employees of the establishment, tbe following preamble and resolutions were adopted: Whereas. It has pleased an All-wise Providence, by one of those mysterious dispensations by which He works out his inscrutable ends, to snatch from oor circle, forever, our esteemed associate and fellow-craftsman. Mr. Wm. H. Woolley, who was accidentally drowned in the Delaware on Tuesday last. Therefore, Resolved, That the untimely and unexpected death of our late fellow-workman and companion, Mr. Wm. H. Woolley, has created a void in nor midst which we deeply feel and deplore. Resolved, That his sterling qualities as a man, and a citizen, not less than his honest zeal in pro moting the interests of the craft, had won oar highest regard and esteem, and causes ns the more-profoundly to regret the casually whieh ter minated his existence. Resolved, That to his widow and children, who by this fell stroke hare been made hnsbandless and fatherless, we tender our unfeigned and heart felt condolence in their sad bereavement; and trust that the members of a profession of which their natural head and protector was an ornament will see that they are cared for iu this their hour of need and deprivation. Resolved, Tnat a copy of these proceedings bt Bent to the widow of the deceased, and that A* several papers of the city be requested to give them an insertion. We leant by the New Bedford Siandari that protests wero on Friday entered, against ~,th# of the judge* in regard to the second uA third clams of yachts. These protests came taw tbe owners of tho Usa class, and the Island Fawn in the third former complained of ooftfaMon and n ing in regard to tho starting rigqal, and ttslettef of coming in contact with tne wa drift. Yh* committees accordingly derided that in reward t» these classes, there w**“no race,” and *o wires ' were awarded except thoee of the-fir* eta. ~ - * On Tlraaday the Norfolk (Fa.) reached the69th y«rof Its RiaMd. bat still sprightly. JLi-vw.