The press. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1857-1880, August 13, 1857, Image 1

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    ■ -££•'s&
Tlr.LT* Crut* r**.'W***, ptyibl. to thf OMrITT*.
' H&Hi toTfaferlluM onl ofihe Sit Hollins
- .fi*»rwT*oo»ltolw*B:ra*Ei4«»M6m*;Ts»».
~ ; JliiloJ t* Snycrjbor smi tbf tilb City,' It TiriOMl>ot'
- -:,;v*»siKir4«tfii, in idTiaw,' y@snt<
; aiioiun, ta *baa«s,) »t...T35,.,-,2 OQ
W '@:*et 2
- ten. . ifft«> *“S;B7S;;
' --: )H»OXGa,FAKM :,£AiiDS Vo®; SACEsS
Jtlrmlru: llndi, in' iracfaof 40 %otm ‘ Hid ilbmdßTott Um/ntoMSatanutti; ivW isi •’
, JhjHluMUysre gr«aM Wthß.Oanjmwat: to.'*l4
la the ainst ruction of thl* Bo.ii, and . lra imuiig tbe
richwt mi roost fertila ib - tlii world, ‘
■KoftteWasty.tiifongk -the middle
■ «MUMtMa,t«m>
* varieljy'fcf cflmate’hnd prodaatloQifToa&d between. those
' Wr. & ,tfie fftiMl#
an! BotfiQWDMctlpu timber predomlnhtefi, alternating
opening*;. > ‘
-\T.bje mild and than
afir pther part of thosoantiT-4he pare and bra
-’ cSd.-while' llTiiig ‘jittbAnuj and springs exoeittnt
; water abotmd. :| ’. k:^Ti •’;--- ■- . -10 ?«* ai. ,v
- >
: ;%cheap. and .dabble fnel,, being furnished M many,
-rpbUkta st-taicr# >oodcab W bad at the
;^H-'.iv a? , V-;t£«\U**£Aj./te*V' -
. - tl *a».gr«i»,{firJilitjf which.«.» » Muk
rfcliinocla,lKmi two/fo fire feet deep, and gently roll ,
. idg, tfe^r*B^lg^tf?toiiiifl'fnadj J bVwllitfieyer? fail'
iftfrnilhed- foKtMvel r «rih transportationtoths
BpfttA{»l markets North* 80Mth»J4*t>>W^,dmd:;t&e
er can be cultivated, tender
thajt nan be found*
thote morMemote At goyecaam xatea/aa theaddl; ;
tlonaX a.perMtna; tax on-tbei
litter, trbieh tam&roe borne by the pfodneer, In.the re- i
-' :•• '•' = '
The. tittle ie perfect—and when the final piymehte are ■'
dha»ani r Whi«3£ conWjr to them ab«olnt» tSilea In feb aim-;
prices f6 to 130; interest only 8 per ct.
Tvantyper ct/iWUIjW dednctedfrohi thepricafor cash.
' Th.wc wh® phrChase on long credit, giro notes payable
In.two/three, fow',- ; fiWand six yean afterdate, and are
rehoired to iznjnofe ohe-tenth. annually- for five years.
' bo aato haye oce*half the land, nnder ctU tiraUon at the
•ndoftwttnie; it ' .J" / . . ~
' Competent Barreybrs wlll tfioie wh.i wish'
te examine these £>auds, free of charge, and ald them in
-nuftihg selecticns. »,. - t -- .%.-4 '-,
v The^Lands remaining unsold are is rich and' raluable. i
as thosS which hare been deposed of.' ••
/ v - -r 1-. - SBOTIGNAT. , ' , ; ; r
Will be jent to any, one who enclose; fifty cents In
postage stamps, aadtfiioks or pahiphlets containing na
meton* inetahcM of . succMtfnl fuming, signed by re
' apeetable and well .known farmers Hying, in the neigh
borhood of the’ BaUrbad Lands’, throughout the State —
also the cost of fencing,’ price'of cattle. expense of har
vesting, threshing,,etc., —or;any
WiU be cheerfully given os application, either personally
or by letter, in JssgUsh, french, or German, addressed
t>z ' s. JOHN WILSON.
■] Xand Commissioner of the Illinois Central B< B, Co.
VOfficeln HHnoli Cental Bailroad Depot, Chioaao, Xl
■* -. 4-- - i,i ‘S' ~ ■ 1 -anl
- d/gf Cfotamandhr, The Glasgow todNew Ybrkßtto*£»
tojp. Company intend toiling >.tktos ’ ttov and poworful
V York tM*lugord&^s&mo*s:.
' -.ii' !>.i K«ir ? tOßKj»
'•'-.V- New York/'Saturday. l3noon, i
- gatnrday-j- Julyll, 12nboti'. ■ ' f “*.
tA' 7:.OJMWWt.Wednesday, Aug. 6,12n00n.' A .- ;-
. i otsMot, \ •“
‘ ~ , Edingborff,/onelli .
. /• Glasgow.'July B.' * ,
I ' NewYork,-JulyS2i ’
1 ;■, '<s £d|nbn*g, '‘ : - ", ‘’•
„- ,CUugotf,Sept 6.., • r c „
BATBS'oP/PApZAQB. , ' ‘ . ’
* first class/ s76;'thirdclass, found' with cooked pro*
visions) $30.. :&?. experienoto surgeon attached to each
steamer. For freight or passage apply-to JOHNMcSY
MONj'No. IT BROADWAY. 'New York cityhill&orgold
ohlyjedeited for passage. •• «-•> aulO-lm
. STATES MAIL fifJ&dMBHS.-The Ship*
composing this Line are< ‘ t *
• S&A AT&ANTIC,Oapt: Oliver EldrMge.
• The'BAL’nOfOapt/Joaept '
, The ADBUllO,laiftM-WMfe ' • -T.-* ,:/• v-.r
RThese ships have been built by contract,' expressly for
Government seryidej e very cure hi* been taken in (heir
- eoMtroctUmj to also fcv tbeirehgures r to ebiurtstretojjth
apgepeed, and their accommodations for passengers are,
o#MUAjled forelegance * -, _ " i
J-Yrlceof-tfaseage from New Yorkto LiyeipooLin first
e*btßL $180; in*econddo,,sTfc from Liverpool to New
York, 8p,au420 gJIMM. No berths eecnreduJileM said
foi*. The ships of this : llne'haTe'improyed ac&ter-tfght
- hnncfcOadi.- vjfc. /■ , n *
yao* REwiroßk., /• , raes wvaami...
fiattriay,-June 20, - t JBW Wednesday, /turn $4, -1857
■BB®s&fe iff
B»tnM«r;Aug. l, - -JM7. WedneiHf; Auj. 8,- 1857
; Eto4»J;Bepi.W, - iff! 254 n6s J‘7>?SPl- S ~1857
■* SeWrfiJvSept.M; 1807 WedMßduy,gept. 30,1867
Saturday, Oct. 10, 1857 Wedncadly, Oot, U, 185?
Satuiday, Oct. 24 1857 Wednesday, Oct. 28. 1857
Saturday, Nov,;: T> - • 186 T Wednesday, N6v.11, 1887
Saturday, Nov. ZL, 1857, Wednesday, Nov.
Saturday, 'JJee.'l 5,", 1867 Wednesday/Lee. 8, ’ 3867
•-. >,. *$ t.'vr 1. A’i •«; Wednesday, D6c;fi2,»Mtf
h. x.
: : Br6SI<,,BIIiPI,*X JeCO. .Liverpool. ' '•'
• .mmim HENNABD f 4 00.;; tf-Anitin Xriara,
. «wS«i* 6f ttyt« flnplf-Minot be iixoiaUbU for
■ m
flinmnijittfiti iMM OHifOTNOI. ? Me taUmfiei'
s*&s&*&&-■ W««* "cia & «uj)pU«
jwpi nil ~ Vi^>.rf)wi»S»-ii
'“■ ■. ...- .. .. //.".'UN !g,H „', ,y/s
%'• ■'
' "fi% r
',’ , jS&i
«£/ ,
&%■»«V ■
Sloping. --'-v- 1 > • ■
& heretofore MDpgtf frtke United
sendee between New YoA,'Beath!itolstpiitad
i ftWpB were* built ir|th great tore, of tKe beaV
saterislsln sm? fieptttmeat,'todtr ; the inspection of
to efltow?lo the CiUttoJßUteWiJiety? i-Thto are a boot
&4W;t&B bto&toi of the wASHINQ
WNitoiog'JBO fifet feei titan,'tad SI feet
4ejrth#'l#%»*<l'Qf itSk.HBHMMN W, 40 .-and *3l
ton., ~ ' •.; r ---
Each tofflel; is fitted with* tiro tnirine side-lever en*
|itt«,cyUiidewof't2ltol»4e f tod 19 fta strata {boilers/
Icp./aU to',complete order,todiAfuiJohlMdiwithcoal
bunkers capable.of staring 1000 tom of coal; ieaving
freightrotto’ftf tooutSSO torn measurement. There
accomtttwatiou*for 900 persons la
all the fumtture.iackel,
sttodlsitoa ruhitag fctoritoeborveliaihji tod cables;
~ fiwpitore/ todding, jttofof snYta*! gUwtare,
crockenr, mirrors, so., f
•' r If hot we riotay disposed of afprfvat# tae, they will
be,offer?! «t public auction attHe tteirchtott 1 Exchange,
in flit .01*/. ©/. New* York, on the first day ©f October
htittp’tofi there';and thea .BOH .to the highest bidder
l Jtetfttrtau* particulars, apply at the ©ffleo of .theOeeac
SttoaKafltotioiiCo.,ll South WfLUAM street, NEW
ypy £ -•:/ -y;;
pioß ENGiland and France, isot.—
, K Mr ‘ New York' and Havre 3 teams hip Company.—The,
'United States Mail-Steamships ARAQO, 3,600 tons,
Ibivid Ltnea,. pommauder/ cad>FULTON, .2.600 -tons,
James. A. Wotton, commander, will.leave ..Npw York,
Savre'atid for the years 1867 aiid ’6B, 'on
the'following days';’:
.LBAT* KIW TOR*,. -. <- „< ‘-- '<- .*‘
:* ’ 1857. , ,« 1858,
Fulton'gatnrday,Aug. 22 Arago,-Saturday, Jan. 8
-Aotfo,, aor Sept. 19 Fulton; • do. Feb. 6
.Fulton, ~do- , Oct. 17 Arago, do, March 6
-Arwo, do,. TJor. 14 Fulton, , do. April' 8
Fulton,- : do.’ Dec. 12 Are go, ' do. <31071
Fulton, , do.- Way 29
-■-<•'.1867'. r '*■ '-'.'-1867.-.
Arago, Tuesday, Aug. 25 , r Arago, Wednesday, Aug. 26
Fulton,' 'do. Sept. 22 ■. Fulton, ,do.' Sept, 23
Arego.— do: ■ 0et.26 Aragtfl ’ 'do. • Oct." 21
FoMon,, d 0... Nor: 17.1 Fulton,. ! do._ Not. 18
Awgo, • do. . , Arago, do. .pee. id
' 2858: ' ' 1858.'.“ : /
Fulton, do. Jan. 12 Fulton, do.- ■■Jda'. 13
Ayagoj if do. -,Feb<9.,; Arago,.✓ do,; Feb. •10
Fulton, ,60. March 9 , Pulton, do. Mar.. 10
‘Arago, 'do. 1 Ajiril 6' • Arago,' • -do.-' ‘ April ‘7
Faltohj ido..(. .’Mayd,- . Fulton,.;. do.Vvjuy 6‘
Arago, do. Junel Arago, - do. Juno 2
Fulton,, do. June,29 Fulton,., do. June3o
*' " ' 'FStOR 'OV PASSAGE j’ ~ ' M
-From .Near York-to Southampton or* • Ham—First
pabin, $l3O-; Second. Cabin, $76.. , t
• FromHAvre! or Southampton to New’ York—First
Cabin, 800 fraca; Second OiWn, 600 franca.'
. Fir Trtlgbt’of BUMge, apply to. ~; r*■ .
. MOBTIiJEH lIVINGBTON, Ag*nt. 7 Broadway.
OBOOKEY.4tCO.v-: *i?~ .7/ tt fiouth’ton.
• ' EXPRESS ' AND . BX-S “ ' Paris. '
■■• - - OHAWGB CO! '■> - ■ ) ' an#
O.Ships. r ' ,;
Tlit well known. Ant -class aids wheel Steamships
IpS«I» Weekly line for the. South and'Southwest, one
(if the ships sailing EVERY,.SATURDAY, atlO o’clock,
POB BA.YUnaN,>OAI ! :•> •=.< '
' Chiklis P. M.RSiiois. Commander,
Y. Will recelrafreight oh THURSDAY, Aiigust 20th, and
Mil on SATURDAY, August 22d, at id o’oiock, A. M.. .
, r /Sor'OHArlesTon, a, 0.,- .. ,
I s -vi the steamship state Op oeorgia,
Jons/. GarVIS, Commander, - ■■
Will receive freight on THUHSDAY.-Angust ttttr,
end pall.for Charleston, 8, C., on SATURDAY, Angnst
16th;:at lO o’clookjA,M, > ’ i.-.t ”•
. At both Charleston and SarAnnhh those ships connect
Wlthetetmare /ot.YJprid»]»nd Harana,,and wlth falU
{Oada, *c., for allplaces Jb the Sooth and Southwest. '
Cshin Pasaagein either chip.,<*2o. -
Steerage dd ■ d0T...-. - 8
•/SoYreight recMret oh Saturday mirhlniY l := «■
•Jfo.hiUa.ef lading signed after- the ehip has sailed.. .
•'Pop freight or passage apply to ' ’
•i'Mj'. f. A. HiKOS. Jr.: aiMorthWharrei.
>I PQK FDOBIDA, from Sgtiniuh.gteataerß St.MiBYS
suadgtjJQHVß, oV«ry TueW|Hy Md ' .?, >
FOB FLOREDA, frofa Obfrleston. Btoamer CABOLI
NA, every Tneadiy. . t
/ FOB<HAVANA, ;f«mi Charleston; Iteamer 10ABBJL,
oa^ha‘4tk,andl9thofsmy igonthv' ? ,-rani'-
lif itWAfSHKfKpss; ■ :
The -Cfuhpekt and Newspaper 'in
-.V ;*x- >i the Gw&bry- ‘ •
.Great iaducemepta to Clubs,
the 16th of'Augufitthe’fefstnutabcr of Ths Wbbe
vf,Ptopa iHlt be i?tood fro?d ‘tbe J Clty of Philadelphia.
Itwillbo pablUhedatery Sattuday. .1 .
'-•tai l?»t»B:Wiil l b!lf9nductcd *pon National
prlhoiiiuLes, tiie rights of tbe states, it
wiUreslst fauilicisin ia oycri’ sb a pc; ahd irlll be devo*
wpservatire the trne foundation of
ptib}iC‘j«top«lty; and soolidordor. Soich' a weekly jour
fid uls
to gratify this that *Tbs We6Klt Press will be
publish©** - < - }•-•■ - * -
.- Ttae ( W*iiKtV Puss will Abe prlnted on excellent
white paper, clear, new type, aad in quarto form, for
.it contain the news .of- th© day; Correspondence
from World tod .the. New; Domestic Intelli
geace j Beportayof the. TarjQUSjs!»rkets; Literary Re
views { Miscellaneous Selectiopai the progress of Agri*
culture In all ItVyarious departments, Ac.
- in advance.
'TWWiiILY PRB8& \HII betont to subscribers,
; peetouvuu, at $2 00
Tm«?oCopies for 6 00
fivecdpltis f0r........,... t S 00
-Ten cbpies f0r....i 12 00
Twenty copies, when.aont to one address. .20 00
Twenty or over, to address of each subscri
ber, each, per annum.-.. 1 .* 1 20
I . Yor a club of twenty-one, -or over, we will send an
eStra oopjr to the getter-op of the Club.
* Post Master* are requested to act as agents for Tbs
WmttPimttr "/ y r '"
I wiUertcem itagraat/artolf my political andper-
a Qrst class
TB» f i
[ WaskiiT Ptosa a large circulation in-their'Tespectivc'
!neighborhoods.. „ . JOHN W. YORNEY, ,
l .'* ‘l f'*’ ' 1 Editor anll'proprietor. .
Publication Ofßct of Tsa Wxbrlt PmiSS, No. 417
(Ohestput afreet, Philadelphia J '
' THURSDAY, .AtiGUST 18. 1857,
; ' liKUßij-RottiN, who was Sinister of the In-;
terior the French' Government of 1848, and
ran next to Loins Napoleon Bonapaeie and
General Oavaiqnao ,to .the. Presidential con
test,-exiled himself to England after it was
: certain that he had complicity in a conspiracy
1 to' overthrow the powers of Loins Napoleon .
‘Ho is ; a man of energy, force, .ability, and
eloquence. .Ho is,an ultra-liberal in politics,
; and the. associate and friend of Kossuth and
JfAszrNi, 1 In concert with' whom, indeed, he
issued a .manifesto, on the fall of Sebastopol,
teiling.tho, nations that the timo and opportu
nity had arrived for European Democracy to
constitute itself into a powerful unity, and in
voking them to organise and dare.' M. Ledeu-
Rollin, we need scarcely add, is not in the
Steeps of the, royalties and aristocracies
. of Europe'. ‘ More particularly, he is obnoxious
.tO.J.onM.NjAPOLKON.,; ,
: There .recently was an unsuccessful attempt,
by Mazzini himself, to get up a revolution in
Italy. It haspleased the Emperors of Austria
and France to declare that'LKDRU-IlouilN, and
other exiles how in England, liad hand, act;
and'part In this ’pldt. There was also, a few
weeks' ago", ai conspiracy (which’looks very like
an got ng )>y the police) to assassinate
Lodu’ Napoleon, and Lnop j-RotUN and his
friends are accused of being principal movers
in. it. On the Strength of this accusation,
based-only on a shspicion, Louis Napoleon
called oil.the British' Government to surrender
LEDnu-RoLtiN ahd.the .'other French exiles to
his fender mercy, or; at the'least, to 'coippel
them to leaye England '^d'And a home in the
; bnitpd^Sfate'st, ,"' - ' ;
; :-LEDan-ROLLIN has , puhlished n letter in the
I London? journals, in which he .'most, strongly
denied ill knowledge of any conspiracy against
Lh.uir NAi<OLEOXf As-yet, ft is assertion Ugninst
charge and
£Epii|9|^tttjs^in’g ; “it.‘' Ledeu-Rollin’s
! letter contains ; many^'strong “« a
-gfa&aq.waafaMtfft*. l TUQ-woal.-opt:q
is;the contemptuous mapper in which hishnta
gonißt iB.repeatediy, introduced as “ Mr. Bona
parte.” Among tlio hits is an allusion to the
farce at Strasburg in' 1888; and the heroic
burlesque in 1840; with sarcastic reference to
the protection afforded Louts Napoleon by
Switzerland, after his first escapade, and that
granted to him by England afierhls escape from
Ham m 1846. Itather than abandon him, the
Swiss rushed to arms, and,'at the later date,
though Louis Philippe urgontly demanded his
surrender,, England steadily declined giving
Lotus Napoleon . hack into, the powor of his
foe. . - ' •
- Entirely at variance with tho practice of Eng
land woh|d he the political extradition of Eedhu
Roman or any other exile. , Lotus Nafoieon
may prevail on England to play his game i if
so, let it'no more he boasted that England was
a safe asylum for the exiled and the unfortunate.
. Our Washington correspondent “ X.
T.,” has been permitted, by the kindness of
IW. Browne, .Esg., of the Patent Office, to
make the following extracts from the prepared
portions of the forthcoming Agricultural Ro
portV. - ■
Srtw and asses—Chemical Researches on
the Sorcha Sucre, by Charles X* yeekson, M.
of Boston, Mass. .
On’ the 29th of October,’ 1856,1 rooeived from the
Patent Office a bottle of expressed juice of the Borg
hum'sacoharatam, prooured from plants raised
upon the Government grounds in Washington. This
juice, after being strained through fine linen, had
a specific gravity of 1,002; and after boiling, and
the separationor an albcminons south, 1,055’, Three
and nnalf fluid caiices of the strained jutco evnpo
rated at_2l2 deg. J?., until it heeatne a dense straw.’
yellow syrup, too thick to run; when cold, gave 217
grains of saccharine matter. That portion of the
juice which Jjad been freed from albuminous mat
tor; and filtered through paper, gave, on evaporation
of a fluid ounce, 78 grains oi’thiok yellow syrup:
which, being dissolved in absolute alcohol, left nine
per' .cent* of muoilaginous,substances containing
starch. The alcohol took up G9.gra!nsof sacoharino
matter. This is equal to '14.86 per cent, on tho
Other portions of the jutco w’oro operated upon by
lime-water and bone-black, and filtered and eva
porated to syrup. A small proportion of oiystalizod
sugar was obtained from the bottom of tho vessel, in
which the syrup had stood for 1 some days. A part
of thejuioe, diluted with warpi water, with the ad
dition of. a little yeast, fermented and produced
gplrifc','wbieb, on ’ being separated by distillation,
was found to be fen Agreeably-flavored alcohol,
having, afe-M. Vilmofin has stated, a slight noyau
taste, Good, judges declared |hat it would , make
excellent,brandy-spirit. According to the expert*
nients of Tilmorin. the amount Of absolute alcohol
obtainedirom the juice is Afractkmover 6 percent.
r - Ofl th§ ! 3d- of November I also received from
the Patent Office two parcels of. theaorghum plant,
n different stages or ripeness. That with .quite
ripe seeds was by far the sweetest, while the green
one. which was just In dower, contained but very
little''saccharine 'matter,* One thousand grains,
taken from, the , stalk, when
peeled, g%ye_o7O .grains of whicktho
juice was peparated. , Thelatter/ou being evapo
! rfetedttf® tbiok'syruprgaVAPO grains 'of saccharine
; zafettor,or 9 per cent.’on4he< weight- of the stalk.
Another sample gave from 2pounoes of the pith,
1 217 of. thick svr.ap,or l 2 per cent. Thus
‘ we &v« from.lBo to 240 pounds of saccharine mat-
the forint a dense syrup, to a ton (2,000
pounds) of the stalks.' By means of a screw-press,
I Sep* fated the juice from some of the canes, which
bad a specific gravity of 1.0987. , ,
b desirous or ascertaining the saccharine
[value of the sorghum raised in Massachusetts, I
[obtained .from'papt. R.A: Wainwrighfc, of the
'United States a«enal at Watertown, in this State,
[fire plants, .which-had .been cultivated on the
i arsenal grounds. Sixteepounces of ope of these
j plants, nearly,ripe, gave 0* ounoes of clear pith,
! Which' I exhausted of itt sadoh&rihe matter by
[means of' water and pressure
1 This , on‘ evaporation,* gave 742 grains of
| thick syrop i too dense topottf from thy vessel when
< oold. > The yield of saccharinematter in this case
was 10*0 per cent. ’
> 1 Another andfriper sample, from the same parcel,
j yielded from l;0GO grains of the stalk 040 grains of
• pith #pd 140 grains of thick syrup, or H-Gpercent,
<of saccharine matter. On expression, the plant
! yielded a clear, sweet juice, having a specific gravity
f0f1,’0975,'.' ' ' r - /
> ' Analyst* oftlußagassc.'—QnQ hundred grains,
' dried at 232 degrees Fahrenheit, and burned in a
platimim.vessel, left 1.6 per.cent, of ,grey ashes.
1 Having thus determined the proportion of Inorganic
mutter In the, bagasse, I burned a larger quantity
, fof further experiment. It was found that the ash
o isted of the following ingredients:
t ‘•.- 4 .... , * - Percent.
’ 14.40
; > Phosphoric 13.42
> ( Balplmrlc 28.70
> 'Chlorine 1 '3.70
* Potaab'.ii.. 8.10
1 • 9,60 .
* .Lime....i.... 11.60
'MagfieaiA. *♦!.' 9.00
' Trails of oxyd of iron, a little carbonio acid
_ Md,lpv...a- V . 0.68
! .i. r •< ... 100.00
. This analysis,pbows that, gypsum (sulphate of
Jlme),willoperate favorably W a.fertuis'er on this
■ ptfentj ahd^jt is eVideo t that the bagasse ash would
•serve as a good mahttrd for.the mop.''-
IL Lowry has been. detached from
?the recelringablpNorth,Oarolina, and ordered to
( the United states steamer Miohigan, oh the North
-1 ern.Ukes. atid Lleut. John E. Hart has beenor-
to reoeive him bn board the receiving ship
NorthCarolma, - ■
C. J. CniLEs, Esq., states that Pennsylvania
contains an area of 46,000 square miles, of
which upwards of 16,000 square miles, or one
third, is coal land, principally lying, nbovc or
near high-water level.'
, England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland com
bined, according to the best authorities, con
tain only 11,000 square miles of coal in anarea
of 120,000 square miles of territory. This
coal, in many cases, is from 900 to 1,800 feet
below the surface of the ground, and is raised
by machinery. In relation to the quantity of
iron ore, nearly the satno relative proportion
exists between Pennsylvania and Great Britain.
It will thus be seen that in these articles of tlio.
first necessity, and indispensable to a state of
civilization, our State possesses three timos as Great Britain. If to the anthracite
coal trade of Pennsylvania, the bituminous
coal in the State be added, which is belioved
to exceed 1,300,000 tons per annum, the total
quantity would be about 8,800,000 tons, worth
at tide water $8 40 per ton; and WC have the
!total of $20,000,000 as the value of our. coal
' trade for a single year.
’a Lawyer's Duty.
ITlien Lord BbouohAh was counsel for the
:defence, on the’ ttial of Queen Caeolise of,
jEbgtand, |n 182(3, .“he empMtticalfyydeclared
that it was the duty.'.of a counsel, to get his
| client off, even though in effecting this ho
; should jeopardize the public peace, or even
‘cause a Hevolutionin tho,country., Thlsprin
ciple was' muoii canvassed at the time.- > At the
Oxfordshire (England) assizes, tho other day,
! a counsellor' publicly declared that if lie did
not feel the justice' of his case, he Should feel
it his retire tVom it. Mr. Justice
Beahwell, a very able lawyer lately placed in
the Bench, publicly responded—
“Then you would do. wrong, I should .deem it
your duty—and 1 hold it tone tho duty of every
niemhor of the bar—to prove, if retjnwite, tluit
blact it white ; not that X mean that any member
of tho bar Should necessaHly do that which will
be immediately found out 'from its fallacy —but
that he.U bound, where, any comment is capablo of
being made npon.the evidenoe, to mako suoh com-,
montfearlessly, and without reference to hie own
conviction, and thatwhere there is a difficulty iu
the shade Of color,he isbound to give the best ar
gument he can'to prove that his color is eorroct.”
/What is the opinion here l Some things
(but not many) will “puzzle a Philadelphia
lawyer.” , Perhaps this Brougham-Bramwell
Case of black and white is one of them.
The Canal Board or this State The
duties of Ihe Board of Canal Commissioners of
the State are by no'beans' abrogated by the
sale of the Main Line of the Public Works, as
a number of people' suppose,, nor does the
office become by any moans
the duties of the Board are grostly dibinlshed,
Exclusive, of the Main Line,„which is'iiow the
property of the Pennsylvania Railroad Com
pany, the State ,owns two, hundred and eight
miles' of Canal; extending along‘the Susque
hanna river from the Juniata Junction to the
New York State line,' and hevonty-sl* miles of
Canal connected with tho foregoing at North
umberland, and extending along the West
Branch of the Susquehanna to.Farrandsvilic,
making two hpn^red, and eighty-four. miles' of
Canal'in tho-Susquehanna valley; The State
also owns sixty biles,pf Canal b the. Delaware
valley, extending r Rom the Lehigh Canal, at
Easton; to tlde'-water at'BrisWl. Thb,Canal
is, in ftct, an clohgation of tie Lehigh Canal
lino to Bristol,'to which' point it 'should be of
the same capacity, ds the Lehigh Canal, and
might with'propriety bo under tho same own
Yisrrriro Firemen.— Tho ’‘Bocbestcr Asso
ciation,’’composed of s largo body of the ac
tive members of itho'lndependent Fire Com:
panyof Baltimoro,wo learn'from the dmeri
chn, are making arrangements for the purpose
.pf-psyingufraternalthatrlyrotlivr fli-g
-then of the city of Rochester, Now York.
Mr. William.ll. Quincy has been elected Pres
ident of the Association, which already num
bers fifty men. • They expect to leave Balti
more on the 3d of October for Philadelphia,
and will participate in the great procession of
firemen of that city which is to take place on
the 6th. On the 7th they will leave for
Rochester by the way of Elmira. Whilst in
that city they will be the guests of tho Roches
ter Engine Co. No. 6, which, it will bo recol
lected, visited Baltimore about two years ago,
and wero very hospitably entertained by the
Independent boys. Tho powerful gallery en
gine of the Independent will bo taken on; the
members will all bo fully equipped,and accom
panied by a full military bond.
Railboad. —The editor of the Lancaster Ex
press learns by a letter from Chester county
that the work on this new road is progressing
favorably. The road intersects the new "West
Chester Railroad at Grubbs bridge, in Dela
ware county, crosses the Brandywine at Chad’s
Ford, passe? tho villages of Jtennett Square
and Oxford, in Chester county, and will cross
tho Susquehanna, near the mouth of the
Octororo. The grading and bridging on the
part of the line within this State is finished,
and the ballasting and laying the track in pro
gress at the eastern end, where upwards of
two miles are fully completed in a superior
manner, ready for the passage of cars j and
the work is advancing at the rate of one hun
dred yards per day.
The Masonic Order in the States
number three hundred thousand persons, and in
cludes a large proportion of all the distinguished
civil, military, and professional men. Thu
price asked for Mount Vernon and the tomb of
Washington is $200,000. It has been pro
posed in Virginia that tho Free Masons make
up tho sum necessary to purchase it, by the
subscription of a dollar or less from each indi
vidual, The Boston Traveller thinks that in
view of what Mr. Everett has done, and will
do, twenty-five cents from each member should
answer every purpose.
Death among our Statesmen.— Messrs.
Maroy and Dobbin, two of President Pierce’s
Cabinet, have died sinee his retirement, and
Postmaster General Campbell has lost his
wife. Out of the fifty-nine members of the
Senate during the last Congress, no less than
five have already passed ,away; Messrs. Clay
ton, of Delaware; Bjlll, of Now Hampshire;
Adams, of Mississippi; Butler, of South Caro
lina; and Ruse, of Texas, who was elected Pres
ident pro tempore of the Senate at the close of
his term. Rarely do we find so largo an
amount of mortality in so short a time in a po
litical family.
Northern Central Railroad Bridge
The Northern Central Company are building a
very fine, substantial bridge across the Susque
hanna at Dauphin, Pa., which they expect to
have completed by the.lapse of one year.
The Harrisburg Herald says the bridge is pro
gressing finely at present. The foundations of
all the piers have been laid, and we beliove all
of them elevated some distance above the wa
ter; while some of them, especially those near
the two shores, are nearly complete.
Monument to Madison.— One of our ex
changes states that a monument has been lately
prepared for tho grave, of Madison—a plain
granite obelisk, twenty foot in height, bearing
no inscription except the date of his birth and
death, and is the free-wGI offering of his old
friends and neighbors In Orange, Va., and
their children;, Chaste and plaih, it is a fit re
presentation of the beautlfUl simplicity of cha
racter of him whose memory it ia designed to
Tobacco in: Vihoinu.— Tho Richmond
South reports a falling off in thq^upply'of,to
bacco coming to the market at this time, which
state of things Is likely'to continue for several
months to come,' Tobacco is at a stand In
price—rif any change taken place it will bo an
advance. '
Chesapeake and Ohio Balti
more Sun states that it w ii£ expected that the
repairs lo the two breaks on the Georgetown
level would be and navigation Tot
aumed to-day.
[Correspondence of The Press.]
HAnnisßuno, August 11, 1857.
Last evening, Air. Hazdhurst, tho l£now-Nothing
candidate for Governor of this Stnto, opened the
campaign by addressing.a large meeting of the
oitizens of this place. The mooting was composed
of intelligent gentlQincn } -holding all abodes of po
litical opinions, and probably, not one in ten who <
listened to Mr. H. has any idea of giving him thoii;
suffrages next October. Many wore attracted by
curiosity, to know what the leader of the forlorn
hope of Americanism had to, say for his onus©, and,
while they could not sympathize with his princi
ples, they yet had respect for the man, >
Mr. HflKelhurstspoko about half an hour. His
stylo was calm and gracoful, with no attempts at
rhetorical flourish or buncombe. In the course of
his remarks ho said that he had no controversy
witji tho distinguished gentloraep who occupied
tho sarno position toward the Amoricun party. Ho
: was enlisted for a great principle, not for this cam
paign alone, nor for any other campaign, but for
all time. Ho did not stop to consider tho chances
of success; that a part of hia,business. If
ho was doomed to 'dofeat, if he - must- fall -in this
contest, he was satisfied to fall; and the only honor
ho asked was to be olassed among the sinoorest,
though humblest, advocates of tho groat principles
of Amoricanism.
. JDuriug Ids he gavnh.U ; hea}reti! k to < updr-S,- J
’stand,that he wo-j in favor of a protective tariff,
and announced openly his opposition to the exten
sion of slavery. These’ were tho only political
points, aside from his peculiar creed, upon which
ho touohed. IDs part of the campaign, ns wo learned
from him, was a “ one-idea ” contest, and that ono
idea, Americans to rule America , was to bo pro
claimed in and.told in Gath, until tho
.whole land understood Hand was converted.
j The distinguished gentleman was listoned to
with attention, and some portions of his remarks
were received with applause. But thore was no
enthusiasm—uo outbursts of popular sympathy—no
demonstration to show that the great heart of the
people had been touohed. Every 1 rian'present
roemed to havo more sympathy for the gentleman
! than for the cause ho advocated.
1 Mr. Hazolhiirst will mako friends wherever ,ho
goes, hut ho'will not make converts to Americanism.
Jljaeloquence is not of the,proselyting Blyle, and,
besides, his party is almost destitute of vitality.
To-night (Tuesday) ho speaks in Carlisle, and then
prooeods.on his tour to Bodford Springs.
A>“Union Convention,” composed.of all the fac
tions and isms opposed to Domocraoy, assembled
here to-day, to nominate a candidate for Senator
and a county tlckot Considerable disorder pie
vailed at the opening of tho Convention, and the
delog&tes concluded that they had better keep
their troubles'from .the fiubjid eye'; so. they retired
to a private room, locked the door, and succeeded,
by some means, in Bottling their difficulties. Not
contont with this aping of the dark-lantern party
alone, thoy went so far as jo make their nomina
tions by secrot ballot. After several unsuccessful
attempts, Mr-. John B. Rutherford, a citizen of
this county, was placed in nomination. Mr.
Rutherford is well known -to be an' ardent Free-
Boiler—a warm sympathiser with Beocher Stowo,
Giddioga, and Company, and it will puzzle tho
leadens to make the straight-out Know-Nothings
swallow him. No other nominations have been
mado whon I ploao this. Paxton.
[Correspondence of Tho Press.] ’
’WilkesdarrE, Aug. 11, 1957.
We havo nwaited ths turning of The Press with
impatience; bat at last it has come, looking os nat
ural ai life, for any paper looks natural to the solid
Democracy that has yournamo floating at its mast
head. W© get it by the newsboy, at tho Post-offlco.
every.evening, and it is not a “drug” in market
either. Wo feel proud of Tub Dress, for wo are
satisfied now that tho Democracy of tho old Koy*
stone are to have apapor on which thoy can depend
when corporate harpies aro stealing away tho birth
right of the people—whbn faction, fanaticism, and
plunder aro joining hands in a corrupt crusado
against tho Government and the Treasury. Further
than this, wo also fool that we are to have a paper 1
of national obnracter and national position—one
that shall not only nehievo reputation at homo, but
that shall go beyond provincialisms, apd aid in di*
reeling oubUg sentiment j njavatys*”*-
Such we fondly hope will bo tjie mission of The
Press, and such its infancy bids fair to be as time
shall mature it into manhood.
Give tho masses a paper that shall reach and ap
peal to their judgments, and they will always
respond to the right sentiment, and bo found truo
in the hour of need. Andlbelievo there never was
& more propitious timo than the present for such a
paper to make its way into publio favor. The public
mind Is sick with the morbid political literature of
the post few years, mostly engendered, ns It has
been, in tho hot brain of n senseless fanntioism.
Let them now have reason, some, truth, and fairness,
nnd it will oponito as ploasnntly as a dose of “Old
Dr. Brandroth’s pills,” completely removing the
impurities of tho political systoiu.
Furdon mo a fow more words, Colonel, about the
paper. Give tho farmers, tho mechanics, nnd tho
workingmen gcnorally, a Weekly that they will
look for as they look for tho coming of a near friend.
Wo havo boon sadly in want of such a paper in
Pennsylvania many years, and the cousoquonee,
hasbeon, that thousands upon thousands of incen
diary shoots of othor Stutos have circulated among
tho masses of our pooplo, bccauso they furnished
all tho nows and attended strictly to that branch
of journalism particularly adapted to this class of
pooplo. Thoao papers, finding their way into every
neighborhood, havo earriod with them a poisonous
political influonoo, and led many an honost voter
from tho path of duty. Honooforth wo shall look
to Tub Press os a corrective in those particulars.
Politios are rather dull Loro as yet, and wo fear
that the opposition aro not going to make a decent
fight—l moan that wo fear*no fight at all. Thoy
seem to bo “under tho hay;” thoy havo no courago,
and really don’t know what to make a contest
anout. They brightened up a fow days ago at tho
prospeot that Kansas was about to blood again, but
Governor Walker applied the “plaster” before the
blood had a ohance to start or tho Republicans a to “shriokso thoy aro down again. The
Comocraoyof Luzerne could m ;bo more thoroughly
united. There is not a discordant note, and you
may look for tho largost party majority, this fall,
oyer polled in tho county. We intend to give
Packer over Wilmot 2,500 majority, and wo will do
it if tho “ woollies ” will make fight enough so that
our men will bo at the pollß. Hosts of old Whigs—
the coal and iron men—who went for Fromont last
fall, will nover vote for David. Luzerne.
[Correspondence of The Press.]
New York, Augusts, 1857.
’Tis hard to concoct a letter without materials!
the Israelites of old murmured when bidden to
make bricks without straw, yet thoy went to work,
and I too In the sultry summer weather, in tho dusty
and doserted town, set mo to gather news for Tue
Press. Shall I tell of the long empty streets, of
the weary passora-by, of the closed mansions, of
tho gloomy-looklng theatres and ohurohea ? Yon
-probably have the same delectable sights in Phila
delphia ; your gay world has flitted to the water
ing places; your work-a-day people, your journal
ists anil journeymen, your bankers and bakers,
tied to tho treadmill, turn as wearily as they;do
here. Fahrenheit on tho Delaware indicates tbo
plainly as on tho Hndson ; so I must
not descant upon the topic uppermo&Un every one’s
thoughts and talk; ,1 must not say how hot
and deadly dull aro these long August days.
I must not mention Pandemoniac torrlfaction, nor
dilate upon tho chcorloss aspect of New York when
“everybody Isout of town.” And yet, news there
Is not; silver and goldbavo I none; there aro no
more murders, no more riots, no moro fictitious
births, no more astounding revolutions mado by as
tute District Attorneys and confidential physicians,
intended by nature for police detectives. The
theatres and opera houses aro closod ; tho ohurches,
too, are infected by the influence; ministers and
actors alike get weary of their work, and thore
are even symptoms that the indefaligablo lawyers
will soon givo o’er. The debates in tho court-hou
ses, which threatened to be interminable, which re
called tho palmiest days of the New York bar, Ap
pear at last to approaoh a close.
In fact, tho legal profession has, for a month or
more, occupied even moro than its ordinary share
of tho publio attention. Tho acknowledged im
portance of tho interests involved in tbo recent dis
putes, the groat ability of the disputants, tho skill
with which the battle has been fought, the energy
and toot with whioh the combatants have occupied
every inch of the arena, tho force of the blows, and
the namec and bearing of the opponents, have in
duced the closest and’most interested observation.
When men whose namosare known to a more than
looal fame—when men,' who haVe occupied, and
do occupy, distinguished official stations, ore en
gaged in fieree encounter, the strife is dignified;
and especially when such men eonduot tho strife
with the dignity and courtesy due to themselves
and their position, bat, at the same time, with the
aorlraony and vigor that are always to bo expected
from their talents and endowments, it ia not sur
prising that the courts of law should have beta tho
fertile theatre of pen and tongue for more than a
month in Now York.
Political matters are slumbering; plans nre being
laid fir the approaching fall campaign, bat they ar
not, as yet, gufficlcntly dovolopod to warrant mein
(hem uinoty miles. Chaos reigns; when
order is ovolved I will apprise you.
[Corttspondence of The Press.}
OoU ffouK \Y. Forney : It seems more than ap
propriate at this time, when the Koystone is speak
fng to you from every county words of congratula
tion Rtid encouragement, that Old Mother Cumber-
tell you how her Democratic heart was your return once more to “ the chair ”
which you have so long filled, in the past, with
honor yourself. We are proud to bo able to ex
tend t# you tho hand of fellowship, and say to you,
roiA oiirheart of hearts, “Godspeed.” Inweloom
ing yarf to «the chair,” we know we welcomo one
tried %ld true—ono who often weighed in tho
bal&nda, was novor found wanting. That The
Prbjir>wUl speak tho Bentimentof the Democracy
all QYt\ the Union, is but to sny you avo its editor.
That ypu will struggle for the right—that you will
stand Upon tho broad platform of tho Constitution,
and b|ttle nobly for its principles—is but to suy
you wsl bo ill tho futuro as you have boon in tho
past, j'
Th&Dumocraoy of this County aro not slumber
ing; tyico more are the/glrding on their armor
for thjtoonfliot. Soon will tho battlo ory of fifty
,six again be heard, and the victorious shouts of our
gallap^Democracy again bo echood from mountain
to mountain. Our people, although led away for, a
’Sho&ffiac from Vhe' good bld beaten track, by the
rioVonJtof Amoricanism, can not, and will not bo
gtilied|into Abolitionism and fanaticism; even
be cloaked Under the sacred name of “Re
publicanism/” Tho spirit of Ellis Bonham still
lives With ns—fights with us—triumphs with us—
dlo- How many bitter tears of repentance
havo dropped kindly upon his green grave !
W<) Weaver with you. L. g.
Cumberland, August Bth, 1857.
[For tbfe Press.)
As *j&sd at the closo of my article of yesterday
upon we history of glass manufacture, General
James D’Hara and Major Isaao Craig woro tho
of this class of enterprise in tho city of
Pittsburgh, which for tho last sixty years may bo
said touAve boon undergoing a regular but rapid
devolownent, until now it occupies a prominenoo
and extent in its line unequalled by any other
localitjion this continent.
Though, inaarauch as ifrajor Craig withdrew
from t4a business in *1798, leaving it in tho sole
charge/of .his paitnor, Gen. O’Hara, it is generally
admitted that to tho cnorgy and perseverance of
the Gat is Pittsburgh mainly indebted for the
cstabtia ment of this important branch of her
rannufti fures. The first glass-house of General
O'Haraihad but eight pots, whose capacity was
equal fir three a blowing. Iu 1802 addi
tional r alass-works were oroctod by the same gen
tleraajv.wUh the view of carrying on the manu
facture of flint glass, whioh hnd heretofore not
boen alumfited; and, in order to consummate this
designee sent an agent to England for the pur
pose of procuring workmen, but tho person returned
unsuccessful from his mission. As an ovidence that
O’Hara really deserves tho name of pioncor in this
connexion, we'have tho faot that, from the year he
Operations—l79(l or ’7 up to 1899, about
occupiod the field without a sin
gle competitor.
In thid however, tho white glass works of
Messrs. Robinson & Ensell woro putin operation.
For after tho commencement of glass
mnnu&eturd in Pittsburgh, however, tho produc
tion of thfit article was not adequate to the demand
of her own merchants, who still coutinued to draw
their suppiiqs, to a groat extent, from the East.—
InnoartioH of oxtonsive manufacture in Pitts
burgh, however, have the tables been so cffootually
turned; for, while it is true that the great bulk of
hor manufactures are distributed to the West and
South, it «TweU known that her glass, or at loast a
considerable proportion of it, is gradually, from
year to yeqr, finding Ita way into Eastern markets;
thus renderlog the reciprocal trado, especially be
twoon Pittsburgh and Philadelphia, of greater im
portance. j
To Bhpir Ati a glance the rapid progression in this
class of nhjaaoUyo industry in Pittsburgh through
the 7&ri wo are fortunately favored
Thurston, Ksq., who has takon much pains to OB
tain reliable statistics upon this subject, and given
them to the public. They may bo briefly summed
up as follows ' -Tho whole amount of gla«8 manu
factured in Pittsburgh in 1803 was $13,000; in
1809 it was $18,000; in 1810—during which year
the making of flint-glass had boon successfully in
troduced—it was $50,000; and throe years after
ward, during .which time it would goemthatno
one had been more bonofitted by our war with
England than the glus< manufacturers of Pitts
burgh, the glass produced, t. e. in 1813, amounted
to $170,000. From this period until the year 1826
there seemed to bo but iittlo progress, but if any
thing. rather showed a diminution. In 1831, how
ever, the amount of the year’s production rose to
$500,000, and in ,1837 to $728,000, or upwards of
three-quarters of a million; and from which timo
to the present tho amount has boon hourly quad
rupled, so that in 1850 tho whole amount of tho
glass producod in all* its varieties was $2,621,990)
of which thoro wero manufactured 6340 tons flint
glass; 561,600 packages window glass —5O foot
oooh; 151,700 paokages vials, bottles, druggist’s
ware, Aa, and 80,000 demijohns.
As staled iu my lotter from Pittsburgh, of tho
28th ult., there arc no loss than thirty-four estab
lishments, mainly looated on tho banks of the Mo
nongahela, denominated under the general head
of Pittsburgh Gloss Factories.
These thirty-four fnotoriosare owned by twenty
firms, the largest number belonging to any one firm
being fivef and which aro owned and conduoted by
Messrs. C. Johnson & Co. The number of cupolas
contained in these factories aro tliirty-nino, with a
number of pots, amounting in the aggregate to
three hufidred amt seventy-three—their usual num
ber boing from eight to ton to a cupola.
The number of hands employed in these thirty
four establishments, at the commencement of the
present year, was 1,982, the aggregate of whose
yearly wages amounts to $910,110, which, by calcu
lation, will be found to be an average to each hand
of $159.19 annually, or $8.83 weekly. This, it
must be borno in mind, inoludos the hands in evory
department of the works; and as thoro is a vory
large proportion of them boys, ongaged as foeders,
from twelve to fourteen years of age, whose wages
aro of courso comparatively small, the wages of the
competent workmon aro correspondingly large;
and, in foot, the cases aro not unfrequent whore
the most expert and dexterous of them make on an
average from forty to fifty dollars a weok.
It :s true that most of the manufactories are out
of blast for some six wooks duting the heat of sura
mor; still their ample oarnings, while they are at
work, rendorfl this loss of time but little inconveni
ence, audios I should think, in respect to their
phyrical well-being, quito an advantage, if not an
absolute ntcessyit.
Of the few establishments now in blast, I visited
and witnessed the operations of two—thoso of
William Philips, Esq., in Pittsburgh, and Messrs.
Ledlie A Ulam, in Birmingham, the latter of
which, £am pleased to add, possesses the distin
guished, as wo think, sensible notoriety,' Of
being thoroughly Democratic in its politics, to a
man. A Mr. McAfee in this establishment, an
intelligent and very ingenious workman, has the
reputation of standing at the head of his profes
sion in;the glass-blowing art, both as to bulk
and intricaoy in the articles made. Tho In
tense ,heat of these establishments must be
tested to be realizod, for I can assuro tho
ro&dor, that after making a tour of observa
tion and inquiry of an hour’s length, through one
of these establishments, with tho thermometer at
olghty-fivo degrees without, and a half a score of
seething, blazing, bolcLing caldrons of boiling
glass within, I oame away with a far more defiuite
conception of tho ordoal to whioh “ Shadrack, Mo
shack, and Abod-nego ” were subjeoted, in the
fiery furnace of Nebuchadnezzar, than I had over
before. It is, indoed, no small marvel that physical
humanity—weak even at, best—onn cuduro this
tromendous prooesa for any considerable length of
time; yotit is even morosurprising that casos are
not at all unfrequont, whoro “loan” men, after
entoring tko glass-blowing arena, aotually hceomo
At this season every operative is rigged with a
coarse pair of pantaloons and a thiok flannol shirt,
thrown open in the breast; every man is providod
with A ooarso linen towel, whioh is generally lying
by his side, as wet as perspiration can make it, 1 and
one boy in an establishment finds constant em
ployment in passing a jar of ice water round among
the hands.
Nothing can bo more interesting to a mind ca
pable of appreciating the wonders in mechanism of
tho'nge in which wo live, than tho processes by
whioh tho endless] variety of gloss articles are now
produced in these works. A good idea of the seve
ral ingredients used as components in tho produc
tion of glass may bo derived from the statement
of tho rospeotivo quantities consumed for the year
1850, in. tho. amount .manufactured, already
They Are as follows: 5,730 tons of soda asb;
18,008 tong of sand; 637 tons of load; 320 tons of
saltpetre; 238, 1 949 bushels of lime; 4,100 barrels of
salt, and 442 tons of pearls.
Those materials of course all enter into, and con
stitute tho ingredients of glass itself, though they
do by no means constitute the sum of material con
sumed in its production, such as the wear and tear
of bnilding materials, £o.; the item of coal and
ooke alone amounting to about three millions of
By Bumming up tho whole amount of all the ex
penditures for the year—materials, labor and every
thing—and substraoting it from the aggregate
amount of the value of the glass produced, I find
it to leavo the sum of $553,255 as the apparent
profit divided from tho business for a single year;
whioh sum, if divided by twenty—the number of
firms engaged in tho business—'would show an aver
ago profit to each of $27,602. The wealth of some
of the glju*s producers of Pittsburgh is very great;
and as a single illustration, I am informod that the
taxes of ono manufacturer hero amounts to $B,OOO a
year, and which large sum is but tho tax upon
about one-fifth of his property, tho remaining four
fifths being located in other States.
And as another illustrative instance, I will
enumerate the real estate of auothcr firm in the
businoss, whioh is as follows: Ten acres of ground,
three factories, fifty-four dwelling-houses, throe
outting houses, two grinding mills, three coal
houses, two flattening mills, three sand houses,
lime houses, threo mixing bouses, three pot houses,
threo packing houses, four store houses, two box
houses and shop, ono mould house, and ono black
smith shop.
To attempt a description of the various processed
of glass-blowing, moulding, coloring, grinding,
pressing, cutting, Ac., would nsceaa&rily protract
this article to too great a length, though I hope to
tako it up at some future time. To some, what has
already been said upon tho subjeot of may
bo unnecessarily lengthy; yet if any ono thus dis
posed wore but for ft moment to consider tho fact
that there is scarcely an hour in his existeQoe,
from the oradlo to tho tomb, that he does not share
tho benefits of this cheap but truly invaluable
article, his interest in its production would proba
bly bo awakoned.
How marvellous, how beneficent, bow universal
are the benefits of this beautiful man-made crystal!
Tho additional comfort it secures to our dwellings
alono renders it above valuo. It admitsthesun
and excludes tho wind, answering the double pur
pose of transmitting light and preserving warmth;
it renews the sight of the nged and assists tho
ouriosity of the young. Not only »it a potontmin
istor to our domestic wants, but tho domains of
science and philosophy aro equally indebted to its
aid. But for its insensibility to tile action of acids,
a thousand discoveries in chemistry that now bless
the world would still remain veiled in undiscovered
obscurity. Positively, its uses are infinite!
[For the Press.)
There is no matter of a political oharacter that
is so much nogleoted as the Democratic delegate
elections, and yet there Is nothing of so much im
portance to the mass of the Democratic party.
Tho eity of Philadelphia is divided into about two
hundred precincts in the twonty-iour wards. The
eitizons are called together on the last Monday of
August in e&oh year, to meet in their respective
precincts to eloct judges and. inspectors of tho
elections, to bo held on tho first Monday of Sep
tember. These calls aro made generally in only
ono or two papers, and frequently not more than
one or two day's notice, without naming tho place
where the mootings aro to be held.
This results in some cases from neglect or inatten
tion, in other cases from a desire to keep the place
of meeting ns private os possible, and to let the
matter he known only to th£ few designing persons
who have .their own ends to answer. Instead of
every publicity being given to these meetings, and
the citizens aroused to their importance, those who
hnve these matters in hand, and whose duty it is os
Ward delegates, frequently neglect it or purposely
omit it.
As Tub Press, wo have no doubt, is desirous of
enlisting more attention and some reform in this
matter, and as the election in October is highly
important, being thatof Governor, Supreme Judges,
Canal Commissioner, and several of tho road offices,
would it not be expedient for the Democratic Execu
tive Committee to recommend ward meetings to be
hold in each ward, previous to tho annual meeting
to chooso judges and inspectors on tho 30th day of
The choice of Judges.and Inspectors frequently
determines who are to be successful for delegates.
Too much notice cannot be given, to tho groat man
lished, designating ooch precinct house, und the
street in which it is located; this is seldom dono by!
any of tho ward dolegates. It is to bo hoped Tub
Press will lend its aid to promote this reform in
the delegato olcctions. Wo need not expect to have
good tickets unless proper persons are selected as
delegates to represent each precinct in the conven
The conventions this yeaT are all very important;
in addition to tho Row offices, and the Legislative
nominations, tho people of Philadelphia have
another very important office to elect, that of Judge
of tho Common Pleas, in place of Judge Kolloy,
who resigned last year. There is no office of more
importance to tho pcoplo of this city tl» tn this
judgeship, and tho’person selected should be in
every respoot well qualified for the station. Tho
Convention of Delegates that nominato tho Recor
der of Dcoda, Prothouotaty, Clerk of Quarter Ses
sions and Coroner, also nominate a candidate for
Judge of tho Common Pleas. It is to bo hoped that
this important matter will be attended to in time*
[For The Press.]
Names of Streets, Avenues, Pluces, fee*, Ac.
Your article in yesterday’s Pukks on the names
of Streets, Courts, Ac., is well-timed, and I trust
will command tho attention of tho proper authori
ties. But more is wanting than mere simplicity
or singleness of name. The name of every street,
lane, avenue, place, alley and court, should be
placed conspicuously on one of tho corners of evory
crossing, and let it be fixed by ordinance on each
one—thot is, the North-West, South-West, North-
East and South-East corners. This will give uni
formity, and prevent the owners of particular or
ner houses from complaining of partiality.
Another absurdity ought to be corrected. It
should be determined what constitutes a “ street,”
what an “avenue,” what a “place,” what an “al
loy,” whata “court,” and what a “lane;” and
lot each have its appropriate designation, as well
as name. What with the numbers of each of them
now called by the same name and designation,
our oity is all confusion worse confounded. *
Alton Street Theatre. —Mr. Win. Wheatley
has been occupied for some weeks in remodelling,
reconstructing and refitting the Arch street Thea
tre, of which he is lessee. Tho alterations which
are deoided improvements, are extensivq.and com
plete. The thorough ventilation of.a theatre is a
very important point, which-has been efieoted
hero. The enlargement of the parquet, with new
cushioned seats; the re-arrangement of the first
tier ; the extension of the second tier; the removal
of the blank-wall at its back, ami tho institution
of a light, latticed partition, through whioh fresh
nir is admitted from without—these are the main
improvements. In addition, tho house is tho
roughly re-painted and re-papered, and an airy
light appearance is given to the whole. The deco
rations of tho wboje building are oxqouted in good
taste, gold upon French white being tbe pervading
idea. When the theatre is re-opened on Satur
day, the public will see how much has been
done, and how woll. Mr. Charles R Dodworth
Is to officiate as lender of the orchestra. Mr. Frede
ricks retains his office as acting nud stage manager,
and Mr. Wbitton resumes his functions as treasurer.
Mr. Whoatley, himsolf one of tho best light come
dians on the stage, has strengthened bis company
by the addition of several first-olnss performers,
among whom aro Mr. and Mrs. E. L. Davenport;
Mrs. Elmore, from tho Uaymarkot, in Loudon, her
first appearance in this country; Miss Ellen Morant.
from New Orleans; and several others. The lending
favorite mombors of the stock company aro retained,
among whom may be named Mr. John Dolman; Mr.
J. S. Clarke, so well appreciated in low comedy;
Mr. and Mrs. E. N. Thayor, so cxcollont on the old
line of characters; Miss Cruiso, an agreeable sou
brette; and (if ho can bo prevailed upon to appear
ns often os tho puhlio would like to see him) Mr.
Fredericks. By tho enlnrgcmontof tho auditorium,
tho accommodation for a much increased number of
spectators is provided, and the construction is so
good that every ono in tho theatre can sec every
part of tho stogo and distinctly hear every word
thnt may be uttered. The Arch Street will now bo
ono of the most complete, as well as most handsome
theatres in the Union.
The brewery of Mr. Philip Hartzog, in Lo
rotto, Cambria county, Pa , was destroyed by firo
on Tuesday night of last week. Tho loss is esti
mated at $5OO.
A German, named. Lewis Haroqrly, was
found dead at a limekiln on the land'of pcnjnuiin
Rabonold, near QuthsviUe,’ Lehigh county, Pa., a
few days since. ~ ,
The night line on the Camden and Amboy
Railroad ran into' a drovo of cows just before
reaching Kingston, N. J., on Tuesday morning,
and killed two of them.
Tho Postmaster General has decided that
the seller’s price-mark on tho fly leaf of a book,
sont 'by mail, subjeots the whole to letter postage.
Persons buying books to send to their frionds by
mail had hotter notice this new decision. .
There were 8844 births, 409 marriages, 'and
777 deaths in Hamilton county, Ohio, during tho
past year.
—iAtiliffiffil <4l.
general news.
ar^e commodious barn, belonging
*?.■“*£; George Smyser , in Manchester town
&«o? rk £t un ty- wa3 con * um ed by fire on Satur
i. ast !i , J* con tents, consisting of about
two hundred tons of hay—about forty tons of which
was of last year’s crop—bis entire stock of wheat
and rye and a portion of his oats crop, a Quantity
ot straw, two wagons, all his harness, ten or twelve
barrels of whiskey, and a cumber of hogß that were
confined in the stables immediately in front of the
barn. There was an insurance of two thousand
dollars on the barn, and two or three thousand on
the stock, in the Fanners’ Mutual Insurance
Company of Dover, Conewogo, Newberry and East
and West Manchester townships. The whole loss
is estimated at $lO,OOO.
On Sunday morning last tho body of a
woman was found on the farm of Mr. JohnHeffie
raan, a short distance from the Poor-House, in
Franklin county, Pa., suspended by the neck with
& rope*iwhich was attached-to a small sapling.
The body, when discovered, was in such an ad
vanced stage of putrifaction as scarcely to be re
cognised ; it was, however, ascertained by the
clothing, to be the body of a Mrs Koehler, a Ger
man woman, whose husband resides in Chambers
burg. Wheu he heard the sad news he made an
attempt to tako his own life.
On the Ist instant, two counterfeiters, named
Rulo and Vanstutter, who hailed from Calhoun
county, were arrested in Griggsrille, Ohio, on a
charge of passing counterfeit money in Pittsfleld.
Mr. Davis found about $2OO of counterfeit bills on
thc Chippewa Bank, of Wisconsin, in their pos
session. Thoy also had other counterfeit irfoney—
some on tho State Bank of Missouri. Belleville,
111., Ac. They wero taken to Pittsfleld, and* after
an investigation, were committed in default of
$lOOO bail eaoh. They are young men of about
twenty or twenty-three years of age.
The Memphis Navy Yard has been sold to a
company of Northern capitalists. The price to bo
paid is, we learn, $350,000, in five annual pay
ments, the purchasers to give bonds in $140,000 to
securo tho first two payments. The parties pur
chasing contemplate establishing various kinds of
manufacturing branches, and also a marine or dry
dock for steamboat building or repairs. To carry
out the latter, the purchasers enter into bonds of
$lOO,OOO with the city.— Cin. Com.
Private John McCann, of Company 1, First
Infantry, having been tried by a court-martial at
Camp Cooper, Texas, for the shooting of Sergeant
Lively, and found guilty, was sentenced to be shot.
The finding of the court has been confirmed, but
the President of tbe United States ha 3 mitigated
the sentenoe to forfeiture of all pay and allow
ances, and to hard labor with ball and chain, and
confinement under guard when not at labor, during
tho period of his enlistment.
Tho Lancaster Express states that on Tues
day morning the horses attached to the carriage
of Mr. John Hertzler, Jr., of Philadelphia, ran off
in West King street, presenting for a few moments
one of the most frightful accidents of its class
that we have yet Been, although this season has
been noted for runaways and smash-ups on our
streets. Fortunately, no person was hurt, but one
of the horses was so badly injured that it is sup
posed he will have to be killed.
Charles Axt, of Crawfordsville, Ga., writes
to a Charleston newspaper that he has a supply of
native Southern wine which he proposes to try
with the best brands of foreign bock that can be
produced. Messrs. 8. D. AL. B. Case, of Canton,
are also reported to have been very successful in
producing a very excellent wine from the native
grapeof tbe South.
The Ttpion (Cedar co.) Advertiser says,
now, since tho hanging of Soper and Gleason,
that country Is free from the gang of horso-thieres
which infested it, and “no more mobs will assemble
—all is quiet.” It states that “ There is no dispo
sition to resort to violence, ” and that “ law holds
an uninterrupted sway, supported by the great
mass of the people.”
A now feature will be introduced at the
tournament which is to come off at Capon, Va., on
the 2d of September, in tbe presentation by the
knights of a handsome set of jewelry to the lady
who shall bo crowned Queen of Love and Beauty.
This will make the contest for the honor much
more spirited among the gallant knights.
By the report of the Grand Master of Odd
Fellows, it appears that the Order in Tennessee is
in a very prosperous condition, the number of
lodges amounting to 3,396, and the sum paid out for
the relief of widows, orphans, afflicted and destitute
brethren, swelled up to the amount of over half a
Tnu Alexandria Gazette states that the price of
Peruvian guano has advancod from $37 to $6O per
ton in that market. The cause assigned for this
advanco is tho limited supply in the country and
tho difficulty in getting it from theChineha Islands,
in consequenoe of the revolutionary movements in
A Beacon-Ligbt will be exhibited every night
after tho 14th iust&nt from the top of the bouse at
the end of the naval hospital - wharf, Norfolk And
Portsmouth, Va. The light in fixed white, of the
6thonlerof Fresnell s ana will illuminatethewfrote
1 -*A;
freely of iue cream A few days since, became sick
noil delirious, exeept at brief intervals, until the
following day, when she died.
The United States frigate St. Lawrence and
tho United States sloop-of-war Bainbridge were at
Kio Janeiro on tho stn of July, and would sail in
three days for the United States.
Gen. James Gadsden, of Charleston, S. C.,
(and late Minister to Mexico,) heads the list of de
legates appointed to the Southern Convention at
Knoxville, from the city of Ponsacola, Fla.
It is stated that Col. ICeitt, of South Caro
lina, declares his determination to move the ex
pulsion of G. B. Matteson from the House, noxt
winter, if he resumes his scat without a re-election
Four bills of indictment have been found
against Wm. 11. Wash, at Richmond) Va., for for
ging bounty-land warrants.
Gustavus Brooke, tbe actor, it is said, has
realized eight thousand pounds sterling in Austra
Mr. August© Belmont, late Resident Minis
tor to tho Hague, returns to his home in Now
York, it is stated, in October next.
Josh Barns, the burglar and'jail-breaker, was
tried boforo the Franklin county court on Tuesday
lost—plead guilty aud was sentenced to the peni
tentiary for five years. >
Gen. Valentino Bust, editor of the Danville
Intelligencer , is a candidate for Congress in that
Ex-President Fillmore and the Hon. Francis
Granger were at Saratoga on Saturday.
Gen. Wm. Walker left Augusta, Ga., on the
7th inst., for Savannah.
Further advices from Mexico confirm the
election of Gen. Comonfort to the Presidency.
Hon. Henry C. Murphy, the new minister to
the Hague, will sail on the 15tb.
There are three hundred visitors at the
Montgomery White Sulphur Springs, Va.
Third Assistant Engineer Granville Toucey
Pierce has resigned his commission in the Navy.
Prospects op the Vine Crop in Europe.
—A late number of the Moniteur Viuicole says:
“The effect which we anticipated from the im
proved temperature has taken place, and we re
ceive from all parts of the vine-growing countries,
and even from abroad, tho most satisfactory ac
counts of the appearance of the plauts. From
Marseilles to Bordeaux, from the Var to the
Rhino, and from the Nord to the Pyrenees Orien
tates—every whoro—the vines are in the most ad
mirable condition. Out of France they have the
same appearance; in Spain, Switzerland, Italy,
Germany, the state of tbe vineyards every where
promise an abundant yield, if nothing unforeseen
should occur to mar such encouraging prospects.
In the South the blossoming has commenced, and
is going on most favorably. These cheering pros
pects begin to act on the price of wine in the great
centres of production; not that we have any posi
tive deoline to announce, but the proprietors and
holders are less firm iu their pretensions. As to
alcohols, their depreciation is a certain fact.”
Letter from Minnesota Territory.
The Commissioner of Patents received, several
days sinoe, an interesting letter from Mr. O. H.
Kelley, of Norlhwood, Wright County, Minnesota
Territory, dated July 10. Mr. Kelley writes that
the prospects of the farmers on the Mississippi,
above the Falls of St. Anthony, were certainly ra
ther discouraging this season, owing to the havoc
unde by tbe grasshoppers, ile hoped to be able
to harvest about one-half of tho ground he had
ftlanted, as everything left by tho grasshoppers
ooked promising, and the weather was hut, and
showors were frequent. , Several days previous to
tho date of hi 3 letter, about 10 o’clock in the mor
ning, the grasshoppers rose simultaneously for a
distance ofover thirty miles on tho river banKs,
and went into tho air. Which way they flew, or
where they now were, lie know not, he only knew
that they had started all at onee by tons of thou
sands, and were gone, he hoped, uever to return.
Serious Fire in New Jersey
A destructive fire occurred at Millstone on Sun
day morning, at half-past three o’clock, which de
stroyed a large distillery, wiqh its contents, com
prising about $lO,OOO worth of grain and high
wines. Several of the men employed there had
been on a spree, and it is supposed that they acci
dentally sot the plaeo on fire. The loss is estima
ted at §40,090 —no insurance. A tavern house di
rcotly opposite was aIBO destroyed, with a loss of
§2.000, insured for $1,200; and a dwelling next
door was also burned. The distillery was capablo
of distilling about throe thousand bushols of grain
per week* It therefore caused grain in its neigh
borhood to always bring tho full market price ob
tained in the oity of Trenton.
Allentown Railroad.
Ther*‘ are to be eleven iron bridges built on
tho route of the Allentown Railroad. The
contract, we are pleased to sec by tho Allen
town papers, has been awarded to John W.
Murphy, Esq., of this city. He is a scientific
bridge builder and a practical mechanic. He
has just completed a beautiful and substantial
bridge for the Beaver Meadow Railroad, which
wo hear highly spoken of by those who have a
knowledge of, such things.
The Election in Tennessee.— The Nashville
Union, of Saturday last, has the following in re
lation to the Congressional delegation: “The De
mocrats certainly eloot Smith, in tho 3d District;
Savage, in tho 4th District; Jones, in tho sth Dis
trict; Wright, in the 7th District; Atkins, in the
,9th District j. and Avery, in the 10th District. The
Know Noth! figs eloot Ready, in the sth District,
and Zollicof sr, in tho Bth District, eaoh by small
majorities. The Ist and 2d Districts to bo beard
Correspondents for “TaxPssra” win pleads tacbW
mind the following rules: s
Every communication mart be accompanied
name of the writer. In order to insui a correctness of
lh * typography, but om side cf sheet should be
written upon.
We shell be greatly obliged to gentlemen in Pennsjl
vania and other States for contributions giving the cur
rent news of the day in their particular localities, the
resources of the surrounding Country, the Increase of
population, and any Information that will be Interesting
to tho general reader.
the great fete champetre at
mu .r, Newport.
Ine great Fete Champetre given In honor of
Mr. Peabody, the London Banker, by Mr.
Wetmork, cam© off at Newport, R. 1., on
Monday. The correspondent of the New York
Daily Times says that it was altogether unpre
cedented, in Newport at least, for its magnifi
cence, and was a brilliant success. Invitations
to some three thousand persons had been is
sued, and the number presentwas not less than
twenty-flTe hundred. If it had been given on
any other day but Monday, there would have
been two or three hundred more; for it was ex
tremely inconvenient for many who had re
ceived invitations to spend Sunday at Newport,
which it was necessary to do, as there is no
way of reaching this out-of-the-way place on
Monday. The little steamboat Governor left
New York on Sunday afternoon, and a few
guests came in her 5 but as ic is not generally
; known that there is such a convenience as a
Sunday boat from New York, many who would
have been glad to avail themselves of the op
portunity of coming in her were unable to
do so. .
The Chateau Sunnier, "j£r£Hiset 5 etrore’s
villa, in the grounds of which t\»/eU took
place, is one ot the largest and most magnifi
cent houses in Newport. It stands on the
ocean side of Bellerne-avenue, about half A
mile from the Ocean House j Hie entrance to
the grounds is through an arched gate-way of
brown free-stone, and the Chateau, which Is
built of a yellowish kind of granite, stands
iu the centre of about forty acres of a finely
cultivated lawn. Though the house has many
spacious and splendidly decorated apartments,
yet there are none capable of accomodating
the immense throng of visitors whom the libe
ral owner had invited in honor of his gnest,
and he had erected a pavilion for the purpose
of a dancing saloon in the rear of the bouse*
This superb pavilion wasa hundred feet square;
it was covered with canvas, and-the floor was
admirably laid for dancing. In the rear of the
dancing pavilion was another’nearly as large,
in which the refreshment tables were spread,
under tbe supervision of that accomplished
Colored ChcfD owning, who seemed to regard
the whole affair as his apotheosis. The tables,
it is needless to say, were set out with all pos
sible brilliances in the shape of glasses of all
hues, crystal, porcelain, and silver, and a fabu
lous wealth of flowers. Flags of all kinds
were suspended from the roof, and wreaths Hid
boquets of choice flowers were flung about in
the wildest profusion. An army of servants
under the command of Dowxing, the general
issimo, each with a silver salver in bis hand,
were scattered over the grounds to furnish ices,
punches, fruits and other refreshments. The
carpenter, who came from Boston to construct
the temporary pavilions, used up 82,000 feet
of lumber, and the tent-maker used up two
thousand dollars worth of canvas.
The weather was not sunny, but there was
neither fog nor mist, and the general hilarity
gave as much glow to the scene as a tropical
sky could have shed upon it. The invitations
bad been issued more than a fortnight, so that
there was abundant time for preparations; and
you may be sure that there was a display of
millinery and crinoline that would have de
lighted even Miss Flora McFlimsey, of Madi
son square. All the ladies not only had some
thing to wear, but wore it with & grace and
sweetness which beggars description. The
truth of the matter is, that I never could learn
the name 3 of those exquisite little trifles which
cost so much and bedazzles one’s senses at
these festive gatherings, so I must leave
to the learned pens of others the descrip
tion of millinery. The hours of the fete were
from 3 to 7 P. M., and in these four brief
hours were all the flirtations, eatings, drink
ings, dancings, and enjoyments to be com'-
prised. The guests began to arrive imme
diately after 3, and the Avenue was crowded
with bonnets, and the gentlemen kept their
hats in hand. It would not be becoming
to give the names of tho guests, but there
were three gentlemen there who were so
much spoken of, that it may be not out of
the way to mention their names. The guest in
whose honor the fete was given, Mr. Pearodv,
the munificent merchant, was, of course, the
observed of all observers ; but the two young
noblemen who lately arrived in this country,
were not neglected, Lord Heßtkt, a
younger son of the'Marquis of Bristol;
and Viscount. Altßorr, eldest son of Eari
Spencer., Aj theseyounglordaare unmarried,
and apparently fellows, it jvaa quite natm
ral that thev/ahn^d'
Russian Minister, - were
dancing was kept up with great glee until bear r
ly eight o’clock, when the . gay and festive
scene was deserted, and the dash of the wares
at the base of the rocky cliff succeeded the
music of the fete.
The Germania Musical Society fhrnished the
music ; they performed splendidly, under 'the
direction of Mr. Scbultz.
Charge of Burglary. —Justice Robertson
and Officer Campbell, of the South Ward, arrested
on Tuesday a man named Daniel Martin, on the
charge of breaking into a store at Kaighn‘s Point,
and committing a robbery on Saturday night last,
or early on Sunday morning. He was held for a
further hearing this afternoon.
Damaged by the Rain.—The heavy rain on
Monday afternoon washed away the culvert sear
Good Intent, on tho Bockwoodtown and Good In
tent turnpike. The stages on their road to Cam
den were compelled to take another road-
Appointment by the Goremor.—Mr. TTm. W.
Steed, tho conductor on the West Jersey Railroad,
has been appointed by Governor Newell Assistant
Quartermaster-General of the Gloucester County
Brigade, with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel.
X. O. O. F. —Yesterday afternoon a new
Lodge, composed entirely of Germans- was instituted
in Camden. *
The Grand Encampment, I. O. O. F., of X. J.,
assembled at Paterson yesterday.
Excitement on Stevens* Street. —About half
past twelve o’clock on T uesday night, that quiet
portion of our city known as Stevens’ street, was
the scene of unusual excitement, caused by the
springing of a watchman’s rattle, attracting to the
neighborhood agood)/ number of those who are con
scientiously opjwsed to retiring tOjtheir homes until
the“wee&ua’ hours ayont thetw&L” On investigat
ing the cause for this bustle and alarm, we ascer
tained that a lady residingonSteven3* street, below
Third, had heard, or fancied she had at least, some
desperado attempting to gain admission to the domi
cil, and had sprung the rattle in order to summon
police. An immediate search of the premise was
instituted, but uo burglar was to be found—police
The Election in Kentucky.—The returns from
this State are complete in all essential particulars.
The Congressional delegation will stand eight De
mocrats to two Know Nothings, as follows:
Din. Dht
1. Henry C. Burnett, D. 6. J. SI. Elliott. D
2. S. O. Peyton, D. 7. H. Marshall, K.N.
3. W.L.Underwood, KN. 8.J.8 Clay, D’
4. A. G. Talbot, D. 9. J. C. Mason, D
5. J. H. Jewett. D. 30. J. W. Stevenson, D.
Garrard, the Democratic candidate for State
Treasurer, is elected by a majority ranging from
10,000 to 15,000. 8 V
In the State Senate there will be a tie. -In the
lower house the Democrats will have a majority cf
about twenty-five. ••
The St. Louis Republican of the lOtkhae elec
tion returns from seventy-five counties—many of
them official—all, it U 9uppo3ed, reliable. Thbv
show Rollins to be leading Stewart 4050. In the
counties to bear from (tbu'ty-two in number.) the
vote for President, last November, stood: Buchanan
10,514; Fillmore 5568—Bnchnuan’s majority 4346
Take Rollins' present majority from that, and it
would leave Stewart 596 ahead, provided the rest
oi the State would come in as iu November.
The Democrats will have a majorirr in both
branches of tho Tennessee Legislature, thus secur
ing tho election of two United States Scnatois. It
is believed that tho majority for General Harris,
the Democratic candidate for Governor, will ex
ceed ten thousand. The delegation to tho next
Congress will probably stand sevon Democrats to
three Americans—a Democratic gain of two. In
Texas and Alabama the Demoorats have carried
everything, all their candidates being elected.
North Carolina Election.— The contest for
Congress in the Ist District has been very close be*
tweon Shaw, Democrat, and Smith, American.
One statement is that Shaw is elected by ono vote,
but another and later one announces the election
of Smith by eight. Mr. Paine, American, was the
late member from this District. In the sth Dis
trict, where the election of Grimer. American, has
been conceded, there is sum to be some doubt
about the result, as Williams, Democrat, has made
largo gains. In the 6th District Scales, Democrat
•is 1227 ahead of Puryear, Amorican, {late mem
ber,) and only Ashe county to be heard from.
. The Next House op RErßESuNTATJvxs.—Elec
tions of members of the House of Representatives
of the next Congress have now been held in all the
States of the Union; with the exception of Mary
land, Georgia, Mississippi and Louisiana' The
Washington Union makes the result &b follows:
Democrats 110, Republicans 91, Anericans 8, va
cancies 2. Supposing no changes to occur in the
remaining-four States where elections "are to be
held, the next House of Representatives will stand
as follows: Democrats 125, Republicans 91, Ameri
cans 16, vacancies 2. Tho House consists of 234
members—ll 3 constituting a minority. The De
mocratic majority, therefore, wiU. be Ifcr-subject,
however, to any changes that may occur iu the
States yet to vote. - *
Arkansas held no State election this year.
Her membora of. tho next Congress kero chosen
last year. - . .
The hog cholera is prevailing in several
townships In York county pa,