The press. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1857-1880, August 12, 1857, Image 2

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    r We allude to the remarks of the newspaper
.Jfei , j)rcs3 upon tlic recent convention at Old Point
|py: Comfort, to consider, the promotion of South
fs*' era trade and commerce with’ Europe. They
. ' forcibly remind us of a paseige in one of the
IV numbers of the 1 Toiler, where Toil DearEy is
!. ■ spoken of as a writer of state plays, after the
' ; manner of the'Athenians, intended to laugh
ifi , out of countenance, or to promote opinions
' amoug the people. Mr. Dubfet is' said to
{; .i have invented two new dances, against the
time when the play of the iffriv Prophets w 0»
• to be enacted, for his benefit, which, it was
•' - hoped, would, be found-to be of universal
SS" ■ benefit.' •' ■' [ 1 ■ • ■
p . . In the first, he represented absolute power
■ v - iii the.person of a tali man'with a hat and
If',;’, feafhet.who gives his first minister, that stands
fef. . jhst jjofore him, & huge kick j the.minister
Ity . • • gives the kick to the next before, and so on to
K’ 1 ' the end of the stage; jln this moral and pr'ac
fe, tical jest, you are made to.understand ttot
SV ; there is in an resolute government no gratifi
-fte.. .cation but givhl the kick you'receive from
jfe , the one above you to ono below you. This is
irformod to a grave and melancholy air; bqt,
i * sudden, the tune moves quicker, and the
tolo company foil into a circle, and take
ends, ami then, at a certain sharp note, they
ove round, and kick as kick can. This latter
irformaqce bo makes to be the representation
a frea.Etite; Where, if you all mind your
may go round and round very jollily,
. . With, a motion pleasant to yourselves and, those
8 . i you dance "with •. bay, if you put yourselves
< . out, at the worst you only kick and are kicked
t’ -v like friends and equals. ’ '
{ : , The description of tho latter ontertainmept
Y . ,Of the. Ingenious Mr. boSißy hot-Inaptly ap
|; plies to the conduct of a considerable number
: ' of Jbe papers of thie day' upon the topic we two
f considering-. The Southern brethren take up
; t the cry of independencefrom commercial v4s
salageon the part of the South, and push for
ward in hot argument" until they convince
' themselves, if not, their readers, that the first
i. ■ step to secure commercial independence in the
? . 'South is to establish for the South a national
* , independence. In the North, we find a suc
cession of sneers at the. South, the whole
subject ofthe Convention treated as a jest, and
derisive calculations made as to how for the
sum subscribed at the Convention would go
■ towardsgiying the'necessary coats of painti'to
the hull of the first of the is pro
- posed to build. Rightand left they.aro kick
' -lag about,* until, among them alj,p6ace and
Concord, good wli), and ; brotherly, affection,
-. union and patriotism,, are dethroned and in
danger of being mired and trampled.
’ " '.The .Hon. Wirtocsnar Newton writes a
' ' - very able letter, so for as the politico-econom
. f leal portionof it is concerned, but whlcifis
marred by hts statement in the out-set, that he
Jtaa.bO con'fidence lb tho success of the move
ment,.Until the South has separated from the
, Union and established, independence. In this
respect his argtuhent is 1 its own best refutation,
.'' fbr,Jw shows' that,th6'peoplo .of the North are
» commercial and manufacturing people, be
‘ /' cattse of natural causes which it is impossible
, them to control i their natural productions
• being summed up as ice and granite, which
, require much labor to bring them to market,
, and are not subjects in which to invest a great
capital;' But in their manufactures they have
, one ample field, for.the’employment of their
■ >. , wealth, and, another presents' itself in their
• ’ • good ports;' and superior natural advantages
for ship-building and commerce. In tho
'South, however, othernatoral causes irresistir
bly direct the attention of the people to a far
different mission., The very, exuberance of
theirresourcea has causod them to devote
’■ ; thei* energies, to agriculture, rather than to
. commerce or manufactures, and will. keep
..‘them an agricultural people, not—as Mr. Wn
rOrojinr 'Newton supposes, as, long as the
confederation exists, but as long as they retain
in their soil the capacity to supply in bound
.loss cotlon, the sugar, the rice,
- and tho hundred other productions required by
1 .-‘“the luxuries and. noSepsiii&i^pf.mankind.
; ; ,Sr. Dome t. ilASit'-pfpposes to establish a
;•:. line of steamers between Norfolk and Milford
HaVenv Another lino of steamers between
iCtiwfiston and Marseilles,, and one between
- Npw Orleans and sombEuropean port, either
, on seaboarii or tlie Mediterranean,
are discussed, bod Mr. Cius.F. Fietcuee, in
; a long and able fitter to the National IntelU
gc’teri', argues fovar of a 1/no of steamers
-between Norfolk ami Cadis, mid tlieuce. pcr
haps, to the Eussian port oif Odessa, in the
, , Black Sea, .He goes out of hts way,however,
. rather unnecessarilypto show that Mr. Mann’s
'project is likely to just a® Jfr.
; W.NswTondoen in iadulginginaiamentation
■ ■ ver'all these projects, because' he ; fears .that
’ . tbey may not be successful, andbecaqs» In the
Vlong run, Self-interest lias an irrcsistijle oon
'frol ovcr the efforts of, patriotism, ever apt to
, ; - * , '!
.-'..yEutourlimits admonishhSofthe necessity
, ' .pf bringing these a plose. , For
: tiWorwiresi W». may. say ’that we are not of the
aomberbf those whose .opinions or prejudices I
upon either to
- •Wfc'jfi Or’denounce tbe effcrts tnaktng among
; , onr.Bootbeni brettu-en -tp^steblfib: for them-,
; «M*e* lacnfoaed,cofßmetetal prantages. We
, tmrtllf commend the-! fitter of Postmaster!
’FOwfeoal; B*Ow«., to tho-' Convention at Old i
' J theli steamiMp Une,;WhM>«StabiiShed,the
'mount of patronage which tjfi exist.
1 nllow him to bestow, eiid we
-pe, tbat ohic Southen,
>ir . righja of exporting
,tp the fillextebtde.
i«t* ahd wants of the
itth'aod dependcnt upon
o», j-TCouiHQ ooosrr. " - '-
or iwaobrwjv."
orontatii ootoit.
. oyEditorWs oti.tlia outside: “Mr.Cal
■ocs’a Great Propliecv,” “The Greatest of
Revolutions,’’.'* Street Nomenclature.”
The Canada, which arrived at Halifax yester
day evening, left Liverpool on Saturday, Au
gi'.st.lst, and hrlngs three days’ later news than
wa* received by the India and Fulton, Our
telegraphic report gives particulars. The
more important points are that the Goodwood
cup had been ran for, and Prioress,
the American horses,’ had come in fifth and
sixth), that the Atlantic telegraph cable had
arrived at Cork, whence the vessels were to
sail on the Ist and Commence .laying down the
cable on the 8d or 4th s that, on experiments
through the whole line, each signal was passed
in one second) that the Palmerston ministry
had.been beaten in the Commons by a hostile
vote of 60 on the Superannuation Bill, hut
would not resign) that, {he capture Delhi,
by the British, was-believed in London, and
hod raised the price of Consols ;■ that the
safety o( Europeans was so much threatened
in Calcutta, that they had been' organized and
armed’; I 'that the whole native army In Bengal
had ceased to exist as a British force) that the
native conspiracy was spreading; arid that, as
yet, Madras and Bombay were safe.
- Looking over our groat budget of exchanges
for Items of news, we daily see a panorama of
opinions upon overy topic of the day passing
before our eyes, and giving riso to many and
various reflections, In the general dearth of
jiews to-day, we pave thought it not amiss to
give a portion of our space to a few remarks
upon a subject of interest to many of oiir
readers. : ‘ ,
iwps'te'ww &n»etlf9.oom
sb«tt»»»a tba South wd
itrtti Bfid
„Fratico*odlwly, and
fttt- i rtUTtt‘ ! aagiM}i, the
Vjiie; articles • ffif-yittOf
btandlea, and thecoatw
'■wiifoSwWmAjij is
demand among her cultivated and refined pop
ulation. And if they extend their enterprises
to a direct commerce with Groat Britain, and
receive in exchange for their products, these
immensely valuable return cargoes of living,
fteight, of which the Northhaa so long cijoy
ed the monopoly, and so’ unjustly undervalued,
we shall see in the success of their enterprise
no causo for envy or regret, believing firmly,
as wo do, that we are all necessary to the wel
fare of our common country, and that every
thing which enures to the benefit of ono por
tion tends’only'to secure the happiness and'
prosperity of the whole. ,
Thri call has gone forth from Virginia; it will
bo shortly again sounded at Knoxville, Ten
nessee, and we hope to see our brethren in tho
South respond to it with zeal, alacrity and en
ergy. We trust to see developed among them
a spirit of harmony and cordiality, and a calm
determination to give to theso projects a fair
and honest trial. We bolieve that they possess
the combination of enterprise, with prudence
and ability necessary to insure success, and we
trust that they will not permit personal or
selfish Cnds to work injustice to their common
interests.; There Is no tree lover of his coun
try, his whole country, bnt will rejoice when
ever the South shall have secured that portion
of the trade and commerce of the world which
naturally and geographically belongs to her.
The newspapers have lately suffered under the
infliction of Miss Madeleine Surra’s trial for
murdering her seducer, and the details of Mrs.
Cunninoham’e notorious career. We find some
of the English newspapers, In reference to the
latter ease,—which has occupied the public
mind in this country since the end of January,
to throw a slur upon our press
generally, : by imputing to it a vicious predilec
tion for criminal narratives, without much re
gard for decouey of language and thought. We
confess that, of late years, the desire to convey
the fullest information, and the competition
among the collectors of news, have rendered
us somewhat liable to the first part of the
charge, hut deny, in the most emphatic man
ner, that the American newspapers err in this
manner as much as the English do. Witness
the length to which.tho PAiMEn-poison trial
run on, in the English journals, and the great
space lately devoted by the Scottisli press to
tile disgusting and most indecent correspond
ence between Miss Smith and her victim.
If the American press he liablo to eonsurc,
let it be known that the evil complained of—
which really is a great one, tonding to corrupt
the moral feeling of tho land—is not an origi
nal but an imported vice. If there ho a blame
riblo pruriency in-the criminal details which
our newspapers sometimes spin out for the de
lectation of a certain - class of readers, the
fault is an exotic, derived from tho practice of
the English press itself.
There are allusions, expressions, and details
in tho newspapors now, which wonid have
shocked, disgusted, alarmed, and angered our
oitizens lmlf a century ago. Let ns briefly tell
how the barrier of propriety was removed.
When Geokoe IV. was Prince of Wales
lie got into very bad company, who led
him into heavy debt. To get rid of the latter,
he unwillingly consented to marry Ills cousin,
Gaeolixe of Brunswick, a warm-hearted, im
pulsive, thoughtless young woman) and this
marriage of convenience turning out badly: “the
happy couple” were not'exactly in a condition
to claim tho Dumuow flitch of bacon at the
year’s end. Before that period they had sepa
rated for ever. Some years after this, there
took place what was called the “ delicate in
vestigation,” being an inquiry instituted by
command of Georoe 111., on charges preferred
by her husband into the alleged dissolute con
duct of the Princess of Wales. Accusations
publicly trtade were supported by evidence
most minutely disgusting and indelicate. Tbe
rank of the parties—-the notoriety of the inves
tigation—the publicity of tho case—the Im
portance of the results, and the curiosity of
the public, were combining causes which in
duced (and misled) tho English journals to giro
lull and competing accounts of tbo whole mat
ter. The Princess was acquitted of all except
Imprudence, arising from ignorance or neglect
of the manners arid habits of English society.
But tl)o details, the evidence, and the com
ments of counsel—all engendered a familiarity
with Vice and Indecency which, tended greatly
to injure public morality. This was tho first
breaking down of the conventional rules of
propriety which had previously regulated the
English press.
In 1809 another great blow was inflicted
upon public morality. The Duke of York,
second son of Georqs 111., at one and the same
time C ominarider-in-Ohief of the British army
and, Bishop of Osnabtlrg, in Germany, was
put on his trial by the House of Commons, on
tbe accusation of having allowed a female,
. named Marx Anne Clarke, who had long been
his kept mistress, to influence him in the dis
posal of commissions in the army. That Mrs.
Clarke received heavy bribes from parties So.
iicilous ofpromotion; that she coaxed the Duke
into, appointing, as her friends, the persons
who paid her these large bribes—and that theso
parties aclnally received promotion, out of
their turn, was fully proved. There was a
legal doubt,whether the Duko knew flint she
realizedmonoy in this manner—in other words,
where he had a guilty participation in her
schemes—and tho Commons, giving him the
benbflt of the doubt, evaded a positive
vote of censure on Ms misconduct. He
had to resign the command of tho army,
however, with the mortification ofknowing that
though he declared his innocence “on the
honor of a Prince,” the public did not believe
him. Mrs. Clarke, with numerous corrobora
ting witnesses, was publicly examined before
tbe House of Commons.' Sbo entered into
particulars, the. most minutely Indelicate, of
hor peculiar and criminal connexion with tbe
Duke, who', to add to the scandal, was a married
man. This evidence was published in tbe Eng
lish journals, day after day, for several weeks,
and it is needlesß to say what corrupting in
fluence such publication had on the public, but,
more especially, on tho youth of both sexes.
in 1820 the Prince of Wales became King
of Ehglaud. Tho quarrel with his wife had
never been made up. She had led a roving,
careless life on the Continent, for many years.
She assumed the title of Queen Consort, and
rapidly journeyed toEngland to assert her claim.
The British Government, who had put strong
and continuous espial on hor conduct while
abroad, informed her, before she embarked
at Calais, that' if she would continue !to
reside out of England, and renounce the
title and dignity of Queen-Consort, She
should have an allowance of $250,00 0 a year s
hut that, if she returned to England, she should
bo proceeded against as an adulteress. Dis
daining the bribe and braving the threat, she
went to England, and George IV., being jler
sonally and politically unpopular, tho masses
of the People tallied around hor, with a few
peers and some leading members of Parlia
ment. What matter hisfory.
She was tried by tho Lords, on the charge of
adultery with Bartkolokeo Bergami, and—
at tho least—highly imprudent conduct wsb
proved. After a prolonged trial, which occu
pied from July to November, the ease was
abandoned by the Government. But qfl tho
disgusting evidence, with its elaborate pruriency
of detail, was published daily, In the" London
newspapers, and disseminated 'throughout the
country, corrupting tho public mind, by fami
liarizing it with the vilest and most sensual
statements arid deductions. Tbe Qneen’s trial,
as it was called, loosened all the restrictions
which conventional propriety had placed upon
journalj anl . It is not to the credit of Royalty
in England that these three great cases, which
so much lowered the tone of morality in Eng
land, arose out of the misconduct of members
of the Royal Family,
After the polluting publication of the
Queen’s .trial, the newspapers gradually got
into the. habit of folly reporting the evidence
in divorce eases before the House of Lords,
coses of breach of promise of marriage, cases
of. seduction,, cases Of .erfert...eon., cases of
against females. Thus the practice
grew, arid tbe jimeYiatn press received it ftom
the Rujliilil Therefore, it is sot falvtochsrge
American jmirnailsm.wltb what bos beea de
rived froto Rngland) with what, at this moment,
hold the American press, how?,
e v *f>v«hoUy. unoffending in till* matte*. It,
‘ *, great deal too minutely into
CireriEßiUhees and downs which might well be
omitted. :
~ be badly managed, If it
dope not give ’aenfficiently good general ac«
count of a crime without entering Into a rola
tJdn!,rif apery dlflgaitlß* ckctaiskaia can
nectedwithJt.‘' 1 •' ' • *
No matter hew (he fatal and irresponsible
expeditions agalnstCnba may have delayed tho
final acquisition of that island by the United
States, political event's daily transpiring are
ripening' the fruit, arid it will not b 8 many
years, we trust, before’ the grand’desideratum
is accomplished. Tho internal, condition of
Spain, the misrule of tho rulers, the misery of
the people, tho reduced and reducing revenues
of tho government, and all those evils which
surely precede the breaking up of that great
power which at one time lorded it with Irre
sistible sway over all the South American con
tinent, polntjto this conclusion.
A few commercial facts may show, in addi
tion to the political reasons we haVe suggested,
tho rapid tendency of present events to the
annexation of Cuba to tho United States. Nor
should it be forgotten that at tbe moment
Great Britain is pursuing her conquests in the
Chinese seas, she is for the thousandth time
blindly and wildly forgetting ail her declarations
that the rights of a weaker power should be
respected, and all her anathemas against the
expansive policy of tho United States. In the
first place, Cuba has lost the coffee trade,
which • the Brazils have gained. Coffee has
been free of duty in tho United States since
1846, but tho Cuba trade has fallen under
the weight of Caban taxes. In relation
to sugar, the diminished duty in tho United
States, under the tariff of 1846, served
to open a market for the increased pro
ducts of Cuba at a time when the growth
of beet-sugar on the continent, and the in
crease of East India sugar counteracted the
diminution in the West India supply. The
production of sugar in the West Indies, Bra
zil and the United States is now more regular,
ly developed, and the dependence of Cuba
upon tbo United States for a market has be
come more marked, bnt cannot be maintained.
So long as tho Islacd had the monopoly of sup
plying the world, as was the case with England
while she had the monopoly of supplying tho
world with manufactures, Cuba could afl’ord to
tax tho produce to any extent, for tho benefit
of hor Spanish Court; hut now competition is
destroying her revenues, and the thirty mil
lions per annuni for the support of the Span
ish throne cau no longer be paid. So, then,
on purely economical principles, the continu
ance of Spanish authority in Cuba much
longer is utterly impossible.
On tho 28th July there was a short debate
in the English House of Commons upon the
unsatisfactory position of alfuira in British In
dia, Us cause, and tho measures necessary to
restore peace, order, and confidence. Tho at
tack on the mlsgovernment of the ruling au
thorities in India was made by Mr. Disraeli,
and, though out-talked and out-voted, lie made
out a strong case, which will make a decided
impression, no doubt, beyond the House of
Commons. On the part of tho Government,
he was responded to by Mr. Versos Smith,
who is a Cabinet Minister, and that variable
Jack-fn-tbe-box, Lord Jons Russell, the in
signiflcenco of whoso stature Is in consistent
accordance with the smallness of his mind.—
Disraeli’s suggestionjwas to redress thcjgriev
unces which the Hindoos complained of, and
to send a commission to India to inquire into
the causes of disaffection, even if the conduct
of the Governor-General himself were one of
them. Lord John Russell, who is anxiously
solicitous to resume office, and does ali ho can
to induce Palmerston to re-appoint him, car-
an amendment, “an Address to Her Ma
jesty, to assure Her Majesty that the Commons
will support Her Majesty in any efforts no
cessary to suppress tho disturbances in India,”
and so forth.
We have here preserved the precise typo
graphic manner in which tho London Timet
distinguishes « Her Majestv.” Theso magic
words occur thrice in two lines, and the servilo
Iteration (which is Lord John’s own) will show,
as well as more important proof, with what
humiliating adulation even tho highest in Eng
land speak of Loyalty. Hero is Lord Jons
Russell, brothor of the Duke of Bedford, and
himself ex-Premier, complacently crushing
“Her Majesty” flireo times into sixteon
words. .
The v r, Versos Smith who repliod to
Disraeli, on the part of the Government, is
President of tl»o Board of Control, (over the
affairs of India,) and nephew to the celebrated
(we can scarcely add pious) Sidney Smith, tho
jesting divine. Mr. Veusqn Smith has had
the reputation, in public and private, as being
eminently d bore —ono of tho dullest, heaviest,
and most plodding. But on this Indian-affairs
debate he made, a remark which is worthy of
record as tho solitary joke of his life. We
quote from the report of his speech in the
London Times of July 29:
On the sabject of annexation, ho was an enemy
to systematic annexation; but the question of Oude
was this: tbesnbjects ot Ondo were kept in sub
jection by our force, and we made ourselves
responsible for every thing ibo King did; Lord
Dalhousie, therefore, thought it better to annex
the territory, which was done with the loast possi
ble Injury to the partios concerned.
There is such a thing, in private converse
and public oratory, as «lotting tho cat out of
the bag,” and Mr. Verson Smith has dono it
with a vengeance. As the moutli-piecc of
the British Government, bo it remembered,
put up to vindicate their conduct, and, declare
their principle, he delicately draws a line, and
says “I am the enemy of systematic, annexa
tion.” This, if it means anything, must mean
that the British Government does not object
to, a little “annexation,” now and then, but
would not reduce it to a system.
Indeod, tho conclusion of this precious con
fession shows how it is dono, England “ pro
tected” the Kingdom of Oude, subjecting tho
peoplo by military force, and becoming “ re
sponsible for every thing tho King did.” How
responsible is not mentioned, but we can tell
our renders that tho King of Oude, with his
cities garrisoned by British soldiers, was a
helpless pensionary, without the power of is
suing a single order, of his own authority.
“Lord Dalhousie," continues this candid
Smith, “ therefore, thought it better to annex
tho territory.” This is Parliamentary logic.
England occupies Oude, reduces its sovereign
to a puppet, and, “ therefore, thinks it better to
annex the territory.” This, of course, is not
systematic annexation : —a rose by any name
would smell as sweet. “ But," continues,
Smith, (and this is the joke,) “ the annexation
was done with the least possible injury to tbo
parties concerned." A country reduced to
thraldom and deprived of its nationality, a
King reduced to a cypher,—this is “ tho least
possible injur)’,” it seems, which tho British
Government could do to the parties concerned!
Anc!, after doing it, to brag of the delicacy
of the operation. My orders are to flay you
alive, said the executioner, but you will admire
the skill with which I shall relieve you from
your skin. Off It shall go, « with the least
possible injury” to yourself; and, though you
may feel the want of a outicle, I hope you
will certify with what dexterity I separated
it from you body.
Funeral or the late Secretary Dobbin.
—The the funeral of the late Hon. James C.
Dobbin took place at Fayetteville, N. C., on
tbe 4th bust., and the utmost respect was paid
to tho memory of tho deceased. The proces
sion, consisting of three military companies,
members of the bar and citizens generally, was
a very large one. Places of business were
closed, the bells toiled, end every other de
monstration of universal respect manifested.
An appropriate sermon was delivered by tbe
Rev. Mr. Gilchrist, after which the procession
accompanied tho remains of the distinguished
man to their lost resting-place, by tho side of
his departed wife.
Yesterday evening the different places of publio
amusement wore crowded. There was a large au
dience at the Academy of Music, a rush to Band
ford’s, a good houßO at Drow’s, and a large number
of persons at the Walnut street Theatre, where
the Boone children gave soones from “ Macbeth,”
and ft company of juvenile comedians named Wren
appeared itt “Bombastes Farioso” and a farce,
besides singing and dancing. These young people
are clever for their ago. The host representation
Well, and speaks In her natural voice. The King
was that of "flUUffiua,” by Elite Wren, who aots
In »Bo»bMt««>” also, hus a clear nttoranoo.
Bcmhnatei himself plays evidently with a good
conception of the character, and. his mook : heroio
actionsi'oWed It; hut his Intonation might be there
ji.H-.t- and- the sooner he ceases to drop his yoke
at the and of * sentenoe the better. Be has the
perceptions of neomedlsn, child thonghhebe. A
little damsel, rejoicing In the romantic name of
Julia Christine, dancod » sailor's hornpipe with
much spirit, and was encored, On the whole, those
children are well worth seeing.
A rowdy unwed Bowen attempted to force
his way Into the Herald office at Oskaloosa, lowa,
on the night of the election, and was shot dead by
the editor.
British India, of which Hlndostan contains a
population of of human beings—
-90,000,000 of these being subjects of Groat
Britain, 40,000,000 the subjects of allies, and
10,000,000 the subjects of independent States—
•this region, the seat of tho present insurrec
tion, extends from the Bth to the 34th degree
of north latitude, and from tho 68th to the 92d
degree of cast longitude—being from north
to south in length 1,800 miles, and from cast to
west 1,600 miles. Next 1n importance to tho
East India possessions are those of West India,
—comprising Jamaica, Trinidad, Granada, St.
Vincent, Barbadoes, St. Lucia, Dominica, the
islands of Antigua, Nevis, Monserat, St.
Christopher, (or St. Kitt’s) Tortolla, Anguilla,
the Bahamas, and the Bermudas. Then comes
South America, with British Guiana, Central
America, with Honduras, then tho Falkland
Islands. Next comes British North America-
Lower Canada, Upper Canada, Nova Scotia,
Cape Breton, tho Sable Islands, New Bruns
wick, Prince Edward’s island, NewFoundland,
the Labrador coast, and the Hudson Bay
Company’s territories. Turning to the east
again, we find the largo island of Ceylon, the
Prince of Wales island, Molucca, Singapore,
Australasia, beginning with New South Wales,
and including the v»Bt island of r New Holland,
then Western Australia, South Australia and
Van Dieman’s Land. In Southern Africa, tho
Cape of Good Hope, Mauritius, in tho Isle of
Franco, St. Helena, Ascension, in Western
Africa, Sierra Leone and Gambia* and we
must not forget the Colony of New Eealand
and the settlements of Hong Kong. Finally,
there are the British Colonies of Europe,
Gibraltar, Gosza and the lonian Isles, besides
the Colony of Heliogoland in the North Sea,
Fernando Poe and Aden in the Bed Sea, and
the Island of Scotia.
Tills brief summary of the British Colonial
Empire may be interesting to our readers, and
particularly at a moment when the attention of
the whole world is directed to the efforts of
tho British Army and Navy, now engaged in a
war of aggression and bloodshed upon tho un
offending millions inhabiting the Chinese do
A highly interesting moeting was held at the
Paoli Tavern, Chester county, on Saturday
last, the Bth of August. Ho.n. Thomas S. Bell,
late Judge of the Supremo Court, stated the
object of tiio meeting to bo the renovation of
the Paoli Monument and grounds. Goneral
Thomas S. Tbimdlk took tho Chair, and Ciias.
J. Elliott and J. Hodoson acted as Secreta
From a memoir and resolution introduced by
JunoE Bell, and adopted by tho mooting, wc
gather the following facts:
On tho 20th of September nqxt, it will have
been forty yean Bince a number*of our revo
lutionary heroes, commanded by the gallant
Gen. Wayne, were massacred in the most
savage manner by the British, in a night at
tack, near Paoli, Tho soil which has been
consecrated by tho remains oi those patriots
is exposed to the invasion of every rude and
careless footstep, with no enclosure to protect
it—without even the humblo memorial of a
stono to designate the spot where sleep our
bravo defenders.
The monument to the memory of the brave
men who fell in this midnight slaughter was
erected in the year 1817. The Republican
Artillerists, a volunteergpompany, composed
of many of the moat* prominent citlzonß
of Chester and Delaware counties, assisted by
the contributions of other citizens, erected this
monument, and it is a singular coincidence,
Judge Bell’s memoir goes on to state, that,
after the lapse of just another forty years, wo
are called to renew the work of a bygone gene
ration. Let us so discharge this duty as to
disprovo the taunt that Americans build monu
ments only for the present moment.
In 1851 this sacred obligation was felt and ac
knowledged. In that yoar,’at a meeting of the pa
triotic citizens, steps were taken to provide funds
for tho restoration of tbo parade ground—tho an
cient hattlo-riold. Money was liberally subscribed
in various parts of the two counties, but it provod
insufficient for the contemplated purpose- For this
und other reasons tho duty recognised and ussumed
was not fully discharged. Seme of the fund thus
collected was applied in repairs of the wall sur
rounding tho structure, bnt much the larger pro
portion rema'ns in the hands of the gentleman who
then acted as treasurer.
Since that period, unthinking violenoe, neglect,
ticto and the soaeons, have effected the work of fur
ther effaoomont. ’What woe then threatened decay
is now unsightly dilapidation; It this bo not ar
rested, it must soon end in deltruaUpu. This oaji
not bo permitted while any feeling of respeet and
honor remains for those *' who risked ail and lest
all, that wo might enjoy all.” Therefore, it is Re
1. That it is the unquestionable duty of the
young men of Cheater and Delaware—the old coun
ty of Chester—to see that the patriotic work of
their fathers and predecessors shall'not become to
them “ a by-word and reproach,” by suffering it
to sink into ruina for lack of the paltry sum neces
sary to its restoration.
2. That tho renovation of the Pooli Monument
should he so effected as to give it the commanding
chnraoter and stable condition of a national work.
3. That it is expedient a sum sufficient for this
purposo bo raised in the sistor eountios, and their
neighbors, Philadelphia and Montgomery. IVo
accordingly call on our fellow-oitlsens of those
counties lo contribute to this noble work.
4. That Ron. Thos. S. Bell, Gan. T. R. Trimble,
Maj. J. Hodgson and Capt. Robt. Irwin, bo a com
mittee to superintend and direct tho renovation of
tho' monument of tho parade ground, to be invested
with full power to dotermino the plan and ilniah of
the first and whatever ia necessary to tho latter
5. That Maj. flen. T. S. 801 l he authorised to
appoint a committee in each township of Chester
nno Delaware counties, to collect money for.theso
objects; the expeuße thereof to bo paid out of tho
fund raised.
6. That Capt. Davie, Capt Oliver, and Lieut.
C. Elliott, ho a committoe to visit the Military,
Camp about to he held in Montgomery county with
a similar object. '
7. That Cadwalindor Evans, of Paoli, is here
by appointed Treasurer of the ihnd to be raised, to
whom tho former Treasurer and tbe several cotleat
ing committees shall transmit all monoy collected
and to bo oollcoted. ft Bhuli bo their duty to take
his receipts for the same and deposit them with tho
Executive Committee, appointed under the fourth
resolution, in such manner tha) it may be known
ppooiaoly how much was received by the Collect
ing committees, and how much paid by them to
the Treasurer.
8. That tho Treasurer pay tho said monies only
on the orders of tho Executive Committoe, who
shall ho unswerahio for tho duo application of tho
fund recoived by tho Treasurer and paid upon thoir
9. That tho work of renovation bo prosooutod
within tho present year; after which the Exoun
tivo Committee shall report io a mooting of the
subscribers, at tho Paoh tavern, au account of
their aotion.
10- That Gen. T. S. 801 l and Capt. Robert Ir
win are hereby invested with a general power of
supervision of tho work, with power to call meet
ings of subscribers to the fund, in reference to its
implication and tho management.
'll. That tho Trustees of the Paoli Parade
“round are requested to inquire whothcr the field
has been oncroachcd on, and if so, to take legal
measures to vindicate the rights of the Associated
Volunteers of Chester and Delaware counties.
12. That those proceedings he published in tho
soveral papers of Chester, Delaware and Mont
gomery counties.
Mrs. CussiNonAM has been committed to
prison, bail not being accepted, on a charge
of haring “ produced,” as hor own, a baby
belonging to somebody else- It is said that she
will be brought up on a habeas corpus, when
argument will be used to show her right to be
admitted to bail. Mr. Bn.uo'On.n, tho able
Surrogate of New York, (whoso decisions
hove won a Europoan reputation for him,) ia
busily engaged, while this baby affair Is agita
ting the public, in closely examining the points
submitted to him, to prove that Mrs. Cunnino
ham was married to Dr. Burdell.' His deci
sion will be mado in a few days, and it is believ
ed, among tho Now York lawyers, that—at
least previous to the recent affair—Mr. Bkad
fohd leant to the belief that she was married,
as she states. If silo wore not, it is doubtfbl
whether protending to have a child comes
under the statute on which sho is committed;
for, if not a wife, she could havo no pretext
tor the child’s being an heir to Dr. Bukbell.
At this moment Lord Palmerston Ims quite
enough to do. He lias just emerged from a
war with Persia, and there is a doubt whether
it may not suddenly bo renewed. He is doep
in a contest with China; he has to put down a
revolt in India; he has to grapple With disaf
fection in the lonian Islands; and the last nows
from Australia shows that country in the heart
of a political crisis, which may eventuate inits
declaring itself independent one of fbese days,
and claiming rank among the natipns of tho
earth as the Republic of Australia. It has
bocn said that Palmerston delights to move
in troubled waters. Troubled enough they are
now, and at boiling point, too. I
Tee Gbaud Fits At Nswpoai.a-Ti]o fed
chomptlre given at the residence ofjfr. W. S.
W etmore, In honor of George Peabody, It is
said, came off on Monday In cSielJent style.
Thirty-two hundred invitations were Issued,
and twenty-fivo hundred guests assembled.
The chrrlages numbered upwards l of three
hundred. ‘ This fete is said to hftvp cost Mr.
TVetmore nearly ton thousand dollars.
We perceive that some of our cotemporaries
are exorcised because General W. F. Paokeb,
undor the instructions of the Domocratio State
Committee, has conceived it to bo his duty to
decline the invitation of Hon. David W ilmot,
the Republican candidate for Governor, to a
public discussion. Some ridiculous contrasts
have been drawn in consequonco of General
Packer’s declension. The mere fact that the
Democratic candidate for Governor has not
deemed it proper to meet Ms Republican op
ponent in joint discussion has suggested to
curtain objectors the example set by Gov
ernor Bmler in his memorable canvasses
of ’6l and 64, and that of Governor Wise, of
Virginia, in 1864, and also the presidential
campaign of 1866. If these objectors will look
carefrilly at the Instances they have cited, they
will find that„in no one case has the proposition
for a joint discussion been agreed upon by
opposing candidates. Gov. Biqler canvassed
the State of Pennsylvania alone as dldbis oppo
nent, Gov. Johnston- Mr. Wise canvassed
tbe State of Virginia alone, as did his opponent,
Mr. Flournoy. In 1866 the advocates of Re
publicanism took one range of counties and the
advocates of Democracy another. But this is
not all. Wherever opposing candidates travel
and speak together, which is customary in
some of the Southern States, personal colli
sions are almost certain to follow. In thevery
last contest in Tennessee, and in several of the
districts in Kentucky, the most unhappy con
flicts ensued on account of these joint, meet
ings. General Packer, advised by the Demo
cratie State Central Committee, has declined
meeting an adversary beaten beforehand. This
is all he has done. Mr. Wilmot sought a
joint meeting, with nothing to lose by it. He
placed all his hopes upon the hazard of the
die, and, if defeated in the end, would not bo
more politically ruined than ho was at tho be
ginning. Tho Democratic candidate docs not
decline meeting tho people face to face, every
where and always. Ho simply abstains from
giving to his opponent an opportunity, which,
while it could not serve any great public pur
pose, orjadvancc any great public good, might
still further irritate the minds of tho people on
a question which, in tho opinion of all honest
men, was happily put at rest by the result of
tho late Presidential election.
Wo havo already announced that Goneral
Packer will appear before tho peoplo of the
different counties of tho State between now
and tbo election, and will givo all his oppo
nents an opporuntty of hoaring what he has to
[Correspondence of The Press.J
Washington, August 10,1857.
The opposition to the Democratic party are at a
loss what common ground to assume in the existing
posture of affairs. The eleventh American Coun
cil, of Brooklyn, resolve to adhere, with the ex
ception of amendment of the naturalisation laws
and some minor points, to the constitutional and
conservative principles which have characterized
tbe Democracy of tho Union and still continue so
to do, and to rejeot with disdain, each and every
proposition for fusion with the Blaok Republicans,
while on the other hand, the Richmond Whig,
in an elaborate article, essays to gather into one
fotd the heterogeneous elements of Native Amori
canism, Block Republicanism, Know-Nothlngism,
Abolitionism and what not, to strike down tho
Democratic party, tho only ualional political or
ganization now in existonoe in this country. Wo
know that they have thus far been foiled in
every attompt to crush out national ideas, and we
have tho best assurances in tho elections which
havo just taken place, that in this, thoir last and
most desperate attempt, they will certainly moot
with a similar, if not more disastrous defeat.
Tho Americans, par excellence, in truth, aro in a
sad plight, and remind one forcibly of the poor nn*
fortunates, of classic mythology, who wander dis
tracted up and down the River Styx.
The Black Republicans in the North have a di
vided camp, and may it not ho a part of the subtle
policy and political sagacity for which Soward, of
New York, has renown, that he now leaves the
United Statea for two years of travet 'l To refer to
his chartering a vessel for that purpose, in Canada,
when a much better and cheaper one could bo had
in the United States, would go to show what faith
is to be placed in his professions, in their lofty dic
tion, to sustain America* labor.
Tho last Congress, at its Drift session, passed a
resolution providing for the distribution of books
among members in tho usual way.
The Compensation Bill provided, that the cost
of books, distributed after its passago, shonld be
doduotod from the member's pay, but that that
provision should not be applied to the members of
the existing Congress The Clerk of the House of
Representatives, then proceeded to furnish a por
tion of the members with the books they were en
titled, under the resolution of July, 1856. Ih the
Appropriation Bill, passed at the last session, it
was provided that tho sum of $lBB,OOO, should be
appropriated for two purposes, in connection with
these hooks; first, to indemnify the Clerk for
such books as ho had already furnished to
members; and secondly, to enable him to fur
nish books to members who had not been sup
plied, by depositing them in some public libraries
in their districts, to bo designated by thoso mem
bers. Under this law the Secretary of the Treasury
decided that the elerk, to entitle him to the benefit
of that portion of it whiohprovldod for his indemni
fication, should produeo evidence that the books
had been purchased by him, and delivered to the
members Indicated; and, under the second olnuso,
that before he could allow any advances to bo made,
the olerk should furnish the evidence that a public
library had been designated by tho members, or by
Congress, to whioh tho books were to bo sent; and
further, that before his account could bo finally set
tled, ho would bo required to produce the receipt of
tho librarian that tbe books had beou actually re
ceived. Under this decision, tho clerk presented
an account for twenty-four sets of books, which had
been purchased by him and furnished to members
whoso names w6ro given, accompanied by the re
ceipt of tbopersou from whom tho books woro pur
chased, by a certificate of the dork, undor his official
oath of office, that ho had purchased tho books men
tioned, that he had paid for them tho amount speci
fied, and that ho had delivered them to tho members
: designated, and also by the receipts of the mem
bers themselves that they had received them.
: Upon this evidence the olerk’s account, undor
that branch of tbe law, was allowed, amount
ing to something like $22,000. The remaining
portion of the appropriation, somo $llO,OOO, the
Secretary has refused to advance to the olerk,
because ho has not yet produced evidence to him
that tho publio libraries had been designated by
tho respootive members of Congress as required
by law.
The probability is, that this is the last of this
book business. Tho rules presented by tho Secre
tary for the clerk aro more onerous than usual in
such oases, but at tbo samo time, it was necessary,
under all tho oircumstances, that tho olerk should
bo held to a strict accountability.
The distinguished Secretary of tho Treasury has
manfully dotormined that this source of expendi
ture, so far as it dopends upon the nation of hts de
partment, shall not receive cncouragcmcut.
Ms. K. Fritchette, special agent to tho Indian
Bureau from Mankato, Blue Earth County, Minne
sota Territory, under date of July yi, 1857, states
that upon an interview with the Governor of that
plaoo, ho was informed no other outragrs had been
perpetrated by tbe Indians. Great alarm still
prevailed among the frontier settlers, who were
daily deserting their improvements, and many
leaving tho Territory. TTho arrival of troops would
corroot this and restore confidence, and effectually
overawe the Indians. Mr. Fritchette would pro
cood on August Ist to tho lower Sioux agoncy, to
join .Superintendent Cullen, from which point an
early communication, more at length, will be made
of tho foots to bo ascertained, apparently, of the
origin and present condition of the exiting diffi
Tho War Department, this morning, received a
despatch from Major Sherman, to tlio effoot that he
had gone with his bnttory to Yellow Modioino, and
mot and overawed tho Yank tons, and other Indians,
who had obstructed Col. Noble’s party. The an
nuities bad been paid to the Indians. There is no
truth in the rumor that Hon. F. P. Stanton, Secre
tary of Kansas Territory, has been appointed to tho
Superintendonoy of Indian Affairs, made vacant
by the appointment of Mr. Cummings to tho Go
vernorship of Utah. Mr. Ilaverty, Cummings’s
olerk, now in charge of the office, will continue in
ohargo until the accounts of Cummings are settled,
which will bo about next December,
Threo magnificent bouses are now in coureo of
erection on New Jersey avenue and I street, for
Vico President Breokinridgo, Hon. Stephon A.
Douglas, and Hon. Henry M. Rice. They are to
be completed by the Ist of Deoember next, and
ready for occupancy.
A largo party It about to purchase Meridian Hill,
a commanding and convenient site, tooffor it to the
Government for the contemplated new Presidential
Mansion. X. Y.
Delaware Canal Broken below New Hope.
Wo greatly regret to hear that the heavy
rain of yesterday, and the consequent freshet,
has produced a serious Iqjury to the Delaware
Canal, below New Hope, and the Lehigh Com
pany’s despatch intimates that It will require
some ten days to repair the break.
From Washington,
TVasoinotos, Aug. 11,1857 —The overwhelming vie.
lory Just won by the Democratic party la the Southern
aud Southwestern States is regarded here as a decisive
declaration la f&vor of (sustaining the Administration.
The opposition sought to create dissensions and divisions
iu our ranks ou the Kansaa-Walker matter, but the re
sult shows that the effort has signally failed and we
look confidently for a similar result in Georgia, Missis
sippi, and Louisiana.
It U estimated that the massive structure of granite
called the extension of the Treasury Building, will take
three or four years to complete It, and cost, to execute
fully the plon adopted years ago, some $4,000,000. It
w 111 be a “ strong box’ l to keep safe Uncle Sam’s money,
provided Congress will sustain by Its action the eco
nomical administration of the Treasury Department
determined upon by Governor Cobb, and which meets
with so much approval on the part of the Democracy
throughout the country.
ftThe President la expected here to-morrow. The Cabi
net have held meetings every Tuesday and Friday since
his absence.
The Agricultural portion of the Patent Office Report
is nearly ready for publication. It will be rich in Infor
mation on fertlUiing agents, the breed of animals, and
other subjects equally interesting and beneficial to the
rural districts. Tho Northern and Southern mails have
failed this morning. X. Y
[SPECIAL despatch.)
Washington, August 11.—While the three Navy
Boards ate doing, and have done, the best that men can
do under the circumstances which surround them, it ia
apprehended that the whole project of Naval Reform,
commenced under the last Administration, will demand
revision, If not a total change, going back to the old, or
forward to an entire new system.
Bedford Sfmxob, Aug. 11, 1867.—President Bu
chanan, with MU9 Lane and Miss Blake, left this morn
ing for Washington, by way of Cumberland, escorted
by General Bowman, Hon. Wm. Dougherty, and Colonel
Spang. Previous to leaving the Springs, Mr. Buchanan
bid farewell to an Immense company of'ladies and gen
tlemen assembled there. When he left he was greeted
with repeated cheers. During his stay at Bedford he
made many friends by his plain Democratic way of
mingling with the people. He was in fine health and
excellent spirits.
Washington, Aug. 11.—Orders have been Issued* for
tho transfer of the Fort Swelling property to Francis
Steele, the purchaser under the recent sale by Govern
The President left Bedford this morning, and will ar
rive hero to-morrow.
The New Orleans papers of tho 6th, which have just
been received here, contain the charter of tho Louisiana
Tehuantepec Company, for the construction of a rail
road, aud other common cation across the Isthmus, un
der the Garay aud Sloo grants.
The capital stock is ten millions, two of which will
bo issued an paid stock, and delivered to tho trustees,
who now hold the title to those grants.
As it will be necessary to enter Into some arrjoge
mont with the Governments of Mexico and the United
States, M. -Emile Ie Sore, andSenatorßsnjamln are {made
joint agents of the company, with full porters to agree
either or both of the governments for such modifications,
amendments, and changes in said grant as may seem
most judidouß for security, and full and perfect protec.
tion of the rights and Interests of the company.
Ex-Mayor Towers died to-day, after seven weeks, Ill
Reported Conspiracy at Calcutta.
Halifax, August 11.— The Royal Mail Steamship
Canada arrived this afternoon from Liverpool, with
dates to Saturday, August 1, being three days later than
previous advices.
The vessels composing the Atlantic Telegraph Squad
ron had all reached Cork, and were to leave on the Ist
instant for Valcntia bay, where the task of submerging
the cable will be commenced. An experiment with the
whole length of the cable has been made, and proved
highly successful.
The Goodwood race came off on the appointed day, but
the American hones Prior and Prioress were be&teu.
The Indian mail has arrived, and tho telegraphic de
spatch from Trieste Is confirmed, but there Is no confir
mation of the capture of Delphi. The report, however,
obtains much credence.
A conspiracy has been discovered for a general rising
of tho natives at Calcutta, and the Europeans have
armed themselves in anticipation.
The steamer Anglo Saxon had arrived at Liverpool.
At London, money was in increased demand, and the
bullion in tho Bank of England continued to decrease.
The sales of American securities were unimportant.
In the House of Commons, on Wednesday night, the
government was in a minority of sixty on a division for
the second reading of the Superannuation bill. The
motion for the second reading having been carried, on
the following evening Lord Palmerston said that the
government would offer no further opposition to ils
The new Divorce bill has also been debated, flnd
although strenuously opposed, was ordered to a second
It was Intended that the vessels should commence the
sinking of the Atlantic Telegraph cable on the fid or 4th
The pajing*out experiments which were made be
tween Dover and Queenstown were perfectly successful.
The following despatch was received from Queens*
town .*
Queenstown, July 31.—The submarine cable wm
joined l&3t evening, and messages were sent through Its
entire length in less than a second for each signal.
Fourteen horses ran for the Goodwood Cap, and the
American homes Prior and Prioress came is fifth and
sixth. The first favorite and two other* fell, so that the
race can scarcely be regarded as a criterion.
The Emperor and Empress of France were expected
at the Isle of Wight on the 6th inst.
It was rumored that the English Government intends
to send ten thousand additional troops to India.
The trial of the conspirators charged with designing
the assassination of the Emperor, is to take place on the
6th or Bth of August. |
Lablache the famous singer, is dead.
It is reported that tho elections have resulted so un
satisfactorily to the Emperor, that ainodificatlou of uni
versal suffrage is contemplated.
Bills for the nominal abolition of Blavery in the
Indies have been presented in the Second Chamber by
the Minister of tho Colonies,
Talavera has been declared in ft state of siege, on ac
count of a destructive fire there, which is attributed to
the Revolutionists.
The.Spanish-Mexican question Is to be further dis.
cussed at Paris.
A letter dated Leghorn, B&ya that twenty persona ar
rested for tho affair of JunoSOtb. have boon set at liber
ty, but fresh arrests are dally made.
Tho Cholera Is prevailing extensively at Bt. Peters
burg. ;
Tho advance of consols on Saturday was on the strength
of a communication from an East India house that
Delhi had fallen.
The Bombay Tinus says the rebellion was universal
in the Bengal army, and oven tho 70th regiment of na
tive infantry, which had been publicly thanked three
weeks before for its loyalty, had been disarmed.
The Madras armies manifested the moat perfect
A list is given of fifty-six regiment*, or portions of
regiments, which mutinied, while twenty were dis
armed, and one disbanded. The Bengal army had ceased
to exist.
There is much anxiety to hear from Nizam’s country,
as the first regiment of cavalry stationed there muti
nied, and committed great atrocities at H&tttle and
Uessar, but many of the Europeans managed to escape.
No Europeans were killed at Acungiabad, and the mu
tineers were dispersed.
The Bhurtpoor lines also mutinied, and the officers
was obliged to fly, but none were Injured.
At Allahad twenty-six Europeans and their families
were killed.
Tho rumored conspiracy at Calcutta was on the . part
of the Mussulmen. The King of Oude and others Were
at tho bottom of this affair. Nearly.all the native
troops stationed there have been disarmed.
The defence of Calcutta is a subject of much anxiety,
and the government has consented to tho enrolment of
volunteers, who patrol the streets at night. The Inha
bitants are armed, and the public bridges, hotels, and
other principal places aro garrisoned by the sailort be
longing to the ships la the river.
A letter from a highly respectable source at Madras,
dated Juno 27th, Bays that official intelligence bad been
received of the fall of Delhi. **
Tho advices from Canton state on the 27th of May
thirteen juuks were destroyed aud twenty-aoven cap
tured. On the 7tl\of June & British naval fotce of two
thousand men took a fort and captured or destroyed one
hundred and twenty-seven junks, mount!ngoso guns and
manned by 0,000 men.
Commercial Intelligence.
Liverpool, July 31.—Cotton Market.— There has
been a general advance in Cotton, principally affecting
Middling qualities. Middling Mobiles have advanced
%. The sale 3 during the week wore 02,000 bales, of
which speculators took 9,000 bales' and exporters 4,600.
The closing quotations are as follows, the market exhi
biting a downward tendency ■
Oricaus Fair
Orleans Middling * ‘ *’ gU
Mobile Fay ’* 'gt?
Mobile Middling rv ’
Upland Fair...! ??•'.
Upland Middling ..'.Sjtf.
Thb stock of Cotton in port is 496,000 bales, Including
403,500 Aoiericau.
Liverpool, Saturday afternoon, Aug. I.— Th6 Cotton
Market to-day was quiet and prices steady. The esti
mate of sales for to-day Is 6000 boles.
Havas, July SO.—New Orleans iro ordinaire is quoted
Liverpool Bbkad3tcff3 MABjtsr, July
weather continues favorable for tho crops, and the pros*
pocta of the harvest are good.
Messrs. Richardson, Speuoe 5c Brothers, report wheat
dull at a decline of 1d.02d., but other circulars report
the market easier, but prices unchanged.
■ Flour is steady, dales of Western Canal at sO«.o?Ste.
fid; Southern SOt.erSU. ; 0W0824. Corn 1# quiet— I white
Is Is, better, with sales at 455,
PbovJ;iionB—IThj 1 Thj market has been firm. Beef closed
buoyant, and Pork firm at an advance of 25., cblsflj on
fine qualities. Bacon is quiet. Bard Is buoyant at fifto
08a., and,o9s. for choice lots.
Liverpool Produce Markbt —The Broker’s clycttfir
reports Sugar quiet; Coffee quiet; Rica dull.
Tsa—Holders demand an advance.
Naval ls steady at os. 2d. for common,
Tu to (tad, if .
QugioiTßOs Bast—Philadelphia bark has advanced
to 16s, *
Linseed Oil Is dtjli at 40s.
Lokdox Mobsy,Ma&kst, July 81.—Messrs. Barny A
Brothers report an increased demand for money, the
current rates being s#©6 cent.
The bullion in the Bonk of England is deereasing.
Consols for money are quoted at 91 #,
The sales of American securities are unimportant.
Lokdox Markets to July 81.—Breads tuffs are quiet
with a declining tendency.
Sugar is quiet. Tesla firmer at lfi2tfd«Ls2#d for
common Congous. Rit ej* quiet. ,
Livsbfool, Aug. 1, P. M,—The Wheat Market shows
a declining tendency. Provisions are steady, and lard
The Manchester advices are favorable.
Lute? from RU.
New Yobk, August 11.—By the arrival of the ship
Haldee at this port, Bio Janeiro dates to the sth of/air
are furnished.
The city was healthy.
The British fleet had sailed for China on the 4th ult.
There were no transactions in coffee worthy of men
Sailingof the Canada for Boston.
Halifax, Aug. 11 .—The strainer Canada sailed at 6
o'clock this evening for Boston, where she will be due
on Thursday morning. A strong westerly wind prevails,
with a heavy rain.
Presidentßachanaa at Cumberland.
Cchs&rlaxp, Md., Ang. 11.—President Buchanan
arrived here this evening from Bedford Springs, and
will start for Washington in the morning.
From Mexico.
Nxw OaiSAKS, Aug. tt.—-The steamer Texas hss ar
rived with dates from Vera Crn* to the 9th lust., and
tho City of Mexico to the 3d.
The news furnished U of no general importance.
President Comonfort was almost unanimously re
Health of New Orleana.
New Oelsals, August 11.—Tho weather has been very
wet. The deaths during the week have been only nine
Missouri Election, etc.
St. Lodjs. Aug. 11.—Ninety counties give Rollins a
majority of about 3,000 votes, but the returns are so
conflicting that accurate figures cannot be given. Rol
lins haa probably been elected by 1,600 majority.
The Republican learns that John Harkness, late
Comptroller of this city, has been appointed Secretary
of Utah.
The River at Pittsburgh.
Pirraacao, August 11,—11 rained hard here all day
yesterday. There is seven and a half feet of water in
the channel of the Ohio river, and it is still rising.
Boats plenty, and rates low to all Western ports.
The Cunningham Case*
New Yobk, August 11.—Iu the Supreme Court to-day,
a writ of certiorari was granted on behalf of Mrs. Cun
ningham, returnable to-morrow, when an argument will
be had upon her admission to bail.
Naval Affairs.
Wavuisotos, Aug. n.-Capt. John Pope has been
ordered to the command of the Navy Yard at Ports
mouth, N. H., vice Newton, deceased.
C&pt. McKean has been appointed Governor of the
Naval Asylum at Philadelphia, to relieve Com. Storer
on the 20th Inst.
From Kanm—Return of Govern*? Walker pad
Troops to Lawrence—The Election Returns.
Sr. Louis, August 11.—Kansu advices to the Bth in
stant state that Governor Walker had returned to Law
rence with the United States troops, the apprehensions
of an attack by tho Indians proving groundless.
The city Government met on the 7th Instant, and was
engaged in perfecting ordinances.
The election returns indicate nearly a unanimous vote
la taroc of the Topeka Constitution.
From New Mexico*
St. Louis, Angast 11.—The Santa Pe mall reached In
dependence on the 7th inst.
The news is unimportant. The Cheyenne Indians had
refused to receive presents from the agent, or agree to
any treaty, saying they can make more by stealing.
The Pawnees also threatened hostilities.
Arrival of the City of Baltimore.
New You, August 11.—The steamer City of Balti
more has arrived. The steamer left Liverpool aimnUa
neously with the Indian, and her advices have been an
Markets by Telegraph*
New Yobk, Aug. 11.—Flour firm; sales of 6000 this,
at 17 35®7 00 for Southern, a decline of IQe. Wheat
unsettled, 16,000 bos. gold at ISOalS&c. for white, and
162#e175c. for red. Com firm; sales of 30,
84tf«8fic. for mixed. Pork is firm. Lard #e. better,
at!s*c. Whiskey dull at Sle.
Stocks continue dull, and prices are generally lower.
CnAALSSrOH, Ang. 11—Seles of 19,000 beohelscr cod
Wheat to-day at full prices— bus.
Bavriuoox, Aug.H.—Flour ia dull, and 13#c. lower;
sales of City Mills at $6 62)4. Wheat, red quoted at
140®153; white 1600163. Corn dull and lover at 850
88c. for white, and 82aS7e. tor yellow. Whiskey at 29
New 081X1X3, August 10.—The sales of Cotton to*
day, have been 800 bales, the market closing firm. Bales
of Prime Red Wheat et f 1.26; Corn, 80 cents; Bacon
closes buoyant, ribbed sides at 14#. Coffee -•Sales of
Rio to-day, 2400 bags, at UjfOHJf.
New Orl&axs, August 11 .—Tho sales of cotton to-day
were only 60 hales, the market closing firm., Jhe.salee
for the part shm days have b eeamriy 660 baba, mid the
receipts 230 bales. The receipts are than last year
by 239,500 bales. The receipts at all Southern ports are
less by 570,500 than last year. The stock in port is now
only 21,000 bales. Com doll. Pork firm. Bio Coffee,
11©11&, and buyers deraand an advance.
A “Confidence** Soy.** —Cases of swindling, :
usually denominated under this bead, are becoming
very frequent, and unless then aro greater efforts'
made to arrest this class of offenders, by pitting the
public on their guard, there is no tailing to what
extremes it may be carried. One of the most de
spicable features of this nefarious game is, that it
conducts its swindles under the cloak of Intimacy or i
kindness to some well-known, respectable member
of thecommuruty.
A slippery subject, recently practicing In this
“confidence ” capacity, is a young man, or rather a
boy, abouteighteenorwneteenyearsof age. To our
knowledge, he has succeeded in his attempts in seve
ral instances. He carried his point with Gov: Wright
of Indiana, by representing himself as a relative
of Gen. Cass, aud belonging to the State depart
ment at Washington; but subsequently, upon
making inquiry in that quarter, the story was 1
found to he a hoax. Slnoe then he has succeeded
in coming the same game over Senator Thomp
son, of New Jersey, with like representations of
his connection with Gen. Cass. More recently
still, he called upon the editor of this journal, re
presenting himself as the brother of the Hon.
8. 8. Marshall, of Illinois; and at Baltimore
he attempted the ,samo game, under the pre
tence of being a brother to Colonel Florence,
of this city, Tho oase recently reported to have
occurred at a Hotel in tho oity of Buffalo, of a
young man obtaining a sum of money on the repre
sentation of his boing a son of Hon. Charles Sum
ner, is doubtlees traceable to the same individual.
It will be well to look out for him. As before
stated, he is a lad abouteighteen or nineteen years
of age—abort, butatout built—rathorprepossessing
iu appearance, and evinoes a good degree of
knowledge of men and things—politics and politi
cians in particular—a good conversationist. He
usually wears either a straw hat or glazed cap.
Look out for him.
Effects of the Pain. — Ono of the trains on
the North Pennsylvania Railroad was detained
for about half an hour, yesterday morning, by the
overflow of water at one of the small culverts above
Fisher’s Lane, the road-bed having sunk so as to
prevent the train from passing.
About two hundred feet of the track of the Bald
more Railroad was washed away by tho heavy rain
on Monday night, about ten miles above 'Wilming
ton. The mail train from Baltimore, due at 11P.
M-, was detained three hours until tho damage
could be repaired.
Political. —Tho (i straight-out ” American
delegate elections in the different wards will take
plaoe this evening. Those elected will rnaot in
Convention to-morrow afternoon for the purpose of
nominating candidates to be supported at the ap
proaching municipal election. We nnderstand
that on the 25th inst. a straight-out” Republi
can Convention is to be held. There will, in all
probability, be four tickets in the.field, vis : the
Democratic, which, of course will be successful;
tho Amoriean and Republican Union ; the
“straight-out” American, and the “ straight
out” Republican. Under this, or, in fact, under
any arrangement, the opponents of the present
ruling parly in this olty have little to hope for.
We thought that there was much truth in tho re
mark of ono of tho delegates to the “ Union "
Convention, made in our hearing the other day •*
“ What a farce we are playing here! IF* * re
losing onr mot»ey and time for the purpose of nomi
nating men who will certainly be defeated.” No
one who is familiar with the politics of onr oity,
and who has watched its onward progress under
the administration of the present ruling political
organisation, can doubt for amoment that tbere is
in store for onr “ good and true men” a series of
unexampled Democratic triumphs.
Accidents . —Between Sand 6 o'clock on Mon
day evening, a conductor on tho night freight train
coming down, named George Simons, met with a
shocking accident at Auburn, on the Reading Rail
road, which will, in »U probability, terminate in
the loss of life, if it has not already done so. Mr.
Simons was sogagei in coupling up the train while
it was ia motion, and probably clipped on the wet
track, fell, and a number of cars passed over Me
legs, crushing them in the moat shocking manner.
Igf, Simona resided in this city, was considered an
honest, exemplary man, and one of the best and
most careful conductors on the rd« -
Tosterdey morning about 9 o'clock, a lad named
Piter Thompson fell from, the acfcStydlcg of a new
building, in the vicinity of Sixth had Reed streets_
und fractured one of hie sr&i, and bruised himself
in a very serious manner: Medical attendance
was promptly called in, and the ltd was somewhat
relieved. .
Firi. —A ifew minutes after three o’clock
yesterday sa r ning, a fire broke oat. in a three*
story brick uitding, situated in Adams street,
*t»Td (Jj*y^ii?eSXfi»te«^Wv d ',;WOTgisg
to Mr. Crihoon, tndoscapied by Aiva Qrtrw- loss
shoot $2OO.
John MfGouani Librarian of tbe Philadel
phia Society for Promoting Agriculture, hes b,en
appointed Assistant Treasurer for the approaching
exhibition of the Pennsylvania State Agricultural
Soeiety. v . ’ *
J River Police*- A river police, to take
charge of property. ojl the wharves, i® greatly
needed. The vessels are but inadequately protec
ted, and sails, rigging, and article® of trifling value,
are carried off nightly by depredators.
Impure TFiz/er—The vast population of
over six hundred thousand persons in EtfisM*
phia suffer nnder the Infliction of drinking W*t*r
which is impure. Any one disposed to doubt this
fact, on travelling down the SehnylkiU river will
have such an ocular demonstration as will startle
him. The truth 13, every day the Schuylkill water
is becoming worse, and not a drop is now fil to qm
for domestic purposes without Altering—an opera
tion that will not be performed in any time to come,
by one family in a hundred. ...
The Eclectic Medical College,—This, instiga
tion, which is located in Haineg street, above Sixth,
adjoining the Odd Fellows' Hall, will commence
the seventh annual course on the Ifith of October.
The whole College building has been repaired,
making it comfortable and convenient for both
teacher and pupil. During the last year the ana
tomical department has been grehtly enlarged, and
the nrasenxa has been Ailed with new and rare
specimens, for the purpose of illustrating, in the
best and most practical manner, the various
branches of medical study. The fbßowisg gentle
men constitute the present faculty: - «
■Joseph Sites, M. D., Professor of Obrtetrics and?**
Diseases of Women and Children j Henry Holiest
back, M. D., Professor of Materia Medhm, Thera
peutics and Medical Botany; Thomas G. Chase. H.
p.. Professor of Chemistry and Medical Jtmspro
dence; Joseph B. Holland, M. D., Professor tff An
atomy and Physiology; J. Marshall Calkin*. H.
D. t Professor of the Institutes and Practice of Sur
fl®ry: WHUamPaine, M. D., Professor of the Theory
““ Practice of Medicine and Pathology; Marshall
- , 9 ’ M. D. t Demonstrator of Anatomy Tl>on
of the Faculty..
Seamen's Wages. —There is evidently a de
termination among the merchants of this city, not
only those who signed the agreement, but others,
to maintain a policy now inaugurated—one which
the interests of the seamen demand, as well as the
pecuniary interests of our merchants, ship-owners
and underwriters. The seaman, from this date, in
stead of being at tho mercy of the landlord, and
subjected to the severe operation of sundry land
sharks, has now Abe prospect of higher wages, and
increased attention to bis eomfqjta,- fin irn fndm i__
meat to him to remain by cafe and home/*
ho is entitled on his return' to ten per cent, addi
tional wages, and will also receive an outfit at prise
cost. This movement, so Important to eeamen, has
been promptly met and responded to by the mer
chants of our principal cities.
Inauguration of the. New System of Electric
Time.— At noon yesterday the new system of
striking the hour of twelve on all the Are Mam
signal boxes throughout the city was inaugurated.
The telegraphic strokes followed the strokes upon
the State House bell, and the eitiie&s in. the puwt
remote portions of the city were enabled to ema
pare their watches with State House time* "
The Case of Charles Brown.—The hearing
in the case of Charles Brown, charged with haring
bribed the jury In the ease of JosUh Bright, who
was tried for counter.eiting, will take plane this
afternoon at 2 o'clock. ' t
The Wot on the Dogs.—A cotempotary
states that about three hundred
hare been captured in tins <j{ty during the present
season. v This Is An error. The number 2$ ristoan
hundred; There were seventy-four dkgt«sa£szed
on Monday, sixty-eight of which were killed
terday. .
{From the New York Doily Times.) , \ *
Visit to Dr. Cfttlia—He Deslei is' wt*
Bridegroom who FersoßAie&JMr.^J&ur«
In the matter of the Cunningham baijr exrite
ment, there is again sot mudx to reports Judge
Davison yesterday refused to admit
ham to ball, whereupon Mr. B(afford,' horeonniel,
gave notice that ho should move Qua Tajftffffog In
the Supreme Court for a.writof
up the papers for review. In the mean Ohm,' the
remains at. No. 31 Bond street, closely to
her bed. It is anticipated that her repmffcl to the
Tombs will be a nutter of some- «he
has expressed her determination only ta wtaU to
force, and to be borne from her bed to the btrriace
in the clothes in which she was “eon&Qofc.” Of
coarse, she will not be taken to the TwkbxiTMr.
Stafford's writ of certiorari ia &neeeaßfn3 r oct the
beat informed of the legal fraternity da imt-ccpeci
s decision in his favor. • -■ - v s
Judge Davison, yesterday aftdraomf,7delh , 4red
the following opinion anddeeirion in tiuAcase;
' The defendant la this esse Is charged with, a via
lation of the statute against the trsad£Ui&t pre
duo tion of a pretended hear, (k RevvJifeutx 44
Bd,M.) - \ • ”
That the facts pmren before nib rimwprobable
cause of • fraudulent "cfffribitioo end txaeaßrioa of
a child, thersiapo doubi. • :
claims to be
take his property, aimulefara pregnancy and labor,
provides all the paraphernalia of ehiidhirih, and la
found in possession of an ipfaht, proved ooneiusiTo
ly to belong to another, -which sue- exhibits to the
very officer* of ft? law, as her lawful legtiiaoU
child, and as the'enlid of Dr. Burdcll, atthue
I do not attach importance to the question wheth
er aha ia actually with child or not, as b«*lwfa any
way connected with the wo
sura nrtefcL.aotoany'hepregnant
of a atiu-bora child, a&ffaimuiiSMOtoriyipKddaee a 1
fictitious one, as the child of paie&tr<jnfttr the
statute, end yet In rmmnhln tir tiatinpliliitirmt
The sham pregnancy and sham only
valuable as strong’ evidence* of'{elasmas intact,
and are not cf thg smeaetof the erime.''
Do these facts come within the vSktariq I I
they make out the orijne undgr tho B&viaft Stat
utes contended for by ihe District Attcmix, and
for these-reasons. flbe crime consists of thrae narta.-
1. Fraudulently producing a child. . \ -
2. Falsely pretending it to be bom* of-paveutt
whose child would be entitled to any shaft of per
sonal estate, or to inherit real estate. - ,
3. The i&terestof thereby intercepting the proper
distribution or dmeeoaof raeh.mipeTly. *
1. To produce is dfflnddhy Webster,
3. Subdivision. 1 exhibit to tW'public."
And he quotes Swift: “Your pareata did not pro
duce you much lute the world/* Tt appease tom#
the facts in evidence show a franlxtient orviLtrio*
to tho pubtio of a child.
3. Falsely protending it to be beni«f parents
whose child would be entitled to share in property.
The latter pert of the sentence is a mare in
nuendo or explanation of the legal state* cf the
child about which the false pretence is-* made.
Whether there was aotual marriage cr not is not
material, as the esmnoe of this part of the crime
is falsely pretending. This may be by .tots ar
well as words, as in the familiar doetrfue in thi
law of false pretences; and in my opinion tin
false pretence is already proven-by-theevidence u
the case. *-.»
4. With intent to intercept the proper distribo
tion in descent of property.
This is a pure legal deduction from the frets, an
I think it may fairly Wfr&rred from the fonts i
evidence- . * *
In the State of Now Turk, as to the qneeuon
bail, all felonies, including murder, are affected 1
tho some considerations. - ■
The officer before whets the proceeding is pes
ing, proceeds on the-eamo l4g*l i .groimds m
cases; the legal question ia the j&bafnHty of t
pear&sce of a trial, as affected fey the nature of i
puniibm&;t and the probability of gulit and
conviction of the crime, if appearance for trial
made. In this oase the crime Is infamous sod pi
Uhahte to the extent of ten years' imprimnmej*
with bard labor, in the State’s «pdyFClfe>
the probabilities of goßf evenrhelmlnWfmm the '
testimony contained in the depceiUojfTWore me.
Having found that the offence prohibited by the
Statute had been committed, I can have no legal
doubt of the guilt of the .defendant, and therefore
believe it to be my duty to commit her without
hail. In .support of thtedctermln&rion I refer to
the recent; decision in the case of The people vj.
Lewis-Baker -and'others, on motion to admit to
bail, (Cowles, Justice J to reported* la Howard's
Practice Reports, vol.lo, folio $67, where the
power anddutyof ihoQourt to admit to bail is,
sot forth ta follows: ‘
“It seems to be anttied by authority, that the
Court will, in all cnee a,-capital or otherwise, exer
cise its discretionary power, and{admit to hail
wherefrom the testimony under wh/eh the aceosed
iaheldjtis Indifferent prjietiier Jte is innocent or
guilty* ’ In other words. “IVheD, Upon an exami
nation of the testimony, the - presumption of guilt
is not strong? bnd if is particularly called- iipon to
bail, in all cases where the presumptions arc deci
dedly in favor of the innocence of the accused;”
and, again, oa folio 571, Justice Ccwle* says, in de
livering the opinion of tno'Court: “These priori-
Sica were approved by the Court, In the ease of
'aylor, (5 Cowen, 39,) which wit a case at homicide
before indictment, and in that case, after approving
of the yule laid down by Chief Justice Spencer In
the case above cited, Mr. Chief Justice Savage
gays: ‘lf the frets In the ease now before the Court
afford the same presumption of xhnooence>.'aad it
appears to the Court from the depositions that it if
quite indifferent whether he is guilty, then,ln my
opinion, he ought to ho hailed. 7 "
If I have erred in my construction of the law
as applicable to this ease, or, in my judgment, a t
to the guilt and conviction of the defendant, a
speedy remedy, by review, o» * writer tmiomrit
may be had. *
, -W*. S. Bat, SOS, Justice.
Mr. Stafford, of couokl f O , Mrs. Cunningham,
«nd who, it apposes, has entered the lists an killed
on her behalf, made no objection to this judgment
bat said that he had before concluded to adopt the
course intimated in the lot clause of the Jnstioe’s
opinion—he would move fora nrtiorari at the sti
llest opportunity: This, it it presumed, wM b*
argued this moraine before a Judge of the Boprems
Court. . -
With respect to the durtadj- of the defendant,
counsel hoped that no change would be made
during the evening and this morning, owing to the
state of his client's health, and the inclemency oi
the weather
The Justice 'did sot consider it sedesaary to
make any older is that matter, and so the mat
ter remains—Mrs- Cann Ingham being still ia Read
•treat . , j .
{Srem the N»w Tor. tapir. of lut Trealngj
Hre. Caning hua’a Caae.
This morning Kn. Quneinghaa’s ocehsei gg*.
tented a petition fiofc bar, to Judgr Jtaiy, ia (ha
chamber of tho ef'Ctmmoa Jlejie, pmbsg
that a wrftof wrtibrnrs theuid hyileaedt'direotai to
judge BMdm, *h« h*d imeteiittdd ttt'pfiitfeMc
to the Tomb*, corngundjcg him tp ra
tals the proceeding* bad by htoia thatcase. Tha
wtit was granted at aoon. returnahle- at 10 o’clock
on Wednesday, (this