The press. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1857-1880, August 10, 1857, Image 2

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    t lc (Tip # •(?"■*
o» irooKwa OODHTT <
for judges ojf XHne sufjhk»«. cocrt >
witCrAic mow *
o»-BUKA©orartt (
’'.Si/MUi.Bomnjvti ,\ . ,
~7,, KIMBOD7BT»iQKI'AN» s - 7:i ;7 i
.• • of 'ClrtijM OOOiTr. ■-.•>•< ‘
,-After ail the croaking of interested. parties,
the business seyson shortly to commence pro
mise's *to beimost;': active’. *' The Western and
Southern inerchanm .are beginning to, crow#
is mil, ffesbandyariqua.; JChe apajqt .operatio as
theia.backfor,. fcU supplies. eUany causes
mskePhibuielphiaAttbii indmhut'
resort for'
merchants. - Its’ extraordlnaryheidth And
cfe%uiinensj; the 1 high “credit
houses, itselegant amusements/ theVorderfijat aU its municipal departments/tba
railroad which uniteitWiththephioAhd the
Mississippi; dhd all the greBt#hbrdughfhres
■which Stfe' ! dpeiiih^hp > neVre^oSstb , eiftbfpriBe
and-commerce, unitoin insuriogtocmr great
cityafliU ahd of ffibt trade;
wjiicii 18 about tbsheditshdimtiesindblesaings
upon aU clasaeß. . ; The large .amount of capital
rapid^MfippAphn ’The.ipfbgegcp.pjr; so,,
much money in. a new conntrymust excioe a.
’ atthe nfift.-miistheia the’pdfa
thoso. clemente which earn onijr.beiilserfherei
BuppliedViWioabandant;cottdncrtlp'apf;the !
(idmetoßc aidforeigni must enrich theplantor
andfall; thosedepimderit dinoir’ fiimf; I YVhUd *flM
eßan'yrifli-Ml - European diArvests, wilf be- at'
one£ needed tbs,fill up J tbe\yabu'^.pmsiiipnßfl
by'tbe' short crops.ofwheatirye/imidi cbrn
lastyeaf.'Tliecondition oftour-exchanges-is
lieiil Ih'y’iU thp'Cs treble ;7we |atel hi' peiicdijiyitb';
alf tha trorld j“, the worldls at peaca. with itself
anditwdlindeed baa-matvel lifthe-bpeniitg*
’a ! ssr *'ih hiftfi’e'
grpat cities of the. IJhion, as.wilt be feittothe
extrbiSitles'pf'lh(} tvillhealthil y#o’®
act‘upon’' everrGrmssli'^of^ndi^^^i/etjenK
tcrprhle.- .; w" J.iii-ilkE;!; ;® -x -,
J Frovideiicc. - for.! the' blessings nHe"
poaraoutupon our - land with such - unsparing
\ :.\l.. ’ */;j.
fficmmot havefAiledtoimpressthe: general
rek&rthat .Hid Sonthbrn type, cabisinj
ia^h.'nm'chmbre,3dbleßf;Clwicterrthatt.'the l
same organiaationinthe North. The tarbu-
Jen6e|n?Baltim6fe, in’ fcoWsvifle, in J Ifsjr'Oir.
' leahs/andTeryrecently.mTfasbington tiiiiyj :
hssgfyehto the -American ■ party ini tbit 1
Theteaaonfor thisbecomesniore unacsoun ta
ble when it is
been a cordial affiliation, between .thoujAmeri
cans and the Bepublieansinthe; free • States.'
Late events stroigly,proVe, hpw^trpr^that’thdf
branch.of tbe order which is iocated In.,New
England, and m the Kiddle and Western States
is fast disengaging iteolffromtßeembraces of
italetoanti-slavery associate; l ThiPaiionalUy
jania;and iutyw
no' dpilrt/oyentually render this separation a
permanent, pne.;-' •Ybtj.iipt^itWbmdimg < .flda,
Soathsgainst the Democratidpirty continues
, to^^ai^f. , '^. , _iAmWc^'® > ’'Jhe^'hoSfi^r^
beenclectedfrom 1 tbeLexlngtOn' District,-in
K6htUCky,fothe next Hbuieb^^fissbiitav
tires.was uncompromising in thoexfteme. 1 This
seitiment/in onr opinion, is not'how recipro
catpsfby those who hayeactedincommonwith
them in the North and in theWcst. ;; ,; s«
3!hef Visitef•llif/JJu.f :
to'theOctober election of 1866,.w»»ii many 1
respectaan ovationrHundredsattd thousands- >
hiafethef, received and recogilsed7himaatbe ■
worthy ten of an illustrious sirt- Hia tfelcoido '
afNafional this; cjty yrfli-ntiviscJeifer-,
gotten 6y, those who> witnessed it! anti, it limit '
goihg’tod'fiu-ti saytiiaf hlai)UbS6ni:o:'aj!d i hW
' tirajT’ttarfj r ltbfei/tti; Iffr,’, 1
■ |iil#y^ay/J | itn»isheg“new.!oppnrfnnitleß*.to •■
manyof tbosbwhq then acted ( againit' pi/tb ;
'iiieiiv'o jinioM,'/ f heyiavb '-perf '
. ooived-ttiatthe ofthe'Amef lean :
’ Pjrtyiia; •iP'jSiSat •
utiefly7iurppssjhle;‘'as .-tilings pdaLftiandjlifb ;
amends the - naturalization lawsji the 1
legeti, inteweroncti .of .tlta ‘Qathoub .Church in- 1
our elections and upon / the ; naffb# %«sjttfflo#
,«%-pefoely»i that jha
DemotJhtjc; Party ‘ has nßvOr j’ht '^atOfed'td
Iteh pbsiUoniagaiiist every attempt to interfere
, and"oih|](^ppliflWii I ?|^?ft
those who are’ouf equals before'
'aaSde-tStae cxperienco has ’ BbWh,andnever
eleSKenCyriiiplt euryiy.e’siall iroporbry ewetta*!
and whiph ontliVes all the ■etpedientii ; ! o fj pd i:’
lute, and ardent .devotion i tosthe; Constitution
and the Union, and that this senttifjebfiAiif
/ fjiitti ifttfgit, Surto
' Jttatjyef'
them wife Ift&lffi’fl’.fliffi
■ Dtp* that.ltay-j'p^
cone jUitheir peculiarities discarded by the’
op^tlon':pftinie7 ; th|f|(snothin4U^’fcl|kn>i
aaJmnomfalo men bnt toprovothWrfldelityi'.to
thle-natronal dbetrinp.
derin'theSonth has-ta reality Bhown'tesa prtjcji'
tbeircos-jttpofffs intha North,yet tbe' cdhdi
tionof;affhi)r»toVbfcliwe hiie, 'al|uded:'mtief
ccilt catastrophe which has overtaireii tholt' ef
fprta td;-ohJahjj-Ww|ftfCpnjgresji>;7' ! '’ 7’7/V 7
election ofJa CiiriqHbe halted as a
atf:|my;apS hatlorud'
men/wlitover.nainethoyiinast havibere to--’
fowl: Boise.; 1 THpse- whd ’had tegiirdOd 'jfr;''
oppo'pttipjiyof learning; how-'ntterly mistaken
they were. All who heard 1 hlrir'addfelrthfr
people of
list yeas'"ij[etb7 and
his readiness. Even, men who were most in,
. dn PeMisylyaHlhydld 1
reSpeej| ( ; iprjiis, style jHfapeetfcp
and in histnaoncr of delivery j theYebhractbp.
Sttcs. jef flpjihef.; j .’i.)7e7’7
Butbis election is p trluntpli as'
wettii politically. - Probiblj *9sfat ,hM
of priv«ib.'-ctMactef;.thah'v'that.rb«or^ : do
againsthiftt : hy;jhe;LpasyniijJydiA»«(.';;' '^hi
obtamt^^ef. 'that, al^adaned
loaded dowh i witb the most crsol ahd eallg.;
nant vet’
tufn4f ;< ™f' e^ietloet'to.a-laistrlctl
which 'gaTe' a iargonlajofity, td PntUoiE over.
Wi h t:SXi?i
Jj . WtBNOM'jAItICS, 0
■I! Louis Wajoieoh’s pfe^spsit|o t m,igfecer-
I tainly the reverse of or
the commanders In the®ciin®f M'XW“*
Empire, he has been o 1 eya'tcdjdi> ami tliSo,
and decorated withijpa di4j6fti ! and, tiie purple,
.almost exclusively by the potout will of the
nrmy. Not Oieo, whom the Pcaistorian Guards
raised on their shields top'aco upon the throno
!~nor PnOßus, Dloole/ian, nor Constantine,
raised to soyejelgn-B.wayjby tho same band, was
more entirely l indebted’ fo ? military aid tban,
i nounhither’stinie/.wasthe first} nor,'in onr
own time, the tAird Natpleon. , There is an
difference,> however, between .upcle
and'nephelp? «' , ,-,„ t
1 Napoleon Bonaparte 1 btoko into publio life
af a particpljtr. cr|s!s. ‘Xhen"tWErepc}iEeyo
lution occurred, in 1789, he was in hls twen
tieth year! ' In the 1 seven years following,’ the
a WPP-Weed, through p terriblo. and
sauguinaryiordeal.' ■ The' hereditary monarchy,
was abolished—the altar, and the thi'one were
alike trampled tinder foob—in.the stately tem
ples where; tho rites of Christianity had been
raiSpiyed.ifiomage as.
“The ‘Goddess■ iof. Eeasou'l—tiie guillotine
je Cfimsoned': with, human gore—am
bitious, men -aimed .at-sovereign power, and
.shc^etsltplp 1 Were,sjiligh'tored—the deplorable'
Eeign of Terror aflVSgiited and endangered
hil—the loftiest! and the lowliest ; station,
tho.'piirqst i Virtue, and. the .blackest vice,
.■wore . alike ' doßounced—the public Treasury
•was empty;. 'Foreign Ihvasion was threatened,
and.fpreignwA* ffa® entered Credit ytis
annliillated.Life-and property.wcrealikoln-
Becurc. V Suddenly, Boniparto ardsa/pd' vic
tory owpod hlB mas'te'r- ; -.lVhetber abrtiad or.
at home/intbc sunny valleys, of Italyy or the
arid.stmdsyf AtVica/this soldier was siiecess
flii'; Returning, at the. Very crisis when a strong
Parls’lft'pm impetidiiig .civil, war/.and,, almost
without am. effort,, found himself'First Con-
Hd. He Vetri'evbii the 'falling’ fortunes of
equal to. the civil goverpment
as he had been to the'military sway—wielded
all .tlie, 6tvprd4carried the.
|-ri-colbr through the greater part of Europe—:
hnd'(toborrow an image ftom one oftbe liledals
6f a bridle, dyer, the, neck of
Ihe j Sevdlutidh, i and* compelled. her ,to his
pm^iSei. 1 “Xbcbbnforth.'Enip'efor .’and; law-
jpaV wasl.fpr .ton,years the virtual
yulerr’of.;Bnrope.' : i Whatever led* him on, at
flm’f,'ambition; ;,bdtraj-ed him at thVend, and
he retiredinto ibc pelty islandof Elba—thence,
pre ay ear had pttsaedovCr him,, to exchange
|xlt| r ‘for;;; s'pyefeignty. ‘ \ SijJ. r the . second
|lmpire,;brief as brilliant,- -ran 'through the
peridd of* a Diysiiand ended
wi|htlje,d6foat;atWaterldo, theimprisonment
at St, H«lcna,and a' lingering death,after five
nentfeible, Yf beoaisd.was eminently fortunate,
iHo appoired'in public life when; to qudtd the
if:: France.; were: exhausted, i-wben exccss of
. shamo ai tbd.general ruld, and .strong anxiety
'fpr a 'relurn i to-,order,' that .' equilibrium' of
ioeiqHeSj hadditpdsed ’tho !Efencb
-irubmit to the soyeroignty of:,a .superior mind.
Traly did NAPOnEON say, at tire Champ deMai,
ip iSiS, that,as Soldier, General,ihnperor, lie
<jwed. every-thing to the Peopio. . And yet
‘ ihore’ trne wdaldit have been had be confessed
, tiidf‘.;theV’hrmfid; men,’ tp'rn by cjenscription.
ftom the pfidple, had made : him what he had
;clujiig to him to the : vety last.
: They remembered how often. he had led them
:tp:victoryPi-Thoy knew how greatly he was
pefs'ottally'enilear'ed to tbem by many a kind
riessV Xiong aftori ho -had. passed away, they
qhertshed’ the, remembrances of him whom
they, sptfjtheir, .little corporal,, (Je
rietit corporal,) i ahd the ■ name of Napoleon
.written l on the heart of, France,bE the
'grateful .and affectionate'meinory of his mom n-
ipgveterans.- . 1
■ Timeypiled om;'.Another, generation arose!.
,At the clOßeidf 1848, Louis Napoleon Bono
parte, nephew, of this exile,, so loved pnd so
lamentcd/floatcd back to Paris, a man scarce
ly yet: of. middle age,<but with a mind as mo-
turedas if he .had,, Jived a century 1 , and
,Fimself ias!uiahdidate fora seatin
t|>a Notional under the second Ke
idtetnw’snch w & raise .thypopuiawifeeling in
;lto|pTi»ri*-tolijDWrßja 'alteVnated biitweeh'
'severest r?Ototis 'living. Ho,had
twice grasped at the sceptre, (at Strasbiirg and (
Bofalogne;) the French rarely for
-4typ-p-behad %ice! Hdiculdusly failed. . ;The
first time,'the trait sent awayyandvisited these
shoVesksim ! 'second, attempt,
:h'e was sentenced. toiife imprisonment in the
fortress'ofHimfaud 1 actaaUy passed nearly'!
. six ycars'ln almost solitary confinement, there.
all aione/indeed j he had his own mind
to cdmniirne with'i,' and that he, thonght deeply
,aj|i| linteptfynii! Proved by,, h|a, work, « Dos
Idoes 'Napbliennefl,” published in 1888, after
•onihcartcfww'i written in ,prison. , ••
■ > Theßevolntlonof 1848 revised his dreams
.of Jtfc wap. doubtful, for, a - thne,
any member of the, Bnnaparte family:
' lfould; bepenpitted to return to France.,' The |
i^rp^ded,‘ hb. presented himself for!
olection into the Legislature. Astute, shrewd,
’msl,po|itiC,"];ho 'grpati^ 1 'depended, 'ujton'.tfce
i4ume,,C(f3d»i'uucibi(. l ii‘i.d9rqted friend, the
iliOUtbpiooe of the few- partisans whom ho hid
■gained, wSife'dmniim ai the]sptoldu Rbin;
: gnd assmjW there was no chance for
wffl yonflnd ;»ny. electors tot vote for you V r
LoulS NhydleOn ’coriducttnghim to theViiidow/
ifitijai.', 9%t" to; tbit Bu'c' do’ - , la, £ab4) which
;lj>otori-out J Opon-'the: Column on : the Place
,Yen&einb'( ; dtitth6uktbd with tbe statub'of NV
■pol.opn, ;B(dd, '»8 ihe pointed to the effigy—
‘lVoilahiorf'electpiir”—behold.toy elector!
Be i 'w'4^' i ‘jigii(i i i i ,tbe , l ,very name! of Ffapp-f, j
Sonin dwas-.>atrehgth and. success. From J
ffSigiple ’chair;bfjjDppaty to the gilded
slatC.i .of . i'ripce-Priiaident was a . rapid
'tiansitiony in which - the Napoleon idea
iwaii fl th(|’'p|eTallsn4'!,a<jtor, i ’, The.'time’, am
the Constitution,
Which liß.had.sword tmadhere to and protect,
‘HobitlsjtistUTeiidfef.ppwdr and; office.' 1 Biitpo.
;iitfMl"’ba&s‘bre 1 'lightly regiiMed’ in France.
.Bike some, lovers’ vows, they are made,to be
'broken, andTaLLEvniNo Bcarcoly shbekbd the
ttatlpnal feeling When, on the accession of
bb, remarked, “This, la the 1
thirteenth oath of allegiance 1 have taken in
Srancee!”'! ■ Thej; Jshtfled at and ad
/mi'itedplrju'rjrj'and accepted the epufessibn ag
‘frbonn&ti: •, . ■ ; ; " .<
, j Louis NanbeKON wo* elected Emperor at the
cjojw of,lB6l,,bnthajd ‘yirtuiiily hold Imperial
j Spay, in all. but name, since tha coup d'etat of
rilecemberfJBs2f IHetyas viewed by Russia'
; 'and.Auatria aaa, mere : paniew,an , accidental
epperor, elevated by caprice,- and notlikely to
remain longin office., Butheturned the,tables.
’The army,.whom behadgreatiy' favored by
presents and- increased pay, were on 'his side;
eb were .the clergy, in gratil (Ida for the protcc
iipn/wiijeh he gaira 'tUe/ciburcti,,l He acted
wjth wonderfUl taCt, and instead of plunging
to avenge the
defeat of Waterloo,' strongly allied himself to
that'Fower, once so hostile. He-got up the
war,with Russia, and, in the Cirimes,.defeated
| t*s,greiit'rSvijs. Ad, one and the same time,
i ho gaye the,coup de grace to Russia, and also
conqueiiidingland lii.a yet ; ihOte‘, subtle iind
cruel manner—for thc English came out of the
jvjctoiy withfaded laurels, and' the world, saw
yajpr of French' soldiers, the
red-coated;-British, .fighting-men must . have
eniCrgbd ffom -that hard ' contest, Beaten,‘baf
fled,aiidnlmest ,
f . Since theu,no Enropear. power challenges
the^^ortfy^ l, '^! a biin-«the nephew lef
my : ,siicle,ffV Faacf.caSls -him', 1 He, standi
among the European’ sovereigns ‘as a n arbiter
almost aduasfer. ' HC has 'attached the army
to I'ihfipQfesftbngiy than ever!. Jfc.iiMbttu.
f nate.r jn’sihis -domettlc* relaffons, aud ,'tbe
! awloUBlj'; «)()bbttfd:'Sdn, pf Fiance' baa been
glyyfV tbiCi.bdpiCu FTow -at the. age - orj
,succbsB—wiiat; has be
- "i eißpße.-'mhilt -be; hla day-!
<mmh to fcixDrHie {» on tl» thmie
w-r.^a^to»i‘.£-dPtotg.s»],ij| ; -- C bijspira(jiOT.
ifWjjfdftjl*; ,j.Th»flilte',' electlobs ahjiw. a
, fitll, ,at least,,; A-Udepends on
,-.-i \.
/iiSE*.\ the con,l
Wrild of hla Mhe&h-[
[ ejr whatever can preserve the Imperial throne
for him. Be it |th4t|?n Prance
fOlitlcal. tteeOjyearfl as long
m&gd-bq wjthVs. (who
likqrfg'go ahe|p) orlntenty to',th6English.—
gay|i‘}!mt. Lftiifcl Ntolcoii.,,l.l v c' .five years
longer.'' France ■ iievet : ;;iPotll'l: tmdius: a
dozen years of vice-royalty during the non-age
of the Prince Imperial. The (Joint do Oham
bord, on one hand, and tho Count de Paris on
the other, (the grandsons of- Charles X. and
Louis Phillippe,) or some new candidate yet
unknown would throw tho country into anarchy ,
aiming at tfio'erdwn; - We repent, ihfe contlnu.
a tire of peace in Fur ope mainly depends on
Louis Napoleon,' whois “master of tho posl-'
tion,” and anarchy ,'confusidu, civil war,and the
evils of a disputed succession will follow when
ho dies; if be'should die before his son lias
rouched manhood. , <
IPo havo never known a period in the history
of this country when there was, such a direct
tendency to a consolidation of' all patriotic
men upon 1 the Constitutional platform as at
this day. , The whole horizon is full of signs.
Wo note it in tho generous moderation of
many of the leading meh of the South on the
subject .of Kansas-—generous, because while
they see, and admit, that there id to bo a new
free Stato made out, of, that Territory, they
stand steadily by the-doctrine that tho great
principle shall prevail that the majority shall
rule. Wc note it in the high-toned frankness
and'impartiality of such journals as the Boston
CokHer, St, Lonis Republican, Now York Ad
vertiser, &c,, in their views of-present party
politics. ;We‘ hote'it in'the troubles .among
the violent Republicans in Kansas. We note
it in the abrogation of all oaths and secret
bonds on ,tho. part i>f .(he ; order] bailing' itself
“ American,’? and in the prominent profession
of devotion to tho Constitution on the part of
its.leadcrs. We note it in the' prospective
breaking,up of mob-mastery in ■ Baltimore.
We note It in the iccessibn of hiariy thousands
of old-line Whigs., te the Democratic party.
These i aro,," indications- that • mean much.
Blinded partisans may hoi affect them, but wo
think they deserve to be duly-recorded and
praised.’ ■ ‘ \ '
General W.l\ Packer, the Democratic can
didate for Governor; will shortly address the
peopleal variouapoints. -He \yiil appear before
them under the most auspicious circumstances.
On every issue he will 1 be impregnable. Be
ginning with the federal administration, hecan
pq|nt friend and fo e to the general .welcome that
awaited its induction; and has] accompanied its
calm and constitutional progress, (jo. the Kansas
question ho is armed withtlieweaponsof truth,
and with the resultS'bf.experience. State
policy, he can point, to.,the banishment of a
VJrthlesa paper currency as' a triumph of De
mocratic statesmanship. On .the Tariff ques
tion, he can refer, to the settled and siiccess
ftil experiment of impartial ■ and 'general legis
lation. Hiiiiself,' at ali. times, the ciiimipiou
of. a liberal and. enlightened system,of-publio
’improvements; lie can ihvite every friefad of
the great lines of railroad, to, his standard.
These aro the substantial of the feast he will
spread before his hearers. ’ There will bo none
.of the persiflage of.a- mere ranter in his
speeches ;> none of the noise of an aspirant for
public 1 favor,. Who has nothing to refer to but
promises—nothing to offer, but professions.
We felicitate General Packer upon the easy
triumph before, him, ; i
Hon. Isaac Hazelhoest, the American can
didate for Governor, commences bis campaign
in a speech this evening at Harrisburg, at
Chambersburg to-morrow* at McConnellsburg
on Wednesday, and at Bedford Springs bn
Thursday! , Air. Hazeuiuhst is a Highly,re
spected citizen of Philadelphia, and although
his doctrines; except his professions of devotion
to the Constitution; are, such as wo have ever
opposed, and evor shall oppose, there are few
more plausible public speakers than bimsoif.
It is a happy thought to have him rest at Bed
ford. The pure air in that lovoly, quarter is
suggestive of reflections upon the mutability of
all human hopes, 1 and the healing waters are a
good preparation for approaching disaster.
The expected news from the'.East had ar
rived in England after , the departure of the,
Persia, ; and was telegraphed to us last night
from Quebec, wliitbor It had beeit cothteyed by
tho India, which left. Liverpool on the 29th.
July. The mutiny at Bengal was on the In
crease, and! the insurgents still held Delhi,
whence they had made several sorties, but had
been repulsed. , Id Madras the spirit of disaf
fection had made some progress among the na-
tivo troops. -AIL was tranquil at Bombay.*—'
The King of Qudo had been arrested for com
plicity iathe revolt. We also Jearn that the
'Chinese fleet hud been destroyed after two se
vere engagements* tV 1 !) refer to our telegraphic
.report.. ... * . :■
Intercourse with the Chinese.
First among the nations of Modern Earope to
open commercial relations*with the Chinese, were
tne Portuguese, who dispaUhed a'ship to Canton
in the fe&tly'part' of the sixteenth' century, theirs
,being the first European flag soon at. Canton. They
soon after established a factory at Kitigoo, and* by
the year 1500, had 'mahy trading ports and settle-
along 'the coast: their' protection
Christianity was introduced aiming the Chinese,
and met With much encotir&geinont/nhtU a series
of distasteful measures drew upon' theta the in
dignation of the people, who me-Upon .them at
Ningpo, and it is reported, destroyed upwards of
eleven thousand Chinese Christians, and eight hun
dred Portuguotei and burned thirty-five ships.
Aftor thifl {bey woro l greatly,restricted intheir
tpftde.v’; , r ; rV ~ v
Tho Portuguese, says the; Providenoe. Journal,
.b’avo pent five embassies to tho Emperor of China,
the first, being in 1517; useoondobontforty years
after,* third in 1007, and a fourth, in 1723,.which
was the .first «no that reached . Pokio. .None of
.these were successful. Presents .were given and
received,, but no; commercial, advantages wore
gained, in tho year 1763 another was sent. which
renobed Pekin.: It was conducted and ended like
its predecessors i all pf them exhibiting in a great
er ng less degree, the epeotaolenf humiliating sub
mission of. independent .nations, through thoiren
■voys,, to a court,which took pleasure in. arrogating
. and .exalting itseifion the homage it reoelvod, and
studiously avoiding all reference,to the real busi
ness,of the embassy,; that It might neither give nor
deny anything....
, .The Spaniards, opened* trade with China after
they, .bad taken Manila and the Pbillipplnes. in
1613. They font an embassy to Pokin in 1680, but
the Chinese protended net to understand their ob
ject, and sent the party back to Canton, wbero they
were imprisoned- The.comMeroo betweon Manila
and China bas been carried on ohiedy by the
Chinese, who bave emigrated in large numbers to
the.PhiUippines. The heavy taxes imposed upon
them by, and the harsh treatment they have ever
received from the Spaniards, first led the Chinese
goyermnont to retaliate on them and establish the
system of espionage and restriction, which they nf
.terwards extendeddo all foreigners. -.
; The Butch first.visited Macao in 1622, and wore
driven off. They then established themselves on
,the Pescadores, hut a few. years after, sc greatly
were the Chinese.asnoyed by the Dutch, that thoy army against them and forcedthem to re
tire to Formosa. Tuey extended their settlements
on this island, established ~ Christianity, and
ereoted. many, churches and schools,;but subse
quently suspended their operations in this direc
tion for fear of offending tho Japanese,‘-whose
trade they wished to securer '
John Drew’s National Tubatrk —This eve
ning, Mr. Canning, the Treasurer, tokos a benefit.
The performances nro to,consist of the play of Ger
ald, .and the pleasant farce t caU<?d tbo “ Irish At
torney.” This Will be the tost night of the pres
ent season. On this occasion a groat many of the
profession hare tendered their assistance, and a
fine display of-talent ‘may bo expected on the
.Stage: in /row* of it, thereongbt to be abrilliant
array, for,Mr Canning is deservedly popular, has
numorouffriecd". and is-leaving this city, har
ing accepted' an engagement’ in the .South.
Sanford’s Opera House.-—Tho opera troupe
belonging to this theatre, having returned from an
hhistorn and Canadian tour, re-open hero this even
ing w|th concerts,.dancing, and the burlesque of
The i ‘ Italian Opera, or the Academy in an Uproar. ’ ■
No doubt they will draw good L houses, as they did
before they left the dty. (
Parkinson’S Garden.—This is a species of
Vanxhall, on a wonderfully miniature scale, with
.music, singing, and fire works. Mies Agnes Suth
erland CDftti&d£Bj hero/ and' tq pleiso her
apdience. She performs this evening
yfjpMSV .Taß/usa.—Mr.' W. J. Nagle
(with Mr. Olwjne ajs Btago manager) opons hard
to-night, with a company pf- thirty juveniles, who
aroto ftct, dano?, and sing. The farce of “Box
and; Cdx m < will be t produced, with, the Boone
cjbild^nin.Jfco.lfadtog,parts. . Also, the burlesque
‘of “Bomb&stes Furioso,” with Mastor and Miss
Tfren &b Bomba! tea and Distaffini, and “A Tinker
& Tailor,” by'Mastcr Wron. Thia specula*
tbnla very likely to'become popular, aa tbo young
we v«y clever. s •
’’ (AoAPWT.ojp, Promenade Concerts
continue attractive, : present performers ere
MdU95 *sobeJl»r end Signer. yieH, ! (whose success
ful first appearance wo noticed 0 n Thursday,) with
MiM, t ! thp .popular soprano, and Mr*
the tenor. Germania,or*
cbestra perforin, Ud by Mr.' Bergman*
These ooboerts we vpry attended. ;
; .addition to the
and ipatrnmpptM; performances here,
there K-pyery * Uvoly fame,
or comedietta, played by actors of ability. The
promise for tonight la good.
£Comapond<ance of Th© Press,
WASHiNofo*f» Augusts, 1857.
The tSouthorn waterlog places are crowded with
guests this season. This significant foot should not
bo lost on tho Northorn people. It is but tho he*
ginning of tho ond. Tho successful efforts of tho
Abolitionists, in persuading tho servants of the
Southorn mon to abscond, have determined hun
dreds; who have heretofore made Saratoga, Now*
port, Sharon, Cape May, and other summer resorts
in-the'-North, 'their resting plocos'/to patronise
their own cool retreats in the mountains. It would
be well for the proprietors of all the plaoes referred
to, in tho free States, to prepare in time for next
Beaaon, because the loss of Southern assistance will
be most diffioqlt to supply.
It is true that Bedford Springs, in Pennsylvania,
is crowded to excess; but it must be reoollected that
Pennsylvania has not been so these
attompts to abduct the servants of Southerners
possing thrpugh the State. It must also be remem
bered that Bodford Is directly on tne border of
Maryland, aud not far from Virginia. ,
Iu the meanwhllojiho White Sulphur Springs, the
Red Sulphur Borkoly, Ac., &0., are in the hands
of shrewd and aotivo mon, who will nofchesitate, ou
their part, to take advantage of this state of things,
and to attract not only their own people; but to
surround themselves withfrlondsfrdmail the States
of the Union. , , > ; #
One of the most interesting men in Washington,
and the jnoat unostentatious is Peter Force, Esq.
Ilia labors as a geographer, historian, and literary
antiquarian havo made him renownod, not only in
this countiy. but throughout. the world. He lives
tho life almost of a recluse, toiling late and early
at his books. His compilations form a main ground
work of Amerioan history, and whoever shall be
come tho owner of his library will possess aprlco
less, treasure. Various suggestions have been
made as to, this fine collection of books, but no
effort should be spared by Oongres9 to seoute it.
Mr, Force is now advanced in years, and I have no
doubt has himself thought of this subject. My im
pression is that ho would prefer that the United
States should become the purchaser. '
The question shortly to be decided is this j What
now ground will tho opposition loaders to the De
mocratic party assume? Their grapple with the
lion of Nationality hhs proved too much for them.
Their overthrow in 1850, in a oonteet on which they
risked everything, has not only given triumph to
the friends of the Constitution, but has ooparated
from their own standard thousands find tens of
thousands of disenchanted men—men who long for
peace, and who are ready to compromise upon tho
settlement of this eternal slavery question. So
far as tho tariff question is concerned, they oan
make no capital out of it.
Tho manufacturers of iron in Pennsylvania are
oontent with the tariff as it stands." Mr. Buchanan
is pledged against all special legislation,and should
an effort be made' by the land jobbers and railroad
speculatorsTo remove all duty on railroad iron I
have no doubt it will receivo, as It will deserve to,
aatornohocki Our friends ip v Congress will have
good support,from the representatives of Missouri
and Michigan, and, if Minnesota bo admitted ’into
the Union at tho next session, os I am led to be
lieve she: will; from the representatives of that hew
State whoso rich fields of iron are rapidly and
profitably, dbvoloped and who have become in ooh
sequenoe deeply concerned iu whatever effects this
great Americau interest.
' On the’subject of the distribution of the proceeds
of the public lands, there ban be no oontost. That
was tried in'Virginia, in North, Carolina and,in
Tennessee at the late elections, but as we have
seen, it was a millstone around tho neck of every
man who resorted to it. As to a road uniting the
Mississippi and tho Paoiflc ocean, Mr. Buchanan’s
California letter, prior to tho olection, has removed
that from tho arena of party strifo, leaving it to be
settlod ilpon broad and constitutional principles.
Tho Amoiicans .themsojycsihave grown tired of
thoir secrcsy and‘ their oaths, and every day will
make them still more tired of their attaokß on the
foreigner and the Catholio Church. !
On the question of currency, the Jaokson-Beuton
idea of tho precious metals for the paymentof labor
and the transaction of business, is a fixed fuot.
Banks—and tho mention of tho word, and consid
ering the magnificent and gorgeous marble edifices
erected of late in our large cities for banking pur
poses, recalls to my mind tho expressive oompari
son of Edgar A. Poo, that they were like a beauti
ful ancient statue which fascinated all beholders
by its dazzling loveliness, but wbich/wbon broken,
was found to be stuffod with rags To return
Banks are passing away, leaving tho entire paper
system in the hands of those who do not employ it
as a circulating medium, but as a moans for the
payment of largo sums of money from parties in
one plaoe to othors at adistanoo.
What then will Mr. Seward qnd Mr. Weed and
Mr. Greeley resort to ? What is their plan for the
next,Congress? that is the question. If therfcwere
a'Qlay or a Webster to Had the opposing-columns,
a personal party, such as followed Ibe fortunwqf
thb formor, might be erected, and legions of men.
would follow such’a leader, simply because he was
a gallant and glorious intellect. ' i
But unhappily the weakest part of the republi
can policy has been Mapersonnel , aud if they cannot
revive upon a prejudice or a‘passion, their occupa
tion, like Othello’s, will bo gone X. V.
[Correspondence of The Press.]
Washington, August 8,1857.
Important advices have been rocoivod from the
U. S. naval force in the Bast India and China seas,
undor date of Hong Kong, 23d May, 1857. Writing
from iho U. S flag ship San Jacinto, it gives
Commodore Armstrong, who is in command, great
pleasure-to acknowledge the receipt of the Depart
ment’s communication of the 27th of February last,
approving of tbo courso ho found it his duty to pur
suo in the- now and ombarra&ing circumstances
forced upon him by the action of tho Chinese au
thorities. The acknowledgment of the Depart
ment, addressed to the officers And orews of the
ships, was duly read on board the San Jacinto, and
forwarded to those whowere absent. The Commo
dore is gratified to inform the Department that-so
far they have been abTo to maintain thelrneutrali
ty amid all tho complications of tho difficulties be
tween the English and the Chinese, and against the
pressure of our sympathising countrymen. Frop
tho enormous foMo tho English are collecting on
that station, and the arrangements thoy l aro making
for its permanency, it is clear that China Is to be
compelled to throw oti her exclusiveness. The En
glish squadron on that station consists of— '
13 sailing vessels, mounting 278 guns.
12steimers, 171 «
7 gun boats, “ 14 “
Total 82 vessels, «< 463 “
And ■ the following vessels are on their way to
join tho squadron;
' 2 sailing ships, mounting 52 guns.
‘l2 steamers, “ 240 u
U gun boats, “ 28 “
Total, 28 yessols, “ 320 “ '
Making a total of sixty vessels, mounting seven
hundred and eighty-three guns. Accompanying
this force aro sovcral sea-going hospital and trans
port ships* with a very largo supernumerary
medioal staff; all indicating (adds the Commodore)
a continued aud permanent purpose on the part of
the English Government.
, Oommnnder Foote writes to Commodore Arra :
■strohg, from Singaporo, liudor date of May sth,
1857, that the magistrate who handed down the
colors of the barque “Henrietta Maria,” brought
there by the raa’to of the “ Coeurde Lion,”.which
vessel hnd picked her up at sea, came aboard and
expressed his regrets that any difficulty should
have occurred with that vessel. He asked whethor
they would salnto, and whether he might say to
the Governor that they would call on him. Tho
Commander had saluted, and was on his way to
the Governor.
A Medioal Board, to, consist of Surgeon General
Tawsou, Surgcona 8. P. Moore and C. H. Daub,
will assemble at West Point On tho 28th inst., to
examine iho physical qualifications of candidates
for admission into tho Military Academy.
Fort Gibson having been abadoned, the mili
tary reserve; post and public buildings 'belonging
thereto, will, under orders of the War Department,
be formally transferred to tho government of'thV
Cherokeo Nation. This transfer is made in accord
ancowith tho treaty with thoCherokeosof 1835-30.
It is understood that tho Chorokees intend build
ing a town on tho site of the Fort.
It is now reduced to a cortajnty that tho Admin
istration will a clear majority in the next
House of Representatives, tho declarations of the
Riohmond South to the contrary notwithstanding.
The delegation from Kentucky will stand eight, if
npt.'nineDcinocratsoutofthetQn. - Tho whole dele
gation from Alabama will bo Democratic; while all
the indications from Tounessee nro no I«S3 gratify
ing, tho late nows showing that wo bAVe gained
oneintlio Memphis district. Tho troubles in the.
Chatham (Georgia) distriot, aud in the Louisiana
district, lately represented by Hon. Thus: Groun
Davidson, will, it is confidently asserted, be honor
ably composed. This stato of facta will deprive the
Southern Americana from holding tho balanoe of
power between tho Republicans and Democrats in
'the next House, ami will give a clear working ma
jority to the Democratic Party.
The receipts iiito the Treasury of tho .United
States, from all sources, were for the woek ending
August Ist, 1807, $2,063,474 04.’ * Drafts were issued
in }ho same time for $1,584,749 32, and payments
made on drafts of $1,100,£72 22. The amount now
in the Treasury subject to draft is $19,543,468 76.
■ ' X.
The Iniependienle,a, Spanish J our nal published
in Now Orleans, Staton, in Us issue of tho 28th ult,,
that on the departure of the steamship Texi|s from
VoraCrnsj 'rumors wore in oirouiatiou'thero that
ex-President Sanla Ahta haddied. Nepartioulars
are giyon, and the Indtptndimte adds that theso
rumors probably sprnng from the eatne gourde with
similar ones it had reeelred a few days previously
from Havana. .
, The "fiiipqtck' itatea that Mra.
Ledlie, of Beaver. Pa„ baa respiyed intelligence of
her «on,yoljna young man, aged, twenty
fivo, who was drowned in the Missouri river re*
cently. He was on the steamer Tropic, which
snagged, and he was immediately missed.
DestructUu of the Chinese Fleet.
Quebec, August 9.—-Tbeateamahlp Indian has arrived
at this port, bringing Liverpool advices to Wednesday,
the 29th ult., four days later than those furnished by
the Europa.
The Royal Mail Steamship Niagara arrived at Liver
pool on the 26th ult.
The U. SJsteam frigates Niagara and Susquehanna,
left Liverpool on the 27th, for Cork.
The U. S. Mail steamer Columbia, arrived at 11
o'clock on the morning of the 29th.
The steamer furnishes later advices from'lndia.
The mutiny in the Bengal army had increased. The
Insurgents still held Delhi, several sorties having boon
The British army was awaiting reinforcements.
Uneasy feelings prevalledfat Madras, but the array at
that Presidency, and at Bombay, was even without the
slightest signs of disaffection.
An act had been passed by the Legislature, placing
the Indian press under a license system.
Prom Madras it is positively stated that Delhi had
been captured, but the intelligence Is regarded aa pre
matures, not being Cdnflrmcd from Bengal. The native
troops at Calcutta aud Barrackpoor had quietly dis
At Calcutta, business was at a staud. The Money
market waa rather lighter. Exchange oil London was
quoted at 2s. #d.e2. 2#d.
At Bombay, the Import market was nominally closed.
Money waa scarce, and the rate of interest had been
raised to Icent. 'Exchange on London was quoted
The London Times appears to regard tho news as
favorable, but daily takes a more gloomy view.
The Chinese fleet had been destroyed after two severe
The dates from Hong Kong are to the 10th of June.
In the engagement, the Chinese fought wfth unex
ampled obstinacy. Tho British had elghty-threr killed
and wounded. Major Kearney was among the killed.
.AU was quiet In the North. The price oi had ad
vanced. Loo Chooand Shanghai Exchange at Koug
Kong was quoted at 4s. lljtfdota. 3jtfd.
The London Times remarks, that as Canton is now in
the power of Great Britain, there is no subtantial rea
son why the mere proof of this should not obtain for
England all the objects of the expedition without further
bloodshed or military operations.
Teas had advanced at Loo Ohoo and Shanghai.
Baron Rothschild had been returned In Parliament
from London, without opposition.
A spicy debate in the Home of Commons, originated
by Mr. D’lsraeli, resulted In an address to the Queen,
promising every support to the Government in the
Indian difficulty. , . . .
I. E. P.-Gostiman; a Greek merchant at London, had
suspended. His liabilities are over a quarter of a mil
lion of pounds.
The yacht Charter Oak had arrived at Liverpool from
New York with only two men on board.
Ledrn Rollin and others indignantly denounce • the
ch arge made hy the Mcmitevr, that they were engaged in
the recent conspiracy to assassinate the Emperor.
The Continental news is generally unimportant.
The Latest from India*
Telegraphic advices from Trieste, in anticipation of
the Overland Mail, reached London on Tuesday night.
The dates from Calcutta were to the 21st of June,
from Madras to the 28th, and from Bombay to the Ist of
The mutiny was spreading among the troops of the
Bengal army.
The ex-King of Oude bad been arrested and impri
soned, proofs of his complicity in the revolt having been
General Bornarde repulsed several sortie a from Delhi,
with heavy lomcs to the Insurgents. lie was waiting
for reinforcements to storm the city.
Financial and Commercial.
London Monet Market, Tuesday, July 28.—CouhoIs
close at for money, and account.
This decline in the prices is caused by adverse rumors
which havo been received from India, by. a hoax that an
attempt had been made on Louis Napoleon's lire, and by
forced sales on account of the suspension of a Greek
Money is la active demand, and the Bank of England
U dally loing specie.
, Liverpool. Cotton Market.
The newspapers report the Liverpool Cotton Market
as steady, and generally unchanged; while the Circular
,of Messrs. Richardson, Spence Sc Co. report au advance
of l-16d.
The sales of the three days amounted to 20,000 bales,
2,600 bales of which were to rpeculators, and a like
amount for export.
Liverpool Breadstuff Market. .
The Circulars report the Breadstuff Market as gene
rally steady, white com was Is. better.
Flour continued doll. Messrs. Richardson, Spence tc
Co. report the fbllowitig‘quotations';/Flour— -Western
Canal, SOi.aMa. 64.; Philadelphia and Baltimore, Mi.-,
Ahlo, aa>. Wheat—Red, Ba. 3d.®9a.; White, St. 3d.®
he. od, Corn—Mixed and i’ellovr 38fl. 9d.®39e; White,
London Markets*
Sugar la firm, with a slight advance la &U qualities.
Coffee steady. Tea firm., Rice closed quiet. Pig Iron
was quoted at £73. Tallow was slow of aale, but the
prices were generally unaltered. '
Liverpool Provision Market.
The Circulars report the Provision Market as gene
rally steady. Beef closed firm; 1 Pork quiet; Bacon
firm; Lard firm, at 6650675. Tallow was without
Liverpool Produce Markets.
Pot Ashes are reported quiet, and Pearl Ashes dull.
Latest Commercial Intelligence.
London, July 29—A. M.—Money continues inactive
demaud, the Bank daily losing specie.
Liverpool Markets, July 29.—Wheat Is quiet, and
closing with a declining tendency.
Flour is in betterdemand, but at the former prices.
Corn is quiet., Sugar buoyant at full prices. Pot Ash**
continue quiet.
Washington, August 9th, 3857. —Tb0 distinguished
Secretary of the Navy, Governor Toucey, conscious of the
great claims of Pennsylvania to the consideration of the
Administration, has formally determined that hereafter,
all Anthracite Coal shall be purchased hy the duly ap
pointed agent of the Government, In Pennsylvania, and
shipped from Philadelphia to our naval stations In the
various parts of the world! Heretofore, a different
course has been pursued, which has’ b*sn much com
plained or.
A good deal of doubt exists in reference to the case of
Chief Engineer Martin, bnt it is not yet settled that he
will be superseded.
Washington, August 9.—Our difficulties about the
Isthmus of Panama are .about to be arbitrated. New
Grenada, on her part, has named Austria.
August B,—Mr. Edward Everett »s last
great oration on Education, at St. Louis, netted, on a
single night, tbe enormous sum of $130,000 —$20,000 of
which goes to the purchase of Mount Vernon, whenever
the present exorbitant proprietor shall agree to sell at
a fair*'price. 1
Washington, Aug- B.—Letters received this day from
Hon. A. it. Stephens, of Georgia, fully sustain your
assertion that he U not'opposed to the Kansas policy of
the Administration; but he thinks Mr. Walker some
what transcended his instructions
Tho Administration majority in the next House will
not be less than eight.
Washington, Aug. 9.—Lord Napier, after the settle
ment of the Central. American question, will earnestly
press tipou the President the consideration of an inter
national copyright law.
It is rumored here to-day that alt difficulties In the
Democratic ranks In New York, are about to be honora
bly compromised. >' ' ' ‘
' E. M. Stanton’s defence of Capt. Harrison before tho
Navy Board to-dpy was greatly admired. Secretary
Cobb mid Attorney General Black were both present.
Tennessee Election,
Nashville, August B.—The returns of the recent
election held in this State, are Incomplete, but those
received indicate the success of seven or eight Demo
crats, and two or three Know-Nothings for Congress.
The election of Charles Ready, F. K. Zollicoffer, and
Emerson Etheridge, Know-Nothing candidates for the
Fifth, Eighth aud Ninth Congressional Districts, is con
sldered doubtful. The State Legislature will be Demo
cratic in both branches.
Harris’s majority for Governor will exceed tea thou.
sand vote*.
The lowa Election.
DoBOqUB, August B.—-Returns from twenty-six coun
ties foot up for the new Constitution 0,005 votes;
against 3,398. The counties yet to he heard from will
probably increase tho majority for tho Constitution.
The Kentucky Election.
LooisYiLLE, Aug. B.—ln the Third Congressional Dis
trict the' result of the recent electiou is still undeter
mined. A majority la claimod by Warner L. Underwood
(American.) In the Fourth District Alberta. Talbot,
Democrat, is elected. '
The Missouri Election.
fer. Lopia, Aug B.—Fifty counties givo Rollins, the
American candidate for Governor, a majority of 4,721
Viito9. A gain of 4,320 over Fillmore's vote.
Messrs, Richardson, Scott and Wafton are largaly
ahead for Supreme Judges.
.The North Carolina Election.
Petkksbuuo, August 9.—But few returns have been
received from North Carolina.. There were only two
closely contested districts, the First and Sixth. In the
Flmt District, it was thought Smith, American, had
been elected over Shaw, Democrat. In the Sixth Dis
trict, the' returns were favorable for the electiou or
Scoles, Democrat, overPuryear, American.
From Kansas—Evacuated of Lawrence by Gov.
Walker and U. 8. Troops.
St. Louis, Aug. B.—Advices from Kansas state that
Gov. Walker evacuated,Lafffence on the 3d Inst., with
all the troops except forty. The ostensible cause was
that the Indiana had attacked Fort Riley, but it is re
garded here m a ruse to get the troops away.,
Thr vote in Lawrence on the Topeka Constitution
stood 162 for, and 2 against. The Btate was elected,
{ Tbe Ctylna War.
Wibuikcitom, Aug. B.— The Navy Department, i UUb
morning, shelved & letter from flag officer Jamie Arm
strong, dated from United Btatesship Saa Jacfnto, at
Bong Kong, May 23d, In irhlch he says From the
enormous force which the English are collecting at this
sUtlon, and the arrangement* they are making for its
' porms&ehojf, it is clear that China is to be compelled to' her exclusiveness.” Be adds that theta VIU
be a total of alstj rnrerif, mounting seven hundred nbd>
eighty-three gnns. Accompanying this force axe severs!
seagoing hospitals and transport ships, with a very large
upermtmerary priori force,
Markets by Telegraph,
Baltimore, August B.—Flour_gai ea to-day, 1300
bbls,,of city mills at $0 75; 200 bbla, lloward.street at
$7 60. la dull and 6c. lower; saUs of vbita'at
liOfrtflOc.Y red at 140016H’. Corn—WLite quoted' at
88'tfOOo.; yellow at Sstf 87c. Whiskey, 28Xe80tf. "
- NbW Orleans, Aug. B.—There were no sales of Cotton
to-day. The stork now on hauil is estimated at 21.600
hales. Coffee closed better, Rio quoting ut 10*,' «»
11 &c. The sales of the week umounttd to (JOOO bags.
There are 107,000 hags iu port. The other markets con
tinue without change. Sterling Exchange quoted at 10
ty cent, premium.
Drowning Uu*e*.
( "Boston, August 9.—Four young ladies, two of whom
were daughters of I}. F. Bople, sod the other two of a
Mr. Grant, were drowned at Waterville, Me., on Thurs
New York, August 9.—A despatch from Havre-de-
Grace says the body of 11, O. Thopas, of Now York,
was found ou tho Cecil side of the Susquehanna river,
this morning, having floated ashore.
Burning of a Cotton Factory,
Montreal, August B.— Harris’s cotton factory on the
Lactrine Canal was burnt yesterday.
From the New York Herald of yesterday.
Tho CunninghAm faroe still occupies the atten
tion of the authorities. Mr. Stafford, counsel for
the accused, has submitted to Justice Davison his
points on a motion to bail- Tho counsel holds that
the circumstances of tho cAse, as shown by the pre
liminary affidavits, obviously indicate that no
objeot can exist for any attempt to escape from
trial on the part of Ihe prisoner, and claims that
she should, therefore, be admitted to bail in a lust
and reasonable hut not excessive amount. The
Eoints were submitted to the magistrate at a late
our on Friday night. Not being able to give
them thpt attention yet which he supposed the
interest of the case demanded, he determined to let
the matter lay' over until Monday." At three
o’clock to-morrow afternoon Justice Davison will
decide either to admit Mrs. Cunningham to bail or
to send her to prison forthwith.
The People vs. Emma A. Bnrdell.— The fol
lowing points were submitted to Justice Davison at
a late hour on Friday night. Not being able to
give them thorough attention, he has decided not
to render any decision until Monday, when he an
nounces bis determination to render the decision at
d o’clock on the afternoon of that' day.
1. The presumptions of law aro always in favor
of tho innocenco of the party acoused, and without
an extended argument on the precise charge here
made is not.proved as a matter of law.
Ist. Either that tho accused has fraudulently
produced an infant within the meaning of the
statute. (2 B. S. 861, seo. 61.)
' 2d. Or made an attempt so to do, (2 R. S. 81,' sec
3, subdivleon 2.) '
> £l. It is the duty of the magistrate to admit to
hall (unless prohibited by statute.) In all cases,
unless some very strong reasons, exist to the con
trary, to refuse it in a bailable case is an offence
in itself at common law. (4 Blaokstone 29T.)
‘ The Justice acts judicially, and not ministerially
only. His discretion is swayed by legal CQURiderv
tions, and ball shall be taken even after convic
tion of misdemeanor of a high graded provided
the appearance of the prisoner be rendered sure,
and legal doubts exist as to guilt. (People vs.
Johnson, 2 Barbour 450. ~
‘ ; The Justice has at the present stage of the case
<;ho same power (R. S. 892 see. "23) which the Court
oi' Oyer and Terminer.(2 R. S. 893, sec. 33) and the
Court of Seasons (11R. 8. 893, seo. 33) would have
to bail the prisoner if before them.
The Court of Oyer and Terminor has power in any
oase before indictment, and the Sessions in all cases
there triable.
» The offence charged not being a oapital one, it is
admitted the right to bail will not be denied on the
preliminary proof.
Ut. The circumstances of the case as shown by
tho preliminary affidavits obviously indicate that
no object can exist for any attempt to escape from
trial on the partof the prisoner. • Her situation and
her interests combine to the contrary.
She should therefore be admitted to bail in ajust
and reasonable, but not.excessive amount. (R. S.
49 and 303. Wm. R. Ssafford, of Counsel. *
' Mrs. Cunningham still remains at No. 31 Bond
street. Her daughter Georgians is quite unwell,
so that the necessity of attending to the entire
household devolves upon Helen, the second daugh
ter- ■
The Murder and Robbery at Leavenworth-
Two Men Hong.
i The St. Louis. Republican of. the 6th, gives the
following account of the late terrible outrages at
Leavenworth City, which hAve already been briefly
noticed by Telegraph ju The Press. It says;
, “From what we learned, and our information
comes from good authority—an eye-witness—it ap
pears that there has been a regularly organized band
of ruffians, desperadoes and thieves*, for some time,
infesting the city and neighborhood. Thoy have
mode a profitable business of killing strangers,
rubbing them and throwing their bodies into the
river to avoid detection. Several strangers, known
to have been possessed of money, have very mys
teriously disappeared lately, and no one was able
to account for tneir absence
On Friday last a man nam-id Stephens went
from Kansas City to Leavenworth and presented a
check for one hundred and oight dollars at the
bank, and received the money. He was seen to
qount his money by a man named Quarles, who
kept a sambtiug house in Leavenworth, and who
dntioed Stephens to a spring, near the town, under
some pretence, and where they were promptly met
by some members of the gang. Stephens was im
mediately killed and his money taken from him.
His body was then thrown into the river; From
.fiuneiimaxpUDwi 4&uso Quarles, gave (the alarm
that he and Stephens had both been robbed. Ha
tated, moreoYor. thbt tho eecumnco took place at
he aforesaid spring near town, and that Stephens
had beeu killed.
Some citizens suspecting that all was not right,
took Quarles into custody. And proceeded to the
spring where the murdered man was discovered,
and also some of the gang, whd were arrested on
the spot. M ■' •
' One of the arrested parties, a young man, quite
a youth, made a full confession, of the murder of
Stephens, and also exposed numerous achievements
of uie gang.
1 The crowd of citizens took Quarles and a' man
named Bayse, and kept them until they had such
evidence as they thought sufficient to convict them
of being implicated in the numerous murders re
cently committed in tho community’.
After some deliberations, and hearing a speech
from Judgo Leeompte, who endeavored to quiet the
excitement, tho crowd, fearing, interference from
troops at the fort, took Quarles to a tree below town
and hung him. Soon after Bayse shared ‘ the same
fate. "
-On Sunday, as tho boat passed down, the ring
leaders of the gang—& man named Wood and an*
other nampd Knight, or Knighton—were in the
hands of the oitisena, and were to he hung in the
evening. Wood was making hi* 1 will, »nd Knight
Was writing a oonfeasion. Wood is supposed to
possess a considerable amount of property—pro
bably the proceeds of hi* diabolical deeds.
. 1 names of those who were implicated by the
young man who confessed were unknown. Some
twelve or thirteen citizens, however, wore missing
when Bearohod for on Saturday. '
The citizens of Leavenworth appear to be de
termined to lynoh every one found connected with
this band. The entire community approve of and
sanction tho course pursued in regard to the hang
ing of Quarles and Isaysc.,
. Fuhtheb Phocebdlso3 or Judge Lynch at
Lea vekwortu. —The St. Louis Republican of the
6th states that tho Steamer Hesperian, which ar
rived from the Missouri river, reports having been
at Leavenworth City on Sunday night lash when
our informant went up into the town, a Vigilance
Committee were trying Wood and KniGStox for
being connected with the late murder, and a very
large orowd were awaiting their decision. The
supposition was that Wood would be hung that night
and the greater part of the people were anxious for
hU execution. At about .101 o’clock, p. m., the
Mayor' appeared before the orowd, and advised
them to disperse, with the promise of giving the
prisoners a fair trial on the succeeding day.
After his speech a small .portion of the crowd
left—the greater part remaining to hear the decis
ion of the Committee. 1 In a few minutes after the
Committee appeared, and stated their unwilling
ness to hang the men before giving them a fair aud
impartial trial. After this the crowd dispersed,
ana a guard was placed over the prisoners.
American aud English Agriculture;
At tho recent meeting of the Royal Agri
cultural Society, of England, Lord Portman
introduced a guest, Mr. French, tho Vice Pre
sident of the Agricultural Society of the
United States, to the audience. Mr. French,
who was well received) said his mission to
England was ,principally agricultural) and bo
had loft his own country with that Yankee
spirit of inquiry to spy out the land elsewhere.
La two months he bad observed carefblly dur
ing that time the differences that were mani
fest in this country between its agrleuUure aud
that of America. .He observed a more
thorough, a more systematic course of agri
culture, a better system, a more profitable,
a more money-making system. That differ
ence was the result of certain facts which
he would point out. Tho first was, that land
in America was very cheap,, it could be
bought there for fire shillings an acre.
Land being so choap was not so well culti
vated, and was generally worked for present
profit, and as soon as tho present profit ceased
it was left, and a new pieco of land was pro
cured. Another fact was, that for tho labor on
the land 2s. was paid in America for Is. in
England. The price of /abpr in New' England
was 6a. a day, that was, he thought, the lowest
estimate, ana he thought that was double the
average price paid forhborinEngiaud,sotbat
they would see that the Americans were em
barrassed in their operations by the price of
labor, but from the wOdo of cultivation they
could not afford to lay #ut the kind oi 'labor
that was laid out in FingJuuL He might be
allowed to boast a little, as they had, he was
glad to say, taken the first prtye fo? mowing
machines; that was a proof, not that they had
superior and better genius, but another illus
tration of that maxim thatnecessity is the
niother of invention.” If they had been
obliged to pay 7s. a day for mowing their hay,
as ho had apno on his farm In America, he
thought, like Yankees, lU&y would have set
themselves down and thought a little more
sharply upon this subject.
The Yankee sat down thinking he barf got
7s. a day to pay, and his acres must be put,
apd so he set to work to construct a machine
and beat all England. The position of agri~
culture in .America might bo illustrated by the
case of aperson who had no money, and whose
only capital, was,a tolerable education; he
could read, write, and cypher, or <^£al^iulato, ,,
as the Yaukeea call It, and he goes Into the
wilderness. He could not. sit down and read
books; his business Js with the Question of how,
bread is to be provided. 1 fie cannot consldor
what is best for posterity and what is tho best
system of agrioulturfef but Ihe question is,
how caa lie get maintenance for noxfc year for
his wifo and children. Then he must build a
houses and if he has uny neighbors they help
him .to build a log house, and it is. built in a
day,. wWch owirers ibis purpose very well.,
'Then he hart an occasional fight or brash with
the Indians, and, further, he had a variety of
I matters to attend to, such as making his
fenced‘and bj-isja % gets settled, if he
does, not go west as he'fcenerally does two or
three times, and so he gWs on improving the
land* The farms, in America are one vast set
tlement, and howjmight land there was he did
not know, but when he left home there were
thirty-one States, and how many there were
now he really did not know. To give an in
stance of the mode ol progreess, twenty-five
years ago there was a place where there was a
wilderness in which there was nothing but a
few fishing houses, and the other day the in
habitants numbered at least 110,000- ; Then,
too, they, made roads—the farmers -pioneer—
and in the State of Illinois, according to a
recent statement,, thc-ye were 2660 miles of
railway in that one single State; so that get
ting the land gradually cultivated they had a
country with the Atlantic on one side, the Pa
cific on the Other, the Gulf of Mexico on
another, and the very best kind of neighbor,
in Canada, on the North.
The Sabbath Morn.-- The golden haze is in
the East. The azure dome above is unstirred
through all its vast profound. Peace is enthroned
upon all the fleecy clouds, and gently they float
upon thebosom of the sky. Still are earth and air.
The waters seem to heed the hush, and to murmur
more softly as they flow. The city answers to the
quiet of nature. Silence is upon the lately busy
haunts and thronged ways. Hark! a sound
breaks, but does not mar the stillness—there is
music in the air—the Sabbath bells are ringing.
Sweetly their tones go forth with their wooing
welcome unto all: —“ Come, oome up hither; come
up unto worship.” Years agone the voices were
the same; and thus they spoke on the old Sab
baths unto many over whose graves their musio
now mingles with the breeze of morn. Fromdoorr
way after doorway, they step who are going to the
house of prayer, In the mood of .pleasant con
verse thoy wend their way, while, the bells keep
sweot companionship* “ The best that hath come
down with centuries” is around. It is the hour of
purest joy, when Faith
“ Doth lift her brow
And talk with angels, till the listening soul,
That, by the thraldom of the week, was bowed
To weariness, doth, like the enfranchised slave,
Leap up to put ita glorious garments on.”
Launch of the Shubrick. —The light ship
Shubrick was launched on Saturday afternoon, at
the Philadelphia Navy Yard, at three o’clock.
Through the politeness of Commander Lee, a nam*
ber of persons were on board.- She is one hundred'
and fifty feet in length, and was builtln onemonth. ;
This iB another .proof what our Philadelphia ship
builders can do. A large number of ladies and
gentlemen witnessed the launoh.
The New Bask*.—The second instalment on
the stock of the Commonwealth Bank is being ra
pidly paid up. The Commissioners called fprits
payment between the Ist and sth inat., but in con
sequence of many of the subscribers being absent
from the city, it was impossible to eolleetthe entire
amount, aggregating upwards of 9145,000. The
greater portion, however, of the second instalment
has been paid up. On the 16tb of next month, the
Commonwealth Bank will go into operation in that
portion of the Philadelphia Bank buildup south
west corner of Fourth and Chestnut streets, occupied
by Mr. W. H. Patton, wall-paper dealer. Robert
Morris, Esq., editor of th e' Pennsylvania Inquirer,
will undoubtedly be selected as its President.
The Commissioners of the Corn Exchange Bank
have also called in the second instalment on the
oapital flock of that institution, payable between
the 7th ins*, and September 16th. The location of
this bank has not been determined.
The Commissioners of the Union Bank continue
to receive subscriptions on Saturdays from ten to
twelve o’etook, at the room, third story of Gridon’s
Building,' corner of Third and Arch streets. The
second instalment will dot be o&Ued in for a fort
night or longer. The location of the bonk will be'
on the west side of Third street, below Arch.
It will be remembered that the last Legislature
authorized an- increase of the capital stock of the
Manufacturers’ and Mechanics’ Bank,of $700,000.
Of this amount, the directors several days ago
offered $300,000 for sale, and up to Saturday about
$270,000 had been subscribed for, and paid in/ '
Toy Balloons.— •UT© see it stated, that these
novel playthings, now so abundant in our city, may,
become dangerous articles by the introduction,
through the pores of the vnld&nfxed rubber of which
the covering is made, of atmospheric air, which,
uniting with the gw contained in the envelope, pro
duces an explosive mixture analogous to fire' damp.
If by chance ignited, the effects might be fearful;
another danger is the liability to Inhale the poison
ous gas, should & boy attempt to reinflato his partly
exhausted balloon with air from his lungs.
Suspicious Case.—Ann. Jau> Bobbie, ages! 43
years, died suddenly in Bedford' Street, above Se
venth, on Saturday. In consequence of a report that
she died from til treatment at the hands of her hus
band, the latter was arrested, and a post mortem
of body of ,Ue womaa nude by
order of the Coroner. Tho jury will mpet again
this morning.
The rains of last week have had a most beoe
ilcihl ?ffeet on the com, and the crop may now he
considered as secure froiq.dronght. Potatoes have
also been vastly benefited, and. an abundant yield
is confidently expected.
Fires .—Yesterday afternoon the roof of a
three story brick building, No. 14 Cypress alley,
occupied by Frederick* Hartman, Cabinet-ihaker,
was slightly damaged by fire.
[ Yesterday morning, shortly after 4 o’clock, a
stable in Pagoda street, between Green and
Coates, and Twenty-fourth and Twenty-fifth Streets,
was dlepovered to bo on fire. Tbe property was
owned by S. Clay. Loss $2OO. No insurance.
■ Between one and two o’clock yesterday morning,
two frame dwellings, situated at Front and York
streets, owned by Mr.Wm.Elliott, were destroyed by
fire. Loss $BOO, on which there is a fair insurance.
About twolve o’clock on Friday nighty afire
broke out In a boiler shop at the machine works of
Merrick A Sons, Washington street, First Ward.
The roof of the shop was the only property do-*
stroyed. The loss is t ally covered by insurance. ■
With a view to tho still,farther security of pro
perty from the insidious depredations of the incen
diary, the Mayor has issued instructions to tho Po
lice, to arrest all persons prowling by night in the
vicinity of property which may offer temptations to
the malicious. There aft many oharaeteft of this
kind in tbe city, and it seems'that the Intention is
in future to dispose of them in a summary manner.
Id case no direct charge of arson can bo brought
.agsinst jbem, they will bo placed. under heavy
bonds as toafws and vagabonds.
Likeness of Qen» Wti}> F. Packer.— tWq ob
serve in a number of tho itor# windows;on our
principal streets, a spirited lithographic likeness of
the next Governor of Pennsylvania, William F.
Packer. There is a kindly, benevolent, true-heart
ed expression about the countenance, which be
speaks a man of quiet conscience, whoso <' heart is
in the right place;" The full and well-developed
forehead, if there is any troth In phrenology, indi
cates fine perceptive qualities and strong common
Abolition Convention. —We learn that mea
sures have been adopted with a view of holding a
“ Convention of Liberals," in this city, on tbe
first Monday of next month. Wm. Lloyd Garri
son, J. Miller MoKim, LuereiU Mott, and other
equally celebrated personages will, of «ou»e, be
present. Tho proceedings of tbe last assemblage
of this character in Philadelphia, were very dis
orderly and disgraceful. _ ,
Political. —Ths cord of “ union” of the
Republicans and Americans in this eity is spun of
glass, and will not bear rough usage. We have
heard that there is an inclination on the part of
some of the “straight-out delegates ” to bolt from
the Convention, which will assemble this after
noon, at % o’clock, at the County Court House.
The movements and plans of parties in this alli
apee indicate false prstonce and gross deception
on both aides..
The Lean* Target Company, Capt. Hesser,
will parade this afternoon, for target practice.
The Minute men of ’75, Caspar H. fiqrry jriU
leave this eity at 8} o’clock on the morning Of the
17th inst., for Greagor’sFarm, Montgomery county,
Pa., where they will spend the day. Before
leaving, a magnificent medal of solid gold, orna
mented with a raised bust of Washington, halo,
military emblems, Ac., and also a splendid national
flag, will ho presented to the company by the
friends of the Minute Men residing in Spring Gar
den, Kensington, aud Northern .During
the day Captain Berry will be profited by hU
friends of Montgomery county with a superb
sword. This beautiful weapon is made in accord*
nijee with the United States regulation, is hand
somely jaunted with gold, and coat over $5OO.
' Destruction uf [fte Canines. —This morning
Capt. Jim Francis will renew ifoy work of capturing
all unmuzzled canines found upon our prijl/c thor
oughfares. On Wednesday or Thursday* Jim will
go to Beading, at the request of tbe Mayor of that
place. • 1
The Philadelphia and Delaware Railroad
Company,- /Chi* is rapidly progressing
with their paajangor T£p gyading is al
ready completed to Front and Chatham etrgeto, the
cross-ties laid to Ifarrowgate, one mile from the
northern terminus of the road, and the Iron laid
the distance of two-thirds of a mile. The whole
length of the road wIU he eighteen miles—nine from
the Mpth end at xford * n< * Main street, in
the Uts borough of Frankford, to Morris street, in
tho First Ward, via Main street, Frankford Avenui
or Plank *toad, Front, Obtain, ans Sixth streets,.
and nine miles from Morris street, vfy Jftffo‘street,
to Chatham, and along the route designated, From
Chatham street north there Is to be a double track,
and on Sixth, Morris, and Fifth rireets « single
tratrfe. Tbe capital of the Company is half a million
of dollars, ffjfh Shared of fifty "dollars each.
Polite /fomt .•■'T&e, Majority of tho Arrests
made during Saturday night and yesterday were
mainly for dtunken or disorderly capduet. Ho
serious breach of the peace occurred in any part of
the Cityi ■ The best possible order was everywhere
preserved. - -* -
The first two wharves above Chestnut Street,
on tho Delaware, are being extended .tome fifty
a rr a a
rest oift into tfar etnia.- Thte wiled
for sometime sirs*, and the. result will be a mow
decided improvement^
AldervUtnic Feu.— The following communica
tion which we from, the office of the City
Treasurer on Saturday afternoon, will exhibit the
amount of final and fees paid into the Treasury
since the beginning pf the present year:
Citt-Tbeasureb’s Office, Aug. 8.
The following named Aldermen have paid into
the treasury the amount set opposite to their res
pective names, from Januarylit* 1867, to this date:
* Aid. Wards. Void.
J. Wunder, - - - 22 38
James Allen, - - - 24 67
Alex. Martin, - - 15 300
TbomovJ- Watson, - 24 500
Fred. Reel, - - - 16 598
John Clouds, - - - 18 960
Jacob Snider, 10 10 67
Tbos. H. Palmer, - 20 11 60
R. T. Carter, P. M, • 3 26 00
Williams Dale, - - 3 23 42
S. Field,*. M., - - 19 30 00
E. J. Megoriegal, - 19 38 00
F. M. ConagEy, - - 23 62 00
J. G. Miller, P. M., - 24 67 37
P. Hey, P. X - - 12 71 73
J. Berlin, P. M., - 17 89 10
Abraham M’Garry, - 4 127 63
Joseph Eneu, - - 3 137 00
J. Thompson, P. M , -9 232 34
G. Moore, P. M., - 4 336 32
J. Coulter, P. M.. 1 364 95
P. Binder, P. M., 15 398 52
PaiLxnstPHU, August 8,1657.
Our short article of Tuesday lost upon the decline of
the stock of the Camden and Amboy Railroad Company,
has elicited far more attention than usually falls to the
lot of similar remarks. Among others, we notice an
editorial of two columns in the New Jersey Signal of
Thursday, in which an attempt is made to place ns in
the position cf an assailant of the Company and its ma
nagement, which, under all the circumstances, is simply
ridiculous. Yft ate now, u we have long been, upon
the best terms with the officers of the company, as they
are aware, and we desire to hare those relations conti
nue. We own no share of stock in any railroad or in
any bank, we hare all o&r means embarked in the sin
gle enterprise of Tss Puts, and we devote our
whole energies to the task of tnairing Tag Pazss accept
able to our readers and of use to all who may consult its
columns for any purpose whaterer. We hare no desire
and bo intention either to depress or elevate the stock
of any corporation In the land, and we Shall neither lend
ourselves to those who wish to use us,or
press what we deem to to truth through Year or through
favor from any quarter.
What we said upon tho subject of Dr. Foote’s Yeati
taton was the result of our honest convictions of tho
success and benefits of that contrivance, and our regret
that an improvement was not in general use upon tho
railroads in New Jersey, which kept a ear, under our
own observation upon » dusty rsilread, entirely
from dust and cinders, and the temperature twenty de
grees lower than it was outside, upon one of the betted*
days of summer.
At another time and place we may have again
to refer to the merits of this invention. At present, our
business is with the Camdanand Amboy Railroad -
and its decline in prise at-the stock board. It seemed
to ns a sufficient explanation of the Call of this
that tbe company had made at a time when all
were ruling high, and iti stock was aeQing at HO, «£{-
vidend of twenty percent, la stock and four per cent. In
cash, upon both the new mid old stocks. If the owner
of a share of stock worth $lOO at par ißdgUU&tbe
market, received 120 in new stock and s4Joina taah -
dividend, and was then able to sell his stock at $lOO in
the market, after a general destine In sioeks, there could
certainly tono reason fa* apprehension on his part, « ;
that of othsr stockholders, aad sarcasmferthftbcddftrt,
who had bought the stock for an investment, to *"»>»
sacrifice by throwing it upon the market at a of
It seems to us, however, from the showing of fit*
signal, that the Company wastes fifty thousand doilais
per annum upon dead heads in New Jersey alone, irfcr
more likely to injure tbe Company, than ourexpreafcm
of an opinion that the fares were too low upon, aooaa eg
the trains, and that the Company were carrying their
desire to benefit the public to an extent not altogether
compatible with the true interests of the
We have no desire to enter into a controversy upon
this or toy other subject connected with stocks held by
our citizens or sold iu oar markets. . We shall watch th»
movements of the day, and report upon them what we
believe to be the truth; and when we deem the rinu
suitable, we shall express our opinions upon tho —nags
ment of. this or any other railroad company. We have ■
no doubt thC some of the trains upon tM« nnd train
at a price per head too low to be remunerative, as
the Signal baa shown ti»at a large sum la atotdqtti/ “
thrown away upon dead-beads, we trnsi soon to
that the free list has been abolished altogether. - r
IncaunKtam with this subject, ws annex the follow..
Lug from the Trenton Trne American, a reHahis aa:
thority, corroborative of our views aa to the mj value
of the Camden and Amboy Railroad stock as as isstot-'
ment: .
“Cawnax axd Armor Broca.—We have reeeritfr&o
ticed several comments hi relation to the present value
: of the stock of th* Qamdea and Amboy Company, and in'
order that those who hold It as an investment osr hot
be duped with the belief that ita Value is nnttw dent*,
eiated, we have inquired as to the baristas of tbeeam
paay,and find that Its Income hi steadily inemain*
and every year becoming greater—that the saxUtev
.roods, such as the BelvMejw ami Delaware, thafUm
machinery, aaAAha addition of teUgraghfe eosuam
niestiots on the lines of the roads, hare lnilnsfl the *
risks cf collisions and accidents, whieh bare from time ■
to time taken away considerable stmt from the eaxalMS '
of the company. Jlythe returns mde up to fht htrf '
January of this year, we find that theroQrood and eaaoL
after paying all current expenses, and heavr lumen
growing out of theßurtiugton nneeiAr- "
mg interest on all outstanding bonds, and '
’* \' J fri?* mtjt&MKru
■mlatCur UgiCTytenjMr. ormcrytlua Tffg—t
f-Udtioaal. Tfcere j* m aaeonai&ed team npsrfShT -
the business of the present year aoteMaMhaa'
of the part. A mad ntpai dividend of &nirWbmiil .
has already been deetaK&waqjold thfcrvfiax/
ki The depreciation in the market value of the stock
from 124 or 125 as it stood sometime am) v to Ififiaafitis.
now quoted, is to be accounted tor, from tbs &e* {hat the c
urplu unins ofths iut sod jurioai jwj-Ut.
TwjnesnUfbnsiMM uuu tfc* st3gwddu*<.
so sxtrs djridood at twtaty V eso*., MnHe itt n■
stock—and four y teat* regular dtviiradpaid in maher
There is a mistaken iaaraationttot the oeamnfrahnw
doubled their stock; hot this is no* so, theybmrimnafi
ofalr 8.000 shares, and attbewgh authorized to-do •*.
will not be under the iiocemitT of issuing any mota/ax
cepting in liquidation of their funded deb£ by-which
they wtll reduce their aanosl payment# of Interest
“We make allusion to this subject in order thatth* -
holders of stock may no* to deeaived by false renorta. to
•scriAwtit. The atock of the eouaatiea baa vfrldedaa -
ayeage yaariy iaeoue the last thirhenyears of to
toeen fifteen and sixteen ap cent., and there isnoan
parent reaies why,'under Its r~~-**t itis n
i* should ut continue to do ao for many yeamito edme!
“ the bulk of the stock htttakUn New Jersey and alsewtotci
brcapitalists,andltbeeldmaotferedattkesicckbedifi -
of the neighboring cities, where brokers ft is
no fifterite, because by a prudent regulation cf the Band
of Directors, the transfer hooka arw only opened tetra a
year at tbe meeting of Stockholders—thenbr avolCne
all risks of fraud.
-We noUec an allegation «9*ed info several japettf
from, we believe, the Morning Times, that oer Mint
was wining foe on cent of a deficient weight from ,
the legalstandard. Upax inquiry into the fects of tto
ctoe, we learn that, owing to foe imperfection oC
chinny, and. foe absolute' Dnpaeihflky «f **
large number of cotax of precisely foe' ««mt weight,
Co ogres* haa .established. releu' bj\ wKia
coinage 1* regulated, fiofostemsa are not allowed to - *
rite above, nor to fell below, to weight, certain «pe-'
eified limits. In foe' instances reported •of short
weight of these coins, foe variation fe within Unit.
The Mint has issued, withfo foe last few
forty-six tons of n*r cents. They m eon
posed of materials sever before melted togefotr
for purposes of and there has bees no little dif
ficulty to properly adjusting them, at ths rapid rata
which the tamaeda of foe public required. Itweakfof
fer more wonderful if there were z* taaocuracies, fopn.
fori a few fookld have occurred, hat three wmiaOyto
crease la cumber as foe work**** at foe Mist twtea* y
more experienced in this new manufacture la so
Inataace, however, that we hsv* heard of, has*'
the limit of variation allowed by Congress been ax
eeeded.ia fos weight of foe new ©eat. Ybe-coiOS <jf th*
precious metal* are ati weighed and accurately adjusted
at foe Mint, but fola process ia of course imotmibl* to a
coin of so small tota* « thereto. The results of foa
annual areay have always shown foe coinage of foa
Philadelphia Mtat to be msmlloqaly a^uratop-tofon
trials of foe. lari few years, foe amallest preriMe Wright
being found sufldeot to ton foe seata lor or againri tire
At the Stock market, oh Saturday, foe dosing price
of Beading, was s3s per share 'each;. St A driirerabtata
five days, understood |o to foe consequent of the
“bean” bring “co*neDrt.*». The “boJlx” hold tire
stock, and foe bears” buy it'by eoapalsipa tofiQ
forir contract*, and toll it sg»ta r driirerxblft in a fttoct
time, at a discount, trusting to a further fell fe, mato
themselvto whole. There srw ticklish time* for
“ Beading.” .
. The following table from foe Seonomitt) showing
foa doridg-prie** at th* wi*of sx
hibits foe general of Stocks, and foe Jittfo
confidence reposed by foe pnhliq la fo e wide-spread,
predictions of fiaanciri difficulties and a tight money
~ . ' —Jane 28.—-v
Par capltaL value
Cleveland andPitUbmg... $3,000,000 slo2o 009 '
Michigan Southern. 7,000,000 37 2,590.000
MUwaubie and Mississippi. 2,000,450 44 fiso.oo9
—••• 4.500,000 00 4.050.000
Beading... 10,800,000 69 7,453,000
Galena and Chicago 6,500,000 85k 4.675.000
flew York Central. 24,000,000 76 lawjm
Cleveland W,d Toledo 3,320,000 53 1 709 OOQ
Bock Island 4,Qt0,06p ij iJSSQQOO
Brie li,oooiflS 2Q 2^50,000
Michigan Central...» 6.00Q.00Q
Total v
Specie in bank
July 28 v
Par capital. value ?
Cfevriapd and Pittsburg... $3,000,000 40)J $1,200,009 :
MjcWgau SORfoere 7,000,000 51 3.500 WO"
Mliwaukle and Muais»fpp|. SißO,taO 53 1.060 000
Panama. 4,500,00$ M 4,520’000
8Mi1n........ 10,K»,006 T.te.OOO
Galena and Chicago....... 5,500,000 95 6^25009
New York Centra1........ 2A00Q,000 20,880*000
Cl»K]&ntt »b 4 ToWu -
Rocic Ijlmkl 4.00C,000 M 3,760,080
Erie 11,000,000 3i){ 3,86»!666
Mlctfilsp Centra! 6,000,000 85 4,700.000
‘ Total
Specie in boat IptaS*-
The Ctttauu’ Bank his deelsred > diriaoo4 of 4 V*
coot,, My«ble thelith of Aogast.
The LorOUrd Rn incnnsce Company has doetood o,
dividend of# ¥ oeaU pOT*hlf on demand,
, : The Xtie ard&rtheoit Balboa* Comjaar has #*> ■
elrnd a «U W eeat.y *aj*hi* U SrW, **. ;
■ ‘ The JfllwMkeeud Horiooa juilm4 Comniunr «w
open Its too# to Berlin on' Jfoodjtf flirt, VS TnjlfV '
Jiilwaake* end 43 from Hctitt*:'Yhb-*ta -nhitjle.
thefirstdirUid*oftk«Ge»M(tft%to«4: VatW33+'-‘
d»y the eyeptl* fobs tobhliESijßMrllß. * w - rrrwuT
dtrisian u node* eontni £t, Witte to«M of OQBitaeUo*
~n f-rt* — to th n TbUCoBJMur
omteoo,ooo watt of Ufctej'JSßLteJjtt sbEnieTtf
(be MllnaUe Smtiiul wAlhiVe tbe Hai^aint'
report of the Bub CMeptr*® of VtKouuTekrnebc
■ Iteturpe th*t •egjWi'jNfc mult of eeesrtdMifc-'
wt Sw Torts ZVvtts
---v m
*4 9-1 2.
82066 16
a, 6)6,000