The press. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1857-1880, August 08, 1857, Image 1

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-rnv IA67
Oct'. 14. 1887
••;»; MttT-i
• hU- d-’j i'tJ-U *• i'v'.
'"' l- f tif? «i■ ; >Ay«
f Q p& il “ tn w>-!>i‘-,lift j?»ssi .will io day.
object atul design of-tbis journal.
KWdwn !> by Its "’fruits. 1 My
igiaWßon ‘is tfcibiliakb’-'a thorough' Newspaper.'
complete in all its departments: to'' address
script ism of the
pies in a daily'a'chenp, 1
irworthyundtintelligobt medium of popu
'hfpoestionj jTd aecornplislldhese' results
'.*jU fexpendil
JBresio.f .mouoypconsideruble experieuoe, and
the employment of varied' ability; The " belief
dpt'ermiped'ine upon the pre
j*.b.P,t (undertaking. •> -THehops!’ that there were
fh>ne|tthranc/es, per.
JPMJb'jOTpJSlfsifft in" Pennsylvania, and. I
elSejrhere,inspired;ni'o> with additiobal confl-
Jfhei 'agrbeablo relations'
X‘. h^.ttp|&ft,/p j fpist, Of, ttfope .engaged'in.
journaTtejp, jlurihg liny long connection With
that p'fbfelSlOn/WOmtn'ded'iuetliat this, if not
ul'yays .the moßt lucrative avocation, Was, at
toeeauße it(.retpp.epe4 a,...field of independent
'jtctip.n;,»ndhard, hut eddying toil, .An enter
‘p’lsefouitdediUpofi'suehTnotivoe cannot fail to
invested in It (Ul that I,'have'
f pi4tp. > wpfld, jfna, every- effort, and energy of
'ffitcisl; am capable; shall ha enlisted to vender
jgrd&t,questions "of. the day;- I ‘ hive already
mont. pf niy paper. should, he oondneted upon
sßephohatib ‘p™cipleS."';lt'-is 1 equally !l we]U
;i#? s eftC . Administration "at. w aahingtiomhavb
jny hearflbet.'approltetidnr v.X‘ have known the
iPWi-iWi’ft'Ps 'Jdi;.«<snpprt , ; ahd-confidence
.(Witll.'hiui/ ever mince my first youthful ! as-
JM%tipn in politics .and editorial life'. "' Tile
M Inydut tn.perfornii weveithose; given to’his
,sausey”Myfctfcichjri'nit|; to' hiin grow jfot more
•fwii a'diniriitidn 'of "his 1 " pure .and. upright
than,ftofu. a profound regard' ibr his
-intellect,' experience und;patriotism: It was
■M. gu°'d fbttU'fijSltofr]ttmy.';gi>od men, to
, u6hiheifieiei>i)y,in crown
ing adift> ofoiaefulrtessiaUd' distinctien to liis 1
nofmtryUndfiiMsifif'WiillttibTfighest honors in
-thewoiid., . d’hofriiimjot'ftat, iestiitaip already
npbping. for. tho EutnrfiirftiThe wisdoto of the
iipopulari dHolee.’is tMfig'dSiiySittlfcc&tedbv the
>qU|qt ’havg 1 follotvcd 'tli'o
jßtojrmy acejit»,,ofilaat,year; as! the sweet sun
rihuiu.'fOlioWs-'thfi .dbstktbtiVA tempest. Had
BjeMroaiffiaw KldsWs, |
Jv/lmwiSteKOfPfbliPgh WW protecting, the
" r®hlB:a£ti*etatiiteaaml thOrighta oftlre'States,
'T > &Ouldh»v».aosa‘:eviH'y.thingtthat;.onpfoan
- could do' to tmliold and to strengthen' him, imd'to
tedVliWifid .opinion.
fftfiaiactionj iiov?%tef> when the consistency,
Jjanify, and§hility s .p| i h;s i .adm(nisjiatioft, aria
,M> taiipy prp'pfsifhat deserved, the per
.seyermg-aaAenthiisiaßtio .prefetenbeof those
"MfafjtMrt *1(0 ‘bis , fortunes
IplmiMiMK e^JwpWt,
.ajifing so many long years. ' :i.-.
. rft l am not writing as'ppMfir&tihni’ iun'- net'
#' ‘‘ ' ' Iff a 'fii6fo''i)ar l ty,papbf,; for,
' and unfaltering g'qojgteps
itionaltpriieiples to their
.to conclusions,’! : shill. at
to convince those who, may
rcasdnp toot'- by: recrimino
fjst ,4‘p. rjw'afti loptihg j'at
Imiiustvation, -up. to this
tfeited land ’ elevated m'oj
thfit J thbt' .statesman. lias
,mcy at' (in auspicious pq
fonfo/'andat ,a fortuhate'
* AUGUST; 1857.' 1
j.M - _ :
boucloo,Tinier.!. -
glitu’ro of the coup try under
riling fact, and' no wonder it
f.,C, XBW,iela- i moat.emphatio
juy.luiil-NaYy, besides & pum
ittusos, .suoh no the dearness of
•iraplqtion of large purchases by
lymanqiit poproos of increased
iM .steam, -large i dock-yards,
p%y?aWPW Wlospital Corps,
system jrf thoCoastgoard, new
lines,to allpurte of the, world,
ningthi;. groat spirit of. pro
wl vo totbo public:. The,civil
iiaotlog. .The pubJio.offiaeß,
’,c<fMtal)ulnry, oducMioo, and
,q, necessity or interest, anuu
-sub|i<| purse,to,the nmount of n t;ino; and eyeiy, ench,
Instead, therefore,, of tho
dileti !>»ro recently promised
irpcsoo expenditure,, tbo cs
ittris 0ver,X65,000,W)0.
loctipn of. the Revenue, V the ;
flu Persian .expedition,
•iMppoara,, mtour,, present -.peace expenditure is
7,opi);otKi.. more was. before the war; nnd
'■much of this,he permanent., ,The Chan.-,
-oell(tt.,pf.Uiß,&eheqni)r, theopdoos no,more than,
bisjuuty.iu .calling, attention to the, vast aggregate
IIP? p/pet whiph if) tog jjauallyregordcd in tho detail,
j, pp tfcaapflly tile publ ie'docs wantfcoino sober, busi
f£. there is toe much of the seromblo in .the
tlter,.ippStrongest,hand.gets, is
•<d iiiaUer.of deily occurrence .to fix,on- tho public
pufsaaiy annual charge equivalent to n capital ex-.
jemiiturß.of .f s,t)oo,(ktjo 9rX10,01.i0,(K)0,- During tho I
itOAojoa/SOf thc-Wur wo hiivo rnado qroro pertno.
lieot.gdditlffii, to the public expenditure for other 1
~obj'pota,tbs#:Wo haye,pn!icOoun't of. the war itself.
'■*> j’Hougli ndi aMustoiii'ed'fo'take tlid London
oim monitor,yet it sometimes - bap
iPci is tji r at;yo S-t’Sdful iliht;'or halu :
itdrrd^|!bQ i it^p^j 1 ita,.oppe)Jine,coium'ng. fa
‘‘tfit rofpro present tho foregoing brlef-but pithy
,jrt <|b^^^^t^f , jjap?ji | i!ociaiis.o i .'it i ‘a6eih'sey
,tro nely applioable to 'thoffnited States! n Very
:iiBsßyiparticularfi.''! ,;t- ’ : ' !r '
® 1 i of.
'th< rapm growth andt expansion of this Con
...ypc eratlcWythif hbflpst rapid; increase,
:<in ;lie price ofriearly every article essential, to;
the comfoj-f or fbo uses of Gov
ten ment, owing to tiie inflation of tho paper
'fJj&'Jnflitjt 'oi' gold,! thdt the public,
-JE@C >entuwrhsi sHo»WS*o greatly Increased. But
“.in .‘xtmiijilhg 'thefltrexpenditureSj'ivlticli have
me .rly'frebled within tho'last'flftcen of twenty
‘,s‘fe: spaoli portipn
i’yo in-appropriations ofmoney or lands,
mo..ttafeessftrjr to ; the Support of 1 Government,
■ ana Ctjiatp) been Voted
; hyjQpngresS rbeyoind'the' , t)stimatOs .presented
VhyJtliVairferent Ibipdrtifi'entt’j tioVonly'without
■any reeommendaiioil’iron! tiie .President, hut
mbf 'iUifrefUtcntiy.tln'rlirect' dpirdsUion to his
tfswell, as those'
jol’hjniiiiodty. ofthe, people.', ■-. i . ,
■,oi ihe're wati a 1 tinie : when the Immediate rep-
fobbed up to
‘Sit fho, pticnliar .guardians of the. public, purse,
|{ th^-]i^K| by the
they decreed
tthiitjiiijtrovhnuo.bills should originate in the.
Jtiifi' .idgisla'tpfe, It.'wf*,
VaaonaUjV.presuni'edf .that a "body, emanating
J^6tS ? the| J Wople,' whose members were
P&fpAt ami who irertt
shijrtlyto-rctara to* their qonslituehts to share
FPSMnfiibWtlp the people, aiidthorefore
bepiore careflil tOjgdard'theni against any dis
po|itl<itii^{bd' t
Ho 'loud ihOtot vvltb extravagant or unnecessary
iie« . •>>:
ipratiticc has not jnsti
-fioft tiie.theory. oft eanttdt .be'doiiied that the
iiipeeßiaryi (Edd 'unavoidable .‘eVpenditnrcs of
■ tiqverijtpont liavp.beeii augmeVfcd to a fearful
embracing a
bomiiig within the le
gitiniaite , sphere',, of .“ (lie .common defence
'i«ul general-' welfare; I.’ 1 .’ and at best only admin-
.the piiriieses!bf private 'OsSocia
:tlojns,,or small districts of country whose in-
prospefjty-,,'fioweyer' rapid, and how
iy Ppipercoptihle', influence
fhe,general welfare of this wide confede
rrai iori.' ffrlf'ivei-e p’osiiible to distribute this
3t> to all parts of
tit country,: 80. t every community, nay,
, plausible .pretext for
"til such ‘‘a ; jirooess
iff thV'oiturcf.'Of thingS.iaml .it
Huist:’tbeieiicjr,e;bo'Obvlou«,>that. a preference
pjlM Setting
W this kind of
flraftfW’- source'
’*r " • -■ Vr’U! tap! Jffiri) ssi. /ii’v'- 4 .
'OaoVoT' , h.'s»i>itJiiolaai:io;:'a,i)v< ‘ h;-.! «•. ' ir.
of ! wasteful prodigality, .but. liable to, still
greater, objections, as directly tending to cor
rupt both the. people and their representatives.
!• It.may be urged, in.reply, that the resources
of the Government are increasing even more
rapidly than its expenditures i, that the Trea
sury. is overflowing, and that the surplus should
be appropriated to useful purposes, Instead of
lying idle in the- no use to'any
one.' All this is undoubtedly 1 true: 'No Go
vernment should'becOme : a" miser and give
jtself Hj> to hoardings, A great public fund, not
indisyensiblo to the ordinary .exigencies of the
State, is little better than, a sink of corruption
and venality,. a temptation to every adroit
schemer and rapacious Speculator j a prize to
be struggled for-bp‘rival States, which if they
canndtget rhore than their share, will consent
to flivide it equally, /;In addition' to this—and
this is the worst' ephsequenpe of allyit ei'er
cisfes a most dangerous influence, on the integ
rity ; of- the. representatives of the , people,
some,of , whom we know,- from late evidences,
have become littlo better thanlegislative
Brokets Tor'tho disposal of speolal benefits to'
the highest bidder.- 1 'WVtrusttheruis uo breach
, of i privilege-' tu' that ’
liM notorious iltgiplfec-.
tatlon of Tiioro are
'some-, tilings. ..which. cannot! be- kept secret.
They Cafinotf bo'buried so doep ibntthat the
stench will botray themj'l’nSd'Ohthe whole/it 1
is llctferthatLiWrtV'sh6iia'sidfei-''a l tompbrhry'
disjpracO "by : llio 'disclosure' bfia Secret’ can
ker thin 'thit' 1 it ' unknpjviij'to
prey gnhpf.vlfals...,,
' as there app,
proliond,,tlicr.o.shp.uid. ho.any tendenoyto this:
'fatal .malady, thjs iinfalliblo:symptam i df' i pre'-'
mature decay,bitlier!’, in'otir r i’ederal : or State 1
legislatures, if limy' ‘undoubtedly be in a
gtcat' measure traced to' that - ttyßfehi’ pf
special legislation which' is' fed and paiiipeVed
by 'a surplus revenue, aud offors 4 temptefiiiii,
and an opportunity to the applicant for, fayprs
to corrupt, and the; bestower,, \o be corrupted,.:
Enact laws applicable to all citizens,:and pto-.
sentuo temptations of this kind, 1 They never
attract lobby members, nor do they offer 1 any'
inducement to the collection aiicl'distribution'
! of the funds pf corruption. Tlie'ro is'nd.pccu-'
.nlary profit, no .nioncy 'to bo .made by thp
-passage ofalaw, unless it confers a monopoly or,
some special privilege or boon on a emsiU pot-,
tiotiof citizens to tho exclusion,of all others.
TWs is what the beneficiary can Eliford to pay
liberally for, , and wo believe experience will
generally prove that' iri such cases‘there are
afuiaya those who aro willing to deal with’ him'
bn Ittau principle of tpo qklipro quo. ", ' ,
. If.then, we repeat',, cofrnjitibilhas insinuated
'itsplfiptp thelegiolaHbp.jdf this Government,
it mpy bo, distinctly - traced to an extravagant
revenue,which-iatheXoster brothorof special
legislation. oOrib fhrnlshes thO mo&hs, - tho
other the projects, for dissipating the)' ’lhhd', ' ip
jwejl'as'. tbC'temptation to legislation jo'ajd in
those schemes ln addition to
,thip, there probably,never, was devised ;a sys
tem. of legislation-so, • directly. and inevitably
"tending :to .undermine: and render .totally in
operative that great principle of equality which
is ih«.corner-stone of this Government, aa that
of'special i legislation'. 'Of what use-is the
theory of equal rights, if these can bo fritter ed
.awpyih conferring Special benefits by special,
,acfn of legislatidn: ‘‘ 'J "
the of a majority of
pur legislative ljodies, it, pill generally bo seen
that,-they aim for,the most part .at this spe
cies of pettifogging, special legislation. Very
few ldws applicable to the people at largo, and
affecting tlie fightsor interests of ill equally
ard passed, but oh th 6 contrary wo 1 find them
incessantly occupied,in legislating for corapa
nlcs and corporations; administering, to petty
personal arid lodai interests;' bestowing partial
, or.^cliisiYg.npmpp.qHes; '.pptepdibg,, jqirpumi
scribing or otherwise regulating the privileges
of .banks, insurance, railroad or manufacturing
corporations, involving great pecuniary inter
ests, which naturally and almost irresistibly
call for the application cf pecuniary means or
improper influencesto (hciUtate their passages,
iii this way corruption" insinuates' itself into
Legislative' bodies, and the great general inter!
estp of the State are sacrificed to the, special
benefit of that small class of men whose, wealth
or-whose influence enables them to monopolize
tbdso Legislative boons always disguised under
the convenient mask of the “general welfare.”
’ frothing,* no injuriously affects the
.purity,of Legislation < as : the exercise of the
j)o>ver .mtl the means of applying a portion of
.ibti public money in public, property of any
land, to the exclusive’ benefit of private indi
viduals, or those associated in small bodieß for
selfish purposes. Hence, it hds become an axiom
verified by all past experience, that'thh poverty
of :a goveramdtit is the best, if not the only
safeguard against corruption and prodigality.
Where it has pothing to bestow there is no
temptation to importunate beggars,* no motive
foil the exercita of improper influence over
thbse whose hajids are thuß.tied; no temptation
and no opportunity for one solicit, ftje
other to bestow,?thtiaCßpecial favors which b<L
ing worth buying, are consequently worth
selling. •
yor these and vdrious other reasons we
think 6tir fcllow : citizens, generally,' have great
cause to .rejoice in. the late revision, of the
Tariff, by which' it is estimated the revenue
will bo decreased some fifteen or twenty mil
lions Thus one great source of
}vapteftil prodigality, not to say corruption, is,
if not completely dried up, at least greatly di
minished, and it is to be hoped, that in future,
ftiq surplus revenue of the government will I>e
no greater than may be necessary to meet any
unexpected demand -ot temporary‘exigency.
Al| beyond this' we humbly conceive is much
better’left in’the pockets 6f the people, where
it administers to individual coinfort, instead of
being dissipated in impracticable schemes to
render the laws of nature subservient to the
despotism of man, or to enrich* those already
rich at the expense of those who are already
poor. !
Should such bo the salutary result of the
late reduction "of the Tariff,'there will then
remain but one for those .ingeni
ous gentlemen whose forte is devising schemes
. fpii dissipating the money and lands of the
people' 'through the great conduit of special
legislation. ~Therq yet remains an empire of
unoccupied lands, from time to time augmented
by! purchases from the Indians, to bo scuffled
for in the grand raffle or lottery, where the
highest prizes invariably fall to the lot of the
most expert player. But this rcsourco is not
inexhaustible. 'With the Inclination and powers
of extension so proverbially the characteristic
.of the pooplo of the United States, and the
rapidity of their; increase, it will not be
loiig before they, will: require still more
space for expansion. ‘Wc-fihaU then begin
to experience; perhaps, the greatest of
all’ national calamities—that curse which
a | large portion of Europe how labors
t .her—a surplus population cooped up within
iimils,ft cannot pass, and >vbicli by Its utmost
exertions of labor and economy cannot escape
the jaws of famine, whenever a partial failure of
the harvest occurs. Of all the civilized people
of; the world, the natives of the United States
require most elbow-room,- and arc mot t dif
ficult to govern when crowded together, as
is evident from the examples of our great
cities, where nothing but a system of restraints
incompatible with , the general liberty ot the
citizen can procure anything like order, and
the intervention of an armed police, or a mili
tary force is becoming every day more India
pensible to arrest those excesses invariably
generated in the hofc-beds of crowded"cities,
whore excitements are caught by contabt; like
epidemical diseases, dnd communicated with
tb£ rapidity of lightning. ' ‘ '
jCho period js not far distant when we shall
want all the lands we possess, and all we can
honestly acquire, for the proper sphere of
action of’a people who have been accustomed
to;an almost unlimited expansion. Let us,
then, husband our great patrimony, our only*
real, estafe, the main source of our prosperity
and power. Let us keep It sacred to,the fu
ture requirements of a people who will one
day number hundreds ofraUUons> and require %
" I , HII.AI»i:i.f»IHA, SAfl BJfAV. AUGUST 8, 1851
world for Ihifir bperatibiis. Ebt'hShot'frtlfe'it
away in idldprdjeb'ts, In h
space,’bin building 11 pane no rrti pus he re ditary
pension, list,' to .reward tlje.^CScepdanfSjl,of
every man who, has.shouideredVfflwHetlh the
defence of his country, or in schemes, which,
having no other object, or atuldast another
tendency, than to epridh projectors Snfi Spactt-'
lator3, corrupt legislation,' add "disslptttb'-ia
private boons, or political t/o*jrruVi', ivtiat teff
longs to 'the'whole people of ii thfe i ’&(iite‘d'
States; as a national fund for to
the “ common defence ap'd gene^K’welfaidjjJj’
[Correspondence or Tpe P r.s ß 3-l
' ! Hotel,
' BtftaburghrAufrlf 185 T. :J /
I ater Alive - fetid Wbll i : ' An l - Atit)oAneefti , eni'
noYolenough,- tfe’o>eht^ f of a lette*;
my reascfa fo* it telftts f ; Ai X wasWiflifrbly Werid
ing ffly wy l doivfi*ttVW4fep‘■windings of Mqflfct
W fishirigton/cpposlto Pittsburgh, till a ovcniilgi iria :
a'tid using the * jpHcftu-'
tionaYy hadd-rtiU ifl’Hibfcnder perhaps morb
cratio than grnoefuL T Ws'afcdostedby d vetfygcn
tlcpiunly looting follow^ 1 -with iin' ji!r
Bf pytnfiathieingscnie.itu&^f—‘Mrc yorisirJi,sirV\
had tho immediate'
effect of 'it* higher' state of foclu!
’coi^dldnaiio^f^wh^n^ ’ tho "inquiring'
‘atrjingor. the eilcots of 6x
'fiiu9t!bh,’ f hd^ t V4jS*ojHepfW fooling Very wol!, 1
'Nbl .’ho continued,
ibell f ” at which I
'gai| is ifty : tfulso ! hbdom'etery ‘touriding; took off my
Wipeathd bjAgrc'cftjifAfist 'from‘my brow,, and
aB3| i fed' my S'y mph tHI riHW l mrtiaritftu neighbor, that
•if Kfi V tho “Sr. Charles,“
-f WotiTd min' a practical demon*
wfcjo'Aofcvbry soriddV .‘Attbia proposition, ho hW
din d’inOrb’ rbconMlCif/aWd 'watT willing to
hiawnifitakb tiial-pliUc* amt noUoty
’do\{ li-liiH ritfibf lhah lb any thing of a more
*'-% usM a& sub/betn'f Mmnt IVartiing
tow, its summit,
mayhdV bd first leisure kobr
the t has Wnoo writing you iby
lot :er 'bf'tßo 'up at about’five
Vis ock this evening, and; bhcbrdragly tho abovo
l nmiedtowerifl^'emmdnec'waa'inado tho magnet
of i A more nneient, though
lita pOatio, i but -7 E < thirik more appropriate name for
thtfr hibbntaitf^^^CbaV’mit/ 5
{ ' -1 rbiAtWtAw&belM, oh this side of tho Monon
gal eltt, it pfc'sonts thVappfsnrahce of a giant, orag.
gy, barren-IMkirig ; Natural Waift-work. almost
clo id*6app’odlil and IbokingHke an,
imnbnsevroVk - of fortification ; the fury of 1
sto: ms cdmitrgfroin that direction. 1 It js'Ayast bi-! 1
tuminoUH boat deposit!! Hundreds of
tons of this excellent 1 fact have already’ b'ebn.ey-"
htujhed from its Bulphurtrtts' bowbls. * * f
: To reach Us summit,* - wo Opqsw iho wiro Suapen-'
sionßridge, which 1 span’s thoMbriohefehelAriver If'
thej fOot of Smith field street, And pass' along a suij-*
staktially constructodcircuitous fbr'
ntbut a mile, and we arrive nt hnelevationjfrom
whjch tho’hearen-poiiitih£ spires that adora tho
city of far below ourlovolfand the
city Itself, with all its Syide-sprßad suburban euvi*
rbns, its rivoira, bridgcsnxid surrouhdinghilis,away
tb fhe 1 distant unduluthig hdrizon, lies outstrofohod
arofuhd,' in front end hbne’ath' iia;' ’My word for, it,
to fho yialtor who h as nbtlohg to stay in’Pittsburgh;
this ia tho spot to oomo' to. if ho would a
glance, tho topography, and physical appearance' of
thib marvellbUH manufacturing emporium. Owing
to I newly-washed atmospliore, tho smoke upon
this occasion was less dense than 1 usual, although at
tiiqes it forth* ah obstoold so impenetrable as* to en*’
! tirely out off the view of tho City from 'the
talk above. From this point tho course Of the three'
rivers is seen for several miles t every hoilßo and 1
■hil|obk in'and aronnd the Iron Oity Is laid open'to’
view. Dirootly to the northward lies tho crystal
Allegheny, spanned by four substantial bridges,
and tho wire Suspension Aqueduct. -ThlsUttor
pohdotous work of, art,' constitutes a part of' the
great lino of State works, which have recently pass-v
od.into the hands of tho Pennsylvauia Rattroagj
though in fact it naa,buUjU hyy
thd expense of tho oUizons of Allegheny Oity, with
thb double view, I beliove, of promoting a local iu
terest by this connection, and also with tho hopo
that the Stale would purchase it when done; which
hobe, however, has never been realised.
That immense structure rising heavily into viow
to the northeast, with its toweringspiro and pieroing
minarets, t i£ St. Paul’s Cathedral, and excepting the
Notre Dome, at Montreal, is said to be the largest in
America; it has been six years in building, and bos
already donned t the sombre mantle of the oity,
th«kigh it Is not yot nearly completed externally. •
Itsspaoious interior presents an appearnnee of gloomy
solemnity—Us internal architectural finish being
similar to that of Trinity' Church, Now York. On
the opposite cornor from the Cathedral, and on a
mast commanding ominence. the massive propor
tions of a dark granite pilo, rising benoath a noble
dome, arreatour attention. It is the Pittsburgh Court
House and jail; in tho inttor of which there are at
; this time seven persons committed for inuhier, throe
of whom are already undor sentence of death, And
the other four are awaiting their trial. This may
scorn to bo a large quota of murdors for this placo,
and so it. undoubtedly happens to be ; but it is but
just to add that tho present excess of criminals is
moYo than equalled by the vigilance of the authori
ties in bringiug tho murderora to justice. If you
will pardon another personal allusion, I will add
tMt your-tiHually innocent and law-abiding corres
pondent has, on account of Tug Punas, boon
subjected to a brief incarceration in the same estab
lishment; but having had a gallant military hero for
my defence; and a smiling-faecd, amiable Sheriff fof
my judgo, I was permitted to walk tho felon’s halls
o« icowator, and when I was ready,' was per
mitted to Uko my departure with a cordial invita
tiop to call again.
Ono hundred and fifty yards due,west of tho
josjt namod edifluo is soon tho new Custom House
and Poet Office—a largo and commodious building
—also built of gray granite, and speaking hand
somely for Unole Sum’s and judgment-in
its!construction in overy part, save-tho “sand
bap” on tho third floor—an allusion whioh will
probably bo better appreciated by its inmates than
iny readers in general.
11 A Abort distance beyond this, and slightly to the
westward, is seen tho boautiful Gothlo front of tho
First Presbyterian Church, under tho pastorship of
Rev* ; Wm. Paxton. ' The building above named,
together with the Monongahela House, in the fore
ground, constitute tho main points of tho picture;
and, as an illustration of the vast growth of the
city within tho last quarter of a century, I may
add, that there are comparatively young men now
living here, who remember well when tho sites of
the first four namod edifices wore scattered about
outsido of town, in the shape of duok ponds, barron
’ knhllfl, swampy commons, Ac. Now thoy occupy
the central part of tho expanding oity’of Pittsburgh,
whioh is indeed rapidly urging her grou ing tide of
population upon tho neighboring bills, and dotting
ovbry valo and summit with privuto villus of real
architectural beauty.
Immediately in fibnt, and boneuth us, flow the
Virginiu-halling waters of tho Monongahela. On
ita'opposito Bhoro, for near a mllo in length, there
extends one of the flnosb lovees in tho world. This
lovoo constituted tho south margin of tho memo
rable conflagration which occurred, in April, 1545,
destroying an amount of property, iu tho course of
u few hours, variously estimated at from four to ton
millions of dollars. The money oontrlbutod by
sympathizers with tho sufferers, upon this occasion,
I cm informed by ono of the Distributing Commit
tee, amounted to ahpwia quarter of a million of
Whether that impetuous catastrophe was really
a disadvantage ora benefit to the city of Pittsburgh,
is a matter upon which opinion hero seems to be
divided; though lam inclined to favor the forraor
conclusion from the foot that Pittsburgh is a manu
facturing oity and almost universally employs her
constantly-incronsing capital at home; ho that
having been thus subjected to tho loss of millions,
and having boon undor tho necessity of roplncing
this iinmunso loss by extracting that amount of
capital from her manufactories, T think tho inference
legitimate, that jn that conflagration sho sustained
a blow, which, no matter how slightly, she will feel
for years. Woaro still uponthemountaintop, and
it would be a delightful .spot to enter upon a roviow
of tho vast manufacturing interests of the city be-
fore us; but aal have,already,written a long enough
letter, and os I begin to feel the bcokoniugs of
Morpheus hanging heavily upon my oyolide, we
must defer fpr tho present. .
The. appearance of Tub Press in Pittsburgh
has sharpened tlio appetites of abort of readers here
for moro of the same sort; and, I opi not overesti
mating whorl' I say’that but a very few weeks will
elapse beforo tbo deihand for it, in this city alone,
Will amount to several hundred' ‘oopies.
The' statue of Washington in tho dress of a,
Freemason, now under the ohtsel of Powers, the
artist, in Floronc'd,-was ordered by Fredericksburg
Lodge, No. 4. and is to bo sent to Fredericksburg,
not Richmond. M&nv masonio lodges and
in Virginia, and throughout tho United Btates, con
trbutoa funds to pay for.thlawork-~and the whole
amount is not yot mado up. • • ,
'JSfdifffh®Prow.] r \ , ».i
!• ''4 t §, or J tfa woqdon thot arrest lha attention»
'?sj it « -i® tt^‘ra^ou ie pilgrim to jenisa-
Oyolopoan architecture of the S. $■ and S.,
of the'Templo Enclosure, find thoro*"
•mafra of boloraon’s Bridge arc perhaps tho‘mo3t utf-
Mg}}**' k° wotuler that ‘-there was “no tnOTO 1 '
■freffr , IQ , 0 £°°d Queen of Sheba, ns evidenced
i W *^ on the half had noti been told'
she saw his noU, anil eapooialiy his okaf
. hy which he wont up into the
.house of the Lord 1 ’ by the wonderful Bridge,
Ihe Tytdpoan Valloy, and thus affording
the Temple Mount from t|io Hill 7Abn.
'UyWims immense structure ran the aqueduct con*
. his magnificent reservoirs
hie name) through firmly' cemented
•V x ’ ntl^es long* traceable at the: present
, village of Bothlchom to Mount'
.’SSSr&'V ?P9 re it empties itGelf Into an.iimneuse
mP *°F V, 6e °f the Priests in; their
jAplh.wons. The Temple, and lu some meusure, tho
from ita inexhaus table source—
V Sealed. ’ *
Subterranean rooms beneath theso pools, with
.thotigfcystotie nreherf,' identify its construction with
Solomon—thus destroying tho general
.Wlrf bof Roman origin.- fa
it. i r^ ICfi oau i° t^OSO hniuenso musses of rOok in
the- i’emple wall, and how woro they raised to their
' Somo of these stones moasured
i.eignTf feet in length, and may vow bo soon more I
feot abovb the surface of the ground.
however parodoxicnl this Solomonic work may
bo tp the conjecturing traveller, nud until now to
gtnrned »ntiqunnan,thiS'tnyßto'ry has’at last
fipivpd by- a most interesting and important
pailij by l)r. Barclay, tor some years an
Man miipionoiy at Jerusalem, and a*uthorof
a mjpcoinirfg'.work, entitled “Tho City, of-the
flr^Kirig.- 7, %
. AfUlon resident Of ftp holy city, havipg hoard
Y*du| accounts of an immense cavern bonepth the
3 cjty, wo was constantly on the‘alert to guln hny in-
that might lead to the pieoiao locality of
this interesting place. On walking around thfe*
'northern wall,.immediately opposite the caVo of
Jerjpmiah, (aa long as the jealous eye of tho Turk
;wodld allow,, in the immediate vicinity, of the.
■ *} a T 1 lf. culi . goto, ?vhich is kept under constant
guard,) his ’ attention was attracted by bis dog,
apjmibntly on tho scent for gftmo or food,
for;’ <wliioh ho' forthwith commenced active
milling operations with his fore paws, nud soon effoefc
.cdifi, eutranou. - No time was lost in crawling in,
feet foremost, tluough aimnowholo barely large
to admit tho body. A complete exploration
m tins giguntiq artitieial quarry occupiqd tue entire
night- The plot, shows it to be inoro than a thou*,
sanp fcotiu Circumference, with immenso laburyn
thiiit halls, having their roofs supported by pillars,
apparently left for that purpose, and galleries and
cryttta, in tho end of which wero visible tho marked
blocks to bo cut; as well ns several largo masses,
proharod but fiovor remoVed.' Above, a beautiful’
t pellucid littlopool of brackish and bitter water may
be ic*n petrified stulactites that sparkle like chan* ,
doljcrs in a brilliantly lighted ball room, when ex
pose*) to the light of tho ilumboaux. Small pieces
of aMickery were also’observed beautifully encrusted
fn Sparry deposits. In tho southern ond of tho
qtlrtrfy was flrnnd a most singular skull, now in the
Aestfomy of Natural 1 Sciences of this pity. linagi
ti&tftn is left free in assigning to this person a lo
eqluy oruuraVeiling the mystery of hisdonth. - Who
ora say but that tho blooohed hand of this ndveu*
. tupju* explorer, 3,000 years ago
L “Held by Solomou’a own invitation -
‘A torch at the great Temple dedication Vl '
rv 'Afo comparing some of the ohippings Of the blocks
m&e'cave with the huge stones In tho Temple
WftWthc origin Of theso immense stones and tho
means by which Hyrara, tho Groat Phoenician af
chiVact placed tliem iu this position in the Temple,
•by wiling thorn down the inclined placets at onoo
apparent., Is not this fact also explanatory
"fit. frhat Ezra mentions in relation to somo of tho
largo rocks in tho Temple ropnired by Zorububel,
whuih ho oalls the stones of rolling?
■ Bpt I shall not anticipate tho pleasuro to bo do
rivtei from ft full description by tho author of thin
iqtircstlng discovery in his forthcoming work. Is
it pdt h littlo singular that all the discoveries of
riot® in the Holy Land havo been tho work of
ily lu> will now say that this oavorn, for so many
CQiaturies unknown to tho Christian world, waa not
tbttsilent graves in which tho ohisel and hammer
sq Skilfully wrought out tho materials for tho cou-
Strcotion of tho Great Toniplo of Solomoii ?
‘ x ‘ A r iATon.
[PoV Tho Press.]
" Comotory was established in tho year
'tmi-ty years o£o, 'by the into .Tunies Konaldson,
the first t.y.00 touodor in •’America, ho haying set
tled in tho United Staton in tho year 1731. It was
..ablut tho beginning of thopresontccnturytbntMr.
ttopoldßun f.vrtst conceived tho idea of establishing
place for tbo interment of persons
iWbpse did not admitof their- inour*
:ring tho hich charges usually inado for intqrmonts
Ip grounds belonging to churches; ftDd that they
! uilcht avoid the necessity of being buriod in t,hi»
Mlio grounds.’where tho expense is small, but
Uha hasard of boing removed very considerable.
j.With-Gic?e Mr. Itonaldson was induced to
puk-Mfle'from lbs OiecuWve Of tho In to
lev, tho lot of gi-onnd on Shippon streot, between
Ninth ami Tculii streets, no\r tho Cometery, nud
nppropiato it to tho present pttvpnso. Ho hnd suit
able buildings erected, and the grounds enclosed
and laid out in lots of eight by. tea feet, fixing
tho prica of caoh lot at s2ii to $3O.
The success pt Air. llonaldson’s plan was for
several years doubtful, ns somo of tno neighbors
wero h'o.nilo to such an'e?tibliEhmcnt, apprehend
ing it would becouie a nuisance; others were back
ward in countenancing the project, idea
that) 4 was an’infringement tin the rights and.
emolument? of the churches, and thutlho ground
‘rfasnot properly consecrated; even some of the
gehtlemen of the clergy expressed an unkind di<j
poaition on the subject, and declared .thoir inten
tion of refraining from officiating at funerals in
this Cemetery. Tho Bov. Mr. Chambers was tho
first clergyman that ventured to ofliclato til a
fuhornl in this ground. Happily for Beoiety, the
.humane viowa of tho projector were oarried oat,
anil hts endeavors succeeded in dispelling these
prejudices. Any person, of whatever Religious
fiersuaeion, may now have his own freehold estato
n tho ground* consecrated and blessed in any
manner of, faith, consistent with his belief in a
God, without any hindrance or unkind feelings.
Air. James Ronnldsun, tho founder, died on the
20th of Maroh, 1841, at the ago of seventy-three.
Hd was buriod in tbe Comotory which bis,benevo
lenco established. Mr. Richard Ronaldson, who
still survives his brother, soon aftor tho donth of
his brother, vory generously gave to the Managers
of fho Cemetery elghty-oight lots on the west side
of tho Cemetery, a portion of which had been used
for the burial of strangers. Thoso lots have been
a source of considerable revenue to tho Managers,
and have rendered it unnecessary to levy on tho
Jobholders any assessments for many years.
About 10.000 perfcons aro buried in this Comotory,
John Mcreor has been for many voara tho caro
ful and attentive superintendent or tho Cemetery.
Ho resides in tho housu erected by Mr. Ronaldson.
Tho rates of intormont for funerals aro tho same
as theso oriuiually established by tho founder, and
are two dollars and fifty coats for digging, the'
gravo of, a grown person,. and two dollars for the
grave of a child. No assessment of luoro than
fifty cents for ono yoar oan ho laid by, tho managers.
Tho lot-holders have ‘al*b powor to levy an assess
ment of fifty eonts only a year. So that no lot
holder oan be taxed inoro than ono dollar a year.
Thero aro afyqnt ono thousand lot-holders. . ,
Wo copy from jtjie Philadelphia Gazette of Maroh
3,1837, tho following lines, which may bo not un
interesting to the many friends of Ronaldson,’ and
hiß friend Air. Ramage, tho well-known inventor
of tho Rninago Printing Brass, of which thero aro
in use in Pennsylvania and other States.
Mr. Kamago died about four or fivo years ago:
By a?u Old Shipmate .*
In youthful days, when we resolved
Our nativo land to loavc,
With a firm faith in Providence
We orosgod the Atlantio wave.
No better namef a ship could have, '
Than that which brought uahere,
And Providenco. has favored us
Throughout our long oareor.
And when our varied raco is run,
And each has done his best,
A rdoasant place youf furnished have,
Whcro both of us may rest.
* Adam Ramage, of Philadelphia.
♦ SUipProvlileuco.
I Philadelphia Cemetery, where his mortal remains
now rcht,
Leah Siu I hnvo seen a manuscript copy of
your ndilichs, and feel very much obliged to you for
thocompliment; itmukcsmeiu memory forty-throe
years youngor, and rovivos feelings and recollec
tions thutproduco a luixod and imloscribablo train
of sensations in my memory, 1 and brings into a
focus in tho mind, tho post, tuo prosont/and the fu
turo. Well, Adam, don’t you think that, now wcaro
acquainted, it is moro likely that wo shall bo so hore
uuvrthan it wussoventy years ago, that wo should
meet in the hltlo ship Providenco ? It is a kindly
hope, and I will cherish it; and, until wo 3ee hope
a reality, I am
Yours sincorely, Jamt.s Rosaldson.
Tub. Wagon Roads—Progress op Col.'
Nobles’ Party. —Tho Washington State* has been’
favored, by a gentleman connected with the Inte
rior Donartmont, with advices to the 27th ult./
from Col. Nobles’wagon road parly, from which
we make the following extracts:
Col. Win. 11. Nobles, tho Superintendent. of tho
Wagon Road from Fort liidgely to tho South Pass,
arrived St. Paul City on tho 27th ult
Tho party nndor Col. Nobles arrived at a point
twenty-live miles west of tho Rig Sioux on tho 15th
day of July. After they crossed that river, they
worometby laigo bodies of Vnnktons, who stre-
objected to tho expedition penetrating
further into their country, until a treaty should
be made for its cession to tho United States
Numerous councils wore hold with tho Indinns
in order to tenure tho right of way for a road, that
the expedition might Suffer no unnecessary delay
They woro unsuccessful, however, and Col. N. flud
jng bis forco far inferior to that of the Indians, and
Also discovering that hie ammunition was seriously
damaged, broke up his encampment west Of 'the
Big Sioux, on the; 18th of July,' and retreated to
the Big Woods, on,tho.Cottonwood riyqr, about
eighty miles west qf Foft,Ridgely.
Tho objections raised fey, tbo Yank tons’to Co).
Nobles* party eroding their country was, that they
would frighten a way the buffalo, tholr tolo means
of subsistence. " - ’ :. .* . ■.
Col. Nobles appointed the 20th day of Auguat to
hold a council with the Yankton* on the Big
Siouxj to .treit fdr the- right of way across their
territory.* gunners were dispatched fox absent
Indiana, before tho .-party left the Yankton coun
try. . ,
„ Every thing was- quiet a* the Agency when Col.
Nobles left. Goy. Mcdary had arrived there, and
was engaged with Superintendent Cullen in paoi
fying the Indians* Little Crow, a Ooted’warrior-’
had left the Agenoy, with a force of 125 warriors,
ia quest of Ink'pu-du-ta,
,j. j .
! , M jj 1
j \i\ii ; i- u •’ 7
rA''propctsitlJt?iPS!d^liFdte , York
mpore togetu'pa't*rtimOfni&l/t«siDr.T7hl for the
‘ courageous.posiiipn’l.bQtoqk In
affair.' Ho is said to bo amember of the faculty In
-‘.‘good Odd regUl&r stAnding, 'and tt ! th»n'of* hotter’
and iutegrity.Ono admirer.of the Doctor gontrdusiy
.offer* to, contribute tho magnificent sum often jdok
lari towards thp proposed s&timonirit‘. “ *'■
;Ths Tree’Masons ot ,thd,,4slr6Htl3hVegi
menty now 1 stationed at Windsor,' have To'*
their 'possession tpo -original Bible, belongings,to
Lhdgo JSo 227.0 f tthe Irish Constitution, oncedn
existence In' th’at ‘corps, upon which Gborge’WHsh
ington—afterward oommander-in-bhief efths arinyf
of the. United initiated into the rites,-,
of, F This book, was taken in "battle in
1777, : dunnf* the Anibricdti Witr, by our troops, dad
honorably restored to the Lodge: of the 4Gth r with a
military pscqrt as £ Qf t honor. > ~.,t
The Persia on ]ber tast‘ trip[pasped the, Van
derbilt, eh yoiite tdSCnitKanipfbn, oil the 3do’f Aug'- .
A.Mijiiilat. seel; atff
also, parsed tbo refute to Liverpool, on
the same; day, at 9$ A.,M. } in lat. 43 deg. 18 min.,
long. Off'deg. 21 min. ‘ At the'time the Persia
)assed; tb° Vaiulerbilt was forty-tho and the At-
and a half, hours from New, York,
and if thp above figures are correct, they must
have run, on ad average, from fourteen to fourteen 1
and a half tailed ptr hour—very good travelling.
Tho Vanderbilt w,as not mor^.than, thirty
ty-fiVo mllfcs alidad 6f the Atlantic,, which,' con
sidering tho Vahderhilt's pretentions, is very
creditable to, the latter fitoamship. . , •>. ,
, Tho Standing of the Assooiatiqn
for tho Promotion of Education reported tho follow
ing offloors fbr the ensuing year : Hon. L, BI Wool
worth, of New York, President; R.-'L. Cooks,
New Jersey, Fepretary; and ,Jqo. Whitehead, of
New Jersey, Treasurer For the Standing Com
mittee thfc following were roportbd : Hon. Amo3
Bean, of New. York-; Rev.. Chna. White, of In-
Prof.. W, F. Phelps, pf Now Jersey;-Chas.,
11. H. .Lindsey, of Connootieut, and Ohas. J.
Lindsey, of Tennessee. . . . .
A few days since Byron Stnart MacDonuld
died suddenly in tho Michigan Stato' ponitentiAry
at Juokson. He was formerly a resident ofiObt
pago, whero ho worked as a printor. He was
arrested and ttdnvlotod chiefly through tho agedoy
of AUoh'Pinkerton, for placing obstruct ions on the
traok of the hliphigan Central Railroad# with the,
design of robbing tno mails of tho train thus thrown
off tho track. Ho 'was sentenced to' ninety-nino
years imprisonment; whioh.wha suddenly tormina
ted by a « ; ; •
consin.—Tho Bayfield (Wls.) Mercury .states .that
a solid l moss of copper, weighing one - and "a half
tons, bassoon - found by an Indian, i five 'miles be-'
low that town, and further i adds;-r-“,Twenty r five
miles southeast of Bayfield is an oxtensivo rich
iron-range, speoiipbtts of whioh Have been tried'
afle* equftl ta the .beat specimen* of the
Marquett iron ore., Then again, ii> a westerly
direction, at-a distance' of somb’thirtj' or forty
miles, rich specimens of copper 1 have been found.
Many, handsome, rich specimens have boon found
nearer homo, some ..that have been pronounced
good, even within the limits of the townJ There
is no doubt but this section - of tho country will, a*:
an early day, productive mining region- AU.
that is now looking is merely the oapitaf and en
terprising spirit to develop' and draw forth the
hidden (wealth treasuredupin boundless quantities
throughout this wholQ oouptpy round about,!’ , ..
Governor roijock lectureli. in Pittsburgh on
Thursday nlghf: 1 We should ih|iik the Pittsburgh-'
inns wanted n iitUe lecturing .for the numberof Out
rages and murdoracommitted there. . ,
The editor of the Boone county find,,) Pio
nter has been informed that a short timo since a
man aged about 60 years; living in Morgan county,
was taken fciok and died. Previous to his death'he
callod in some of,his neighbors and told them he-was
about to dio, and that ,ho had something weighing
on his mind which he wished to cdmmtmicatd to
them. Ho thon stated that ho had for. thirty yearn
beeu conuceted with a gang of robbers and conu
terfeitora; that ho hdd never stoled any himseUV
but had concealed alarge amount of ’stolen property;
that the band ho botaaged to wra somd
twu hundred and fifty,parsons, well organized, and
Bomo of them apparently respectable pillions'; in
good olroumitancos, and thomosf of them llred In
Morgan and Jlendricka eountloe. Ilutljon gave the.
names of somo of them, and. two of,tho?o named axo
now in Hendricks county jail. *» '-*' s ''i *' !
The yearly, expenses ut the Pest Office' at
Chicago, HI., amount to abofit 374,000= Thera are
87 clerks, at an averago aalary of $000; there, are
8,122 boxos, which' rent at $8,298 per annumB42
drawer*, which reijt at *8,620. The Mcoipta Ibr
the lust quarter are stated at $200,000, ,
Madame Storms, of Delft,, Holland,, has
purchased a,large tract of. land fiva miles from
Kingston, Tennessee,'mad' thrOo miles from,’the
Tennesseo river. Ono essential element whieh'ebn
trolled Iho selqction was ; tho boliof that it would
ho very favorable to the rearing of tho winegrapo.
If this Cxporimont should prove successful, it ia
belioved.tbat it will be the eommeneement of a
largo emigration of Dutch to this country.
A lew days since all the members of the
legal profession of Dubaquo, went op an ogcursion
down the Mississippi. The Tinirt, of fhat'hlacc,
thus ajK-strophized -‘Blessed cjiy.„ ivilh-but twp
or three mad dogs, and not a lawyer iu the pre
cinctS.” 1 -- -
The Chickasabay (Miss.)
that James T. Bnllnnce, formerly of that place,
end the publisher of. tho first paper ever issued
there, has rooently inherited a fortune'of $90,000 I
After such a fat take, he'ought to balance Mb afi
ccmnU with the, printing business, and set •upas a
millionaire. Such.oases are very rare, wheq
evor tre hecir of ohd, wo embrace the oyportuhitv
to point it out. <■ . ' - i"i . :i*. >,
Thomas Potter,. 1 of. iSprifigfleld township,
Erie county* Pa., was killed by a mowing machine
Inst week. Ho was 70 years of age, and a Very es
timable gentleman. ,
A copper kettle, capable of holtliDg ten gal
lons, has boon found In Ottowa, HI., seventeen feet
below the surface, firmly embedded in a ooal vein.
How did it gei there ? * - 1
The election! riot 'trial lias not yet been
at Washington. ' 1
The Shawnee (Kansas) Indians, having
madq selections • and locations of one hundred
thousandiocrcs,- in accordance with the terms of
tbo treaty between them and tho United States,
nothing,ttow remains but the approval of the* se
lections by the Prosideut, beforo tho residue of the
Shawnee lands will be opened to* sale-an& pre
emption In view of this condition of things,- thb
Commissioner of the General Land Office will
shortly issue instruction* to the Surveyor-General,
of Kansas, to approve of thfc- plans and' surveys,
and transmit them to the propeitfand offices. ! Tho
claims of white settlers who have already gonoon
thosp lands will not be recognised: l
Afire broke out a fbw days slrtco in th 6
burdwnro store of J. Y. Caldwell, in St'Anthdny
Bireet, St. Paul, and before tho flames could bo'ex
tinguished, tho entire squaro, with tho exception'
of the First Presbyterian Church, was consumed-'
Seventeen buildings in all wore burnt, causing a
loss of $50,000, on which then} is 'an Insuracco of
$12,000.' f **•..■*
Land Orripgg in TUK : 'W‘EST.L.The' foliipw-'
ieg is a ooneot list ef all the Government Land, Of.
fices in the West: ‘ .. ;
\\ iSA^onein—Mineral Point* -Hudtonj
bt«i ens Point, La Crosse, Superior and OhippowOi
at Eau Claire. ,i ~, t , it ,
Indiana—^Vincennes, tndianapoUs. ,
Illinois—Springfield. - ,
- Missouri —St Louis, Fayette, Palmyra; Jackson,
Warsaw, Springfield, Piattsbuig, Milau. -
Michigan—Detroit, Kalamazoo, Genesee,,lona,
Saat Ste, Marie, Duncan., ~ ,
lowa—Bubuquo, Chari tan, For£Desmoinef», Coun
cil llluiTj, Dooorrah, Fort Dodge, Sioux City.
Minnesota Territory—Still Water. Sank Rapids,
Red Wing, Minneapolis, Winona, Chntfiejd, Farri
bauU.( „ , »({<■',
Oregon Territory—Oregon City, Wincliaater. . i
Washington Territory—Qlympift-
Kansas Territory—Lecompton. ~
Nebraska Territory—Gmana City.' ,
~ A now spurious $lO note Jias just 1 made' tfs
apjieafance in Cinciimati,' on ; thc *‘Merchant’s
Bonk,” of Baltimore, Md. Lbrd’s Couhtorfeit
Detector 1 the follqwihg. description of this'
bill:*—-Centro vighettej tWo buman figuras, animal,,
ohe3t ond’lotten)Ciif On oaob ride., The
genuine l Has 'fob vignetto failroad car.
This'dlffbrebtto, easily detect its
spurlmis eharaotef: 1 •' ' ; 1 *
* The tbo/Aulnirn
consutuo one pyunds oi beof a day. ,
Ln»>t woqkj a; young man -by the name of
Israel D. Sohnnval, was drowned in thn mill pond
of Brown & Bro., on tho Lohigh, above Stoddarts*
villc,. a native of New Jersey;
and wAS,4,b°af tweutyrtwo years of age-- i:-*i : .
On Friday evening last, iv serious ' break oc
curred on thePiiiegrovoßranohof tHo Union Cdnal.
As a large portion of the embankment was washod
away, navigation will bo interrupted for several
days on that portion of tho lino. Thoro a
breaoh on the main Und of the : Canal, near The
Water Works, but > the Resident
notice that this will bo repaired by the olosoof tho
present week, and that through navigation can bo
resumed neXtwcek. .. ■ •
Yesterday we noticed the robbery bf three
drovers at FOgtosvillo. Pa., of $5OO, and 'the issu
ing o( a warrant for the landlord of tho hdtCl it
which'thfey Stopped* It now
ney takoh from the drovers was found’in tho )poi-
Bcaslon of one of 'their own party, a young man'
who had accompanied them from Ohio. - Tho par*
tyj it appears, woro assaulted in tho hotel and wero
biuliy beaten, and in assisting to place one bf tho
persons who wa3-seriously injurod into a wagon,
tho young man saw tho pocket book fall from his
puokot, and notable to resist tho temptation, picked
it up nnd kept it. He’subsequently conducted
himself in so strahgo a manner as to excite sus
picion, ami upon boing accused of robbery, made
confession of the net, and rostered a portion of tbs
luouoy, which was in his possession, und gave in
formation of the whereabouts of tho balance.
Thoro is something a little singular - about- the
whole affair. * -•'*«• * ’*
Americans Abroad. — The following !»’ *
of Americans registered at the Banking Offion’
l of the American European' Express 'and Exchange
Company fn Paris, from July 16 to' July 23, 185 y
B. Littlejohn, J- A. Van 'Buskirk/L: W. Kip, Jr.f
H. Bat hard, ft. F. Boekman, 0. F: Halsey, R;W-|
Direy, John C. Hunter, W. B.
berts, E. E. Hall,' P, Rector Smith,. Mv
8. Jesup, T. M/ Ingrahttm; G. L. ‘
M. Fiske and lady, G. A McDonald,- L. Piguales
and lady, Georgy Bwkey,.F v A; Atom
Charles Rs>moTc._y.
Sharp3tecn, II- T/Hunter, Ged.’Q Tain!-'
ly, S D. Stryker; Jr*,T. Bruo^dfaAyTN.'Torip
E. Ames, F. B.
Md.; A. Benson; J fd\Q- J Di». 0/H:Tsr-
W; B. Barker, W. Maekay, Masa.; WffliafirLflley,
Ohio; Mrs. W- P,i Hahl, Dr> M. Ai fattejr hni»i&,;
Mo i d. 0.. '■ ,-I ai . .)
ii-iT-i'; ,i,
-1*.;.!,,-, r. ; _
■ A Oahdbn is A
time .since jre ptatbdthat Mr. Adams.keep&r of the
East Cambridge JTouso'of'CQrreotLon, qontfiiDpiated
turning a vacant spot of land within the prison 1
walla into a flower garden, where the inmates, es
pecially thoss of tho' feinftlO sex, might,’ during gfod
Behavior/sponda brief-period attfae close of eaeh
* day in an indocent and healthful enjoyment. She
plan .has been, successfully yearned out, and in thu
lately barren spot now Bloom beautiful flowers, the
' 3Core or'more, of unfortunate females confined, in
that Institution 1 having 1 zealously and ' with much
-taste seconded the design of Mr. Adams. We doubt
: if thfere* are many gardens >in tho World onSide.
which in so brief .a period have; been placed in such
a'thriving and forward»condition. - Sucßa sight in
such a, place, ia certainly a novelty,, andws the
experiment may he attended with tap best results,
not Only giving to the, prisoner brief moments of
despite, but byits influence'gently drivwihg'him’th-'
ward the iniioceAce of other and Detterdayd.*— Bos
ton TrawtUr /
A- mat named Charles Allfeh, of Horsham
vUle, Montgomery County, Pa., raked-from the
swath, and Doand With a dobblo babd, in a neat
and wdT&nWtUker'inftnfieiV twenty-fire.dozens of
wheat inopo hpur, being af tho rate of five sheaves
per minute for Cbe whole dime.i
, Tiie. editor, of, saw,
the oilier, day, a .large number.of balps qf .wool
going depbtwara, consigned to a house in VMladel
phia. This wool has been bought from our far
mers by Mr. FitclVwbo has ipr office forthat pur
pose iu the Advertiser Building!-- The wool- trade
seems to, Be growing business in El
mira, the competition. Between, dealers,.being un
usually spirited. Weareglftil'to see them all pros
per, and nope that nobbdy will get “fleeced.’* -'
A fihip is about to sail from iNan tucket, to
engage in tho ‘*sea elephant’’.fisheryoff Desola
tion Island, a business in which the Hew Lon
don ships haVe, 'for several years, been 'profit
ably engaged. '.These yield about
two barrels of oil eaohf and are caught like the
seals'. ' " ‘ 1
A youhg' : &&n‘ named ‘Weston‘Smith -was
drowned in the basin at Easton, Pa., a few davs
since.' 1 ►*- ‘ '** •'' "y : *
. The Portsmouth ’ VVa'.)* Transcript k states
thdt'th& reason Why ( 6d]y i S;rtoo Was subscribed ‘at
tha Old Point Convention* to* &»> Hon.-Dudley
(Mann’s prrieot for establishing diroot trade be
tween Southern ports and Europe ‘was, that eaoh
subscriber Was lunifed to one share of one him*
died' dollars. l It adds that, one gentleman was
ready to subscribe 310,Q0Q of thq stock, and that
fiovorM citizens, of Portsmouth are now anxious to
add their fcarnes to the list with those who have al
ready contributed to this great enterprise.
• ■ A young; man .in Lecompton,- Kansas, hav
ing made up his mind that he.iyouldrget married
to somebody “or die in the the
Kuwi river, - recehtiy, - pjropoSed- to a’ handsome
young souaw. was accepted nndunajried forthwith,
lie now learns that Bhe is the possessor of seme
:$25,000 worth’of property. ' '
1 Therehave beeh 65.676 interments in Green
wood Cemetery, New. York, since it was first open
ed, a population sufficient to people a large city,
and dying in'all the varieties of age, sex and con
dition of life, common to the'living. Truly, this
is «city o;' the dead. ’ ... . .»
There were eighty deaths in the city of-St.
Louis, for the week ending on the 3d inat.
sister‘ Mary Vincentia, of. the order of Sis
ters ofCharity, ’died on the 19th ult.. at La Salle,
Illinois. • ’
■ ! The Commissioner of Indian Affairs received
on Wednesday ,a letter from-Agent Porn; doted
Neosho agency/ 3d ult. The Agent states that
PetroDecpn'solaoior. Whose parents reside in Old
Mokico, and who, virile gathering Wood'With nine
other boys in 1853, £was, : together., with One of his.
companions, .taken prisoner oy the Camancbp In
dues, has been purchased by Tally, a chief of the
Osogea, dnd placed at tho Osage Catholic mission. represented to beabcut twelve years of
age, hand&raq, intelligent and sprightly, and has
frequently expressed a desire to return to his home
farftho seeing! his parents, his brothers
.and sisters. ;
The aqcideiit on, the Wilmington. and Wel
don Railroad, 'near ’GqljlsboroY.on Tuesday, was
occasioned by the breaking'6f’an axle of the cm
glrio. Mr-Barboat, of ;North Carolina, had both
thighs badly crushed, qod is sur
vive.' Mr.'Little, agent’of Adams . Express, was
‘alsobadly bnrti'- Capt. Ellis, of Wilmington, Con
du4tpr Browning; Elia*. Bell, of N. 0., Thomas
Crdmelin and sister, of Montgomery, Ala., and
several others wore slightly mjured. Mrs. Mc-
Knight, of. Charleston, was dangerously hurt.' ! -
jj ■' ■, 1 > • —*r ■!' .
Tup Teleoraph Cable Coiled lx.— The Navy
Department, on Thursday morning- received im
portant advices, .dated Liverpool, July 24, From
.Cabtain Hudson, commanding,thp, United States
frigate Niagara, from which we furnish the follow
ing interestinguxtrar'*'*- . , - n *
: I have the mmei to report that th01,2?4
miles of 'telegraphic .cahle all snugly .stowed
aWhy in this ship vbry soon after the appointed
tide, and. that *» are now waiting, as I had anti
ciuht ed, .the completionof the pondorous machinery
which tho engineer of tho comply has provided
fonninning itout: ' ' :
•r Several machinist* are now employed on board
setting it up, and, I am h.ippy to add; with some
prospects Of its being ready for experimental ope
rations to-morrow night. -The quarter-deck looks
more like a manufactory or machine-shop than the
quirtcr-deck of a ship of war. I sincerely hope
that all may wbrk well, and that we shall lay the
wire oat safely; Should the machinery be finished
as contemplatedvwe shall loave this port on the
27th i net.’, for tho cove of Cork. *
You will see from the annexed copy of a resolu*
tiohof the Board of Director that 1 the starting
pofot for, laying down the cable is Yaleutfa Bay,
(Inland)) instead of a central position on the
plateau; hud I shall, for many cogent reasons,
urge the ojayns of this ship to run out, her portion
of {the cablo first, and then accompany .the Aga
memnori on her Way to Trinity Bay, (Newfound
land ) lam, respectfully, your o r bt. Serv’t.,
I “WAI. L. HUDSON, Captain.
. f Ifon. Isaac Torcv, Sec. Navy.”
i lA- Masonic ' Movemextv-Pctrchase of
Mqiwt Versos.— We find thefollowing announee
nujut in the Richmond Dispatch of Thursday
Wp understand that one or more of the Masonic
Lodges of this city have originated a plan for the
purchase of Mount Vernon, which* if, taken hold
of jin earnest by the “brothers of the. mystic tie’*
• throughout the’Union, cannot fail of success., The
ptyn proposed iB to get the subordinate Lodges to
ooptnbataon? dollar for each member. The price
asked for the. Mount Vernon estate is $200,000,
the Masonic statistics’show that the order
members tbxbahtmdredthousand; sothat if >all the
Ladgoa in the. Union * accede -to .the proposition
anil the probability is that they will—tho porohase
ofjMount Vernon may be looked upon as a* fixed
But the suggestion, aa given out, does not
atop horo. , ,
V When the land which contains the last mortal
remains of tho immortal Washington is possessed
by. the Maeons, they propose, to present it to the
State of Virginia, only reserving to tfyir order the
aright to meet around the tomb of their deceased
brother once evervyear, to celebrate his imperisha
blc deeds and to keep alive his groat name. We
haYo string faith in tnispatriotie plan for Lbo pur*
chpso of Mount Vernon, knowing, as we ‘do, that
the order from whioh it emanates nro ever ready
fof good deeds, and never look back when they pat
their hands to the plough. Let every true Mason
feel that the Tomb of Washington cau only bo pre
served from decay by his efforts, and hot & few
short months will roll by ere it willbo the property
of that State which gave him birth, and to whose
keeping'alone his ashes should be entrusted.
the Public Ledger.]
Philadelphia arid Pennsylvania.
A Iftto number of the EebanohCoMrifrcontaina
sotne yertiDeat remarks,inreferoncoto theoharge,
so often made, that Ycuusyivama nothing for
the interests of Philadelphia. Tho Courier boldly
ingots tho accusation,' by retorting that Philadel-
spending millions to secure the western
trade, has expended comparatively nothing to de
velops Pennsylvania, ana refers, tor one example,
‘tojtho'Leh&non Valley.road, wnose charter was
Opposed city delegation in the legislature,
• and which was finally built principally by New
fork' capital, Philadelphia cbntriboiing but little
orjnothing to the enterprise.
I There is :omo truth in this retort, at least that
! part of it which.'relates to tho backwardness‘of
1 our capitalists, in subscribing for railroads in the
interior, Tho justification in tho eyes of many,
Consists in tho belief that we have really no money
I toWafo fbr such''enterpriser. But if this Is the
truth, and if we are unable tovompetc with New
Ydrk, with what justice can wo complain that tho
Intorior looks to' that city, instead of to this 1
EVory eommutaity is governed by its own in
terests, and if a- Pennsylvania} borough or couuty
is brought,within ajfew hours’ rido of New York
by railroad, while its connection with Philadel
phia depend^'still 'onflow-going atago coaches
ami.Conestoga wagons, it will naturally do basi*
■ nets with Now York. Tho sympathies of its in
habitants, their habits, fashions, and even modes
of • thought, will eventually become assimilated to
thfwo of thafeoity. ..If any, man doubts tliis, let
hihi travel .through tho northeastern section of
Pennsylvania, which tho Now Jcrsoy Central first,
and Delaware and Lackawanna road subsequently,
ha-ve thrown open, to New York. Even atßoston,
which was united to New York by the New Jersey
Central, long before Philadelphia built the North
Pennsylvania road, tho Now York influence is
rtfonger than that of Philadelphia, while the
trade of most of the surrounding regions, once
monopolised by this city, has been diverted to Ne.w
York, and will bo regained, if evor, only after a
desperate struggle. Further north* uat Scranton,
in'Luzerne county. Now York is everything,Phila
delphia nothing. Even at Wilk»Wre. Now York
influence is making sad inroads on the old tradi
tional influence of lt is not till the
traveller ’ renchos Danville,' oh descending tho
NArth Branch, that he finds Philadelphia influence
araip jn the ascegfUal, . And why ? Because
Dinvil|e has a railroad ‘ebrineotlon with Philadel- :
phia aud dodo with'Now York,
j If, as wo havo said, Philadelphia has mrt the
I means to make railroad connections in the interior
of Pennsylvania (hen this increasing influence of
oar oirii State, id dimply to be
it certain that thore is not suffi
ci ;iVecribrprise pr capital in Philadelphia to make
.til ' 1 For oar Own part, we believe
sthewiil that is wanting, less than tho means,
u( rhttpiinJists, as a doss, are averse ,tq raiboad :
'investments. Oneolass of them buy! real estate,
"inother Invests in mortgages, and a third shaves
'jpnper ; but neither of the three olasses..looks far
eifottjjd aheiij to ’ she the wisdom; taVnocessity, of
dtvelepid|' tjs»' Stato The lafgelmlhded men,
Who built-up the hommerpia} greatness of Phils,
deipbia.'have disippearod from opr midst; We no
Jtonger hhYh Oitards or ,Morrises.; Thbte is truth
in wnat tho Lebanon Cmirc'sf tayi; as to thenetr
lept of-Pennsylvania byPhlladelphlit. 'There may
be; wii believe there are,- ehorw-mnlngs on tho part :
Of,the country; bat that the country has things to
oomplrtnof, weMll not-deny) Why not. on bbih
»idos,.adopt a naw ii*e of pbiiey? If theciiy will
stand by the/ Statei.aiidi.tiu State by the city, a
are will h« iaangutated, unttmlly benefcial.
! '; r i u f-'
CobreipradeoU rot Palil& T ? wUI pXerita
talad the following rules: *■ l *y *
Every chtjundai cation be 'p£ the '
name of ? the ln order tljoiure confetti of • * /
the typography, hut one side of i sheet be'"
■ written upon . "*
• We shall be greatly obliged to glnUemlu laPemssyU
rania and other States for contributions giving the cur
reutnewaof the day in their jartieaUr.teeiUitUa, the*
resources of the surrounding country, the increase oi *
.population, and any iniormatSmthitwiU be Interesting
to the general refderi J •?
“The f gravest. Soldier**- Found--The Jackson. ,
’" Gold D°,* , , ’
The Committee'appointed to decide upon the
evidence adduced AS is the most fitting per. receive thtMhtf $(& box bequeathed by
General Jackson, dtftermiaed, we see it
stated in the v Kew, Ybr£. Daily , Tijr.ts, thut it
shtdl be given to * DieutcAapf-ljtalocei Gas&stt W.
DircsaiA**, formerly Captain* of Company' K, and
subsequently of the KewTork /Volunteers:
Thj following are the claims 'upon which the
award is based •- «- a i\ . > .*.-
For having, from the l&hding 1 at- the * Island of
Lobos to the final surrender of the City bf Mexico,
the best disciplined company in regiment," the
menacing always tinder the' most- thorough '
xuana and oontrol. - r .
For leading his company, on the first- Sunday,
after the landing at Vera Cruz, 03 shirtuishers on.'
the tfand plains near its walla, and faking pteKlon
on the Omaha ro%d, holding that position vrhiid
under fire from Marly all the batteries of tie city* *
(within hearing of the enemy;) until after dark,
when ordered to retire behind a sand hill - • "
.For :hU having* taken, on the succeeding eyen
iug, possession of,the Orixqba,road, ana judi
ciously posting picquets, thus preventing all cam- - ‘
munication from that road to the cut during' that *
night. v r .
For having taken a position with his company
of seventy-eight'mdn in ambush, and within-ftalf '
a mile of six-hundred of the enemy, to prevent
their .entrance to the city, (the enemy, as bated?,
located, could be distinctly heard giving orders,)
ind for performing eonstantly wiib his company -
scouting duty,around the walls knd roads a the
city. ... .
‘ • For engaging and 'sustaining a charge from six; *
hundred lancers,‘holding-tho positiou until' re-7 -
tiered by Colonel Ward B. Burnett, at Nuevs'
Rancho. .....
For gallant service, equal to any other man or
officery*! Sierra Gordo- 1 ‘ .■ ‘ . .
For leading htaqompany in the charge at Churn- .
busco, and remaining in advance of his command'
unddr the sharpest lire of musketry experienced'
'during the watt where he fell severely wounded,
thus setting an example of bravery for his men to*
emulate." ‘ ‘ "
For devoting his time and attention to the disci-'
pline, comfort and interest of his men. ■ >,
’ In never sayipg to his men u Go, 1} when there
was a chance for a brush with the enemy: bdtai-'
way Si saying <‘ { Come,*’ as he never 1 would permit’
eitherothcurs or privates of his company to ho in* ,
advance of in action, or any other duty ; whare •
he was in command - , . . -.
Receiving tho endorsement of his brother Q&cers,.,
senior and of hia conduct afc a brave sot-,,
dier, an officer and a gentleman, by electing him '
from the position of junior Captain to thaVbf H&- -
jor.” '■ >- «* r ' ' ' • . v .
These- statements were, all verified before Ihe .
Committee;; The witnesses who were testifying to -
the merits of other jiarties, incidentally alluded to
Major, Garrett w. Dyckmam 'Si that time,behad,...
mado no application, but through' his name ■'being 7.
■ brought up in the way just mentioned, the Com-" .'
mittee felt called to-waif 1 upon him, *and begged* ’
him nbt to repudiate -his felaim.': After some re- '
luctance, he was induced not to do so. ItisbeJeved -
that tho award.will giyo veiygenexul satisfaction. -
The decision of tho Committee was unanimous- - ■ -
Kentacky-Ufames B. Clay Elected. *: v
[From the Cincinnati Enquirer.) ' . * 7 "
We doubt whether any Congressional canvass in ’.
the United States over attracted more* or a?mueh
attention as the recent one'between Jtimes B. Ciay.
aml Roger 11/mson,-- in the Ashland I>istrtet,3£ei>-
tueky. The eye 3 of the. whole
pcoiaily of .that portion of it which takes aay.pbrt
in politics, was directed* to it ’witkgresX
The district was strongly Know Kothing, giving,- -
two year 3 ago, one thousand six hundred majority
for'A. K. Marshall, 1 its present Know Nothing Re-*' r
presedtative, and TeTon iast year, Buehftnto' and* ‘
Breckinridge-were beaten over six hundred by
Fillmore and. Donelson. - The~Dem«cracyi-Aof*
withstanding the reports of the gallant canvass
which Mr. Clay was making,- and the* conSdsnr 5
hopes of some of his ardent friends—generally .had
but little faith in hiisuccess. It seemed impo.-sib!a /’
that the large Knqw Nothing majority coiddbe* /
overcome,'especially when they presented ns able*
and adroit 4 champion of their principles asfßnger •
Hansen. .* » . :
The district has been changed since it had bse&
carried by Mr. Breckenridge, as the county,of.,.
Owen, strongly Democratic, was taken off, kraj
Ifdodford, strongly K, K-,4ubstitated in itsstoail.
Despite the. great'odds against hinr,' Mr. Cl et, with'.
a perseverance and an ardor worthy of his iL*n«tri-' ;
ou3 descent, entered tho UsU in'accordance with the
wish of his political friends, and has been triam
phantiy elected by ft small majority. . His success -
will do more to destroy in tho*
South than any blow ithaa jet received. It will
be remarkable if U ever makes any headway again'
in Kentucky, f In : every aspect iu which it caaTbe 4 ‘
’ viewed,* it is more of a national than a* tecti rieto- r
ry, and, as the wires spread the in tel- 1
licence over th& Union,.it will ba hailed Avery- .
.whore with the greatest rejoicings and aatisfao-.-
tiob.. * . - . .
’’ The Ktlowing aro tho majorities in the several
counties, as rqportcd bj the mail agent, who cams
on the Lexington train to Covington ia>t evening:'
Cl*y. Hanson.
4C? ~
Majority for Clay 68
A later repo>t makes the iszjeniy f?r ilr. Clny
105, tutd Mj. DanUya majority tor the &t£te Senate
A correspondent of. the Cincinnati Daily En
yuirer from Boone county. Kentucky > sutea that
the majority there for Stevenson, (Democrat,) for
Congress, over Rankin, (Know-Nothing), is 170;
but Jones, (Know-Nothing-,) for State Treasurer,
hai 6 majority over Garrard,'(Democrat.) and the
Kqow-Nothlog Representative tv the Legislature'
is ilectcd by a majority of 10. Filioiore nod 103
majority; oyer Buchanan in Boone county, last
fail.' The Democrats have, therefore, gained over
. la‘CarroU County, Kentucky, Garrard has $7
ifaigbnty,over Jons*;-and Talbot, (Democrat,) U
elected fo the Legislature by 60 rotes. Our cor
respondent writes that Stevenson is so far a-head
for Congress in Carroll, that the Democracy are
not interested ip the count. Carroll gave Buchanan
72 majority overJMlmore. ,
In Fleming‘County, Kentucky, the Enow-No-,
thing majority was 101 for Cor, for Congress. Last
fall, it was 101.
Lewis County gives 7 majority for Mason. (De
mocrat,) for Congress, and emeu a Democrat to tho
Legislature. ■
Mason County is 440 majority for tho Know-
The MaysvCle Eagle admits that Mason. (De
mocrat.) is elected to Congress in that district.
Grand' B.tßßEcffE.— Jaiies It. Clay proposes
as we learn from the Cincinnati Gazette, to give a
splendid barbecue at Ashland on the 12th ins:., in
honor of his election to Congress. Gov. Willard
and many distinguished, gentlemen have been tele
graphed to bo present.. On that occasion several cf
those Tat bullocks will ha served up in ihe mo3t ele-'
gant style. It will’be a'splendid affair, 'and there
will bo ample* accommodation for twenty thousand
the Louisville Courier.} -
Next to Clay’s triumph, the most brilliant
achievement on Monday last was the election of
Thomas P. Porter, Esq., to the Senate over Dr. A.
K.‘ Marshall. lie entered the fight with a dead
majority of four hundred against him. but ha
labored as ono worthy of success, and contrary to
the expectations of every body he did succeed!
Marshall, the late K. N. member of Congress from
the Ashland District, and Roger liansun, who de
feated him for tho nomination, are now buried in
onb common grave. Da nohilc frat rum. Re
quiescat in pace! AU honor to Thomas P. Por
ter for his brave flght_
. Second Distbict.— Our private despatches-from'
this district bring us most gratifying intelligence.
Jos. If. Lewis, as gallant ana bra\e an Old Whig
as lives, has made a glorious fight, end the returns
indicate his election over Unuerwoc-d. K. N., the
late member. Unless Logan county has rolled tip
a tremendous majority tor Underwood, Lewis is
certainly elected. At every poiutyet.heard from,
Lewis had done far better than wa» anticipated
Fourth District. —We have reporU from only
four counties, and.they indicate grins for An
They are, however, counties in whkh Anderson’s
friends spent money lavishly and made greai ex
ertions. We have uodoubtof Talbott’3 election by
a decided majority.
Boyle county is reported as having gone for An
derson by 303 majority and Lincoln by majority.
Talbott has 300 majority in Taylor county and flo
in Green.
Missouri.— Tho few scattering returns received,
show heavy Democratic gains.
Al-13aka.—A reliable correspondent sent the
subjoined despatch to tho Washington Union :
“Montgomery, Aug. 6.—The indications are that
Alabama will send an entire Democratic delegation
to the next Congress. Dowdell is elected in the
3ddiafrio;by majority. Gen- Moore, Democrat,
beat W. R, Smith, Know-Nothing, in the 4th dis
trict. Moore's majority, it is said, is about oOO.”
lowa.—The Democratic majority in Dubuque
county is about 1,000, and against the Ccmsutuncn
neurly 2.000
In Scott county (he Democrats elected Sheriff and
Judge—the Republicans the balance of the oScera.
In Des Moines county the Democrats have n email
Mtstesiocs Death or a Yocng Lady.—
We copy tho following from the Cincinnati Gz
zette i>: Thursday. There appears to bs an rir ef
mystery übout it, which someper-oa in of
the country may possibly be able to unravel '
” o published two or three weeks since, tux ac
count of the death of Miss Flora M.-.son, &is L-vcl
luSt. L'oub, under 1 peculiar circumstances Wc
inen stated that she was supposed to be from Michi
gan. Wo have since received an anonymous letter,
train 591110 one who evidently kiiows injro than ho
wants to tell, stating that she was: most probably
•F°*o Alexandria, D. C., or rather Virginia, and
that u an investigation were mads, thrilling in
cidents would be obtained. There is somo myste
ry about the matter which we cannot explain-
Will the Washington or Alexandria papers call at
tention to the affair? Perhaps it can be ex
The Louisville Courier states that ex-Presi*
dent Pierce has accepted the invit&t on cf the com
mittee, and writes that he wiJ certainly he there -
to attend the DnitodStates Agricultural Bxhibiti&a •
on. the Ist of September next. . . - .
. A young man namod.;<?harles Williams .was A
drowned at Curtis’ Creek, nciyr -Baltimore, white
on a fishing trip! Ho was engaged io be macriyd
daring tho coming month..
President Buchanan ia expected to return to
Wwhlngto&sathe 11th hut. -