The press. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1857-1880, August 05, 1857, Image 1

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-r:. ibv^ress\ ;-■% <*■ ;.\
M cmlers.-
of'W« City,at Six Dollars
wjywsßif ? Sotjft doll ritefoa Eicm* Mowas: Thbsb
DdLtiRSTOR Stx mtaH&blyln advance for th«;
time ordered; ■ y■^J'‘-^:-> I >■■ , v< \ v nv-v -•;<
<?%! at Smifr Dol-
• ~,.,,v...
' tt&B'JB-K liY PRESS. 7. ’.'■ : ' ■,.,
T -¥ « : l^, K^; p^s ?^ w ? l K b . o . eeti t Id Subscribers, by
aMflro? ra advancG,) at; - ,:;;',..;.:'.|2'W
,n \ I <‘ ’* ‘ : •J* r ,'g 00
Teno6pit>jL\ >-U - - ' 1 ' T*!.Y's ? j2 00'
TtfetityCopiefc,’ * J ' *»- 2O/00
TwepK Copjea, or over., “ (to address qf bach '
f Bubsa-iber)j;each.'.,.l 20
,??* a. 01ub , pf., ,or'over,''to send an
e W tothegetter-mb of the,Club. ,/ , t■ ,'
-dEr% Postmasters are t requested Agents for
Miaow prbjjared to sell about' Ij6QQ,OOQ ‘acres’.of. choicS
farming acres/ anftunwary, ou
long creditfi, and>t lowVrptes of interest,//-' , / I’ 4 '_
Tkesp Uu&s wire by the Government to aid
in the constrocpon, of Ibis. Hoadj tuuL are, among; .the
rlch.oBt-aud.most fertile, la .the. worlds They* extend
from North'-East ami'North-West, through’ the'hiiddle
of tha State, to the ejetrym? Soqth, and fpclnde every
variety of dUmatouud production* found between those
parallelsof latitude.- ' The' Northern l ‘pbrtion is chiefly l
prairie, interspersed with fine groves, and in the middle
and Southern BectftHjS'tiinbfcr-predcnntnatesy alternating
with beautiful praties,anp openipau. .. , .
climate is* ihoro j\e&ithy, mild apd equable, than
any ofche? pittt,o{,the couatry— U pure and bra
cing* while Hying, streams springs - of excellent
waterapouijd.^. t: , ,
-Bituminous Coal ia mined, and supplies a
cheap , apd qeairable..fupl,, being furnished .at many
points $4 per, toh--aiid wood can be had at thej
same rate pec s',v- ... <V - ' \
{ Building .Stope-of excellent .quality. also > abound*,
which csfr<rure4 for little, more than the expense
yif transportanoru • v 1
1 Thegrcatfertilityof.thase landSj Which areablach,
,*ich mould, from two, to five feet deep, and gently, roll:
ing-, ttwic-foutieuUy to thisjeoad, by.which every faci,
lity is furnished for travel and transportation to , ,tha
principal .-markets.North,-South, East,, West, sod the
economy' yrHh whlchiibey qaa-be;'cultivated,-render,
them the,most valuablfhtotoßtHjept .that can he found,
and presehiHte most favorable,opportunity for persona
of industrious habits ami a mall mqaha t to acquire a com-,
c Chicago is now the greatest grain market in the world;
and the facility sed qepnomy;withtho products
of transported make
them much - morel profitable,' at .tha prieqs asked, than
those-more tempts *$ goyerument j-/\tes,as the addi;
tional. cogt, of tr&usw) datum is a perpetual tax on the
latter, which.mut>t he borne by the producer, in re
duced- price ho receives fpr-his graiQ r -4c. ; .«
. • The title is pqrfecfcrnand when the final,payments are
deeds'ore executed,by- appointed by
the SmtOjsaodfto.’whoru the,vested, to the pur
chasers, which CQuvey. to .them abgqlute tiUes iu fee sim
ple r s fre« incumbrance,- U?p .pr/mort-
arelrom $6 to $3O i-intorest only 3 pqr cl,
Twenty per fit. w4* r deduct«d faitn theprice for cash,
• Those who purchase on lone credit, give notes payable
in two; three, four, alxyeats,afterdate,,andx» e
required improve one-tenth annually .for five yearf*
ao as. to one-h&lfthe land under cultivation at the
end of;th»t thne,-,. - t ■ .:. ... { \\ ' ,
- Competent gumrors will accompany thflse wbo wish
to examine thesejputds, l free'of chargo tl ana anthem in
-.-j ; t,,. y -J r ,
- rlchand valuable
as those have been disposed / ......
SECTIONAL MAPS.. ~,, ... :
Will be who-will enclose, fifty .'.cents in
postage,niaTOpStand booke or pamphlets containing ny,
morons Instances of cuccessfnl farming^, slgned by ,re.:
epee,table,and yelL'known;faraers .Uving-in:the neigh-'
borhood pf;the Hailroad,.l<anas,t throughout the Statp-n
-also the coatof ,price,of cattle,' expense,of har
.vesUng,-{ threshing, etc/ )7 -or; any ; other, ■
will be cheerfully given on application, either personally -
or by ietter, in French, or-Germxu. addreased;
toiwr\K,A-i y> ■ JOHN WILSON.,, ■;
Land Commissioner of the Illinois Central R! R. Co. ’
£<A y.A^-A'H-A ; » - GHARLESTONj
’ 4 ’* T&EiGHTS HBDCOED; ' ' l ' ■ T '';*•!
The-well-,lmown 4rst class 4 bide' wheel Steamships 1
form a Weekly, line,for tho 'South’ ! and. SouthWosf, one;
of the SATURDAY, at 10 Vciofck.j
A. M. f ' z s 1 - ' • *•» {' j
, Chaslks P. JIABSHiIAHi Commander; l
*•- Wiil receivb freight on THURSDAY, AUgusl 6th, find;
salbon SATURDAY. August Bth, at 10 o'clock, A. M. ]
I'fi.Ofrti** • . jour- X.- Ginviu, Commander,. •-*. -ti
THIS (Saturday), August Ist, at 10 o’clock,]
At both. Charleston and these ships connect
Cabin Ta«age In .either 'sTrip:,' .V.Vr iv. V. 820
-'"’Steerage * de'l { /%
received oh' Sdtuxday'morning. • * r . ■>
> Xahilla of-iading signed alter tho ship; has sailed.-
> - ,, ?0r freight or passage' /. r- 1 /
- -A-HERON, Jr.y’Bl North-Wbarvea-:
... : Agenta kb Charleston, T.S-& T.G: BUM.’ :■..
a . =AientatSavannah;,Ci , } i ' ■:»<<-,
} - FOB, Dorn Savannah, steamers fIt.JIABYS
1 and Saturday, .t. , ]
YLORIDA’, from-Charleaton', steamer CAROLI-'
KAieteryTnesday'..*?*';-!''' - '• •, .; j
■ - from .Charleston, , steamer ISABEL,!
iphtheAth and 10th • i- - s anl {
SIKAHKES.—Tha alpi
Linearer i - - y-
V'- • <• „ . .
• ■
; s>'sPh* '
These shlhs have beeahuHtbif contract, exprsnly
Goverhdfedt has beentaken in'their
- e’nsureitrengtW
mhl ~ lbr passengers aid
’U&^faallMl6rWegahceand , <>: \
l6 LivCrpo6T;‘ln first
‘*d&£S) |180;' i ih i se6dh<l : frohi to ■ Kmd
’ XOra, No berths secured unless paid
• i&fa :4hd 'shipawf improved water-tight
paou SSW TOEt, ■- I ‘ PKOU LIVERPOOL.' j
; Wednesday," Juhe'24V * 1857
S»ttediy; , ''July”4,/»- -185 f. Vteedi^sday,'.Jdly 4 'fif MS6/
RMiuCay! lalfX&Wm July 22, 1(151
'Bstuiday/- Kngtfi, Wednesday, Aug. 5, 1557
datfiid&y, Auw-Gfi, *. J3$T Wednesday,-AugylO;‘*3fisl
Saturday, Septil2, ' ,/ ~J857‘ Wednesday, Sept; ‘ 2,’' ISC7
SturiUr Sept;26, :dBS7 Wednesday, Bept; 80, : 1857
Sate May, ’4*37 Wednesday,,Oct, I4 r 195|
flat Wednesday, Oct; 28,; 1857
- gaturday,.N<b(. Noy ; 11,, 185 T
. < Wednesday, Nov. 2fi, 1857
9, 185?
j:' »tW«dnesday # Dec; 22, -4867
~.e so w»u street, n.,y
-f~mß#l^W&lffl>.frQOttiUverw>oh: r. .. f‘
~ K3SNNARP A CO., 2?. Austin Prlanh
,r. iTheo»Ji(OT,df wteirtilpS-WiHjaobbeAccoantablefog
.- gold, jewelry-p.*eoious ;st<tyes,cf
v.ned. therefar,;aua
■ -; 1 iauL-tfl
»■; «ft:^dfcASrfiS<2soo^tc^B,} &*&»#*, Conmiahder. ?DE
, foe thp.yfi*rjßs7,
on the fvHowȣ days; ,?M.
- »*TVrAnu«iTM‘ (
- soßTßfiiwojr,. * _ . Mp9MWTOK«f u-i; ♦
i)i--*-;r- >
:Attwo -.• •: - June 4
vsißigo> JuICOK ; ■!.; Jtdy2
i. <*»«>-. ,*%,.,.v-. ,:iu|r,3o.
Ango / . .- ;i Aygv?{&. tf«Jlu>n ~>•-,—‘ Aojh27
v ¥ni\OQ;7' : ‘Aiaeo ',; j .;>;gept.24
Arago - - 'l6 Fulfoa . .- .-Oct.'22
* Arago,-.^,r^;ViKar.'JJ
These expressly for government sei
. 'dsoW, egerjt W« b^s
bsen U3cenmtheeorw^»ftion'i?fchßlJ.- > an4.rnschiDe/y 1
j. tTfrojmpa bars gvoimtej*
; • thejfengfee** bq that,' »■
?i iMfrmrhfflgife
lfce’ ; *&fcty q(&a# ber «• ■
■-.ttHi. 'jb*|; demonstrated 'the &b*q
-; ltiw:he<^la^i|jia l
:ur,@,believed to. combine
; -draiy. ccmt&tjfrjttm&HbneSilUl; iwrmbederfred.. ! ;
••vi' \H: • ■»..». I
from Into 'Ytyk £aWs4i7*pW/M>r Jia,m. .- |
■, lirst Cabln ,'C(44lw?on.ajOabiai . • •. v f 75
. , > ::FfbiWJ&ttt ’fc&mibs&p!!mr4o ifewYork; i ,
• JJratOab^tT^^iylifi^ifiecoodcfJafeJo-. „.,JMOO.
. Topassengwagolpig 1 to .London these steamers
, ihe Mvantftfiijf oft e conwy,' hot h/in tbn^andexpense.
'' V‘f k.) pj v /. ',r, . - V )
/j.-.paawga Rew9K4-ont(rpi&J./WrAtt cxpertocced unf gedn
_tJOj>q&rd. ■
». .j, 1( .
MGSsliak/,mtf&STON, Agent, . , f ’
- • wiMiZ' i n,- ,'6B Broadway, r *
v ' I,
barbufe AOHILXES; -600'
J ton*. Captain X,A\Sp«4iM)/wnig&n as abare. 1 - - }
«4 Steerage, found with
. 'Hv W; filttdqr l , of. Washington
[’J Fhlßyffi/'itftQnV octavo* - trinialnlrtg- 640 pages of
h'andspnusly bound, la
/ or editor should be wiih
-ln'eirieyfcldjWlla styje,'
itTiui bw« 1 It .contatcs,
• r ataong' Articles bf.Cdnj.
tfea'efiUW.’w vitfowParty Platform*, the American;
/BituaL tfie ftfil opinion! otf the Dred Scott Case, a hi!-?
' * pt, Meji .rtcord of theajgiflia:'
l tloa of Cintewss relative & Kansan, and. Nebraska, the
; uoTdrmwSiSbaxuin and Walk-
Addles;,irufacfc BVOrythiDg.nppfr
itfinlngto 8m presentexcitement In
i llfoMHa t *D&!Go}Ufoor to K*n
*4*l#affair 1 ftto>#eav # artl fhfc -Spodtal
t jilMsags M. feeaidettf Piprceon thOßame rfubjedtj; a his-,
I tory of Paify Conventldns ja the "United States i a his*'
frtary Snff?«2Qp the jettors signed' by A&di^oh
) Extracts
Lea. as also'
. th^'JJistrl-'
{ws»to f #*?
■Mr. Toombs’
rg4sHa w r
ttettiig-' »'->,
COTfiKY, ■>■'■
i'oi l - , xhU
' 1 ./ ; ' l ;;p^|^, l ..-ppp;
W. n>7»T..,
VOL. I-rNO. 3.
, The l|rst riiunber 'of The* PhEb wilith day
bo laid'before 1 the 'public: I need Scafc'ely,
explain the object.and Resign of,this journal,
Tho tree .must ,be kriowii by its fruits.. My
ambition ia to make, a-thorough newspaper,'
complete in'jall itA departments: to address 1
myself to, tho reason and tho patriotism of the
people': in -supply daily a'cheap,
truat-'Sf’orthy and iniblligent inediiinf of popii
lar'informatipn.' ,Tcl' accu?nplfBh]tUese results;
will demand- patient .industry, large expendi
tures, of, money, considerable experience, aud
the employment of varied’ability. The belief
thatu newspaper conducted upon this plan has
never yet failed; determined me upon the 'pre
sent undertaking. The h'ope that there were
many, very miray,' kind remembrances,, per
sonal to myself, here in, Pennsylvania, and
elsewhere,-inspired me with additional confl
dence In its success. ' The agreeable relations
I had Sustained to ibost of ti)6so‘ engaged, in
journalism, during '.rny Jong connection with
tliaj profession, reminded hie that this, if not
always tliii.most, lucrative avocation,, was, at
least to my own mind, the most acceptable, 1
because it 1 re-opened' a field of-,independent
action, and bard, but edifying toil. Ail enter
prW founded upon such motives cannot fail to
prosper; 'l.tiave invested in it all'that X have,
in tbe. every effort aud energy of
which l am capable, sliail be.unlisted to render
it deserving'of apprObatiomand support.
‘ Tub PaESS 'Will speak for itself on all tho
great questions of ,tiio : day.- 1 -liavo already
announced (what; indeed, was'universally an'd
justly anticipated,) that,the political depart
ment of my paper should be conductedmppn
Democratic principles. -It is equally well
known that the measures and the men of the
preseut Administration at Washington have
my heartiest approbation. 1 have known the
jjtoat' statesman now atthehead dftheGoVefn
ment, an,4 : acted‘in;, concert aiid confidence
with him,,ever! first, youthibl as pobties and editorial life. l The
most agreeable services which it has fallen to
to my lot to’perform; were'those given to his
cause., My attachment to him grew not more
ft'om 'Admiration 'of his pure and upright
character, thaufrom. a profound regard for his
intellect, experience aud patriotism.- It was
my..good fortune, with:many .good men,' to
assist,notdhsenrely n’dr inefiicient]y,in crown
ing a life' of .usefulness and distinction to his
country '4hd hftpself with the highest honors in
the worid'. . The fruiW of th’af repiilf Are already
ripening for.'the Future: The wisdom of the
popular choice is bein'gdally vindicated by the
quiet and content: which have • followed the
stormy scenes of last:year, as the'sweet sun
shine follows'the; destractivd tempest. Had
Mr. BncuAKAk, not heori, as' h'e was, my first
choice for. President,and yet approved himsblf
Worthy !of the hi'ghiifHst confided to his bands,
by regarding, respecting,- and protecting the
■rights oftbe citizen aUdtlie rights oftho States,
I-should haye done every thing. that one nian
'pMil id to uphbld and to and to
.gather arpund'hiin 'a' uhijcd'public 'ppihi tin.
The perfprmiihce'pf ihat.dutyhecomes a proiid
satisfaction,. howo.vqr, when tho /consistency,
-dignity; and Ability-of his administration, arc
so mnhy. proofs that'hh'-well deserved the per-!
sev'eridg-aM/enthusiastic’preihrehce of those'
gallarit uieii'who hiive clung to his fortunes
through good report aiid through evil report,
''inany iong yeafa. -/ " i
~ A fun.ndtiwriting as, a ,partisan— X am not.
ambitions of printing, a mere party .paper; for, ‘
while witli brm faith and unfaltering footsteps
t;,wilt-follow copstitutional pfinciplcs to, their
;lo®cttitnd at
'the samb time seek to cbnvimie those who may ■
.differ from ;me, by ireason, not by recriniina
;tion.->hy.argument rather than by-acclamation, j
And 1 am confident -that- no inan, looking at!
Mr, liuciiANAN’s iidinlhistration, -up go this
•moment, with disinterested and elevated-' mo
tives, will 1 ,dqny that ,'tliat .’Btatbsmah .Has
Achieved thd. Presidency ai an auspicious pe
riod for his . own fame, and at a fortunate
moment for the welfare of tho Republic. : ■ 1
ai i ■ - 1 , Jso, W. Foehey. • <
< Augturt 1,1867; ‘ “A i • " ! ‘ -
C|e |lus
After,having been r passed by iho ltcmeo'bf
.Commons,,the Bill fop relieving Jews from tho
necessity-of Swearing “on the true faith of a
'has' been 'defeated,by the House op
Lords - by- ITIVto 179. Sooner or later~th'e
, Jews must feaye an equality of civilprlghts with
’ftthep Veligionifits. j It ; is- creditable to the
liberality of the Bishop of London (Dr. Tate)
; an'd Lord' i-ibaftsbilry, leading ! the • Evangelical
party/ that they voted for the measure. . 1
V Popular feeling-in England has neVer 1 been
in favor,of Ihe Jews, The readers oi' “ Ivan
hoe” will remember liow tauntingly and. cru
elly Isaac Of York; piitfo'rihto that splendid
roplpce' as a representative .of the Jewish
: race, .was treated in the time of Richard Coeui
IThder his ’successors more just
and humane practice was generally ignored;
’There is'-a 1 tradition of a Jew haying had his
(peth drawni by'xlne/to compel’liim
to surrender his treasure to some petty tyrant
Who Tuld'captured ,: him, ahd that he held out
;• until his first mplari was ,extracted, after which
he yielded, and gave-'up the money. Kings,
princes, and nobles iWed' the Jew,'when they
werejn that condition poetically called “ hard
tip/r hiirthey declined protecting his property
or life,- Not until the reign qf.Gr.ivKE Chou
well was thcre nnylhing' like fair play for the
Jeiys in Britain.’ djilat great, man, shrewd and
practical, knew the political value of- being
on good terms with tpe men who-had the
monfey-bags; and gave the Jews as full protec
tion as any other persons enjoyed, an example
followed, a oentury-ahd a half later, by Napo
ileon. Under the Stuarts, and
James, actual persecution of" the- Jews was
abandoned/ Their wealth, /information, and
influence ' increased,! and'- obtained respect.
-Not until 1758, however, were legislative steps
taken for the recognition of their rights as
citizens. V. / ■
■ At that period, late in the reign of George
11., an act ef Parliament was passed to pennit
persons professing the-Jewish religion to he
'naturalized. The bill,” says' Lord: Mahon,
/the bistoridh, “ diif not pass without some sharp
debates, nor without ; a general ferment, in the"
country- It was .urged that such facilities to
■ ihe. Jews would tend to dishonor the Christian
ifaith —to promote the, purchase of advowsons
.by unbelievers; ’thus leading at length to the
downfall of the Church—to deluge- the kingdom
'with usurers, brokeri.and beggars—to rob the
lower classes of their birth-right by foreign and
undue competition with their labor. Nay,
'moroY VeyeraJ. persons did not scrapie to"argue
(liat'such an'act was, directly .to fly in the face
pf tho prophecy which declares that the Jews
.jihall he a scattered people, without country or
fixed abode.: .These expounders of Scriptme
old not cohsiilqf, tiiat if such a prediction has
really, to the sense in which they understood
it, been made, jin Holy Writ/ it is not in the
power of any man .or my body.of men by any
act of theirs to falsify it. Still Jess were they
imbued, with the sentiment which was nobly
expressed .by .Lvitleton itv one of these de-
bates •Ho who hates another man for not be
ing dklhristianHs himseif hbt a .Christian.’ ”
fhepopnlar feeling against this simple act
of justlcCiWas so great,. that the government,
,WhO introduced the measure, rapidly; repealed
''fti itithejihlliwing session. At present, though';
riCWp ejib, allowed to be naturalized, the privilege
waasiipped jn, as it were,, into another bill
and-’thus was smuggled into tlie statute-books]
The movement in favor of the removal OS'
Jewish Disabilities til England, originated in
John,Russell, who passed then ns a
patriot and liberal ‘of the first water, and had
.rec'entlyßoeh X leading member of the Cabinet,
With some prospect of returning to office, was
elected to: Parliament, in 1841, by the City of
London;.*". - w<--•
mill'iB6o,'cm the retirement of Sir Robert
Pi’Ef., his Lordship beeame-Prinje Minister. It
was necessary to haven general election in 1847,
Lif. WHlcljLirilcr Jonff hitd lost no ni.uch of
his ■ popularity, tliat. ho';dreaded a ttoeatened
opposition',af jhp ,London election,.' By this
timey tOo,' one Jew hod served the office of
Alderman and Sheriff of London; and- Snothor
Lau been Sheriff of English county. Sir Mogns
,-M6jrrnr.roßS,had.been, kjnjghted in 1887,'and
-Baronet-'to -JB4B, and - Sir ANinoav
Lioseo RoTHsoinnß had also ob tained a Barot
nefsr iethe'lsittef year, both being Tews. Evl
dently,ithen, tbej -Gebrewß were/looking, up.-
They'had wealthj 'fitatlon, ihltoenco, and deter-
wlthltair fellow«3Bhieota„ At the election of
r.i , ■ .. !{, • '
-,I? i.if. ) S'l :[(t t I
x I 9A-. \•= * tr-
1847, they put forward their parliamentary can
didate, for the city of London, in the form of
Baron Lionel Rothschild. .
A strong opposition, backed by great wealth,
was got up by the Tories. . Lord Jons Russeh,,
comparatively a pobr man, had- not the pecu
niary means to stand an expensive contest, and
his prestige as Premier would greatly suffer if
he wore to retire from or be beaten in London.
His, friends made arrangements with Baron
EoTiiscintn’s Committee, whereby tho latter
undertook to support Kussecl, with influence
and cash, provided,that Rossei.l, in tho now
parliament, would carry as a Government'mea
sure, the admission of the Jews into Parliament.
After a severe cost, in which Rothschild spent
£BO,OOO, Ri'isEfci'and himseifwere elected. '
Tlie new Parliament mot. It was oxpected,
as a matter of course, that Lord John Russell
would act on the precedent in 1833, when Mr.
Pease, a Quaker, being elected, and declining
to take any oaths whatever, tho House df Cuin
mons voted that-ha might fake his seat on
making an affirmation, as binding on his con
science as an oath is on other persons. Had
Lord John Russell really desired to admit
Rothschild Into the/Commons, ho had only to
move a resolution putting, him on the same
footing with Mr. Pease. Nor could the Upper
lloubo have interfered—because eacli House
has a right to make its own general rules and
regulations of individual governance. <
Lord John did nothing of the sort.' Instead
of moving that Jewish members might take
their seals, on Bwoaring, not <‘ou the true
ibith of Christians,” hut on whatever was most
binding on conscience, as they are allowed to
do when elected to other offices and in Courts
of Justice,' he - brought forward an act of
Parliament enabling them to do this, thereby
surrendering the privileges of the House of
Commons, by asking the House of. Lords to
join in forming a plan for tho 'admission of
members to the Lower House. As a matter
of course, and no one knew better , than did
John what the result ‘must be, the' Commons
passed, the hill, and the Lords repealed it.
The same farce was repeated in 1848, in 1849,
in 1851, -and in. 1858. .Meanwhile, Mr. David
Solomon, another Jew, (who was Lord Mor
gan in 'London in 1 1865-56), was elected from
Greenwich. He sate, spoke, and voted in the
House —having refused to take the oaths, as a
Chrlstain—and was prosecuted, and was cast
with pecuniary penalties for having done sq.
Baron Rothschild also presented himself in,
the House, and was refhsed his seat on any
other terms than 1 taking the.obnoxious oaths.
He resigned his seat, presented himself to his
constituents, and was re-elected. He was
again returned at the last general election,
'after which, Lord Palmbbstoh himself took up
tho question, but on the same roundabout,
clumsy, and absurd manner,—i. e,, by .Illiu.—
as Lord John had used. The result was the,
rejection of the measure by tho Lords, though
seven bishops voted for it;
A. new meraber, Mr. Dillwyn, who saw tlie'
hnmhug and hollowness of the whole proceed
ing,-liashit the Tight nail on the head. He;
,has announced his intention df moving, in the
Commons, that Jews should bo put on the
Aame footing as Quajccrs in! that assembly, and
allowed to take their Beats, when oleeted, sim
ply on such oath, affirmation or declaration ns
will most religiously and solemnly bind them.
If Palmerston and Russell he sincere, which
is much to ho doubted, this resolution will he
- carried, because the Ministry have a majority
in the House of Commons.
, Hero with lis, Jews have precisely tho same
civil rights as Christians have. Universal
toleration prevails among ns. The Jews are
as excellent citizens as energy, perseverance;
industry, probity and intelligence can ninkd
them.",,'These qualities have created wealth!
and that wealth, liberally employed, relieved
the distresses of tho poor and tho afflicted, not
only of their creed, but belonging to otlieij
persuasion. In the legislation which gives
equal rights to all citizens, England is two con;
turies behind this country.
. Death of an Uonored and Useful Citizen* ;
, Oliver Eldredge, Esu., of this city, died sud
denly at his residence in Otis place on Saturday
afternoon. .While seated at the dinner table, he
hod a paryletic attack, which had a fatal termina
tion in two hours'. The Daily Advertiser has a
truthful and disseminating sketch of tho deceased;
which we copy in frill:
“Mi'. Eldredge was born in tho town of Brook
lyn, in the State of Connecticut, on the 14th day of
March, 1789, and was accordingly sixty-oight years
of age. He come to Boston in 1808, and immedi
ately entered upon a mercantile lifo.Ho early be*
.carno.-interested in American,manufactures, and
pursued their development with a foresight and
intelligence, that insured success. .During a period
of nearly, half & century, he has boon well known
as one of the foremost of our manufacturers and
merchants. Tnhisbuslrioss transactions as well ns
his social relations, he was liberal, upright, and
honorable. He was entrusted with sevor/u respon
sible posts, rind discharged their duties with
credit and fidelity.. As. a member of the State
Legislature, iie was faithful and diligent in
attending to. the, public business. lie was
many ,years*Presidonfc of tho North Bank,
being continued in the office by successive re-cloc
tious, until'&e state of his health, a littlo more
than a year ago, admonished him to retire, and to
decline further service, in that’capacity. Hewris
a valuable mefabofof the Boston Board of Trade,
and Vice Prpident for Windham County of the
Connecticut Association. In private life his char
acter was unstained with the slightest blemish.
Nor can we ondt to mention that He brought up a
large family cf 4 sons and daughters to occupy usefiil
ana honorable positions in the community. While
we sympathise with these, and with his devotod
Wife, iti f the heavy affliction which has befallop
’ them at an unexpected moment, in the loss of the
affectionate father and husband, tho public mourns
the death of the upright hnd intelligent merchant
and the public.-spirited citizen .—Boston Trans. '■
Mr. ( JiLDBEDpE Yf&s highly connected, and
favorably known in this city, and his loss is
severely felt ljy his many friends here.
New Hall e/ftlie House ot Representatives
This, hall, wIU occupy tho centre of tho south
wing of the" Capitol, and will bo rectangular, one
hundred and thfrty : nine feet long from east to west,
riinetyrthreo feet wide, and about thirty-six feet
high. Itwßlbe lighted by skylights 'in the ceil
ing and a glass roof, and at night by largo chande
liers suspended between tho ceiling and the roof.
,The .Speaker's,chair will be situated on tho south
side of the hall) and tho members' seats, three
.hundred in number, arranged in a semi-circular
form fronting it, There will he a continuous gal
lery on three sides of the hall—the north, cast, arid
west—capable of seating twelve hundred persons,
and a separate gallery for reporters, behind the
Speakers obair. {The walls of the hall, under tho
galleries, will contain panels for paintings, and,
above, niches for Jtatuary. ' Tho boll itself will be
nearly surrourided by a corridor, affording conve
nient communication with the post office, the retir
ing-rooms, arid thp committee rooms. Tho publiO
galleries'will bo altered from a corridor surround
ing them in the second Btory, which will bo reached
by a, splendid stairway. Workmen are now cm
ployed in proparisg tho floor for the seats of mein
hers, in putting ut> the’gallorics, and in covering
the walls with anWnamenral finish of oast iron. •
’* Dlckerii before au Audience.
• . A.correspondent oi* tho Boston Courier, writing
from London. July Ist, says:
“ L aat night St. Martin’s Hall was crowded to
hoar Dickons road his Christinas Carol, for tho
benefit of tbo family of the late Douglass Jerrold.
At eight o’clock' precisely, a well-dressed gontlo
man, with a geranium in bis button-hole, and hair
carefully brushed forward to oonoeal, as much ns
possiblo, his inohjent baldness, appeared alone on
the platform, aria I knew, by the vehement ap
plause, it could be none .other than the immortal
author of th 6 Pickwick Papers. What Mrs. Kem
ble docs in her admirable readings of Shakapoarc,
to roVoal the latent meanings of the, groat drama
tist, Dickons dOeB for Diokens. It is riot so much
reading as acting. Tho thin voioe of Tiny Tim,
the chirrupy notes of Bob Craokott, the indignant
voioe of Craokott’? wife, and, above all, the sullen,
nuinbling tones of Scrooge himself, wore'rendered
inimitably.,. Although the reading occupied more
i than two hours, the reader showed no signs of woa
rincss, but seemed to enjoy tho enfertainmont ay
much as his most attentive audience; and when,
after the close, ho returned for a moment to bow
his acknowledgment of tho vociferous oalls for him,
his countenance wore tho pleased expression of a
• Boy Love.—There never was a boy yet that
before the age of manhood had not been in love,
no matter with whom, some dozen times; it is the
nature of his warm hlood. If he can, ho writes
rhyme, and draws tho object of his devotion in
fancy sketches; if not, ho quotes poetry for hor
edification.' 1 This sentimental lovo prepares tho
way for a more onduringlovo.which enables him to
select a partner for life, hud to valuo a . kind and
sensible woman, aa ho gains greater : insight into
the character and mental qualities of her sox.
ttF"Dr. RutHorfofd, of Harrisburg, has re
ceived a letter.from tbo physician iu attend
ance, onrl'oMAGff, the caturtboatman, who had
parietal bone stricken, from his head by
coming into collision with a canal bridge, near
Highfipire, In Dauphin, county. This case,
from its Singular nature, has excited a great
interest among tho medical fraternity* The
fhct jltat 1 there is hopes of his ultimate re
covery, saya the Telegraph, is considered by
some of 6ur .physlcirius Here almost as re
mnrkable aa the character of tho accident
<»■/ ■' i
-■> •! , y
Thero is probably no district iq Pennsylvania
richer in agricultural and mineral 1 resources than
Lebanon Vulioy, and’thcsb arc just beginning to bo
thoroughly developed and in ado known abroud by
moans of.tho Lebanon the
cnlurged Union Canal; tho Toribor], wlion' com
pleted, will connect Reading,with'llrtrrisburg, and
tho latter unites the Schuylkill with tho Susque
hanna, forming n junction with tho Schuylkill
Canal at Reading, and ' with the Pennsylvania
Caual at Portsmouth. The Union ’Canal, with it?
branch to Pinegrovc, in the anthracite coal region,
is now in excellent navigable condition, and pre
pared to do a heavy through and local business; it
lins been enlarged throughout/and providod with
substantial stone-chambered looks,' capable of pass
ing boats as large os those omployed on tho State
and Tide Water Canu!s, The Lebanon ;Vollny
Railroad is completed from Reading to Lebanon,
and freight nml passenger trains are daily passing
over tho road between those points. In a few
months the road will bo finished, and ready for
travol through to Hurrlsburg,' and,' when com
pleted, will bo one of tho ino3t’ permanently built
railroads in the : country. Tho bridges are con
stiuotcd in theinost.durablo manner, as wellaS the
bed and superstructure of tho rond} and an ingppe?
tion of tho work, particularly of tho massive stone
and brick bridges that support tho rond over, the
Schuylkill and the streets of Reading, viU not tail
to gratify and surprise tho traveller, who'inay atop
to examine these’ amongst tho other curiosities of
tho capital of “ Old Borkß.” ' .
Tho location of tho rond from ono terminus to
tho other, is' through a valley of unsurpassed feri
iility and'beauty.' The broad teeming acres it
traverses, studded with happy hotnet'of plenty,
and the thriving villages ahd towns at intervals of
every few miles along the road, render tho route
not only attractive, but disoloscs sources of wealth,
of which strangers who liavo passed over it, had
no idea, previous to their trip. Ono of' the
moitstirring places along the railroad and canal is
tho town of Lebanon and its vicinity. The Corn
wall or North Lebanon Railroad connocting tho
Cornwall iron ore banks with the Union Canal and
Lebanon Valley Railroad, passes near the town.
This road, in connection with a number of 6/ast
furnaces, forms tho maiu stay of tho business of tbe
plnie. At the terminus of tho Cornwall Railroad
at the Canal, there is an extensive business done
in the way of the landing of ooal, shipment of
iron, and iron Ore. ' The trade in o'to'alone to fur
noccs along.the Schuylkill and Susquohannn, is
about one hundred thousand tons annually, which, 1
added to some sixty thousand tons of ore Smelted
by furnacos at find within a few milesof the mines,
gives, an idea of'the rich yearly eontrlbutipn in,
mineral only, of Lebanon county to the.wealth of)
the country. Tho Cornwall Railroad'Was built by;
Rs W. and IV. Coleman, for transporting coal to;
their two large 1 anthracite furnaces, at Cornwall, '
and ir6h and ore to' tho Canal for shipment to dif
ferent points. The road is seven miles long, and;
together with the extensive iron works erected by j
these gentlemen, form a monument of private,
enterprise roroly equalled. • . . ,
, About one mile north of the town,, on the banks
of thooanal, are the Lebanon Furnaces. This is<
the pioneer establishment in the manufacture of
anthracite iron in this region. Tho first stark
connection with this concern Was erected eleven]
ago, by R. and CL D. Coleman, when the]
business was yet in its infahoy, and when the ox-,
pertinent of making Iron with anthracite coal:
from rich primitive ores, was regarded with cons!-!
dcrable misgiving. These go’ntlomOn,UowQver;with]
a spirit worthy of cbmmendation, ventured on the.
enterprise, and it is not according them any morel
credit than they are justly entitled to, by saying;
that their loading investment,* made as it woe un-'
dor doubtful auspices,-.was tbe inception and on-]
couragomcnt of the improvement and develop-;
mont of this neighborhood, which has over since,
been progressing steadily in the way of the exten-f
aion of the iron trade,' railroad building, Ac. &o.
Tho establishment is now owned entirely by Gi
Dawson Coleman, and comprise* throe furnaefcs.*
and a large foundry for tbe manufacture of-watery
and gas pipe. Tho gonoral arrangeciont of the!
works, togethor with several elegantly designed!
buildings, will not fail to interest apy onefwho
passes that way. Tho nmohinery consists of. four!
large blast enginos, three of which have thirty
inch steam cylinders, and- tho- other has wq
twonty inch; tho Homing cylinders attached to
these enginos are two of soven foot, two oC-'slx feet
and ono of fivo feet diamotor, aud worq all built
by , J. P. Morris & Co., of Philadelphia. Ono of thq
most attractive features of these works, is the style
of the buildings, among wbioh aro a superb officq
and engine house, and an experimental
built in the most tasteful and substantial manner;
and were designed by your talented townsman;
Jos. D. Koccber, Esq., and are a credit to both
architect and proprietor. 1
The Cornwall ore bills, situate about five milei
South of tho town of Lebanon, aro tho principal
attraction of the valley, and is, porhaps, tye
deposit of iron ore within tho same compass in the
country. The Cornwall hills are truly a minora)
smd geological curiosity, well worth a ride from
Philadelphia to behold. Somoof tbe ore tynmgl
netic, aud tho most of it very rich, requiring bul
a fraction over two tons of it, to moke a ton of iron;
and is red slmrt in quality, which mokes it in doj
mnnd to mix with tho cold short ores aud iron of
other localities. ’
Tho formation consists of throo hills, embracing
an nroaof about threo hundred acres, over which thp
oro is spread in largo musses, instead of in lodes , or
Veins, as it la usually found, and appears to lmvb
beon heaved up, through the trap rook that sur r
rounds it, in the form of a bolt or baslif,wUbih
whioh tho oro is only found in place . Thu oro is
quarried from solid massive breasts, of from twenty
to forty feet in height; and aa the observer caste
his eyo along tho steep acclivities, on which some
of tho mining operations arc conducted, and seeis
huge clumps of it laid bare on tho different ter
races, oriwhich the miners are at work, and threads
the openings and excavations about tho base of ithc
hills, made through the solid ore, ho i? forcibly
impressed, not only with tho incalculable wealth
spread out before him, but with the stability of the
foundations, in tbo shape of iron and coal, on
which the prosperity of our Stato mainly depends.
Twelve years ago, these mines were only worked
to the extont of tho supply of some half dozen
of charcoal furnaces, but now they furnish in ad
dition tho oro necessary to tho operation of six
.anthracite furnaces in this and a
number of tho sumo kind of studs in other dis
tricts. With mountains of iron oro on ono bou4*
dary, and of coal on the other, and the carinl arid
railroads already constructed, and other roads pro
jected, it requires but littlo foresight to dopict tho
magnitude'of tho manufactures and trade whioh
will spring up in a fewyears along tbeJincs of iifi*.
provemont in Lebanon Valley. j
If the growth of the iron business continues in
tho same ratio for tho next twenty years that has
characterized it since the‘advent of the manufac
ture of iron with anthracite, what a scene of
business animation this region will present at the,
end of that period. Its vast resources will riot only
make it the Iron mart of the State, but tho seat pf
a general trade of importance; and whilst the
capitalists of New Yofrk aro indefatigable in thojhr
efforts to divert the trade of tho rlohest portion of
our State from her emporium, to that of thoir Oifn
State; and with tho link, tho East Pennsylvania
Railroad, between Reading and Allentown,’now in
course of construction, and which will form' a
direct connection between Lebanon Valley and
New York city, what is Philadelphia doing, Tn
the menntimo, to oountoroet tho sleep]osss assiduity
of her rival? Comparatively nothing, and her
leading capitalists, represented by the Central
Railroad Company, seem to be intent on nothiig
but playing for tho trade of tho far West, {hough
tho chances, in tho game aro daily increasing
agaipet them, while the more iiuportaut trado jof
tho State, that might bo attrncted to their road by
branohos, ■is noglcctcd. Now that tho Central
Railroad Company have scoured tho Columbia
and Philadelphia Railroad, thero are interests
and trade springing up in this valley, but
twenty-five miles north of their road, which
are worth looking aftor, and such a road ex
tended to tho centre of tho middlo coal region
at or near Pinegrovc, would build up a business
along tho liqo of it, and conßtituto a feeder to their
main or trunk road,'that could not fail to provo
remunerative. Philadelphians, in short, arq grasp
ing at tho shadow, and leaving tbo substance glide,
by overlooking the immediate interests of their own
Stato, and seeking a precarious trado in other quar
ters. ■ They should woke up, and acquaint them
selves with the resources of tho intorior of tho State,
and especially with the portion of it I have endea
vored to describe. Pedro.
, Scientific Piety and Impiety. —A hifge
party died como from adistanoo to sob Mr. Crosse’s
experiments and apparatus. 110 had boon taking
them to different parts of the house, ns woe ,hls
want, explaining his varlohs philosophical arrange
ments : at length, on arriving at the organ gallery,
he exhibited two enormous Leyden whioh he
could Charge At pleasure by the conducting /wires,*
when tho state of tho atmosphorb was sufficiently
electrical. An old gentleman of the party con*
templated. the arrangement with a look of gravo
disapprobation: at length, with much solemnity,
ho’observed—“Mr. Crosse, don’t you think i,
rather impious to botlletholightning?” “Lofcnn
anfcfffer your question by asking another*” xeplioc
Mr, Crosso, laughing—“ Don’t you think, sir, U
might bo considered rather impious tol bottle the
ram water,— Andrew Creese*
[Correspondence of The Press.] - 1
Nkw York; Monday Aftornoon, Aug. 3.
A Tovcii op August Quauitv. —July gave he
but few tbftt could be called hot, for summer
weather; typtl assure you that August bids fair
to tuko„and keep, all tho honors of tho season.
Yesterday was entitled to,the adjootivo “hot,”
but to-day marks “ very hot,” and tho coolest of
us, in white linens and no cravats, pant like a tur
tle turnod on his back on tho'Gallipagos Islands.
Even our two glorious rivers cannot keop us cool,
and we 'stgh Incontinently for the Long Branch,
and Cajjo May, and Newport, from which we are
debarrod by that mingled curse and blessing of
huroanityT-business. But n'importe, “a light
heart ” ftnd h thin nether garment were said to be
very good things for going “ through the world,
brave boys!” a feature, and let us trust that they
will’omtblc us to woather the summer of 1857.
Hox. Wii. L. Dayton Sick.— Apropos of water
ing platffefe; ! learn by private advices from Long
Brunoh/ihls morning, that non. Wm. L. Dayton,
of Now Jersey, lato Republican candidate for the
Vico Presidency—who is staying at the Metropo
litan, thpre—is very iR. Mr. Dayton has exhibited
signs of. failing health for a considerable poriod;
and I fDjriously foar that the bar, or at least its
active Ilfy may BQoq,..mis3 him, which Heaven for*
fend. If ho can ho rovived. howovor, the air of
Long Branch.should produen tho offeot.
The Nbvkkslnk Tbaoe»y‘.>—Donnellydiaß been
sent to the county jail at Freehold, while Moses,
whosepwsto have hod no friends, was buried at
Ohaperllill, in the same graveyard with Mrs.
Maria fiewis, whoso brutal murder on tho High
lands, in 1853, made so strong a sensation, and the
getting off of whoso accused murderer was one of
William L. Dayton’s most brilliant efforts. Not a
newspaper that has montionod tho and affair, seoms
to liavtf recognized the awful warniug of the effoots
of gambling,' exhibited in this case. Donnelly
more tti be pitied even than his viotim—worm man
of good education—an M. D.; had travelled much,
and hail a iiigh sense of honor, of a certain sort.
He had staked money, not belonging to him, and
lost it., What could bo do, ho said to himself, but
get it tiack nt any hazard ? Tho rosult is this tra
gedy. and another hanging on tho old Monmouth
battle, ground. Truly, it is quito as much to
be guardod against tbe winning of money aa the
the losing of it! It is an unfortunate effect of this
case, that it ruins the Sea Viow House, one of the
finest situated bn the coast, for the season. All its
inmntos are flocking back to tho city, a 3 if poor
Moses’’ ghost could haunt them down Iho long
Panj2L;Houhes —One of your city weeklies
basbqpn sponding time and money during tbe
week N Jn giving accurate drawings and descrip
tions of tbe panel-houses of Now York, in which
so maby thousand robberies aro constantly com
mitted) in the hope that- young men may take
warning. Will they do it? It is doubful.
Novdr moths flew more determinedly into the
.than our young men, apparently, to vice,
.ruin ojad death!
!. FnAqa.—Judge MoCarthy, in
sio Marine Coyrt, to-day,, -rendered ono more
decision against Comptroller Flagg, In , bis
dog-id-the-manger contesting of ovory olaim.
against the city, right or. wrong. He con
tested tho bill of Judge Welsh, of tho Leader ,
in «dvertising : tho corporation proceedings, on the
ground that iho claim was over $250, and that for
this there should liavo been proposals, under tho
chartor; but the decision explodes the nonsonßioal
assumption, and Flagg is roady for the next man.
•Axoturr JltsuALD ! —The Tribune, with its six
teen sopaTato issues, and tho Express, with its
twenty editions a day—have tho Herald in hot
chaso of tliCm. That paper announces, in addition
to the “Weekly.” a “Family Herald.”
Dpminick Bisadukyin Town.—The fight is over,
and Bradley baa won. Ho came in town at noon
io-day, (Monday), bringing the nows of his own
victory. He looks well hnmmored, but quite hale
and nble. Ilia opponent is sold not to bo in tra
velling condition New York has bit it on tho
fight, Bradley having been tho favorite here, and
tho books balance largely on tho Bunny side, among
the sporting men. John Waltkk.
[O>rre>pond*nc* of The Press.]
U. 8. Hotel, Atlantic City, N. J.,
July 31, 1857.
A vi*it to this now watering place has become
so popular with Philadelphians, that the Camden
and Atlantic Railrond Company has had much
difficulty in providing oars and motive power suf
ficient to accommodate the demand. Day after
day, for a momh past, the arrivals by tho regular
and excursion trains have averaged nearly one
thousand persons, and, from reliable data, tbe
numbor of visitors timing the season, thus far, has
been upwards of 85,000. Those who come here
have, os a gonoral thing, been very agreoably
disappointed In Atlantic City. They have found
a better boacb than they anticipated, much bettor
bathing grounds, and superior drives. Three or
four of tho avenues have boon beautifully graded
and gravelled, and a sufficient quantity of gravel
is on hand to grade one cr two more. This im
provement, it is said, the city authorities and land
owners intend making, ns soon as the bathing sea
son isovor. Prom tho hotels to tho beach aro fine
wide plank walks, which prove a greatconvenicnce
to bathers and visitors. Thcso, with tho Atlantic
avenuo, aro tho principal proinonados at present,
but I nm informed an effort is being made to con
nect t]to ee'voral liotols by moans of gravelled or
plank walks. Considering the age of the place, it
has evinced a far greater spirit of improvement
thno Capo Island, and, during tho next five years,
Atlantio City will far outstrip the city of Cape
ißland in those substantial Improvements which
add so rauoh to tho comforts and convonlonces of
those who seek rest and pleasure at watering
. I was much astonished in coming hero to find so
manyprominentPhiladolphiansquartored. Among
the various pursuits and professions, the bank
officers predominated. On Sunday last, I noticed
Messrs. Thomas Allibone and Joseph Patterson,
Presidents of tho Bank of Pennsylvania and Wes
tern Bank; and J. C. Wood, J. B. Mitchell, and
Charles S. Bokor, Cashiers of tho Tradesmens’,
Mechanics’, and Guard banks. Since that timo,
Mr. Charles T. Yorkcs, Cashier of the Kensington
Bank, and B. A. Mercor, President of tho Farmore
and Mechanics’ Bank, have made their appear
ance; and Josoph N. Piersol, Cashier of tho Con
solidation, passod through hero on Wednesday.
Tho private bankers are well represented in Mr.
A. J. Droxel.
Tho Supreme Court of Pennsylvania has had its
representatives in Judges Lewis and Woodward ;
oud'ihq District Court of Philudolphin, in Judge
Stroud. M ayor Vnux has also been here. Among
the prominent more bants sojourning hore this sea
son, may bo mentioned Messrs. Samuel Branson,
William C. Ludwig, C. H. MoCurdy, J. B. Peter
son, John E. Addicks, Edward T. Mott, George H.
Stqart, John L. Buzby, A. J. Antclo, W. W. Keen,
John C. Da Costa, William Grosholz, A. C. Gibsofi,
J. P. Jones, L. S. Fithian, Thomas Price, T. Miles,
J.-K. Brown, Ambrose White, Jacob B. Lancaster,
George W- ’Poland, Henry Duhring, Josoph Reak
irt, Thomas'Mcllor, John Shaffner, Hiohard C.
Dale, Ward B. Huzoltinc, J. E. Caldwell, E. H.
Rowley, A. Getty, and others’. Sovoral of these
gentlemen have been regular annual visitors to
Cape May, but up to this time they appear to he
satisfied with tho place, and quite as well contented
*s at the more ancient rival.
Bunco tho torribl© fato of young Dyer, who was
drowned boro on tho 24th inst, many parsons have
not ventured into tho surf, notwithstanding tho
United Hotel has about well manned among
the breakers, every morning from half-past ten to
one o’clock. Tho body of dcconscd has not os yet
been -recovered. On Wednesday evening, Mr.
Olney Dyer, a brother, from Utica, N. Y., arrivod,
and when ho visited tho spot of the startling acci
dent, his foelings can bettor bo imagined than
Betweon ono and two o’clock yesterday morn
ing, a man named Henry Campbell, about 30 years
of ago, was killed by a locomotive passing over
the ruilroad below tho dopot. At that hour a loco*
motivo arrived from Camden to tnko the place of
, ono disabled tho day previous, und from tho cir
cumstances of tho onso, it is thought ho must hnvo
boon sitting on tho rail, or stooping to pick some
thing off tho tracks. Ho was found ton foot from
tho truck. On tho south rail his hat was discov
ered cut in two picoes. Tho only marks on his
person wore on tho side of tho head and shouldor
—tho forraor boing out anil tho latter fractured.
Coroner Albert English hold an inquest, and nftor
the examination of several witnesses, the jury
rondorod a voriliot in accordance with tho facts.
Tho deceased was a shoomakor by trade, and an
industrious man. He lived hero nearly four years,
and for eight years previous was a resident of
May’s Landing! Ho was a single man. Tho only
relations loft, as stated by those acquainted with
him, arc a sister in Philadelphia and a brother in
Lexington, Kentucky. A silver watch and $lO 90
coqts in money were found in his pockets, besides
govern! bills. William Guest, a friend of the de
ceased, took possession of the body.
Among the recent improvemonia of Atlantic
OHy la the new. Presbyterian Churoh on Pennsyl
vania avenue. It is a frame building, 40 feet front,
and 60 feet deep. Last Sunday it was opened for
torvico for the first time, and it is gratifying to
state there was ftlfcrge attendance of visitors. Rev.
Dr. Richards, of Boston, preached au excellent
sermon from Job. 13th chapter, and 33d verse. > The
building is surmounted by & pretty steeple, and is
quite an ornament to the city. At- .the Conclusion,
of the morning service, the pastor- of the church,
stated that the ground for the church had been
kindly donated by tbe Camden and Atlantio Land
Company, and' that $3500 had atrdady been, ex
pended in rearing the edlflee. * Tbe corner stone
was laid in August last. The church is connected
with the Presbytery of West Jersey' It is not to
be exclusively used for worship by Presbyterians,
at present, but nil uenominationa are-invited to
participate. The pasto? stated that ministers of
all Protestant churches woujd be gladly received
in the pulpit.
In the afternoon, Rev. Mr. Durborrow, Phila
delphia, preached in the church, and in tho eve
ning at the United States Hotel. On Monday eve
ning several'gentlemen met and "pfomptly sub
scribed $l2OO, for the purpose of erecting an Epis
copal church. A lot on Pennsylvania avenue,
above Atlantic, 150 feet square, has been gener
ously presented, and in a few weeks the erection
of tho building will be commenoed. It will be 60
by 75 feet.
■A' new Methodist Church, 42 by 60 feet, has
been commencedon'Atlantic Avenue, near Massa
chusetts. It is' to be a fine struoture.'
The President elect of the Cojnden and Atlantic
Railroad Company, John Brodhead, Euq., arrived
here on Wednesday evening. The election of'this
gcntloroan has given greater confidence to tho en
torprfso than it formerly possessed. He is a young
uian of groat experience, sound judgment, and is
universally popular. It is to be hoped the now
management will see the necessity of running
a car, drawn by horse power, from the Surf House
to tbe inlot. If ran overy half hour, it would pay
handsomely. The officers of the Company are ac
tive and, accommodating. Mr. Frank Glenn, one
of the conductors, is winning hosts of friends from
the manner he’attends to his duties.
•From the top of the light-house, a young friend
of mine counted 73' hotels and other buildings in
Atlantic City. Of these, the United States Hotel,
tbe Mansion House, Surf House, and Congress Hall
aro tho largest. The principal private cottages
aro thofie owned by Messrs Louis Grosholz, T.
Miles, A. C. Gibson, Thomas Prico, Benjamin
Leeds. J. E. Brown, J. M- Whitall, and
T. McNoely, on Pennsylvania Avenue; Patrick
Lovy, on North Carolina Avenue, and - Si 'J.
Christian, on Atlantic Avenue.
There are soveral families here from Chicago,
Boston, New York, Baltimore, Cincinnati, Bt.
Louis, Now Orleans, Cleveland, Bt. piyls, Minne
sota, and other cities. Ynn Junior.
[Correspondence of The Press.) /
Washington, August 3d, 1857.
A correspondent of the New Yprk Herald , writing
from Montreal, under date of July 29th, !g57, com
plains that tho number, of, letters received at the
Post-office at that place, on postage has been
prepaid, but notcredited,is algjostincredibJe. The
postage for letterscrosaing tjie line is ten cents, and
many letters are rccoived at Montreal on whio'h
are affixed three ttarc'o cent stamps, but for the
want of tho odd cent the letters are not marked
paid, and full poshge is paid by tho persons
who receive them. This (the correspondent adds)
is quito right, but tho wrong consists in the
fact that the United States Post Office Department
invariably defaces the attached stamps. Clearly
they have no right to do this until they have ro
doerned them by giving value in tho shape of
postage; and this conduct, except that it is proba
bly without ovi! intention, is not one whit better
than would* be that of the maker of a note, who,
happening to have an opportunity, should e’eface
his signature while the note was running t j ma
turity. If tho sender tendered Only nine cents
in money with his letter, the money would he
returned, and tho letter, sent Unpaid. The
s',amps, of courso, could not be returned, bat
why in the name of honesty deface thorn?—
Observing this complaint against the Post Office
Department, I made enquiries in the proper quai
tor, and am authorised to say that in the instance
mentioned by tho writer thet bo
justified in not cancelling the postage stamps*. It
is only vhere the stamps are taken in payment of
postage that it is obligatory on Postmasters to uso
great care to see that thoy are duly cancelled.
This instruction is imperative.* Under the postal
arrangement bo tween the United States and the,
British Norih'Ameriean provinces aoy payment of’
postage less than the full rate of ton cents is by
mutual agreement disregarded and the letter
treated as unpaid. In all such oa*cs any stamps
upon the letter not recognised may properly be left
uneancolled. But in all cases where the stamps are
taken in payment of postage they must be defaced,
so that they cannot be used a second time.
The departments of War and the Interior are
slow to believe that there is any truth in the news
paper reports of a continuance of tho Indian dis
turbances in Minnesota. Thoy havqno recent ad
vices from their agents, yet, it must be borne in
mind, that tho Government has in trust for tho
biouxs some $5 000,000, tho interest of which is paid
annually, and it is notprobable that they will risk so
largo an amount of money by any undue and use
less pugnacity. Little Crow, their great chief, is
shrewd, cunning, and, if rumor he true, does not at
all dislike his large share of tho annuities, and he
will not advocate or encourage suoh a foolish un
dertaking as a conflict with the whites. It is not
believed that Colonel Noble’s wagon road party
wero forced to return because of hostilities of the
Yanktons, but that, if at all, they have come baok
for some other reason.
The Indian Buronu has information that the
small pox has brokou out amongst the Kickapoos,
and that eight have already died of the disease.
Tho agent has secured the most skillful physicians
in tho vicinity, and had tho members of tho tribe
vaccinnatcd. Other prudential arrangements have
been made to stay the scourge.
Judge Mason, tho Commissioner of Patents, has
positively resigned, his resignation to take effect
to-morrow, when ho will leavo for bis homo in
lowa, to attend to his private affairs. lie pro
poses to return on or about tho 15th, when it is ex
pected his successor .will be appointed, in order
tbathemay induct bin, into offiae, and niako him
acquainted with the condition of its current busi
ness. In the meantime Mr. Shugert, the chief
clerk, will toko charge of the office.
Soon after tho President left Washington the
office-seekers wore stricken with failing health
with wonderful unanimity, and have gone to recu
perate at Bedford Spa. If they see Mr. Bnohanan,
and pross their claims on him, it will not be in
tentional. This wo must add in justice to the af
flicted porsons.
Additional surveys of public lands iu Kansas
have been received at the Land Office.
[For The Press,]
About forty years Ago several ’deaf mutes were
often seen prowling about the streets of Philadel
phia iu various parts of the city. Rags and dirt
indicated poverty and destitution. Antio gestures,
grimaces and uncouth muttcrings drew the atten
tion nnd excited the laughter or the pity of the
passing throng. The extended hand claimed and
often received the bounty for Which thoy were unable
to ask. To their friends, such as they had, they
were burdens; to the public they were objects of
suspicion and approhonsion, and to the philar.chro
pist their cases seemed hopeless. There wa3 one.
however, who saw in their cunning, their powers of
imitation ahil their natural skill in pantomime, the
ovidenco of mental faculties whioh only required
development. Tho key to this dovelopmont ho
thought would ho found in a system of motions or
signs. Prompted by feelings honorable to any heart,
ho gathered these wanderers under his own roof and
from his limited resources gavo them clothes and
food to induce thorn to return to him day after day
till ho had established a system of communication
with and had obtained a degree of influcnco over
them. This ingoniusund persevering individual
was David G. Seixas, who mot his numerous diffi
culties ulono and ovorcutno them unaided, by his
own skill and energy. His success soon attracted
tho attention both of the curious and of tho henevo
lont, and tho deaf and dumb school of Mr. Seixas
becamo soon tho wonder aud admiration of Phila
delphia. From this beginning arose the Pennsyl
vania Institute for tho Deaf and Dumb, now one of
the most prominent among tho benevolent Institu
tions of the city.
Under tho auspices of tho renewable* Bishop
White, an Institution was organitedby several dis
tinguished oitiions, a chartor obtainod, and Mr.
Seixas appointed its first Prinoipal. For some time
it prospered under his cqre. Difficulties, however,
arose and changes, often incident to a young insti
tution, took place. It passed into tho charge of
Laurent Clerc,Esq,, himself a mute, und one of t!he
celebrated pupils qf the Abbe Sioard, to.wjugq g re
attributed those beautiful dofiaitums, f, Hupo
the flower of happiness... aratUudeTrlhe-.isomory
of the heart. Eternity—the of G od
Reason is tho torch of the is its
guide. Man is the, mait?wta 9 f the Creator,
<fcc. Mr. CUrc was Weld, Esq.,
whose tact, industry, AaJUkUI placedathe Instita- 1
tion on a pctmmsfiwhtion and. gave it *
character for aqd usefulness, which it
continues;tQ Upwards of A thousand
mutes bavfl .eftwlepoed its benqflts. At tho dat * o f
tho, last. Report one hundred and seventy-*
pupils were under instruction. The building j and
premises cover two acres of ground, at the corner of
Broad and Pine streets, and present a front of two
hundred feet. The situation is open, airy and
healthy. The cost bus been something more than
one hundred and ten thousand dollars. Although
out of debt, it has heavy expenditures to make for
repairs and improvements, which the wear of thirty
years is constantly making necessary- It can ac
commodate , two , hundred pupils. It has been
•obliged to reject ft number of applicants for want
of funds to defray the expenses of their, support.
The State of Pennsylvania provides for the support
of one hundred and There'are ten in
structors employed. Tlnnjabinet is respectable in
extent and interesting in subjects. Twenty dollars
constitutes 1 a person a member for life. From
October to July thore are weekly examinations,
and the Institution iaalway* open for reasonable
Tho great object is to give these children of
silence in tho first place, tho meant of commuleating
with their fellow-men in the business and social
intercourse of life; and in the second place, to
give them thatinforination and those ideas which
will tend to prepare them for becoming useful
members of society here, and for seeking the abodes
of the blessed hereafter.
The President is tho Rev. Philip F. Mayer, D.D.;
Treasurer, John Bacon; the Secretary, James
Barclay. 11 ' '
Tho nows of the revolt in British ludia, (the
leading ' particulars of which we have already
given) had been reoelved in London with feel
ings of surprise, sorrow and dismay. It was ap
prehended,, from Lord Palmerston’s well-known
practice in important cases, tha) he had kept bock
some of the darker details. Enough had trans
pired, however, fron} the Indian journals and pri
vate letters, to show that the danger was immi
nent, pressing and alarming.' The mutiny seems,
as yet, to have been confined chiefly to’ the native
troops, but tho whole of British India js more of
less ’dissatisfied, if not disaffected. Advantage
was taken of the withdrawal, for the ware with
Persia and China, of a large number of European
soldiers from India. Delhi, the ancient capital of
the Mogul Empire, was occupied by the insurgents,
who had encountered tho British troops outside
the city, and are said to have been driven baok
into it, tho British occupying the surrounding
heights, but in too small force to follow up their
partial success^
•" In thisomergency, Lord Canning, the Viceroy,
”faad detained for service in India the troops under
orders for Hong Koug, and before hews of the enor
mous disasters had been received in England,
14,000 additional troops had been put under
orders for India. The chance is, that long before
thoy reached that country, the crisis would have
General Anson, commanding the army in India,
had died of cholerA immediately after news of the
revolt reached Calcutta. Lord Canning had tem
porarily supplied his place. Within twenty-fonr
hours of the intelligence being received by the
Ministry in London, Sir Colin Campbell was on his
way for Marseilles, to reach India with all possible
speed by the Overland route. He is a good soldier,
though almost too old for such service as ho may
new expect. Nearly half a century has elapsed
since ho entered the British army. He is close
upon 70; served all through the Peninsular war,
(1809 to 1814,) commanded a regiment at tho siege
and capture of Chin Kiang Foo during the former
Chinese war; commanded, with great distinction,
a brigade at the battle of Goojerat, in 1&49; was
brigodicr-generkl of the forces sent in aid of Tur
key, in 1854; led the Highland brigade to the;
assault of the Russian batteries at the battle of
tho Alma, and at Balaclava ranged a Highland
regiment in single file, (tho “ thin red line,” as
it has sinoe been called,) and thus repulsed the
attack of the Russian cavalry. He is acclima
tized, also, having served in India from 184 S to
1852. If ho return to England a successful man,
he will receive a peerage and a pension, for John
Bull very highly rewards military services.
Lord Ellenborough, who has himself been Vice-,
roy of India, has expressed strong apprehensions
for tho safety of Calcutta, the seat of govern- 1
ment. In this crisis, very little party antagonism!
has been .exhibited in theßritish Parliament. The!
prorainont feeling was—first get over the difficulty,!
and then discuss it. ‘ 1
, Parliament would probably be prorogued during
the course of next week,’leaving Lord Palmerston
the absolute and almost irresponsible ruler of tha
British Empire for the following’ six niontbs, unless
the want of means to carry on tho war (or wars]
for there is the contest with China, also) should in
duce him to summon the legislature before Janu
Lord Palmerston has taken his stand in Parliaj
mont against the construction of the Sues Canalj
and in favor of the recent movement by the French
government to import free negroes from Africa to
Martinique, it being found impossible to cultivate
tropical colonies by white labor. He apprehend*
that the canal across the Isthmus of Sues would
too much facilitate the transit to India, of courso
he does not put his objection in that form. Al*
though the Times strongly backs him in his quail*
fled approval of the free apprenticeship system,
the anthqlavery party are greatly opposed to it, aa
well as some members of Palmerston’s own Cabinet.
It may be mentioned, in connection with this
question, that a new pro-slavery newspaper, to be
Called tho Manchester Cotton Pres, t, is about
being established in Manchester, the Metropolis ctf
the Cotton Manufactories of England. j
The late Seorotary Marcy’s privateering letter,
as it is called, has again coine under discussion in
England, and tho Tivies, lamenting that it was
not assented to by the British government, declares
that the present U. S. Executive clearly have no
design of allowing .the question to be agaijn
The .harvest in England, said to bo unusually
abundant, would commence about the third week
in July. Queen Victoria, who has been receiving
the visits of Prussian, Russian, Austrian and Bel
gian princes, sineb her confinement, is about rs*
ceiving'Napoleon and Eugenie in a private man
ner, and will visit them next month. It is sup
posed that.ibo also intends going to Ireland for a
week or so. ’ ,
The shipping of the eub-Atlantic telegraph cable
was so nearly completed, that after tho American
and British steamers had met at Cork, to te3t the
accuracy of the manufacture, they would probably
leave that port about the Ist of August, and after
sailing together midway on the Atlantic, would
then separate, one for the Western, and the other
for the Eastern World, laying down the cable as
they went. In a month from this date the com
munication may be completed.
The further new s from China is not important
Lord Elgin had aj -rived at Singapore, and afamine
was said to rage/in Canton.
There is a gxo’vring dissatisfaction on tho part p.
tho absolute princes of Europe-, against the pro
tection—some oall it encouragement —which Eng
land is said to. extend to political refugees. The
recent unsuccessful entente in Italy i 3 said to have
been organized in England, and Napoleon strongly
complains of tho harbor given by England to per
sons who aro avowedly anxious to destroy bis l|fe
and power. Tho European antipathy against
Lord Palm-erston, (who, after all, is very much
of a Tory and very little in favor of progress,)
seems strongly on tbuo.incrcnsc.
Tbe number of Opposition Deputies lately elected
in Franco is only eleven. There is a doubt whether
they will take the oAth of adhesion and allegiance
to Napoleon.
Tho disturbances in Spain have been put down.
The difficulty betweon Spain and Mexico was not
likely to be adjasted without reference to arras.
Tho temporary outbreak in Italy ‘js over, and it
was believed that Mazzini had escaped, disguised
as a woman, in an American vessel.
Thcro was a rumor that the Emperors of Austria,
Russia, and France, would soon meet in Bavaria,
to discuss tho affairs of Europe, end f brm a new
compact allianco. Tho St. Petersburg journals
deny, somi-officially, that Russia was in any way
concerned in encouraging the revolt iu British
A reconcilement between the Emperors of Russia
ami Austria, who have been alienated, b.v the ad
hesion of the latter to the Western Alliance,, is said
to havo been offoctcd through tho mediation. of the
King of Prussia,, .
Turkey is sjpd to have an idea of raising * flew
six, per, of six to eight millions sterling—
to bo iS£rqod 84 per cent., and two per cont. off
Gmt. Times throws cold watuv on the affair.
*" HaKileon at Grenoble, 18*16.—Let as see
• how* it is taken. It is eight o’clock in the oveiting.
Tha inhabitants and soldiers garrison the rwn
pai.'ts. Napoleon precedes his ] ittle troop by some
ete/p3; he advances even to tb.e gate; he knocks
wTth his sunff-box! “Who is. there!” cried th«
o fficer on guard. “It is tha Emperor. Open.’ r
‘ ‘Sire, my duty forbids me.” “Open, I tell you;
1 havo no time to lose. ” “Bo t, Siro, oven though
I should open to you, I codd not. The keys are
in the possession of General Marchand.” “Go,
then, And fetch them.” “I, 8m oertain that ho
will refuso them to me.” **, if the General refuse
them tell him that I wiUdi* miss him.” Tbe single
word “ dismissal ” establish ed the whole garrison
in the interest of thd Kmpqf .-or.— Arago's Lifts of
Distinguished Men.
notice to cosLHKaPormEKxa.
Correspondents for “Tsi Puss’ 1 will please bear in
mind the following julea: ( : •- ?
Ererj" communication most'be accompanied bj the
name of, the writer. Xn orler to insure correctness In
the tjpographj, but one aide of a sheet should be
written upon. •
We shill be grektly obliged to gentlemen in Poansyl
renii and other States for contributions giving the cm.
rent news of-thpdiyia their particular localities, the
resoaroesof the sor romping coaifey, the increase of
population, and any Information that wiy be interesting
to the general reader.
HOUSES. By Thomas BtntEß Gcss : with illastra
tioni. 1 vol. 12 tno,—ipp. 300. AToson Brothers,
New York.
The light, glancing, .rapid manner of those
“ first estahlished’*he reputa
tion of Dickens, has led a good many writers
out of the track of good taste and common
sense. In this country, * Cornelius Hatbews
was one of the first to imitate Dickens, and
Mr. Gunn is the last, as yet. But the author
of “ Puffer Hopkins” reminds one of an ele
phant dancing a minuet, whileMr.Gunn paces
with ease and elegance. He is a lively,
pleasant, off-hand writer? he keen ob
servation and a capital idea of quiet satire;
his book shows that he has the dramatic .fac
ulty rather largely. Is his book readable I
very much so—only the idea and manner are
not—-perhaps, cannot-—be original. Dickens
was first in the field.
The great merit of this hook is this: it may
be said to unroof the boarding-houses of the
greatest (and worst) city in the Union. Mr.
Gunn exhibits every pluse of that remarkable
life, in which people exist without a home.
He has examined It, analyzed, exposed it, and
a very unpleasant state of affairs it is, even at
the best. Asa'specimen brick we extracts
# This is a stylish mansion of free stone, in a patri.
cian neighborhood, not far from the pleasant vi
cinity of Washington-aqnare. Its interior decora
tion* are bf thatpeeuliar French-New-York order
which displays more of gilding ihan good taste,
and more of plate-glass than either; its furniture
is showy but fragile, and its domestic conveniences
include, of course,“ all the modem improvements.”
Madame, .the proprietress—she prefers being
addressed £y that title, (and if you can do it with
outre, French accent, somuch the belter^—ha*
been # handsome woman in her day, and unwilling
to relinquish pretensions to the‘character, now
resorts to art to sustain it. She never advertises
for boarders, considering it low, and relying en
tirely her private connection. You are re
ceived, if. an applicant, nmch after a fashion de
scribed in onr second chapter, being, however,
ushered into the sitting-room by a colored boy;
(than whom-no “band” on a slave plantation
conld be more arbitrarily drilled), and bis mistress
generally appears in a with a
blase look, and artificial flowery in bar hair. She
is particular in her inquiries as to your position,
profession, and references. It always happens that
there is bnt one room vacant—in eonseqaence (as
she incidentally inform* you) of its recent occupant
leaving for a tour in Europe. And in all proba
bility her daughters will chance to dropr in in' the
coarse of the interview, when you are accorded
the faror cf an immediate introduction. They are
two dashing, showy girls, rather good-looking, and
very brightly dressed—a little more so than is con
sistent with morning costume. Your reception is a
gracious one, but the ladies presently diverge into
a side conversation, evolving an awful familiarity
with names. It. inevitably occurs
that they have just returned from one of-Mrs,-
—~’s “ caudle receptions” on the Fifth Avenue—
which fact, on a six months* repetition, is suggest
tive of a most melancholy state of health on the
part of the lady, and a sad look-out on that of hen
Husband. On expressing yonr intention of bo
coming an inmate of tne establishment—which
Madame listens to with an air indicative of hope
that you will prove worthy of the privilege—-vox
learn that it has an especial boot-black, with wnoti
you’re expected to make a private arrangement;
and are mildly, but firmly, requested not to Wing
your baggage in a cart.
If you’re a very young man, you congratulate
yourself on the prospect—perhaps indulge in a few
roseate virions >in which those brilliant young
ladies especially figure—and move in accordingly.
And, certainly, you will have no cause for com
plaint on tho score of lack of courtesy or assump
tion of aristocratic exclusiveness. That , pervades
every thing/ The arrangements are as elegant as
a dish of trifle or blanc mange— -and as unsatisfac
tory; • ; 1 ■
Your Chamberlin which you are requested “ not
to washtrt*<fr,” to smoke, or to rub matches against
the walls—is very neat and cleanly, and pratty
well furnished, but ti|e three chairs are of each
brittle construction that you would a? soon think
of sitting upon them as upon spun-gtis, and in- ' v
stinotively speculate as to what jou'Xi have to pay
for breakage.-But had you as many hands as
Briareus, and wanted to wash them every half
boor, you couldn’t be better supplied with towels.
There are also dainty tittle bits of crotchof-work
under the soap-dish, and tumblers, sud a bie china
slop-jar—we don’t know the French equivalent, or
would n’t horrify *<he reader by using such a vul
gar word. The bed is small and scow-white—like
a snow-drift on a child’s grave. In wiuter it has
fewer blankets on th&rt is desirable.
You 'are not rung to meals by a bell, as in vulgar
Boarding-Houses- The colored boy Ups at your
door at» A. M., and deferentially informs you that
breakfast is ready. On descending, you find the
gentlemen boarders ia. dressing-gowns with-ropes
bell-pulls, and the ladies inelegant robes-de
ekhmbre, with artful contrivances of lace about
their heads and busts. Severally, they accord yds.
a gracious good-morning as you glide to the seat
which Maaamds gesture indicates, remove ■ your
napkin froth its ririg and spread it over your knees
. lfl'preparation. The ladies, are very lively and
chatty, especially the younger one —so much so, in
deed, that a cynic might Suspect the existence of a
design to keep the boarders 1 jaws otherwise em
ployed than on the breakfast, which is light, tasty,
ana unsubstantial. There are very small mutton
chops, pates, nick-nacks, and French bread and
coffee l -made also ala Franeaise. Each digh U
extinguished under a gorgeous cover of Herman
silver, with which material the table is generally
resplendent. You can read the papers, if you like,
daring the progress of the meal, and that without
being thought ill-bred. Madame a subscriber
to the Courier and Enquirer, Herald, Tine*,
and Home Journal, the two last being tho favor
ites of the ladies. The Herald is generally de
preciated by them, but cannot be dispensed* with
on account of its winter-reports of upper-ten balls
and summer correspondence from watering-places;
their knowledge of tho fashionable world enabling
them to explain the initials, and fillup the dashes
by which names of its inhabitants are half-chroni
cted. Madame also reads the Churchman—as a
matter of duty. She is strictly orthodox, and &
regular attendant at Grace Church. '
Lunch, consisting of pie, delicate shaving 3 of
cold meat, and coffee, is served at IP.M., and
dinner at 6. This meal invariably oomprisea five
courses, commencing with thin, whity-brown soap,
and concluding with desert, of whieh water-mel
ons form the staple in summer- and frosted apples
in winter. The ladies now appear ia very, lull
dress, and are fragrant with eau de Cologne, fran
gipanni, joekty-clttb, or otto of roses; while the
more magnificently got-up gentlemen sport lace
shirt-fronts and wristlets, resembling the orna
mental paper one seed oa French p)um-boxe3. As
at breakfast, the meal is seasoned by much anima
ted conversation, the ladies doing their full share.
All carving is performed at a side-table by a darkey
of butler-like aspect, who produces remarkaoly
small, thin, slices, which are conveyed to yonr left
side by the colored boy. If you are at all absent
minded, or not specially intent upon your plate, it
(with the contents) ia very apt to be whisked a *ay
by the last-mentioned youth, in obedience to
strict, but, privately issued, instructions. And,
considering the fascinations of the young ladies,
there is great risk of this. ITe have seen no les3
than three successive plates reft from a hungry
boarder, wholackcd moral courage to remonstrate.
He went out subsequently and had a porter-house
steak at a Broadway restaurant.
Entrees, sidc-didics, and French cookery ia
general, preponderate over joints, buc there are
plenty of artificial flowers and iced-water. The
pastry is of tho lightest consistency and most deli
cate construction, and you are helped to bits
shaped tike an attenuated triangle. A cap or two
of green, and very weak tea, served in the adjoin
lug parlor, after tho lapse of half an hour, con
cludes tho repast.
The boardere, like tho Establishment, are emi
nently genteel. At the time of our sojourn they
were very much as follows: Two superannuated
bank clerks, a stock-broker, three or four Cubans,
an old major who had been in tne Canadian army,
a fast young Southerner from South Carolina, a
London architect, and a crockery and China mer
chant from Canal-street. This last was an obliging
individual, very much alive to the inferiority of
his social position and the privilege of being ad
mitted to such aristocratic society. He received
the ratiyingsof the young ladies and their playful
allusions to the “shop” with much humility and
good-humor, and we suspect him of secretly admi
ring one of them. Madame made him useful in
many ways. When it became desirable to snub
any hoarder, he (the crockery merchant) was-put
into the position of the offender, after the fogging
boy system once pursued in the education of young
Srinces, by which they took their flagellations by
eputy. As witness the following instance. The
Cubans would smoke in their chambers, disregard
ing the injunction that confined that indulgence to
a balcony in the rear of the diuing-room. So Mr.
, to whom the slightest whin of tobacco was
productive of great intestinal discommotion. was
severely cautioned “not to do that again,” and in
formed that if hef»’»r have his horrid cigars, he’d
bettor smoke ’em at the store down town.
, Each of the young ladies has her part, and ad
mirably does sho play up to it. The elder, who is
ofie-and-twenty, affects the sentimental and lite
rary, occasionally flavoring it by a dash of piety.
She admires Holmes, and Tapper, and
looks upon Willis aslWaHea angel. The younger
(who is about eighteen) aspires to the character of
a fast young lady, is particularly rord of dancing,
thinks sleighing “first-rate fun,” and adores Mr
Wallack Lester, (which amiable weakness by-the
by, is not uncommon with up-town young ladies )
Sho aims, too, at smartness in conversation, and
brilliaacy of repartee, principally at the expense
of weak-minded or unguarded persons, for whom
. she sets little pit-falls—as thus. You hear heijfnv
sert strong distaste for some book, tunc, fashion,
etc.—being the very reverse of former professions
You innocently express surprise, commencing with
tbe fatal words, “ I thought—” When Miss
immediately breaks in upon the sentence, exclaim
ing with great vivacity, “ 0 4 , Mr. , it don’t do
always to trust one’s thoughts! /thought, at first,
you were vory clever and amusing— and you're
not Upon which you are supposed to be crashed
for tho rest of the evening. This lady's fascina
tions are brought to bear on the younger of the
boarders, and two of the Cubans are desperately
in lovo with her. Her sister devotes herself to the
seniors, and we incliue to the supposition that she
will, In the long run —after she has sufficiently hu
miliated him.marry the crockery merchant.
Both the young ladies and their mother come
out in great force in the evenings. She does not
pretend to music, but th*j both play and sine, af
ter dao solicitation. Conversation turns mostly on
the newest novel, fashion, or marriage, and the
oveba. There is also another topic —next door.
Madame has a standing feud with ono qf her
neighbors, who attempts to As the
keeper of a Boarding-House. She will tjifeckon
up", their origin for you with, dreadful exactness,
and designates them as low, stuck-up' people.
With rr*spect to her position in life, she
hints that undeserved misfortunes have reduced
her to it, and says that but for the dear rlrls she
shouldn't have thought of surviving tho loath of
fcMfiwtywa, °