The press. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1857-1880, August 04, 1857, Image 2

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3££»*atf U£. V? 1- -i>.•; hA/. ::V
/T. ,FOR QOTERIfO,^.,, ; , t rf -^O ,
nw 3VB6Ks:or:fas covkt,
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£»**§>; x®. xife frrss;'- v-’
!, wei^df,till .'parties Mtbe|
pabUc -prois^D^ocrats,: Republicans, and
of eonfldeßce';and‘of kind^'
e^d^^W.inerit > '::ttieii,\'indeod,.tW#jenter-<
prißg^jOurs, is assured of a most, prosper-
under tlie authority and direction of- the
<jenend(Gi«jrßfient has,' with!: the'advanced
a^)^e^ 'by the'
American; people. ,Tn ourviews
of Mtional politics, we are, in.ft, considerable
degree; yijjt tolldsp sight of!'it, '“'lt is-tftie' that!
tbeiJßlue > Book is atWntively - ;‘e»inipe4‘ by
thousands of - anxious ■ 'ea{Sert*hts Weaver
t|idypMial!goUU>tSfie iaih protSln# prdet ? ' and'
oyer Bye hundred closely printed -the
agreat amount of labor must beperfbrmedj to.
lo : liige.V hutnber 1 ;af
messegeSofoiir PreßidentjWitlithoaccoinpa-
deryetofeal! up before ttteniqntal vision too ttg
gregato''pfactical. business of, theGoyommcnt
duringufeiicli -ybar.V, Yet, notvritMtanSlng.ttio
gqnferal ’ dissemination of'fMch-tefofmation,
uomb ono Isolated question of governmcntal
'to; recojjnize bqW extremely
at-work. u
', of a Bcarccly;
admit tlie
. pf 'the /Executive' braneb oftoe
ffllhasi'Sir.SWte. Department w iojeonatipt,
the- agents
abroad actlngln Ore capacity >
, 6b Chatge' d’Affaires; atyall the 1
of the world/gnd wittf ;‘oiir'
■ cbmmercial agents iff every, im*
' portant commorciafcity. It also issues paiis
poits'i to . citizens desiring to go abroad,, ar-
Jgpges, wpplicatiops; for; pardons -for offences
tho iaiya pf tbolTnlted States/'and at/
teflflf to the preseryation of tho pUblicactsond
. reib&tlons of. Congress anfithepubllcrecords.!
■re&tentoePublic Lands.Pensipns.lndian ger
and the]?atent Oteye. ; 'Tjie;.®e6enill&d‘
OOdaila.charged with tho surrey,management
indjfeler.ofthe publicdoniainyandthe Issuing
BlOtiSiEexamines aDd/;_adjadlcatesi ail . claims
irfljflg;6nf outlie yarioos - actsyW ‘Congress
iUjtteyrevolutlonatjri and subsequent-.wars.
'duties.,grotrtng : ' out q£ tte
relatiUßs 'of the- Government tothfe-Indian
Patents has a
™e flel3/o|;ac&on in liaiUng pUfints for mew
inventions/ collecting 'agricultural .statistics,
and,'distributing, seeds,; plapts, and .cpttlngS.
.There are also various ether • important dutics
s&ssss to ?»
. /The extended ramißcatious of ’thePost Office
Department reach every section of -the coun
tay, and py the foreign mail .connections sup- ’
ffy SJisffe and cheap mediant* for . the mpmal. 1
Intercommunication of;intelligence’ with'ail
world. .lts'^iead^‘ !
'theAppqintment.Office,,the.-Contrsct: Office,
■qneitions >of * the establishment, or diScorr-
Pdatpfflcesj'changes/of sitegand ■,
- j
-ters,mail agepta, &e; To - thfeContract Office?
iP%hSg.,undef-cQnttiict ttae'.rncUl twice, of i)ie!
.HniftSl .Stales/ aid • the I vatff 1 correspondence'
/andvaried iusinesssucli'e’xtended-trxniactlons,
' giVe rise to.' Thai’inance'Offlce .trapervlses
;^^^igg^enf /of jtKO’.a^jite^l-bitsineja, of
ol the aq
yOqwrtoifPqstmasters/.'the.chwge «f the Dead
■^[sfitli^invSlOpeK' ii : iqBjecUqnpf|ee
UmtaAlntte al)'Cases of<m^[l^iithiies».ti^re>
vOUt.nt!|ilbagi, lodfcß and kfeys/>t>> Wwy . -
l.T|p Secretary of .tlur'tfdyj>Tiai s tolipfgo
. orders of officers," appointments,*' enlistment
tOf.tho.marine corps, .besides the superintond
■;£n}brbcing fbe machinery pf’l{ayy''£'orda and
od«ci»,'tiiebulldingandrepair.’o'f -vessela of war,
ffbj?- Jfifcfiasb'of 'jnMeriitfs/eftaipinetits, pro
visions, ' clothing, ordnance and" ordnance
'iatpres, the manufacture or purchase of cannon,
meters, medicines; and medical stores. ~
enlistment;' dfecTtopj^payipent; 1 , pro
- and clothing. of the armyofthe United |
general .its tnoHte-
repair and construction of
rortittcatioris," Sappily of ordnance, ammunition,
■&c.; itiUWfflim the sbope of tbe War Depart
cc : -!Ii« Attomey General’*' office supplies the
by thebusl
k’tjpi bits, current. trSns-.
riianMnatiOnsof tho titles of land
pardons, the eon
argument, ofi salts, am- ‘■',.' V •.
y W' ; bf^d; , Tt ; ft charged
witbthe general.Wjgervisioii' of tire 1 financial
tlpnoftfi lifie’c'brnmerco and I
'mayigstlop ffifflh ffnited (Stated superin
■ ’ tendenco bf'tsw ! Btityc-y of thd coaßtj'the'light
hoPsp ye.»tiblis!imerit and marine ' hospitals.
'llhrCdinptrollers’ lUiffiAuditors prescribe the
y.ijbode of,and.recotyc the,accounts, •
..TMfkTieaSuier, with bisi Asilstantsl. receive V
Cfan&b pays thp raoneysVih the" United'
gijaijiiifc receipts: and; expenditures/:}^he : So-!
r suife; ; Tbd-3S^ht- :
il(p,bnllding andyrepairb,W'
light vessels, buoys;'{tc,];.THo
i^K.C^fei'sfenSew'fvplable inarfneritlie,
• f tbdß obtained,and,, discharges
!-i>Vaiionabtberdutibs.i .«';t . ‘ : ,
. Resides the -central-orpnleation of tho do
,s;p*rpneßts at-Washlogton; they each have in
* ysejmßtaftty'sefV|eo msmeronh'; siiborclMfefl in
'm ' -■■
’^^iMt|br)ef* ; f6capiSilatiori d^some ’of ’ the
§ , jS^j^^Uttreßof,itbe.ef!o|y. ! dwlbus}nc/!s .of
■%l|lie;.ip;yp»meiit, i. may-assist • in'.giving -the
, | ? trgnspiripg uniterjia'djreption,.
reflect'hpw agents areiever
tfeSjlli ‘ft.
.- Aihericah s
,-:of ‘otbiir-- jjpwers,'
ifctheir (prbjectfiijaui
rOi-to iabert'rthroat
fttj’watchVuVer oif|
us,'Xusd Jbpur j pmv
aveCtheymay wander,'
j :i M»'progrp4B ; westr !
itieifeedS--rfibrr ifae
vltlffi iHawihednvbn-;
ibors. How to thojre
rifints is extended all
iteiianoe possible/in
view qf the insatiate mitidnal prqi
gress on the orio hand .mt .thelt owp imptoyt-*
’dent and Intractable Ola the other.
How ; the vast wfijfe
than twenty-five millions 'of ’ the Siiost ititol-"
dlgobt and the- greatest reading people
!op the earth, scattered over an imnlense scope
jdf-territory,- with .cheap and speedy means
Of communication, with each other, and with
all the rcst jjfthe'wOrld/ SstreUas furnishing
them.yrith .incAlqulftblo, quantities .of printed
f.tatter, iS so well perfoimed, that.every settfe
mentj/hp'mattef lioSr retnotO, possesses the ret;
quisite.fwjitties/ ': How we are" eonstrpetjng;
Vossels . of -war/ fortifications,. ordnance,.
How wearecommandingrespect from the rfiost
distanf natibiis by displays of formidable ndval
pqwertfpe&ipg.lnSplts, chastising indignUies,
maintaining.ourrights/and while wlselygnartl
ing. against the.great danger, and avoiding,the
enormous expense, of monster standing armies,
preservibg such a noUClus of aggressive; and
dofcnaiye/navul and : military warfare, thrdb the
earlh contains no foe, and leaves no roonj, to
apprehend any combination of foes, wbote do
/claretion of war against ns would fill aufchearts
with- terror, or jeopardize our HberilesA How
the'-legal adviser of the government is oyer on
the aiert to protect it from Imposition and frSfld..!
How. tliomonoy necessary to, defray all those
expenditures , is .quietly, peacefully, and abun
dflntly poured into '«n oveiflowing treasury} •
the credit of the government preserved upon
the most substantial basis ; and its obligations
promptly, met by its-.own agents. How inci
dentally all the great interests of the country
are protected, within the,true limits of consti
tutional'authority,'by’the operations of the
revenue system; how the country is supplied
with a iarge amount of a pure and reliable cur
rency; how the mariner lias his track through
perilous Seas marked out by day, and beacon
lights of warning kept beaming to shield him
from dinger by.night. How, in short, the great
. duties devolved,upon the General Government
by thc Constitution, are discharged, and the
purpose of'its framers to •“ form a more per
fect Union/ establish justice, insure domestic
tranquility, provide for the common defences
promote, the, general .welfare, and secure the
blessings of liberty!’ to themselves and to their
posterity, is accomplished. 1
y?:- ! 'r.f u"
, In reviewing the 'widely extended sphere of
operations embraced in the practical workings
of the Federal ’Government, we.aro naturally
reminded of the great advantage to the whole
body of the American people,-without special
reference to mere partizan ideas Or views/of
having the, general business Ofthe nation super
vised and directed by an, honest, faithful, dili
gent, experienced and an able President. We
doubt very much whether we have ever had an
Eiccutivo bettcr qualified to bestow such at
tenlioh tq.ithe practical, working, legitimate
.business, pf the' office the)’- the present one,
and every step-of the existing Administration
sp far, lias - marker at once his ability and his
devdtlon to his* duties. , "
rXno&e'r - reflection is, weir worthy of the.
consideration of, the reader., If the Gene
red Government prbperly discharges the. im
portant Junctions assigned to it in express
aiid uriqucstionahle terms by the Constitution,
why should we bo forever seeking to load it
down .with other, business,, and to entrust it
with new powers of doubtful expediency and of
questionable constitutionality. This subject is
Wcll afgued in the late address of the Demo
cratic State Central Committee.. It is nccd
less'ior us ta recapitulate here tiie points so
well made in that, document. The machinery
of . the'Fcdoral Government was established to
perforin Certain purposes of vital Importance
to u.s as a people. ‘ When well administered, it
can, and does perform those purposes ad
reirobiy. / But all attempts to Impose upon It
additional unconstitutional, and therefore un
nitilrnl/labors, are fraught with peril to tbo
Whole' frame-work of our Government, , and
should therefore never deceive the sanction of
those who justly comprehend the nature of
the Union and desire Its perpetuation.
-:,--'/the esßciiMMjcimoN office.
lihasbeen doubted, by porsons ignorant of
the working of the system, whether .Dickens,
ja his f/Xittlp Dorritt,”. fiid‘ hot, exaggerate or
caricature the routine ofthe departmental
offieeB utidor the Executivo in England.' It
has been supposed that his accounts of the
Circumlocution Office were more imaginative
than , real, .that he had soared from fact into
fiction, and merely! indulged ill ari, agreeable
-Jtasantry.;; -Nevertheless :it- .was,- truth-rrso-,
;*iduS -and • lamentable truth—-and, being:' do,
’ofljer n’atldfls odgAt not- to he above taking a
lesson-from the siclre. . ,
;/.One, of the tEoßtjnatter-of-fact, and, ,at the
s&metlme, most witty of modem writers, is
-Mr.' justice Halibceton, who,- as “ Sam
Slick, the Ciookmaker,” has dote more to
, exhibit British North Americu as it is than
.apy other,author,, Holding.n responsible po
sition in the colonial- judiciary, n man of
Itlatk oild note, an author who is responsible
.for, his statements, fir. Haubdrton cer-:
tainly may bo field a® reliable authority on
many;-pointst A ,fow :months ago, he de
livered an Address in Glasgow, (Scotland,)
“On the Present Condition, Besonrces and
PrOSpects of British North' America,” a
main purpose of, which was to vindicate the
claims of the British Colonies -to ,bo repre
sented in-Parliament. Alluding to the lato
war with Eussia.'isfnd the tact that Britain do.
’ direct aid from tier Colonies in .that
-contest, Mr.' Halibuktoh said;
' ■’ “In your turn, yon may wall Bay, < Do you'ttho
■colonist*) pnfc forward your bonfires, your illumiua
..tions.and rejoicing,, at.oor success at .Sebastopol
(tf success if was)" and" yoor legislative grants in
aid er the compassionate fond, as a suitable con
tribution to tho expenses of tho war?’ ,
“It is u reasonable and a rational question to
aslc, and bero is ah answer to it. An offer was
niatU to raise two rogimonts in Canada, and con
dnct' the. Crimea, to bo commanded by
colonial officers. but to bo, like others, under tho
command of too Genoral-in-chiof,' whoever -he
might' : bo. Tue ops-eii was nEiunsap prom
Los Don uxaebwebeu; it had been,addressed to
tjix wrong ojfire. X will not repeat tho indignant
comment made on this conteiuptuom and contempti
ble odnduat; tho,offer was not repeated, and its re
ception is not forgotten.”
j Comment is unnecessary. The charge was
ipade. in ,the .most public manner, in the first
commercial city in Scotland j the Address was
subsequently published, and widely circulated;
tacts .have repeatedly been alluded to in the
Hugiisli journals; and, as yet, no attempt has
been .i»ade to . imppgn its troth. Assuredly,
there U a Circumlocution Office across the At
httitic—iiidelsewhero, perhaps. 1
•On' the other hand, when personal interests
arc to be. advanced, the action'is direct and
immediate,., For example, Lord Panpurk, tho
War Minister, had a nephew named Dowdio
qjHj Wlio was*a lieutenant ill one of the regi
ments on duty in .ithe Crimea. His Lordship,
telegraphing to'the .commander-in-chief (the
lots L.ord Eaosan); oh public business, added
as- a postscript, the significant words: “Bb
i&lißEß Down.” It, is pleasant to record, as
tie issue of this disinterested interference,
that '“powB” wat remembered. Oft account
of his great Military, genius, no doubt, aftd hot
because he was nephew to ihe War Minister,
•Dijwn ; was rapidly advanced to the rank of
Chptaln and major, and now, figures in Queen
‘.yreioaiA/s army list,- as Lieut.-Colonel Dow
'(hjoanr; Here, at least,,there was no circum
locution. To! “ Bomomber Dowh” was assu
redly, the “ Open Sesame” to promotion.
Tile 'heroes who Burost' of immortality
ate tho v MiecoSsful soldier and the courageous
In .statuary gong/ We hold them up as
examples to oSf children. "We gWe them our
applause in life, and our gratitude in death.
But there are.other,heroes not so well remeni
:feerecL We allude to' tfc e true physician, at
On<io the counsellor, the Wend, and the gentle
-man *, often the .adviser in the hour of gloom j
dways our support, after Gonyiu the hour of
perils does lief n o t brave!
Roused, from his sleep night Mid’morning;
trafeliing^ih-all weathers j ‘ compelled to give
io Jil* \J>J ofession j\ called fro m
eburph to the room; ho has no iline
ho caUc^Uhisowh.vß^t this !s notall. Whop
!dea9t*/lde^'oh; ! titd wings of-'the
aiyj . when contagion and pestllence sweep’ the
streets lilte' a battery;of grapo ; and cannier;
;deßtroyef, &nd!.selflshue»s .seeks, safety where
.beneVolence' should ; meet-danger j the good
stands fit dais post, and often dies
tryingtosave others’ lives sacrif
'ficiaihW own. It is not >more than two years
-ago sinfcvthe yettp^TjeYerJdeppptilfited'Nor*-
folh and -Portsmouth/Virginla. . Several t w*
* physidfitis • fmh'Victims tb ; J
sente of duty.- We fear they are already for
gotten. 'While the Victorious captain and suc
cessful statesman are remembered in marble
.owipilfo in save/ Others is lost
sighS'pf—bis Vefy. name; ilias pasSeJ from the
is im-
any mark’save what individual
affection has reared. Of such a iaanan English
poet wrote sixteen years ago: j -
“By earth’s vile dross unbrihed, his generous aid,
Sought the lone shod where fevered wont was laid,
And Xearl '«w thro’ contagion’s fires b© run;
But xchatrejined the lamt consumed the wan.”
In 1834, after a long struggle, the British
Parliament enacted that negro slavery should
cease in the British dominions, and appropria
ted the sum of $100,000,000 to bo expended in
« compensation/” among tho proprietors of es
tates in tho West Indies. Subsequently, tho
Frenoh Government also abolished slavery,
blit without deeming it necessary to draw oil
the public treasury, to rc-imburse tho planters.
The. result is a matter of public notoriety.
The African race, froed from tho necessity of
labor, yielded to their natural pre-disposition
of inaction, wdro content to idle in a state of
cothplelo laziness, and, for tho most part
used as much industry as would procure for
them the more necessities of nature. If they
pld wprk, it was only by fits and starts, and
their ideas of compensation were so extrava
gant, that, after repeated trials, most of the
West India proprietors found themselves un
ablo to meet the expense. Nearly a quarter
of a contury busy lapsed since tho experiment
was commenced.' -Iter a long time past, tho
majority of sugar and coffee plantations in the
British colonics have scarcely been cultivated-.
at all. The Idea was entertained (but soon
abandoned as 'impracticable) of employing
European labor, but the cost was terrific—for
it included the sacrifice of human life. In
warm and tropical climates, It is utterly impos
sible tliat white labor can, bo employed.
The African raeo, and that race only, are
capable of working under the hear of those
regions. The white man speedily sinks under
it. Therefore it is limited to one race alone.
When Mr. Wij.n{A« Gladstone was /Colonial
Secretary of England, ho sanctioned.'the in
troduction of Coolies into West Indies,
thinking that the free-labor, of it, race born in
and adapted lor hot Climates, would be advan
tageous. In point of fluff, this was slavery,
under a new name and phasis. Wo have some
curiosity to know tho proportion, per cent., of
thp Coolie frce-lahdrers who returned to their
native place. Most of them, we suspect, were
‘UBCd up” before the ,term of their “free”
was fended.
Considefablo sensation arose in England,
during tho past month, in consequence of tho
announcement that, in Martinique, as many ns
1200 u free” negroes had been imported from
Africa, to serve, as apprentices, for ten years,
with liberty (fe return homo when the decade
had oxpired-iby that time, in all probability,
tho rifreo” apprentices will have expired also,
for the actual nfecssity, as a matter of pecu
niary interest, (ro say nothing of common hu
manity,) which cgmpels a Southern planter to
avoid overworking the slaves, his property,
will not exist here; The principle will, most
probably; be to get tuq full value of their wages
out of them. As to negroes from Africa going
anywhere, at their own free will and pleasure,
the idea is simply absurd. '-Such things as free
negroes do not exist in Afrtea,, Thoy are the
goods and the chattels of petty n-tfivo chief.-;,
who, at so much ahead—paid dowum/fftsh;
cowries, or goods—would dispose of thoir
own wives and ehiildren, as “free appren
Interrogated, in Parliament, on this question,
Lord Palherston admitted that he had “re
ceived information sometime ago that tho
French had on offer from a firm at Martinique,
to supply them with 1200 free negroes. They
could not ultimately become slaves, but they
must/undergo an apprenticeship, that thoy
.might not degenerate into the slave trado as far
as capital was concerned. Ho had communicated
with the French Government, and hod receiv
ed an assurance that the contract should not
go to tho renewal of tho slave trade, and that
every means should be taken to secure the
humane treatment'of tho laborers.”
Lord Granville, and other mombers ofthe
Cabinet, did not take the matter quite so coolly
as the Premier did. • They protested that if
this should deteriorate into any thing tending,
or seeming to tend, to a revival of the Slave
Trade, 'they would'bo in arms - against' it.
Bravo words!—but ’almost at tho time that,
there wero’bfeing utterod, the sclf-aaiue thing!
was doing, or done, in tiie'lsland of Trinidad,
one of the British colonies. A largo cargo of
African' “free laborers” had been .landed
there—certainly without any opposition from;
' the local Executive—and there was a general
feoling of satisfaction, all over , tho island, at
the prospect of its coflfeo and sugar plantations
being again brought into profitable cultivation. 1
Thus the matter stands. The wedge is in-j
troduccd. The “free laborers,” worked within
an inch of their lives, will probably have cause
to envy tho condition of thoir raco in our
Southern States. -
(Correspondence of The Press.J
• Wasiiwqton, August 2,1857.
, It is a great misfortune that the difficulties
against uniting tho two Oceans by the Tohuuntcpnc
route, result almost entirely from quarrels between
the American claimants of tho right of way. Mr.
Buchanan has been repeatedly, and long ago
committed in favor of this so-called “ Isthmean
crossing.” Ido not know, but I have no doubt,
that if be and Robert' J., Walkor had had the
making of the Treaty .of Guadaloupe Hidalgo, by
which, in 1848, -we mado and bought pooco
from Mexico, tbs right to make a Rail
road over, or to. onta canal through tho Moxi
can isthmus of Tahauntepeo, would have been ac
complished by making the whole territory our own;
And had this been a result of the Mexican war,
what blood shed, and oonfusion, and disgraoo it
hod spared to the Mexio&n peoplo! ■ Tho public
sentiment is in favor, of arouto between the G ulf
of Mexico and the Pacific overland through Mexico.
It is a pity' that tho rivalry between Ifargous
and Sloo, and Hargous and. Falconetto, and
tho difficulties between a hundred little rival
interests, connected with, or subordinate to.
the main contestants, should delay, or it may de
feat this groat desideratum. Great Britain is bo
sot with a deep dread of oar growing progress and
prowess on this continent She is wise too in her
four, for while she may conflno us here, and koop
ub straggling for what belongs to us horo, perpetu
ally paying all tbo little nations to postpono tho
absorption of all other powers on this side tho
great water under’ our flag, she is left to the
mastery of Europe, or to the best share of its man
agement. Let but our flag float over all this
ctmtinont, or at least over that part of it,
which pants for a government of humanity and of
reason; and who knows but tho eagle may plumo
bis wings for a higher and a,brooder flight?—
Henoo the British polioy of taking every possible
advantage of the conflict between rival American
claimants for the right of way across tho Isthmus
of Tehuantepec. While thoy are at issue sho is
safe. Sho can bo for Sloo ono day, and for liar
gous the next; and play her.part through all. It
Is a ehamo that the administration has not yot lmil
afreo, fair chance at this grcatqnestion. Why can
not theso rival corporations or combinations be
brought to a fair compromise ?
I understand that Mr. Giddings, of Ohio, fatuous
for his ultra anti-slavery fccliDgs, is not expected
to take his seat in the next Congress. His health
is quite feoble, .
There is a very bitter feeling of hostility grow
ing up among the American old line whigs of Mary
land, against tho brutal rowdyism of tho Strikers,
who now control the eleotions in that State.
''The beautiful farm of tho late Hon. Andrew
Stevenson, of Virginia, is for sale. - Quite a num
ber of Pennsylvanians have lately moved into
Virginia, and bought plantations, applying to them
tho oarnest Inbor and cultivation which have
made your farmers renownod. It is said that ono
of these men Is after Mr. Stevonson’s property.,
There Is a very strong Union fooling growing up
in South Carolina. The exclusive business of se
cession i* about ovori There is a decided move
ment in faVor of national and conservative notions.
South Carolina'i? like the rest of mankind, and by
after, all the Union, t ~
,By the w&y, and to close: Your paper has set
all the qtdd minus to wondering. .They expected
various things from those over-wise Solomons.
I have heard them talking of. what you would do.
' and'rodte do/ and dared Ho/ do, with an owl-liko
flolemhhlty that would foroe a wrinkle on a doad
darkfcy’afaho. Thismuoh is true, anyhow; you
have the maißjoa with you. Every generous, na
with yoq. I never saw a finer feeling anywhere
tnan' that whloh your first number In Wash
''ingtom .7‘.7. SrtMTAUU!.;
y, Striovs JHsturbanci.-rrOn Sunday after
noon, a very disgraceful, disturbance occurred be
iweenanumber. of- disorderly Characters at the
‘e6Wi6r drSeVefateenth' and'CalUwhilb 'streets, in
tho Fifteenth Ward. Police officer Quinn, of that
District, had his nose broken, and was otherwise
badly hurt. Two or three of the participants were
subsequently arrested, and placed in the look-up,
(Oorrospondenc© of Tbft VfGss/}
Newport, Aug. I.
This is tho dny wlion Custom dcoroca' that tho
Newport season shall opeu; yet, this
year, that we aro still in tho green bud/ Vnd tho
only hope is that the flowering, if postponed, may
bo none tho 1e33 perfeot. Tho oottagea in New
port take so many fashionable people from tho Ho
tels, and these too are so scattered that there is a
want of concentration of theolomehtsactuallyex
istirig forgayoty. A controls wantod whore all
shall meet on common ground; as in tho continental
watering places, whore lifo is so much better uu
dorstood than hore; and unlosa some Luihor of
pleasure arise, with zeal and influence to carry
through a ro-construotiou of tho habits of New
port, it is probable thnt tho Hotels must give way
under the solid influenoo of quiet oomfort in the
cottages. To comfort the Hotels should oppose
pleasure. Tho quostion of what t> pleasure i
must then be gravely considered. Is it in wear
ing dresses too fine for walking ? By doing so the
cliffs are lost as a feature, and to the surprise of
foreigners, not a oreaturo is evor to be met on this
most beautiful walk, oxcopton Sunday afternoons,
when fashion permits its votaries to walk there in
silks and satins and chantilly shawls. The climnto
permits out-door amusements here, and hore only;
yet our flno ladies never leave tho Hotels except
in carriages—each iu her own equipuge, at half
past fivo. It might be Calcutta, but it in not
of Newport as it should be, but Newport as it is,
that lam to toll you. The world is soldom set
right through opinion, and I register mine and
pass on.
Tho beat of tho hotels is'thoßeUevuea.anciently
Potter’s, before there was such a thing aa“ a sea
son ” at Newport, and it retains some traces of its
early origin in its long low-ceilinged drawing-room
and narrow passages* yet, hore fashion has elected
10 rB i s ®iU ,r fi a K) R11( l U is the fullest and gayest of
-houses—tho prettiest woman in the bonse is/Almo.
X , wUh her soft Creole manners and parleur
, mate , set off by crimson lips—then there it quite a
bouquot ofonlylosg pretty faces—Mre. L., Mrs. R.,
Mrs. S., Miss K. f Miss P., Miss 0., —all recognized
belles, waiting for “tho season.” Tho two Air.
Rusaelsafo here, nephows ofthe Duko of Bedford
tho youngest, Odo, attached-os Secretary to Lord
'Napier’s legation ; the elder brother, Arthur, Pri
vate Secretary of Lord John, is clever onough to
; to do no discredit to his Hneago, which colls for so
,muoh. Wo take tho hotels by age, and come na
turally to tho Ooean llouso, that illustration of
fashionable caprice. Withtho best situation, the
best bod-rooms, tbo largest and finest drawing
room and widest piuzzas, it is loft to tho mercies of
the million, not tonderones wo know. No ono will
stay at the Oecnn House, and except a handful of
, persons, ouo knows it is a more mobthoro; Mine.
La Orange is there, but as yet has made no sign ;
sho is resting from tho Danaio fatigues of a shower
of gold. At tho Atlantio tho Boltituore uppor ten
liavo sot up their rest, but this is the quietest of all
tho hotels. Tho Fillmoro, noxt to the Bollevuo,
cJaims to divide its sovereignty, and truly with
somo show of reason when ono looks at tho beautiful
Mrs. M., whoso graceful ologanco reveals her race
—tho stately Mrs. C. and the fast Misses W., are
tho most prominent Fillmorites—always oxcopting
Mrs. P., that immense favorite.
Tho Dutch Minister and the Spanish Secretary
givo a color of diplomacy to the whole. Tho first
liopcaino off last Thursday at tho Fillmore, but
was rather a manifestation of weakness than a
demonstration of strength. Tho weather was
abominable, and although “some days must bo
cold and rainy,” yet few aro philosophical enough
to accept tho proposition and not aot on it. Ac
cordingly tho Cottagers lit their lamps and sat
under their own gas-burners that night, and tho
soiree at tho Fillmoro felt tho awfre coup of tho
shower—it was cheerful, but by no means gay.—
The new dance, “The Laucors,” was brought out
under the auspices of Count F., whom wo have
among us. Tho axis of the sooson is to be Mr.
W’fl feti ckampetrp on tho Augßlt, to
which 2000 people are' bidden. The flutter is
and tho question of bonnets or no bon
nots has been decided in a committco of ten.
Hats for tho married women— coffeur en cJteveux
for tho daneors. King Solomon could hardly have
doflo bettor; these fetes are peculiar to Newport
in this country, and are tho most brilliant enter
tainments given—they require a flno house. The
Ocean is a back ground; a tent 80 feet square to
dance in, and Fortnnatu’s purse to pay for it all,
Tho result is satisfactory. Tho ono small cloud of
uncertainty is the fog. Could this be bought off,
no premium would be too high, but your truo
woman of fashion would mnrch up to tbo cannon’s
mouth for a fete or a ball, and sho cannot bo oxs
pected to shrink from a fog. There jriil not be one
feather the loss for tho ohanco of ila destruction—
there are all sorts of courage, and all are capti
This has been an old-fushioned summer, os to
fogs, hardly docs tho sun show his face when it fa
suddenly veiled by a thick fog; but oven fogs have
their bright side, and while tho Rt. Lawrences of
cities are grilling under a bright sky, we wringpur
hair and rejoice iu a temperature of 70. * *#*
CotTHT ov QuAnTEK Sessioss—Judge Allison.
In the matter of tho Commonwealth vs. Snow, a
New York morchftnt, charged with being a reocirdr
of stolon coods, Mr. Wra. L. Hirst, on
Mr. Sandlord, of tho Now York bar, applied to tho
Court to accopt bail for Mr. Snow, ana offered tor
that pumoso Henry S. Harper, who upon boing
sworn said: I live in Frankfora, in tho Twenty-third
Ward; I own real estate in tho county of PhiUdcl
phiaw orth over $10,000; I own proporty on York
stroot worth $B,OOO, on which there is $3,500 on
oumbranoo; I own property on Russell and Bath
streets worth $7,000, on whioh there is an encum
brance of $2400; I own proporty on Maple street
worth $2,000, on which there issBoo tncumbranco;
I own a lot on Richmond street worth $l5OO, on
which there is $550 cnCumbranoe; I own a lot on
Frankford Road worth $2,000 ovor all enomnbran
ces; I own a lot on Fourth street and Germantown
Road worth $l5OO over all encumbrances; I own
a lot on Cunal and Third street worth $2,000 or
$2,500,* I own a lot In West Phllapelpma, on
Crean streot, 95 feet front by 154 feet deep, worth
$4:,000, with $l2OO encumbrance; I own two
houses iu Sepviva streot, worth $l,OOO each clear ;
I have atocKS worth $25,009 n/t quoted at tho
Board of Brokers
Cross-examined by Mr. Mann —I am a mar
ried man; I have been living in Frankford for
over throo years: lived boforo that in Jenkintown;
sold my place there to Mr. Caleb Cope, for $B,OOO
cush; I purchased the property on York street,
from William E. Johnson; I paid no money for it;
I bought it in trade; Mr. Long3troth drew the
deed; the York stroot property is not yet finished;
I expect to got $BOO a yoar ront for U from so
cioties; tho upper story is built for meetings of
societies; tho Mnplo stroot property I bought
from Dr. Rowan, of Walnut street; I gave him a
bond for $lOOO on the Virginia and Kentucky
Railroad, and a bond for $lOOO in Insurauoe Com
pany stock; I do not know what Insurance Com
pany; I gave him no monoy for it; I think what I
gave was worth $1500; I bought tho Russell and
Bath street property from D. Lukens, of Spring
Garden street; none of my deeds are recorded y hit
I it/tend recording them; I know tho defendant,
Snow, but have no intimate acquaintance with
him; I havo boon offered $l2OO to go his bail in
this oa3o, nrd a bond of indemnity.
. Mr. Mann objected to this bail being neoepted,
on the ground that tho only valuable property
which was sworn to, the deed was dated tho 6th
of January, 1857, and tho timo had expired on tho
6th of July. Thoro was therefore nothing to pre
vent that property from being again convoyed by
tho grantor to whom ho pleased. Tho deed to tho
West Philadelphia property was dated August let,
1857, only Saturday last; tho Canal stroot deed
was of tho same date; tho Russell and Bath stroot
doed, the same date; tho Mnplo stroot deed, the
20th of July, 1857; tho Frankford Road and
Eric Avonuo deed about Juno; and ho did. not
sunposo ho oould, if the defendont forfeited his
bail, collect $2OO out of tho whole of this property.
Ho would therefore usk tho Court under all the
circumstuncos to refuso hail.
Mr. Hirst contcndod that tho bail was ample—
that the defendant boing a stranger was placed
under groat difficulties in procuring any bail at all,
inuoh Icbs such nmrdo bail as had just been ofierod.
JIo said if this bail wnsnotaccoptod, it was equiva
lent to saying no bail would bo taken. '
Judge Allison said that ho did not, in a case of
such general importanco as this, foel satisfied with
tho bail tendered, and ho should, therefore, fool it
his duty to rofuBo tho npidication. Bftil refused.
Habkah Conpns Case.— Tho oaso of James
Mulliu, charged with tho murder of Bohaffor,
iu 1853, was heard ou habeas corpus. Messrs, L.
C. Caspidy nnd J. P. O’Noill, for tlio defendant;
and District Attorney Maim for tho Common
Cathnrino Fieher, sworn—Romombors the oc
currence ; it isover threo years ago; took place in
Phillip street, between Jefferson and Master; it
uns after dark, below a lump; Schaffer was on tho
left hand side going down; I was on tho door-stop
of tho house; I know James Mullin slightly; I
could not swear positively I.sawhim thoro ‘that
night; I onoo did, but I could not swear to it now.
Cross-examined by Mr, Cassidy—Tho man, I
thought, wrb Mullin; hb was about threo or four
doors from me; ho walked across and struck tho
young man Schaffer; I don’t know with what he
struck him; a man named Cox was tried nud ac
quitted of this charge ; I then spoko of Mullin ; I
saw him about eight months ago; ho had been
away; I saw him before on Goriuantown road;
there were threo persons there that night; I took
them to be Mullin, Cox and MoGuoken; have no
doubt of Cox and MeGucken; havo nono ns to
Mullin; at tho time believed it was Mullin.
Maiy Black, sworn.—l saw tho oceurrenee; Jns-
Mullin passed over and struck Schaffer under tbo.
oar; it was with something liko n slung shot that
he struok him; Schoffor wns passing down tho street
at tbo timo; Schaffer died about four weeks after
Cross-examined by Mr. Cft-sidy.—f*clmffer was
•no rolativo of inino; knew him about a yoar be
fore ho was killed; it was a dark, driuling night
that he was killed; I was standing at my mother I **
door, on Philip fitreot, with my sister, Catharine
Block; I saw tho three men across tho stroot; I
had no talk with Mullio; I had a talk with Schdf
for; I saw the three men standing dovrii tlio street
before Schaffer oarae down; it was on Monday
■evening; it was dark botwcon six and seven o’clock.
Re-examined by Mr. Mann.—Tho throo young
men were standing togethor; I was four doors off
from them then; when tho dood was done, Mul
lin pioked up a brick and called mo a bad name.
Catharine Black, sworn—l live in Philip street,
four doors from whore Schaffer was hurt. I was
in the house knitting, and went out and saw Schaf
fer go down tho street; Saw tho three young men,
nhd ono of them stooped down and hit him with
‘something; I saw him fall and holloa murder j I
don’t know who went up to him; I never saw him
after until he was dond; don’t know what the
oause was of his death. No cross-examination.
Saraii McGowen sworn—Lived in Phillip street
in 1868; - saw three fellows running down the street
and ono man hallooing murdor; I heard tho noise
and saw the threo fellows run, and I hallooed
“ Mullin, that's yon.” No cross-examination.
This closed the testimony. Mr. Mann then said
as the indlotment wasfor mutter, it was, of oourst;
a case in whioh no bail could tin taken, but itw° u “J
be well to havo a medical 'testimony as to y?h&
woapon was used to produoo the doatu of this
young wau, as the grade of tbo ulßmoo '™ u ldthw»
bo determined. The case mu continued till to*
morrow morning, for the examination of tho medi
cal witnesses.
Venczuele&n Datle.-Smmi'l’of omoug Indl
mu—Hull Btor*» in Virginia, rtc.
WasuinqTos, Aug. o.—Tho State Department has
been officially advised of the passage of an act by tbo
Veuczuelean Congress, Imposing an additional or subsi
diary contribution of ten per cent, upon duties collected
at the various Custom Houses in tho Republic, from and
after the Ist of July Iwt-
Information has been received of the breaking out of
the small-pox among the Kickapoo, Kansas, Indians.
Might had died. Prompt measures wero taken to arrest
tho progress of this disease, and Physicians employed
to vaccinate each member of the tribe.
On Friday evening, Lewisburg, Va.. and vicinity only,
was visited by a hall storm which, for extent and de
structiveness, was without precedent part of ilia
country. The whole of the vegetable and growing
crops were nearly annihilated. Some of the hail-stoues
mtasured five lncbe» m circumference,
den. Hennlugson left the city to-day for the South.
Judge Mason retired to-day from the office of Com
missioner or Patents. Samuel T. Shugort, present chief
clerk, will act as Commissioner uutil a successor is ap
Arrival of a French Steamer—Health of New
New Orleans, August 3.—The French war steamer
Toonerre, from Vera Cruz, bound to Havana, has ar
rived at the quarantine, having put into tho river in
consequence of the yellow fever breaking out among
her crew.
The deaths in the city during tho last week were 100,
but luclude no fever. Our city is remarkably healthy.
Serloua Accident at Niagara!
Buffalo, August 3.—A piece of rock, about a hun
dred tola weight, fell from a prooipice on Goat Island,
Niagara, yesterday, three hundred feet below the British
Falls. Three persons underneath were badly hurt. Mr-
G. W. Parsons, of Cleveland, it is feared, received fatal
Baltimore Market.
Bai tiuore. August 3.—Sales of Flour to-day, 3000
Lbls. of City Mills at $7. Wheat is firmer at f 1 £sftl 05
for white. Com—Sales of white at 88o91o; yellow at
85®87c. Whiskey quoted at 29ff30#.
Baltimore Primary Elections,
Baltimore, Aug. 3.—Tho Primary Elections for dele
gates to tho American City Convention, are being held
to-night. Two sets of delegates aro being voted for in
many wards, and there is hot work and much disorder.
In the second, fourth, and sixth wards, there has been
much fighting, but nothing of a serious character has
as yet occurred.
Markets by Telegraph.
New, Orleans, Aug. 3.—Sales of Cotton to-day
-1000 bales at 14#col5c for middling. The market
closed firm. White Corn quotes at 80c. Shoulders sell
at Iltfe; Bides atl3#c. Freights on Cotton to Liver
pool #O. Tho remainder of the markets are dull, and
without chaogo in prices.
The Kentucky Election.
LooiBvillb, August 3.—A State election for Congress
men and other officers, was held to-day. In this city the
majorities for Hon. Humphrey Marshall, American, for
Representative to Congress from the Seventh District,
over Thomas 11. Holt, Democrat, and of Thomas D.
Jouea for State Treasurer, over James W. Garrard, De
mocrat, are estimated at about cloven hundred votes.
The election hero was proceeded with quietly.
No returns have been rccoived from the country.
Disturbance at Baltimore—Two Men Shot.
Baltimore, August 3.— Last night, shortly after nine
o’clock, a man named John 8. Berny was deliberately
shot at the corner of Baltimore-and,North streets, by
one of ft party of young men who wero seen lurking at
tho opposite comer.
This is bat one .of Several cases of violence that bare
occurred in this city during the last twenty-four hours.
Early yesterday morning, a man named Connor shot
Lowis Sherman, with whom he had a provlous difficulty
at a drinking house. Both of tho men were seriously
Missouri Election.
Bt. Louis, Aug. 3.—Returns of tbo election of Go
vernor to-day, In Franklin county, show a probable ma
jority of 300 for James 8. Rollins, the American candi
date. In nerman, Gasconade county, Rollins received
02 votes, and R. M. Stewart, the Democratic candidate,
fil votes. In Jefferson City, at 2 q'clock this afternoon,
tho veto stoodßollins, 125; Stewart, 185.
Bt. Louis, August 3, midnight.—ln this city scatter
ing returns have been received. In tho Fifth Ward
Rollins has a majority of 409; In the Eighth Ward n
majority of 206, and in the Ninth .Ward 0. In tho Third
Ward Ptcwart has a majority of 46.
The Expected Steamer.
New York, Aug. 3—Midnight.—No tidings have as yet
been received from St. Johns, N.F., ofthe steamship
Persia. It is presumed she has passed that point with
out having had an opportunity of sending on shore her
news hag for the agent of the Associated Press.
Ship News.
New York, August 3.—Arrived, ship Richard Morse,
fron barque E. Von Beaulieu, from Bremen.
Boston, August 3.—Arrived, barque Gibraltar, from
Genoa; sehr. Gen. Vegie, from Port au Priuce.
[Correspondence of Tho Press.]
New Yobk, Aug. 3,1857
Beta havo been heavily mado as to the speed of
tho Persia t which was to leave Liverpool on the 25th
uit. She would be out over soven days to*day. As
yet, no sign of hor. Tho Ericsson is also duo,
and sailed on the 22d July.
Tho boxlng*match, in Canada, between Bradley
and Ranlcln, has excited tho liveliest interest
boro. There will probably be a second fight.
The Yftoancy among our new Police Commission*
ers was not filled up to-day. There again woro
one hundred and sovonty-one ballots: Nyc,
Bowen and Stranahan, (the “Republicans ”) voting
for Cyrus Ourti3s; Wood and Powell for Daniel
Banks; and Cholwell, amid shouts of laughter,
nominating Eraslus Brooks, of the Expres*, and
sticking to Ilia mnn all day. Election adjourned
until Wednesday.
Connery, the remarkable Coroner of tho Burdell
inquest, (the confidential friend of Thady Brady’s
long-tatted cow,) has been great on the occasion of
the murdered bar-keeper at Neversiuk. Pi rat ho
attempted to sew up his wounded neek; then, though
ho had no jurisdiction in Now Jorsey, bo hold an
inquest,pn tho body of a dying, but not doad mnn;
after that, ho reported tho case in hi?) patron's paper,
with sundry eulogies on his own surgical skill;
lastly, he made a stump speech, at tho *777/ inquest,
setting forth his own merits. Donnelly has been
committed on the verdict of that inquest, and tho
coso look 3 badly for him.
As the California Commission, to examino witness
es, in the Burdell ease, has not been token out, the
mattor will speedily dose before Mr. Bradford,
the Surrogate. Tbero are many wagers on tho re
sult, and heavy odds have been offorod (and taken)
that the marrlngo of Mrs. Cunningham with Dr.
Burdell will bo declared good.
To-day’s Evening Pott is oracular on Stock Ex
change speculation. Its text is that twonty-two
million dollars’ worth of sales woro effected at tho
Ftock Board here in tho last fortnight—that this
would amount to sixhundred millions per annum—
that this is gambling—that professional and
literary inon, and oven editors and clorgymen, in
dulged in thiß gambling—that most of the opera
tions are in fancy stocks, or in stocks that pay no
dividends—and that the man who covets moro
than seven per cent, interest on any thing us a
dreadful being!
Tho mosquitoes horo arc unusually large, active,
and numerous. Some one ought to move tho
Courts for nn injunction against them.
Rf.pbint of British Periodicals. (L. Scott
ip Co-, N. York.)—ln England it costs exactly
$32 a yofcr to purchase tho Edinburgh, Quarterly ,
North British, ami Westminster Reviews, with
Blackwood's Magazine. Adding freight and du
ty, if imported, that cost would amount to $4O in
this country. Thcj’ uro rc-printod in Now York,
and for $lO per unnum—being exactly one*
fourth ojf the English price. And as Mr. Scott re
ceives the proof-sheets of most, if not all, of th •?<'
publications in advance, his cheap edition is circu
lated here, before tho original could arrive from
England. Wu need not discuss tho quality of
these periodical*. The ablest men write in them,
and they make an Enoyclopccdia of Literature.
ilow to do Business. {Fowler 4* lF>/ij,New
York.) A sort of omnium gatherum of miscella
neous information, sprinkled with anecdotes, re
specting various matters conncoted with busino3<-
Ir there bo nothing very new in these pages,
thero is much that will bo useful to young men en
tering the world.
Occident in Coates Street. —Yesterday morn
ing, about eight o’clock, as an Excursion pnrty was
proceeding out Contes street in omuibusses, the
horses in one of tho coaches became frightened at
a passing train on tho Reading Railroad, -and in
their plunging overturned tho omnibus. Several
of the persons in the vehicle were more or less hurt.
Tho vicinity of tho aocldent was in a state of uiuoh
excitement at tho time of its occurrence.
Tht Crockery Men of Baltimore and their
Philadelphia Brethren , —The crookery men of
Baltimore, who woro entertained a few weeks since
by their brethren of this city, havo sent to Phila
delphia a very large daguerreotype picture, ele
gantly framed, and bearing upon its surface excel
lent likenesses of tho eighteen gentlemen who re
presented tho Earthenware Board of Trade of
Baltimore, on thoocoasion of tho recent festivities.
Tho Pxeaidentof the Baltimore Board, in his letter
accompanying tho pioture, says:—“The card of
tlanty will be read in the faces of the persons on
the plate.” Ho trusts that tho picture will be con
spicuously placed, and that the Philadelphia
earthenwaro dealers will now and then look upon
the “counterfeit presentments” of their Baltimoro
brethren, and thus hold them in cheerful remem
brance, as they hold each of their Philadelphia
Jtfr, E. L. Davenport and Miss Fanny Fining
are engaged for the Arch Street Theatre, in this
city, for the ensuing season.
The Prize Fight—A Full and Authentic Ac
count—Bradley Victorious-Rankin'*. Condi
(iow.—Philadelphia, which for tho last two yews
has been, comparatively speaking, fieo from riot,
outrage ami bloodshed, whilst her eUtnr cities of
Now York and Baltimore bavo been the scenes of
tho most terriblo disordors, has, within the lost two
or three days, witnessed a singular upheaving and
excitement. Wo still have rowdies to our midst.
Tho admirable order observed, and tho peace
and quiofc which bavo reigned in our city,
have resulted from tho excellent Police ar
rangements under which wo havo lived. Rowdy
ism has been forced to seek other channels than
street brawls to gratify its savage propensities.
Our leading fancy men have for M>me time past
been all activity, engaged in arranging the pre
liminaries for a grand prize fight between two dis
tinguished bruisers and all the lesser lights in the
science of pugilism have been active and anxious
that tho necessary arrangements should be mado
and properly mado, that they would understand
what they wore when they were made, and
that the particular crowds over which they
presided, should have tho earliest and most
reliublo intelligence on the subject. An ex
citement has resulted, and tho prize-fight,
Bradley and Rankin, thoir physical ability,
and chances of success, have been every where
canvassed and hot upon. It seeuis singular
that such an incident a* this should create so great
and wide-spread an interest. But it must bo con
fessed, that while pugilism is tho delight of tho so
called rowdy, it is that scienoo which appeals to
many of tho sensibilities of the so-called gentle
• man. In Great Britain, it is regarded as a part
of polito education, to bo able to “go in’’at all
times and fight out. aud this fashionable ac
complishment, so popular there, is imitated and
sought after bore, by many of those who are apt to
ory out against the details of these pugilistic en
counters For our own part, we havo a horror of
this beastly business, and trust it may soon come
to an end.
The fight between Bradley and Rankin was for
$l,OOO a side, nnd came off on Saturday at Albino
Island, in Canada, about fourteou utiles from Buf
falo, a favorite resort for such business. Before
leaving this city, Bradley was weighed according
to agreement. His weight was 186 pounds. He
started, iu company with his friends, for Buffalo
at half past threo o’clock, and arrived in that city
at ton o'clock Friday morning. Rankin had been
there for two days previous. On Friday night Mc-
Mullln and Brotherton. the umpires, met nnd
ngrood upon Albino Island as the ground for tho
fight, nnd on Saturday morning they started for
the island—Rankin and his friends in the steamer
Globe, and Bradley and his friend In tho steamer
Sun. Tho formor reaohod the island an hour and
a half in advanco of tho lattor. Both men put up
at the samo house on tho island. Immediately on
reaching the ground, tho stakes were set and tho
ring mado. Before tho outer ring was completed,
Rankin walked forward and threw his cap in and
was followed by Bradley. The rush of the crowd
was so groat that the men had to he removed, in
order to comploto the ring; and after it had been
completed, tho umpires were occupied until ten
minutes after four o’olook ohoosing a referee,
Isaiah Smith, of Buffalo, being at last agreed upon.
At a quarter past four o’clock tho men entered tho
ring amidst loud cheering, and the seconds riased
thoir colors, Bradley’s being a red, whtto and blue
flag, and Rankin’s a light bluo silk flag. Tho men
woro both in good spirits and looked well. Brad
ley had a larger number of friends on the ground
than Rankin, and the bets were two to one In his
favor. There were about 4000 people present, of
which not more than thirty were Philadelphians.
On enteriog, Bradley and Rankin walked up to the
centre of tho ring and shook hands. Bradley took
from his pooket $2OO and offored to bet It against
$lOO on the part of Rankin, that he would win the
fight, but this Rankin refused-
First Round. Timo was called and tho men
carao to tho soratch. After considerable sparring,
Bradley succeeded in planting a blow with his left
hand under Rankin’s left oye, and drawing the
first blood. In stepping back, Rankin slipped aud
Second Round The men both appeared confi
dent. Bradley again succeeded in gettiog in the
first blow, after which ho clinched with Rankin,
and gavo him a sldo butt throw.
Third Round. The men had no sooner toed the
mark, than Bradley lot drive with his left, and
struck Rankin a terrible blow over the right eye,
knocking him flat.
Fourth Round. When time was called, Rankin
came to tho scratch with his right eye completely
clos *d. He showed signs of punishment, and was
knocked down by Bradley, who, up to the 100th
round had it all his own way. Sotno 150 rounds
woro fought, the advantage being all the time on
the side of Bradley. Rankin evinced the most
wonderful endurenco of pluck, and would have
fought to tho death. But his condition was so
dreadful, that tho outsiders insisted on his being
removed from tho ring. For the last few rounds,
he acthally stood up to be knocked down, being too
wank from lo«s of blood to return a blow*, and his
secoud was compelled to ackowlcdge defeat.
Thore were any number of low groggerlea opened
around the ground, nt which the crowd quenched
their thirst and sharpened their appetite for the
brutal exhibition. There was a great deal of
drunkenness and any number of fights, and thoso
who went to see an exciting scone had their wishes
fully gratified. Tho crowd returned to Buffalo
immediately after the fight. Rankin still contin
ues iu that city in a very critical condition. He
received the most of his punishment about tbe
head, and presents a shocking spectacle. His eyes
are completely closed, his noso broken in two
places, his ears nnd lips split, and his whole face
mangled horribly. Wo learn that ho expressed
great sorrow that be did not die in the ring, and
feels more tho disgrace of his defeat than the pun
ishment he rweived.
An Outrage. —On Saturday afternoon,
threo or fonr littlo girls went upon the place of
Mr. Lukens, on tho Tacouy Plank Road, near
Frankford, for tho purpoto of gathering apples.
While thus engaged, some cowardly brute fired a
gun at the children. The small shot with which
it was loaded, toak effect In tho ear and temple of
a daughter of Mr. Hilt’s, inflicting a p .uful
wound. No punishment would be too severe for
the person who would fire a gi*n at a harmless
A Distressing C.-ie.—A family composed of
a raothor with several children, are now suffering
much from want in tho lower purt of the city. —
Tins family have been helped by the Homo Mission
for sovoral weeks, but owing to the continued
fcoblo state of tho mother, we feel that a special
appeal in thoir behalf will not bo out of place.—
It is desirable that situations in stores should be
obtained for two of tbe ehildron, whloh will greatly
: aid iu relieving thoir wants, while aay contribu
tion in their behalf will bo given to the Mission,
by whose agent it will be properly dispensed.—
Wo can vouch for tho character of this family as
being good, nnd in every way worthy of confidence.
Tho office of tho Home Mbrion is in North street
below Sixth.
Providential Escape from Drowning. —Dr.
Joseph R. Coad, President of the Board of Hoalth
of this city, made a very narrow escape from
drowning, at Capo May, on Sunday. He was
bathing with others, but venturing too far out.
was seized by tbe undertow and found bim.-elf
completely powerless. A lino wag almost im
mediately funned by the swimmers, and after a
littlo difficulty ho was rescued Hij escape from
death was a matter of great surprise and gratifica
tion to many who woro witnesses of his perilous
The Municipal Telegraph Its Opera
tion During July.— The following tables, com
piled by us from tho official records, give tho do
ings of the local telegraph for the month just
ended. Tho nuiubor of lost children returned to
thoir parents, tho number of 'messages sent and
received, the number of stray cattle restored
through its agoncy, dc , do., will be found re
corded below--
Number of messages scut, 320; messages re
ceived, 553; total, 743
Lost children restored, 170.
Lost horses restored, 23; do. coirs, 7; total, 30.
Nmnbor of messages sent, 307: messages re
ceived, 517; total, 824.
Lost children lcstorcd, 121.
Lost horses restored, 15; do. cows. 7; total, 22.
Number of messages sent. 327 ; messages received,
414; total, 741.
Lost children restored. 120.
Lost horses restored, 15 ; do, cows, 13, do. sheep,
9; total, 37.
Total number of messages sent, 945
do do. do. received, 1454
Total sent and received, 2399
Lost Boys Returned, Ijost Girls Returned.
South section, 92 87
Northonst section, 78 48
Northwest section, 67 59
Total number of lost children returned, 430
Horses Ret'd y Cowißet'd Sheep Ret'd.
South section 23 7 0
Northeast section 15 < 9
Northwest section 15 13 0
Total 53 27 9
Whole number of horses, cons, and sheep re
stored, 89.
Thero wore 28 fires of greater or less importance
during the month, although thero wero out nino
that wero of sufficient consequence to call for the
ringing of the State House bell Tho bell was
struck for a general alarm on a single occasion;
tho night of tho firo in Prune street, above Fourth.
The aggregate loss by fire during the month was
less than the usual average.
Fire Yesterday Afternoon. —Yesterday after
noon about five o’clock, smoke was discovered issu
ing from tho roof of tho large three story building,
No. 312 North Fourth street, between Vino and
Wood streota, occupied and owned by Mr. James
E. Mitcholl. Tho alarm was communicated from
box No. 51, at tho cornor of Fourth street and
York Avenuo, to tho Central Station, and promptly
therefrom to all the boxes in tho city. The first
floor of the building was used for tho manufacture
of millstones, do. The second story was used os
a hall for meetings and balls Tho third story was
occupied as a school room for obildren, under the
superintendence of fifr. Se&kffcr- The fire origi
nated InVeock-lofUn the Southwestern portion of
the building, and waa caused by a defect iu the
chlmndy which connected with a furnoco ou the
first floor. Tho entire r&of was completely de
stroyed by the fire. The roof of the adjoining
building, on tho north, occupied by Schaeffer A
Koradi, booksellers, was slightly damaged. The
whole loss docs not exceed $2006, and it is fully
covered by insurance.
The Abuse of Omnibuses. —7 he practice of
omnibus proprietors allowing their coaches to be
used for freight purposes has frequently boon de
nounced. The evil complained of is apparently on
the increase, and tho omnibuses on our principal
thoroughfares are daily employed in an irregular
manner to transport furniture, building materials,
baggage, Ac., by those who are too mean to pay
porterage for this purpose. Thisfreight is generally
stowed upon the tops of the coaches, but it is not
unfrequently taken insido to add to the catalogue
of annoyances which seem inseparable from the
omnibus system. There is certainly a chance for
reform in this respect. Who will start it?
The Union School and Children’s Home, —
This institution, located at the southeast corner of
; Twelfth and Fitxwater streets, contains at the
present time one hundred nnd ten inmates The
increase of intemperance among parents, the desti
tution and vagrancy of children, (as a necessary
consequence,) and tho wantof domestics in families,
were the cogent reasons that induced the establish
ment of this institution, where neglected children
are proporly cared for. The “Home” has been in
successful operation nearly eight years.
Board of Guardians of the Poor. —A stated
6emi-monthly meeting oft be Board of Guardians of
the Poor, was held yesterday afternoon, at three
o’clock, at the Office of the Out-Door Agent, North
Seventh street. Mr. James I>. Brown, of the
Eleventh Ward, President of the Board, occupied
the chair.
The Bgent, Mr. H. Hoover, reported the follow
ing census of the Blockley Alms-House, for the
week ending Saturday, August Ist *
Number iu the House,
Same time last year.
Admitted during the last 2 weeks.
Births, .
Bor".d out,
communication was received from Thomas
Greenbank, Assistant City Solicitor, submitting
tho securities of such of tho Visitors of the Poor as
have entered into bonds for the f&ithfol perfor
mance of their duties for the present year, viz:—
The visitors for the First, Second, the Northern
Division of the Third, tho Fifth, Sixth, and Elev
enth Districts. They are a a follows:
Thos. Daly, security for Jacob Layer,lst district.
Michael Porter, security for Robert Porter, 2d
Danl. Rabicam, security for Ed Williams, 3d
A. Brumaker, security for F. D. Langham, sth
Wm. Creighton, security for Jaa. Macklin, 6th
Owen Clark, security for Wm. Duffy, 7th district
A communication was received from. Dr. J. W.
Pugh, stating that tho Oat-door Physician for
that portion of the Twenty-fourth Ward, had gone
to Europe, and that he had engaged to occupy that
position for the remaining quarter. Dr. Pugh re
quested tho Board to make an appropriation of $25
for the payment of a certain order. After a few
remarks from Mr. Garvin, of the Twenty-fourth
Ward, and on his motion, the communication was
ordered to be returned to Dr. Pugh.
A proposal for furnishing 150 barrels of inspected
Flour, of a good quality, at $6.75 per barrel, was
received from Mr. T. O’Conner. On motion, the
contract was awarded to Mr. O’Conner, h« being
the only bidder.
Mr. Charles Murphy, Stewart of the Alms
houso, reported having received for board, sales of
old barrels, boxes’ rags, Ac., the sum of $723.49,
since his last report to tho Board.
The Out-door Agent submitted a report, stating,
that he had received since the last meeting of the
Board, $406.75, of which $320.75 were for bonded,
and $B6 for support coses.
A number of cases, in which husbands have
neglected their wives and offspring, were reported
to the Board by the Visitors of the Poor of the se
veral districts, all of which were referred to the
Solicitor, with power to act.
The Committeo on Children's Asylum reported
several cases of binding children from the Alms
house to suitable persons. The bindings were all
Mr. Server submitted the following report:
The Committee on Farm and Watering to whom
waa referred the resolution of inquiry relative, to
the falling off of supplies of milk, cream and but
ter in 1856, below that of 1855, beg leave to report
that having made a diligent research into the
matter, find in the first place that the immediate
predecessor of the present fanner, having retired
from his post some time before an election could
be had to fill the vooaney, leaving the orejß'to
perish upon the grounds, and the whole arrange-,
merits of the farm in utter confusion; and also,
either not keeping any record of tbe products of
the farm, or else carrying off every Testige of
bocks or papers that would tend to throw any light
upon the subject, leaves the committee entirely in
the dark as to what quantities of milk, cream or
butter was furnished during tbe first half of the
year 1856. Consequently, the entire quantity of
those article? furnished the various departments of
the Institution, (as per report of 1856,) was solely
the product of something less than six months. In
stead of being that of the whole year.
Furthermore, your committee find upon exami
nation, that there was kept upon the farm in 1855,
belonging to tbe Institution, an average of about
forty-two milch cows, while at no time daring the
year 1856, at least, while under the present man
agement, was there a greater number than from
thirty to thirty-two, making an average difference
of teu cows in favor of 1855.
Tho Committee also learn that during the year
1855 large numbers of milch cows, consisting at
times of five, ton, and atone time, as high as twenty
one cows, were upon the promises, sent over by the
Board of Health, and all producing milk. So It
can readily be seen hovr easily sixty to seventy
cows could furnish a greater quantity of milk in
one year than thirty-two cows could in six months.
The Committee take pleasare in bearing testi
mony to tbe able manner in which the farmer has
conducted the affair* of the farm since his manage
ment, nnd feel satisfied, from thepresent condition
of the crops, that it will show, in all its depart
ments, an unprecedented yield for 1857.
Tbe report was accepted, and the Committee dis
charged from the further consideration of the sub
Mr. Hackett, of the Fifteenth Ward, offered the
following resolution:
Resolved , That the steward be requested to fur
nish this Board, at its next stated meeting, with
a printed list of all persons employed in of about
the institution, (the almshouse.) with the amount
of salary, perquisites. Ac., allowed to each, not in
cluding persons drawing their pay by orders on
the treasurer. Adopted.
The following was also offered by Mr. Haekett:
Resolved, That the steward be authorixed to
advertise for proposals to gupply the Philadelphia
Almshouse with beef aod mutton for tho ensuing
year, the contract to be the same in form and man
ner ks the preceding year. Adopted.
The following resolution waa offered by Mr.
That the farmer be instructed to limit
the supplies of butter, milk, and cream furnished
tho officers of the institution, to the quantities
which existed prior to July, 1856, and that no ex
tra allowance be permitted, unless by authority of
tho Board. Adopted.
Mr. Garvin moved that the matter be referred
to a special committeo of five, which motion was
agreed to, und Messrs. Garvin, Taylor, Dunlap,
Heuszey, and Recces were appointed on the com
Mr. Garvin offered a resolution to resoind the
resolution which had been adopted on the 18th of
January, 1857, authorising tho Secretary of the
Board to advertise in certain newspapers for the
reception of sealed proposals for furnishing the
Almshouse with flour. Adopted.
Dr. N. R. Moseley, of the Ninth Ward, offered
n resolution that the rules be suspended for the
purpose of considering tho application of Mr. J.
M. Josephs, of M&uch Chunk.
Dr. Moseley, after a few remarks, offered two
communications, signed by a number of citiiens of
that section of the country, recommending Mr.
Josephs to tho favorable consideration of the
Board. It appears that Josephs is an iusane
colored man, and is unable to obtain proper care
and attention.
Tho resolution of Dr. Moseley was lost by a TOte
of 11 yeas to 7 nays—two-thirds of thaw
not voting in its favor.
Mr. Hartman presented a communication rela
tive to some boilers at tbo Almshou>e. On motion,
the communication wna referred to the Committee
on the House, with power to act.
On motion of Dr. Motley, the salary of Mr.
llill, a nurse in the Lunatic Department of the
Almshouse, was increased $1 P«r month.
On motion of Mr. BkMle, of the Sixth Ward.
tho Board proceeded to the nomination »nd elec
tion of two Awbtont Resident Physurfans for the
Almshouse. ... . „ . ~
Dra. J. Cooper, of New *ork, and Charles Mc-
Laughlin, of Pennsylvania, were nominated and
elected, sixteen members of the Board voting in
their favor.
Bills amounting to $7,274 19 were read, and
warrants for their payment ordered to be drawn.
Tho requisition of the Steward for articles neces
sary for the Almsbou-ta for the ensuing two weeks
was read and granted.
On motion, the Board then adjourned.
The Liquor Law. —This now law has been
iii operation over a year, and two Boards Licences
composed of some of our most respectable eiti*
ions, have endeavored to administer it so as to
give public satisfaction. This has been impossible
under the eiro umstances. A very large number
are in this business, and the board is limited in the
number they arc authorised to grant to some
twelve or thirteen hundred hotels and restaurants,
while the applicants are about three timei that
number. The consequence of thia restriction is
that double thonumber ofpersow are now sell
ins without license, orer those who are
so that it h. theca foand impassible to carps oat
the law, uad rerf few conrictions for its T ‘ ul * o ° n
hare taken place excepting among those who here
violated the Sunday law- Under those eucnnv
stances, would it not bo batter to amend thu
law so as to confer the pririlege on all ciUsens who
aro willing to pay for the license, and, gtre »curt
ty for keeping an orderly house ? 5 a
was passed it met with tho opposition of* ar S*
majority of the members from s.wo
did not bcliere it possible for the authorities toe»-
forco it, a? it would drive ©nt so large a num
person* who were punning this business for *- *v
ing. Tbeir fear* have been fully wMised.
The legislation on the liquor laws of late
has failed to correct the abates in this trams,
and disorderly houses have increased than
diminished since the law? have been changed. Tb*
old law required the applicant to be recommend*!
by twelve citizens of the ward inwhieh he redded,-
and public notice was given of the application In
tbe newtpapeft The Court had the power to re
voke the license in case the house was disorderly,
which was much more likely to abate the evil than
the present law, for it requires first a complaint
before au Alderman, with witnesses; then a bind
ing over to Court, and a bill to be found by the
grand jury, and finally a trial by juiy, of the
result of which there is a great uncertainty. The
publie want sueh laws on this subject as can be
enforced, respected, and cheerfullj obeyed by all
citizens who are in the holiness.
Paper Stars.—Playing Policeman.—Yes
terday. bfore Alderman Euue. Francis Nolan was
charged by Officer Ash with having acted in a
drunken and disorderly manner, at Fairmount. os
Sunday, and endeavoring to incense the acting
policeman by wearing a paper star on his breast,
and making frequent remarks of a Uanrxag and
threatening character. He discovered that bis •
spurt was dearly paid for. inasmuch- as he was sur- •
rounded by stars of tbe first magnitude, and by '
their powers of attraction, eonreyed to the Central
Station, where he was locked up. in default of hail
for his future good tehsrionr.
Serious Affray—Man Snot.- —Camden City,
in the ieinily of Parson k Worlston’s Hotel, was
thrown into a state of great excitement last eve
ning. about 7i o’clock, tbs cause of which waa the
shooting of Charles D. Hineline. by David W
Belisle. We immediately despatched a reporter
to ascertain the particulars, which are substantially
as follows:—A feud of long standing between the
parties has been matured by the publication of
certain articles in some of the Sunday papers of
this city, reflecting personally against Mr. Hi De
line and other prominent politicians of that city.
Last Sunday another article appeared, aud Mr.
Belisle. who sots a s Camden local reporter to the
Daily New r and Sanday press, wai supposed to
be the author. The parties met last evening, in
front of the hotel, and had a few words, etinched,
were separated, after which Belisle drew a re
volver, and fired, the shot taking effect in the
left side, above tbe abdomen, and below the abort
ribs, the ball pacing to the outer skin, making a
painful though not dangerous wound. Belisle
gave himself up to the authorities, and was taken
before Mayor Hamell. and held in the sum of
$5OOO to await a hearing this morning, at Id
Fight at Atlantic City . —By way of va
riety, a little skirmish took place at one of the
Atlantic City hotels yesterday, which at one time
promised to end Txf a serious affray. A small party,
styling themselves the •• Knickerbocker Associa
tion,” of this city, were stopping at the hotel, and
one of the number made a remark, which one of
the waiters took as aa insult, and attacked the
Knickerbocker with a huge carving knife, inflict
ing a severe wound on his shoulder. This led to a
general fight fur a few moments, causing crockery
ware to be dispersed in a hasty and destine tire
Board of Chosen Freeholders. —An sojourned
meeting of this body was held in the County Court
Room, Joseph L. Thackara, Esq., presiding.
Bills were presented by the Committee on ac
counts amounting to $639.28, which were ordered
to be paid.
Jail L'ummutee reported that there had been
secured to the county, for fines and costs imposed
on prisoners, the ram of $396, 93, of which
$l3O had been paif, by the parties.
Committee to build the bridge from Hcrfltewn
to Cross Keys reported the work thereon complete,
and were discharged.
Messrs. Kay and Davis were appointed a com
mittee to build a bridge between Delaware and
Waterford township, near _Alei. Coopers mari
The County Collector was instructed to borrow
for current expenses,. in sums net rxeeedicg $3OOO.
Adjourned to meet on tbe first Monday la De
cember. _____
Franklin and Marshal College. —The Annual
Commencement of this flourishing Institution, lo
cated in the “garden spot” of (Lancaster) Pea*,
sylvania, was celebrated on Wednesday, the 29th
ult. Tbe exercises were Taried, and unusually in
to res ting; a&d the attendance larger than on any
previous occasion.
On Tuesday morning the Biecnial Address btfbr#
the Gcethean and Diagnothiaa Literary Societies
was delivered by our fellow-townsman, Da rid Paul
Brown. Esq, It was a very able and instructive
discourse, embodying much timely and wbcteaosa*
advice to the yonng men about embarking upon
the active duties of life, and delirered is the dis
tinguished author’s usual felicitous and eloquent
In the afternoon the new Halls of the Literary
Societies were dedicated. These are in the Nor
mau-Engliah order of architecture, situated on
either side of the College edifice—the Diagnot&an
towards the north, and the Geetbeaa towards tka
south—and command a beautiful prospect of the
surrounding country, and of “ Wheatland.” ren
dered immortal in the annals of oar country as the
home of the illustrious head of the Board of
Trustees of the College, who has been crowned
with, and is now enjoying the highest honor* in
the gift of the American people! The dedicatory
addresses were delivered—the Iriagnothian by the
Rev Geo B. Russell, A.M., of Pittsburgh, Pa.,
and the Gcethean, by Professor Lewis H. Steiner,
M. D., of Baltimore, Md. Beth were very credit
able productions, abounding in the peculiar form
of thought charaeteriilie of the Institution at
which the speakers received their preliminary
In the evening the address before ike du*tety < of
the Alumni was delivered in Fulton Hall, to a
crowded and Intelligent audience, by Rev. Joseph
Clark, A.H., of Cbcmbersburg, Pa., and was re
garded as an. exceedingly able effort. During the
course of the same evening, there was also a re
union meeting of the Graduate members of the
Gcethean Literary Society, on which occasion, alter
partaking of a sumptuous entertainment provided
in Fulton Hall, there was the usual “feast of reason
and flow of soul.”
On Wednesday the Commencement exervis??
proper took place, and occupied the greater fart
of the morning and afternoon, with an inienai&don
of several hoar* at noon. These consisted «f prayer
by President Gerhart; sixteen orations on different
subjects by the members of the graduating eta?-,
interspersed at- suitable interval* with music by
the Lancaster Band; the conferring of degrees,
and the benediction. The Jive so-called honors,
! conferred by tbs Faculty for excellency in scholar
ship, had been awarded a 3 follows: —Marshall
Oration, “Slavery and Party Principle*,” G. M
Stenger, Louden, Pa. Second Marshall Oration—
“ Legacies of Mind,*’ J. A. Peters, Lancaster, Pa.
Franklin Oration—“ Modern Light Literature.'*
Wm. Seaman, Paradise, Pa. Salutatory—Joshua
if- Wiestting. Harrisburg. Pa., and the Valedic
tory, W. A. Duncan. Caehtown, Pa.
As a general rule the performances evinced much
thought and a high degree of intellectual culture,
creditable both to the Faculty and to the young
orators themselves Although it iauot our object
to criticise these performances, nevertheless, there
murt be the utterance of a regret which was very
generally Ml, that the speakers were allowed to
indulge in expressions and sentiments alike offen
sive to good taste and to patrons of the insti
tutioa, from sections of country represented bot
oa tbo stage and in the auditory. To the F
calty. which was severely conjured in the writei
bearing, it is due, however, to state that th<
had, in the usual “pruning process'* which eve
production is obliged to undergo, stricken oat t
obnoxious language and sentiments. But- it see
“ Young America” did not heed the injunctions
the Faculty, but was determined to be heard if.
its own fashion.
The degree of A. B. was also conferred on the *i
teen members of the graduatingjelass. ami that
A M. i’u course on a number of graduates
three and more years standing.
The honorary degree of D. D, was conferred c
Rev. Benjamin Schneider, A. M . of Aintab, S.
ria; Rev Moses Kieffer. A. M.. President of He
delburg College, Tiffin. Ohio, and on R«r. F. »
Anspach. A. M., of Baltimore, Md.
The “ Society of the Alumni” also held i>
seventeenth annual session, which was numerous
attended. The meet important subject whit
claimed its attention, and is regard to which the
seems to be much earnest teal, was the endowme
of a Professorship to be called the “ Alumni Pi*
feseorship of Rhetoric, and of the English T.y
gnage and Literature.”
The plan adopted by the Society eontemplai
the creating of an accumulating fund of weaiw
by voluntary contributions, tht proeeeds of wblfiF
alone, when completed, to be appropriated to tha
payment of the salary of the incumbent of the
Chair proposed to be established. This food is to
be managed in accordance with a deed of trust, by
three trustees, consisting of James S. Reynolds,
Esq., of Lancaster; Hon. J. W. KQliager, of Le
banon ; and Wml Maybwny, M. P., of Philadel
phia. This plan dsndsheatha best guarantee that'
the object in view will ht - 1 tfnflmfy arrinngC Lit J
and that all contributions will be applied to
and co other purpose.