The press. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1857-1880, August 01, 1857, Image 1

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- .>" 4 .- jiAUtPRESSj
Twtiri <3sots psb Wbsk, payable, to the carriers.
..M&Uedto Subscribers out of the City, at Six Bouses.
P A Ajkoic } Fomi Dollars por Eight Mokths ? Three
XWtLARs roR Six Months, invariably in Advance for the
ordered.';'- :
... ISI.WiEKir FBESB, „
> Mailed to Subscribers out 9? the City, At Three Dol
labbpbb AAROHi -. .
ThA Press willbo gent to Subscribers, by
', \‘ mail, (per annum, in advance.) at «... $2 00
Three Copied, “ “ ' '5 00
Vive Copies, “ ?I 800
.Te'p'CopleS, 1200
Twenty Copley “ « (to ono addj-ess),... 20 00
Copies’or over, “ (to' address «>f each- '•
jrubacriber), each.:..',..; 12°
. Por a Club of Twenty-one or over, we VflU send an the getter-up of the Club.
10* Postmasters are requested to act as Agents for
Tins WbsklV'Pbsbs. i
i (Emilia anb @lass.
' SIVJ3 furnishiiig CHINA and GLASS egtabliah
.ment in. the'United States is the OLD CHINA HALL,
CHESTNUT atrsot, directly opposite the State House,
•families' furnishing* will find it to their interest to in
spect the immense stock of rich decorated French China
joining. Dessert, Tea and Breakfast seta. Also, plain
1 white French by single dozen or In complete sets;
also, ail kinds of useful kitchen .crockery always open,
and properly exhibited. Over 100 different patterns and
-shapes of elegant and plain TOIL,NT SETS; also, Ohinn
and,Glass,,manufactured expressly for Hotels: and
phifiplug orders to auy extent supplied at short notice.
Fhcwnx particularly attended to.
■ ' KERB, China HaU, ,
gauiitjjs -futtbs
• v Moaep,is received. in any sum, laroo or small, and in.
tetfst paldiftora the day of deposit to the day of with
drawal. -i _ J , '
The;>en.every-day, from oo’clock in the
1% imuming till T o’clock in the ;evpniog, and on Monday
irnd'rh«rBdaVeyeningßtiil i l &o’clock. <
" AU fcdhvi, isjjeior srarM) ate paid bank, in gold onde
’ißaoii.rviUioaitdtie©, to any,amount. n -,
j x.HON/ HEN BY li. BENNER. President, l
'ROBERT BBXJTftIDGK, Vice-President
;?-'TV*; J. Esj*jv Secretary. ;• - ,»
.. ~ Irtß*CTOaSt
. H<ta.Henryl*; Benner, , ■ •>th Munns, '
< 'Edward I** Carter, F. Carroll Brewster,
-u Bobett Selfrfdge, * Joseph B; Barry,
.Sazql. K. Aehton, ? Henry I*. Churchman,
• James B. Smith/ - Francis Leo.
.* TMi» Company confines ita business entirclyto the
, receding„ of money on - iotorefit., The-investments,
■atnommngio over -.v {
■ .are,made in conformity with-the provisions, of the
. RENTS, and such first class securities as Will always ln
, Bure perfect security to the depositors, and which can
not'fail to glvepcrmariency and stability, to this Insti-
. ■ .*- ‘ t ' aul-ly' ‘
(VO:: 83. <24i) DOCK :STBEET. FIVE.
NO.. 83 (241) DOCK STREET. —FIVE
IVO. 83 (241) .J)OCK STREET. —FJ^VE
ttlX F&tfNT SAVINGS FUND, Corner of
KJ FIFTH.and WALNUT Streets. Open dtily, from
9 to 3; and bn Tuesday and Friday Evenings, until 8
o'clock. Large or small Sums’ received, and paid with
out hbtlccY.Witb FIVE PER CENT. INTEREST, by
, oheclc or otherwise.' JOHN THOMSON, Preset.
' ' ' - TICE PRE&ID*NtS,
sKC&ftrifer asn tbbasurbb,
■ ' \ ' IRUBTSEB.’
John B. Austin?”' Wm. 0. Ludwig, '
John K. Addicks, . ,D. 0. Levy, ’ ;
. Salomon Alter, ‘ Charles R.Lex, :
M. W. Baldwin, A.M\ikey.' ,
. .William Clark, Israel W. Morris, Jr.,
' Ephraim Clark, Jr., Wm. Neal. } ’ .
.. Charles 8. Carstßirs, , Thos. Ncilson,
. Robert Clark, ' Thomas 8.-Reed, M. D.
lt ’ t AYJiPreibl, Janus Russell,
Charles Dutilh, ,Thos. P. Bparhawkj
■ Wo. B. Foster, ' Oscar Thompson, ,
~ Benjamin Gerhard, . Pete? WiUismson, ?-
John Jordan, Jr., IsjmvcS. Waterman,
Lewis Lewis, Jr., Charles T. Yerkea.-
.auj-aai , . ~ . ‘
insurance Companies. ' !
SURANCE COMPANY, incorporated by the 8 ate
of,Pennsylvania in 1848, am now established la,ttieir
NRW OFFICE, No. 433 CHESTNUT Street, where they
are prepared to make ALL KINDS OF INSURANCE;,
froniiLOSS RY FIRE, on property of evor/'descrlptiori,,
1 1n Town, or Country, including PUBLIC BUILDINGS,-
Also/MERCHANDIZE of aU .kinds | STOCKS, OF
GOODS, Stocks •of “ COUNTRY, STORES, Goods, on
ELRY, FIXTURES. Ac., Ac.,. Ac;, ,& c,, at, moderate
ratesofpreraium, and for any period ofUrne^
This Coinpauy refer to thelrpwit career as anample
guarantee for the PROMPT SETTLEMENT of all their
LOSSES.. There are.»t ibis time uo unsettled claims
against them, * ROBERT P. KING, FresH; '
.. : 11. W s BALDWIN, VicePreh’t..'
F&isois .BLiOKßpasg, ges-y,' . >ul-3m'
NUITIES. , - 5
Office/No. 801, Walnut street, Third.; Open
from P o’clockj.A.i A£., to 3 o'clock, P. M, Capital
' $5OO-000*' . ' . / „ ' ” ‘r
r'T.J^t^.'}pompanr-T»|atiro-^aygs^grsnt- <
Endowments,purchase Interests',,and.piakd, contracts*
In geaerkli that depend upon the <wfltingf»ucies pf life.
They act as Executors, Administrators, aud’Aeslgnees;
also, as Trustees for Minors and Holr»i- ] :..
Twy receive MONEY on' deposit,'and allow interest
from date of deposit until called (or/ AU sums being
repaid pn DEMAND.
’ . CHARLES DUTILH; President.
, fWILLIAM B f HILL, Actuary. '
ninaotOßß. \
William Kirkharo,
tfennf S- Williams,
John fc. Mitchell, M. D.,
I. Pemberton Hutchinson,
Edwin U. I/Ciyis,-
J, HopUnson,
Life insurance and trust ;cqm-
, COMPANY. Southeast Corner of THIRD. and DOOR
; Streets. Capital, *612,725 03. , I
, ' INSURES LIVES for short terms, or for thewholo
term; of life—grants annuities and endowments—pur
i claws life on interests in Reid Estate, and makes all
* wntrsets,depending on the contingencies of Life.
They act as Executors, Administrators, Assignees,
■'-Trustees »nd Guardians.]■
> : Tire Per Cent„lnteres| allowed from date of deposit,
, payable back on demand without jiotfce.
ASSETS OF., TUB COJJPAIfY, January Ist, .1857. ‘
; .Loam- ofs the State of Pennsylvania, Phils- _ \
_ ...asyi
delphla City, Penn’* Bail.'u&d, Camden ' ]
. and Amboy Railroad, and other toana .$179,585 gg
Bonda, Mortgages and Real Estate 117,137 19
v Stock* la Banks, Insurance, flas. and ‘ Bail - ‘
rbad Companies 81,729 98
. Premium JJoteA and Loans on Collaterals 193,692 01
Cash in Bank.- duo from Agents, Inter
est, 38.780 47
Guarantee Capital, Subscription N0te5...... 100'000 oo
-u • $711,226 03
' BA3IUEL Y. STOKES, Vico I’rpfl’t.
Johk W. Hoksob, Seerotary. Bul-ly
BANK BUILDING,’-opposite the Custom House.
MARINE, INSURANCE .on. Vessels. Cargo aud
.»rteit «o»lS p*rts<ift)io World.' I
INLAND INSURANCE oh Goods, by Rivers, Canals.
Railroads!«c.- L , ,
1 " FIRE INSURANCE on Stores, Dwellings' and Mer
chandisegenerally. ■ 1 ; ( 1
r‘- ASSETS OF THE COMPANY, November, T, 1850.
i'f.Bondk, Mortgages, Philadelphia City, and > M
- -otherloans ou
> .Stocks In Ranks, Railroads and Canals l5
’ ’Bills Receivable.l2,9oo 00.
Premiums bn Pdlicios, recently issued, and), l* «»»- 9R
other Debts dud the.Comjiftny;,,’, k < ISj** 4 35
Cash’on hdad.VJ .. 4,781 48
It. E. Atkina,
Joseph C. Grubb,
Maurice A.-Wurtu, •
Tiiora/j? A. Robinson,
Benjamin Orne.
Wm.O. ‘Milligan. .
LINTON, President. ;
John L. Linton,
Geo. Wi Pomeroj,-
. James 0, film, ,
. Theo. 0. Lewis,
’ Peter Maison,
i - ■'* ; 5 JOHN b.
‘ Ifu. B. Parker, Secretary., ,
. /COMMONWEALTH opihe insurance
NIA—Office. .V. W. Corner FOURTH and WALNUT
' Streets, Philadelphia.—Subscribed Capital,! $600,000.
' Paid-up Capital, *200,000. - j
.. ' DAVID. JAYNE, M. D., President.
, , ' THOMAS 8. STEWART, Vice Pres’t.
"X IL TRUST COMPANY.—lncorporated by the I.egis
• ,' lftture of Pennsylvania. Capital *500,000.! Charter
‘ h - erpetuar.' 'Office' in* the Company’s Buildings, 8. B.
v [ <■ Corner of WALNUT and FOURTH Streets,'Pbiladei
f' phis. , f
* Thls'Cpmpany insures lives during the, natural life,
- ■ '■ ’ or terms, at the usual mutual rates of other’
' sound'companies; ’
, Stock rates about Twei*tt per cent, lower than above.
Premiums may be paid quarterly, half yearly or
- ! : yearly. •
Money received un deport daily , by this old-estab
tttihtd lnetltution, returnable in Gold, on demaud, with
five per cent, interest added. ■ ’
Office hour* from 9 A. M. till 5 P. M.. and on Mon*
' Jons O. Sim*, gec’r. ' [aul-lPt] President,
COMPANY.—Charter Perpetual. Granted by
the State of Pennsylvania. Capital, ?500,000. Fire,
Marine, and -Inland Tranflf ortat i oa.
~'\ Aaron 8-ilpplncott, \\ Wise,
Wm, A. Rhodes, Alfred Weeks,
Charles/. Field, James P. Smyth,
Win. B; Thomas, ' . J. Riaaldo Sank,
Wm. Neal, . . . John P. Simons,
WM. A. RHODES, Vice President.
ALFRED WEEKS, Secretary.
i, W. MARTIEN. SurTpyor.
This Company war.organized with ft cash capital, and
the Directora.have determined to adapt the business to
its available resource*—-to observe prudence in conduct
ing its affairs, with, a prompt adjustment of losses.
Office NO. 10 Merchants’ Exchange, Philadelphia.
■ anl-dly ' .
irfiHE, mercantile mutual insit-
Ho. 223 WALNEI Street, opposite the Exchange.- MA
RINE RISKS on Vessels. Cargoes, and Freights. IN
Canals, Boats', and other carriages.
'- • ALL THE .PROFITS divided annually among the As
aartd, and ample ftccttrity In.csae* of low,
<■ - / 1 :4 maewioas. ~,
•- Edward Hfcrris Miles, .. i
4 ' John Mi Qdenbefmar* ,
M&htob 'WUUatttßQ’Jv ■
>S*ftiuol Jv Bharplese,
• - -
Iteorf Pifeaat, ;-;.f ' •
: lid wjrf {}. J*mes, -■ ■
1 r:WHii»xdSi.BpTingM r - •
i -’’ l Waiklfct&Jonas. u-.
Uaolel Haddock, Jr., ••'
•'l'- / fSMIIUm* Tdttorp*
> ,f JMQwMrtrjJhy, -
'■ 1 Kja, 9i Smith, ,
' ' JvAotelo,' /. ,
•> >= “ .s . Samuel !<<.£
"■ ’ - ' • - » kdwabdha:
VOL. I—N 0. 1.
No. 335 CHESTNUT Street. N. 8.-No comiec
tloa with any other house in the City. • aul-3m
from 60 Cents to 100 Dollars, at MAGEE’S GIFT
BOOK STORE, No. 337 CHESTNUT Street, second door
.below Fourth, Philadelphia. • aul-lw
Readj READ l—a new political
ENCYCLOPEDIA, by 31. W. Clusky, of Washington
0t0,3>.-0. '
' This work, a royal octavo, containing 040 pages of
matter, conveniently indexed and handsomely bound, is
now out. No political speaker or editor should bo with
out Jt. arranged in encyclopedia stylo,
it is a book of most convenient reference., It contains,
among other things, the Constitution Articles of Con
federation, the various Party Platforms, the American
Ttitual, the full opinions on the Dred Bcott Case, a his
tory of the various Tariffs, a history of the Congres
sional Legislation on the United States Bank, a com
plete history, with all the votes aectionally classified,
on the Missouri a history of the admission
of the several Btates. a detailed record of the legisla
tion of Congress relative Kansas and Nebraska, the
Kansas Convention Act, Governors SUanon and alk
er’a Inaugural Addresses; in fact, everything apper
taining to the present excitement in Kansas, including
the Reports'or Senators Douglass and Collftmer on Kan
sas affaire during the last Congress, and the Special
Message of President Pierce on the same suhjoct; a his
tory of Party Conventions In the United States; a his
tory of Alien Suffrage; the letters signed by Madison
in defence of the American Party, and that of Governor
Wise against it; the Alien and Beditlon Laws, and tlioir
history: the Compromises of 1860, with the several
votes thereonthe Naturalisation Laws; Extracts
from Speeches of noted Abolitionists and Republicans,
illustrative of the posUiob of their patties, as also
from'the Speeches of Southern men, indicating South
ern sentiment; a history of the subject of the Distri
bution of the; Public Lands, with Mr. Clay’s report
thereon; an extract of Mr. Grundy’s report and Mr.
Faulhner’s letter on the same subject; a history of tho
several railroad grants made by Congress ; Mr. Toombs* -
Lecture on'Slavery; the Virginia and Kcurackjr resolu
tions of 1798 and ’p9; the Ordinances of 1784 and ’B7 ;
Mr. Calhoun’s Fort Hill address; a history vf Deito
site, Bargafrt and Intrigue J and many other things too
numerous to mention. In fact, it Is a single volume
with the matter of every political subject compressed
into it that is now a aubjeut of discussion, or likely to
Price three dollars. Can be had by addressing
Box 110 Poßt Office, Washington; D. C., or
010 Chestnut street, Philadelphia.
The trade, to whom liberal inducements Will be of
fered, will please address the Philadelphia agents.
Persons acting as agents Will he paid liberally for all
subscribers obtained. aul-d3t&w3t
" Commission fflerrljants.
Handy ■&. brenner—commission
MERCHANTS tod Dealers in Foreign and Ame
rican HARDWARE-and CUTLERY, Nos. 33, 25 and 27
North FIFTH Street, - East - side, above Commerce street,
Philadelphia; aul-tf
Alexander v. holmes, wine and
LIQUOR STORE, No. 228, Southeast Corner of
GEORGE and SOUTH Streetß. aul-ly
Daniel- dougherty, attorney
AT LAW. Southeast Corner of EIGHTH and LO
CUST Streets, Philadelphia’. ’ aul-ly
Fall stock of boots and shoes.
KET Street, and Nob. 3 and 5 FRANKLIN PLACE,
have now in store a largo and well-assorted stock of
B ??? y and SHOES, of City and Eastern manufacture,
which they offer for sale ou the boat terms for Cash, or
on the usual credit: ‘
Buyers are Invited to call and examine their stock,
aul-dtf '
N?. 938} THIRD Street, Philadelphia.—Shipping
orders promptly,attended to, aul-tf
-'•>' : r T / @(HS fijCIUVCB. . j
, J%. Manufacturers of GASALLERS, BRACKETS,‘PEN
'DANTS, FITTINGS, and'iU kinds of GAS and LAMP
■Street; Philadelphia. ARCHER, WARNER & CO, No.
376:BROADWAY* New .York. Jtyildings fitted with
Gas Pipcs#and all kinds of altering .and repairing of
Goa Work.' .aul-lm*
AndOHESTNOT Strata, Second nod TMrd Stories.
.LEOIBBES,&e. ~'.
- —O4-d...r'tiinrtndl'd'itmV isr.4-w.ri-- Ginn rwjtup* —
tent hnd attentive 'Teachers,'under tho iwmedUte
supervision of the principal,
* One of the Best I’eumou in tlie Country Ims charge of
.the Writing Department. ,
Please call and see Specimens and get a Catalogue of
Terms; &c. a\u-Im
’ : iHisrdlimcons. !
1 am daily receiving, at myyard, the best qvi&lity or
sad all others who may favor me with their orders, may
rely on getting Coal that will be satisfactory to them.
{D* No inferior Coal kept at this establishment to
offer at LOW PRICES. i
Joseph Swift,
Thomas Diddle, :
William 11. Harti
. Wn. S. Vaux,' ' 7
Wm.lfarmar, ,
J. R. Wucherer. J
LUMBER! LUMBER!!—The subscriber,
who has for several years occupied the premises at
Sloan’s Planing Mill. Kensington, has- removed Vto
COATES STREET WHARF, adjoining tho 'Phoenix
Planing Mill, ok Delaware avenne. whoro he) intends
keeping a large .assortment of Carolina and other floor
ing boatds, stops, ceiling, fencing and
scaffold boards, thorougnly seasoned and well worked.
For sale at the lowest cash prloes. Purchaser* are In
vited to c&U and examine for themselves, and every ef
fort will be made to give satisfaction. Orders received
and supplied at the shortest notice for all kinds and
sizes of Southern yellow Pine, Tlmbor and Scantling,
aul-tf fl* RICHIE.
BALE.—The undivided half, of a NEWSPAPER
aud PRINTING ESTABLISHMENT,' in successful ope
ration, in its third year, located in an excellent section
of Northern Pennsylvania, contiguous to the Canal,
Railroad, and Susquehanna .River. It is in) a'good,
prosperous condition, with a respectable subscript on
and advertising custom, and does all the JOB PRINTING
in that ldcality—it being the only papfer in the beautiful
where it is situated, with a full Hb&fe of the
country patronage. The other partner is a .practical
Printer] a gentleman and a Democrat; hence,j& young
'man, wishing to engage tn the honorable profession, can,
oh tite investment of a very few hundred dollars, dud a
pleasant and profitable situation. ;
Rj** Address 001. L. h. TATE, Bloomsburg, or the
Editor of this Journal, at Philadelphla. <aul-3t
Nineteenth centuryi—the
This is now the great standard reifiody lor diseases of
the Blood , Stomach and Liver. :
If you have a Cancerous or, Scrofulous affection, at >
oncciuse the Imperial Depurative. j
. Tetter.— Aroyou troubled with this obstinate and un-
Eleisant disease? Use tho Imperial Depurative. Try
ut one bottle. • .
’ Have you White Swelling, Hip Disease, or Glandular
Swelling* ? , Ihs Imperial Depurative rrilloffici it cure.
.Try it. t j
¥or Pimples, Blotches andErupticusof the Bkin gene
rally, you have a prompt and certain remedy in the Im
perial Depurative. ■. One. bottle will satisfy you of its 1
efficacy. • ,
$1)3,887 08
Use the Imp trial Depurative, if you wouM. have a
clear, healthful, and beautiful Complexion. ' J
Use the'lmperial Depurative tot a diseased state of
the Liter or Stomach.
For females of a weak and debilitated habit,and shat
tered nerves, the Imperial Depwativt is just what la
required to re-invigArate the frame and restore tho ner
vous sjutertf to a healthy state. ' j
We know the full value of this great remedy, as wo
are using it every day extensive pructitje, and see
its great curative powers manifested in nmneynim ga«i‘«.
The careful preparation, great purify and’sirtngt/i of
tho Imperial, Depurative renders l&rgedos'cg or long
continued use of it uuuecessary. It .acts ‘ directly upon
the diseased part/ and it Is not necessary to wiit months
to discover the benefits to be gained,
If you wish to purify and enrie-h the Blootf, and pre
vent disease, as well aa euro it at .this season of the
year, use one or two bottles of the Imperial Depurative,
and \ro will guarantee its beneficial effects.
* Prepared by Dr.' LOUNBBKRRY & CO., and for sale
at the Vrlneipal'OCfiee, No. 50 North Fifth street, three
doora below Arch, where patients may consult Dr. L.
daily, free of charge, ;
The Imperial Depurative is tho groat remedy of the
nineteenth century. . aul-tf
great Liniment, cures Pains aud Sprains.
great Liniment, cures Wouuds and Bruises.
great Liniment, cures Rheumatism.
great Liniment, cures Neuralgia. '
great Liuimcnt, cures Frosted Limbs. t
great Liniment, cures dwellings. ,
great Liniment, eures Chapped Hands.-
great Liniment, cures Tooth Ache.
great Liniment, cures gore Throat.
grekt Liniment, cures Galls and Bruise*.
great Liniment, cores Bums and Scalds.
great Liniment, cures Lumbago.
great Liniment, cures Croup.
JL£,great Liniment, cures Cramps.
great Liniment, cures Lumps aud Tumors.
great Liniment, is the best Liniment known for
the lloase, and cures him of all outer affections that
' requires an application '6( Strong Liniment..
Thomas T. Butcher,' ‘
• Algernon E, AshbUrUer,
..Alfred Fassitt,
• Thomas 8. Foster,
. OystaVua English,
,J[une*H. gtrpup, ’
’ Alfred Slade,
-iA. G. Cattail,
- ,
•. Samuel mririrtson,
John 0. Keffer, ■
• John*.Steiner*
; .tfeniy Grwnoo, * '
oßrm.jrO’anfer,- ■ ■
,Br/s m'il'eH, Ptjutclent;,,
ISI7 ! C,Vi« President. •
<J*i ; *nl-l7
: groat Liniment. i& for sain by all DrUegista, and
.respectable throughout the United States
ana Canada,' and the advice to all la not to suffer, but to
LINIMENT, . , ' ■ ■ aul-Ot*
• _______ .
tOiiies ,tmi> £iqnors.
Bogte onb Sljocs.
Br emeries.
N. K. corner of Broad and Cherry Sts.
To the Citizens of Pennsylvania It Ims
been usual for tho Stato Committee, repre
senting tho Democratic party of Pennsylvania,
to address the pooptc tho Stato pending
important elections. In conformity with ihis
usage, which may ba regarded as settled and
salutary, wo submit the following address:
The Democratic State Convention, upon the
socond day of March last, and at its re-assem
bling in June, made nominations for the offices
of Governor, Canal Commissioner and Judges
of tho Supreme Court.
For Governor, Gen. Packer, of Lycoming,
was named, alter a spirited contest, and his
nomination was then unanimously and right
fully confirmed. He lias been long well known
throughout tho Stoto; has tilled a number of
responsible and important positions in the
State government, and has established a public
character which strongly recommends him to
the popular confidence. We conceive it to be
a material qualification for this high office,
that the incumbent shall ho well acquainted
witli tho practical workings of the government
—with the course and character of legislation
—the details of business in tile several execu
tive departments—and witli tho public men of
the Commonwealth, who have illled, or may
fill, tho various positions created by tho Con
stitution und laws. The contrast, in this re
spect, between our candidate and tiie candi
dates of the opposition, is too strongly marked
to escape general notico, and it is but needs,
nary to allude to it to show the.vanfagc ground
hold by oiir party in the present canvass. -It
may be asserted that, the Convention have
named the “ right man for tho right place,”
and that their nomination deserves popular
endorsement if regard is had to qualifications
and experience.
It is agreeable to add, that our candidate
has a solid and reputable character in private
life, and that his inestimable quHlities have
endeared him to a largo circle of friends who
can enter upon his support with feelings’ of
enthusiasm as well as with convictions of duty.
We do not desire to draw strongly the con
trast which it is possible to draw between our
candidate and his leading opponent. Judge
WrtHOT has had a career as a public man
which has given him notoriety without inspi
ring confidence. Imperfectly acquainted with
the practical action of tho State government;
without experience either in tho logisjativo or
executive departments \ .with but a limited
knowledge of public men and Stato affairs be
yond liis immediate locality,—he is presented
upon a comparatively remote national issue,
and as the candidate of a bitter sectional
party which received a merited defeat at the
recent Presidential election. It is not be
lieved that his career in Congress exhibited
any high capacity to promote the interests of
tho peoplo of Pennsylvania, and it is certain
that his recent course in tho office ho now
holds, has been calculated to lower tho judicial
character by connecting it witli extreme, and
violent partisan disputes. i
Nimrod Strickland, of Chester county,
was named by tho Convention for Canal Com
missioner. 110 needs no recommendation at
our hands, for his integrity, firmness and ca
pacity are not disputed and are widely recog
nized. It will bo a pleasure for those'who
belong to our partyand for all those who de
sire to consult fitness and merit in bestowing
their suffrages, to give him their cordial sup
By reason of the declination, by Chief Jus
tice Lewis, of the re-nomination tendered him
by the Convention, and the calling of Judge
Black to the post of Attorney General in the
National Administration, tho Convention,'upon
its re-assombling in June, found the duty de
volved upon it of naming two candidates for
tho Supreme Bench. Wh. Strong, of Berks
couuty, a distinguished member of the| bar,
and formerly a member of Congress, and
James Thompson, of Erie, also a former mcm
,bcr pfj Congress, once, a President Judge of
tlie'OommouPleas,An ex-member of the Legis
lature, and a profound and successful lawyer,
-were selected by the -Convention. Their lo
cations arc suitable, giving both to the East
and West representation upon the ticket, and
their learning and integrity, will qualify; thorn
to discharge tho arduous and responsible
.duties of the highest judicial position tinder
our Constitution. .
• Such is the ticket formed by the delegates
.representing the Democratic party, and sup
portor if irrrnmacmnr»BKeain mtr brtntr
character of the ndminutfons. But confidence
and support are also invited upon the general
grounds of policy and principle upon which
our party ctand. Ours is no now, untried,
vindictive, sectional or suspicious organiza
tion. It has hem tried; it is bold and open in
conduct; it is magnanimous, patriotic, and na
tional. Founded more than a half a century
ago by the author of the Declaration of Inde
pendence, it has hod a distinguished history,
has ordinarily given direction to the adminis
tration of public affairs, and planting itself
early, and throughout its whole career, upon
a strict construction of the Constitution, and
a sparing use of the powers of Government,
has preserved our American system from de
generacy and failure.
1 he usefulness of organized parties is somc
tim;s denied and oftener doubted. But in
! vie' v of historical facta it cannot well be ques
tioned that they are incident' to free govern
| meats, and arise of necessity under their ope
| ration. An inquiry, however, into the nature
! of political pirtieß and the causes which pro-
I dace them, «an scarcely be expected to con
l stitutc the subject of a fugitive address. It
will be sufficient forpresent purposes to assert |
I the necessity of our party to check the evil!
and dangerous influences to which our politi- j
cal system is liable, and against which it is im-1
possible that written constitutions can suffi
ciently guard. Doubtless our constitutions j
exhibit the wisdom of thosowho framed them,
and the amendments to which they have been
subjected, have rendered them more complete
and perfect than they wore at first. But a
constitution can only be an outline for the
action of government, (besides providing for
its establishment,) and by constmction it may
bo made to mean almost'anything the political
authorities for the time being may choose. It
is a chart given to direct the vessel of state,
which can have little effect upon the voyage,
unless those in command choose to faithfully
interpret and observe its counsel. A party
organization, therefore, founded upon right
principles of constitutional construction and
powerftilly and constantly influencing oliicial
action, may ho, regard? las necessary. It is,
in short, absolutely quired to give a just and
consistent direction to government, both in
cases dependent upon construction of the con
stitution and in Cases where the constitution is
silent. Besides the instability of political
action in republics is a reproach to which they
have been often subjected, and is the objection
to them which has had greatest weight with
profound and independent thinkers in the old
world and the new- But this instability, which
arises principally from individual ambition,
the selfishness of classes, aud the fluctuations
of opinion, is to a great extent checked and
prevented by the predominance of a party
founded upon clear and sound principles of
public policy, and acting constantly with re
.i *
Now, thp Democratic party is simply the
representative of a school of opinion, and its
creed is given it by those who founded, nnd
have subsequently supported it. The great
men who have spoken and acted for it, and
whose names will remain stamped prominently
upon tho history of the country, have been
men of strong, clear nnd sound views of our
system of government, and of the rules upon
which its administration should proceed. Our
party is the product of their efforts; tho in
strument for accomplishing the ends they pro
posed, and it remains a monument of their sa
gacity, foresight and patriotism.
They held that ovor-action in government
was a great evil—the most diilicnlt to be
guarded against, and therefore the most dan
gerous—and that both within and without the
Constitution powerful guards against it were
required. Provorbial language conveys the
idea in declaring that “ the world is governed
too much,” and that« that government is best
which governs least;" and philosophical rea
soning attains the same result, in concluding,
that government, being tile creature of ne
cessity, is limited by the necessities which
create it, and is not to be extended beyond
them. The Democratic party lias therefore
held, and holds, that Constitutions shall re
ceive a strict construction; that government
shall exorciso no powers not clearly delegated
to it, and that in cases of doubt as to tho polioy
of a particular measuro, the conclusion shall
be against it. In short, that public powor
shall not bo exerted, except whevo a cloav
warrant and manifest utility authorize and jus
tify it.
• Tho powerful (and wo think salutary) ope
ration of this doctrine appears throughout the
history of the National and State govern
ments, and the occasional departures ftoin it
stand as beacons to warn, and not as examples
to follow.
To illustrato our remarks, we will rcfor
briefly to a number of measures of pnblic po
licy heretofore proposed to the General or
State Governments, and upon which divisions
of opinion have existed among public men
and parties. They will afford data for judging
the value of the Democratic doctrino on the
subject of Government powers and policy, of
which we have spoken.
First— A Bank created by the General Go-
vernment, owned in part by it, and intended
for the regulation of the currency, and to ttf
ford facilities to commerce and business. Tins would never more be obliterated from the
measure was resisted, aud nil recent uttoinpts mind; that it would be recurring on every
to re-establish such au institution have been occasion, mid receiving irritations, until it
put down, upon the very grounds above stated, would kindle such mutual and mortal hatred as
Second —lnternal Improvements to bo con- to render separation preferable to eternal dis
structed at the ehurgo of the National Treu- cord.” He says to Joseph C. Caukll, Jauu
sury, to facilitate internal trade, and assist in ary 81,1821: “ How many id* our youths, she
developing the material resources of particular (Harvurd (Joltego) now has learned the lessons
sections. .No clear authority for outlays of of jjnti-Missouri-ism, I know not 5 but a gen
tlils description appearing, and the manifest tlenum lately from Princeton told me he saw
dangers (0 which they lead being apparent, the a list of students at that place, and that more
action of the Federal Government on this sub. than half were Virginians. These will return
ject lias boon rightfully and wisely arrested, home no doubt deeply impressed with the sacred
Third —Excessive dntiea upon imports, to principles of the Holy .dlliuncr of Restriction
the extent of prohibition upon their importa- ists /” And to Gen. Breckinridokliowrites,
tion, or to the production of revenue beyond February 11, 1821: “The line of division
tho legitimate wants of government. TheFe- lately marked out between different portions
deral x>ower of imposing duties being for the of our confederacy, is such as will not soon, I
expressed object of Government support and fear, be obliterated; uml we are now trusting
tho liquidation of public indebtedness, its ex- to those who are against us in position and
ercise for an entirely different object would principle, to fashion to their own form the
seem unwarranted, and would be unjust to in- minds and affections of our youth. If, as has
terests or individuals against whom a diacriiui- been estimated, no send three hundred thou
nntion is thus produced. Therefore it is, that sand dollars a year to the northern seminaries
against such misconception and the opposition for the instruction of onroisn sons, then we
of poweffubintercsts, the doctrine of limited must have five hundred of our sons imbibing
and reasonable duties has been sternly, and, o/miioiia and principles in discord with (hose of
upon the whole, successfully upheld. their own country. This canker is eating on
Fourth —The distribution of moneys lYom itavitals of our existence, and, if not arrested
tlie national treasury among the States, believed at once, will be beyond remedy.”
to he equally unwarranted with the preceding In a letter to Mr. Madison, in reference to
measures, and inevitably tending to the pro- tho Missouri question, he declared that ltufus
duction of speculation and extravagance in tho King (a distinguished federalist) was “ ready to
States, has also been resisted, and except upon risk the Union for any chance of restoring his
asinglo occasion, prevented. party to power, and wriggling himself lo the
Fifth—A bankrupt act, dissolving the rela- head of it.” On another occasion, he declared
tions of debtor and creditor in a manner and to the question to be a mere party trick, “ that
an extonfc unauthorized by Constitution, the leaders of federalism defeated in their
disastrous to private rights, injurious to morals, of obtaining power ' • have changed
and to the encouragement, mainly, of one, «»l iheir tact and thrown out another barrel to the
the least meritorious classes of society—tho a lutle. They are taking advantage of the vir
speculator and spendthrift. haste toons feeling of tho people to effect a division
flltd under tho lasll Of public opinion, tho of parties by a geographical line, expecting that
very authors of such an act in 1842 were coor- this will insure them, upon local principles, the
cod into its repeal. majority they could never obtain on principles
Sixth— Appropriations of public moneys or bf federalism And finally, his letter to
lands to of doubtful constitutionality or General La Fayette, dated November 4,1828,
utility, connected with which, may be men- contains his judgment of tlie. whole movement,
tioned the allowance of claims, insufficiently expressed with his usual directness and vigor,
ci tablished or unjust. The Democratic prin- He says : “ The Hartford Convention, tlie vic
ciplcs strikes as decisively at all projects for torv of Orleans, and the peace of Ghent, pros
availing the treasury, for an individual, a class, trated the name of .federalism. Its votaries
or a section, in the absence of clear right to abandoned it through sluune and mortification,
justify the demand, as it does at other unwar- and now cm themselves republicans. But
runted measures. the name alone is changed, the principles are
Seventh —Tho exercise of jurisdiction by the the same” * * • “On the eclipse of federub
General Government over slavery in tho terri- ism with us, though not its extinction, its
tocies to the exclusion of local decision thereon, leaders got up the Missouri question, under the
Legislation by Congress upon slavery beyond false front of lessening the measure of slavery,
the express requirement as to return of fugi- BUT WITH THE REAL VIEW OF PRO
tivos, is to be doubted, and if regard is had to DUCING A GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISION
high judicial position, expressly denied, as a OF FARTIES, WHICH MIGHT ENSURE
valid exercise of power. And its inoxpedi- THEM TIIE NEXT PRESIDENT. The
cncyjsyet more plainly manifest, in view of people of the North went blindfold into the
the dangerous disputes which such action in- snare, followed their leaders for a while with a !
evitubly produces. Most clearly, therefore, is zeal truly moral and laudable until they became
it to bo deprocated and opposed, upon the sensible that they were injuring instead of aid
general doctrine of* non-action by government i ng the real interests of the slaves! that they
in doubtful eases. had been used merely as tools for elec-
Eighth—Tho oatabhshmeut of corporations, tiosrkriso vuuvohv.h ; AND THAT TRICK
cither excessive as to number or vestedMvith OF HYPOCRISY then tell as quicklv as it
inordinate powers or privileges; and especially had been got up.”
for pursuits or business within the reach of in- This is an admirable description of the Re
dividual means and skill. Under which head, publican parlv of the present day—of the
is to be particularly noted, the chartering of causes which led to it, and tlie objects of its
bunks beyond the business wants of tho com- founders. The picture is drawn bv the hand
inunity, locating them at points without ade-i 0 f a master, and represents the features of the
quate commerce or exchanges to afford Hgiti- subject with fidelity and exactness. Kepub
mato occupation, and failing to impose npoq, licanism, being but a reproduction of Missouri
! them supli guards against abuse and fraud as’ agitation, bears precisely the same deserip
ure demanded by experience. The recent tion, and is obnoxious to precisely the same
resolutions on this subject by our Stato Con- censure. And it is to be remarked, that like
| vention, but indicates the well considered posi- its predecessor—it invokes tlie legislation of
j ** on °f om ' party and its policy for the future* Congress in a ease of runic inexpediency and
] Ninth —The authorizing of municipal sub- doubtful power, and lienee falls within the
senptions to railroiulft and other corporate condemnation of the general principle as to
I bodies to the encouragement of speculation, limited action bv Government, which has been
| corruption and tho, accumulation of public a topic of this address,
debts. The proposition,now before the people But a view of modern Republicanism would
I tor the amendment of the Constitution to pro- be incomplete without some particular notice
vent this in future, is but tlie affirmance ot tlie 0 f the features of its career. Without tracing
principle wc have been considering; for the jf S curly movements in the organization of
1 decision ot a divided Court in favor oflegisla- Abolition societies, the circulation of incen
| tivc power to authorize such subscriptions has . diary matter through the mails, agitation by
not removed all doubts, and has leu tho'pow- petition to Congress, clamorous opposition to
erful objection to the system, upon grounds of the annexation of Texas, and to the prosecn
expediency, untouched and irresistible. tion of flic Mexican war, and the acquisition
• Jenth—l he sale or surrender by Govern- 0 f territory to which it led; it Will be sufficient
merit, in whole or in part, ot any ot its consii- i 0 notice somewhat the IVilmot proviso which
tutioiml powers confided to it by tho people, preceded, and the Kansas dispute which ac-
Tho attempt to do this in tho lato net lor the companied, tho organization of the Republican
sale of the Main Line of the Public Works;. p flr ty in its present form,
an attempt which was denounced by tluvState Tlie Witmot Proviso "was offered in Con-
Convention, and has since been pronounced gross jq 184 K, ns mi nmemlment to a war bill,
unconstitutional, by - tjW- Ooufk „nx>'- was Xbtictly.dcscribwl) «* j> ro i ,on ß’on to
be cited under this noud ami deserved that prohibit slavery ill Mexican Territory to be
reprobation which it has generally received, acquired. It eroded contention which con- —Sumptuary lavs, by which'dress, tinned some four veins. The national hnr
food, drink, equipage,'or other like concern of niony was disturbed anil the public business
use, habit or liLshion, is "joerced. Tho'inter- impeded by it, until it became necessary for
ferenco of lavMn such cases would seem to lo patriotic men, in Congress and out of it, to
unuseful, and is of doubtful authority. unite their utmost efforts to restore peace, and
I welfth Finally, measures directed against Bt ,cim> such Jegisial ion as was absolutely tieccs
a class or sect, und intended to degrade them or Bary )Vn . tho territory in question. The Com
limit their civil privileges, it is affirmed tint promise measures were therefore passed in
neither religious beliot nor birth-place, wll ijffio, and eventually received the general ap
fumisli grounds for ostracism ot u denial of proval of tho people. In iaet, in 18511, both
common right. the great parties of the country endorsed them
Such aro some of the leading measures upon ; n their platforms, and their wisdom anil pro
wlncli political divisions have taken place, aid p,-jety aro not now a subject of general dispute.
? n care^ll J examination it will lie seal The Territory wc acquired from Mexico by
tiiat they can all be resolved into the gcnenl the treaty of peace—the treaty ol‘ Guadeloupe
question whether the powers and action of Jlidaigo—was comprised of nearly the whole
government shall he extensive or limitcl. Ilow included in the State of California and
And if wo should pursue tho subject further, (lie Territories of Utah and New Mexico; and
this view of the fundamental ground of differ- t)ic proviso, if it lmd been adopted, would
cnce between puhluo men and parties would therefore liavo had application solely to them,
be but continued and strengthened. But the Proviso was never adopted, or applied
AVe are left then to cliooso- sides in thu by Congress to cither. California was admitted
struggle between power and liberty—betwocn j a t 0 jj le Union as a State with tlie Constitution
a government that meddles and one that ah- a | lc jormed for herself, without auv decision
stains—between political New Englaridism and by Congress on the subject of slavery within
tho Virginia doctrines of li .18. Neutrality is j ler limits. That was adjusted by herself in
not possible, for almost every public question j lt , r Constitution, and bvlier own act therefore
that arises compels us to achoicobetweeu'eon- sho mt cred tlie Union .'is a free State. In tlie
tending parties, and the schools ol opinion acts for the osganh.ation of Utah and New
winch they respectively represent. Mexico as Territories, there were no provi-
It has been fashionablelor apostates from sions prohibiting or authorising slavery, hut it
our party to claim that they retained their wa j, ex , )rc „ H ] y provided that they should even*
principles unchanged, and even opposing par- tusllr ‘ olue " illta the Union with or without
ties occasionally advance pretensions to tho slavery, as the people of each .should decide,
faith and doctrines of Jefferson. How un- in forming Constitutions preparatory to udmis
founded such pretensions are, whether ad- sion., Seven years have elapsed since these
vnneed by apostate or party, will appear from Territorial acts -Were passed, and no complaint
considering lie measures of public policy they j 8 ;- ( J against them, nor has slavery been
propose and support. If wo find them favor- established in either Territory. It is, tlicre
mg new projects ot doubtlul right orexpe- forc , prot , tli that tho Wilmot Proviso was
diency, contending for extensive jurisdiction wholly unnecessary to tho exclusion of slavery,
for government and scoffing at constitutional and tMt „ ie ag j tatio „ , Vom 18 , 18 to 1850 jo
scruples ns ‘‘abstractions,’ we may bo sure secure Its enactment, was a tiling of arrant
there are no dfsciples ol the philanthropist, foil, as well as of real evil
philosopher anil statesman who founded our fiietc stand (lie facts! Lo longer to he per
party, and who wrote to Edward Livingston as yer! ed or dcni( , d a „ d ttl raJlil) f, t)l0 p ro ‘ viso
ate us 1824 10 endorse the sentiment, ‘‘it wc ngiwtion ln its truo elector. Not adopted,
have a doubt relative to any power, we onght u j, Buen to havo beon unnecessarv. l’roduc
not to exorcise it.” Much more may wedony tivc of fireat j ni „ e ljier to the country in the
their discipleship, if we flml then; measures cor , teution and aliouatlon it caused WU s u
connected with intolerance in religion, pro- mere abstraction, a thing neither practical nor
gcnption of adopted citizens, or aggressions
upon territorial or state rights which is man!- A d i Bpertl to attempt was made last vear to
fcstly a true description, at this moment, of carry , ho p res , doilti ,;, olectioll ul)0 „ a Kansas
the parties opposed to ns agitation, in which tho same class of actor..
The (so called) Republican party makes appearedtluitdidinthoMissouriagitationof
high pretensions andl elm engestlieirexamina- 1820-men “ready to risk the Union for any
‘tion—but there can he little d.fliculty m deter- c , utlce „ of 08tubl f sllin thuir arty , <und wrig J .
mining heir•character and value, and assigning gling themselves to the head of it.” But, a
the party which holds them its true position just judgment was pronounced upon these peo
before the public. Especially will it he a work pic aod their project, in the election of Mr.
of case to explode its pretension to sound JJcciuhax, and they will soon he obliged fo
opinions as held hy former BepuhhcanPresl- 9cte gomo otlwl . upou which to disturb
! h “ and strugglo for the at
menu of tho times in which thev lived. kunment of power. Tiieir attempts
. , , "" , , to keep up excitement without any practical
Tho resistance made about 1820, to the ad- or usethl object in vb-w, hut simply they
mission ol Missouri into the Union, was simi- may thrive upon discord and passion, arc even
lar to tliu recent conduct ol those who nlisde- „ 0 w received by the public "ith a feeling bor
scriho themselves* as Republicans. In both during very nearly upon contempt,
cases the proposition._ was, that Congress Tho American people arc practical anil sa
.scould prohibit slaverj- m territories (or cmiso gacious. Tliey will require some practical
>j'o prohibited) prior to tlicir admission as good to appear in any movement to which
Mates. Ihe argument against was stated l>y they are invited; and when due time has
; Madison, In the AV alsh letters, under all elapsed for reflection, they will try parties and
the high sanctions which Ids abilities and his part. - measure. 1 , by tho standard of principle
position as five lending author of tho Consti- and not of professions,
tntion couid confer upon It. And it is as well T h o Vimov Proviso was utterly extin.
established as any historical fact can be, that gui ,q led i, y iy K i, srau 0 „ the 7th of March,
Mr. Jefferson was opposed to the Missouri 1800, in the demonstration of its inutility, and
agitation throughout,. nnu to prohibitions oi was thcncefortl. delivered over to history as an
slavery by Congressional eoercion as then imposture j and approval of the Kans'as-Nc
| proposed. Ills celebriitcd .etter to John hraska act of 1854, has been growing more
i Holmes, dated _-d April, 1820, furnishes con- ,m d 1u0 ,. e general ns its conformity to sound
elusive proof of this, and confirmation of tlio princijilcs lias been examined and established,
fact will he found m other parts of his pub- T lmt unnecessarv tilings shall not he done, and
| lished correspondence. In bis letter to John that tlie citizens of each political division of
Adams of December 10,1819, ho says. that tlie country shall determine tlicir local iustitu
from the battle of Bunker Hill to tlie treaty tions, are, in fret, pru positions so reasonable
of Fans wc never had so ominous a question; and just, ,|, at it is surprising tlicv should ever j
it even damps tlie joy with which I hear of i lnv ; been questioned.
your high heulth and welcomes me to the want Three years ago tho Democratic parly of I
of it. I thank God, I shall not live to witness this State chose defeat before dishonor. It
B V e * a le . tter - to April 22, stood up for toleration and equal rights, against
1821, he says-“ wliat does the Holy Alliance tho p aBsiolls „„ d ~r ej udiccs of the time, l,c
in and out of Confess intend with us on caus „ constitutional and just principles dc
tho Missouri question ? And this, by tho way, mantled it. And now, with a now antagonist
is lmt tlie name Of the case. it is only the _ the u™,wi C an l.artv—it still stands i» the I
Jons Don or Hiciuiid Rot: of tho ejectment. p ath ol ' duty with its past course vindicated,
The real question, as scon m the States afflicted ttnd witil tUo highest claims to public couti
witli tms unfortunate population, is, are our donee aid favor. While it is not insensible to
slaves to be presented with ft'ccdom and a dag- id(JaB of progress and improvement, and will
B 'O'- He says to Mr. Monhok, March 8,1820, sc-k to apply tlioso that are practical and just,
‘‘The Missouri question is tho most porten- itsdutyas a great conservative organization
t.ous one which over yet threatened our Union. to proser , e t i, e princijilcs of tlie government
In tho gloomiest moment of the Revolutionary and the i,. s titutioiis of tho country from dege
war, I never had any apprehension equal to wmyi wIII „ot be neglected. In brief; if
that which I felt flmm this source. To Mr. trusted, it will be true, and from its adminis-
Shokt, April !8, 1820, he writes: ‘ Altliougli tration of public affairs, tho people will rc-
I had laid down as law to myself never to ccivo, as heretofore, the “peaceable fruits” of
write, talk, or oven think of politics; to know good government and honest rule,
nothing of public affairs-, and had therefore b c . R . BUCK.ALEW, Chairman.
ceased to read newspapers—yet the Missouri Jno. N. Hutchinson, I „ , .
question aroused and filled me with alarm. R. J, 11 viih'.mAn {Secretaries.
Tlie old schism of Federal and Republican ’ * ’ J
threatened nothing because it existed in every
Stato, and united them together by tho fratcr
nUm of party. But the coincidence of a
marked principle, moral and political, with a
geographical line, once conceived, I feared
Coutdock, tho tragedian, is rending Shaks*
pear at St. Paul.
[For TU<» l’rr-uj
Philadelphia was with great propriety
chosen us the National Capitol of this Con
federacy during the most eventful and
critical period of its existence. Here the
Continental Congress met, here the Declara
tion of In<iejK)ndence was signed, here tho
deliberations of tho trying period of tho Revo*
lutionary struggle wore held, and this city,too,
was for a considerable period the seat of
government after the formation of the Federal
Constitution. At present, although it pos
sesses several institutions of a national char
acter where important functions of the Gene
ral Government are discharged, the U. S.
Mint is perhaps the only relic, pioperly speak
ing, of its position us the National Capitol.
There are various other Mints, it is true, in
other portions of tho country, but the> are
branches, and under the general direction, oi
the Director of the Mint located In this city,
which hears to them all tho character of a
parent institution.
The Mint teas established in Philadelphia in
1702, in Seventh street, above Market, in a
building which had been originally erected ts
a dwelling house, but which was enlarged for
Ibint purposes by various additions, not very
sightly or accommodating, at the side and
rear. The officers and clerks were nearly all
in one room, and the vaults were in the cellar,
accessible by an old-fashioned cellar-door.
The motive power of tho coining department
consisted mainly in five horses, four of which
worked the mills, nliile the fifth served a* a
relay, or resort in case of a break-don u.
However, a great deal of creditable work was
turned out during the forty years the old house
was dignified as the "United States Mint.”
Early in 1815 there was a conflagration,
which nearly destroyed the interior works,
and arrested the operations. It was owing to
this fact, and to the want of copper pianchets
occasioned by the war with England, (which
were in those days imported thence,) tlut the
cent of 1815 is now so great a rarity. If any
were coined, they were too few to be re
corded. With the refitting of the establish
ment, a steam engine was introduced; and
from that date there were no bills for "oats,
hay,” &c., articles which had previously
formed a conspicuous item in tho mint sup
In 182 b, on the fourth of July, (famous as a
cold and stormy day) the corner-stone of the
marble edifice in Chesnut street, near Broad,
was laid; and in the summer of 1833, it was
ready to be occupied. Although it lias now
the same exterior, it has been since so tho
roughly changed and improved, as to be scarce
ly the same building; and for compactness and
adaptation, is at least equal, and probably su
perior, to any mint establishment in the world.
Within tho last few’ years large expenditures
have been made to render the building as per
fectly fire-proof* as possible.
In 1837 the hand-presses for coinage begun
to he dispensed with, and steam-presses were
introduced, after the patterns used in France
and Germany* They are preferable to the kind
used in the British mint, lor the latter are very
complicated, and make a noise like incessant
claps ol thunder. AH real improvements, in
every department, arc constantly sought after
and adopted; so that the entire institution is
now in tho most advanced shite of the art of
When the Mint was first established in Phila
delphia it excited the liveliest interest in the
founders of the Republic, who clearly recog
nized, amid their other important duties, the
great necessity of u national system of comage.
Washington was a frequent visitor of it, and
took a deep interest in all its early operations.
He frequently alluded to it in his messages to
To Jefferson, however, we are principally
indebted for tho simple and convenient coinage
of the country. The currency of tho different
colonies, anterior to the revolution, was of
a very varied and incongruous character; Se
veral of the different colonies had established
Mints, and thcro were various coinages by indi
viduals, without any reference to the harmony
of tho different issues, or tho intrinsic value of
tho coins issued. Foreign coins, particularly
Of British wmt Spanish origin, farmed a Princi
pal portion of tho currency. After the con
clusion of peace, Congress directed the Fi
nancier of tho Confederation, Koukkt Morris,
to lay before them his views upon the establish
ment of a nationul system of currency. He
proposed a table of this sort:
Teu units to bo equal to one penny.
Ten pence one bill.
Ten bills one dollar, (about two-thirds of the
Spanish dollar.)
Ten dollars one crown.
This system, however, was not received with
much favor, and in 1784 Mr. Jefferson mado
a report upon the subject, in which he proposed
making the Spanish dollar, which was already
familiar to the American people, the basis of
tho new currency, and to strike tour coins,
A golden piece of the value of ten dollars,
A dollar in silver.
A tenth of a dollar, also in silver.
A hundredth of a dollar, in copper.
In 1785, Mr. Jefferson's report w as adopted
by Congress, and in 1780 legal provision was
made for a coinage upon Unit basis. These
proceedings, however, occurred during the
Confederation, and the respective States still
preserved the right of comage, though sub
ject to the direction of Congress. The Con
stitution, adopted in 1787, vested the right of
coinage solely in the General Government.
In 1790, Mr. Jefferson, then Secretary of
State, submitted a report on moneys, weights
and measures, and earnestly urged the com
mencement of coinage by the General Go
vernment. In 1792, a code of laws was
adopted for the establishment and regulation
of the Mint, providing for a Gold Eagle of $lO,
and a half and quarter eagle; a silver dollar,
and a half, quarter, tenth or dime, and twen
tieth or half dime; and tho copper cent and
half cent. The weight and fineness fixed for
these respective coins remained unchanged
except by slight amendments, for a period of
forty years, or until 1834, when an act was
passed changing tho weight and fineness of the
gold coins and tho relativo value of gold and
silver. Tho coinage of gold dollars was com.
me need in 1849; of double eagles, in 1850;
of three dollar pieces, in 1854; of three cent
pieces, in 1851; and the first issues <>f tho
new rent, composed of nickel and copper,
wertMimde in May last.
A deposit of gold bullion having been regu
larly l-eeehed by the Treasurer of the Mint,
is removed to the deposit melting room in
locked pans, (a duplicate key of which is in
the possession of the foreman of the depart
ment,) where it undergoes the necessary melt
ing, preparatory to the assay pioccss. The
object of melting is two-fold first, to sepa
rate from tho metal all the earthy matter; and
second. to obtain a homogeneous nuss from
any part of which a small chip can be cut for
an assay piece. To accomplish this end the
bullion is mixed with borax, which at a high
heat forms a chemical combination with die
earthy impurities, and this, in the form of a vi
treous compound, is readily separated, being
lighter than the fused metal. The latter is
now east into convenient moulds and carefully
numbered, and reserved until the report of the
Assurer enables the Treasurer to determine its
exact value.
The gold assay slips, properly marked and
numbered to prevent any possibility of inter
change, pass to the Atmyer's department, and
are each separately assayed. This process is
one of the most carefully conducted of chemi
cal analysis. The first part of it is tho weigh
ing of the assay slips on a beam of great sen
sibility, the weightsused being ademi-grauuue
and its decimal divisions to one ten-thousandth
part of the unit. After the slip is w oighed, it is
enclosed with the proper proportion of pure
silver, in a small piece of lead pressed in a
bullet form, and then ready for the labora
tory process. This consists first, in the cupel
lation or separation of the oxydable metals,
which is conducted in a small furnace brought
to a proper heat, and in small cups, called cu
pels, prepared from calcined bones, in which the
leaden ball with its contents is placed, and by
which the base metals in a state of oxydntion
and fluidity, are absorbed. Lead posesses the
property of oxidizing and vitrifying under the
action of heat, and at tho same time promoting
the oxidation of all other lmso metals.
IVlien the cupellation is finished, the disc or
button, being pure gold and silver, ia detached
from tho cupel, and by a series of manipula
tions, is rolled into a thin slip in order to give
surface for tho action of nitric acid, to which
it is next subjected to separate the gold from
tho silver. The slip thus rolled out is placed
in a glass mattrass or bottle, containing the
necessary quantity of acid, to which heat is
applied ,by a gas apparatus. The acid dis
solves all tho silver, leaving the gold pure in
the form of a spong) brittle mass, widen is re
turned to the balance, where the loss is ascer
tained, and the prcciseproportion of pure gold
accurately determined. This is reported to the
Treasurer, and is the basis for calculating the
value of the deposit represented by the assay
The assay of silver may ho conducted by the
cupellation process, hut to more delicately de
termined by the humid assay, which is baud
on the well known property of a solution ot
common salt precipitating the silver lrom its
solution in the f»nu of the chloride, the ulti
mate particle* being thrown down by a pre
pared decimal solution, uml the tineuos deter
mined by a table corresponding to the uutuber
of charges used in precipitating the chloride.
The bullion having been thus assayed, is
then delivered to the meltcr and rctiuer, to be
refined, and made of the legal standard lor
Native gold being more or less alloyed with
silver and the latter .notal being almost unne
cessary iu gold coin, it is customary to free
the gold lVom the greater part of it. This
operation is termed refining. Culitorniu gold
contains on an average 11 per cent, silver—
the covering power, however, of gold is such,
that uitric acid, u reidy solvent of silver, will
only remove the smallest fraction of it. One
pound of the gold is therefore melted up with
two pounds of pure silver, which being tho
roughly mixed, H ladled out into cold water,
whereby the mixed metal is divided into small
pieces, termed granulations. Each particle of
gold is thus surrounded by two particles of
silver, ami in this shape presents a largo
amount of surface, so that when heated in
porcelain jars with nitric acid, all the silver,
except about on© petvnfc,, is dissolved out oi
tlie gold. The nitric .icid, holding the silver in
solution, is then drawn off from the pots by a
large gold syphon, and passed into a large vat,
partly filled with a strong solution of common
salt, when the silver falls down as a white
powder, called chloride of silver, insoluble i~
water. It Is next run ou filters, which l*dd
the chloride, and let the liquid pass through.
The chloride, alter being washed for inauy
hours by hot water until perfectly clean, is
thrown into leaden lined vats together with
granulated metallic zi:*c, where a violent ac
tion takes place, the me forcibly seizing the
chlorine, and making a solution of chloride ot
zinc, while metallic silver is left in the form
of a gray powder, w iich alter being washed
and filtered, is pressed into large cakes bv a
hydraulic press, dried by fire, ami is again
used to refine more gold.
The pure gold transferred from the bottom
of the porcelain pots to a filter, is thoroughly
washed from every trace of nitrate of silver,
and from its state of fine division, lias no me
tallic appearance, but closely resembles maho
gany sawdust. It is then pressed, dried,
melted with a sufficient amount of copper to
bring it to the legal standard, and cast into
ingots or bars, suitable tor the manufacture ot
The ingots are then passed to the coining
department, where they are annealed or heated
to redness, to soften them for rolling. They
are then rolled out ic the “Rolling Presses,”
in long and thin slips, in which form riiev are
carried to the drawing bench, where 'they
are drawn through piates of the hardest steel,
accurately set to reduce the strips to their pro
pet thickness. In the next place, they arc
passed through the cutting process, and
planchets or blancs of the proper size are
cut. This operation is carried on with great
rapidity, one hundred and sixty plauchets
being cut out, on an average, per minute. The
clippings (us the strips alter being thus cut
are called,) are then folded up and sent back
to the nudter and refiner tube again melted up
and made into ingots. The plauchets are then
accurately adjusted and passed through the
milling machine. The latter operation i.x done
to raise the edges of the plauchets, to afford
protection to the surface of the coin.
The plauchets, after being thoroughly
cleaned, are ready for stamping. The coining
presses arc moved by steam-power; each
press receives the plauchets in a tube from
the hand of a workman, and itself slides them,
one by one, to a point exactly between the
coining dies. There each piece is powerfully
impressed and instantly carried away a perfect
com, to be followed as instantly by another.
The coins are then counted, weighed and
packed, and delivered'to the Treasurer of the
Mint. ~
One of the greatest curiosities of the Mint
is the collection of ancient and modern coins,
ores, and national medals, which, for this
country, is quite large. In itself, it will well
repay a visit. The suite of apartments appro
priated to this purpose is in the second story,
and measures sixteen feet wide by fifty-four feet
long. The ancient coins are quite numerous—
the immense number of coins issued by the
Romans, particularly, having rendered it com
paratively easy, even at the present day; lo
obtain many varieties. Thercf'are also ancient
Grecian and Jewish coins. Some of these
bear a date anterior to the Christian era, and
serve as active memorials to re-awaktin our
recollections of ancient history. So, also,
there are numerous coins of modern times—
the coins of the various Americuu Colonies
previous to the Revolution, and also the coins
of existing European nations. Several speci
mens of the famous penny, with the head ot
Washington stamped upon them, are in the
collection. This stylo of currency was fortu
nately condemned at the time, as well by
Washington himself as by the general senti
ment of Congress and of the uarion. The
Republics of Greece and Romo originally set
the precedent of excluding from the national
currency the heads of their rulers, and our
own country widely followed it. The displav
of half-idiotic heads upon the coins of monar
ch iai couutrios is a ridiculous method of ad
ministering to the vanity of kings, aud a cus
tom which may well be classed as one of those
“ more honored in the breach than in the
The new cent coin, authorized at the last
session of Congress, is in great demand
throughout the country. No operation of the
government so universally affects all classes,
as the coinage of money. There are none so
poor, and alter the first year or two of infancy
are passed, none so young, as not to he occa
sionally in the receipt of some metallic cur
rency. The superiority of tho new cent over
the old, in point of convenience, and the fact
that it is exchanged at par lor old Spanish
coin, create an eager desiro lor it. As the
copper coinage of the United States, to the
close of 1800, amounted to 155,955,288 cents,
a considerable portion of which still remains
in circulation, it will be some time yet before
their place can be entirely mpplied’with new
cents. Three million of tho new cents (or
$30,000 worth) were coined before the first
delivery on the Ist of June last. Since then,
they have been coined at about the rate ol
100,000 per day. ’IVo lear» that uncancelled
certificates for old silxrf’fpayable in new cents,
to the amount of about $40,000, still remain
unredeemed. At present, certificates payable
in new cents are not granted for the old Span
ish coins, ami probably will not be until a
huger portion of the old ones are redeemed;
but such certificates are still granted for old
The increase iu the coinage of the country
has fully Kept pace with, if, indeed, it has not
exceeded its extraordinary progress in all
other respects. The total value of the coinage
of the United States, for the first twenty-four
years after the establishment of the Mint, from
1793 to 1817, was but $14,198,593,03, while
coinage of 1856, alone, amounted to
$64,567»142 30-100. The total amount of tho
coinage of the United States, to the close of
1856, is as follows:
. j Commencement \- . „ .
Mint 1 0 f Entm* Coinage.
Philadelphia 1793 $391,730,571 86
FwncUco 18.74 59.309,-473 93
NVw Orleans JeJB 59,423,415 00
CMotte 1«33 4,384.694 00
D.ihhwjra 1838 5,792,841 00
Office, (N Y) 1854 . 42,732,712 33
' $563,433,705,12
The operations of the Mint of the United
United States at Philadelphia, during the year
1856, were as follows :
Denomination, t
DouMr* eagle*.
Half cables....
Thr« «* dollars.,
quarter eagles.
Fine Lars
Total gold
C 3 500
Half dofiarq .
Quarter dollars ...
Half Dimes
Three cent piece*
Fine Liar 5.........
Total silver.
Half cents,
Total copper
Total g01d.,..
Total silver
Total copper.
Total coinage.
The first director of the Mint, was the cele
bra'nd American Astronomer, David Bittsi»-
hi -k. HO was appointed in 1793. He re
si ,eed in whoa ChaScbmp* DsSaiis-
for ‘*Tss Paxas’’
ini<iJ the ru!
brer/ urnd atcoapome-i fcj
Quaiiof the writer. In order to issa;* corrector
the typography, bat cat lids of a sheet ahaalAfo
written upon \
\7 e shall ba great!/ obliged to geaUeaiea la P«aajyl. N
vauia aui other xstaie* for coutr.l/utK&i gJ'iig the car.
rent of the day ta the.r particular local;:***, the
of the surrvaD-lisg country. the iatreas* ci
papulation, aad anj information that will t< interesting
to reader.
ntsL uaa appointed. He resigned in 1796,
"hen Elias iJranNor appointed. He
resigned in lSlfo, and noa succeeded by Hobzst
Patterson, who held the office* until bla
death, in 1627, when 6amial Mgoke was ap
pointed. He resigned in l&d7, and was suc
ceeded by K. M. who resigned is
Ifcol, and was succeeded by George Eck
ert, who resigned in and was succeeded
by Thomas M. Fattit. He died shortly after
receiving the appointment, and was SUCCced&d
by the present incumbent, Jamas Boss Sxqw
The p;esent Treasurer of the Mint is
Si i ih,i.os. The other principal officers ire,
Chki Coiner, George K. Cuons; Assayttr,
J.vcou K. Eik/ali/t; Melter and Refiner, Jaj.
C. Booth; Engraver, J. B. Loxcacrs.
The present number of employees about the
Mint building, as clerks, workmen, is
about ninety males, ami about thirty-five
The Mint is open to visitors, who are shown
through the building by conductors, from 9 to
12 o’clock. Quite a large number of persons
visit it daily.
[For Tire pmtt.]
The writer of this has taken no part in the ear
lier controversies in regard to the location of the
United Slates Courts, Post-office, do., nor hi the
recent movement towards changing the location of
the Post-office from the place designated bythe
late actioaof the General Government—the Penn
sylvania Bank building— to the present Cusuia
bou»«* though I believe that «uch a change is de
/ifc&i by a.large majority of the cituens m Pm.a
delphiu, and woalu be for the g«.n«.r;*l toufi;
Should this question be considered an vz#u une. I
woald make the following two -scggciiious. in rota
tion to the location or erection tv; only of the
Post-office, but uf the other public builaings re
quired in this city, vix' Cuikd States Court
house, Assistant Treasurer* Office, Ac . for xhe
consideration of the Government, aud of tne
citizens of Philadelphia who feel a general, not
selfirh interest, on the subject.
First—lt is proposed to locate the Post-office at
the present Custom-house, which cau bo done with
out any alteration of the present building or in
terfering with its use as a Custom-house, by the
erection of one story wings, with flat iron or stone
root, on the cad and west spaces of the lot, and on
the Library stroet front, with covered passages
through from Chestnut to Library street—on The
ouo side for the receipt and delivery of mails by
wagons, and on the other side for the receipt and
delivery of letters, Ac., by individuals. Or if. as
is asserted, the whole operations of the office
should be under the oye of the chief officers, from
the same point and at the same time, oue of these
operations could be carried on in the Library
street front of the building. This arrangement
would give us one of the most convenient Pust
offices in the world; and as it would be lighted
from above, ard have free air all through a, it
would be the best lighted and ventilated. Instead
of marring, as some have supposed, the beauty or
architectural symmetry of me present building,
we are assured that Major BoWJU.v, of the United
States Topographical Engineers, and architect of
the Treasury Department, who examined the sub
ject fully, has expressed his opinion, that it would
be a great improvement to the appearance of tba
building, adding to its beauty, and being more
conformable to the original design. This improve
ment could be effected in two or three months, and
would not cost over fifty thousand dollars. This
arrangement would also allow of the location m
the present building, iu which there is abundance
of room, of the Assistant Treasurer's office, when
that office shall be separated from the Treasurer
of the United States Mint, as it uo doubt will be
before long. Should this be doae. the principal
collections of the General Government, (Irom Cus
toms and the Post-office) and its payments, would
be made in tne fame place, thus adding to the
safety of the and to the convenience of all
transacting business vith these offices
Second— lnstead of retaining the Custom-boas*
where it K as suggested abore. it is proposed that
tho Uovetnmont buy from the city tbo Dock street
Tobacco \V are house, and remove to it the Custom
house and Appraisers' offices and stores, and all
the officers connected with tbeeollection of revenue
from customs. This would be a great accommoda
tion to importers, and would greatly facilitate the
1 transactions of business, 03 well as *ive thousands
of dollars to tho Government in various ways. To
purchase this building and fit it up iu a proper
manner, would not require over two hundred
thousand dollars—the interest of which sum is now
paid for tho rant of the Appraisers' offices and
stores alone. This building, besides affording full
accommodation for all thepurpososspecified, would
give ample room for all the general order* or un
claimed goods, and the connection of this branch
with the Appraisers’ office would be a great saving
to the merchants, as well as a source of revenue to
Should tbo Custom House be thus removed, thd
U. S. Court, with all its officers. Marshal, Ac.,
. could be transferred to the present Custom House
without any considerable alteration or expense.
Tho main room of the building is admirably calcu
; la tod for a court room, aud entirely free from any
disturbance from street noisos; and connected with
it on the Chestnut street front are a number of
rooms well suited for its clerks, juries, documents,
Ac , as well as for the Marshal and his officers,
leaving the rooms ou Library street for the u»e of
the Assistant Treasurer, should one be appointed,
and for the Postmaster’s private office, Ac.
Tho first location of the offices proposed would
supply the port with a Custom House and the city
witn a Post Offiee where it seems to be moat wanted,
at an expenditure of only fifty thousand dollars,
but would leave the government to build a court
house and offices elsewhere, and to continue to pay
nine thousand dollars a yeur rent for the Apprais
ers’ offices and Mores; while the second proposition
at an expenditure of iwo hundred aud fifty thou-,
.?and dollars, would provide ample accommoda
tions. in suitable locations, for the Custom House
and all its appendages, the Post Office, the Court
and officers, und tho Assistant Treasurer, if ouo
should be appointed, at tho cost of u little over
half ot tho sum appropriated for a Post Offiee alono.
Under either of theso arrangements the Peun*
sylvania Back building would not be required;
aud if sold for tho sum paid for it by the govern
ment, the proceeds would be ample to furnish the
United States with all the offices it needs in this
The death of Commodore John T. Neutun,
(from an apoplectic attack, at Washington.) has
caused much regret, publicly and privately, lie
had a public funeral on Thursday. He was 05
years old, and entered the navy 43 years ago.
Colonel F. B. Ogden died on the -4th of
Ju’y. at Bristol, in .England, in his 74th year.
From 1829 to IS4O he was United States Consul at
Liverpool, and was thence transferred to Bristol,
lie wai one of the pioneers of steam navigation,
and was a member of the Order of the Cincinnati,
which he inherited from his father, Gen. Matthias
Ogden, and which descends to his only son and
Prince Napoleon (cousin to tho Emperor,)
visited tho U. S frigate iWagara, at Liverpool,
on July 17tb> end entertained Captain Hudson tu
his own *<cam yacht, in return.
The Paris correspondent of the New Fork
Tunes «tat©3 that Rossini lately composed two
pieces of music for Vivier, theoornet-a-pUton per
former, and six melodies, shortly after, in com
memoration of his wife’s fete day.
Madrid journals announce the death, at Costa,
of Augustina Zaragoz, who, when very young, dis
tinguished herself greatly in the memo*rable siege
of Saragossa, by assisting th\. artillery men. in the
very thickest of the fight in firing on the Frtooh.
For her services on this occasion, si-« w... made a
sub-lieutenant of infantry in the Spanish anuv,
and received several decorations. Bhe vaa buried
at Cueta with all the honors das to her memory.
.Ole Bull, the celebrated violinist, sailed from
Boston on Wednesday, in the steamer America,
for EoiEpa.
The physlciahs of Sir Roderick Murchison
have prohibited hi* contemplated visit to this
country (to attend the Scientific Convention at
Montreal) at this season of the year, and Mr. Ram
say has been appointed hi 3 substitute.
The Hon. Joseph A. "Wright, of Indiana,
recently appointed Ambassador to Berlin, ha* been
in New York for the past few days, on his way to
his official post. He leaves in the Atlantic to-day.
Edward Everett has agreed to deliver his
Washington oration at Portland, early in August,
probably on the 7th. This makes throe addresses
from him in one week—at Middletown. Conn ,
Aug. 3; at Brunswick, 6th, and at Portland 7th
Professor W. A. Harris, of Virginia, has
been elected to the Chair of Natural Science in
La Grange College, Georgia.
Mr. Glover, for several rears connected
with the Agricultural Department of the Patent
Office, baa sent in his resignation.
Richard B. Kimball, the author, has taken
a cottage on the banks of the Connecticut, and is
hard at work on the sequel to <SV. Legtr.
Senator Bright has arrived at "Washington,
so much indisposed that lie has taken lodgings on
Georgetown Heights, in the hopes that tno quiet
and salubrity of that beautiful location will
speedily restore him to his customary vigorous
$6 597,500 00
604,900 00
949.950 00
78,030 00
Senator Iverson, of Georgia, is on a visit to
Washington, enjoying excellent health.
At the late commencement of the University
of Carolina, at Chapel Hill, the honorary
degree of LL H. was conferred upon Hon. A. V.
Brown, Postmaster-General, who is a graduate of
tho Invitation
0) 960,600 00
0{ 1,702,936 00
3, WJ.412 12
11.074.848 12
Hon M. "W. Bates, the United States Sena
tor from Delaware, ha-i for some time been threat
enccl with a lusj of eye-sight; butunoperatiou bus
latoly been performed in Philadelphia, ?o that he
can now readily distinguish the form and color of
the wall paper, which he was unable to see before,
Capt. Patton, late commander of the ship
Neptune's Car, died at the Lunatic Hospital, at
Somerville, Mass., on Saturday afternoon. Hu
wife brought his *bip into port while he was con
fined to his bed by siekness, and a fund is now
being raised as a reward for her heipism ard de
409.000 Dt>
1,816.000 00
578.000 00
241,000 00
, 43,740 00
31,028 09
3,245.268 C 0
Mr. Thackeray, the author-lecturer, is a can
didate for the parliamentary representation o* the
city of Oxford, in opposition to Mr. Cardwell, ex
mimitor, and formerly M. P. Mr. Thackeray’s
principles aro boldly democratic, (though hu per
sonal a>e aristocratic,) and the contest
was nkolv to be a close one. The nomination was
fixed for Julv 15, and the polling would follow im
mediately after.
11,074,358 12
3,245,208 09
27,106 78
14,346,762 99
Rufus !\. Griswold, well known l in ~ tha
hum, cuvlu m a. di-tinguished author, and who
lately had an unfortunate difficulty with hia wife
is »V the point of swth. 17 mu * “* *“”>