Gazette of the United States. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1795-1796, May 21, 1796, Image 2

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    Five Hundred Bales of
Excellent Bourbon Coffee,
For Sale by
Jofepb Anthony 13 Co.
May ti
This Day is Publijhed,
At the Stoke-House, No. 41, S. Second Street
DISCOURSES to the evidences of'
the Church of the Univerlalifts at Philadelphia, in
1796, and published at the rtquefl of many of the
Pi v two dollars neatly bound, or one dollar
and 75 Cents unbound.
May 21. tuth&s2w.
Notice is hereby Given,
THAT inpurfuanee of an a&cf the General A (Terri
bly of Pennsylvania, entitled " an A A to enable the
™ Governor of this Common wealth, to incorporate a Com
•' pany for making an artificial Road from an interfe&ion
" of the Philadelphia and Lancaster Turnpike road near
the Gap Tavern, in Lancaster-county, to Newport and
' " Wilmington in the State of Delaware ;' the commit,
fioners in said a& appointed will procure live books and
attend at the refpeilive places directed theretn to receive
for Stock in" the company, viz. One book
will be opened in the city of Philadelphia. One in the
Borough of Lancaster, one Strafburgh,in the county
of Lancaster, one in the of Wildiington, and
one at thelioufe of Samuel Cochran in the county »f Ches
The Subscribers, agreeably to tbeir appointment in arid ;
l>y faida<S, will attend at the City Tavern in Philadelphia,
with one of faidßoeks, on Monday, the 6th day of June
next, at 10 o'clock in the forenoon, until 4 in the after
noon, and for the two days following, if necessary, for
the purpose aforefaid ; on the frrft of the said days, any
person of the age of 21 years (hall be at liberty to fubferibe
in his own or any other name or names by whom he (hall be
authorifedyir onejbare,ori the fecondday ior uiu tri-wojharei,
and on the third Azy Jircnj,t-wo, or three Jhaiet, and in any
suCceeding day, (if the said books (hall continue longer
open) lor any uiunbcr of lhares in the said Stock.
Every person previously to fubfcribiirg in said books
must pay to the attending commifl]oners twenty five dol
lars for every (hare to be fubferibed.
Philadelphia, May 7 3»wtjun/ 7.
AT the Subscribers' from on board the (hip Au
rora, capt. Suter, 150 Hoglheads
Pxime Jamaica Sugars,
For sale by
Willings and Francis,
May 17 §
OFall sizes, from 31 lb to Grape,
Cambonles, Pots, and other callings executed at the
ihortefl notice,
Nail rods, from iod to spike,
Hoop Ironi, of all figes, for casks or cutting into nails, from
a brad to 12d nails,
Anchor:, from i; joolh. >
Bar Iron,
A Quantity of James River Tobacco,
Carolina Pork.
Xun- r.~rm meir m nrldi. jffld flßll. " "
Rye flour Slc. to be fold by
Levi Hollingjworth & Sa»*
4 taw
Land for sale.
ANY gentleman desirous of purchasing Land, in the
vicinity of the city of Washington, may now be
accommodated with a situation combining advantages as to
health, foil, acd prolpeA, not equalled perhaps in Ame
The fubferiberhasfor sale from 100 to 380 acres of land
It lies -within 1 1-4 mile of the city of Washington, 2 i-a
from the Prefideut's Square, (from which it bears about
N. byE.) and 3 1-4 miles from the Capitol. It hears
■early W. from the weflernmoft spring of the head waters
of the Tiber, distant therefrom about i-g of a mile.. The
situation is remarkably healthy, and every part of the
laud is well watered—has great abundance of the ehoiceft
, fruit: about 80 acres are in wood, and there arc about JO
acres of meadow-ground, great-part ther-of can be wat
ered,and the whole laid down in Timothy'-grafT at a small
expense. There are feverarbtfautifulemineqces on it: one
of the heights commanding a mod beautiful oucl extensive
proipea—To the fputh, you have alull view of the city,
of WalhiDgton, the town of Alexandria, and the river
Potowmac, as far is the eye can reach. To the nortb, a
full view of the Sugar-Loaf Mountain, distant about 35
miles, with the furroundi ig country.— To the Weft, a ve
ry extensive view of ths lands in Virginia : the whole
forming a grand rural Amphitheatre. Any person inclin
ed to purchase, will find on viewing the situation, that the
Laudfcape is far superior to the fcetch given of it in this
adyertifement. For price, &c. apply to the fubferiber,
Jiving on the premises, or to George Walker, Esq. now
:n S n d ' lp)ua - J o ™ THO : BOUCHER.
Diltri& of Columbia, May 6, 1796.
Ma r *2aw;w
A Printing-Office for Sale.
A goodaffortment of Types, the greater part of which
are but little ivorn, a good mahogany Frefs, with* the dif
ferent Printing Materials, in complete order for executing
any -kind of work. The situation is very eligible, either
tor a new (paper or book-work, being in a pleafint, well
populated city, within jo miles of Philadelphia. There
•salfo a very considerable advantage arising from the
Humorous applications for blanks and the general influx
of advert.fements, &c. &c. and a hsndfome profit derived
S&SStfSf 01 - lkh ™" >«
A compete let of cuts for Dilworth's SpelKng-Book.
Mcewife will be fold with the office, a laree book
binders Prcfs, (used for prreffing books in (heets) togc-
I 'than umber of bookbinders' tools, alrr.oft new
-Any person inclining to purchase the above, may have
coltefiion of books, bound and
u Sleets—They will be fold very low.
J'- 1 " £j*. e ' " <1 furth , er particulars, enquire at No.
'Wa a / pCCIniCD of < h; - 'Xpes
may be fcen. April 26. law
Mustard and Chocolate
CONTINUE to he manufactured in the heft man '
ner, and for sale, as tifual-Alfo (helled "r pearl !
™riejr, Coffee, Pepper, &c. Philadelphia Porter, L, r '
Ak, Cyder, Enghfh Porter, Taunton and Hath Ale
in bottles, &e. &c.— at No. mg Sontl. « I
oppolitt the Cnftoai-houle, by ' ' r ° n t ' i
D , ~, ~ „ JOHN UAWORTH. !
PlliUdelpba, May 7 , 175)6 . aiW4W i
. I ■
Friday, May 19.
Jr. Harrifon presented a petition from the mer
chants and traders of Peteifburg, engaged in the
poafting trade, praying to be relieved from incon
veniences which they fuffer from the aft licensing
vessels. Referred to the committee of Commerce
ind Manufadures.
Mr. Livingfton obtained leave of abfencefor the
lemainderof the feflion.
The bill for providing passports for (hips and vef
els of'the United States, which originated in the
Senate, was about to be read a third time, when
Mr.. S. Smith said, he believed there vyas ;j clause
■ in the bill originating revenue {as it dired sums to
be paid for passports) which was an encroachment
upon the powers of that honfe, who alone had the
right to originate revenue laws. He belieVed the
Senate had done it without intention, anc} he did
not wish to enter into any couteft with them on the
fubjed, but to postpone the eonfideration of the
bill. Other gentlerticn thought it would be better
to rejed the bill, and originate a new one ; which
eourfe, after feme obfer»ation» was adopted. The
jibill was accordingly read a third time and unani
! rejeded. %
Mr. W. Smith said, that as they had rejeded
/the bill ploviding passports as improper to have ori
ginated in the he woulJ move " That the
committee of commerce and manufadures be in
■ ftruded to bring in a bill for providing paffportj for
(hips and vessels of the United States." Agreed to.
' The bill for providing relief for persons imprif
pned for debt, was read a third time and palled.
The bill making fuither pro'vifion fcrr defiaying
the expenses of intercourse with foreign nations,
and to continue in,force an ad providing means of
j intercourse between the United States and foreign
? nations, was read a third time, and
Tervations on ihe time it flioujd remain in force, in
the eourfe of which it was qoferve/ by Mt. Gifes,
that he hoped the time ntJ far distant wlien
they (hould have lefsto do with fjfreign nations than
they had at present, its continence vras confined
to oiie year, and from thence tq(fthe end of the next
feflion of Congrels. 'jfhe bla/k for the sum of mo
ney appropriated, filled /p, according to the
"1 he bill direding certain experiments to be made
to ascertain an unifoim principle to regulate weights
apd measures, was read a third time and pafTsd.
4 The % amendments by the Senateon a bill in ad
dition to an ad supplementary to an ad for provid
ing more effedually for the colledion of duties on
goods, wares and merchandize imported into the
United States, were twice read.?nd ordered to be
jtemmitted to a committee of tne whole to-morrow.
Mr. W. Smith, from the committee of ways
pnd means, to whom were referred the bill from
she Senate regulating the compensation of clerks,
reported the bill with one amendment, which was
agreed to. *
Mr. Madison moved that the house should resolve
itfelf into a committee of the whole on the bill en
abling the President toK. .vnmined, and
•where neceflary post roada froir) WiY.
in cJHvannaTr in Georgia, and to
eporTthecxpenfe that would attend the tranfmif
ion of the Mail therein- The house resolved itfelf
nto a committee of the whole accordingly, Mr
Bourne in the chair, two amendments,
«Z. adding the city of Walhington to the other
owns mentioned, and iiaferting Portlaifd instead of
IVifcafTet, and filling up the blank appropriating a
turn of money for the purpose, with s,ooodoilars,
the committee rose, and repotted the bill, the house
look up the amendments, agreed to them, and the
pill wa » ordered for a third reading to-morrow.
A melTage was received from the Senate, with
their amendments to the bill for laying duties on
carriages for the conveyance of persons, which
wye twice read and refeired to a feled committee,
Mr. S. Smith made a motion to go into
committee of the whole on the bill supplementary
fto the ad entitled an ad to alter and amend the ad
faying certain duties on friuff and refined sugar,
Mr. Swanwick presented a second petition from
Richard Gernon & Co. expressive of the injury they
(hould receive by the alteration which was-propofed
to be made in the drawback to be allowed on fnuff
exported, and praying amongst other things, that
the intended ad might not have force until April 1,
1797. in order that they might fulfil their present
engagements with foreign countries.
The haufe accordingly resolved itfelf into a com
/haittee of the whole on that fubjed, Mr. Swift in
the chair, when a considerable debate took place.
It was urged who supported the bill that
it was drawn up in conformity to the wiflies of 'fe
veral principal manufadurers, and that it was cal
culated, by a redudion of the drawbaek allowed
on exportation, and other regulations, to remedy
the evils which had hitherto been experienced. On
the otaer hand it was afTerled, that themx was at
hrlt a trifling, grievous and impolitic one, had hi
thertobeen a finking fund, instead of a levenue to
the United States, and that the /ooner it could be
done away altogether the better. \ In order to take
commirtte on the fubjedjMr. Ve
nable moved the bill,
and after some debate the question was put and car
r 40 10 3 2, A motion was then made for thfc
committee to rife, report progress and ask leave' to
tit agajn, which was done accordingly, Thechair
fWfor'tT madC . h ' S re s° rt ' the «P«ker asked
for^he Gallatirt ,henr ° feto propofea refohition
for he appouitment of a Committee to bring in a 1
nether h u a duty on Snuff alto- I
refLlution fu r ' ab ' e obfa vit 'K. he had a
elolution for the purpose, Mr. Gallatin gave way i
£d oM '"A [?" ow!n S cffeft was lP refented, read! '
Id/? t0 U P°" the ( able:
id t „ ? ed '!! Ul f ° nK,ch of an entitled «an «
/d to alter and amend the ad, entitled an ad lav- i
related f"' r' * nd refined f "g ar , « 1
seaS • ° " mP 2 3 dUty 00 fnuS ' ou * ht «
A mefTag# was received fion'i the PrynVeii t , in
foiming tfaehonlc, that lie i)ad approved and si gM
id an ad regulating intercom fe vvicli fl»e Indiart
tribes, and lo piefervf peace on tlie frontiers.
AdjSuinfi). i.
■« hi
Mr. Fen no,
IN your paper of !aft aveniiig I observe a re
mark stating that the French have seized American
property in the Weft Indies to the amount of two
millions of dollars, and enquiring whether this be
French fraternity—Surety it could never be imag
ined that this could be charged to the French go
vernment. When it is known that the French
have little pr no ccntroul over the Islands at pre
fent—thefj Islands are known to be in a Hate of
infurredion, negroes and mulattoes command there
—they frequently displace and sometimes put to
death the commandcrs sent from France. They
lately imprisoned at the Cape Gen. Laveaux the
French commander in chief. The British them
ft Ives call these Islanders not French but Brigands.
It is well known that if the British forccs were all
withdrawn, it would belong before France could
rellore order and government in ihefe Islands. Mi
nt of our vessels arc taken by rowboats manned
with negroes out of bye ports of Hifpaniola.—
Why then should these things be charged to
France ? Have not our veTels been refpeded in Eu
rope by the French (hips? have not their govern
ment ordered this to be done, and do not oar ves
sels sow freely carry flour and even mo-iey over
from Havre to London in the very fight of a go
vernment who thus fees her enemies supplied as it
were from her own bofbm ? pray when did Britain
allow our {hips to carry money or proviftons from
I«oTldOn to Havre—have they not on the contrary
repeatedly issued orders tending to cut off all iuter
courfe between the Fiench and Du;ch dominions
and ours, and are they not daily by captures check- ;
ing eflfHtially this intercourse.
I meiß not to exculpatJ aggieffions of ourneu- 1
tral rights committed by any people—but I like j
the saddle should be placed on the right horse.—
France during the whole war hath been in a revolu
tionary ll»te. The regular eourfe of law and otcler
were scarce tobeexpeded from her, if they have
been infringed by her, doubtless in a moment of
tranquillity wheie it is ju ft,reparation will be made,
but in the violation of our neutral rights the regu- j
lar and orderly government of Britain will be found
to have far outfttipped her difoiganizing and an
archical neighbour.
But while we complain of France fa violently let
us fee if we have nothing to throw in the other <
scale. The exports of the United States for the last
treasury. year state the following items of exports
by us.
Cotton in pockets and bags 20,921 packagei
Coffee in pounds weight 21,596,5791b.
Cocoa ditto. 525,4321b.
Brown and other sugars do. 21,377,7471b.
Loaf lump and white fugais do. 739,5201b.
Indigo do. , 666,9261b.
"I hefe articles may be fairly dated as worth about
twelve millions of dollars orone fourthjof the whole
exports qf America from Oct. 1794. toOd.
tnat this is ifu-prdauCT cffieTTy ffTTlfe
French Weft Indies, and would have been proba
bly doubled iifcamount if the British had -fuffered
that produce to pass in lafefy to our ports.-
Philadelphia enjoyed an immense proportion of
this, for she Hands at eleven millions exported, that
is 1 early at a quarter of the whole American ex
ports, I congratulate her sincerely on so much adiv
ity and industry as is displayed in this circumftanee
; she is furtiy in dread of no rivalfhip while she
exports more than the whole ftatesof New-Hamp
shire, Maflacbufetts, Rhode Island, Coimedicut,
and New-Jeifey to the northward of her and more
than all the ftalesor Delaware, Maryland, Virgin
ia, North Carolina and Georgia to the southward.
As customers for what we have to fell the French
and their allies are preeminent in spite of all oppo
sition to our intercourse. America exported to
France and its dominions 12,653,635 dollars.
To the.Batavian republic and
its dominions, 2,884,417
15,5 31052
Or nearly a third of the whole of our exports Bri
tain took off but 9,218,540, and a great part of
this was probably cleared out for their ports, for
orders only as is known to be pradifed usually in
such cases or to proted it from seizure if bound to
any harbours than their own.
What cause then have we to find fault with
French fraternity that hath us on one
hand with so large a proportion of our materials
for exports, and hath ptoved so good a customer
on the other for the disposal of them—lnftead of
quarrel, tng (hall we wot find it more our interest to
cultivate the best underloading w j,h f 0 good a
customer. Will not Philadelphia beamong the
foremoft to do this if she understands her own in
terest i z
Fck the Gazette of the Unite® States.
The government of the North western terrritory
j cannot fail to lit uneasy on every man who has a iuft
idea of the rights of the citizens of America, it is
high on the old colonial order, and in feveial in
lunces surpasses those fyftcros imposed on the Ame
rican colowitls, while undtr the tyranny and domi
natlton of Great Britain, from which the foul of
America reyohed.
First; The governors are rendered independent
ot the people.
Secondly. The citizens are barred from exerci
sing the unalienable right of chuling their rahre
leniatTves, or law makers.
Thirdly. The gentlemen who are authorized to
hand out laws to the people, are placemen sent a
mong them by the general government. I would not
wtlh to be understood, to have the most distant idea
that a«y of these placemen ever received private
loltrudions from the.general government, to do a
angle act or thing that would be opprelfiv e to-the
cituens, so far from it, that I verily believe that
bad these gentlemen ftudictf or wiibed to ad a-!
■ :»"* ***- .
to ttie general fern (merit and deCre of fl lc
Union, their future refle&fons would be more pita.
sing to tfcerrtfelves, and_ th^citizens; and citizens j.
Mould be ppiejr titan (hey now are, or ever will '
be under the prefeq t adminidration or government
ihe Precedent is dangerous, and can't fail to be i'.
4ai mir»j> to every man who has the foul of an Ame
rigan* and who wishes the,liability of the prefer.;
government of the United States as America.
Fourthly. The trifling number of those place,
men who are to feled} and deal out those pteciuvs
scraps of spliced and mutilated laws, is very excep.
tionab'.e, on the principles of the ordinance, moid
than four cannot fcrve on this important buliiicfc
and I have never heard of more than three a£tiii£
at the fame tiirtf 1 , two ot which form a majority,
and consequently it inav happen, that the well be* g
or rnjfery of the citizens of a vast and extehfive
territory may depend on the judgment; or will
and plcafuie, if.not the chicane of two mere place
Fifthly. It has been, and now is the praSlice
of the government of Great Briiaiit, and the avow,
ed principles of the United States of America, to
keep the h-giil>t\Nc, judicial and executive powers
separate ; 6ut by the ordinance government, thtfe
three are {blended together, and a political" raonllec
om Hydra with three heads (halting with three
tongues, with one he fays, I will give yoij laws,
with another, I will lit judge of these laws, and
with the third, I will e*ecute those laws; these
three several heads and touguefc are the component
parts of this political bead* the vrry thought of,
which in seventy five, would have drove the Ame.
ricaus into a j«nei;fy.
Sixthly, VYlien it is confi4er£d that our govern
ors are rendered independent of the people, that
our,laws are handed to us,by a trifling number of f
placemen, that our legifiatrie, judicial and cx«cu
tive powers are blended together, and that those
very men whofurnifh us with laws fit judges ofjtkem
one object ion will natuiaily arise to the ordinance
government ; by reason it.dots not allow us a court
of chancery.
But iiofwithftaoding the foregoing is a true. pic.
ture of the ordinance government, as fat as it goes,
yet as il was held out to the adventurers by the
Congress of the United States, arid as every person
who has become an inhabitant of the territory, fias
impliedly aflenced to it, it undou t cily
it is our duty to submit to, it, a.ijl ftipport it, frfl
the day comes, which is now dawning, when we
caß confidently and 011 the principles of Ihe com
pact between the United Stales and the adventurers,
throw it from «ur (boulders as a man would a bur
then, the huge p reify re which threatened to
change his exiltcnce, in frvetiteen hundred and se
venty five, charters weH farreil things, th»y ari>fo
yet; we-cannot withdraw'otir obligations f'um their
injuadtions without meriting the disagreeable epi.*
thfit of rebels 011 the one hand, and on the" other,
Congress can no more alter our charter, alrtio 3, •
temporary (ane, than Great Biitaiu cooid alter or
take away th,e charters of codonifts.
Cincinnati, May 1.
Jf the Executive Dire dory cj the French Republic.
T '• N c H4UH. . .
> Your L-giHators have jo ft created a new fptciej
money, founded at once upon juitice tndtlie
itfccffity of providing for the imnvnlc wants oft be
State ; they have conciliated the'iniered the
Republic with the intcrelt of ijUmduals, or rather
it is in this private iuterelt ev*n that ihey have
found new and abundarjt for the Govern
ment : and such will be always the calculations of a
true and only policy. In short, after lo terrible a
war, after so many violent the nation is, all
at lifted by the creation of 'territorial Man
ciats, to the lame (late of fortune and of mea i,
which (he pofielTed in the firft periad of the Revo
lution. To render thtfe means fruitful*—to recover
the lame degree o» opulence and fplcndor, we mull
only have the fame latitude ot co .hdence in the
Repiefentatives of the Nation—the fame obedience
to me Laws, the fame fraternal uniou between citi
our fate, oh Frcnehmen j is then entirely ii»
your hands ; let the law relative to territorial nian
dats be faithfully observed, and France will come
out from the Revoltitien happy and triumphant;
if the law be despised, a profound abyss will be im»
mediately dug under our feet.
Ihe territorial mandats have a precictus advan
tage which the aflignats had not—it was the want
of it that occasioned their depreciation. This ad
vantage is the faculty attached to the mandat of be
ing realized in a moment, without hindrance, ob(la«'
cle, or sale by the immediaie and incontcllibletranf»
fei of the national domain, upon which th£ Bearer
of Mandats may have fixed his choice in the whole
extent of the Republic. It is a territorial Bank,
with funds well ascertained, whose notes may be
exchanged in open market, and whole guaiai.tee is
fortified by the authority of the law which give*
them the forced currency of money. It was neeef*
fary ihus to prevent the criminal efforts of (lock
jobbing and di(affc£lion, which inceiTantly endea
voring to convert the mod wholesome remedies into
poison, would not have failed to have depreciated
and monopolized the new money before the'mafs of
citizens could have been informed of i s real value,
V\ he«, by his fordid avarice, the Hock jobber
depreciates by one sol a note of 100 franks, it is
notfolely the one so! of which he has robbed tfce
public credit, it is a loss to the rjational treafurs of
lo many sols as there are 1,00 franks in the Treafu
yy ; it. is an immense sum which he has annihilated
in the public banks, and in the hands of all the
bearers of bills; he has ruined his fellow-citizens,
he has aiTaflinated his country, and it is not there*
ore by the fmallnefs of his robbery in itlelf that we
mud measure his crime; it is by the enormity of
milery which it produces : never was it more evi
en. y true, that the (afety of a whole nation may
re 1 e, and, in faCt does reside, in the inviolable pro*
buy of all the rocmhcisthat coropofe it.
es, morals, obedience td laws, each day ought,
renchrtien, to convince you, arc the sole fafeguaids
ot free countries. The flighted attack made upoo
t .em "lakes the State to its foundation. AH our
s anfe from sUr diflenfions, from the fp.rit vrf