Gazette of the United States. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1795-1796, November 27, 1795, Image 2

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    James M'Alpin,
T A r L 0 R,
N°. 3 South Fourth Street,
RETURNS his grateful acknowledgements to bis friends and the
Public fur their liberal encouragement, and begs leavetofolUit ,
a continuance of their* favors. .1,
At bis Shop gentlemen may be furnijbed with the left materials, c-1
etndhave tbem trade up and JiniJbei in the mojl fajbionable manner. tra<
Me "will thankfully receive any orders, and pay a prompt and gQ j
p-unftual attention to them. Oft. 15 SiW
BEGS to inform his friends and the gentlemen of the
bar g. ;era!ly through the United States, that his
exrenfive fall importation is now arranged, and ready P ei
for sale at the lime moderate prices as have for cui
years lift past so univerfilly rcco«nmended them. As fan
ihe lift is too various to detail by public advertileaient, ; a
Catalogues Ire printed, and will be delivered on appli- be
cation. ,\<
Orders from any diilance, for a single book or an .
entire library, will be received with thanks, and meet
with the mast prompt attention. '. 3
lligh-ftreet, No. 313, Nov, 17. 6wtaw liJ
Le Breton, fg 1
Pafil ./ the celebrated Mr. DA/.:, late Dent# to tie King and to
R?yat Fami'y of France, me.tiler of tbo College and Aca~ VCI
demy of Surgeons at Paris, pj {
Keeps a complctt affortmenf. of every tiling neeeffary to
be used for the ,
?reftrvati'jn of the Mouth and Teeth.
Vatapt mineral Teeth, and human and ivory festh ; Den- |
trifice ibpcsvder; Opi te; excellent Elixir for sweetening 1,11
the mouth, and pr.i'irving the teeth. He alio furnilhes 10j
Brufil an 1 fnft Sponges. It
gr Ke iivo? ih Chef"*-ftreet, No. XJJ, above Fourth- fa
(If J.: S&.'l). eod - l„
Mr. Walter Robertfon P"
BEGS Jafcjuiint c!>~ Gentlemen,
the orint Pr rait of George Wafhjngton, Frcfidant **
of the United States of America, etigravad'oy Mr; Fi-.U, L
from -.-l original pi.lurf painted oy vV. Robot tion, that | >
tli- Proof:, are ready for delivery to the fevcrai fubferib- au
ers at John James BirraUt's, No. north Ninth-street;
er at j CVmrod's, boo'tfelis.-, Ho. 41, Chefnut-ftreet, b
where tfcj fubferibors are re.jticfted to fend their addreft. *a
o'itober3 7 e ° c ' - | u
— — in
ALL persons indebted to the Eflate of WILLIAM
Vi'OOD WILK!NS, Ef'l- deceased, are requested
to mtke payment, To
Newtown, New-Jersey, ( ill
JOS. BRINGHURST.jun.f " g;
No 29, Unicn-jlrcct, J OJ
Philadelphia, Nov. 19. eodim. .
A small Catalogue of Law Books belonging to the above '
Eilate, for fiile. at low prices—apply to Charles B. Brown, c!
No. Ir' 7, south iiecond-ftreet. w
Philadelphia Directory. «
r I"IIE copy right of the Philadelphia Dire<story is (ecu- "
1 i red to the fubferiber, only, by tl»e late legal pro- ai
pjiel/r Mr. HarJia—therefore, any attempt of EJmund f c
K\;an to r:-pu' lifh this work, tho' under a Difgmfe Title, ,]
fubjeCU hint to the penalty of tlic_j'd\tj apd the censure of
all good citizens.
Hogan was paid by the fahferiber to furniih new in for.
maticHi rcfpeiling chang'-3 of residence, &c. this makes o
hU condu& more blameable than it other wife might be h
view'd, by T. STEPHENS.
N. B My DireAory is nearly printed ; it fliall be do-
livcred to the Pablic, corrcd ; no money will be received
'till the work i j delivered; nor shall the be li-
able tq> the J>urchafe against inclination. u
November 25. eod6t. r
No. 60 South Second Street. t
THE IVholtfiU ar.iRetail Store for books, stationary, r
a:id Fancy articlc-.
For tbe greater eon-je.ii net ef undoing Lis bnjin si exlcnfnely,
las rc wr.-e.lj':- •* No. 57, to South Second Street, on tU 1
r t ,—s.-W t» ias recMved by lajl arrivals, tin extnfme
ioKeh.l f.'fuijtmhyavitlitbejl Statima-ry. Atfo, a'wriely j
of AV» M-.ijie, Bunb-irys (Urhus Car'uatures, Prints, Oil Paint- (
utgr, Dra- oing Boois, Iffc. Use. all villi he will fell, as usual, (
for a /ta/l prnjit.
T. S, - : - races this -o[-b->r l T -ity to aelnrnvledge the liberal en
touragemat be /•as a'-ivays experienced from tbe citizens of Pbila- j
idt,hi a.—returns bis mo/lftnccre thanks, and pledges bimfetf to use t
con/tint ?x -r.-J to merit continual favor, and to have bisflore tbe
' x ttlace f . re'r r,t andufef.l $ierctvrt. j (
'J F (
THK Mtm'x r of tit. Andrew's Society are requeued
to attend their Amdverfai y Meeting on Monday, the 30th ,
in!' - '.erslV tcl, at 1 o'clock, i*. M. . ,
The Ollicers of the Society will please give th-ir atten
datici at on-— t?rß-ner to be o,' r.ib;e exadliy at three.
it is particularly requc{led "that ftich Gentlem -n as in- I
tend ta cjlebr-.lethis will fend for Tickets of. (
auihlßion to elrh r of the following members. ;
Jaa»:s Orsug, Ef'l- north Front-Ureet, No. t
Richard Lake, Efc). Vine-!lreet, - 8S
Mr. James Hen lerfon, north Front-street, 4/>
Mr. fhomis Ltip'.-r, njrth Wufr-ftrtet, 9
Mr. Gaven Hamilton, juri. south zd-.trcet Ij i
Mr. R.lfcm Ilfnderfon, H!isfaut-'2reet IJ j
Mr. John Shields, Chcfnut-flrtet 22 |
William A. Tod.Esq. ' 16 1
Dr. Andrew Spencc, fontfi Scconn-ftrec.t no
By Order of th; Society,
RICHARD LAKE, Secretary. ;
Nov. 24. ' '
OFFICE, 14') ChcjHKt-jlrfft, Ltween Fourth & Eifth
7"AR.RANTEO UNI'R aWN Tickets for sale at the
V V office, \ditre is kept a correiS; calcul of
'.he real value of Tickets for publS: ihformajtifln .—-also,
j Cailhtaf nuireri<;a! iiook, open for infptClior, grat s.
Prize Tickets in t\t above, New-CtUUe, or Wafhiagton
Hoiel'Lotteries, purehafed or exchanged.
N. B: A Shire in iht New-Theatre to be disposed of.
Ni'j:,n!xr 23. §
Limner frornyP-its refpeiftiully informs the public,
t\ that, te paints LikeiicSes in Miniature, in fwcii
Ariking and pkaf-ng a manner, »s will, he hopes,
chose who. may tn:ploy him. His LikenelTes are xvar
! an:c-l, his fittings {hurt, and his terms easy.
V'is Room is at No. 2,nortii riftli-ftreet.
November ix. §*9'"
r. 'i. As he iho: tly fnteails returning to France, he
invites such and GentLemen as iii«vy be .»el».ou, ef
r.avir.g their Per traits drawn, to t<ike advantage oi
v icfeiit time.
' , , on«
The Brit iHi for more thai) a hundred y«»« ex- at
eluded foreigners from a ftire in tlieir Ealt j aula I
trade; for a few years palt they rehaxed inMhe ti- _
' gor efthis fyllem. We have availed ourfeWes of
this eircumltance and (hared witlv them 111 then i-alt
India commerce. But tki» ptrmiffi«n can be vwwtd q
oily as an occasional departure from a general law;
which may be afTected by a change ot encumftan
ce", the duration at which therefore is Uncertain:
Trie Us and' inconvenience to whiih oUr rncrchants
may he ex poled from the piofecoiion of a trade, de- w 1
' pending on regulations arising from i»ic«h!lanl tir- "
1 cumlhances, and which frequensly vary, mSy in c
1 some measure be guarded againlti where the scene
> is not remote, and the alterations in the <•
■ be known soon after they are made. But 111 the
Asiatic and our other diilant Commiiree, it is of
! importance that the laws under which an adventure P°
■) begun, fliould be permanent. Losses to a con
liderable amount have been experienced by some ot
our merchants, who have undertaken diftaot voy
ages in the expectation of the continuation of thele o c
temporary reg ilations. Tire trade, for example,
i to the Cape of Good Hope (which thfc Dutch Go-
vernment ordinarily monopolize to their own peo
pie) was some time since opened to foreigners, and
' some of our citizens profited by it ; but jihers,
who had engaged in large adventures to that mar
ket, fuffered 1.0 small dilappointraent and !ufs in j> c
y finding thcmfelves excluded upon their arrival by a t0
s repeal of the permission to foreigners to trade there.
It mull then be cotifidered a» an important object
" secured, in refpefl to the principal portion et our 1
India trade, that alone which is capable of being t l
pursued as a branch of our commerce, that the
treaty turns a favor into a right, and that our di- _
' t reft intercom fe with the Briti/h territories in the
I, Eall Indies,in all refpeils as broad as that of Great 11
1 Britain heiielf, (except in the articles of rice, naval
and military tloies, when Great Britain is enga- L
t ; ged in war)' inllead of being an uncertain and ha- ln
zardoul trade, as heretofore from its precat ious na- V 1
ture it has been, wiil hereafter be as certain as any ei
— in which our merchants (hall engage. "
' It is further alledged by way of objection to this
article, that it does not feenre to our citizens a ir
right to reside and fettle in the Bi itifli territories tE
in India, without the consent of the Britifli local ct
government. The obfervat ion that has been made f 1
ona fimiler objection in refpeftto thtcoadi tg trade ,B
re in India, is equally applicable to this. 1 lie arti- 11
n, cle leaves both fubjc&s precisely in the fituat ion in 0
which it found them. But let it be remembered, Jl
— that the disproportion between the numbejs of the P
nativ« Indians and the foreigners inhabiting their
country, is more than one thcufand of the farmer ' s
j. to one of the latter—that the moll exact discipline u
0- and fubord'.natiort among the foreigners are there- "
nd f oie cflential to the preservation or the Britifn au- 1
e ; thority over that ccuptry—that no foreigner, or e- jj
as veil a Britiih fuhjeft, is allowed to reside there, ex- ''
r . c j-'t in the charadler of a servant of the company,
es or of'a licensed inhabitant—that it has long been P
be held as a found opinion, that unreurained liberty to c
the Europeans to emigr«t« t«, and fettle among the j
Indians, would in a lliort time overturn and def
li- troy the British Empire in India—This danger 11
would by no means be diminilTied byconfsiring a 1
right upon the Americans freely to reside and fettle 1
— in India—that we (hall be allowed to reside aHd fet
tle there by permission of the local Britidi govern- '
y > itient, is fairly to be inferred from the articlc.— 8
t8 ' But an absolute right to an entire liberty on these 1
points, might evidently be dangerous to the Bii- '
tilh government over India—and in prudence could I
'til not have been stipulated.
r n , c The advantageous footing on which the trade is
iely placed is so evident that those who had no reliance '
on the objeflions urged againlt it, but who, never- '
theiefs, have been unwilling to allow the treaty a- '
m _ ny merit on the score of this article, have endeavor- 1
da- ed to (how that our India trade is of little import- |
••fe ance and small value.
tbt Whatever article can be supplied by the India !
company, may likewise be supplied byiu, and some '
_ of them on bettei terms by us, than by them :—
:ed The reports of the committee of the dlreftars of 1
«h the Ealt-India company, published in 1793", when '
their charter was renewed, afford ufeful infoijma- 1
" tion on this fuhjett, arid disclose fafls which (hew
in- the advantages that we (hall possess in this trade '
of over the company. They admit ; that in the ar
ticles of iron, wines, canvass, cordage, arms, and
naval and military (lores, foreigners can enter into 1
a beneficial competition with them ; and that can- '
vafs and cordage, and we may add, all naval (lores, '
and several other Articles, can always be fiirnilheti
in India by foreigners, eheaper than by the com- '
If we apprecta'e the advantage we have over
them in such articles of supply as are of our own 1
growth or production, as well as in the wines not '
unusually procured by touching at Madeira on the
~ outward voyages to India, and compare it with
the advantage that they have over its in the few ar
ticles of choice, which they purchase at the firft
hands, and which we reuft import in order to re
•fth export to India, it is probable that our cargoes to
Ir.din, will en the whole be laid in as advantageous
ly, if not mure so, than thofeof the India com; a
ny. If we conlider the vast extent qf territory,
' the numerous population, and the eftabli(lnd. mar.
ton nufadhnesof India, so far fiom fuppollng that a
free trade to that country will be of little value to
a young and cnterprizing nation whose manufac
tures are dill in Their inlancy, we ought rather to
conclude that it is a country with which we
Ihould be solicitous to eflablilli a fiee trade and in
die, Every one who has btflowed the flighted atten-
HC 1 tion upon the foreign manufactures Consumed our
country, mufl have observed the general and in
creasing use of those of India, owing to the better
terms on which they can be procured from Asia
( than from Europe. Though no document is at
o f hand that will (hew the value of the annual impor
-4; tations from India, it is dated by Mr. Coxe, in his
view of the United States, that the amount in va
-1r: • ' : »
value of our importation f«om Afi:i u ro. -e man
one fifth of the value »f our who.c annual c.-nkiaip
tio:: of foreign comtnoduirt, I' w t>ue 1 t,K '
porcelain, f.lks, nankeens, and leaiot China, iW.TfI
a large portion of this annual importation. L£t
after a full deduction on this account, a great and
, profitable branch of our commerce will be fau..d ;h
. in our trade to the Ealt-Indies. It fhoulJ be re
s membered also, that it is not the confurr ptio. &
v alone of our own country that regulates . tlie
1 quantity of India goods that we import: otli.r
. countries have been supplied through usi witn
! the fabricks and produflions ol both India and
China—The treaty will enlarge this demand.* a(
Several circumstances calculat eJ to give our trade
with Asia an adva- age against foreign competition
and a preference to our trade with Europe, are ( -
, deserving of attention. • . oi
First. The direst trade hetween us and Aha, m
, eluding the Ealt-Indies as well as China, cannot
j be protecuted by the Britilli Eaft-lndia company,
£ their Chips being obliged to return directly to tr.e m
. port of London and there discharge.
I Second. The difference between the duties on
f Asiatic goods imported in American bottoms di
re<ft fiom Asia, and the duties imposed on the fame
e goods imported in foreign bottoms from Asia or p
or from Europe ; being on all articles a favorable
. discrimination, and in the articles ot teas, the du
ces on those imported in foreign bottoms being
j fifty per cent, higher than on those imported in
American bottoms. _ . R
! This particular difference of daties on Asiatic
n goods, imported in American and»in foreign bot-
3 toms, so farouiable to our own navigation, will
.. not be affected by the right reserved by Great-Bri- q ,
tain to impose countervailing duties in certain cases ;
r that right being relative to the intercouile between
g the United States and the' British territories in p
e Europe. . th
[. Third. The European intercourse with n
c in moil cases conducted by coiporations or exciu-
five companies—and all experience has proved that
,1 in every species ofbufinefs (that of banking and a
few analogous employments excepted) in conduct
i_ ing of which a competion shall cxifl between indi- p
viduals and corporations, the superior economy, j
y entcrprize, zeal, and peifeverance of b the former ri
will make them an overmatch for the latter ; and t |
; s that while individuals acquire riches, corporations a
a engaged in the fame bufmefs often fink their capi-
s tal and become bankrupt. The British East India c
a j company are more over burdened with various terms j
[e and conditions, which they are required to oblerve £
in their AGatie trade, and which operate as so ma- y
j. Ny advantages in favor of their rivals in the supply (
of foreign maikets. The company, for example, ( -
j are obliged annually to invelt a large capital in the j
ie pnrch. feof British manufa&urcs to be exported and t
j r fold by them in India ; the loss on these inveftmonts
„ r is couliderah'e every year, as few of the manufac-
lc tures which they aie obliged to purchase will fell t
e . in India for their coil and charges—besides from (
u . the policy of prote&ing the home manufaflurers j
e . the company arc in great iieafure shut out from T
j. fupplyiin* India goods fur the home consumption of t
y ( Great In itain. Mod of the goods which they im- ,
cn port from India, are re-exported with additional .
to charges incurred by the regulations ofthecsmpany
] 1S to foreign markets, in supplying of which we (hall
.f. be their rivals, N as from the information of intelligent „
cr mercliants, it is a fa&, that Asiatic goods including
a the teas of China, are on an average cheaper within
t i £ the United States than in Great Britain.
;t _ Fourth. The manufacturers of Alia are not only '
, n _ cheaper here than in Europe, but in general they
are cheaper than goods of equal quality of Euro-
E f c pean manufa&uie—So long as from the cheapness
t j_ of subsistence, and the immense population of India
jjj (the inhabitants of the Bntifii tenitorie* only being
estimated at "forty millions) the labour of a manu
,;s fatturer can be procured from two to three pence
ice flerling per day, the limilar manufactures of Europe
er _ aided with all their ingenious machinery is likely
,a_ on a fair competition in almolt every instance to be
or . excluded by those of India. So apprehensive have
rt- !he British government been of endangeiing their I
home manufactures by the permifiioii of Asiatic
jjj a goods to be consumed in Great Britain, that they
me have imposed eighteen per cent duties on the grols
sales of all India muslins, which is equal to twenty
0 f two per cent on their prime colt—The duties on
lfn coarser India goods are flill higher, and a long cat
na_ alogue of Asiatic articles, including all ftaineJ and
ew printed goods, is prohibited from being consumed
ltle in Great Britain. The Britiih manufacturers
ar . were not fatisfied even with this prohibitory fyllem.
ind on l ' :e ' ate rfn ewal of the company's charter,
j, {o they urged the total cxcltifion from Britiih confump
an. tion of all India goods,'and moreover proposed that
• eSj the company should be held to import annually from
led ' nt^a a ' ar S e amount of raw materials, and particut
m . larly cotton, for the supply of the Britiih maaufac
yer These facts are noticed to fitew the advantages f
w , n to be derived from a free access to the India mark- |
not et, from whence we may obtain those goods „
,he would be extensively consumed even in the fijt t
; t h manufadluring nations of Europe, did not tjb«- r
ar . curity of their manufactures require their Ex'ti- t
irft fiori -t
re . CAMILLA..
% r
* Perhaps from the certainty of the right which '
111 " it confers, it may invite foreign capital to ejenlive :
' a cnterpiizcs, in which the United States vf.l be an '
r y' entre-pot between India and a great parfof Eu- '
n;l " rope.
t0 f Great Britain has made it a feriotf point, in !
r ac- w hieh !he has in more than one J
.t0 s o engage foreign power* (the Emperf was one) J
we to ren< unceeltabiifhments, for cart yinaun the trade
j n _ with India, from their "own territo*,s : yet this
treaty opens all her territories to us. And yet it is
not only denied merit, but criming, in this very
our patticular. '
in. / —
ttcr Portraits
sat A Gentlemen, v.lo are deCrrfUs of hav-
X\ ing their Likenesses taken, (jfiy have them dene bv
"r applying to the Fainter, at No. i#, earner of Union and
' 11S Ftjjjrth Greets, where they can Wcfcrred to specimens.
va- October 19. tci j
Foreign Intelligence!
LONDON, September iG.
i The parage of the Rhine I,'y. the FWit ? , m ,
I ordered by the Convention Jc.'s »vitli 4 view ci r\, x - S
ing the German Empire Co a penta, tiian io
j its'owii tottering authority, and to over-awe, hy
limit ion of victo. iutis armies, that part of t: e iij
' tioa which is ugainft the decree of i« election.
September 25.
, By letters from the Hague- the 15th ; r ,,v rc
are hifoimed, that a report is in cin 1 I :0: , t j, , r# t ■
an embargo having been laid on ait :\ ; rti '» ve'ie ,
the motive of which measure wis 11.>: ,-rt i '-l
j . . . 1 •» •' ' »V. 1.
111 conlequence of a regulation of tW Repr. f-n ia . |
lives of the Piople of Holland, all tJi<r j [;a l 0 ;, ,
of that City, who held any coiiiirferable o'fficis un
' der the ancient government, have left it, and re
paired to their refpeCiive provinces/
; We learn from Vienna, that preparation's ai c
making there for the reception of the dau-iiucr or"
Louis XVI. who is to relide in the Im t::.;i na
' lace, called, Die-Burg.
By a gentleman juit returned from Paris, we a c
' informed, that hy a I'eciet article o£Jie Trewy u s
Peace between France and Spam, (he is
furnilh the former with 23 fail of the Hue.
: , ELBERtELD, S/pt. 8.
The Freudh having' clFettetf the palfage of ti c
Rhine, the baggage of the AaLlHant, with a nam.
; ber of waggons and cattle, ariived here the night
j before last, and several houfcs vveie appointed for
the accommodation of the wouiided. About 11
o'clock the whole Austrian army Arrived, and i, 1
| day their rear guatd : they have proceeded u:> theu'
way to Schwelm* At nine o'clock this day the
French army arrived, and pursued thatrjoute thru''
this place, partly towards Sohlingen .
! and, to-morrew, we«u ordered to provicK quartc;
J for 1200 Infantry, under the command of A^brc
I NEUVVIED, Sept. 8.
Our troops on receiving the news that t lt
French had effedted the pafTage of the Rhine,
' Dufielderf, received orders to hold themfches i, (
j readiness to march, ?rd were under arms through
the whole of last night. We were here the mere
b apprehensive of an attack from the French, as we
had heard for the two preceeding days a violent
a cannonade. The inhabitants how'ever, having in
0 some measure freed thcmfelves from the fears of a*
e cannonade, had begun to bring Lack rlieir goods
which they had before begun to move f r the gieat.
y er fafety, when this day a heavy Ihower cf balls
; ' fell upon our town, and several parts of it Vers
'* set on lire at the fame time : happily, however,
the flames were foori extinguished. At pu-fent
ts every thing is quiet again. To night the batta
■" lions,« which are to-reinforce the Prince of V/ir-
II temberg, and Count d'Erbeeh, who command 0:1
m the Lower Rhine, will set off. Their place is to
r ' be occupied h«re by r, detachment from ihe envi
rons of Mentz ; and vigorous measures are takca
" to prevent the enemy from eroding the Rhine in
a " this neighbourhood. The imperialists have tskcq
a ' a strong position near Uckerath.
'7 According to our advices from the Lower Rhine,
part of the Frcnch, who crofied at Oerdingcu, met
nt 'with a vigorous resistance from an Auttriana ivsn
[S ced pott. Count d'Eibach, with several tro»ps,
111 came to it's aid, but was obliged to retreat, btii.g
in danger of being surrounded by another French
'y column. He afterwards joined the Duke of Wii-
T temberg behind the Sieg.
fs HAGEN, Sept. 9.
1,1 Austrian troops are paffirg through here con,
'I tinually: the D'-tke of Wlrtemberg is already here,
u " The poor Aullrians have had 110 bread for these
cc three days ; W, notwithstanding, they behave ex-
P e ceedingiy well—All the French Emigrants hav«
'y left us. General d • Manftein, and Cour.fellor Re-,
oe from Ham, are here, providing accommo
v.e cJation for these troops. Yesterday we heard a hea.
-,' r vy cannonade.
e y Sept. 10.
" :i All that we positively know at present refpeft
vy ing the cnling of the Rhine by the French, is
on that that-'nterprize has Veen made with fuccefj.
at " W'th r<ard to the details of imi'\*[ftaitlon, a
IK ' variety t letters difiated either by paflion or cre-
so contradidlorily, that-we are as yet
ers enable to form no one precise idea. If we may
rH> credf some cf our gazettes, the Austrian troops
er > com'.anded by Count Erbach, who, 011
'P" inft. in the mo| ning, were flill at Angerort,
'at tw leagues beyond Duifbourg, and at Kayfeif
-5m with, arid the troops commanded by the Prince
:u " \( Wirtembe g, «bich were behind Dufleldorf on
lc- pie farpe day, formed a junction on the bank of
the Sieg on the 7th or Bth, that is to fay, that the
? ts former marched from 10 to 12 leagues, and the
»y latter from 15 to IS, in two days; but armies do
e. not travel so fall. We have every reason to think
f that the troops which were seen near the Sieg were
" marching to the fticcour of those which covered
'* the Rhine from Duffeldorff to Angerort, and which
will be obliged to retreat by the Wipper to So.'in
gnen and Elberfeld, as foot* as the French shall
have made themselves masters of the right bank of
• c the Rhine, hy the pefieffion not only cf DuffeldorfF,
n btit the territory abovs Duifbourg ; for of the
j. four points at which the French ate said to have
croifcd the Rhine, there are only two at which
their having pafied is certain. It is now certain,
" that on the night of the sth, 20,000 French crot
' fed the Rhine below (and not above) Urdingen,
'J turned by the woods of Duifbourg, the extremity
of the Austrian line at Angerort; and forced them
to retr»at precipitately on the morning of the 6th.
h During this operation, which was covcred by a
'' falfe attack opposite Urdingen, the Fiench effected
another pafTage, far more important, and more dan
~ gerous to the Austrian army : 3000 of their volun
teers cresTed the Rhine, a league above DuffeldorfF
during the night, attacked a redoubt conftni£t''d
in the village of Ham, and took pofTcflion of it. It
nd appears that when masters of this pod, they rp»
ceived a. very considerable reinforcynert, and 11-
vested Dufleldorf, of which they obtained poficfli