Gazette of the United States. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1795-1796, September 28, 1795, Image 3

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    fubjeil to conftanl variations, and amongst these
p-ople we fee a succession of all the different regimes
wnich arc known under the names of democracy,
•riftdorac#, and monarchy. They tried with little
fuecefs different mixtures of these regimes, and it
•9 too well proved by their history, that their firft
IcgifUtor* did not excel in the art of organizing the
public powers. Perhaps it is permitted to us to
khink that the secrets of that art ire better known
At present.
" Til c misfortune and error of modern legislation
are not to do enougjj, I had a'moit falJ not to do'
any thing, fur the regencratioiV of the people. It
teems as if the art of mjral invitations was loft :
■othing in the exifling couftittitrons bears the trace
of that a.ocient wisdom, which, not content with
waiting m-n, affinilated them, and transformed in
to a country that which had before been a territory,
and into a nation that which had before been only
a multitude. The knowledge of establishing be
tween th; morals and the law*, the opinions, and
the government, thole ftriel relations, that perma
nent connexion which concentrates them into one
point, and which guarantees to each element of the
social eflablifhment, the invincible support of all the
reft, is 101 l and forgotten."
Tranjluled from the " Monitevk," a Paris paper.
Letter from the Cele. MALLET du PAN.
To the Editor—Sir,
" In your paper of the 20th Gernninal, you in
fcrted an article from Copet in Switzerland, in
which it is afterted that 1 am here the principal a
gent «t Pitt, and that I am charged to feud to
Fiance the enorrmus sums ncceflary for the fubfiit
euce of the royaltiis and the infurgenti; and that I
had jult returned from England, where I had or
ganized the counter revolution of France
Your corrsfpondent is the mod ilupid, rfnd the
moll contemptible impostor; for these sixteen
months pill, I have not been one day out of Swit
zerland. I never was, nor ever shall be th# agent
of any body, England haß sent n<* extraordinary
films to Switzerland. But whether these sums be,
or be not an idle invention of the galleries of your
Convention, Ijruft that Mr. Pitt would never make
me Ins banker. I have many times publicly spoken
againlt hi* plans and views, as well at against the
fvitem of the Englifli government; he knows bet
ter how to cliufe his agents, than to employ anybo
dy fu«-h as myfelf.
*' It being necelTary to have proofs in haad, k
to sign fuck letters, the contents of which, attack
ihe chara&er of others, I require you Mr. Editor,
either to ;>>ove tha truth of the contents, and to
sign the letter, or to publiih my contradi&iou of
thufe calumnies.
" All the forces, aboit the agents of Pitt and
Cobourg, fetra at present to be out of fafhion.
But since you introduce them again, at leall reader
public your authority for such aflertiou.'' A
From the Ni w-Hnmpjhirt Gaxitti.
Mr. M ELCHER, * _ .
IT it of importance to the pulilie, to be inform
ed of the real causes that occasioned the late tumults
in the town of Portsmouth: the proceedings at the
town-meeting on the fubjcil of the treaty,& the in
flammatory hand-bills that preceded it, w<re events
that laid the foundation of the diliurbances. E
man of candour mud acknowledge, that the
ajpearances were such, just before the late meeting
v as to render it unfafe for any one who approved
of the doings of the Senate, or relied on the wis
dom of our government in such eafcs, openly to
avow his (entiments at the meeting. The paper
called the prlfis, was publicly polled at the come; s
the day before, informing the people, that the
" Senate had bargained away their blood-bought
privilege?, requeuing them to shut up their {hops
and assemble at the found of the bells." The
threats that were given out, the effigies that were
preparing, all clearly evince;! that the public mind
W3« hea'ed to a high degree by artful designing
tne-a ; it became, therefore, an aft of prudence in
the friends to the coriftitutcd authorities, to absent
themselves fiom such a meeting, to wait far a more
convenient time, when a cool, calm, rational tem
per, fhotild have taken the place of the high-toned
inflammatory one that then prevailed.
Itjs not intended to criminate all the inhabitants
*ho attended the meeting, or to reflect on them
for-cortdimfting a proposed treaty, which it is pre
sumed, many of thern had never seen nor read ; but
the evil confeqnences that have ieft.!ied, mud lay
at the door of th«fe ckTigning men, who, as ene
mies to our worthy President, and to the federal
government, have poisoned the mind:, of well mean
ing men, with falfe tales of bribery anil corruption,
of British agents and British gold, and with the
eld hackneyed cant of whig and toryi
As soon as it appeared to be the dirfign of indi
viduals, fn larger feapoit towr.s, to make their
sentiments known, by an addrefsto the President,
then it was conflicted to be a proper time to bring
forward a finvlar measure in Portsmouth. This
was in forwardnefs befoi* it was known what steps
the President had taken with refpedl to the treaty.
Among others it was a strong motive with the
friends to theaddrefs, to persist in their firft defigo,
that th£y knew mifreprefentalions ha<4 been often
ipadc'' abroad, that the inhabitants of Portsmouth
all disapproved of the measures of government with
refpeft tti foieign powers. No letter was ever re
ceived from the gentleman who was so illiberally
abased in the lad Oracle ; this wanton attack on a
man ok the «v>!t amiable charadter, is one among
inany of the base arts of the diforganiiers, to ca
lumniate the mod deserving men among us, when
it will serve their malevolent and fadtiaus purposes.
A large number of signers to an address, was
n»ver expe&ed, the commerce oF the town is yet on
a small fcalc, the merchants are few. Sora'e well
ytiflier* to the ad-itefs Have been intimidated bv
t'm*ats ; thirty-'.ine had signed it when the late riot
took phte'.* The open leadets of the mob-, fixed
on their dny to execute their villainotis purposes,
and the i with an effrontery not owtiune by atnjr fa
BERNE, May 16.
" Mallet du Pan."
tellite of Robcfuierre, demanded an sddrefs direct
ed to the President of the United States, t<> be
delivered ud to them. This, riotwiihH ndiiiij their
threats, was not complied with. Their number*
were increased, the drum and fife were lent for &
employed ; "the crier was lent about the town to
request the people ta colled at sunset on Mr. War
ner ,'s wharf, whe; e two were to be burnt or
gibbetted. Late in the afternoon, a large b«dy of
people paraded up and down the ftreeti with the
effigies of our late Envoy and one of the Senatora
of the State, in a cait, wl)ich they afterwards
burnt at the time and place fixed on. In the even
ing they paraded the streets until between nine and
ten o'clock, (lopping at the houses of those who
had signed theaddrefs—nfing the raoft abusive lan
guage, and throwing (tones into the.houfss of two
or three petfons. Many of tfcofe wha had excited
the fermewt were not to be found with them in the
night, when the raifchief was expe&ed to be do*e.
Portfmowth, Sept. 15,
THE following article which appear* in the
Gazette of Maint of the 14th inft. will apply without
material variation to the principal scribblers in this
place against the PreCdent, the Treaty, and the Con
To the Printer of the Gazette of Maine,
s I R,
I intended to prepare a whip of some length for your
paper this week, to chastise a very ignorant and wicked
writer, who afluraes the name of Public Spirit. But
having altered my plan at present, I ihall content my
felf with proposing a few que. ies which this writer may
Civc me the trouble of answering by answering them
hiaifelf, or by treating the conlfituted authoritis with
the prpfoundeft reverence and refpedf. The queries
arc at follow:
i. Is not this writer a Briton—and does he not pub
licly execrate his own country ?
». Is he not known to be a rank Jacobin and difor
ganizer, and to be an unprincipled foe to all good go
vernment and order I
3. Is he not a foreigner unnaturalized, and To a very
impertinent .ntruder in the debate upon the treaty—-
more efpeciilly behaving so indecently 1
4. Is he not the tool and spy of the French Jacobin
faction in this quarter, and if so, how oughfh« to be
treated by all go»d company J
In a certain conversation when in purfuanct of general principles (if such a fellow caai be said to
have principles) he was haranguing in a seditious
manner against our federal conDirution, and was aflced
by a gentleman present, whether he had ever read it
did he not own that he never had i
6. In his miserable writings has he not told the pub
lic a number of plump lies, and insinuated in the molt
seditious manner a greit many more; besides taking
all he wants for granted without proof, and even when
the contrary is well known )
7. Docs he not dift over the mod contemptible igno
rance of the law* of nations, and of every thing corn
men fu rate with the treaty ?
8. Has he not repeatedly with the most barefaced
vulgarity and impudence laid high tpeafon and other
crimes to the charge of our rulers (or as he calls them
our fervauts) without a tittle of evidence even preten
ded ; and if so, pught not such an unprincipled railer
to be bound to hit good behaviour or made to quit the
town ?
9- How ought every American of fplrit to behave
when this exot.c worm inltilts the .President of the
United States in the most fcnrriioiis manner !—can a
greater personal affront be offered by a stranger ?
Thcfe few quedions are only an earnest cf the no
tice I intend to take of this bold and insolent writer, if
he proceeds in his farrago upon the treaty.
I am, Sir, American.
From the Philadelphia Gazette.
In contemplating the Micitude of the citizens of
Philadelphia to prevent the introdudtion of the bil
lious remitting yellow fever which now prevails in
New-Yot k and Norfolk into city, lam led to
contribute a mite towards That end, by laying be
fore them the following plan for checking the pro
gress of malignant and contagious fevers : It has
been the result of much reflection upon the fukijeft,
I have chosen to convey it to the public through
the medium of a newspaper, in order that it may
he equally ufeful to all the cities in the United
lit- Let a law be pafled to compel Physicians
under a severe penalty to report to a committee ap
pointed for that purpose, the exidence of a malig
nant. contagious fever, — L?t this committee call a
council of Pliyficians to examine the cafe so re
parted, and if a majority of thtfm concur in opinion
of its contagious and dangerous nature, let the fol
lowing ileps,bc taken:
2dly. If the fever appears to hive been import
ed from a foreign country, let the infedted vessel be
removed from the wharf, and carefullywaflied and
fumigated in the channel ot the r ver, and let her
cargo, if any p rt of it has been landed, be con
veyed from the city. '
3dly. If the fever appears to be of dameftic
origin, let the putrid matter which produced it be
removed, or covered, so as effeaually to destroy all
possibility of future exhalation from it. While
these precautions are going forward.
4t'nly. Let all the families which are within fifty
yards of the infedted person or perfous be ordered
instantly to remove into houses or tents, to be pro
vided for them at the public expence. Let chains
then be placed acrj>fs the streets which lead to the
fick,and let guards be appointed to prevent all ac
cess to the infe&ed parts of the city, except by
physicians and narfes, and such other persons as are
neceflary to be employed in a manner to be men
tioned presently.
The plan ofremsTi'ng the tvell infteadof the sick,
to prevent the progress of pestilential fevers is not a
new one. It has been praAifed with success in
Rufiia, and it has the following circumstances to
recommend it. I ft. It will prevent the contagion
being spread by the sick in pafling through\he
streets out of the city. 2. It will not be repug
nant to humanity, for if the sick be not suddenly
destroyed by being informed of the cruel fate which
awaits them, they often perish from the motion
which is necessary to remove them, or from the an
guifhof being torn from theit.families, or friends.
5. The discovery, and declaration «f the existence
of malignant and outrageous fevers willb* early, &
unequirscal, when an expulsion frs>n* the gity will
not ka dreaded from if, and when the da- :ger of the
disease will the e be leffeued by iiieceaf::ig of noises
ol a!l kinds iw the neighbourhood, and the irnprob
abih-y of the flck creating a icflc&ing atmosphere
of contagion from tiie peri'ans who may be iufcdkd
by them. > "
The hospital proje&ed by ourlegiflature for |Jic
fiek, may be converted into apartments fur the ac
commodation of the families who may be forced
from their habitations.
5. After the creation of a temporary desert in
th« neighbourhood of the sick (which may be done
without their knowledge) let the process of na
ture for destroying contagion and m*; bid exhala
tions be imitated. .Let artificial Ihowers of rain be
poured down by means of ftre engines upon the in
fe&ed houses and upon the adjacent parts of the
streets, two or three timss a day. This may be
done -by means of the city engines used for ex
tinguilbing fire.
Phe veahhy inhabitants of Smyrna preserve
themfclvesin bea:th by thus wetting their houses,
while the plague is deitroying thousands of their less
opulent, or provident neighbour*.
To every natural evil, heaven has in mercy to
man, either discovered or provided an antidote.
The remedies for the yellow-fever are simple, and
nearly certain but m they (ire opposed in their
proper extent to systems of medicine which will
probably lalt'for a generation or two to come, it
becomes lis more earnestly to endeavour to prevent
the propagation of it ia our cities. The means for
this purpose are as much under the power of human
reason, and industry, as the means for preventing
the from lightening or common fire. Time
and repeated fu(Teri*g, will possibly cure us of our
prejudices and indolence upon this fubjeft, and force
us to desist from deceiving and destroying ourselves
by the pradlise of arts, which are alike difgraceful
to commerce and medicine.
Extre& ttf a letter from NrwTirk, dated Sef
tembtr 26.
" I wilb I could communicate any agreeable
inteliige. ee refpefling the Fever, but the report of
this morning is a melancholy proof that its violcnee
has not abated. A great many of the deaths re
ported are, it is said, among the poor Irifti lately
arrived here, who are crowded 15 or 16 into a small
cellar; indeed the mortality i« wholly con
fined to the poorer clalTcs df the people, whose diet
and want of dean)inef»give additional strength to
the disease-— many of them certainly die from ne
gle£t and want of proper attendance. lam well
a {lured, by a perfo'n whose business calls him into
every part of the town, that the sick are laying in
some houses absolutely without any person to gi/e
them a mouthful of water—and in one mftance he
offered so dollat* for a nurse, but the date of the
room and the wretched fuflerer were so incredibly
filthy, that none would accept it. These facts and
other* have been represented—l hope they will ex
cite the too latent sparks of humanity—The zeal
and benevolence of your citizens, whom no danger
or expence could deter from the cxercife of the
(Juliet incident to fnch trying occasions, must ever
render them csufpicuoufly pre-eminent."
ExtraS, of u letter from Fort IVafhingtvn, dated Aug.
28 ' '795
" By Clarke, the prefeni exprefn, a Copy of the
Treaty concluded with the Indians is forwarded to
the War Office, whieh 1 hope will meet *111) pub
lic approbation. The Indians, without any excep
tion, are perfc&ly well fatisfied."
AS the season for insuring goods, furniture, Ice.
apainll fire, is approaching, would it not be well
for the companies in this city to take a hint from
the late efliblifhment at Boston, and enfurc for the
nei/hhuiiiing towns and cities as wall as for Phila
delphia ?
If the j dollars per thoafand is not adequate to
an extended rifle, a trifle more may be added.
Si* per Quit. ------- j) Int.
Three patent. ....... ii/i J »S.
Deferred Sic per Cent. - - - - 14/2
BANK United States, ------ 34 pr. Cent.
■ » — North \mctia, ..... jo
■ Pennfylvaiiia, ------
Insurance Company North America, 40 per cant.
—■ Pennfylvania,[lnt. «ff] 7'jpr. cent.
Arrival: at the Pert of PbiLJtlphia.
Brig Bet fey, Bali, Bermuda 20
Sloop Sally, Putter, Richmond 6
Charlotte, Baker, New-York 10
Ann, Mc'Cleve, Nantucket 15
Arrived at tit Fort.
Brig Union, Lilhbridge,
CC> The Letter-Bag of the brig Lavinit, for
Falmouth, -will be taken from the Pefl-OJJici on
Thursday afternoon, at 5 o'clock.
NEW YORK, September it.
Committee of Health.
The Committee appointed to prevent the introduAion
and spreading «f InfeAiom Diseases ia thiicity,
That Twtnty-Seven persons have died in this City,
and Four at Belle-Vue, of the prcfent Epidemic fiace
their report of last evening.
By order of the Committee,
JOHN Chairman.
Friday Evening, Sept. 15, 1795.
Alexander Cut hill
Challenges the Physicians of New-York, to
give their reason* pnblicly for ufirtg the L«ncet,
Calomel, Bark, and Cantharides or Spanish Flies,
in the prcfent prevailing iicknefs. A. C. is induc
ed to this challenge from motives of humanity—
he therefore dares the Faculty to prove ti*eir pte
A Stockholder.
0 c
K S.
sent practice to be confident either with native er
■common sense.
New-York, No. 47, Naflau-ftreet,|
September 22, 1795. \
N. B.—A. C. further proptifes to take fir pa,
tientj, Whom none of the." Faculty hare yet visited
if any of the Faculty will also take fix, according
to their present mode ; and the recovered sick (hall
be the witneflc*. He further advifts the citizens
of New-York, not to he in the least alarmed en
account of the pncfent sickness, for it is by ao m«an»
lafe&jouj, until ai'ter death. He further advifet to
treat it as Buchan recommends ia a common cold,
firft ad mini ftering a tommoir purge. Caitor-eil ha»
been observed to have the best effe£t. .
September 23.
The brig Polly, White, wa« upfct .on Thursday
last, above H«ll-Gate, with a quantity of lime aR
Twenty-seven fail of veflLls were drove on fror«
in a hurricane, about the 18th of Auguil, at An
NEWPORT, September 20.
Mr. Barber,
A« it has b«cn reported that the Medufn frigate
ran away from the Britifli frigate Cleopatra, I beg
you would insert the following copy of a letter from
the commander of the Medusa, and you will oblige
■■A Friend It the Republic of Fraute.
" At Sea, 4th Sept. 1755.
" My Dearßir, ' V
" I cannot lose the opportunity by air Ameri
can vefTcl, to inform you, that had I not received
pontive orders not to attack, I should yesterday
morning have taken an F.nglifo frigate ten leagues
S. E. of Nantucket. She ought to consider her
felf under great obligations to the Miniller of the
" After my bed refpefls to the good penple of
Newport, recommend patiencc to Capt. Horn;—
I /hall retura very soon.
Ship Hope, J. Hawes, from Philadelphia—
Th'» ftip was loaded, in Philadelphia, bound for
Ireland—Eight days since she patted the Capes,
when the captain was seized with a fever, and the
vefTel put away for this port. The captain it it
hoped will (hoitly tccover.
HALIFAX, (N. C.) Sept. 14,
A correspondent dciires to know how many ci«
tizens were present at the numerous and refpeSablt
meeting, held at Warrtntoa on the 2zd ult. (of
which there were but twodifTentients) as he was in
formed by a gentleman of great lefpedlability a*d
undoubted -veracity, that he pasTed late in the day
through that town, and observed that all was quiet
and no appearance whatever of any colkdioii of
Canal Lottery-Office
Near th« SANK of the (/SITED STATZS,
A_„ September iStb, 170 c.
TTENDANCE will fee given at this Officc from
thefculfrX? ek " crrdaT for
The price will be Eleven Dollars till tl>« further order
j if Com P in y— aod for all sums exceeding one hundred
dollar., approved aotet payable en or before the loth dar
" Becembtr next will be taken in payment.
i William Blackburn, Agent.
Canal Lottery.
T H * Public rcfpe&fuHjr informed, that a torreft
J. Numerical Book of each day', drawing will be kent
'49 ChefnuCftreet, b.fween Fourtk
and Fifth-ftreet., where t,ck«t. may be regirtered and ex
amined. Also, prize tickets bought, or exchanged tor
others -uurrtnted vniraun during the continuance.
£? A Numerical Book is also opened of WalWtoa
Lottery, which commcnces in a few days.
N. B. New-Castle prize-tickets parchafed at the above
Office. Sept 48. .j.
Made by OLIVER EVANS, at his Fad.ry, in the o!4
vind-raiil in Elmfley's allej,
W South Sceoni-prut, a little b<l*-w Dtck fired
HERB those who apply may befupplied with stone.
of such quality as wi{l suit their parpofts. Also.
Itones for gudgeon, to run on, and Plaifter of Paris.
He keeps for SALE,
At hLs dwelling No. 2i S north Second-street, a little above
Vine (lreet,
Boulting Cloths,
A complete affortme.t of both imported and America,
manufactured for merchant and country fvork, which he
warrants good.
The Young Millwright's and Mi!ler'« GUIDE.
Containing a fyfttm of mechanics and hydrau'icj at the*
apply to water miUs with the whole proceft of, and all th«
late improvements on the art of manufadttring flour &c
intended to be ufeful to all concerned in building or ufinf
water-mills, which book is fold by Matthew Carev aid
Robert Campbell, booksellers.
Hniteb States, ">
I Pennsylvania DiflriA. J
NOTICE i« hereby given, that "the trhl» »f etimitiai
caufct in tlis circuit court of the United States, for
the Pwinfyivania diflrid, will commence on Monday, thfe
twelfth day of Oiftober next, at the court house in York
Town; whe» and where all perlsns bound by recognizenoe
or otherwise to appear, are loquirod to attend.
By »rd«r of the honourable William Patdrfon, Esquire
one of the Associate Jufticoi of the Supreme Court of
the United State*, and the honourable Richard Peter*
Esquire, DiftriS Judgt of the United State« for the
PcnmyWania AftriS.
MarJktl's (fact, Sept. 3, 1795. i 2 Oft.
C? The printers of Hiwfpapari to the westward <lu4
northward of Philadelphia, are requeued ta inftrt the
RUNAWAY from the Subiciiber, on the j-th
Tnitant, an apprentice lad named Edward Georre
Mc'Glure, about 19 years of age, and aboutlfive feet
fix inches high, is of a dark complexion, and has l'i.,-
black hair; had on when he went away, p fit/!;<«i
coatee, and red striped trowfers. I forvvarn-all ilaf.
ten of TeiTcli sot tc take him at their peril.
laoMjis Rimer.
Sept. i>-
Marine Intelligence
" I am, &c."
NEW.BEDFORD, Sept. 16.
* IIW4W.