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Gazette of the United States.
M'.voay kvkmiks, October J. 7
[The treat h.'ry ot' Tf.nchk Coxe and
others, proline! the publication in the
Aurora of the following confiieiitial letter,
about which so much no.fe has been made.
Tlut a complete view may be had of the
faibjcft, we r.pub'.ifh the aforelaid letter,
'and subjoin the President's Vindication,,
addrrfled to Thomas Pnckney, Esq. and di
ted Philadelphia, Oilober 27.]
ojiiNCV, May , 1792.
De ir Sir.
The fir'V thing 1 have to commu
cate to you mijtl be an explanation
of the date ps my letter. The I.e
giflature of Malfachufetts, l.ift win
ter, upon a petition of the North
Parilli, in Brain tree, separated it
from the reft of the town, erefted
it into a new one, and gave it the
name of C)uincy. By this meafuit
you fee they have deprived me of
my title off Duke of Braintrec,"
and made it necefi'ary that myfriends
fliould write me in fyture, as an in
habitant of Quincy. So much for
Something that interefts*me much
more is your obliging letter of the
12th of this month.
I flioud have been happy to have
seen Mr. Pinckney before his de
parture ; but more from individual
curiosity, than from any opinion,
that I could have given him, any
information of importance to him.
If hehas the talentof feanchinghearts
he will not be long at a 'ofs, if he
has not, no information of mine can
give it him.
The Duke of Leeds, once enqui
red of me very kindly,. after his
class-mates at Weftminfler school,
the two Mr. Pinckneys, which in
duces me to conclude, that our new
ambaflador has many powerful old
friends in England. Whether this is a
recommendation of him for the office
or not, I have other reasons to be
lieve that his family have had their
eyes fixed upon the embafly of St.
James's for many years, even before
1 was fer.t there, and that they con
tributed to limit the duration of my
commiffio:i to three years, in order
to make way for themselves to fuc-
C«ed me. I wish they may find as Dut Sir,
much honor and pleasure in it as, IT was only on \%fterday that I
they expected, and that the public received the letter you did me the honor
may derive from it, dignity and utrl- i to write to me, on the sixteenth of Sep
ity. But knowing as I do, the long 1 tember. For the friendly and refpe£t
intrigne, and suspeCting as 1 do, ; ful style in which it is written, I pray
much Britiflt influence in the ap- J you to accept of my hearty thanks, and
pointment, were I in any executive j you shall receive in my answer, all the
department, I fhoald take the liber-1 fatisfa&ion in my power to give you.
tyto keep a vigilant eye upon them. ] Of the letter which is published in
Accept of my thanks, for your ! my name, I have no copy nor any very
refleftions on the. state of the union, particular recolledtion. In general, I
which I have read with all the plea- remember, that when Mr. Coxe was
sure which the intelligence, jnforma- assistant to the Secretary of the Treasury,-
tion, accuracy, and elegance of the he was very afiiduous in his attention to
remarks on Lord Sheffield inspired. i me —made me many visits at my house
There is one secret which you and many invitations to his own, when
muftbe careful to keep,manufactures I was at the feat of government, and
melt have good government. 1 hey ; wrote me ihany letters when I was absent
cannot exist where they are without from it. I have also an indiftinfl: idea
it, much less can they be introduced of his writing me a letter, before your
where they are not. But a great; embarkation for Europe, expressing a
part of the people of America, ap- great anxiety, that an interview should
pear to be so determined to have no take place, between you and me, before
government at all ; that if you let I you should depart, and an opinion, that
them know the whole truth ypu it would be in my power to communi
will excite an unmanageable party catc to you some ufeful information,
againfl manufactures. ManufaCt- and advice, relative to the fubjeft of
ure* cannot much less thrive, with- your million. As I knew of nothing
out honor, fidelity, punctuality, pub- \ that could make it neceflaryfor you, to
lie and private faith, a sacred respeCt take a journey to Quincy, or for me to
to "property, and the moral obliga- go to Philadelphia, it is probable, I
tion of promises and contracts ; vir- wrote him something, like the letter,
tu£S and habits which never did, and that is published.—This however has
never will generally prevail in any been manifeftly either so carelessly copi
populous nation, without a decisive, ed or unfaithfully printed, that I must
as well as an intelligent and honest refer to the original letter, which, if it
government. Ibe fciencc of politi- is in my hand writing, will be easily
cal ceconomy is but a late study, known.
and is nQt yet generally underflood It may not be easy for me to give you
among us. I hough I have | a clear idea of the situation I was in,
most of the authors of reputation on when that letter was written. In order
the subjeCt, both among the French toaccompiilh this necelfary purpose, as
and the Ejlglifh, I pretend not to well as I can, it must be observed, that
have digested any thing relative to in May, 1795, it was my misfortune
it, with, the precision of a master. to be wholly unacquainted with all the
But tome it appears, that the ge- gentlemen, who bear the name of Pinck
neral intcrefl of agriculture in par- ney. I had never seen one of them in
ticular, as well as of the nation in my life as I can recollect, and knew not
general, "will be promoted by a
discreet and judicious' encourage
ment of manufactures, and that it
is not the land jobber, who can be
benefitted in the rapid rife of his
monopoly, by drawing every labour
ing hand into the wilderness to fell
The continual accession of for
eigners will endanger and destroy
our peace, if we kmow not how to
govern them. They will moreover
corrupt our ele&iojis, and tear us
to pieces. , Sufficient to the d.fy,
however, is its evil, and in that day
and hour it always has been, and I
doubt not, always will be given us
to provide against its dangers.
(Signed) JOHN ADAMS.
JrTT* Toe abort b.is been repeatedy jmblisbr
e.l in the Aurora—now read tJn following.
Moultricuillc, Isth Sept. 1800.
Mcifieurs Freneau & Paine,
A Letter copied from a news
paper of Baltimore, having been insert
led in your Gazette of Saturday last,
[ signed John Adams, and purporting
from its contents to have been written to
| Mr. Tench Coxe, of Philadelphia,
j in the year 1 792, wherein are contain
j ed some comments on my appointment as
1 rmnijier plenipotentiary to the Court of \
« Great Britain—l think it right at pref
j ent only to ft ate, that this letter either is
j a fiW-r, calculated for electioneering
j purposes, or if genuine, mult have been
founded on a mifapprehetifioH of persons.
1 Jus last suggestion 1 infer from fadts,
alluded to in ' jhe letter, and from the
subsequent nomination of my brother, j
' General Pinckney, to two highly confi
dential offices by itsfippofed -writer.
j To my fellow citizens of South-Ca
rolina, who have so long honored me
by testimonies of their confidence, I
fliould deem it unnecefiary to urge a
lyliable of jujlification from such charges
I as are implicated in this production, how
ever autheniica^d; but as it appears,
from the time of its publication, to be
calculated for more extensive influence,'
I have deemed it of importance publicly,
to state what is above, that those persons :
who may be unacquainted with the cha
racters concerned, may be guarded againjl;
giving credit, either to the authenticity or
jujiice of thi* performance, until the
event of an investigation, which I will
immediately commence, iliallbe made
Philadelphia, October 27th, 1800.
that there were more than two. W hen
I heard of yoar appointment, I recol
lected the conversion with the Marquis
of Carmarthen, now.Duke of Leeds,
and imagined it probable, that his Lord-
Ihip might have intimated dire&ly or
indireftly to some one near the President,
that one of the Mr. Pinckney s would
be agreeable at Court. I never had an
idea of any other influence, than that,
which is very common in Europe, when
one government causes intimations to be
given to another, that the appointment
of some particular gentleman would be
agbeeable. And I now fully believe,
that my suspicion of even that kind of
influence was wholly unfounded in rea
lity, though it had then some color, in
appearance. The other insinuation, con
cerning the Pinckney family, had no
other foundation than this When I
received my commission to the Court of
St. James's. I observed in it a limitation
to three years. As I did not recollect
any example of this before, I was at a
loss for the reason of it, but as I did not
intend at that time to remain in Europe,
even so long a time as three years, I
thought very little of it, until afterwards
on my arrival in London in 1785, I re
ceived information without inquiry, that
Mr. Pinckney, a member of Congress
from South Carolina, had said, that
" The limitation to three years had been
" inserted in my commission so" the pur
" pose of getting rid of me ; that the
" million to London Was too good a
'\.thir.g for me ; and that the intention
" was, as soon as I could be removed,
".to lend a Mr. Pinckney of SouthCa
" roltaa in my room." When 1 heard
of a Mr. Pinckney's appointment, this
London information came into my mind
and diverted me, because I supposed Mr.
Pinckney after eight years had carried
his point, and occafioried the sentiment
exprefled in the letter, -which, from the
sportive, playful, careless- air of it
throughout, must be easily perceived to
have been confidential. It may be easily
ascertained, who was the Mr. Pinckney,
who was a member of Congress in 1784
or 1785, when my commission was
granted, and dated, and when ths limi
tation to three years was inserted.
On this occaiion, it is but justice and
duty in me to declare, that I have not
at this time the smallest reason to believe
or fufpe£t, that you or your brother ever
folicitcd any appointment under govern
ment abroad or at home, that the whole
conduft of both as far as it has come to
my knowledge (and I have had conside
rable opportunities to know the conduft
of both since 1792) has shown minds
candid, able and independent, wholly
free from any kind of influence from
Britain, and from any improper bias, in
favor of that country or any other ; and
that both have rendered, with honor
and dignity to themselves, great and
important services to our country. And
I will add in the fmcerity of my heart,
that I know of no two gentlemen, whose
characters and conduct are more deserv
ing of confidence.
I cannot conclude without observing
that we are fallen On evil times— or} evil
times indeed are we fallen, if every pri
vate conversion is immediately to be
betrayed and misrepresented in the news
papers, and if every frivolous and confi
dential letter is to be dragged by the
hand of treachery from its oblivion of
eight years, and published by malice
and revenge, for the purpose of makilig
I am, -Sir,
With great truth and regard,
Your friend and humble servant,
Thomas Pinckney, Esq.
Charleston, South Carolina.
As your letter has been so long on its
way to me, I lhall publish this answer
immediately, which I hope you will ex
JO™ Boolilel'ers, Printers, and private
Gentlemen, holding fnbfcription papers t'»r
the publication of The Farrago and Lay
Pkeachkr. will please, on, or before the
middle of November next, to forward them
to Philadelphia; in & cover, oppn at the ends,
ill the manner in which newspapers are
usually tianlni'cted. It is requeued that
they be addrefled to Asobuy Dickins,
Bookseller, Philadelphia. Gentlemen, in dif
ferent parts of the United State?, and in
British America, who have not had an op
portunity to fufifcribe to both, or either of
the above performances, may address as.nbove
their letters, P'Jl paid ; their willies fliail be
complied with, and their names, if sent i
fesfonably, lhall be, added to the lift of fub
crifbers, to be prefixed to the volumes.
CORK, Augufl 21.
Saturday !aft, Arthur Wallace, Postmas
ter of G»rlo<v, was executed at the front of
the new go .1 of that town, pursuant to his
f entente at the lat> affixes, for embezzling
bank noter, &c. 1 his unhappy culprit, as
we are credibly informed, requeued Mr
Knot, hif*h (lieriff of the county of Cailow,
to delay his execution till the arrival of the
Dublin M<iil Coach, expedling a respite ;
that gentleman, with his usual humanity,
acquiesced with his delire. The coach arri
ved about threu o'clock when Mr. Knot
went personally and had the different bags
can-fully searched : no respite arrived Or
ders were cons, quently given for his imme
diate execution. Between three and four
o'clock in the afternoon he was efcortrd by
a strong military Ruard, in a sedan. chair,
attended lyr Dr. Hubbert from the old gaol
in Bridewell hne, to the new goal in Bar
rack flreet, having a white cap h'ding his
face ; he appeared much ddjefled, andalmoft
fenlelefs of his approaching fate, when he
arrived there be remained about three quar
ters of hour praying ;at length he grew
so weak and feeble, he was obliged to be as
filled on the fcaffold by two men and the
goaler, when he was launched into eternity/"
He has bequeathed his wife the interefl of
20001. during life, in cafe (lie remains a
widow, and to his two children joool. each.
JUST PUBLISHED, *
AtR.-vwLivS Repulican Book-Store,
Relating to the Conduct of
October 27. d6t
DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA—
Be IT REMEMBERED, That on the aid day
of August, in the 15th year of the Indepm
deace of tbf Unired States of America, William
Young. (BaoVfellcr,) of the said DiftriA; hath
Htj oiited <ll this Office, the title of a Book, the
right whereof he claims as proprietor ; in the wards
following, to wit.
" Essay on Political Society."
IN CONFORMITY to the aft of Con
gress of th» United States,intituled " An
AOil for ths en. euragement of learning
[siac-I by fe<;uring the copies of Maps, Charts
and Bo* ks to the Authors and Propri
etors of such copies during the times
therein mentioned "
Clerk of the District of Pennsylvania.
(eptember 18 iaw4W
RESPECTFULLY mlomi her Friends ind the
Public, that (he intends opening her Selc&
SCHOOL on the fitft as Ofiober, in Fifth near
Walnut Street, opposite "the State House Yard,
where (he will as usual, teach the branches <«f po
lite and afeful literature, including Geography,
Aflronomy, Writing, Arithmetic, and every ac
co npliihment necessary to form a complete liberal
Young Ladies may be accommodated with
Board, &c. in the House, which is very airy and
tl«. G. Btck's Drawing and Painting School
will commence at the fame time. .
fjptember 10 tu th& fa Im
Twenty Dollars Reward.
RUN AWAY from the iubfcriber on Wednes
day night the jth inllant, a Black Jndenttd
servant, named Colin, just arrived from Jamaica
in the brig Diligence with bis matter. He is a well
made lad of l6j-i 7 years cf age, or thereabouts,
has a pleasant countenance, and a small fcsr on
his left cheek, yet appears white from a
late fall or blow He is about f fret sor fix in
ches high, and had on when he went away a com
mon blue jacket and rrowfers, with a for
, vants black glaze : hat, and h d with him white
and ftripel check (hirts and pantaloons.
He is known to be en'iced or envjigled away by
a negro man named William, a native of Boston,
who was Cook of the said brig Deligencc, and is a
flout thick man of 35 or 40 years of age, and they
are supposed to travel together" The fiii Colin
contrived to get a parcel containing 30 new dol
lars oi the prefect years co : nage of the U Sta;es,
never before in circulation a»d a few milled dou
bloons of full weight out of his masters keeping,
and also took with him a Olver table spoon with
the cyper A. R. on it, and a desert knife and fork
'With white Ivory handles.
The above reward will be paid to any person
who will bring the said Colen and William to the
| Subscriber, No. 31 Spruce flreet or to MelTrs. Sa
j vjgeand Dugan, Third Street, or iodge them in
| any goal er work h >ufe in any of the States so that
■ his mailer may have Colin, and it isiequefted the
money may befecured, it is supposed Willam is in
poflefiion of it, and requested he may be detained
with Colen, fending information to the said
MelTrs. Savage and Dugan, Philadelphia.
*,* All Captains of veflels are forwarned not to
harbour or employ or carry to sea the said negroes
a s the law will be put in 'orce against them.
THIRTY DOLLARS REWARD.
RAN-/iWAY from the Sabfcriber, on Sunday
»Bth inft, late in the evening, an indented
Mulatto Boy, aged 17 years, engaged by the ranie
of Joseph Brown, faying himfelf to be from Lau
cafter or that neighborhood ; he is ftifif set, has a
round face, lhort bair, large mouth, fsniling coun
tenance, dull speech, big fcantls and feet. and he
has no heard- He may drvfshimfelf with a gen
teel coat of light drab colour, wLite button*, aad
black cape, He wears a good round black hat.
He hasflolen from the fubferiber upwards of 100 I
dollars >n cash and value of other objeils. Whoe- I
ver will apprehend and fcctire him with as much
value about him will rec ive the above reward,
an ! 10 dollars if the young villain can only be
brought to condign punifliment.
No. 70 Sonth Street.
Sept. 49. eojtp
Will be prefcntsd, a favorite COMEDY, (in five
aft 3,) called
(Written by the author of the Rage, Dramitid,
Cheap Living, How to Grow Rich, Will, &c.—•
au.i now perl arming at the Theatre in Covent
Garden, with dittingilifhe 1 applause,)
j (With ne<w scenery and decorations.J
An occasional PROLOGUE, writen by Mr. Mi
chael Fortune, to be spoken by Mr Bernard.
Captain Lavish, Mr. Bernard ; Mill, mr.
Sir Harvey Soutberland, mr. Cooper ; Stop
gap, mr. Bliflett.
Mrs.Dazzlej mrs. Shaw; Betty, mrs. Dodtor J
Juliana, mrs. Merry.
The EPILOGUE to be spoken in charac-
A Ccmic Opera, (not a&ed this fcafon) in » ails,
flitb the original Overt-ore and Accompa•
Box, one Dollar. Pit, three quarters of a Dot«
lar, and Gallery, half a Dollar.
The Doors of the Theatre will open at t 4 past
S, and the Curtain rife at 1-4 pall 6 o'clock.
Gentlemen and Ladiet are requeued to fend their
servants to keep places in the boxes at a quarter past
d 3" J. W. Fenno acquaints those gen
tlemen, who subscribed with hi nn for the
Britifli Periodical works ; and those who
sent out orders for Miscellaneous books,
either through him, or Mr. Cobbett,
that Mr. Dickins will deliver their
books, at his store, in Second street, op
O&ober 23, 1800.
CCJ* Those who subscribed with A.
Dickins, for the British Periodical works
are informed, that they have just been
received, and are ready for delivery, att
his store in Second street, opposite
Ottober 23, 1800.
£2r Mr. Francis Galiiet,
AN experienced and approved Inftrufior, has
undertaken tofeach the FRENCH LAN
GUAGE in this Seminary, to such ps the Young
Gentleman as may choose to place tbemfsivej un
der his care.
gT Parents and Guarduci are req»e[led to
make immsdiate application, that all the fcholart
may bagin at once - •
Samuel Macaw "I Directors of *
James Abeicrombie j the Academy.
Ofiober ii. 3tawtf.
MR. QTJESNET has the honor to inform bis ■
pupils and the public in general, that he has
opined his academy for dancing, at his flembly
room, No. 64, south Fourth llrcct. The atten
dance are three times a week as ufual,on Monday,
Wednesday and Friday. The hours for LvJias arc
from to to I i'.i the morning ; young gentlemen
from 4 to 6, and grown genttchen trom half
past 6 to 9 in the evening
Mr. Q_rcfide» it No. 50,fouth Fifth ftrect.
o&obtr »i inwtf
AT a county court o f common pleas, held at
Uni n town, for the county of Fayette, the fe
cor.d Monday of September, in the year of our
Lord one thouf.ind eight hnndred, before the
honorable AlexandersAddifon, Esq. Prtfidcnt ot
the fame court.
ON the petition of Thomas Pew, an insolvent
debtor, praying the benefit of the aft of
Affenibly, paflcd the fourth day of Apri! one
thouland fe'ven hundred and ninety-eight, forthe
rdlief of insolvent debtors. The Court appoints
the fecontf Monday of December next to heat the
petitioner and his creditors, and orders that he
give hi» creditors notice thereof by a publication
for three fuccefliv# w=eks in the Fayette Gazette,
an J in the United States Gazette, printed at Phi
ladelphia, the last of which publications (hall be a?
least three weeks before the day of hearing.
By the Court.
A HANDSOME EDITION
Has this Day been published, by Asaunr
Dickins, opposite Chriit-Cburcti,
[Price One Dollar
District of Pennsylvania to wit:
BE it remembered that on the Tenth day of
July in the twenty fifth year of the Indepen
dence of she United States of America, Alexan
der Addilon of the fjid Diftrift hath deposited
in this office the title of a book the right where
of heclaiifts as Author in the words following
to wit, " Reports of cases in the County courts
of the Fifth Circuit and in the High Court of
Errors and nppeals of the State of Pennl'yjvania»
and charges to Grind Juries of those County
Courts. By Alexander Addifon, Prefidtnt of
tht Courts of Cnmtion Pleas of the Fifth Cir
-1 cuit of the State of Pennsylvania."
In conformity to the a<sl of Congress of the Uni
ted States ii'titled " An act for the encouragement:
of learning by lacuring the copies of maps charts
and b'ioks to the Authors and Proprietors of such
copies duri»t» the times therein mentioned."
CLerl tf tie Dijlrift rf Pennfylvanla.
The above book is now published. It will lie de
livered to/übferibers by Mr. Dobfan Booh feller *
J ii| y *3
ON MONDAY EVENING,
ter by Mr. Wignell.
To nvbich mill be added,