Gazette of the United States, & daily advertiser. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1800-1801, October 08, 1800, Image 2

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    Gazette of the United States.
witmiPAv Kvr.«t»c» •CTOB** 8.
Philadelphia > September 33.
Old 8 per Cent Stock for cash toS~j O j? per c«nt
Su per cent, (net amount) do. 86 ( S. -! ——
Navy do. <lo. 86 f 0 S> ———
Three per Cent. do. sij 3i
Deferred, - do. 84$
B\NK United States, do. 31»33
- , - PcnnfvWania, do. »8 >
. 1 North A:ncf>ca, do. $o
Imura'nie comp. N. A. iharea 10 per cent, be
low par
—— Pennsylvania, stares, »t per cent, adv,
Turnpike Shares, 10 per cent, nnder par.
Bridge (Schuylkill) Stock, par.
EafUndia Cojipany of N. A. none for sale.
Land Warrants, »5 dol!». per 100 »cr»s.
Wirtr Loan, 8r per cent.
Bills dn 1.0n., at 30 days for cash 170 P" ct *
Do. do. 60 days do. « , do.
Do. do. 90 days do. t66 ®*3
Bills on Hamburgh at 60 days 3*> "37 cts
per Mark Banco
D». in Amfterdim, 60 days 39 " 40 ct». per
c 3" 7he Carriers of this Gazette,
have been strictly forbidden either to
sell or give aWay, any of their papers;
and should the Editor detect, or re
ceive information Of any person at
tempting to seduce them from the line
of their duty, he will employ legal
means for redivss. —It has become a
serious inconvenience, and those viha
are friendly to the interest of this
paper, are requested to give such in
formation as may be in their penver on
the subject, and they will confer an
obligation on The Editor•
jf— y» It js requeued that Gentlemen who
are neglcdted by the Carriers,' will riot per
mit fevcral day? to elaple without givinp in
formation of i'ugi neglect ; but immediately
They SHALL he fervcd rc-
give notice,
Ma. Waynk,
A. Number of your fellow-eituros wi'l
be much pleased with your pubtifhing the sol- ■
Towing Spetufali 'fl, {wketifrom a New-YoiJc
paper) oy way ot anl'wer to some thservatiom
evidently tent into thp world by the agents
of Buonaparte, on the fubjedtof the Nega
tion between the French Government, and .
the Commissioner! of the United States
The observations •alluded to, h»ve been no
ticed by oil our public prints—this only, as
far at I have obfcrved. by * fincrreiy
wifli it may have a place in t very public print
in the union. A»
\ From the New-York Gazette. \
We have seen in the Gazette of Monday <
last the refiilt, as given und«r the Pans head I
of August the" sifr, of (he negofciStfon be
twcen our Commidinners and the Fiench j
jr-jyerHment. It teems, it has failed, and is
for the present, fufpcnded, the reafoiu of
which are afligned. This account of tl-,e
matter, though without an official ilim p 5
has Orong marks of b«ing an enunciation by
authority of the French Government.
It is not improbable, that the le /ding
points in the rtatement are true ; and con
sidering the quarter from which iv comer,
and the views to he answered, it : <s not f*,e-
Gcierit in moderation. There are, howt'vT,
some difcolourings, and several arrful
of a nature to milleid the public opi;yj on of
this country, which insy require a:i 'jiytidote
hya fair explanation, 1 his (hall h e offered.
After a preliminary view of t' llc fobjeftj
difculTed in the negociation, i 4 stated in
the frquel, that " the negocif_ t j on turned or
three points." i
1. The conUßiianc* ir, force, or the mo- \
ditied renewal of the t'.eaty of 1778.
Tcis (it ii'alledged) was waved by j
France, in of the affuranre oi |
ou* envoys, they could not renew it. j
2. The pr.nciple of compmfation for il- j
legal fciftirret.
Tins -point (it is nid) France offered to |
admfc. But 011 condition only that the treaty ,
nj 1 778 should be rcnezcedj with tiie modi- ,
'coitions contained in the inftru&ions given
by Wafhiligton.
j. The 25th article of the 1 reaty, bet
wee;' the United States and Great-Britain,
relative to the proteflion grafted to the arm
ed veffcls of that nation.
France, it- is f.-id, wiH pnbabty infill up
on enjoying the fame advantage as long as it
is poffefledto her,injury by her enemy.
It is mentioned as Utpplementa y, that
''There is another principle which France
anxious to ejtablilh, namely, That ?teu
bottoms should constitute neutrdbfiro
■••.ertv." But that cur treaty of 179-3 with
ijrest-Bi iuin prevented our acceding to this
l'vftein. 1
On the very face of the ftatemeiu, as to
ttie two firPV points, we discover a stroke of
frcmb jinestc.
France, it is preten !ed, tvaved the point
of'a continuance or modified renewal of the j
treaty of 1778, upon the assurance of our ;
envoys th.v. they could not renew it ;
vet we are informed in the next sentence ,
thai acied nf to the principles
fation for illegal capture?, flit dd it up n
the ' express lOnJUion only that the treaty
q f'72 fllouM be relieved with m ulilications. |
That is to f.'.y, tUc pjved the mod>k:2
renewal of the treaty ot >7B, upon the con
dition that the United States would wave
tueir claim of cotuprnutio'i for Illag.ll cap
tures ; a d lira by hc» I'olt" admitted to be jufl.
This, it nm.fl be conlkflVdi was an oil I
method of w.w%. ft was more proprrly
an attempt to barter a bul debt tor a fteocl
one, a nullity (m other words a treaty, wtiifh
for these very c iptures in violation o!
it, and'for other injuries, had been rii'Wul
ly declare.! void) for a valid claim equal to
20-coo,ooo of dollars*
i 1 The argument by which it is in ended to
| colour this fubterfugc is this .- |
j " That as the two nation 1 ' h d never
j been in a llate of war with eaeh other, the
j treaty of 1773 could not have been annul
j led without the consent of both.
But there' is not a writer on the law of
rations who will not inform the French
Government, that when one party to a
treaty violates the compaft in any material
article, the other party is free to -nojil the
Fiance, before (lie had the lead p; etc nee
of complaint againll ihe United States, had
I infringed the treaty in some of its elTctiual
I points especially in the famous provision
now again much vaunted that neutral bottoms
■ (hall conjlitue neutral properly; and (he
went on, ii creafieg her violations down to
the period of abrogating the treaty in this
country ; than which no national meaiure
was everjuftified bv more cogent reasons.
But it is aflerted that this t-eaty is the
oily ba r s of our claim 10 compenfatioti.
Thii pofiition ia as unfounded as the
ether. _
France in her revolutionary phrenzy, de
nied the exitlence of a Law of Nations,
i Returned (as is hoped) to reason, (lie it pre
: sent recognizes that law, and promises to be
I governed by it.
i Tlien, as the greater part ofthe captures
I of which we complain were unjust and ille-
I gal ;' not by the preculiar llipulations of the
j treaty of 1778, hut, by the General L w
of Nations— ii is plain that as to them our
I claim to compenf a'tion is independant of,
I and pa amount to the treaty.
1 It follows, that the ground which has i
been taken by France, in this particulxr, is j
untenable. _ (
Further—as to the 25th article of thy |
treaty between the United Statel and Gr f /at
Britain, relative to the pretention grafted
' to the armed veffeli of tho na.ion.
j Towards a clear underllaoding 0/ th's
i pint, it may be neceflary to rera.nd the
public of fuine faSs :
Our treaty with France already mention
. ed. in th I||h article cot tains llipulations
equivalent to the 55th article our treaty
with Great Britian.
As this artie'e ha 9 an favhg of
prior existing treaties, F-.ance was left by
the treaty with Great £ it an in lull pol
feffion of the privile g cS in this refpeft
' which our treaties w r ,th them hud granted.
The cons quenc,, was th<t France being
i a« w*r «hh Grea . ( Britain, might hring pri- ]
zes made the latter, into our pons, j
j ivhile Britilh ftips cauld not enter with pri
, z"9 made f'/ m France; F ance, theref re,
| had no cause to complain of the article in
I queilio:lt left her where (he was before,
and w fih a pnviiege not er,joyed by Great-
I '/f the abuse ia now altered, and Grtat-
B f'iiaTn has acquired the preference which
|'*efor- b.-lpnged to France, it ii by acct-
I dent. or. more properly fpeakiug, by the
fault of France, whose yiolei#e drove oar
■ government to the abolition of our treaty
, with her -thereby tran.feriog to our treaty
r with Great Britain, the advantages of prior
ity, which formerly were attached to oar
; Treaty with France.
This priority, therefore occaiioned by the
, mifcondua of' France, ouglu not to have
. been an obstacle to the formation of a ! rea
ty wi h us, which in other rtfpe&a, ftiould
' have been the fame as our Treaty with
,f Great Britain. And doubtlels it will ap
« pear hereafter, that our K.,v yi were author
1. ifed to offer and did offer such a Trea
n i y Thi* cirnumftance ought the less to have |
II I been an obstacle. because the 2Jth s one
' „f the articles of our Treaty with Great-
Britain whioh by its own limitation, will
rx ire in twelve years after the making of
it, that is, in the year 1807.
Again—A» to the principle, that neutral
' bottoms ihould make neutral property,
which it ia said, France was anxious to ef
tab i(h.
IT is not true, as alledged, that our 1 rea
' ty with Great-Britain was an impediment
to our eftablifliing principle with
Frtnce ; unless it was rreant to do more
than was done by the Treaty of 177 N.
It is clearly (hewn by Mr. Jefferfon, in
his correspondence on the fubjeft, and has '
been otherwise amply demonltrated, that
this Treaty did nothing more than adopt
the principle as a Rule to be observed, be
t t ween the United States and Fiance, with
rega d to each other when one was at peace,
and the other at war ; that it did not bind
• tither party to enforce or infill upon the
- roles as against other Nations.
[f more vJas desired by France at this
h time ;if it was meant that w; were to agree
s .0 infill upon the rule as agninft other na
tions ; it is evident that thia wa« nothing
mo e nor less than an attempt to i.-,voW us
in with Great-Britain.
As a violation of our treaty with lur,
rhis would have been the natural conse
quence, as an change, by force ]
the present law of nations in a point which
(he is deeply interelled to msun;ain, the
I fame consequenCe was to berxpe&ed.
This would be ar,other specimen of the
cldpolcy War -with Great Britain, at ihe
price of Friend/hip 'with France-
I It is 1.01 unlikely that our Er.voya have
been inftru&ed to cWclirt:, in any ftiapf, ih r
isolation, that ritutnl bottoms fhnuld
make nrut'al property ; and if they wire,
the inftrndlion w» s a peife£tly wife one.
Experience has (hewn, in the conduft of
France herfelf towards the United States,
that it is a llipulation not 10 be upon ;
too contrary to the spirit ps maritime war
to be obfeived, and that the probable eftert
of making it, w.ll be always to introduce a
germ of content ioobetween the parties to the
contrail. It has been a cause of extreme
embarrafTnent to us in the present war,
Aii unwi lingnfcfs to repeatlthe experiment
of this contentious innovatiw>, > ought cer
tainly to have been no obllacle to a treaty
with the very power has given 1,9
proof that it was iv tfr than nothing, and
taught us the necessity-os distrusting it.
Hence wc perceive the unreafonab'enels
and futility of the offef.fiye which,
on the part of Ftao,cpj have ob(lru£ted a
treaty wtVb the United States.
Let tiV now. conje£hir» the true reasons
of the (allure of th,e •negocintion. They
wer? —l. The hope that an unfeuted liate
of things between the two.countries might
favour in the approaching ele&ion of Chief ;
1 Magistrate, the choice of a person more |
! comt'ilaifntrt to the view 3 of France, namely
Mr.' Jeffcrfon.— 2. The expedition that
with him a bargain ropre advantageous to
France would be made than with our pre
sent Executive.
Will the people of tjit United States be
the dupes of the scheme? Will they think
it their interest to elevate to the head of the
government a mari with wnom France ex
perts to make such a bargain as will suit
her purpose, after th? repeated proofs they
have had of the with of France to entangle
ihem in her interests, and embroil them with
oth-r nations ? Why should they do this.
Things are now uimn n good footing.
A treaty it is t.rue has not been made ; but
if we aie toccreditt t the Fiench ftatcment,
their d*precUti«ns oil, our commerce are to
cease, and oVr neutral rights are in future to
to have peace infect with France, though
not by treaty ; and if (he keeps her word
(t'.ie only security a treaty would give »s)
zve lha!l be aa well off (except in the article
of compensation for captures) as it a tre.ity
In little more" than fix years ih- pirts ot
our treaty with Great-Britain refpeAingex
ternnal commerce and navigation will expire,
i We can than Hand both with France and
| Uer Mi new ground, and U is matter ot
indifference whtthVr we ever again have a
commercial treaty wtth either of them, un
less upt>n better terms than heretotor:. ihe
trade between us and them may as well be
le : 't to re-ulate itfelf till bargains mote po
liticly advantageous tor us can be made.
The jetting fid, on fair groui'd, ot the
Kuaru.tee of the French Weft-Indies lit our
treaty of aHianer with France, is a point ot
fifcftantial interest' gained to tke United
States. ' ,
We obferv* thii'sn attempt was made
to revive this gu*r»itee in a qualified Form ;
whether this revival was urged as an ultima
tum or not, does not appear. .It * proba
ble that it has been a very serious. psmt
with France. And the rtafons which in
duced her to desire it, ought to induce the
United States to avoid it. The guarantee
ias it formerly stood, would have engaged
■ his country in every maritime warm which
France was a defepfive party. Commutes
for a pecuniary aid. it would cod them a
large sum of money in every such cafe, and
would be more or less hazardous to their
Pe president Walkington wifely propofo
the fubftirote with the treaties were yet 11
force. But Frarce would not then liltei
to the moderate propositions of this grea
man. Now, that the treaties are at an end
in confcquence of the French agg r * ons
we ought not voluntarily to refnmc lo ien
ous an incumbrance. It would be far bet
ter for the United State, to compenfat,
their own citizen. forl»ffe» by French fpo
On this head it is to he observed, tha
nothing more than a promise of compcnfaii
on could at present have been expeaed fron
I, France witb tho bclk intentions on her part
: The (late of her finances does not permi
more. The enjoyment of the boon mill
have been in future. • In all probabily, b]
patience and perfeyerance, a more conveni
ent oppurtunity will occur for a favorabh
settlement of the matter, and early enoug!
to meet the rtfourcca of France for pay
nrcnt. .
In the interim, let our goverment talc,
pr paratory measures ; f«ch as will thor
oughly fift and afcenain the claims whtel
ought to be cumpenfated ; and by this ex
pedient the affair will be refined for defini
tive negociation, and if any time
will be loft. -
As to the reft, a simple and obviotti
course of conduft yrefents itfelf.
hostilities on the pattof the United State:
cease, and let the two countries pah iflto i
(late of peace in fad on the balls of thi
Laws of Nations. In this paGtion it w;l
be ften whether Fnnce is fiucere, and at thi
fame time able to execute her sfiurance tha
cur rights, as a neutral nation, will hereatte
be rqfpefted.
But in doing this, let ns take care tha
we are not found hereafter u. prepared
l et e(T ftual measures b» taken to increali
nur means of future rrfiftance ; if again w>
hall be compelled to protest our rights ant
Jefend our commerce by fcrce* 11*
joire ot Europe is still eventful beyonc
ill fnimati calculation.
Abford indeed nuift be that American
„ho will reft the fafety of his country on
,ny other foundation than her own ability
o repel violence. .
By this Day's Mail.
NEW-YORK, October 7.
3y a Gentlem iri from Hudson we are in
formed) that in the courfs of the monili of
Oftober, the Columbia turnpike# which ex
tends from the city of tluijfon to the Mafia
chufctts line, P» the rout to H trtford, will
be completed in the molt excellent manlier,
and the gates erectei}.
In this City, for the Uft seven duys, ending
th's 'morning, with the ' difeale ot which
they died.
Flux 9 ; Fits 2 ; Conftimption 12 ; Hoofp-
W.Gwh 4 ; Drowned I ;> Scarlet Fever
I ; Remittent t ; Bilious Fiver 7 K<Uw
ftoVCr 9* ij3uf|iicioo3 I
Of whom there were 95 men, lo> women,
and 19 children.
f* Thomas Drake, Cathanne-flip ; Mi
ci.H-l Powers, jj?Un GUrk, MHes Wnitty,
S »fl ir. Times lliert ; F.dward B >lt, Gherry
ftreet ; John Freeland do ; Benjainiu V\ sr
ner, Fayet-llreet; Martha C'inkim, New
flip, and Mrs. Janrtet Frafer, the annaole
wife ot I). Frafer. „ .
t Patrick Gunninu;ham, from James-ltreet
died at the city Hospital.]
Of the City and County of Philadelphia
Gentlemen, . . (
On a former occasion I experienced * tel.
timony of vau confidence, and fnemlffi.p
bv your votes for the Office of nher.ff-
Now iu a more advanced stage of life. and
encouraged by a numerous body of relpert
able cuize"S and firm fr ends, I again apply
for your v.tes and interest at the nest elec
j tion—Reding my charafter through life,,a
security for a faithful performance of the
duties of Office-should I be fuccef.ful or
not in my application to your fr.en ifh.p, on
the occ<jfion, 1 (hall remember with gratitude
j yonr patronage.
Oftober 7.
To the Pilots of the Bay and
River Delaware.
THAT aerec*My to Directions of the
B iard of Health that they " bri»g the veff Is
to, which they may have charge of, before
the Lazaretto, after the firft of next month
as heretofore, unt.l otherwise
MalW Warden of the Port of Philadelphia
Warden's Office., Sept. 22, 1800.
fc-7»Tl)ote who n»« L*hd* ,n the "® te
be fjH at wftion, •" tlle J a Ms"»« l4 y » f
Mo»cn.ber next, for nnrtgc* ot 1«««, ®n
lefi the l>*e« ** P** l
A '-'ft of tfte L<wh » >ni * m<W
„! ? » T b.fc. »
Rfq. who it wUUng to obtigt thttr.
Ftir Sale,
The Unexpired TIMF. of * JOT
iirHotoArk y«r» MA
. W fcrw ; fce k-e*. ™
K T. »<1 oi«5er»»«d» *•*>»« «*« 01 ho * Ctw *" I
qU i«.£No.6o. DackAMA..
J--I * a-1 '*
Horles 6c Vhxton.
A PAUL of will brokt, fo»i*4 *f4 •
£*- '
L*ert-*»W«, io fcfc owr Artfc to**
fcpw***i "
Found, "
A fi«i Morocco ►
yWnrico u the «*d
?"lf **' -1' ' ' * ■'.
i ,;. . ~ -v v •*■
[ 300 pQtL*V;R??. A !B" '
T AST Js*nir<Ur
L Brett .«** «fa«t fa». *n*far.
dry article «f Jr» »tuljrVjft ,
tw m iwtUft ktmirrf doJh»i
PtteHhurg--one doi ps I Jp®*!'"' ff' j
of Mt J olio TriwW^l 1 "
|»<k set #itb a Urge bW glia **d» /?**?!
Ib tie wow, under wkick ««' » pl»'t°T
Lid with *<T m » crpWforked w
aucL. Toitifcer wit* »«»n»h«r <* M«cT P***
as? a-JSsp—
« WihMlr.'
: The fdUovr'rag Warchdri
I Gold *nck, miXrr'*
t &lv*do. Thorns Grttt), Umpofcl, 7r»J _
i do d«. Bifid A.
i golddft. Fr«-ncff,My»»»e V, .
(ids. John 8y ÜBd,X«n*>«» *,JJ l *
« Glv« 6 ...Freixfci ' i • '
I ao. 4o- JoJiiiWU lM4—t ««*•
ituMto. H«U»t».K*n* • <
t fil»*r do. Jofcfi Keeber Shew
< 40. <k>- J- DtrHo|to«, I<od*>» ■
i Jilido! &?t2?V(ttcalf. i
I do. Hifcwpil, !*•*•» *9« S
™ WU" VX
ef ihi jewellery, or «« ""* ,h '" ]
tbirrc* »re ill# .. t" ■ ■- _* »V« |
Mr. BcaMbi* Mc*t»i tW , ;«w" er
1 iher», »r< rMjvefcd.* *>&* * e , **" ** '
| ryr timtt.
Wednesday evening,
October 8,
Will be presented a favorite Tragedy, called
The fair Penitent.
Lothario, Mr. Cooper—Califta, Mrs,
To which will be lidded the last Hew Farce;
Fortune's Frolic ;
' Or, the True tyc of Riches: ,
Robin Roughhead, Mr. Bernard,^--Mhs
,Nartcyj 'Mrs. Showden.
£s* Bo*j ore doliir. Pit.thre? qaaYters of s
dollar". And Gallery, half a dollar. . ,
£s* The door* of the Theatre will open at haL
palt five and ike curtain rifa at half pall UK
o'clock. . ■?
£3" Gentlemen* and' Ladies are re<Juelted to
fend tHeir servants to keep places in the boles at *
quarter part five o'clock. _
Places in the boxes to be taken at the ornce in
the Irolat of the Theatre, from IO till I o clock,
and from 10 till 4 sn the days of pariormance
Tickets to be had atH. and P. Rice's book It ore,
No. i6 t South Second Street, and at the office ad®
I joining the Theatre.
English Grammgr,
Has this Day been published, by- AstußU'
Dickihs, opposite Chrilt-Church,
[Price One Doliar>~\
Oftober 7.
From the (hip Farmer, captain Gibfon,froin Ham
burg, a large affortnient of l>in«ns and o'her
Gl»«5». among whi'cS iri an «f t » bales
of real French Britanniaa, 6 and 4. which are
offered for sale on reafouable terms for approved
paper, or iti barter for Weft-India produce.
Britannias, real French, Boccadillos
6 and 7-4 Bielefeld Linen.
Britannia! Sele&as Siamoife i,aces.
PlattiUia.Royales Tapes o! fevcral'Kinds
Eo*piUa» of aii defcrip- D canter. •
t j^ nJ Qn ,rt and pint tumblers
Cr«as a la Morlaix travelling Cafe.
• Checks No. » & Stripet Glass Beads, violias and
6*9 BfX'-s <f Bohemia
White Window Glass,
Of th« firft quality, 7 by 9, 8 by io, 9 by 11,
to by 1% and upw^rdt.
Of late Importation : ,
Eftopillas, Bcccadiilos, Quadruple Selifui, Dow
las, Coutils, Liftadoes, Elherfel/il fine Checkt,
Bed" parchet, Flanders Bed Ticks, Tapes of all
defer iptions, Co Arc Mills, Scythes, Decanters,
G ;il Tumblers, Travelling Caf«s, Sealing Wax,
Quills and Demijohns,—'Apply to
oaober 6 cjiot
• (
>* * y
A handsome edition
Of '
The House,
LATELY occupied by the Ch«valier
D'Yruio, Spsnith Ambaflador, will be
let out to an approved person or family* on
ealV conditions. It is largei cotfttnodious
and el'gant, with coach-house and lubxs
Enquire at No', too, Spruce street.
Arcb Street, No. 94.
Jnly 23.
7\> PrmtefSvi
.i-fidGfr v-v r -ur-*--.7* Viif r. ~V .
t, Fo*m ~ -
j dmn. Hs»i. *• ' *. vet/;'
■sfsMl*' yJ «- i.v'it O
. jrAfa' '"Biwi*r«. ■ ■ .<». v'■ •••<••*&:»nk •*'« -
; .ScwTtl ptir>*f Chile*, £««r2l Whpw^
r " " "l ' ' I .1 I -- (
Taunton &le,
of in excellent quality,
Per brig Amity, from SJnftol,
By John Allen,
No. 12J) Spruce street,
Who has also on hand,
Bristol Patent Sail Cl«th,
J No. i to 8.
feptemh'r 22 eo^t
■» ..-—l*
Modern Europe.
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