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years, prior to 177^ —anvi fho many, .
who were considered as wife and good
men, and friends to their country, «
fKrunk from the mighty queltiort—yet
there were minds, who corrtbined llie
pr>(t> prefeut and future, in their com
preheniive view—and jullly appreciating
the genuine principle which governed
the majority of the dcfcendants of those
intrepid tons of who crossed
the Atlantic to fee mre and enjoy in asy
lum from civil and eccleliaftical tyranny
took their ground, and rtfolved that
the Time was conte, When America
fhouldcait a!iJe her leading firings', and
take her llation in. the rank of nations.
Many of the Citizens of Philadelphia
can recoiled the eloquence, the '.earn
ing, the heroism that fix d their r.ttf;n
tion in Congress on that great occalion.
The Patriots vf that day, (hall-'live
forever in the grateful remembrance of
fcirery friend to the liberties or Ameri
ca and mankind.- , They declared the
United States fret, fov.reign and In
dependent—am: eighteen anniversaries
TiaveJboine tjftimeny to the wiTdoiri of
the racafare. This year the celebrati
on of the day ha ; been aiteded with lih
tifual fplcndoi—tliis yeitr a general re
cuirence to ftrft principle affords the
happicit pledge and afiurarice, that ci
vil and religious freedom, be "per
petuated in this highly favored country
so long as men exist to enjoy the boun
ties of him who nude them free.
From a Loudon paper of the loth May.
Mr. East, the messenger, arrived yel
terday with dispatches from the Duke
bf York, dated Totr. nay, May 16. By
these difpztchia, it appears that the Em
peror, in perfoti, has joined the Dtikc
of York with 2 J, 000 men, and relieved
Jlim from the very imminent situation in
which he was placed by the encreafing
numbers of the enemy. General Clair
ifait, who lad, in his last fatal affair of
the I Its), in which, before he ran away,
lie had conquered, loft more than 4000
men. had since fortunately a
number of scattered battalions and squad
rons of horse, a thing which (after a
total rout) was thought impradticable.
By this Day's Mail.
BOSTON, July 9.
pjFurtbrr corroborating Particulars of the
Duke cf Tori's Defeat.
Tournay, May 17.
"A general attack by the allied army
at thi* place having bsxn concerted for
tjs)» day, 3 column, confiding chiefly of
Kntifii and Hanoverians, marched last
night towards Eannoi, whet f they arri
ved about midnight, and lay all night
on their arms.
Early this morning they attacked
the French, who, after a short resist-
ancle tetieated in coiifttilon. The Bri
t»fl* troops purfueo them through Lan
noi to Roubaix, where a masked batte
ry was opened upon them, which did
cool'ici;-:ab!e mifchief—they, however,
maintained their ground, with more
biavery perhaps, than prudence—and
altbo' they found Roubaix ftro'ngly de
fended both by horse aucl foot, they
puilied on to fcveral other villages, and
took the polt of Mouvaux.
The left wing of his Royal High
nelVs array was equally fuccefsful for
forac time. The main body of them
obtained pofiefiion of Wat law, while
a large detachment proceeded to Mou
crom. x This last post is of great im
portance. It was the loss of it, that
laid the foundation of all Clairfait's
difatters. The po.Teffion of it by the
allies would probably have enabled
them to cut off the retreat of the
French army. It commands both Ccur
tray and Meiiin: Its valne appears to
have been well understood, as the French
defended it with great ohftinacy, and
baffled our attempts to fake it.
Tins night the British trtfops keep
pofSefiiori of all tlje ports they have ta
ken, altho' they have fuffered- very se
verely, particularly from the maflced
batteries at Roubaix. We have taken
three pieces of cannon, and the Auf
trians on our left have taken a confide-
Tablc quantity of artillery.
Sunday Evening 18th May.
From the following detail, there is
g*eat reason to believe .hat the French
permitted the column finder the dom
mnnd of the Duke of York to advance
yeiterday further than force could have
tarried them, and to have allowed
them to,obtain pofleffion offeveral posts,
which on'y tended to intoxicate our
troops, a,id to render them the more
tiff vicHirj <if the disasters which have
taken place this day.
I lie British army, elated vVith their
fucceftij of vefterdav, ohllinately re
ta.ritd pofleflion this morning of all
•hey had conquered, and were prepar
ing to proceed toward Tifrcoifl. du
ring lnft night, however, the French
poured out art immeofe quantity o:
troops from Lisle, who endeavoured to
turn our left flank, while a large de
tachment of troops from Court ray, ac
tually-paHed our right—a very strong
body also faccd us in the centre, so
that in the forenoon we were nearly
surrounded. The Britiili troops, how
ever, i ltoxicated with the fuccefies of
the day before, were not fully aware of
their (ituation till its ptril was conside
rably increased. The Auftrians and
flan.overians 61) their left Were kept tri
check by inctedible hordes iioin Lisle,
while the numbers which poured down
from Courtray oil the right threatened
for some time to Aiake <>Ur whole body
In this iituation the British army
found themtelves compelled to c.:furc
their retreat by fighting their way thro'
the eneniy. This they accomplilhed in
the molt gallrtnt juannev? though with
a melancholy lols, both of men and
The Hanoverian's were the fi;;t to
Retire. They created the greatest con*
fufioti ; for the cavarry not only de
stroyed our foot, but put the whole ar
my into fupfi disorder, that they be
came a helpless prey to the pu'rfuing
enemy. Their conduct proved more
fatal than the Loft ility of the French.
The enemy regained all their polls,
excepting one or two of conliderafcle va
'ue. Towards evening General Otto
led up several Austrian battalions, vv\ho
checked the French and even took sever
al pieces of cannon.
. The 3d regiment of guards loft oile
Hand of; colours;' and about 20 pieces
of artillery was tsken by the enemy.
The defeat 6f the dctaehment under
the Duke of York has (truck great coil
fternation into the inhabitants of this
town many of which arc retreating with
The following proclamation is jtfft
pubiifhtd to quiet the minds not onij' of
the people of Toiirnay, but also of the
By the Provosts and Jurats, Mayor and
Sheriffs, formiiig the Cotjncil and
State of the city-os Tournay.
" THE extensive combination of a
grand manoeuvre preventing all the corps
of an army from-itCting together in a
close and interfered country, one of
the divisions of the combined army has
been obliged t£> retreat, on account of
the great superiority of the enemy's
forces, and to fall back to the camp of
" This retrogade March ought not to
inspire any terror, for tht greater part
of the combined army,- yet .untouched;
will serve as a point of re-unioiij so that
we shall be enabled to g!-?e battle to the
Frenpfi, and dr!vt £bem out of Flan
ders. All the inhabitants of To,urnay
are hereby requested to remain calrrl and
tranquil, as they have nothing to fear:
Their lovereign, hows within these walls
appreciates; as hie ought, their zeal, at
tachment, and energy. . This monarch,
full of sensibility, has! deigned to give
us the following intelligence.
" Given in Council, May 18, 1794.
M. P. POURTRJN, Sec'ry.
Monday forenoon, May.
The defeat of yesterday is by no
means to be considered as a defeat of the
whole army at this place. Of the co
lumn under the Duke of York, indeed
the defeat was complete ; but when they
fell back on the grand army," Confiding
chiefly of Imperialists, they were per
fe£tly protested, insomUch that they
have this day been enabled to move two
miles forward toward? Court ray, there
to take up their position, while the Em
peior with the grand army occupies the
gtound on which the Duke of York
The unfortunate affair which has
happened to the Duke of York, will
| not much affect the general operation's
of the army. At'the fame time it must
be obfevved, that the very severe loss of
British and Hannoverian troops, is like
ly to prevent the allies from forcing the
French from their present position so
soon as was expected.
It has been this morning, whispered,
that a misunderstanding has for some
time subsisted between the Duke of York
and the Austrian commanders, particu
larly Clairfait. It is said, that thisjea
loufy has prevented the Imperialists from
giving proper support to his Royal
Highness, of whole successes near Lan
dreey, they were not a little envious.
It is supposed thqt the whole of the
allied army will again attack the French
in a few days.'
LONDON, May 24.
Gol. Craig,'.Adjutant Gen. to the
army of the , Duke of York, arrived in
town yesterday, fliortly after some let
ters of a later date than tJiofe iri the
Gazette, reached town from Flanders ;
from which we have the latisfattion t«
learn, that Gen. Clairfayt has obtained
an advantage over part of Pichegru's
army, which far more than rScompciices
for the check, so braVelyj 1 thp." difad
vantageoufly fuflained on she i Bth.
Whitehall May 2o>"
A letter of which the following is
an Extract from his royal highness the
Duke of York, dated Toujrnayi May
16, 1794> ,was yesterday received by
the right Hon. Henry Dundas, his
Majelty's "principal Secretary of State
for the hom; department.
" When I sent my lad letter, the
enemy hsd succeeded in forcing the
paifage of the Sambre, and had confe
qtiehHy obliged General Kaunitz tore
treat, and to take up a position, between
Ronfcray and Binck, in order to cover
■ Mons, in which, the French having at
tacked him the day before yeflerday, he
had the'good fortune to reptilfe them
completely, and to drive them* beyond
the Sambre.—The enemy's loss is com
peted'at five thouland men, and three
pieces of cannon.
" This fuccels having perfectly se
cured that part of the country, his. Im
perial Majesty immediately determined
to march to my assistance, and armed
here yesterday himfelf, leaving his bro
ther the archduke Charles to conduit
his army to Orchies."
Ycfterday to two o'clock the Privy
Council met at the Council Office in the
Treasury ; when Warrants were deli
vered, for conveying the bodies of 'the
different perforis in their custody to the
Tower charged with treafonablc and se
ditious practices, viz.
The Rev. Jeremiah Joj'ce, John
Thtlwall, John Richter, John Loyatt-a
hair drefler ) Rev. John Home Tooke
and John Augustus Bvnney.
The MefTengers delivered their pri
soners into the eiiftody of tIW Deputy
Governor, at 4 o'clock.. ,
Meffi $. Adams, Hardy, anil the Nor
wich Secretary (Saint) ajc still in cus
tody of the different MefTengers, and
were not examined yesterday.
The prisoners were (.'biidufted to se
parate apartments. The Reverend M. - .
Joyce is in the house of £he head, Po
rter, guarded by two wardens, and two
soldiers outside of the door ; and no
perfoti, 611 any account, is fufFered to
have acctfs to him. Mr. Tooke is in
the house of the head goaler, w,ith the
fame guard. Thelwatl was sent to the
apartments formerly Occupied by the
unfortunate Mary. Queen of Scots.
L'ovatt and Richtef were put into dif
ferent apartments in the White Tower.
Botlney was conducted to an apartment
in the East Wifig, with the faille orders
It isfaid, " Mr. Tooke was in hiffh
.., # O
fpirirs, and ex pre/ Ted his thanks to the
executive government, for the care they
took of the health of him and his com
panions, in providing them with coun
try lodings. Ijonney was also in good
spirits. Joyce and Richter were se
verely and ienfibly affe&ed, and wept
bitterly. Lovatt w<ls confufed and
stupid. Thelwall was particularly rio
tous and impertinent, braving
thing and treating every person with
On Sunday evening "th 4 Rev. Isaac
Hunt, was taken into custody, for se
ditious expressions, iffed by him on the
fame evening, at the Swan tavern, the
end of Westminster bridge.
HALIFAX, Jun£ 26.
This morning returned from a crtr'fe,
his Majesty's (hips Hussar and Blanche.
They have brought in with them the A
meriean India (hip Pigou, bound from
the Isle of France to Philadelphia.
BALTIMORE, July 11.
Tejierday arrived the French privateer
Jhip Liberty, commanded by citizen Lauren
ty, from a cruise, with the Englifb Jhip
Mermaid, of 16 guns, laden with 80 pipes
of Malga vine, and 300 cases of Cajlilc
soap, and the Spani/hpolacre De la Vierges,
laden with sugar, prizes to the above pri
vateer. the Liberty, we are informed,
took, during her cruise, fix prizes, four of
which arefafely arrived—another, which
is a brig from Antigna, bound to London,
is expeSed up in a few days, and thefixth
it is f»ppofeJ, is retaken. (
NEW-YORK, July 12.
By late arrivals at Boston, :from
France, Paris papers to the 26 Floreal
(16th May) which are full of accounts
of the fuccefles of the French troops in
various parts, are received. The offici
al accounts of the victory over the Spa
niards, is dated Ceret, 12 Floreal, and
fignedby Milhaud, Dugomier, and Sau
brany. About 200 cannon and shells
were taken, and 2000 prisoners. They
inform thjtf several Spanish Generals
were t killed, but the number of men
they had not afcertairted. The tfceo unts
,from the North and Italy, are equally
favourable. Tria most a&ive meafiires
if. re pursuing for iurnithing the army
with every rieeeflary, and»the manufac
ture of warlike implements, was profe
cutifig with the utmost vigor.
The- Thorn, Capt. .Wilson, from
Havre de Grace, "arrived at Boston, has
brought over as paflengers, fofir of the
daughter 's of the late admiral De Gralfe.
Extract from tile log„i>ook of the
(now Pallas, arrived at Bollon, from
Bourdeaiix : May-24, lat. 45, 59, long.
26, 54. Meridian, spoke a French fleet
of 112 fail from Virginia, .bound to
Breit,.out 36 days ; They had captur
ed a number of Englilh (hips, among
which were the fliip Blandford, Capt
| Morris* from Port GlaTgoWj taken 74
April ; the fliip Harriot of Loudcm,
Capt. Strong, from Charlellon for Ca-
di 2, with rice ; brig ta g from Pbol,
■for Newfoundland with bread and beer.
The Suirvcillante put on board a boy
by the name of Hugh M'Pherfon, son
to Daniel M'Pherfon of Norfolk, Vir-
Note—Brelf, the port to which the
French fleet is supposed to be; bound,
lies in longitude 4, 26 of
latitude 48) 23 —>io that this fleet had
made about two thirds of its paflage.
PARIS, May 13.
Execution of Madame Elizabeth.
The Revolutionary Tribunal having
determined tp bring Madartie Elizabeth
to her trial; the Public Accuser was or
dered to rtiakcout an indidtaent against
her, and she was removed on the 10th
from the Temple, to the Concierge
Before the departure! of this unfor
tunate female from the Temple, (he
took leave of the two children of Lou
is XVI in the mod affedtionate man-
Yesterday (lie was brought before
the Revolutionary Tribiiria!, tried, con
victed, and fentenct-d to death. Her
e:;ecutiorj took place this day. She di
ed with great fortitude, aged 30.
18th Flortal.—(-8 May.)
Rubcrfpierre, in the name of the com
mittee ot Public fafety, made a very
lengthy report on the Institution of
National Festivals ; at the conclusion of
which, he propoftd the following de
cree, which was unanimoufly'adopted.
Ait. 1. The French People aknow
ledge tlie existence of a Supreme Be-'
ing, and the immortality of the foul.
Art. 2. They acknowledge that a
worship worthy the Supreme Being is
to practise the'duties of men, and they
class among these duties, thedeteftation
of treachery and tyranny—the punish
ment of tyrants and traitors—the fuc
couhng of the unfortunate—refpedt for
th.' weakness of men—the defending the
oppressed ; the doing to others all the r
good we are capable of, and injuring no
Art. 3. They will institute Festivals
to fecal men to the remembrance of the
Divinity, and to the dignity of their
Art. 4. The names of the feftivals
fliall be taken from events the most glo
rious in our. revolution, from virtues the
most cherished and the most ufeful to
man, and which have produced the
greatest benefits to his nature.
Art. 5. The French will celebrate
every year, the feftivals of the 14th j!uly
17CJ0, 10th of August. 179Z, 2111 of
January l'79s, and 3 1 It of May 1793.
Art. 6. They will Celebrate on the
days of Decadi, the feltivals which
To the supreme being, and to nature.
To the human race.
To the French people.
To the beriefa&ors of mankind.
To the Martyrs of liberty.
To liberty and equality.
-To the republic.
To the liberty orf the world.
To the love v of country.
To the hatred of tyrants arid traitors.
To glory and immortality.
! To heroism.
To conjugal faith.
To paternal love.
To Maternal Tenderness,
To Filial Piety.
To Old Age.
1 To Misfortune,
• To lnduftry.
To our Fathers-
Art. y. The Committees of Safety
and Instruction, are charged to piefent
a plan sos the organization of these fef
Art. S. The National Convention
rovite those \vho have talents Worthy to
serve the cause of humanity, to the ho
nor osf concurring in this establishment,
by hymn's arid civic longs, and by all
tile niean3 Which (hall contribute to its
embellilliment and utility. ■ \
PORT OF PHILADELPHIA.
Styp Brothers, Parle, Hamburg 58
Therifa, At'linftn, London 56
•' ; Alexander, strong, Chajlcfton 8,
Brig Norfolk, Art, Do. 8
Sea Nymph, Paden, Dunkirk
William, Oaks, Liverpool 49
Schr. President, Carhart, Bouideaux j1
Sloop Trial, Bird, N. York 4
Nancy, Denicke, 14
Captain Paden, on his pafiage met
with the following interesting occur
rences—On the 13th of May (after
leaving Pitnkirkj) was brought too by
3 Brltirti cUtters.
On the 21 It, fell in with-the Sanfpa
reij of 84 guns, in company with two
other line of battle (hips, and three fri
gates in long. 16. This squadron hid
been cruising 41 days, and ha 4 captur
ed thai number of prizes, 21 of which
they had convoyed fafe into. Brest eight
days before* The remaindei were then
rn company, and were just captured—•_
four of tliem' while Captain Pad-n was
on board the Commodore, viz. a large
(hip frotji Jamaica to London, 2 brigs
loaded With provisions bound tolßarba
dos; and a Dutch (hip.
A correfpondent'is happy to obfcrve
that a fc&ontl benefit for several merito
rious Actors of the New Theatre is an
nounced; and doubts not, that many,
will avail themfelvei of the opportunity
to reward thole uncommon exertions
which Mrs. JDe Marque and Madamt
Gardie haVe repeatedly made to enter
tain, a <ferif"roils public.
The fiift benefits for the ft perform
ers our c<J|Tefy>ndent~'h9S bc<n affhred,
were unproductive; some unexpe<fted
circumftancel occuring, prevented so
numerous an attendance, as would other
wise have undoubtedly taken place.
London papiri of the 2 i.ft May,
cbntain a republication 'of the rcfolve
of Congrrfs fpr laying 4a embargo.
trie loft riighi hut 6rig of lie Company't
performing hen tits Season.
Mr. hlijfetfsl Mr. De Mon-
litis Mrii De Marque s
and Mad; Gardie s Night.
: JyLY 16.
a Win be Presented,
A ,TRAGEDY, called
Beverly, Mr. Fennel
Stukely, Mr. Wignel
Lewfon,' Mr. Cleveland
Jaryis, Mr. Whitlfck
Batesi 1 , Mr. Green
Dawfon," Mr. Moreton
Waiter, . M». 'Demouliiw
Mis. Beyertyj Mrs. Whitlock
Charlotte, Mrs. Francis
Lucy, Mrs. Cleveland
After wiiich, ■& flew DANCE, composed
by Mr. Francis, called
The IRISH LILT;
THE MERRY REAPERS.
And the Comic Song of " Four and Twen
ty Fiddlers," will be sung by Mr . Bates
To which will be added, a FARCE, in
two A its, called
A Peep into the Seraglio.
Solimari, Mr. Moreton
Oftnyn, Mr. Harwood
£lmira, Mi's. Francis
Itiiiene, (with " Sweet Bird,)
. on the Violin by Mr. Gil-
i Roxalsna '(with Songs ) Mrs.
With a Charafteriftic DANCE, composed
by Mr. Francis.
B . *4* Tickets to be had of Mr. BlilTett,
Jt Mr. Spooncr's, White Bear, Nortli
Eighth Street—Of Mr. Demoulin, at M» ; .
Powell's, opposite the State-House—Os
Mrs. De Marque, No. 35, North, Fifth-
Strtet—And of Madame Gardie, at Mr.
O'Eller's Hotel, Chefutjt-Street.
*»* Mr Blillet, Mrs. De Marque,
and Madame Gardie, relpetflfiilly inform
their friends, that in •consequence of the.
ill success of their former Nights, the Ma
ngers have, indulged them with the oppor
tunity of offering the above
to the patronage of the Public.
* The Entertainments of the Thea
tre will positively close for ihis Soafcn, «o>
ffidajr the 19th iaiiant.