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• ' • 'Yde I, 4 4ltircti irdinii44ollr-riaysdetuit.
• w:...: :. •i!d
I. -..-. • •!. • .kiarinza'niiner ltypnotimot . I
It *. -not! Aush ! hash ! what 1 doorAii .413 t • .
• • -14ilkirViloatilia*-tapinti‘•*pitiglataiutot
d• • at him t Nay confernot ctitaramerAwitened
. ••- - . Rillihetaligwly - 414ocidea ,, inon am , :
- 7 .... itttiiiiiiooritti, 444 id:not-stie the
' - ." -ilittinis/itot Riker; he l-hal-lia Nice the. way.
;'• -• • rise • • to . prov e my guilil lialll WI-Ada& mik
i- ,1 - ' : - 1- . - Il i
_ bus sayin r, Hubert leaped Over the witness box,
-•'• riailtWg : hiinsell at the feet cif the horrid spectre,
• .?•`: • iiiii identysin of geßty feat': at the same me
the tibia' mid hat were thrown from the figure,"
t''' '.!filiiis' . ViVrittglibye stood before the court l '
1 hii4edg,—dur noble Henry . l" •iods -the um'-
vf cry !
'- Ayi'stry-kiagl —Sir Prerititie;aaid 1 ntelamild
be ''dicd'thee,nri'd hive 1 not redeemed my pledge
• . lily Oftritithdth pasted , at:pit - I'4"o= without.
..w am I wo; not , will shindy tall Tratie'inisbantl, raid
iim•thon Watt salute es rthe-Ilady-of ii knight !
• lgi eat rire-ree,"'for Phri was clasping the-ray-
ra Itiiis ; '-“Chund hire, - my prettrembler,l' condo
; Iheittliting Jane, whotfied devil summoned
'li an attendant, and now entered, “iiiiii witness thy
&&•liirtltesideidtion—thY swprd, Lord Radcliff!
-this dit !'dub thee knight ! be royal, brave and for
, dilate, ea rise Sir piers Porteseue !.thy sovereign's
i : n
p _ ;Ter end fried 1! Dray out trumpets, to the
h of df our liege laiight ! the shield and buckler of
y dr tihntinited Haig !" i
re night full, the royal - ha:rids of Remy imdll.ith4
' e had'given away 'the lords ; Woolsey, did,
hAughty Cardinal pronounced the benadiation, alid
hirtilter yearn; the brightest gem txli tt, graced the
ci!p4 of Bluff King Hall, was Lady Jani-Forteseue i•
, The .. .board of Directors Kaye made arrangements
z• the large room of the 'ottani& Ilytitate, arid
the'Lectunes will take place in the .folloiving order.
t 'Lecture lit, Tuesday January 22;1839. -Intro
.8 ttoryby the Rev. A. A. .211,14 r. '
244d.Vaesaay February It
fLecture 30., Tuesday February 26.
' ITherknnual price of subscription is Tim D 411411,
'4which a ticket will be furnished to admit three per.
Gana, Which ticket must always be presented•at th
tone regulation of the , nssociation, that the doors
Ibe closed precisely at half . past 7, will be
adstrictly enforced; after which bout, noTerson can be
mitted to.'theinterruption ofthe speaker,
jAs the number of tickets will be ligiited to the tie
- i moßatiorta of the room, immediate, application must
mane' to the Secretary to secure them.
I ARTHUR WAIN W RIGHT, President.
l i ktrate A. Mrtttn, Siottrrt. Lewis. .1 teen
1311ZIFE., BENJAMIN F. PORRDI and EDWARD
-4 ":l l rtir Palma, Directors.
James S. Wallace, Secretary.
Neto.Subseribent.---We take pleasure in return
1 g thanks to those of OUT patrons, whe'hirwe com
p ictl*lth our request of procuring- cad, a new sub
ihriber. One of our friends has sent •ita nine, an
ise:Ler three, and many their single name. We only
gant this eneouragement:t644edouble our efforts to
piease,•and mustconfess, although it smacks of sal.:
fitthncali, it is a , molt agreeable simulant. •
az? Our Subscribers, who reside at a distance,
ill! receive enclosed in to-day'b Journal thiir bills up,
sanuary lit, 1839. We respectfully request inn=
Mediate attention to arrearagea: by enclosing five or
tqn dollars by mail, should the amount be over their
iikeeent . inciebtednese, the balance will be placed to
credit; .many however may find ,private opportuni
ties for conveying funds to us.
ap! Ous'New York friends will oblige by hand
ing in thair respective amounts to. Messrs. Lowther
4%i. Son, who hive kindly offered:to:receive and-re
z it them.
E A Nut of Thieves broken • up.—Our community
4Ying recently suffered many depredations of van
-434 kinds, the •aggressors were traced to that vire
pifint" portion of our Borough, called Guinea Bill,
irtlabited principally by blacks. A descant was
cdrisequently nude on the premises, and various ar•
tifles were found., which fully established the guilt of
• and parsons, who were fully clarunitted. Bags
meal . hog's hides, turkels and ar t y other stolen
nos tiirpqmore found. The market wagons liave suf
faied severely, attd the grunters have strangely - dis
appeared for some time,pust. We trust, at leist for
! ~present, our citizens may be preserved from de
p ation, and h3pe for renewed activity- on the part
o l our police. Four of the gang have been arrested
arid Committed for trial.
t s , int Lady's Book.—The January number of this
periodical, commencing a new volume, comes to us
in k a new dress with a splendid plate of the fashions,
window curtains, &c. The whole of the matter is
- gindl , and from the pens of the most Oelebrated
: of bbth hemispheres. Mrs Sigourity's con
tr.* titian, entitled "Mothers as Christian Teachers, —
is!in that 'beautiful style, which is her hiaracteristic,
,acid will be read with profit by all. We trust the li
berality of expenditure, which Mr. Godey evinces,
rah:s , be properly appreciated by our literary commu
nkty, and gain fit him inoarticular, the approbation
of the tallies, to whose amusement it is mere partic
The economical A rimhastrutivre Among the con
t;nt expences of the U. S. Lipase of Repreiente-
AL last session, were n'l2 25 for ,mug and ir37B
Ifor -making pens., We dose? feel much inclined to
Seger at the first item, hut cotusidering, 4i $l4O
otle chaigetr.for each member's stationary. including
ptnimiers and quills, we think the second Ants a lit.
this taiodoep for reform! _
Allention Saltfreasurtre—The GLOW gulls upon
..rkinoiracy" to support Mr, Van Burees pro
pitsition to abuligh an paper under twenty 4bllars..--
11. y then sub -treasurers l ttoenlies are trier ear
-Ikm:if/yes, and take fewer to make a ;fair run
ning ballast; the bigger the fisher the greater:, the haul
itytay• gets. Go it deQuaars ! go it subsil
ZireaM» 'Contested Seat free Houk 'of
awarded Lunis.A. Dot4his scat
• Vcota of to 25 - over GeorgeW J 'aa.•
, W. an
; Chija ban4Bilt—The Bill to giailitate tho
. cos of public lands has been rectiturnitu4 with in-
LiTeport it, so as to limit its *meta to
',.±, ' . . .... i - ..... .1:.. .. 0 4, A.a,
gnurer I!ardanea. — PunPg I Pq4 l tefltA9, 4. :
in '`‘ Fit i!'.feltr , nam«Lt. , l#6, bao:#,
,in fizoingfrifiik - _ . Ilk-.
ia *7l4 Xtri n Z, 40 inia4d - linitteii -40
i.ifeVirsoii. Bin OVekirasciff
crfP: 6 l4 ,, .ittigt 6 ,-.v.alyilapi irLe•
1 14 42.. - '.-V.: l oo c Vn a!f: 6 Lit
, ': - '1: 1 :.:' 1 i.a.7 ,21 - , " . " -izi •'.- - -‘,,, 'f f T.". 57.-.-
1 • ~ ,
oldie,: tio7 - Pee410440 nilr., 1 0 1 1 t' ": 11 . 1 1t#4 1
'a . °r ; .OTll. l #l:::eti%..!.,t4sggislf4.,„
.that i rnerute exertions, and . a great outlay; 'ihriv
;been auTarramlsville to procure the .introthu>
~tion o heated ah.-in , the manufactstri4lrereveittr
;coke ; !the ieeme . of the, second expirrimmat has been
euccefift beyond the most sanguine expectations
of the!: gaged. !This - will be of immense advatt,
.tage • ' our mate: for itiethe intention - of-the -coin
ipany,Oot only is smelt; but to manufatturtithe Iron,
!andpfefistmtions ate-already making -to secure the
iservicilis 'offirstqatepuddlers, to commence the man
ufachire of reAitiaid iron in all its varieties.
Jinn:male aunts.mes annually, drained from our
• county to purchase rail-road iron ; the increasing,
'dem*, has.proiluced a .proportionate increase-of
.price, end foreign factories have reaped the benefit
entire'y. It will then, indeed be an era-in the -iron:
broinips f gf America,-when she oin secure to 'herself
the advantages emanating from herowia entarpokte,
..and a loner pay tax to transatlantie, capitiliate.
That, !we may speedily anticipate hirable a state
of thmge, the recent experiments .at Farrandsville,
leave pit little doubt. Mr. Benjamin Perry, late
furs aoe manager of the Penteweyn-lion works, in
Monettouthshirs, South Wales,-ie-the, gentleman un-.
. der 4ose superintendence the present satisfactory
resul have been attained. •Raving heard of -the
repealed-failures in this state, befelt ambitious/10 in
kedge his skill and.expenence, with what success
his fifpt. experiment has fully ;proved, and the second
sot, tlip' -matter at rest, in the most satisfactory man
ner. r .The following histosz of the experiments at
Farn4rlsville, tvill , prove ,highly . interesting to all
connitetoi with the iron trade, and coming fican a
Amiss of their success who waaon the spat, may
be re4ed on as correct.
the 12th of November latt,lhe second exper
iment was ma& ; —at 1 o'clock in the morning the
first-liarrow of Cokes was put into the furnace; the
fire isnis kindled at 7 o'clock, A. M. of the same day,
and at 2 o'clock P. M. the cinder begun to fun, and
continued. to flow freely and without interruption,
till 310 clock, A. M. of the 13th, when the first Cast
was tirade, yielding nearly 4 tonsmf Grey Iron , of a
good kuality. The subsequent Casts were made
regal Fly twice in every twenty four hours, increas
ing ip quantity, and in quality, as the furnace warm
ed,'4ing foundry Iron, (11io.•1 and No. 2,) and
egos I to the best Snatch Pig.. The yield of the fu
nano: augmented to the last. During the
first *reek the furnace made 50. toos.of Iron in the
second week, the yield was 93 tons, when she was
blowp out for the want of power, the water having
failed ,in the mean time.
Ben)amin Perry has done as 'much fur the Iron Imsi
ness 4is any other man in Great Britain, having , been
the flTst .to hlow in a fuinace without scaffolding,
thus iiacing a large amount of materials and labor.
Inithe second experiment at Farrandsville, there
was pot, at any one time, more than half the requi
site Aillar of blast, during the two weeks she was
working. With sufficient blast, she would 'make
from:1100 triisit v t : ons of Iron .per week. It is not a
vain b oast to a rt that never was a furnace in
Engyind, Scotland or Wales, that started off more
easily, worked with less trouble, or made as much
Iron in quantity, and of as good finality, during the
first fortnight of blowing in.
Coke- Iron can be produced?at this place as cheap,
if not cheaper, than in any other district of this re
gion. The Coal Basin on which Farrandsle
is situated, ron i iins at the present time only a qingle
Ceke Furnace; 'but we may confidently look forward
to the peri,xl, and that not far distant, when the
mountains and the vallicb of this region'shall he
made to teem with the industry consequent on the
general introduction of Coke Fumices."
Al:other loco mo r e.—The }vcning Post, the or
gan of the locos at New York, has advised that if
dlr. Tailgate is nominated by tie Whigs for U. S.
Senator, the State Senate should not go into the e
lection. The Constitution requires that bolls houses,
shall ballot, first separately and then jointly for can
didates., and in Cage the mpper house, which has, for
the last time a loco majority, should coincide with
thij infamous suggestion thestate will have but one
Senator. This is but amifivation of the great
system of fraud, by which a desperate administration
are determined to dispute foot by foot, and inch by
- inch, the sovereign will of the people. Their days
however are numbered, and misrule will soon 'be
rfa- The appOintrnent of Samuel A era its as
sociate Judge of Schuylkill County, we are pleased
to-find has given most general satisfaction in our
community. All party fleling seems merged in the
satisfaction erperienced in having an estimable man
and worthy follow citizen appointed to an offiee,
where so much depends on precision and regnhuity.
On reading a description of Mr. Sully's Picture of
Go o d Bess," old England's virgin Queen,
By fame or:so/field lives in story,
Victoria needs no careful screen,
A Sugy gives h 4. brighter
SCHUYLKILL COUNTY DIVIDENDS,
Fur the last six months.
Delaware Coal Company, • 6 percent
Mine Hill & - Schuyl Haven R. IL Co. bi
Mill Creek Rail Road Co. 4
Pottsville Water Company 8
Tie Last Assembly---Our "Ariel" after all, we
feat, is a sad dog of .a sprite; instead of being able
to give, us any account of last Thursday nights As
sembly, he candidly confesses, that he was so taken
up- with self enjoyment, that he never thought of
the company As -to whO was the belle, or whose
dress was the nbatest, whose smile was the sweetest,
or whose mirth was the gayest, the rogue, cannot, or
(what is more likely) will not, give us an answer.—
lie only says, that to find fault, would be to seek for
-spots on the min, and that all was bright and beauti
-04,/ike the path ; of the milky way on a elemslless night,
when countless clusterizq stars, each imie their glo
rious dazzling influence, to be meHovied down into
one soft image of heavenly purity. •
Iron Sean *rtipz6—The'steaun ship Victoria, re
cently built to trade between London and New York,
is in the opinion of Mr. Laird, her builder, the lax- -
gest steam vessel that will be built of wood, as those
of iron will eriirely superceae their construction.
The advantaged of the latter are, superior strength,
half the weight q less displacement of watar,`and con
sequentiy,greater speed with equal power; greater
safety, bring diqided by iron bulkheads into water
tiglit comparu4nts ; greater economy, requiring less
'minors ; greateria-tual capacity with equal beam, as
the wooden bullrarks of a vesserBo feet beam, oecu
'2y two Om Stolle half, while - those of iron would
only occurs at ' inches, thereby sating two feet the
whole iength o ftic veiset ; they have likewise great
',lir tenacity,Aesti rislc-nT destrnittion ' by fire, and of
Still the *votes! - portauce, if the proceeding requis
tieihO Cancel, ey 'can lie Intt mdch cheaper. " •
, i •
, The only : • yardage - m.lmb can conceive Wei;
iaant 9n -..tten:bi Ole, offect.Nrhict, such a mass °Prim
Ail bitie itii — Polatify hfitui coMPiess: it Oils
. . ...,...
1 71 1 WO pell*?0, a serici.or eirkiii.
N'.• . ..,
,- • .- e , 7 . . '. ',
I° , llM P --' • g uterte- the 44-
--?. ,-- areiQ to ••,.., A l i i, !....: a / 4::;Y"t,. '1
• • •-' " *s '' P r e ~-.7: 4 5314 '1t.4 . 11 i*:
.. '" 4 -"Uqrt:4 ':' . tiii , P :14;a•44
• 4,7,1 1
r , eau!
J , , , `
•-' . ' •
. THE Iturlir_ip t srsiißETHlirxr... t
Give credit 6-+4Vis mfhtfittsir ' ' ilmarmite
-*,0.A"Var0de1k4 43 0 1 ,0 61 44" ' itilk*
ililili ,e t a t e4 62 o4
athit : dept Wig: Thift‘affiiiidl: - _the;
1 0 144 ". 01 , 4 04 .0% 4441 1 -4111 7'5" tlWallw.b4^ 44 '
Otti`fraiill itilitifraeoiii Inpitetian eclietlii 'flier e6f
ther.bantlingw .The “Lebantm Counei n will 'there'
fore:please ter etueh,wby stamping the makoi's name
on ottri , i, when ever they 'masker ha •purposes
Prbelbehigit Coil anitii Navigation Company
but declared a dividend-of 5 per cent for the kit six
Queen . Vidoria.-ZThey do sty, that Louis Phil
„ippe het- made overarms for the hand etre Queen
-in behalf of his on the Mite de Nemours. It would
the moat curious kind,Ofarmilkarhatien” to see
-England and France doing the connubial, after fight
lug like cats an& dogs for centuries. We think the
union an 4nundural one, and •therefore • forbid
the bans !. If the Queen irent.in too great a berry
to wait.. little, she will - get -a better match in some
of ors:mu-away subareasurers.
-Parallax of Starr—lt has been reserved for
modern addenda, and the perfection of astnntomical
instruments, to determine a , measurable parallax
of a fixed star. The discov has been made by
Professor Besseil of Conigsb , who has ascertain
ed the annual parallax-of N. 61 in Cygnur,„ this
being effected, the distance of stars from the earth
can be calculated. Th i:e tlax being the greatest
angle subtended by • ' conceived to be drawn
from the star to a base which is the semi-diameter
of the•earth's orbit, the distance of a-star can now,
be foundas easily as that of the stn. To show the
extreme degree of nicety to which truruments have
been brought for astronomical purposes, the parallax
had heretofore been ascertained to be 'less than one
second- On the supposition that the angle was but
one second,the distance of a star would be 206,265
times the distance of the sun from the earth. This
is so immense.a space, that light, moping at the velo
city of 192,000 miles every . second of time, would
require more-than three yeais to come from the•titar
to the earth ! Inconceivable as this is, the distance
of the nearest fixed star, must be still greater. Into
what a profundity of research does the glorious
science of astronomy lead, and how boundless must
be that power, which can hold the univer,se in har
monious motion. ,
Frante and M,rico. —We have of late years has
our sympathies enlisted so much in favor of Texas,
and our antipathies in proportion against Mexico,
that we are hardly e iepared to commiserate the let ,
ter even when she assumes the attitude of the injur
ed party. That such is now her evident position
we think will appear on-the very -cursory examina
tion, which we are able to devote to the subject, but
which we think its interest demands from us.
When Mexico freed herselffrom the Spanish yoke,
the 'United States and Great Britain were the first
to recognize her independence, and enter into trea
ties by which reciprocal protection was granted to
-commerce, and the rights of citizens, upon their re
spective soils. France never promulgated any trea
ty, nor did she even recognise her as an independent
nation, until Louis PhiUippe was calledtdthe throne:
At that period there was a spirit' of liberal feeling
among the French nation, emanating froM the
smouldering rrcolleotions of • the imperial glory,
which actuated this step. The mere recognition
however, without necessary treaties does not guar
antee immunities or priviledges.to citizens of the sov
reignty so recognized, but they must content them
selves, should they leave the protection of -their own
laws, with such Its may be afforded them under the
country of their residence.
During"the many intestine disturbances which
have recently agitated Mexico.; it is not surprising
that resident Frenchmen, should have suffered los
'sea ; hut it is really surprising, that in the face of na
tions, France should demand reparation for such los
ses, arid still mop so, that she should demand de
grading concessions, because her subjects havipg
been taken as pirates, have suffered their •merited
doom as such !
The attempt of General Mejia, , a Mexican Exile,
on Tampico, is fresh in the memory of all. Driven
from his own country for an attemputo subvert the
regular authorities, already reeling from the eiteets
of the Texian war, he cosregated screw in New
Orleans composed of aboA two hundred renegades
from all.eonntries--men of desperate characters, and
broken 9 . srtunes, and with them, he. sailed on his en
terprise to plunder the city;:of Tampico. Its, result
is wellsremembered; of the whole bond only three or
four escapetlonneng whom was Mejia himself; the
rest were shot after a regular trial and condemnation!
Shortly after this circumstance,-Baton Daffendas,
arrived in Mexico from France as Minister Plenipo
tentiary, and demanded restitution for property lost
and confiscated by his Jountrymen, and likewise
made it an ultimatum, that the Judge who condemn
ed Mejia's gang of pirates should be degraded from
office ! Receiving rib attention to such glemands,
not only preposterons„but blustering and cowanhy
in the representative of a powerful nation towards
a new and barely organized govenintent, he threw.
himself on board a French frigate, and threatened, if
his proposals were not Rev:dewed in, to visit with
summary ptinisiment the contumely. The Mexic‘an
government, either unable or unwilling, resisted
these terms, and the consequence has been, a gener
al blockade, and the capture of, Vera Cruz, as stated
in our last JournaL
These arb the facts, and the principles of inter ,
national law, involved in this quarrel, in which France
has-behaved with manifest disregard to justice, and
that digni y which should characterize every pro
ceading of one of earth's greatest nations.'
HoUrrada - Belgic (Ideation. —The difference
between and Belgium have been the cause
of so great a waste of diplomacy, as almost to render
it a farce. At last however a conference has been
held, and a. final settlement made; with the consent
of France. Luxembourg is to be restored to Hal;
land, and a pertion.of the debt to be dedicted in fa
vor of Belgium; and so we suppose, they will be
very good Mends, until the next outbreak.*
Pottavilk, January i, 1839.
Mr, B ,
Dear Sir—As much difference of opinio ,
exists respecting the compoiation and qualities of the
Cut Stone in the front of the Town Hall, and as
that. article will, I have no doubt, be more inquired
after for building purposes present.,l have Vb.
mined the following ce • ncerning it, from a
Professor of Geology of e ir ndnemm in this State,
which, should you consider interesting to a portion
of your readers, may occupy a space . in your valua
I tun, Dear Sir, very respect`y yam,
. uHaving examined the Stone of Mesars."Stanley
& Moore, from the Nary' Forge quarries, I find it
to posse= the following qualm and composition.
It is a fight pinkish or nearly white said stone of
a course grit and very uniform texture. 'lt is essen
tially composed of white and pinkish grains of pure
qtriztakinalido4l3 lll thlititilbgetber by ditecorM
ed fe29ar or porcelain clay; acting is • teituntell
ver l-t w .a.mg*
/ii:tnottOrrefictiitWestil,,, entitled to regard'llle,
liaterinTruithentfotieteil to inske.a dun.:
1 114:xx) ttOntent -- tpaElts - of therroekare all tapahld-
I•ol,:*thaingp a high Zertr i lft theictfon of fir 4 Mtn*
it therefore: for otatayiralualtlelniek, .•• • - -
advantage over Gnuft4„, Visit the fader
always contains thelelspar in a state ready, ifnot to
be-acted on by the weather, sit least to be altered
and even melted try a high heat, while this sand stone,
possesses only the mote permanent portions of the'
Felspar after all•the changeof which it is suscpplble
hasitalren - pliceruteonvertieg it into•Forthlein day.
Tried in a very •intense heat of an Anthracite,
Stove, it underwent' no further change, than 'to part
with a small amount of water, 3- percent. nor did it
manifest any dispoiition to break or crumble t •
in heating or cooling.
Another portion of this crock was immersed-in a
strong saline solution,. (Sulphide of Soda,) and pla
ted aside to dry, to ascertain if, by the chryitalka
tion of the salt within its pores and fissures, it would
.This severe test to try whether rock .
can resist frost, the Sandstone fn question fallyisilh,
stood,whowing its closeness of texture and windl ab
sorbent power. On the whole I am inclined to re
commend the material as a very valuable Rock for
architectural uses, from its uniting to :afair exterior,
the attribute of =changeableness in -nearly all its
Coal -Supply.—A crinespondent in last_ Thurs
day's U. S. Gazette, under the signature •of "Phila
delphia," has not read our articles on this subject
with proper attention, or we have been unfortunate
in not making ourselves understood. The cause of
the deficiency of 1838 was the suridue of 1837; the
dealers were over cautious in theirliurchases for fear
of a similar result, without looking into the tempo
rary causer', 'which produced - IL We do not antici
pate a deficiency this spring, as the 200,000 tons
laying unconsumed at the opening of the last season,
answers every purpose of an increased shipment.,
-"Philadelphia" next calls us "lazy and indolent;"
he never could have visited our hive-like place, or
have seen the mining operations of our region. We
were not only ready, but anxious-to send more •coal
down, but we are not willing to - sell below goat, if
we can help it, or to be continually beving persons
to behome purchasers : more coed could undoubtedly
have been shipped lastsion, but.for this one rea
son, there were no purehgre Is..
One word more to the correspondent : he must be •
aware of the difference betiveen invested and work
ing capital in our•business; of the 73 milliorts estima
ted'as the capital employed in the region, not one four
teenth was set crown as working 'Capital, The want ,
of this has ever been a drawbick to our miners; not
half the working capital actually •employed' is ob.
tamed here,'"but is found abroad. Our mining capi ,
tal is too small, as• the "idle - and indolent' inhabi
tants of the Schuylkill Coal Region have - found to
their cost during the past sea4on.• In conclusion,
we can only say, give us pitrchasers, and we will
give you coal—give us liberal orders and liberal
.prices, which will answer the purposes of a working
capital, end we will send you a full supply of our
staple, and there 'shall he no cause of complaint from
any quarter, if • the Navigation Company will lend
their assistance in facilitating the trade of the region
by increasing the supply of water, and aid in provid
ing a remedy for the numerqns frauds rimy practised
on the line of the eAntil, which has added at least
50 cents, to the toll and freight on every, ton of Coal
shipped for the last 'two ) cars. '•
. We agice iasubstancewith the writer of the
following communication, nothwithstanding the
"levity - with which we treated the correspondent of
the U. S. Gazette ; that however was instigated,
rather by his direct applicataim w U.A. in preference
to the Navigation Company, than any doubt as to
the well founded ground of complaint.
We do not think the loss to the company by the
want of waver Mast season, as great as "Boatmen"
imagines. The depression in the coal business was
such, tilt* a much greater quantity would not have
.shipped even had the navigation continued
uninterrupted, although the edicr trade of the canal
doubtless. suffered' most materially ! The drought of
the last season was Vmost.unpeilerited, and can
hardly be expected to occur again. This. however
does riot diminish the necessity of Koran; against
its recurrence;lor in a future year, the loss to colliers
will be very great, should any similiar disaster put a
check on their ixtended operatioim.. Deets, horses
and other appurtenances, are to be ,supported at a
ride of from 40 to $5O a day, and an interrupted
navigation would prove ruinous. Every year the
invesuid capital must be greater, end the expense of
driving engines below the water level must be carried
on whether an outlet. is offered to the produce or not.
These considerations should. inilece the Navigation
Coinpany to use every exertion to supply the canal
with such a number of efficient dams, as will supply
water during a long continued drought. As to the
means of effecting this, we agree with our correspon
dent, and think it incumbent the company to
supply feeders, and construct dams on Mit Creek,
Tumbling Run, mid the other streams along the cal
nal, withs'as little less of time as possible, t i ms seeitr
ing an outlet for our produce, uninterrupted save by
the rigidity of winter. •
MY. RANNA Ai..:•—to your Jeitrual of the 29th, yVII
gay "a correspiwident of the U. ,S, Gametic (Priiie ,
delphie) think. we would be rendering a good to
community if we would devise some plan, to keep
the boats from sticking in thq Caned," end with, Ott
my opinion) more levity than the importance of th'e
subject warrants, you reccommend a "speedy applii.
cation to Prole:ism...Espy for artifigial :rap to supply
Tumbling Run dame "
Now, Mr. Editor,l klow, and you know, and eve
ry miner in.and abitut k nowt! that every
dam, or feeder on ,„I"timPling Run, as well as every
other dam along the Whole line of the Canal, was
was filled to overfkiwing last winter, and we know.
that all were estimated:long before the boating sea
son closed—and we -know tpo,' that independent .of
this serious arising from having our. boats t
"sticking fast in the mud," for man, weeks togetb:
cr, many of us sustained heavy losses, by not being
able to get otrre4al . to market
And 1 know s and so dolor'. Mr. editor, that this
serious evil—this blight on our • honest industry; is
within thtreach of remedyr-thit it only requires- a
1 1 little liberality on the part of the Navigation Cote.
pans', to have an. abundant supply' of water through..
t the yvtiole year,
We who aye familliarwith Towibling Run, knoW
that it is a never failing stream, and if the cant]
Company would make some half dozen, or more
goodjdalnis, and secure the weer they would secure
that, which of itself, Woulitaustain the Navigation
of the canal through a four or Are month'` - draught.
• We would reecommend to ther.iimpany, if they
have a regard for their own interest, or if they hey.
any regard for the prosperity of Poitsaille, that they
will gyve %pis subjecti of making more dams on the
-line of the Canal. their serious consideration.
This thing Avoid. be accomplished. at con3nara
tively is trifling expense—flat say, that it would-re.
quirtan -outlay of over one hundred thousand dt4
late, that•Snioldndi prove Si Stumblid block, for the
increased freight for one single season. would coy.
er every doll& of expense—No one : wili"denlisth,at
the want of truer last • season, was a lose tolhe
Company of not less than slso.ooo—the Where
too 'obtained a heavy and it was besides, meet
. dhaatroas to the Boatmen. 4
$ But why multiply argument', lo prove Whet it to
self evident.' Let the Navigation Company go to
work this winter, and; with the aid' of the hardy.
eons oft Erinciellthent, nuke:iota° ten. or a doze
losont-..let them KetaFffigenre . 411 the **ter
of Tinnhlingyetkent r stmants /Whin their
Peld l W l- the, ‘ 6l 4 oo o l6ll444 ***:kl ll ,,Samti
Ai men, stn is 4 ' •'lsllArr#ENib'"
FOR TOE VW ERB ' JOURN AL.
causes, the ontrage
led against jta perpetrators, and dig yerdiO,
lowing suit, which was a•test dne,
1 rest on it, has been sanctioned 'by every
dice in crutimimity with the acclamation of
them right l"
in the fi
'FOR THE 11120R8' JOURNAL.
o the twenty first NbveMber, 1838, John Ti.
nstituted eleven snits 'against the Port Var.
ring Fund Society, before Justice Heisler,
ng penalty of five dollars in each snit, Tor
t• that number of notes of differeEt denornina
between five and twenty five' cents, contmty
Act of Assembly, concerning , small notes for
arment of money, passed the 12t)t day of
1828. On the following day, John C. Conrad
tented one hundred and forty-four suits of a
si la . i character against the Society, before the
sa e Justice . On the trials before the Justice, th
,•fo of the suits brought by Coho, and in fitly-ode.'
of thor4 brought by Conrad ; it appeared that the
n s On - which ►hey Were founded, were dated
I re than a yearltefore jhe Commencement of the:
a ions. ln these cases the defendant pleaded
t stntute of:limitations, (6th section of the Act of
th of March,"l7B.s) and no other evidence of the
me of issuing the notes having been given, judge
enter were'redddred in favor of the defendant.—
n all the other suits, judgements were given.in fit
icier of the plairAiffs for .five dollars in each case.-;-
The following •ia a report of one of the cases which
las removed to the . Court of Commix' Pleas of
iZebuylkill county, by a certiorari issued by.tho de
fendants, which involved all the principles of law
arising in all the suits.
Extinct from the entries on the Justice's•docket.
Sohn C. Conradl Stiminonsdebt not exceeding
vs. 14100, for a penalty of $6 lor,is-
The Port CaiSnn ksuing and putting-in circalaticin
.Saving Fund So. I with the intention to.Oreate and
• Society • J put in circulation a paper cir
culating medium, a,note•bill or papetted the 6th
of May 1838, purporting and' evidenci that the
sum of twenty-five Tents is doe to the bearer of the
same ftom the Pert Carbon Saving Fund Society,
payable at the office of Discount and Deposite one
year after date in current Bank. notes.
The case was tried before. thelustice or. the 30th
of November, 1838, when the defendant pleaded
and objected against the claim ofthe plaintiff as (dl
Ist. A prior alit pending for the same offence by
John L. Coho against the same defendants, berme
Justice Heisler, and the record of the
,first suit by
John L. Cohn on note dated May 6th, 1838, plead
ed and offered in evidence.
2nd. A prior - conviction And judgement for the
same offence, in favor ofiohr. C. Conrad, and plead
ed and offered in evidence the record of the first
sort on note 'of May 6th, 1838, before Justice Heis.
soh shoold have been stated-for whose
3d. Th ,
use rt was
All the penalties claimed by the same plain
tiff' should have been included in one suit.
sth. The defendants are exempted by their char.
ter from the operation of the Act of Assembly under
which this suit is brought..
On the sth:of December, IS3B, the Justice gave
judgement ilettinst the defendant for 85, one half for
the use of John c. Conrad, and the other for the use
of the Directors of the' Poor and house of Employ.
ment of the edunty of Schuylkill. The following
exceptions to the'Proceedin re of the justice were Veil
in the court of Common Flees.
'bat The justice has no.jdrisdiction of this cause
2nd. The defendant is liable but fur one penalty
of five dollars for aU notes issued by the said cor
poration.„ prior to lite commencement of the first
suit tor the penalty, and the Justice erred in rep. '
dering judgement for the plaintiff, pending the pri.'
or suit by John L. Coho.
3d. The tlefendant is liable but for one penalty
of five doliars for all notes leaned by the said torpor
ation in one day, and the Justice erred in rendering
judgement against the defendant in this suit, hav
ing previously rendered judgement for a pdnalty.uf
five dollars, in favor of the plaintiff, against the de
fendant; for the same offence on the same day.
4th. Ifthedefendant is liable for a separate pen.
alty of five dollars on each note, all the penalties
claimed by the same should have been in
cluded in one snit, and if the whole amountexceed
ed one hundred dollars, the Justice hadno jurisdic
tion of the cause.
sth.. It does not appear from any part of the
record in what county the offence was committed, -
which is necessary to show what Overseers or bi
rectors of the Poor are entitled to the penalty. t .
6th. The Port Carbon Saving Pond Society are
exempted-by thrir 'charter from the operation of the
law, under which this saitis brought.
"The defendant's cocinsiiin support of the excep.
:ions. cited Ziegler: to Grit' S & R 102, act' of
27 March. 1817, act of 23d Feb., 1830, (new Pin
dun, title Banks,) act relating to inns and taverns,
sec. 25111,7 Johns. Rep.•l34, 6 Johns. Rep. 101, 'l3
John's. Rep. 253, 2nd. Sounders on• pleading 4- Er.
352, act incorporating the Port Carbon Saving Fund
Socreety..painp. laws, seas. 1833.4, page 100. Plain
tiff's counsel cited no cased but relied upon a
different conclusion from the Act of Assembly, and
Cases cited by the detTendant.
'The case was-argued on the 24th Dec., 1838, and
on the following diry the court reversed the proceed.
ings of the .Justice upon the first dieeptiot, viz
want of inrisdirtion in the Jhatice of the Peace, and
declined giving any opinion upon the abet excep
Edwaid Owen Parry, cooncel for the Pore Car.
bon Saving Fund Society; B. %V. Cumming, coon
ail for John C. Conrad.
Immediately after the decision of the coon was
given, John°. Conrad and John L Coho, by their
counsel, entered into an agreement, to reverie all
the judgements before the Justice which had bee
rendered against the defendant, and they were eta
cordingly reversed the name day.
In- giving ilitce to the following valuable com
munication from "our friend J. M. C, we must sug
gest the propriety in future, of his subjectinghis ideas
to a corirlinsing."progress. Newspaper communica
tions. to be efficacious, mist be short, and most of bur
bormigh writers should have suspended overtlteir
itoires a tablet, (as monks have a skull) on ivluch
= mild' he inscribed wow/pri z e," COndefi g e gni-.
dense !" - • •
PIA Itte td:NICRe iOURN.ILL. '
View of Party; and a word of adok,e ; , to
a • his Friendl: ll :
It will be raid 'that a C onservativee "is on the
fencer' "in a ship of betweeiliter' "or ea rriet wqter
on both should en!" Granted ger.tlemen : and • let
me assure you, that in myl opinion, we had better
sisy "on the fence t" for if we descend-on either
aide, we artijumping "out or the frying pan Into
the fire. 7 While we are "in a etate:ofbetweenity,"
we represent Deriqiracy : land the kindred priori:
they c 7
phis of lead' of c ountry , Union, and a desire ':toet..
petnate the independence bequeathed to ua e ls
Icirefather ' the "Carry; water on both aht shod erre •
'lt,' in not. ' colt for eitheif, patty to perceivet Itiv
"pro lat th e utse,they panne , as carry
-it 'on oppciatto shoulders, and 10-encli extremes, 141- ;
Je: is Inry,.. , dilrongifor, us to . docide ; w4elheriOnt
#ekt.fatirtr.kirLfttit.**47 -*ling- WI taikat:
S: "Iffia4lSr.l2 -.!"-_--• ' ''.'-‘,. .'. ; '-:. 'st''.;..; ''.i.:-..'-' . ...,
~.„..,..! , :r".... - -'1117,.,..' '.`i• -- ','A'. 7 .., .li.:' . -...i:1 : ',?..: ' - t4';.,.., , :::: -- ..::..-:', l ':,- :,.. , 54 - 5 -.',,,,
321WALvAi;s6t4IF/vt's2:iss , 4l. - i1d.:,f. , 4- , ti , k2A1.1;;:t" , ,t , 31.&. %Y.,:?
tas . •
lot he decistoOnstra
of the most outrartr .
witted about four yea"
••their wages, and ball
ter every way Juniata+
whci have performed
charter forbidsiheit i r
.even borrowing froM
been as good as an'
reguinption of Specie pak
purposes of &Engi,.
touted the prosecution*,
wa they &-attributtaa
from a safe antrearti•
igs of thaw who ball!
case of future want. -+'.
, • titiontas, Bfn
ArOtese'ff B Pc
i .olttperty to: thel otti
!diMtrittfoArifies t fin
pates. (here's is pt
the sister ir p the s t
lhe partf, • :lei
ttini 4 ontrtn.tie aint
Met Mr. Coto en
this meatier, a r a
ferred ' open tb e w .
ties of the pre empt d
rewards; Mr. • per,
to:tell.the " 04" ad
is, all the pikrty. Ran ru
tics,) that their trtith
are already •undt; t ft
tocracy and their m bii
mice with the pow
ty, Friends to your comfi t
Phis*, Dries, Hartford gm,
Nullifiers, .r Aboiitioniite
Oeo arp bundy'd about from
to such a. degree, that its as
iorresponding et:erecters, sa
your eyes abut t Take fiit
by Doe of the Deptocratio
itT,) to take into quondam:,
try, or rather the state d
gets up at ills' Otoky time,
ated probably,) And nomiti,.
- chairman, or pr drat o f
ry other honouro.belog'wha
deserve • portion‘trif Mitt
tprenlent with Vie par
,iew of more acceptable
•,,a gets op, and proceeds
eso of the eountrt," (that
into their *sateen of tae
invaded ; dint liberties
of the usurpers, the aria.
• „'ere uniting their Milo
tie "British Bank ;" and
the ordir of If; day, if
i - ...-
s th la 4 ery su a cce !ld ecl ini i i n " t ie li r tilie s to subject, us to th e
'mercy of the mOnsto : na concludes with soma-.
'thing like the follow / g :
' 'Novo is the le ra . I
Now let every .1 fter. nia 1
- strlnd .10 his pal! ( car I
wrests of its;) and the Ula 1
* ty,Wllll (do wisindi , rs ei t(' i
antee you a pepper.. Rep t
Legfelature, in Cone se, i
safe, under the libera , yfrO i
Administration !of rtin 1
Hare Mr. Expect
come by his pathetic
station Whoa filled,
of tho flesh are Very
loaves and-fishes, so
two last Administrat
-of the Democratic pa
swallow, or his diges
upon the whole/ ho•
length of btisilbs,
Expects-to-fie has n.
this meeting" alread
the gentlemiin knows
`Dolytite gets up node
*feelings, nod moves t
bore) be appointed A.
Oohs expressive of ti
rather, to grind the
political opPonent's p
or make some extrac
vent Deniocrats of t
thc twists and turns
in which they expec
In due time, Thar
the goddess of Demo
was appointed .s a
Mr. Doles., who waif
of chairman, report
majority of the meet
size or description,
the usages of the Par
ed Co .otenance; or
compelled to shed fr
use of to facilitate th .
vent inflamintition of
dering eloquence of a
workingman. (who i
U 9, if we had no vote
din ofjoyous greet in,
are caught with the :,..
the rubicon of honeOty 1
eise of vituperation and abuse, until we ci
-to-be ',very naturally *,r
and retires from the
• ith a I L ing desire (the lusts
trong.) have a share in the
iraculettati multiplied by the
one ; according to the usages
ty,—thatjs, if he has a good
ive organs are pmared tout
principle witheffit regard to
Me, or comenience. If Mr,
t' the while ?proceedings if
cut and illed,•in'hisrpocket;
which wire to pnll,—and Mr.
the influence•of his patristic
lat a "committee Moine (or
draft a preamble and mole.
e sense of this meatus ," or
'ire fur t h e elaughtero their
' knifes . ; pretensions s all;
s from the biography emi.
, a present dap, embrac' g ail
.1 the party ;.find .the nner'
i their principles to o rtake
.17 sufficient for the- / rof
racy, Sic.,) Mr. Dahl (who
atter of course,) or It . friend
oncired with the ap tment
the articles of war; d the
ng being used to bill LI any
wallow the dose acco ing to
y.! Regardless of th retort
he starting tears, ore is
m the violent exert' s made
choking operation, . d pre.
the irttestints, Next, e thun.
line ' particular frien of the
many cases woulorn look at
•to give; ) es heard te the
a, and stifled expects ns ;we
uccsemful flaUery, eh
tr; and drilled. to
the hue and cry ofstbp thief, (not stop a
rer,) the tliieflmi.elf always making'
noise ; and become. geat men, in . our ow
tion, because we ca LOW be good patri,
statesman, and exam ples of political bon.'
out regard to vett), v rtue or morality. I
.To yoo, gentlemen who possess the n
ling tkose lab° are isposed to do righ .I
assume the right tora nd every man a v
;dares to think for bi self, and make ev !
an honest man, who 'dares to think Tor yn
if you please; make few observations, 1
little advice. .
Recollect my friends, that P resident ckson re
ceived a much larger majority in this at e the first
term, then he did the last; (near 2.5,0 votes, or
one half his majoritn) this being a fee -either the
principles laid down by the General ore his e
lection was anti reptiblicah, 'or un'tho. that sup
ported him at that time were true ripe cans; this
you wiil not deny, for, thejaarne rule won hold good
in every instance, and I fear if an obje ion at that .
time was sound, the same objection ould leave
your democratic party in a glorious ority, ere
the same number of Years hart' passed Then we
must take it for granted that la part these true
Jackson republicans, hem you may ke-me in, if
you hate room,) hav ' refased-their au rt to their
professed republica n leader, on the ground that
prictite Is better t han precept. Nest, you will
please to recollect, that Martin Van Buren was a
lected President by i much smaller majority than
hie predecessor reeiived the second time, (about
20,000 votes 1 beliere;) here again it is evident
that a large. number of the remaining true republi-.
cans Who supported the General the second time,
(here you may pokp me in again, es remising
sonic traits of a remarkable awallow,)ire.used their
support to Natty; nceer a Bremer eonvictimiThP
the necessity of practice as well as nrecept; eerie...,
cially as the party held promised to db woolen In
the Way of Retrenchment hnd Referee. Teo will
by this time perceive. thatit is not difficult to prate
one of two things, that either one Miele of your true
republican party in 1i29 was bought„.bargained for,
or nntaorthy your confidence; or they' themselves.
hate come to tile conclusion, that one third of
yam present numbed are regardless of thelloterests,
awn` conntryb if they can aubserre their own in.
If the first position be the right one, then I. fear
the future must be. Ipntentious to the teithful, as
the same 'course mayi be ?unwed, byhe same num
ber of your present eonlederates. I the second po.
sition be the most co rent, then you have - lost sight
of your. Jeffersonian rineiples, and forgot the pre
cepts of Andrew Jae son; (those set forth previous"'
to his election,) and our politicalopponent.; have
just grounds to awe , that tvaothlrds of your prer
ent party have not yet felt the los* di . Sus
tained in the prostrlition of the Owe lee or
deincreracy, for the lafety of wlurh . still
Now bs it known, hat democracy has miter
ed,a gale of corrup oh, ~And party feud, that is e.
grilled only in its se •erity, by the piriticil disposi.
tunvoanifested by ~ any of the petty officers of our
enarrtry, Who are de ermined to enrich theuiselves
and their favorites, .1. an 'mistier minate slaughter
td character and prt .ciple, and - full share of the
feuds of the governm.nt; the lawelhat all apprapri_
attune shall be made by Congress," to the contrary
nutwittistanaing.- , .. . .
Now gentlemen, , ar it in mind, that some of the
champions of Dein. racy in 1829, are as likely to
have as much experi nce in the affairs of our coun
try now, as they emild have ,had.et that,time, arid
lf those true Jackson republicans' are al -republi.
cane,-the claim that our opponents Isy to that title.
is based on a founds of:your own building; and
it is as much out oft tpieation-to say who are the
real Simon Pure% a to•contend this our. Congress.
theri,,,are not better 1 speech making for polithiat
purposes, than they' eat legislation for , the public-,
good. The foregoin
.tibeervationit'Will satisfy, your
I hope, that if your majorities for 'President, fen"'
tinuc to decrease, as they have done for the last two
.".thiste will be no occasion for
you to say "stop that.ball," for' it will stop itself, un
less it possesses the Posterio rim tip hill, which ii
very doubtful, if wel consider how it is clogged by
Seward's majority id New York, (Change of afloat
+10,308 votes in three years !I'`
Having thus endea'vored to learn - pa; the a b c'ir
. yest present ainditiop, and believing a little
Consideration will satisfy you, thit you had bitlmir
program backwards,!' (acthe.hoTheat Hibernian said
to his borzo i when heturnesilim about to scoommo.
date his propensity 4 of backing ," from the rule or
iniertislto reduefioc i (iu arithmatick.) I will now
! rite yiiii the little itilviii I promieed you; remark—
legit the same time, that if I lre got too much ,
water on one shoiuldet: this time. .ehet ba !lance the
haul in my next, by a little tOlviMito the other Dew.
curiae party, if you will eiMiiiiii Me for all the milt.
'applienticinh of that terra, I Min Made use of hi this;
which*, not Ilt few . ..
-- . -
P. I't. W i be - to* to defect aa officer rale.
41.Ver -Oa t zeticßett, !that Oa .an a alter :1;0
,1 1 hgettat? tale "pable-41efeisati.
and Jackson lismocrat
to support the &nein.
t of the Democraticpar.
lrandreth's /Wei guar.
intative in your State
I our Country 4111,be
tro'ut, and ceonentical
In Buren, (including -
• • o over
k of gni
! I wilt;
d offer •