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'atosotamitAmi 01? Pplsariprl.Vit.WA, -
4111 /MOOD= iT TIM 445 ; TICTION OT OTC 1110 VIAND
irsonflinipito ATM TlTlltrir-Stirtgl-
TitISTT-El T. 4
WE, The Pelvis of the Commot►eaith of Penn
sylvania; onlain and ettablisti. this Constitution' fat
its Governiient- •
ARTICLE -J. .
Section 1. Tt§t legislative power of ibis Cointnop:.
wealth- 041 he vested in a General Assembly-,
which Shill consistof a Seuate and House of Repre
sentatives. : •
• ' Section 11. The representatives shan't* cho4n
annually by the citizens of the city orPhilatlelphia
and of each county respectivelton the second
Section 111. No person shall be a representative
who shall nor have attained the of tWerity-one
years, and have beelra citizen aiiirinhni.itant of the
State three years next precedinehis election, atsl, the
last year thereof-an inhabitant of.the district in and
for which be.shalLbe chosen a.representatire; unless
he shall have been absent bn The public . businels'of
the United States or of this State.
,' Section TV. Within - three years after the fiat
of the General Assembly and within evelflY
subsequent term of seven yeari,_itTl enumeration of
the taxable inhabitants shall be made in such man
ner as shall be directed by I IW. The number of
representatives shall, at the several period§ of mak
ing such enumeration, he -fixed by the Legislature,
and apportioned among the city of Phil idelphia and
the several counties, Reconfirm to the number of
taxable inhabitants in-each: and shall never be less
than sixty nor greater than one hundred. Each
county shall II ,re at least one representative, but no.
county hereafter erected <hill he entitled to a sena,
rate representation until a sufficient number of tax- .
able inhabitants shall be contained within it, to
entitle them to one r i a r sentative agreeably to the
ratio which shill thew eat iblisheil.
Section V. The senators shall be chosen for three:,
years by the citizens of Philadelphia and of the;
several counties at the. same time, in the Lime man-'
net, and at the same places where they shall vote'
Section VI. The number of Senators shall, at thi
several peri ads of m eking the enumeration ;before
mentioned, be fixed by the Legislature and appor
tioned among the districts formed as herein iftei ,
directed, according to the nomhertif tmpbleinhabi-,
lints in each; and shall never be less than one-.
fourth, not grouter than one-third, of the number of.
representatives. • •
Section VII. The senator* sh ill be chosen
tracts, to be formed by the :egislature ; but no dis.e.
Viet shall be so formed as to en'itte it to elect more,
than I to smators, unless the number of losable in-:
heti/oat in any ri'y os rnirn'y shall, at any lime;
be such as to entitle iJ to elect more than Iwo, buf nd
'city or county shall be entitled to elect more thati.
row senators ; when a district shall be composed
of two or' more eminties, they shall be adj.ining
neither the rite of Philadelphii nor any county shall
be divided in foimiiig,a district.
Section \ 111. No person shall be a senator, whit
shall not have attained age of twenty-five years;
and hive been a rilizen an inhabitant of the State
four tears neat before his election, and the I ist . yeal
thereof an inhabitant of the dt , ti set fur 'which ht,
shall be rim .sin, unlet+ he shall h ,ve been absent on
the puldir bm.iness of the United States or of thi
State; and nn person elected as aforesaid. shall hold
s-rid elle alter he shall have rewired from such dis
Secion IX. The senators who may be elected a:
the first general election after the fl.thtp!bm of the
ame,dments to the constitution, shall be divided by
tot into three classes. The sea's qf 'the sena/ors of
the first el t so shall he racated at the erpiration of
the first year; of the second class at the erpiral iOll
of the second year ; and of the third el iss at the cot..
piratiow'of the third year.; so that thereafter one
third of the whole ntunher of senators may be chosen
erery year. The senators elected before the amen.A.
meals to the constitution shall he adopted, shall look
. their offices daring the terms for whit h they shalt
respectively have been elected . .
Sprit .n X. The General Assembly shall meet or
the first Tuesday of January. its every year, suttees
sooner convened by the Governor.
Section Xl. Each house shall choose it; Speaker
and other officers; and the Senate 86,11 also choose
s Speaker pro tempore, when the Speaker shall ex
cels, the office of Govetttor.
:Section XII Each house Orin Fide of the ott ,li
fieations of its members. Coutest.vl rlecti ,no shill
be determined by a committee to be selected, filmed
stool reguhted in such manner as shall be directed tky
I ow. A majoi ity of each horse shill CUplS;llllte
quorum to du ii1111110 , S; but a •ort tiler number may
adjourn from dory to ti,y, and may to auth,n,szed
I .w' to compel the attendance tfabient mernbets, in
such manner and under such pen".ltiei Ss may be
So-cion NUT. Each house miv determine the
rules of i s ptoreedlogs, pun ..,. its members fo,
disoidelly beh 1 , 1 ur, and mitt the concurrence Of
two-thirds, expel a member. b n 11.4 a second tittle
for the same c.,use t and sit .%e all .Hier pnweis
recessary fur a branch of the legislature of a free
.Sectinn SIC. The I .g. 4 , 1, U. e shall not have pouter
to enact I yrs a en.,ll:ng the • o.qt,a t of marriage in
nay case Where. t y In?, the cou,'s rf (hie Common
wealth are tlr may hereafter be empowered to decree
Section XX. Each house .h3ll keep a jourrral of
its proceedings, and pohlt.h thehj week Is, except
such parts as torty minim serrecYT and the yeas
and na's of the memhe:s on any question shall, at
the desire of any two of them, be entered on the
Section XVI. The doors of each hottse and of
committee% of the whole shall lie opt.rt, unless,
when the business shall be'such as ought to be kept
Section XXVI Neither house shall, Without the
consent of the other, adjourn for more Om three
days, nor to any other phce than that in which the
two houses shall he sitting.
grethin XVIII. The senators and representatives
shalt receive a compensatiiiii - for their setviaes to be
.ascertained law; and paid out of the treasury of
the Commonlealth. They shall In alh cases,, ex
*ept treasunTi and breach or suety of the
peace, be prVvilegrd f.um arrest' dud* their at
tendance at the sessimi of their respective houses.
one in going to and returning from the flame. And
- forzny speech or debate in either house, they shall
not be rittesti,ified in any' thei place.
Section XIX. No Senator.or represeniative shall,
dii.ing the time for which he have; been elect-
W any civil "(Peg mule . this Cum-1
mtniweilth which shill hive been created, or thet
munlument6 of which shill hire beep kricreased'
o.iirinir sorb time : and on mem(.er n collgress or
other any :Mee (C.xcent ;of lattorney'
at law and in tie ntilitill-under The UhitPd Stites'
nt this Commonwealth, 9101 ben member of either-1
use dining his coutinninee tq Cutirtess or in
Section XX. When
.esic nisi hspysSn in tithe,'
house. the Speaker slasil issue waits of i election to L
*ll inch eic owies.
Section X\ I. All bills to repenue shall;
coiginate in the house of repretebtatiees, but the.
Ferrate may propose amendments - Os in- then bills.
Section XXII. No money shall be drawn' from'
the treasury but in COUSaItIOUCIIi of apprupriutidris
trrulety Ww. I
Section XXIII. Every bill which sliall have
pawed Nob hou s es shill be presented to the 'Gu-1
seiner. It he approve he .41411 gip )1, hut if NI
shall not approve lie shall return it wilt' his dies- ,
lion% to the house in which it shill frisk origrateti,
scho.shall eater the obJeett.ots at Pr ^D up otitbeir
kounalc and proceed to re -conihter it. If, Sifter
such re-ronsi4erotion, two-thirds of that house shalt
sr.. 1 , 1 th ,, hilt. it 4h-111 he the ^I.
lob.ciiher nes always an fitend and fill..
- It sale :cheap, Welsh Bibles, Teanimenta and
Primers ' "B. B, iNN %N.
Octibc r re-
...- -- =. . - . ... ...• . - .. . ... ~-
lectiaus to . the other house, by:svitich li iwise It
Shall le re-considered, sotril aptittilied lay t 40..
dards of that house, it shall be a late.. Bra, in Welk
o(. both IvuSes, shall' be .dekertniuld•
my, yeas nayi7and •t -names of
Pr or agaiust the hill ahaft WO entered on the join
!nals-Weic*Aonse respectively. .1f any bill shall
;not ~.... returned htitre Governor withlin tkii, days •
ISuialays eiteepted)' after it . shall - have-been .pre-.,
tAted•to him; it Stall be a law n like winner is if-
''he had signed it, unless the Geo ral Assemhly, by:
,:thi.u.adjaurnment, present its r o/turu,_in wkith case- I
lit Shall- be a law, • tiniest sent back within'- three
idays after thsitnirst.aieeting: -
If.Sectioil X% IV-. I.:very 'order; read. liition .
,to - Anyhichihe concurrence of both houses, niay be
inilkossary except 'On -a ipention of. aitiluitimem)
Fltall .be presented ,to • the Governor, and heroic. i
1;isall take etreet, be approml.by,lihri, - Or beingulis- -
1: ap . proved, shall be repassed ;
1 i houses, according - to the rulei and linUtatiutis pie-,
scribed .ipcase of 31411. -.. • ' • • •
°Setion Xg.V.'No corporate body shall be hereafiei
created, renewed or extended., With banking or diS-
counting - prisni.ges.-- trithout six nimili roc/oils
"pul‘iic *dire of the iriten&q . ; aelirce ion fut4be
same in such marnispas shaft' be preset - ills I ,by lire.
Nor shell vie - charter for the pireee4 l .feeeesaid. be
granted for a. longer period than twenty years, and
eetery`such rtibrter shall contain a . clause reserving
to the legislature th'e power to alte r , revoke or annul
Me same trhenerer in their opinion it may be inju
rious to the ritizqui of th conunotrivath, in mirk
manner however that no i justice shall Le done.lo the
corporators. No law h per enacted, shall create,
renew Or ca tend the ir of more than one corpo
Section I. The Supreme Executive power of thi ,
Commonwealth shall he vested in a Goveitior.
-Section 11. The Governor shall be clue.en ..n the
second Tues s tty of llctober,- by the Ci , tzens of the
Commona e 4th, at the plAce< vt bete they stir!' ie
■pcctively. vote for repte<ent.ttn•es. The returns
of every election for Govet nor shill' be sealed up
And tran<mitted to the seat of government, di.ected
14.re - SpeArer of the Senate, who shall open and
'Palish them in the pre<ence of the members of
-bath houses of the legislAture. The person having
the highest number of vote< shall be Governor.
Rut if two or more shall be equal and highest in
votes, one of them shall be chosen Governor by the
joint vote of the members of both houses. Con
tested election< .11411 be detet mined by a Committee
to be selected from both houses of the legislature.
and fotmed and reguLted in such manner as shall
be directed by 1.. w.
Section 111. The Governor shall hold MI office
luting three year* from the thud Tue.dav of Jana-
d ry next ensuing his election, and shall not • be
capable of holding it longer than siz to any term
•+f nine years.
Sect.nin IV. lie shall be at least thirty years of
ige, and have been a citizen and an inhabitant of
this State seven yearo next tef ire his election ;
unless be 9.11311 have been absent on the public
business of the liniteeStates or of this State.
Section V. Nu member Of Congress or person
holding any office under the roiled States or► this
Stare shall exercise the office of Governor.
Section VI. The Governor shall at stated tunes
receive for his services a compensation. which 'ball
he neither increased nor diminished doling the
pet iod for which he shall hate been elected.
Section \ 11. Ile shall he cpmmandet-iii-chief of
the aimy and navy ofibis Comm;nwealth, and of
the militia, except when they 01611 be called into
the nfill.ll Sc, vice of the Coned St ices.
Sec tirm VIII. He shall appoint a Secretary of the
Comniortweli•ir drlt4cl.% nand
a ire aid by and erl'h the white and consent of the
Semite appoint all judirial officers of courts .f
record, on/ as o'hertrise provided far an this L'onsti
•ution. He shall hare pincer is fill all vasniicie.a
Lint may happen in such judiriul offices during the
recess tat' the Sena'', by granting commissions which
shall erpire at the sad of their neat a Ilion : Pro
sled, that in acting on execu'ive nominations the
'.Otte shalt sit tea. h open doors and in confirming
'Sr 'ejecting the n.wriinaroma of the Governor, the
role sh all be taken by gran and nays.
See} 1011 IX. lie shall hare pmrer to remit fuse
.tidal feitures, and grant rem ie-es and pa Flhollt,
axcepl an e sea of impeachmert.
Seri ion X. Ile as sy retinue i. I.,rmation in writing,
.om the officers in the exectitirr depi itment upon
ny s•aject ref sting to the duties of their respec-
Section XI. Ile -sh firm time to rime, dive t.
he detteril iiif .11.iti of the stile of
he Comm itiwt,l:h, and rec.mtmetid to their eon
ideration such measures as lie sh,ll itrldeexpedielit.
Section XII. He may, on extraordinai y (Wee:jinni.
onvene the General As.emhly ; and in ease of
lisadteernvnt lietween the two !rinses, with respect
hi the tone of adj otrilMent, ad . ; .urn theft to such
one as Ire shrli think proper, Lid exceeding four
Section XIII. lie shall take care that the Irws
t .ithful r exeritted.
S IV. In r...n of the death nr
ut the Governor, nr' of his removal from office, the
Speaker of the Senate shall exercise the office of
Governor, until another Governoc shall be duly
qualified; but in such. case another Governor shal.
be chosen at the nert Afloat electron of represen,a
tires, unless such dea h, a cesignolion or r.moval,
shall occur within three r'alendar mon'hs immedi
ately precedinz s!ah nett annual election, in which
rase a Governor shall be chosen al the second sue
reeding annual election of representatives. And
if the trial of a contested election shall continue
longer than until the third Monday of January ,
next ensuing the election of Governor, the Governor 1
of the last year or the Speaker of the Senate who
may be in the exercise of the executive authority,
shall continue therein t.ntil the determination of
such contested election, and Until a Governor shall
be duly qualified as at iresaid.
Section XV. The Recret 7 try bf the Commonwealth
shall keep a (air regeoer of all the . officill acts and
proceedings of the Governor, and sh when re
quired, lay the same and all ppers, minutes and
vouchers rehtive thereto, before ei.lier branch of j
the legislature, and shall perform such other duties
as shams be enjoined him by law.
• Section I. In elections by the citizens eeiry white
freeman'of the age of twenty-on? years..hiring re
sided in this state one year, and in the eler ion dis
trict where he ofers to ro'e. ten days immediately
preceding tints election, and within Iwo years paid
a State or County tar, which shill have bteri at
snsed nt least ten days before the eleclicrn,shill , nioy
the rights of an elector. But a citizen of the United
States who had preciously been a qualified rater of
this State. and 'rentored therefrom and reurned, and
.who shall hare resided in the elertion district. and.
paid tares as nforeartid, shall-be edified to rote, of er
residing in the e sir.ftsonths. Provi led: that white
freemen, citizens of the United Sla'es, between the
aces of ttren'y-one and twenty-Pco years, and km
'ing resided in the Mate one ye it. and in the elvtion
da'rict len days as aforesaid; shall .be entitled to
note, although they shall not have paid tares.
Section 11. All elections SP/111 be by ballot, ex
cept those by persime in their representative capa-
Mtn., 'who shall vote sore.
Sfett•Th ill, F.lectors shall in all eases, except
Area.on, frlohy, and breach or Sorely .if•the pearr,
be pnvilre.l fmm area, during th.-Ir .4 1 1e1Y1aner
on eleetiems, and in going to and returning Lain
Section L The House of Representatives shall
have the sole power of impeaching.
Section IL dil impeachments shall be tried by
the Senate; when sitting for th at purpine, the
Senators shill he upon oath or art rn N. per
son shall be convicted without the .concurrence of
two-thirds the members present. •
Sec ion ill. The GJeernor, and all other civil
Mike's' under this Commonwealth, sh .11 be liable to
imp...4+ , 314ml for any misdetrunininai in office ; but
judgment., in, such cores, eh. It nut rx tend further
than; Iry removal lA= office, and disqualification to
hold any office of honour, trust or profit, wider this
Corrnnosteol•h The ri.rtr. whether 4..llViCted or
Fadecheep at the sahoptsbees Cook Store ,
a setat-Coopee• Novels.
TIM AI I NI3III6I4RiItNALt
luevert•elcusJso Mile to Indictment,
• t, aidyedifthmeit at:turfing-to her.
.e judicial Otter of this Common
( be Tested m a Supreme Court, In
r and Tenniner and General Jail De
tut of Common Pleas, Orphans' Court,
• •• , hod a Court of Quarter Sessions
,formeaciecounty4 Justices of the
*lf uthertourti - pi the legislature
e tattime establish.
• Ve-judget fiflthe Supreme Courtolf
outs of Commas- Pleas, and .nf such
tt Berard as are or shaU be established
1' • e itentinaled by the Governor, and'by
! consent of the Senate appointed and
• r'by Aim. The judges of the Supreme
old...their *es foe. Me term of fifteen
sat so long- behave themselves well.
judges of the several Courts of Common
' such other Courts of Record as- are or
' ished . by law, and all other judges re
earned in thelaw,shall hold their offices
•• ten years if they Mall so long behave
• it. The Amorlate judges of The Courts
leas shall hold their offices for the term
if they shall so long' behave themselves
any reasonable cause which shall aot
ground of impeachment, the Governor
• y of them on the address of two-thirds
hof the legislature. The judges. of the
• rt and the presidents of the sererat
on Pleas shall atst ated - iimn receive
! fres an adequate compensation to he
. which shall nut be diminished during
ance in office, tut they shill re-eive
'sites of office, nor hold any other tffitc
et this Commonweal h.
11. lr'aill othenrise dire( ted ,ty I I tr, h•
moron I leas shall continue a, a' pi men'
NW' more then fire counties shall at an t,
' deal in one judicial district organtzed
livery, in o
of to •
by law, shall
and trith the
years if lh
Pteus and qj
shalt be esta'
quired to be
fttr the term
' , cell. But
each bra i
'owls of C, l
for their se
fired Ly Iv
.r pro/ on,
s ,fr f' I
: me b. inel
for said Co
,f I 'yr( and 1 !
The jurisdiction of 'the Supremi
Xtend over the State; and the itt
1 by virtue of their ”ffier.. be jii•tire.
ITeiminer and General JAI IMirery, u.
l'rite judges of the Court of Commoto,
ack county, shall by virtue of then
I slices of Oyer wood Terminer and Grone-
I ver , fur the to iol of cApitAl and, mho,
etein ; any two of the said judges, the
ing one, shall be a quorum:, tut the%
old a court Bf oyer and terminer, or j4i.
any courtly, when the judges of the
urt.or any thrch, shall be soutiwz tp
!,,untv. .1 he potty accu.ed, a. wt II a o.
wealth, orrt.o, under such iegulAt
lorcitlord by how, remove the 11011CiTP1
or a tr.inscoipt thirvoi, moo tlo,
Ple.is t to I
11 J .il hell
, tren.lets tl
•oei Irnt b I
'hall not h
hr Me •
Le C, mmo
•11411 I c pr
I. The Sotorrrie Curt, anal the ses t et
.mmon pleas,. shall. l.esttle the 110W , 1 ,
usually ettetci-ed by them. h.ve till
court of lit tneery, an cif 'Ss S t.
sating of teolmot.v. the 01da....t.z
~rn pl ees net n lon the Soto, i i itti,
persons and e.t.a..* of ode. as.
test ...Mts. And the leo•lattive sh .;I
'Pa ( . .•111ts s uch °ther pats et , t..
as 01411 he 1.4,10 twee , . :
'mit. of c
%ea of a
he ;tett t
• ,re Of th
I It (m etl
one to time, ellialV or 4117111113 h U.... 1
•,I , 11 , .in in cruel, "(he, collll3 As tlie3 -114 i
r. f •r the due oilmitceitr.ition i:f re , tice.
'II. The jirjges of the court 4 eorirnio
h county, any two 4 w h in sh.III In .
111 C./ITlperqe the court of Quitter Se
-e-e . and millets' court thereof t ail ,
at 4, together with the 'aid Jo lee ,
P of the , shill compote the registet%
rel r,vp•.l ..
.11f1. The dges of the courts of common
, within their respective counties, have
wers with the judges of the Supreme
!sues writs of certiorari to the justices of
and , to cause their proceedings to he
fore:them, and the like right and justice
=',e.:of e' l
I dm. el l
•f tn . % 11.4,.
ni t ; e
Section I I
pleas sha h
Court, to ti
to be done
office fur i
" The Co
cut WWI S
au hot ity
X. The president of the court in each
bin sucb circuit, and the judges of• the
!ninon pleas within their respective
all he justices of the peace, so far as
A register's Office, for the probate of
• ranting letters of administration, and an
he recording of deeds,- shall be kept in
IX I. The style of all process shall be ,
monwealth of Pennsylvania." All Mse
all be carried on in the name and brthe
lof the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania,
de " against the peace and dignity of the
A ATICLE jl.
Sheriffs and armless shall, at the
• places of election of representatives. be
the citizens of each county. One person
osen for each office, who shall be commis
the Governor. They shall' hold their
three years, if they shall so long behave
well, and until a successor be duly
but no person shall be twice chosen or
sheriir, in any term of six years. Vacan
her of the said offices shill be filled by
itment, to be made by the Governor, to
nttl the next general election, and until
r shall be chosen and qualified as afore-,
shall be r
cies to el f
a succes ,
11. The freemen of this commonwealth
armed, organized and disciplined for iU
hen and in such manner as maybe ci4 rectal
Those who conscientiously scruple b) bear
I not be compelled-t, do so, but shall pay
lent for personal service.
I t. -111. Prothorwlaries of the Supreme
7 all be appointed by Me said Court Jr,
of three years if they so lung bekere
es emu. Prolhemotants and clerks of the
,ther courts, Recorders of deeds, and Rep
.f wills, aluell at the tunes and places of
j representatives, be elected by . the rear
fur, of each co:m.ly, or the etestriels over
e jur,sdection of said courts extends, ttiq
amunissioned by the Governor. They
Id their offices fur three years if they shall
behave - themselves well, and until theft
s shall be duly qua!fie& The !Tides.
ll provide by law. the number of persons
i i county who shall 'hold said offices, and
ny and which of sa d offices shall be held
rrson. resew:ties in way of the said of.
ill be" filled by appointments to 6.. Made
~mar, to continue until the next gent
. inn, and until successors shall be dated
1 1 1, !fled as afuregaid. -
11.1 V. Prothonotaties, clerks of the pc-0e
tans' clitirts,-recorders of deeds,
. sheriffs, skill keep their offices in the
lawn of this county in which they, respee
hail be of f icers, unless when the. Guyerntr
r special reasons, dispense therewith, ffir
• not' xceeding bee years after the coml.)
ve been erected.
ii V. All connissions shall be in the niter
he authority - id the Commonwealth of Pent
. and be sealed with the State seal, and sigh
any - te
ed by ti
n V 1,, A State Treacorer shall t oltd
y, bylaint cote of Loth. brandies of Mg leg US'
Isa vu. Justice of the pear or ahle,:nwo
elreted in •iht ; woryai wards, boroughs.
.aely:pcat Me tinge of .the eket:on of coo
lly tke qualified oilers thereof, in awl;
r • as shall be fb:redeli t law, Wed she l!br
ioned by the a:manor. . far a long of
but no futons/Lip, ward or borough Ault
Mien two justices of the paw
.eunseni a needorily of Mugu, .
lectors within such township, ward or &r..,
'on 'JUL Alf officers whose &dials or tip
eat is not pratifial fit in this canstilestitin.
elided or.anniintsd at shall "be &reefed
: 47 0A :VT Parlor sod Etta.) , errpcttiog,.just
• - N. NATHANS '4llc CO
sville, Oct. 13, 183 d AO—
A ' 4......, ..e:.. ?...., - ,?..itecoc apinv;lect to.uity it
taifista alt .. eattnly who that/vie/arm been a
ephien atott rat inhabitant therein one ',,ocii r nee
Ok ute s ttppaiptznent t if the manly shall -hare
n so kung credal . ; but if it shall not hare been
. Gat exited then ipithin the limits , t f the
calmly or tentative nut of which it Aiii7 hare been
liken. iNn aseamber of-Cungres* from Am state,
ar any pawn holding or exercising any qffiee or
appointinerit of trust or prop utitkr the United
States, guild the same , lime hold or exercise any,
ufficrintlhiisittlijto Which a salary is, fr fees or
perquisites eirc:by law, annexed ; and the legisla
ture mayby !Mt; declare taloa! Slate (Sims are in
ecunpalar. Ain member if Me Saudi. or if the
house of repreientalices shall be appointed by the
Governor to any dice during the lOWA far which
he gall hare been deeted.
Section VC All officers fur a term if years
;hall hold their offices for the term respethrely
spec feed, only on the condition that they so Log
behave ilseniseices well ; and shall be re ved on
conviction of misbehaviour in office or r f any in
Section X. Any person who shall, after the
odoptiiM of the .amendosents proposed by this
coorention to the Constitution, fight a duel or
tend a challenge fur that purpose, or be eider or
abettor in fighting a duel, shall be deprived r f thr
right of holding, any t!..qice r f hormur or profit in
this Slate, and shall be punished otherwise in such
Marsher as is, or may be prescribed by lam ; bat
(he executive may remit the said offence and all
Section I. The legislAtu,e sh.al, at. !non 29 con
veniently may be, provide be law, for the establish
ment of scbools throughout the State, in such
Manner .th,t the poor may be taught grAtk.
Section 11. The arts and sciences shall be pro
'Muted in one or more seminaries of tear g.
Section 111. The rights, privileges, immunities
find estites of religious s‘ - icieties and cur rate
shnil remain as if the constitution of this StAte
had not I err. altered or amended.
Section IV. 71e legislature shall not inre.,Pany
corps-ate body or individual with the privilege
of taking private properly for public use, will:out
,requiring such corporation or individual to maAr
compensation to the ownersnf said properly. or
Ig , Ve adequate security therefor, before such pro
perty Mall be taken.
A lITICI.F. VIII
members of the General Aqaembh*. and Rii offi
cers, executtee.,and judicial, shall be hound by oath
or at.filmation, lu •uppoit the cuttstitntion of ilia,
h 1,1 1., he•hom the duties of their
respective othoes with fidelity.
That the general, peat and essential principles of
liberty and free g .vernment may he recognised and
unalterably estalt6hed, \V E DgCLA HE, TH AT
Section I. All men ale Loin . on my free and in
dependent, and have certain inherent and indefeasible
right., among which are those of enjiying and de
fending life and libetty, of acquit Mg, possessing
and protecting property and reputation, and of pur
suing their own happiness.
Section 11. All power is inherent in the people,
and all (tee governments are founded on their au
thority, and instituted for their peace, Safety and
happiness ; For the advancement of tAese ends, they
have, at all times, an uthilienatle and indefeasible
right to alter, teform or abuli•h their government, In
such manner as they may think proper.
Section 111. All men have a naturitl and indefea
sible tight to worship Almighty God, according to
the dictates of their, owb consciences ; no man. can,
of .right, be compelled to attend, erect, or support
any place of worship, or to maintain any ministry
against his consent; no human authority can, in any
case whatever, cimtrol or interfere with the rights
of conscience ; and no p.efereuce
. shall ever be
given, by law, to any religious establishments or
modes of worship.
Section IV. No person who acknowledges the be
ing of ,'God and a future state of rewards and pu
nishments, shill on-account of his religious senti
ments be disqualified to bold any office or place of
host or profitunder this Commodivealth.
Section V. Elections 511.11 be free and equal.
Section VI. Trial by juty shall be as heretofore,
and the right thereof remain inviolate.
SectiUn VII. The printing presses.shall he free to
every person , who who. to examine lir: pro
ceedings of the legislature, or any branch of go
vernment: And no law shall ever be made to re- '
strain the right thereof. The free communicatio%
of thoughts and opinions is one of the invaluable,. •
rights of man ; and every citizen may freely speak;
write and pint on any subject, being responsible
for the abuse of that liberty. In pioseeutions for
the publication of pipers investigating, the official
conduct of officers, or men in a public capacity, or
where the matter published is proper Su public in
formation, the truth thereof may be given in evi
dence : And in all indictments fur libels "the jury
shall have a right to determine the law and the facts,
under the direction of the court, as in othee cases.
Section VIII. The people shall be secure in their
persons, houses, papers and possessions, from unrea
sonable searches and seizu.es: And no warrant to
search any place, or to seize any person or things,
shall issue, without describing them as nearly as
may be, nor without probable cause supportel by
oath or sanitation.
Seem. i.s. In all (-imolai prn‘PCllll ,, n, tne ac
cased bath a sight to be heard by himself and his
counsel, to &mind the nature and cause of Vie ac
cusation ogiinst him, to meet the witnesses facesto
lace, to have rompulsory process for obtaining. wit-,
nesses in his f our, and, in prosecutions by indict
meet or inform 'lion, a speedy pnblk dial, by an
impartial jury of the vicinage; he cannot be com
pelled to give evidence against himself, nor can he
be ,tepiii 01 of his life. liberty, or property, unless
by the juogrncut of his peers or the law of the
Section X. No person shall, for any indictable
offence, be piticeeded against ci iminally by tufurna- .
tion, except in cases ari.-ing in the land or naval
frees, or in the militia whet) in actual service in
time of war or public danger, of by le.rve of the
ami t, for oppres.i m and misdemeanour in office. Nu
person still, for the same offence, be Nice put !n
jeopardy or life or limb I nor shall any MAWS pro
perty be tnkeo or applied to public use, without , the
consort of his representatives, and without just
comnetis.tion being made.
section Xl. All camas shall be open, and every
man for an injury dune him in his land", goods, per
son or reputation, shall hate remedy by the due
course of laiv, and right and justice administered,
without sslei denial or delay. Suits may be brought
against Atte commonwealth in such manner, in such
courts, 'lndia such cases as the legislature may by
.. Section Kn. No power of suspending laws shall
he exercised, unless by the legislature, or ita. au
thority. . .
Section NM. F.xcessive bail. shall , not he re
quired:nor' excessive fines imposed, nor cruel pu
Section 'XIV. All prisoners Shall be bailable by
sufficient sureties, unless for capital offences, when
the proof is evi.lrnt or piesumptiOn great; and the
paritege of the writ of habeas corpus Shall not be
suspended, unless When; in ease, Of rebellion or in
vasion, the public safety may requite it.
Section NV. No commission of Stier and Terminer
or Jill delitery shall helloed.
Sectioo,. XVI. The person of a debtor, where
therm is not strong presumption of fraud, sball not
he ciantiaued in prison, after delivering up his estate
for the benefit of his creditors, ha pods manner as
:shall be prescribed by law.
Section,..X.Vl I. No cr post factolaw , nor any law
. ..fmnairing contrails shall be made.
Section NVIII. No person shall be anointed of
Ire won or felony by the legislature.
SectionikiN. No attainder shall work eairrttption
td'b ~1, nor, except during thielife of the offender.
forfeiture of estate to the commonwealth ;'the
tales of iucil 'persons as shall destroy their own .
lives, sh'all diseend So vest as in ease of mat-tryst
itE ritElts of superior quality rceeivect mild
i lin sale by r
MILLER & lIAGGERTY.
death; and exalt be killed by
casualty: there shall' be no forfeiture bF reason
Section XX. Thecitizebs have a right, in a peace
able manner, to assemble together; or their common
gnod c and to apply to , those invested with thepowers
of government for: ledrets of grievances, or Ather ,
proper purposes, by petition, address or mien
Steelton XXI. The right of citizens. to bear arms„
In detente of themfelces and the State, alkali dot be
Section standing army shall, in; time
of peace, be kept up with Out the consent of the Le•
gialature ; end *OM-military shall, in all cases, and
at all times, be in:strict subordination to the' civil
Section XXIII. lqo soldier shall, in time of Peace,
be quartered in any house-without the consent of the
owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner -to be
prescribed by 1-. w. '
Section XXIV. 'the legislature shall not grant
any title of -nobility or hereditary distinction, nor,
create any office the iappointment to which shall be
for a longer term than during good behaviour.
Section XXV., *migration from the' State shall
not be prohibited.i- •
Section o guard against transgressions
of the high powers which we have delegated, WE
DECLARE, that every thing in this article is ex
cepted out of the general powers o( government, and
dual fur ever remain inviolate.
Any amendment, or amendments to this roristetu-
Hon may be proposed in the Senate or House bf Re
presentatives, and if the same shall be agreed to by
a majority pAthe members elected tolath House, such
proposed amendment or amendments shall be entered
on their journalsi, with the yeas and nays taken
thereon, and the Secretary pf the C'omuumwealth shall
cause the same to li e put - fished three men'hs before the
next election, in of least one newspaper in every
roan • y in trhi, h a newspapershall be published ; and
if it the legislature next afterwards chosen such pro
posed amendment or aptendlizents shall be arreed to
by a majority of the members elected to each house,
the Secretary of lhe Commonwealth shall cause the
same again lobe published in manner aforesaid, and
such proposed amendment or amendments shall be
fulmitted to the people in suc h manner and at such
time, at least three mln , hs, after being so agreed to
by the two houses as the legislature shall prescribe;
and if the people shall approve and ratify such
amendment or amendments by a majority of the qua-
I fled voters of this Slate voting thereort, such amend
ment or amenif i gtents Shall become a part of the con
s/elation ; but no' amendment or . amendments Ada
be libmitted to thq people ,pflener than once in fire
years ; Provideeithat if more than one amendment
be submitted, they shall be sat mined in such manner
and form, that the people may rote for or against
each amendment separately and distinctly.
That no inconvenience may arise from the altera
tions and amendments in the Constitution of this
Commonwealth', and in order to carry the same into
complete operatiuir, it is hereby declared and ordain
Section 1. All laws of this Commonwealth ih force
at the time when: the said alterations and amend-
ments in the said:Constitution shall take effect, and
not inconsistent, therewith, and all rights, actions,
prosecutions, claints, and contracts as well of indi
viduals as of bodies corporate, shall continue as if
the said altermiois and amendments had not been
Section 11. The alterations and amendments in the
said Constitution sh ill take effect from the hot day
of January. eighteen hundred and thirty-nine.
Section 111. The chtustes, CP (.41,ms, and reticles of
the said Constitution, which remain unaltered, stall
continue to be constittect and have effect as if the
said Constitution had not been amended.
Section dr. The Genera) Asqembie wmch sna.
convene in December, eighteen hundred and thirty
eight, ghall continue its session, as heretofore, not
withstanding the provision in the eleventh section
the first article, and shall at all times be regarded
is the first General Assembly under the amended
I . l •.titiition
The Governor who shall be elected
eighteen hundred and thirty-eight, sh.ll be
in:•ugurated on. the third Tuesday in January,
ighleen hundred and thirty-nine, to which time
present execptive term is hereby extended.'
Section i I. The commissions of the/judges of the
Supreme Court, who may be in.othee on the first day
of January next; shall expire in the following man
ner: The'commissiun which bears the earliest date
shall expire on the first day of January, Anna
one thousand eight hundred and forty-two; the
c' mmission next dated shall expire on the first day
January, Anon Dominl. one thousand eight hun
dred and forty-five; the commission next dated shall
expire on the first day of January, Anno Domini
one thousand eight hundred and forty-eight; the
commission next dated shall expire uo the, first day
f January, Anno, Domini one thousand eight bun*
dyed and fifty-one ; and the commission last dated..
, 11 111 expire on the rust day of January, Anno Do-j •
mini one tnnus. i nd eight hundred and fifty-four.
Section \ 11. The commissions of the President
judg e s 0( the several judicial districts and of the
associate law judges of the first judicial district shall
expire as jottows : The commissionisof one-half of
those who shall have held their offices ten years•tn
rn..re• at Ili...dont n of the amendments to the cons. i
nit ion, shall expire on the twenty-seventh day of Fe
b, uaty, one thousand eight hundred and thiity-nitie
the commis'ions of the other half of those who shall
ire held their offices ten years or more at ;lie adup
tioo of the amendments to the constitution, shall
expire on the twenty-seventh day of Fetif;nary. one
thousand eight hundred and forty-two ; the first 11 , 11
to embrace tho‘ whose conitris.iok shall hear the
oldest d rte The commissions of all the remai ll i.. E
judges who shall tout hI Ve held their offices for tel
ears at the adoptin.ii of the amendments td the roe-
rititution shall exotie on the twenty-seventh day o f
Febru ,iy next after the end of ten yearilroni the
date of their.cornmissions.
Section The Recorders of the sever.) May -
ore Courts, and oilier criminal courts in 0.6 c,..-
In.,tivrealth:, Will be appointed for the same time.
and in the sure manner, as the ..president judges
..f the severs; judicial dishicts ; ref those non, in
office, the commission oldest in date shall expire it,.
the tweity-Seventh d.ly of Fehinary, min thousand :
• ight hundred and f.rty.one. and the others eve,
thetrafter arcuiding to their tespectire
dytelr. Those eldest fa d.ite expiring tirsr4
SreiiOn IX. The legi•Liture at its first stssion un
do/ the amended cousti , tition, shall di,. ide! the other
associate judges of the St ,te into four Ci:l;e4. VIP
commissionscomsions of those of the first class s II expire
on the twenty-seventh day of February, eighteen
hundred and forty ;. of those of the second class utt
the t%erit,*- , e.enth day of Februiry,eigiftecti hun
dred and Torty-one ; of thiise of the third elms on
the twenty-sevetiat day of February, eighteen bun- ,
died and fortyvtwo; and of those of the flurth class
on the twenty-seventh ',Jayof rObliniki eighties
hundred cud forty-illicit. The classeit fronf the
first to the fourth - shall be arranged according to the
seniority of the emmnisslimS of the Seiertil judges.
Section X. - Prethanntaries, clerks of the several
courts (except of the Sop eme Carnet) recorders of
deeds and registers of wills, shall be Ernst eletted under
the amended Constitution, at the election of .repre
sentatives in the year eighteen bundled and ty
nine, in such nrinner WI may be prescribed by I.lw.
Section Xl.' .. The appointing power shalt remain as
tbfore. ; p i all facets in the appointhient of the
executive d rtrnent shall continue In the exercise
of the iiirtiesi of their respective offices until the
Itlgislaturr shill pass such laws as may he required
by the eightti ruction of .7.e •sixth ankle of the
amended 6 - ttsfitittion, and until ppointineuts Shall
be made undet.such laws unless their eohtmissions
shall be superseded by new appoinimmiln, or Shall
Sooner expireOry their own limitations, Ur
offices shsll hoeorneor,ay.int by ,the.ith or rOsig,nation.
arid such lawS shall be enacted by the first legista- -
ture under the amended constitution. • , •
Section 'Xllf The first Oration fur ailt+rnfen and
Fistices of thcpesteshall be held in•the Sear eight
een_ hundrid,!and "forty, at tbe find fur thc .
:election of conarablea. • 114 . lecial,tine ,, :at its first
250 - received and for sale at a re.
'd bed price for cash, by
MILLER & • H AGG ERTY.
October 27", 1838
session, annex, ; znirded g)
videfor the said election and Co l
eleetions: et ildeimleicadd
now ill conunissioth or whams
appointed, shall con tinue to di .1
their respective Deices, until
5 . 1
daymehleh shall be diced by law
new commissions, at the ezpi
their commissions shall expire.
lx testimony that the forego,
constitution of Pennsylvari
convention, We the office
• Philadelphia, OM twenty
'pry, Anno Dethini one 00'1
and thfrty4iglit, end Of 't . ,
the United Statelief Amer ' 1
' Daniel Agnew, Ezra ,
M. WI - Bakicin,
John Y. Barclay,
Chas. A'. flarniti,'
'Thus. S. Bell,
.I.onel Cornell Biddle,
Lehheut L. Bigelow
saml. C. Bonham,
Thomas S CunninghaM, ',Dar
as. 11. Chandler,
Lindlrc Coa teN
Thos, . Cope,
Joshua F. Cox,
Richd. M. Crain,-
Geo. T. Crawford,
John' L. M•Cahen,
E. T. M'
3. FL. Donnell,
Joseph M. Doran,
Joseph. Fry, Jr.
John A. G4mble,
Da, id Gilmore,
William L. Minis,
(Attest,) S. StIOC:11, Secretor
• G. L. FAUS, Z A
I certify, that the foregoin
copy of" the Constitution o
Pennsylvania as amended b
thousand eight hundred a
eight," deposited in this o
Februarl, 1939; the a
and the retained portions o
lion itt roman letter.
tl.lO. H. BU '
BBANN AN . has co
• cry in connection
where all kinds 13ooke
shortest nut ice at low rates
• Blank R
of eve.ry description ma de
rates-.-and the tradesupp
INFORM their friends
eral. that they !rave a
stand in Centre Strew; (°i"
gcrty's Store) where the
end assortment of stiperf
Cassiineres of the most i
an elegant inii.oriment of
Silk, Valencia, Marseille,
Linen, Cotton and Chintz
floulhaseen Stocks, Linen
Collars, also Liico and ,
Collars,.Silk . , Cot nn, Thr
Moves. Linen an Csittoi
Fancy Linen and Silk II
elegant. stack of Gent,lnine
apparel such as Frock an
hoots, Vests and Pa ta Ino
fashion and the best whrt ..
tend to sell at res..noble
P. S. Wanted two ar
Tailors on wino' sonata
throughout the season.
Pottsville, Sept..ls, 183
RS. A.. C. IL
Boarding bud' Day-Sch,
Centre Si. 3d door a I
WITiP coarse orinst o
Ch thogra pny; Reading,
Grammar, Geography, .
Painting, MUM; Plain
Work,-&o. &e. The
20th inst. Terms. mai*
Pours:lle, August IL, I,
10 HU toS. Pot to Rico,
' 3 do i pt.Croit,
2111113 MP. do. dn.:
50 tole, Rrowi~ Soap,
_• 4, • • Can
rgraz undersigned ca
• ' IL liiiiihaaing or leaf
CaliaiiiiTract s on that'
arrll institute a anip aga
log Loiake iho possessi
Manheim, April 28,
stikn ' I Shad' pro
se cent similar
inf the peace
in t o .intettet be
barge. 41 duties of
1 • een ape tail' r the
lii t e .issuflig of
~ tion 9( wlideit tans,
ng . is l'the. amended
ia, asj speed : V. in
and mWmbers of the
Ignedieur naval at
cond day of Pettit.
sand }ight•hundr . ei
i , rlndOetideto sr et
.91.4.11, Preiu4l V
1 i in H r ,
oup • .
s Jai: Ingers t
e M.. eim, ' -
1 Kreb, ,
I LytitiSr, '
s 'Mel-fill, ,
i Meikel, •
L. Miller, - ~
r s Muntgemett „
Oyeill'eld,„ . .
,• hla ison Porter.
I. A. Iluiviamee • .
. Reigart, ..
W. I4iter, •
1 Ritter, "
sold Itegcrs, . 1
u uel Iteer,
•i es AI, Russel, ll ' •
iel Saeger, ,
Mor 1, Seot.t. -
ins Se lers,' ,
/.. Serrill t
-el h - Snieely, •
1. 13. Sterigere,
ub Stitkel, -
enezee! W. Sturdevant...
I:TTI3g T 2 gg,l I t,
• rgan .h Thomas,
1 :Vi litte '
sistapt, Secretari e s
IC F . F .
FR i A tit 2S, iS3S.?'
exact and literal
the Cnmmonwealth of
the Convention of ohe
a thirly4even—itiiit y
ce.ofilthe26th day or
mew; . being' in ita,m,
the present Constau-
men4ii a Rook Rind
-jib his &oh Store.
401 ibe bound at the
'to ortjer at the towed
ed w4olesale at Phila-
and the puhluc in gen
t) to their tnrnuer
visit to Muller SE flag
hn i nn hand, a gull
, Ifrad Cloths and
i Ole colors. with
,i 'et. Cloths, Satin,
ROI ' 'Velvet Vestings,
Shir oi, Satin, Silk and'
I nO iliituTz Rawlins and
'hint' lios ttt it s without
a.l, ilturveir arid ; i!torkin
lirpre' arid liall !lose,
odkenhiefs , and Gam
-7 u.l;w i tilave 6n hand An
a's a il liny's wearing
i Drc4 Coats, Roonda-
A, ma' e after the laical
:titshi , which thy In
wee rod Jt ,
it work will be given
, 1 for Young . Ladiep .
ye Aforlyegian St. •
ILI4 - , •
• 1 ,
ion e n der the sopeTin
toucers, will einbrste
-WriHnir, . Atithoretio.
ep growing, History,
r*orny, Drawing &
itd ClOamtntol Needto
roark - witt•operr on the
41 4E4 . 62-3nio
r salts by
, I tiring the public again'
E the Tract of land calkd
at Nl:iweri an rail road
1 flerity Norris for her
iiimalitle iliereto, • and
nat . aiiiy• petson attempt.
`JOHN POTT. _
,838. - 37