The miners' journal, and Pottsville general advertiser. (Pottsville, Pa.) 1837-1869, October 17, 1838, Image 1

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    VOL. 1.
Sli 3U-Wl3ll : , LY.
Timex DO 1.1. A V. AVD Firm C 4VTS per annum,
ra ,i ' le gioini-annisally In advance. I. COE paid with
in the year. $t will be chargei to all those who re
,Pl ve the paper free of postage. ' v mall subscribers
Si.ter annum If not paid witi6n the year, 50 cents
will be added to the pace ofenbec .peon.
Two DOLLAMI per an iinm..paytible
, n advance. If not paid within tke year. s*2 50 will
to. charged
lverinements not exceeding twelve lines will be
•harze lit fort h insertions—a4d 50 cents for one
.rnertion. Larger ones in prorsrtion.
sdl tvertne Items will he instrted until ordere
ngleis 'he tune fir wit th thenare to be continue
.s specified .and will he charted ac"tordrngly.
Ye lAy ac vet-users will betharlied $1 Y per annum;
n siihscri peon to the paper—with the privilege
limping one advertisement not • ceeding 2 squares
' , landing during the year ; and the t isert ion of a small
'tr ~n e in each Trine r for three !MC emit ve times.
All letters addressed to the edit must be post paid,
otherwise no attention will he pal. to thei . n.
All notices for meetings, &c nd other notices
which have heretUore been ins- red gratis, will be
'-h • 2.1 cents each, except Ma riages and Deaths.
AMOS LEWIS, Reveal%;illy informs his
friends and the pohltc ge*ruilly, t.liat he has
jii-t received a general aswirltnent of Fall and
Woper Goods, among which a'e
Superfine Clo . tis and Satoh, Ob. ,Gm de Nap
Merinn. Esglish and French o. Lustring Gro
11 , 5A.1.4, Poult de S.I. Oro de Nap and Seocliew
Silk., F.uteign and Do ..... ,iic piints. Meek Brum
b.zine, Popushno. Meru no Sha wle & Hhkkfs. 7'lll
bet, Silk arid Cotton Ilhdltfa. berme', Cambric,
Burred M u. ! lun Robinet,,ittAhno Lawn, Book Mus
lin, Swiss and India Mill E9gings, Insertinga.
Q idling+ &c. liiiskin Kid, Sulk, Cotton, Woolen,
Buckskin and Berlin Guives, Voliair, Silk, Lamb's
wool, Woriited, Cotinn and Minoli•n Stock inv.
Sulk and Cotton Velvet. Vest unki., Fluriela, Bever
teen, Foulari. Genoa Cord, IVa.miogron Jean.
Bro w n and flinched Muslin.. q.inen and Cotton
' ' ..
D tiling., Bird Eve, Linen and Coulon lbatiers.
Ap and Furnituire Cheek 4.4. 94. 10;4. 11 4,
and 12 4, R triP Blankeis. Silk , Flag and Pongee
Iliolkis Black I illidul Cravat. and Bium
zinn Stock-. Collars, A. GIIIII Kin./ It,
Worsted and Colton s.u.pend.4:,. Sulk and Cotton
So-ender. toulk and Cotton-, Lamb*
wool Shoos, Ste &c. All of 4itircli will be sok'
at the Inwest prices. '
Pottsville, Sept. 29, 1878. i 76
ripHE Register of Sthetylhill County having
-a. granted lettera of adminisitat ion of the estate
of George Lyons, late of Pur4Carbon, deceased,
to the Soh.t•riber•, they heteby notify all ;Rl
sorra indebted till he said esitril to make payment,
and ail .ersons having delimit agaiitst .the aame
to present them, dilly authen)trAted to the - sub
scribers fur tett foment, witilm delay.
HUG . K I N,4,EY,
- .
Both refiiiine in Port Cat hon 4 Schuylkill county
Sept. 26, ISM, : --'&•
In the Court of Gotnmonineas of Schuyl
kill Coun4.
In the n:atter of the Estate of diaries naill. Esq
s . • 4 e - ‘
W II F.l? FAS J ah n Schell. iv.signee
- 2 ..)• of -irl. s Fr.itl , Esq. did on the
3,1 d.iy of Aos+t, One Thousand
1. I.:iglit Hur.dred kind Thirty E'glit,
P*44 ' file in the office i)f the Prothonotary
of the Cone( of Common Ple+ for the Comity of
Schuylkill, a statement of all ioncerns of the said
NOTICE is hereby ziven v o the creditors of
the said Charles Frailey, E. , and all others in.
terested in ill said Estate. that the Honorable
the Judges of the Court of Climmon Pleas aloe
said, have appointed Monde yo he 22d day of 0c...
toter. 1838, at 10 o'clock, 4. M. at the Court
House in the Bormiffh of Oiwizsbure., for the
hearing of the same, and for hewing cause wt y
the said acconnt ought not NM be allowed, and
in default thereof, the same wjll be confirmed.
Witness the Honorable Citlyin Blythe, Presi.
dent ot - our said Court at Orwtgaburg, the 12th
tidy of,September, A. D. I R3ll.
- Prothomeary.
Orwig;hurr. Sept 15
Wanted twiltire.
SMALL Tenement. ortthe part of a lion.e
%lltiahle for n ennal! l'Arniiy In a central bittl .
atim A pply at thin atti , eet
Pnttavolle. Sententher. 8 It3p,
l'ase;tl Iron WOrko Ware
' house.
1i0.17 South (Third Sure. E. coiner Mien
Morris, Tasken A alorks,
IRON Founders, and Malnufautrirera of Goal
• Grates, Furnaces, littclittik Boners, Bith Boil.
era,- Ferpet;.al Ovens, &c.l Welded Wrought
Iron Tubes, for St-am, Gait. Hot Water, &e.
• DavyNtiafeti , Lamps
of the best Con?truction.
Patterns for the Foundry rneeived, and castings
delivered at the Wareliotise,iThird & Walnul St,
Septemberp6. 1838. 75—tf
-• For—Sape, •
_ A °atonable Tract ff Coat Land,
LYING and being in th township of Norws
wegian, on theWela B anon near the West
Branch Rail Road, about no r milei from Schtlyt
kill Haven —there it *Ole r more Coal Verne
passing l through this „sod. For information 'p
ry to , ACOB REED,
at Pottsville:,
r. 11OFF.WAN,
at Reading.
March 2,4 34
rd, tongued and groov
I} and I inches of difre-e
constantly on hand, and fi
purchasers, upon appticati
Planing Machine Wh
.prii 2.5 31--tf
COFFEE 50 Kags•stro
30 do. Green , Le
Rept 1,15138
MINX. it •
AND Pottsviwk4.sl4o4 - i 4 ../ - iiiviiititimg •
. .. .
- ,
. . .
. . ,
Ezeha . nge at New York, on London
9 a 9* per cent. premium.
. -
Mr. Win. Snake of the firm of Hart &
Co. N. Y. was found drowned in the
Thames, with marks of violence on hiq per.
,cor), supposed to have been Mered.
A trea'ty of cominerte has been negoti
ated between. Great Britain and Turkey.
Gen, Hyde (.1 the Royal Artillery, died
suddenly at Woolwich on the 13‘h Sep
There was a 'idlest meeting in London
on the 17th uIL it way' a complete rail-
Singular discovery at Lincoln.—On
Saturday . night, Mr. Gresham, opposite
the W bite liar*, Lincoln, commenced em •
urging his cell•ir as he supposed, by pen
etrating the stone work which closed up
an ofd arch that formed one side of 'the
place. The cellar itieff is a great maim+
ty, being al twenty feet deep in the
earth, and having many g . gs and
{mimed arches r probably forming part tit
some ecclesiastical edifice. The old arch
ali••ve aruded to,'waii Baths buried in the
floor of tots drlbtr - ; and Mr. G. supposed
that, by breaking down this stone
work which closed it up, be should open
scrite collateral archway. - When a few
stones were taken down, a very different
'Wog to that whin had been expected was
disclosed; of Ottraordniary extent and
ra refii I workmanship. It paves from the
arched cellar of Mr. Gre-rli tin, in a direc
t on lowniA the ancient Ronii.or Southport.
It is live net lii , rli, fit it feet in %Nish, form
ed ideicelledit niasonry:With :ressedstotms
carefully worked: It is covered rn flat.
a it li hugs slabs ..1,, add -eems tar to •
w e d ex-eitt,..d to be a sewer. There.are
apertures o n ly fi•urmen inches square. go
mg off at : right angles. horizontal I the
main passage ; and these lateral shaft.. ap
pear to . extend
.a considerable dor anee ue•
der the street-rand houses. The mail, tms
sage is now clear to the e lent of fifty Mei;
and Mr. Gresham, in th true s p irit of
research, determined to go as far as it con
Unties, which, to all appearance, may he a
quarter of a tittle or more. Cook.cture t
at work to explain what Might have been
the purpo-e of dm , di iii way ; some stippo•o•
it to he a Homan secret pass tge,' a hereby
to get beyond the walls. Others think it
to be a suluerralteriter comminiteatirm he.
twee., a dj went religion: establi-limetit P. -
A fra..ment of an eattben vessel was 14411.0
among: the rubbish.'arid 'F. . brines end
teeth, but not in sufficient amount to lead
to'the idea that these were vaults for the
I leposite of the dead. .
Naiiggifion to America . -A meeting of
the Great Western steamship company was held ,
at Bristol, on ViledneaditY, by adjournment, for
the purpose of era r gor otherwise the ream
Int ions passed at the last meeting, which went to
the creation of new shares and the ester awn 0 1
the capital of the company to £1.000,000. The
chairman explained, that, in consequence of the
objection portion of the proprietors to the
aditosaion oT new shareholder*, until the year
1819, the / directors had determined to abide by
the deed of settlement, and only, at present, to fill
tin the capital to the amonnt stated in the deed.
The debtor and creditor accounts bribe company
were then read, from which it appeared, that the
prospects of the company were so excellent that
after setting down the first voyage to the coat
of the ship the actual profit on the two others has
hero sufficient to admit of a very hadaorrie
dead, which would be declared aecordtng to the
deed of pettlethent on the 6th of Septeriitscr. It
was also mated; that 97 berths for her next voy.
age were already t•ken, and that the keel of an.
other ateemer to be called the City of New York
would he laid down in the course of a few days,
all the preparations being already in progress.
.All the world has beard of Wall's End coal;
but all the world does not know what this.deseg.
nation It means simply thts. At the
end of the Great Roman Wall—about three mules
below Newcastle, to the East—some fortunate
proprieture, not many yeitri ago, found a miner
kable fine veto of coal; which bore down an cOrn
peititon, and which seemed as inexhaustible in
quantity as nnriialled in quality'. Demands of
great extent came from all quarters—and 1 learn.
ed while at Gateshead, that it was only now ex
hausted; but another vein, in a contiguous quarter,
promised to be equally excellent and abundant.—
[Dr. Dtbdin's Northern Tour
The queen, on the recommend'atioit of the ec.
classical commissioners, by an order in council,
has confirmed the appropriation of certain reven
ues of the see of Durham to the augmentation of
certain benefices within. that diocese.
Copper Ore.—The • Liverpool company, who
have hero working the Wirton Crag copper
miner. near Lancaster, for the last few VCDIT,
have within the last month discovered a Idle
'bunch of eiceedinily.fiefi grey and green copper
ore. Next Thursday they expect to have their
first steam-engine at work.—Liverpool Journal.
Last week; the largest lore:motive engine ever
made in Leeds, was tried on the Leeds and Selby
Railway, previous to its being sent to the Parts
arid Versailles 'Railway, in Franca. With only
oneearriage and the tender, this engine travelled
at the rate of sixty miles an hour, and at the rate
of top ity miler per hour, with 140 ions, both on
the eel part of. the line. In cointetruence of
.01116 improvemect 4n the fire-box, this engine.
seem• to do its work with ease, as during the
ilia! it produced more steam than was required.•
and with the 6re•door kept opeo.—Dortelater Ga
,ring boards, plough•
d ready fur laying, I,
t qtiahly andSes,
r sale in lola suit
.• by letter.to_
rf, N. L. Phtl.. Co.
The friktfids of education. especially those who
are friendly to theeclucation of the working dal
es , will rejoice to hear that a siboolozniddr:ted on
the principles of the Whisk and Foreign School
Society, is abaft to be established in Beverly:
Rio Coffco.
airs do. for sale by
E W I M M ! 0.
At the LtierPonl Assties, on the 13th. ,John
Corbel Perle was found guilty of emliredzling
a considerable sum of money belonging 0 the
Bank of Manchester, in which establishment he
had been cashier for some years. The judge, in
passing - sentence, expressed his regret, that I per
.ou so well educated, sod of such respectable con
nexinhi, should hs.xe heen convicted of serious
en offence. He could make no, 'distinction be
tween persons of the prisoner's rank in life and
those of humbler station, and ordered him to be
transported for seven years.—Bristol Poper.
The revenue of the Liverpool Post Office now
exceeds £lOO,OOO a year; when the present Post.
master was appointed it was no more than £I I;
000;—such is. the
,importance and increase of
commerce in that port: •
It is calculated, that the great Western at eaten
.hip. netted by her last voyage, which occiupied
39 days, the sum, after deducting the expense QI
their keep, of £6,000 for passengers alone.
The MO Carman.—The carmen perform
their contracts pith sin golar fidelity and care.
We have it on the evitfetice of several of the
principal dealers to Duolen that it rarely happen
that they sustain any loss through these car
men; and twat, from long experience ol their hon—
esty, and the punctuality with which they de
liver the goods entrusted to them, the merchants
and tradesmen of towns are in the habit of con
fiding to them with perfect 'cinfidence, and with
out any security, , very valuable articles. The
robbery of cars is very uncommon. Even In
passing through disturbed districts, they have
,st 'Join been interrupted or molested.—(From the
Second Report of the Irish Railway rouiretission
With feelices of regret we announce the demise
of John David La Touehe, F.-q. a highly teepee-
alile and moat excellent genrlernan,
racted illness, at has Neat, M srley. Mr. 1.41
l'orithe was the head of the banking firm so ma
ny years considered the leading establishment in
this kingdom. In his commercial transactions
he was littera% high minded and considerate; as
a private individual he was a monifinient enntrt
hutnt the 11.11; as a father, friend, and citizm,
he war nff.•ctinnute, ititliful, and honourable.
Tire GraMl Canal. running tyros. the country
from Dublin to Limerick, is 7J I 2 miles in
length. Since •IFt22. the lulls have increased
I r 24 COO to £40.800.
The Dahlin Drogheda Rail-road Company eeii
culate on a profit of S 7 Is. 3d. per cent. w i ;
the Government Rail road Commiainn sai"
beat line will realize only 3 1.2 iwr cent profit.%
Death of the Rro Maurice J%elan —lt became
our painful duty this day to record the 'death of
one of t 4 moat eiemplary men we have ever
,known in this county, the Rev Maurice Nolan.
P. P. of Ilryle, who expired on the even ing of
23d Aug. alter a lingering illness, which he bore
with Clirmian fortitude and rear nation.—[Rov
common .lu.mrnal 1
The drafts onw . nri their way. to Cork, to em•
hark for Cans,* are not composed of young mil
diem, but or veterans, or men or some year's stan
ding, who can be relied upon by their officers,
better tnan inexperienced levies. Li the droll
for ►lfe 77th:which marched thts'inorning, there
a re 13 in irried men.—[lrish paper.)
the Wandering Pp l'his celebrated omit
vidual has again n•ued Glasgow, and was on
Stturdav lastvertortning at Lauriesten. Gorbals,
Arc. Whatever may truely Ste his object, he col
lects abundance of money, and is quite gentle.
manly in his eipenilititre. On an old woman, in
apparently poor circumstances, presenting high
with a "howbee," he told her that he thought she
stood more in need or .noney than he.did, and
presented her with half-a-sovereign, to the great
admiration of a large crowd. It seems he is
lodged at one of our moat respectable inns. Imm
which he dates a letter on the 2d of this month,
signed -Graham Sitter'," addressed in the Super
iniendent 01 Police, mentioning that he had ob
tained permission from the Imrd Provost to per
hum for a few days in- theistreets. and requesting
the captain , to inform hie men nt the fact. In an
address "to the British piddle." the piper says,
that during a tour in the United States of Amer
Ica he gave £2.3.58 124 3d to charitable instill'
toms; and he also inserts a long eatalogu of
soma which he says he paid away from his earn.
ings to cliff -rent charities in this country.—Glue
gum Chronicle. •
The gentry and the inhabitants of the county
of Selkirk have determined on erecting a testi
monist of their respect iod admiration for the
memory of Sir Walter Scott. and the town Coun
cil of Selkirk. hive unanimously granted a site
at the Market Cross. The Duke of Buccleuch ,
with his usonl liberality and patriotic spirit. has
come forward to head the subscription with •
coin 0f.%) guineas.
The venerable Bishop Jolly. the father of the
Scottish episcopal church died a few days ago.
He was reading at the time an interesting work
called Learn to Die, which lie war very analow
to finish. He continued reaJing till • leta,hour i
when he dismissed his servant._ In the mean
tug he wad not !wily dead, but seauslly laid out for
burial, by listaielf. Hi hid HiSied 40 pyea with
hit own mind and drawn • napkin over bis lace,
and folded Ins arms, over his breast in the form
of a cross, to show the faith in which he died.
The Cork and Passage Railway Company
have reduced their debt from £7,000, to £4,6110.
The Directors have .E 2.000 in bank, but are una
ble to proceed, because of the many defaulters on
the share list. Mr. Vitriolic, and Hr, Pierci Ma
litn.y have threatened lasi proceedi ngs against
the Crimpany..-Lim. Citron. :-
Fleets produced ea the Sala by their popu
lar Suggs.—Ne min who has lived among the
peasantry of Scotland will deny the effects produ
ced on them by their popular songs. During the
expedition to Buenos Ayres; a Highland soldier:
while a prisoner in the bands of the Spaniards,
having formed an attachment to a woman of ;he
country, and charmed with the easy life which
the tropical fertility of the soil enable the Inhabi
tants, to lead, had resolved to remain and settle in
South A'merica. When he imparted this -revolu
tion to his Comrade. the latter did not emu with
him; hut leading Dim to his tent e d. placed him to
his side, and sung him "Lochaber no more."
The spell was on him. The tears came into his
eyes, and wrapping his plaid around him. be
mormured.mLoehaber plain ging
twok-=Nar—The songs of his ehildhcmd were
ringlbg sit his eas, and be len that guid of ease
and plenty. for the naked rocks and sterile sal
lays of eade4seh, where St the close of • life of
toil and haMship, be might lay hie head In his
mother's grave
The harvest has generally commenced in the
neighbourbwid of Osafestry. Berley is an abund
ant crop. Wheat is in general from nine to four
teen days later than usual. .
~,Great Western Railway.—At, the half yearly
meeting of the shareholders of this undertaking,
lir. Dater, the secretary read the report of the Di
rectors,which stated, that dots the opening of the
line between Paddington and Maidenhead,- trom
the 4th of June to the 12th of August, a period
of ten weeks, the receipts bid amounted to £1.5,
974 3s
At Doigehy fair on the 10th oft a furious pop
ular ballad was sung a bout the streets, against
the New Poor En w System. especially the Wnrk
house. in winch Sir. R. W. Vaughan, of Nannau,
was lauded alining the leading champions of Con.
serval's° and workhousa notoriety. The Bero•
net, in passing through the fair, stopped his car
rmge, and foil a while listened to the voice of the
New Light in the Bristol Channel.—The Trio.
ity House have established a 'Floating Revolving
Light on the Welsh Cal it, of very great brillian
cy, to denote the spot of shifting sand before the
entrance of Penarth. The light is very distinct
from either that on the 19at Holm*, or the one at
the mouth of Newport river.
Menai Bridge.—We have been assured ot the
truth ot the following singular anecdote of Tel
ford,the great architect of the bridge whose monu
ment, it has 'been well said, ••hangs over the Me
nai Straits "• A small cottage had been fitted up
for his (Telford's) use, and on the day on which
the hopes and expectations of his lite where to be
realized or blighter+, when the first chain was to
he fixed connecting the IA shores together—
when thousands had assembled to,. the
scene, and, as the time approacire.l, were watch
ing in breathless silence, TA , ;,,d. II Millie to hest
it any longer, and utterly incapable, from ages
Lion, to give any orders, retired do the little rot
Cage. and there, with the bands down, awaited
the result. At the appointed hour, slowly but
securely the Immense ch tin rose from the raft,
' and the Molt was fixed. A loud arid long-mout
tied buzzes from the tnollittide told the event to
the happy Tel:ord; nn his knees returning thanks
to God far the fulfilment, thus tax, of the grand
heme of his life.
. k • A very singular circumstance lately took place
kilOaverfordwesL. A horse emplovin in the col.
liery stjohnstrin, belonging to Messrs. Mary.
church and Owen, Haverlordweol, wa• a month
ago missing, and no trace of him could be discov
ered. Last week, however, as some boys were
cutting some furze at the brink of an old coal pot,
‘botit.,l2 feet deep, they discovered a lost animal
at the bottom. Assistance being immediately
preured the poor horse was released from the
crifinement which -he had suffered for three
weeks without food or water, and annoyed 'by
flies, which had eaten holes into his flesh, and,
owing to careful treatment, he Luis now nearly
recovered bi• former condition. Thirst seemed
to he the princtial suffering endured by the horse.
as immediately on hi. release he rushed to hi.
al& watering place, and was with the greatest
ty firmed from it. Hunger had compelle d
endeavour to eat some dry roots which
gat the bottom of the pit, bat proving too hard
to masticate. they were found stuck fast in his
mouth.—(;Welshman ]
ThnSheopshire and Staffordshire ironmaatere,
at their quarterly meeting last week, have agreed
to make nnatierarion from the last quailed, quo
tations. With respe c t to the prospects ofthe iron
trade, we treve pleasure In meting that they wear
8 vet y healthy appearance. Large orders for rails
.have also arrived from America, subject to the
contingency mfr raring money upon the security
of ore in the States.— Merty r Guardian.
Cordons TytrodtAritlCAL ERROR —1 he celebra
ted printer. Henri Ettlene,. son of Robert, (both
known in the learned world by the name Stepha.
we. once engaged in the printing of a
splenued quarto Missal. The great' number , o!
subscribers seemed likely to make a mple compen
sation forthe heavy expense required by the on
ilertakinz Atter the sheets had been corrected
with the Utmost care. the work was printed off,
splendidly bound, and delivered to the subscribers.
It would he impossible to describe the astonish
ment of the learned printer, when one copy after
another was returned to him, till all were sent
back au enquired the reason of this extraordi
nary circumstance, and was informed that in
one place the compositor had put kale perre
okra sa ealiattr, (here the priest will take off
his breeches.) mstead ofeatette,(small black cap,)
and the errors escaped the correctors of the press..
In vain did the poor printer offer to make a can.
eel; the subscribers who . were almost all celestes
tics, posit;vely refused to take the work on any
terms. This umortunate affair is said to have
been the first chief cause of the derarigensent
which •fir rwards ceased Henri Ettienne to be
confined in the Lunatic Hospital at _Lyons, where
he died ie 169.. There is a copy of the Missal
with thisiunlucky error, in the royal library at
Nets Points in the Theory of Vision—At the
eighth meeting at the British Association for the
advancement of Science, a oimmunication was
made by Sir Davin Baxwma. "On some Pre.
paralionit ot the Eve" by William C. Wallace,
an Oculiiit ot New . le ork. A. no paper accent.
ponied these pn.parstions, Sir David Brewster
explained to •the meeting their general nature,
and their importance in the este bltshmenk of some
increasing points in the theory of Vision. We
extract from the London Atkeniittni . na abstract
his remarks:
ter.! Wallace. he stated. considers that he has
I •.
vered the apparatus by which the eye is ad
justed to different distances. ,This adjustment is.
he conceives effected in two ways-in eye. which
hatre spherical LIIICICS it is produced by a firkiform,
or hook shaped muscle attached only to one side
of the kns, which by its construction brings the
crystalline lens nearer the'retioa, In thia ease,
it is odious that the lens will have a slight mo.
tion of rotation, end that the din .peter, which was
in thee Xis of vision previous to the contraction ot
the titpriste, will be' moved coot of that axis after
the allusiment s ..sakt i ; at Afferent dititances o;
%Ili train Ibit•-r p. ifferent: dialieters ..!
i be pliMed in, the a xisot vision. As the
diiiiiikerte.:ofi to ere ell equal and similar.
Mr. lifsee Considered that vision- would be
equally ,perfeit akmg the different diameters of
the WI, brosight hy rotation into the axis of
vision. , I Sit David &wider. however. remitted
that be bad never found among his numerous ex.
kbamamt.i4ds , =M.,"
.. • .:. _
amlnatiens of the knees of &thee any . wb s are.
perfectly spheriesli as they were all r Witte
or prolate - 'winds, so .that along the• nt
diameters of the solid lens theiviso..srould not be
similarly performed. But, independent or this
circumstance, be stated that in every solid leas
there irascibly one ifino, orate axis of the optical
figure, or series of pesitive and stylise luminous
sector., which ire seen by the analysis of polar
ized .4Jong every other,diameter the opti
cs! action of the lens is not symmetrical. When
the lens is not a sphere, but lenticular. as in the
human eye or in the eyes of mostAnadropeds,
Mr. Wallace °insiders that the apparatus fur ad
justment is the tilimry, processes. to. which. this
office had been previously ascribed, though not on
the same scientific grounds as those discovered
by Mr. Wallace.
One of the most important resole of Mr. Wal
lace's dissections is the discovery of fibres in the
retina. These fibres may be rendered distinctly
visible. They diverge from the ham of the optic
nerve, and surround the foremen ovals soemmer
mg at the extremity of the eye. Sir. John Her.
achell bad slopped inch fibres to ,be requisite in
the explanation 3f his theory of, and it
is therefore doubly interesting to find that they
have Wen actually discovered. Sir David Bre-a
wer concluded his observatiodit by expressing •
hope that anatomist" in this country would turn
their attention w this subject; and that with this
view he would place the preperations of Mr.
Wallace in the exhibition Rooms at Newcastle
during the week." .
Union of the Mississippi and the Ikea.—We
have taken occasion to advert several times to
the Canal which ii to connect the Fox and Wis.
cousin rivers, it or near fort Winnebago. To
the commerce of the Lakes, and to Buffalo in par
ticular, the prompt completion of that work is of
great importance. It will he the means or divert.
ing a great share of the valuable Upper Missisaip
pi trade, from - pis present long, ciecuitonsand ex.
pensive route down the river to N. Orleans, and
thence rotind„by sea to an eastern inarket. In this
city, and thence by tfrie Erie Canal to New York
—a route ihst is'etunperniiyely direct, cheap and
safe. ,It in nnc of the thousand yrnrks of internal
iin,iroyeinent now to .progress, all, of Which tend
to Like Fele, as a continue centre, and which,
when completed, will, he the channel of an im
mense trade, and the source of boundless
A correspon of the Cleveland Herald and
Gazette. apes of the Fox If ver Canal, says:
-The contract is for its cnniplet on by October,
1839; cost about $lO,OOO. Its length will be • hi
de more than a mile. One lock with a lift of
'even fret is only required. •
"Water flows across the portage from the Wis.
cousin so much, I learn, gain render the work
inconvenient at present, tine or two boats have
this year passed across into the Wiscnostn. -
"When the canal is finished, and some contem
plated improvements are made in the navigation
of the Fox ricer, it is probable that lead fitin the
mining country will be brought through this
Channel for the supply of the country adjacent to
the lake.. I saw here recently • considerable
quantity of lead and shot for your place, from
Helena on the Wriconsin."—Bulfalo Patriot.
Ignorance of the French Peasantry. The low
er order of people in the Departments of France,
as you recede from the capital, are said to increase
to ignorance and consequently in degradation.
A review of a treatise on "rivilizaiiun of the rural
district," published in the Paris Journal des De
bats, gives a deplorable account of the ignorant
condiiion of the French peasantry, and particu
larly of the physical degredation of ;he women,
whose condition is pitiable in the extreme, and
but little better than that of the women of India.
It Inliv justifies the advice of Mr. Rives to Lafay•
ette, that the French nation was not fitted for a
republican government, and fully explains the se
Bret oftlie power with which the Parisian popu
lace have airways controlled the destinies of
France.—Boaran Times.
The liforisionites.—The St. Louis Re-,
publican of September 16th has this ex•
tract of a leiter from a respectable gentle.
man of Lexington, in the neighborhood of
the Mormon settlement. Missouri :
" Great eicitement prevails on the orb.
er side of the river against the Mormons—
they are all up in arms, and have, we un
derstand this morning, had some fighting,
uhich resulted in the killing of a few on
both sides; The' citizens of Ray county
sent a Wagoii lorid of arms and ammonition
to the citizens of Daviess, for the purpose
of defending theinselVel. On their way
out they were captured by I party of Mut.
mons and taken to Far West. A corn.
tnittee has this morning arrived from the
other aide; asking for men to assist them
in the protection of their property."
There was a report circulating along
the ftlissouri river that the Mormonites
had•fort fled their loan, named Far %Vest,
and were . determined to hold out. . They
were stated to be about one th ousand
strung arid well supplied with arms and
The ammonites, it is said, are to be
reinforced by a band of emigrants ottheir
own sect from Canticle. The Boonville
Emigrant of September lath, Bays •
" We have just conversed with General
Wilson, of Howard ~county, who states
that on last Saitirdiy he saw a letter dated
on the 11th intit: from a committee of gen Pettiesa county to the people of
flower:l county; calling on them to raise
a force and come to their assistance, and
help them iii expelling the Mornisons.from
their county. That the citizens of Daviess
had removed their fitmilies, iltr. were making
preparations for warlike operaiion ; that
the Mormons were in a state of open re
bellion againvt the 'awe, and war between
►hem' and - the citizen's was frievitable • that
'he people of Davieps had come to th e ' fix
ed determination of commencing the at
tack on &Untidy-
Lea & Blanchard, successors of Carey
Codo has just published a work, entitled
Harry Austin; or arrimiliteirin the British
Edit. n e glint
A maiden sat in him desolateitambei
the roe' s4hat had dteked hatgey,ruink, .t i
the assembly were fa ing, and lay watt; .
around-and beneatli her, feet—the jets
vete cast carelessly upon the table, bid
the pia dress was !rid aside—despair 'rot
written, upon her lotty brow, and tbeWaglir
Lary tear that trickted..lpir palitthaelr.bee
spoke the presence of deep and featful
sorrow. .
Why nas tt ? What had disturbed dui
wonted illmness aid peace of that
"creature.? lit was not disei I.
she had never felt pain of en afflicted body;
It was not loss
,of flionds, death had not
entered the circle °fillet. acquaintance 3 iud
she was still,. surrounded by doating pa t
rents and smiling friends. ,' It was not- piny
ertf—she had never experiehced the sting
of want. What then could it be ? It wait
the effect of that, deep and dangeronispast
siou inherent in thebusom or every indite*
nal ; much more dangerous when "round•
springing up in the bosom of a fair girl of
eighteen. And was it unieeuitted ? Nq
one could have thought it. It would have
been avowed that the heart of Edith Tati,
necliff was a prise riot to be refused I No
one could have hxiked upon her brilliant
features, softened by benevolence and huf •
- mtlity—her light arid graceful form--and
have heard her utter the emotions and sen.
timents of her heard, and not feel that ups,
on her, affection. might be bestowed in al(
it 4 depth and fullness: And she was.loved,
Multitudes of say Suitors flocked around
her, but theirs was the admiration of flea,
viiiiun of selfi4ll, hearts.. -Some there, was,
who really felt all ithe affection that they .
manifested, but shethem all alike—st
with cold indifference. Iler's was not it
heart to be won oliy honeyed worda' and
studied adulations—it must be the stillp
hut deep and holy foodne4i ore reithfik
heart.• -
There was but rine heiniupon whom
dish Taunt cliffcould look and feel that hie
love wits worth 'popseitsing k ap4 fqe ehe 4
knew it her whole heart was gone: Aut • '
she felt that her fdelings were not recipro
cated, it'd that ihr individual upon whore
she had- hestowyd her affections viewed her
with indifference, hr gazed upon her as hit
did upon the deviitees of fashion by Whim .
he was surrounded. This was the esti*
of her appearance, and emotion when we
first saw her in her chamber. • ,
She moved—h was the first time for
moments. Sheleaned her brol up.,
on her small, white hand, and gave v4ht to'
her sorrows.
"I cannot for my life, divine the canal,
of Manly's , conduct. Whenever 1 Mite . ;
the room, however gay he may - have been,
q cltard seems to steal over his brow; anti
he sits down in !some corner, gloomy emit
discontented. Is it my presence that ef
fects him thus ? , What is there so terri
ble in causes such' a revulsion 0(
manner ? And abydo I lova hirn ?, Do
I love him ? Yeti, I feel it t and I feel, too„'
that it is reciprocated. This is too fool. _
ish—too silly for a woman. It utigtreltivst
done years ego,ltrut now, it is wroiii..74.
Yet I cannot resist it. It comes upon me
with the blast of the whirlwind and I can.
not withstand itsapproaCh': I feel it with.
in me, tearing in,y frame pieces, and bury.
ing-my heart beneath its ruit'w.*. 10td:litt .
does not love me ; if he- did, my present
feelings would be right,-but now they ate
wrong. I feel• that they are so;'-atid ;
must conquer them, though it rind' my '
heart asunder." ',
With a look or conscious dignity,,Edit t
arose and brushing haCk the curls that ha
Gillen over her face, uttered proudly be
mournfully—'•l will conquer them::
It was night. The wind bowled mourn.:
fully amid the tall trees that waved aboisi •
the church-yard; and made melancholly
music to the number sleeping
in that '/onely place, at the . still'
hour f millnigh4 walked Horace ' Manly.'
He was a lover Of God. and was accustom.
ed to converse With death. fie wilt sif
indigent student; but of promising tale it
and a noble exalted mind. He Was a libet v ,
withal, and was out at this time to drink .
in inspiration (rpm the things around bink
But his heart was not at rest. There WO'
something that' oppressed him, - and'. her'
seemed gloomy .i' One wank) tulajßapitia:'
ed that he was sinticipwiing a *midi! We
But it was not Igo. He was reyoliing ,iii!
his own mind likubject that had been fid
a long time hie meditation by day, , and'
that haunted hial;dreams by night. Hillis
thinking of ,104, and as poets and loverli
are apt to do, he thought audiblf., ~
"It is so—l rim entangled. The itie , S4'
is too strong to, be broken. I ant to use
&vulgar expraition, in love! .M2l' with'
whom 1 ' -Not you Caroline Tyacy ; . nor
with you, Amelia Talinadge • f i p iras i tes ,•
ye butterflies of fashion. or with' '
Harriet Tuwnsind, eh ugh yoq desire it
so much. Ye j i will fdo liii me.
))474 .1
is it then, that X's ys such a sceptre over
my heart ? d a slight whisper, trees.*
Wing from,- hi, lips breathed tiiiiWittie. 9f
e p,it
6 , Edith -" [ .
Ma r *by' - zsball flonger iblik.orraill , f
- ‘, '
NO. 111...