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Shepherdess —On Sunday, the
members of Shepherdiess Soe4ty accompanied
the rei., ins of a departed sister, Marc Carlisle.
to her eitept home. Thdy all wore white shawls,
with pint.. ribbons round theta necks, to which
were attached black and white ro.ettes. The fo
,neral moved to the ehdrrh yard amidst a large
concoure of spectators.— York Herald.
A J ewish Rabbi, from Poland, tea now- exhibit
ing his wonderfitl efforts of memory in London.
An boor and a half's examination has fully satis
fied all present that he had the seven volumes
folio of the Talmud (notes, texts, and comments
ry,) by heart, not merely consecutively, but in
any order; that he knew the
. eontents of every
line taken numerically on every page, and, in
short, knew the place of every word, in every line,.
it every one of its severr, thouseryil pages ! Th.
proof was that he pertnitted anybody to stick a
pin through any nornhei of leaves, and then free
ly.,and Unerringly told tse word punetured on aO,y
given page! A volumof the Talmud contains
no an average from eig t hundred to a thousand
pages, each page averag ng sixty to seventy lines
of text, as many of c nent, and as many or
notes: The Rabbi, at arsaw,,exhibited one of
c l m
his extraordinary efforts f memory. The mixdir
roll of more than 200'soldiers was en,led over
whim he immediately itepeated it forwards and
.baekwards without an etror.
A Quaker in Kent, hieing pas sed by a zealous
- Tory to cOntortn to thei established church, re
plied, "Friend, thou ma est spore thy breath and
persuasion: I never wi I .belong to that chuich
which is always in dan, er." _
The ilaniac Courten , y.—lt is, we believe, not
generally known that he unfortunate maniac,
Tom,. who has been th • cause or. much blood
shed in Kent, once pat • a visit to this town, for
the purpose of examining what chance of success
it held out him as a candidate for the representa
lion of the borough —Wolverhampton Chronicle.
Courtenay's Wardriobe.—Caurtenay's ward
robe was bound in London, after his conviction
for perjury, at a pawnshop, and redeemed by
Francis. Shortly after Quirtenay was convicted
at Maidstone, a tale was related by his dear friend
Robinson, that he and Sir William were at an
hotel in - London, when they had only one six
pence between them. Itch was a crooked one,—
Sir. W. said, "Now, R bloom), you shall see me
make money," and was absent a short time .
On hiii return he threw' a parcel of sovereigns un
the table, and 'said, "There, you see I can get
•plenty of gold whenever I want it." This alchy-
my appears to have ben produced in the "two to
one" crucible, or, in o her words, was extracted
from his wardrObe ova, the ill absorbibg furnace
of a pawnbroker's counter, as the dresses were
afterwards found plectknd for ten pounds
Needle Making.—Notwithstanding the great
.difficulty of obtaining permission to inspect the
curious machinery now in use et the manufac
tory of Samuel Cockerytand Son, Porterworks. of
Sheffield. for making (needles, we have been de
lighted by observing the working of the same;
and for simplicity, de patch, and perfection, we
never saw an'ything t equal it. The wire was
taken from the block ri. which it had beet) drawn
to this machine, wipe , laying hold of one end
successively Bunter ed it, cut it into exact
lengths for the intend needles*then pointed it
at each end, grooved it made the eyes by drilling.
and countersinking .th m at the same time, filed
off the projection lettiby grooving, and finally
dropped the needles i.to a box placed_for their
reception. That an epinion may be formed of
the rapidity of its morements, we may state that
40 needles were - thus Made by the machine in one
minute. The proprietors ex t that fi fty me
-Chines will only requite the au anion of five per
hone,' and that thew will oduce 1,200,000
needles per day, or 1,200,00 per week, at the
cost of one penny per thousan including wages,
interest of money invested in &chine, y, power,
took, dec.—For some years a ' a r iety of methods
. for.preventing the very injurio it effects of needle
grinding 1 . 44 re been tried, and c Cher discontinued,
vir partially adopted; ibut' this mode. of pointing
need Te a is of slimly a nature as not to injure the
health of the most delicate . :•. 11, and therefore
may be 'considered of great ii . . vantage In dimin
ishing the waste of htirnan life, We are inform
ed Mat the proprietors have is • en out patents, for
the invention in the principa kingdoms to Eu.
rope, and we hope' though it 1: seldom the - case,
that the patentees" will to re onerated for their
ingenuity and enterprise.—Sh
A Roman Catholic Cemet
Dublin, ie being encicised.
The southern counties arc
anti.tithe agitation, in United
Ballyhale a very large meal
is alleged that 150,000 pe
The peasantry flanked in the
ties of Tipperary, Waterford
and the Queen's county. 0
Mr. Strange, alluded to the
the . Froose of Lords, as an ad,
tithes should be entirely itbo
Inent,;waa. received with 10.
Stranie thus proceeded to en
upon,tr, very dining audio'
they were compelled to pay
. - o
. . .
. .. .. ._ . . .
,i' - . i •-- ,' ~j • ::-• . • ' . .,. .
I Wild. TEACH YOU TO rirtor. THE rowityr or tor. ZARIN SID DRUM OUTFIOII TIM OLVtatirl'Or rale notiXT - AirilkilATAZA *lnca WlLLoilli itratteGl2To OtqL HANDA AND YULIZOT ALL NATI= 46 OWL Uri AND PIZAIIMUL-41,partipi: 4. ,
- R 1 •
. . 1' .
..- ... .
might more justly be paid to the poordThere
was at present an act pursing in the Lipose of
Commons which took 30 per cent. off the ;burden
but provided , that the other 70 should be still
paid—that ia,ifor every £lOO you are call on to
pay now, they' will demand £7O. Will yih pay
it? (Loud shouts of Never, followed by tieuten
done cheering', interrupted e speaker) -He rejoic
ed to bear them avow each a delerminattnn—he
rejoiced that they were resolved to ruffsy every
privation rather than pay 70, 60 or 0, or 1
per cent. or the odious tithes. (Cheers.) Hea vyit
as the impost was--and he was sure the li,major
ity of those he was addressing—felt the iiisidt to
their feelings:' more intolerable than thej; loss to
their pockets (Cheers) You will agree that tithes
should never again be paid. -(Renewed apd con.
tinned cheering 4 . A similar meeting to4hat at
Ballyhale was held on Monday in the southern
division of the county of Wexford. It is Illeged
that ••100,060 Wexford men" assembled :On dal
occasion in • large field near Tagbrnon:Woler•
f rd Ckronide:
The following particulars relating to Hip Iron,
Copper, and Tin-plate Trades, will be found cor
rect, or nearly . so.— . Fbere are in Glamorganshire
and Motitnluthsbire 103 blast furnaces tor the
suieltiog of Iwo Ore, with may be equalii to' the
produettuti ofrather more than 420,uUU ions of
Iron a year. These furnaces, however, are not
all in bumf., and-the probabeity is that the average
make of Iron i in South W alas is somewhat under
400,000 tons.—There are &even Copper . Estab- •
lishments in 'South Wales,—five at Swansea, two
at Llanelley, two at I'4eath, and two at AtTavtin.
There arc tilso two Copper Works heal Liver
pool, one at v Aoglesey, and one- in Staff.frdshire
—all on a v 44 small-scale. The Copperl;Works
of South Welles smelted in the year 1837 about
190,000 tons, Of ore, producing about lti,tfill? tons
of Copper; the Works of Liverpool, Anglesey, and
Staffordshire:produce about 1500 to Itioo ;tons of
copper annually.—There are in Great, Britain
twenty Establishments fur the roanufieture of
in Plates, producing upwards of 390,000 boxes
' annually—of:oe hich 250,1100 beret - Jere !made on the
south lA : a les Coal Field, 50.000 boxes on tke•Field
of the Forest if Dean, 70,000 boxes in Stafford
shire, and 15,000t0 20,000 boxes in Shropshire
Last week, a labourer well . known within •20
miles of this town undertook for a waget of ten
stulhogs, te swallow a quart *of .nelted brleon fat,
a bason of mustard, and a puund at -raw Macon ui
the apace Mihail-en-hour. He accomplikhed his
task in twerily-five mitsutea, drank a bottle of gin
afterwards, and then retired to bed. Heflin) Whet
offered a net that ho will perform the di-trusting
teat in twenty Minutes.—Catnes can Herald.
A cucumber was cut on Wedoesdayi in the
garden of Mir. Pity. Mame ,near this lowa, which
mean:tea 23 inrhea in 'length, and nearlv 10 in
cqcomierenee. Its weight was 2lb 7la ea it
was grown tinder a frame, in the ordinary man
ner,—not in ti hot house.—lb.
tue late Dr. Richards, formerly Reeler of St.
Martin's; has bequeathed £3OOO to the • Welsh
Manuscript Society, the interest of whicipis to be
appliedlo the publication. old M. S. S. ~
The Gorgon War Steam Ship.—This. the larg.
est a nd.most powerful steam Flap belonging to the
Br-it WI service, is just completed. On Thursday
the engines were set to work forthe first time, and
acted in the Most efficient manner. Thetorinage
of the Gorgon, according to the'old mode' of corn
notation, is 1,150 tons; the length of deck is 183
feet; breadth' between the paddle wheels 47 feet 6
inches; full breadth of deck 45 feet. Ths vessel
was built the dockyard at Pembrok, from the
designs of/Sir W Symonds, Surveyor
of the Navy, and for her excellent propeirtaes as a
steam vessel of War, for her strength, symmetry,
and drirabirty Is unrrvalded by any %reseal in the
world. She combirres also in a most eminent de
gree the necessary qualites of a sailing vessel with
those of a steam ship.
The Gorgon will be fitted with sixteen 32 poem
dens (long.gunst) of which twelve will be on the
gun-deck, and Moron the upper deck. ..She will
also be provided.with two of those newly:invented
t remendousengl ne of war, the 10 inch gun, intend
ed to propel hollow shots of 96 lbs. weight; one of
these guns will be placed forward, and the other
aft, on the upper deck, on sliding swivel beds,
which will rare entirely round the horiion. The
bulwarks all round are so constructed that they
can be thrown doWn in a. moment to admit the
gone being pointed' in any direction. The gun
deck of the vessel hi fitted up,in the most comma.
dious manner fur the accommodation of the offi
cers and crew, Amounting altogether, with the en
gineers, in war time, to 190 men. '
The orlop feCk, fore - and aft, is appropriated
entirely for thh reception of troops with theirbor.
sea and bagge, and the ample hold will receive
abundance of water, provisions and stores for a
long voyage. The steam engines for propelling
this magnificent vessel are of 39.9 horsaii' power,
that is, two engines, each of 160 horses' power.
They are Made by Mesons. John Seeward and Co,
,of the Catial Iron Works, Limdhouse, and are of a
very novel construction, being remarkable for
their compactness, strength & lightness. There
are four copper boilers for supplying steam to the
engines. They are quite, detached from. each
other, and can be used separately or in'l - colijonc.
Lion, as may be required. This is an important
convenience, as it admits of repairs being made to
one or two boilers while the others are to use.—
len days acss the Atiantie.—Tha Railway
Magazine, an English paper, which had paid par
ticular. attention to the subject .xif idea& navies.
non says: !'fly enlarging' the model
i oti e Great
Western to* a ship of 3200 tons w of
1000 horse power, the voyage from to
New York made in fifteen days five hoiirs by the
Great Western, consuming 450 tone of coals,
would be-performed by the larger ship louder the
same circumstances of wind -and weather, in a
bout ten days, with a consumption of about 530
tons of coal. It we allow 1000 tons for thd
weight of her engines, boiler, water, wad 1100
for fuel out and home, We shall have liO to spare
for cargo 'and pewit:wens, showing
economy and espacity increase in prOportion to
the size of the ship. Three tons tol•the horse
power aeeefl to be a fidr - estimate, but a t ships are
increased in magnitude, the piopeilheig power
perhaps 'may be decreased."
y of 25 acres near
r 'illvely, organizing
n of Wexford. At
e took Place, and it
ns were present.
, eighbuOring coon
of the speakers.
, •r law now before
'fional reason why
ished. This genii.
Pinancierieg..,—le 1837, the Trowellir, of the
U. Stales boasted a surplus of s 4o l, ooo —in
'lB3B, it is kurtheeed with a debt of ROOM°
The 81.6 Ty of the alleged loan 'of
the Goverameld of Texas by the U. 8. 1
cheers, and Mr.
ce his arguthent,
y.--" The money
• Protdaiant clergy
.t . corn late Earzttrth rapers,
- ' r'iaA'' 1 ". '- —*. - ..." — k . 0. 4 .x 4 A ,, .•'''i 1- "Lti'T .- '‘Z - .!-.'t - V -4-4. .*::.2: --,
- - " - I" : -': . :A. 4 1 1 T'a.A. - - , - - . 1. 4 4 .--'-r` , .**" --.. 21 , ' ' -
~,•-• -, --- 4.7 , ,, - ,, -. 4 ~.,-._ -:..,_, ::-, ! 7 ;,. :-. -f. ::....
.•-• , - - 4'l; t r i.''41 . . 2 :4;:n4 : ','-i-S.t ' -,-.• 1 — •••• .-e-.• — l - . •
•-'l;i- - - 7 :- ..
. :.;• ..-
OT-•VI - 4 GENERAL '
! ADV SIII;R:
1 1. • AND P'
PoTTsVILLF4 : p . A. WEDNESDAY lio*Nviri. AUGUST-22, 1838.
WEDMENWAY, MAIN ADG- 220838*
Fellow-Citizeno--Read • and
Judge for yourselves wheth
er Joseph fanner is an AbO-
'Monist or not.
A number of the - citizens of Pittsburg,
lately addressed the following queries to
GOvernor Ritner, and also to - David R.
Porter, a candidate for Goviiimor. The
queries were pnimptly answered by Cov
en:mt. Rimer, &Rana. his answer is based
the.charge of ABOI:MONISM. Now
we candidly appeal. to every •honest 'citizen
in the State, whether th 6 charge of Aboli
ttentsm, in the-sense in which the - term is
generally used, is made out against - o.ov.
Rueter; and whether the sentiments pro
mulgated in the answer, are not the senti
ments of nine-tenths of the people of Penn
sy !vim. •
LETTER TO GOVERNOR RITNER
Pirrsauao, March 27, 1838.
To His Excellency, Joseph Ritner,
Ursa have been directed by the Ex.
ecutive Committee of the Western Division of the
Peuneylvania A. S. Society, to propose tht9 fol
lowing interr:t7gatoriea, , and respecttolly , tequest
1. Is the existence of Slavery and the Slave
Trade in the Dialrict of Columbia, in conformity
to thrtinunciples - ofjustice and homanity r and ac
content with the genius and theory of republican
2. Dots- Congress poseas the coottitattonal
power to abolish slavery and the'Slave Trade in
the District of clumbia?
3. la at expedient that Congress should exercise
this right, and abolish Slavery and the Slave
Trade in the-District 01 Columbia?
4. Are you in favor of an extention - of the
right of jury trial to all caeca Inr.ilving the quea.
Lion of personal liberty?
5. Are you opposed to the annexion of Texas
to the United States?
These questions emanate from no iaconsidera
ble portion of your fellow citizens, who wish to
obtain your views, that they may be enabled -to
vote at the coming election understandingly. Can.
dor compels me to state that, we will be governed
on our exercise of the elective franchise, by the
answer this communication may elicit.
Respectful] yours, A.e.,
HENRY HANNEN, Co,. Sec.
MR. RITNEIt'S REPLY.
ItaxamAtrao, April 5,1838.
Sia—The letter which you as Secreta
ry of the Executive Committee of the
Western Diviron of the Anti-Slavery So
ciety of Pennsylvania, addressed to me on
the 27th ult. was received on the 3d inst
ant. By direction of the Committee you
ask me the following questions:
"1.."1s the existence of Slavery and
the Slave Trade in the. District of Colum
bia, in conformity to the ci rin.tiples of juts
lice and humanity, and accordant with the
genius and theory of our republican insti
3'2: Dues Congress possess the constitu
tional pqwer. to abolish slavery and the
/Slave Trade in the District of Colamhia?
"3. Is it expedient that Congress co uld
exercise this right, and abolish Slavery
and the Slave Trade in the District of Co
"4. Are you in favor of an extension of
the jury trial to all cases involving the
question of personal liberty?
"5. Are you opposed to the annexation
of Texas to the United States?
To the three first inquiries I reply by
referring you to- my annual rneiCsag,e to
the Legislature at the commencement of
the session of 1836-7, and by stating that
none of the opinions therein expressed
have been changed.
To the fourth question my, reply is that
lam in favor of extending the right of
trial by jury to all cities involving the
question of personal liberty, WITH THE
SINGLE RESTRICTION, THAT IN
CASES OF FUGITIVES FROM LA
BOR IN OTIIER STATES, WHO
ARE ADMITTED TO BE SLAVES,
IT SHOULD NOT-BE GRANTED.—
Th is exception I believe to be due to the
sister States in wnich domestic slavery
constitutionally exists, and in which, how
ever, we may deplore its misfortune, WE
ARE BOUND.TO RESPECTI.T_AS
This eXception is also inevitable from the
nature of the issue involved. The ques
tion being simply one of slavery, or no
slavery, of come whenever the fact is ad
mitted, not only is there , no need of fur
ther investigation, but it would be vexa
ations to the claimant to interpose the de.
lay of a jury by trial.
On the other hand, ell cases io which a
reasonable doubt of the fact of slavery is
raised by affidavit, I would be decidedly
in favor of having the doubt determined by
a jury. Among us, every man accused of
crime, however vile he may be, is pre
sumed to-he t innocent, until convicted by
a jury. Shall we be tesxcautious in the
Proceedings which are to,consign a fellow
creature to servitude far life, than in those
which will perhaps only Send bim to idle
ness for a month inthepotietYjail?
In the bib, quest iott;..' 7 -4 ain• opposed to
the admission, by any ;wrens at - any time,
ofTexis into this Union 4 The annexed
-copy of a eommunicatipo sent ti the Leg
islature on the eleveMh day - of. January
ik Is all
lasi. (1838) will make known my official
opinion on this subject. .. .
1 am, sir, your fellow•citizen,
Mr. Hmotr HANNEN, Secte- t ~
tary &c. Pittsburg h Pa.' $ ~
A letter, similar to the above, was for
warded to David R. Porter '
.but NO ANS
DYER - HAS YET BEEN RECEIVED,
the 44 dedger". not daring to express 'his o
pinion as does Joseph Ritner. The,
lowing is the message relative to Texas,
referred to in, the move:
To tote Senate and House of Representa
tives of the Commonwealth of Pennolva-
Gartmeumst—ln accordancee with the
request of the Govertrr and Legislature
Of the State of.Rhode Island, I 'have the
honor to transmit for- your consideration,
the accompanying resolutions adopted by
the Legislature bf that State, relative to
the admission of Tails into the Union.
'Permit me to sa§rrhat while VI(Er, as
citizens: •df . a non slaveholding state,
SHOULD SEDIJO - USLY DISAVOW
.THE INTENTION and-AVOID THE
&PPE/MANCE OF INT - F:IOOED..
LING THE INSTITUTION
OF SLAVERY in such States of the U
nion as labor-under the misfortune of its
existence; yet that a inoralubligation rests
upon us to opposie, by every constitutional
tritans, the spread Of the evil in this Union.
l'he other dangerous consequences to be
expected from the animator' of Texas set
forth in. the Rhode Islam' resolutions, are
certainly great and alarining, but this is
the must serious of all. The present is a
most proper juncture for legislative and
other expressions cifpublic opinion-on the
The project, if seriously , countenanced
at all in this state, has been either general
ly euncealed or disavowed by ad parties.
The public mind is therefore opened to
sound reasoning and prepared for right
action on the subject.
In addition to the claims upon your at
tention, which the matter possesses, as
coming from the Legislattire of a sister
State, its own grave import, and the suits :
Wilms of the present time for action,
seem to demand app expression of the o
pinion of the citizens of this State upon it,
through you their representation.
EXECUTIVE CELCILBEII, Hat- (
nsburg, Jan. 11, 1838. i
The above would be sufficient to show
that the opinions of Joseph Ritner are
those entertained by a vast majority of
the people of Pennsylvania. He is oppo
sed to slavery, but would leave the States
in which slavery exists, to manage it as
suite their own interests and wishes. Un-
like the abolitionists, he refuses to inter
lere with slavery in the States; but like
every good citizen, is opposed to its exten
sion into any new states.
The following is 'part of the message . of
1836-7, referred to in the Governor's let-
"To ascertain what have been—nay,
what are the doctrines of the people of
this State, on the subject of Domestic Sla
very, reference need only be made to the
statue book and the journals of the Legis
lature. They will there be found imprint.
ed in letters of light upon almost every
page. In 1 Smith's Laws 493, is found'
an "act for the gradual abolition of slavery '
in Pennsylvania," with a preamble which
should be printed in letters-of gold. This
is the first act of the kind passed in any
part of the Union, and was.nobly put forth
to the world in the year 1780, in the
midst of the struggle for National freedom.
This just doctrine was for a long course of
years adhered to and perfected, till slave
ry ceased to exist in our State. And fi.
natty, in 1827, thi following open avowal
of the State doctrine was prefaced to the
act "to prevent certain abuses of the laws
relative to fugitives from labor."
"The traffic in slaves, now abhorred by
all the civilized world, ought mein the
slightest degree be tolerated in the State
of Pennsylvania.'—Pamphlet Laws, page
"Not only 'has Pennsylvania thus expel
led the evil from. her borders but she has,
on all proper occasions, endeavored to
guard her younger sisters from the
lion. On the 19th December, 1819, the
following language was unanimously made
use of by the Legislature, and approved
by the Governor, on the question of admit
ting new states into the Union, with the
right of bolding slaves. 'That the' Sena-
tors and .Representatives: of the United
States, be, and are hereby requested to
vote against the admission Of any Territo
ry as a State into the Union, unless the
further introduction of slavery or volunta
ry servitude, except for the punishment of
crimes, whereof the party shall hive been
duly convicted, prohibited, and all the
children born within the same Territory,,
after its , admission into tbe,Utiion as a
State, shall be free, but may be held to
service until the age of twenty-five years."
"The preamble of this resolutiod, too
long to be cited at largei t ja worthy of all
consideration at the preeentjuncture.",
Let the above be read by every candid
man. It :uwit be approl , ed, becanseit is
right. • TlMia is no fanaticism in it— tis
simple justice: and was felt to be juatice
too, by DI%AID R. PORTER him elf,
who in 1848-20 VOTED FOR the
lution againstihe admission of new slave
states, which is quoted above by Gov. "Li
ner. But still further to show hoir sonnd
are the views of Gov. Rituer refativi to
domestic slavery ; we quote another ptttp
from his message:
" TVAik we admit and scrupulously res.
pect the constitutional rights of other
States, on this esianentoui subject; let, us
not, either by fear or interest, be driven
from aught oil that spirit ofindependtmem &
veneration for freedom, which has Over
characterized our beloved ComOon=
1 . 13 . ,the above the language daft aboli
einmst? Do they "Arimcr and scrupulous.'
lye.v.sescr" any rights 'of the Soutbt----.
Nay,'do they not DENY that the South
ern States have or can have any constitu
tional rigbts to hold chives? Assuredly
they •dn. There is then, nothing More
needed to prove Joseph Ritner no aboli
Lowell.- - -The intelligent correspond
efit rot the Philadelphia U. S. Gazette, in
his last published letter, furnishes the-fol•
lowing interesting notice of.tbe manufac
turing capabilities of Lowell:
There are ten principal establishments,
with an aggregate capital'ofsB,2so.ooo.
Thee employ in their Operations 29 mitlg ,
exclusive of printeries, - &o. The whole
number of looms is 5861 ; and of spindles
160,404. Of females employed there are
6295; of males 2047. The annual pro
duct of all the mills, in yards, is 51,147,-
200. • The annual consumption of cotton
is 16,161,600 lbs. or 44,769 bales; of
wool, 600,000 lbs. The kind of goods
manufbctnred are calicoes, , sheetings,
shillings, drillings, carpeting, rugs, negro
cloth; - broad cloth, cassimeres, ani‘rna--
chinery of various /sorts. The consump-
non of anthracite coal per annum is 11,-
009 tons; of charcoal 500,000 bushels, of
wood, 4,810 cords; of oil, (sperm and ol
ive) 63,489 gallons; ofstarch, 510,000
Ibs, and of finur for' starch, 3 800 bblit:—
The average wages of females per neat,
clear of board, is $1,75; of males; clear of
board. 80 cents per day. Persons 'em
ployed by the companies are paid at the
close of each month; the average amount
of wages per month is'slo6,ooo. A very
considerable portion of 'the earnings is
said to be deposited in. the Savings Bank.
"As regard's the health of persons : em
ployed," says the paper from which ; the
above facts are gleaneJ, "great numbers
have been interrogated, and the result
shows that six of the females out of ten en
joy itetter health than before being I em
, ploye(rin the mills;
,of males, one half de
rive the same advantages. As regards
their moral condition and chiarleter,lthey
are not inferior to any portion of the Com
munity." Ther e is an important Omis
sion in this statement. 'to enable us to
form an intelligent opinion of the health
fullness of the occupation, we shoul& be
informed whether or nut the health of any
employed is injured.
Lowell is one oLthe most extraordinary
phenomena of this most extraordinary
country. It is just sixteen years since the
first factory was erected there, and since,
of course, it was merely an obscure coun
try village, in nothing distinguished from
the common herd except - in its latent ca
pabilities. Now it Counts its 20,000 in
habitants, end presents to the admiration
of the thousands aho annually visit it, its
thirty vast piles of buildings, in which the
sound of the anvil, the loom and the spin
dle, never ceases through the live long
day. And - this is but a specimen, though
undoubtedly one of the most extraordinary,
of the mode in which towns spring up and
reach their maturity, as it. were, in anight,
where the principle practically obtains, of
letting men alone. How prophetically
did the Bishop of Cloyne, (was it not he?)
more than a century ago, sing,
"Time's noblest empire is the last."
Lowell is 2.5 miles from Boston. The
country through which you pass the first
half of that distance, itt rich in every thing
that can interest and gritify the traveller.
It is in a high atate'of cultivation; it is
watered by two beautifully winding streams,
the Mystic and Charles Rivers; it is a
dorned with many eliiant mansions, sur
rounded by picturesque grounds; it has a
due intermixture ochill and -valley, *nod:
land and cultivated field; and it is enliven
ed by numerous villages, =bosomed in
thick foliage, and full of that sweet; 'quiet
beauty, which tells at once of Tittle and of
thrift. I could not, in the cotirsaof my_
morning's flight, (for We went by ,ateato).
help contrasting the villages of aterrpu
ritan New England . ; with those lof the
land of endues arid of aongitrigtt, classic..
Italy. the latter .ahoot picttiuely in
the distance, and appear well painted
_a i lttaktiptclackto:the
redlitjt breakaihti . cliaind,fihh squal
or and beggary thenlec- the-ttle - übler
ingredients of the vie*. Bei 00 4 ttlanies
to a kind providence and a constitutional
government; the promise anelthq„Caliti
are in perfect harmony: Whilia-ftivila
lages'are not. less attractive inlhelstitat ;'
view than those of Italy, no Mai *.:and
painful revulsion of feeling.nsrliti yenta it
nearer inspection. Verily: have a.
"goodly heritage," and the "lines h4s 41;
len to us iff pleasant places: Let thka
care that our "candlestick tint 'retioveit
Out of its place"—that our "bow abide; rrii
"COBBLERS AND . TINKE - .; • ...
Tile Washington Globe has madelitosell'i!
age and brutal assault *am. Officsri- Of
the Navy, under the pretence . offAhniatitqf
down" into easy retiriment that . auPtitan ,
nuated old spinster, etiSeeretary:-Dieker
son. . After indulging in no small iiiixinnt
of personal ribaldry concerning the awn
t'he official organ says, "It is i
to make heroes - out of men who adept the .
maxims and principka df Col4lersinui
Tinkers!" • Ah! Mr. Globe, talking about t,
the People, the "Cobblers and Tinkers'' .
this way, in italic, with a sneer!. That
will never answer. it won't dpw , No!
democratic paper, which prates with the
loquacity of a magpie about the -
the-dear people, must not speak in - this'
sneering, invidious way concerning good .
citizens who happen to be' honest "Cobb
lers and Tinkers !"—Northampton Cour. .
Notice to Contractors. •
. Riper and Kanawha .14.7tpT012e.
• . went, Virginia. • •
APublic Letting will be held
.in the town of.
Lynchburg, on the 12th September apt% of •
all the work nut now under Contract. on the hns.
of the eacal between that place'and the eity of
This work consists of 39 Locks. 43 Culvert',,
3 Acineducts, 2 Towing path hridgiSs,loiiis of
which is aCrosa James river,)• about 120 - Farm
and Road Midges', and from 30 to 40 sections;
besides•sevi!ral heavy sections between • Lynch,:
burg and the Blue Ridge.
The Locks will generally be of dry lifaiottry
The situation of the work will bee pointed oat
to Contractors by the Assistant Engineers oft the
line; and the general plans and specifications wilP
be exhibited at the Clffiecrof the subseriber.
City o f Richmond, until the 9114 ofSeptember, asztil
in Lynchburg at the time of letting.
The valley of the James River is Vemarkiday
CHARLES ELLET. Jr. Chief Engineer'
of the J. R. and-H. coropenri
July 280 1838.
The Philadelphia and. Bead:"
.ina• *ail Road s ' ••
Will be opened for Travel between Reading. awe
Norristown, on Tuesday, the 17th of •
HOURS OP STAMTING.
From Reading at 8 A. M. and 21 P. M.'
From Norristown at 7i and 11 A. M. I V
Between Reading and Norristown, First'Ciaik
Cars, $2, Second Class, St 50: • - .
Between Reading and Phoenixville, First*Class!
Cars, $1 SO, Second Classy- $1 00.
Between Reading and Pottstown,. trt,
Cars, 75 cents, 2d, 50 cts.
Between Pottstown and Norristown, rust. Chile
Car, $1 25, 2d do 87i cts.
Between Pottstown and Phtenixville,:lst Chum!'
Car,' 5 cu. 2d do 50 cts. „ 4
Bet Weer. Phcenixville and Sotristawn,litUatar
Car, SO eta. 2d do. 37i eta
Between Reading and Douglassville, lit Mai
Car, 50 cts. 2d do. 37i chi. • • q .
The hours of starting trout, and arriving at
Norristown, are arranged to connect' 'with' glik
Rail Road between Norristown and Philadelphiki
Passengers are requested to procure thiir teak
eta before the trains start.
Reading, July 21, 1838.
, at. TIERAPVIS ,
LADIES' DBXIIIII MILAGICEM
RESPECTFULLY tenders her serviees etr •
the Ladies of Pottsville and'the vicinity, and
hopes by the neatness of her work, - quick dl ir ,
patch, and moderate charges, to merit a share' •
• Her residence is at Mrs. IL-Mason'a, omits*
the store of 'Messrs. Nathan, & Co: in Foot
Wholesale and Retail Dry
Good Store.' '
pOLLOCK & WEAVER have just iecet
io addition to their eztenirive assortiii*
DRY GOODS, Super Superior Blue anti- %On
Cloth, superior fancy coloured do. heard* also
aimeres; sattinetta and • Beseiteetikuitners'
liana, • Feb 18 . . .
CALL ANDSIFIMr- 1
IIIST RECEIVED a splenditiamortmento
part p r ng and Summer Goodie cortailding joi
f 1 ' • I
Dry Goods, ,l I.
-QUeellfWall* , 1
Liquors, Ar.c.. • . 1
which lam prepared warn cheaper thin ChOir.
offered in this market tor cash, or inreontharagy
or =miry produce, at the highest marketo,e .
J'. C. HERM!'
Encourage Home ManifcgOirgs. 1
TRE subscriber respectfrilltAnces td, -
public that he has rtornmermerithe Mani!
tire of Confretionarj hiall - itairielo*
at his Store in CentreStreisi,'newily imps' .. '
Pottsville amine where CosiDetiorers-Aurd'iiih. -
era can always.. b,e_ supplied mboleiali Faad lOW,
at the fowest PluTadelphia. - eaiii wig*, :: l -
Country' '4llleich - aut• aiii‘ , :rt*atetfolly . jai
to eilland examine his eirtelibitforiqoich '‘ :
elsewhe • :!5 -, ;:i:-N, - .V,' :.,4 - . :.,}„ . 3
Icius S. C
r. Beat .
110 :4 4 1 ' .•
, ... : -1...
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